THE MICHIGAN PENAL CODE (EXCERPT)
Act 328 of 1931
750.43a Directed energy emitted from directed energy device; aiming at aircraft or path of aircraft or moving train prohibited; violation as felony; penalty; exceptions; "directed energy device" defined.
(1) A person shall not intentionally aim a beam of directed energy emitted from a directed energy device at an aircraft or into the path of an aircraft or a moving train.
(2) A person who violates this section is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 5 years or a fine of not more than $10,000.00, or both.
(3) This section does not apply to any of the following:
(a) An authorized individual in the conduct of research and development or flight test operations conducted by an aircraft manufacturer, the Federal Aviation Administration, or any other person authorized by the Federal Aviation Administration to conduct research and development or flight test operations.
(b) Members of the United States Department of Defense or the United States Department of Homeland Security acting in an official capacity for the purpose of research, development, operations, testing, or training.
(c) A person using a laser emergency signaling device to send an emergency distress signal.
(4) As used in this section, "directed energy device" means any device that emits highly focused energy and is capable of transferring that energy to a target to damage or interfere with its operation. The energy from a directed energy device includes, but is not limited to, the following forms of energy:
(a) Electromagnetic radiation, including radio frequency, microwave, lasers, and masers.
(b) Particles with mass, in particle-beam weapons and devices.
(c) Sound, in sonic weapons and devices.
History: Add. 2017, Act 29, Eff. Aug. 7, 2017
© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan