HB-5674, As Passed Senate, June 29, 2004                                    

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                              SUBSTITUTE FOR                                    

                                                                                

                           HOUSE BILL NO. 5674                                  

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                 A bill to amend 1927 PA 175, entitled                                             

                                                                                

    "The code of criminal procedure,"                                           

                                                                                

    by amending sections 4a, 16a, and 31 of chapter IX and section 56           

                                                                                

    of chapter XVII (MCL 769.4a, 769.16a, 769.31, and 777.56),                  

                                                                                

    section 4a of chapter IX as amended by 2001 PA 208, section 16a             

                                                                                

    of chapter IX as amended by 2001 PA 204, section 31 of chapter IX           

                                                                                

    as amended by 2002 PA 31, and section 56 of chapter XVII as added           

                                                                                

    by 1998 PA 317.                                                             

                                                                                

                THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:                      

                                                                                

1                               CHAPTER IX                                      

                                                                                

2       Sec. 4a.  (1) When an individual who has not been convicted                 

                                                                                

3   previously of a violation of section 81 or 81a of the Michigan              

                                                                                

4   penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.81 and 750.81a, or a violation             

                                                                                

5   of a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 81 of           

                                                                                

6   that act, pleads guilty to, or is found guilty of, a violation of           

                                                                                


                                                                                

1   section 81 or 81a of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL              

                                                                                

2   750.81 and 750.81a, and the victim of the assault is the                    

                                                                                

3   offender's spouse or former spouse, an individual who has had a             

                                                                                

4   child in common with the offender, an individual who has or has             

                                                                                

5   had a dating relationship with the offender, or an individual               

                                                                                

6   residing or having resided in the same household as the offender,           

                                                                                

7   the court, without entering a judgment of guilt and with the                

                                                                                

8   consent of the accused and of the prosecuting attorney in                   

                                                                                

9   consultation with the victim, may defer further proceedings and             

                                                                                

10  place the accused on probation as provided in this section.                 

                                                                                

11  However, before deferring proceedings under this subsection, the            

                                                                                

12  court shall contact the department of state police and determine            

                                                                                

13  whether, according to the records of the department of state                

                                                                                

14  police, the accused has previously been convicted under section             

                                                                                

15  81 or 81a of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.81 and           

                                                                                

16  750.81a, or under a local ordinance substantially corresponding             

                                                                                

17  to section 81 of that act, or has previously availed himself or             

                                                                                

18  herself of this section.  If the search of the records reveals an           

                                                                                

19  arrest for a violation of section 81 or 81a of the Michigan penal           

                                                                                

20  code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.81 and 750.81a, or a local ordinance             

                                                                                

21  substantially corresponding to section 81 of that act but no                

                                                                                

22  disposition, the court shall contact the arresting agency and the           

                                                                                

23  court that had jurisdiction over the violation to determine the             

                                                                                

24  disposition of that arrest for purposes of this section.  As used           

                                                                                

25  in this subsection, "dating relationship" means frequent,                   

                                                                                

26  intimate associations primarily characterized by the expectation            

                                                                                

27  of affectional involvement.  This term does not include a casual            


                                                                                

1   relationship or an ordinary fraternization between 2 individuals            

                                                                                

2   in a business or social context.                                            

                                                                                

3       (2) Upon a violation of a term or condition of probation, the               

                                                                                

4   court may enter an adjudication of guilt and proceed as otherwise           

                                                                                

5   provided in this chapter.                                                   

                                                                                

6       (3) An order of probation entered under subsection (1) may                  

                                                                                

7   require the accused to participate in a mandatory counseling                

                                                                                

8   program.  The court may order the accused to pay the reasonable             

                                                                                

9   costs of the mandatory counseling program.  The court also may              

                                                                                

10  order the accused to participate in a drug treatment court under            

                                                                                

11  chapter 10A of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236,             

                                                                                

12  MCL 600.1060 to 600.1082.                                                   

                                                                                

13      (4) The court shall enter an adjudication of guilt and                      

                                                                                

14  proceed as otherwise provided in this chapter if any of the                 

                                                                                

15  following circumstances exist:                                              

                                                                                

16      (a) The accused commits an assaultive crime during the period               

                                                                                

17  of probation.  As used in this subdivision, "assaultive crime"              

                                                                                

18  means 1 or more of the following:                                           

                                                                                

19                                                                               (i) That term as defined in section 9a of chapter X.                                

                                                                                

20      (ii) A violation of chapter XI of the Michigan penal code,                   

                                                                                

21  1931 PA 328, MCL 750.81 to 750.90g.                                         

                                                                                

22      (b) The accused violates an order of the court that he or she               

                                                                                

23  receive counseling regarding his or her violent behavior.                   

