THE INSURANCE CODE OF 1956

Act 218 of 1956

AN ACT to revise, consolidate, and classify the laws relating to the insurance and surety business; to regulate the incorporation or formation of domestic insurance and surety companies and associations and the admission of foreign and alien companies and associations; to provide their rights, powers, and immunities and to prescribe the conditions on which companies and associations organized, existing, or authorized under this act may exercise their powers; to provide the rights, powers, and immunities and to prescribe the conditions on which other persons, firms, corporations, associations, risk retention groups, and purchasing groups engaged in an insurance or surety business may exercise their powers; to provide for the imposition of a privilege fee on domestic insurance companies and associations and the state accident fund; to provide for the imposition of a tax on the business of foreign and alien companies and associations; to provide for the imposition of a tax on risk retention groups and purchasing groups; to provide for the imposition of a tax on the business of surplus line agents; to provide for the imposition of regulatory fees on certain insurers; to provide for assessment fees on certain health maintenance organizations; to modify tort liability arising out of certain accidents; to provide for limited actions with respect to that modified tort liability and to prescribe certain procedures for maintaining those actions; to require security for losses arising out of certain accidents; to provide for the continued availability and affordability of automobile insurance and homeowners insurance in this state and to facilitate the purchase of that insurance by all residents of this state at fair and reasonable rates; to provide for certain reporting with respect to insurance and with respect to certain claims against uninsured or self-insured persons; to prescribe duties for certain state departments and officers with respect to that reporting; to provide for certain assessments; to establish and continue certain state insurance funds; to modify and clarify the status, rights, powers, duties, and operations of the nonprofit malpractice insurance fund; to provide for the departmental supervision and regulation of the insurance and surety business within this state; to provide for regulation over worker's compensation self-insurers; to provide for the conservation, rehabilitation, or liquidation of unsound or insolvent insurers; to provide for the protection of policyholders, claimants, and creditors of unsound or insolvent insurers; to provide for associations of insurers to protect policyholders and claimants in the event of insurer insolvencies; to prescribe educational requirements for insurance agents and solicitors; to provide for the regulation of multiple employer welfare arrangements; to create an automobile theft prevention authority to reduce the number of automobile thefts in this state; to prescribe the powers and duties of the automobile theft prevention authority; to provide certain powers and duties upon certain officials, departments, and authorities of this state; to provide for an appropriation; to repeal acts and parts of acts; and to provide penalties for the violation of this act.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 294, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1977, Act 42, Imd. Eff. June 28, 1977 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 145, Imd. Eff. Nov. 13, 1979 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 41, Imd. Eff. Mar. 17, 1980 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 194, Imd. Eff. June 28, 1982 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Feb. 28, 1986 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 121, Imd. Eff. May 28, 1986 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 173, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 214, Eff. Jan. 1, 1990 ;-- Am. 1991, Act 24, Imd. Eff. May 20, 1991 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 228, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1994 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 457, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 1999 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 304, Imd. Eff. May 10, 2002
Compiler's Notes: Act 143 of 1993, which amended this act, was submitted to the people by referendum petition (as Proposal C) and rejected by a majority of the votes cast at the November 8, 1994, general election.For transfer of the Department of Insurance and Office of the Commissioner on Insurance from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of authority, powers, duties, functions, and responsibilities of the insurance bureau and the commissioner of insurance to the commissioner of the office of financial and insurance services and the office of financial and insurance services, see E.R.O. No. 2000-2, compiled MCL 445.2003 of the Michigan compiled laws.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

The People of the State of Michigan enact:
Chapter 1
SCOPE OF CODE


500.100 Insurance code of 1956; short title.

Sec. 100.

This act shall be known and may be cited as “the insurance code of 1956”.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of the Department of Insurance and Office of the Commissioner on Insurance from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of authority, powers, duties, functions, and responsibilities of the insurance bureau and the commissioner of insurance to the commissioner of the office of financial and insurance services and the office of financial and insurance services, see E.R.O. No. 2000-2, compiled at MCL 445.2003 of the Michigan compiled laws.
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.102 Definitions.

Sec. 102.

As used in this act:

(a) "Commissioner" means the director.

(b) "Department" means the department of insurance and financial services.

(c) "Director" means, unless the context clearly implies a different meaning, the director of the department.

(d) "Office of financial and insurance regulation" and "office of financial and insurance services" mean the department.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 252, Imd. Eff. June 29, 2000 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 509, Imd. Eff. Jan. 14, 2015 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 571, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.103 “Revenue commissioner” defined.

Sec. 103.

As used in this code, “revenue commissioner” means the state commissioner of revenue appointed under Act No. 122 of the Public Acts of 1941, being sections 205.1 to 205.31 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: Add. 1990, Act 256, Imd. Eff. Oct. 15, 1990
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.106 "Health maintenance organization" and "insurer" defined.

Sec. 106.

As used in this act:

(a) "Health maintenance organization" means that term as defined in section 3501.

(b) "Insurer" means an individual, corporation, association, partnership, reciprocal exchange, inter-insurer, Lloyds organization, fraternal benefit society, or other legal entity, engaged or attempting to engage in the business of making insurance or surety contracts. Except as otherwise provided in section 3503 and unless the context requires otherwise, insurer includes a health maintenance organization.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.108 Authorized, unauthorized insurer; definitions.

Sec. 108.

As used in this code:

(1) “Authorized” insurer means an insurer duly authorized, by a subsisting certificate of authority issued by the commissioner, to transact insurance in this state.

(2) “Unauthorized” insurer means an insurer not so authorized to transact insurance in this state.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.110 Domestic, foreign, alien; definitions.

Sec. 110.

As used in this code:

(1) “Domestic” insurer means an insurer formed under the laws of this state.

(2) “Foreign” insurer means an insurer formed under the laws of the District of Columbia, or some state, commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States of America other than the state of Michigan.

(3) “Alien” insurer means an insurer formed under the laws of a country other than the United States of America or any state, district, commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States of America.

(4) Unless the context otherwise requires or unless the same subject is treated in this code by a provision expressly applying to alien insurers, the term “foreign insurer” as used in a particular section of this code shall be deemed to include also alien insurers.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.114 Person; definition.

Sec. 114.

“Person” as used in this code includes an individual, insurer, company, association, organization, Lloyds, society, reciprocal or inter-insurance exchange, partnership, syndicate, business trust, corporation, and any other legal entity.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.115 Definitions.

Sec. 115.

As used in this act unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

(a) “Affiliate” or a person “affiliated” with a specific person means a person that directly, or indirectly through 1 or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the person specified.

(b) “Control” including the terms “controlling”, “controlled by”, and “under common control with” mean the following:

(i) Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (ii), the possession or the contingent or noncontingent right to acquire possession, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract including acquisition of assets or bulk reinsurance, other than a commercial contract for goods or nonmanagement services, by pledge of securities, or otherwise, unless the power is the result of an official position with or corporate office held by the person. Control is presumed to exist if any person, by formal or informal arrangement, device, or understanding, directly or indirectly, owns, controls, holds with the power to vote, or holds proxies representing 10% or more of the voting securities of any other person or for a mutual insurer owns 10% or more of the insurer's surplus through surplus notes, guarantee fund certificates or other evidence of indebtedness issued by the insurer. This presumption may be rebutted by a showing made in the manner provided by section 1332 that control does not in fact exist. The commissioner may determine after furnishing to all persons in interest notice and an opportunity to be heard and making specific findings of fact to support the determination that control in fact exists notwithstanding the absence of a presumption to that effect.

(ii) “Control”, for the purpose of section 1243 and chapter 5 only, means 1 or more of the following:

(A) Ownership, control, or power to vote 25% or more of the outstanding shares of any class of voting security of the company, directly or indirectly, or acting through 1 or more other persons.

(B) Control in any manner over the election of a majority of the directors, trustees, or general partners or individuals exercising similar functions of the company.

(C) The power to exercise, directly or indirectly, a controlling influence over the management or policies of the company, as the commissioner determines.

(c) “Insurance holding company system” means 2 or more affiliated persons, 1 or more of which is an insurer.

(d) “Securityholder” of a specified person means a person who owns any security of the person, including common stock, preferred stock, debt obligations, and any other security convertible into or evidencing the right to acquire any of the foregoing.

(e) “Subsidiary” of a specified person means an affiliate controlled by that person directly or indirectly through 1 or more intermediaries.

(f) “Voting security” includes any security convertible into or evidencing a right to acquire a voting security.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.116 Additional definitions.

Sec. 116.

As used in this act:

(a) "Enrollee" means an individual who is entitled to receive health services under a health insurance contract, unless the context requires otherwise.

(b) "Hazardous to policyholders, creditors, and the public" means that an insurer, with respect to the financial condition of its business, is not safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence.

(c) "In the reasonable exercise of discretion" means that an order, decision, determination, finding, ruling, opinion, action, or inaction was based upon facts reasonably found to exist and was not inconsistent with generally acceptable standards and practices of those knowledgeable in the field in question.

(d) "Insurance policy" or "insurance contract" means a contract of insurance, indemnity, suretyship, or annuity issued or proposed or intended for issuance by a person engaged in the business of insurance. Unless the context requires otherwise, insurance contract includes a health maintenance contract, as that term is defined in section 3501.

(e) "Insurance producer" means that term as defined in section 1201.

(f) "Large employer" means an employer that is not a small employer as defined in section 3701.

(g) "Participating provider" means a provider that, under contract with an insurer that issues policies of health insurance or with such an insurer's contractor or subcontractor, has agreed to provide health care services to covered individuals and to accept payment by the insurer, contractor, or subcontractor for covered services as payment in full, other than coinsurance, copayments, or deductibles.

(h) "Safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence" means that an insurer meets all of the following:

(i) With respect to its financial standards and conduct and discharge of its obligations to policyholders and creditors, has complied and continues to comply with the specific requirements of this act and, if relevant, the insurance codes or acts of its state of domicile and other states in which it is authorized to conduct an insurance business.

(ii) Has made and continues to make reasonable financial provisions and apply sound insurance principles so as to provide reasonable margins of financial safety with respect to the insurance and other obligations it has assumed and continues to assume such that the insurer will be able to discharge those obligations under any reasonable conditions and contingencies taking into account without limitation reasonably anticipated contingencies, including those affecting changes in the projections of liabilities, fluctuations in value of assets, alterations in projections as to when obligations may become due, and expected and unexpected new claims with respect to obligations.

(i) "Service area" means that term as defined in section 3501, unless the context requires otherwise.

(j) Except as used in chapters 24, 26, 72, 76, and 81, "subscriber" means an individual who enters into an insurance contract for health insurance, or on whose behalf an insurance contract for health insurance is entered into, with an insurer.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.118 Treatment of alien insurer as foreign insurer.

Sec. 118.

If an alien insurer is domiciled in a country other than the United States that has an agreement with the United States whereby each agrees to treat insurers domiciled in the other country the same as insurers domiciled in its own country, the alien insurer may apply for a certificate of authority as a foreign insurer pursuant to section 424. If the certificate of authority as a foreign insurer is granted, the alien insurer shall be treated as a foreign insurer under this act, but only to the extent that the other country and its political subdivisions in which the alien insurer is domiciled actually extend like treatment to insurers domiciled in the United States.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.120 Insurance, surety, or health maintenance organization transactions; compliance with act.

Sec. 120.

A person shall not transact an insurance, surety, or health maintenance organization business in this state, or relative to a subject resident, located or to be performed in this state, without complying with the applicable provisions of this act.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.121 Surety; rights; remedies; relief.

Sec. 121.

(1) A person and a surety may agree to deposit any asset that the surety may be held responsible for into a financial institution that is authorized to transact business in this state in such manner as to prevent the withdrawal of the asset or any part of the asset except with the written consent of the surety or an order of the court made on such notice to the person and the surety as the court directs.

(2) A person acting in a fiduciary capacity who is required to obtain a bond may include the cost of obtaining the bond as part of the expense of acting as a fiduciary if allowed by the court to which the fiduciary is required to account and so long as the cost does not exceed 1% annually of the bond amount or an amount otherwise approved by the commissioner. The surety on a bond under this subsection may apply to the court for an order relieving the surety of liability for future acts of the fiduciary. Following notice and a hearing, the court may enter an order discharging the surety from liability arising out of acts or omissions occurring after the date of the order on such terms and conditions as the court considers necessary to protect the fiduciary estate and its beneficiaries.

(3) A person required to furnish a bond may use any surety that holds a certificate of authority issued under this chapter and so long as the amount of the bond is within the surety's risk limitation under section 640.

(4) Upon payment of the obligation secured by the bond, a surety is subrogated to the rights of the party to whom it made payment including any security or priority to which its subrogor was entitled.

(5) The corporate surety on a bond shall be released or discharged from its liability on the same terms and conditions as are applicable to the release or discharge of individual sureties. A surety has all rights, remedies, and relief to which an individual guarantor or indemnitor would be entitled.


History: Add. 2001, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.122 Applicability of Michigan antitrust reform act.

Sec. 122.

Transactions or conduct authorized, prohibited, or permitted under a regulatory scheme under this code shall not be subject to the Michigan antitrust reform act, Act No. 274 of the Public Acts of 1984, being sections 445.771 to 445.788 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. The fact that a transaction or conduct concerns the business of insurance shall not exempt it from the Michigan antitrust reform act unless the activity has been authorized, prohibited, or permitted under a regulatory scheme under this code.


History: Add. 1986, Act 173, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.124 Exceptions.

Sec. 124.

This code shall not apply to:

(a) Domestic farmers' and other special risk mutual property insurers, as identified in chapter 68, except as stated in chapter 68.

(b) Fraternal benefit societies, except as stated in chapter 81a.

(c) A multiple employer welfare arrangement regulated under chapter 70, except as provided in chapter 70.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 121, Imd. Eff. May 28, 1986 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 1, Eff. Apr. 1, 1990
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.125 Service contract not subject to act; "consumer product" and "service contract" defined.

Sec. 125.

(1) A service contract is not insurance or the business of insurance and is not subject to this act.

(2) As used in this section:

(a) "Consumer product" means any tangible personal property that is distributed in commerce and is normally used for personal, family, or household purposes, including any tangible personal property intended to be attached to or installed in any real property without regard to whether it is so attached or installed.

(b) "Service contract" means a written contract that is sold for stated consideration for a specific duration that provides any of the following:

(i) To perform or provide reimbursement for the repair, replacement, or maintenance of a consumer product because of the operational or structural failure of the consumer product due to a defect in materials or workmanship; accidental damage from handling, power surge, or interruption; or normal wear and tear, with or without additional provisions for incidental payment of indemnity under limited circumstances, including, but not limited to, towing, rental, and emergency road service.

(ii) The repair or replacement or indemnification for the repair or replacement of a motor vehicle for the operational or structural failure of 1 or more parts or systems of the motor vehicle brought about by the failure of an additive product to perform as represented.

(iii) The repair or replacement of tires or wheels on a motor vehicle damaged as a result of coming into contact with road hazards, including, but not limited to, potholes, rocks, wood debris, metal parts, glass, plastic, curbs, or composite scraps.

(iv) The removal of dents, dings, or creases on a motor vehicle that can be repaired using the process of paintless dent removal without affecting the existing paint finish and without replacing vehicle body panels, sanding, bonding, or painting.

(v) The repair of small motor vehicle windshield chips or cracks, or if a windshield cannot be repaired, the replacement of the windshield.

(vi) The replacement of an inoperable, lost, or stolen motor vehicle key or key fob.


History: Add. 2014, Act 110, Imd. Eff. Apr. 10, 2014
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.126 Waiver of customer liability agreement; definitions.

Sec. 126.

(1) A waiver of customer liability agreement is not insurance or the business of insurance and is not subject to this act.

(2) As used in this section:

(a) "Service provider" means a public or private provider of electricity, natural gas, water, sewer, solid waste collection, or any other similar service, and any provider of communications services involving the transmission of data or any other information or signals utilizing any medium or method, including, but not limited to, cable or broadband service, IP-enabled voice service, cellular or mobile service, or any other similar service.

(b) "Waiver of customer liability agreement" means an optional agreement between a service provider and a customer of the service provider under which the service provider agrees, in return for a specified charge payable by the customer to the service provider, to waive all or a portion of the customer's liability to the service provider for incurred charges during a defined period in the event of any 1 or more of the following: the customer's call to active military service; involuntary unemployment; death; disability; hospitalization; marriage; divorce; evacuation; displacement due to natural disaster or other cause; qualification for family leave; or similar qualifying event or condition. A waiver of customer liability may be contained in the agreement under which the service provider provides services to the customer or in a separate agreement between the service provider and the customer.


History: Add. 2006, Act 432, Imd. Eff. Oct. 5, 2006
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.127 Guaranteed asset protection waiver; certificate of authority or license not required; issuance not construed as insurance; definitions.

Sec. 127.

(1) A guaranteed asset protection waiver that is subject to the guaranteed asset protection waiver act is not insurance or the business of insurance and is not subject to this act.

(2) A person is not required to obtain a certificate of authority or license under this act to market, sell, or offer to sell guaranteed asset protection waivers in compliance with the guaranteed asset protection waiver act to borrowers.

(3) A guaranteed asset protection waiver issued before the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section shall not be construed as insurance.

(4) As used in this section, "borrower" and "guaranteed asset protection waiver" mean those terms as defined in section 3 of the guaranteed asset protection waiver act.


History: Add. 2009, Act 230, Imd. Eff. Jan. 8, 2010
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.128 Additional exceptions.

Sec. 128.

This code shall not apply to:

(a) Nonprofit organizations of a purely philanthropic or social character, which may issue protection for the benefit of their members in amounts not to exceed $150.00 death benefit or $6.00 per week sickness or accident benefit upon compliance with provisions of the nonprofit corporation act, Act No. 162 of the Public Acts of 1982, being sections 450.2101 to 450.3192 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, and with the further and additional requirements that commissions or fees shall not be charged in such transactions, nor shall these organizations be formed or operated principally or primarily for the purpose of issuing such policies or contracts of insurance.

(b) Organizations legally operating under exceptions to the application of the insurance code in force and effect heretofore, provided these organizations shall notify the commissioner of their intention to so continue, and shall furnish with that notice satisfactory proof of their eligibility under said exceptions. The commissioner shall not be required to accept any notice filed later than December 31, 1945.

(c) Those fraternal and other societies, orders, associations, and organizations exempted pursuant to section 8199, exempted fraternal societies and other organizations, but subject to the provisions of section 8199.

(d) Voluntary associations of employees which provide death, accident, or sickness benefits to persons employed by the same employer.

(e) The Mennonite aid association of Indiana and Michigan.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 318, Eff. June 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 1, Eff. Apr. 1, 1990
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.129 Medical retainer agreement not subject to act.

Sec. 129.

(1) A medical retainer agreement is not insurance and is not subject to this act. Entering into a medical retainer agreement is not the business of insurance and is not subject to this act.

(2) A health care provider or agent of a health care provider is not required to obtain a certificate of authority or license under this act to market, sell, or offer to sell a medical retainer agreement.

(3) To be considered a medical retainer agreement for the purposes of this section, the agreement must meet all of the following requirements:

(a) Be in writing.

(b) Be signed by the health care provider or agent of the health care provider and the individual patient or his or her legal representative.

(c) Allow either party to terminate the agreement on written notice to the other party.

(d) Describe and quantify the specific routine health care services that are included in the agreement.

(e) Specify the fee for the agreement.

(f) Specify the period of time under the agreement.

(g) Prominently state in writing that the agreement is not health insurance.

(h) Prohibit the health care provider and the patient from billing an insurer or other third party payer for the services provided under the agreement.

(i) Prominently state in writing that the individual patient must pay the provider for all services not specified in the agreement and not otherwise covered by insurance.

(4) As used in this section:

(a) "Health care provider" means an individual or other legal entity that is licensed, registered, or otherwise authorized to provide a health care service in this state under the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.1101 to 333.25211. Health care provider includes an individual or other legal entity alone or with others professionally associated with the individual or other legal entity.

(b) "Medical retainer agreement" means a contract between a health care provider and an individual patient or his or her legal representative in which the health care provider agrees to provide routine health care services to the individual patient for an agreed-upon fee and period of time.

(c) "Routine health care service" means only the following:

(i) Screening, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment for the purpose of promotion of health or the detection and management of disease or injury.

(ii) Medical supplies and prescription drugs that are dispensed in a health care provider's office or facility site.

(iii) Laboratory work including routine blood screening or routine pathology screening performed by a laboratory that meets either of the following requirements:

(A) Is associated with the health care provider that is a party to the medical retainer agreement.

(B) If not associated with the health care provider as described in sub-subparagraph (A), has entered into an agreement with the health care provider that is a party to the medical retainer agreement to provide the laboratory work without charging a fee to the patient for the laboratory work.


History: Add. 2014, Act 522, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.132 Saving clause; incumbent officers.

Sec. 132.

Continuation by this act of any state department or any office existing under any act repealed herein preserves such department and preserves the tenure of the individual holding such office at the effective date of this act.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.134 Validity of certificate of authority or license in force prior to January 1, 1957; validity of plan of operation and premium or assessment; association or facility not state agency and money thereof not state money; records exempt from disclosure; premium or assessment not burden under MCL 500.476a; “association or facility” defined.

Sec. 134.

(1) Every certificate of authority or license in force immediately prior to January 1, 1957 and existing under any act repealed by this act is valid until its original expiration date, unless earlier terminated in accordance with this act.

(2) Any plan of operation adopted by an association or facility, and any premium or assessment levied against an insurer member of that association or facility, is hereby validated retroactively to the date of its original adoption or levy and shall continue in force and effect according to the terms of the plan of operation, premium, or assessment until otherwise changed by the commissioner or the board of directors of the association or facility pursuant to this act.

(3) An association or facility or the board of directors of the association or facility is not a state agency and the money of an association or facility is not state money.

(4) A record of an association or facility shall be exempted from disclosure pursuant to section 13 of the freedom of information act, Act No. 442 of the Public Acts of 1976, being section 15.243 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(5) Any premium or assessment levied by an association or facility, or any premium or assessment of a similar association or facility formed under a law in force outside this state, is not a burden or special burden for purposes of a calculation under section 476a, and any premium or assessment paid to an association or facility shall not be included in determining the aggregate amount a foreign insurer pays to the commissioner under section 476a.

(6) As used in this section, “association or facility” means an association of insurers created under this act and any other association or facility formed under this act as a nonprofit organization of insurer members, including, but not limited to, the following:

(a) The Michigan worker's compensation placement facility created under chapter 23.

(b) The Michigan basic property insurance association created under section 29.

(c) The catastrophic claims association created under chapter 31.

(d) The Michigan automobile insurance placement facility created under chapter 33.

(e) The Michigan life and health insurance guaranty association created under chapter 77.

(f) The property and casualty guaranty association created under chapter 79.

(g) The assigned claims facility created under section 3171.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 349, Imd. Eff. Nov. 15, 1988 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 256, Imd. Eff. Oct. 15, 1990
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 349 of 1988 provides:The amendment to section 134 of Act No. 218 of the Public Acts of 1956, being section 500.134 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, pursuant to this amendatory act is intended to codify, approve, and validate the actions and long-standing practices taken by the associations and facilities mentioned in this amendatory act retroactively to the time of their original creation. It is the intent of this amendatory act to rectify the misconstruction of the applicability of the administrative procedures act of 1969 by the court of appeals in League General Insurance Company v Catastrophic Claims Association, Case No. 93744, December 21, 1987, with respect to the imposition of rule promulgation requirements on the catastrophic claims association as a state agency, and to further assure that the associations and facilities mentioned in this amendatory act, and their respective boards of directors, shall not hereafter be treated as a state agency or public body."
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.140 Saving clause; existence of domestic insurer continued.

Sec. 140.

Any insurer heretofore formed or incorporated under any insurance law of this state, whose act of incorporation or act under which formed was repealed by Act No. 256 of the Public Acts of 1917 or is repealed by this act, shall continue to have a corporate existence (if a corporation) or existence (if other than a corporation), and shall have all the rights, privileges, immunities and limitations, obtained under such acts of incorporation or formation, as evidenced by their articles of incorporation, bylaws, power of attorney or constituent agreements made pursuant to such acts, as existing at the time this act takes effect; except, that all amendments to such articles of incorporation or powers of attorney or agreements shall be made hereafter in compliance with the provisions of this act, and all such insurers shall be otherwise governed by the provisions of this act. All reincorporations of such incorporated insurers, for the purpose of extending their corporate existence or for any other purpose shall be made only in compliance with this act, and any incorporated insurer heretofore incorporated under any insurance law of this state may reincorporate under this act.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.142 Repealed. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to incorporation requirements for insurance companies.
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.150 Violation of act; hearing; order of commissioner; penalties; court order.

Sec. 150.

(1) Any person who violates any provision of this act for which a specific penalty is not provided under any other provision of this act or of other laws applicable to the violation shall be afforded an opportunity for a hearing before the commissioner pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being sections 24.201 to 24.328 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. If the commissioner finds that a violation has occurred, the commissioner shall reduce the findings and decision to writing and shall issue and cause to be served upon the person charged with the violation a copy of the findings and an order requiring the person to cease and desist from the violation. In addition, the commissioner may order any of the following:

(a) Payment of a civil fine of not more than $500.00 for each violation. However, if the person knew or reasonably should have known that he or she was in violation of this act, the commissioner may order the payment of a civil fine of not more than $2,500.00 for each violation. With respect to filings made under chapters 21, 22, 23, 24, and 26, “violation” means a filing not in compliance with the provisions of those chapters and does not include an action with respect to an individual policy based upon a noncomplying filing. An order of the commissioner under this subdivision shall not require the payment of civil fines exceeding $25,000.00. A fine collected under this subdivision shall be turned over to the state treasurer and credited to the general fund.

(b) The suspension, limitation, or revocation of the person's license or certificate of authority.

(2) After notice and opportunity for hearing, the commissioner may by order reopen and alter, modify, or set aside, in whole or in part, an order issued under this section if, in the commissioner's opinion, conditions of fact or law have changed to require that action or the public interest requires that action.

(3) If a person knowingly violates a cease and desist order under this section and has been given notice and an opportunity for a hearing held pursuant to Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, the commissioner may order a civil fine of $10,000.00 for each violation, or a suspension, limitation, or revocation of a person's license, or both. A fine collected under this subsection shall be turned over to the state treasurer and credited to the general fund.

(4) The commissioner may apply to the Ingham county circuit court for an order of the court enjoining a violation of this act.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 1, 1984 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218
Popular Name: Essential Insurance


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 2
THE INSURANCE COMMISSIONER


500.200 Insurance department; establishment.

Sec. 200.

There is hereby established a separate and distinct state department which shall be especially charged with the execution of the laws in relation to insurance and surety business and to perform such other duties as may be required by law: Provided, however, That the said department so established shall be deemed and considered as in continuation of and the successor to the insurance bureau established by Act No. 108 of the Session Laws of 1871, and other acts amending and supplementing the same, and as in continuation of and the successor to the state department established by Act No. 256 of the Public Acts of 1917 and other acts amending or supplementing the same.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Compiler's Notes: Act 108 of 1871, referred to in this section, was superseded by Act 256 of 1917. Act 256 of 1917, also referred to in this section, was repealed by Act 218 of 1956. For transfer of the Department of Insurance and Office of the Commissioner on Insurance from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of authority, powers, duties, functions, and responsibilities of the commissioner of insurance to the commissioner of the office of financial and insurance services by type III transfer, see E.R.O. No. 2000-2, compiled at MCL 445.2003 of the Michigan compiled laws.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.202 Insurance commissioner; qualifications, office, term, appointment, approval, vacancy.

Sec. 202.

(1) The chief officer of the department shall be known as the commissioner of insurance. He shall be a citizen of this state, shall have his office at the seat of government, shall personally superintend the duties of his office, and shall not be a stockholder or directly or indirectly connected with the management of affairs of any insurer. He shall be appointed by the governor for a term of 4 years by and with the consent of the senate.

(2) Whenever a vacancy occurs in the office of commissioner by reason of death, removal, or otherwise, the governor shall fill such vacancy by appointment, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, if in session.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of the Department of Insurance and Office of the Commissioner on Insurance from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.204 Insurance commissioner; salary; oath; bond.

Sec. 204.

The commissioner shall receive an annual salary as the legislature shall appropriate, payable as other state officers are paid under the accounting laws of the state. Within 15 days from the time of notice of his or her appointment, the commissioner shall take and subscribe the constitutional oath of office and file the oath in the office of the secretary of state, and shall also within the same period give to the people of the state of Michigan a bond in the penal sum of $50,000.00, with sureties to be approved by the state treasurer, conditioned for the faithful discharge of the duties of his or her office.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 105, Imd. Eff. Mar. 27, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.205 Commissioner; powers.

Sec. 205.

Orders, decisions, findings, rulings, determinations, opinions, actions, and inactions of the commissioner in this act shall be made or reached in the reasonable exercise of discretion.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.206 Insurance commissioner; seal, approval, renewal.

Sec. 206.

The commissioner, with the approval of the governor, shall devise a seal, with suitable inscriptions, for his office, a description of which, with certificate of the approval of the governor, shall be filed in the office of the secretary of state, with an impression thereof, which seal shall thereupon be and become the seal of office of the commissioner of insurance and the same may be renewed whenever necessary.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.208 Office of financial and insurance services; offices; expense; audit.

Sec. 208.

The department of management and budget shall assign to the office of financial and insurance services at Lansing suitable rooms for conducting the business of the division, the necessary expense of which shall be audited by the department of management and budget.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 105, Imd. Eff. Mar. 27, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.210 Insurance commissioner; regulatory powers.

Sec. 210.

The commissioner shall promulgate rules and regulations in addition to those now specifically provided for by statute as he may deem necessary to effectuate the purposes and to execute and enforce the provisions of the insurance laws of this state in accordance with the provisions of Act No. 88 of the Public Acts of 1943, as amended, being sections 24.71 to 24.80 of the Compiled Laws of 1948, and subject to Act No. 197 of the Public Acts of 1952, as amended, being sections 24.101 to 24.110 of the Compiled Laws of 1948.


History: Add. 1966, Act 73, Imd. Eff. June 10, 1966
Popular Name: Act 218
Admin Rule: R 500.301 et seq.; R 500.351; R 500.402 et seq.; R 500.701 et seq.; R 500.801 et seq.; R 500.831; R 500.841 et seq.; R 500.901 et seq.; R 500.1051 et seq.; R 500.1201 et seq.; R 500.1301 et seq.; R 500.1351 et seq.; R 500.1371 et seq.; R 500.2031, R 500.2032; R 500.2101 et seq.; R 501.3 et seq.; R 501.152 et seq.; R 501.201; and R 550.1 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.212 Deputies, chief clerk and accountant, examiners, clerks, actuaries, and other assistants; oath; powers and duties; hearings; rights of parties; revocation of appointments, designations, and delegations of authority; compensation.

Sec. 212.

(1) The commissioner may appoint a first deputy and second deputy who shall subscribe and file the constitutional oath of office. Either of these deputies may perform any duty or act of the commissioner during the commissioner's absence from the bureau. The commissioner may assign either of the deputies to take charge of the bureau during the commissioner's absence.

(2) The commissioner may appoint and employ a chief clerk and accountant, examiners, clerks, actuaries, and other necessary assistants, and may designate a chief examiner. The commissioner may designate special deputies from the commissioner's staff to perform specified duties, including supervision of the bureau during the absence of the commissioner and the first and second deputies.

(3) The commissioner may designate 1 or more persons to conduct hearings provided for under this code, hearings required by Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, as amended, being sections 24.201 to 24.315 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, and hearings which the commissioner considers necessary and appropriate for fact-finding or information gathering before making decisions, policies, and determinations allowable or required by law in the course of carrying out the duties of the commissioner. Before a person may conduct hearings, the person shall subscribe the constitutional oath of office and file the oath with the commissioner. Limitations imposed by the commissioner upon the authority of a deputy or a person designated by the commissioner to conduct hearings shall not be binding upon or limit the rights of the parties heard.

(4) The commissioner may revoke appointments, designations, and delegations of authority made pursuant to this section, in his or her discretion. Appointees and designees provided for in this section shall be paid in the manner prescribed by law.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 497, Imd. Eff. Dec. 11, 1978
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.214 Commissioner; immunity from civil liability; conditions.

Sec. 214.

(1) The commissioner or his or her representatives are immune from civil liability, both personally and professionally, for any of their acts or omissions if all of the following are met:

(a) The commissioner or his or her representatives acted or reasonably believed he or she acted within the scope of his or her authority.

(b) The commissioner's or his or her representatives' conduct did not amount to gross negligence that was proximate cause of the injury or damages suffered.

(2) The commissioner or his or her representatives shall not be personally liable for the acts or omissions of others.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in this section, defense and indemnification of the commissioner or his or her representatives for an act or omission under this act shall be conducted in accordance with Act No. 170 of the Public Acts of 1964, being sections 691.1401 to 691.1415 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(4) If a claim is made or a civil action is commenced against the commissioner or his or her representatives, either personally or professionally, for an act or omission done in the course of employment as it pertains to chapter 78, chapter 81, or any successor chapter, legal representation shall be provided by the attorney general or a special assistant attorney general appointed to provide such representation.

(5) If the attorney general appoints a special assistant attorney general to represent the commissioner or his or her representatives, the costs of the defense shall be paid, as incurred, out of the insurer estate that is the subject of a claim arising out of a chapter 78, chapter 81, or any successor chapter proceeding.

(6) As a condition of the acceptance of the defense, the commissioner or his or her representatives shall agree to reimburse the costs of the defense, if it is finally determined by a final adjudication on the merits that the commissioner or his or her representatives acted outside of the scope of his or her authority and had no reasonable basis for believing that he or she acted within the scope of his or her authority and that his or her conduct amounted to gross negligence that was the proximate cause of the injury or damages suffered.

(7) If a judgment is awarded or a settlement is entered into in a civil action against the commissioner or his or her representatives for an act or omission pertaining to a chapter 78, chapter 81, or any successor chapter proceeding, the state shall indemnify the commissioner or his or her representatives out of the involved insurer's estate.

(8) This section does not apply to those persons acting as the commissioner's agents under section 438a.

(9) For purposes of this section:

(a) “Gross negligence” means conduct so reckless as to demonstrate substantial lack of concern for whether injury results.

(b) “Representative” means any employee of the commissioner or the insurance bureau or any person exercising power delegated by the commissioner in accordance with this act, but does not include accountants, actuaries, or lawyers retained as independent contractors and acting in their professional capacity.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.216 Insurance commissioner and employees; traveling and other expenses.

Sec. 216.

The necessary traveling and other necessary and actual expenses of the commissioner, his deputies, examiners, actuaries or other employees, in discharging the duties imposed by this code, shall in all cases be allowed and audited by the accounting division of the department of administration, upon the approval of the commissioner, in accordance with the accounting laws of this state.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.220 Insurance commissioner and employees; service fees, prohibited gifts.

Sec. 220.

The commissioner shall not retain as perquisites any fees or any moneys received by him directly or indirectly, for the performance of duties connected with his office. No insurance corporation or insurer or any officer, director, or agent thereof shall directly or indirectly, pay by way of gift, credit, loan or any other pretense whatsoever, any sum of money or other valuable thing to the commissioner, his deputies or any clerk or employee of the insurance department for extra service; and it shall be unlawful for the commissioner, his deputies or any clerk or employee of the insurance department to accept any such payment for extra service except such fees as may be specifically authorized by law to be paid to the commissioner to be covered into the state treasury.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.221 Insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document; privilege; disclosure; exceptions; definitions.

Sec. 221.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, an insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document is privileged information and is not discoverable or admissible as evidence in a civil, criminal, or administrative proceeding.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person involved in preparing an insurance compliance self-evaluative audit or insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document is not subject to examination concerning the audit or audit document in a civil, criminal, or administrative proceeding. However, if the insurance compliance self-evaluative audit, insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document, or a portion of the audit or audit document is not privileged, the individual involved in the preparation of the audit or audit document may be examined concerning the portion of the audit or audit document that is not privileged. A person involved in preparing an insurance compliance self-evaluative audit or insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document who becomes aware of an alleged criminal violation of this act shall report the act to the insurer. Within 30 days after receiving the report, the insurer shall provide the information to the director.

(3) The director shall not provide an insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document, furnished to the director voluntarily or as a result of a request of the director under a claim of authority to compel disclosure under subsection (7), to any other person. The insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document must be accorded the same confidentiality and other protections as provided in section 222(7) without waiving the privileges in subsections (1) and (2). Any use of an insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document furnished voluntarily or as a result of a request of the director under a claim of authority to compel disclosure under subsection (7) is limited to determining whether or not any disclosed defects in an insurer's policies and procedures or inappropriate treatment of customers has been remedied or that an appropriate plan for remedy is in place.

(4) An insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document submitted to the director remains subject to all applicable statutory or common law privileges including, but not limited to, the work product doctrine, attorney-client privilege, or the subsequent remedial measures exclusion. An insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document submitted to the director remains the property of the insurer and is not subject to disclosure under the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246.

(5) Disclosure of an insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document to a governmental agency, whether voluntary or pursuant to compulsion of law, does not constitute a waiver of the privileges under subsections (1) and (2) with respect to any other person or other governmental agency.

(6) The privileges under subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to the extent that they are expressly waived by the insurer that prepared or caused to be prepared the insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document.

(7) The privileges in subsections (1) and (2) do not apply as follows:

(a) If a court, after an in camera review, requires disclosure in a civil or administrative proceeding after determining 1 or more of the following:

(i) The privilege is asserted for a fraudulent purpose.

(ii) The material is not subject to the privilege as provided under subsection (13).

(b) If a court, after an in camera review, requires disclosure in a criminal proceeding after determining 1 or more of the following:

(i) The privilege is asserted for a fraudulent purpose.

(ii) The material is not subject to the privilege as provided under subsection (13).

(iii) The material contains evidence relevant to the commission of a criminal offense under this act.

(8) Within 14 days after the director or the attorney general makes a written request by certified mail for disclosure of an insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document, the insurer that prepared the document or caused the document to be prepared may file with the Ingham County circuit court a petition requesting an in camera hearing on whether the insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document or portions of the audit document are subject to disclosure. Failure by the insurer to file a petition waives the privilege provided by this section for the request. An insurer asserting the insurance compliance self-evaluative privilege in response to a request for disclosure under this subsection shall include in its request for an in camera hearing all of the information listed in subsection (10). Within 30 days after the filing of the petition, the court shall issue an order scheduling an in camera hearing to determine whether the insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document or portions of the audit document are privileged or are subject to disclosure.

(9) If the court requires disclosure under subsections (7) and (8), the court may compel the disclosure of only those portions of an insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document relevant to issues in dispute in the underlying proceeding. Information required to be disclosed shall not be considered a public document and shall not be considered to be a waiver of the privilege for any other civil, criminal, or administrative proceeding.

(10) An insurer asserting the privilege under this section in response to a request for disclosure under subsection (8) shall provide to the director or the attorney general, at the time of filing an objection to the disclosure, all of the following information:

(a) The date of the insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document.

(b) The identity of the entity or individual conducting the audit.

(c) The general nature of the activities covered by the insurance compliance self-evaluative audit.

(d) An identification of the portions of the insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document for which the privilege is being asserted.

(11) An insurer asserting the privilege under this section has the burden of demonstrating the applicability of the privilege. Once an insurer has established the applicability of the privilege, a party seeking disclosure under subsection (7)(a)(i) has the burden of proving that the privilege is asserted for a fraudulent purpose. The director or attorney general seeking disclosure under subsection (7)(b)(iii) has the burden of proving the elements listed in subsection (7)(b)(iii).

(12) The parties may at any time stipulate in proceedings under this section to entry of an order directing that specific information contained in an insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document is or is not subject to the privileges provided under subsections (1) and (2). Any such stipulation may be limited to the instant proceeding and, absent specific language to the contrary, is not applicable to any other proceeding.

