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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 321 of 2023
House: Adjourned until Tuesday, February 27, 2024 1:30:00 PM
Senate: Adjourned until Tuesday, February 27, 2024 10:00:00 AM

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Act 170 of 1964
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Act 170 of 1964

AN ACT to make uniform the liability of municipal corporations, political subdivisions, and the state, its agencies and departments, officers, employees, and volunteers thereof, and members of certain boards, councils, and task forces when engaged in the exercise or discharge of a governmental function, for injuries to property and persons; to define and limit this liability; to define and limit the liability of the state when engaged in a proprietary function; to authorize the purchase of liability insurance to protect against loss arising out of this liability; to provide for defending certain claims made against public officers, employees, and volunteers and for paying damages sought or awarded against them; to provide for the legal defense of public officers, employees, and volunteers; to provide for reimbursement of public officers and employees for certain legal expenses; and to repeal acts and parts of acts.

History: 1964, Act 170, Eff. July 1, 1965 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 155, Imd. Eff. Aug. 1, 1970 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 141, Imd. Eff. May 11, 1978 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 175, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 400, Imd. Eff. May 30, 2002
Compiler's Notes: In Hyde v. University of Michigan Regents, 426 Mich 223 (1986), the Supreme Court stated that “1986 PA 175 was enacted, effective July 1, 1986.” Act 175 was approved by the Governor July 6, 1986, and filed with Secretary of State July 7, 1986.
Popular Name: Governmental Immunity Act

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

Section 691.1401SectionDefinitions.
Section 691.1402SectionRepairing and maintaining highways; damages for bodily injury or damage to property; liability, procedure, and remedy as to county roads; judgment against state; payment of judgment; liability of municipal corporation; effect of contractual undertaking to perform work on state trunk line highway; limitations on duties of governmental agency; limitation.
Section 691.1402aSectionMunicipal corporation; maintenance of sidewalk; liability; presumption; additional defense; limitation.
Section 691.1403SectionDefective highways; knowledge of defect, repair.
Section 691.1404SectionNotice of injury and defect in highway.
Section 691.1405SectionGovernment owned vehicles; liability for negligent operation.
Section 691.1406SectionPublic buildings; dangerous condition; liability; notice, contents, service.
Section 691.1406aSectionSubrogation.
Section 691.1407SectionImmunity from tort liability; intentional torts; immunity of judge, legislator, official, and guardian ad litem; immunity of governmental agency under MISS DIG underground facility damage prevention and safety act; definitions.
Section 691.1407aSectionRepealed. 1999, Act 241, Eff. Jan. 1, 2003.
Section 691.1407bSectionRepealed. 1999, Act 242, Eff. Jan. 1, 2003.
Section 691.1407cSectionDonated fire control or rescue equipment; liability; testing, repair, or maintenance; rights of employee or volunteer under MCL 418.101 to 418.941; "organized fire department" defined.
Section 691.1408SectionClaim or civil action against officer or employee of governmental agency for injuries caused by negligence; services of attorney; payment of claim; judgment for damages; indemnification; payment or settlement of judgment; criminal action against officer or employee of governmental agency; services of attorney; reimbursement for legal expenses; liability on governmental agency not imposed.
Section 691.1409SectionLiability insurance; waiver of defense.
Section 691.1410SectionClaims against state, political subdivision, or municipal corporation; procedure.
Section 691.1411SectionClaim against government agency; limitation of actions.
Section 691.1412SectionClaims under act; defenses available.
Section 691.1413SectionDamage arising out of performance of proprietary function.
Section 691.1414SectionRepeal.
Section 691.1415SectionEffective date of act.
Section 691.1416SectionDefinitions.
Section 691.1417SectionDamages or physical injuries caused by sewage disposal system event; compliance of claimant and governmental agency with relief provisions.
Section 691.1418SectionEconomic damages; grounds for noneconomic damages; available defenses.
Section 691.1419SectionNotice of claim; requirements.
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