MICHIGAN EMPLOYMENT SECURITY ACT (EXCERPT)
Act 1 of 1936 (Ex. Sess.)
421.19a Solvency tax; determination; payment; deferral; appropriation; repayment; payment of amounts obtained into contingent fund; crediting amounts to employers' experience accounts; past due payments; interest and penalties; adjustments and refunds; appeals; qualification for federal interest relief provisions and federal unemployment tax credits; forgiveness or postponement of interest.
(1) Except for the first 4 consecutive years of liability, a contributing employer is subject to a solvency tax for a calendar year after 1982 if the employer's experience account has a negative balance on the June 30 preceding that calendar year, and if on the June 30 preceding that calendar year the balance in the unemployment compensation fund is less than the total amount of unrepaid interest bearing advances from the federal government to the fund under section 1201 of the social security act, 42 USC 1321, or the commission projects that interest will be due during the calendar year on federal advances and there will be insufficient solvency tax funds in the contingent fund to meet the federal interest obligations when due or there are outstanding advances from the state treasury from the previous year and any interest thereon and there will be insufficient solvency tax funds in the contingent fund to repay such advances and interest. The solvency tax rate is in addition to the employer's contribution rate and is not subject to the limiting provisions of section 19(a)(6).
(2) The solvency tax rate shall be determined as follows:
(a) If there is a balance on December 31, 2011, of unrepaid interest bearing federal advances, the solvency tax rate for the 2012 calendar year and for each calendar year thereafter shall be calculated in the manner provided in this subdivision until the balance of the interest bearing federal advances on December 31, 2011 has been reduced to zero. By February 1 of the calendar year, the commission shall calculate the sum of the estimated interest due during the calendar on federal loans, without regard to any interest deferral that is permitted under section 1202 of the social security act, 42 USC 1322, the remaining balance on December 31 of the preceding year of the December 31, 2011 balance of unrepaid interest bearing federal advances, and any amounts advanced from the state treasury under subsection (3) during the preceding year and any interest on the balance. For purposes of calculating the remaining balance, any loan repayments during the year shall first be applied toward reducing the December 31, 2011 loan balance. The amount so calculated shall be divided by the estimated total taxable payroll for the calendar year of all active employers who had negative balances in their experience accounts as of June 30 of the previous year. Total taxable payroll shall be estimated by using the total taxable payroll for those employers for the 12-month period ending June 30 of the previous calendar year and adjusting this figure for any change in the taxable wage limit for the calendar year. The quotient shall be adjusted to the next 1/10 of 1%. If this adjusted percentage is 0.8% or less, an employer's solvency tax rate for that calendar year shall be the percentage calculated. If the adjusted percentage is more than 0.8%, the employer's solvency tax rate shall be calculated in the same manner as the account building component of the employer's contribution rate as determined under section 19(a)(4), adjusted to generate sufficient aggregate solvency tax revenues to pay the interest due during the year on federal loans, to pay for the unemployment insurance automation project, to repay the remaining balance of the December 31, 2011 balance of unrepaid federal interest bearing loans, and to repay advances from the state treasury and any interest due thereon, but shall not exceed the lesser of 1/4 of the percentage calculated or 2%.
(b) For any calendar year after the first calendar year that the remaining balance of the December 31, 2011 balance of unrepaid interest bearing federal advances has been reduced to zero by December 31 of that year, an employer's solvency tax rate shall be calculated in the same manner as the account building component of the employer's contribution rate as determined under section 19(a)(4), but shall not exceed the lesser of 1/4 of the percentage calculated or 2%.
(3) Solvency taxes shall become due and payable in the manner, and at the times, specified for contributions in rules promulgated by the commission. However, if the state is permitted to defer interest payments due during a calendar year under section 1202(b)(3) or (8) of the social security act, 42 USC 1322, payment of the solvency tax may likewise be deferred by an employer and paid in installments in a manner prescribed by the commission. If a deferral of interest payment is subsequently disallowed by the United States department of labor, either prospectively or retroactively, amounts of solvency taxes deferred under this section shall become immediately due and payable. Further, if the commission estimates that the solvency taxes to be collected by September 30 of the calendar year will be insufficient to meet the interest obligations due during that calendar year, the percentages of amounts of solvency taxes deferred in any year shall be reduced by the commission in an amount sufficient to meet the interest obligations due in that calendar year. Furthermore, if the amount of solvency taxes to be collected by the time the federal interest obligations are due in any year are insufficient to meet the obligations when due, the commission shall recommend to the legislature that it appropriate an amount sufficient to meet the interest obligations due. Any amount so appropriated and used to pay federal interest obligations, and interest due on such state appropriation, if any, shall be repaid to the state as soon as possible from the solvency tax revenues in the contingent fund.
(4) Amounts obtained pursuant to this section shall be paid into the contingent fund created under section 10 and, except for solvency taxes transferred to the unemployment compensation fund as provided in this subsection, shall not be credited to the employer's experience account. Amounts collected from solvency taxes which are transferred to the unemployment compensation fund and used to repay federal advances to the unemployment compensation fund shall be credited to the employers' experience accounts by June 30 of the year following the calendar year in which the transfer occurred. The amount to be credited to an employer's account shall be determined by the commission, but shall reasonably reflect each employer's pro rata share of the amount transferred. Past due payments of the solvency tax shall be subject to the interest, penalty, assessment, and collection provisions of section 15. Interest and penalties collected shall be paid into the contingent fund. Adjustments and refunds of erroneously collected solvency taxes shall be made in accordance with section 16. Solvency tax determinations are appealable under the appeal process provided for review and appeal of determinations under this act.
(5) If any provision of this section prevents the state from qualifying for any federal interest relief provisions provided under section 1202 of the social security act, 42 USC 1322, or prevents employers in this state from qualifying for the limitation on the reduction of federal unemployment tax act credits as provided under section 3302(f) of the federal unemployment tax act, 26 USC 3302(f), that provision is invalid to the extent necessary to maintain qualification for the interest relief provisions and federal unemployment tax credits.
(6) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if interest due during a calendar year on federal advances is forgiven or postponed under federal law and is no longer due during that calendar year, no solvency tax shall be assessed against an employer for that calendar year and any solvency tax already assessed and collected against an employer before the forgiveness or postponement of the interest for that calendar year shall be credited to the employer's experience account.
History: Add. 1982, Act 535, Eff. Jan. 2, 1983
Am. 1983, Act 247, Imd. Eff. Dec. 5, 1983
Am. 2009, Act 1, Imd. Eff. Mar. 11, 2009
Am. 2011, Act 269, Imd. Eff. Dec. 19, 2011
Compiler's Notes: In the second sentence of subsection (2)(a) "interest due during the calendar on federal loans” evidently should read "interest due during the calendar year on federal loans".Former MCL 421.19a, pertaining to employment security provisions applicable to the state and its political subdivisions, was repealed by Act 231 of 1971.
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