January 26, 2017, Introduced by Reps. Singh, Chang, Pagan, Robinson, Love, Howrylak, Durhal, Geiss, Hoadley, Guerra, Brinks, Sabo, Elder, Gay-Dagnogo, Banks, Faris, Schor, Moss, Sowerby, Rabhi, LaGrand, Glenn, Crawford, Greig, Camilleri, Chirkun, Ellison, Wittenberg, Dianda, Cochran and Lasinski and referred to the Committee on Government Operations.


     A bill to amend 2003 PA 225, entitled


"An act to designate March 31 of each year as Cesar E. Chavez day

in the state of Michigan; to designate July 14 of each year as

President Gerald R. Ford day in the state of Michigan; and to

designate July 30 of each year as Henry Ford day in the state of



(MCL 435.301 to 435.303) by amending the title and by adding


section 4.






     An act to designate January 30 of each year as Fred Korematsu


day, March 31 of each year as Cesar E. Chavez day, in the state of


Michigan; to designate July 14 of each year as President Gerald R.


Ford day, in the state of Michigan; and to designate July 30 of


each year as Henry Ford day in the state of Michigan.


     Sec. 4. (1) The legislature recognizes the contributions to


civil liberties made by Fred Korematsu. Fred Korematsu was born to

Japanese immigrant parents in Oakland, California, on January 30,


1919, the third of 4 sons. Fred Korematsu was 1 of the many


American citizens of Japanese ancestry living on the West Coast


during World War II. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor by the


Imperial Japanese Navy on December 7, 1941, President Franklin


Delano Roosevelt issued Executive Order No. 9066 on February 19,


1942. The order authorized the Secretary of War and his military


commanders to require all Americans of Japanese ancestry to be


placed in internment camps. Fred Korematsu is famously known for


his arrest, at the age of 23, on May 30, 1942, and conviction on


September 8, 1942 for defying the government's order to report to


an assembly center to be moved to an internment camp. He appealed


his case all the way to the United States Supreme Court. In the


December 1944 landmark decision of Korematsu v United States, the


high court ruled against him with a 6-to-3 decision that declared


that the incarceration was justified by the Army's claims that


Americans of Japanese ancestry were radio-signaling enemy ships


from shore and were prone to dishonesty. Fred Korematsu later moved


to Detroit, Michigan, where his younger brother resided. There he


met his wife Kathryn, and the 2 wed before moving to California to


raise their children, Karen and Ken. Fred Korematsu's conviction


was formally vacated on November 10, 1983 by United States District


Judge Marilyn Hall Patel of the United States District Court of


Northern California in San Francisco. This action, considered to be


a pivotal moment in civil rights history, cleared Fred Korematsu's


name but did not overturn the 1944 Supreme Court decision. Fred


Korematsu remained an activist throughout his life. On February 9,

1989, Fred Korematsu spoke to 400 students, faculty, and former


internees at the University of Michigan Law School. He said,


"America finally came through for me, but I don't want this to


happen again". In 1998, he received the nation's highest civilian


honor, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, from President Clinton


for his contributions. Fred Korematsu served on the Constitution


Project's bipartisan Liberty and Security Committee from 2001 until


his death on March 30, 2005. Fred Korematsu was recognized in 2010


when the state of California passed the Fred Korematsu day of civil


liberties and the constitution bill, making January 30 of each year


the first day in United States history designated to honor an Asian


American. Fred Korematsu day has also been recognized in Hawaii,


Utah, Georgia, and Virginia. Fred Korematsu is considered by many


as a national civil rights hero whose growing legacy continues to


inspire people of all backgrounds.


     (2) In recognition of the contributions that Fred Korematsu


has made, the legislature declares that January 30 of each year


shall be known as "Fred Korematsu Day".


     Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect 90 days


after the date it is enacted into law.