                                                                                

24      (c) The accused violates an order of the court that he or she               

                                                                                

25  have no contact with a named individual.                                    

                                                                                

26      (5) Upon fulfillment of the terms and conditions, the court                 

                                                                                

27  shall discharge the person and dismiss the proceedings against              


    House Bill No. 5674 as amended June 29, 2004                                

1   the person.  Discharge and dismissal under this section shall be            

                                                                                

2   without adjudication of guilt and is not a conviction for                   

                                                                                

3   purposes of this section or for purposes of disqualifications or            

                                                                                

4   disabilities imposed by law upon conviction of a crime.                     

                                                                                

5       (6) There may be only 1 discharge and dismissal under this                  

                                                                                

6   section with respect to any individual.  The department of state            

                                                                                

7   police shall retain a nonpublic record of an arrest and discharge           

                                                                                

8   or dismissal under this section.  This record shall be furnished            

                                                                                

9   to a court or police agency upon request pursuant to                        

                                                                                

10  subsection (1) or to an office of prosecuting attorney for the              

                                                                                

11  purpose of showing that a defendant in a criminal action under              

                                                                                

12  section 81 or 81a of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL              

                                                                                

13  750.81 and 750.81a, or a local ordinance substantially                      

                                                                                

14  corresponding to section 81 of that act has already once availed            

                                                                                

15  himself or herself of this section or for the purpose of                    

                                                                                

16  determining whether the defendant in a criminal action is                   

                                                                                

17  eligible for discharge and dismissal of proceedings by a drug               

                                                                                

18  treatment court under section <<1076(5)>> of the revised judicature         

                                                                                

19  act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.1076.                                     

                                                                                

20      Sec. 16a.  (1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection                   

                                                                                

21  (3), upon final disposition of an original charge against a                 

                                                                                

22  person of a felony or a misdemeanor for which the maximum                   

                                                                                

23  possible penalty exceeds 92 days' imprisonment or a local                   

                                                                                

24  ordinance for which the maximum possible penalty is 93 days'                

                                                                                

25  imprisonment and that substantially corresponds to a violation of           

                                                                                

26  state law that is a misdemeanor for which the maximum possible              

                                                                                

27  penalty is 93 days' imprisonment, or a misdemeanor in a case in             


                                                                                

1   which the appropriate court was notified that fingerprints were             

                                                                                

2   forwarded to the department of state police, or upon final                  

                                                                                

3   disposition of a charge of criminal contempt under section 2950             

                                                                                

4   or 2950a of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL            

                                                                                

5   600.2950 and 600.2950a, or final disposition of a charge of                 

                                                                                

6   criminal contempt for violating a foreign protection order that             

                                                                                

7   satisfies the conditions for validity provided in section 2950i             

                                                                                

8   of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL                     

                                                                                

9   600.2950i, the clerk of the court entering the disposition shall            

                                                                                

10  immediately report to the department of state police the final              

                                                                                

11  disposition of the charge on forms approved by the state court              

                                                                                

12  administrator and in a manner consistent with section 3 of 1925             

                                                                                

13  PA 289, MCL 28.243.  The report to the department of state police           

                                                                                

14  shall include the finding of the judge or jury, including a                 

                                                                                

15  finding of guilty, guilty but mentally ill, not guilty, or not              

                                                                                

16  guilty by reason of insanity, or the person's plea of guilty,               

                                                                                

17  nolo contendere, or guilty but mentally ill; if the person was              

                                                                                

18  convicted, the offense of which the person was convicted; and a             

                                                                                

19  summary of any sentence imposed.  The summary of the sentence               

                                                                                

20  shall include any probationary term; any minimum, maximum, or               

                                                                                

21  alternative term of imprisonment; the total of all fines, costs,            

                                                                                

22  and restitution ordered; and any modification of sentence.  The             

                                                                                

23  report shall include the sentence if imposed under any of the               

                                                                                

24  following:                                                                  

                                                                                

25      (a) Section 7411 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368,                    

                                                                                

26  MCL 333.7411.                                                               

                                                                                

27      (b) Section 1076(4) of the revised judicature act of 1961,                  


                                                                                

1   1961 PA 236, MCL 600.1076.                                                  

                                                                                

2       (c) Section 350a of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL               

                                                                                

3   750.350a.                                                                   

                                                                                

4       (d) Section 430 of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL                

                                                                                

5   750.430.                                                                    

                                                                                

6       (e)  (b)  Sections 11 to 15 of chapter II.                                  

