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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 178 of 2019
House: Adjourned until Tuesday, January 21, 2020 1:30:00 PM
Senate: Adjourned until Tuesday, January 21, 2020 10:00:00 AM


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NOTE: Dates reflect any modification to item, not necessarily a change in law.

Chapter 254 - BRIDGES
Act 354 of 1925 ‑ BRIDGES AND CULVERTS (254.1 - 254.32)
     Section 254.1 ‑ Bridges and culverts; construction, improvement and repair; part of road.
     Section 254.2‑254.4 ‑ Repealed. 1958, Act 77, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958.
     Section 254.5 ‑ Obstructions to navigation; powers of commissioner; removal costs; failure to remove, penalty.
     354‑1925‑INTER‑MUNICIPAL‑BRIDGES. ‑ INTER-MUNICIPAL BRIDGES. (254.6...254.16)
          Section 254.6 ‑ Inter-township, bridge; construction, repair, expense, joint action.
          Section 254.7 ‑ Repealed. 1958, Act 77, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958.
          Section 254.8 ‑ Townships and commissioners construed; authority to contract.
          Section 254.9 ‑ Failure to join; petition to state commissioner.
          Section 254.10 ‑ Failure to join; hearing, notice.
          Section 254.11 ‑ Failure to join; commissioner, duties; approval of supervisors of navigable rivers.
          Section 254.12 ‑ Failure to join; determination of quota, alteration.
          Section 254.13 ‑ Failure to join; copy of determination, filing; tax levy.
          Section 254.14 ‑ Inter-county bridge; failure of boards of commissioners to agree on apportionment, petition to state commissioner.
          Section 254.15 ‑ Interstate bridge; commissioners' authority to contract; supervisors, fund raising, special tax, limitation.
          Section 254.16 ‑ Repealed. 1958, Act 77, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958.
     354‑1925‑GENERAL‑PROVISIONS. ‑ GENERAL PROVISIONS. (254.17...254.24)
          Section 254.17 ‑ Bridge; specifications by state department without cost.
          Section 254.18 ‑ Repealed. 1958, Act 77, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958.
          Section 254.19 ‑ Bridge; carrying capacity.
          Section 254.19a ‑ Federally compliant and risk-based inspection plan.
          Section 254.20 ‑ Posting of narrow and one-lane bridges; uniform traffic control devices.
          Section 254.21 ‑ Movable bridge; warning, protection, penalty.
          Section 254.22 ‑ Bridge over navigable stream; construction and maintenance.
          Section 254.23 ‑ Movable span bridge; rules, posting, duty of commissioner.
          Section 254.24 ‑ Repealed. 1958, Act 77, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958.
     354‑1925‑ALTERATION‑OF‑WATERCOURSES. ‑ ALTERATION OF WATERCOURSES. (254.25...254.26)
          Section 254.25 ‑ Permit for alteration of watercourses.
          Section 254.26 ‑ Permit for alteration of watercourses; costs, payment, contract.
     354‑1925‑MILL‑RACES. ‑ MILL RACES. (254.27...254.32)
          Section 254.27 ‑ Bridge over race; duty of water workers.
          Section 254.28 ‑ Bridge over race; failure to maintain, commissioner, duty.
          Section 254.29 ‑ Bridge over race; expense, collection.
          Section 254.30 ‑ Bridge and culvert; synonymous.
          Section 254.32 ‑ Bridges excepted.
Act 398 of 1919 ‑ BRIDGES OVER NAVIGABLE WATERS (254.51 - 254.67)
     Section 254.51 ‑ Bridge over navigable waters in certain counties; petition.
     Section 254.52 ‑ Bridge over navigable waters in certain counties; meeting of county supervisors, notices; plans and specifications.
     Section 254.53 ‑ Bridge over navigable waters in certain counties; board of supervisors, authority; type of bridge.
     Section 254.54 ‑ County under road system; authority of commissioners; specifications; type of bridges not to be changed.
