September 29, 2005, Introduced by Reps. Moolenaar, Palmer, Plakas, Hummel, Emmons, Sheltrown, Stahl, Gleason, Baxter, Kahn, Newell, Ball, Sheen, Taub, Sak, Farhat, Gosselin, Hoogendyk, Walker and Pearce and referred to the Committee on Education.


     A bill to amend 1976 PA 451, entitled


"The revised school code,"


by amending section 1278 (MCL 380.1278), as amended by 2004 PA 596.




     Sec. 1278. (1) In addition to the requirements for


accreditation under section 1280 specified in that section, if the


board of a school district wants all of the schools of the school


district to be accredited under section 1280, the board shall


provide to all pupils attending public school in the district a


core academic curriculum in compliance with subsection (3) in each


of the curricular areas specified in the state board recommended


model core academic curriculum content standards developed under


subsection (2). The state board model core academic curriculum


content standards shall encompass academic and cognitive


instruction only. For purposes of this section, the state board


model core academic curriculum content standards shall not include


attitudes, beliefs, or value systems that are not essential in the


legal, economic, and social structure of our society and to the


personal and social responsibility of citizens of our society.


     (2) Recommended model core academic curriculum content


standards shall be developed and periodically updated by the state


board, shall be in the form of knowledge and skill content


standards that are recommended as state standards for adoption by


public schools in local curriculum formulation and adoption, and


shall be distributed to each school district in the state. The


recommended model core academic curriculum content standards shall


set forth desired learning objectives in math, science, reading,


history, geography, economics, American government, and writing for


all children at each stage of schooling;  and  shall be based upon


the "Michigan K-12 program standards of quality" to ensure that


high academic standards, academic skills, and academic subject


matters are built into the instructional goals of all school


districts for all children; and shall comply with subsection (10).


The state board also shall ensure that the Michigan educational


assessment program and the Michigan merit examination are based on


the state recommended model core curriculum content standards, are


testing only for proficiency in basic and advanced academic skills


and academic subject matter, and are not used to measure pupils'


values or attitudes.


     (3) The board of each school district, considering academic


curricular objectives defined and recommended pursuant to


subsection (2), shall do both of the following:


     (a) Establish a core academic curriculum for its pupils at the


elementary, middle, and secondary school levels. The core academic


curriculum shall define academic objectives to be achieved by all


pupils and shall be based upon the school district's educational


mission, long-range pupil goals, and pupil performance objectives.


The core academic curriculum may vary from the model core academic


curriculum content standards recommended by the state board


pursuant to subsection (2).


     (b) After consulting with teachers and school building


administrators, determine the aligned instructional program for


delivering the core academic curriculum and identify the courses


and programs in which the core academic curriculum will be taught.


     (4) The board may supplement the core academic curriculum by


providing instruction through additional classes and programs.


     (5) For all pupils, the subjects or courses, and the delivery


of those including special assistance, that constitute the


curriculum the pupils engage in shall assure the pupils have a


realistic opportunity to learn all subjects and courses required by


the district's core academic curriculum. A subject or course


required by the core academic curriculum pursuant to subsection (3)


shall be provided to all pupils in the school district by a school


district, a consortium of school districts, or a consortium of 1 or


more school districts and 1 or more intermediate school districts.


     (6) To the extent practicable, the state board may adopt or


develop academic objective-oriented high standards for knowledge


and life skills, and a recommended core academic curriculum, for


special education pupils for whom it may not be realistic or


desirable to expect achievement of initial mastery of the state


board recommended model core academic content standards objectives


or of a high school diploma.


     (7) The state board shall make available to all nonpublic


schools in this state, as a resource for their consideration, the


model core academic curriculum content standards developed for


public schools pursuant to subsection (2) for the purpose of


assisting the governing body of a nonpublic school in developing


its core academic curriculum.


     (8) Excluding special education pupils, pupils having a


learning disability, and pupils with extenuating circumstances as


determined by school officials, a pupil who does not score


satisfactorily on the 4th or 7th grade Michigan educational


assessment program reading test shall be provided special


assistance reasonably expected to enable the pupil to bring his or


her reading skills to grade level within 12 months.


     (9) Any course that would have been considered a nonessential


elective course under Snyder v Charlotte School Dist, 421 Mich 517


(1984), on April 13, 1990 shall continue to be offered to resident


pupils of nonpublic schools on a shared time basis.


     (10) Not later than August 1, 2006, the state board shall


revise the recommended model core academic curriculum content


standards in science to ensure that pupils will be able to do all


of the following:


     (a) Use the scientific method to critically evaluate


scientific theories including, but not limited to, the theories of


global warming and evolution.


     (b) Use relevant scientific data to assess the validity of


those theories and to formulate arguments for or against those