                                                                                

7       (f)  (c)  Section 4a of chapter IX.                                         

                                                                                

8       (2) Upon sentencing a person convicted of a misdemeanor or of               

                                                                                

9   a violation of a local ordinance, other than a misdemeanor or               

                                                                                

10  local ordinance described in subsection (1), the clerk of the               

                                                                                

11  court imposing sentence immediately shall, if ordered by the                

                                                                                

12  court, advise the department of state police of the conviction on           

                                                                                

13  forms approved by the state court administrator.                            

                                                                                

14      (3) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (4) and (6),                

                                                                                

15  the clerk of a court shall not report a conviction of a                     

                                                                                

16  misdemeanor offense under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300,           

                                                                                

17  MCL 257.1 to 257.923, or a local ordinance substantially                    

                                                                                

18  corresponding to a provision of that act unless 1 or more of the            

                                                                                

19  following apply:                                                            

                                                                                

20      (a) The offense is punishable by imprisonment for more than                 

                                                                                

21  92 days.                                                                    

                                                                                

22      (b) The offense is an offense that would be punishable by                   

                                                                                

23  more than 92 days as a second conviction.                                   

                                                                                

24      (c) A judge of the court orders the clerk to report the                     

                                                                                

25  conviction.                                                                 

                                                                                

26      (4) Unless ordered by the court, the clerk of a court is not                

                                                                                

27  required to report a conviction of a misdemeanor offense for a              


                                                                                

1   violation of section 904(3)(a) of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949           

                                                                                

2   PA 300, MCL 257.904, or a local ordinance substantially                     

                                                                                

3   corresponding to section 904(3)(a) of the Michigan vehicle code,            

                                                                                

4   1949 PA 300, MCL 257.904.                                                   

                                                                                

5       (5) As part of the sentence for a conviction of an offense                  

                                                                                

6   described in subsection (2), if fingerprints have not already               

                                                                                

7   been taken, the court shall order that the fingerprints of the              

                                                                                

8   person convicted be taken and forwarded to the department of                

                                                                                

9   state police.                                                               

                                                                                

10      (6) As part of the sentence for a conviction of a listed                    

                                                                                

11  offense as defined in section 2 of the sex offenders registration           

                                                                                

12  act, 1994 PA 295, MCL 28.722, the court shall order that the                

                                                                                

13  fingerprints of the person convicted be taken and forwarded as              

                                                                                

14  provided in the sex offenders registration act, 1994 PA 295,                

                                                                                

15  MCL 28.721 to 28.732, if fingerprints have not already been taken           

                                                                                

16  and forwarded as provided in that act.                                      

                                                                                

17      (7) Within 21 days after the date a person licensed or                      

                                                                                

18  registered under article 15 of the public health code, 1978                 

                                                                                

19  PA 368, MCL 333.16101 to 333.18838, is convicted of a misdemeanor           

                                                                                

20  involving the illegal delivery, possession, or use of alcohol or            

                                                                                

21  a controlled substance or a felony, the clerk of the court                  

                                                                                

22  entering the conviction shall report the conviction to the                  

                                                                                

23  department of consumer and industry services on a form prescribed           

                                                                                

24  and furnished by that department.                                           

                                                                                

25      Sec. 31.  As used in this section and section 34 of this                    

                                                                                

26  chapter:                                                                    

                                                                                

27      (a) "Departure" means a sentence imposed that is not within                 


                                                                                

1   the appropriate minimum sentence range established under the                

                                                                                

2   sentencing guidelines set forth in chapter XVII.                            

                                                                                

3       (b) "Intermediate sanction" means probation or any sanction,                

                                                                                

4   other than imprisonment in a state prison or state reformatory,             

                                                                                

5   that may lawfully be imposed.  Intermediate sanction includes,              

                                                                                

6   but is not limited to, 1 or more of the following:                          

                                                                                

7                                                                                (i) Inpatient or outpatient drug treatment or participation                         

                                                                                

8   in a drug treatment court under chapter 10A of the revised                  

                                                                                

9   judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.1060 to 600.1082.              

                                                                                

10      (ii) Probation with any probation conditions required or                     

                                                                                

11  authorized by law.                                                          

                                                                                

12      (iii) Residential probation.                                                 

                                                                                

13      (iv) Probation with jail.                                                    

                                                                                

14      (v) Probation with special alternative incarceration.                       

                                                                                

15      (vi) Mental health treatment.                                                

                                                                                

16      (vii) Mental health or substance abuse counseling.                           

                                                                                

17      (viii) Jail.                                                                  

                                                                                

18      (ix) Jail with work or school release.                                       

                                                                                

19      (x) Jail, with or without authorization for day parole under                

                                                                                

20  1962 PA 60, MCL 801.251 to 801.258.                                         

                                                                                

21      (xi) Participation in a community corrections program.                       

