SENATE BILL No. 981

 

 

February 23, 2012, Introduced by Senators RICHARDVILLE, GREEN, MARLEAU, BOOHER, KAHN and HUNTER and referred to the Committee on Health Policy.

 

 

 

     A bill to create an autism coverage incentive program to

 

encourage insurance and health coverage providers to provide autism

 

coverage; to impose certain duties on certain state departments,

 

agencies, and officials; to create certain funds; to authorize

 

certain expenditures; and to provide for an appropriation.

 

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:

 

     Sec. 1. This act shall be known and may be cited as the

 

"autism coverage incentive act".

 

     Sec. 3. As used in this act:

 

     (a) "Autism coverage incentive program" or "program" means the

 

autism coverage incentive program created under section 5.

 

     (b) "Autism spectrum disorders", "diagnosis of autism spectrum

 

disorders", and "treatment of autism spectrum disorders" mean those

 

terms as defined under section 416e of the nonprofit health care


 

corporation reform act, 1980 PA 350, MCL 550.1416e, and section

 

3406s of the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.3406s.

 

     (c) "Carrier" means any of the following:

 

     (i) An insurer or health maintenance organization regulated

 

under the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.100 to

 

500.8302.

 

     (ii) A health care corporation regulated under the nonprofit

 

health care corporation reform act, 1980 PA 350, MCL 550.1101 to

 

550.1704.

 

     (iii) A specialty prepaid health plan.

 

     (iv) A group health plan sponsor including, but not limited to,

 

1 or more of the following:

 

     (A) An employer if a group health plan is established or

 

maintained by a single employer.

 

     (B) An employee organization if a plan is established or

 

maintained by an employee organization.

 

     (C) If a plan is established or maintained by 2 or more

 

employers or jointly by 1 or more employers and 1 or more employee

 

organizations, the association, committee, joint board of trustees,

 

or other similar group of representatives of the parties that

 

establish or maintain the plan.

 

     (d) "Department" means the department of licensing and

 

regulatory affairs.

 

     (e) "Excess loss" or "stop loss" means coverage that provides

 

insurance protection against the accumulation of total claims

 

exceeding a stated level for a group as a whole or protection

 

against a high-dollar claim on any 1 individual.


 

     (f) "Federal act" means the federal patient protection and

 

affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the federal

 

health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law

 

111-152, and any regulations promulgated under those acts.

 

     (g) "Federal employee health benefit program" means the

 

program of health benefits plans, as defined in 5 USC 8901,

 

available to federal employees under 5 USC 8901 to 8914.

 

     (h) "Fund" means the autism coverage fund created in section

 

7.

 

     (i) "Group health plan" means an employee welfare benefit plan

 

as defined in section 3(1) of subtitle A of title I of the employee

 

retirement income security act of 1974, Public Law 93-406, 29 USC

 

1002, to the extent that the plan provides medical care, including

 

items and services paid for as medical care to employees or their

 

dependents as defined under the terms of the plan directly or

 

through insurance, reimbursement, or otherwise.

 

     (j) "Health and medical services" means 1 or more of the

 

following:

 

     (i) Services included in furnishing medical care, dental care,

 

pharmaceutical benefits, or hospitalization, including, but not

 

limited to, services provided in a hospital or other medical

 

facility.

 

     (ii) Ancillary services, including, but not limited to,

 

ambulatory services and emergency and nonemergency transportation.

 

     (iii) Services provided by a physician or other practitioner,

 

including, but not limited to, health professionals, other than

 

veterinarians, marriage and family therapists, athletic trainers,


 

massage therapists, licensed professional counselors, and

 

sanitarians, as defined by article 15 of the public health code,

 

1978 PA 368, MCL 333.16101 to 333.18838.

 

     (iv) Behavioral health services, including, but not limited to,

 

mental health and substance abuse services.

 

     (k) "Medicaid" means the program of medical assistance

 

established under title XIX of the social security act, chapter

 

531, 49 Stat. 620, 42 USC 1396 to 1396g and 1396i to 1396u.

 

     (l) "Medicare" means the federal medicare program established

 

under title XVIII of the social security act, 42 USC 1395 to

 

1395kkk-1.

 

     (m) "Medicare advantage plan" means a plan of coverage for

 

health benefits under part C of title XVIII of the social security

 

act, 42 USC 1395w-21 to 1395w-29.

 

     (n) "Medicare part D" means a plan of coverage for

 

prescription drug benefits under part D of title XVIII of the

 

social security act, 42 USC 1395w-101 to 1395w-152.

 

     (o) "Paid claims" means actual payments, net of recoveries,

 

made to a health and medical services provider or reimbursed to an

 

individual by a carrier, third party administrator, or excess loss

 

or stop loss carrier. Paid claims do not include any of the

 

following:

 

     (i) Claims paid for services rendered to a nonresident of this

 

state.

 

     (ii) Claims paid for services rendered to a person covered

 

under a health benefit plan for federal employees.

 

     (iii) Claims paid for services rendered outside of this state to


 

a person who is a resident of this state.

 

     (iv) Claims paid under a federal employee health benefit

 

program, medicare, medicare advantage plan, medicare part D,

 

tricare, by the United States veterans administration, and for

 

high-risk pools established pursuant to the patient protection and

 

affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, and the health care and

 

education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152.

 

     (v) Health and medical services costs paid by an individual

 

for cost-sharing requirements, including deductibles, coinsurance,

 

or copays.

 

     (vi) Claims paid by, or on behalf of, this state.

 

     (vii) Claims paid that are covered by medicaid.

