HB-4861, As Passed House, May 23, 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUBSTITUTE FOR

 

HOUSE BILL NO. 4861

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     A bill to amend 1893 PA 206, entitled

 

"The general property tax act,"

 

by amending section 7cc (MCL 211.7cc), as amended by 2012 PA 114.

 

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:

 

     Sec. 7cc. (1) A principal residence is exempt from the tax

 

levied by a local school district for school operating purposes to

 

the extent provided under section 1211 of the revised school code,

 

1976 PA 451, MCL 380.1211, if an owner of that principal residence

 

claims an exemption as provided in this section. Notwithstanding

 

the tax day provided in section 2, the status of property as a

 

principal residence shall be determined on the date an affidavit

 

claiming an exemption is filed under subsection (2).

 

     (2) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (5), an owner

 

of property may claim 1 exemption under this section by filing an

 

affidavit on or before May 1 for taxes levied before January 1,

 


2012 or, for taxes levied after December 31, 2011, on or before

 

June 1 for the immediately succeeding summer tax levy and all

 

subsequent tax levies or on or before November 1 for the

 

immediately succeeding winter tax levy and all subsequent tax

 

levies with the local tax collecting unit in which the property is

 

located. The affidavit shall state that the property is owned and

 

occupied as a principal residence by that owner of the property on

 

the date that the affidavit is signed. The affidavit shall be on a

 

form prescribed by the department of treasury. One copy of the

 

affidavit shall be retained by the owner, 1 copy shall be retained

 

by the local tax collecting unit until any appeal or audit period

 

under this act has expired, and 1 copy shall be forwarded to the

 

department of treasury pursuant to subsection (4), together with

 

all information submitted under subsection (26) for a cooperative

 

housing corporation. The affidavit shall require the owner claiming

 

the exemption to indicate if that owner or that owner's spouse has

 

claimed another exemption on property in this state that is not

 

rescinded or a substantially similar exemption, deduction, or

 

credit on property in another state that is not rescinded. If the

 

affidavit requires an owner to include a social security number,

 

that owner's number is subject to the disclosure restrictions in

 

1941 PA 122, MCL 205.1 to 205.31. If an owner of property filed an

 

affidavit for an exemption under this section before January 1,

 

2004, that affidavit shall be considered the affidavit required

 

under this subsection for a principal residence exemption and that

 

exemption shall remain in effect until rescinded as provided in

 

this section.

 


     (3) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (5), a husband

 

and wife who are required to file or who do file a joint Michigan

 

income tax return are entitled to not more than 1 exemption under

 

this section. For taxes levied after December 31, 2002, a person is

 

not entitled to an exemption under this section if any of the

 

following conditions occur:

 

     (a) That person has claimed a substantially similar exemption,

 

deduction, or credit on property in another state that is not

 

rescinded.

 

     (b) Subject to subdivision (a), that person or his or her

 

spouse owns property in a state other than this state for which

 

that person or his or her spouse claims an exemption, deduction, or

 

credit substantially similar to the exemption provided under this

 

section, unless that person and his or her spouse file separate

 

income tax returns.

 

     (c) That person has filed a nonresident Michigan income tax

 

return, except active duty military personnel stationed in this

 

state with his or her principal residence in this state.

 

     (d) That person has filed an income tax return in a state

 

other than this state as a resident, except active duty military

 

personnel stationed in this state with his or her principal

 

residence in this state.

 

     (e) That person has previously rescinded an exemption under

 

this section for the same property for which an exemption is now

 

claimed and there has not been a transfer of ownership of that

 

property after the previous exemption was rescinded, if either of

 

the following conditions is satisfied:

 


     (i) That person has claimed an exemption under this section for

 

any other property for that tax year.

 

     (ii) That person has rescinded an exemption under this section

 

on other property, which exemption remains in effect for that tax

 

year, and there has not been a transfer of ownership of that

 

property.

 

     (4) Upon receipt of an affidavit filed under subsection (2)

 

and unless the claim is denied under this section, the assessor

 

shall exempt the property from the collection of the tax levied by

 

a local school district for school operating purposes to the extent

 

provided under section 1211 of the revised school code, 1976 PA

 

451, MCL 380.1211, as provided in subsection (1) until December 31

 

of the year in which the property is transferred or, except as

 

otherwise provided in subsection (5), is no longer a principal

 

residence as defined in section 7dd. The local tax collecting unit

 

shall forward copies of affidavits to the department of treasury

 

according to a schedule prescribed by the department of treasury.