(13) The privileges provided under subsections (1) and (2) do not extend to any of the following:

(a) Documents, communications, data, reports, or other information expressly required to be collected, developed, maintained, or reported to a regulatory agency under this act or other federal or state law.

(b) Information obtained by observation or monitoring by any regulatory agency.

(c) Information obtained from a source independent of the insurance compliance audit.

(d) Documents, communication, data, reports, memoranda, drawings, photographs, exhibits, computer records, maps, charts, graphs, and surveys kept or prepared in the ordinary course of business.

(14) This section does not limit, waive, or abrogate the scope or nature of any other statutory or common law privilege.

(15) As used in this section:

(a) "Insurance compliance audit" means a voluntary, internal evaluation, review, assessment, audit, or investigation for the purpose of identifying or preventing noncompliance with or promoting compliance with laws, regulations, orders, or industry or professional standards, conducted by or on behalf of an insurer licensed or regulated under this act or that involves an activity regulated under this act.

(b) "Insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document" means a document prepared as a result of or in connection with an insurance compliance audit. An insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document may include a written response to the findings of an insurance compliance audit. An insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document may include, but is not limited to, field notes and records of observations, findings, opinions, suggestions, conclusions, drafts, memoranda, drawings, photographs, exhibits, computer-generated or electronically recorded information, phone records, maps, charts, graphs, and surveys, if this supporting information is collected or prepared in the course of an insurance compliance audit or attached as an exhibit to the audit. An insurance compliance self-evaluative audit document also includes, but is not limited to, any of the following:

(i) An insurance compliance audit report prepared by an auditor, who may be an employee of the insurer or an independent contractor, that may include the scope of the audit, the information gained in the audit, and conclusions and recommendations, with exhibits and appendices.

(ii) Memoranda and documents analyzing portions or all of the insurance compliance audit report and discussing potential implementation issues.

(iii) An implementation plan that addresses correcting past noncompliance, improving current compliance, and preventing future noncompliance.

(iv) Analytic data generated in the course of conducting the insurance compliance audit.

(c) "Insurer" means that term as defined in section 106 and includes a nonprofit dental care corporation operating under 1963 PA 125, MCL 550.351 to 550.373.


History: Add. 2001, Act 275, Eff. Mar. 22, 2002 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.222 Examination of insurers; examination report; hearing; public inspection; disclosure of confidential information; effect of current examination; director's authority to terminate or suspend examination not limited; limitation on foreign insurer examination.

Sec. 222.

(1) The director, in person or by any of his or her authorized deputies or examiners, may examine any or all of the books, records, documents, and papers of an insurer at any time after its articles of incorporation have been executed and filed, or after it has been authorized to do business in this state. The director in his or her discretion may examine the affairs of a domestic insurer and, if he or she considers it expedient to do so, examine the affairs of a foreign or alien insurer doing business in this state.

(2) Instead of an examination under this act of a foreign or alien insurer authorized to do business in this state, the director may accept an examination report on the insurer as prepared by the insurance regulator for the insurer's state of domicile or port-of-entry state if that state accepts examination reports prepared by the director. This subsection applies only as follows:

(a) Until this state becomes accredited by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners' financial regulation standards and accreditation program.

(b) If this state loses accreditation by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners' financial regulation standards and accreditation program.

(3) Instead of an examination under this act of a foreign or alien insurer authorized to do business in this state, the director may accept an examination report on the insurer as prepared by the insurance regulator for the insurer's state of domicile or port-of-entry state if that state accepts examination reports prepared by the director and if the insurance regulatory agency of the state of domicile or port-of-entry state was accredited by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners' financial regulation standards and accreditation program at the time of the examination or if the examination is performed under the supervision of an accredited insurance regulatory agency or with the participation of 1 or more examiners who are employed by an accredited insurance regulatory agency and who, after a review of the examination work papers and report, state under oath that the examination was prepared in a manner consistent with the standards and procedures required by their accredited regulatory agency. This subsection only applies during the time this state is accredited by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners' financial regulation standards and accreditation program.

(4) The director, in person or by any of his or her authorized deputies or examiners, shall once every 5 years examine the books, records, documents, and papers of each authorized insurer. The director may examine an insurer more frequently and on its request shall examine a domestic insurer that has not been examined for the 3 years preceding the request. This section does not authorize the examination of books, records, documents, or papers if those items involve matters that are a subject of a currently pending administrative or judicial proceeding against the insurer from whom the information is sought, unless the director or judge specifically finds on the record of the proceeding that the examination is reasonably necessary to protect the interests of policyholders, creditors, or the public or to make a determination of whether an insurer is safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence.

(5) The business affairs, assets, and contingent liabilities of insurers are subject to examination by the director at any time. The director may supervise and make the same examination of the business and affairs of every foreign or alien insurer doing business in this state as of domestic insurers doing the same kind of business and of its assets, books, accounts, and general condition. A foreign or alien insurer and the agents and officers of the insurer are subject to the same obligations, the same examinations, and, if the insurer, agent, or officer defaults in an obligation, the same penalties and liabilities that a domestic insurer doing the same kind of business and the agents and officers of the insurer are subject to under the laws of this state or the rules promulgated by the director. The director may, whenever he or she considers it expedient to do so, either in person or by a person appointed by him or her, go to the general office or other offices of the foreign or alien insurer, wherever located, and make an investigation and examination of the insurer's affairs and condition.

(6) On an examination under this section, the director, his or her deputy, or any examiner authorized by him or her may examine in person, by writing, and, if appropriate, under oath the officers or agents of the insurer or all persons considered to have material information regarding the insurer's property, assets, business, or affairs. The director may compel the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of any books, accounts, papers, records, documents, and files relating to the insurer's business or affairs, and may sign subpoenas, administer oaths and affirmations, examine witnesses, and receive evidence for this purpose. The insurer and its officers and agents shall produce its books and records and all papers in its or their possession relating to its business or affairs, and any other person may be required to produce any books, records, or papers considered relevant to the examination for the inspection of the director, or his or her deputy or examiners, whenever required. The insurer's officers or agents shall facilitate the examination and aid in making the examination so far as it is in their power to do so. If the director's order or subpoena is not followed, the director may request the Ingham County circuit court to issue an order requiring compliance with the order or subpoena.

(7) Not later than 60 days after completing an examination under this section, the deputy or examiners shall make a full and true report, and furnish the insurer a copy of the examination report, that shall comprise only facts appearing on the insurer's books, records, or documents or ascertained from examination of its officers or agents or other persons concerning its affairs and the conclusions and recommendations as may be reasonably warranted from the facts disclosed. On request by an insurer examined under this section, the director shall grant the insurer a hearing before the director or his or her designee before the report is filed. On request of the insurer, the director shall close the hearing to the public. A hearing under this subsection is not subject to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328. Each examination report must be withheld from public inspection until the report is final and filed with the director. In addition, the director may withhold any examination report or any analysis of an insurer's financial condition from public inspection for any time that he or she considers proper. In any event, the department shall withhold from public inspection all information and testimony furnished to the department and the department's work papers, correspondence, memoranda, reports, records, and other written or oral information related to an examination report or an investigation and these items are confidential, are not subject to subpoena, and must not be divulged to any person, except as provided in this section. If assurances are provided that the information will be kept confidential, the director may disclose confidential work papers, correspondence, memoranda, reports, records, or other information as follows:

(a) To the governor or the attorney general.

(b) To any relevant regulatory agency or authority, including regulatory agencies or authorities of other states, the federal government, or other countries.

(c) In connection with an enforcement action brought under this or another applicable act.

(d) To law enforcement officials.

(e) To persons authorized by the Ingham County circuit court to receive the information.

(f) To persons entitled to receive the information in order to discharge duties specifically provided for in this act.

(8) The confidentiality requirements of subsection (7) apply to a nonprofit dental care corporation operating under 1963 PA 125, MCL 550.351 to 550.373. The confidentiality requirements of subsection (7) do not apply in any proceeding or action brought against or by the insurer under this act or any other applicable act of this state, any other state, or the United States.

(9) Notwithstanding the other provisions of this section, the director is not required to finalize and file an examination report for an insurer for a year in which an examination report was not finalized and filed, if the insurer is currently undergoing an examination subsequent to the year for which an examination report was not finalized and filed. This section does not limit the director's authority to terminate or suspend any examination to pursue other legal or regulatory action under the insurance laws of this state. Findings of fact and conclusions made in connection with any examination under this section are prima facie evidence in any legal or regulatory action.

(10) The examination of an alien insurer is limited to its United States business, except as otherwise required by the director.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 39, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 173, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 302, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 1990 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 443, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.223 Application for certificate of authority; fee; withdrawal of application; reapplication fee; disposition.

Sec. 223.

Any insurer making application for an original certificate of authority to transact insurance, or applying for a reissuance of a certificate of authority after the certificate has been terminated for any reason, shall pay to the commissioner the fee of $500.00 for examination, investigation, and processing of the application. If the application is withdrawn for any reason, the examination fee shall not be refunded. Any reapplication for an original certificate, after withdrawal, shall be subject to the same fee of $500.00 as in the case of an original application. The fees shall be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the general fund.


History: Add. 1962, Act 50, Imd. Eff. Apr. 17, 1962 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 1, Imd. Eff. Mar. 30, 1981
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.224 Examinations and investigations of insurers; expenses; statement to insurers; employment of expert personnel; regulatory fees; expense of administering delinquency proceeding; definitions.

Sec. 224.

(1) All actual and necessary expenses incurred in connection with the examination or other investigation of an insurer or other person regulated under the commissioner's authority shall be certified by the commissioner, together with a statement of the work performed including the number of days spent by the commissioner and each of the commissioner's deputies, assistants, employees, and others acting under the commissioner's authority. If correct, the expenses shall be paid to the persons by whom they were incurred, upon the warrant of the state treasurer payable from appropriations made by the legislature for this purpose.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (4), the commissioner shall prepare and present to the insurer or other person examined or investigated a statement of the expenses and reasonable cost incurred for each person engaged upon the examination or investigation, including amounts necessary to cover the pay and allowances granted to the persons by the Michigan civil service commission, and the administration and supervisory expense including an amount necessary to cover fringe benefits in conjunction with the examination or investigation. Except as otherwise provided in subsection (4), the insurer or other person, upon receiving the statement, shall pay to the commissioner the stated amount. The commissioner shall deposit the funds with the state treasurer as provided in section 225.

(3) The commissioner may employ attorneys, actuaries, accountants, investment advisers, and other expert personnel not otherwise employees of this state reasonably necessary to assist in the conduct of the examination or investigation or proceeding with respect to an insurer or other person regulated under the commissioner's authority at the insurer's or other person's expense except as otherwise provided in subsection (4). Except as otherwise provided in subsection (4), upon certification by the commissioner of the reasonable expenses incurred under this section, the insurer or other person examined or investigated shall pay those expenses directly to the person or firm rendering assistance to the commissioner. Expenses paid directly to such person or firm and the regulatory fees imposed by this section shall be examination expenses under section 22e of the former single business tax act, 1975 PA 228, or under section 239(1) of the Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208.1239.

(4) An insurer is subject to a regulatory fee instead of the costs and expenses provided for in subsections (2) and (3). By June 30 of each year or within 30 days after the enactment into law of any appropriation for the insurance bureau's operation, the commissioner shall impose upon all insurers authorized to do business in this state a regulatory fee calculated as follows:

(a) As used in this subsection:

(i) "A" means total annuity considerations written in this state in the immediately preceding year.

(ii) "B" means base assessment rate. The base assessment rate shall not exceed .00038 and shall be a fraction the numerator of which is the total regulatory fee and the denominator of which is the total amount of direct underwritten premiums written in this state by all insurers for the immediately preceding calendar year as reported to the commissioner on the insurer's annual statements filed with the commissioner.

(iii) "I" means all direct underwritten premiums other than life insurance premiums and annuity considerations written in this state in the immediately preceding year by all insurers.

(iv) "L" means all direct underwritten life insurance premiums written in this state in the immediately preceding year by all life insurers.

(v) Total regulatory fee shall not exceed 80% of the gross appropriations for the insurance bureau's operation for a fiscal year and shall be the difference between the gross appropriations for the insurance bureau's operation for that current fiscal year and any restricted revenues, other than the regulatory fee itself, as identified in the gross appropriation for the insurance bureau's operation.

(vi) Direct premiums written in this state do not include any amounts that represent claims payments that are made on behalf of, or administrative fees that are paid in connection with, any administrative service contract, cost-plus arrangement, or any other noninsured or self-insured business.

(b) Two actual assessment rates shall be calculated so as to distribute 75% of the burden of the regulatory fee shortfall created by the exclusion of annuity considerations from the assessment base to life insurance and 25% to all other insurance. The 2 actual assessment rates shall be determined as follows:

(i) L x B + .75 x B x A = assessment rate for life
L insurance.
(ii) I x B + .25 x B x A = assessment rate for insurance
I other than life insurance.

(c) Each insurer's regulatory fee shall be a minimum fee of $250.00 and shall be determined by multiplying the actual assessment rate by the assessment base of that insurer as determined by the commissioner from the insurer's annual statement for the immediately preceding calendar year filed with the commissioner.

(5) Not less than 67% of the revenue derived from the regulatory fee under subsection (4) shall be used for the regulation of financial conduct of persons regulated under the commissioner's authority and for the regulation of persons regulated under the commissioner's authority engaged in the business of health care and health insurance in this state.

(6) The amount, if any, by which amounts credited to the commissioner pursuant to section 225 exceed actual expenditures pursuant to appropriations for the insurance bureau's operation for a fiscal year shall be credited toward the appropriation for the insurance bureau in the next fiscal year.

(7) All money paid into the state treasury by an insurer under this section shall be credited as provided under section 225.

(8) A regulatory fee under this section shall not be treated by an insurer as a levy or excise upon premium but as a regulatory burden that is apportioned in relation to insurance activity in this state and reflects the insurance regulatory burden on this state as a result of this insurance activity. A foreign or alien insurer authorized to do business in this state may consider the liability required under this section as a burden imposed by this state in the calculation of the insurer's liability required under section 476a.

(9) An insurer may file with the commissioner a protest to the regulatory fee imposed not later than 15 days after receipt of the regulatory fee. The commissioner shall review the grounds for the protest and shall hold a conference with the insurer at the insurer's request. The commissioner shall transmit his or her findings to the insurer with a restatement of the regulatory fee based upon the findings. Statements of regulatory fees to which protests have not been made and restatements of regulatory fees are due and shall be paid not later than 30 days after their receipt. Regulatory fees that are not paid when due bear interest on the unpaid fee which shall be calculated at 6-month intervals from the date the fee was due at a rate of interest equal to 1% plus the average interest rate paid at auctions of 5-year United States treasury notes during the 6 months immediately preceding July 1 and January 1, as certified by the state treasurer, and compounded annually, until the assessment is paid in full. An insurer who fails to pay its regulatory fee within the prescribed time limits may have its certificate of authority or license suspended, limited, or revoked as the commissioner considers warranted until the regulatory fee is paid. If the commissioner determines that a regulatory fee or a part of a regulatory fee paid by an insurer is in excess of the amount legally due and payable, the amount of the excess shall be refunded or, at the insurer's option, be applied as a credit against the regulatory fee for the next fiscal year. An overpayment of $100.00 or less shall be applied as a credit against the insurer's regulatory fee for the next fiscal year unless the insurer had a $100.00 or less overpayment in the immediately preceding fiscal year. If the insurer had a $100.00 or less overpayment in the immediately preceding fiscal year, at the insurer's option, the current fiscal year overpayment of $100.00 or less shall be refunded.

(10) Any amounts stated and presented to or certified, assessed, or imposed upon an insurer as provided in subsections (2), (3), and (4) that are unpaid as of the date that the insurer is subjected to a delinquency proceeding pursuant to chapter 81 shall be regarded as an expense of administering the delinquency proceeding and shall be payable as such from the general assets of the insurer.

(11) In addition to the regulatory fee provided in subsection (4), each insurer that locates records or personnel knowledgeable about those records outside this state pursuant to section 476a(3) or section 5256 shall reimburse the insurance bureau for expenses and reasonable costs incurred by the insurance bureau as a result of travel and other costs related to examinations or investigations of those records or personnel. The reimbursement shall not include any costs that the insurance bureau would have incurred if the examination had taken place in this state.

(12) As used in this section:

(a) "Annuity considerations" means receipts on the sale of annuities as used in section 22a of the former single business tax act, 1975 PA 228, or in section 235 of the Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208.1235.

(b) "Insurer" means an insurer authorized to do business in this state and includes nonprofit health care corporations, dental care corporations, and health maintenance organizations.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 91, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1958, Act 196, Imd. Eff. Apr. 21, 1958 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 275, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1968 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 228, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1994 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 121, Imd. Eff. June 10, 1998 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 252, Imd. Eff. June 29, 2000 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 143, Imd. Eff. Oct. 26, 2001 ;-- Am. 2007, Act 187, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2007
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.224a Report relating to regulatory fees.

Sec. 224a.

Beginning June 1, 1995 and annually thereafter the commissioner shall report to the senate and house of representatives standing committees on insurance issues on revenues raised by the regulatory fees required by the amendatory act that added this section, how the regulatory fees were spread among domestic, foreign, and alien insurers, how the regulatory fees are being expended in regulating the domestic, foreign, and alien insurance industry, and whether new regulatory policy is needed to better protect the citizens of Michigan.


History: Add. 1994, Act 228, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.224b Repealed. 2008, Act 440, Eff. Apr. 1, 2009.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to quality assurance assessment fee.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.225 Insurance bureau fund; creation; deposit of fees; reversion to general fund; use of fund.

Sec. 225.

The insurance bureau fund is created in the state treasury as a separate fund. Except as otherwise specifically provided, all fees collected pursuant to this act or under the commissioner's authority shall be deposited in the insurance bureau fund. Money in the insurance bureau fund shall not revert to the general fund at the close of the fiscal year but shall remain in the insurance bureau fund. Money in the insurance bureau fund shall be used only for regulatory purposes under the commissioner's authority. However, money in the insurance bureau fund may be appropriated by the legislature to pay for legislators designated by the senate majority leader and speaker of the house of representatives to participate in insurance activities coordinated by insurance and legislative associations including the national association of insurance commissioners and the national council of insurance legislators.


History: Add. 1994, Act 228, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1994 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 279, Imd. Eff. July 27, 1998
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.225a Contract for services, supplies, and materials.

Sec. 225a.

The commissioner shall contract for services, supplies, and materials pursuant to Act No. 428 of the Public Acts of 1980, being sections 450.771 to 450.776 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, and pursuant to the competitive bid requirements of the management and budget act, Act No. 431 of the Public Acts of 1984, being sections 18.1101 to 18.1594 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: Add. 1994, Act 228, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.226 Disclosure of confidential information; penalty.

Sec. 226.

The commissioner or any of the commissioner's employees or agents shall not divulge confidential information acquired in the course of an examination or investigation except as permitted by section 222(7). A person appointed or acting under this act who discloses any fact or information that is confidential under this act is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or imprisonment of not more than 1 year, or both. A conviction under this section shall automatically remove the person from his or her position or office.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.228 Examinations and investigations of insurers; report of crimes to attorney general.

Sec. 228.

If it appears from an examination or other investigation made by the commissioner or if it appears from a report made to the commissioner pursuant to this act that a crime has been committed under a provision of this act or other law of the state, the commissioner shall immediately report the crime to the attorney general in writing, and the attorney general shall take such action on the report as the facts warrant.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.230 Recovery of penalty; disposition of funds.

Sec. 230.

Every penalty provided for by this code, if not otherwise provided for, shall be sued for and recovered in the name of the people by the prosecuting attorney of the county in which the insurer or the agent or agents so violating shall be situated; and shall be paid into the treasury of said county; such penalties may also be sued for and recovered in the name of the people, by the attorney general, and, when sued for and collected by him, shall be paid into the state treasury.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.234 Insurance department; records of office; public inspection, exceptions, destruction, rules and regulations.

Sec. 234.

(1) The office of the insurance department is a public office and the records, books, and papers thereof on file therein shall be public records, accessible to the inspection of the public, except as the commissioner, for good reason, may decide otherwise, or except as may be otherwise provided under this code.

(2) The commissioner is authorized to destroy or otherwise dispose of all records, books, papers, and other data on file with the department which in his opinion and on the advice of the attorney general, are of no further material value to the state of Michigan; but no destruction or other disposal thereof may be ordered or made by him of any records, books, papers, or other data required by law to be filed or kept on file with the department until the expiration of a period of 10 years, nor of any such records, books, papers, or other data filed during his administration or administrations. Such authorization shall be effected through official rules and regulations of the commissioner: Provided, however, That this authorization shall not extend to articles of incorporation, and amendments thereto, copies of bylaws and amendments thereto, copies of certificates or other written evidence of authorization to transact business or of approval of articles of incorporation and bylaws. A copy of the commissioner's rules and regulations herein provided for and any amendments thereto shall be mailed to each insurer authorized to do business in this state 60 days prior to the effective date thereof.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.236 Repealed. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to a study assessing the condition of the commercial liability insurance market.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.238 Insurance commissioner; annual report to governor, contents, publication.

Sec. 238.

(1) The commissioner shall compile a report of the conduct of his office annually at such time each year as the information to be contained therein is available, which report shall be printed for public information and use in such number as the commissioner may deem advisable, not to exceed 1,500 copies. Such report shall be addressed to the governor and be for his information primarily.

(2) The commissioner shall publish in such annual report information contained in the annual statements of insurers filed with him pursuant to this code.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.240 Fees and charges; collection, payment, and disposition.

Sec. 240.

(1) The director shall collect, and the person affected shall pay to the director, the following fees:

(a) Filing fee for original authorization to
transact insurance or health maintenance organization
business in this state, for each domestic, foreign,
and alien insurer, and each health maintenance
organization........................................... $ 25.00.
(b) Until the effective date of the 2016
amendatory act that amended this subdivision, filing
fee for annual statement of foreign and alien insurers,
each year, subject to section 476a..................... $ 25.00.
(c) Producer's appointment fee, resident or
nonresident, payable by insurer or health maintenance
organization so represented, for each producer, each
year................................................... $ 5.00.
(d) Application fee payable by each initial
applicant for license as resident producer, nonresident
producer, surplus lines producer, solicitor, counselor, or
adjuster, not transferable or refundable............... $ 10.00.
(e) Solicitor's license, each year................ $ 10.00.
(f) Insurance counselor license, each year........ $ 10.00.
(g) Adjuster's license, each year................. $ 5.00.
(h) License examination fee, payable by applicant
for all subjects covered in any 1 examination, or
portion of an examination, for license as resident
producer, surplus lines producer, solicitor, counselor, or
adjuster, each examination, not transferable or
refundable............................................. $ 10.00.
(i) Surplus lines producer license each year......... $ 100.00.

(2) An incorporated domestic insurer shall pay to the attorney general, for the examination of the insurer's articles of incorporation or any amendments to the articles of incorporation, $25.00.

(3) The fees and charges for official services performed by the director or the director's deputies or employees, when collected, must be turned over to the state treasurer and a receipt taken. The fees and charges provided for in this section must be deposited in the state treasury to the credit of the general fund.

(4) The examination fees described in subsection (1)(h) are applicable only if the examinations are administered by the director. If the examinations are administered by a designated authority other than the director, appropriate examination fees are payable directly to the designated authority.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 221, Imd. Eff. July 10, 1967 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Dec. 18, 1979 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 1, Imd. Eff. Mar. 30, 1981 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 261, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 252, Imd. Eff. June 29, 2000 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 558, Eff. Apr. 10, 2017
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.244 Judicial review.

Sec. 244.

(1) A person aggrieved by a final order, decision, finding, ruling, opinion, rule, action, or inaction provided for under this act may seek judicial review in the manner provided for in chapter 6 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.301 to 24.306.

(2) An insurer may petition of right for a stay of an order issued pursuant to sections 436, 436a, and 437 or any other proceeding for the suspension, revocation, or limitation of a certificate of authority. The petition shall be on an emergency basis to the circuit court for the county in which the insurer has its principal place of business in the state or to the circuit court for Ingham county. The petition shall be disposed of within 14 days. The court shall direct the filing and time of filing of appropriate pleadings. A court shall not issue a stay unless the court finds that the issuance of a stay is not hazardous to policyholders, creditors, or the public. The decision of the court shall be limited to the issue of a stay, and the court shall not decide the merits of the case, which shall be determined pursuant to section 437 or to any other provision of this act under which the proceeding for the suspension, revocation, or limitation of the certificate of authority is being conducted.

(3) An order of a court issuing a stay may be appealed on an emergency basis, and during the pendency of an appeal the stay issued shall be without force or effect, unless the insurer deposits cash or securities pursuant to subsection (4). The appeal shall be disposed of within 14 days. The court shall direct the filing and time of filing of appropriate pleadings. The court may affirm, modify, or set aside the commissioner's order and restrain the enforcement of the order. To the extent that the commissioner's order is affirmed, the court shall issue its own order commanding obedience to the terms of the commissioner's order.

(4) A stay shall not take effect until the insurer has made deposits of cash or securities of the kinds defined by section 901 with the state treasurer under the supervision of the court granting the stay in amounts as follows:

(a) For a domestic insurer, the total liabilities of the insurer as computed in accordance with section 901 less the amounts of special or other deposits already made by the insurer with the Michigan state treasurer and with any other state pursuant to the requirements of that state.

(b) Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, for a foreign insurer, 125% of the aggregate sum of Michigan direct unpaid losses and unpaid loss adjustment expenses plus 100% of Michigan direct unearned premiums less the amount of any other special deposits already made with the Michigan state treasurer for the exclusive protection of Michigan policyholders and creditors. For a foreign life or health insurer, 125% of Michigan reserves and liabilities for policies and contracts for which coverage is provided by the Michigan life and health insurance guaranty association, without respect to the limitations and exclusions provided under chapter 77.

(c) For an alien insurer entering the United States through this state, the same as those applied to domestic insurers with credit given for amounts already held in trust and the amount shall equal the total liabilities in the United States computed in accordance with section 901.

(5) The deposit and any accrued interest on the deposit shall be returned to the insurer at the conclusion of the entire proceedings under section 437 or at the conclusion of such other proceedings for the suspension, revocation, or limitation of the certificate of authority and any appeal therefrom, unless those proceedings result in a finding that all or a portion shall remain on deposit for the protection of Michigan policyholders and creditors or unless an order of rehabilitation or liquidation is entered, in which case the deposit shall be turned over to the liquidator.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 272, Imd. Eff. Jan. 11, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.246 Repealed. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to actions for violation of the act and immunity of witnesses.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.248 Violations of act; actions; perjury.

Sec. 248.

Any persons required by the provisions of this code to take any oath, or affirmation, who shall make any false oath or affirmation, shall be deemed guilty of perjury.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.249 Insurance commissioner; investigations of agents, adjusters, counselors, managers, promoters, officers and directors.

Sec. 249.

For the purposes of ascertaining compliance with the provisions of the insurance laws of the state or of ascertaining the business condition and practices of an insurer or proposed insurer, the commissioner, as often as he deems advisable, may initiate proceedings to examine the accounts, records, documents and transactions pertaining to:

(a) Any insurance agent, surplus line agent, general agent, adjuster, public adjuster or counselor.

(b) Any person having a contract under which he enjoys in fact the exclusive or dominant right to manage or control an insurer.

(c) Any person holding the shares of voting stock or policyholder proxies of an insurer, for the purpose of controlling the management thereof, as voting trustee or otherwise.

(d) Any person engaged in or proposing to be engaged in or assisting in the promotion or formation of an insurer or insurance holding corporation, or corporation to finance an insurer or the production of its business.

(e) A person or organization owning stock representing 10% or more of the voting shares of an insurer.

(f) Any officer or director of an insurer.


History: Add. 1967, Act 262, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.249a Fingerprints required; costs; providing criminal history records.

Sec. 249a.

(1) The following persons shall appear, at the commissioner's request, before the sheriff or any police agency for the county in which the person resides and request an impression of his or her fingerprints and shall pay the costs incurred under this section:

(a) Officers and directors or proposed officers and directors of the insurer and its affiliates.

(b) Controlling stockholders or proposed controlling stockholders of the insurer and its affiliates.

(c) Individuals who are or will be the source of direct or indirect funding of the insurer and its affiliates.

(d) Individuals involved or proposed to be involved in the management of the insurer and its affiliates.

(2) To the extent allowed by federal law, the commissioner may request and the department of state police shall provide state, multistate, and federal criminal history records for the commissioner's use in determining whether a certificate of authority to transact insurance in this state should be issued, suspended, or revoked; for approving any change of control of an insurer authorized to transact insurance in this state; or for determining the fitness of an officer or director of an insurer.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.250 Insurers; stock transfer; officers or directors; appointment; notice to director; grounds for removal; hearing; order; civil immunity; review; "insurer" defined.

Sec. 250.

(1) All insurers licensed to do business in this state shall notify the director within 30 days of any transfer of stock that results in any 1 person holding 10% or more of the voting shares of an insurer. In addition, a domestic insurer shall notify the director within 30 days of the appointment or election of any new officers or directors.

(2) If, after proceedings under section 249, the director has reason to believe that an officer or director is untrustworthy or has abused his or her trust and that continuation as an officer or director is hazardous or injurious to the insurer, the policyholders, or the public, the director shall hold a hearing. After the hearing and after written findings that the officer or director is untrustworthy or has abused his or her trust and that continuation as an officer or director is hazardous or injurious to the insurer, the policyholders, or the public, the director may order the removal of the officer or director.

(3) If the insurer does not comply with a removal order under subsection (2) within 30 days, the director may suspend or revoke the insurer's certificate of authority until the insurer complies with the order.

(4) Any action under this section taken by an insurer or its directors or officers pursuant to an order of the director under this act must be considered to be in good faith and not be the basis for subjecting the insurer or its directors or officers to civil liabilities.

(5) An order of the director issued under this section is subject to review as provided in section 244.

(6) As used in this section, "insurer" includes a nonprofit dental care corporation operating under 1963 PA 125, MCL 550.351 to 550.373.


History: Add. 1967, Act 262, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 684, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2002 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.251 Cease and desist order.

Sec. 251.

(1) In the reasonable exercise of discretion, the commissioner may issue a cease and desist order if the commissioner finds any of the following:

(a) A person is conducting transactions of insurance for which a certificate of authority is required by this act without having obtained a certificate of authority.

(b) A person is acting as an insurance agent, solicitor, adjuster, or counselor without a license as required by this act.

(c) A person is engaged in an act or practice in the business of insurance for which authority from or notification to the commissioner is required by this act and the person has not received authority or given notification.

(d) A person authorized to engage in the business of insurance under this act is engaged in conduct that presents an immediate danger to public health, safety, or welfare.

(2) A cease and desist order under this section shall contain a description of the conduct to which the order applies and shall require the person to immediately cease and desist from that conduct.

(3) The commissioner shall serve the cease and desist order directly on the person affected by the order or shall serve the person by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, to the address last known to the commissioner.

(4) A person who is the subject of a cease and desist order under this section may contest the order by requesting a hearing before the commissioner not later than 30 days after the order is delivered or mailed to the person. Within 10 days after receiving the request, the commissioner shall commence a hearing in accordance with the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being sections 24.201 to 24.328 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. Pending the hearing, the cease and desist order continues in full force and effect unless the order is stayed by the commissioner.

(5) Within 5 business days after the hearing, the commissioner shall affirm, modify, or set aside in whole or in part the cease and desist order.

(6) A person who violates or otherwise fails to comply with a cease and desist order under this section is subject to 1 or more of the following:

(a) Payment of a civil fine of not more than $1,000.00 for each violation not to exceed an aggregate civil fine of $30,000.00. However, if the person knew or reasonably should have known the person was in violation of the order, payment of a civil fine of not more than $25,000.00 for each violation not to exceed an aggregate civil fine of $250,000.00.

(b) Suspension or revocation of the person's license or certificate of authority.

(c) Complete restitution, in the form, amount, and within the period determined by the commissioner, to all persons in this state damaged by the violation or failure to comply.

(7) The commissioner may recover reasonable attorney fees if judicial action is necessary for enforcement of a cease and desist order under this section.


History: Add. 1996, Act 314, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 4
AUTHORIZATION OF INSURERS AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS


500.402 Insurers; certificate of authority requirement.

Sec. 402.

A person shall not act as an insurer and an insurer shall not issue a policy or otherwise transact insurance in this state except as authorized by a subsisting certificate of authority granted to it by the director under this act.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.402a Transactions of insurance requiring certificate of authority.

Sec. 402a.

In this state, the following transactions of insurance, whether effected by mail or otherwise, require a certificate of authority:

(a) The issuance or delivery of insurance contracts to residents of this state.

(b) The solicitation of applications for insurance contracts from residents of this state.

(c) The collection of premiums, membership fees, assessments, or other consideration for insurance contracts from residents of this state.

(d) The doing or proposing to do any act in substance equivalent to subdivisions (a) to (c).


History: Add. 1967, Act 111, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.402b Transactions of insurance not requiring certificate of authority.

Sec. 402b.

In this state, the following constitute transactions of insurance for which a certificate of authority is not required:

(a) Transaction of insurance under chapter 19.

(b) Transaction of reinsurance, except a transfer of direct obligations to policyholders by assumption reinsurance or other transaction to the same effect.

(c) Transaction of insurance on a risk not resident or located in this state at the time the insurance took effect, if the insurance was not written in this state.

(d) Transaction of group or blanket insurance or group annuities in which a master policy was lawfully issued to an employer located in another state for the benefit of employees residing in this state.

(e) Transaction of property or casualty insurance, under the same policy, on 1 or more risks resident or located both within and outside this state, if, under all the circumstances of the transaction, any appropriate part of the premium on the policy was apportioned to this state and if the policy was lawfully issued to a person resident in another state.

(f) Transaction of insurance as defined in sections 614 and 616.

(g) Transaction of insurance independently procured through negotiations occurring entirely outside of this state.

(h) Transaction of insurance by a nonprofit life insurance company, if the transactions involve life insurance, disability, or annuity contracts issued direct from the home office of the company, without agents or representatives in this state other than representatives servicing life insurance, disability, annuity contracts, or providing information upon request concerning other products of the company, only to or for the benefit of employees of nonprofit educational, scientific, or religious institutions. The transactions defined in this subdivision do not include those of a fraternal benefit society, as defined in section 8164.

(i) Transaction of group health insurance and incidental death and disability insurance if all of the following are met:

(i) The group health insurance and incidental death and disability insurance is maintained pursuant to a written collective bargaining agreement between a labor organization and 1 or more city, village, township, or county employers.

(ii) The labor organization demonstrates to the commissioner's satisfaction that it meets the definition of the term “labor organization” as defined in section 2(5) of the national labor relations act, chapter 372, 49 Stat. 450, 29 U.S.C. 152.

(iii) The group health insurance and incidental death and disability insurance is regulated under the employee retirement income security act of 1974, Public Law 93-406, 88 Stat. 829, and is funded by a trust fund as described in section 302(c)(5) of title III of the labor management relations act, 1947, chapter 120, 61 Stat. 157, 29 U.S.C. 186.


History: Add. 1967, Act 111, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 341, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 1980 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 195, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1982 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 261, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 341, Imd. Eff. Oct. 18, 1988 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 1, Eff. Apr. 1, 1990 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.402c Motor vehicle rental company; insurance transaction; definitions.

Sec. 402c.

(1) A certificate of authority to transact insurance in this state is not required for the sale of any travel or auto-related insurance coverages by a motor vehicle rental company or its officers or employees in connection with and incidental to the rental of a motor vehicle.

(2) As used in this section:

(a) “Motor vehicle” means a motorized vehicle designed for transporting passengers or goods.

(b) “Motor vehicle rental company” means any person in the business of providing motor vehicles to the public under a rental agreement for a period not to exceed 90 days.


History: Add. 2002, Act 737, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2002
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.402c, which pertained to determination that insurer is safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence, was repealed by Act 158 of 1996, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 1996.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.403 Insurers; authorization to do business.

Sec. 403.

A domestic, foreign, or alien insurer shall not be authorized to do business in this state or continue to be authorized to do business in this state if the insurer is not or does not continue to be safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.404 Insurers; financial conditions; compliance required.

Sec. 404.

Every like domestic, foreign, or alien insurer doing business in this state shall at all times be subject to the same standards and requirements concerning financial conditions and shall be in substantial compliance with those standards and requirements.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.405 Foreign insurer; revocation of certificate of authority; conditions; requalification for certificate of authority if control acquired; determination.

Sec. 405.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2), the certificate of authority of a foreign insurer with respect to whom control as defined in 115 changes after October 1, 1992 without being subject to the commissioner's approval shall be automatically revoked 90 days after the change in control without further action by the commissioner unless, within 90 days of the change of control or a longer period if the commissioner allows, the insurer requalifies for a certificate of authority under the provisions of this act in force as of the change of control. The certificate of authority shall be revoked under such conditions for the protection of policyholders, creditors, and the public as the commissioner may require. An insurer does not have to requalify for a certificate of authority under this subsection if the commissioner finds all of the following:

(a) The insurer's most recent a.m. best financial rating is at least an “A-” or is a comparable rating as assigned by a nationally recognized statistical rating organization approved by the commissioner.

(b) Following the change in control, the insurer meets the minimum capital and surplus requirements to qualify for and maintain authority to transact insurance in this state under section 410(2) and (3). However, the commissioner may waive the requirement of this subdivision if both of the following apply:

(i) The insurer possessed a certificate of authority to transact insurance in this state prior to the effective date of the amendatory act that added this subparagraph.

(ii) The commissioner finds that the insurer is otherwise safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence.

(c) The insurer's total capital exceeds 2 times the company's authorized control level.

(d) The insurer's certificate of authority has not been suspended, revoked, or limited under section 436 at any time during the 5-year period immediately preceding the change of control.

(e) The insurer is not subject to an insurance regulatory information system priority 1 or 2 designation by the national association of insurance commissioners during the year immediately preceding the change of control.

(2) A person seeking to acquire control of a foreign insurer may request the commissioner to determine whether or not the commissioner would requalify the insurer for a certificate of authority if control is acquired. The commissioner shall determine within 90 days after the request is made whether or not the insurer would requalify for a certificate of authority if control is acquired. The commissioner's determination shall be in writing and shall state the commissioner's reasons as to why the commissioner would either grant or deny requalification for a certificate of authority if control is acquired. If the commissioner does not issue his or her determination within this 90-day period and the person seeking the request acquires control of the foreign insurer within 180 days after the request for a determination was made, the insurer shall be automatically requalified for a certificate of authority. If the commissioner issues an affirmative requalification determination and the person requesting the determination acquires control of the foreign insurer within 180 days after the request for a determination was made, the commissioner is prohibited from proceeding under subsection (1).


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 228, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1994 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 457, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 1999
Compiler's Notes: In the first sentence of subsection (1), the phrase “as defined in 115” evidently should read “as defined in section 115.”
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.405a Insurer subject to delinquency proceedings; revocation of certificate of authority; conditions.

Sec. 405a.

If an insurer is subject in its state or country of domicile to formal delinquency proceedings within the meaning of chapter 81 or to a proceeding of similar effect, and the formal delinquency proceeding was properly commenced by the appropriate domiciliary regulatory authority on or after October 1, 1991, the certificates of authority of the insurer and of any current affiliated insurers of the insurer shall be automatically revoked 90 days after the effective date of the delinquency or other proceedings without further action by the commissioner unless, within the 90-day period or a longer period if the commissioner allows, each insurer requalifies for a certificate of authority under the provisions of this act then in force. A domestic insurer for purposes of requalification shall be treated as though it is a foreign insurer. The certificate of authority shall be revoked under such conditions for the protection of the public as the commissioner may require.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.405b Requalification pursuant to MCL 500.405 or 500.405a; formal review.

Sec. 405b.