 

     (viii) Claims paid for which the carrier or third party

 

administrator has already been reimbursed or compensated, in whole

 

or in part, through any increase in premiums or rates or from any

 

other source.

 

     (ix) Beginning January 1, 2014, claims paid for services that

 

are included in the essential health benefits requirements of the

 

federal act and provided through a qualified health plan offered

 

through an American health benefit exchange established in this

 

state pursuant to the federal act.

 

     (p) "Specialty prepaid health plan" means that term as

 

described in section 109f of the social welfare act, 1939 PA 280,

 

MCL 400.109f.

 

     (q) "Third party administrator" means an entity that processes

 

claims under a service contract and that may also provide 1 or more

 

other administrative services under a service contract.


 

     Sec. 5. (1) No later than 120 days after the effective date of

 

this act, the department shall create and operate an autism

 

coverage incentive program to encourage and provide incentives for

 

carriers and third party administrators to provide coverage for the

 

diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders and treatment of autism

 

spectrum disorders and, to the extent coverage for the diagnosis of

 

autism spectrum disorders and treatment of autism spectrum

 

disorders is required under section 416e of the nonprofit health

 

care corporation reform act, 1980 PA 450, MCL 550.1416e, or section

 

3406s of the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.3406s, to

 

offset any additional costs that may be incurred as a result of the

 

mandate.

 

     (2) The department shall develop the application, approval,

 

and compliance process necessary to operate and manage this

 

program. The department shall develop and implement the use of an

 

application form to be used by carriers and third party

 

administrators who seek reimbursement for the coverage of autism

 

spectrum disorders. The program standards, guidelines, templates,

 

and any other forms used by the department to implement this

 

program shall be published and available on the department's

 

website.

 

     (3) Subject to the limitations provided under this section,

 

the program shall provide funds, as approved by the department, to

 

reimburse carriers and third party administrators in an amount

 

equal to the amount of paid claims paid by the carrier or third

 

party administrator for the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders

 

and treatment of autism spectrum disorders. A carrier or third


 

party administrator shall apply, on the form prescribed by the

 

department, for approval of funding associated with paid claims for

 

the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders and treatment of autism

 

spectrum disorders. As part of the application, the applicant shall

 

include documentation verifying those paid claims for which they

 

are seeking reimbursement under this program. In determining

 

whether to approve an application for the reimbursement of paid

 

claims under this section, the department may review whether the

 

treatment for which the paid claims were paid is consistent with

 

current protocols and cost-containment practices as described in

 

section 416e(3) of the nonprofit health care corporation reform

 

act, 1980 PA 450, MCL 550.1416e, or section 3406s(3) of the

 

insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.3406s. The department

 

shall approve or deny an application within 30 days after receipt

 

of the application.

 

     (4) To the extent there is a cap on the amount of coverage

 

mandated under section 416e of the nonprofit health care

 

corporation reform act, 1980 PA 450, MCL 550.1416e, or section

 

3406s of the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.3406s,

 

the department shall not approve more than the mandated amount to

 

any carrier or third party administrator that seeks reimbursement

 

under this act for paid claims related to the diagnosis of autism

 

spectrum disorders and treatment of autism spectrum disorders.

 

     (5) If a third party administrator receives any funding under

 

this program, the third party administrator shall apply that

 

funding to the benefit of the carrier covering the claim upon which

 

the funding was received.


 

     Sec. 7. (1) The autism coverage fund is created within the

 

state treasury.

 

     (2) The state treasurer may receive money or other assets from

 

any source for deposit into the fund. The state treasurer shall

 

direct the investment of the fund. The state treasurer shall credit

 

to the fund interest and earnings from fund investments.

 

     (3) The department shall be the administrator of the fund for

 

auditing purposes. The department shall expend money from the fund,

 

upon appropriation, only for the purpose of creating, operating,

 

and funding the autism coverage incentive program created under

 

this act.

 

     (4) Money in the fund at the close of the fiscal year shall

 

remain in the fund and shall not lapse to the general fund.

 

     Sec. 9. The department shall submit an annual report to the

 

state budget director and the senate and house of representatives

 

standing committees on appropriations not later than April 1 of

 

each year that includes, but is not limited to, all of the

 

following:

 

     (a) The total number of applications received under this

 

program in the immediately preceding calendar year.

 

     (b) The number of applications approved and the total amount

 

of funding awarded under this program in the immediately preceding

 

calendar year.

 

     (c) The amount of administrative costs used to administer the

 

program in the immediately preceding calendar year.

 

     Sec. 11. (1) It is the policy of this state to encourage

 

carriers and third party administrators to provide autism coverage.


 

It is the intent of the legislature to further this policy by the

 

provisions of this act and by providing annual appropriations to

 

establish, implement, and administer this act and adequately fund

 

the autism coverage incentive program established by this act.

 

     (2) The department shall not make a commitment or exercise its

 

authority under this act until the legislature has appropriated

 

sufficient funds to cover the same.

 

     (3) Not more than 1% of the annual appropriation made to the

 

autism coverage fund may be used for the purpose of administering

 

the program authorized under this act.

 

     (4) Not later than March 1 of each year, the department shall

 

report to the appropriations committees of the house of

 

representatives and the senate and to the house and senate fiscal

 

agencies the costs incurred for administration and compliance

 

requirements as of the end of the immediately preceding state

 

fiscal year.

 

     Enacting section 1. This act does not take effect unless all

 

of the following bills of the 96th Legislature are enacted into

 

law:

 

     (a) Senate Bill No. 414.

 

     (b) Senate Bill No. 415.