December 4, 2007, Introduced by Reps. Bieda, Dean, Rick Jones and Polidori and referred to the Committee on Intergovernmental, Urban and Regional Affairs.
A bill to amend 1846 RS 65, entitled
"Of alienation by deed, and the proof and recording of
conveyances, and the canceling of mortgages,"
by amending sections 24, 25, 27, 28, and 43 (MCL 565.24, 565.25,
565.27, 565.28, and 565.43), section 25 as amended by 1996 PA 526
and sections 28 and 43 as amended by 1992 PA 212, and by adding
section 24a; and to repeal acts and parts of acts.
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:
1 Sec. 24.
Every register of deeds shall keep an entry book of
deeds and an entry book of mortgages, each page of which shall be
divided into 6 columns, with title or heads to the respective
columns, in the following form, to-wit:
Date of Grantors Grantees Township
where To whom delivered Fee
land lies (after being recorded) (Fees)
date (of delivery). Received.
Town. Range. Section.
He shall also keep a reception book of levies.
Where it is found desirable to consolidate reception book entries
into 1 book, it may
be done by providing a sheet divided into 9 vertical columns with title
or heading to the
respective columns in the following form:
RECEIPT DATE OF GRANTORS GRANTEES LOCATION KIND OF TO
WHOM DATE FEES
NUMBER RECEIPT OR OR OF LAND INSTRU- DELIVERED MAILED RECEIVED
DAY, MORTGAGORS MORTGAGEES TOWN, MENT.
DEFENDANTS PLAINTIFFS SECTION.
1 (1) Upon delivery of an instrument to the register of deeds
2 for the purpose of recording, the register shall note the date,
3 hour, and minute of delivery on the first page of the instrument.
4 (2) Each instrument delivered to a register shall be
5 accessible for public review. Accessibility may be satisfied by
6 any of the following methods:
7 (a) Providing the instrument inscribed in a tangible medium.
8 (b) Providing at least the first page of the instrument,
9 stored in an electronic or other medium.
10 (c) Providing a temporary searchable journal containing at
11 least the date of delivery, title of the instrument, and the
12 names of the parties to the instrument.
13 (3) Any information created or maintained in a temporary
14 searchable journal under subsection (2) may be destroyed when the
15 instrument is entered into the index described in section 28 of
16 this chapter or when the instrument is not accepted for
18 (4) A register shall not charge a fee for any review or
19 search under subsection (2), unless it involves the search of an
20 original instrument. An original instrument is available for
21 public review only in the presence of the register, deputy
22 register, or a representative of the register appointed for that
23 purpose. A reasonable fee, not to exceed $15.00 for each 15
24 minutes or fraction thereof, per name searched, may be charged
25 for any search or review of original instruments.
26 (5) Subsections (2) to (4) do not apply once the instrument
1 is indexed as required in section 28 of this chapter.
2 Sec. 24a. (1) The register's assignment of a liber and page
3 or other unique identifying number is prima facie evidence that
4 the instrument has satisfied all recording requirements,
5 including the payment of fees, and has been accepted for
6 recording. Subject to section 26 of this chapter, a recorded
7 instrument is notice to all persons except the recorded landowner
8 of the liens, rights, and interests acquired by or involved in
9 the proceedings. All subsequent owners or encumbrances shall take
10 subject to the recorded liens, rights, or interests.
11 (2) An instrument is considered to be recorded at the time
12 and date of delivery to the register if the instrument has
13 satisfied all recording requirements, including the payment of
15 (3) If more than 1 date and time of delivery appear upon an
16 instrument, the later date and time controls in establishing the
17 priority of the instrument unless, within 90 days after the date
18 alleged to be the correct date of delivery of the instrument, a
19 court action is commenced to establish the earlier time and date
20 of delivery and a notice of lis pendens pertaining to the real
21 property subject to the dispute is recorded.