An insurer that seeks requalification pursuant to sections 405 or 405a is entitled to a formal review by the commissioner during which the insurer may submit information, documents, or other data to the commissioner in support of the application for requalification. The commissioner shall act upon the application by an order that embodies the commissioner's findings and reasons for the decision. A record of the review, including the information, documents, or other data submitted by the insurer to the commissioner in support of the application for requalification, shall be prepared by the insurance bureau and made available.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.406 Foreign insurer; limitation on corporate purposes and powers; election of statute; denial of admission or authority; continuation of license to transact insurance business previously authorized; exception.

Sec. 406.

(1) A foreign insurer shall not be admitted to this state if the insurer's corporate purposes exceed those permitted for Michigan insurers.

(2) For the purpose of obtaining admission or renewal of authority to do business in this state, a foreign insurer, by proper corporate action, may limit its corporate purposes and powers with respect to business in this state, so that the corporate purposes do not exceed those of Michigan insurers authorized under the same classification. However, the foreign insurer, in its application for certificate of authority or for the corporate action referred to, shall elect the particular statute under which it desires admission or recertification.

(3) The commissioner may deny admission or continuance of authority to any foreign insurer engaged outside of this state in any kind or combination of kinds of business not permitted to be transacted by similar domestic insurers by the laws of this state, when in the commissioner's judgment the transacting of these kinds or combination of kinds of business is prejudicial to the best interests of the people of this state.

(4) Notwithstanding subsection (3), a foreign insurer which has been licensed to transact the business of life insurance in this state continuously since January 1, 1921, shall continue to be licensed to transact the kind or kinds of insurance business which it was authorized to transact in this state immediately before January 1, 1941. However, this subsection shall not apply if the commissioner finds, as to a specific insurer, that the kinds of business or combinations of kinds of business has become prejudicial to the best interests of the people of this state.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 12, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 342, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 1980
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.407 Authorization to transact kinds of insurance; exceptions.

Sec. 407.

An insurer that otherwise qualifies to transact insurance under this act may be authorized to transact any 1 kind or combination of kinds of insurance as defined in chapter 6 except:

(a) A life insurer is not authorized to transact any other kind of insurance except disability insurance as defined in section 606 unless it was engaged in transacting that other kind of insurance in this state prior to January 1, 1909.

(b) A reciprocal insurer is not authorized to transact life or health insurance.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 501, Imd. Eff. Dec. 31, 1982 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 548, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 1997
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.407a Noninsured benefit plan; offering and writing excess loss insurance; definition; authority of insurer not limited.

Sec. 407a.

(1) An insurer authorized to write insurance described in section 602 or 606 may offer and write specific or aggregate excess loss insurance to a noninsured benefit plan. An insurer that writes excess loss insurance shall comply with the applicable policy rate and form requirements under chapters 22, 24, and 30.

(2) As used in this section, “noninsured benefit plan” means that term as defined in section 5208.

(3) This section does not limit the authority of an insurer authorized to write insurance described in section 624 to offer and write specific or aggregate excess loss insurance to a noninsured benefit plan.


History: Add. 2002, Act 146, Imd. Eff. Apr. 2, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.408 Insurers; capital, surplus, or asset requirement; schedule; multiple lines; provisions for transacting certain insurance; applicability of section; compliance with MCL 500.403.

Sec. 408.

(1) To qualify for authority to transact insurance in this state a domestic, foreign, or alien insurer shall possess and thereafter maintain paid-in capital or surplus or assets in amounts that are not less than those shown by the applicable portion of the following schedule:

Kind of Domestic, Domestic, Domestic, Alien
insurance foreign stock foreign foreign mutual insurers
insurers mutual life insurers other United States
CAPITAL insurers than life ASSETS
SURPLUS ASSETS
Life $ 200,000.00 $ 200,000.00 not applicable $ 200,000.00
Life and
disability 300,000.00 300,000.00 not applicable 300,000.00
Disability,
except as
provided in
subsection
(2), (3),
or (4) 200,000.00 not applicable $ 50,000.00 200,000.00
Property &
marine 200,000.00 not applicable 50,000.00 200,000.00
Automobile 200,000.00 not applicable 50,000.00 200,000.00
Casualty 200,000.00 not applicable 50,000.00 200,000.00
Surety &
fidelity 250,000.00 not applicable 250,000.00 250,000.00
Surety,
fidelity,
casualty 450,000.00 not applicable 250,000.00 450,000.00
Kind of Reciprocal
insurance insurers
ASSETS
Disability,
except as
provided in
subsection
(2), (3),
or (4) $ 50,000.00
Property &
marine 50,000.00
Automobile 50,000.00
Casualty 50,000.00
Surety &
fidelity 50,000.00
Surety,
fidelity,
casualty 50,000.00

Multiple lines: Any insurer may reinsure risks of every kind or description and write any and all kinds of insurance other than life insurance for which it is authorized while it maintains paid-up capital and surplus of not less than $500,000.00.

(2) An insurer authorized to transact casualty insurance shall also have authority to transact disability insurance without additional capital, surplus, or assets, as the case may be.

(3) A domestic stock insurer organized to insure on the monthly or weekly premium payment plan any person against bodily injury or death by accident or against disability on account of sickness, or to provide a cash funeral benefit not exceeding $500.00, shall have paid-in capital stock of not less than $25,000.00.

(4) As to a reciprocal insurer the authority to transact disability insurance, either alone or in combination with other insuring powers, does not include authority to transact health insurance.

(5) Financial requirements as to cooperative assessment life, disability, and loss of position insurers, as identified in chapter 64, shall be as provided in that chapter. Financial requirements as to domestic stock insurers formed to insure railway employees against loss of position, to transact disability and life insurance, and to make annuities as identified in section 6604 shall be as provided in section 6608.

(6) This section applies to domestic insurers organized prior to July 21, 1965 and to foreign and alien insurers not subject to the provisions of section 410. However, a domestic insurer organized prior to July 21, 1965 and any foreign or alien insurer not subject to the provisions of section 410 that attains the level of capital and surplus required by section 410(1), (2), or (3) is required thereafter to maintain that level of capital and surplus under section 410 unless the direct premiums written and any reinsurance assumed by the insurer in an annual period are less than the insurer's surplus.

(7) An insurer authorized to transact insurance on or after July 21, 1965 and before January 1, 1999 that attains the level of capital and surplus required by section 410(2) is required thereafter to maintain that level of capital and surplus under section 410 unless the direct premiums written and any reinsurance assumed by the insurer in an annual period are less than the insurer's surplus.

(8) Notwithstanding the specific requirements of this section, domestic, foreign, and alien insurers shall also comply with the standard set forth in section 403.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1958, Act 211, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 242, Imd. Eff. July 21, 1965 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 443, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 457, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 1999
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.410 Minimum amount of unimpaired capital and surplus; minimum amount and use of additional surplus; transacting life insurance or property insurance; continuing to transact insurance; transacting legal expense insurance; compliance with MCL 500.403.

Sec. 410.

(1) To qualify for and maintain authority to transact insurance in this state on or after July 21, 1965 and before January 1, 1999, a domestic, foreign, or alien insurer shall possess and thereafter maintain unimpaired capital and surplus in an amount determined adequate by the commissioner to continue to comply with section 403 but not less than $1,000,000.00. The commissioner shall take into account the risk based capital requirements as developed by the national association of insurance commissioners in order to determine adequate compliance with section 403.

(2) To qualify for and maintain authority to transact insurance in this state on or after January 1, 1999, a domestic, foreign, or alien insurer shall possess and thereafter maintain unimpaired capital and surplus in an amount determined adequate by the commissioner to continue to comply with section 403 but not less than $7,000,000.00. The commissioner shall take into account the risk based capital requirements as developed by the national association of insurance commissioners in order to determine adequate compliance with section 403.

(3) In addition to the minimum capital and surplus specified in subsections (1) and (2), an insurer applying for an initial certificate of authority after July 21, 1965 in this state shall possess and maintain surplus or additional surplus in an amount determined by the commissioner adequate to comply with section 403 for the kind or kinds of insurance it writes or proposes to write, but in no event less than $500,000.00.

(4) Except as provided by section 407, every insurer authorized to transact insurance in this state may transact life insurance or property insurance but not both, unless it was authorized to transact such other kind or kinds of insurance in this state immediately prior to January 1, 1965. For the purpose of this section, life insurance includes any 1 or more of the insurances described in sections 602 and 606; property insurance includes any 1 or more of the insurances described in chapter 6, excepting only section 602 and those provisions of section 632 that apply to insurances described in section 602. Nothing in this section shall be construed to broaden the authority of reciprocal insurers.

(5) Except as provided in subsection (7), an insurer authorized to transact insurance prior to July 21, 1965 may continue to transact insurance so long as it maintains the minimum financial requirements of section 408. However, an insurer authorized to transact insurance prior to July 21, 1965, that attains the level of minimum capital and surplus required by subsection (1) shall maintain compliance with this section unless the direct premiums written and any reinsurance assumed by the insurer in an annual period are less than the insurer's surplus.

(6) Except as provided in subsection (7), an insurer authorized to transact insurance on or after July 21, 1965 and before January 1, 1999 that attains the level of minimum capital and surplus required by subsection (2) shall maintain compliance with this section unless the direct premiums written and any reinsurance assumed by the insurer in an annual period are less than the insurer's surplus.

(7) An insurer shall not be authorized to transact legal expense insurance unless it meets the capital and surplus requirements of subsections (1), (2), and (3).

(8) Notwithstanding the specific requirements of this section, domestic, foreign, and alien insurers shall also comply with the standard set forth in section 403.


History: Add. 1965, Act 242, Imd. Eff. July 21, 1965 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 501, Imd. Eff. Dec. 31, 1982 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 443, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 457, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 1999
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.410a Bail bond surety and fidelity insurance company; authority to transact insurance.

Sec. 410a.

(1) To qualify for and maintain authority to transact insurance in this state solely as a bail bond surety and fidelity insurance company on or after February 1, 2004, an insurer in good standing in its state of domicile that is subject to regulation by the commissioner shall possess and thereafter maintain unimpaired capital and surplus in an amount determined adequate by the commissioner to continue to comply with section 403 but not less than $4,500,000.00 and have, in addition, not less than $3,000,000.00 in current guarantees and security with respect to bail bonds issued by the insurer in states in which it is then authorized. An insurer with authority to transact bail bond surety and fidelity insurance in this state shall not offer or provide surety and fidelity coverages other than bail bonds.

(2) The commissioner shall take into account the risk based capital requirements as developed by the national association of insurance commissioners and the claims history for Michigan bail bonds issued by the licensed bail bond agencies for which the insurer will be or is issuing bail bonds in Michigan in order to determine adequate compliance with section 403.

(3) As used in this section, “bail bond surety and fidelity insurance” is surety and fidelity insurance that is limited to the provision of bail bonds.


History: Add. 2004, Act 113, Imd. Eff. May 21, 2004
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.411 Deposits required to transact insurance.

Sec. 411.

(1) To qualify for and maintain authority to transact insurance in this state a domestic insurer shall maintain a deposit with the state treasurer of $300,000.00 or such larger amount as the commissioner considers appropriate taking into consideration the actual or anticipated premium volume of the insurer and the characteristics of, and the degree of risk inherent in, the insurance business written by the insurer. If a domestic insurer doing business on January 9, 1973 has assets of less than $750,000.00, the commissioner may approve a smaller deposit appropriate to the size of the insurer and the character of its business but not less than $50,000.00. The deposit shall consist of cash or securities at market value, exclusive of interest, of the kinds described in section 912. The deposit shall be held by the state treasurer for the benefit of the policyholders of the insurer and shall be administered as directed in section 464. A policyholder of an insurer includes any person having a legal or equitable right arising out of an insurance or annuity contract issued by the insurer.

(2) To qualify for and maintain authority to transact insurance in this state a foreign insurer shall maintain a deposit with the state treasurer or with the treasurer or other state officer of the state in which the insurer is domiciled of the same kinds, in the same amounts, and for the same purpose as required in subsection (1) for domestic insurers.

(3) To qualify for and maintain authority to transact insurance in this state an alien insurer entering through this state to transact insurance in the United States shall maintain a deposit with the state treasurer and an alien insurer entering through a state other than this state to transact insurance in the United States shall maintain a deposit with the state treasurer or with the treasurer or other state officer of the state through which the insurer entered of the same kinds, in the same amounts, and for the same purpose as required in subsection (1) for domestic insurers.

(4) To qualify for and maintain authority to transact insurance in this state an alien insurer shall maintain deposits, including those required in subsection (3), with the state treasurer, with officers of states other than this state or with trustees resident in the United States or with any combination of such persons, under trust indentures approved by the commissioner. The insurer shall cause the persons holding the deposits to make to the insurance regulatory authority of the state through which the insurer entered to transact insurance in the United States a report, under oath on or before March 1 of each year, of the insurer's deposits as of December 31 of the preceding year. The deposits shall be in cash or in securities of the kinds described in sections 910 to 947 and shall satisfy the following conditions:

(a) The deposits shall be not less than the amount of liabilities with respect to the insurer's business in the United States.

(b) The deposits, if the insurer is a life insurer, shall be held for the benefit of policyholders who were residents of the United States on the date of issuance of the policy and for the benefit of creditors of the insurer within the United States.

(c) The deposits, if the insurer is not a life insurer, shall be held for the benefit of policyholders and creditors within the United States.

(d) The securities deposited under this subsection shall be valued and limited in accordance with section 901.


History: Add. 1972, Act 360, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 338, Imd. Eff. Dec. 17, 1982 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 321, Imd. Eff. Dec. 26, 1986 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 2, Imd. Eff. Jan. 31, 1992 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.412 Procedure for becoming domestic insurer.

Sec. 412.

(1) An insurer organized under the laws of any other state and admitted to do business in this state for the purpose of writing insurance may become a domestic insurer by complying with all of the requirements of law relative to the organization and licensing of a domestic insurer of the same type and by designating its principal place of business at a place in this state.

(2) An insurer who complies with subsection (1) shall be entitled to domestic insurer certificates and licenses to transact business in this state and shall be subject to the authority and jurisdiction of this state.


History: Add. 1989, Act 92, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1989
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.412, which pertained to deposits required to transact insurance business, was repealed by Act 137 of 1966, Eff. Mar. 10, 1967.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.413 Transfer of domicile of domestic insurer to another state; effect of transfer; approval of transfer; “U.S. branch” defined.

Sec. 413.

(1) Upon the approval of the commissioner, a domestic insurer may transfer its domicile to any other state in which it is admitted to transact the business of insurance, and upon the transfer shall cease to be a domestic insurer but shall be admitted to this state if qualified as a foreign insurer. The commissioner shall approve a proposed transfer unless he or she determines the transfer is not in the interest of the policyholders of this state. For purposes of this section, an alien insurer using this state as a state of entry to transact insurance in the United States through a U.S. branch is considered to be a domestic insurer.

(2) As used in this section, “U.S. branch” means that term as defined in section 431.


History: Add. 1989, Act 92, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1989 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.413, which pertained to deposits required to transact insurance business, was repealed by Act 137 of 1966, Eff. Mar. 10, 1967;—Am. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.414 Certificate of authority, agent's appointments, licenses, rates, and other items of transferring insurer continue in full force and effect; outstanding policies remain in full force and effect; filing new or existing policy forms; notice of proposed transfer; filing amendments to corporate documents.

Sec. 414.

The certificate of authority, agent's appointments, licenses, rates, and other items which the commissioner allows, in his or her discretion, which are in existence at the time an insurer licensed to transact the business of insurance in this state transfers its corporate domicile to this or any other state by merger, consolidation, or any other lawful method shall continue in full force and effect upon the transfer if the insurer remains duly qualified to transact the business of insurance in this state. All outstanding policies of a transferring insurer shall remain in full force and effect and need not be endorsed as to the new name of the company or its new location unless so ordered by the commissioner. Each transferring insurer shall file new policy forms with the commissioner on or before the effective date of the transfer, but may use existing policy forms with appropriate endorsements if allowed by, and under such conditions as approved by, the commissioner. Each transferring insurer shall notify the commissioner of the details of the proposed transfer and shall file promptly any resulting amendments to corporate documents filed or required to be filed with the commissioner.


History: Add. 1989, Act 92, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1989
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.414, which pertained to deposits required to transact insurance business, was repealed by Act 137 of 1966, Eff. Mar. 10, 1967.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.415 Rules.

Sec. 415.

The commissioner shall promulgate rules pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being sections 24.201 to 24.328 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, to carry out the purposes of sections 412 to 414.


History: Add. 1989, Act 92, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1989
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.415, which pertained to deposits required to transact insurance business, was repealed by Act 137 of 1966, Eff. Mar. 10, 1967.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.416 Special deposit.

Sec. 416.

As a condition of qualifying for and maintaining authority to transact insurance in this state or for qualifying as an eligible unauthorized insurer, the commissioner may require an insurer to maintain a special deposit with the state treasurer in such amount as the commissioner considers necessary for the protection of Michigan policyholders and claimants. The special deposit is subject to special deposit claims pursuant to section 8141a.


History: Add. 1989, Act 302, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 1990 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.416, which pertained to deposits required to transact business was repealed by Act 360 of 1972, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.417 Repealed. 1966, Act 137, Eff. Mar. 10, 1967.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section made provisions of code pertaining to stock life insurers relative to deposit of securities governing domestic automobile insurers.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.418 Identification of payers subject to child support arrearages; "title IV-D agency" defined.

Sec. 418.

(1) An insurer may voluntarily cooperate with a title IV-D agency and the child support lien network in identifying payers subject to child support arrearages who may be entitled to money to be paid under a liability insurance policy or the liability coverage portion of a multiperil insurance policy.

(2) As used in this section, "title IV-D agency" means that term as defined in section 2 of the support and parenting time enforcement act, 1982 PA 295, MCL 552.602.


History: Add. 2004, Act 482, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2004
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.418, which pertained to deposits required to transact insurance business, was repealed by Act 360 of 1972, Eff. Jan. 9, 1973.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.422 Repealed. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to competition agreements by foreign or alien fire, marine, or inland insurers.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.424 Admission of foreign or alien insurer to state; application; report of financial standing; issuance of certificate of authority; filing fees.

Sec. 424.

(1) A foreign or alien insurer shall not be admitted to this state until the insurer files with the commissioner an application for admission upon a form as prescribed by the commissioner. The application shall be accompanied by a copy of the insurer's charter, compact, or articles of incorporation or agreement, and bylaws, duly certified by the commissioner of insurance or corresponding officer of the state of origin or entry, together with a sworn statement of the insurer's business affairs up to any date required by the commissioner to be furnished and any other information, under oath or otherwise, that the commissioner may demand of the applicant.

(2) In addition to subsection (1), an alien insurer shall make and execute under oath a report of its financial standing and of its deposit together with a full statement of its business in the United States for the year preceding the statement pursuant to section 438.

(3) The commissioner shall examine the application and if satisfied that the applicant is safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence and meets the same financial conditions required of like insurers organized in this state, is authorized to do the kind or class of insurance it seeks to transact, and has complied in all other respects with the applicable laws of this state, the commissioner shall issue a certificate of authority to the applicant.

(4) The applicant shall pay the filing fees as provided by sections 223 and 240.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 360, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.425, 500.426 Repealed. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to admission of foreign mutual insurers to doing business and to application by foreign reciprocal insurer for application for certificate of authority to transact business.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.430 Repealed. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to a foreign or alien life or sickness and accident insurer on cooperative assessment plan.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.431 Definitions.

Sec. 431.

As used in sections 432 through 434:

(a) “Claimant” means any person or entity, supervisor, receiver, liquidator, rehabilitator, or conservator appointed for an alien insurer, and any guaranty association responsible for the payment of claims against the insurer, who has claims for costs and expenses of investigation or supervision pursuant to section 8109(11) or for receivership, liquidation, or payments of policyholders' claims.

(b) “Policy” means either of the following:

(i) Any contract of insurance or any agreement containing a covenant to insure that an alien insurer may be authorized to issue in any state and that is made by an alien insurer and delivered in or issued for delivery in the United States to any person resident in the United States at the time of issue, including any life insurance contract, annuity contract, disability insurance contract, guaranteed investment contract, reinsurance contract, and any contract issued on the maturity of and pursuant to any of the previously listed contracts, but excluding any contract, agreement, or portion of a contract or agreement either not guaranteed by an alien insurer or under which the risk is borne by the policyholder or claimant or where the recourse of policyholders or claimants for claims is limited to separate accounts.

(ii) For separate accounts, any group annuity or deposit contract or any other contract that an alien insurer is authorized to issue in any state, made by an alien insurer and delivered in or issued for delivery in the United States to any person resident in the United States at the time of issue that provides the right to allocate amounts to a particular trust as a separate account, including any contract issued on the maturity of and pursuant to a group annuity or deposit contract or any other contract that an alien insurer is authorized to issue in any state.

(c) “Policyholder” means the owner of, the certificate holder under, or the beneficiary under, a policy, including any other insurer if an alien insurer has issued to that insurer a reinsurance contract, and any pledgee, assignee, or other creditor having a security interest in the obligation arising out of a policy.

(d) “Qualified United States financial institution” means a state or nationally chartered bank or trust company, organized under the laws of any state or of the United States that has been granted authority to operate with fiduciary powers.

(e) “U.S. branch” means the business unit through which insurance is transacted within the United States by an alien insurer and the assets and liabilities of the insurer within the United States.


History: Add. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.431a State of entry by alien insurer through U.S. branch; requirements.

Sec. 431a.

(1) An alien insurer may use this state as a state of entry to transact insurance in the United States through a U.S. branch by qualifying as an insurer licensed to do business in this state and establishing a trust account pursuant to a trust agreement approved by the commissioner with a qualified United States financial institution approved by the commissioner, in an amount at least equal to the amount required by section 431c. With the prior approval of the commissioner, an alien insurer may establish more than 1 trust account pursuant to 1 or more trust agreements, provided that the aggregate of all amounts held in such trust accounts is at least equal to the amount required by section 431c.

(2) Before authorizing the entry through this state of a U.S. branch of an alien insurer, the commissioner shall require the alien insurer to do all of the following:

(a) Submit a copy of the proposed trust indenture for the commissioner's approval.

(b) Submit a copy of its charter, any current bylaws, and any other documents necessary to show the kinds of business that it is authorized to do in its domiciliary jurisdiction, attested to as accurate and complete by the insurance supervisory official in its domiciliary jurisdiction.

(c) Submit a full statement, subscribed and affirmed as true under the penalties of perjury by 2 officers or equivalent responsible representatives in such manner as the commissioner prescribes, of its financial condition as of the close of its latest fiscal year, showing its assets, liabilities, income, disbursements, business transacted, and other facts required to be shown in its annual statement, as reported to the insurance supervisory official in its domiciliary jurisdiction, together with an English language translation, as necessary, of any of the documents required.

(d) Submit to an examination of the insurer's affairs at its principal office within the United States unless the commissioner instead accepts a report of the insurance supervisory official of the insurer's domiciliary jurisdiction.


History: Add. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.431b U.S. branch using state as state of entry to transact insurance; compliance.

Sec. 431b.

A U.S. branch using this state as a state of entry to transact insurance in the United States is subject to all laws applicable to an insurer domiciled in this state except as otherwise provided. A U.S. branch using this state as a state of entry to transact insurance in the United States shall comply with all of the following requirements:

(a) Provide the commissioner, at intervals and in such form as the commissioner may require, having stated the reason for the requirement, with complete and accurate copies, current to within 10 days, of any of its books, records, and files requested by the commissioner, including all of the following:

(i) Corporate accounting records.

(ii) Records of its securities, notes, mortgages, and other evidences of indebtedness, representing investment of funds.

(iii) Minutes of meetings and resolutions of the board of directors, any committee of the board of directors, and the audit committee.

(iv) Records of current premium billing and collection processing and active claims inventory.

(v) Records of all policies held by policyholders of the U.S. branch, including policy type, amount of reserve, riders, dividend accumulation, unit values, endowment, and policy loan balances.

(b) Upon the commissioner's request, provide the commissioner, for the commissioner's regulatory use, with appropriate waivers for the commissioner concerning rights in the information, including copyright or goodwill, information, manuals, and documentation sufficient for regulatory purposes concerning the computer system and software through which the insurer maintains its books, records, and files for its business in the United States.

(c) Upon the commissioner's request, obtain for the commissioner the right to use, at no additional charge, the computer software employed to maintain the books, records, and files listed in subdivision (a). This right of use shall be irrevocable and unconditional and shall include all revisions and upgrades, notwithstanding the insolvency or reorganization of the insurer.

(d) Arrange for testing to the commissioner's reasonable satisfaction of the processing of copies of the books, records, and files of the insurer listed in subdivision (a). This testing shall be performed annually or more frequently if requested by the commissioner at the office of the commissioner or at a business office of the insurer where such testing may take place at reasonable cost to the insurer.


History: Add. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.431c Trusteed assets; value.

Sec. 431c.

The assets in the trust accounts shall be known as trusteed assets. The total value of trusteed assets shall at all times be at least equal to the sum of the U.S. branch's reserves and other liabilities, the minimum capital and surplus required to be maintained by section 410, and any additional amounts considered necessary by the commissioner. The trusteed assets shall be valued and limited in accordance with section 901.


History: Add. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.432 Trust agreement and amendments; authentication; withdrawal of approval; form; hearing; modifications or variations; contents and provisions of trust agreement; withdrawal of trusteed assets in another state; notice; examination by commissioner; effect of refusal or neglect to comply with subsection (8); review.

Sec. 432.

(1) The trust agreement and all amendments to the trust agreement shall be authenticated in a form and manner prescribed by the commissioner and shall not be effective unless approved by the commissioner upon a finding of all of the following:

(a) That the trust agreement or its amendments are sufficient in form and in conformity with law.

(b) That the trustee or trustees are eligible to be trustees.

(c) That the trust agreement is adequate to protect the interests of the beneficiaries of the trust.

(2) If at any time the commissioner finds after reasonable notice and hearing that the trust agreement no longer meets the requirements of subsection (1), the commissioner may withdraw approval of the trust agreement. The withdrawal of approval shall be in the form of a final order or decision and shall clearly set forth the findings and the reasons for the withdrawal of approval. A hearing under this subsection is not subject to the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being sections 24.201 to 24.328 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(3) The commissioner may from time to time approve modifications of or variations in any trust agreement that in the commissioner's judgment are not prejudicial to the interests of the people of this state or the United States and of policyholders and claimants of the U.S. branch.

(4) The trust agreement shall contain all of the following:

(a) The vesting of legal title to trusteed assets in a trustee and its lawfully appointed successors.

(b) A requirement that, except with the approval of the commissioner for assets held in custodial or similar accounts, all assets deposited in the trust shall be continuously kept within the United States.

(c) Provisions for substitution of a new trustee in case of a vacancy subject to the commissioner's approval.

(d) A requirement that the trustee shall continuously maintain a record at all times sufficient to identify the trust's assets.

(e) A requirement that the trusteed assets shall consist of cash or investments eligible for investment of the funds of domestic insurers and accrued interest on those assets if collectible by the trustee.

(f) A requirement that the trust shall be for the exclusive benefit, security, and protection of the policyholders and claimants of the U.S. branch and that it shall be maintained as long as there is outstanding any liability of the alien insurer arising out of its insurance transactions in the United States.

(g) A provision that no withdrawals of assets, other than income as specified in subsection (5), shall be made or permitted by the trustee without the commissioner's approval except to do the following:

(i) Substitute other assets permitted by law and at least equal in value and quality to those withdrawn, upon the specific written direction of the United States manager when duly empowered and acting pursuant to either general or specific written authority previously given or delegated by the board of directors. Substituted assets are of the same quality if, for securities, they are rated “BBB” or above by Moody's or Standard & Poor's or are rated category 1 or 2 by the national association of insurance commissioners or, for other assets, are not in arrears, were acquired by the alien insurer in an arm's length transaction from an unaffiliated third party within 30 days prior to the substitution and, for interests in mortgages, the mortgages comply with section 942.

(ii) If the income of the trust is not paid over as specified in subsection (5), pay liabilities of the insurer to a policyholder or in satisfaction of a contractual provision in a policy, provided that the total trusteed assets are not thereby less than the amount required to be maintained pursuant to section 431c.

(iii) Transfer assets to an official liquidator or rehabilitator pursuant to an order of a court of competent jurisdiction.

(h) A provision that withdrawals of assets shall be made or permitted by the trustee only with the commissioner's approval and only if a deposit is required by law in any state for the security or benefit of all policyholders, or policyholders and claimants, of the U.S. branch in the United States.

(5) The trust agreement may provide that income, earnings, dividends, or interest accumulations of the fund's assets may be paid over to the United States manager of the U.S. branch upon request, provided that the total trusteed assets are not thereby less than the amount required to be maintained pursuant to section 431c.

(6) Upon withdrawal of trusteed assets deposited in another state in which the insurer is authorized to do business, it is sufficient if the trust agreement requires similar written approval of the insurance supervising official of that state in lieu of approval by the commissioner provided that the total trusteed assets are not thereby less than the amount required to be maintained pursuant to section 431c.

(7) For all withdrawals, the U.S. branch shall give the commissioner at least 15 days' prior notice in writing of the nature and extent of the proposed withdrawal. For a withdrawal due to overfunding, it shall be considered that the commissioner has approved the withdrawal in either of the following cases:

(a) The commissioner has not responded to the request in any manner within 15 days after receipt of the notice.

(b) After the U.S. branch has replied to any request by the commissioner for further information concerning the proposed withdrawal, the commissioner does not respond further in any manner within 15 days after receipt of the reply.

(8) The commissioner may make examinations from time to time of the trusteed assets of any authorized U.S. branch and may require the trustee to file a statement, in such form as the commissioner may prescribe, certifying the trust fund's assets and amount.

(9) Refusal or neglect of any trustee to comply with the requirements of subsection (8) is grounds for injunctive relief and other remedies including suspension, limitation, or revocation of the insurer's license, liquidation of its U.S. branch, or the trustee's removal. If removal occurs prior to the appointment of a new trustee, the trusteed assets shall be deposited with the commissioner or as the commissioner directs. Failure of any trustee to comply with the other requirements of this section is grounds for suspension, limitation, or revocation of the insurer's license or the liquidation of its U.S. branch.

(10) Within 90 days after the effective date of this section, the commissioner shall inform each U.S. branch that the trust agreement in force on that date to which the U.S. branch is party is subject to review by the commissioner and the approximate date of the review. Following the review, the commissioner shall inform the relevant U.S. branch in a written notice of any deficiencies in its trust agreements. The U.S. branch shall amend or replace its trust agreement in accordance with this amendatory act within 30 days after receiving the notice from the commissioner.


History: Add. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.432, which pertained to the continuation of certificate of authority, was repealed by Act 360 of 1972, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.432a Certificate of authority to do business; issuance or amendment to U.S. branch; proof that insurer will not violate act or charter; noncompliance.

Sec. 432a.

(1) Before issuing or amending a certificate of authority to do business to any U.S. branch, the commissioner may require satisfactory proof, either in the alien insurer's charter or by an agreement evidenced by a duly certified resolution of its board of directors or otherwise as the commissioner requires, that the insurer will not engage in any insurance business that violates this act or that is not authorized by its charter.

(2) A U.S. branch that does outside of this state any kind or combination of kinds of insurance business not permitted to be done in this state by similar domestic insurers hereafter organized, shall not be or continue to be authorized to do any insurance business in this state, unless in the commissioner's judgment the doing of those kinds of insurance outside of this state will not be prejudicial to the best interests of the residents of this state.

(3) Except as otherwise specifically provided, a U.S. branch, entering through this state or another state, shall not be or continue to be authorized to do the business of insurance in this state if it fails to comply substantially with any requirement or limitation of this act applicable to similar domestic insurers hereafter organized that in the judgment of the commissioner is reasonably necessary to protect the interest of the policyholders.


History: Add. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.433 Trusteed assets below minimum required; proceeding against alien insurer.

Sec. 433.

If it appears to the commissioner from any annual or quarterly statement or any other report that a U.S. branch's trusteed assets are below the minimum required to be maintained pursuant to section 431c, the commissioner may proceed against the alien insurer pursuant to the provisions of chapter 81 as an insurer whose condition no longer meets the requirements of section 403.


History: Add. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.434 Repealed. 1972, Act 360, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to grounds for revocation of certificates of authority.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.435 Certificate of authority as evidence of authority to transact insurance; duration of certificate; certificate as property of state; prerequisites to termination of certificate.

Sec. 435.

(1) The certificate of authority issued by the commissioner to an insurer is evidence of its authority to transact the kind or kinds of insurance specified in the certificate in this state.

(2) A certificate of authority shall remain in force until terminated at the request of the insurer or suspended or revoked by the commissioner.

(3) A certificate of authority at all times remains the property of the state. Upon termination at the request of the insurer or revocation by the commissioner, the certificate of authority shall be delivered promptly by the insurer to the commissioner.

(4) The commissioner shall not grant the request of an insurer to terminate its certificate of authority as long as the insurer has any obligations outstanding under a policy of insurance to policyholders or claimants who are residents of this state unless either of the following occurs:

(a) The insurer has deposited with the state treasurer securities acceptable to the commissioner in an amount equal to its liabilities including its reserves as required by this act in respect to its business in this state, as computed by the commissioner, for the sole benefit of its policyholders and creditors resident in this state. The deposits shall be held by the state treasurer and administered as directed by section 464.

(b) The insurer has made other provisions satisfactory to the commissioner to secure obligations to Michigan policyholders or claimants.


History: Add. 1972, Act 360, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.436 Conditions for suspension, revocation, or limitation of certificate of authority; "insurer" defined.

Sec. 436.

(1) The director may suspend, revoke, or limit the certificate of authority of an insurer if he or she determines that any of the following conditions exist:

(a) The insurer no longer meets the requirements of this act respecting capital, surplus, deposits, or assets.

(b) The insurer's condition is such that it is no longer safe, reliable, or entitled to public confidence or is unsound, or the insurer is using financial methods and practices in the conduct of its business that render further transaction of insurance by the insurer in this state hazardous to policyholders, creditors, or the public.

(c) The insurer's certificate of authority to transact business in its state of domicile, or in the case of an alien insurer, in its state of entry, has been suspended or revoked.

(d) The insurer has failed, after written request by the director, to remove or discharge an officer or director whose record of business conduct does not satisfy the requirements of section 436a(1)(k) or 1315(1)(f) or who has been convicted of any crime involving fraud, dishonesty, or like moral turpitude.

(e) The insurer fails to promptly comply with sections 222 or 438.

(f) The insurer has failed for an unreasonable period to pay any final judgment rendered against it in this state on any policy, bond, recognizance, or undertaking issued or guaranteed by it.

(g) The insurer has failed, within 30 days after notice of delinquency from the director, to cure its failure to pay the taxes, fees, assessments, or expenses required by this act.

(h) The insurer has violated any other provision of this act that provides for suspension or revocation of its certificate of authority.

(2) As used in this section, "insurer" includes a nonprofit dental care corporation operating under 1963 PA 125, MCL 550.351 to 550.373.


History: Add. 1972, Act 360, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.436a Continuing operation of insurer transacting insurance in state or nonprofit dental corporation operating under MCL 550.351 to 550.373; standards; subscription to private rating organization not required; determination of financial condition; issuance of order by director; hearing requested by insurer.

Sec. 436a.

(1) In addition to any other relevant standards, the director may consider 1 or more of the following to determine whether the continued operation of an insurer transacting an insurance business in this state or a nonprofit dental care corporation operating under 1963 PA 125, MCL 550.351 to 550.373, is safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence or is considered hazardous to policyholders, creditors, or the public:

(a) Affirmative or adverse findings reported in financial condition and market conduct examination reports.

(b) The National Association of Insurance Commissioners' insurance regulatory information system and its related reports.

(c) Whether the ratios of commission expense, general insurance expense, policy benefits, and reserve increases as to annual premium and net investment income could likely lead to an impairment of capital and surplus.

(d) Whether the insurer's asset portfolio, when viewed in light of current economic conditions, is of sufficient value, liquidity, or diversity to assure the insurer's ability to meet its outstanding obligations as they mature.

(e) Whether the ability of an assuming reinsurer to perform and whether the insurer's reinsurance program provides sufficient protection for the insurer's remaining surplus after taking into account the insurer's cash flow, the classes of business written, and the financial condition of the assuming reinsurer.

(f) The insurer's operating loss in the last 12-month period or any shorter period of time, including, but not limited to, net capital gain or loss, change in assets, and cash dividends paid to shareholders, in relation to the insurer's remaining capital and surplus in excess of the amount required to comply with section 403.

(g) Whether any affiliate, subsidiary, or reinsurer is insolvent, threatened with insolvency, or delinquent in payment of its monetary or other obligation.

(h) Contingent liabilities, pledges, or guaranties that either individually or collectively involve a total amount that in the director's opinion may affect the insurer's solvency.

(i) Whether any controlling person of an insurer is delinquent in transmitting or the payment of net premiums to the insurer or has caused the insurer to divert assets, make investments, or assume liabilities with respect to the affiliates of the insurer that have had a material adverse effect on the insurer's financial solidity.

(j) The age and collectibility of receivables.

(k) Whether the management of an insurer, including officers, directors, or any other person who directly or indirectly controls the operation of the insurer, possesses and demonstrates the competence, fitness, and character considered necessary to serve the insurer in such a position.

(l) Whether management of an insurer has failed to respond to inquiries relative to the insurer's condition or has furnished false and misleading information concerning an inquiry.

(m) Whether management of an insurer has filed a materially false or misleading financial statement, has released a materially false or misleading financial statement to lending institutions or to the general public, or has made a materially false or misleading entry or has omitted an entry of material amount in the insurer's books.

(n) Whether the insurer has grown so rapidly and to such an extent that it lacks adequate financial and administrative capacity to timely meet its obligations.

(o) Whether the insurer has experienced or will experience in the foreseeable future cash flow or liquidity problems.

(p) Subject to subsection (3), ratings and rating reports concerning the insurer from rating organizations that meet all of the following requirements:

(i) Are registered under the investment advisors act of 1940, 15 USC 80b-1 to 80b-21.

(ii) Have adequate training, supervision, and continuing education for its analysts.

(iii) Make a determination as to whether the company being rated has the ability to service and repay its debts.

(iv) Assign a credit committee to each rated company, members of which are changed annually.

(v) Give rated companies a right of appeal as to the rating received prior to publication.

(vi) Maintain continuous monitoring as to the rating in the event of significant developments.

(vii) Maintain an employee code of ethics and an internal procedure to prevent misuse of information, such as a prohibition against conflict of interest.

(q) Whether the insurer demonstrates material adverse deviations from industry averages with respect to significant indicators of financial solidity such as leverage, liquidity, profitability, reinsurance, investment risk, and reserve adequacy.

(r) The extent to which the insurer meets standards of financial solidity such as risk based capital requirements as developed by organizations with recognized expertise in evaluating the financial condition of insurers such as the National Association of Insurance Commissioners.

(s) The size of the insurer as measured by its assets, capital and surplus reserves, premium writings, insurance in force, and other appropriate criteria.

(t) The extent to which the insurer's business is diversified among the several lines of insurance, the number and size of risks insured in each line of business, and the extent of the geographical dispersion of the insurer's insured risks.

(u) The nature and extent of the insurer's reinsurance program.

(v) The quality, diversification, and liquidity of the insurer's investment portfolio.

(w) The recent past and projected future trend in the size of the insurer's surplus as regards policyholders and the surplus as regards policyholders maintained by other comparable insurers.

(x) The adequacy of the insurer's reserves.

(y) The quality and liquidity of investments in affiliates.

(z) Compliance by the insurer with section 901.

(2) For purposes of the standards set forth in subsection (1), the director may consider a nonprofit dental care corporation in the same manner as an insurer.

(3) The director shall not require an insurer to subscribe to a private rating organization.

(4) The director may do any of the following in making a determination of an insurer's financial condition under this section:

(a) Disregard any credit or amount receivable resulting from transactions with a reinsurer that has totally ceased writing new business or that is insolvent, impaired, or otherwise subject to a delinquency proceeding.

(b) Make appropriate adjustments including disallowance to asset values attributable to investments in or transactions with parents, subsidiaries, or affiliates.

