ESTATES AND PROTECTED INDIVIDUALS CODE (EXCERPT)
Act 386 of 1998
700.2718 Representation; per capita at each generation; per stirpes.
(1) If an applicable statute or a governing instrument calls for the property to be distributed "by representation" or "per capita at each generation", the property is divided into as many equal shares as there are surviving descendants in the generation nearest to the designated ancestor that contains 1 or more surviving descendants and deceased descendants in the same generation who left surviving descendants, if any. Each surviving descendant in the nearest generation is allocated 1 share. The remaining shares, if any, are combined and then divided in the same manner among the surviving descendants of the deceased descendants as if the surviving descendants who were allocated a share and their surviving descendants had predeceased the distribution date. This rule of construction applies to documents originally created on and after April 1, 2000, and to all instruments amended on and after April 1, 2000, that use the phrase "by representation" or "per capita at each generation". If an amendment uses either phrase, the rule of this section applies to the entire instrument.
(2) If a governing instrument calls for property to be distributed "per stirpes", the property is divided into as many equal shares as there are surviving children of the designated ancestor and deceased children who left surviving descendants. Each surviving child, if any, is allocated 1 share. The share of each deceased child with surviving descendants is divided in the same manner, with subdivision repeating at each succeeding generation until the property is fully allocated among surviving descendants.
(3) For the purposes of subsections (1) and (2), a deceased individual who left no surviving descendant is disregarded, and an individual who leaves a surviving ancestor who is a descendant of the designated ancestor is not entitled to a share.
(4) As used in this section:
(a) "Deceased child" or "deceased descendant" means a child or descendant who either predeceases the distribution date or is considered to predecease the distribution date under section 2702.
(b) "Distribution date" means, with respect to an interest, the time when the interest is to take effect in possession or enjoyment. The distribution date does not need to occur at the beginning or end of a calendar day, but can occur at a time during the course of a day.
(c) "Surviving ancestor", "surviving child", or "surviving descendant" means an ancestor, a child, or a descendant who does not predecease the distribution date and is not considered to have predeceased the distribution date under section 2702.
History: 1998, Act 386, Eff. Apr. 1, 2000
Am. 2000, Act 54, Eff. Apr. 1, 2000
Popular Name: EPIC