Act No. 21

Public Acts of 2011

Approved by the Governor

April 19, 2011

Filed with the Secretary of State

April 20, 2011

EFFECTIVE DATE: April 20, 2011




Introduced by Senators Marleau, Pappageorge, Robertson, Jones, Hune, Emmons, Gleason, Warren, Schuitmaker and Meekhof


AN ACT to amend 1961 PA 236, entitled “An act to revise and consolidate the statutes relating to the organization and jurisdiction of the courts of this state; the powers and duties of the courts, and of the judges and other officers of the courts; the forms and attributes of civil claims and actions; the time within which civil actions and proceedings may be brought in the courts; pleading, evidence, practice, and procedure in civil and criminal actions and proceedings in the courts; to provide for the powers and duties of certain state governmental officers and entities; to provide remedies and penalties for the violation of certain provisions of this act; to repeal all acts and parts of acts inconsistent with or contravening any of the provisions of this act; and to repeal acts and parts of acts,” (MCL 600.101 to 600.9947) by adding section 2155.

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

Sec. 2155. (1) A statement, writing, or action that expresses sympathy, compassion, commiseration, or a general sense of benevolence relating to the pain, suffering, or death of an individual and that is made to that individual or to the individual’s family is inadmissible as evidence of an admission of liability in an action for medical malpractice.

(2) This section does not apply to a statement of fault, negligence, or culpable conduct that is part of or made in addition to a statement, writing, or action described in subsection (1).

(3) As used in this section, “family” means spouse, parent, grandparent, stepmother, stepfather, child, adopted child, grandchild, brother, sister, half brother, half sister, father-in-law, or mother-in-law.

Enacting section 1. This amendatory act applies only to civil actions filed on or after the effective date of this amendatory act.

This act is ordered to take immediate effect.

Secretary of the Senate

Clerk of the House of Representatives