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Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 119 of 2022
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Act 388 of 1976
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Act 388 of 1976

AN ACT to regulate political activity; to regulate campaign financing; to restrict campaign contributions and expenditures; to require campaign statements and reports; to regulate anonymous contributions; to regulate campaign advertising and literature; to provide for segregated funds for political purposes; to provide for the use of public funds for political purposes; to create certain funds; to provide for reversion, retention, or refunding of unexpended balances in certain funds; to require other statements and reports; to regulate acceptance of certain gifts, payments, and reimbursements; to prescribe the powers and duties of certain state departments and state and local officials and employees; to provide appropriations; to prescribe penalties and provide remedies; and to repeal certain acts and parts of acts.

History: 1976, Act 388, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 1976 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 117, Eff. Apr. 1, 1995 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 385, Eff. Jan. 1, 1995

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

Section 169.201SectionShort title; meanings of words and phrases.
Section 169.202SectionDefinitions; A, B.
Section 169.203SectionDefinitions; C.
Section 169.204Section"Contribution" defined.
Section 169.205SectionDefinitions; D, E.
Section 169.206Section"Expenditure" defined.
Section 169.207SectionDefinitions; F to H.
Section 169.208SectionDefinitions; H, I.
Section 169.209SectionDefinitions; I to L.
Section 169.210SectionDefinitions; M to N.
Section 169.211SectionDefinitions; P.
Section 169.212SectionDefinitions; Q to S.
Section 169.215SectionDuties of secretary of state; declaratory ruling and interpretive statement; filing, contents, and form of complaint; investigations; referral of matter to attorney general; posting of complaint, response, or rebuttal statement on website; informal methods of conference, conciliation, or persuasion; conciliation agreement as bar to further action; enforcement of criminal penalty; hearing; order; judicial review; civil fine and other sanctions; waiver of campaign statement filing; duties of county clerk.
Section 169.216SectionStatement or report; public inspection; reproduction; copy; prohibited use; preservation; disposal; late filing fee; compliance; notice; corrections; report of errors or omissions; deadline for filing.
Section 169.217SectionPayment of late filing fee; disposition of late filing fees and copying charges; unpaid filing fee; exceptions.
Section 169.218SectionElectronic filing and internet disclosure system.
Section 169.218aSectionElectronic filing and internet disclosure system; adoption by county clerk.
Section 169.220SectionIndividual not considered candidate; individual receiving votes by write-in method as candidate.
Section 169.221SectionCandidate committee or committee other than candidate committee; treasurer; service of process; official depository for contributions; secondary depositories; requirements for accepting contributions or making expenditures; vacancy in office of treasurer; authorizing expenditure; contributions or expenditures considered received or made by candidate committee; reporting contributions; commingling prohibited; violation; penalty.
Section 169.221aSectionExpenditure for incidental expense by candidate committee; legal costs; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.
Section 169.222SectionDuties of committee treasurer or other designated individual; preservation and inspection of committee records; violation; civil fine.
Section 169.223SectionRules for withdrawal of funds; limitation on single expenditure from petty cash fund; violation; civil fine.
Section 169.224SectionStatement of organization; time for filing; late filing fee; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; contents of statement; name of sponsor; amendment; statement as to receipts or expenditures; filing statement indicating dissolution of committee; exception; political committee considered as independent expenditure committee.
Section 169.224aSectionHouse political party caucus committee; senate political party caucus committee; limitation; dissolution of independent committees; exception.
Section 169.224bSectionIndependent expenditure committee; creation; filing of campaign statements; contributions; violation of subsection (4) as felony; penalty.
Section 169.224cSectionDefeat of independent nature of independent expenditure; punishment; exception.
Section 169.225SectionCampaign statement; filing; period covered.
Section 169.225aSectionRepealed. 1999, Act 237, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000.
Section 169.226SectionCampaign statement of committee other than political party committee; contents; report; list of expenditures; bundled contribution; separate segregated fund reporting requirements.
Section 169.228SectionInterest; loans; certified statement to accompany campaign statement reporting certain contributions; applicability of subsection (3).
Section 169.229SectionCampaign statement filed by political party committee; contents; identification of expenditure; designation of contribution to candidate committee or ballot question committee; designation of independent expenditure; apportionment of expenditure; list of expenditures.
Section 169.230SectionContributions prohibited under MCL 432.207b.
Section 169.231SectionContributions or expenditures controlled by another person; bundled contribution.
Section 169.232SectionReport of late contributions; late filing fee; subsection (5) retroactive to January 1, 2010; “late contribution” defined.
Section 169.233SectionCampaign statements; filing schedule; report on expenditures; form; late filing fee; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; prohibitions; filing incomplete or inaccurate statement or report; civil fine; failure to file campaign statements; violation as felony; seizure and forfeiture of money; inventory statement of money seized; notice; hearing; decision; appeal; commencement of action.
Section 169.233aSectionInformation to be included with contribution.