 

     (5) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, not more

 

than 90 days after exempted property is no longer used as a

 

principal residence by the owner claiming an exemption, that owner

 

shall rescind the claim of exemption by filing with the local tax

 

collecting unit a rescission form prescribed by the department of

 

treasury. If an owner is eligible for and claims an exemption for

 

that owner's current principal residence, that owner may retain an

 

exemption for not more than 3 tax years on property previously

 

exempt as his or her principal residence if that property is not

 

occupied, is for sale, is not leased, and is not used for any

 


business or commercial purpose by filing a conditional rescission

 

form prescribed by the department of treasury on or before May 1

 

with the local tax collecting unit. Beginning in the 2012 tax year,

 

subject to the payment requirement set forth in this subsection, if

 

a land contract vendor, bank, credit union, or other lending

 

institution owns property as a result of having foreclosed on that

 

property and that property had been exempt under this section

 

immediately preceding the foreclosure, that land contract vendor,

 

bank, credit union, or other lending institution may retain an

 

exemption on that property under this section if that property is

 

not occupied, is for sale, is not leased to any person other than

 

the person who claimed the exemption under this section immediately

 

preceding the foreclosure, and is not used for any business or

 

commercial purpose. A land contract vendor, bank, credit union, or

 

other lending institution may claim an exemption under this

 

subsection by filing a conditional rescission form prescribed by

 

the department of treasury with the local tax collecting unit

 

within the time period prescribed in subsection (2). Property is

 

eligible for a conditional rescission if that property is available

 

for lease and all other conditions under this subsection are met. A

 

copy of a conditional rescission form shall be forwarded to the

 

department of treasury according to a schedule prescribed by the

 

department of treasury. An owner or a land contract vendor, bank,

 

credit union, or other lending institution that files a conditional

 

rescission form shall annually verify to the assessor of the local

 

tax collecting unit on or before December 31 that the property for

 

which the principal residence exemption is retained is not

 


occupied, is for sale, is not leased except as otherwise provided

 

in this section, and is not used for any business or commercial

 

purpose. If an owner or a land contract vendor, bank, credit union,

 

or other lending institution does not annually verify by December

 

31 that the property for which the principal residence exemption is

 

retained is not occupied, is for sale, is not leased except as

 

otherwise provided in this section, and is not used for any

 

business or commercial purpose, the assessor of the local tax

 

collecting unit shall deny the principal residence exemption on

 

that property. Except as otherwise provided in this section,

 

property subject to a conditional rescission is leased, the local

 

tax collecting unit shall deny that conditional rescission and that

 

denial is retroactive and is effective on December 31 of the year

 

immediately preceding the year in which the property subject to the

 

conditional rescission is leased. An owner who fails to file a

 

rescission as required by this subsection is subject to a penalty

 

of $5.00 per day for each separate failure beginning after the 90

 

days have elapsed, up to a maximum of $200.00. This penalty shall

 

be collected under 1941 PA 122, MCL 205.1 to 205.31, and shall be

 

deposited in the state school aid fund established in section 11 of

 

article IX of the state constitution of 1963. This penalty may be

 

waived by the department of treasury. If a land contract vendor,

 

bank, credit union, or other lending institution retains an

 

exemption on property under this subsection, that land contract

 

vendor, bank, credit union, or other lending institution shall pay

 

an amount equal to the amount that land contract vendor, bank,

 

credit union, or other lending institution would have paid under

 


section 1211 of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.1211,

 

if an exemption had not been retained on that property, together

 

with an administration fee equal to the property tax administration

 

fee imposed under section 44. The payment required under this

 

subsection shall be collected by the local tax collecting unit at

 

the same time and in the same manner as taxes collected under this

 

act. The administration fee shall be retained by the local tax

 

collecting unit. The amount collected that the land contract

 

vendor, bank, credit union, or other lending institution would have

 

paid under section 1211 of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451,

 

MCL 380.1211, if an exemption had not been retained on that

 

property shall be distributed to the department of treasury for

 

deposit into the state school aid fund established in section 11 of

 

article IX of the state constitution of 1963. If a land contract

 

vendor, bank, credit union, or other lending institution transfers

 

ownership of property for which an exemption is retained under this

 

subsection, that land contract vendor, bank, credit union, or other

 

lending institution shall rescind the exemption as provided in this

 

section and shall notify the treasurer of the local tax collecting

 

unit of that transfer of ownership. If a land contract vendor,

 

bank, credit union, or other lending institution fails to make the

 

payment required under this subsection for any property, the local

 

tax collecting unit shall deny that conditional rescission and that

 

denial is retroactive and is effective on December 31 of the

 

immediately preceding year. If the local tax collecting unit denies

 

a conditional rescission, the local tax collecting unit shall

 

remove the exemption of the property and any additional taxes,

 


penalties, and interest shall be collected as provided in this

 

section.