(c) Refuse to recognize the stated value of accounts receivable if the ability to collect receivables is highly speculative in view of the account's age or the debtor's financial condition.

(d) Increase the insurer's liability in an amount equal to any contingent liability, pledge, or guarantee not otherwise included if there is a substantial risk that the insurer will be called upon to meet the obligation undertaken.

(5) If the director determines that an insurer authorized to transact business in this state has ceased to be safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence or that the insurer's continued operation may be hazardous to policyholders, creditors, or the public, the director, in addition to his or her authority under section 437 and chapter 81, may issue an order requiring the insurer to do any of the following:

(a) Reduce the total amount of present and potential liability for policy benefits by sound reinsurance transactions approved by the director.

(b) Reduce, suspend, or limit the volume of business being accepted or renewed.

(c) Reduce general insurance and commission expenses by specified methods.

(d) Increase the insurer's capital and surplus.

(e) Suspend or limit the declaration and payment of dividends by an insurer to its stockholders or to its policyholders.

(f) File reports in a form acceptable to the director concerning the market value of an insurer's assets.

(g) Limit or withdraw from certain investments or discontinue certain investment practices.

(h) Document the adequacy of premium rates in relation to the risks insured.

(i) File, in addition to regular annual statements, interim financial reports on the form or in the format promulgated by the director.

(j) Correct corporate governance practice deficiencies and adopt and use governance practices that are acceptable to the director.

(6) An insurer subject to an order under subsection (5) may request a hearing as in a contested case pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, to review the order. The notice of hearing must be served on the insurer and state the time and place of hearing and the conduct, conditions, or grounds on which the director based the order. Unless mutually agreed between the director and the insurer, the hearing must occur not less than 10 days or more than 30 days after notice is served. The director shall hold all hearings under this subsection privately unless the insurer requests a public hearing, in which case the hearing must be public.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.436b Certificate of authority limited by order of commissioner.

Sec. 436b.

If the commissioner finds on the basis of appropriate investigation and public hearings that a type of insurance or a subset of a type of insurance or of other contracts entered into by insurers authorized to do business in this state present a degree of risk or hazard to the insurer not adequately taken into account by insurance accounting techniques or normal methods of measuring insurance or other contractual risk, the commissioner may conclude that only those authorized insurers possessed of a sufficient degree of financial strength, measured by relevant methods, techniques, analysis, rating systems, and other appropriate financial standards uniformly applied, may engage with safety to policyholders, creditors, or the public in assuming obligations of such a type or subset of a type of insurance or other contracts. In these circumstances, the commissioner may limit by appropriate order the certificate of authority of an insurer that does not possess such a sufficient degree of financial strength so as to preclude prospectively the authority of the insurer to engage in assuming obligations in this state of such a type or subset of a type of insurance or other contracts.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.437 Proceeding for suspension, revocation, or limitation of certificate of authority; notice; imposition of conditions in order of limitation.

Sec. 437.

(1) A proceeding to suspend, revoke, or limit an insurer's certificate of authority shall be initiated by the commissioner by granting the insurer an opportunity to show compliance with all lawful requirements as provided under section 92 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being section 24.292 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. If the commissioner subsequently determines pursuant to section 436 to suspend, revoke, or limit the insurer's certificate of authority, the determination and the reasons for the determination shall be stated in the order of suspension, revocation, or limitation.

(2) The insurer aggrieved by the commissioner's determination and order issued under section 436 shall be entitled to a contested case hearing pursuant to Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being sections 24.201 to 24.328 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. During the pendency of the contested case proceeding, the commissioner's order shall remain in effect, except as modified by the commissioner or as stayed by a court pursuant to section 244.

(3) The commissioner's order and determination may be confirmed or modified by the commissioner as the result of a contested case hearing and shall be the final decision or order in the contested case.

(4) Upon suspension, revocation, or limitation of an insurer's certificate of authority, if the commissioner considers it necessary or desirable for the protection of the public, he or she may mail notice of the action to the insurer's agents and publish notice of the suspension, revocation, or limitation in 1 or more newspapers of general circulation in the state.

(5) The commissioner's order of limitation may restrict the solicitation of new business within the state, may restrict the renewal of business in force within the state, may require the reinsurance of business in force within the state and, if reinsurance is not effected within 30 days after the order requiring reinsurance is issued, may require cancellation of business in force within the state and may impose such other conditions to continued authorization as are reasonably necessary to protect policyholders, creditors, and the public.


History: Add. 1972, Act 360, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.438 Annual statement; filing; extensions; format and content; reply to inquiries; availability of report to public; penalty for failure to file statement or reply to inquiry; statement of alien insurer; "U.S. branch" defined.

Sec. 438.

(1) An insurer, foreign, alien, U.S. branch, or domestic, transacting business within this state, shall annually, on or before March 1, prepare under oath and deposit with the director a statement concerning its affairs in a form and manner as prescribed by the director. The annual statement must be filed on or before March 1 of the year following that covered by the statement. On request and for good cause shown, the director may grant to a company reasonable extensions of the March 1 filing date for periods not to exceed 30 days.

(2) The director shall prescribe the format and content of statements that are suitable and adaptable to each kind of insurer authorized by this act. The director shall include requests for information on important elements of an insurer's business, including any matter, condition, or requirement regulated by this act. An annual statement filed by an insurer under this section must be prepared in accordance with instructions provided by, and accounting practices and procedures designated by, the director.

(3) The director may address inquiries to an insurer, in relation to the insurer's activities or conditions, or any matter connected with the insurer's transactions. The insurer shall promptly reply in writing to each inquiry described in this subsection.

(4) A report filed with the director under this section must be made available to the public in compliance with the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246.

(5) An authorized insurer that does not make or deposit the annual statement required by this section, or does not reply within 30 days to an inquiry of the director, is subject to a civil penalty of not less than $1,000.00 or more than $5,000.00, and an additional $50.00 for every day that the insurer does not make and deposit the annual statement or reply to the inquiry. In addition, an insurer that does not make and deposit an annual statement, or does not make a satisfactory reply to an inquiry of the director, concerning the insurer's affairs is subject to proceedings under section 436.

(6) The annual statement of an alien insurer must relate only to the insurer's assets, transactions, and affairs in the United States unless the director requires otherwise.

(7) As used in this section, "U.S. branch" means that term as defined in section 431.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 91, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 39, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 506, Imd. Eff. Dec. 13, 1978 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 173, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 558, Eff. Apr. 10, 2017
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.438a Domestic, foreign, and alien insurers; filing annual statement with national association of insurance commissioners; foreign insurers considered in compliance with section; agents of commissioner; confidentiality of information.

Sec. 438a.

(1) Each domestic, foreign, and alien insurer authorized to transact insurance in this state shall file annually on or before March 1 of each year, with the national association of insurance commissioners a copy of its annual statement along with additional filings for the preceding year as prescribed by the commissioner. The information filed with the national association of insurance commissioners shall be in the same format and scope as that required by the commissioner and shall include the signed jurat page and any actuarial certification. An amendment or addendum to the annual statement filing subsequently filed with the commissioner shall also be filed with the national association of insurance commissioners.

(2) A foreign insurer that is domiciled in a state that has a law substantially similar to subsection (1) shall be considered in compliance with this section.

(3) In the absence of actual malice, members of the national association of insurance commissioners, their duly authorized committees, subcommittees, and task forces, their delegates, national association of insurance commissioners employees, and all others charged with the responsibility of collecting, reviewing, analyzing, and disseminating the information developed from the filing of an annual statement shall be acting as the commissioner's agents under the authority of this act and shall not be subject to civil liability for libel, slander, or any other cause of action because of their collection, review, and analysis or dissemination of the data and information collected from the filings.

(4) All financial analysis ratios and examination synopses concerning insurers that are submitted to the commissioner by the national association of insurance commissioners' insurance regulatory information system are confidential and may not be disclosed by the commissioner or those acting under the commissioner's authority.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
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500.439 Repealed. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to reciprocal insurers, annual report, and fee.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.440 Repealed. 1987, Act 261, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to specific premium tax on business written by foreign insurer.
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.440a Credit against tax imposed by MCL 500.476a; claim; refund; retroactive application.

Sec. 440a.

(1) Beginning August 3, 1987, an insurer that is subject to the worker's disability compensation act of 1969, 1969 PA 317, MCL 418.101 to 418.941, may credit against the tax imposed by section 476a an amount equal to the amount paid during that tax year by the insurer under section 352 of the worker's disability compensation act of 1969, 1969 PA 317, MCL 418.352, as certified by the director of the bureau of worker's disability compensation under section 391 of the worker's disability compensation act of 1969, 1969 PA 317, MCL 418.391.

(2) The credit under this section shall be claimed in the manner prescribed by the revenue commissioner.

(3) A taxpayer claiming a credit under this section shall claim a portion of the credit allowed by this section equal to the payments made during a calendar quarter pursuant to section 352 of the worker's disability compensation act of 1969, 1969 PA 317, MCL 418.352, against the quarterly payments required under section 443. The state treasurer shall refund a credit in excess of a quarterly payment to the taxpayer on a quarterly basis within 60 days after receipt of a properly completed quarterly filing as required by this act. A subsequent increase or decrease in the amount claimed for payments made by the insurer or self-insurer shall be reflected in the amount of the credit taken for the calendar quarter in which the amount of the adjustment is finalized.

(4) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the state treasurer shall refund, without interest, a credit under this section that is in excess of the insurer's tax liability for the calendar year to the insurer within 60 days after receipt of a properly completed annual tax return as required by this act. The state treasurer shall only make a refund to an insurer whose tax liability or fee amount under this act is greater than its tax liability under the former single business tax act, 1975 PA 228, or the Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208.1101 to 208.1601.

(5) This section shall be applied retroactively to August 3, 1987.


History: Add. 1990, Act 256, Imd. Eff. Oct. 15, 1990 ;-- Am. 2007, Act 187, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2007
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.440a, which pertained to credit against premium tax by foreign insurer, was repealed by Act 261 of 1987, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987.
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500.441, 500.442 Repealed. 1987, Act 261, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to tax on premiums, deductions, and deposit premiums.
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500.443 Foreign insurer; payment of quarterly installments of estimated tax; filing statement with revenue commissioner.

Sec. 443.

(1) Before April 30, July 31, October 31, and January 31 of each year, each foreign insurer admitted to do insurance business in this state and subject to the tax prescribed in section 476a shall pay to the state treasurer, accompanied by forms prescribed by the revenue commissioner, quarterly installments of the insurer's total estimated tax for the current year. Failure of an insurer to make quarterly payments of at least 1/4 of either of the following shall subject the insurer to the penalty and interest prescribed in 1941 PA 122, MCL 205.1 to 205.31:

(a) If the preceding year's liability was $20,000.00 or less, the total tax liability of the insurer for the previous calendar year. For purposes of this subdivision, an insurer's tax liability for the previous calendar year shall be considered to be the amount of tax imposed that year under section 476a or under the former single business tax act, 1975 PA 228, or the Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208.1101 to 208.1601, whichever is greater.

(b) Eighty-five percent of the actual tax liability of the insurer for the current calendar year.

(2) Annually before March 1, each insurer described in subsection (1) shall make and file with the revenue commissioner its statement showing all of the data necessary for computation of its taxes under this chapter, upon forms and including information that the revenue commissioner prescribes, and shall pay any additional amount due for the preceding calendar year. The failure to file the statement with the revenue commissioner does not excuse or relieve an insurer from the payment of the tax that is justly due.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 37, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960 ;-- Am. 1971, Act 54, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1971 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 110, Imd. Eff. July 17, 1981 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 261, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 256, Imd. Eff. Oct. 15, 1990 ;-- Am. 2007, Act 187, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2007
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.444 Collection of delinquent taxes with interest or penalty.

Sec. 444.

The taxes prescribed in this code may be collected, in case of delinquency, together with any interest or penalty on those taxes, by the revenue commissioner, out of money or by the sale of securities, deposited with the state treasurer by the delinquent insurer or if securities or money are not deposited, by an action in a court of competent jurisdiction as for the collection of a debt to the state. In such an action the computation of the revenue commissioner duly sworn to is prima facie evidence of the amount of the computation.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 37, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 111, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1971, Act 54, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1971 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 256, Imd. Eff. Oct. 15, 1990
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.445 Delinquency as bar to granting certificate of authority.

Sec. 445.

A certificate of authority shall not be granted to an insurer or to its agents if the insurer is delinquent in the payment of the taxes or penalties prescribed in this chapter.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 111, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1971, Act 54, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1971 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 110, Imd. Eff. July 17, 1981 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 256, Imd. Eff. Oct. 15, 1990
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.446 Repealed. 1987, Act 261, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to premium tax on foreign reciprocal insurer.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.448, 500.449 Repealed. 1975, Act 232, Eff. July 2, 1976.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to privilege fees of domestic insurers.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.450 Repealed. 1987, Act 261, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to penalty for delinquency in payment of privilege fee.
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.451 Taxes on unauthorized insurers; regulatory fee; payment; delinquency.

Sec. 451.

Any unauthorized insurer transacting insurance in this state shall be subject to a tax of 2% of premiums written in this state and to an additional regulatory fee of 0.5% on premiums written in this state. The tax required by this section shall be considered delinquent if not paid within 30 days after a copy of the computation of the tax by the commissioner is delivered to the insurer in the manner prescribed by law for the service of process.


History: Add. 1967, Act 111, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 261, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 228, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1994
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500.454 Name of insurer.

Sec. 454.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the department shall not authorize an insurer to do business in this state if its name is the same as or closely resembles the name of another insurer organized under or authorized to do business under the laws of this state. However, the department may authorize an insurer to do business in this state if it adds to its corporate name a word, abbreviation, or other distinctive and distinguishing element.

(2) The department shall issue a certificate of authority to an insurer in the name applied for, and the insurer shall use that name in all its dealings with the department and in the conduct of its affairs in this state. An insurer shall identify the incorporated name of the insurer in any document used or advertising offered in this state.

(3) The director may disapprove the use of a name of an insurer or health maintenance organization if the director determines that the name is deceptive or misleading.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 168, Imd. Eff. Nov. 9, 1987 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.456 Legal process served on resident agent effective as personal service on company, association, or group; stipulation; filing copy of appointment; fee; duration of appointment; service of process.

Sec. 456.

(1) Every insurance company, association, risk retention group, or purchasing group not organized under the statutes of this state shall file with the commissioner, as a condition precedent to doing business in this state, the name and address of a resident agent upon which any local process affecting the company, association, or group may be served. Service upon the resident agent designated under this section is service on the company, association, or group. This designation shall remain in force as long as any liability remains within this state.

(2) As a condition of doing business in this state, an unauthorized insurer who does not have a resident agent shall file with the commissioner an irrevocable written stipulation agreeing that any legal process affecting the company, association, or group that is served upon the commissioner or his or her designee has the same effect as if personally served upon the company, association, or group. A copy of the appointment shall be filed with the commissioner. Service upon the commissioner is service upon the company, association, or group and the fee for service is $10.00 payable at time of service. This appointment remains in force as long as any liability remains within this state.

(3) Every insurance company not organized under the statutes of this state that provides a surety bond required or permitted under the laws of the United States shall irrevocably appoint the commissioner or his or her designee as the company's agent to receive service of process in any action in United States district court on the surety bond. Service upon the commissioner is service upon the company, and the commissioner may establish a reasonable fee, payable at the time of service, for the acceptance of service. Upon receipt of service of process, the commissioner or his or her designee shall forward the service of process to the resident agent designated under subsection (1). Service of process on the commissioner under this subsection only applies for a bond provided within this state and is in addition to and not in place of any other method of service authorized by law or court rule.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 1, Imd. Eff. Mar. 30, 1981 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 214, Eff. Jan. 1, 1990 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 26, Imd. Eff. Mar. 6, 2002 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 664, Eff. Mar. 31, 2003
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.457 Repealed. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to service of process on insurance commissioner.
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.460 Insurance producer to write or place insurance policies.

Sec. 460.

Except as otherwise provided in section 1202, an insurer authorized to transact business in this state shall not write, place, or cause to be written or placed an insurance policy or insurance contract in this state, except through an insurance producer.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1963, Act 37, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.462 Signature of insurance producer on application for life or disability insurance.

Sec. 462.

Except as otherwise provided in this section, an application for life or disability insurance must bear the signature of an insurance producer. This section does not apply to an application for insurance through the insurer's internet website if the website contains a statement that the applicant may use an insurance producer to assist with the application at no cost to the applicant.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.464 Additional deposits by domestic insurers.

Sec. 464.

(1) Whenever a domestic insurer desiring to do business in any other state or in any foreign country is required to make or maintain a deposit of cash or securities or both in some state other than or in addition to the deposit required to be made with the state treasurer under this act, the other or additional deposit may be made and maintained with the treasurer of this state.

(2) Deposits by insurers with the state treasurer pursuant to this act or in compliance with the law of another state or a foreign country, shall be held for the purposes specified in the applicable law. Special deposits by insurers with the state treasurer shall be held for the purposes specified by the insurer in making the deposit.

(3) Securities deposited with the state treasurer shall be indorsed to bearer or to the state treasurer in the name of his office. The state treasurer shall not enforce, sell or assign securities except when necessary to fulfill the purposes of the deposit and except to return the securities to the depositing insurer when return is permitted.

(4) The insurer may collect and receive dividends and interest on the securities deposited with the state treasurer and may exchange securities for other acceptable securities.

(5) If the market value of securities held by the state treasurer becomes less than the required amount of the deposit, the commissioner may suspend or revoke the authority of the insurer to transact insurance in this state until the deficiency has been covered by the deposit of additional acceptable securities.

(6) Deposits required by this act may be released to the depositing insurer to the extent the insurer demonstrates to the satisfaction of the commissioner that the deposited securities are no longer necessary to cover the obligations of the insurer, if the insurer no longer is transacting business within the state. Other deposits or portions of other deposits may be released to the depositing insurer at any time to the extent that the insurer has demonstrated to the satisfaction of the commissioner that the deposited securities no longer are necessary to satisfy the purposes of the deposit.


History: Add. 1972, Act 360, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.470 Repealed. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to deficiency in life insurer assets.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.476 Repealed. 1987, Act 261, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to deposit of securities for protection of policyholders.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.476a Alien or foreign insurers; deposit of securities or making certain payments; computation; revocation of certificate of authority; purpose of section; domestic insurer owned or controlled by alien or foreign insurer; domestic insurer as alien or foreign insurer; compliance; taxes subject to MCL 208.22d or MCL 208.1243; administration of tax; disclosure of tax return.

Sec. 476a.

(1) Beginning August 3, 1987, whenever, by a law in force outside of this state or country, a domestic insurer or agent of a domestic insurer is required to make a deposit of securities for the protection of policyholders or otherwise, or to make payment for taxes, fines, penalties, certificates of authority, valuation of policies, or otherwise, or a special burden or other burden is imposed, greater in the aggregate than is required by the laws of this state for a similar alien or foreign insurer or agent of an alien or foreign insurer, the alien or foreign insurer of that state or country is required, as a condition precedent to its transacting business in this state, to make a like deposit for like purposes with the state treasurer of this state, and to pay to the revenue commissioner for taxes, fines, penalties, certificates of authority, valuation of policies, and otherwise an amount equal in the aggregate to the charges and payments imposed by the laws of the other state or country upon a similar domestic insurer and the agents of a domestic insurer, regardless of whether a domestic insurer or agent of a domestic insurer is actually transacting business in that state or country. For fire department or salvage corps taxes or other local taxes the amount shall be computed by the revenue commissioner by dividing the total of the payments made by domestic insurers in that state or country by the gross premium received by domestic insurers in that state or country less return premiums. The commissioner shall revoke the certificate of authority of an alien or foreign insurer refusing for 30 days to make payment of fees or taxes as required by this chapter. Except as provided in subsections (3) and (4), for purposes of this section, an insurer organized under the laws of a state or country other than these United States shall be considered an insurer of the state in which its general deposit for the benefit of its policyholders is made.

(2) The purpose of this section is to promote the interstate business of domestic insurers by deterring other states from enacting discriminatory or excessive taxes.

(3) Subsection (4) does not apply to a domestic insurer that is owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by an alien or foreign insurer who prior to 1998 and with the commissioner's approval did not keep books, records, and files or true copies thereof in this state.

(4) For purposes of this section, the state treasurer, after consultation with the commissioner, shall determine that a domestic insurer is an alien or foreign insurer domiciled in a state or country determined by the state treasurer if the insurer does not comply with all of the following:

(a) Maintain its principal place of business in this state.

(b) Maintain in this state officers and personnel responsible for and knowledgeable of the company's operation, books, records, administration, and annual statement.

(c) Conduct in this state a substantial portion of its underwriting, sales, claims, legal, and, if applicable, medical operations relating to Michigan policyholders and certificate holders.

(d) Comply with section 5256(1)(a) and (2) through (6). The commissioner shall inform the state treasurer when a domestic insurer is not in compliance with section 5256(1)(a) or (2) through (6).

(5) Taxes collected pursuant to this section are subject to section 22d of the former single business tax act, 1975 PA 228, or section 243 of the Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208.1243.

(6) The state treasurer shall administer the tax prescribed by this section in the manner provided in 1941 PA 122, MCL 205.1 to 205.31.

(7) The requirements of section 28 of 1941 PA 122, MCL 205.28, that prohibit an employee or an authorized representative or former employee or authorized representative or anyone connected with the department of treasury from divulging any facts or information obtained in connection with the administration of taxes, do not apply to disclosure of the tax return prescribed in this act.


History: Add. 1987, Act 261, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 256, Imd. Eff. Oct. 15, 1990 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 121, Imd. Eff. June 10, 1998 ;-- Am. 2007, Act 187, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2007
Constitutionality: Neither Michigan's retaliatory tax nor the 1988 amendment to that tax violates the state or federal constitutions. The retaliatory tax, and the amendments of it, are rationally related to the legitimate governmental purpose of promoting Michigan insurers in other states. Because the tax and its amendments do not violate equal protection, they also do not violate the Michigan Constitution's Uniformity of Taxation Clause (Const. 1963, art 9, § 3). TIG Ins Co Inc v Treasury, 464 Mich 548; 629 NW2d 402 (2000).
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.476b Taxes to which authorized insurer subject.

Sec. 476b.

Authorized insurers are subject to the tax as provided in section 476a if applicable or the former single business tax act, 1975 PA 228, or the Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208.1101 to 208.1601, whichever is greater.


History: Add. 1987, Act 261, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987 ;-- Am. 2007, Act 187, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2007
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.476c Repealed. 1993, Act 200, Eff. Dec. 28, 1994.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to payment of fee and legal status of accident fund.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.478 NAIC report of activities.

Sec. 478.

(1) On or before October 1 of each year, the NAIC shall file a report of its activities with the commissioner and the senate and house of representatives standing committees on insurance issues. The report shall include all of the following:

(a) A summary of the activities of the NAIC during the preceding year.

(b) A fiscal report, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and on a form approved by the commissioner, stating each category of personal, operating, and capital expenditures, and each category of revenue from all sources for the NAIC's preceding fiscal year, and anticipated expenses and revenues for the current and succeeding fiscal years. The fiscal report shall include for each fiscal year statements of expenditures by major program; an audit opinion of the association's fiscal report; the salaries and other compensation for the association's officers; the salaries and other compensation of the professional and managerial employees receiving the highest 5 salaries; the salary range and other compensation of all other professional and managerial employees; and other information as may be requested on or before August 1 of each year by the commissioner or the senate and house of representatives standing committees on insurance issues.

(c) A list of each proposed or required NAIC standard, identified by name and version, to be enacted, adopted, or followed in order for a state to receive or continue its status as an NAIC accredited state, including a detailed explanation of how each NAIC standard benefits the public interest and why alternative means, less restrictive of state sovereignty and innovation, would not accomplish an equal or greater benefit to the public interest.

(d) A list of each NAIC standard adopted or proposed to be adopted during the preceding calendar year, identified by name and version, that is not required or proposed to be required for a state to receive or continue its status as an NAIC accredited state.

(e) A description of the policies and procedures in effect with the NAIC that are designed to ensure that a state's accreditation status is determined solely based on the merits of a state's regulatory effectiveness, a statement on whether the NAIC has complied with those policies and procedures, and a detailed explanation of any noncompliance with those policies and procedures.

(f) A description of the policies and procedures designed to ensure that the NAIC conducts its deliberations and makes its decisions in meetings that are open to the public and in a manner that provides fair notice and a fair opportunity for all affected persons to be heard; a statement on whether the NAIC has complied with those policies and procedures; and a detailed explanation of any noncompliance with those policies and procedures.

(2) On or before March 15 of each year, the senate and house of representatives standing committees on insurance issues shall review the NAIC report filed under subsection (1). The committees may provide an opportunity for consumers, the commissioner and other state regulators, insurers, and any other interested person to be heard on matters relating to the NAIC and any other matter relative to the efficient and effective regulation of insurers. The committees may explore the feasibility of conducting legislative oversight hearings together with the legislative committees of other states that have jurisdiction over insurance matters. The committees may transmit the record of their oversight review to the national conference of insurance legislators, the NAIC, and the commissioner on or before July 1 of each year.


History: Add. 1998, Act 279, Imd. Eff. July 27, 1998
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.479 Imposition of fee by NAIC.

Sec. 479.

(1) An insurer domiciled in this state and authorized to transact insurance in this state is not required and cannot be compelled to pay any fee imposed by the NAIC, unless the fee is authorized by an order of the commissioner pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328.

(2) In determining whether to authorize the payment of a fee imposed by the NAIC, the commissioner shall consider the NAIC's annual report required under section 478, any legislative oversight reports, records, or findings transmitted by the senate and house of representatives standing committees on insurance issues under section 478, and the following factors:

(a) How the NAIC dedicates the use of the fees, including the degree to which any solvency-related revenue is improperly used to subsidize NAIC functions other than solvency oversight.

(b) The degree to which fees imposed by the NAIC are based on an insurer's annual amount of premium volume, rather than the cost of a service rendered by the NAIC.

(c) Whether the NAIC has exceeded its legal authority, as determined by an examination of the fiscal report required under section 478, as well as any other factors considered appropriate by the commissioner.

(d) The level of accountability shown by the NAIC to legislative and regulatory authorities.

(e) The effect of NAIC standards on state sovereignty and innovation.

(f) Whether the NAIC determines the state's accreditation status solely on the basis of its regulatory effectiveness.

(g) Whether NAIC proceedings and decision making are open and publicly accessible.

(3) An order issued under this section shall include a detailed explanation of the commissioner's findings concerning the factors listed in subsection (2).

(4) The commissioner may by an appropriate order authorize or prohibit, in whole or in part, the payment of a fee imposed by the NAIC. The commissioner may rescind or modify, in whole or in part, an order issued by the commissioner under this section as circumstances warrant.


History: Add. 1998, Act 279, Imd. Eff. July 27, 1998
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.480 Definitions.

Sec. 480.

As used in sections 478 and 479:

(a) “Fee” means financial data base fees, annual statement filing fees, securities valuation fees, user fees, and any other financial assessment or charge of any kind imposed directly or indirectly by the NAIC.

(b) “NAIC” means the national association of insurance commissioners.

(c) “NAIC standard” means a directive; financial annual statement requirement; model act; model regulation; issue paper; market conduct or financial examination report or requirement; accounting practice, procedure, or reporting standard; securities valuation requirement; or any report, action, or program of any kind promulgated by the NAIC, or a committee, task force, working group, or advisory committee of the NAIC.

(d) “Solvency oversight” means an activity directly related to regulating the financial condition of an insurer. Solvency oversight does not include an activity related to market conduct regulation, market regulatory support, or general regulatory support.

(e) “Solvency-related revenue” means only financial data base fees, annual statement fees, and securities valuation fees.


History: Add. 1998, Act 279, Imd. Eff. July 27, 1998
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 5
PRIVACY OF FINANCIAL INFORMATION


500.501 Scope of chapter.

Sec. 501.

(1) This chapter applies to the treatment of nonpublic personal financial information about individuals who obtain or are claimants or beneficiaries of products or services primarily for personal, family, or household purposes from licensees whether through an individual or group plan. This chapter does not apply to information about companies or about individuals who obtain products or services for business, commercial, or agricultural purposes.

(2) This chapter does not modify, limit, or supersede any provision of section 1243.

(3) This chapter does not modify, limit, or supersede statute or rules governing the confidentiality or privacy of individually identifiable health and medical information, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

(a) Section 2157 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.2157.

(b) Section 1750 of the mental health code, 1974 PA 258, MCL 330.1750.

(c) The public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.1101 to 333.25211.

(d) Section 406 of the nonprofit health care corporation reform act, 1980 PA 350, MCL 550.1406.

(e) Sections 410 and 492A of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.410 and 750.492a.

(f) Section 13 of the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.243.

(g) Section 34 of the third party administrator act, 1984 PA 218, MCL 550.934.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.503 Definitions.

Sec. 503.

As used in this chapter:

(a) “Affiliate” means any company that controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another company.

(b) “Annual notice” means the privacy notice required in section 513.

(c) “Clear and conspicuous” means that a notice is reasonably understandable and designed to call attention to the nature and significance of the information in the notice.

(d) “Collect” means to obtain information that the licensee organizes or can retrieve by the name of an individual or by identifying number, symbol, or other identifying particular assigned to the individual, irrespective of the source of the underlying information.

(e) “Company” means any corporation, limited liability company, business trust, general or limited partnership, association, sole proprietorship, or similar organization.

(f) “Consumer” means an individual, or the individual's legal representative, who seeks to obtain, obtains, or has obtained an insurance product or service from a licensee that is to be used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. As used in this chapter:

(i) “Consumer” includes, but is not limited to, all of the following:

(A) An individual who provides nonpublic personal information to a licensee in connection with obtaining or seeking to obtain financial, investment, or economic advisory services relating to an insurance product or service. An individual is a consumer under this subparagraph regardless of whether the licensee establishes an ongoing advisory relationship.

(B) An applicant for insurance prior to the inception of insurance coverage.

(C) An individual that a licensee discloses nonpublic, personal financial information about to a nonaffiliated third party other than as permitted under sections 535, 537, and 539, if the individual is any of the following:

(I) A beneficiary of a life insurance policy underwritten by the licensee.

(II) A claimant under an insurance policy issued by the licensee.

(III) An insured under an insurance policy or an annuitant under an annuity issued by the licensee.

(IV) A mortgagor of a mortgage covered under a mortgage insurance policy.

(ii) So long as the licensee provides the initial, annual, and revised notices under this chapter to the plan sponsor, group or blanket insurance policyholders, and group annuity contract holder and does not disclose to a nonaffiliated third party nonpublic personal financial information other than as permitted under sections 535, 537, and 539, “consumer” does not include an individual solely because he or she meets 1 of the following:

(A) Is a participant or a beneficiary of an employee benefit plan that the licensee administers or sponsors or for which the licensee acts as a trustee, insurer, or fiduciary.

(B) Is covered under a group or blanket insurance policy or group annuity contract issued by the licensee.

(iii) “Consumer” does not include an individual solely because he or she meets 1 of the following:

(A) Is a beneficiary of a trust for which the licensee is a trustee.

(B) Has designated the licensee as trustee for a trust.

(g) “Consumer reporting agency” has the same meaning as in section 603(f) of the federal fair credit reporting act, title VI of the consumer credit act, Public Law 90-321, 15 U.S.C. 1681a.

(h) “Customer” means a consumer who has a customer relationship with a licensee. However, customer does not include an individual solely because he or she meets 1 of the following:

(i) Is a participant or a beneficiary of an employee benefit plan that the licensee administers or sponsors or for which the licensee acts as a trustee, insurer, or fiduciary.

(ii) Is covered under a group or blanket insurance policy or group annuity contract issued by the licensee.

(iii) Is a beneficiary or claimant under a policy of insurance.

(i) “Customer relationship” means a continuing relationship between a consumer and a licensee under which the licensee provides 1 or more insurance products or services to the consumer that are to be used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.

(j) “Initial notice” means the privacy notice required in section 507.

(k) “Insurance product or service” means any product or service that is offered by a licensee pursuant to the insurance laws of this state or pursuant to a federal insurance program. Insurance service includes a licensee's evaluation, brokerage, or distribution of information that the licensee collects in connection with a request or an application from a consumer for an insurance product or service.

(l) “Licensee” means a licensed insurer or producer, and other persons licensed or required to be licensed, authorized or required to be authorized, registered or required to be registered, or holding or required to hold a certificate of authority under this act. Licensee includes, except as otherwise provided, a nonprofit health care corporation operating pursuant to the nonprofit health care corporation reform act, 1980 PA 350, MCL 550.1101 to 550.1704, and a nonprofit dental care corporation operating pursuant to 1963 PA 125, MCL 550.351 to 550.373. Licensee includes an unauthorized insurer who places business through a licensed surplus line agent or broker in this state, but only for the surplus line placements placed under chapter 19. Licensee does not include any of the following:

(i) A nonprofit health care corporation for member personal data and information otherwise protected under section 406 of the nonprofit health care corporation reform act, 1980 PA 350, MCL 550.1406.

(ii) The Michigan life and health guaranty association and the property and casualty guaranty association.

(iii) The Michigan automobile insurance placement facility, the Michigan worker's compensation placement facility, and the assigned claims facility created under section 3171. However, servicing carriers for these facilities are licensees.

(m) “Nonaffiliated third party” means any person except a licensee's affiliate or a person employed jointly by a licensee and any company that is not the licensee's affiliate. Nonaffiliated third party includes the other company that jointly employs a person with a licensee. Nonaffiliated third party also includes any company that is an affiliate solely by virtue of the direct or indirect ownership or control of the company by the licensee or its affiliate in conducting merchant banking or investment banking activities of the type described in section 4(k)(4)(H) of the bank holding company act of 1956, chapter 240, 70 Stat. 135, 12 U.S.C. 1843, or insurance company investment activities of the type described in section 4(k)(4)(I) of the bank holding company act of 1956, chapter 240, 70 Stat. 135, 12 U.S.C. 1843.

(n) “Nonpublic personal financial information” means personally identifiable financial information and any list, description, or other grouping of consumers and publicly available information pertaining to them that is derived using any personally identifiable financial information that is not publicly available. Nonpublic personal financial information does not include any of the following:

(i) Health and medical information otherwise protected by state or federal law.

(ii) Publicly available information.

(iii) Any list, description, or other grouping of consumers and publicly available information pertaining to them that is derived without using any personally identifiable financial information that is not publicly available.

(o) “Opt out” means a direction by the consumer that the licensee not disclose nonpublic personal financial information about that consumer to a nonaffiliated third party, other than as permitted by sections 535, 537, and 539.

(p) “Personally identifiable financial information” means any of the following:

(i) Information a consumer provides to a licensee to obtain an insurance product or service from the licensee.

(ii) Information about a consumer resulting from any transaction involving an insurance product or service between a licensee and a consumer.

(iii) Information the licensee otherwise obtains about a consumer in connection with providing an insurance product or service to that consumer.

(q) “Producer” means a person required to be licensed under this act to sell, solicit, or negotiate insurance.

(r) “Publicly available information” means any information that a licensee has a reasonable basis to believe is lawfully made available to the general public from federal, state, or local government records by wide distribution by the media or by disclosures to the general public that are required to be made by federal, state, or local law. A licensee has a reasonable basis to believe that information is lawfully made available to the general public if both of the following apply:

(i) The licensee has taken steps to determine that the information is of the type that is available to the general public.

(ii) If an individual can direct that the information not be made available to the general public, that the licensee's consumer has not directed that the information not be made available to the general public.

(s) “Revised notice” means the privacy notice required in section 525.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.505 Notice and opt out requirements.

Sec. 505.

(1) A licensee is not required to provide the notice and opt out requirements for nonpublic personal financial information under this chapter if the licensee is an employee, agent, or other representative of a principal and all of the following are met:

(a) The principal is another licensee.

(b) The principal otherwise complies with and provides the notices required by this chapter.

(c) The licensee does not disclose any nonpublic personal information to any person other than the principal or its affiliates as provided in this chapter.

(2) A surplus lines broker or surplus lines insurer is considered to be in compliance with the notice and opt out requirements for nonpublic personal financial information under this chapter if all of the following are met:

(a) The broker or insurer does not disclose nonpublic personal information of a consumer or a customer to nonaffiliated third parties for any purpose, including joint servicing or marketing under section 535, except as permitted by section 537 or 539.

(b) The broker or insurer delivers a notice to the consumer at the time a customer relationship is established on which the following is printed in 16-point type:

PRIVACY NOTICE

“Neither the U.S. brokers that handled this insurance nor the insurers that have underwritten this insurance will disclose nonpublic personal information concerning the buyer to nonaffiliates of the brokers or insurers except as permitted by law.”.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.507 Privacy policies and practices; notice.

Sec. 507.

(1) Beginning July 1, 2001, a licensee shall provide a clear and conspicuous notice that accurately reflects its privacy policies and practices to all of the following:

(a) An individual who on or after July 1, 2001 becomes the licensee's customer, not later than when the licensee establishes a customer relationship, except as provided in section 511.

(b) An individual who was the licensee's customer before July 1, 2001, either at the next regularly scheduled contact with that customer but not later than July 1, 2002, so long as the licensee does not disclose any nonpublic personal financial information about the customer to any nonaffiliated third party other than as authorized by sections 537 and 539 or annually in accordance with section 513 if the licensee provided a notice before July 1, 2001 and that notice was consistent with the requirements of this chapter.

(c) A consumer, before the licensee discloses any nonpublic personal financial information about the consumer to any nonaffiliated third party, if the licensee makes such a disclosure other than as authorized by sections 537 and 539.

(2) A licensee is not required to provide an initial notice to a consumer under subsection (1) if the licensee meets any of the following:

(a) The licensee does not disclose any nonpublic personal financial information about that consumer to any nonaffiliated third party, other than as authorized by sections 537 and 539, and the licensee does not have a customer relationship with the consumer.

(b) A notice has been provided to that consumer by an affiliated licensee, as long as the notice clearly identifies all licensees to whom the notice applies and is accurate with respect to the licensee and the other institutions.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.509 Customer relationship; time of establishment; continuing relationship; revised privacy notice for new insurance product or service.

Sec. 509.

(1) A licensee establishes a customer relationship at the time the licensee and the consumer enter into a continuing relationship. A continuing relationship includes, but is not limited to, all of the following:

(a) For an insurer, when the consumer receives the delivery of an insurance policy or contract.

(b) For a producer, when the consumer obtains insurance through that licensee.

(c) When the consumer agrees to obtain financial, economic, or investment advisory services relating to insurance products or services for a fee from the licensee.

(2) An individual does not have a continuing relationship with a licensee as follows:

(a) If the individual's policy is lapsed, expired, or otherwise inactive or dormant under the licensee's business practices and the licensee has not communicated with the individual about the policy for a period of 12 consecutive months, other than to provide annual privacy notices, material required by law or regulation, communication at the direction of a state or federal authority, or promotional materials.

(b) If the individual is an insured or an annuitant under an insurance policy or annuity, but is not the policyholder or owner of the insurance policy or annuity.

(c) If the individual's last known address according to the licensee's records is invalid. An address of record is considered invalid if mail sent to that address by the licensee has been returned by the postal authorities as undeliverable and if subsequent attempts by the licensee to obtain a current, valid address for the individual have been unsuccessful.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, when an existing customer obtains a new insurance product or service from a licensee that is to be used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, the licensee shall provide a revised privacy notice that meets the requirements of section 525 and that covers the customer's new insurance product or service. If the initial, revised, or annual notice that the licensee most recently provided to that customer under this chapter is accurate with respect to the new insurance product or service, the licensee does not need to provide a new privacy notice under this subsection.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.511 Initial notice; conditions; delivery.

Sec. 511.

(1) A licensee may provide the initial notice within a reasonable time after the licensee establishes a customer relationship if establishing the customer relationship is not at the customer's election or providing notice not later than when the licensee establishes a customer relationship would substantially delay the customer's transaction and the customer agrees to receive the notice at a later time.

