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Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 358 of 2014
House: Adjourned until Tuesday, December 30, 2014 11:30:00 AM

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Act 300 of 1949 - MICHIGAN VEHICLE CODE (257.1 - 257.923)
***** 257.248c SUBSECTION (1) APPLIES UNTIL JULY 1, 1994; SUBSECTION (3) APPLIES BEGINNING JULY 1, 1994 ***** ***** 257.43a.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE JANUARY 12, 2015 ***** ***** 257.217 THIS SECTION IS AMENDED EFFECTIVE 91 DAYS AFTER ADJOURNMENT OF THE 2014 REGULAR SESSION SINE DIE: See 257.217.amended *****

300‑1949‑I ‑ CHAPTER I WORDS AND PHRASES DEFINED (257.1...257.82)
     Section 257.1 ‑ Michigan vehicle code; words and phrases defined.
     Section 257.1a ‑ “Accessory” defined.
     Section 257.1b ‑ “Ambulance” defined.
     Section 257.1c ‑ “Articulated bus” defined.
     Section 257.1d ‑ “Alcoholic liquor” defined.
     Section 257.2 ‑ “Authorized emergency vehicle” defined; additional definitions.
     Section 257.2a ‑ “Automotive recycler” defined.
     Section 257.2b ‑ Additional definitions.
     Section 257.3 ‑ “Axle” defined.
     Section 257.3a ‑ "Basic driver improvement course" defined.
     Section 257.4 ‑ “Bicycle” defined.
     Section 257.4a ‑ “Birthday” defined.
     Section 257.4b ‑ “Bus” defined.
     Section 257.4c ‑ “Buy back vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.5 ‑ "Business district" and "commercial business" defined.
     Section 257.5a ‑ “Cancellation” defined.
     Section 257.6 ‑ “Chauffeur” defined.
     Section 257.6a ‑ “Civil infraction” defined.
     Section 257.6b ‑ “Civil infraction determination” defined.
     Section 257.6c ‑ “Civic event” defined.
     Section 257.6d ‑ “Collector plate” defined.
     Section 257.7 ‑ “Commercial vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.7a ‑ “Commercial motor vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.8 ‑ “Commissioner” defined.
     Section 257.8a ‑ "Conviction" defined.
     Section 257.8b ‑ “Controlled substance” defined.
     Section 257.9 ‑ “County jail” defined.
     Section 257.10 ‑ “Cross-walk” defined.
     Section 257.11 ‑ “Dealer” defined.
     Section 257.11a ‑ “Demonstrator” defined.
     Section 257.11b ‑ “Dealer license” defined.
     Section 257.12 ‑ “Department” defined.
     Section 257.12a ‑ “Distressed vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.12b ‑ “Distressed vehicle transporter” defined.
     Section 257.13 ‑ “Driver” defined.
     Section 257.13a ‑ “Elected gross weight” defined.
     Section 257.13b ‑ “Empty weight” defined.
     Section 257.13c ‑ “Electric personal assistive mobility device” defined.
     Section 257.13d ‑ "Electric carriage" defined.
     Section 257.14 ‑ "Established place of business" defined.
     Section 257.14a ‑ “Executive” or “manufacturer's vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.15 ‑ “Explosives” defined.
     Section 257.16 ‑ “Farm tractor” defined.
     Section 257.17 ‑ “Flammable liquid” defined.
     Section 257.17a ‑ “Foreign salvage vehicle dealer” defined.
     Section 257.17b ‑ “Fund-raising registration plate” and “state-sponsored goal” defined.
     Section 257.17c ‑ “Flood vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.18 ‑ Definitions, F.
     Section 257.18a ‑ “Freeway” defined.
     Section 257.18b ‑ “Gross combination weight rating” or “GCWR” and “gross vehicle weight rating” or “GVWR” defined.
     Section 257.19 ‑ “Gross weight” defined.
     Section 257.19a ‑ “Disabled person” and “person with disabilities” defined.
     Section 257.19b ‑ “Hazardous material” defined.
     Section 257.20 ‑ “Highway or street” defined.
     Section 257.20a ‑ “Historic vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.20d ‑ "Ignition interlock device" defined.
     Section 257.21 ‑ “Implement of husbandry” defined.
     Section 257.22 ‑ “Intersection” defined.
     Section 257.23 ‑ “Judgment” defined.
     Section 257.23a ‑ “Juvenile adjudication” defined.
     Section 257.23b ‑ “Juvenile disposition” defined.
     Section 257.24 ‑ “Laned roadway” defined.
     Section 257.24a ‑ “Leased vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.24b ‑ “Late model vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.24c ‑ “Law of another state” defined.
     Section 257.25 ‑ “License” defined.
     Section 257.25a ‑ “Autocycle” defined.
     Section 257.25b ‑ “Low-speed vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.26 ‑ “Limited access highway” defined.
     Section 257.27 ‑ “Local authorities” defined.
     Section 257.27a ‑ “Major component part” defined.
     Section 257.28 ‑ “Manufacturer” defined.
     Section 257.29 ‑ “Maximum axle load” defined.
     Section 257.30 ‑ “Metal tire” defined.
     Section 257.30a ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 568, Eff. Jan. 6, 1979.
     Section 257.30b ‑ “Michigan university” defined.
     Section 257.30c ‑ "Modified agriculture vehicle" defined.
     Section 257.31 ‑ “Motorcycle” defined.
     Section 257.32 ‑ Repealed. 1976, Act 439, Imd. Eff. Jan. 13, 1977.
     Section 257.32a ‑ “Motor home” defined.
     Section 257.32b ‑ “Moped” defined.
     Section 257.33 ‑ “Motor vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.33a ‑ “New motor vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.33b ‑ “Nonprofit recycling center” defined.
     Section 257.34 ‑ “Nonresident” defined.
     Section 257.35 ‑ “Nonresident operating privilege” defined.
     Section 257.35a ‑ “Operate” or “operating” defined.
     Section 257.35b ‑ “Older model vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.35c ‑ “Off lease vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.36 ‑ “Operate” or “operating” defined.
     Section 257.36a ‑ “Owner-operator” defined.
     Section 257.36b ‑ "Out-of-service" defined.
     Section 257.37 ‑ “Owner” defined.
     Section 257.38 ‑ “Parking” defined.
     Section 257.38a ‑ "Park model trailer" defined.
     Section 257.39 ‑ “Pedestrian” defined.
     Section 257.39a ‑ “Permanent disability” defined.
     Section 257.40 ‑ “Person” defined.
     Section 257.40a ‑ “Pickup camper” defined.
     Section 257.40b ‑ “Personal information” and “highly restricted personal information” defined.
     Section 257.41 ‑ “Pole-trailer” defined.
     Section 257.41a ‑ “Police book” defined.
     Section 257.42 ‑ "Police officer" defined.
     Section 257.43 ‑ “Police station” defined.
     Section 257.43a.added ‑ "Preliminary roadside analysis" defined.
     Section 257.44 ‑ “Private driveway” and “private road” defined.
     Section 257.44a ‑ “Probate court disposition” defined.
     Section 257.45 ‑ “Proof of financial responsibility” defined.
     Section 257.45a ‑ “Prosecuting attorney” defined.
     Section 257.46 ‑ “Railroad” defined.
     Section 257.47 ‑ “Railroad sign or signal” defined.
     Section 257.48 ‑ “Railroad track” defined.
     Section 257.49 ‑ “Railroad train” defined.
     Section 257.49a ‑ "Recreational vehicle" defined.
     Section 257.50 ‑ “Registration” defined.
     Section 257.50a ‑ “Residence address” defined.
     Section 257.51 ‑ Repealed. 2006, Act 85, Eff. Nov. 9, 2006.
     Section 257.51a ‑ “Resident” defined.
     Section 257.52 ‑ “Revocation” defined.
     Section 257.53 ‑ “Right-of-way” defined.
     Section 257.54 ‑ “Road tractor” defined.
     Section 257.55 ‑ “Roadway” defined.
     Section 257.56 ‑ “Safety zone” defined.
     Section 257.56a ‑ “Salvage vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.56b ‑ “Salvageable part” defined.
     Section 257.56c ‑ “Salvage vehicle agent” defined.
     Section 257.57 ‑ “School bus” defined.
     Section 257.57a ‑ “School crossing” defined.
     Section 257.57b ‑ “School crossing guard” defined.
     Section 257.57c ‑ Repealed. 2002, Act 534, Eff. Oct. 1, 2002.
     Section 257.57d ‑ “Scrap certificate of title” defined.
     Section 257.57e ‑ “Scrap vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.58 ‑ “Secretary of state” defined.
     Section 257.58b ‑ “Security interest,”“security agreement,”“secured party,”“debtor,”“financing statement,” and “termination statement” defined.
     Section 257.58c ‑ “Serious impairment of a body function” defined.
     Section 257.59 ‑ “Semi-trailer” defined.
     Section 257.59a ‑ “Shoulder” and “ditch slope” defined.
     Section 257.60 ‑ “Sidewalk” defined.
     Section 257.61 ‑ “Spacings between axles” defined.
     Section 257.62 ‑ “Special mobile equipment” defined.
     Section 257.63 ‑ “Street car” defined.
     Section 257.64 ‑ “Street or highway” defined.
     Section 257.65 ‑ "State" defined.
     Section 257.66 ‑ “Suspension” defined.
     Section 257.67 ‑ “Tandem axle” defined.
     Section 257.67a ‑ “Tandem axle assembly” and “tank vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.67b ‑ “Temporary disability” defined.
     Section 257.68 ‑ “Through highway” defined.
     Section 257.69 ‑ “Traffic” defined.
     Section 257.70 ‑ “Traffic control devices” defined.
     Section 257.71 ‑ “Traffic control order” defined.
     Section 257.72 ‑ “Traffic control signal” defined.
     Section 257.73 ‑ “Trailer” defined.
     Section 257.74 ‑ “Trailer coach” defined.
     Section 257.74a ‑ "Travel trailer," "camping trailer," and "fifth wheel trailer" defined.
     Section 257.75 ‑ “Truck” defined.
     Section 257.76 ‑ “Transporter” defined.
     Section 257.77 ‑ “Truck tractor” defined.
     Section 257.78 ‑ “Used or second-hand vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.78a ‑ “Used vehicle parts dealer” or “used or secondhand vehicle parts dealer” defined.
     Section 257.79 ‑ “Vehicle” defined.
     Section 257.79a ‑ “Vehicle salvage pool” defined.
     Section 257.79b ‑ “Vehicle scrap metal processor” defined.
     Section 257.79c ‑ “Wrecker” defined.
     Section 257.79d ‑ “Work zone” defined.
     Section 257.79e ‑ "Wholesaler" defined.
     Section 257.79f ‑ "Boat lift" defined.
     Section 257.80 ‑ Tenses; definition.
     Section 257.81 ‑ Number and gender; definitions.
     Section 257.82 ‑ “Shall” and “may” defined.
300‑1949‑II ‑ CHAPTER II ADMINISTRATION, REGISTRATION, CERTIFICATE OF TITLE AND ANTI-THEFT (257.201...257.259)
     Section 257.201 ‑ Reference to “division”.
     Section 257.202 ‑ Secretary of state as exclusive state agent.
     Section 257.203 ‑ Appointment of employees.
     Section 257.203a ‑ Meaning of “commissioner” in MCL 257.301 to 257.327; effect of MCL 257.201 to 257.203a.
     Section 257.204 ‑ Administration and enforcement of act; establishment of highway patrol prohibited; rules; official seal.
     Section 257.204a ‑ Central file of individual driving records; certified copies as evidence; electronic certification; use of computer-generated certified information; persons who may receive information contained in records maintained by secretary of state.
     Section 257.204b ‑ Conviction of attempted violation; effect.
     Section 257.205 ‑ Secretary of state; office and branch offices; establishment; employees; bond; liability for loss of money; person appointed to conduct branch office; compensation and expenses.
     Section 257.206 ‑ Forms.
     Section 257.207 ‑ Administering oaths and acknowledging signatures without fee; certified copy of record; fee; evidence; electronic certification; use of computer-generated certified information.
