Act No. 56

Public Acts of 2021

Approved by the Governor

July 13, 2021

Filed with the Secretary of State

July 13, 2021

EFFECTIVE DATE:  October 11, 2021

 

state of michigan

101st Legislature

Regular session of 2021

Introduced by Reps. Rabhi, Lilly and Hauck

ENROLLED HOUSE BILL No. 4517

AN ACT to amend 2018 IL 1, entitled “An initiation of legislation to allow under state law the personal possession and use of marihuana by persons 21 years of age or older; to provide for the lawful cultivation and sale of marihuana and industrial hemp by persons 21 years of age or older; to permit the taxation of revenue derived from commercial marihuana facilities; to permit the promulgation of administrative rules; and to prescribe certain penalties for violations of this act. If not enacted by the Michigan State Legislature in accordance with the Michigan Constitution of 1963, the proposed legislation is to be voted on at the General Election, November 6, 2018,” by amending sections 3 and 8 (MCL 333.27953 and 333.27958), as amended by 2020 PA 208.

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

Sec. 3. As used in this act:

(a) “Cultivate” means to propagate, breed, grow, harvest, dry, cure, or separate parts of a marihuana plant by manual or mechanical means.

(b) “Department” means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs.

(c) “Industrial hemp” means any of the following:

(i) A plant of the genus Cannabis, whether growing or not, with a THC concentration of 0.3% or less on a dry‑weight basis.

(ii) A part of a plant of the genus Cannabis, whether growing or not, with a THC concentration of 0.3% or less on a dry-weight basis.

(iii) The seeds of a plant of the genus Cannabis with a THC concentration of 0.3% or less on a dry-weight basis.

(iv) If it has a THC concentration of 0.3% or less on a dry-weight basis, a compound, manufacture, derivative, mixture, preparation, extract, cannabinoid, acid, salt, isomer, or salt of an isomer of any of the following:

(A) A plant of the genus Cannabis.

(B) A part of a plant of the genus Cannabis.

(v) A product to which 1 of the following applies:

(A) If the product is intended for human or animal consumption, the product, in the form in which it is intended for sale to a consumer, meets both of the following requirements:

(I) Has a THC concentration of 0.3% or less on a dry-weight or per volume basis.

(II) Contains a total amount of THC that is less than or equal to the limit established by the marijuana regulatory agency under section 8(1)(n).

(B) If the product is not intended for human or animal consumption, the product meets both of the following requirements:

(I) Contains a substance listed in subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii), or (iv).

(II) Has a THC concentration of 0.3% or less on a dry-weight basis.

(d) “Licensee” means a person holding a state license.

(e) “Marihuana” means any of the following:

(i) A plant of the genus Cannabis, whether growing or not.

(ii) A part of a plant of the genus Cannabis, whether growing or not.

(iii) The seeds of a plant of the genus Cannabis.

(iv) Marihuana concentrate.

(v) A compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, extract, acid, isomer, salt of an isomer, or preparation of any of the following:

(A) A plant of the genus Cannabis.

(B) A part of a plant of the genus Cannabis.

(C) The seeds of a plant of the genus Cannabis.

(D) Marihuana concentrate.

(vi) A marihuana-infused product.

(vii) A product with a THC concentration of more than 0.3% on a dry-weight or per volume basis in the form in which it is intended for sale to a consumer.

(viii) A product that is intended for human or animal consumption and that contains, in the form in which it is intended for sale to a consumer, a total amount of THC that is greater than the limit established by the marijuana regulatory agency under section 8(1)(n).

(f) Except for marihuana concentrate extracted from any of the following, “marihuana” does not include any of the following:

(i) The mature stalks of a plant of the genus Cannabis.

(ii) Fiber produced from the mature stalks of a plant of the genus Cannabis.

(iii) Oil or cake made from the seeds of a plant of the genus Cannabis.

(iv) A compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks of a plant of the genus Cannabis.

(v) Industrial hemp.

(vi) An ingredient combined with marihuana to prepare topical or oral administrations, food, drink, or other products.

(vii) A drug for which an application filed in accordance with 21 USC 355 is approved by the Food and Drug Administration.