(2) When a licensee is required to deliver an initial notice under this section, the licensee shall deliver it according to section 527. If the licensee uses a short-form initial notice for noncustomers according to section 517, the licensee may deliver its privacy notice according to section 517(3).


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.513 Annual notice required; “annually” defined; exception.

Sec. 513.

(1) A licensee shall provide a clear and conspicuous notice to customers that accurately reflects its privacy policies and practices not less than annually during the continuation of the customer relationship. As used in this section, “annually” means at least once in any period of 12 consecutive months during which that customer relationship exists. A licensee may define the 12-consecutive-month period, but the licensee shall apply it to the customer on a consistent basis.

(2) A licensee is not required to provide an annual notice under subsection (1) to a former customer.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.515 Initial, annual, and revised notices; information required; disclosure of nonpublic personal financial information.

Sec. 515.

(1) The initial, annual, and revised notices shall include each of the following items of information, in addition to any other information the licensee wishes to provide, that apply to the licensee and to the consumers to whom the licensee sends its privacy notice:

(a) The categories of nonpublic personal financial information that the licensee collects.

(b) The categories of nonpublic personal financial information that the licensee discloses.

(c) The categories of affiliates and nonaffiliated third parties to whom the licensee discloses nonpublic personal financial information, other than those parties to whom the licensee discloses information under sections 537 and 539.

(d) The categories of nonpublic personal financial information about the licensee's former customers that the licensee discloses and the categories of affiliates and nonaffiliated third parties to whom the licensee discloses nonpublic personal financial information about the licensee's former customers, other than those parties to whom the licensee discloses information under sections 537 and 539.

(e) If a licensee discloses nonpublic personal financial information to a nonaffiliated third party under section 535 and no other exception in section 537 or 539 applies to that disclosure, a separate description of the categories of information the licensee discloses and the categories of third parties with whom the licensee has contracted.

(f) An explanation of the consumer's right under section 529 to opt out of the disclosure of nonpublic personal financial information to nonaffiliated third parties, including the method by which the consumer may exercise that right at that time.

(g) Any disclosures that the licensee makes under section 603(d)(2)(A)(iii) of the fair credit reporting act, title VI of the consumer credit protection act, Public Law 90-321, 15 U.S.C. 1681a.

(h) The licensee's policies and practices with respect to protecting the confidentiality and security of nonpublic personal financial information.

(i) Any disclosure that the licensee makes under subsection (2).

(2) If a licensee discloses nonpublic personal financial information as authorized under sections 537 and 539, the licensee is not required to list those exceptions in the initial or annual notices. When describing the categories of parties to whom disclosure is made, the licensee is required to state only that it makes disclosures to other affiliated or nonaffiliated third parties, as applicable, as permitted by law.

(3) Instead of providing the information required under subsection (1) and if a licensee does not disclose and does not want to reserve the right to disclose nonpublic personal financial information about customers or former customers to affiliates or nonaffiliated third parties except as authorized under sections 537 and 539, the licensee may state that fact as part of a simplified notice so long as the licensee provides the information required under subsections (1)(a), (h), and (i) and (2).

(4) The licensee's initial notice may include categories of nonpublic personal financial information that the licensee reserves the right to disclose in the future but does not currently disclose, and categories of affiliates or nonaffiliated third parties to whom the licensee reserves the right in the future to disclose but to whom the licensee does not currently disclose, nonpublic personal financial information.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.517 Initial notice requirements for consumer not a customer; short-form initial notice; delivery.

Sec. 517.

(1) A licensee may satisfy the initial notice requirements in sections 507 and 519(3) for a consumer who is not a customer by providing a short-form initial notice at the same time as the licensee delivers an opt out notice as required in section 519.

(2) A short-form initial notice under subsection (1) shall be clear and conspicuous, state that the licensee's privacy notice is available upon request, and explain a reasonable means by which the consumer may obtain that notice.

(3) The licensee shall deliver its short-form initial notice according to section 527. The licensee is not required to deliver its privacy notice with its short-form initial notice and may provide the consumer a reasonable means to obtain its privacy notice. If a consumer who receives the licensee's short-form notice requests the licensee's privacy notice, the licensee shall deliver its privacy notice according to section 527.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.519 Opt out notice; requirements.

Sec. 519.

(1) If a licensee is required to provide an opt out notice under section 529, it shall provide a clear and conspicuous notice to each of its consumers that accurately explains the right to opt out under that section. The notice shall state all of the following:

(a) That the licensee discloses or reserves the right to disclose nonpublic personal financial information about its consumer to a nonaffiliated third party.

(b) That the consumer has the right to opt out of that disclosure.

(c) A reasonable means by which the consumer may exercise the opt out right.

(2) A licensee may provide the required opt out notice together with or on the same written or electronic form as the initial notice.

(3) If a licensee provides the opt out notice later than required for the initial notice, the licensee shall also include a copy of the initial notice with the opt out notice in writing or, if the consumer agrees, electronically.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.521 Opt out notice to joint consumers.

Sec. 521.

(1) If 2 or more consumers jointly obtain an insurance product or service from a licensee, the licensee may provide a single opt out notice. The licensee's opt out notice shall explain how the licensee will treat an opt out direction by a joint consumer and may either treat an opt out direction by a joint consumer as applying to all of the associated joint consumers or permit each joint consumer to opt out separately.

(2) If a licensee permits under subsection (1) each joint consumer to opt out separately, the licensee shall permit 1 of the joint consumers to opt out on behalf of all of the joint consumers. A licensee may not require all joint consumers to opt out before it implements any opt out direction.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.523 Consumer's opt out direction; compliance requirements.

Sec. 523.

(1) A licensee shall comply with a consumer's opt out direction as soon as reasonably practicable after the licensee receives it.

(2) A consumer may exercise the right to opt out at any time. A consumer's direction to opt out under this subsection is effective until the consumer revokes it in writing or, if the consumer agrees, revokes it electronically.

(3) If a customer relationship terminates, the customer's opt out direction shall continue to apply to the nonpublic personal financial information that the licensee collected during or related to that relationship. If the individual subsequently establishes a new customer relationship with the licensee, the opt out direction that applied to the former relationship does not apply to the new relationship.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.525 Disclosure of nonpublic personal financial information to nonaffiliated third party.

Sec. 525.

Except as otherwise authorized in this chapter, a licensee shall not, directly or through any affiliate, disclose any nonpublic personal financial information about a consumer to a nonaffiliated third party other than as described in the initial notice unless all of the following have been met:

(a) The licensee has provided to the consumer a clear and conspicuous revised notice that accurately describes its policies and practices.

(b) The licensee has provided to the consumer a new opt out notice.

(c) The licensee has given the consumer a reasonable opportunity, before the licensee discloses the information to the nonaffiliated third party, to opt out of the disclosure, and the consumer does not opt out.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.527 Receipt of notice.

Sec. 527.

(1) A licensee shall provide any notice required under this chapter so that each consumer can reasonably be expected to receive actual notice in writing or, if the consumer agrees, electronically. A licensee may reasonably expect that a consumer will receive actual notice if the licensee does any of the following:

(a) Hand delivers a printed copy of the notice to the consumer.

(b) Mails a printed copy of the notice to the last known address of the consumer separately, or in a policy, billing, or other written communication.

(c) For a consumer who conducts transactions electronically, posts the notice on the electronic site and requires the consumer to acknowledge receipt of the notice as a necessary step to obtaining a particular insurance product or service.

(d) For an isolated transaction with a consumer, such as the licensee providing an insurance quote or selling the consumer travel insurance, posts the notice and requires the consumer to acknowledge receipt of the notice as a necessary step to obtaining the particular insurance product or service.

(2) The following do not provide a reasonable expectation that a consumer will receive actual notice of a licensee's privacy policies and practices under subsection (1):

(a) The licensee only posts a sign in its office or generally publishes advertisements of its privacy policies and practices.

(b) The licensee sends the notice via electronic mail to a consumer who does not obtain an insurance product or service from the licensee electronically.

(3) A licensee may reasonably expect that a customer will receive actual notice of the licensee's annual notice in either of the following cases:

(a) The customer uses the licensee's website to access insurance products and services electronically and agrees to receive notices at the website and the licensee posts its current privacy notice continuously in a clear and conspicuous manner on the website.

(b) The customer has requested that the licensee refrain from sending any information regarding the customer relationship, and the licensee's current privacy notice remains available to the customer upon request.

(4) A licensee shall not provide any notice required by this chapter solely by orally explaining the notice, either in person or over the telephone.

(5) For customers only, a licensee shall provide the initial annual and revised notices so that the customer can retain them or obtain them later in writing or, if the customer agrees, electronically. A licensee provides an initial, annual, or revised notice to the customer so that the customer can retain it or obtain it later if the licensee does any of the following:

(a) Hand delivers a printed copy of the notice to the customer.

(b) Mails a printed copy of the notice to the last known address of the customer.

(c) Makes the current initial, annual, or revised notice available on a website or a link to another website for the customer who obtains an insurance product or service electronically and agrees to receive the notice at the website.

(6) A licensee may provide a joint notice from the licensee and 1 or more of its affiliates or other financial institutions, as identified in the notice, if the notice is accurate with respect to the licensee and the other institutions. A licensee may also provide a notice on behalf of another financial institution, as identified in the notice, if the notice is accurate with respect to the licensee and the other institution.

(7) If 2 or more consumers jointly obtain an insurance product or service from a licensee, the licensee may satisfy the initial, annual, and revised notice requirements by providing 1 notice to those consumers jointly.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.529 Disclosure of nonprofit personal financial information to nonaffiliated third party; reasonable opportunity; opt out notice.

Sec. 529.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a licensee shall not, directly or through any affiliate, disclose any nonpublic personal financial information about a consumer to a nonaffiliated third party unless all of the following are met:

(a) The licensee has provided to the consumer an initial notice.

(b) The licensee has provided to the consumer an opt out notice as required in section 519.

(c) The licensee has given the consumer a reasonable opportunity, before it discloses the information to the nonaffiliated third party, to opt out of the disclosure and the consumer does not opt out.

(2) A licensee provides a consumer with a reasonable opportunity to opt out under subsection (1) in any of the following ways:

(a) If the licensee mails the notices required in subsection (1) to the consumer and allows the consumer to opt out by mailing a form, calling a toll-free telephone number, or any other reasonable means within 30 days from the date the licensee mailed the notices.

(b) A customer opens an on-line account with a licensee and agrees to receive the notices required in subsection (1) electronically, and the licensee allows the customer to opt out by any reasonable means within 30 days after the date that the customer acknowledges receipt of the notices in conjunction with opening the account.

(c) For an isolated transaction such as providing the consumer with an insurance quote, if the licensee provides the notices required in subsection (1) at the time of the transaction and requests that the consumer decide, as a necessary part of the transaction, whether to opt out before completing the transaction.

(3) This section applies to a licensee whether or not the licensee and the consumer have established a customer relationship.

(4) Unless a licensee complies with this section, the licensee shall not, directly or through any affiliate, disclose any nonpublic personal financial information about a consumer that the licensee has collected, regardless of whether the licensee collected it before or after receiving the direction to opt out from the consumer.

(5) A licensee may allow a consumer to select certain nonpublic personal financial information or certain nonaffiliated third parties with respect to which the consumer wishes to opt out.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.531 Receipt of nonpublic personal financial information from nonaffiliated financial institution; limitation on disclosure.

Sec. 531.

(1) If a licensee receives nonpublic personal financial information from a nonaffiliated financial institution under an exception in section 537 or 539, the licensee's disclosure and use of that information is limited as follows:

(a) The licensee may disclose the information to the affiliates of the financial institution from which the licensee received the information.

(b) The licensee may disclose the information to its affiliates, but the licensee's affiliates may, in turn, disclose and use the information only to the extent that the licensee may disclose and use the information.

(c) The licensee may disclose and use the information pursuant to an exception in section 537 or 539 in the ordinary course of business to carry out the activity covered by the exception under which the licensee received the information.

(2) If a licensee receives nonpublic personal financial information from a nonaffiliated financial institution other than under an exception in section 537 or 539, the licensee may disclose the information only as follows:

(a) To the affiliates of the financial institution from which the licensee received the information.

(b) To its affiliates, but its affiliates may, in turn, disclose the information only to the extent that the licensee may disclose the information.

(c) To any other person, if the disclosure would be lawful if made directly to that person by the financial institution from which the licensee received the information.

(3) If a licensee discloses nonpublic personal financial information to a nonaffiliated third party under an exception in section 537 or 539, the third party may disclose and use that information only as follows:

(a) To the licensee's affiliates.

(b) To its affiliates, but its affiliates may, in turn, disclose and use the information only to the extent that the third party may disclose and use the information.

(c) Pursuant to an exception in section 537 or 539 in the ordinary course of business to carry out the activity covered by the exception under which it received the information.

(4) If a licensee discloses nonpublic personal financial information to a nonaffiliated third party other than under an exception in section 537 or 539, the third party may disclose the information only as follows:

(a) To the licensee's affiliates.

(b) To the third party's affiliates, but the third party's affiliates may, in turn, disclose the information only to the extent the third party can disclose the information.

(c) To any other person, if the disclosure would be lawful if the licensee made it directly to that person.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.533 Disclosure of policy or account number.

Sec. 533.

(1) A licensee shall not, directly or through an affiliate, disclose, other than to a consumer reporting agency, a policy or account number or other access number or access code for a consumer's policy, credit card account, deposit account, or transaction account to any nonaffiliated third party for use in telemarketing, direct mail marketing, or other marketing through electronic mail to the consumer.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply if a licensee discloses a policy or account number or other access number or access code as follows:

(a) To the licensee's service provider solely in order to perform marketing for the licensee's own products or services, as long as the service provider is not authorized to directly initiate charges to the account.

(b) To a licensee who is a producer solely in order to perform marketing for the licensee's own products or services.

(c) To a participant in an affinity or similar program where the participants in the program are identified to the customer when the customer enters into the program.

(3) Subsection (1) does not apply if the policy or account number, or other access number or access code, is in an encrypted form, as long as the licensee does not provide the recipient with a means to decode the number or code.

(4) As used in this section, “transaction account” means an account other than a deposit account or a credit card account. A transaction account does not include an account to which third parties cannot initiate charges.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.535 Applicability of opt out requirements in MCL 500.519 and 500.529; “joint agreement” defined.

Sec. 535.

(1) The opt out requirements in sections 519 and 529 do not apply when a licensee provides nonpublic personal financial information to a nonaffiliated third party to perform services for the licensee or functions on the licensee's behalf, if the licensee does both of the following:

(a) Provides the initial notice.

(b) Enters into a contractual agreement with the third party that prohibits the third party from disclosing or using the information other than to carry out the purposes for which the licensee disclosed the information, including use under an exception in section 537 or 539 in the ordinary course of business to carry out those purposes.

(2) The services a nonaffiliated third party performs for a licensee under subsection (1) may include marketing of the licensee's own products or services or marketing of insurance products or services offered pursuant to joint agreements between the licensee and 1 or more financial institutions.

(3) As used in this section, “joint agreement” means a written contract pursuant to which a licensee and 1 or more financial institutions jointly offer, endorse, or sponsor a financial product or service.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.537 Applicability of MCL 500.507(1)(c), 500.519, 500.529, and 500.535; “necessary to effect, administer, or enforce a transaction” defined.

Sec. 537.

(1) Sections 507(1)(c), 519, 529, and 535 do not apply if the licensee discloses nonpublic personal financial information as necessary to effect, administer, or enforce a transaction that a consumer requests or authorizes, or in connection with any of the following:

(a) Servicing, adjusting, or processing an insurance product or service that a consumer requests or authorizes.

(b) Maintaining or servicing the consumer's account with a licensee, or with another entity as part of a private label credit card program or other extension of credit on behalf of that entity.

(c) A proposed or actual securitization, secondary market sale including sales of servicing rights, or similar transaction related to a transaction of the consumer.

(d) Reinsurance or stop loss or excess loss insurance.

(e) Servicing or processing an insurance product or service on behalf of the Michigan automobile insurance placement facility, the Michigan worker's compensation placement facility, or the assigned claims facility created under section 3171.

(2) As used in subsection (1), “necessary to effect, administer, or enforce a transaction” means that the disclosure is either of the following:

(a) Required or is 1 of the lawful or appropriate methods to enforce the licensee's rights or the rights of other persons engaged in carrying out the financial transaction or providing the product or service.

(b) Required or is a usual, appropriate, or acceptable method for any of the following:

(i) To carry out the transaction or the product or service business of which the transaction is a part, and record, service, or maintain the consumer's account in the ordinary course of providing the insurance product or service.

(ii) To administer, adjust, or service benefits or claims relating to the transaction or the product or service business of which it is a part.

(iii) To provide a confirmation, explanation, statement, or other record of the transaction, or information on the status or value of the insurance product or service to the consumer, the consumer's agent or broker, or a policyholder or the policyholder's agent or broker with respect to a claim asserted by, or paid to, a consumer under the policy.

(iv) To accrue or recognize incentives or bonuses associated with the transaction that are provided by a licensee or any other party.

(v) To underwrite insurance at the consumer's request or for any of the following purposes as they relate to a consumer's insurance or to an insurance policy under which the consumer is a claimant: account administration, reporting, investigating, or preventing fraud or material misrepresentation, processing premium payments, processing, adjusting, settling, or paying insurance claims, administering insurance benefits including utilization review activities, participating in research projects, or as otherwise required or specifically permitted by federal or state law.

(vi) In connection with any of the following:

(A) The authorization, settlement, billing, processing, clearing, transferring, reconciling, or collection of amounts charged, debited, or otherwise paid using a debit, credit, or other payment card, check, or account number, or by other payment means.

(B) The transfer or collection of debts, receivables, accounts, or interests in receivables or accounts.

(C) The audit of debit, credit, or other payment information.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.539 Applicability of MCL 500.507(1)(c), 500.519, 500.529, and 500.535.

Sec. 539.

Sections 507(1)(c), 519, 529, and 535 do not apply when a licensee discloses nonpublic personal financial information as follows:

(a) With the consent or at the direction of the consumer, provided that the consumer has not revoked the consent or direction.

(b) To protect the confidentiality or security of a licensee's records pertaining to the consumer, service, product, or transaction.

(c) To protect against or prevent actual or potential fraud or unauthorized transactions.

(d) For required institutional risk control or for resolving consumer disputes or inquiries.

(e) To persons holding a legal or beneficial interest relating to the consumer.

(f) To persons acting in a fiduciary or representative capacity on behalf of the consumer.

(g) To provide information to insurance rate advisory organizations, guaranty funds or agencies, agencies that are rating a licensee, persons that are assessing the licensee's compliance with industry standards, or the licensee's attorneys, accountants, and auditors.

(h) To the extent specifically permitted or required under other provisions of law and in accordance with the right to privacy act of 1978, title XI of the financial institutions regulatory and interest rate control act of 1978, Public Law 95-630, 12 U.S.C. 3401 to 3420 and 3422, to law enforcement agencies including the federal reserve board, office of the comptroller of the currency, federal deposit insurance corporation, office of thrift supervision, national credit union administration, the securities and exchange commission, the secretary of the treasury, with respect to subchapter II of chapter 53 of subtitle IV of title 31 of the United States code, 31 U.S.C. 5311 and 5330, and sections 121 to 129 of chapter 2 of title I of Public Law 91-508, 12 U.S.C. 1951 to 1959, the federal trade commission, a state insurance authority, self-regulatory organizations, or for an investigation on a matter related to public safety.

(i) To a consumer reporting agency in accordance with the fair credit reporting act, title VI of the consumer credit protection act, Public Law 90-321, 15 U.S.C. 1681 to 1681u.

(j) From a consumer report reported by a consumer reporting agency.

(k) In connection with a proposed or actual sale, merger, transfer, or exchange of all or a portion of a business or operating unit of the licensee if the disclosure of nonpublic personal financial information concerns solely consumers of that business or unit.

(l) To comply with federal, state, or local laws, rules, and other applicable legal requirements.

(m) To comply with a properly authorized civil, criminal, or regulatory investigation, subpoena, or summons by a federal, state, or local authority.

(n) To respond to judicial process or a government regulatory authority having jurisdiction over a licensee for examination, compliance, or other purposes as authorized by law.

(o) For purposes related to the replacement of a group benefit plan, a group health plan, a group welfare plan, or worker's compensation plan to the extent necessary to effectuate the replacement.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.540 Use or disclosure of nonpublic personal financial information by certain associations or facilities.

Sec. 540.

The Michigan life and health guaranty association, the property and casualty guaranty association, the Michigan automobile insurance placement facility, the Michigan worker's compensation placement facility, and the assigned claims facility created under section 3171 shall not disclose or use nonpublic personal financial information except as provided in section 537(1)(a) to (e) or section 539(a) to (o).


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.541 Operation of fair credit reporting act; construction of chapter.

Sec. 541.

Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to modify, limit, or supersede the operation of the fair credit reporting act, title VI of the consumer credit protection act, Public Law 90-321, 15 U.S.C. 1681 to 1681u, and no inference shall be drawn on the basis of the provisions of this chapter regarding whether information is transaction or experience information under section 603 of the fair credit reporting act, title VI of the consumer credit protection act, Public Law 90-321, 15 U.S.C. 1681a.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.543 Consumer opting out from disclosure; discrimination prohibited.

Sec. 543.

A licensee shall not unfairly discriminate against any consumer because that consumer has opted out or intends to opt out from the disclosure of his or her nonpublic personal financial information pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.545 Contract of licensee with nonaffiliated third party; effect of agreement entered before or on July 1, 2000.

Sec. 545.

Until July 1, 2002, a contract that a licensee has entered into with a nonaffiliated third party to perform services for the licensee or functions on the licensee's behalf satisfies the provisions of section 535(1)(b), even if the contract does not include a requirement that the third party maintain the confidentiality of nonpublic personal financial information, as long as the licensee entered into the agreement on or before July 1, 2000.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.547 Protection of customer records and information; adoption of guidelines for administrative, technical, and physical safeguards.

Sec. 547.

(1) The commissioner shall adopt guidelines for administrative, technical, and physical safeguards that protect the security, confidentiality, and integrity of customer information, pursuant to sections 501, 505(b), and 507 of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley act, Public Law 106-102, 113 Stat. 1338, 15 U.S.C. 6801, 6805, and 6807.

(2) Each licensee shall adopt policies and procedures for administrative, technical, and physical safeguards for the protection of customer records and information. The policies and procedures shall be based on the guidelines adopted under subsection (1) and shall be reasonably designed to do all of the following:

(a) Ensure the security and confidentiality of customer records and information.

(b) Protect against any anticipated threats or hazards to the security or integrity of customer records and information.

(c) Protect against unauthorized access to or use of customer records or information that could result in substantial harm or inconvenience to any customer.


History: Add. 2001, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 18, 2001
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 6
KINDS OF INSURANCE; REINSURANCE; LIMIT OF RISK


500.600 Insurance; definitions applicable.

Sec. 600.

The applicable definitions of the kinds of insurance set forth in this chapter shall apply to all insurers.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 180, Imd. Eff. Aug. 3, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.602 “Life” insurance, “transaction of life insurance,” and “life insurance companies” defined.

Sec. 602.

(1) “Life” insurance is insurance upon the lives and health of persons and every insurance pertaining thereto, and to grant, purchase, or dispose of annuities. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, life insurance includes insurance upon the lives of persons which insurance prepays the death benefit.

(2) Transaction of life insurance includes the issuance of policies of life and endowment insurance and contracts for the payment of annuities and pure endowments, and contracts supplemental to those that contain only those provisions relating to accident and sickness insurance as provide additional benefits for death or dismemberment or loss of sight by accident or as operate to safeguard those policies or contracts against lapse or to give a special surrender value or special benefit or an annuity if the insured or annuitant shall become totally and permanently disabled, as defined by the contract or supplemental contract.

(3) All corporations, associations, partnerships, or individuals, doing business in this state under any charter, compact, agreement, or statute of this or any other state, involving an insurance, guaranty, contract, or pledge, for the payment of annuities or endowments, or for the payment of money to families, or representatives of policy or certificate holders or members, are considered life insurance companies within the meaning of the laws relating to life insurance within this state.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 35, Imd. Eff. June 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 208, Imd. Eff. Nov. 26, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.603 Definitions; accelerated benefits; acknowledgment; disclosures; waiver of premium; qualifying event; powers of insurer; pro rata reduction in cash value; actuarial memorandum; policy reserves.

Sec. 603.

(1) As used in this section:

(a) "Accelerated benefits" means benefits payable under a life insurance contract to a policyowner or certificateholder, during the lifetime of the insured, in anticipation of death or upon the occurrence of specified life-threatening or catastrophic conditions as defined by the policy or rider that reduce the death benefit otherwise payable under the life insurance contract and that are payable upon the occurrence of a single qualifying event that results in the payment of a benefit amount fixed at the time of acceleration. Accelerated benefits do not include benefits payable to an insured under a long-term care insurance policy.

(b) "Chronic illness" means a permanent medical condition that results in an individual being unable to attend to basic physical activities such as eating, toileting, bathing, grooming, dressing, or ambulating. Chronic illness also includes a permanent severe cognitive impairment or a similar form of dementia.

(c) "Qualifying event" means 1 or more of the following:

(i) A medical condition that would result in a drastically limited life span as specified in the contract.

(ii) A medical condition that has required or requires extraordinary medical intervention including, but not limited to, major organ transplant or continuous artificial life support, without which the insured would die.

(iii) A condition that usually requires continuous confinement in an eligible institution as defined in the contract if the insured is expected to remain there for the rest of his or her life.

(iv) A medical condition that would, in the absence of extensive or extraordinary medical treatment, result in a drastically limited life span. Such conditions may include, but are not limited to, coronary artery disease resulting in an acute infarction or requiring surgery, permanent neurological deficit resulting from cerebral vascular accident, end stage renal failure, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or other medical conditions that the director of the department of insurance and financial services has approved for any particular filing.

(v) A chronic illness.

(vi) Other qualifying events that the director of the department of insurance and financial services approves for a particular filing.

(2) An accelerated benefit rider and a life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions are primarily mortality risks rather than morbidity risks and are life insurance benefits subject to all of the following:

(a) Chapters 40 and 44.

(b) The rider or provisions must provide the option to take the benefit as a lump sum and not as an annuity contingent upon the life of the insured.

(c) The rider or provisions must have no restrictions on the use of the proceeds.

(d) If any death benefit remains after payment of an accelerated benefit, the rider or provisions must not affect the accidental death benefit provision, if any, by the payment of the accelerated benefit.

(e) The rider or provisions must include the terminology "accelerated benefit" in the descriptive title and not be described or marketed as long-term care insurance or as providing long-term care benefits. This subdivision does not apply to life insurance policies or riders that provide directly or supplement long-term care insurance as described in section 3901.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the insurer of an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions is required to obtain from an assignee or irrevocable beneficiary a signed acknowledgment of concurrence for payout before the payment of the accelerated benefit. If the insurer making the accelerated benefit is itself the assignee under the policy, an acknowledgment is not required.

(4) An insurer of an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions shall provide a disclosure statement at the time of application and at the time the accelerated benefit payment request is submitted that receipt of these accelerated benefits may be taxable and that assistance should be sought from a personal tax advisor. The disclosure statement must be prominently displayed on the first page of the policy or rider and any other related documents. If a policyowner or certificateholder of an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions requests an acceleration, the insurer shall send a statement to the policyowner or certificateholder and irrevocable beneficiary showing any effect that the payment of the accelerated benefit will have on the policy's cash value, accumulation account, death benefit, premium, policy loans, and policy liens. The statement shall disclose that receipt of accelerated benefit payments may adversely affect the recipient's eligibility for medicaid or other government benefits or entitlements and may be taxable and that assistance should be sought from a personal tax advisor. If a previous disclosure statement becomes invalid as a result of an acceleration of the death benefit, the insurer shall send a revised disclosure statement to the policyowner or certificateholder and irrevocable beneficiary. If the insurer agrees to accelerate death benefits, the insurer shall issue an amended schedule page to the policyholder to reflect, or shall notify the certificateholder under a group policy of, any new, reduced in-force face amount of the contract.

(5) A written disclosure, including, but not necessarily limited to, a brief description of the accelerated benefit and definitions of the conditions or occurrences triggering payment of the benefits shall be given to the applicant for an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions. The description must include an explanation of any effect of the payment of a benefit on the policy's cash value, accumulation account, death benefit, premium, policy loans, and policy liens. For agent solicited insurance, the agent shall provide the disclosure form to the applicant before or concurrently with the application. Acknowledgment of the disclosure shall be signed by the applicant and writing agent. For a solicitation by direct response methods, the insurer shall provide the disclosure form to the applicant at the time the policy is delivered, with a notice that a full premium refund will be received if the policy is returned to the company within the free look period. For group insurance policies, the disclosure form must be contained as part of the certificate of coverage or any related document furnished by the insurer for the certificateholder.

(6) If there is a premium or cost of insurance charge, the insurer shall give the applicant for an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions a generic illustration numerically demonstrating any effect of the payment of a benefit on the policy's cash value, accumulation account, death benefit, premium, policy loans, and policy liens. For agent solicited insurance, the agent shall provide the illustration to the applicant before or concurrently with the application. For a solicitation by direct response methods, the insurer shall provide the illustration to the applicant at the time the policy is delivered. For group insurance policies, the disclosure form must be contained as part of the certificate of coverage or any related document furnished by the insurer for the certificateholder.

(7) An insurer of an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions with financing options other than as described in subsection (12)(b) shall disclose to the policyowner any premium or cost of insurance charge for the accelerated benefit. The insurer shall make a reasonable effort to assure that the certificateholder is aware of any additional premium or cost of insurance charge if the certificateholder is required to pay a charge. Upon request of the director of the department of insurance and financial services, an insurer shall furnish an actuarial demonstration disclosing the method of arriving at its cost for the accelerated benefit.

(8) The insurer of an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions shall disclose to the policyowner any administrative expense charge. The insurer shall make a reasonable effort to assure that the certificateholder is aware of any administrative expense charge if the certificateholder is required to pay the charge.

(9) An accelerated benefit provision is effective as follows:

(a) On the effective date of the policy or rider for accidents.

(b) No more than 30 days after the effective date of the policy or rider for illness.

(10) The insurer of an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions may offer a waiver of premium for the accelerated benefit provision if a regular waiver of premium provision is not in effect. At the time the benefit is claimed, the insurer shall explain any continuing premium requirement to keep the policy in force.

(11) An insurer of an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions shall not unfairly discriminate among insureds with differing qualifying events covered under the policy or among insureds with similar qualifying events covered under the policy. An insurer shall not apply further conditions on the payment of the accelerated benefits other than those conditions specified in the policy or rider.

(12) The insurer of an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions may do any of the following:

(a) Require a premium charge or cost of insurance charge for the accelerated benefit if based on sound actuarial principles. For group insurance, the additional cost may also be reflected in the experience rating.

(b) Pay a present value of the face amount. The calculation shall be based on any applicable actuarial discount appropriate to the policy design. The interest rate or interest rate methodology used in the calculation shall be based on sound actuarial principles and disclosed in the contract or actuarial memorandum. The maximum interest rate used shall be no greater than the greater of the current yield on 90-day treasury bills or the current maximum statutory adjustable policy loan interest rate.

(c) Accrue an interest charge on the amount of the accelerated benefits. The interest rate or interest rate methodology used in the calculation shall be based on sound actuarial principles and disclosed in the contract or actuarial memorandum. The maximum interest rate used shall be no greater than the greater of the current yield on 90-day treasury bills or the current maximum statutory adjustable policy loan interest rate. The interest rate accrued on the portion of the lien that is equal in amount to the cash value of the contract at the time of the benefit acceleration shall be no more than the policy loan interest rate stated in the contract.

(13) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if an accelerated benefit on an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions is payable, there shall be no more than a pro rata reduction in the cash value based on the percentage of death benefits accelerated to produce the accelerated benefit payment. Alternatively, the payment of accelerated benefits, any administrative expense charges, any future premiums, and any accrued interest may be considered a lien against the death benefit of the policy or rider and the access to the cash value may be restricted to any excess of the cash value over the sum of any other outstanding loans and the lien. Future access to additional policy loans may be limited to any excess of the cash value over the sum of the lien and any other outstanding policy loans.

(14) If payment of an accelerated benefit on an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions results in a pro rata reduction in the cash value, the payment shall not be applied toward repaying an amount greater than a pro rata portion of any outstanding policy loans.

(15) For an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions, a qualified actuary shall describe the accelerated benefits, the risks, the expected costs, and the calculation of statutory reserves in an actuarial memorandum. The insurer shall maintain in its files descriptions of the bases and procedures used to calculate benefits payable. These descriptions and the actuarial memorandum shall be made available for examination by the director of the department of insurance and financial services upon request.

(16) If benefits are provided through the acceleration of benefits under group or individual life policies or riders to an accelerated benefit rider or life insurance policy with accelerated benefit provisions, policy reserves shall be determined in accordance with section 834. All valuation assumptions used in constructing the reserves shall be determined as appropriate for statutory valuation purposes by a member in good standing of the American academy of actuaries. The actuary shall follow both actuarial standards and certification for good and sufficient reserves. Reserves in the aggregate should be sufficient to cover policies upon which no claim has yet arisen and policies upon which an accelerated claim has arisen. For policies and certificates that provide actuarially equivalent benefits, additional reserves do not need to be established. Policy liens and policy loans, including accrued interest, represent assets of the insurer for statutory reporting purposes. For a policy on which the policy lien exceeds the policy's statutory reserve liability, the excess shall be held as a nonadmitted asset.


History: Add. 2003, Act 208, Imd. Eff. Nov. 26, 2003 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 142, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.606 Disability insurance; definition.

Sec. 606.

(1) "Disability" insurance is insurance against bodily injury or death by accident, or against disability on account of sickness or accident. Unless specifically excluded in chapter 34, disability insurance includes health insurance issued to an individual, family, or group, subject to limitations that are prescribed with respect to the insurance.

(2) An insured under a disability insurance policy as described in this section may be an employee of a person that is not subject to the worker's disability compensation act of 1969, 1969 PA 317, MCL 418.101 to 418.941. If the person is not subject to the worker's disability compensation act of 1969, 1969 PA 317, MCL 418.101 to 418.941, the liability may be limited to liability arising out of and in the course of the employee's employment and the premium may be paid by the employer under an agreement with the employee.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.607 Group disability insurance; definition.

Sec. 607.

(1) As used in this act, "group disability insurance" means voluntary disability insurance that covers 2 or more employees or members, with or without their eligible dependents, written under a master policy issued to a governmental corporation, unit, agency, or department of a governmental entity, to a corporation, copartnership, or individual employer, or, on application of an executive officer or trustee of the association, to an association that has a constitution or bylaws and that is formed in good faith for purposes other than that of obtaining insurance, and under which officers, members, employees, or classes or departments of the association may be insured for their individual benefit.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), a group disability insurance policy may be issued to a trust or trustees of a fund established by 2 or more employers to insure 1 or more employees of the employers.


History: Add. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.608 "Health" and "health insurance policy" defined.

Sec. 608.

As used in this act:

(a) "Health" insurance is insurance provided under a health insurance policy.

(b) "Health insurance policy" means an expense-incurred hospital, medical, or surgical policy, certificate, or contract.


History: Add. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.610 Property insurance; definition.

Sec. 610.

“Property” insurance is insurance on dwelling houses, stores, and all kinds of buildings, and upon household furniture, goods, wares and merchandise, and any other property, against loss or damage by fire, earthquake, lightning, wind and water; and also against bombardment and/or explosion, whether fire ensues or not, but not to include steam boiler or flywheel explosion; and by and with the consent of the commissioner, insurance against any other loss or damage to property or any interest therein not prohibited by the laws of this state nor exclusively delegated to any other class or kind of insurer, including loss or damage of any character, whether by reason of burglary and theft of personal property or otherwise, and whether situated at any given time at a place of residence, or in storage, transit, or upon the person of the insured or otherwise. Property insurance shall be deemed to include also marine insurance as defined in section 614, inland navigation and transportation insurance as defined in section 616, and automobile insurance (limited) as defined in section 620.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.614 Marine insurance; definition.

Sec. 614.

“Marine” insurance is insurance against any and all kinds of loss of or damage to:

(1) Vessels, craft, aircraft, cars, automobiles and vehicles of every kind, as well as all goods, freights, cargoes, merchandise, effects, disbursements, profits, moneys, bullion, precious stones, securities, choses in action, evidences of debt, valuable papers, bottomry and respondentia interests, and all other kinds of property and interests therein, in respect to, appertaining to, or in connection with any and all risks or perils of navigation, transit, or transportation, including war risks, on or under any seas or other waters, on land or in the air, or while being assembled, packed, crated, baled, compressed, or similarly prepared for shipment, or while awaiting the same, or during any delays, storage, transshipment, or reshipment incident thereto, including marine builders' risks and all personal property floater risks.

(2) Person or to property in connection with or appertaining to a marine, inland marine, transit, or transportation insurance, including liability for loss of or damage to either, arising out of or in connection with the construction, repair, operation, maintenance, or use of the subject matter of such insurance (but not including life insurance or surety bonds), but shall not mean insurances against loss by reason of bodily injury to the person arising out of the maintenance, operation or use of motor vehicles.

(3) Precious stones, jewels, jewelry, gold, silver, and other precious metals whether used in business or trade or otherwise and whether the same be in course of transportation or otherwise, which shall include jeweler's block insurance.

(4) Bridges, tunnels, and other instrumentalities of transportation and communication (excluding buildings, their furniture and furnishing, fixed contents, and supplies held in storage) unless fire, tornado, sprinkler leakage, hail, explosion, earthquake, riot and/or civil commotion are the only hazards to be covered. Piers, wharves, docks and slips, excluding the risks of fire, tornado, sprinkler leakage, hail, explosion, earthquake, riot and/or civil commotion. Other aids to navigation and transportation, including dry dock and marine railways, against all risks.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.616 Inland navigation and transportation insurance; definition.

Sec. 616.

“Inland navigation and transportation” insurance is insurance upon vessels, freights, goods, wares, merchandise and other property, against the risks of inland navigation and transportation.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.618 “Legal expense insurance” defined.

Sec. 618.

“Legal expense insurance” is insurance which involves the assumption of a contractual obligation to reimburse the beneficiary against or pay on behalf of the beneficiary, all or a portion of his or her fees, costs, or expenses related to or arising out of services performed by or under the supervision of an attorney licensed to practice in the jurisdiction in which the services are performed. Legal expense insurance may also include provisions for basic legal services rendered to the beneficiary, by telephone or mail, by 1 or more attorneys licensed to practice in the jurisdiction in which the services are performed, none of whom are employees of or under the control of the insurer directly or indirectly. Legal expense insurance does not include the provision of or reimbursement for legal services incidental to other insurance coverages.


History: Add. 1982, Act 501, Imd. Eff. Dec. 31, 1982
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.620 Automobile insurance (limited); definition.

Sec. 620.

“Automobile insurance (limited)” is insurance upon automobiles, whether stationary or being operated under their own power, which shall include all or any of the hazards of fire, explosion, transportation, collision, loss by legal liability for damage to property resulting from the maintenance and use of automobiles, and loss by burglary or theft or both, but shall not include insurance against loss by reason of bodily injury to the person.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.624 “Casualty” defined; combination with property insurance.

Sec. 624.

(1) “Casualty” insurance includes insurances as follows:

(a) Steam boiler and flywheel. Insurance against loss or damage to property of the insured, and loss or damage to the life, person or property of another for which the insured is liable, caused by the explosion of steam boilers or their connections or by the breakage or rupture of machinery or flywheels; and against loss of use and occupancy caused thereby;

(b) Liability, automobile, and workmen's compensation. Insurance of any person, partnership, or corporation against loss or damage on account of the bodily injury or death by accident of any person, or against damage caused by automobiles, vehicles or draft animals to property of another, for which loss or damage said person, partnership or corporation is responsible, or against accidental damage sustained by automobiles or vehicles, or against all of the said contingencies, inclusive of workmen's compensation insurance;

(c) Plate glass. Insurance against a breakage of plate glass, local or in transit;

(d) Sprinkler. Insurance of any goods or premises against loss or damage by water caused by the breakage or leakage of sprinklers, pumps, water pipes or plumbing and its fixtures, and against accidental injury from other causes than fire or lightning to such sprinklers, pumps, water pipes, plumbing and fixtures;

(e) Credit. The business commonly known as credit insurance or guaranty, either by agreeing to purchase uncollectible debts, or otherwise to insure against loss or damage from the failure of persons indebted to the insured to meet their liabilities;

(f) Burglary and theft. Insurance against loss or damage by burglary, theft, house breaking or forgery;

(g) Livestock. Insurance upon the lives of horses, cattle and other livestock or against loss by the theft of any of such property or both;

(h) Malpractice. Insurance of persons lawfully engaged in the practice of medicine, surgery, dentistry, or dispensing drugs or medicines, and partnerships or corporations lawfully engaged in the operation of hospitals or sanitariums, against loss resulting from all claims and suits alleging malpractice, error or mistake and based upon professional services rendered or which should have been rendered by insured and/or his or her assistants or employees, and to defend and indemnify insured against any loss resulting from all other suits for civil damages arising out of the practice by insured of his profession; except that indemnity under such insurance shall not extend to claims or suits based on criminal acts or on services rendered while under the influence of liquor or drugs;

(i) Miscellaneous. By and with the consent of the commissioner, insurance against any other hazards of a casualty nature not prohibited by the laws of this state nor exclusively delegated to any other class or kind of insurer.

(2) Any insurance carrier authorized under any section of this code to write any casualty insurance, shall have the right and authority to insure against any of the risks specified or referred to in any of the provisions of section 610 (property insurance defined), combined in a single policy. Nothing herein contained shall be construed to extend the lines permitted to be written by any class of insurer beyond those otherwise provided, except as to personal property floater policies.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 221, Imd. Eff. July 11, 1966
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.625 Automobile passenger and liability coverage; expense or disability coverage included.

Sec. 625.

Any insurer authorized to write automobile bodily injury liability insurance policies may, by an endorsement attached to or as a part of such a policy, insure any person or in behalf of any person for expense or disability including death growing out of any accidental injury incurred while driving, riding in, entering, alighting from, or through being struck by, any motor vehicle. Such coverage shall not be subject to provisions of this code otherwise applicable to disability insurance.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.628 Surety and fidelity insurance; definition.

Sec. 628.

“Surety and fidelity” insurance is to guarantee the fidelity of persons in positions of trust, private or public, and to act as surety on official bonds and for the performance of other obligations, and to indemnify banks, bankers, brokers, financial or moneyed associations, or financial or moneyed corporations, against the loss of any bills of exchange, notes, drafts, acceptances of drafts, bonds, securities, evidences of debt, deeds, mortgages, warehouse receipts, bills of lading, documents, currency, money, gold, platinum, silver and other precious metals refined or unrefined, and articles made therefrom, jewelry, watches, necklaces, bracelets, gems, precious and semi-precious stones, and also against loss, resulting from damage, except by fire, to the insured's premises, furnishings, fixtures, equipment, safes and vaults therein caused by burglary, robbery, holdup, theft or larceny, or attempt thereat. No such indemnity indemnifying against loss of any property as specified herein shall indemnify against the loss of any such property occurring while in the mail or in the custody or possession of a carrier for hire for the purpose of transportation, except for the purpose of transportation by an armored motor vehicle accompanied by 1 or more armed guards.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.632 Insurers; nonprofit dental care corporation; reinsurance; authorization.

Sec. 632.

(1) An insurer may reinsure any risk authorized to be undertaken by it and grant reinsurance on any similar risk undertaken by any other insurer. A nonprofit dental care corporation operating under 1963 PA 125, MCL 550.351 to 550.373, may reinsure any risk authorized to be undertaken by it and grant reinsurance on any similar risk undertaken by another legal entity.

(2) Subject to chapter 58, a mutual insurance company other than life may, by policy, treaty, or other agreement, cede to or accept from any insurance company or insurer reinsurance on the whole or any part of any risk, which reinsurance must be without contingent liability or participation or membership unless provided otherwise. Reinsurance must not be effected with any company or insurer disapproved by written order of the director filed in his or her office.

(3) An insurer authorized to transact multiple lines of insurance may, except with respect to policies of life and endowment insurance and contracts for the payment of annuities and pure endowments, reinsure risks of every kind or description.

(4) Reinsurance must not be ceded to or accepted by any insurer operating under the cooperative or assessment plan. Reinsurance of any insurer operating under the cooperative or assessment plan must be ceded only to insurers authorized under this act to transact a similar kind of insurance in this state and to accept reinsurance.

(5) An insurer may be specifically authorized to accept reinsurance for kinds of risks that it does not have authority to insure directly.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1962, Act 53, Eff. Mar. 28, 1963 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 221, Imd. Eff. July 11, 1966 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.636 Repealed. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to reinsurance by domestic stock or mutual insurers.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.640 Insurers; limitation of risk; exceptions; "title insurance" and "title insurer" defined.

Sec. 640.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (2) to (5), an insurer transacting business in this state shall not expose itself to any loss on any 1 risk or hazard in an amount exceeding 10% of its paid-up capital and surplus. However, no portion of a risk or hazard that has been reinsured by an insurer licensed to do insurance business in this state shall be included in determining the limitation of risk prescribed in this subsection.

(2) An insurer transacting business in this state that has obtained a certificate of authority authorizing the transaction of title insurance in this state before the effective date of the amendatory act that added this subsection shall not expose itself to any loss on any 1 title insurance risk or hazard in an amount exceeding 50% of its paid-up capital and surplus. However, no portion of a title insurance risk or hazard that has been reinsured by an insurer licensed to do title insurance business in this state shall be included in determining the limitation of risk prescribed in this subsection.

(3) An insurer transacting business in this state that obtains a certificate of authority authorizing the transaction of title insurance in this state on or after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this subsection shall not expose itself to any loss on any 1 title insurance risk or hazard in an amount exceeding 10% of its paid-up capital and surplus unless the title insurer meets all of the following:

(a) Has a most recent A.M. best financial rating of at least an A- or has a comparable rating as assigned by a nationally recognized statistical rating organization approved by the commissioner.

(b) Has been licensed and operating in this or another state for at least 5 years and has reported a net income for at least 3 of the last 5 years.

(c) Has capital that exceeds 2 times the minimum paid-up capital and surplus requirements in Michigan.

(4) No portion of a title insurance risk or hazard that has been reinsured by an insurer licensed to do title insurance business in this state shall be included in determining the 10% limitation of risk prescribed in subsection (3). An insurer described in subsection (3)(a) to (c) shall not expose itself to any loss on any 1 title insurance risk or hazard in an amount exceeding 50% of its paid-up capital and surplus.

(5) Upon application by a title insurer, the commissioner may waive the 10% limitation of risk prescribed in subsection (3) for a particular risk or hazard for good cause shown and so long as the net retained liability for that particular risk or hazard does not exceed 50% of the insurer's paid-up capital and surplus.

(6) As used in this section, "title insurance" and "title insurer" mean those terms as defined in section 7301.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 338, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2010
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.644 Life, disability, and loss of position insurers; limit of risk.

Sec. 644.

For provisions as to limit of risk applicable to life, disability, and loss of position insurers operating on the cooperative or assessment plan see section 6446.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 7
RESERVE STANDARDS FOR DISABILITY INSURANCE


500.701 Definitions.

Sec. 701.

As used in this chapter:

(a) “Annual claim cost” means the net annual cost per unit of benefit before the addition of expenses, including claim settlement expenses, and a margin for profit or contingencies.

(b) “Accrued claims” means that portion of claims payable under a health insurance policy or certificate and incurred on or prior to the valuation date that result in liability of the insurer for the payment of benefits for medical services rendered on or prior to the valuation date and for the payment of benefits for days of hospitalization and days of disability that have occurred on or prior to the valuation date that the insurer has not paid as of the valuation date but for which it is liable and will have to pay after the valuation date.

(c) “Date of disablement” means the earliest date the insured is considered as being disabled under the definition of disability in the health insurance policy or certificate based on a doctor's evaluation or other evidence.

(d) “Date of incurral” means the date a claim is determined to be a liability of the insurer.

(e) “Elimination period” means a specified number of days, weeks, or months starting at the beginning of each period of loss, during which benefits under a health insurance policy or certificate are not payable.

(f) “Gross premium” means the amount of premium charged by the insurer. Gross premium includes the net premium, based on claim-cost, for the risk together with any loading for expenses, profit, or contingencies.

(g) “Group insurance” means blanket insurance and franchise insurance and any other forms of group insurance.

(h) “Level premium” means a premium on a health insurance policy or certificate calculated to remain unchanged throughout either the lifetime of the policy or certificate or for some shorter projected period of years.

(i) “Long-term care insurance” means any insurance policy, certificate, or rider advertised, marketed, offered, or designed to provide coverage for not less than 12 consecutive months for each covered person on an expense incurred, indemnity, prepaid, or other basis, for 1 or more necessary or medically necessary diagnostic, preventive, therapeutic, rehabilitative, maintenance, or personal care services, provided in a setting other than an acute care unit of a hospital. Long-term care insurance includes a policy, certificate, or rider that provides for payment of benefits based upon cognitive impairment or the loss of functional capacity. Long-term care insurance does not include an insurance policy or certificate offered primarily to provide basic medicare supplement coverage, basic hospital expense coverage, basic medical-surgical expense coverage, hospital confinement indemnity coverage, major medical expense coverage, disability income or related asset-protection coverage, accident only coverage, specified disease or specified accident coverage, or limited benefit health coverage.

(j) “Modal premium” means the premium paid on a health insurance policy or certificate based on a premium term that could be annual, semiannual, quarterly, monthly, or weekly.

(k) “Preliminary term reserve method” means the method under which the valuation net premium for each year falling within the preliminary term period is exactly sufficient to cover the expected incurred claims of that year, so that the terminal reserves will be zero at the end of the year. As of the end of the preliminary term period, a new constant valuation net premium or stream of changing valuation premiums becomes applicable such that the present value of all such premiums is equal to the present value of all claims expected to be incurred following the end of the preliminary term period.

(l) “Reserve” means all items of benefit liability, whether in the nature of incurred claim liability or in the nature of contract liability relating to future periods of coverage, and whether the liability is accrued or unaccrued. An insurer under its contracts promises benefits that result in either of the following:

(i) Claims that have been incurred, that is, for which the insurer has become obligated to make payment, on or prior to the valuation date. On these claims, payments expected to be made after the valuation date for accrued and unaccrued benefits are liabilities of the insurer which should be provided for by establishing claim reserves.

(ii) Claims that are expected to be incurred after the valuation date. Any present liability of the insurer for these future claims should be provided for by the establishment of contract reserves and unearned premium reserves.

(m) “Unearned premium reserve” means that portion of the premium on a health insurance policy or certificate paid or due to the insurer that is applicable to the period of coverage extending beyond the valuation date.

(n) “Valuation net modal premium” means the modal fraction of the valuation net annual premium that corresponds to the gross modal premium in effect on any contract to which contract reserves apply. For example, if the mode of payment in effect is quarterly, the valuation net modal premium is the quarterly equivalent of the valuation net annual premium.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.702 Health insurance reserves; determination of adequacy; basis.

Sec. 702.

The adequacy of an insurer's health insurance reserves shall be determined only on the combined basis of claim, premium, and contract reserves and not on any 1 or 2 of these categories alone.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.703 Claim reserves and claim expense reserves required; conditions; testing for adequacy and reasonableness.

Sec. 703.

(1) Claim reserves are required for all incurred but unpaid claims on all health insurance policies and certificates.

(2) Appropriate claim expense reserves are required with respect to the estimated expense of settlement of all incurred but unpaid claims on health insurance policies and certificates.

(3) All claim reserves on health insurance policies and certificates for prior valuation years are to be tested for adequacy and reasonableness consistent with claim runoff schedules in accordance with the insurer's annual statutory financial statement including consideration of any residual unpaid liability.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.705 Disability income claim reserves; maximum interest rate; morbidity standards specified in rules; exception; group disability income claim reserves; duration from date of disablement 2 years or more but less than 5 years; basis; request for modification plan approval; elimination period; measurement of disablement duration.

Sec. 705.

(1) The maximum interest rate for claim reserves related to disability income is that rate specified in section 733.

(2) Minimum standards with respect to morbidity are those specified in rules promulgated pursuant to this chapter except that, at the option of the insurer, for claims with a duration from date of disablement of less than 2 years, reserves may be based upon the insurer's experience, if such experience is considered credible, or upon other assumptions designed to place a sound value on the liabilities.

(3) For group disability income claims with a duration from date of disablement of 2 years or more but less than 5 years, reserves may, with the approval of the commissioner, be based on the insurer's experience for which the insurer maintains underwriting and claim administration control. The request for approval of a plan of modification to the reserve basis shall include all of the following:

(a) An analysis of the credibility of the experience.

(b) A description of how all of the insurer's experience is proposed to be used in setting reserves.

(c) A description and quantification of the margins to be included.

(d) A summary of the financial impact that the proposed plan of modification would have had on the insurer's last filed annual statement.

(e) A copy of the approval of the proposed plan of modification by the commissioner.

(f) Any other information considered necessary by the commissioner.

(4) For health insurance policies and certificates with an elimination period, the duration of disablement shall be measured as dating from the time that benefits would have begun to accrue if there had not been an elimination period.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.707 Health insurance benefits other than disability income; claim reserves maximum interest rate; basis of claim reserve.

Sec. 707.

(1) The maximum interest rate for claim reserves related to health insurance benefits other than disability income is that rate specified in section 733.

(2) The claim reserve shall be based upon the insurer's experience if such experience is considered credible or upon other assumptions designed to place a sound value on the liabilities.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.709 Estimation of claim liabilities; methods.

Sec. 709.

Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, any generally accepted or reasonable actuarial method or combination of methods may be used to estimate all claim liabilities. The methods used for estimating liabilities generally may be aggregate methods or various reserve items may be separately valued. Approximations based on groupings and averages may also be employed, provided, however, that the adequacy of the claim reserves shall be determined in the aggregate.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.711 Unearned premium reserves; treatment of premiums due and unpaid; discount of certain gross premiums paid in advance.

Sec. 711.

(1) Unearned premium reserves are required for all health insurance policies and certificates with respect to the period of coverage for which premiums, other than premiums paid in advance, have been paid beyond the date of valuation.

(2) If premiums due and unpaid are carried as an asset, such premiums shall be treated as premiums in force, subject to unearned premium reserve determination. The value of unpaid commissions, premium taxes, and the cost of collection associated with due and unpaid premiums shall be carried as an offsetting liability.

(3) The gross premiums paid in advance for a period of coverage commencing after the next premium due date that follows the date of valuation may be appropriately discounted to the valuation date and shall be held either as a separate liability or as an addition to the unearned premium reserve that would otherwise be required as a minimum.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.713 Minimum unearned premium reserve; basis; sum of unearned premium and contract reserves; limitation.

Sec. 713.

(1) The minimum unearned premium reserve with respect to any health insurance policy or certificate is the pro rata unearned modal premium that applies to the premium period beyond the valuation date, with such premium determined on the basis of either of the following:

(a) The valuation net modal premium on the contract reserve basis applying to the health insurance policy or certificate.

(b) The gross modal premium for the health insurance policy or certificate if no contract reserve applies.

(2) The sum of the unearned premium and contract reserves for all health insurance policies and certificates of the insurer subject to contract reserve requirements shall not be less than the gross modal unearned premium reserve on all such health insurance policies and certificates, as of the date of valuation. This reserve shall not be less than the expected claims for the period beyond the valuation date represented by the unearned premium reserve, to the extent not provided for under this chapter.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.715 Premium reserves; computation.

Sec. 715.

The insurer may employ suitable approximations and estimates in computing premium reserves including, but not limited to, groupings, averages, and aggregate estimation. The insurer should test periodically the approximations or estimates to determine their continuing adequacy and reliability.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.717 Contract reserves; required for certain policies and certificates; exception; addition to claim and premium reserves; methods and procedures; date of incurral defined.

Sec. 717.

(1) Except as otherwise provided for in subsection (2), contract reserves are required for both of the following:

(a) All health insurance policies and certificates that use level premiums.

(b) All health insurance policies and certificates with respect to which, due to the gross premium pricing structure at issue, the value of the future benefits at any time exceeds the value of any appropriate future valuation net premiums at that time. The values specified in this subdivision shall be determined in the manner provided for in section 719.

(2) Health insurance policies and certificates not requiring a contract reserve include the following:

(a) Policies and certificates that cannot be continued after 1 year from issue.

(b) Policies and certificates already in force on the effective date of this chapter for which a contract reserve was not required under standards in effect before the effective date of this chapter.

(3) The contract reserve is in addition to claim reserves and premium reserves.

(4) The methods and procedures for contract reserves shall be consistent with those methods and procedures for claim reserves for any health insurance policy or certificate, or else appropriate adjustment shall be made when necessary to assure provision for the aggregate liability. The definition of the date of incurral shall be the same in both determinations.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.719 Morbidity standards; rules; structure of valuation net premiums; valuation of health insurance policies and certificates for which tabular morbidity standards not specified; maximum interest rate for contract reserves; termination rates; adjustment of morbidity standard on aggregate basis; minimum reserve; application of certain reserve adjustments; offset of negative reserves against positive reserves; total contract reserve not less than zero.

Sec. 719.

(1) Minimum standards with respect to morbidity are those set forth in rules promulgated pursuant to this chapter. Valuation net premiums used under each health insurance policy or certificate shall have a structure consistent with the gross premium structure at the date of issuance of the policy or certificate as this relates to advancing age of the insured, contract duration, and period for which gross premiums have been calculated.

(2) Health insurance policies and certificates for which tabular morbidity standards are not specified in rules promulgated pursuant to this chapter shall be valued using tables established for reserve purposes by a qualified actuary and acceptable to the commissioner.

(3) The maximum interest rate for contract reserves is that rate specified in section 733.

(4) Termination rates used in the computation of reserves shall be on the basis of mortality as specified in section 735 except that under policies or certificates for which premium rates are not guaranteed, and where the effects of insurer underwriting are specifically used by policy or certificate duration in the valuation morbidity standard, or for return of premium or other deferred cash benefits, total termination rates may be used at ages and durations where these exceed specified mortality table rates, but not in excess of the lesser of the following:

(a) 80% of the total termination rate used in the calculation of the gross premiums.

(b) 8%.

(5) If a morbidity standard specified in rules promulgated pursuant to this chapter is on an aggregate basis, the morbidity standard may be adjusted to reflect the effect of insurer underwriting by policy or certificate duration. The adjustments shall be appropriate to the underwriting and be acceptable to the commissioner.

(6) For health insurance, except for long-term care insurance and return of premium or other deferred cash benefits, the minimum reserve is the reserve calculated on the 2-year full preliminary term method where the terminal reserve is zero at the first and second year anniversary of the policy or certificate. For long-term care insurance, the minimum reserve is the reserve calculated on the 1-year full preliminary term method. For health insurance, except for return of premium or other deferred cash benefits, the preliminary term method may be applied only in relation to the date of issue of a policy or certificate. For return of premium or other deferred cash benefits issued on or after the effective date of this chapter, the minimum reserve is the reserve, calculated as of the date of issue of the return of premium or other deferred cash benefits, set forth as follows:

(a) On the 1-year preliminary term method if such benefits are provided at any time before the twentieth anniversary.

(b) On the 2-year preliminary term method if such benefits are only provided on or after the twentieth anniversary.

(7) Reserve adjustments made after issuance of the health insurance policy or certificate as a result of rate increases, revisions in assumptions, or for other reasons are to be applied immediately as of the effective date of adoption of the adjusted basis.

(8) Negative reserves on any benefit may be offset against positive reserves for other benefits in the same health insurance policy or certificate, but the total contract reserve with respect to all benefits combined shall not be less than zero.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.721 Application of alternative method or basis to contract reserve; assumptions; methods to determine sound value of liabilities.

Sec. 721.

(1) If the contract reserve on all health insurance policies and certificates to which an alternative method or basis is applied is not less in the aggregate than the amount determined according to the applicable standards specified in this chapter, an insurer may use any reasonable assumptions as to interest rates, termination, and mortality rates, and rates of morbidity or other contingency.

(2) Subject to subsection (1), the insurer may employ other methods in determining a sound value of its liabilities under health insurance policies and certificates, including, but not limited to, the following:

(a) The net level premium method.

(b) The 1-year full preliminary term method.

(c) Prospective valuation on the basis of actual gross premiums with reasonable allowance for future expenses.

(d) The use of approximations such as those involving age groupings, groupings of several years of issue, average amounts of indemnity, and grouping of similar contract forms.

(e) The computation of the reserve for 1 contract benefit as a percentage of, or by other relation to, the aggregate contract reserves exclusive of the benefit or benefits so valued.

(f) The use of a composite annual claim cost for all or any combination of the benefits included in the policies or certificates valued.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.723 Tabular reserves; annual review; increments; restriction of future gross premiums; establishment of contract reserves for insufficiency in aggregate.

Sec. 723.

(1) A review shall be made annually of the insurer's prospective contract liabilities on health insurance policies and certificates valued by tabular reserves, to determine the continuing adequacy and reasonableness of the tabular reserves giving consideration to future gross premiums. The insurer shall make appropriate increments to the tabular reserves if the tests indicate that the basis of the reserves is no longer adequate, subject to the minimum standards of section 719.

(2) If an insurer has a health insurance policy or certificate for which future gross premiums will be restricted by contract, insurance bureau regulations, or for other reasons, such that the future gross premiums reduced by expenses for administration, commissions, and taxes will be insufficient to cover future claims, the insurer shall establish contract reserves for the insufficiency in the aggregate.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.725 Reinsurance; determination of increases to, or credit against, reserves.

Sec. 725.

Increases to, or credits against, reserves carried arising because of reinsurance assumed or reinsurance ceded, shall be determined in a manner consistent with minimum reserve standards described in this chapter and with all applicable provisions of the reinsurance contracts that affect the insurer's liabilities.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.729 Individual insurance policies; minimum morbidity standards for disability income benefits; basis of contract reserve standards for certain hospital, surgical, and maternity benefits; basis of contract reserve standards for certain cancer expense benefits and accidental death benefits.

Sec. 729.

(1) The following minimum morbidity standards for disability income benefits for individual health insurance policies shall be used:

(a) For contract reserves for policies issued on or after the effective date of this chapter, the 1985 commissioners individual disability tables A (85 C.I.D.A.) or the 1985 commissioners individual disability tables B (85 C.I.D.B.) and for policies issued on or after January 1, 1965, and before the effective date of this chapter, the insurer may use either of those tables or the 1964 commissioners disability table (64 C.D.T.). Each insurer shall elect, with respect to all individual policies issued in any 1 annual statement year, whether it will use tables A or tables B as the minimum standard. The insurer may, however, elect to use the other tables with respect to any subsequent annual statement year.

(b) For claim reserves, the minimum morbidity standard in effect for contract reserves as of the date the claim is incurred.

(2) Contract reserve standards for hospital, surgical, and maternity benefits for scheduled or fixed-time period benefits for individual health insurance policies issued on or after January 1, 1955 and before January 1, 1982, shall be based on the 1956 intercompany hospital-surgical tables and for policies issued on or after January 1, 1982, the 1974 medical expense tables, table A,Transactions of the Society Actuaries, volume XXX, page 63.

(3) The contract reserve standards for scheduled or fixed-time period cancer expense benefits shall be based on the 1985 N.A.I.C. cancer claim cost tables for policies issued on or after January 1, 1986.

(4) Contract reserve standards for accidental death benefits shall be based on the 1959 accidental death benefits table for policies issued on or after January 1, 1965.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.731 Disability benefits for group health insurance certificates; minimum morbidity standards.

Sec. 731.

The following minimum morbidity standards for disability benefits for group health insurance certificates shall be used:

(a) For contract reserves for policies and certificates issued on or after the effective date of this chapter, the 1987 commissioners group disability income table (87 C.G.D.T.).

(b) For claim reserves for claims incurred prior to, on, or after the effective date of this chapter, the 1987 commissioners group disability income table (87 C.G.D.T.).


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.733 Maximum interest rates.

Sec. 733.

(1) The maximum interest rate for contract reserves is the calendar year statutory valuation interest rate for life insurance specified in section 836 as of the date of issuance of the health insurance policy or certificate.

(2) The maximum interest rate for claim reserves on policies requiring contract reserves is the calendar year statutory valuation interest rate for life insurance specified in section 836 as of the date the claim is incurred.

(3) The maximum interest rate for claim reserves on policies not requiring contract reserves is the calendar year statutory valuation interest rate for single premium immediate annuities specified in section 836 as of the date the claim is incurred, reduced by 100 basis points.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.735 Mortality basis; use of other mortality tables; request for approval.

Sec. 735.

(1) The mortality basis used shall be that specified in section 834 as of the date of issuance of the health insurance policy or certificate.

(2) Other mortality tables adopted by the national association of insurance commissioners and promulgated by the commissioner may be used in the calculation of the minimum reserves if appropriate for the type of benefits and if approved by the commissioner. The request for approval shall include the proposed mortality table and the reason that the standard specified in subsection (1) is inappropriate.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.737 Rules.

Sec. 737.

The commissioner may promulgate rules pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being sections 24.201 to 24.328 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, that he or she considers appropriate for the implementation of this chapter.


History: Add. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 8
ASSETS AND LIABILITIES


500.808 Stock or mutual insurers; unearned premium reserves, pro rata basis, computation.

Sec. 808.

Every insurer doing business in this state shall establish and maintain an unearned premium reserve on a pro rata basis on all unexpired policies and contracts except for those policies and contracts for which a different basis is specified in this act. A liability shall be set forth for the unearned pro rata portion of the aggregate premiums on all such unexpired risks as ascertained in a manner approved by the commissioner. In the case of perpetual risks or policies of fire insurance, the whole amount of the deposit or premium collected shall be included as unearned. On all unexpired trip risk insurance the entire premium received shall be included as unearned.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 153, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961 ;-- Am. 1962, Act 51, Eff. Mar. 28, 1963 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.810 Reserves; computation; additional reserves; plan to restore compliance; effect of noncompliance; examination of reserve practices and investment incomes.

Sec. 810.

(1) Each insurer transacting business in this state, at all times, shall maintain reserves in an amount estimated in the aggregate to provide for the payment of all losses and claims incurred, whether reported, or unreported, which are unpaid and for which the insurer may be liable and to provide for the expenses of adjustment or settlement of losses and claims. The reserves shall be computed in accordance with rules promulgated by the commissioner, after due notice and hearing, based upon reasonable consideration of the ascertained experience and the character of those kinds of business, for the purpose of adequately protecting the insureds and securing the solvency of the insurer.

(2) If the loss and loss expense experience of the insurer or the anticipated loss expense experience of the insurer as determined by an actuarial evaluation shows the reserves, calculated in accordance with the rules, to be inadequate, the commissioner shall require the insurer to maintain additional reserves. Within 30 business days after notification by the commissioner that its reserves have been determined to be in noncompliance with the requirements of subsection (1), the insurer shall file a plan to restore compliance. The commissioner, upon written request by the insurer, may grant a period of time within which to restore compliance. The period of time may be granted only if the commissioner is satisfied the insurer is safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence and the commissioner approves the plan filed by the insurer for restoring compliance within the time granted. If the plan is not approved by the commissioner, or if the plan is approved but at the end of 1 year the insurer is not in compliance with the requirements of this section, the commissioner may grant additional time to comply, or the commissioner may suspend, revoke, or limit the certificate of authority of the insurer pursuant to section 436.

(3) The commissioner shall annually examine the reserve practices and investment incomes of medical malpractice, products liability, and municipal liability insurers licensed to do business in this state.


History: Add. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 307, Imd. Eff. Oct. 28, 1976 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 506, Imd. Eff. Dec. 13, 1978 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 173, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986
Popular Name: Act 218
Admin Rule: R 500.1231 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.811 Repealed. 1994, Act 148, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1994.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to outstanding disability policies and benefits reserves.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.812 Repealed. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to liability or workmen's compensation and automobile insurers' reserve for claims.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.813 Repealed. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to the annual report filed by the commissioner with the legislature.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.814 Certification of loss reserves.

Sec. 814.

The commissioner may require an insurer writing liability insurance, other than homeowners, farmowners, and commercial multiperil, to certify the loss reserves of the insurer by an actuary approved by the commissioner.


History: Add. 1986, Act 173, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.814a Statement of actuarial opinion; filing requirements; confidentiality; Michigan automobile insurance placement facility not property and casualty insurer.

Sec. 814a.

(1) Every property and casualty insurer doing business in this state, unless exempted by the commissioner, shall annually file with the commissioner the opinion of an appointed actuary which shall be entitled statement of actuarial opinion. This statement shall be filed pursuant to the same instructions issued by the commissioner for the filing of annual statements.

(2) Every property and casualty insurer domiciled in this state that is required to file a statement of actuarial opinion under subsection (1) shall annually file with the commissioner an actuarial opinion summary, written by the insurer's appointed actuary. This actuarial opinion summary shall be filed pursuant to the same instructions issued by the commissioner for the filing of annual statements and shall be considered as a document supporting the statement of actuarial opinion required in subsection (1).

(3) A property and casualty insurer not domiciled in this state that is required to file a statement of actuarial opinion under subsection (1) shall provide an actuarial opinion summary described in subsection (2) upon the commissioner's request.

(4) An actuarial report and underlying workpapers shall be prepared to support each statement of actuarial opinion. If the property and casualty insurer fails to provide this actuarial report or workpapers at the commissioner's request, the commissioner may engage a qualified actuary at the expense of the insurer to review the statement of actuarial opinion and the basis for the opinion and prepare the actuarial report or workpapers.

(5) The statement of actuarial opinion shall be filed with the annual statement in accordance with section 438 and shall be treated as a public document.

(6) Documents, materials, or other information in the possession or control of the office of financial and insurance regulation that are considered an actuarial report, workpapers, or actuarial opinion summary provided in support of the statement of actuarial opinion, and any other material provided by the insurer to the commissioner in connection with the actuarial report, workpapers, or actuarial opinion summary, is confidential and privileged and is not subject to the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246, subpoena, or to discovery and is not admissible in evidence in any private civil action. This subsection does not do either of the following:

(a) Limit the commissioner's authority to release the documents for the purpose of professional disciplinary proceedings if the commissioner is satisfied that the confidentiality of the documents will be preserved.

(b) Limit the commissioner's authority to use the documents, materials, or other information in furtherance of any regulatory or legal action brought as part of the commissioner's official duties.

(7) Neither the commissioner nor any person who received documents, materials, or other information while acting under the commissioner's authority shall be permitted or required to testify in any private civil action concerning any confidential documents, materials, or information subject to subsection (6).

(8) In order to assist in the performance of the commissioner's duties, the commissioner may do any of the following:

(a) Share documents, materials, or other information, including the confidential and privileged documents, materials, or information subject to subsection (6) with any other state, federal, or international regulatory agencies, with the national association of insurance commissioners and its affiliates and subsidiaries, and with state, federal, and international law enforcement authorities, provided that the recipient agrees to maintain the confidentiality and privileged status of the document, material, or other information and has the legal authority to maintain confidentiality.

(b) Receive documents, materials, or information, including otherwise confidential and privileged documents, materials, or information, from the national association of insurance commissioners and its affiliates and subsidiaries, and from regulatory and law enforcement officials of other foreign or domestic jurisdictions, and shall maintain as confidential or privileged any document, material, or information received with notice or the understanding that it is confidential or privileged under the laws of the jurisdiction that is the source of the document, material, or information.

(9) Any applicable privilege or claim of confidentiality is not waived by the disclosing or sharing of documents, materials, or information as permitted by this section.

(10) For purposes of this section, the Michigan automobile insurance placement facility created under chapter 33 is not a property and casualty insurer.


History: Add. 2009, Act 198, Eff. Jan. 1, 2010
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.815 Computation of unearned premium reserve on mortgage guaranty insurance.

Sec. 815.

The unearned premium reserve on mortgage guaranty insurance shall be computed in accordance with section 808, except that on policies covering a risk period of more than 1 year the unearned premium reserve shall be computed in accordance with rules promulgated by the commissioner.


History: Add. 1972, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973
Popular Name: Act 218
Admin Rule: R 500.1231 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.815a Establishment of contingency reserve by mortgage guaranty insurer.

Sec. 815a.

In addition to the capital, surplus and reserves specified in sections 410, 810 and 815, a mortgage guaranty insurer shall establish a contingency reserve, which shall be reported as a liability in the insurer's financial statements. The amount of the reserve shall be computed in accordance with rules prescribed by the commissioner.


History: Add. 1972, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973
Popular Name: Act 218
Admin Rule: R 500.1231 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.816 Repealed. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to liability or workmen's compensation and automobile insurers' reserve for claims.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.817 Repealed. 1966, Act 221, Imd. Eff. July 11, 1966.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to unearned premium reserve of title insurers.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.818, 500.822 Repealed. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to unearned premium reserve of reciprocal and mutual insurers.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.830 Life insurance policies and annuity and pure endowment contracts; life insurance contracts, annuity and pure endowment contracts, accident and health contracts, and deposit-type contracts; annual valuation of reserves; limitation; valuation fee; adopting lower standard of valuation; valuation of business of foreign cooperative or assessment insurer; definitions.

Sec. 830.

(1) The director shall annually value the reserve liabilities, hereinafter called reserves, for all outstanding life insurance policies and annuity and pure endowment contracts of every life insurer doing business in this state issued before the operative date of the valuation manual, except that for an alien insurer, the valuation is limited to its United States' business. In calculating the reserves, the director may use group methods and approximate averages for fractions of a year or otherwise. Instead of the valuation of the reserves required in this section of any foreign or alien insurer, the director may accept any valuation made by the insurance supervisory official of any state or other jurisdiction, if the valuation complies with the minimum standard provided in this section.

(2) The director shall annually value the reserve liabilities hereinafter called reserves for all outstanding life insurance contracts, annuity and pure endowment contracts, accident and health contracts, and deposit-type contracts of every company issued on or after the operative date of the valuation manual. On the election of a company, for a contract acquired by the company through a business acquisition or reinsurance transaction after the effective date of the amendatory act that added section 836a, regardless of when the contract was issued, the director shall annually value the reserves for the contract. Instead of the valuation of the reserves required of a foreign or alien company, the director may accept a valuation made by the insurance supervisory official of any state or other jurisdiction if the valuation complies with the minimum standard provided in this section.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the insurer shall pay to the director, as compensation for the valuation, 1 cent for each thousand dollars insured, under policies insuring residents of the United States, or issued by an insurer organized under the laws of this state. For annual valuations after December 31, 1987, the valuation fee imposed under this section does not apply to contracts of reinsurance. A valuation fee under this subsection does not apply to an annual valuation of a domestic insurer after December 31, 1987. For annual valuations for the 1994 calendar year, the valuation fee imposed under this subsection for alien insurers is .67 cent for each thousand dollars insured. After December 31, 1994, the valuation fee imposed under this subsection does not apply to alien insurers.

(4) An insurer that has adopted a standard of valuation producing greater aggregate reserves than those calculated according to the minimum standard provided in this section may, with the approval of the director, adopt a lower standard of valuation, but not lower than the minimum provided in this section.

(5) A foreign cooperative or assessment insurer shall value its business and shall maintain reserves under the standards required of domestic insurers transacting similar insurance under this section.

(6) As used in this section:

(a) "Accident and health insurance" means contracts that incorporate morbidity risk and provide protection against economic loss resulting from accident, sickness, or medical conditions and as may be specified in the valuation manual.

(b) "Company" means an entity that has written, issued, or reinsured life insurance contracts, accident and health insurance contracts, or deposit-type contracts in this state and has at least 1 life insurance, accident and health insurance, or deposit-type policy in force or on claim, or that has written, issued, or reinsured life insurance contracts, accident and health insurance contracts, or deposit-type contracts in any state and is required to hold a certificate of authority to write life insurance, accident and health insurance, or deposit-type contracts in this state.

(c) "Deposit-type contract" means a contract that does not incorporate mortality or morbidity risks and as may be specified in the valuation manual.

(d) "Life insurance" means a contract that incorporates mortality risk, including annuity and pure endowment contracts, and as may be specified in the valuation manual.

(e) "NAIC" means the national association of insurance commissioners.

(f) "Valuation manual" means the manual of valuation instructions adopted by the NAIC as described in section 836b.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 226, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 261, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 2, Imd. Eff. Jan. 31, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 228, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1994 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 571, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.830a Life insurance; actuarial opinion; form; submission to director; liability of actuary; “qualified actuary” defined; limitation; public hearing; company with outstanding life insurance contracts, accident and health insurance contracts, or deposit-type contracts; actuarial opinion; requirements; definitions.

Sec. 830a.

(1) A life insurance company doing business in this state shall annually submit to the director the opinion of a qualified actuary as to whether the reserves and related actuarial items held in support of the policies and contracts specified by the director by rule are computed appropriately, are based on assumptions that satisfy contractual provisions, are consistent with prior reported amounts, and comply with applicable laws of this state. The actuarial opinion required by this section must be submitted in a form prescribed by the director and may include any other items that the director considers necessary.

(2) A life insurance company, except as exempted by or under rule, shall also annually include in the opinion required by subsection (1) an opinion of the same qualified actuary as to whether the reserves and related actuarial items held in support of the policies and contracts specified by the director by rule, when considered in light of the assets held by the company with respect to the reserves and related actuarial items, including, but not limited to, the investment earnings on the assets and the considerations anticipated to be received and retained under the policies and contracts, make adequate provision for the company's obligations under the policies and contracts, including, but not limited to, the benefits under and expenses associated with the policies and contracts. By order, the director may provide for a transition period for establishing any higher reserves that the qualified actuary may consider necessary to render the opinion required by this subsection.

(3) All of the following apply to an opinion required by subsection (2):

(a) A memorandum must be prepared to support each actuarial opinion that is in form and substance acceptable to the director.

(b) If the insurance company does not provide a supporting memorandum within the period of time requested by the director or the director determines that the supporting memorandum provided by the insurer does not meet the standards prescribed by applicable laws or rules or is otherwise unacceptable to the director, the director may engage a qualified actuary at the expense of the company to review the opinion and the basis for the opinion and prepare a supporting memorandum as is required by the director.

(4) All of the following apply to an opinion required by this section:

(a) The opinion must be submitted with the annual statement reflecting the valuation of the reserve liabilities for each year ending on or after December 31, 1994.

(b) The opinion applies to all business in force including individual and group disability insurance plans in form and substance acceptable to the director.

(c) The opinion must be based on standards as the director may prescribe by rule.

(d) For an opinion required to be submitted by a foreign or alien insurer, the director may accept the opinion filed by the foreign or alien insurer with the insurance supervisory official of another state if the director determines that the opinion reasonably meets the requirements applicable to a company domiciled in this state.

(e) A memorandum in support of the opinion, and any other material provided by the insurer to the director in connection with it, shall be kept confidential by the director, shall not be made public, and is not subject to subpoena, other than for the purpose of defending an action seeking damages from a person by reason of an action required by this section or by rules promulgated under this section. However, the director may release the memorandum or other material in any of the following instances:

(i) With the written consent of the insurer.

(ii) To the American academy of actuaries if the memorandum or other material is required for the purpose of professional disciplinary proceedings and the request describes procedures satisfactory to the director for preserving the confidentiality of the memorandum or other material.

(iii) If any portion of the confidential memorandum is cited by the insurer in its marketing or is cited before any governmental agency other than a state insurance regulatory agency or is released by the insurer to the news media. A confidential memorandum cited as described under this subparagraph is not confidential.

(5) Except for fraud or willful misconduct, the qualified actuary is not liable for damages to a person other than the insurance company and the director for an act, error, omission, decision, or conduct with respect to the actuary's opinion. Disciplinary action by the director against the insurer or the qualified actuary shall be defined in rules by the director.