22 Sec. 25.
(1) In the entry book of deeds, the register shall
enter all deeds of conveyance absolute in their terms, and not
intended as mortgages or securities, and all copies left as
cautions. In the entry book of mortgages the register shall enter
all mortgages and other deeds intended as securities, and all
assignments of any mortgages or securities. In the entry book of
levies the register shall enter all levies, attachments, liens,
notices of lis pendens, sheriffs' certificates of sale, United
States marshals' certificates of sale, other instruments of
encumbrances, and documentation required under subsection (2),
noting in the books, the day, hour, and minute of receipt, and
other particulars, in the appropriate columns in the order in
which the instruments are respectively received.
as otherwise provided in subsection (3) (2),
9 the recording of a levy, attachment, lien, lis pendens, sheriff's
10 certificate, marshal's certificate, or other instrument of
11 encumbrance does not perfect the instrument of encumbrance unless
12 both of the following are found by a court of competent
13 jurisdiction to have accompanied the instrument when it was
presented delivered to the register for entry under section 24(1)
15 of this chapter:
16 (a) A full and fair accounting of the facts that support
17 recording of the instrument of encumbrance and supporting
18 documentation, as available.
19 (b) Proof of service that actual notice has been given to
20 the recorded landowner of the land to which the instrument of
21 encumbrance applies.
(2) (1) does not apply to any of the
24 (a) A tax lien that is not required to be recorded pursuant
25 to the general property tax act,
Act No. 206 of the Public Acts
of 1893, being sections 211.1 to 211.157 of the Michigan Compiled
Laws 1893 PA 206, MCL
211.1 to 211.155.
1 (b) The filing of an instrument of encumbrance authorized by
2 state statute or federal statute.
3 (c) The filing of a consensual agreement to encumber real
4 property entered into between the owner of real property and the
5 person who seeks to record an encumbrance. A consensual agreement
6 includes but is not limited to a mortgage, loan agreement, land
7 contract, or other consensual or contractual agreement of
8 whatever description entered into between the owner of real
9 property and the person who seeks to record an encumbrance.
10 (d) The filing of an encumbrance authorized in a final order
11 by a court of competent jurisdiction.
12 (e) A filing of a levy, attachment, lien, lis pendens,
13 sheriff's certificate, marshal's certificate, or other instrument
14 of encumbrance by a commercial lending institution. As used in
15 this section, "commercial lending institution" means any of the
17 (i) A state or nationally chartered bank.
18 (ii) A state or federally chartered savings and loan
19 association or savings bank.
20 (iii) A state or federally chartered credit union.
21 (iv) Any other state or federally chartered lending
22 institution or regulated affiliate or regulated subsidiary of any
23 entity listed in this subparagraph or subparagraphs (i) to (iii).
24 (v) An insurance company authorized to do business in this
25 state pursuant to the insurance code of 1956,
Act No. 218 of the
Public Acts of 1956, being sections 500.100 to 500.8302 of the
Michigan Compiled Laws
1956 PA 218, MCL 500.100 to
1 (vi) A motor vehicle finance company subject to the motor
2 vehicle sales finance act,
Act No. 27 of the Public Acts of the
Extra Session of 1950, being sections 492.101 to 492.141 of the
Michigan Compiled Laws
1950 (Ex Sess) PA 27, MCL
5 492.141, with net assets in excess of $50,000,000.00.
6 (vii) A foreign bank.
7 (viii) A retirement fund regulated pursuant to state law, or a
8 pension fund of a local unit of government or a pension fund
9 regulated pursuant to federal law with net assets in excess of
11 (ix) A federal, state, or local agency authorized by law to
12 hold a security interest in real property or a local unit of
13 government holding a reversionary interest in real property.
14 (x) A nonprofit tax exempt organization created to promote
15 economic development in which a majority of the organization's
16 assets are held by a local unit of government.
17 (xi) An entity within the federally chartered farm credit
19 (xii) A licensee under the mortgage brokers, lenders, and
20 servicers licensing act,
Act No. 173 of the Public Acts of 1987,
being sections 445.1651 to 445.1684 of the Michigan Compiled Laws
22 1987 PA 173, MCL 445.1651 to 445.1684.
23 (xiii) A holder under the
home improvement finance act,
No. 332 of the Public Acts of 1965, being sections 445.1101 to
445.1431 of the Michigan Compiled Laws 1965 PA 332, MCL 445.1101
26 to 445.1431.
27 (xiv) A retail seller under the retail installment sales act,
Act No. 224 of the Public Acts of 1966, being sections 445.851 to
445.873 of the Michigan Compiled Laws 1966 PA 224, MCL 445.851 to
4 (xv) A licensee under
No. 125 of the Public Acts of 1981,
being sections 493.51 to 493.81 of the Michigan Compiled Laws the
6 secondary mortgage loan act, 1981 PA 125, MCL 493.51 to 493.81,
7 pertaining to secondary mortgages.