 

     (6) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (5), if the

 

assessor of the local tax collecting unit believes that the

 

property for which an exemption is claimed is not the principal

 

residence of the owner claiming the exemption, the assessor may

 

deny a new or existing claim by notifying the owner and the

 

department of treasury in writing of the reason for the denial and

 

advising the owner that the denial may be appealed to the

 

residential and small claims division of the Michigan tax tribunal

 

within 35 days after the date of the notice. The assessor may deny

 

a claim for exemption for the current year and for the 3

 

immediately preceding calendar years. The assessor shall determine

 

whether the reason for the denial is due to an error on the part of

 

the owner claiming the exemption. If the assessor denies an

 

existing claim for exemption, the assessor shall remove the

 

exemption of the property and, if the tax roll is in the local tax

 

collecting unit's possession, amend the tax roll to reflect the

 

denial. and If the reason for the denial is due to an error on the

 

part of the owner claiming the exemption, the local treasurer shall

 

within 30 days of the date of the denial issue a corrected tax bill

 

for any additional taxes with interest at the rate of 1.25% per

 

month or fraction of a month and penalties computed from the date

 

the taxes were last payable without interest or penalty. If the tax

 

roll is in the county treasurer's possession, the tax roll shall be

 

amended to reflect the denial. and If the reason for the denial is

 

due to an error on the part of the owner claiming the exemption,

 


the county treasurer shall within 30 days of the date of the denial

 

prepare and submit a supplemental tax bill for any additional

 

taxes, together with interest at the rate of 1.25% per month or

 

fraction of a month and penalties computed from the date the taxes

 

were last payable without interest or penalty. The local treasurer

 

or, if the tax roll is in the county treasurer's possession, the

 

county treasurer shall not issue a corrected or supplemental tax

 

bill if the reason for the denial is not due to an error on the

 

part of the owner claiming the exemption. Interest on any tax set

 

forth in a corrected or supplemental tax bill shall again begin to

 

accrue 60 days after the date the corrected or supplemental tax

 

bill is issued at the rate of 1.25% per month or fraction of a

 

month. Taxes levied in a corrected or supplemental tax bill shall

 

be returned as delinquent on the March 1 in the year immediately

 

succeeding the year in which the corrected or supplemental tax bill

 

is issued. If the assessor denies an existing claim for exemption,

 

the interest due shall be distributed as provided in subsection

 

(23). However, if the property has been transferred to a bona fide

 

purchaser before additional taxes were billed to the seller as a

 

result of the denial of a claim for exemption, the taxes, interest,

 

and penalties shall not be a lien on the property and shall not be

 

billed to the bona fide purchaser, and the local tax collecting

 

unit if the local tax collecting unit has possession of the tax

 

roll or the county treasurer if the county has possession of the

 

tax roll shall notify the department of treasury of the amount of

 

tax due, interest, and penalties through the date of that

 

notification. The department of treasury shall then assess the

 


owner who claimed the exemption under this section for the tax,

 

interest, and penalties accruing as a result of the denial of the

 

claim for exemption, if any, as for unpaid taxes provided under

 

1941 PA 122, MCL 205.1 to 205.31, and shall deposit any tax or

 

penalty collected into the state school aid fund and shall

 

distribute any interest collected as provided in subsection (23).

 

The denial shall be made on a form prescribed by the department of

 

treasury. If the property for which the assessor has denied a claim

 

for exemption under this subsection is located in a county in which

 

the county treasurer or the county equalization director have

 

elected to audit exemptions under subsection (10), the assessor

 

shall notify the county treasurer or the county equalization

 

director of the denial under this subsection.

 

     (7) If the assessor of the local tax collecting unit believes

 

that the property for which the exemption is claimed is not the

 

principal residence of the owner claiming the exemption and has not

 

denied the claim, the assessor shall include a recommendation for

 

denial with any affidavit that is forwarded to the department of

 

treasury or, for an existing claim, shall send a recommendation for

 

denial to the department of treasury, stating the reasons for the

 

recommendation.

 

     (8) The department of treasury shall determine if the property

 

is the principal residence of the owner claiming the exemption. The

 

department of treasury may review the validity of exemptions for

 

the current calendar year and for the 3 immediately preceding

 

calendar years. Except as otherwise provided in subsection (5), if

 

the department of treasury determines that the property is not the

 


principal residence of the owner claiming the exemption, the

 

department shall send a notice of that determination to the local

 

tax collecting unit and to the owner of the property claiming the

 

exemption, indicating that the claim for exemption is denied,

 

stating the reason for the denial, stating whether the reason for

 

denial is due to an error on the part of the owner claiming the

 

exemption, and advising the owner claiming the exemption of the

 

right to appeal the determination to the department of treasury and

 

what those rights of appeal are. The department of treasury may

 

issue a notice denying a claim if an owner fails to respond within

 