     Section 257.207a ‑ Electronic driver license status check; request by approved agency; maintenance of written permission by organization; compliance with safeguards; fee.
     Section 257.208 ‑ Destruction of certain records; maintaining of records involving operation of commercial motor vehicles.
     Section 257.208a ‑ Availability of records to the public.
     Section 257.208b ‑ Commercial look-up service; records and information maintained by education provider or limo carrier of passengers; disposition of fees; providing file to nongovernmental person or entity; failure to provide information; fines; definitions.
     Section 257.208c ‑ Disclosure of personal information; uses.
     Section 257.208d ‑ Resale or redisclosure of personal information; duties of recipient.
     Section 257.209 ‑ Application for registration; certificate of title; operator's or other license, investigation.
     Section 257.210 ‑ Title, registration certificate, permit, license or plate; seizure; possession and custody of plate; security interest.
     Section 257.211 ‑ Synopsis, summary, or compilation of laws relating to vehicles; selling price of compilation; disposition and use of money collected.
     Section 257.212 ‑ Methods of giving notice; proof.
     Section 257.213 ‑ Officers and investigators; powers.
     Section 257.214 ‑ Badge of authority.
     Section 257.215 ‑ Vehicle unregistered or without certificate of title; operation; misdemeanor, exception.
     Section 257.216 ‑ Vehicles subject to registration and certificate of title provisions; exceptions.
     Section 257.217 ‑ Application for registration and certificate of title; out-of-state vehicle; form; fee; signature of owner; contents; leased pickup truck or vehicle; duties of dealer and person selling or leasing certain vehicles; off lease or buy back vehicle; temporary registration; copy of security agreement; service fee; imprint on back side of check or bank draft; liability for damages; perfection of security interest.
     Section 257.217.amended ‑ Application for registration and certificate of title; out-of-state vehicle; form; fee; signature of owner; contents; leased pickup truck or vehicle; duties of dealer and person selling or leasing certain vehicles; off lease or buy back vehicle; temporary registration; service fee; imprint on back side of check or bank draft; liability for damages; perfection of security interest.
     Section 257.217a ‑ Registration plate inscribed with official amateur radio call letters; application; proof; fees; issuance of plate for vehicle bearing registration issued pursuant to MCL 257.801(1)(a) or (q); use on other vehicle as misdemeanor; surrender of registration plate; submission of application; expiration date.
     Section 257.217b ‑ Moped; manufacturer's identification number.
     Section 257.217c ‑ Acquisition of salvage, distressed, or older model vehicles; issuance of salvage or scrap certificates of title; salvage vehicle inspections; sale of vehicles; notice of designation as scrap vehicle; removal of scrap vehicle from state; determination of repair and labor costs; vehicle inspection fee; “actual cash value” defined.
     Section 257.217d ‑ Special congressional medal of honor registration plate.
     Section 257.217e ‑ Certificate of title for school bus; condition to issuance.
     Section 257.217f ‑ Sale, assignment, or other disposition of vehicle for which salvage certificate of title required.
     Section 257.217g ‑ Pickup camper; manufacturer's identification number.
     Section 257.217h ‑ Liability of motor vehicle manufacturer.
     Section 257.217m, 257.217n ‑ Repealed. 2006, Act 562, Eff. Jan. 1, 2007.
     Section 257.217o ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 55, Eff. June 30, 2012.
     Section 257.218 ‑ Specially constructed, reconstructed, or foreign vehicle; application for registration; fees.
     Section 257.219 ‑ Refusal of registration, transfer of registration, certificate of title, or salvage certificate of title; grounds; temporary registration plate.
     Section 257.220 ‑ Application for original registration or certificate of title; examination of indexes and stolen car records.
     Section 257.221 ‑ Application for registration; creation and maintenance of computerized central file; records; preservation; availability.
     Section 257.222 ‑ Registration certificate and certificate of title; issuance; rebuilt, salvage, or scrap certificate of title issued by another state; delivery; manufacture; contents; coat of arms of state; conduct constituting misdemeanor; penalties; certificate of title for certain vehicles to be different in color; contents of legend.
     Section 257.222.amended ‑ Registration certificate; issuance; flood, rebuilt, salvage, or scrap certificate of title issued by another state or jurisdiction; delivery; manufacture; contents; coat of arms of state; conduct constituting misdemeanor; penalties; certificate of title for certain vehicles to be different in color; contents of legend.
     Section 257.223 ‑ Registration certificate; carrying; display; violation as civil infraction.
     Section 257.224 ‑ Registration plate; issuance; design; display; limitation on renewal; replacement; move to digital printing of registration plates; report.
     Section 257.225 ‑ Registration plate; attachment to vehicle; legibility; color; distinctive registration plates; name plate, insignia, or advertising device; limitation; historic military vehicle; violation as civil infraction.
     Section 257.226 ‑ Expiration of vehicle registration; duties of secretary of state; issuance of registration; tax; validity of certificate of title; special registration; certification; registration of trailer or semitrailer used for recreational purposes; assignment or reassignment of expiration date under international registration plan; applicability of subsection (11) after October 1, 2003; leased vehicle multiyear registration.
     Section 257.226a ‑ Temporary registration plates or markers.
     Section 257.226b ‑ Temporary registration; duration; form; fee; use of vehicle.
     Section 257.226c ‑ Reflectorized reflector plates, tabs, and stickers.
     Section 257.227 ‑ Application for renewal of vehicle registration; fee; presentation of certificate of title; waiver; proof of vehicle insurance; transmission of vehicle policy information; disclosure.
     Section 257.227a ‑ Vehicle involved in violation; renewal, replacement, or transfer of registration plate; appearance of owner or representative at branch office required; cancellation of registration; circumstances; notice and opportunity to be heard.
     Section 257.227b ‑ Repealed. 2011, Act 92, Eff. Dec. 30, 2011.
     Section 257.228 ‑ Notification of old and new addresses; violation as civil infraction.
     Section 257.229 ‑ Duplicate registration certificate, registration plate, certificate of title, or duplicate certificate of title.
     Section 257.229.amended ‑ Duplicate registration certificate, registration plate, certificate of title, or duplicate certificate of title.
     Section 257.230 ‑ Special identifying number after alteration or defacement of serial number; record.
     Section 257.230a ‑ Motorcycle without visible vehicle identification number; seizure; procedure; “person” defined.
     Section 257.231 ‑ Registration of replacement engines.
     Section 257.232 ‑ Furnishing list of information to federal, state, or local governmental agency; contract for sale of lists of driver and motor vehicle records; records maintained in bulk; surveys, marketing, or solicitations; insertion of safeguard in agreement or contract; duties of recipient of personal information; disclosure of list based on driving behavior or sanctions.
     Section 257.232a ‑ Furnishing name and address of lessee of vehicle to secretary of state or police officer.
     300‑1949‑II‑TRANSFERS‑OF‑TITLE-OR‑INTEREST ‑ TRANSFERS OF TITLE OR INTEREST (257.233...257.242a)
          Section 257.233 ‑ Transfer or assignment of title to, or interest in, registered vehicle; disposition of plates; application for new registration certificate; penalty; indorsement on certificate of title; effective date of transfer.
          Section 257.233.amended ‑ Transfer or assignment of title to, or interest in, registered vehicle; disposition of plates; application for new registration certificate; penalty; indorsement on certificate of title; effective date of transfer; submission of secured receipt.
          Section 257.233a ‑ Transfer of title or interest in vehicle; disclosure of odometer mileage.
          Section 257.233b ‑ Definitions; disclosure by dealer of damage or repair; exception; grounds for revocation.
          Section 257.234 ‑ Presentation of certificate of title and registration certificate to secretary of state; fees; issuance of new certificate of title and registration certificate; mail or delivery; repossession of license plates; payment of transfer fee; compliance with MCL 257.238.
          Section 257.235 ‑ Dealer as transferee of vehicle; requirements; duties; liability of dealer or transferee; transfer of title or interest to another dealer; duties of dealer; dealer reassignment of title form; buy back or off lease vehicle.
          Section 257.235a ‑ Licensed dealer or junk dealer purchasing vehicle for purpose of destroying or junking vehicle; acceptance and disposition of certificate of title; fee.
          Section 257.235b ‑ Possession of certificate of title by inventory lender for vehicle subject to inventory loan; written agreement; release of certificate of title by used or secondhand vehicle dealer's inventory lender; limitation; failure to release vehicle title; registration with secretary of state; applicability of section to certain licensed dealers; applicability of MCL 257.235; definitions.
          Section 257.236 ‑ Procuring title to vehicle acquired by operation of law; validity of registration upon death of owner; application for title by surviving spouse or heir; proof of death; certification; petition.
          Section 257.236a ‑ Termination of owner's interest by enforcement of security agreement; application for new certificate; certification; holding vehicle for resale; termination of owner's interest by sale pursuant to court process; issuance and contents of new certificate; outstanding certificate.
          Section 257.237 ‑ Transfer of registration; issuance of new registration certificate and certificate of title; filing surrendered certificate of title; retention of records.
          Section 257.238 ‑ Security interests in vehicle; certificate of title; assignment; termination statement.
          Section 257.238.amended ‑ Security interest in vehicle; certificate of title; assignment; termination statement; electronic transactions.
          Section 257.239 ‑ Certificate of title; failure to endorse or deliver, penalty.
          Section 257.240 ‑ Liability for use or ownership of vehicle after transfer of endorsed certificate of title; conditions; violation of subsection (2); civil infraction; fine; towing and storage fees.
          Section 257.241.added ‑ Electronic lien title system; establishment, implementation, and operation; contracts; participation of secured parties; inclusion of secured interest or other information in electronic file; execution of release; delivery; assignment of ownership by vehicle dealer; admissibility as evidence of security interest; determination of requirements by secretary of state; establishment, implementation, and operation by July 1, 2016; information to be entered beginning October 1, 2016; definitions.
          Section 257.242 ‑ Sale of vehicle for salvage.
          Section 257.242a ‑ Regrooved or recut motor vehicle or motorcycle tires; sale or possession with intent to sell prohibited; exception; misdemeanor.
     300‑1949‑II‑PERMITS‑TO‑NONRESIDENT-OWNERS ‑ PERMITS TO NONRESIDENT OWNERS (257.243...257.243)
          Section 257.243 ‑ Nonresident owner of foreign vehicle; registration; exemption; transportation for compensation; temporary permit; agent for secretary of state; pleasure vehicle; business vehicle.
     300‑1949‑II‑SPECIAL‑PLATES‑TO‑MANUFACTURERS-TRANSPORTERS‑DEALERS ‑ SPECIAL PLATES TO MANUFACTURERS, TRANSPORTERS, DEALERS (257.244... 257.247b)
          Section 257.244 ‑ Operation of vehicle by manufacturer, subcomponent system producer, manufacturer of automated technology, dealer, or transporter with special plate; unauthorized use of special plate; penalties; surety bond or insurance; number of plates; operation of vehicle with dealer plate by vendee or prospective purchaser; issuance of registration plate to move vehicle, vessel, or trailer.
          Section 257.244a ‑ Motorcycle dealer license plates; size.
          Section 257.245 ‑ General distinguishing number and special plates for manufacturer, transporter, or dealer; application; proof; issuance; duration; fee.
          Section 257.246 ‑ Special plates; expiration.
          Section 257.247 ‑ Special plates; manufacturers and transporters, record of uses; inspection by peace officers.
          Section 257.247a, 257.247b ‑ Repealed. 1992, Act 306, Eff. Mar. 31, 1993.
     300‑1949‑II‑DEALERS‑AND‑WRECKERS-MUST‑BE‑LICENSED ‑ DEALERS AND WRECKERS MUST BE LICENSED (257.248...257.251e)
          Section 257.248 ‑ Dealer license; investigation; report; bond or renewal certificate; dealer plates; stipulation as to service of process; prohibited conduct, application, and classification; expiration; conduct not requiring separate or supplemental license.
          Section 257.248a ‑ Vehicle dealer; prohibited advertising or representations; designated business hours.
          Section 257.248b ‑ Foreign salvage vehicle dealer license; form and contents of application; division of dealer licensees into quarter segments; expiration and renewal of license; investigations; stipulation as to service of process.
          Section 257.248c ‑ Sale, transfer, or release of distressed late model vehicle; applicability of subsections (1) and (3).
          Section 257.248d ‑ Wholesaler; requirements.
          Section 257.248e ‑ Salvage vehicle agent license.
          Section 257.248f ‑ Vehicle dealer or salvage vehicle agent license; criminal history check; fingerprints; disclosure of information; violation of subsection (7) as misdemeanor; "criminal history record information" defined.
          Section 257.248g ‑ Salvage vehicle agent; duties.
          Section 257.248h ‑ Persons engaged in prohibited conduct; penalties; refusal to issue or renew license; revocation or suspension of license; denial or revocation of license without hearing.
          Section 257.248i ‑ Attending pool or auction selling salvage or scrap titled vehicles.
          Section 257.248j ‑ Acting as dealer without license; warning; administrative fine; notice of assessment; actions; informal conference; administrative hearing; payment of administrative fine; reduction.
          Section 257.249 ‑ Denial, suspension, or revocation of license as dealer; grounds.
          Section 257.249a ‑ Denial, suspension, or revocation of license as automotive recycler, used or secondhand vehicle parts dealer, vehicle scrap metal processor, or foreign salvage vehicle dealer; grounds.
          Section 257.250 ‑ Vehicle dealer's licensee; procedure for denial, suspension, revocation.
          Section 257.251 ‑ Dealer records; maintenance; manner; contents; odometer mileage statement; delivery of written statement to buyer; conditions to valid sale; maintenance and inspection of dealer records and inventory; inspections; summary suspension of license; order; hearing; rules.
          Section 257.251a ‑ Copies of documents.
          Section 257.251b ‑ Renting, leasing, or furnishing motorcycle; license to operate required.
          Section 257.251c ‑ Renting, leasing, or furnishing motorcycle; duties of dealer.
          Section 257.251d ‑ Renting, leasing, or furnishing motorcycle; license to operate as condition of use by third party.
          Section 257.251e ‑ Renting, leasing, or furnishing motorcycle; motor vehicle liability policy.
     300‑1949‑II‑SPECIAL‑ANTI‑THEFT-LAWS ‑ SPECIAL ANTI-THEFT LAWS (257.252...257.254)
          Section 257.252 ‑ Reports of stolen and recovered vehicles.
          Section 257.252a ‑ Abandoned vehicle; presumption of responsibility; violation; penalty; "abandoned vehicle" defined; duties of police agency; contest by owner; hearing; request; fee; towing and storage charges; obtaining release of vehicle; public sale; inability to determine ownership of abandoned vehicle; entry into law enforcement information network.
          Section 257.252b ‑ Registered and unregistered abandoned scrap vehicles; duties of police agency; release of vehicle; certificate of title or certificate of scrapping; release form; retention of records and photographs; taking registered abandoned scrap vehicle into custody; contest by registered owner; hearing; request; obtaining release of vehicle; fee.
          Section 257.252c ‑ Repealed. 2005, Act 142, Eff. Oct. 1, 2005.
          Section 257.252d ‑ Removal of vehicle from public or private property to place of safekeeping; circumstances; arrival of owner or legally entitled person; duties of police agency; release of vehicle; entry of vehicle as abandoned.
          Section 257.252e ‑ Jurisdiction to determine propriety of police, towing agency or custodian, or private owner action; venue in district court; use of bond to pay towing or storage fees; exclusive remedies.
          Section 257.252f ‑ Filing petition; hearing; notice; burden; decision.
          Section 257.252g ‑ Manner of conducting public sale; application of money received; priority; absence of bidders; acquisition of distressed vehicle; application for salvage certificate of title; canceling entry in law enforcement information network; obtaining original bill of sale.
          Section 257.252h ‑ Abandoned vehicle fund; creation; sources of funding; investment; interest and earnings; money remaining in fund; expenditures.
          Section 257.252i ‑ Towing and storage fees.
          Section 257.252j ‑ Abandoned vehicles; number and placement of vehicles on private property.
          Section 257.252k ‑ Towing or removing vehicle without owner's consent; notice; requirements.
          Section 257.252l ‑ Applicability of MCL 257.252k.
          Section 257.252m ‑ Notification of civil fines and sanctions.
          Section 257.253 ‑ Report of stolen vehicle; filing; transferring certificate of title; record of stolen or abandoned vehicles not reported or recovered; availability; reports by other states of stolen and recovered vehicles; abandoned vehicle; notification of owner and lienholder.
          Section 257.254 ‑ False statement in application for certificate of title or in assignment of title; possession of stolen vehicle; penalties.
     300‑1949‑II‑OFFENSES‑AGAINST‑REGISTRATION-LAWS‑AND‑CANCELLATION-OF‑REGISTRATION ‑ OFFENSES AGAINST REGISTRATION LAWS AND CANCELLATION OF REGISTRATION (257.255...257.259)
          Section 257.255 ‑ Valid registration plate required; exceptions; violation of subsection (1) as civil infraction or misdemeanor; penalty; nonpayment of apportioned fee under international registration plan as misdemeanor; penalty; impoundment; towing and storage costs; care of load in vehicle; impounded vehicle subject to lien; hearing; certification of unpaid judgment; foreclosure sale.
          Section 257.256 ‑ Unlawful lending or use of certificate of title, registration certificate, registration plate, special plate, or permit; unlawful carrying or display of registration certificate or plate; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; unlawful display of registration plate on commercial vehicle.
          Section 257.257 ‑ Altering, forging, or falsifying documents; penalty.
          Section 257.257.amended ‑ Altering, forging, or falsifying documents; violation; penalty.
          Section 257.258 ‑ Registration or certificate of title; grounds for cancellation; elected gross weight violations; penalty; notice; hearing.
          Section 257.259 ‑ Evidence of registration; title; dealer or wreckers' licenses; return to state on cancellation; failure or refusal to surrender unlawful.
300‑1949‑III ‑ CHAPTER III OPERATOR'S AND CHAUFFEUR'S LICENSE (257.301...257.329)
     Section 257.301 ‑ Valid operator's or chauffeur's license required; group designation and indorsements; surrender of other valid licenses; notice; number of licenses permitted; certifying nonpossession of valid license.
     Section 257.302 ‑ Operators' and chauffeurs' licenses; persons exempt.
     Section 257.302a ‑ Reciprocal operating privileges.
     Section 257.303 ‑ Operator's or chauffeur's license; issuance; prohibitions; revocation; denial of license; multiple convictions or civil infractions; "felony in which a motor vehicle was used" defined.
     Section 257.303a ‑ Suspension, revocation, denial, disqualification, or cancellation of license by another state.
     Section 257.304 ‑ Restricted license; issuance; conditions; carrying and displaying restricted license; order; completion of DWI/sobriety court program and certificate as evidence of abstinence; "certificate" defined; imposition of license sanctions; completion of DWI/sobriety court program; disposition of driver responsibility fees; exemption from immobilization or forfeiture; applicability of section; definitions.
     Section 257.305, 257.305a ‑ Repealed. 1990, Act 188, Eff. Aug. 15, 1990.
     Section 257.306 ‑ Temporary instruction permit; operation of motor vehicle without operator's license or permit; temporary driver education certificate; motorcycle temporary instruction permit; temporary instruction permit to drive vehicle requiring vehicle group designation or vehicle group indorsement.
     Section 257.306.amended ‑ Temporary instruction permit; operation of motor vehicle without operator's license or permit; temporary driver education certificate; motorcycle temporary instruction permit; temporary instruction permit to drive vehicle requiring vehicle group designation or vehicle group indorsement.
     Section 257.307 ‑ Application for operator's or chauffeur's license; documents to be supplied to verify citizenship or identity and legal presence; manner; contents; image and signature; equipment; signature and certification; donor registry; driving record from another jurisdiction; application for original, renewal, or upgrade of vehicle group designation or indorsement; issuing renewal license by mail or other methods; information manual; disclosure or display of social security number; electronic access to donor registry; agreements with federal government; termination of license issued by another state; duties of secretary of state.
     Section 257.307a ‑ Operator or chauffeur license containing vehicle group designation; contents.
     Section 257.307b ‑ Application by male for operator's license or chauffeur's license; registration of applicant with federal selective service system.
     Section 257.308 ‑ Application of minor for operator's license; condition to approval; exception.
     Section 257.309 ‑ Examination of applicant for operator's or chauffeur's license; waiver; exception; certification of licensee applying for renewal of license by mail; examining officers; conducting examinations; report of findings and recommendations; rules; issuance of original operator's or chauffeur's license without vehicle group designation or indorsement; behind-the-wheel road test; waiver; prohibited conduct; penalty.
     Section 257.310 ‑ Operator's or chauffeur's license; issuance; applicant for motorcycle indorsement or vehicle group designation or indorsement; contents of license; fingerprint or finger image; digitized license; information; manufacture; unlawful acts; penalties; temporary driver's permit; medical data; emergency contact information; designation of patient advocate or emancipated status; duplicates of license; emergency medical information card; participation in anatomical gift donor registry.
     Section 257.310a ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 139, Eff. May 1, 1979.
     Section 257.310b ‑ Expired. 1979, Act 66, Eff. Oct. 1, 1980.
     Section 257.310c ‑ Operator's or chauffeur's license; persons not previously licensed; temporary instruction permit; exception.
     Section 257.310d ‑ Designation of license as probationary for 3 years; suspension of license or imposition of probationary terms and conditions; duration; examination; reexamination; extension of probationary period; failure to appear for reexamination; notice of reexamination; additional provisions.
     Section 257.310e ‑ Graduated licensing.
     Section 257.311 ‑ Possession of operator's or chauffeur's license or receipt when operating motor vehicle required; display; identification.
     Section 257.311a ‑ Issuance of receipt for operator's or chauffeur's license; form; approval; design; effect; expiration of receipt and license; renewal of license.
     Section 257.312 ‑ Restricted operator's or chauffeur's license; contents; expiration; suspension or revocation; violation as misdemeanor; exceptions.
     Section 257.312a ‑ Motorcycle indorsement; issuance, suspension, revocation, cancellation, or renewal; special restricted license to operate moped; requirements; expiration; duration; fees.
     Section 257.312b ‑ Motorcycle endorsement; examination; motorcycle safety course; waiver of driving skills test; 3-wheeled motorcycle; restriction; establishing and conducting driving skills test; rules; audit of motorcycle safety fund; third party motorcycle program; prohibited conduct; violation as felony.
     Section 257.312c ‑ Motorcycle endorsement; application; fee; disposition of money.
     Section 257.312d ‑ Reference to operator's or chauffeur's license as including motorcycle or vehicle indorsement or vehicle group designation.
     Section 257.312e ‑ Group commercial motor vehicle designation; tests; holder of unexpired operator's or chauffeur's license; qualifications and fees for vehicle group designation and indorsement; F vehicle indorsement; exceptions; former indorsements; requirement for certain indorsements to operate school bus; expiration; disposition of money collected under subsection (7); refund to county or municipality; compliance with MCL 257.303 and 257.319b; requirements for implementing and enforcing federal law.
     Section 257.312f ‑ Vehicle group designation or indorsement on operator's or chauffeur's license; hazardous material endorsement; age; tests; waiver; conditions prohibiting issuance of commercial learner's permit, vehicle group designation, or vehicle indorsement; cancellation; determining applicability of subsection (5); "farm related service industry" defined.
     Section 257.312g ‑ Transportation of hazardous material; hazardous material endorsement on operator's or chauffeur's license required; violation; penalty.
     Section 257.312h ‑ Vehicle group designation and indorsement on chauffeur's license; additional fees; duration of indorsement; disposition and refund of fees.
     Section 257.312i ‑ Pickup truck with fifth wheel assembly and attached semitrailer; R vehicle indorsement required; prohibition; written examination; fee; exemption.
     Section 257.313 ‑ Operator's or chauffeur's license; loss, destruction, mutilation, or illegibility; duplicate; proof.
     Section 257.314 ‑ Operator's or chauffeur's license; duration; expiration; identification of licensee less than 21; renewal; extension.
     Section 257.314a ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 139, Eff. May 1, 1979.
     Section 257.314b ‑ Repealed. 2004, Act 362, Imd. Eff. Oct. 4, 2004.
     Section 257.315 ‑ Operator's and chauffeur's license; change of address; notice; use of residence address on qualified voter file; failure to report change; violation; penalty; nonappealability.
     Section 257.316 ‑ Operator's or chauffeur's license; filing and indexing applications; records.
     Section 257.316a ‑ Repealed. 1990, Act 188, Eff. Aug. 15, 1990.
     300‑1949‑III‑CANCELLATION‑SUSPENSION-OR‑REVOCATION‑OF‑LICENSES ‑ CANCELLATION, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF LICENSES (257.317...257.323d)
          Section 257.317 ‑ Suspension or revocation of right of nonresident to operate vehicle in state; driving while privilege suspended, revoked, or denied; forwarding certified copy of record; notification to other states.
          Section 257.318 ‑ Suspension or revocation of license of person convicted or determined responsible for violation in another state.
          Section 257.319 ‑ Mandatory suspension of license; waiver; restricted license; "prior conviction" defined; 2 or more convictions.
          Section 257.319a ‑ Repealed. 2002, Act 534, Eff. Oct. 1, 2002.
          Section 257.319b ‑ Suspension or revocation of commercial learners permits or vehicle group designations on operator's or chauffeur's license; notice of conviction, bond forfeiture, civil infraction determination, violation of law, or refusal to submit to chemical test; period of suspension or revocation; denial, cancellation, or revocation of hazardous material indorsement; notice of security risk; applicability of conditions; definitions.
          Section 257.319c ‑ Providing United States department of transportation with information pertaining to operator's or chauffeur's license with vehicle group designation; notification of motor vehicle administrator or other appropriate officer.
          Section 257.319d ‑ Operation of commercial motor vehicle by person with certain alcohol content; out-of-service order; violations; penalty.
          Section 257.319e ‑ Receipt of abstract of conviction; suspension of license; waiver or restrictions; conditions; suspension of license prohibited; definitions.
          Section 257.319f ‑ Operation of commercial motor vehicle in violation of out-of-state service order; prohibition; suspension; "commercial motor vehicle" defined.
          Section 257.319g ‑ Prohibitions; violations; civil infraction.
          Section 257.320 ‑ Investigation and reexamination of person; notice; restricting, suspending, revoking, or imposing other terms and conditions on license; service of notice; suspension of license for more than 1 year prohibited; reexamination; failure to appear for scheduled reexamination; prohibited restricted license.
          Section 257.320a ‑ Recording date of conviction, civil infraction determination, or probate court disposition and number of points; interview; violation committed in another state.
          Section 257.320b ‑ Driver safety school; establishment; supervision; courses; referrals; voluntary attendance; staying imposition of sentence; fee; approval of school.
          Section 257.320c ‑ Issuance of license after suspension or revocation; examination; qualifications; exception.
          Section 257.320d ‑ Basic driver improvement course; eligibility; database; use; fees; basic driver improvement course fund; study; report; approval of basic driver improvement course sponsors; security bond; surety; prohibited acts or practices; sanctions; "approved sponsor" defined.
          Section 257.320e ‑ Payment of reinstatement fee for suspended, revoked, or restricted operator's or chauffeur's license; waiver of fee; assessment of points and licensing action by secretary of state; judicial review of administrative licensing sanction.
          Section 257.321 ‑ Surrender of license; replacement.
          Section 257.321a ‑ Failure to answer citation or notice to appear in court; failure to comply with order or judgment; misdemeanor; notice and duration of suspension; exceptions; effect of failure to appear; giving copy of information transmitted to secretary of state to person; driver license reinstatement fees; failure to answer out-state citation, comply with out-state order or judgment, or appear in court or administrative tribunal under MCL 257.732.
          Section 257.321b ‑ Suspended or revoked license; destruction.
          Section 257.321c ‑ Notification by friend of the court of failure to appear for hearing, comply with repayment plan order, or respond to license suspension notice; duty of secretary of state to suspend operator's or chauffeur's license; duration; reinstatement; transmission of fees; amounts.
          Section 257.322 ‑ Hearing officer; appointment; powers and duties as to appeals from final determination of secretary of state.
          Section 257.322a ‑ Ignition interlock device; removal; issuance of order required.
          Section 257.323 ‑ Denial, revocation, suspension, or restriction of license vehicle group designation or indorsement; final determination; petition for review of determination; order setting cause for hearing; service of order, petition, and affidavits on secretary of state's office; testimony and examination; order affirming, modifying, or setting aside restriction, suspension, or denial.
          Section 257.323a ‑ Petition for order staying revocation or suspension of license; ex parte order; provisions inapplicable to violation of financial responsibility act.
          Section 257.323b ‑ Cancellation of minor's license.
          Section 257.323c ‑ Restricted license; issuance by circuit court; limitations; exceptions; condition.
          Section 257.323d ‑ Drug case information management fund; creation; purpose; expenditure; crediting and investing money; reversion; distribution of amounts by state court administrator; reimbursement of costs.
     300‑1949‑III‑VIOLATION‑OF‑LICENSE-PROVISIONS ‑ VIOLATION OF LICENSE PROVISIONS (257.324...257.329)
          Section 257.324 ‑ Prohibited conduct; void or canceled license.
          Section 257.325 ‑ Causing or permitting unlicensed minor to drive.
          Section 257.326 ‑ Operation of vehicle in violation of act; owner's permission prohibited.
          Section 257.327 ‑ Unlicensed chauffeur; employment prohibited.
          Section 257.328 ‑ Producing evidence of motor vehicle insurance upon request of police officer; violation as civil infraction; certificate of insurance as prima facie evidence that insurance in force; contents; presentation of proof of insurance to court; civil infraction determination; surrendering license unless proof of insurance submitted to court; suspension of license by secretary of state; order; fee; renewal, transfer, or replacement of registration plate; producing false evidence as misdemeanor; penalty; points; section inapplicable to owner or operator of motor vehicle registered in other state or foreign country or province.
          Section 257.329 ‑ Possessing, selling, or offering for sale a stolen, false, or counterfeit certificate of insurance; penalty.
300‑1949‑IV ‑ CHAPTER IV CIVIL LIABILITY ACT (257.401...257.404)
     300‑1949‑IV‑CIVIL‑LIABILITY‑OF-OWNERS‑AND‑OPERATORS‑OF‑MOTOR-VEHICLES ‑ CIVIL LIABILITY OF OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF MOTOR VEHICLES (257.401...257.404)
          Section 257.401 ‑ Civil actions; liability of owner; liability of lessor; construction of subsections (3) and (4); “motor vehicle” defined; liability for off lease vehicle.
          Section 257.401a ‑ “Owner” defined.
          Section 257.402 ‑ Rear end collision; prima facie evidence of negligence.
          Section 257.403 ‑ Nonresident vehicle operators; service of process, manner, record; service upon defendant, certification; taxable costs; application of section.
          Section 257.403a ‑ Nonresident; definition.
          Section 257.404 ‑ Service of process; place.
300‑1949‑V ‑ CHAPTER V FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ACT (257.501...257.532)
     300‑1949‑V‑ADMINISTRATION ‑ ADMINISTRATION (257.501...257.502a)
          Section 257.501 ‑ Financial responsibility act; administration, rules and regulations.
          Section 257.502 ‑ Operating record; certified abstract inadmissible as evidence.
          Section 257.502a ‑ Proof of compliance with laws of another state.
     300‑1949‑V‑WRITTEN‑REPORTS‑OF‑ACCIDENTS ‑ WRITTEN REPORTS OF ACCIDENTS (257.503...257.503c)
          Section 257.503 ‑ Access to motor vehicle accident report; prohibitions; violation; penalty; definitions.
          Section 257.503a‑257.503c ‑ Repealed. 1971, Act 67, Eff. Oct. 1, 1971.
     300‑1949‑V‑SECURITY‑FOLLOWING‑ACCIDENT ‑ SECURITY FOLLOWING ACCIDENT (257.504...257.510)
          Section 257.504 ‑ Repealed. 1971, Act 138, Eff. Oct. 1, 1971.
          Section 257.504a‑257.510 ‑ Repealed. 1971, Act 67, Eff. Oct. 1, 1971.
     300‑1949‑V‑PROOF‑OF‑FINANCIAL‑RESPONSIBILITY-FOR‑THE‑FUTURE ‑ PROOF OF FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE FUTURE (257.511...257.528)
          Section 257.511 ‑ Nonpayment of judgment; certification to secretary of state; nonresidents.
          Section 257.512 ‑ Nonpayment of judgment; suspension of registration and nonresident's operating privilege.
          Section 257.512a ‑ Nonpayment of judgment; finding as to insurer, effect.
          Section 257.513 ‑ Duration of suspension of license, registration, and nonresident's operating privilege; satisfaction of judgment.
          Section 257.514 ‑ When judgments deemed satisfied.
          Section 257.515 ‑ Installment payment of judgment; default.
          Section 257.515a ‑ Restoration of license or registration after nonpayment of installment; limitation.
          Section 257.516 ‑ Repealed. 1976, Act 101, Imd. Eff. Apr. 27, 1976.
          Section 257.517 ‑ Proof of financial responsibility; alternative methods.
          Section 257.518 ‑ Proof of financial responsibility; certificate of insurance.
          Section 257.519 ‑ Proof of financial responsibility; nonresident, compliance of insurance carrier.
          Section 257.520 ‑ Motor vehicle liability policy; definition; contents; coverage; limits; conditions; excess or additional coverage; reimbursement; proration; binder or indorsement.
          Section 257.521 ‑ Motor vehicle liability policy; notice of termination.
          Section 257.522 ‑ Automobile insurance policies unaffected by chapter.
          Section 257.523 ‑ Bond as proof of financial responsibility; satisfaction of judgment.
          Section 257.524 ‑ Money or securities as proof.
          Section 257.525 ‑ Owners' proof for others.
          Section 257.526 ‑ Substitution of proof.
          Section 257.527 ‑ Other proof required.
          Section 257.528 ‑ Cancellation of bond or certificate of insurance, returning money or securities deposited as proof of financial responsibility, or waiving requirement of filing proof; conditions; certification; refusal of application by person whose proof is cancelled or returned; reestablishment of proof.
     300‑1949‑V‑VIOLATION‑OF‑PROVISIONS-OF‑ACT ‑ VIOLATION OF PROVISIONS OF ACT (257.529...257.530)
          Section 257.529 ‑ Transfer of registration.
          Section 257.530 ‑ Surrender of license and registration upon suspension or for lack of sufficient proof.
     300‑1949‑V‑GENERAL‑PROVISIONS ‑ GENERAL PROVISIONS (257.531...257.532)
          Section 257.531 ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 204, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013.
          Section 257.532 ‑ Availability of other security.
300‑1949‑VI ‑ CHAPTER VI OBEDIENCE TO AND EFFECT OF TRAFFIC LAWS (257.601...257.750)
     Section 257.601 ‑ Applicability of chapter to operations on highways; exceptions.
     Section 257.601a ‑ Private road open to general public; contract.
     Section 257.601b ‑ Moving violation in work zone, emergency scene, school zone, or school bus zone; penalties; exceptions; definitions.
     Section 257.601c ‑ Moving violation causing injury or death to person operating implement of husbandry on highway.
     Section 257.601d ‑ Person who commits moving violation causing death of another person or serious impairment of body function; other violations; "moving violation" defined.
     Section 257.602 ‑ Compliance with order or direction of police officer.
     Section 257.602a ‑ Failure to stop at signal of police or conservation officer; penalty; subsection (1) inapplicable unless officer in uniform and vehicle identified; violation of subsection (1) as felony; conviction for conduct arising out of same transaction; “serious injury” defined.
     Section 257.602b ‑ Reading, typing, or sending text message on wireless 2-way communication device prohibited; use of hand-held mobile telephone prohibited; exceptions; "use a hand-held mobile telephone" defined; violation as civil infraction; fine; local ordinances superseded.
     Section 257.602c ‑ Individual issued level 1 or 2 graduated license; use of cellular telephone prohibited; exceptions; violation as civil infraction; local ordinance; section known and cited as "Kelsey's Law."
     Section 257.603 ‑ Applicability of chapter to government vehicles; exemption of authorized emergency vehicles; conditions; exemption of police vehicles not sounding audible signal; exemption of persons, vehicles, and equipment working on surface of highway.
     Section 257.604 ‑ Riding animal or driving animal-drawn vehicle on roadway; rights and duties.
     Section 257.605 ‑ Applicability and uniformity of provisions; local laws and regulations; payment and allocation of civil fines; issuance of more than 1 citation; equipment violations; "local law" defined.
     Section 257.606 ‑ Regulation of streets or highways under jurisdiction of local authority and within reasonable exercise of police power; stop sign or traffic control device requiring state trunk line highway traffic to stop; approval; posting signs giving notice of local traffic regulations; providing by ordinance for impounding of motor vehicle parked contrary to local ordinance; bond or cash deposit.
     Section 257.606a ‑ Maintenance of highway by state or local government; duty; immunity from tort liability; exception.
     Section 257.607 ‑ Realty owners' regulation of traffic on private property.
     300‑1949‑VI‑TRAFFIC‑SIGNS‑SIGNALS-AND‑MARKINGS ‑ TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS (257.608...257.616a)
          Section 257.608 ‑ Uniform system of traffic-control devices; manual.
          Section 257.609 ‑ Traffic-control devices; placement and maintenance; restrictions; county road commission, permission, costs.
          Section 257.610 ‑ Traffic control devices; placement and maintenance by local authorities and county road commissions; compliance with state manual and specifications; noncompliance with statutory provisions; sale, purchase, or manufacture of devices.
          Section 257.611 ‑ Traffic control devices; obedience required; exception; avoiding obedience by driving on public or private property; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.611a ‑ Direction of traffic in work zone; conditions; failure to comply; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.612 ‑ Traffic control signals; location; red arrow and yellow arrow indications; colors; traffic control signal at place other than intersection; stopping at sign, marking, or signal; violation of subsection (1) or (2) as civil infraction; approaching person using wheelchair or device to aid walking; violation of subsection (4) as misdemeanor; location of sign prohibiting turn on red signal; additional sign.
          Section 257.613 ‑ Applicability of regular traffic control signals to pedestrians; special pedestrian control signals; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.613a ‑ School crossings; establishment; basis; determination; notice; erection of school crossing signs.
          Section 257.613b ‑ School crossing guard; stationing; time period; color and design of outer vest; stopping vehicular traffic with hand held stop sign; authority.
          Section 257.613c ‑ School crossing guard; responsibility of local law enforcement agency; instruction required; approval and conduct of courses.
          Section 257.613d ‑ Failure to stop for school crossing guard holding stop sign in upright position; misdemeanor; presumption.
          Section 257.614 ‑ Flashing red or yellow signals; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.615 ‑ Signs or lights resembling traffic-control devices or emergency vehicles; commercial advertising on traffic signs; prohibition; public nuisance; removal; placement of street decorations and banners.
          Section 257.616 ‑ Traffic-control devices or railroad signs or signals; interference prohibited.
          Section 257.616a ‑ Portable signal preemptive device; prohibitions; penalties; exceptions; definitions.
     300‑1949‑VI‑ACCIDENTS ‑ ACCIDENTS (257.617...257.624b)
          Section 257.617 ‑ Accident resulting in serious impairment of body function or death; stopping required; reporting to police agency or officer; violation as felony; penalty.
          Section 257.617a ‑ Accident; personal injury; reporting to police agency or officer; stopping required; penalty; suspension of license.
          Section 257.618 ‑ Accidents; damage to vehicles; stopping required; reporting to police agency or officer; penalty.
          Section 257.618a ‑ Vehicle accident; removal from main traveled portion of roadway; conditions; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.618a.amended ‑ Vehicle accident; removal from main traveled portion of roadway; conditions; violation of subsection (1) as civil infraction; removal by law enforcement agency, public agency, or department; liability; "gross negligence" defined; reimbursement.
          Section 257.619 ‑ Accidents; duties of driver.
          Section 257.620 ‑ Accidents; attended or unattended vehicle; stopping; report.
          Section 257.620b ‑ "High-occupancy vehicle" or "HOV" defined.
          Section 257.620c ‑ "High-occupancy vehicle lane" or "HOV lane" defined.
          Section 257.621 ‑ Accidents; fixtures on or adjacent to highway; notification of owner; exhibition of driver's license; reports.
          Section 257.622 ‑ Report of accidents resulting in death, personal injury, or property damage; forms; analysis; use; retention.
          Section 257.622a ‑ Ignition interlock device; installation included in crash report.
          Section 257.623 ‑ Accidents; reports by garagekeepers or repairmen.
          Section 257.624 ‑ Report not available for use in court action; purpose of report; authorization and purpose of scientific studies and research; use of data; disclosures; liability; penalty.
          Section 257.624a ‑ Transportation or possession of alcoholic liquor in container open or uncapped or upon which seal broken; violation as misdemeanor; exception; definitions.
          Section 257.624b ‑ Transport or possession of alcoholic liquor by person less than 21 years of age.
     300‑1949‑VI‑DRIVING‑WHILE‑INTOXICATED-AND‑RECKLESS‑DRIVING ‑ DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED, AND RECKLESS DRIVING (257.625...257.626c)
          Section 257.625 ‑ Operating motor vehicle while intoxicated; "operating while intoxicated" defined; operating motor vehicle when visibly impaired; penalties for causing death or serious impairment of a body function; operation of motor vehicle by person less than 21 years of age; requirements; controlled substance; costs; enhanced sentence; guilty plea or nolo contendere; establishment of prior conviction; special verdict; public record; burden of proving religious service or ceremony; ignition interlock device; definitions; prior conviction; violations arising out of same transaction.
          Section 257.625a ‑ Arrest without warrant; circumstances; preliminary chemical breath analysis; provisions; operator ordered out-of-service; refusal of commercial motor vehicle operator to submit to breath analysis as misdemeanor; provisions applicable to chemical tests and analysis; evidence; availability of test results; admissibility of refusal to submit to chemical test.
          Section 257.625a.amended ‑ Arrest without warrant; circumstances; preliminary roadside analysis; provisions; person ordered out-of-service; refusal of commercial motor vehicle operator to submit to roadside analysis as misdemeanor; provisions applicable to chemical tests and analysis; evidence; availability of test results; admissibility of refusal to submit to chemical test; definitions.
          Section 257.625b ‑ Arraignment of person arrested for misdemeanor violation; pretrial conference; advising accused of maximum penalty before acceptance of plea; screening, assessment, and rehabilitative services; action by secretary of state pending appeal.
          Section 257.625c ‑ Consent to chemical tests; persons not considered to have given consent to withdrawal of blood; administration of tests.
          Section 257.625c.amended ‑ Consent to chemical tests; persons not considered to have given consent to withdrawal of blood; administration of tests; definitions.
          Section 257.625d ‑ Refusal to submit to chemical test; court order; report to secretary of state; form.
          Section 257.625d.amended ‑ Refusal to submit to chemical test; court order; report to secretary of state; form.
          Section 257.625e ‑ Refusal to submit to chemical test pursuant to MCL 257.625d; request for hearing; notice.
          Section 257.625f ‑ Effect of failure to request hearing; hearing procedure; notice; authority of hearing officer; scope of hearing; finding; record; licensing sanctions; judicial review; notice to motor vehicle administrator of another state.
          Section 257.625g ‑ Duties of peace officer if person refuses chemical test or if test reveals unlawful alcohol content; test results; duration of temporary license or permit; “unlawful alcohol content” defined.
          Section 257.625g.amended ‑ Duties of peace officer if person refuses chemical test or if test reveals unlawful alcohol content or presence of controlled substance or other intoxicating substance; test results; duration of temporary license or permit; definitions.
          Section 257.625h ‑ Drunk driving prevention equipment and training fund; drunk driving caseflow assistance fund.
          Section 257.625i ‑ Michigan annual drunk driving audit; preparation; contents; report; evaluation of 1998 legislation.
          Section 257.625j ‑ Repealed. 1991, Act 98, Eff. Jan. 1, 1992.
          Section 257.625k ‑ Ignition interlock device; approval; certification; list of manufacturers; rules; cost; notice to department by certifying laboratory; unlawful conduct; penalties.
          Section 257.625l ‑ Ignition interlock device; warning label; prohibited conduct; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; impoundment of motor vehicle; liability; insurance; servicing.
          Section 257.625m ‑ Operation of commercial motor vehicle by person with certain alcohol content; arrest without warrant; violation as misdemeanor or felony; sentence; suspension prohibited; prior conviction.
          Section 257.625n ‑ Forfeiture of vehicle or return to lessor.
          Section 257.625o ‑ Ignition interlock device; sale, lease, or installation in vehicle; surety bond.
          Section 257.626 ‑ Reckless driving on highway, frozen public lake, or parking place; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.
          Section 257.626a ‑ Drag races; prohibition on public highways; definition; prima facie evidence.
          Section 257.626b ‑ Careless or negligent operation of vehicle as civil infraction.
          Section 257.626c ‑ Repealed. 2008, Act 463, Eff. Oct. 31, 2010.
     300‑1949‑VI‑SPEED‑RESTRICTIONS ‑ SPEED RESTRICTIONS (257.627...257.633)
          Section 257.627 ‑ Speed limitations.
          Section 257.627a ‑ "Regularly scheduled school session," "school," and "school zone" defined; prima facie speed limit in school zone; signs; applicability of section to walkway; location of school; school in session year-round.
          Section 257.627b ‑ Repealed. 2006, Act 85, Eff. Nov. 9, 2006.
          Section 257.628 ‑ Maximum or minimum speed limits; determination; petition by township board; speed control signs, signals, or devices; public record as evidence; violation as civil infraction; absolute speed limits.
          Section 257.628a ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 28, Imd. Eff. Mar. 2, 1974.
          Section 257.629 ‑ Prima facie speed limits; establishment; limitations; signs; civil infraction; “local authority” defined.
          Section 257.629a ‑ County traffic safety organization; creation, appropriation.
          Section 257.629b ‑ Reduction of maximum speed limit; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.629c ‑ Points and minimum fine; schedule; applicability of subsection (1).
          Section 257.629d ‑ Repealed. 2006, Act 231, Eff. Sept. 24, 2006.
          Section 257.629e ‑ Levy, transmittal, and disposition of assessments; annual report; highway safety fund, jail reimbursement program fund, secondary road patrol and training fund; creation; administration; use of money collected; annual report.
          Section 257.630 ‑ Repealed. 1976, Act 439, Imd. Eff. Jan. 13, 1977.
          Section 257.631 ‑ Public bridge, causeway, or viaduct; maximum speed, load, or gross weight; violation as civil infraction; assessment of civil fine; exceptions; determination of civil fine; determination of gross weight; investigation; signs; evidence.
          Section 257.632 ‑ Exemption from speed limitations; police vehicles, fire department or fire patrol vehicles, and ambulances; conditions.
          Section 257.633 ‑ Violation of speed regulation; specifications in complaint, citation, summons, or notice; burden of proof.
     300‑1949‑VI‑DRIVING‑ON‑RIGHT‑SIDE-OF‑ROADWAY—OVERTAKING‑AND‑PASSING-ETC. ‑ DRIVING ON RIGHT SIDE OF ROADWAY—OVERTAKING AND PASSING, ETC. (257.634...257.646)
          Section 257.634 ‑ Driving on right half of roadway; exceptions; driving on roadway having 2 or more lanes for travel in 1 direction; traveling on freeway having 3 or more lanes for travel in same direction; ordinance regulating same subject matter prohibited; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.635 ‑ Passing vehicle proceeding in opposite direction; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.636 ‑ Overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in same direction; limitations, exceptions, and special rules; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.637 ‑ Overtaking and passing on right of another vehicle; conditions; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.638 ‑ Overtaking and passing on left of another vehicle; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.639 ‑ Driving to left side of roadway; limitations; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.640 ‑ No-passing zones; determination; signs or markings; traffic control devices; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.641 ‑ Designating 1-way traffic; signs; driving to right of rotary traffic island; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.642 ‑ Roadway divided into 2 or more marked lanes; applicable rules; designation as HOV lane; restrictions; exceptions; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.643 ‑ Distance between vehicles; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.643a ‑ Leaving space between trucks or truck tractors; passing; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.644 ‑ Driving on highway divided into 2 roadways; parking or driving on dividing space, barrier, or section; use of crossovers on limited access highways; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.645 ‑ Driving onto or from limited access roadway; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.646 ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 277, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967.
