PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS

Act 188 of 1954

AN ACT to provide for the making of certain improvements by townships; to provide for paying for the improvements by the issuance of bonds; to provide for the levying of taxes; to provide for assessing the whole or a part of the cost of improvements against property benefited; and to provide for the issuance of bonds in anticipation of the collection of special assessments and for the obligation of the township on the bonds.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 143, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1974 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 139, Imd. Eff. July 10, 1995


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The People of the State of Michigan enact:


41.721 Public improvements by township board; bonds; special assessments to defray costs.

Sec. 1.

The township board has the power to make an improvement named in this act, to provide for the payment of an improvement by the issuance of bonds as provided in section 15, and to determine that the whole or any part of the cost of an improvement shall be defrayed by special assessments against the property especially benefited by the improvement. The cost of engineering services and all expenses incident to the proceedings for the making and financing of the improvement shall be deemed to be a part of the cost of the improvement.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 143, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1974 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 180, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986


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41.721a “Record owner” defined.

Sec. 1a.

As used in this act, “record owner” means a person, sole proprietorship, partnership, association, firm, corporation, or other legal entity, possessed of the most recent fee title or a land contract vendee's interest in the land as shown by the records of the county register of deeds.


History: Add. 1986, Act 180, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986


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41.722 Types of improvements authorized; approval; conditions.

Sec. 2.

(1) The following improvements may be made under this act:

(a) The construction, improvement, and maintenance of storm or sanitary sewers or the improvement and maintenance of, but not the construction of new or expanded, combined storm and sanitary sewer systems.

(b) The construction, improvement, and maintenance of water systems.

(c) The construction, improvement, and maintenance of public roads.

(d) The acquisition, improvement, and maintenance of public parks.

(e) The construction, improvement, and maintenance of elevated structures for foot travel over roads in the township.

(f) The collection and disposal of garbage and rubbish.

(g) The construction, maintenance, and improvement of bicycle paths.

(h) The construction, maintenance, and improvement of erosion control structures or dikes.

(i) The planting, maintenance, and removal of trees.

(j) The installation, improvement, and maintenance of lighting systems.

(k) The construction, improvement, and maintenance of sidewalks.

(l) The eradication or control of aquatic weeds and plants.

(m) The construction, improvement, and maintenance of private roads.

(n) The construction, improvement, and maintenance of a lake, pond, river, stream, lagoon, or other body of water or of an improvement to the body of water. This subdivision includes, but is not limited to, dredging.

(o) The construction, improvement, and maintenance of dams and other structures that retain the waters of this state for recreational purposes.

(p) The construction, improvement, and maintenance of sound attenuation walls, pavement, or other sound mitigation treatments unless a written objection is filed in the same manner as provided under section 3 by the record owners of land constituting more than 20% of the total area in the proposed special assessment district. If a written objection is filed, then the township board shall not proceed with the improvement until a petition signed by the record owners of land constituting more than 50% of the total land area in the special assessment district as finally established is filed with the board.

(2) A road under the jurisdiction of either the state transportation department or the board of county road commissioners shall not be improved under this act without the written approval of the state transportation department or the board of county road commissioners. As a condition to the granting of approval, the state transportation department or the board of county road commissioners may require 1 or more of the following:

(a) That all engineering with respect to the improvement be performed by the state transportation department or the board of county road commissioners.

(b) That all construction, including the awarding of contracts for construction, in connection with the improvement be pursuant to the specifications of the state transportation department or the board of county road commissioners.

(c) That the cost of the engineering and supervision be paid to the state transportation department or the board of county road commissioners from the funds of the special assessment district.

(3) A lake, pond, river, stream, lagoon, or other body of water under the jurisdiction of a county drain commissioner shall not be improved under this act without the written approval of the county drain commissioner of the county in which the lake, pond, river, stream, lagoon, or other body of water is located.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954 ;-- Am. 1958, Act 163, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 30, Imd. Eff. May 1, 1964 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 116, Imd. Eff. June 22, 1966 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 143, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1974 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 16, 1976 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 180, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 139, Imd. Eff. July 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 585, Imd. Eff. Oct. 14, 2002


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41.723 Written objections; petition; filing; signatures; determining record owners; determining sufficiency of petition; supplement to petition; validity of signatures.

