The Michigan Legislative Website data sources are undergoing upgrades. Thank you for your patience as we work through any issues.

Go To Top capitol dome
Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 178 of 2019

Senate: Adjourned until Thursday, January 23, 2020 10:00:00 AM

Michigan Legislature

Main Content

Act 359 of 1947
Search within this Statute for


Act 359 of 1947

AN ACT to authorize the incorporation of charter townships; to provide a municipal charter therefor; to prescribe the powers and functions thereof; and to prescribe penalties and provide remedies.

History: 1947, Act 359, Eff. Oct. 11, 1947 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 144, Eff. Mar. 23, 1999

© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

Section 42.1SectionShort title; charter townships; incorporation; powers, privileges, immunities and liabilities; petition; special census; expenses.
Section 42.1aSectionEmergency financial manager; authority and responsibilities.
Section 42.1bSectionMinimum staffing requirement; adoption of ordinance prohibited.
Section 42.2SectionIncorporation; referendum; ballot, form and content; filing of petition or resolution by township clerk; finality of proceedings; term of incumbent officers; disincorporation.
Section 42.2aSectionViolation of MCL 168.1 to 168.992 applicable to petitions; penalties.
Section 42.3SectionIncorporation; submission of proposition to electors, time; petitions, verification of signatures.
Section 42.3aSectionNotice to clerk of township not incorporated as charter township; resolution of township board; notice of right to referendum; petition; signatures; submitting question of incorporation at general or special election; wording of ballot.
Section 42.4SectionNomination of candidates for township office; conducting primary election; duties of township clerk; duties and composition of board of township election commissioners.
Section 42.5SectionTownship board; election of members; powers and duties; supervisor as presiding and executive officer; authentication of instruments; president pro tem; clerk; record of proceedings; temporary clerk.
Section 42.6SectionCharter township board; compensation and expenses of members.
Section 42.6aSectionOrdinance establishing procedure for determining salary of elected official; contents; conducting business at public meeting; public notice; resolution implementing ordinance; petition for referendum; change of procedure; decreasing salary of elected township official.
Section 42.7SectionTownship board; meetings; conducting business at public meeting; notice of meeting; transacting business at special meeting; quorum; adjournment; rules and order of business; journal; voting; availability of certain writings to public; attendance and conduct at meetings; misconduct in office; sergeant-at-arms.
Section 42.8SectionCharter township board; monthly publication of proceedings; notices and ordinances; posting.
Section 42.9SectionTownship officers; powers and duties; additional officers, limitations.
Section 42.10SectionTownship superintendent; appointment; delegation of powers and duties of township supervisor.
Section 42.10aSectionTownship manager; employment; service; duties.
Section 42.11SectionTownship superintendent; tenure; qualifications; residency requirements; waiver.
Section 42.11aSectionTownship assessors; appointment, powers and duties, compensation.
Section 42.12SectionTownship police force; establishment; township marshal, appointment; rules; policemen, powers and duties.
Section 42.13SectionTownship fire department; establishment; township fire chief, appointment; rules and regulations; refusal to aid at fire, penalty.
Section 42.13aSectionFree public library; establishment or reestablishment and maintenance; conditions; ordinance; resolution; board of directors; appointment of library advisory committee; rules and regulations; state aid.
Section 42.14SectionCharter township; power to acquire property; approval of electors.
Section 42.14aSectionBonds for public improvements; issuance; approval required; exceptions; limitation on net indebtedness; computation of net indebtedness; bonds subject to MCL 141.2101 to 141.2821; computation of net indebtedness.
Section 42.15SectionOrdinances to provide for peace, health, and safety; licenses, granting, fees, bonds.
Section 42.16SectionStreets, alleys, bridges and public places; regulation of use; record of ordinances, filing.
Section 42.17SectionConstruction of buildings; powers and liabilities of charter townships as to public health and safety.
Section 42.18SectionJoint action with other governmental unit or agency.
Section 42.19SectionOrdinances, resolutions, rules and regulations of former township; continuation.
Section 42.20SectionLegislation to be ordinance or resolution; form, passage, amendment, recording, authentication, and compilation of ordinances.
Section 42.21SectionViolation of ordinances; sanction; designation as civil infraction; act or omission constituting crime; penalty; distribution of fines.
Section 42.21aSectionPolice officers; right to pursue, arrest, and detain person outside of charter township limits.
Section 42.21bSectionPolice officer or constable; authority to execute bench warrant.
Section 42.21cSectionRegulation of recreational trailway; posting of ordinance; violation as municipal civil infraction; penalty.
Section 42.22SectionOrdinance; publication; effective date; publication of summary or true copy; catch lines required; drafting of summary.
Section 42.23SectionState law or standard code; adoption as township ordinance by citation; publication, distribution, charge.
Section 42.24SectionSubmission of itemized estimates of anticipated expenditures; preparation and submission of budget proposal; time.
Section 42.25SectionBudget proposal; contents; commencement of fiscal year.
Section 42.26SectionBudget; notice, public hearing, prior public inspection.
Section 42.27SectionAdoption of budget by township board; resolution; appropriation; tax levy; limitation; separate appropriation for fire and police departments; tax collection; interim budget.
Section 42.28SectionBudget or supplemental appropriations; expenditure, restrictions; unencumbered balances, transfer, reappropriation.
Section 42.29SectionQuarterly statement of estimated and actual income and expenses; submission by supervisor to township board; reduction of appropriations, exceptions.
Section 42.30SectionAnnual audit of accounts; results, filing, public inspection; annual report of township business.
Section 42.31SectionLocal or public improvements; approval; determination of necessity; special assessments; bonds.
Section 42.32SectionSuccession to properties of former township; suits or prosecutions, debts and liabilities, uncollected taxes and assessments.
Section 42.33SectionLiberal construction of act.
Section 42.34SectionExemption of charter township from annexation to contiguous city or village; exceptions.
up icon