(6) For purposes of this section, "qualified actuary" means a member of either the american academy of actuaries or the society of actuaries who also meets any other criteria established by the director by rule.

(7) The director shall not accept as a qualified actuary or accept an actuarial opinion prepared in whole or in part by an individual who has done any of the following:

(a) Been convicted of fraud, bribery, a violation of 18 USC 1961 to 1968, or any dishonest conduct or practices under federal or state law.

(b) Violated the insurance laws of this state with respect to any previous reports submitted under this section.

(c) Did not detect or disclose material information in 1 or more previous reports filed under this section.

(8) The director may hold a public hearing under the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, to determine if an actuary is qualified. After considering the evidence presented, the director may find that the actuary is not qualified for purposes of expressing his or her opinion on reserves and related actuarial items as required by this section, and may require the insurer to replace the actuary with another actuary.

(9) Every company with outstanding life insurance contracts, accident and health insurance contracts, or deposit-type contracts in this state and subject to regulation by the director shall annually submit the opinion of the appointed actuary as to whether the reserves and related actuarial items held in support of the policies and contracts are computed appropriately, are based on assumptions that satisfy contractual provisions, are consistent with prior reported amounts, and comply with applicable laws of this state. The valuation manual must provide the specifics of this opinion, including any items considered necessary to its scope.

(10) Every company with outstanding life insurance contracts, accident and health insurance contracts, or deposit-type contracts in this state and subject to regulation by the director, except as exempted in the valuation manual, shall also annually include in the opinion required by subsection (9) an opinion of the same appointed actuary as to whether the reserves and related actuarial items held in support of the policies and contracts specified in the valuation manual, when considered in light of the assets held by the company with respect to the reserves and related actuarial items, including, but not limited to, the investment earnings on the assets and the considerations anticipated to be received and retained under the policies and contracts, make adequate provisions for the company's obligations under the policies and contracts, including, but not limited to, the benefits under and expenses associated with the policies and contracts.

(11) Both of the following apply to an opinion required under subsection (10):

(a) A memorandum, in form and substance as specified in the valuation manual, and acceptable to the director, shall be prepared to support each actuarial opinion.

(b) If an insurance company does not provide a supporting memorandum at the request of the director within a period specified in the valuation manual or the director determines that the supporting memorandum provided by the insurance company does not meet the standards prescribed by the valuation manual or is otherwise unacceptable to the director, the director may engage a qualified actuary at the expense of the company to review the opinion and the basis for the opinion and prepare the supporting memorandum required by the director.

(12) All of the following apply to an opinion required under subsection (9) or (10):

(a) The opinion must be in form and substance as specified in the valuation manual and acceptable to the director.

(b) The opinion must be submitted with the annual statement reflecting the valuation of the reserve liabilities for each year ending on or after the operative date of the valuation manual.

(c) The opinion applies to all policies and contracts described in subsection (10), and to other actuarial liabilities as may be specified in the valuation manual.

(d) The opinion must be based on standards adopted from time to time by the actuarial standards board or its successor, and on such additional standards as may be prescribed in the valuation manual.

(e) For an opinion required to be submitted by a foreign or alien company, the director may accept the opinion filed by the foreign or alien company with the insurance supervisory official of another state if the director determines that the opinion reasonably meets the requirements applicable to a company domiciled in this state.

(f) Except for fraud or willful misconduct, the appointed actuary is not liable for damages to a person other than the insurance company and the director for an act, error, omission, or decision, or conduct, with respect to the appointed actuary's opinion.

(g) The director shall determine by regulation disciplinary action against the company or the appointed actuary.

(13) As used in this section:

(a) "Accident and health insurance" means contracts that incorporate morbidity risk and provide protection against economic loss resulting from accident, sickness, or medical conditions and as may be specified in the valuation manual.

(b) "Appointed actuary" means a qualified actuary who is appointed in accordance with the valuation manual to prepare the actuarial opinion required under subsection (9) or (10).

(c) "Company" means an entity that has written, issued, or reinsured life insurance contracts, accident and health insurance contracts, or deposit-type contracts in this state and has at least 1 policy in force or on claim or that has written, issued, or reinsured life insurance contracts, accident and health insurance contracts, or deposit-type contracts in any state and is required to hold a certificate of authority to write life insurance, accident and health insurance, or deposit-type contracts in this state.

(d) "Deposit-type contract" means contracts that do not incorporate mortality or morbidity risks and as may be specified in the valuation manual.

(e) "Life insurance" means contracts that incorporate mortality risk, including annuity and pure endowment contracts, and as may be specified in the valuation manual.

(f) "NAIC" means the national association of insurance commissioners.

(g) "Qualified actuary" means an individual who is qualified to sign an applicable statement of actuarial opinion in accordance with the American academy of actuaries qualification standards for actuaries signing statements of actuarial opinion and who meets the requirements specified in the valuation manual.

(h) "Valuation manual" means the manual of valuation instructions adopted by the NAIC as specified in section 836b.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 571, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.831 Domestic insurer's business in foreign country; variance of mortality standard.

Sec. 831.

In case of insurance issued by a domestic insurer authorized to do business in a foreign country upon the lives of residents of that country, the commissioner may vary the mortality standard to a standard applicable to that country.


History: Add. 1961, Act 127, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.832 Valuation of life insurance policies and contracts issued before operative date of standard nonforfeiture law.

Sec. 832.

(1) This section shall apply to only life insurance policies and contracts issued before the operative date of section 4060, the standard nonforfeiture law.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in section 835 for group annuity and pure endowment contracts issued before the operative date of section 4060, in valuing the policies to which this section applies, the rate of interest to be assumed shall, after and including the year 1896, be 4% per annum, and at the election of the insurer the rate of 4% shall be assumed any year before 1896, and the rate of mortality shall be that established by the “table of mortality based on American experience”. Group life insurance policies may be valued on the basis of the American men ultimate table of mortality with interest at the rate of 3-1/2% per annum, except that the minimum standard for the valuation of annuities and pure endowments purchased under group annuity and pure endowment contracts shall be that provided in this section, but replacing the interest rates specified in this section by an interest rate of 5% per annum. However, at least 90 days before an insurer revalues reserves relative to annuities and pure endowments purchased under group annuity and pure endowment contracts in accordance with this subsection, the insurer shall give notice to the commissioner of its intent to do so in a form prescribed by the commissioner. The notice shall specify the amount of the reserves affected and the amount by which the reserves are proposed to be revalued. The notice shall also contain an actuarial certification that, after the proposed revaluation, the reserves will still be adequate to mature the obligations of the insurer on the policies and contracts for which the reserves were established. The certification shall be made by an actuary qualified to certify an annual statement described in section 438. Except as otherwise provided in section 834, all outstanding industrial life insurance policies issued on or after January 1, 1944 shall be valued on a basis of not less than the standard industrial table of mortality or the substandard industrial table of mortality with interest at the rate of 3-1/2% per annum. Upon written application of the insurer, the commissioner may vary the standards of mortality and interest required by this section. This section shall not permit the use of standards of mortality and interest or methods of producing aggregate reserves lower than those based upon the standard prescribed by this section. The policies shall be valued in accordance with the terms of the policy contracts. In each case in which the actual premium charged for an insurance is less than the net premium for the insurance, based upon the American experience table of mortality with interest at the rate of 4%, the insurer shall also be charged with the value of an annuity, the amount of which shall be equal to the difference between the premium charged and the net premium for the insurance based upon the American experience table with interest at the rate of 4% and the terms of which in years shall equal the number of future annual payments due on the insurance at the date of valuation.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 302, Imd. Eff. Oct. 21, 1974 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 58, Eff. Oct. 1, 1980
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.834 Valuation of life insurance policies and contracts issued on and after operative date of standard nonforfeiture law; minimum standard; reserves; definitions.

Sec. 834.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in sections 835, 835a, 836, and 837, the minimum standard for the valuation of policies and contracts described in subsection (8) is the commissioner's reserve valuation methods defined in subsections (2), (3), and (6), 5% interest for group annuity and pure endowment contracts if prior notice of any revaluation of reserves with respect to group annuity and pure endowment contracts is given to the director in the same manner as is required before a revaluation of reserves under section 832(2), and 3-1/2% interest for all other of those policies and contracts; or for policies and contracts, other than annuity and pure endowment contracts, issued after October 20, 1974, 4% interest for those policies issued before October 1, 1980, and 4-1/2% interest for those policies issued after September 30, 1980, or for life insurance contracts, other than annuity and pure endowment contracts, issued after December 31, 1994, 5-1/2% interest for single premium life insurance policies and 4-1/2% interest for all other policies, and the following tables:

(a) For all ordinary policies of life insurance issued on the standard basis, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in those policies: the Commissioner's 1941 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table, for policies issued before the operative date of paragraph 5 of section 4060(5); and the Commissioner's 1958 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table for policies issued on or after that operative date and before the operative date of paragraphs 9 to 18 of section 4060(5). For any category of those policies issued on female risks, all modified net premiums and present values referred to in this section may be calculated according to an age not more than 6 years younger than the actual age of the insured; and, for those policies issued on or after the operative date of paragraphs 9 to 18 of section 4060(5), the Commissioner's 1980 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table or, at the election of the company for any 1 or more specified plans of life insurance, the Commissioner's 1980 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table with 10-year select mortality factors or any ordinary mortality table adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners that is approved by a rule promulgated by the director for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for those policies or the 2001 CSO mortality table under section 838.

(b) For all industrial life insurance policies issued on the standard basis, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in those policies: the 1941 Standard Industrial Mortality Table for those policies issued before the operative date of paragraph 7 of section 4060(5); and for those policies issued on or after that operative date, the Commissioner's 1961 Standard Industrial Mortality Table or any industrial mortality table adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners that is approved by a rule promulgated by the director for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for those policies.

(c) For individual annuity and pure endowment contracts, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in those policies: the 1937 Standard Annuity Mortality Table or, at the option of the company, the annuity mortality table for 1949, ultimate, or any modification of either of those tables approved by the director.

(d) For group annuity and pure endowment contracts, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in those policies: the Group Annuity Mortality Table for 1951, any modification of that table approved by the director, or, at the option of the company, any of the tables or modifications of tables specified for individual annuity and pure endowment contracts.

(e) For total and permanent disability benefits in or supplementary to ordinary policies or contracts: for policies or contracts issued after December 31, 1965, the tables of period 2 disablement rates and the 1930 to 1950 termination rates of the 1952 Disability Study of the Society of Actuaries, with due regard to the type of benefit or any tables of disablement rates and termination rates adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners that are approved by a rule promulgated by the director for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for those policies; for policies or contracts issued after December 31, 1960, and before January 1, 1966, either those tables or, at the option of the company, the class (3) disability table, 1926; and for policies issued before January 1, 1961, the class (3) disability table, 1926. For active lives, a table must be combined with a mortality table permitted for calculating the reserves for life insurance policies.

(f) For accidental death benefits in or supplementary to policies: for policies issued after December 31, 1965, the 1959 Accidental Death Benefits Table or any accidental death benefits table adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners that is approved by a rule promulgated by the director for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for those policies; for policies issued after December 31, 1960, and before January 1, 1966, 1 of the above tables or at the option of the insurer the intercompany double indemnity mortality table. A table must be combined with a mortality table permitted for calculating the reserves for life insurance policies.

(g) For group life insurance, life insurance issued on the substandard basis, and other special benefits: any table approved by the director.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (3) and (6), reserves according to the Commissioner's Reserve Valuation Method, for the life insurance and endowment benefits of policies providing for a uniform amount of insurance and requiring the payment of uniform premiums, is the excess, if any, of the present value, at the date of valuation, of the future guaranteed benefits provided for by those policies over the then present value of any future modified net premiums for the policies. The modified net premiums for the policy is a uniform percentage of the respective contract premiums for the future guaranteed benefits so that the present value of all modified net premiums equals, at the date of issue of the policy, the sum of the then present value of these benefits provided for by the policy and the excess of subdivision (a) over subdivision (b), as follows:

(a) A net level annual premium equal to the present value, at the date of issue, of the future guaranteed benefits provided for after the first policy year divided by the present value, at the date of issue, of an annuity of 1 per annum payable on the first and each subsequent anniversary of the policy on which a premium falls due. However, the net level annual premium must not exceed the net level annual premium on the 19-year premium whole life plan for insurance of the same amount at an age 1 year higher than the age at issue of the policy.

(b) A net 1-year term premium for the future guaranteed benefits provided for in the first policy year.

However, for any life insurance policy issued after December 31, 1985 for which the contract premium in the first policy year exceeds that of the second year and for which no comparable additional benefit is provided in the first year for that excess and that provides an endowment benefit or a cash surrender value or a combination of endowment benefit and cash surrender value in an amount greater than the excess premium, the reserve according to the Commissioner's Reserve Valuation Method as of any policy anniversary occurring on or before the assumed ending date, defined as the first policy anniversary on which the sum of any endowment benefit and any cash surrender value then available is greater than the excess premium, is, except as otherwise provided in subsection (6), the greater of the reserve as of that policy anniversary calculated as described in paragraph 1 of this subsection and the reserve as of that policy anniversary calculated as described in that paragraph, but with the value defined in subdivision (a) being reduced by 15% of the amount of the excess first year premium; all present values of benefits and premiums being determined without reference to premiums or benefits provided for by the policy after the assumed ending date; the policy being assumed to mature on that date as an endowment; and the cash surrender value provided on that date being considered as an endowment benefit. In making the above comparison, the mortality and interest bases stated in subsection (1) and section 836 must be used.

Reserves according to the Commissioner's Reserve Valuation Method for life insurance policies providing for a varying amount of insurance or requiring the payment of varying premiums; group annuity and pure endowment contracts purchased under a retirement plan or plan of deferred compensation, established or maintained by an employer, including a partnership or sole proprietorship, or by an employee organization, or by both, other than a plan providing individual retirement accounts or individual retirement annuities under section 408 of the internal revenue code of 1986, 26 USC 408; disability and accidental death benefits in all policies and contracts; and all other benefits, except life insurance and endowment benefits in life insurance policies and benefits provided by all other annuity and pure endowment contracts, must be calculated by a method consistent with the principles of this subsection.

(3) This subsection applies to all annuity and pure endowment contracts other than group annuity and pure endowment contracts purchased under a retirement plan or plan of deferred compensation, established or maintained by an employer, including a partnership or sole proprietorship, or by an employee organization, or by both, other than a plan providing individual retirement accounts or individual retirement annuities under section 408 of the internal revenue code of 1986, 26 USC 408. Without action by the Michigan Legislature to adopt Actuarial Guideline 35, reserves according to the Commissioner's Annuity Reserve Method for benefits under annuity or pure endowment contracts, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in those contracts, must be the greatest of the respective excesses of the present values, at the date of valuation, of the future guaranteed benefits, including guaranteed nonforfeiture benefits, provided for by those contracts at the end of each respective contract year, over the present value, at the date of valuation, of any future valuation considerations derived from future gross considerations, required by the terms of the contract, that become payable before the end of that respective contract year. The future guaranteed benefits must be determined by using the mortality table, if any, and the interest rate specified in those contracts for determining guaranteed benefits. The valuation considerations are the portions of the respective gross considerations applied under the terms of the contracts to determine nonforfeiture values.

(4) An insurer's aggregate reserves for all life insurance policies, excluding disability and accidental death benefits, must not be less than the aggregate reserves calculated in accordance with the methods described in subsections (2), (3), (6), and (7), and the mortality table or tables and rate or rates of interest used in calculating nonforfeiture benefits for the policies. The aggregate reserves for all policies, contracts, and benefits must not be less than the aggregate reserves determined by the appointed actuary to be necessary to render the opinion required by section 830a.

(5) Reserves for all policies and contracts issued before June 27, 1994 may be calculated, at the option of the insurer, according to any standards that produce greater aggregate reserves for all those policies and contracts than the minimum reserves required by the laws in effect immediately before June 27, 1994. Reserves for a category of policies, contracts, or benefits as established by the director, issued after June 26, 1994, may be calculated at the option of the insurer according to any standards that produce greater aggregate reserves than those calculated according to the minimum standard provided in this act. However, the rate or rates of interest used for policies and contracts, other than annuity and pure endowment contracts, must not be greater than the corresponding rate or rates of interest used in calculating any nonforfeiture benefits provided for in those policies and contracts. An insurer that had previously adopted any standard of valuation producing greater aggregate reserves than those calculated according to the minimum standard provided in this section and sections 835 and 835a may, with the director's approval, adopt any lower standard of valuation, but not lower than the minimum standard provided by this section and sections 835 and 835a. However, for the purposes of this section, the holding of additional reserves previously determined by an appointed actuary to be necessary to render the opinion required by section 830a is not considered to be the adoption of a higher standard of valuation.

(6) If in any contract year the gross premium charged by an insurer on a policy or contract is less than the valuation net premium for the policy or contract calculated by the method used in calculating the reserve on the policy or contract, the insurer may use the minimum valuation standards of mortality, either at the time of issue or the time of valuation of the policy or contract and the minimum valuation rate of interest at time of issue or the time of valuation of the policy or contract, if the minimum reserve required for the policy or contract is the greater of either the reserve calculated according to the mortality table, rate of interest, and method actually used for the policy or contract, or the reserve calculated by the method actually used for the policy or contract using the minimum valuation standards of mortality and rate of interest and replacing the valuation net premium by the actual gross premium in each contract year for which the valuation net premium exceeds the actual gross premium. The minimum valuation standards of mortality and rate of interest referred to in this subsection are those standards stated in subsection (1) and section 836. However, for any life insurance policy issued after December 31, 1985 for which the gross premium in the first policy year exceeds that of the second year and for which no comparable additional benefit is provided in the first year for that excess and that provides an endowment benefit or a cash surrender value or a combination of endowment benefit and cash surrender value in an amount greater than the excess premium, this subsection applies as if the method actually used in calculating the reserve for that policy were the method described in subsection (2), ignoring paragraph 2 of that subsection. The minimum reserve at each policy anniversary of that policy must be the greater of the minimum reserve calculated in accordance with subsection (2), including paragraph 2 of that subsection, and the minimum reserve calculated in accordance with this subsection.

(7) For any plan of life insurance that provides for future premium determination, the amounts of which are to be determined by the insurance company based on then estimates of future experience, or, for any plan of life insurance or annuity that the minimum reserves cannot be determined by the methods described in subsections (2), (3), and (6), the reserves that are held under those plans must be appropriate in relation to the benefits and the pattern of premiums for that plan and computed by a method that is consistent with the principles of this standard valuation law, as determined by rules promulgated by the director.

(8) This section applies to only life insurance policies and contracts issued on and after the operative date of section 4060, the standard nonforfeiture law, except as otherwise provided in sections 835 and 836 for group annuity and pure endowment contracts issued on or after the operative date of section 4060 and except as otherwise provided in section 837 for universal life contracts.

(9) As used in this section:

(a) "Appointed actuary" means a qualified actuary who is appointed in accordance with the valuation manual to prepare the actuarial opinion required in section 830a(9).

(b) "NAIC" means the National Association of Insurance Commissioners.

(c) "Qualified actuary" means an individual who is qualified to sign the applicable statement of actuarial opinion in accordance with the American Academy of Actuaries qualification standards for actuaries signing statements of actuarial opinions and who meets the requirements specified in the valuation manual.

(d) "Valuation manual" means the manual of valuation instructions adopted by the NAIC as specified in section 836b.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1960, Act 153, Imd. Eff. May 23, 1960 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 226, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961 ;-- Am. 1963, Act 110, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 302, Imd. Eff. Oct. 21, 1974 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 58, Eff. Oct. 1, 1980 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 221, Imd. Eff. July 10, 1982 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 349, Eff. Oct. 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 443, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 274, Imd. Eff. Jan. 8, 1996 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 378, Imd. Eff. Jan. 2, 2001 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 236, Imd. Eff. July 21, 2004 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 571, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 558, Eff. Apr. 10, 2017
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.835 Valuation of individual annuity and pure endowment contracts; minimum standard; notice of election to invoke section; failure to make election; definitions.

Sec. 835.

(1) Except as provided in sections 835a and 836, the minimum standard for the valuation of all individual annuity and pure endowment contracts issued on or after the operative date of this section, as described in subsection (2), and for all annuities and pure endowments purchased on or after that operative date under group annuity and pure endowment contracts, must be the Commissioners Reserve Valuation Method described in section 834(2) and (3), and the following tables and interest rates:

(a) For individual annuity and pure endowment contracts issued before October 1, 1980, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in these contracts, the standard must be the 1971 Individual Annuity Mortality Table, or a modification of this table approved by the director, and 6% interest for single premium immediate annuity contracts, and 4% interest for all other individual annuity and pure endowment contracts.

(b) Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, for individual single premium immediate annuity contracts issued after September 30, 1980, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in these contracts, the standard must be the 1971 Individual Annuity Mortality Table or any individual annuity mortality table adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners that is approved by a rule promulgated by the director for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for the contracts, or a modification of these tables approved by the director, and 7-1/2% interest. At the election of the insurer, the following tables may be used as the standard for individual single premium immediate annuity contracts, as applicable:

(i) For contracts issued after December 31, 1985, the 1983 Table a.

(ii) For contracts issued after December 31, 1998, the Annuity 2000 Table.

(iii) For contracts issued after December 31, 2014, the 2012 IAR Table.

(c) Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, for individual annuity and pure endowment contracts issued after September 30, 1980 and before January 1, 2015, other than single premium immediate annuity contracts, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in the contracts, the standard must be the 1971 Individual Annuity Mortality Table or any individual annuity mortality table adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners that is approved by a rule promulgated by the director for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for such contracts, or a modification of these tables approved by the director, and 5-1/2% interest for single premium deferred annuity and pure endowment contracts, and 4-1/2% interest for all other such individual annuity and pure endowment contracts. At the election of the insurer, the following tables may be used as the standard for individual annuity and pure endowment contracts, other than single premium immediate annuities, as applicable:

(i) For contracts issued after December 31, 1985, the 1983 Table a.

(ii) For contracts issued after December 31, 1998, the Annuity 2000 Table.

(iii) For contracts issued after December 31, 2014, the 2012 IAR Table.

(d) For all annuities and pure endowments purchased before October 1, 1980, under group annuity and pure endowment contracts, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits purchased under these contracts, the standard must be the 1971 Group Annuity Mortality Table, or a modification of these tables approved by the director, and 6% interest.

(e) Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, For all annuities and pure endowments purchased after September 30, 1980 and before January 1, 2015, under group annuity and pure endowment contracts, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits purchased under these contracts, the standard must be the 1971 Group Annuity Mortality Table or any group annuity mortality table adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners that is approved by a rule promulgated by the director for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for such annuities and pure endowments, or a modification of these tables approved by the director, and 7-1/2% interest. At the election of the insurer, the following tables may be used as the standard for all annuities and pure endowments under group annuity and pure endowment contracts, as applicable:

(i) For annuities and pure endowments purchased after December 31, 1985, the 1983 GAM Table.

(ii) For annuities and pure endowments purchased after December 31, 1998, the 1994 GAR Table.

(2) After October 21, 1974, a company may file with the director a written notice of its election to invoke this section after a specified date before January 1, 1981, which must be the operative date of this section for the company. A company may elect a different operative date of this section for individual annuity and pure endowment contracts from that elected for group annuity and pure endowment contracts. If a company does not make an election, the operative date of this section for the company must be January 1, 1981.

(3) As used in this section:

(a) "Annuity 2000 Table" means that term as defined in section 835a.

(b) "1983 GAM Table" means that term as defined in section 835a.

(c) "1983 Table a" means that term as defined in section 835a.

(d) "1994 GAR Table" means that term as defined in section 835a.

(e) "2012 IAR Table" means that term as defined in section 835a.


History: Add. 1974, Act 302, Imd. Eff. Oct. 21, 1974 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 58, Eff. Oct. 1, 1980 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 221, Imd. Eff. July 10, 1982 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 558, Eff. Apr. 10, 2017
Popular Name: Act 218
Admin Rule: R 500.1241 of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.835a Individual annuity and pure endowment contracts purchased after December 31, 2014; annuities and pure endowments purchased after December 31, 2014 under group annuity and pure endowment contracts; valuation; tables and interest rates; definitions.

Sec. 835a.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in section 836, the minimum standard for the valuation of all individual annuity and pure endowment contracts issued after December 31, 2014 and for all annuities and pure endowments purchased after December 31, 2014 under group annuity and pure endowment contracts must be the Commissioner's Reserve Valuation Method described in section 834(2) and (3), and the following tables and interest rates:

(a) For individual single premium immediate annuity contracts, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in these contracts, the standard must be the 2012 IAR Table or any individual annuity mortality table adopted after 2015 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners that is approved by a rule promulgated by the director for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for such contracts, or a modification of these tables approved by the director, and an interest rate as determined by the methodology described in section 836.

(b) Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (d), for individual annuity and pure endowment contracts, other than single premium immediate annuity contracts, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in the contracts, the standard must be the 2012 Individual Annuity Mortality Table or any individual annuity mortality table adopted after 2017 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners that is approved by a rule promulgated by the director for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for such contracts, or a modification of these tables approved by the director, and an interest rate as determined by the methodology described in section 836 for single premium deferred annuity and pure endowment contracts, and an interest rate as determined by the methodology described in section 836 for all other such individual annuity and pure endowment contracts.

(c) For all annuities and pure endowments purchased under group annuity and pure endowment contracts, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits purchased under these contracts, the standard must be the 1994 GAR Table, or any group annuity mortality table adopted after 2017 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners that is approved by a rule promulgated by the director for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for such annuities and pure endowments, or a modification of these tables approved by the director, and an interest rate as determined by the methodology described in section 836.

(d) For individual annuity and pure endowment contracts, the standard must be the 1983 Table a without projection only if the contract is based on life contingencies and is issued to fund periodic benefits arising from either of the following:

(i) Settlements of various forms of claims pertaining to court settlements, out of court settlements from tort actions, or settlements involving similar actions such as worker's compensation claims.

(ii) Settlement of long-term disability claims if a temporary or life annuity has been used instead of continuing disability payments.

(2) As used in this section:

(a) "Annuity 2000 Table" means the mortality table developed by the Society of Actuaries Committee on Life Insurance Research and shown on page 240 of volume XLVII of the Transactions of the Society of Actuaries.

(b) "Generational Mortality Table" means a mortality table containing a set of mortality rates that decrease for a given age from 1 year to the next based on a combination of a period table and a projection scale containing rates of mortality improvement.

(c) "Period table" means a table of mortality rates applicable to a given calendar year.

(d) "Projection Scale G2" means the table of annual rates, G2X, of mortality improvement by age for projecting future mortality rates beyond calendar year 2012 developed by the Society of Actuaries Committee on Life Insurance Research.

(e) "1983 GAM Table" means that mortality table developed by the Society of Actuaries Committee on Annuities and adopted as a recognized mortality table for annuities in December 1983 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners.

(f) "1983 Table a" means the mortality table developed by the Society of Actuaries Committee to recommend a new mortality basis for individual annuity valuation and adopted as a recognized mortality table for annuities in June 1982 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners.

(g) "1994 GAR Table" means the mortality table developed by the Society of Actuaries group annuity valuation table task force and published on pages 866-867 of volume XLVII of the Transactions of the Society of Actuaries, where the mortality rate for an individual of age x in year 1994+n, QX1994+N, is determined as follows:

QX1994+N = QX1994(1-AAX)N

where QX1994 is as specified in the 1994 GAR Table, n is the number of years that have elapsed since 1994, and AAX is as specified in the 1994 GAR Table.

(h) "2012 IAM Period Table" means the period table developed by the Society of Actuaries Committee on Life Insurance Research that contains loaded mortality rates for calendar year 2012.

(i) "2012 IAR Table" means the generational mortality table developed by the Society of Actuaries Committee on Life Insurance Research that contains rates derived from a combination of the 2012 IAM Period Table and Projection Scale G2, where mortality rates for an individual of age x in year 2012+n, QX2012+N, are determined as follows, and the results rounded to the nearest one-thousandth:

QX2012+N = QX2012(1-G2X)N

where QX2012 is as specified in the 2012 IAM Period Table, n is the number of years that have elapsed since 2012, and G2X is as specified in Projection Scale G2.


History: Add. 2016, Act 558, Eff. Apr. 10, 2017 ;-- Am. 2017, Act 67, Imd. Eff. June 30, 2017
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.836 Calendar year statutory valuation interest rates; use; determination; weighting factors; “reference interest rate” defined; alternative method for determination of reference interest rate; changes to policy or contract forms; computing reference interest rate for calendar year 1986.

Sec. 836.

(1) The calendar year statutory valuation interest rates as defined in this section are the interest rates used in determining the minimum standard for the valuation of the following:

(a) All life insurance policies issued in a particular calendar year on or after the operative date of paragraphs 9 to 18 of section 4060(5).

(b) All individual annuity and pure endowment contracts issued in a calendar year after December 31, 1982.

(c) All annuities and pure endowments purchased in a calendar year after December 31, 1982 under group annuity and pure endowment contracts.

(d) The net increase, if any, in a calendar year after January 1, 1983 in amounts held under guaranteed interest contracts.

(2) The calendar year statutory valuation interest rates, I, shall be determined as follows, and the results rounded to the nearer 0.25%:

(a) For life insurance,

I = .03 + W (R 1 - .03) + W (R2 - .09).
  2

where R is the reference interest rate defined in this section, R1 is the lesser of R and .09, R 2 is the greater of R and .09, and W is the weighting factor defined in this section.

(b) For single premium immediate annuities and for annuity benefits involving life contingencies arising from other annuities with cash settlement options and from guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, I = .03 + W (R - .03) where R is the reference interest rate defined in this section, R1 is the lesser of R and .09, R 2 is the greater of R and .09, and W is the weighting factor defined in this section.

(c) For other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, valued on an issue year basis, except as stated in subdivision (b), the formula for life insurance stated in subdivision (a) applies to annuities and guaranteed interest contracts with guaranteed durations in excess of 10 years and the formula for single premium immediate annuities stated in subdivision (b) applies to annuities and guaranteed interest contracts with guaranteed duration of 10 years or less.

(d) For other annuities with no cash settlement options and for guaranteed interest contracts with no cash settlement options, the formula for single premium immediate annuities stated in subdivision (b) applies.

(e) For other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, valued on a change in fund basis, the formula for single premium immediate annuities stated in subdivision (b) applies.

(3) However, if the calendar year statutory valuation interest rate for any life insurance policies issued in any calendar year determined without reference to this sentence differs from the corresponding actual rate for similar policies issued in the immediately preceding calendar year by less than 0.5%, the calendar year statutory valuation interest rate for the life insurance policies must be equal to the corresponding actual rate for the immediately preceding calendar year. For purposes of applying the immediately preceding sentence, the calendar year statutory valuation interest rate for life insurance policies issued in a calendar year must be determined for 1980 using the reference interest rate defined for 1979 and must be determined for each subsequent calendar year regardless of when paragraphs 9 to 18 of section 4060(5) become operative.

(4) The weighting factors referred to in the formulas in subsection (2) are given in the following tables:

(a) The weighting factors for life insurance are:

Guaranteed
Duration Weighting
(Years) Factors
10 or less .50
more than 10, but not more than 20 .45
more than 20 .35

For life insurance, the guaranteed duration is the maximum number of years the life insurance can remain in force on a basis guaranteed in the policy or under options to convert to plans of life insurance with premium rates or nonforfeiture values, or both, that are guaranteed in the original policy.

(b) The weighting factor for single premium immediate annuities and for annuity benefits involving life contingencies arising from other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options is .80.

(c) The weighting factors for other annuities and for guaranteed interest contracts, except as stated in subdivision (b), are specified in subparagraphs (i), (ii), and (iii), according to the rules and definitions in subparagraphs (iv), (v), and (vi) as follows:

     (i) For annuities and guaranteed interest contracts valued on an issue year basis:
Guaranteed Weighting Factor
Duration For Plan Type
(Years) A B C
5 or less: .80 .60 .50
more than 5, but not more than 10: .75 .60 .50
more than 10, but not more than 20: .65 .50 .45
more than 20: .45 .35 .35
Plan Type
A B C
     (ii) For annuities and guaranteed interest contracts valued on a change in fund basis, the factors shown in subparagraph (i) increased by: .15 .25 .05
Plan Type
A B C
     (iii) For annuities and guaranteed interest contracts valued on an issue year basis, other than those with no cash settlement options, that do not guarantee interest on considerations received more than 1 year after issue or purchase and for annuities and guaranteed interest contracts valued on a change in fund basis that do not guarantee interest rates on considerations received more than 12 months beyond the valuation date, the factors shown in subparagraph (i) or derived in subparagraph (ii) increased by: .05 .05 .05

(iv) For other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, the guaranteed duration is the number of years for which the contract guarantees interest rates in excess of the calendar year statutory valuation interest rate for life insurance policies with guaranteed duration in excess of 20 years. For other annuities with no cash settlement options and for guaranteed interest contracts with no cash settlement options, the guaranteed duration is the number of years from the date of issue or date of purchase to the date annuity benefits are scheduled to commence.

(v) As used in subparagraphs (i) to (iii):

(A) “Plan Type A” means at any time the policyholder may withdraw funds only with an adjustment to reflect changes in interest rates or asset values since receipt of the funds by the insurance company; without the adjustment but in installments over 5 years or more; as an immediate life annuity; or no withdrawal permitted.

(B) “Plan Type B” means before expiration of the interest rate guarantee, the policyholder may withdraw funds only with an adjustment to reflect changes in interest rates or asset values since receipt of the funds by the insurance company; without the adjustment but in installments over 5 years or more; or no withdrawal permitted. At the end of interest rate guarantee, funds may be withdrawn without the adjustment in a single sum or installments over less than 5 years.

(C) “Plan Type C” means the policyholder may withdraw funds before expiration of interest rate guarantee in a single sum or installments over less than 5 years either without adjustment to reflect changes in interest rates or asset values since receipt of the funds by the insurance company or subject only to a fixed surrender charge stipulated in the contract as a percentage of the fund.

(vi) A company may elect to value guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options and annuities with cash settlement options on either an issue year basis or on a change in fund basis. Guaranteed interest contracts with no cash settlement options and other annuities with no cash settlement options must be valued on an issue year basis. As used in this section, an issue year basis of valuation refers to a valuation basis under which the interest rate used to determine the minimum valuation standard for the entire duration of the annuity or guaranteed interest contract is the calendar year valuation interest rate for the year of issue or year of purchase of the annuity or guaranteed interest contract, and the change in fund basis of valuation refers to a valuation basis under which the interest rate used to determine the minimum valuation standard applicable to each change in the fund held under the annuity or guaranteed interest contract is the calendar year valuation interest rate for the year of the change in the fund.

(5) As used in subsections (2) and (3), “the reference interest rate” means:

(a) For all life insurance, the lesser of the average over a period of 36 months and the average over a period of 12 months, ending on June 30 of the calendar year next preceding the year of issue, of Moody's corporate bond yield average - monthly average corporates, as published by Moody's investors service, inc.

(b) For single premium immediate annuities and for annuity benefits involving life contingencies arising from other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, the average over a period of 12 months, ending on June 30 of the calendar year of issue or year of purchase or December 31 of the calendar year preceding the year of issue or year of purchase, of Moody's corporate bond yield average - monthly average corporates, as published by Moody's investors service, inc. An insurer shall use the same method of computing the reference interest rate under this subdivision in all of its contracts. An insurer shall not change its method of computing the reference interest rate under this subdivision unless the insurer has notified and received approval from the director.

(c) For other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, valued on a year of issue basis, except as stated in subdivision (b), with guaranteed duration in excess of 10 years, the lesser of the average over a period of 36 months and the average over a period of 12 months, ending on June 30 of the calendar year of issue or purchase or December 31 of the calendar year preceding the year of issue or year of purchase, of Moody's corporate bond yield average - monthly average corporates, as published by Moody's investors service, inc. An insurer shall use the same method of computing the reference interest rate under this subdivision in all of its contracts. An insurer shall not change its method of computing the reference interest rate under this subdivision unless the insurer has notified and received approval from the director.

(d) For other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, valued on a year of issue basis, except as stated in subdivision (b), with guaranteed duration of 10 years or less, the average over a period of 12 months, ending on June 30 of the calendar year of issue or purchase or December 31 of the calendar year preceding the year of issue or year of purchase, of Moody's corporate bond yield average - monthly average corporates, as published by Moody's investors service, inc. An insurer shall use the same method of computing the reference interest rate under this subdivision in all of its contracts. An insurer shall not change its method of computing the reference interest rate under this subdivision unless the insurer has notified and received approval from the director.

(e) For other annuities with no cash settlement options and for guaranteed interest contracts with no cash settlement options, the average over a period of 12 months, ending on June 30 of the calendar year of issue or purchase or December 31 of the calendar year preceding the year of issue or year of purchase, of Moody's corporate bond yield average - monthly average corporates, as published by Moody's investors service, inc. An insurer shall use the same method of computing the reference interest rate under this subdivision in all of its contracts. An insurer shall not change its method of computing the reference interest rate under this subdivision unless the insurer has notified and received approval from the director.

(f) For other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, valued on a change in fund basis, except as stated in subdivision (b), the average over a period of 12 months, ending on June 30 of the calendar year of the change in the fund or December 31 of the calendar year preceding the year of the change in the fund, of Moody's corporate bond yield average - monthly average corporates, as published by Moody's investors service, inc. An insurer shall use the same method of computing the reference interest rate under this subdivision in all of its contracts. An insurer shall not change its method of computing the reference interest rate under this subdivision unless the insurer has notified and received approval from the director.

(6) If Moody's corporate bond yield average - monthly average corporates is no longer published by Moody's investors service, inc. or if the national association of insurance commissioners determines that Moody's corporate bond yield average - monthly average corporates as published by Moody's investors service, inc. is no longer appropriate for the determination of the reference interest rate, then an alternative method for determination of the reference interest rate, which is adopted by the national association of insurance commissioners and approved by a rule promulgated by the director, may be substituted.

(7) Any changes to policy or contract forms that are needed because of changes in valuation rates do not require refiling with, or approval by, the director.

(8) An insurer may use December 31, 1985 for purposes of computing the reference interest rate for the calendar year 1986 only.


History: Add. 1982, Act 221, Imd. Eff. July 10, 1982 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 12, Imd. Eff. Mar. 3, 1986 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 571, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.836a Valuation of disability plans and contracts issued before date of valuation manual; regulations; accidental and health insurance contracts; definitions.

Sec. 836a.

(1) The director shall promulgate regulations containing the minimum standards applicable to the valuation of disability plans and contracts issued before the date of the valuation manual. For accident and health insurance contracts issued on or after the operative date of the valuation manual, the standard prescribed in the valuation manual is the minimum standard of valuation required under section 830(2).

(2) As used in this section, the following definitions apply on and after the operative date of the valuation manual:

(a) "Accident and health insurance" means contracts that incorporate morbidity risk and provide protection against economic loss resulting from accident, sickness, or medical conditions and as may be specified in the valuation manual.

(b) "NAIC" means the national association of insurance commissioners.

(c) "Valuation manual" means the manual of valuation instructions adopted by the NAIC as specified in section 836b.


History: Add. 2014, Act 571, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.836b Valuation manual; establishment of reserves using principle-based valuation; duties of company; confidential information; exemption; election to comply with subsections (1) to (5); measurement of ordinary life premiums; definitions.

Sec. 836b.

(1) All of the following apply to the valuation manual:

(a) Except as otherwise provided under subdivision (e) or (g), for policies issued on or after the operative date of the valuation manual and, at a company's option for policies or individual blocks of policies acquired by the company through a business acquisition or reinsurance transaction after March 31, 2015, regardless of when the policies were issued, the standard prescribed in the valuation manual is the minimum standard of valuation required under section 830(2).

(b) The operative date of the valuation manual is January 1 of the first calendar year following the first July 1 as of which all of the following have occurred:

(i) The NAIC has adopted the valuation manual by a vote of at least 42 members, or 3/4 of the members voting, whichever is greater.