Sec. 3.

(1) The township board may proceed to carry out an improvement as provided in this act unless written objections to the improvement are filed with the township board at or before the hearing provided in section 4 by property owners as follows:

(a) For an improvement under section 2(1)(a), (b), (d), (e), (f), (h), (i), (j), (l), (n), or (o) by the record owners of land constituting more than 20% of the total land area in the proposed special assessment district.

(b) For an improvement under section 2(1)(c), (g), (k), or (m), by the record owners of land constituting more than 20% of the total frontage upon the road, bicycle path, or sidewalk.

(2) A township board may require the filing of a petition meeting the requirements of subsection (3) before proceeding with an improvement under this act.

(3) If written objections are filed as provided in subsection (1), or if the township board requires a petition before proceeding, the township board shall not proceed with the improvement until there is filed with the board a petition signed as follows:

(a) For an improvement under section 2(1)(a), (b), (d), (e), (f), (h), (i), (j), (l), (n), or (o) by the record owners of land constituting more than 50% of the total land area in the special assessment district as finally established by the township board.

(b) For an improvement under section 2(1)(c), (g), (k), or (m), by the record owners of land constituting more than 50% of the total frontage upon the road, bicycle path, or sidewalk.

(4) Record owners shall be determined by the records in the register of deeds' office as of the day of the filing of a petition, or if written objections are filed as provided in subsection (1), then on the day of the hearing. In determining the sufficiency of the petition, lands not subject to special assessment and lands within a public highway or alley shall not be included in computing frontage or an assessment district area. A filed petition may be supplemented as to signatures by the filing of an additional signed copy or copies of the petition. The validity of the signatures on a supplemental petition shall be determined by the records as of the day of filing the supplemental petition.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 187, Imd. Eff. June 4, 1957 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 143, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 113, Imd. Eff. May 14, 1976 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 16, 1976 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 332, Imd. Eff. Dec. 15, 1976 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 180, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 139, Imd. Eff. July 10, 1995


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41.724 Plans; cost estimate; resolution; designation of special assessment district; hearing; notice; periodic redeterminations of cost; objections; adding property to special assessment district; supplemental petition; filing by railroad companies; additional notice; affidavit of service.

Sec. 4.

(1) Upon receipt of a petition or upon determination of the township board if a petition is not required under section 3, the township board, if it desires to proceed on the improvement, shall cause to be prepared plans describing the improvement and the location of the improvement with an estimate of the cost of the improvement on a fixed or periodic basis, as appropriate. Upon receipt of the plans and estimate, the township board shall order the same to be filed with the township clerk. If the township board desires to proceed with the improvement, the township board shall tentatively declare by resolution its intention to make the improvement and tentatively designate the special assessment district against which the cost of the improvement or a designated part of the improvement is to be assessed.

(2) The township board shall fix a time and place to meet and hear any objections to the petition, if a petition is required, to the improvement, and to the special assessment district, and shall cause notice of the hearing to be given as provided in section 4a. The notice shall state that the plans and estimates are on file with the township clerk for public examination and shall contain a description of the proposed special assessment district. If periodic redeterminations of cost will be necessary without a change in the special assessment district, the notice shall state that such redeterminations may be made without further notice to record owners or parties in interest in the property.

(3) At the hearing, or any adjournment of the hearing which may be without further notice, the township board shall hear any objections to the petition, if a petition is required, to the improvement, and to the special assessment district. The township board may revise, correct, amend, or change the plans, estimate of cost, or special assessment district.

(4) Property shall not be added to the district unless notice is given as provided in section 4a, or by personal service upon the record owners of the property in the entire proposed special assessment district, and a hearing afforded to the record owners. If a petition is required because property is added to the special assessment district which makes the original petition insufficient, then a supplemental petition shall be filed containing sufficient additional signatures of record owners. If the nature of the improvement to be made is such that a periodic redetermination of costs will be necessary without a change in the special assessment district boundaries, the township board shall include in its estimate of costs any projected incremental increases. If at any time during the term of the special assessment district an actual incremental cost increase exceeds the estimate therefor by 10% or more, notice shall be given as provided in section 4a and a hearing afforded to the record owners of property to be assessed.

(5) Railroad companies shall file in writing with the secretary of state the name and post office address of the person upon whom may be served notice of any proceedings under this act. After the name and address has been filed, notice in addition to the notice by publication shall be given to the person by registered mail, or personally, within 5 days after the first publication of the notice. An affidavit of the service shall be filed by the township board with the proof of publication of the notice.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 143, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1974 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 180, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986


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41.724a Notice of hearings in special assessment proceedings.

Sec. 4a.

(1) If special assessments are made against property, notice of hearings in the special assessment proceedings shall be given as provided in this section.

(2) Notice of hearings in special assessment proceedings shall be given to each record owner of, or party in interest in, property to be assessed whose name appears upon the last township tax assessment records by first-class mail addressed to the record owner or party in interest at the address shown on the tax records, at least 10 days before the date of the hearing. The last township tax assessment records means the last assessment roll for ad valorem tax purposes that was reviewed by the township board of review, as supplemented by any subsequent changes in the names or the addresses of the owners or parties listed on that roll. If a record owner's name does not appear on the township tax assessment records, then notice shall be given by first-class mail addressed to the record owner at the address shown by the records of the county register of deeds at least 10 days before the date of the hearing. Notice shall also be published twice before the hearing in a newspaper circulating in the township. The first publication shall be at least 10 days before the date of the hearing. If a published notice includes a list of the property identification numbers of the property to be assessed, that list may provide either the individual property identification number for each parcel of property to be assessed or 1 or more sequential sets of property identification numbers, which include each parcel of property to be assessed. If a published notice includes a list of the property identification numbers of the property to be assessed, that published notice shall also include either a map depicting the area of the proposed special assessment district or a written description of the proposed special assessment district.

(3) If a person whose name and correct address do not appear upon the last township tax assessment records claims an interest in real property, that person shall immediately file his or her name and address with the township supervisor. This filing is effective only for the purpose of establishing a record of the names and addresses of those persons entitled to notice of hearings in special assessment proceedings. The supervisor shall immediately enter on the tax assessment records any changes in the names and addresses of record owners or parties in interest filed with the supervisor and at all times shall keep the tax assessment records current, complete, and available for public inspection.

(4) A township officer required to give notice of a hearing in special assessment proceedings may rely upon the last township tax assessment records in giving notice of the hearing by mail. The method of giving notice by mail as provided in this section is declared to be the method that is reasonably certain to inform those to be assessed of the special assessment proceedings.

(5) Failure to give notice as required in this section shall not invalidate an entire assessment roll, but only the assessment on property affected by the lack of notice. A special assessment shall not be declared invalid as to any property if the owner or the party in interest of that property actually received notice, waived notice, or paid any part of the assessment. If an assessment is declared void by court decree or judgment, a reassessment against the property may be made.

(6) A special assessment hearing held before June 5, 1974 is validated, insofar as any notice of hearing is concerned, if notice was given by mail to the owners or parties in interest whose names appeared at the time of mailing on the last township tax assessment records. Any such special assessment hearing is validated as to any owner or party in interest who actually received notice of hearing, waived the notice, or paid any part of the special assessment.


History: Add. 1974, Act 143, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1974 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 180, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 331, Imd. Eff. Dec. 14, 2000


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41.725 Approval or determination by township board; levy of special assessment.

Sec. 5.

(1) If, after the hearing provided for in section 4, the township board desires to proceed with the improvement, the township board shall approve or determine by resolution all of the following:

(a) The completion of the improvement.

