MICHIGAN ELECTION LAW (EXCERPT)
Act 116 of 1954
168.558 Filing nominating petition, qualifying petition, filing fee, or affidavit of candidacy; affidavit of identity; requirement to indicate name change; exception; statement; noncompliance; selection of office to which candidacy restricted; failure to make selection; perjury separate violation.
(1) When filing a nominating petition, qualifying petition, filing fee, or affidavit of candidacy for a federal, county, state, city, township, village, metropolitan district, or school district office in any election, a candidate shall file with the officer with whom the petitions, fee, or affidavit is filed 2 copies of an affidavit of identity. A candidate nominated for a federal, state, county, city, township, or village office at a political party convention or caucus shall file an affidavit of identity within 1 business day after being nominated with the secretary of state. The affidavit of identity filing requirement does not apply to a candidate nominated for the office of President of the United States or Vice President of the United States.
(2) An affidavit of identity must contain the candidate's name and residential address; a statement that the candidate is a citizen of the United States; the title of the office sought; a statement that the candidate meets the constitutional and statutory qualifications for the office sought; other information that may be required to satisfy the officer as to the identity of the candidate; and the manner in which the candidate wishes to have his or her name appear on the ballot. If a candidate is using a name that is not a name that he or she was given at birth, the candidate shall include on the affidavit of identity the candidate's full former name.
(3) The requirement to indicate a name change on the affidavit of identity does not apply if the name in question is 1 of the following:
(a) A name that was formally changed at least 10 years before filing as a candidate.
(b) A name that was changed in a certificate of naturalization issued by a federal district court at the time the individual became a naturalized citizen at least 10 years before filing as a candidate.
(c) A name that was changed because of marriage.
(d) A name that was changed because of divorce, but only if to a legal name by which the individual was previously known.
(e) A name that constitutes a common law name as provided in section 560b.
(4) An affidavit of identity must include a statement that as of the date of the affidavit, all statements, reports, late filing fees, and fines required of the candidate or any candidate committee organized to support the candidate's election under the Michigan campaign finance act, 1976 PA 388, MCL 169.201 to 169.282, have been filed or paid; and a statement that the candidate acknowledges that making a false statement in the affidavit is perjury, punishable by a fine up to $1,000.00 or imprisonment for up to 5 years, or both. If a candidate files the affidavit of identity with an officer other than the county clerk or secretary of state, the officer shall immediately forward to the county clerk 1 copy of the affidavit of identity by first-class mail. The county clerk shall immediately forward 1 copy of the affidavit of identity for state and federal candidates to the secretary of state by first-class mail. An officer shall not certify to the board of election commissioners the name of a candidate who fails to comply with this section, or the name of a candidate who executes an affidavit of identity that contains a false statement with regard to any information or statement required under this section.
(5) If petitions or filing fees are filed by or on behalf of a candidate for more than 1 office, either federal, state, county, city, village, township, metropolitan district, or school district, the terms of which run concurrently or overlap, the candidate so filing, or on behalf of whom petitions or fees were so filed, shall select the 1 office to which his or her candidacy is restricted within 3 days after the last day for the filing of petitions or filing fees unless the petitions or filing fees are filed for 2 offices that are combined or for offices that are not incompatible. Failure to make the selection disqualifies a candidate with respect to each office for which petitions or fees were so filed and the name of the candidate must not be printed upon the ballot for those offices. A vote cast for that candidate at the ensuing primary or general election must not be counted and is void.
(6) A violation of this section for perjury is distinct and separate from any violation of the Michigan campaign finance act, 1976 PA 388, MCL 169.201 to 169.282.
History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955
Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956
Am. 1964, Act 190, Imd. Eff. May 20, 1964
Am. 1984, Act 394, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1984
Am. 1992, Act 264, Eff. Jan. 1, 1993
Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Am. 1997, Act 137, Imd. Eff. Nov. 17, 1997
Am. 1999, Act 217, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Am. 2002, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Apr. 9, 2002
Am. 2012, Act 128, Imd. Eff. May 14, 2012
Am. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013
Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Am. 2018, Act 650, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2018
Popular Name: Election Code
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