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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 48 of 2019
House: Adjourned until Tuesday, October 22, 2019 1:30:00 PM
Senate: Adjourned until Tuesday, October 22, 2019 10:00:00 AM

Michigan Legislature

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Section 324.81101

Act 451 of 1994

324.81101 Definitions.

Sec. 81101.

  As used in this part:
  (a) "Alcoholic liquor" means that term as defined in section 1d of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.1d.
  (b) "ATV" means a vehicle with 3 or more wheels that is designed for off-road use, has low-pressure tires, has a seat designed to be straddled by the rider, and is powered by a 50cc to 1,000cc gasoline engine or an engine of comparable size using other fuels.
  (c) "Code" means the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.1 to 257.923.
  (d) "County road" means a county primary road or county local road as described in section 5 of 1951 PA 51, MCL 247.655, or a segment thereof.
  (e) "Dealer" means a person engaged in the sale, lease, or rental of an ORV as a regular business or, for purposes of selling licenses under section 81116, any other person authorized by the department to sell licenses or permits, or both, under this act.
  (f) "Designated", unless the context implies otherwise, means posted by the department, with appropriate signs, as open for ORV use.
  (g) "Farm vehicle" means either of the following:
  (i) An implement of husbandry as defined in section 21 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.21.
  (ii) A vehicle used in connection with a farm operation as defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286.472.
  (h) "Forest road" means a hard surfaced road, gravel or dirt road, or other route capable of travel by a 2-wheel drive, 4-wheel conventional vehicle designed for road use. Forest road does not include a street, county road, or highway.
  (i) "Forest trail" means a designated path or way that is not a route.
  (j) "Highway" means a state trunk line highway or a segment of a state trunk line highway.
  (k) "Highly restricted personal information" means an individual's photograph or image, social security number, digitized signature, and medical and disability information.
  (l) "Late model ORV" means an ORV manufactured in the current model year or the 5 model years immediately preceding the current model year.
  (m) "Law of another state" means a law or ordinance enacted by any of the following:
  (i) Another state.
  (ii) A local unit of government in another state.
  (iii) Canada or a province or territory of Canada.
  (iv) A local unit of government in a province or territory of Canada.
  (n) "Local unit of government" means a county, township, or municipality.
  (o) "Maintained portion" means the roadway and any shoulder of a street, county road, or highway.
  (p) "Manufacturer" means a person, partnership, corporation, or association engaged in the production and manufacture of ORVs as a regular business.
  (q) "Municipality" means a city or village.
  (r) "Off-road vehicle account" means the off-road vehicle account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund established in section 2015.
  (s) "Operate" means to ride in or on, and be in actual physical control of, the operation of an ORV.
  (t) "Operator" means an individual who operates or is in actual physical control of the operation of an ORV.
  (u) "ORV" or, unless the context implies a different meaning, "vehicle" means a motor-driven off-road recreation vehicle capable of cross-country travel without benefit of a road or trail, on or immediately over land, snow, ice, marsh, swampland, or other natural terrain. A multitrack or multiwheel drive vehicle, a motorcycle or related 2-wheel vehicle, a vehicle with 3 or more wheels, an amphibious machine, a ground effect air cushion vehicle, or other means of transportation may be an ORV. An ATV is an ORV. ORV or vehicle does not include a registered snowmobile, a farm vehicle being used for farming, a vehicle used for military, fire, emergency, or law enforcement purposes, a vehicle owned and operated by a utility company or an oil or gas company when performing maintenance on its facilities or on property over which it has an easement, a construction or logging vehicle used in performance of its common function, or a registered aircraft.
  (v) "ORV safety certificate" means an ORV safety certificate issued under section 81130 or, except as used in section 81130, a comparable safety certificate issued under the authority of another state or province of Canada.
  (w) "Owner" means any of the following:
  (i) A vendee or lessee of an ORV that is the subject of an agreement for the conditional sale or lease of the ORV, with the right of purchase upon performance of the conditions stated in the agreement, and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee.
  (ii) A person renting an ORV, or having the exclusive use of an ORV, for more than 30 days.
  (iii) A person who holds legal ownership of an ORV.
  (x) "Person with a disability" means an individual who has 1 or more of the following physical characteristics:
  (i) Blindness.
