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AERONAUTICS CODE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN (EXCERPT)
Act 327 of 1945
259.85 Flight school.
(1) A person shall not operate a flight
school in this state unless the person holds an annual license issued by the commission.
(2) Upon receipt of an application and a $25.00 license fee from a flight
school, the commission shall review the qualifications of the applicant.
(3) Unless surrendered, suspended, or revoked before this date, a flight
school license expires 1 year from date of issuance or upon the sale or transfer by the owner of property, equipment, or franchise of the flight
(4) The annual flight
school license renewal fee is $10.00 and is payable from the original date of issuance. An applicant shall file an initial application and pay the initial application fee if a license is not renewed before its expiration.
(5) A change in the name of the flight
school, without change in ownership, does not void a current license if the owner of the flight
school notifies the commission in writing within 15 days of the change. Upon receipt of notification under this subsection, the commission shall issue a license under the new name with the same expiration date as the license previously issued.
(6) A flight
school operating facilities at more than 1 aeronautical facility shall obtain a license for each location.
(7) The flight
school license shall be posted in the principal office of the flight
school where it may be readily observed by the general public.
(8) A flight
school shall at all times conduct itself in accordance with all applicable federal, state, and local laws and statutes.
(9) A flight
school shall be operated from an airport properly licensed by the commission.
(10) A flight
school operator shall obtain from the airport manager a written agreement to operate commercially from the airport at which the flight
school is based.
(11) Each flight
school student shall be advised in writing at the time of enrollment of the type and amount of insurance coverage provided for each aircraft used by the flight
(12) A flight
school shall provide a suitable space of permanent nature that is properly heated, lighted, and ventilated to accommodate flight
school students and to house adequate equipment necessary to properly conduct business matters and to prepare and preserve business records. The facilities described in this subsection shall be located at the licensed airport site.
(13) Each aircraft to be used for purposes of flight
instruction at a flight
school shall comply with all of the following:
(a) Possess a valid airworthiness certificate issued by the federal aviation administration.
(b) Be properly registered with the commission.
(c) Have the equipment and performance characteristics appropriate to the curriculum and to the airport to be used.
(14) All aircraft used in any flight
school operation shall be operated in accordance with federal aviation administration maintenance regulations and standards. Adequate records shall be kept by the school to demonstrate performance of all required items of maintenance. The maintenance status of each aircraft, including discrepancies, shall be displayed by the school in a manner adequate to determine compliance.
(15) A flight
school shall have a flight
instructor available to dispatch and supervise each student pilot solo flight
(16) A flight
school shall have a written curriculum, including lesson plans, adequate to properly qualify the student to complete the particular course for the certificate or rating sought. A flight
school shall also include lessons pertaining to Michigan laws relating to aviation and this act.
(17) A flight
school shall make available to students current texts and reference material pertaining to the certificate or rating sought.
(18) A flight
school shall provide adequate instruction to properly qualify a student completing its courses for the appropriate federal aviation administration examination covering the grade of certificate or rating sought.
(19) A flight
school shall maintain training records adequate to show each student's progress and level of completion relative to the course of instruction in which the student is enrolled. These records shall be made available for inspection by any authorized representative of the commission.
(20) A copy of the airport and flight
school regulations shall be made available to the students enrolled in the school for information and guidance.
(21) A flight
school shall designate a practice area.
(22) A flight
school or its representatives and instructors shall not make false claims of any kind pertaining to either flight
training or employment following flight
training. Only a licensed flight
school may advertise flight
(23) A flight
school accepting prepayment equal to or in excess of $1,000.00 shall file with the commission a corporate surety bond payable to the state of Michigan in the sum of $5,000.00 conditioned on the faithful performance of all contracts and agreements with students made by the flight
school or its agent. The aggregate liability for the surety for all breaches of conditions of the bond shall not exceed the principal sum of $5,000.00. The surety of any bond may cancel the bond upon giving 60 days' notice in writing to the commission and the flight
school. If a bond is canceled in compliance with this subsection, the surety is relieved of liability for any breach of conditions occurring after the effective date of cancellation.
(24) A flight
school shall implement a security program, acceptable to the commission, designed to limit aircraft accessibility and ensure the security of those aircraft on the ground that are used by the flight
(25) The security program described in subsection (24) shall include 1 or more of the following:
(a) Procedures for positive identification of a student pilot or renter pilot as a precondition to allowing access to aircraft.
(b) Procedures for control of aircraft ignition keys that prevent operation of an aircraft by a student pilot that is not in the presence of or under the authorization of a flight
instructor or other authorized individual.
(c) Instructional procedures that ensure close student pilot supervision.
(26) The security program described in subsection (24) shall include all of the following:
(a) A requirement that the student present a federal aviation administration student medical certificate and student pilot certificate as a predicate to enrollment in the flight
school. For purposes of this subdivision, enrollment is considered a flight
instructor endorsement to operate an aircraft at a time during which the student is the sole occupant of the aircraft.
(b) Instructional materials that identify and offer examples of types of suspicious activity at or in proximity to an airport and that advise students and renter pilots of the means to report such activity to local law enforcement officials and appropriate federal authorities.
(c) The prominent display of signs requesting pilots to report suspicious activity at or in proximity to an airport. The signs must provide telephone numbers of local law enforcement officials and appropriate federal authorities.
(27) The requirements for a flight
school set out in this section are conditions of the license. Failure to comply with any of these requirements is grounds for revocation of a flight
(28) A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days, or a fine of not less than $100.00 or more than $500.00, or both, together with costs of the prosecution.
History: 1945, Act 327, Imd. Eff. May 28, 1945
CL 1948, 259.85
Am. 1996, Act 370, Imd. Eff. July 3, 1996
Am. 2002, Act 258, Eff. May 22, 2002
Am. 2003, Act 133, Imd. Eff. Aug. 1, 2003
Former Law: See section 2 of Act 177 of 1929; being CL 1929, § 4802; Act 53 of 1931; Act 264 of 1939; section 3 of Act 177 of 1929, being CL 1929, § 4803.