MCL - Section 768.37

Act 175 of 1927

768.37 Under influence of or impairment by alcoholic liquor or drug as defense prohibited; exception; definitions.

Sec. 37.

    (1) Except as provided in subsection (2), it is not a defense to any crime that the defendant was, at that time, under the influence of or impaired by a voluntarily and knowingly consumed alcoholic liquor, drug, including a controlled substance, other substance or compound, or combination of alcoholic liquor, drug, or other substance or compound.
    (2) It is an affirmative defense to a specific intent crime, for which the defendant has the burden of proof by a preponderance of the evidence, that he or she voluntarily consumed a legally obtained and properly used medication or other substance and did not know and reasonably should not have known that he or she would become intoxicated or impaired.
    (3) As used in this section:
    (a) "Alcoholic liquor" means that term as defined in section 105 of the Michigan liquor control code of 1998, 1998 PA 58, MCL 436.1105.
    (b) "Consumed" means to have eaten, drunk, ingested, inhaled, injected, or topically applied, or to have performed any combination of those actions, or otherwise introduced into the body.
    (c) "Controlled substance" means that term as defined in section 7104 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7104.

History: Add. 2002, Act 366, Eff. Sept. 1, 2002
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 366 of 2002 provides:“Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect September 1, 2002, and applies to crimes committed on or after that date.”