Section 169.234SectionCampaign statement of ballot question committee; filing schedule; late filing fees; failure to file statement as misdemeanor; penalty; filing incomplete or inaccurate statement or report; civil fine.
Section 169.235SectionAdditional campaign statement; filing; deadline; period covered; waiver; exception; late filing fees; receipts or expenditures subjecting committee to campaign filing requirements; failure to file as misdemeanor; penalty; filing incomplete or inaccurate statement or report; civil fine.
Section 169.236SectionFiling copies of campaign statements with secretary of state and county clerks; availability to public.
Section 169.237SectionCampaign statement; signing; verification.
Section 169.238SectionCampaign statement; period covered.
Section 169.241SectionSingle contribution of $20.00 or expenditure of $50.00; written instrument, credit card, or debit card; anonymous contribution; contribution in name of another; violations; penalties.
Section 169.242SectionAcceptance of contribution by intermediary or agent; disclosure; requirements as to certain contributions; requirements as to contribution from person other than committee; out-of-state contributions made on automatic basis; violations; penalties.
Section 169.243SectionExpenditure by agent or independent contractor; requirements; violation; penalty.
Section 169.244SectionProhibited contributions or expenditures; delivery or return of contribution; joint fund-raiser; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.
Section 169.245SectionTransfer of unexpended funds; funds transferred not considered qualifying contribution; disbursement of funds ineligible for transfer.
Section 169.246SectionAdjustments to dollar value floor and contribution limits; "consumer price index" defined.
Section 169.247SectionPrinted matter or radio or television paid advertisement having reference to election, candidate, or ballot question; name and address; identification or disclaimer; size and placement; rules; exemption; statement that payment made "with regulated funds"; communication exempted under section 6(2)(j); violation as misdemeanor; penalty; prerecorded telephone message.
Section 169.249SectionRepealed. 1999, Act 224, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000.
Section 169.250SectionAcceptance of honorarium by legislator prohibited; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.
Section 169.251SectionIndependent expenditure of $100.01 or more; report; forwarding copies to filing officers; late filing fees; violation as misdemeanor.
Section 169.252SectionLimitations on contributions to candidate committee; contribution from candidate's immediate family; contribution for particular election cycle; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; contributions made by political or independent committees established by corporation, joint stock company, domestic dependent sovereign, or labor organization; bundled contributions.
Section 169.252aSectionContribution to house political party caucus committee or senate political party caucus committee; limitation; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.
Section 169.253SectionContribution or expenditure by dependent minor.
Section 169.254SectionContributions, expenditures, or volunteer personal services by corporation, joint stock company, domestic dependent sovereign, or labor organization, or by persons acting for corporation, joint stock company, domestic dependent sovereign, or labor organization; in-kind contribution; contribution to ballot question committee or independent expenditure committee; independent expenditures as to ballot questions; violation; penalty.
Section 169.255SectionSegregated fund for political purposes; establishment by connected organization; limitations; solicitation of contributions; prohibited practices; contribution to separate segregated fund; disproportionate in-kind contributions for prizes; violation; penalty; exception; definitions.
Section 169.256SectionOrdinance or resolution.
Section 169.257SectionContributions, expenditures, or volunteer personal services; prohibitions; civil action; use of public funds or resources for communication referencing local ballot questions; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.
Section 169.261SectionState campaign fund; creation; administration; tax designation; appropriation; distribution of money; transfer to general fund.
Section 169.262SectionCandidates eligible to receive moneys; moneys to be spent and reported by candidate committee; filing statement of organization as condition to receiving moneys from state campaign fund; exemption from MCL 169.261 to 169.271.
Section 169.263SectionRecord of candidate's certified statements of qualifying contributions; contents of statement; notice of qualification to receive moneys; application for moneys; determination of amount; forwarding information and application to state treasurer; issuance of warrant.
Section 169.264SectionPayments to candidates in primary election; requirements; return of funds.
Section 169.265SectionNominees entitled to receive funds.
Section 169.266SectionApplication of funds against qualified campaign expenditures; “qualified campaign expenditure” defined; separate account for funds received; payment of qualified expenditures; disposition of unexpended balance; use of payment for expenditures in subsequent election prohibited; violation; penalty.
Section 169.267SectionLimitations on expenditures; exceptions; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; prohibitions.
Section 169.268SectionDebt limitation; violation; penalty; prohibitions.
Section 169.269SectionLimitations on contributions for election cycle; "immediate family" defined; determination of election cycle beginning and ending; notices; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; bundled contributions.
Section 169.270SectionReporting contribution or expenditure controlled or directed by another person.
Section 169.271SectionProhibited contributions; violation; penalty.
Section 169.281SectionRepeal of MCL 168.901 to 168.929; effective date.
Section 169.282SectionApplication of penalty provisions; payment of late filing fee; expenditure of $200.00 or more as contribution to ballot question committee; penalty or late filing fee; effective date of MCL 169.235.
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