     Section 254.55 ‑ County under road system; special assessment district, hearings, objections, boundary changes.
     Section 254.56 ‑ County under road system; commissioners' final order.
     Section 254.57 ‑ County under road system; commissioners' powers and duties.
     Section 254.58 ‑ County under road system; rights, duties, remedies, limitations; legislative intent.
     Section 254.59 ‑ County under road system; annual installments, apportionment of cost; announcement of decision, exemption.
     Section 254.60 ‑ County not under road system; supervisors' authority, delegation.
     Section 254.61 ‑ County not under road system; powers and duties, legislative intent.
     Section 254.62 ‑ Bridge deemed public highway; county maintenance.
     Section 254.63 ‑ Tax limit; borrowing funds.
     Section 254.64 ‑ Recovery of damages; plaintiffs; actions within year.
     Section 254.65 ‑ Recovery of damages; action by summons, service; alias and pluries summons.
     Section 254.66 ‑ Recovery of damages; pleadings, proceedings.
     Section 254.67 ‑ Recovery of damages; tax levy.
Act 109 of 1927 ‑ Repealed-BONDS FOR BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE (254.81 - 254.83)
Act 6 of 1911 ‑ Repealed-INTERSTATE BRIDGE OVER NAVIGABLE STREAM (254.91 - 254.94)
Act 181 of 1921 ‑ BRIDGE ACROSS PORTAGE LAKE (254.101 - 254.107)
     Section 254.101 ‑ Bridge across Portage Lake declared state trunk line highway.
     Section 254.102 ‑ State highway commissioner's obligations, contracts, execution of leases.
     Section 254.103 ‑ Payment of costs.
     Section 254.104 ‑ Work performance; trunk line bridge.
     Section 254.105 ‑ Rentals, damages, moneys due; disposition.
     Section 254.106 ‑ State highway commissioner and other officers; authority.
     Section 254.107 ‑ Saving clause.
Act 82 of 1959 ‑ Repealed-BRIDGE OVER CROOKED LAKE (254.111 - 254.112)
Act 98 of 1927 ‑ Repealed-INTERSTATE BRIDGE BETWEEN MICHIGAN AND WISCONSIN (254.121 - 254.123)
Act 191 of 1955 ‑ Repealed-INTERSTATE BRIDGE BETWEEN MICHIGAN AND WISCONSIN (254.131 - 254.131)
Act 84 of 1959 ‑ EASEMENT FOR BRIDGE IN MACKINAC COUNTY (254.141 - 254.142)
     Section 254.141 ‑ Mackinac county bridge; conveyance of easement.
     Section 254.142 ‑ Bridge; part of public road system.
Act 147 of 1935 ‑ STATE BRIDGE COMMISSION; PUBLIC WORKS (254.151 - 254.167)
     Section 254.151 ‑ State bridge commission; issuance of revenue bonds for public works.
     Section 254.152 ‑ State bridge commission; definitions.
     Section 254.153 ‑ State bridge commission; membership, oath, bond.
     Section 254.154 ‑ State bridge commission; acquisition of necessary property.
     Section 254.155 ‑ State bridge commission; purchase of public works.
     Section 254.156 ‑ Improvement of public works.
     Section 254.157 ‑ Construction of public works; agreements with other states and Canada.
     Section 254.158 ‑ Revenue bonds for public works; sale, notice; signature; report to administrative board.
     Section 254.159 ‑ Lien on bond proceeds.
     Section 254.160 ‑ Trust indenture; collateral security, surety bonds; expenses.
     Section 254.161 ‑ Revenues; contracts with state highway department and Ontario; elimination of tolls.
     Section 254.162 ‑ Powers of commission.
     Section 254.163 ‑ Action by trustee and bondholders.
     Section 254.164 ‑ Acceptance of contributions; use.
     Section 254.165 ‑ Competing ferries.
     Section 254.166 ‑ Alternative methods of act.