30 days of receipt of a request for information from that

 

department. An owner may appeal the denial of a claim of exemption

 

to the department of treasury within 35 days of receipt of the

 

notice of denial. An appeal to the department of treasury shall be

 

conducted according to the provisions for an informal conference in

 

section 21 of 1941 PA 122, MCL 205.21. Within 10 days after

 

acknowledging an appeal of a denial of a claim of exemption, the

 

department of treasury shall notify the assessor and the treasurer

 

for the county in which the property is located that an appeal has

 

been filed. Upon receipt of a notice that the department of

 

treasury has denied a claim for exemption, the assessor shall

 

remove the exemption of the property. and, If the reason for denial

 

is due to an error on the part of the owner claiming the exemption

 

and if the tax roll is in the local tax collecting unit's

 

possession, the assessor shall amend the tax roll to reflect the

 

denial and the local treasurer shall within 30 days of the date of

 

the denial issue a corrected tax bill for any additional taxes with

 


interest at the rate of 1.25% per month or fraction of a month and

 

penalties computed from the date the taxes were last payable

 

without interest and penalty. If the reason for denial is due to an

 

error on the part of the owner claiming the exemption and if the

 

tax roll is in the county treasurer's possession, the tax roll

 

shall be amended to reflect the denial and the county treasurer

 

shall within 30 days of the date of the denial prepare and submit a

 

supplemental tax bill for any additional taxes, together with

 

interest at the rate of 1.25% per month or fraction of a month and

 

penalties computed from the date the taxes were last payable

 

without interest or penalty. If the reason for denial is not due to

 

an error on the part of the owner claiming the exemption, the

 

assessor shall amend the tax roll to reflect the denial, but shall

 

not issue a corrected tax bill, and any unpaid taxes, interest, and

 

penalties shall not be a lien on the property. Interest on any tax

 

set forth in a corrected or supplemental tax bill shall again begin

 

to accrue 60 days after the date the corrected or supplemental tax

 

bill is issued at the rate of 1.25% per month or fraction of a

 

month. The department of treasury may waive interest on any tax set

 

forth in a corrected or supplemental tax bill for the current tax

 

year and the immediately preceding 3 tax years if the assessor of

 

the local tax collecting unit files with the department of treasury

 

a sworn affidavit in a form prescribed by the department of

 

treasury stating that the tax set forth in the corrected or

 

supplemental tax bill is a result of the assessor's classification

 

error or other error or the assessor's failure to rescind the

 

exemption after the owner requested in writing that the exemption

 


be rescinded. Taxes levied in a corrected or supplemental tax bill

 

shall be returned as delinquent on the March 1 in the year

 

immediately succeeding the year in which the corrected or

 

supplemental tax bill is issued. If the department of treasury

 

denies an existing claim for exemption, the interest due shall be

 

distributed as provided in subsection (23). However, if the

 

property has been transferred to a bona fide purchaser before

 

additional taxes were billed to the seller as a result of the

 

denial of a claim for exemption, the taxes, interest, and penalties

 

shall not be a lien on the property and shall not be billed to the

 

bona fide purchaser, and the local tax collecting unit if the local

 

tax collecting unit has possession of the tax roll or the county

 

treasurer if the county has possession of the tax roll shall notify

 

the department of treasury of the amount of tax due and interest

 

through the date of that notification. The department of treasury

 

shall then assess the owner who claimed the exemption under this

 

section for the tax and interest plus penalty accruing as a result

 

of the denial of the claim for exemption, if any, as for unpaid

 

taxes provided under 1941 PA 122, MCL 205.1 to 205.31, and shall

 

deposit any tax or penalty collected into the state school aid fund

 

and shall distribute any interest collected as provided in

 

subsection (23).

 

     (9) The department of treasury may enter into an agreement

 

regarding the implementation or administration of subsection (8)

 

with the assessor of any local tax collecting unit in a county that

 

has not elected to audit exemptions claimed under this section as

 

provided in subsection (10). The agreement may specify that for a

 


period of time, not to exceed 120 days, the department of treasury

 

will not deny an exemption identified by the department of treasury

 

in the list provided under subsection (11).