  (ii) Inability, during some time of the year, to ambulate more than 200 feet without having to stop and rest.
  (iii) Loss of use of 1 or both legs or feet.
  (iv) Inability to ambulate without the prolonged use of a wheelchair, walker, crutches, braces, or other device required to aid mobility.
  (v) A lung disease from which the individual's expiratory volume for 1 second, when measured by spirometry, is less than 1 liter, or from which the individual's arterial oxygen tension is less than 60 mm/hg of room air at rest.
  (vi) A cardiovascular disease that causes the individual to measure between 3 and 4 on the New York heart classification scale, or that results in a marked limitation of physical activity by causing fatigue, palpitation, dyspnea, or anginal pain.
  (vii) Other diagnosed disease or disorder including, but not limited to, severe arthritis or a neurological or orthopedic impairment that creates a severe mobility limitation.
  (y) "Personal information" means information that identifies an individual, including an individual's driver identification number, name, address not including zip code, and telephone number, but does not include information on ORV operation or equipment-related violations or civil infractions, operator or vehicle registration status, accidents, or other behaviorally related information.
  (z) "Prior conviction" means a conviction for any of the following, whether under a law of this state, a local ordinance substantially corresponding to a law of this state, a law of the United States substantially corresponding to a law of this state, or a law of another state substantially corresponding to a law of this state:
  (i) A violation or an attempted violation of section 81134(1), (3), (4), (5), (6), or (7), except that only 1 violation or attempted violation of section 81134(6), a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 81134(6), a law of another state substantially corresponding to section 81134(6), or a law of the United States substantially corresponding to section 81134(6) may be used as a prior conviction other than for enhancement purposes as provided in section 81134(11)(b).
  (ii) Negligent homicide, manslaughter, or murder resulting from the operation of an ORV, or an attempt to commit any of those crimes.
  (iii) Former section 81135.
  (aa) "Public agency" means the department or a local or federal unit of government.
  (bb) "Roadway" means the portion of a street, county road, or highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for travel by vehicles registered under the code. Roadway does not include the shoulder.
  (cc) "Route" means a forest road or other road that is designated for purposes of this part by the department.
  (dd) "Safety chief instructor" means an individual who has been certified by a nationally recognized ORV organization to certify instructors and to do on-sight evaluations of instructors.
  (ee) "Shoulder" means that portion of a street, county road, or highway contiguous to the roadway and generally extending the contour of the roadway, not designed for vehicular travel but maintained for the temporary accommodation of disabled or stopped motor vehicles otherwise permitted on the roadway.
  (ff) "Southern county" means Muskegon, Kent, Ionia, Clinton, Shiawassee, Genesee, Lapeer, or Macomb county, or a county lying south of the territory constituted by these counties.
  (gg) "Street" means a city or village major street or city or village local street as described in section 9 of 1951 PA 51, MCL 247.659, or a segment thereof.
  (hh) "Traffic lane" means a clearly marked lane on a roadway.
  (ii) "Unmaintained portion" means the portion of a street, county road, or highway that is not the maintained portion.
  (jj) "Visual supervision" means the direct observation of the operator with the unaided or normally corrected eye, where the observer is able to come to the immediate aid of the operator.

History: Add. 1995, Act 58, Imd. Eff. May 24, 1995 ;-- Am. 1997, Act 102, Imd. Eff. Aug. 7, 1997 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 86, Imd. Eff. May 13, 1998 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 111, Eff. Oct. 1, 2003 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 587, Eff. Dec. 23, 2006 ;-- Am. 2009, Act 196, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2009 ;-- Am. 2009, Act 200, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2009 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 246, Imd. Eff. July 2, 2012 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 119, Imd. Eff. Sept. 25, 2013 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 249, Imd. Eff. Dec. 26, 2013 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 405, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 2 of Act 587 of 2004 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act does not take effect unless House Joint Resolution Z of the 92nd Legislature becomes a part of the state constitution of 1963 as provided in section 1 of article XII of the state constitution of 1963."
Popular Name: Act 451
Popular Name: NREPA
Popular Name: Off-Road Vehicle Act
Popular Name: ORV

© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

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