                                                                                

22      (xii) Community service.                                                     

                                                                                

23      (xiii) Payment of a fine.                                                     

                                                                                

24      (xiv) House arrest.                                                          

                                                                                

25      (xv) Electronic monitoring.                                                 

                                                                                

26      (c) "Offender characteristics" means only the prior criminal                

                                                                                

27  record of an offender.                                                      


                                                                                

1       (d) "Offense characteristics" means the elements of the crime               

                                                                                

2   and the aggravating and mitigating factors relating to the                  

                                                                                

3   offense that the legislature determines are appropriate.  For               

                                                                                

4   purposes of this subdivision, an offense described in section 33b           

                                                                                

5   of the corrections code of 1953, 1953 PA 232, MCL 791.233b, that            

                                                                                

6   resulted in a conviction and that arose out of the same                     

                                                                                

7   transaction as the offense for which the sentencing guidelines              

                                                                                

8   are being scored shall be considered as an aggravating factor.              

                                                                                

9       (e) "Prior criminal record" means all of the following:                     

                                                                                

10                                                                               (i) Misdemeanor and felony convictions.                                             

                                                                                

11      (ii) Probation and parole violations involving criminal                      

                                                                                

12  activity.                                                                   

                                                                                

13      (iii) Dispositions entered under section 18 of chapter XIIA                  

                                                                                

14  of 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.18, for acts that would have been crimes           

                                                                                

15  if committed by an adult.                                                   

                                                                                

16      (iv) Assignment to youthful trainee status under sections 11                 

                                                                                

17  to 15 of chapter II.                                                        

                                                                                

18      (v) A conviction set aside under 1965 PA 213, MCL 780.621 to                

                                                                                

19  780.624.                                                                    

                                                                                

20      (vi) Dispositions described in subparagraph (iii) that have                   

                                                                                

21  been set aside under section 18e of chapter XIIA of 1939 PA 288,            

                                                                                

22  MCL 712A.18e, or expunged.                                                  

                                                                                

23                             CHAPTER XVII                                     

                                                                                

24      Sec. 56.  (1) Prior record variable 6 is relationship to the                

                                                                                

25  criminal justice system.  Score prior record variable 6 by                  

                                                                                

26  determining which of the following apply and by assigning the               

                                                                                

27  number of points attributable to the one that has the highest               


                                                                                

1   number of points:                                                           

                                                                                

2        (a) The offender is a prisoner of the department                       

                                                                                

3   of corrections or serving a sentence in jail..........  20 points           

                                                                                

4        (b) The offender is incarcerated in jail awaiting                      

                                                                                

5   adjudication or sentencing on a conviction or                               

                                                                                

6   probation violation...................................  15 points           

                                                                                

7        (c) The offender is on parole, probation, or                           

                                                                                

8   delayed sentence status or on bond awaiting                                 

                                                                                

9   adjudication or sentencing for a felony...............  10 points           

                                                                                

10       (d) The offender is on probation or delayed                            

                                                                                

11  sentence status or on bond awaiting adjudication or                         

                                                                                

12  sentencing for a misdemeanor..........................   5 points           

                                                                                

13       (e) The offender has no relationship to the                            

                                                                                

14  criminal justice system...............................   0 points           

                                                                                

15      (2) Score the appropriate points under this section if the                  

                                                                                

16  offender is involved with the criminal justice system in another            

                                                                                

17  state or United States.                                                     

                                                                                

18      (3) As used in this section:                                                

                                                                                

19      (a) "Delayed sentence status" includes, but is not limited                  

                                                                                

20  to, an individual assigned or deferred under any of the                     

                                                                                

21  following:                                                                  

                                                                                

22                                                                               (i) Section 7411 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL                        

                                                                                

23  333.7411.                                                                   

                                                                                

24      (ii) Section 1076(4) of the revised judicature act of 1961,                  

                                                                                

25  1961 PA 236, MCL 600.1076.                                                  

                                                                                

26      (iii)  (ii)  Section 350a of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA                  

                                                                                

27  328, MCL 750.350a.                                                          


    House Bill No. 5674 as amended June 29, 2004                                

1       (iv) Section 430 of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL                

                                                                                

2   750.430.                                                                    

                                                                                

3       (v)  (iii)  Sections 11 to 15 of chapter II.                                  

                                                                                

4       (vi)  (iv)  Section 4a of chapter IX.                                        

                                                                                

5       (b) "Prisoner of the department of corrections or serving a                 

                                                                                

6    sentence in jail" includes an individual who is an escapee.

    <<Enacting section 1.  This amendatory act takes effect January 1, 2005.>>  

                                                                                

7       Enacting section <<2>>.  This amendatory act does not take                  

                                                                                

8   effect unless Senate Bill No. 998 of the 92nd Legislature is                

                                                                                

9   enacted into law.