(g) “Marihuana accessories” means any equipment, product, material, or combination of equipment, products, or materials, that is specifically designed for use in planting, propagating, cultivating, growing, harvesting, manufacturing, compounding, converting, producing, processing, preparing, testing, analyzing, packaging, repackaging, storing, containing, ingesting, inhaling, or otherwise introducing marihuana into the human body.

(h) “Marihuana concentrate” means the resin extracted from any part of a plant of the genus Cannabis.

(i) “Marihuana establishment” means a marihuana grower, marihuana safety compliance facility, marihuana processor, marihuana microbusiness, marihuana retailer, marihuana secure transporter, or any other type of marihuana-related business licensed by the marijuana regulatory agency.

(j) “Marihuana grower” means a person licensed to cultivate marihuana and sell or otherwise transfer marihuana to marihuana establishments.

(k) “Marihuana-infused product” means a topical formulation, tincture, beverage, edible substance, or similar product containing marihuana and other ingredients and that is intended for human consumption.

(l) “Marihuana microbusiness” means a person licensed to cultivate not more than 150 marihuana plants; process and package marihuana; and sell or otherwise transfer marihuana to individuals who are 21 years of age or older or to a marihuana safety compliance facility, but not to other marihuana establishments.

(m) “Marihuana processor” means a person licensed to obtain marihuana from marihuana establishments; process and package marihuana; and sell or otherwise transfer marihuana to marihuana establishments.

(n) “Marihuana retailer” means a person licensed to obtain marihuana from marihuana establishments and to sell or otherwise transfer marihuana to marihuana establishments and to individuals who are 21 years of age or older.

(o) “Marihuana secure transporter” means a person licensed to obtain marihuana from marihuana establishments in order to transport marihuana to marihuana establishments.

(p) “Marihuana safety compliance facility” means a person licensed to test marihuana, including certification for potency and the presence of contaminants.

(q) “Marijuana regulatory agency” means the marijuana regulatory agency created under Executive Reorganization Order No. 2019-2, MCL 333.27001.

(r) “Municipal license” means a license issued by a municipality pursuant to section 16 that allows a person to operate a marihuana establishment in that municipality.

(s) “Municipality” means a city, village, or township.

(t) “Person” means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership of any type, trust, or other legal entity.

(u) “Process” or “processing” means to separate or otherwise prepare parts of a marihuana plant and to compound, blend, extract, infuse, or otherwise make or prepare marihuana concentrate or marihuana-infused products.

(v) “State license” means a license issued by the marijuana regulatory agency that allows a person to operate a marihuana establishment.

(w) “THC” means any of the following:

(i) Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid.

(ii) Unless excluded by the marijuana regulatory agency under section 8(2)(c), a tetrahydrocannabinol, regardless of whether it is artificially or naturally derived.

(iii) A tetrahydrocannabinol that is a structural, optical, or geometric isomer of a tetrahydrocannabinol described in subparagraph (ii).

(x) “Unreasonably impracticable” means that the measures necessary to comply with the rules or ordinances adopted pursuant to this act subject licensees to unreasonable risk or require such a high investment of money, time, or any other resource or asset that a reasonably prudent businessperson would not operate the marihuana establishment.

 

Sec. 8. (1) The marijuana regulatory agency shall promulgate rules to implement and administer this act that include all of the following:

(a) Procedures for issuing a state license pursuant to section 9 and for renewing, suspending, and revoking a state license.

(b) A schedule of fees in amounts not more than necessary to pay for implementation, administration, and enforcement costs of this act and that relate to the size of each licensee or the volume of business conducted by the licensee.

(c) Qualifications for licensure that are directly and demonstrably related to the operation of a marihuana establishment. However, a prior conviction solely for a marihuana-related offense must not disqualify an individual or otherwise affect eligibility for licensure, unless the offense involved distribution of a controlled substance to a minor.

(d) Requirements and standards for safe cultivation, processing, and distribution of marihuana by marihuana establishments, including health standards to ensure the safe preparation of marihuana-infused products and prohibitions on pesticides that are not safe for use on marihuana.

(e) Testing, packaging, and labeling standards, procedures, and requirements for marihuana, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

(i) A maximum THC level for marihuana-infused products.

(ii) A requirement that a representative sample of marihuana be tested by a marihuana safety compliance facility.

(iii) A requirement that the amount of marihuana or marihuana concentrate contained within a marihuana-infused product be specified on the product label.