 

     (10) A county may elect to audit the exemptions claimed under

 

this section in all local tax collecting units located in that

 

county as provided in this subsection. The election to audit

 

exemptions shall be made by the county treasurer, or by the county

 

equalization director with the concurrence by resolution of the

 

county board of commissioners. The initial election to audit

 

exemptions shall require an audit period of 2 years. Before 2009,

 

subsequent elections to audit exemptions shall be made every 2

 

years and shall require 2 annual audit periods. Beginning in 2009,

 

an election to audit exemptions shall be made every 5 years and

 

shall require 5 annual audit periods. An election to audit

 

exemptions shall be made by submitting an election to audit form to

 

the assessor of each local tax collecting unit in that county and

 

to the department of treasury not later than April 1 preceding the

 

October 1 in the year in which an election to audit is made. The

 

election to audit form required under this subsection shall be in a

 

form prescribed by the department of treasury. If a county elects

 

to audit the exemptions claimed under this section, the department

 

of treasury may continue to review the validity of exemptions as

 

provided in subsection (8). If a county does not elect to audit the

 

exemptions claimed under this section as provided in this

 

subsection, the department of treasury shall conduct an audit of

 

exemptions claimed under this section in the initial 2-year audit

 

period for each local tax collecting unit in that county unless the

 


department of treasury has entered into an agreement with the

 

assessor for that local tax collecting unit under subsection (9).

 

     (11) If a county elects to audit the exemptions claimed under

 

this section as provided in subsection (10) and the county

 

treasurer or his or her designee or the county equalization

 

director or his or her designee believes that the property for

 

which an exemption is claimed is not the principal residence of the

 

owner claiming the exemption, the county treasurer or his or her

 

designee or the county equalization director or his or her designee

 

may, except as otherwise provided in subsection (5), deny an

 

existing claim by notifying the owner, the assessor of the local

 

tax collecting unit, and the department of treasury in writing of

 

the reason for the denial and advising the owner that the denial

 

may be appealed to the residential and small claims division of the

 

Michigan tax tribunal within 35 days after the date of the notice.

 

The county treasurer or his or her designee or the county

 

equalization director or his or her designee may deny a claim for

 

exemption for the current year and for the 3 immediately preceding

 

calendar years. If the county treasurer or his or her designee or

 

the county equalization director or his or her designee denies an

 

existing claim for exemption, the county treasurer or his or her

 

designee or the county equalization director or his or her designee

 

shall direct the assessor of the local tax collecting unit in which

 

the property is located to remove the exemption of the property

 

from the assessment roll and, if the tax roll is in the local tax

 

collecting unit's possession, direct the assessor of the local tax

 

collecting unit to amend the tax roll to reflect the denial and the

 


treasurer of the local tax collecting unit shall within 30 days of

 

the date of the denial issue a corrected tax bill for any

 

additional taxes with interest at the rate of 1.25% per month or

 

fraction of a month and penalties computed from the date the taxes

 

were last payable without interest and penalty. If the tax roll is

 

in the county treasurer's possession, the tax roll shall be amended

 

to reflect the denial and the county treasurer shall within 30 days

 

of the date of the denial prepare and submit a supplemental tax

 

bill for any additional taxes, together with interest at the rate

 

of 1.25% per month or fraction of a month and penalties computed

 

from the date the taxes were last payable without interest or

 

penalty. Interest on any tax set forth in a corrected or

 

supplemental tax bill shall again begin to accrue 60 days after the

 

date the corrected or supplemental tax bill is issued at the rate

 

of 1.25% per month or fraction of a month. Taxes levied in a

 

corrected or supplemental tax bill shall be returned as delinquent

 

on the March 1 in the year immediately succeeding the year in which

 

the corrected or supplemental tax bill is issued. If the county

 

treasurer or his or her designee or the county equalization

 

director or his or her designee denies an existing claim for

 

exemption, the interest due shall be distributed as provided in

 

subsection (23). However, if the property has been transferred to a

 

bona fide purchaser before additional taxes were billed to the

 

seller as a result of the denial of a claim for exemption, the

 

taxes, interest, and penalties shall not be a lien on the property

 

and shall not be billed to the bona fide purchaser, and the local

 

tax collecting unit if the local tax collecting unit has possession

 


of the tax roll or the county treasurer if the county has

 

possession of the tax roll shall notify the department of treasury

 

of the amount of tax due and interest through the date of that

 

notification. The department of treasury shall then assess the

 

owner who claimed the exemption under this section for the tax and

 

interest plus penalty accruing as a result of the denial of the

 

claim for exemption, if any, as for unpaid taxes provided under

 

1941 PA 122, MCL 205.1 to 205.31, and shall deposit any tax or

 

penalty collected into the state school aid fund and shall

 

distribute any interest collected as provided in subsection (23).

 

The department of treasury shall annually provide the county

 

treasurer or his or her designee or the county equalization

 

director or his or her designee a list of parcels of property

 

located in that county for which an exemption may be erroneously

 

claimed. The county treasurer or his or her designee or the county

 

equalization director or his or her designee shall forward copies

 

of the list provided by the department of treasury to each assessor

 

in each local tax collecting unit in that county within 10 days of

 

receiving the list.

