June 12, 2018, Introduced by Rep. Guerra and referred to the Committee on Law and Justice.
A bill to amend 1931 PA 328, entitled
"The Michigan penal code,"
by amending section 157m (MCL 750.157m), as amended by 1988 PA 335.
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:
Sec. 157m. As used in this chapter:
(a) "Credit account" means the account through which a
business organization or financial institution allows a person or
organization to obtain goods, property, services, or any other
thing of value on credit.
"Credit card" means
either of the following:
(i) Any instrument or device which is sold, issued, or
otherwise distributed by a business organization or financial
institution for the use of the person or organization identified on
the instrument or device for obtaining goods, property, services,
or anything of value on credit.
(ii) An instrument or device which is issued or otherwise
distributed by an organization for the use of the person identified
on the instrument or device for obtaining health care services or
goods or reimbursement or payment for health care services or
goods. As used in this subparagraph, "organization" means any of
A dental care corporation incorporated under
Act No. 125
the Public Acts of 1963, being sections 1963 PA 125, MCL 550.351
of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
(B) A health care corporation incorporated under the nonprofit
care corporation reform act,
Act No. 1980 PA 350, of
Acts of 1980, being sections MCL
550.1101 to 550.1704. of
Michigan Compiled Laws.
(C) A health maintenance organization licensed under article
of the public health code,
Act No. 1978 PA 368, of
of 1978, being sections MCL 333.20101 to 333.22181 of the
(D) An insurer as defined in section 106 of the insurance code
Act No. 1956 PA 218, of the Public Acts of 1956, being
MCL 500.106. of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
(E) A third party administrator operating under a certificate
of authority issued by the commissioner pursuant to the third party
Act No. 1984 PA 218, of the Public Acts of 1984,
sections MCL 550.901 to 550.962 of the Michigan Compiled
"Deposit account" includes share, deposit, member, and
accounts of financial institutions.
"Credit account" means the account through which a
organization or financial institution allows a person or
to obtain goods, property, services, or any other
of value on credit.
(c) "Cryptocurrency" means digital currency in which
encryption techniques are used to regulate the generation of units
of currency and verify the transfer of funds, and that operates
independently of a central bank.
(d) "Deposit account" includes share, deposit, member, and
savings accounts of financial institutions.
either of the following:
(i) The person or organization who requests a financial
transaction device and to whom or for whose benefit a financial
transaction device is subsequently issued.
(ii) The person or organization to whom a financial
transaction device was issued and who used or accepted a financial
transaction device, whether the issuance of the financial
transaction device was requested or not.
(f) "Distributed ledger technology" means any distributed
ledger protocol and supporting infrastructure, including
blockchain, that uses a distributed, decentralized, shared, and
replicated ledger, whether use of the ledger is public or private,
permissioned or permissionless, and that may include the use of
electronic currencies or electronic tokens as a medium of
means a bank, savings and loan
association, or credit union, and includes a corporation wholly
owned by a financial institution or by the holding company parent
of a financial institution.
device" means any of the
(i) An electronic funds transfer card.
(ii) A credit card.
(iii) A debit card.
(iv) A point-of-sale card.
(v) Any instrument, device, card, plate, code, account number,
personal identification number, or a record or copy of a code,
account number, or personal identification number or other means of
access to a credit account or deposit account including through the
use of cryptocurrency or distributed ledger technology, or a
driver license or state identification card used to access
a proprietary account, other than access originated solely by a
paper instrument, that can be used alone or in conjunction with
another access device, for any of the following purposes:
(A) Obtaining money, cash refund or credit account, credit,
goods, services, or any other thing of value.
(B) Certifying or guaranteeing to a person or business the
availability to the deviceholder of funds on deposit to honor a
draft or check payable to the order of that person or business.
(C) Providing the deviceholder access to a deposit account for
the purpose of making deposits, withdrawing funds, transferring
funds between deposit accounts, obtaining information pertaining to
a deposit account, or making an electronic funds transfer as
in section 3(4) of
Act No. 1978
PA 322, of the Public Acts
1978, being section MCL 488.3. of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
means the account which is
maintained by a business organization in the name of an individual
person or organization and through which the business organization
allows the person or organization to obtain goods, property,
services, or any other thing of value on credit.
Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect 90 days
after the date it is enacted into law.