HOUSE BILL No. 4345

 

 

March 14, 2017, Introduced by Reps. LaGrand, Chirkun, Sowerby, Ellison, Hertel, Rabhi, Zemke, Elder, Wittenberg, Robinson, Faris, Brinks, Gay-Dagnogo, Hoadley, Pagan, Peterson, Cochran, Greig, Moss, Singh, Yanez, Chang and Jones and referred to the Committee on Elections and Ethics.

 

     A bill to regulate political activity; to regulate certain

 

candidates for elective office and state and local officials; to

 

require financial statements and reports; to prescribe the powers

 

and duties of certain state and local governmental officers and

 

agencies; to impose fees; to prescribe penalties and civil

 

sanctions; and to provide remedies.

 

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:

 

     Sec. 1. This act shall be known and may be cited as the

 

"financial disclosure act".

 

     Sec. 2. As used in this act:

 

     (a) "Bureau of elections" means the bureau provided for by

 

section 32 of the Michigan election law, 1954 PA 116, MCL 168.32.

 

     (b) "Candidate" means that term as defined in section 3 of the

 

Michigan campaign finance act, 1976 PA 388, MCL 169.203.


     (c) "Candidate for state or local office" means a candidate

 

for any of the following offices:

 

     (i) Governor.

 

     (ii) Lieutenant governor.

 

     (iii) Secretary of state.

 

     (iv) Attorney general.

 

     (v) State senator.

 

     (vi) State representative.

 

     (vii) Member of the state board of education.

 

     (viii) Justice of the supreme court or judge of a court of

 

record.

 

     (ix) Regent of the University of Michigan, member of the board

 

of trustees of Michigan State University, or member of the board of

 

governors of Wayne State University.

 

     (x) An elective public office for which the compensation is

 

greater than 2 times the statewide median gross income as

 

determined under section 143(f) of the internal revenue code of

 

1986, 26 USC 143(f).

 

     (d) "Earned income" means salaries, tips, or other

 

compensation, and net earnings from self-employment for the taxable

 

year.

 

     (e) "Immediate family" means a dependent child, a spouse of an

 

individual, or a person claimed by that individual or that

 

individual's spouse as a dependent for federal income tax purposes.

 

     (f) "Income" means money or any thing of value received, or to

 

be received as a claim on future services, whether in the form of a

 

fee, salary, expense, allowance, forbearance, forgiveness,


interest, dividend, royalty, rent, capital gain, or any other form

 

of recompense that is considered income under the internal revenue

 

code of 1986, 26 USC 1 to 9834.

 

     (g) "Principal residence" means that term as defined under

 

section 7dd of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL

 

211.7dd.

 

     (h) "State or local official" means any of the following:

 

     (i) The holder of an office described in subdivision (c).

 

     (ii) The head of each principal department as described in

 

section 3 of article V of the state constitution of 1963, if the

 

office is filled by appointment.

 

     (iii) A member of a board or commission heading a principal

 

department as described in section 3 of article V of the state

 

constitution of 1963, if the office is filled by appointment.

 

     Sec. 3. (1) If an individual is a state or local official at

 

any time during a calendar year, that individual shall file with

 

the bureau of elections by May 1 of the following year a report

 

that meets the requirements of section 4. This subsection does not

 

apply to an individual who was a state or local official only on

 

the first day of the calendar year.

 

     (2) If an individual is a candidate for state or local office

 

and has not already filed a report under subsection (1) covering

 

the preceding calendar year, that individual shall file with the

 

bureau of elections a report that meets the requirements of section

 

4 within 30 days after the earliest of the following events, but

 

not later than 11 days before the first election at which the

 

individual's name appears on the ballot as a candidate following


the event:

 

     (a) If the individual files a fee, affidavit of incumbency, or

 

nominating petition for the state office, the deadline for filing

 

the fee, affidavit of incumbency, or nominating petition

 

established under the Michigan election law, 1954 PA 116, MCL 168.1

 

to 168.992.

 

     (b) If the individual is nominated at a political party caucus

 

or convention, the deadline for holding the caucus or convention

 

established under the Michigan election law, 1954 PA 116, MCL 168.1

 

to 168.992.

 

     (c) The date on which the individual first receives a

 

contribution, makes an expenditure, or gives consent for another

 

person to receive a contribution or make an expenditure with the

 

purpose or intent of bringing about the individual's nomination or

 

election to a state office.

 

     (d) The date on which the individual forms a candidate

 

committee as a candidate for state or local office under section 21

 

of the Michigan campaign finance act, 1976 PA 388, MCL 169.221.

 

     (3) An individual who is a candidate for the office of

 

governor shall file with the bureau of elections on June 15 of the

 

year in which the election for the office of governor will be held

 

a copy of the individual's federal tax returns for the 3 preceding

 

calendar years. A social security number on a tax return filed

 

under this subsection may be redacted.