(b) The plans and estimate of cost as originally presented or as revised, corrected, amended, or changed.

(c) The sufficiency of the petition for the improvement if a petition is required. After this determination, the sufficiency of the petition is not subject to attack except in an action brought in a court of competent jurisdiction within 30 days after the adoption of the resolution determining the sufficiency of the petition.

(d) The special assessment district including the term of the special assessment district's existence. If the nature of the improvement to be made is such that a periodic redetermination of cost will be necessary without a change in the special assessment district boundaries, the township board shall state that in the resolution and shall set the dates when the redeterminations shall be made. After finally determining the special assessment district, the township board shall direct the supervisor to make a special assessment roll in which are entered and described all the parcels of land to be assessed, with the names of the respective record owners of each parcel, if known, and the total amount to be assessed against each parcel of land, which amount shall be the relative portion of the whole sum to be levied against all parcels of land in the special assessment district as the benefit to the parcel of land bears to the total benefit to all parcels of land in the special assessment district. When the supervisor completes the assessment roll, the supervisor shall affix to the roll his or her certificate stating that the roll was made pursuant to a resolution of the township board adopted on a specified date, and that in making the assessment roll the supervisor, according to his or her best judgment, has conformed in all respects to the directions contained in the resolution and the statutes of this state.

(2) After December 31, 1998, an ad valorem special assessment levied under this act shall be levied on the taxable value of the property assessed.

(3) If the levy of an ad valorem special assessment on the property's taxable value is found to be invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, the levy of the ad valorem special assessment shall be levied on the property's state equalized value.

(4) As used in this section and section 15b, “taxable value” means that value determined under section 27a of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.27a.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 143, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1974 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 180, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 544, Imd. Eff. Jan. 20, 1999


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41.726 Filing and review of special assessment roll; hearing; notice; adjournments; objections; confirmation, referral, or annulment; endorsement; finality; action contesting assessment.

Sec. 6.

(1) When a special assessment roll is reported by the supervisor to the township board, the assessment roll shall be filed in the office of the township clerk. Before confirming the assessment roll, the township board shall appoint a time and place when it will meet, review, and hear any objections to the assessment roll. The township board shall give notice of the hearing and the filing of the assessment roll as required by section 4a.

(2) A hearing under this section may be adjourned from time to time without further notice. A person objecting to the assessment roll shall file the objection in writing with the township clerk before the close of the hearing or within such further time as the township board may grant. After the hearing the township board, at the same or at a subsequent meeting, may confirm the special assessment roll as reported to the township board by the supervisor or as amended or corrected by the township board; may refer the assessment roll back to the supervisor for revision; or may annul it and direct a new roll to be made.

(3) If a special assessment roll is confirmed, the township clerk shall endorse on the assessment roll the date of the confirmation. After the confirmation of the special assessment roll, all assessments on that assessment roll shall be final and conclusive unless an action contesting an assessment is filed in a court of competent jurisdiction within 30 days after the date of confirmation.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 143, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1974 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 180, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986


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41.727 Payment of special assessments in installments; amount of installment; extension; due dates; interest on unpaid installments; lien; limitation; statement of amount; payment of future due installments; delinquent installment; penalty.

Sec. 7.

(1) The township board may provide that special assessments are payable in 1 or more installments, but the amount of an installment shall not be less than 1/2 of any subsequent installment. The amount of each installment, if more than 1, shall not be extended upon the special assessment roll until after confirmation of that assessment roll. Subject to the provisions of section 4(4), the amount of installments for improvements subject to periodic cost revision may be extended upon the special assessment roll by the township board without additional public hearings or public notice, provided that additional property is not added to the special assessment roll.

(2) The first installment of a special assessment is due on or before the time after confirmation of that special assessment roll as determined by the township board. Subsequent installments are due at intervals of 12 months from the due date of the first installment or from a date determined by the township board.

(3) All unpaid installments, prior to their transfer to the township tax roll as provided by this act, shall bear interest, payable annually on each installment due date, at a rate to be set by the township board, not exceeding 1% above the average rate of interest borne by special assessment bonds issued by the township in anticipation of all or part of the unpaid installments; or not exceeding 1% above the average rate of interest borne by bonds issued by a county, drainage district, or authority if the unpaid installments are to be applied to the payment of a contract obligation of the township to the county or authority or to the payment of an assessment obligation of the township to the drainage district; or, if bonds are not issued by the township, a county, a drainage district, or an authority, not exceeding 8% per annum, commencing in each case from a date fixed by the township board.

(4) Future due installments of an assessment against any parcel of property may be paid to the township treasurer at any time in full, with interest accrued through the month in which the final installment is paid.

(5) If the township board provides that a special assessment is payable in installments under subsection (1), the amount of any lien on the parcel of property assessed for that special assessment is limited to each individual installment and shall not attach to the property assessed until that individual installment is due as provided in subsection (2).

(6) Upon written request, the township treasurer shall provide a statement of the amount of any lien under subsection (1) and (2) on the property, with interest accrued through the end of the month in which the statement is provided.

(7) If an installment of a special assessment is not paid when due, then the installment shall be considered to be delinquent and there shall be collected, in addition to interest as provided by this section, a penalty at the rate of not more than 1% for each month, or fraction of a month, that the installment remains unpaid before being reported to the township board for reassessment upon the township tax roll.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 187, Imd. Eff. June 4, 1957 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 143, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1974 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 173, Imd. Eff. Dec. 13, 1979 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 57, Imd. Eff. June 4, 1981 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 180, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 429, Eff. Jan. 15, 2015


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41.728 Special assessments to constitute lien; limitation; character and effect.

Sec. 8.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (2), all special assessments contained in any special assessment roll shall, from the date of confirmation of that roll, constitute a lien upon the respective parcels of property assessed.

(2) If the township board provides that a special assessment is payable in installments under section 7(1), the amount of any lien on the parcel of property assessed for that special assessment is limited to each individual installment and shall not attach to the property assessed until that individual installment is due as provided in section 7(2).

(3) A lien for a special assessment under this act shall be of the same character and effect as a lien created for township taxes and shall include accrued interest and penalties.

(4) No judgment or decree or any act of the township board vacating a special assessment shall destroy or impair a lien of the township upon the property assessed for the amount of the assessment that may be equitably charged against that property, or through a regular mode of proceeding may be lawfully assessed on that property.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 561, Imd. Eff. Jan 15, 2015


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41.729 Special assessments; collection by township treasurer, report of delinquencies.

Sec. 9.

When any special assessment roll shall be confirmed the township board shall direct the assessments made therein to be collected. The township clerk shall thereupon deliver to the township treasurer such special assessment roll, to which he shall attach his warrant commanding the township treasurer to collect the assessments therein in accordance with the directions of the township board in respect thereto. Said warrant shall further require the township treasurer on the 1st day of September following the date when any such assessments or any part thereof have become due to submit to the township board a sworn statement setting forth the names of the persons delinquent, if known, a description of the parcels of land upon which there are delinquent assessments and the amount of such delinquency, including accrued interest and penalties computed to September 1 of such year. Upon receiving such special assessment roll and warrant the treasurer shall proceed to collect the several amounts assessed therein as the same shall become due.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954


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41.729a Deferred assessment; application; evidence of hardship; ordinance; deferred assessment as recorded lien.

Sec. 9a.

(1) An owner of property who by reason of hardship is unable to contribute to the cost of an assessment for an improvement authorized in section 2(1)(a), (b), (c), (g), (h), or (n) may have the assessment deferred by application to the assessing officer. Upon receipt of evidence of hardship, the township may defer partial or total payment of the assessment.

(2) The township board may enact an ordinance to define hardship and to permit deferred or partial payment of an assessment pursuant to this section. As a condition of granting the deferred or partial payment of an assessment, the township board shall require that any deferred assessment constitute a recorded lien against the property, subject to section 8(2).


History: Add. 1976, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 16, 1976 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 139, Imd. Eff. July 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 561, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015


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41.730 Special assessments; delinquencies, reassessment.

Sec. 10.

In case the treasurer shall, as above provided, report as delinquent any assessment or part thereof, the township board shall certify the same to the supervisor, who shall reassess on the annual township tax roll of such year in a column headed “special assessments” the sum so delinquent, with interest and penalties to September 1 of such year, and an additional penalty of 6% of the total amount. Thereafter the statutes relating to township taxes shall be applicable to such reassessments.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954


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41.731 Division of lands; apportionment of uncollected assessments.

Sec. 11.

Should any parcel of land be divided after a special assessment thereon has been confirmed, and before the collection thereof, the township board may require the supervisor to apportion the uncollected amounts between the several divisions thereof and the report of such apportionment when confirmed by the township board shall be conclusive upon all parties: Provided, That if the interested parties do not agree in writing to such apportionment, then before such confirmation notice of hearing shall be given to all the interested parties, either by personal service or by publication as above provided in case of an original assessment roll.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954


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41.732 Special assessment roll; insufficiency, additional pro rata assessments; surplus, refunds.

Sec. 12.

Should the assessments in any special assessment roll prove insufficient for any reason, including the noncollection thereof, to pay for the improvement for which they were made or to pay the principal and interest on the bonds issued in anticipation of the collection thereof, then the township board shall make additional pro rata assessments to supply the deficiency, but the total amount assessed against any parcel of land shall not exceed the value of the benefits received from the improvement. Should the total amount collected on assessments prove larger than necessary by more than 5% of the original roll, then the surplus shall be prorated among the properties assessed in accordance with the amount assessed against each and applied toward the payment of the next township tax levied against such properties, respectively, or if there be no such tax then it shall be refunded to the persons who are the respective record owners of the properties on the date of the passage of the resolution ordering such refund. Any such surplus of 5% or less may be paid into the township contingent funds disposed of as above provided.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954


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41.733 Illegal special assessment; reassessment proceedings.

Sec. 13.

Whenever any special assessment shall, in the opinion of the township board, be invalid by reason of irregularities or informalities in the proceedings, or if any court of competent jurisdiction shall adjudge such assessment to be illegal, the township board shall, whether the improvement has been made or not, whether any part of the assessment has been paid or not, have power to proceed from the last step at which the proceedings were legal and cause a new assessment to be made for the same purpose for which the former assessment was made. All proceedings on such reassessment and for the collection thereof shall be conducted in the same manner as provided for the original assessment, and whenever an assessment or any part thereof levied upon any premises has been so set aside, if the same has been paid and not refunded, the payment so made shall be applied upon the reassessment.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954


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41.734 Exempt corporations; agreement to pay assessment.

Sec. 14.

The governing body of any public or private corporation whose lands are exempt by law may, by resolution, agree to pay the special assessments against such lands, and in such case the assessment, including all the installments thereof, shall be a valid claim against such corporation.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954


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41.734a Assessment on platted corner lots; payment of portion by governing body.

Sec. 14a.

The governing body of any township, by resolution, may agree to pay up to 1/3 of the cost of the special assessment levied against any platted corner lot for the payment of public improvements authorized under the provisions of this act.


History: Add. 1959, Act 196, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960


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41.735 Bonds.

Sec. 15.

The township board may borrow money and issue the bonds of the township in anticipation of the collection of special assessments to defray all or any part of the cost of any improvement made under this act after the special assessment roll is confirmed. Bonds issued under this section shall not exceed the amount of the special assessments in anticipation of the collection of which they are issued. Bonds may be issued in anticipation of the collection of special assessments levied in respect to 1 or more public improvements, but no special assessment district shall be compelled to pay the obligation of any other special assessment district. The township board may pledge the full faith and credit of the township for the prompt payment of the principal of and interest on the bonds authorized under this section. The issuance of bonds under this section is subject to the revised municipal finance act, 2001 PA 34, MCL 141.2101 to 141.2821.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 143, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1974 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 229, Imd. Eff. Apr. 29, 2002


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41.735a Township improvement revolving fund; advances; interest.

Sec. 15a.

As an alternate method of defraying the cost of an improvement made under this act, after the special assessment roll for the improvement is confirmed, the township board may pay the cost of the improvement from the township improvement revolving fund. The amount advanced shall not exceed the amount the board anticipates will be collected by the special assessments. The amount advanced by the township shall bear interest at a rate not exceeding 5% per annum.


History: Add. 1956, Act 109, Eff. Aug. 11, 1956 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 180, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986


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41.735b Township improvement revolving fund; transfer of funds; amount.

Sec. 15b.

The township board of any township by resolution may create and designate a fund to be known as the township improvement revolving fund. Before January 1, 1999, the township board may transfer to the township improvement revolving fund from the general fund of the township in any 1 year an amount not exceeding 2 mills of the state equalized valuation of the real and personal property in the township and in each subsequent year may transfer from the general fund to the township improvement revolving fund until that fund equals 5 mills of the state equalized valuation of the real and personal property in the township. After December 31, 1998, the township board may transfer to the township improvement revolving fund from the general fund of the township in any 1 year an amount not exceeding 2 mills of the taxable value of the real and personal property in the township and in each subsequent year may transfer from the general fund to the township improvement revolving fund until that fund equals 5 mills of the taxable value of the real and personal property in the township. All interest charges collected are a part of the township improvement revolving fund. The township board may transfer funds from the township improvement revolving fund to the general fund when, in the judgment of the board, funds should be transferred.


History: Add. 1956, Act 109, Eff. Aug. 11, 1956 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 544, Imd. Eff. Jan. 20, 1999


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41.735c Special assessments to defray certain obligations.

Sec. 15c.

The township board may determine that the whole or any part of an obligation of the township assessed or contracted for pursuant to Act No. 342 of the Public Acts of 1939, as amended, being sections 46.171 to 46.187 of the Michigan Compiled Laws; Act No. 185 of the Public Acts of 1957, as amended, being sections 123.731 to 123.786 of the Michigan Compiled Laws; Act No. 40 of the Public Acts of 1956, as amended, being sections 280.1 to 280.623 of the Michigan Compiled Laws; and Act No. 233 of the Public Acts of 1955, as amended, being sections 124.281 to 124.294 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, shall be defrayed by special assessments against the property specially benefited thereby and in such case, the special assessments may be levied and collected in accordance with this act except as herein provided. The requirements of section 3 with respect to requiring a petition and section 4 with respect to the hearing therein required shall not apply to any special assessments levied and collected in accordance with this section and the above described acts.


History: Add. 1974, Act 143, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1974


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41.736 Public improvements; powers granted to townships.

Sec. 16.

The powers herein granted may be exercised by any township and shall be in addition to the powers granted by any other statute.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 14, Imd. Eff. May 9, 1961


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41.737 Scope of act.

Sec. 17.

The provisions of this act shall not apply to any obligations issued or assessments levied except in accordance with the provisions of this act after the effective date thereof, and shall not validate any proceedings or action taken by any township prior to the effective date of this act.


History: 1954, Act 188, Imd. Eff. May 5, 1954


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41.738 Use of interest earned from investments, money from bond proceeds, or money from interest and penalties on unpaid special assessment.

Sec. 18.

Interest earned from the investment of money collected under a special assessment under this act or of money received as bond proceeds from a bond issued under this act, or money from interest or penalties charged and collected on an unpaid special assessment under this act shall only be used for the following:

(a) To pay for the improvement for which the special assessment is assessed.

(b) To pay the principal and interest of bonds that are issued for the improvement for which the special assessment is assessed.

(c) To pay the principal and interest of an advance from the township that is used for the improvement for which the special assessment is assessed.


History: Add. 1986, Act 180, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986


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Rendered 5/24/2017 02:02:16 Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 33 of 2017
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