 

     (12) If a county elects to audit exemptions claimed under this

 

section as provided in subsection (10), the county treasurer or the

 

county equalization director may enter into an agreement with the

 

assessor of a local tax collecting unit in that county regarding

 

the implementation or administration of this section. The agreement

 

may specify that for a period of time, not to exceed 120 days, the

 

county will not deny an exemption identified by the department of

 

treasury in the list provided under subsection (11).

 


     (13) An owner may appeal a denial by the assessor of the local

 

tax collecting unit under subsection (6), a final decision of the

 

department of treasury under subsection (8), or a denial by the

 

county treasurer or his or her designee or the county equalization

 

director or his or her designee under subsection (11) to the

 

residential and small claims division of the Michigan tax tribunal

 

within 35 days of that decision. An owner is not required to pay

 

the amount of tax in dispute in order to appeal a denial of a claim

 

of exemption to the department of treasury or to receive a final

 

determination of the residential and small claims division of the

 

Michigan tax tribunal. However, interest at the rate of 1.25% per

 

month or fraction of a month and penalties shall accrue and be

 

computed from the date the taxes were last payable without interest

 

and penalty. If the residential and small claims division of the

 

Michigan tax tribunal grants an owner's appeal of a denial and that

 

owner has paid the interest due as a result of a denial under

 

subsection (6), (8), or (11), the interest received after a

 

distribution was made under subsection (23) shall be refunded.

 

     (14) For taxes levied after December 31, 2005, for each county

 

in which the county treasurer or the county equalization director

 

does not elect to audit the exemptions claimed under this section

 

as provided in subsection (10), the department of treasury shall

 

conduct an annual audit of exemptions claimed under this section

 

for the current calendar year.

 

     (15) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (5), an

 

affidavit filed by an owner for the exemption under this section

 

rescinds all previous exemptions filed by that owner for any other

 


property. The department of treasury shall notify the assessor of

 

the local tax collecting unit in which the property for which a

 

previous exemption was claimed is located if the previous exemption

 

is rescinded by the subsequent affidavit. When an exemption is

 

rescinded, the assessor of the local tax collecting unit shall

 

remove the exemption effective December 31 of the year in which the

 

affidavit was filed that rescinded the exemption. For any year for

 

which the rescinded exemption has not been removed from the tax

 

roll, the exemption shall be denied as provided in this section.

 

However, interest and penalty shall not be imposed for a year for

 

which a rescission form has been timely filed under subsection (5).

 

     (16) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (28), if the

 

principal residence is part of a unit in a multiple-unit dwelling

 

or a dwelling unit in a multiple-purpose structure, an owner shall

 

claim an exemption for only that portion of the total taxable value

 

of the property used as the principal residence of that owner in a

 

manner prescribed by the department of treasury. If a portion of a

 

parcel for which the owner claims an exemption is used for a

 

purpose other than as a principal residence, the owner shall claim

 

an exemption for only that portion of the taxable value of the

 

property used as the principal residence of that owner in a manner

 

prescribed by the department of treasury.

 

     (17) When a county register of deeds records a transfer of

 

ownership of a property, he or she shall notify the local tax

 

collecting unit in which the property is located of the transfer.

 

     (18) The department of treasury shall make available the

 

affidavit forms and the forms to rescind an exemption, which may be

 


on the same form, to all city and township assessors, county

 

equalization officers, county registers of deeds, and closing

 

agents. A person who prepares a closing statement for the sale of

 

property shall provide affidavit and rescission forms to the buyer

 

and seller at the closing and, if requested by the buyer or seller

 

after execution by the buyer or seller, shall file the forms with

 

the local tax collecting unit in which the property is located. If

 

a closing statement preparer fails to provide exemption affidavit

 

and rescission forms to the buyer and seller, or fails to file the

 

affidavit and rescission forms with the local tax collecting unit

 

if requested by the buyer or seller, the buyer may appeal to the

 

department of treasury within 30 days of notice to the buyer that

 

an exemption was not recorded. If the department of treasury

 

determines that the buyer qualifies for the exemption, the

 

department of treasury shall notify the assessor of the local tax

 

collecting unit that the exemption is granted and the assessor of

 

the local tax collecting unit or, if the tax roll is in the

 

possession of the county treasurer, the county treasurer shall

 

correct the tax roll to reflect the exemption. This subsection does

 

not create a cause of action at law or in equity against a closing

 

statement preparer who fails to provide exemption affidavit and

 

rescission forms to a buyer and seller or who fails to file the

 

affidavit and rescission forms with the local tax collecting unit

 

when requested to do so by the buyer or seller.