     300‑1949‑VI‑TURNING‑AND‑STARTING-AND‑SIGNALS‑ON‑STOPPING‑AND-TURNING ‑ TURNING AND STARTING AND SIGNALS ON STOPPING AND TURNING (257.647...257.648)
          Section 257.647 ‑ Turning at intersection; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.648 ‑ Operation of vehicle or bicycle; signals for stopping or turning; signal lamp or mechanical signal device on commercial motor vehicle; violation as civil infraction.
     300‑1949‑VI‑RIGHT‑OF‑WAY ‑ RIGHT-OF-WAY (257.649...257.655)
          Section 257.649 ‑ Right-of-way; rules; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.650 ‑ Right-of-way; turning left at intersection; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.651 ‑ State trunk line highways; preference at intersections; stop, yield or merge signs.
          Section 257.652 ‑ Stopping before entering or crossing highway from alley, private road, or driveway; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.653 ‑ Immediate approach of authorized emergency vehicle; duty of driver of another vehicle; duty of streetcar operator; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.653a ‑ Stationary emergency vehicle giving visual signal; duty of approaching vehicle to exhibit due care and caution; violation; penalty.
          Section 257.653b ‑ Approaching and passing stationary solid waste collection vehicle, utility service vehicle, or road maintenance vehicle; reduction and maintenance of safe speed; definitions.
          Section 257.654 ‑ Vehicles forming part of funeral procession; right-of-way; flags; passing through funeral procession with vehicle as civil infraction.
          Section 257.655 ‑ Pedestrians on highways; violation as civil infraction.
     300‑1949‑VI‑OPERATION‑OF‑BICYCLES-MOTORCYCLES‑AND‑TOY‑VEHICLES ‑ OPERATION OF BICYCLES, MOTORCYCLES AND TOY VEHICLES (257.656...257.662)
          Section 257.656 ‑ Violations of MCL 257.656 to 257.661a as civil infractions; duty of parent or guardian; regulations applicable to bicycles and motorcycles.
          Section 257.657 ‑ Rights and duties of persons riding bicycle, electric personal assistive mobility device, or moped or operating low-speed vehicle.
          Section 257.658 ‑ Riding on seat of bicycle, motorcycle, moped, or electric personal assistive mobility device; number of persons; wearing of crash helmet; conditions; rules; requirements for autocycle.
          Section 257.658a ‑ Seats and foot rests; requirements; exception; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.658b ‑ Crash helmet required; exception.
          Section 257.659 ‑ Riding while attached to streetcar or vehicle.
          Section 257.660 ‑ Electric personal assistive mobility device, low-speed vehicle, or moped; operation; limitations; applicability to police officer; regulation by local government; prohibitions; regulation by department of natural resources.
          Section 257.660a ‑ Operation of bicycle upon highway or street; riding close to right-hand curb or edge of roadway; exceptions.
          Section 257.660b ‑ Operation of bicycle upon highway or street; riding more than 2 abreast.
          Section 257.660c ‑ Operation of bicycle upon sidewalk or pedestrian crosswalk.
          Section 257.660d ‑ Parking bicycle on sidewalk, highway, or street.
          Section 257.661 ‑ Carrying package, bundle, or article on bicycle, electric personal assistive mobility device, moped, or motorcycle.
          Section 257.661a ‑ Handlebars of motorcycle or moped.
          Section 257.662 ‑ Bicycles or electric personal assistive mobility device; equipment; violation as civil infraction.
     300‑1949‑VI‑AUTOMATED‑VEHICLES ‑ AUTOMATED VEHICLES (257.663...257.666)
          Section 257.663 ‑ Operation of automated motor vehicle prohibited; exception.
          Section 257.664 ‑ Repealed. 2000, Act 126, Imd. Eff. May 30, 2000.
          Section 257.665 ‑ Research or testing of automated motor vehicle; proof of insurance; existence of certain circumstances; report.
          Section 257.666 ‑ Violation; civil infraction; other violations arising from same transaction.
     300‑1949‑VI‑SPECIAL‑STOPS‑REQUIRED ‑ SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED (257.667...257.671)
          Section 257.667 ‑ Stopping at railroad grade crossing; driving through, around, or under crossing gate or barrier; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.667a ‑ Installation and use of unmanned traffic monitoring devices at railroad grade crossing; civil infraction; evidence; diagnostic study team review required where fatality at public railroad grade crossing; exception.
          Section 257.668 ‑ Designating certain grade crossings as “stop” crossings or “yield” crossings; signs; duties of driver; cost of yield sign installations; action for negligence; failure to stop or yield as civil infraction.
          Section 257.669 ‑ Certain vehicles to stop at railroad track grade crossing; driver to listen and look in both directions; shifting gears prohibited; exceptions; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.669a ‑ Federal motor carrier safety regulations; adoption; transportation of persons and property over railroad-highway grade crossings.
          Section 257.670 ‑ Operating or moving certain vehicles or equipment upon or across steam railroad tracks at grade level; notice of intended crossing; stopping, listening, and looking; warning; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.671 ‑ Designation of through highways; designation of stop, yield, or merge intersections; stop, yield, or merge signs; violation as civil infraction.
     300‑1949‑VI‑STOPPING‑STANDING‑AND-PARKING ‑ STOPPING, STANDING AND PARKING (257.672...257.675d)
          Section 257.672 ‑ Stopping, parking or leaving vehicle upon paved or main traveled part of highway or upon paved or unpaved part of limited access highway; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.673 ‑ Removal of illegally stopped vehicles; costs.
          Section 257.674 ‑ Prohibited parking; exceptions; bus loading zone; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.674a ‑ Clear vision areas; parking and commercial enterprises prohibited; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.675 ‑ Stopping, standing, or parking of vehicle; requirements; signs; traffic control orders as rules; hearing; use of windshield placard by disabled person; courtesy required; free parking sticker; display; confiscation; false statement, deception, or fraud as misdemeanor; penalty; violation as civil infraction; cancellation, revocation, or suspension; driver's, chauffeur's, or state personal identification card number; signature of physician, physician assistant, or certified nurse practitioner; third party reimbursement or worker's compensation.
          Section 257.675a ‑ Unlawful standing or parked vehicle; proof; presumption.
          Section 257.675b ‑ Unlawful standing or parked leased or rented motor vehicle; liability proof; information to be provided by owner; definitions.
          Section 257.675c ‑ Stopping, standing, or parking violations; registered owner as person prima facie responsible for violation; affirmative defense; civil action; written indemnification agreement; applicability of subsection (3) to leased vehicle; issuing citation to operator.
          Section 257.675d ‑ Authorizing and utilizing persons other than police officers to issue citations; violations; training program; definitions.
     300‑1949‑VI‑MISCELLANEOUS‑RULES ‑ MISCELLANEOUS RULES (257.676...257.682c)
          Section 257.676 ‑ Unattended vehicle; setting brakes, stopping motor, placing in park, and turning front wheels; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.676a ‑ Sale or display for sale of produce or merchandise within right-of-way of highway; civil infraction; issuance of permit; conditions; exceptions; logo signage; disposition of revenue.
          Section 257.676b ‑ Interference with normal flow of vehicular or pedestrian traffic prohibited; exception; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.676c.added ‑ Scene of motor vehicle accident or disabled vehicle; business solicitation by wrecker, recovery, or towing service; prohibition; violation; civil fine; exception; request by owner or operator of motor vehicle.
          Section 257.676d.added ‑ Contract between local unit of government and wrecker, recovery, or towing service.
          Section 257.677 ‑ Interference with view or control of driver or operation; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.677a ‑ Obstruction of safety vision by removal or deposit of snow, ice, or slush prohibited.
          Section 257.678 ‑ Coasting prohibited; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.679 ‑ Following or parking within certain distance of fire apparatus; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.679a ‑ Limited access highway; pedestrians and certain vehicles prohibited; bicycles permitted on paths; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.680 ‑ Driving over unprotected fire hose; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.681 ‑ Bus; fire extinguisher required.
          Section 257.682 ‑ Stopping for school bus displaying flashing red lights; violation as civil infraction; meeting stopped school bus on divided highway; proof; rebuttable presumption; community service.
          Section 257.682a ‑ Device causing emission of flame or smoke from vehicle; civil infraction.
          Section 257.682b ‑ Permitting person under 18 to ride in open bed of pickup truck prohibited; exceptions; civil infraction.
          Section 257.682c ‑ Operation of commercial snow removal vehicle; yellow or amber light required; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; definitions.
     300‑1949‑VI‑EQUIPMENT ‑ EQUIPMENT (257.683... 257.714b)
          Section 257.683 ‑ Driving or moving vehicle in unsafe condition; condition and adjustment of parts and equipment; stopping and inspecting vehicle; citation; training requirements as motor carrier enforcement officer; additional parts and accessories; exceptions; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.684 ‑ Head lamps; lighting, distance, height.
          Section 257.684a ‑ Implement of husbandry; sale; requirements; posting standards.
          Section 257.685 ‑ Head lamps; number; modulator; height; auxiliary, spot, or other lamp; exemption.
          Section 257.686 ‑ Rear lamps; exemption; requirements for implement of husbandry; pickup camper.
          Section 257.687 ‑ Special lamps for passenger buses, trucks and trailers.
          Section 257.688 ‑ Additional lights or reflectors on vehicles.
          Section 257.689 ‑ Clearance and marker lamps and reflectors; color.
          Section 257.690 ‑ Reflectors, clearance lamps, and side marker lamps; mounting.
          Section 257.691 ‑ Clearance and marker lamps and reflectors; visibility.
          Section 257.692 ‑ Combination vehicles; obstructed lights, lighting requirements.
          Section 257.693 ‑ Lamp or flag on projecting load.
          Section 257.694 ‑ Parked vehicles; lighting.
          Section 257.695 ‑ Minimum lighting for all vehicles.
          Section 257.696 ‑ Spot lamps; fog lamps.
          Section 257.697 ‑ Signal lamps or devices; exemption.
          Section 257.697a ‑ Sale or operation of certain vehicles unlawful; exception.
          Section 257.697b ‑ Rear stop lamps.
          Section 257.698 ‑ Side cowl or fender lamps; running board courtesy lamp; backing lights; lamp or reflector; flashing, oscillating, or rotating lights; private motor vehicle of security guard agency or alarm company; use of lights authorized or required under MCL 257.697, 257.697a, and 257.698a; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.698a ‑ Vehicular traffic hazard; front and rear warning lamps.
          Section 257.699 ‑ Multiple beam road lighting equipment; requirements and limitations.
          Section 257.700 ‑ Multiple-beam road lighting equipment; oncoming traffic; intensity.
          Section 257.701 ‑ Single-beam road-lighting equipment; intensity.
          Section 257.702 ‑ Head lamps on mopeds; single beam or multiple beam type; requirements and limitations.
          Section 257.703 ‑ Slow-moving vehicles; reduced lighting power.
          Section 257.704 ‑ Special restriction as to direction of certain lights.
          Section 257.705 ‑ Brake equipment.
          Section 257.705a ‑ Brake fluid specifications.
          Section 257.706 ‑ Horn or other warning device; siren, whistle, air horn, or bell; theft alarm signal device.
          Section 257.707 ‑ Muffler, engine, power mechanism, and exhaust system; requirements; prohibitions.
          Section 257.707a ‑ Definitions used in MCL 257.707a to 257.707e.
          Section 257.707b ‑ Exhaust system; requirements.
          Section 257.707c ‑ Noise limitations; prohibitions.