     Section 254.167 ‑ Construction of act.
Act 294 of 1947 ‑ Repealed-STATE BRIDGE COMMISSION; SALE OF LANDS (254.181 - 254.181)
Act 11 of 2010 ‑ BLUE WATER BRIDGE PLAZA EXPANSION OVERSIGHT REPORTING ACT (254.191 - 254.192)
     Section 254.191 ‑ Short title.
     Section 254.192 ‑ Written accounting of expenditures and updates.
Act 237 of 1935 ‑ Repealed-INTERNATIONAL BRIDGE AUTHORITY (254.201 - 254.216)
     Section 254.201 ‑ Repealed. 1954, Act 99, Imd. Eff. Apr. 12, 1954.
     Section 254.202 ‑ Repealed. 2000, Act 243, Eff. Sept. 2, 2000.
     Section 254.203‑254.216 ‑ Repealed. 1954, Act 99, Imd. Eff. Apr. 12, 1954.
Act 99 of 1954 ‑ INTERNATIONAL BRIDGE AUTHORITY (254.221 - 254.240)
     Section 254.221 ‑ International bridge authority; definitions.
     Section 254.222 ‑ Revenue bonds; statement, expenses.
     Section 254.223 ‑ International bridge authority; powers and duties; value of assets; efficiencies.
     Section 254.223a ‑ Expenditure from bridge revenues; purposes; payment.
     Section 254.224 ‑ Real property; purchase and conveyance by city of Sault Ste. Marie; condemnation proceedings; title; removal of property.
     Section 254.225 ‑ Revenue bonds; issuance, principal and interest payments, date, form, signatures, coupon or registered, sale, approval, proceeds, use; interim receipts or temporary bonds.
     Section 254.226 ‑ Revenue bonds; secured by trust agreement, pledge, provisions, indemnifying bonds, expenses, approval.
     Section 254.227 ‑ Tolls; collection; contracts with public utilities; appropriation of revenue; supervision and regulation; sinking fund; pledge.
     Section 254.228 ‑ Trust funds; depository acting as trustee.
     Section 254.229 ‑ Trust agreement or resolution; enforcement.
     Section 254.230 ‑ Bonds; negotiable instruments.
     Section 254.231 ‑ Purpose of project; taxation.
     Section 254.232 ‑ Bonds made securities.
     Section 254.233 ‑ Revenue refunding bonds; purpose, regulation.
     Section 254.234 ‑ Vehicular traffic facilities; covenant with bondholders; limitations.
     Section 254.235 ‑ Authorization for action; project maintenance and operation, report to governor, failure to pay tolls, surveying.
     Section 254.236 ‑ Bonds; final payment; disposition of property; dissolution of authority; assumption of powers and responsibilities; use of property and funds; surveys and studies; availability of data.
     Section 254.237 ‑ Powers; supplemental and additional.
     Section 254.238 ‑ Construction of act.
     Section 254.239 ‑ Repealed. 2000, Act No. 243, Imd. Eff. June 29, 2000.
     Section 254.240 ‑ Repeal.
Act 21 of 1950 (Ex. Sess.) ‑ MACKINAC BRIDGE AUTHORITY (254.301 - 254.304)
     Section 254.301 ‑ Mackinac bridge authority, definitions.
     Section 254.301a ‑ Self-insurance of bridge assets and activities; agreement; self-insurance reserve account; payments; litigation.
     Section 254.302 ‑ Mackinac bridge authority; creation; powers; membership; compensation; expenses; oath; bond; election of chairperson; funds; quorum; personnel; executive secretary.
     Section 254.303, 254.304 ‑ Repealed. 2005, Act 332, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2005.
Act 214 of 1952 ‑ MACKINAC BRIDGE AUTHORITY (254.311 - 254.332)
     Section 254.311 ‑ Mackinac bridge authority; definitions; scope of act.
     Section 254.312 ‑ Mackinac bridge authority; corporate existence, terms.