 

     Sec. 4. (1) Subject to section 5 and except as provided in

 

section 6, a report required under section 3 must include a

 

complete statement of all of the following:


     (a) The full name, address, occupation of, and the state

 

office held or sought by, the individual filing the report.

 

     (b) The name of each member of the immediate family of the

 

individual filing the report.

 

     (c) The name and address of each employer of the individual

 

filing the report during the calendar year covered by the report.

 

     (d) Both of the following, as applicable:

 

     (i) The source, type, and amount or value of earned income

 

received during the preceding calendar year by the individual

 

filing the report if the total earned income from that source

 

equals $1,000.00 or more during that calendar year.

 

     (ii) The source and type of earned income received during the

 

preceding calendar year by the spouse of the individual filing the

 

report if the total earned income from that source equals $1,000.00

 

or more during that calendar year.

 

     (e) The source, type, and amount or value of all other income

 

not reported under subdivision (d) that is received during the

 

preceding calendar year by the individual filing the report or a

 

member of the immediate family of that individual if the total

 

income from that source equals $1,000.00 or more during that

 

calendar year.

 

     (f) The identity and value of each asset held during the

 

preceding calendar year by the individual filing the report or a

 

member of the immediate family of that individual, including real

 

or personal property or cash, if the asset had a fair market value

 

of $10,000.00 or more at any time the asset was held during the

 

preceding calendar year. However, if the individual filing the


report owns or has an interest in all or a portion of a farm or

 

business, he or she is not required to report the identity and

 

value of each asset held during the preceding year that is used in

 

the operation of the farm or business under this subdivision if the

 

report includes a complete statement of the identity and value of

 

the farm or business.

 

     (g) The identity and value of each liability owed during the

 

preceding calendar year by the individual filing the report or a

 

member of the immediate family of that individual if the amount of

 

the liability was $10,000.00 or more at any time during the

 

preceding calendar year. This subdivision does not apply to loans

 

secured by the principal residence of the individual filing the

 

report or by a personal motor vehicle, household furniture, or

 

appliance, if the loans do not exceed the greater of the purchase

 

price or the market value of the item that secures the liability.

 

     (h) A brief description and value of a purchase, sale, or

 

exchange of real property, other than real property used solely as

 

a principal residence by the individual filing the report and his

 

or her immediate family, or of stocks, bonds, commodities, futures,

 

or other forms of securities during the preceding calendar year by

 

the individual filing the report or a member of the immediate

 

family of that individual, if the value is $1,000.00 or more. This

 

subdivision does not require a description of each purchase, sale,

 

or exchange of stocks, bonds, commodities, or other forms of

 

securities if those items are part of a mutual fund and if the

 

identity and value of the mutual fund is otherwise reported under

 

this act.


     (i) Except as otherwise provided under this subdivision, the

 

identity of all positions held by the individual filing the report

 

during the preceding calendar year as an officer, director, member,

 

trustee, partner, proprietor, representative, employee, or

 

consultant of a corporation, limited liability company, limited

 

partnership, partnership, or other business enterprise; of a

 

nonprofit organization; of a labor organization; or of an

 

educational or other institution other than this state. If an

 

individual filing the report is required to have a license to

 

practice or engage in a particular occupation or profession, he or

 

she is not required to identify a position held as a consultant of

 

a corporation unless the corporation is a publicly held corporation

 

that has shares that are listed or traded over the counter or on an

 

organized exchange or has gross revenues over $4,000,000.00. This

 

subdivision does not require the reporting of a position held in a

 

religious, social, fraternal, or political entity, or of a position

 

solely of an honorary nature.

 

     (j) If the individual filing the report has an agreement or

 

has made an arrangement with respect to future employment, a leave

 

of absence during that individual's term of office, continuation of

 

payments by a former employer, or continuation of participation in

 

an employee benefit plan maintained by a former employer, a

 

description of the agreement or arrangement, including the dates,

 

parties, and terms.

 

     (2) Information an individual is required to report under this

 

section includes information with respect to the holdings of and

 

the income from a trust or other financial arrangement from which


income is received by, or with respect to which a beneficial

 

interest in principal or income is held by, an individual required

 

to file a report under this section or an immediate family member

 

of the individual.

 

     Sec. 5. (1) An amount or value reported under section 4(d),

 

(e), (f), or (h) must be reported by category as follows:

 

     (a) $1,000.00 or more but less than $10,000.00.

 

     (b) $10,000.00 or more but less than $50,000.00.

 

     (c) $50,000.00 or more but less than $100,000.00.

 

     (d) $100,000.00 or more but less than $500,000.00.

 

     (e) $500,000.00 or more.

 

     (2) An amount or value reported under section 4(g) must be

 

reported by category as follows:

 

     (a) $10,000.00 or more but less than $50,000.00.

 

     (b) $50,000.00 or more but less than $100,000.00.

 

     (c) $100,000.00 or more but less than $500,000.00.

 

     (d) $500,000.00 or more.

 

     (3) Instead of specifying the category of the amount or value

 

of an item in a report under this act, an individual may indicate

 

the exact amount or value of the item.

 

     Sec. 6. A person filing a report under section 3 may omit any

 

of the following:

 

     (a) Information a person is required to report under the

 

Michigan campaign finance act, 1976 PA 388, MCL 169.201 to 169.282.

 

     (b) A liability owed to the individual filing the report or a

 

relative within the third degree of consanguinity to that

 

individual if lent by the individual filing the report or a


relative within the third degree of consanguinity to that

 

individual.

 

     (c) An item otherwise required to be reported under section

 

4(f), (g), or (h) if all of the following apply:

 

     (i) The item represents the sole financial interest and

 

responsibility of a member of the immediate family of the

 

individual filing the report about which the individual filing the

 

report does not have actual knowledge.

 

     (ii) The item is not in any way, past or present, derived from

 

the income, assets, or activities of the individual filing the

 

report.

 

     (iii) The individual filing the report does not derive, or

 

expect to derive, financial benefit from the item.

 

     (d) An item that concerns a spouse who is living separate and

 

apart from the individual filing the report with the intention of

 

terminating the marriage or maintaining a legal separation.

 

     (e) An item that concerns income or obligations of the

 

individual filing the report arising from dissolution of his or her

 

marriage or a permanent legal separation from his or her spouse.

 

     (f) Compensation from a publicly held corporation that has

 

shares that are listed or traded over the counter or on an

 

organized exchange paid to a business owned by the individual

 

filing the report or in which the individual filing the report has

 

an interest, if the report under section 4 includes a complete

 

statement of the identity and value of that business and the

 

individual filing the report is required to have a license as

 

described in section 4(i).


     (g) Benefits received under the social security act, chapter

 

531, 49 Stat. 620.

 

     Sec. 7. The bureau of elections shall do all of the following:

 

     (a) Prepare and make available appropriate forms and

 

instructions for the reports required by this act.

 

     (b) Receive reports required by this act.

 

     (c) As soon as practicable, but not later than the end of the

 

business day on which a report required to be filed under this act

 

is received, make the report or all of the contents of the report

 

available without charge to the public on the internet at a single

 

website established and maintained by the secretary of state, and

 

not later than the third business day following the day on which

 

the report is received, make the report available for public

 

inspection and reproduction during regular business hours.

 

     (d) Promulgate rules and issue declaratory rulings to

 

implement this act under the administrative procedures act of 1969,

 

1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328.

 

     (e) Conduct investigations as necessary to determine whether

 

there is reason to believe that a violation of this act occurred.

 

The bureau of elections shall conduct an investigation under the

 

administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to

 

24.328.

 

     Sec. 8. (1) A citizen of this state may file a complaint with

 

the bureau of elections alleging a violation of this act. If it

 

receives a complaint, the bureau of elections shall investigate the

 

allegations as provided in section 7.

 

     (2) If the bureau of elections determines after an


investigation that there is reason to believe a violation of this

 

act occurred, the bureau of elections shall forward the results of

 

that investigation to the attorney general for enforcement of this

 

act, if the attorney general is not the subject of the complaint.

 

If the bureau of elections determines after an investigation that

 

there is reason to believe that the attorney general violated this

 

act, the bureau of elections shall forward the results of the

 

investigation to the prosecuting attorney for Ingham county for

 

enforcement of this act.

 

     (3) The attorney general or, if the attorney general is the

 

individual who is alleged to have violated this act, the

 

prosecuting attorney for Ingham County shall enforce this act

 

against an individual who violates this act.

 

     Sec. 9. (1) An individual who fails to file a report as

 

required under this act shall pay a late filing fee of not more

 

than $1,000.00, determined as follows:

 

     (a) Twenty-five dollars for each of the first 3 business days

 

that the report remains unfiled.

 

     (b) Fifty dollars for each of the next 7 business days after

 

the first 3 business days that the report remains unfiled.

 

     (c) One hundred dollars for each business day after the first

 

10 business days that the report remains unfiled.

 

     (2) If an individual required to file a report under this act

 

knowingly files an incomplete or inaccurate report, the individual

 

is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more

 

than 90 days or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.

 

     (3) If an individual required to file a report under this act


fails to file 2 reports and if both of the reports remain unfiled

 

for more than 30 days, the individual is guilty of a misdemeanor

 

punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days or a fine of

 

not more than $1,000.00, or both.

 

     (4) A default in the payment of a fee or civil fine due or

 

ordered under this act, or an installment of the fee or fine, may

 

be remedied by any means available under the revised judicature act

 

of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.101 to 600.9947.

 

     Enacting section 1. This act takes effect 90 days after the

 

date it is enacted into law.