          Section 257.707d ‑ Violations; penalties; liability; prima facie evidence.
          Section 257.707e ‑ Test instrumentation and procedures; rules; local vehicle noise rules.
          Section 257.707f ‑ Appropriation.
          Section 257.708 ‑ Mirrors.
          Section 257.708a ‑ Windshields; goggles, eyeglasses, or face shields.
          Section 257.708b ‑ Operating motor vehicle with television or similar electronic device viewable by operator prohibited; exceptions; location of permitted visual device; special permit for research vehicle; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.709 ‑ Windshields and windows; prohibitions; rearview mirrors; exceptions; windshield wipers; exemption; hot air windshield defroster or electrically heated windshield or other device; windshield device; definitions.
          Section 257.710 ‑ Tires; studs or other traction devices; rules; exceptions; use or sale of unsafe tires prohibited.
          Section 257.710a ‑ Safety belts and restraining devices; standards, rules and regulations.
          Section 257.710b ‑ Safety belts; bolts and brackets.
          Section 257.710c ‑ Bumpers; height limitations; lift blocks; prohibited modifications; construction of section; applicability; definitions.
          Section 257.710d ‑ Child restraint system required; position; exceptions; violation as civil infraction; points; abstract; exemption by rules; alternate means of protection.
          Section 257.710e ‑ Safety belt required; driver or passenger to which section inapplicable; transporting child 4 years of age but less than 16 years of age; enforcement of section; violation as evidence of negligence; reduction of recovery for damages; violation as civil infraction; reports of police harassment; effect of primary enforcement; report of findings; intent; assessment of points prohibited.
          Section 257.710f ‑ Adoption of program to encourage compliance.
          Section 257.710g ‑ Child car seat safety grant program; establishment.
          Section 257.711 ‑ Safety glass required; safety plastic on buses; “safety glass” defined; penalties.
          Section 257.711a ‑ Repealed. 1990, Act 188, Eff. Aug. 15, 1990.
          Section 257.712, 257.713 ‑ Repealed. 2002, Act 282, Imd. Eff. May 9, 2002.
          Section 257.714 ‑ Repealed. 1980, Act 487, Imd. Eff. Jan. 21, 1981.
          Section 257.714a, 257.714b ‑ Repealed. 2005, Act 179, Imd. Eff. Oct. 20, 2005.
     300‑1949‑VI‑INSPECTION‑OF‑VEHICLES ‑ INSPECTION OF VEHICLES (257.715...257.715a)
          Section 257.715 ‑ Maintenance of equipment on vehicles; stopping and inspecting vehicles; citation for defects in equipment; inspection of vehicles involved in accident; temporary vehicle check lanes.
          Section 257.715a ‑ Inspection of certain school buses, buses, or other motor vehicles with seating capacity of 12 or more; delegation of inspection; rules.
     300‑1949‑VI‑SIZE‑WEIGHT‑AND‑LOAD ‑ SIZE, WEIGHT AND LOAD (257.716...257.750)
          Section 257.716 ‑ Exceeding size and weight limitations as misdemeanor; exceptions; rules; operation of wrecker, disabled vehicle, and trailer; noncompliance; fine.
          Section 257.717 ‑ Maximum permissible width of vehicle or load; operation or movement of implement of husbandry; extension beyond center line of highway; permit; designation of highway for operation of vehicle or vehicle combination; special permit; boat lift or trailer; violation as civil infraction; charging owner.
          Section 257.718 ‑ Width of load carried on passenger type vehicle; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.719 ‑ Height of vehicle; liability for damage to bridge or viaduct; normal length maximum; prohibitions; connecting assemblies and lighting devices; gross weight; violation as civil infraction; applicability of subsections (2)(a) and (3)(b); definitions.
          Section 257.719a ‑ Operation of towing vehicle to which mobile home or park model trailer attached.
          Section 257.719b ‑ Certain mobile homes transported in lower peninsula; additional requirements.
          Section 257.719c ‑ Truck and semitrailers used for transporting passengers for sightseeing purposes.
          Section 257.720 ‑ Construction or loading of vehicles to prevent contents from escaping; exception; closing tailgates, faucets, and taps; exemption; proof of violation; loading of vehicles not completely enclosed; prima facie liability; exceptions; front end loading device; violation; penalty; "logs" defined.
          Section 257.721 ‑ Passenger vehicle or pickup truck towing vehicle or trailer; drawbar or other connection; coupling devices and safety chains; pickup truck with fifth wheel assembly; conditions for towing additional trailer or semitrailer; speed limit requirements; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.722 ‑ Maximum axle load; normal loading maximum; designating highways as adequate for heavier loading; restrictions as to tandem axle assemblies; exceptions; public utility vehicles; normal size of tires; maximum wheel load; reduction of maximum axle load on concrete pavements during March, April, and May; exemptions; suspension of restrictions; determination of gross vehicle weight and axle weights; designation of highways for operation of certain vehicles; increase in axle loading maximums; definitions.
          Section 257.722a ‑ Transporting flammable liquid; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; enforcement; “in bulk” defined; vehicles transporting hazardous materials.
          Section 257.723 ‑ Commercial vehicles with certain weight and towing or platform bed wrecker road service vehicles; identification requirements; compliance; exception; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.723.amended ‑ Towing or platform bed wreckers or road service vehicles; compliance with federal identification requirements; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.724 ‑ Stopping vehicle for weighing; shifting or removing load; civil fine and costs; moving vehicle to place of safekeeping; impoundment; lien; foreclosure sale; powers of authorized agent; unlawful weight as civil infraction; fine; driving duly marked vehicle; failure to stop as misdemeanor.
          Section 257.724a ‑ Axle weight requirements; exception; weight after lift axles lowered; "lift axle" defined.
          Section 257.725 ‑ Special permit for certain vehicles and loads required; fees; “jurisdictional authority” defined.
          Section 257.725a ‑ Transportation of farm machinery or implements by dealer; annual permit; condition.
          Section 257.726 ‑ Prohibitions, limitations, or truck route designations by local authorities and county road commissions; signs; written objection by adjoining township; violation as civil infraction.
          Section 257.726a ‑ Enforcement of act on boundary streets or highways.
          Section 257.726b ‑ Violation as to load, weight, or height of vehicle or load; powers of police officer.
          Section 257.726c ‑ Duly authorized agent of county road commission; shoulder patch required; firearm.
          Section 257.727 ‑ Arrest without warrant; arraignment by magistrate or family division of circuit court.
          Section 257.727a ‑ Repealed. 1979, Act 66, Eff. Aug. 1, 1979.
          Section 257.727b ‑ Citation books; issuance; receipt.
          Section 257.727c ‑ “Citation” defined; numbering, form, and parts of citation; modification and optional use of citation; complaint signed by police officer as made under oath; conditions.
          Section 257.728 ‑ Arrest without warrant; preparation and contents of citation; informing offender of violation; arraignment before magistrate or probate court; appearance; guaranteed appearance certificate or deposit; fees; violation by officer or magistrate; issuance of citation to operator involved in accident; issuance of citation to person operating commercial motor vehicle.
          Section 257.728a ‑ Citation; delivery of copies to police chief or duly authorized person; deposit of original with court; mailing original to court; spoiled, mutilated, or voided citation; criminal complaint.
          Section 257.728b ‑ Establishment of procedures to insure accountability; maintenance of citation records.
          Section 257.728c ‑ Audit of citation records.
          Section 257.728d ‑ Falsification of citation or record of issuance; penalty.
          Section 257.728e ‑ Accepting plea; signing of complaint; filing sworn complaint; warrant for arrest.
          Section 257.729 ‑ Fine and costs.
          Section 257.730 ‑ Provisions governing arrests without warrant and issuance of citations; execution of warrant.
          Section 257.731 ‑ Evidence of conviction or civil infraction determination inadmissible in civil action.
          Section 257.732 ‑ Record of cases; forwarding abstract of record or report to secretary of state; settlement; abstracts forwarded; statements; noncompliance as misconduct in office; location and public inspection of abstracts; entering abstracts on master driving record; informing courts of violations; entering order of reversal in book or index; modifications; abstract as part of written notice to appear; immediate report; expunction prohibited.
          Section 257.732a ‑ Driver responsibility fee; assessment; notice; payment by installment; failure to pay fee; suspension of driving privileges; reinstatement; fire protection fund; creation; disposition of funds; transmission of fees to state treasurer; collection of assessments subject to MCL 257.304; assessment and collection; appropriation.
          Section 257.732b.added ‑ Driver responsibility fee; community service as alternative to paying fee; "community service" defined.
          Section 257.733 ‑ Release of accident information to nongovernmental agency; exception.
          Section 257.741 ‑ Civil infraction action as civil action; commencement; plaintiff; jurisdiction; time and place for appearance; venue.
          Section 257.742 ‑ Stopping, detaining, and issuing citation for civil infraction; pursuing, stopping, and detaining person outside village, city, township, or county; purpose; violation as to load, weight, height, length, or width of vehicle or load; powers of police officer; issuing citation to driver of motor vehicle; form of citation; informing person of alleged civil infraction; delivering copy of citation to alleged offender; issuing, serving, and processing citations for parking and standing violations; filing citation with court; “parking violation notice” and “parking violations bureau” defined.
          Section 257.743 ‑ Contents of citation issued pursuant to MCL 257.742; timely appearance.
          Section 257.744 ‑ Admissions or denials; sworn complaint; warrant for arrest.
          Section 257.744a ‑ Police officer knowingly making materially false statement in citation as perjury; felony; penalty; contempt of court.
          Section 257.745 ‑ Responding to allegations in citation; appearance in person, by representation, or by mail; admission of responsibility; acceptance of admission; denial of responsibility; scheduling of informal or formal hearing.
          Section 257.746 ‑ Informal hearing; procedure.
          Section 257.747 ‑ Formal hearing; procedure.
          Section 257.748 ‑ Default judgment; suspension of license.
          Section 257.749 ‑ Stopping nonresident for civil infraction; taking operator's or chauffeur's license as security for appearance; delivery of license to court, police chief, or authorized person; depositing driver's license and citation with court; contempt; arrest; guaranteed appearance certificate or deposit; answering before magistrate; return or retention of license; receipt; failure to deliver money deposited as embezzlement; default judgment; forfeiture of certificate or money deposited; “guaranteed appearance certificate” defined.
          Section 257.750 ‑ Issuance of citations; number as factor in evaluation of police officer's performance prohibited; applicability of MCL 257.901; fees prohibited; violation of MCL 257.749 as misconduct in office; removal.
300‑1949‑VII ‑ CHAPTER VII REGISTRATION FEES (257.801...257.821)
     Section 257.801 ‑ Registration taxes on vehicles; schedules; computation; exemption from ad valorem taxes on vehicles in stock or bond; increase and disposition of certain taxes; late fee; taxes and revenues relating to regional transit authority; historic vehicle; definitions.
     Section 257.801a ‑ Registration fees; portable feed mills or mixers.
     Section 257.801b ‑ Refund of specific tax paid in error; refund of dealer license fees; refund on and return of registration plates or tabs; refund in case of original application for certain registration plates; refund or credit for plates issued under MCL 257.801g.
     Section 257.801c ‑ Nonpayment of check or draft for fee or tax on vehicle; liability; penalties; collection of delinquent accounts.
     Section 257.801d ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 152, Eff. Oct. 1, 2003.
     Section 257.801e ‑ Moped; application for registration; form; signature; fee; issuance and contents of certificate of registration; insurance; size, legibility, and inspection of certificate; issuance and display of decal; rules; certificate of registration for use in testing or demonstrating moped; duration of registration.
     Section 257.801f ‑ Moped; notice of destruction or abandonment; surrender and cancellation of certificate of registration; notice of change of address; transfer of certificate; fee; duration of registration; duplicate certificate.
     Section 257.801g ‑ Apportionment of fee under international registration plan if permitted by reciprocal compact, agreement, or other arrangement; definition; issuance of registration plate and cab card upon payment of apportioned fee; purchase of annual international registration plan plates; service fee; notice; effect of late payment; effect of surrendering or not surrendering registration plate; temporary registration.