     Section 254.313 ‑ Repealed. 2005, Act 331, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2005.
     Section 254.314 ‑ Mackinac bridge authority; bridge construction, bond proceeds; property acquisition and condemnation, surveys, easements.
     Section 254.315 ‑ Revenue bonds; purposes; sale or exchange of refunding bonds; contracts for fiscal agents' services; payment of principal, interest, and redemption premiums; serial bonds or term bonds; statement; signatures; negotiability; tax exemption; sale; approval; temporary bonds; recital; scope of section.
     Section 254.316 ‑ Mackinac bridge authority; security, trust indenture; authority, duties; annual audit; depository; collateral security; approval.
     Section 254.317 ‑ Mackinac bridge authority; bridge construction, tolls, utility lines, lease; appropriation, sale or lease; revenues, priority.
     Section 254.318 ‑ Mackinac bridge authority; grants or donations.
     Section 254.319 ‑ Unauthorized indebtedness to state.
     Section 254.320 ‑ Scope of act.
     Section 254.321 ‑ Board and state highway department; authority.
     Section 254.322 ‑ Use of bridge; payment of tolls; authorized emergency vehicles; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.
     Section 254.323 ‑ Federal government approvals.
     Section 254.324 ‑ Mackinac Straits corridor authority; definitions.
     Section 254.324a ‑ Mackinac bridge authority; utility tunnel; service rates; duties; powers; property exempt from taxes.
     Section 254.324b ‑ Mackinac Straits corridor authority; duties; corridor authority board; members; terms; powers.
     Section 254.324c ‑ Straits protection fund.
     Section 254.324d ‑ Transfer of funds, duties, and powers related to utility tunnel to corridor authority board; report; tunnel agreement; findings required; representation by attorney general.
     Section 254.324e ‑ Funding from any source other than straits protection fund; agreement to accept liability of utility equipment by user of utility tunnel; prohibited.
     Section 254.325 ‑ Construction of act.
     Section 254.326 ‑ Contracts, books, maps; delivery to authority.
     Section 254.327 ‑ Declared public purpose; tax exemption.
     Section 254.328 ‑ Authority's rights not limited or altered; competitive vehicular traffic services.
     Section 254.329 ‑ Bondholders' rights; enforcement actions.
     Section 254.330 ‑ Operation of ferries.
     Section 254.331 ‑ Inconsistent acts.
     Section 254.332 ‑ Expenditure of funds for construction of state police post; lease agreement; payments; expiration or termination of lease; use.
Act 57 of 1962 ‑ Repealed-BRIDGE OVER MISSAUKEE LAKE (254.351 - 254.352)
Act 13 of 1966 ‑ REFUNDING BONDS OF MACKINAC BRIDGE AUTHORITY; TRANSFER OF AUTHORITY TO STATE HIGHWAY DEPARTMENT (254.361 - 254.372)
     Section 254.361 ‑ Refunding bonds; issuance, purpose.
     Section 254.362 ‑ Refunding bonds; amount; application of funds, pledge of state credit, appropriation.
     Section 254.363 ‑ Refunding bonds; issuance and sale, terms and conditions.
     Section 254.364 ‑ Refunding bonds; negotiability and tax exemption.
     Section 254.365 ‑ Refunding bonds; execution, officers, manner.
     Section 254.366 ‑ Issuance and sale of refunding bonds; approval of board, commission or agency.
     Section 254.367 ‑ Public sale; terms and conditions; disposition of proceeds.
     Section 254.368 ‑ Powers of commission.
     Section 254.369 ‑ Repealed. 2005, Act 329, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2005
     Section 254.370 ‑ Fixing of tolls, fees, rents, and charges; commission powers, legislative intent.
     Section 254.371 ‑ Operation of bridge as part of state highway system; expenses, tolls and fees.
     Section 254.372 ‑ Employees of authority; transfer to commission, credit for time.

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