 

     (19) An owner who owned and occupied a principal residence on

 

May 1 for which the exemption was not on the tax roll may file an

 

appeal with the July board of review or December board of review in

 


the year for which the exemption was claimed or the immediately

 

succeeding 3 years. If an appeal of a claim for exemption that was

 

not on the tax roll is received not later than 5 days prior to the

 

date of the December board of review, the local tax collecting unit

 

shall convene a December board of review and consider the appeal

 

pursuant to this section and section 53b. For the 2008 tax year

 

only, an owner of property eligible for a conditional rescission

 

under subsection (5) who did not file a conditional rescission form

 

prescribed by the department of treasury with the local tax

 

collecting unit on or before May 1, 2008 may file an appeal with

 

the 2008 July board of review or 2008 December board of review to

 

claim a conditional rescission for the 2008 tax year. For the 2008

 

and 2009 tax years only, an owner of property classified as timber-

 

cutover real property adjoining or contiguous to that owner's

 

principal residence who did not claim an exemption for the property

 

classified as timber-cutover real property under this section

 

before May 1, 2009 or whose claim for exemption under this section

 

for that property classified as timber-cutover real property was

 

denied before May 1, 2009 may file an appeal with the 2009 December

 

board of review or the 2010 July board of review to claim an

 

exemption under this section for that property classified as

 

timber-cutover real property for the 2008 and 2009 tax years.

 

     (20) If the assessor or treasurer of the local tax collecting

 

unit believes that the department of treasury erroneously denied a

 

claim for exemption, the assessor or treasurer may submit written

 

information supporting the owner's claim for exemption to the

 

department of treasury within 35 days of the owner's receipt of the

 


notice denying the claim for exemption. If, after reviewing the

 

information provided, the department of treasury determines that

 

the claim for exemption was erroneously denied, the department of

 

treasury shall grant the exemption and the tax roll shall be

 

amended to reflect the exemption.

 

     (21) If granting the exemption under this section results in

 

an overpayment of the tax, a rebate, including any interest paid,

 

shall be made to the taxpayer by the local tax collecting unit if

 

the local tax collecting unit has possession of the tax roll or by

 

the county treasurer if the county has possession of the tax roll

 

within 30 days of the date the exemption is granted. The rebate

 

shall be without interest. If an exemption for property classified

 

as timber-cutover real property is granted under this section for

 

the 2008 or 2009 tax year, the tax roll shall be corrected and any

 

delinquent and unpaid penalty, interest, and tax resulting from

 

that property not having been exempt under this section for the

 

2008 or 2009 tax year shall be waived.

 

     (22) If an exemption under this section is erroneously granted

 

for an affidavit filed before October 1, 2003, an owner may request

 

in writing that the department of treasury withdraw the exemption.

 

The request to withdraw the exemption shall be received not later

 

than November 1, 2003. If an owner requests that an exemption be

 

withdrawn, the department of treasury shall issue an order

 

notifying the local assessor that the exemption issued under this

 

section has been denied based on the owner's request. If an

 

exemption is withdrawn, the property that had been subject to that

 

exemption shall be immediately placed on the tax roll by the local

 


tax collecting unit if the local tax collecting unit has possession

 

of the tax roll or by the county treasurer if the county has

 

possession of the tax roll as though the exemption had not been

 

granted. A corrected tax bill shall be issued for the tax year

 

being adjusted by the local tax collecting unit if the local tax

 

collecting unit has possession of the tax roll or by the county

 

treasurer if the county has possession of the tax roll. Unless a

 

denial has been issued prior to July 1, 2003, if an owner requests

 

that an exemption under this section be withdrawn and that owner

 

pays the corrected tax bill issued under this subsection within 30

 

days after the corrected tax bill is issued, that owner is not

 

liable for any penalty or interest on the additional tax. An owner

 

who pays a corrected tax bill issued under this subsection more

 

than 30 days after the corrected tax bill is issued is liable for

 

the penalties and interest that would have accrued if the exemption

 

had not been granted from the date the taxes were originally

 

levied.

 

     (23) Subject to subsection (24), interest at the rate of 1.25%

 

per month or fraction of a month collected under subsection (6),

 

(8), or (11) shall be distributed as follows:

 

     (a) If the assessor of the local tax collecting unit denies

 

the exemption under this section, as follows:

 

     (i) To the local tax collecting unit, 70%.

 

     (ii) To the department of treasury, 10%.

 

     (iii) To the county in which the property is located, 20%.

 

     (b) If the department of treasury denies the exemption under

 

this section, as follows:

 


     (i) To the local tax collecting unit, 20%.

 

     (ii) To the department of treasury, 70%.

 

     (iii) To the county in which the property is located, 10%.

 

     (c) If the county treasurer or his or her designee or the

 

county equalization director or his or her designee denies the

 

exemption under this section, as follows:

 

     (i) To the local tax collecting unit, 20%.

 

     (ii) To the department of treasury, 10%.

 

     (iii) To the county in which the property is located, 70%.

 

     (24) Interest distributed under subsection (23) is subject to

 

the following conditions:

 

     (a) Interest distributed to a county shall be deposited into a

 

restricted fund to be used solely for the administration of

 

exemptions under this section. Money in that restricted fund shall

 

lapse to the county general fund on the December 31 in the year 3

 

years after the first distribution of interest to the county under

 

subsection (23) and on each succeeding December 31 thereafter.

 

     (b) Interest distributed to the department of treasury shall

 

be deposited into the principal residence property tax exemption

 

audit fund, which is created within the state treasury. The state

 

treasurer may receive money or other assets from any source for

 

deposit into the fund. The state treasurer shall direct the

 

investment of the fund. The state treasurer shall credit to the

 

fund interest and earnings from fund investments. Money in the fund

 

shall be considered a work project account and at the close of the

 

fiscal year shall remain in the fund and shall not lapse to the

 

general fund. Money from the fund shall be expended, upon

 


appropriation, only for the purpose of auditing exemption

 

affidavits.

 

     (25) Interest distributed under subsection (23) is in addition

 

to and shall not affect the levy or collection of the county

 

property tax administration fee established under this act.

 

     (26) A cooperative housing corporation is entitled to a full

 

or partial exemption under this section for the tax year in which

 

the cooperative housing corporation files all of the following with

 

the local tax collecting unit in which the cooperative housing

 

corporation is located if filed on or before May 1:

 

     (a) An affidavit form.

 

     (b) A statement of the total number of units owned by the

 

cooperative housing corporation and occupied as the principal

 

residence of a tenant stockholder as of the date of the filing

 

under this subsection.

 

     (c) A list that includes the name, address, and social

 

security number of each tenant stockholder of the cooperative

 

housing corporation occupying a unit in the cooperative housing

 

corporation as his or her principal residence as of the date of the

 

filing under this subsection.

 

     (d) A statement of the total number of units of the

 

cooperative housing corporation on which an exemption under this

 

section was claimed and that were transferred in the tax year

 

immediately preceding the tax year in which the filing under this

 

section was made.

 

     (27) Before May 1, 2004 and before May 1, 2005, the treasurer

 

of each county shall forward to the department of education a

 


statement of the taxable value of each school district and fraction

 

of a school district within the county for the preceding 4 calendar

 

years. This requirement is in addition to the requirement set forth

 

in section 151 of the state school aid act of 1979, 1979 PA 94, MCL

 

388.1751.

 

     (28) For a parcel of property open and available for use as a

 

bed and breakfast, the portion of the taxable value of the property

 

used as a principal residence under subsection (16) shall be

 

calculated in the following manner:

 

     (a) Add all of the following:

 

     (i) The square footage of the property used exclusively as that

 

owner's principal residence.

 

     (ii) 50% of the square footage of the property's common area.

 

     (iii) If the property was not open and available for use as a

 

bed and breakfast for 90 or more consecutive days in the

 

immediately preceding 12-month period, the result of the following

 

calculation:

 

     (A) Add the square footage of the property that is open and

 

available regularly and exclusively as a bed and breakfast, and 50%

 

of the square footage of the property's common area.

 

     (B) Multiply the result of the calculation in sub-subparagraph

 

(A) by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of

 

consecutive days in the immediately preceding 12-month period that

 

the property was not open and available for use as a bed and

 

breakfast and the denominator of which is 365.

 

     (b) Divide the result of the calculation in subdivision (a) by

 

the total square footage of the property.

 


     (29) The owner claiming an exemption under this section for

 

property open and available as a bed and breakfast shall file an

 

affidavit claiming the exemption on or before May 1 with the local

 

tax collecting unit in which the property is located. The affidavit

 

shall be in a form prescribed by the department of treasury.

 

     (30) As used in this section:

 

     (a) "Bed and breakfast" means property classified as

 

residential real property under section 34c that meets all of the

 

following criteria:

 

     (i) Has 10 or fewer sleeping rooms, including sleeping rooms

 

occupied by the owner of the property, 1 or more of which are

 

available for rent to transient tenants.

 

     (ii) Serves meals at no extra cost to its transient tenants.

 

     (iii) Has a smoke detector in proper working order in each

 

sleeping room and a fire extinguisher in proper working order on

 

each floor.

 

     (b) "Common area" includes, but is not limited to, a kitchen,

 

dining room, living room, fitness room, porch, hallway, laundry

 

room, or bathroom that is available for use by guests of a bed and

 

breakfast or, unless guests are specifically prohibited from access

 

to the area, an area that is used to provide a service to guests of

 

a bed and breakfast.