     Section 257.801h ‑ Fleet registration; application; issuance and display of registration plates; tax; adding or deleting registration; ineligible vehicle; determination of owner's compliance.
     Section 257.801i ‑ Issuance of registration for more than 1 period.
     Section 257.801j ‑ Additional tax charged by regional transit authority.
     Section 257.802 ‑ Special registrations; registration of commercial vehicles and special mobile equipment; temporary registration plates or markers; tax rates, fees, and service charges; disposition.
     Section 257.802a ‑ Temporary permits; collection and disposition of fee; bulk sales to agents.
     Section 257.803 ‑ Special plates for manufacturer, transporter, or dealer; fees.
     Section 257.803a ‑ Issuance of historic vehicle registration plate or registration tab; fee; certification; registration certificate; registration transferable; expiration or revocation of registration.
     Section 257.803b ‑ Personalized registration plate; use; letters and numbers; offensive connotation; material; duplication prohibited; submission of application; payment, disposition, and use of service fee; expiration date; letters and numbers given to different person in subsequent year; other sequence of letters and numbers; temporary permit.
     Section 257.803c ‑ Personalized registration plates; confiscation for improper use.
     Section 257.803d ‑ Special registration plates for disabled persons or for vehicles used to transport disabled persons; inscription; statements; fees; application; violation; penalty.
     Section 257.803e ‑ Special registration plate; inscription; application; form; proof; service fee; issuance of plate; exemption; misdemeanor; expiration of plate; application for renewal; "gold star family member" defined.
     Section 257.803f ‑ Special registration plates for totally disabled veterans; inscription; application; form; service fee; proof; tax exemption; expiration of plates; renewal; tab for persons with disabilities; misdemeanor.
     Section 257.803g ‑ Special registration for member of congress from Michigan; issuance; expiration; fee.
     Section 257.803h ‑ Tab for persons with disabilities.
     Section 257.803i ‑ Special registration plate for member of national guard, military reserve, or armed services; display of vignette; inscription; application form; proof; fee; issuance; tab for persons with disabilities; tax; misdemeanor; expiration; renewal.
     Section 257.803j ‑ Special registration plate for member or spouse of member of armed services during Korean war; display of vignette; inscription; application form; proof; fee; issuance; tab for persons with disabilities; tax; misdemeanor; expiration; renewal.
     Section 257.803k ‑ Special registration plate for member or spouse of member of armed services during Vietnam war; display of vignette; inscription; application form; proof; fee; issuance; tab for persons with disabilities; tax; misdemeanor; expiration; renewal.
     Section 257.803l ‑ Special registration plate for member or spouse of member of armed services during World War II; display of vignette; inscription; application form; proof; fee; issuance; tab for persons with disabilities; tax; misdemeanor; expiration; renewal.
     Section 257.803m ‑ Special organization plates.
     Section 257.803n ‑ Special registration plate for member or spouse of member of national guard, reserve, or branch of armed services during Persian Gulf war or conflicts in Grenada, Panama, or Lebanon; display of vignette; inscription; application form; proof; fee; issuance; tab for persons with disabilities; tax; misdemeanor; expiration; renewal.
     Section 257.803o ‑ Special registration plate for member or spouse of member of national guard, reserve, or branch of armed services called to active duty during declared war or armed conflict; display of vignette; inscription; application form; proof; fee; issuance; tab for persons with disabilities; tax; misdemeanor; expiration; renewal.
     Section 257.803p ‑ Authentic Michigan registration plate; fee; certification; registration certificate; transferability; validity; revocation of registration.
     Section 257.803q ‑ Special registration plate; “honorary consul” designation; fee; tax; prohibited use; violation as misdemeanor; expiration; status or immunity.
     Section 257.803r ‑ Service fees; deposit in transportation administration collection fund.
     Section 257.804 ‑ Fee for duplicate, replacement, distinctive, or commemorative plates; deposit in transportation administration collection fund.
     Section 257.805 ‑ Application for issuance or renewal of motor vehicle registration or replacement registration tab or sticker; recreation passport fee; format and language of motor vehicle application; transfer of revenue; adjustment of amounts in subsection (1); annual review; registration tab or sticker; payment as personal information; definitions.
     300‑1949‑VII‑CERTIFICATE‑OF‑TITLE-DEALERS‑LICENSE‑AND‑LIENS ‑ CERTIFICATE OF TITLE, DEALER'S LICENSE AND LIENS (257.806...257.810b)
          Section 257.806 ‑ Certificate of title or duplicate certificate of title; fees; deposit; special expeditious treatment fee; special identifying number; payment and disposition of tire disposal surcharge.
          Section 257.807 ‑ License fees.
          Section 257.808 ‑ Liens on motor vehicles; fees.
          Section 257.809 ‑ Application for transfer of registration; fee; payment of difference in fees; deposit.
          Section 257.810 ‑ Disposition of fees.
          Section 257.810a ‑ Assessment; collection; disposition; purpose.
          Section 257.810b ‑ Transportation administration collection fund; creation; investment, disposition, and expenditure of money; payments under certain sections of law; report of itemized list of deposits and expenditures; review of funds to be used to leverage additional federal funds.
     300‑1949‑VII‑LICENSES ‑ LICENSES (257.811...257.812)
          Section 257.811 ‑ Fees for operator's license, chauffeur's license, or minor's restricted license; renewal; refund to county or municipality; traffic law enforcement and safety fund; operator's license issued to persons under 18 years of age or licensed in another state; person on active military service at time of expiration; renewal rate.
          Section 257.811a ‑ Motorcycle safety course; conducting; amount and use of fees; duties of secretary of state; rules; designation, qualifications, and funding of state coordinator of motorcycle safety education program; annual inspections; fulfillment of waiver requirement; audit.
          Section 257.811b ‑ Motorcycle safety course conducted by private business enterprise; rules; fulfillment of waiver requirement.
          Section 257.811c ‑ Repealed. 2006, Act 562, Eff. Jan. 1, 2007.
          Section 257.811d ‑ Definitions; fund-raising registration plate; requirements; design or logo by university or other person; written agreement.
          Section 257.811e ‑ Fund-raising plate.
          Section 257.811f ‑ Fund-raising plate; issuance; donation, tax, and fee; renewal; personalized fund-raising plate; disabled person's plate; expiration; temporary registration permit.
          Section 257.811g ‑ Collector plate; display; purchase; ceasing sale.
          Section 257.811h ‑ Disposition and use of service fee collections; separate accounts; disbursement; ceasing issuance of fund-raising plate; ownership of right, title, and interest; royalty fee; report.
          Section 257.811i ‑ Plates recognizing water quality; collection of donations; creation of water quality protection fund; definitions.
          Section 257.811j ‑ Children's trust fund-raising plate or collector plate; collection of donations.
          Section 257.811k ‑ Michigan lighthouse preservation grant fund; creation and expenditure of fund; annual accounting; grant awards; transfer and disposition of collected donations; "state historic preservation office" defined.
          Section 257.811l ‑ Critical nongame wildlife habitat fund-raising plate and collector plate; collection of donations; transfer and disposition.
          Section 257.811m ‑ Plates recognizing Michigan veterans memorial; donations.
          Section 257.811n ‑ Agricultural heritage; fund-raising donations; collection; transfer and disbursement.
          Section 257.811o ‑ American pride; design; transfer and disbursement; proud to be American fund; report.
          Section 257.811p ‑ Olympic education-training center; design; logo; transfer and disbursement.
          Section 257.811q ‑ Support for our troops; design; transfer and disbursement; support our troops fund; report.
          Section 257.811r ‑ Fund-raising plate; boy scouts of America; fund.
          Section 257.811s ‑ Thomas Daley gift of life fund; creation; deposit of money or other assets; money remaining at close of fiscal year; transfer; administration for auditing purposes; expenditures; "fund" defined.
          Section 257.811t ‑ Fund-raising plate recognizing anatomical gift donation.
          Section 257.811v ‑ Fund-raising plate and matching collector plate; ducks unlimited.
          Section 257.811w ‑ Ducks unlimited fund; creation; investment; disbursement.
          Section 257.811x ‑ Fund-raising plate recognizing Michigan breast and cervical cancer control program.
          Section 257.811y ‑ Amanda's fund for breast cancer prevention and treatment; transfer of donation money from sale of fund-raising plates; summary of expenditures; "Michigan breast and cervical cancer control program" defined.
          Section 257.812 ‑ Fee for duplicate or corrected license; renewal.
     300‑1949‑VII‑MISCELLANEOUS ‑ MISCELLANEOUS (257.813...257.821)
          Section 257.813 ‑ Certified copies of records.
          Section 257.814 ‑ Use tax; collection; disposition; collection upon registration of nonresident vehicle in this state.
          Section 257.815 ‑ Application for registration or for transfer of license; statement of sales tax due; form; copies; exemption; certification; transmitting statement and sales tax funds to department of treasury; issuing or transferring title or license plates on motor vehicle sold by dealer; conditions; compensation for collection of sales tax.
          Section 257.816 ‑ Acceptance of credit cards for payment of tax or fee.
          Section 257.817 ‑ Liability.
          Section 257.818 ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 152, Eff. Oct. 1, 2003.
          Section 257.819 ‑ Disposition and use of revenues from increases in fees.
          Section 257.819a ‑ Traffic law enforcement and safety fund; creation; investment, disposition, transfer, and expenditure of money.
          Section 257.819b ‑ Trooper recruit school fund; creation; investment, disposition, and expenditure of money.
          Section 257.820 ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 152, Eff. Oct. 1, 2003.
          Section 257.821 ‑ Disposition and use of fees.
300‑1949‑VIII ‑ CHAPTER VIII PENALTIES (257.901...257.910)
     Section 257.901 ‑ Violation as misdemeanor; penalty.
     Section 257.901a ‑ Violation of MCL 257.311; waiver of fine and costs; certification.
     Section 257.902 ‑ Violation of act; felony, penalty.
     Section 257.903 ‑ False certification as felony; penalty.
     Section 257.904 ‑ Operating vehicle if license, registration certificate, or designation suspended, revoked, or denied; penalty; extending period of suspension or revocation; informing court of record and status; applicability.
     Section 257.904a ‑ Operation of motor vehicle by unlicensed person as misdemeanor; penalty; second offense.
     Section 257.904b ‑ Order of impoundment.
     Section 257.904c ‑ Vehicle immobilization required; duties of peace officer; validity of temporary vehicle registration; duration.
     Section 257.904d ‑ Vehicle immobilization; order; "vehicle immobilization" and "prior conviction" defined.
     Section 257.904e ‑ Vehicle immobilization; manner; storage; removal; impoundment.
     Section 257.904f ‑ Vehicle registration records; disclosure.
     Section 257.905 ‑ Violation of financial responsibility chapter; penalty.
     Section 257.905[1] ‑ Prohibited acts; penalty.
     Section 257.906 ‑ Right of police officer to enter upon private road.
     Section 257.907 ‑ Civil infraction; payment of civil fine and costs; limitation; program of treatment, education, or rehabilitation; sanctions; schedule of civil fines, costs, and assessments; recommended range of civil fines and costs; certification of repair of defective equipment; collection of civil fines or costs; noncompliance with order or judgment; waiver of fine, cost, and assessment; "moving violation" defined.
     Section 257.907.amended ‑ Civil infraction; payment of civil fine and costs; limitation; program of treatment, education, or rehabilitation; sanctions; schedule of civil fines, costs, and assessments; recommended range of civil fines and costs; certification of repair of defective equipment; collection of civil fines or costs; noncompliance with order or judgment; waiver of fine, cost, and assessment; "moving violation" defined.
     Section 257.908 ‑ Default as civil contempt; penalty.
     Section 257.909 ‑ Application and allocation of civil fines to public and county law libraries.
     Section 257.910 ‑ Conviction based on plea of nolo contendere; treatment.
300‑1949‑IX ‑ CHAPTER IX MISCELLANEOUS (257.921...257.923)
     Section 257.921 ‑ Repeal.
     Section 257.922 ‑ Saving clause.
     Section 257.922a ‑ Act inapplicable to racing event.
     Section 257.923 ‑ Short title.