(iv) A requirement that all marihuana sold through marihuana retailers and marihuana microbusinesses include on the exterior of the marihuana packaging the following warning printed in clearly legible type and surrounded by a continuous heavy line:

WARNING: USE BY PREGNANT OR BREASTFEEDING WOMEN, OR BY

WOMEN PLANNING TO BECOME PREGNANT, MAY RESULT IN FETAL

INJURY, PRETERM BIRTH, LOW BIRTH WEIGHT, OR DEVELOPMENTAL

PROBLEMS FOR THE CHILD.

(f) Security requirements, including lighting, physical security, and alarm requirements, and requirements for securely transporting marihuana between marihuana establishments. The requirements described in this subdivision must not prohibit cultivation of marihuana outdoors or in greenhouses.

(g) Record keeping requirements for marihuana establishments and monitoring requirements to track the transfer of marihuana by licensees.

(h) Requirements for the operation of marihuana secure transporters to ensure that all marihuana establishments are properly serviced.

(i) Reasonable restrictions on advertising, marketing, and display of marihuana and marihuana establishments.

(j) A plan to promote and encourage participation in the marihuana industry by people from communities that have been disproportionately impacted by marihuana prohibition and enforcement and to positively impact those communities.

(k) Penalties for failure to comply with a rule promulgated pursuant to this section or for a violation of this act by a licensee, including civil fines and suspension, revocation, or restriction of a state license.

(l) Informational pamphlet standards for marihuana retailers and marihuana microbusinesses, including, but not limited to, a requirement to make available to every customer at the time of sale a pamphlet measuring 3.5 inches by 5 inches that includes safety information related to marihuana use by minors and the poison control hotline number.

(m) Procedures and standards for approving an appointee to operate a marihuana establishment under section 9a.

(n) A limit on the total amount of THC that a product described in section 3(c)(v)(A) may contain.

(2) The marijuana regulatory agency may promulgate rules to do any of the following:

(a) Provide for the issuance of additional types or classes of state licenses to operate marihuana-related businesses, including licenses that authorize any of the following:

(i) Limited cultivation, processing, transportation, delivery, storage, sale, or purchase of marihuana.

(ii) Consumption of marihuana within designated areas.

(iii) Consumption of marihuana at special events in limited areas and for a limited time.

(iv) Cultivation for purposes of propagation.

(v) Facilitation of scientific research or education.

(b) Regulate the cultivation, processing, distribution, and sale of industrial hemp.

(c) Exclude from the definition of THC in section 3 a tetrahydrocannabinol if, after the marijuana regulatory agency makes findings with respect to each of the following factors, the marijuana regulatory agency determines that the tetrahydrocannabinol does not have a potential for abuse:

(i) The actual or relative potential for abuse of the tetrahydrocannabinol.

(ii) The scientific evidence of the tetrahydrocannabinol’s pharmacological effect, if known.

(iii) The state of current scientific knowledge regarding the tetrahydrocannabinol.

(iv) The history and current pattern of abuse of the tetrahydrocannabinol.

(v) The scope, duration, and significance of abuse of the tetrahydrocannabinol.

(vi) The tetrahydrocannabinol’s risk to the public health.

(vii) The potential of the tetrahydrocannabinol to produce psychic or physiological dependence liability.

(3) The marijuana regulatory agency shall not promulgate a rule that does any of the following:

(a) Establishes a limit on the number of any type of state license that may be granted.

(b) Requires a customer to provide a marihuana retailer with identifying information other than identification to determine the customer’s age or requires the marihuana retailer to acquire or record personal information about customers other than information typically required in a retail transaction.

(c) Prohibits a marihuana establishment from operating at a shared location of a marihuana facility operating pursuant to the medical marihuana facilities licensing act, 2016 PA 281, MCL 333.27101 to 333.27801, or prohibits a marihuana grower, marihuana processor, or marihuana retailer from operating within a single facility.

(d) Is unreasonably impracticable.

(4) A rule promulgated under this act must be promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328.

 

Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect 90 days after the date it is enacted into law.

Text, letter

Description automatically generatedThis act is ordered to take immediate effect.

 

Clerk of the House of Representatives

 

Secretary of the Senate

Approved___________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Governor