November 10, 2004, Introduced by Reps. Meisner, Kolb, Law, Gillard, Condino and Tobocman and referred to the Committee on Criminal Justice.

























                                                                                 A bill to amend 1978 PA 368, entitled                                             


    "Public health code,"                                                       


    by amending sections 2685, 2687, 2688, and 16274 (MCL 333.2685,             


    333.2687, 333.2688, and 333.16274), section 16274 as added by               


    1998 PA 108.                                                                


                THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:                      


1       Sec. 2685.  (1) A person shall not use a live  human                        


2   embryo,  fetus  ,  or neonate for nontherapeutic research if, in            


3   the best judgment of the person conducting the research, based              


4   upon the available knowledge or information at the approximate              


5   time of the research, the research substantially jeopardizes the            


6   life or health of the  embryo,  fetus  ,  or neonate.                       


7   Nontherapeutic research shall not in any case be performed on  an           


8   embryo or  a fetus known by the person conducting the research to           


9   be the subject of a planned abortion being performed for any                



1   purpose other than to protect the life of the mother.                       


2       (2) For purposes of subsection (1), the  embryo or  fetus                   


3   shall be conclusively presumed not to be the subject of a planned           


4   abortion if the mother signed a written statement at the time of            


5   the research, that she was not planning an abortion.                        


6       Sec. 2687.   An embryo,  A fetus  ,  or neonate is a live                   


7   embryo,  fetus  ,  or neonate for purposes of sections 2685 to             


8   2691 if, in the best medical judgment of a physician, it shows              


9   evidence of life as determined by the same medical standards as             


10  are used in determining evidence of life in a spontaneously                 


11  aborted embryo or fetus at approximately the same stage of                  


12  gestational development.                                                    


13      Sec. 2688.  (1) Research may not knowingly be performed upon                


14  a dead  embryo,  fetus  ,  or neonate unless the consent of the             


15  mother has first been obtained.  Consent shall not be required in           


16  the case of a routine pathological study.                                   


17      (2) For purposes of this section, consent shall be                          


18  conclusively presumed to have been granted by a written                     


19  statement, signed by the mother that she consents to the use of             


20  her dead  embryo,  fetus  ,  or neonate for research.                       


21      (3) Written consent shall constitute lawful authorization for               


22  the transfer of the dead  embryo,  fetus  ,  or neonate to                  


23  medical research facilities.                                                


24      (4) Research being performed upon a dead  embryo,  fetus  ,                 


25  or neonate shall be conducted in accordance with the same                   


26  standards applicable to research conducted pursuant to part 101.            


27      Sec. 16274.  (1) A licensee or registrant shall not engage                  


1   in or attempt to engage in human cloning.                                   


2       (2) Subsection (1) does not prohibit scientific research or                 


3   cell-based therapies not specifically prohibited by that                    


4   subsection.                                                                 


5       (3) A licensee or registrant who violates subsection (1) is                 


6   subject to the administrative penalties prescribed in sections              


7   16221 and 16226 and to the civil penalty prescribed in section              


8   16275.                                                                      


9       (4) This section does not give a person a private right of                  


10  action.                                                                     


11      (5) As used in this section:                                                


12      (a) "Human cloning" means  the use of human  creating or                    


13  attempting to create a human being by using the somatic cell                


14  nuclear transfer  technology to produce a human embryo  procedure           


15  for the purpose of, or to implant, the resulting product to                 


16  initiate a pregnancy that could result in the birth of a human              


17  being.                                                                      


18      (b) "Human embryo" means a human egg cell with a full                       


19  genetic composition capable of differentiating and maturing into            


20  a complete human being.                                                     


21      (b)  (c)  "Human somatic cell" means a cell of a developing                 


22  or fully developed human being that is not and will not become a            


23  sperm or egg cell.                                                          


24      (c)  (d)  "Human somatic cell nuclear transfer" means                       


25  transferring the nucleus of a human somatic cell into an egg cell           


26  from which the nucleus has been removed or rendered inert.