8 (xvi) A licensee under the consumer financial services act,
Act No. 161 of the Public Acts of 1988, being sections 487.2051
to 487.2072 of the Michigan Compiled Laws 1988 PA 161, MCL
11 487.2051 to 487.2072.
12 (xvii) A licensee under the
regulatory loan act,
of 1963, Act
No. 21 of the Public Acts of 1939, being sections 493.1 to 493.26
of the Michigan Compiled Laws 1939 PA 21, MCL 493.1 to 493.24.
15 (xviii) A regulated lender
under the credit reform act,
No. 162 of the Public Acts of 1995, being sections 445.1851 to
445.1864 of the Michigan Compiled Laws 1995 PA 162, MCL 445.1851
18 to 445.1864.
(4) The instrument shall be considered as recorded at the
time so noted and shall be notice to all persons except the
recorded landowner subject to subsection (2), of the liens,
rights, and interests acquired by or involved in the proceedings.
All subsequent owners or encumbrances shall take subject to the
perfected liens, rights, or interests.
person who is not exempt under subsection (3) (2)
26 who encumbers property through the recording of
a document an
instrument listed under subsection
(1) without lawful cause
1 with the intent to harass or intimidate any person is liable for
2 the penalties set forth in section 2907a of the revised
3 judicature act of 1961,
Act No. 236 of the Public Acts of 1961,
being section 600.2907a of the Michigan Compiled Laws 1961 PA
5 236, MCL 600.2907a.
6 Sec. 27. The register shall certify upon every instrument
recorded by him, he
or she records the date and time
when it was
received accepted for
recording, after the instrument met all
9 recording requirements including the payment of fees, and a
10 reference to the
and page, or other unique identifying
11 number, where it is recorded.
12 Sec. 28. (1) Each register of deeds shall keep a
general permanent index to each set of books in which he or she
shall enter alphabetically the name of each party to each
instrument recorded by the register of deeds, with a reference to
the book and page where the instrument is recorded. In a county
in which reproductions pursuant to the records media act are
combined in 1 set of books, the register of deeds shall keep
separate indexes of the instruments. The register of deeds shall
also keep a separate index in which shall be entered daily a
minute of all discharges of mortgages as the discharges are
entered, whether by written discharge or entered upon the margin
of the record, together with a reference to the volume and page
where recorded, or entered upon the margin. of recorded
25 instruments by means of books or computerization or a combination
26 of the two. The index shall include the following information:
27 (a) Liber and page, or other unique identifying number.
1 (b) Instrument type.
2 (c) The name of each party to each instrument.
3 (d) Date recorded, having met all recording requirements,
4 including payment of fees.
5 (e) Location of land; section, town and range, platted
6 description, or other description authorized by law.
7 (f) Other reference information as required.
8 (2) Each computerized
required by this act may be
maintained wholly, or in part, by computerization of the index
10 shall be maintained to allow for an alphabetical search of the
11 names of each party to each instrument recorded by the register
12 of deeds.
13 (3) Each computerized index shall be secured by a duplicate
14 index maintained at a separate location from the primary index.
15 (4) The primary index shall be secured by a code, key, or
16 other system designed to prohibit an unauthorized person from
17 altering the index.
18 Sec. 43. Every certificate described in section 42 of this
19 chapter, and the proof or acknowledgment of the certificate,
20 shall be recorded at full length, and a reference shall be made
21 to the
book liber and page,
or other unique identifying number,
22 containing the certificate, in the
minute minutes of
23 discharge of the mortgage made by the register upon the mortgage.
24 If the register of deeds is authorized by the board of
25 commissioners to reproduce deeds, mortgages, maps, instruments,
26 or writings, as provided in section 2 of
Act No. 105 of the
Public Acts of 1964, being section 691.1102 of the Michigan
Compiled Laws 1964 PA
105, MCL 691.1102, and the mortgage
2 not exist in a hard copy medium, it is not necessary for him or
3 her to make reference to the
book liber and page containing
4 certificate on the
book or liber and page containing
5 mortgage. Instead, reference to the
book liber and
6 containing the certificate shall be made in the index to the
entry book permanent
index of mortgages.
8 Enacting section 1. Section 26 of 1846 RS 65, MCL 565.26, is