(ii) The standard valuation law, as amended by the NAIC in 2009, or legislation including substantially similar terms and provisions, has been enacted by states representing greater than 75% of the direct premiums written as reported in the following annual statements submitted for 2008: life, accident, and health annual statements; health annual statements; or fraternal annual statements.

(iii) The standard valuation law, as amended by the NAIC in 2009, or legislation including substantially similar terms and provisions, has been enacted by at least 42 of the following 55 jurisdictions: the 50 states of the United States, American Samoa, the American Virgin Islands, the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico.

(c) Unless a change in the valuation manual specifies a later effective date, a change to the valuation manual is effective on January 1 after the date the NAIC adopts the change to the valuation manual by a vote representing both of the following:

(i) At least 3/4 of the members of the NAIC, but not less than a majority of the total membership.

(ii) Members of the NAIC representing jurisdictions that amount to greater than 75% of the direct premiums written as reported in the following annual statements most recently available before the vote in subparagraph (i): life, accident, and health annual statements; health annual statements; or fraternal annual statements.

(d) The valuation manual must specify all of the following:

(i) Minimum valuation standards for and definitions of the policies or contracts subject to section 830(2). The minimum valuation standards are all of the following:

(A) The director's reserve valuation method for life insurance contracts, other than annuity contracts, subject to section 830(2).

(B) The director's annuity reserve valuation method for annuity contracts subject to section 830(2).

(C) Minimum reserves for all other policies or contracts subject to section 830(2).

(ii) The policies or contracts or types of policies or contracts that are subject to the requirements of a principle-based valuation under subsection (2) and the minimum valuation standards consistent with those requirements.

(iii) For policies and contracts subject to a principle-based valuation under subsection (2), all of the following apply:

(A) Requirements for the format of reports to the director under subsection (3)(c) and that must include information necessary to determine if the valuation is appropriate and in compliance with this section.

(B) Assumptions must be prescribed for risks over which the company does not have significant control or influence.

(C) Procedures for corporate governance and oversight of the actuarial function, and a process for appropriate waiver or modification of the procedures.

(iv) For policies that are not subject to a principle-based valuation under subsections (2), (3), and (4), the minimum valuation standard is 1 of the following:

(A) The standard is consistent with the minimum standard of valuation before the operative date of the valuation manual.

(B) The standard develops reserves that quantify the benefits and guarantees, and the funding, associated with the contracts and their risks at a level of conservatism that reflects conditions that include unfavorable events that have a reasonable probability of occurring.

(v) Other requirements, including, but not limited to, those relating to reserve methods, models for measuring risk, generation of economic scenarios, assumptions, margins, use of company experience, risk measurement, disclosure, certifications, reports, actuarial opinions and memorandums, transition rules, and internal controls.

(vi) The data and form of the data required under subsection (5), to whom the data must be submitted, and may specify other requirements including data analyses and reporting of analyses.

(e) If there is not a specific valuation requirement or if the director determines that a specific valuation requirement in the valuation manual does not comply with this section, the company shall, with respect to the requirement, comply with minimum valuation standards prescribed by the director by rule.

(f) The director may engage a qualified actuary, at the expense of the company, to perform an actuarial examination of the company and opine on the appropriateness of any reserve assumption or method used by the company, or to review and opine on a company's compliance with any requirement of this section. The director may rely on the opinion, regarding this section, of a qualified actuary engaged by the commissioner of another state, district, or territory of the United States. As used in this subdivision, "engage" includes employment and contracting.

(g) The director may require a company to change any assumption or method that the director considers necessary to comply with the requirements of the valuation manual or this section, and the company shall adjust the reserves as required by the director.

(2) A company shall establish reserves using a principle-based valuation that meets all of the following conditions for policies or contracts as specified in the valuation manual:

(a) Quantify the benefits and guarantees, and the funding, associated with the contracts and their risks at a level of conservatism that reflects conditions that include unfavorable events that have a reasonable probability of occurring during the lifetime of the contracts. For polices or contracts with significant tail risk, reflects conditions appropriately adverse to quantify the tail risk.

(b) Incorporate assumptions, risk analysis methods, financial models, and management techniques that are consistent with, but not necessarily identical to, those used within the company's overall risk assessment process, while recognizing potential differences in financial reporting structures and any prescribed assumptions or methods.

(c) Incorporate assumptions that are derived in 1 of the following manners:

(i) The assumption is prescribed in the valuation manual.

(ii) For assumptions that are not prescribed in the valuation manual, the assumptions must do the following, as applicable:

(A) Use the company's available experience, to the extent it is relevant and statistically credible.

(B) To the extent that company data are not available, relevant, or statistically credible, use other relevant and statistically credible experience.

(d) Provide margins for uncertainty, including adverse deviation and estimation error, such that the greater the uncertainty, the larger the margin and resulting reserve.

(3) A company that uses principle-based valuation for 1 or more policies or contracts subject to this section as specified in the valuation manual shall do all of the following:

(a) Establish procedures for corporate governance and oversight of the actuarial valuation function consistent with those described in the valuation manual.

(b) Provide to the director and the board of directors an annual certification of the effectiveness of the internal controls with respect to the principle-based valuation. The internal controls must be designed to assure that all material risks inherent in the liabilities and associated assets subject to the valuation are included in the valuation, and that valuations are made in accordance with the valuation manual. The certification must be based on the controls in place at the end of the preceding calendar year.

(c) Develop, and file with the director on request, a principle-based valuation report that complies with standards prescribed in the valuation manual.

(4) A principle-based valuation may include a prescribed formulaic reserve component.

(5) A company shall submit mortality, morbidity, policyholder behavior, or expense experience and other data as prescribed in the valuation manual.

(6) Except as otherwise provided in this section, confidential information is confidential and privileged, is not subject to disclosure under the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246, is not subject to subpoena, and is not subject to discovery or admissible in evidence in a private civil action. However, the director may use the confidential information in the furtherance of any regulatory or legal action brought as a part of the director's official duties.

(7) The director or any person who received confidential information while acting under the authority of the director shall not testify in a private civil action concerning confidential information.

(8) The director may do all of the following:

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, share confidential information with other state, federal, and international regulatory agencies and with the NAIC and its affiliates and subsidiaries. The director may also share confidential information described in subsection (18)(c)(i) and (iv) only with the actuarial board for counseling and discipline or its successor on request for the purpose of professional disciplinary proceedings and with state, federal, and international law enforcement officials. The director shall not share confidential information unless the recipient agrees in writing to maintain the confidentiality and privileged status of the confidential information and has verified in writing the legal authority to maintain confidentiality.

(b) Subject to this subdivision, receive documents, materials, data, or information from regulatory or law enforcement officials of other foreign or domestic jurisdictions, the actuarial board for counseling and discipline or its successor, and the NAIC and its affiliates and subsidiaries. The director shall maintain as confidential or privileged any documents, materials, or information received with notice or the understanding that it is confidential or privileged under the laws of the jurisdiction that is the source of the document, material, or information.

(9) The director may enter into written agreements governing sharing and use of information provided under this section.

(10) The disclosure or sharing of confidential information to the director under this section is not a waiver of an applicable privilege or claim of confidentiality.

(11) A privilege established under the law of any state or jurisdiction that is substantially similar to the privilege established under this section applies in any proceeding in, and in any court of, this state.

(12) As used in subsections (6) to (10), "regulatory agency", "law enforcement agency", and "NAIC" include, but are not limited to, their employees, agents, consultants, and contractors.

(13) Notwithstanding anything in this section to the contrary, any confidential information described in subsection (18)(c)(i) and (iv) is subject to all of the following:

(a) The confidential information is subject to subpoena for the purpose of defending an action seeking damages from the appointed actuary submitting the related memorandum in support of an opinion submitted under section 830a or principle-based valuation report developed under subsection (3)(c) by reason of an action required by section 830a or subsection (3)(c) or by rules promulgated under this section.

(b) The director may release the confidential information with the written consent of the company.

(c) If any portion of a memorandum in support of an opinion submitted under section 830a or a principle-based valuation report developed under subsection (3)(c) is cited by the company in its marketing, is cited before a governmental agency other than a state insurance department, or is released by the company to the news media, the memorandum or report is not confidential.

(14) Except as provided in subsection (15), a domestic company is exempt from the requirements under subsections (1) to (5) if the domestic company meets both of the following requirements:

(a) The domestic company has less than $500,000,000.00 of ordinary life premiums and, if the domestic company is a member of a group of life insurers, the group has combined ordinary life premiums of less than $1,000,000,000.00.

(b) The domestic company reported total adjusted capital of at least 450% of the authorized control level risk-based capital in the most recent risk-based capital report and the appointed actuary has provided an unqualified opinion on the reserves.

(15) A domestic company that meets the requirements under subsection (14)(a) and (b) may elect to be bound by the requirements of subsections (1) to (5) for a calendar year. The election must be in writing and filed with the director by February 1 of the year following the calendar year in which the company makes the election.

(16) For purposes of subsection (14), ordinary life premiums are measured as direct plus reinsurance assumed from an unaffiliated company from the prior calendar year annual statement.

(17) Except for a domestic company that makes an election under subsection (15), for a domestic company that is exempt from the requirements of subsections (1) to (5) under subsection (14), sections 830a, 832, 834, 835, 835a, 836, and 836a are applicable, and a reference to this section in sections 830a, 834, and 836a is not applicable.

(18) As used in this section:

(a) "Accident and health insurance" means contracts that incorporate morbidity risk and provide protection against economic loss resulting from accident, sickness, or medical conditions and as may be specified in the valuation manual.

(b) "Company" means an entity that has written, issued, or reinsured life insurance contracts, accident and health insurance contracts, or deposit-type contracts in this state and has at least 1 policy in force or on claim or that has written, issued, or reinsured life insurance contracts, accident and health insurance contracts, or deposit-type contracts in any state and is required to hold a certificate of authority to write life insurance, accident and health insurance, or deposit-type contracts in this state.

(c) "Confidential information" means all of the following:

(i) A memorandum in support of an opinion submitted under section 830a and any other documents, materials, and other information, including, but not limited to, all working papers, and copies of working papers, created, produced, or obtained by or disclosed to the director or any other person in connection with the memorandum.

(ii) All documents, materials, and other information, including, but not limited to, all working papers, and copies of working papers, created, produced, or obtained by or disclosed to the director or any other person in the course of an examination made under subsection (1)(f) if an examination report or other material prepared in connection with an examination made under section 222 is not held as private and confidential information under section 222, an examination report or other material prepared in connection with an examination made under subsection (1)(f) is not "confidential information" to the same extent as if the examination report or other material had been prepared under section 222.

(iii) Any reports, documents, materials, and other information developed by a company in support of, or in connection with, an annual certification by the company under subsection (3)(b) evaluating the effectiveness of the company's internal controls with respect to a principle-based valuation and any other documents, materials, and other information, including, but not limited to, all working papers, and copies of working papers, created, produced, or obtained by or disclosed to the director or any other person in connection with such reports, documents, materials, and other information.

(iv) Any principle-based valuation report developed under subsection (3)(c) and any other documents, materials, and other information, including, but not limited to, all working papers, and copies of working papers, created, produced, or obtained by or disclosed to the director or any other person in connection with the report.

(v) Any documents, materials, data, and other information submitted by a company under subsection (5), collectively, experience data, and any other documents, materials, data, and other information, including, but not limited to, all working papers, and copies of working papers, created or produced in connection with the experience data, in each case that include any potentially company-identifying or personally identifiable information, that is provided to or obtained by the director, together with any experience data, the experience materials and any other documents, materials, data, and other information, including, but not limited to, all working papers, and copies of working papers, created, produced, or obtained by or disclosed to the director or any other person in connection with the experience materials.

(d) "Deposit-type contract" means contracts that do not incorporate mortality or morbidity risks and as may be specified in the valuation manual.

(e) "Life insurance" means contracts that incorporate mortality risk, including annuity and pure endowment contracts, and as may be specified in the valuation manual.

(f) "NAIC" means the National Association of Insurance Commissioners.

(g) "Policyholder behavior" means any action a policyholder, contract holder, or any other person with the right to elect options, such as a certificate holder, may take under a policy or contract subject to this section, including, but not limited to, lapse, withdrawal, transfer, deposit, premium payment, loan, annuitization, or benefit elections prescribed by the policy or contract but excluding events of mortality or morbidity that result in benefits prescribed in their essential aspects by the terms of the policy or contract.

(h) "Principle-based valuation" means a reserve valuation that uses 1 or more methods or 1 or more assumptions determined by the insurer and is required to comply with this section as specified in the valuation manual.

(i) "Qualified actuary" means an individual who is qualified to sign the applicable statement of actuarial opinion in accordance with the American Academy of Actuaries qualification standards for actuaries signing such statements and who meets the requirements specified in the valuation manual.

(j) "Tail risk" means a risk that occurs either where the frequency of low probability events is higher than expected under a normal probability distribution or where there are observed events of very significant size or magnitude.

(k) "Valuation manual" means the manual of valuation instructions adopted by the NAIC as specified in this section.


History: Add. 2014, Act 571, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 558, Eff. Apr. 10, 2017
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.837 Definitions; valuation requirements for universal life insurance policies.

Sec. 837.

(1) As used in this section:

(a) “A” means the present value of all future guaranteed benefits at the date of valuation.

(b) “B” means the quantity

  PVFB ax+t.
  ax  

(c) “C” is the quantity

  ((g) - (h)) (a x+t) (r)
    ax  

where (g) and (h) are the same as (g) and (h) as defined in section 834(2) for the plan of insurance defined at issue by the guaranteed maturity premiums and all guarantees contained in the policy or declared by the insurer.

(d) “D” is the sum of any additional quantities analogous to “C” that arise because of structural changes in the policy, with each such quantity being determined on a basis consistent with that of “C” using the maturity date in effect at the time of the change.

(e) “Guaranteed maturity fund at any duration” means that amount which, together with future guaranteed maturity premiums, will mature the policy based on all policy guarantees at issue.

(f) “Guaranteed maturity premium for fixed premium universal life insurance policies” shall be the premium defined in the policy that at issue provides the minimum policy guarantees.

(g) “Guaranteed maturity premium for flexible premium universal life insurance policies” means that level gross premium, paid at issue and periodically thereafter over the period during which premiums are allowed to be paid, which will mature the policy on the latest maturity date, if any, permitted under the policy for an amount that is in accordance with the policy structure. If there is no applicable latest maturity date, the highest age in the valuation mortality table shall be used.

(h) “Maturity amount” means the initial death benefit if the death benefit is level over the lifetime of the policy except for the existence of a minimum death benefit corridor, or means the specific amount if the death benefit equals a specified amount plus the policy value or cash surrender value except for the existence of a minimum death benefit corridor.

(i) “PVFB” means the present value of all benefits guaranteed at issue assuming future guaranteed maturity premiums are paid by the policyowner and taking into account all guarantees contained in the policy or declared by the insurer.

(j) “Structural changes” are those changes that are separate from the automatic workings of the policy. Such changes usually would be initiated by the policyholder and include changes in the guaranteed benefits, changes in latest maturity date, or changes in allowable premium payment period. For fixed premium universal life policies with redetermination of all credits and charges no more frequently than annually, on policy anniversaries, structural changes also include changes in guaranteed benefits, or in fixed premiums, unanticipated by the guaranteed maturity premium for such policies at the date of issue, even if such changes arise from automatic workings of the policy.

(k) The letter “r” is equal to 1, unless the policy is a flexible premium policy and the policy value is less than the guaranteed maturity fund, in which case “r” is the ratio of the policy value to the guaranteed maturity fund.

(l) The letter “t” means the duration of the policy.

(m) The letter “x” means the issue age.

(n) “a x” and “ax+t” are present values of an annuity of 1 per year payable on policy anniversaries beginning at ages x and x+t, respectively, and continuing until the highest attained age at which a premium may be paid under the policy.

(2) All of the following are valuation requirements for universal life insurance policies:

(a) The minimum valuation standard for universal life insurance policies shall be the commissioner's reserve valuation method as described in this section and the tables and interest rates as specified in this section.

(b) The terminal reserve for the basic policy and any benefits or riders for which premiums are not paid separately as of any policy anniversary shall be equal to the net level premium reserves less “C” and less “D”, where net level premium reserves shall be equal to (A-B)(r).

(c) The guaranteed maturity premium is calculated at issue based on all policy guarantees at issue, excluding guarantees linked to an external referent. The guaranteed maturity premium for both flexible and fixed premium policies shall be adjusted for death benefit corridors provided by the policy. The guaranteed maturity premium may be less than the premium necessary to pay all charges.

(d) The guaranteed maturity premium, the guaranteed maturity fund, and “B” shall be recalculated to reflect any structural changes in the policy. This recalculation shall be done in a manner consistent with this section.

(e) The recomputation of “B”, for fixed premium universal life structural changes, shall exclude from “PVFB”, the present value of future guaranteed benefits, those guaranteed benefits that are funded by the excess of the insurer's declared guarantees of interest, mortality and expenses, over the guarantees contained in the policy at the date of issue.

(f) Future guaranteed benefits shall be determined by both of the following:

(i) Projecting the greater of the guaranteed maturity fund and the policy value, taking into account future guaranteed maturity premiums, if any, and using all guarantees of interest, mortality, expense deductions, etc., contained in the policy or declared by the insurer.

(ii) Taking into account any benefits guaranteed in the policy or by declaration that do not depend on the policy value.

(g) To the extent that the insurer declares guarantees more favorable than the contractual guarantees in the policy, the declared guarantees shall be applicable to the determination of future guaranteed benefits.

(h) All present values shall be determined using all of the following:

(i) An interest rate or rates specified in section 834(1) for policies issued in the same year.

(ii) The mortality rates specified in section 834(1) for policies issued in the same year or contained in such other table as may be approved by the commissioner for this purpose.

(iii) Any other tables needed to value supplementary benefits provided by a rider that is being valued together with the policy.

(i) The mortality and interest bases for calculating present values are the minimum standards specified in section 834(1).

(j) If, in any policy year, the guaranteed maturity premium on any universal life insurance policy is less than the valuation net premium for the policy, calculated by the valuation method actually used in calculating the reserve thereon but using the minimum valuation standards of mortality and rate of interest, the minimum reserve required for the contract shall be the greater of the following:

(i) The reserve calculated according to the method, the mortality table, and the rate of interest actually used.

(ii) The reserve calculated according to the method actually used but using the minimum valuation standards of mortality and rate of interest and replacing the valuation net premium by the guaranteed maturity premium in each policy year for which the valuation net premium exceeds the guaranteed maturity premium.

(k) For universal life insurance reserves on a net level premium basis, the valuation net premium is

PVFB      
ax      

and for reserves on a commissioner's reserve valuation method, the valuation net premium is

  PVFB + (g)-(h).  
  ax   ax  


History: Add. 1993, Act 349, Eff. Oct. 1, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.838 Definitions; use of NAIC accounting practices and procedures manual; mortality table; separate rates for smokers and nonsmokers; determining minimum reserve liabilities, minimum cash surrender values, and amounts of paid-up nonforfeiture benefits; actuarial opinion; application of accounting practices and procedural manual; rates and charges based on gender; blended tables; basis as sex-distinct and sex-neutral.

Sec. 838.

(1) As used in this section:

(a) "2001 CSO mortality table" means that mortality table, consisting of separate rates of mortality for male and female lives, developed by the American academy of actuaries CSO task force from the valuation basic mortality table developed by the society of actuaries individual life insurance valuation mortality task force and adopted by the NAIC in December 2002. Unless the context indicates otherwise, the 2001 CSO mortality table includes both the ultimate form of that table and the select and ultimate form of that table and includes both the smoker and nonsmoker mortality tables and the composite mortality tables. It also includes both the age-nearest-birthday and age-last-birthday bases of the mortality tables.

(b) "2001 CSO mortality table (F)" means that mortality table consisting of the rates of mortality for female lives from the 2001 CSO mortality table.

(c) "2001 CSO mortality table (M)" means that mortality table consisting of the rates of mortality for male lives from the 2001 CSO mortality table.

(d) "Composite mortality tables" means mortality tables with rates of mortality that do not distinguish between smokers and nonsmokers.

(e) "NAIC" means the national association of insurance commissioners.

(f) "Smoker and nonsmoker mortality tables" means mortality tables with separate rates of mortality for smokers and nonsmokers.

(2) In addition to the other requirements of this act, a life insurer shall use appendix A-830 of the NAIC accounting practices and procedures manual for the valuation of life insurance policies. Any supplements, replacements, or changes to appendix A-830 of the NAIC accounting practices and procedures manual that are adopted by the NAIC only take effect if adopted by the director by rules promulgated under the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328. This section does not expand the applicability of appendix A-830 of the NAIC accounting practices and procedures manual to include life insurance policies otherwise exempt under appendix A-830 of the NAIC accounting practices and procedures manual.

(3) At the election of an insurer for each plan of insurance and subject to this section, the 2001 CSO mortality table may be used as the minimum standard for policies issued on or after July 1, 2004 and before January 1, 2009 to which sections 834(1)(a) and 4060(5)(f) and (g) are applicable. If an insurer elects to use the 2001 CSO mortality table, it shall do so for both valuation and nonforfeiture purposes. Subject to this section, the 2001 CSO mortality table must be used in determining minimum standards for policies issued on or after January 1, 2009 to which sections 834(1)(a) and 4060(5)(f) and (g) are applicable.

(4) For plans of insurance without separate rates for smokers and nonsmokers, the composite mortality tables must be used. For each plan of insurance with separate rates for smokers and nonsmokers, an insurer may use any of the following:

(a) Composite mortality tables to determine minimum reserve liabilities, minimum cash surrender values, and amounts of paid-up nonforfeiture benefits.

(b) Smoker and nonsmoker mortality tables to determine the valuation net premiums and additional minimum reserves, if any, required by section 834 and composite mortality tables to determine the basic minimum reserve liabilities, minimum cash surrender values, and amounts of paid-up nonforfeiture benefits.

(c) Smoker and nonsmoker mortality tables to determine minimum reserve liabilities, minimum cash surrender values, and amounts of paid-up nonforfeiture benefits.

(5) An insurer may, at the option of the insurer for each plan of insurance, use the 2001 CSO mortality table in its ultimate or select and ultimate form for the purpose of determining minimum reserve liabilities, minimum cash surrender values, and amounts of paid-up nonforfeiture benefits for each plan of insurance.

(6) If the 2001 CSO mortality table is the minimum reserve standard for any plan for an insurer, the actuarial opinion in the annual statement filed with the director must be completed under section 830a. The director may exempt an insurer that does business in this state and in no other state from this subsection.

(7) In valuing life insurance policies pursuant to appendix A-830 of the NAIC accounting practices and procedures manual, all of the following apply:

(a) In determining the applicability to any universal life policy, the net level reserve premium for the secondary guarantee period is based on the ultimate mortality rates in the 2001 CSO mortality table.

(b) All calculations under the contract segmentation method are made using the 2001 CSO mortality rate, and, if elected, the optional minimum mortality standard for deficiency reserves. The value of "qx+k+t-1" is the valuation mortality rate for deficiency reserves in policy year k+t, but using the unmodified select mortality rates if modified select mortality rates are used in the computation of deficiency reserves.

(c) For purposes of general calculation requirements for basic reserves and premium deficiency reserves, the 2001 CSO mortality table is the minimum standard for basic reserves.

(d) For purposes of general calculation requirements for basic reserves and premium deficiency reserves, the 2001 CSO mortality table is the minimum standard for deficiency reserves. If select mortality rates are used, they may be multiplied by X percent for durations in the first segment, subject to the conditions set forth in appendix A-830 of the NAIC accounting practices and procedures manual. In demonstrating compliance with those conditions, the demonstrations may not combine the results of tests that utilize the 1980 CSO mortality table with those tests that utilize the 2001 CSO mortality table, unless the combination is explicitly required by regulation or is necessary to be in compliance with relevant actuarial standards of practice.

(e) When determining minimum value for policies with guaranteed nonlevel gross premiums or guaranteed nonlevel benefits, other than universal life policies, the valuation mortality table used in determining the tabular cost of insurance is the ultimate mortality rates in the 2001 CSO mortality table.

(f) When determining the optional exemption for yearly renewable term reinsurance for policies with guaranteed nonlevel gross premiums or guaranteed nonlevel benefits, other than universal life policies, the calculations must use the maximum valuation interest rate and the ultimate mortality rates in the 2001 CSO mortality table.

(g) When determining the optional exemption for attained-age-based yearly renewable term life insurance policies with guaranteed nonlevel gross premiums or guaranteed nonlevel benefits, other than universal life policies, the calculations must use the maximum valuation interest rate and the ultimate mortality rates in the 2001 CSO mortality table.

(h) When determining the exemption from unitary reserves for certain n-year renewable term life insurance policies with guaranteed nonlevel gross premiums or guaranteed nonlevel benefits, other than universal life policies, the calculations must use the ultimate mortality rates in the 2001 CSO mortality table.

(i) For flexible premium and fixed premium universal life insurance policies that contain provisions resulting in the ability of a policyowner to keep a policy in force over a secondary guarantee period, the 1-year valuation premium for purposes of identifying policies with a secondary guarantee is calculated using the ultimate mortality rates in the 2001 CSO mortality table.

(8) For any ordinary life insurance policy delivered or issued for delivery in this state on or after July 1, 2004 that uses the same premium rates and charges for male and female lives or is issued in circumstances where applicable law does not permit distinctions on the basis of gender, a mortality table that is a blend of the 2001 CSO mortality table (M) and the 2001 CSO mortality table (F) may, at the option of the insurer for each plan of insurance, be substituted for the 2001 CSO mortality table for use in determining minimum cash surrender value and amounts of paid-up nonforfeiture benefits. No change in minimum valuation standards is implied by this subsection.

(9) In determining minimum reserve liabilities and nonforfeiture benefits, an insurer may choose from among the blended tables developed by the American academy of actuaries CSO task force and adopted by the NAIC in December 2002.

(10) It is not, by itself, a violation of chapter 20 for an insurer to issue the same kind of policy of life insurance on both a sex-distinct and sex-neutral basis.


History: Add. 2004, Act 236, Imd. Eff. July 21, 2004 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 571, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.838, which pertained to valuation of group life insurance policies, was repealed by Act 318 of 1969, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.838a Definitions; 2001 CSO preferred class structure mortality table.

Sec. 838a.

(1) As used in this section:

(a) "2001 CSO mortality table" means that term as defined in section 838.

(b) "2001 CSO preferred class structure mortality table" means mortality tables with separate rates of mortality for super preferred nonsmokers, preferred nonsmokers, residual standard nonsmokers, preferred smokers, and residual standard smoker splits of the 2001 CSO nonsmoker and smoker tables as adopted by the NAIC at the September 2006 national meeting and published in the "NAIC Proceedings" (3rd Quarter 2006). Unless the context indicates otherwise, the "2001 CSO preferred class structure mortality table" includes both the ultimate form of that table and the select and ultimate form of that table. It includes both the smoker and nonsmoker mortality tables. It includes both the male and female mortality tables and the gender composite mortality tables. It also includes both the age-nearest-birthday and age-last-birthday bases of the mortality table.

(c) "Director" means the director of the department of insurance and financial services.

(d) "NAIC" means the national association of insurance commissioners.

(e) "Smoker and nonsmoker mortality tables" means that term as defined in section 838.

(f) "Statistical agent" means an entity with proven systems for protecting the confidentiality of individual insured and insurer information; demonstrated resources for and history of ongoing electronic communications and data transfer ensuring data integrity with insurers that are its members or subscribers; and a history of and means for aggregation of data and accurate promulgation of the experience modifications in a timely manner.

(2) Subject to subsections (6) and (7), an insurer may substitute the 2001 CSO preferred class structure mortality table in place of the 2001 CSO smoker and nonsmoker mortality tables as the minimum valuation standard for policies issued after June 30, 2004 and before January 1, 2007. An insurer may, for each calendar year of issue for any 1 or more specified plans of insurance and subject to this section, substitute the 2001 CSO preferred class structure mortality table in place of the 2001 CSO smoker and nonsmoker mortality tables as the minimum valuation standard for policies issued on or after January 1, 2007. An insurer shall not elect the 2001 CSO preferred class structure mortality table until the insurer demonstrates that not less than 20% of the business valued on this table is in 1 or more of the preferred classes. A table from the 2001 CSO preferred class structure mortality table used in place of a 2001 CSO mortality table as provided in this section is treated as part of the 2001 CSO mortality table only for purposes of reserve valuation under section 838.

(3) For each plan of insurance with separate rates for preferred and standard nonsmoker lives, an insurer may use the super preferred nonsmoker, preferred nonsmoker, and residual standard nonsmoker tables to substitute for the nonsmoker mortality table found in the 2001 CSO mortality table to determine minimum reserves. At the time of election and annually thereafter, except for business valued under the residual standard nonsmoker table, the appointed actuary shall certify both of the following:

(a) That the present value of death benefits over the next 10 years after the valuation date, using the anticipated mortality experience without recognition of mortality improvement beyond the valuation date for each class, is less than the present value of death benefits using the valuation basic table corresponding to the valuation table being used for that class.

(b) That the present value of death benefits over the future life of the contracts, using anticipated mortality experience without recognition of mortality improvement beyond the valuation date for each class, is less than the present value of death benefits using the valuation basic table corresponding to the valuation table being used for that class.

(4) For each plan of insurance with separate rates for preferred and standard smoker lives, an insurer may use the preferred smoker and residual standard smoker tables to substitute for the smoker mortality table found in the 2001 CSO mortality table to determine minimum reserves. At the time of election and annually thereafter, for business valued under the preferred smoker table, the appointed actuary shall certify both of the following:

(a) That the present value of death benefits over the next 10 years after the valuation date, using the anticipated mortality experience without recognition of mortality improvement beyond the valuation date for each class, is less than the present value of death benefits using the preferred smoker valuation basic table corresponding to the valuation table being used for that class.

(b) That the present value of death benefits over the future life of the contracts, using anticipated mortality experience without recognition of mortality improvement beyond the valuation date for each class, is less than the present value of death benefits using the preferred smoker valuation basic table.

(5) Unless exempted by the director, every authorized insurer using the 2001 CSO preferred class structure mortality table shall file annually with the director, with the NAIC, or with a statistical agent designated by the NAIC and acceptable to the director statistical reports showing mortality and other information as the director considers necessary or expedient for the administration of this section. The director shall establish the form of the reports under this subsection.

(6) The use of the 2001 CSO preferred class structure mortality table as the minimum valuation standard for policies issued after June 30, 2004 and before January 1, 2007 is subject to both of the following:

(a) The consent of the director. In determining consent, the director may rely on whether consent for the use of the 2001 CSO preferred class structure mortality table was given to the insurer by the commissioner of the insurer's state of domicile.

(b) The use is not permitted if the insurer reports in any statutory financial statement for a coinsured policy or portion of a policy coinsured, either of the following:

(i) If the mode of payment of the reinsurance premium is less frequent than the mode of payment of the policy premium, a reserve credit that exceeds by more than the amount specified in this subdivision as "Y", the gross reserve calculated before reinsurance. "Y" is the amount of the gross reinsurance premium that provides coverage for the period from the next policy premium due date to the earlier of the end of the policy year and the next reinsurance premium due date, and would be refunded to the ceding entity upon the termination of the policy.

(ii) If the mode of payment of the reinsurance premium is more frequent than the mode of payment of the policy premium, a reserve credit that is less than the gross reserve, calculated before reinsurance, by an amount that is less than the amount specified in this subdivision as "Z". "Z" is the amount of the gross reinsurance premium that the ceding entity would need to pay the assuming company to provide reinsurance coverage from the period of the next reinsurance premium due date to the next policy premium due date minus any liability established for the proportionate amount not remitted to the reinsurer.

(7) For purposes of (6)(b), the reserve for the mean reserve method is the mean reserve minus the deferred premium asset, and the reserve for the midterminal reserve method includes the unearned premium reserve. To satisfy subsection (6)(b), an insurer may estimate and adjust its accounting on an aggregate basis.


History: Add. 2006, Act 671, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 2007 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 392, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2014
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1(2) of Act 671 of 2006 provides:"(2) Section 838a of the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.838a, as added by this amendatory act, applies on and after January 1, 2007."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.839 Capital notes.

Sec. 839.

(1) A domestic insurer may issue capital notes under this section.

(2) A capital note issued by a domestic insurer may provide for interest payments at fixed or adjustable rates, for sinking fund payments, and for payments and redemptions of principal under the terms of the capital note.

(3) The issuance of a capital note is not subject to the commissioner's prior approval.

(4) A capital note shall be treated as a liability in the computation of statutory surplus and shall be reported as a liability on the domestic insurer's annual statement filed with the commissioner under section 438.

(5) In a liquidation proceeding pursuant to chapter 81, a capital note is a similar obligation under section 8142(1)(h).

(6) A capital note may be included in a domestic insurer's total adjusted capital. For a capital note to be so included, the commissioner may require the capital note to contain other features as the commissioner determines are adequate and appropriate to ensure that the insurer continues to be safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence.

(7) As used in this section:

(a) “Capital note” means a debt instrument that complies with this section.

(b) “Total adjusted capital” means the sum of an insurer's statutory capital and surplus as determined under the annual statement filed with the commissioner under section 438.


History: Add. 1998, Act 457, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 1999
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.839, which pertained to group life insurance premiums, rules, and regulations, was repealed by Act 318 of 1969, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.840 Repealed. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to stock in federal financing agency.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.841 Valuation of certain bonds or other evidences of debt.

Sec. 841.

(1) Subject to subsection (2), all bonds or other evidences of debt having a fixed term and rate of interest held by an insurer, if amply secured and not in default as to principal or interest, may be valued as follows:

(a) If purchased at par, at the par value.

(b) If purchased above or below par, on the basis of the purchase price adjusted so as to bring the value to par at maturity and so as to yield in the meantime the effective rate of interest at which the purchase was made, or in lieu of such method, according to the accepted method of valuation as approved by the commissioner.

(2) The purchase price of a bond or evidence of debt under subsection (1) shall not be taken at a higher figure than the actual market value at the time of purchase, plus actual brokerage, transfer, postage, or express charges paid in the acquisition of the securities.

(3) The commissioner shall have full discretion in determining the method of calculating values under this section, but a method or valuation shall not be inconsistent with any applicable valuation or method used by insurers in general.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.842 Valuation of certain securities, stocks, or shares.

Sec. 842.

(1) Securities, other than those referred to in section 841, held by an insurer shall be valued, in the commissioner's discretion, at their market value, at their appraised value, or at prices determined by the commissioner as representing their fair market value.

(2) Preferred or guaranteed stocks or shares while paying full dividends may be carried at a fixed value in lieu of market value, at the commissioner's discretion and in accordance with a method of valuation as the commissioner may approve.

(3) Stock of a subsidiary corporation of an insurer shall not be valued at an amount in excess of the net value of the stock as based upon only those assets of the subsidiary that would be eligible under sections 910 through 947 for the direct investment of the insurer's funds.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 9
INVESTMENTS


500.900 Repealed. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to investments by domestic insurer.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.901 Asset requirements for insurers.

Sec. 901.

(1) Each domestic insurer shall maintain assets in cash or as defined in this chapter in a total amount at least equal to the sum of its liabilities including its reserves as required by this act, plus an amount equal to the lesser of the following:

(a) The minimum capital and surplus required to be maintained by sections 408 and 410.

(b) One of the following:

(i) For a fraternal benefit society regulated under chapter 81a, $1,000,000.00.

(ii) $7,000,000.00.

(2) For purposes of meeting the assets required by subsection (1), the following apply:

(a) The value of all computers shall not exceed 2% of the assets required by subsection (1) and the value of each computer shall not exceed the original cost of the computer amortized over a period not to exceed 3 years. For purposes of this section, “computer” means an electronic data processing system, composed of 1 or more components, that utilizes storage and processing mechanization and has a direct automatic means of input and output, including, but not limited to, central processing units, data input/output channels, main storage or memory, and peripheral devices for systems control, data input, output, or temporary or permanent storage of information, and associated reusable media required by these devices and operating systems software.

(b) Title insurers may include their net investment in their title plant.

(c) Assets described in sections 946 and 947 that are encumbered with prior liens that affect the salability of the asset to a material extent shall not be used to satisfy the requirements of subsection (1). For purposes of this subdivision, liens that do not affect the salability of the asset to a material extent are real estate taxes or assessments that are not delinquent, liens against an asset for which an insurer is insured against loss by title insurance, and any other liens that in the aggregate are not in excess of 5% of the fair market value of the asset. Assets described in sections 946 and 947 shall not be used to satisfy more than 20% of the requirements of subsection (1). This subdivision does not apply to assets described in section 942.

(d) Amounts receivable from broker/dealers registered under the securities exchange act of 1934, chapter 404, 48 Stat. 881, or from the issuer of a security or asset in connection with the disposition of assets qualified to satisfy subsection (1) may be included, provided the amount is not more than 5 business days past the date of disposition.

(e) Assets not otherwise defined in this chapter may be used as qualified assets for purposes of subsection (1) if the assets are rated investment grade by a securities rating organization approved by the commissioner.

(f) No more than 20% of the assets required by subsection (1) shall be high-yield, high-risk obligations. As used in this subdivision, “high-yield, high-risk obligations” means obligations that are not in 1 of the top 2 numbered classifications of bonds reported in the insurer's annual financial statement on a form approved by the commissioner.

(3) The sum of the liabilities and reserves computed for purposes of this section may be reduced by 1 or more of the following:

(a) A reinsurance balance recoverable or other credit due from a reinsurer that complies with existing or other applicable rules or orders promulgated or issued by the commissioner, to the extent that the balance recoverable or other credit due may be used to offset a liability as authorized in an insurer's annual statement concerning its affairs filed pursuant to section 438.

(b) Policy loans secured by policies included in the liabilities and reserves but not in excess of the cash surrender value of the policies.

(c) Premium notes secured by letters of credit, security trust funds, or unearned premium reserves.

(d) The net amount of insurance premiums and annuity considerations booked but deferred and not yet due. Reduction under this subdivision shall not be allowed for credit life and credit accident and health premiums deferred and uncollected, whether individual or group, except as allowed pursuant to subdivision (e).

(e) Amounts receivable from an agent, agency, policyholder, or other person that does not have control of more than 10% of all the insurer's agents' balances, and that is not affiliated with the insurer on policies with an effective date not more than 1 month old to the extent that the amounts are offset by unearned premium reserves on the same policies.

(f) Amounts receivable from a person to the extent the amounts offset liabilities or amounts payable to that person. Receivables and payables with respect to reinsurance may be allowed so long as the reinsurance contract has a right of offset provision. A reduction under this subdivision shall not be allowed for agents' balances or uncollected premiums as defined by subdivision (e).

(4) Assets, liabilities, and reserves under subsection (1) shall exclude assets, liabilities, and reserves included in separate accounts established in accordance with section 925. The value of income due and accrued in respect to assets required by subsection (1) may be included in the total amount. The assets shall not be valued at more than the actual value as ascertained in a manner approved by the commissioner, except those assets described in sections 912, 914, 918, 934, 938, and 942 that have a fixed term and rate, if amply secured and not in default as to principal and interest which may be valued as follows: if purchased at par, the par value; if purchased above or below par, on the basis of the purchase price adjusted so as to bring the value to par at maturity and so as to yield in the meantime the effective rate of interest at which the purchase was made. The purchase price shall not be taken at a higher figure than the actual market value at the time of purchase.

(5) The commissioner may permit other assets not specifically described in this section to be used as qualified assets for purposes of subsection (1), as long as the assets are financially equivalent to those assets described in sections 910 to 947, are approved by the commissioner as adequate as to quality and liquidity to secure the liabilities they support, and are valued in a manner approved by the commissioner.

(6) No more than 5% of the assets required by subsection (1) shall be invested in, loaned to, receivable from, secured by, leased or rented to, or deposited with 1 person or 1 group of affiliated persons or invested in 1 parcel of real estate. In calculating this restriction, the following apply:

(a) For purposes of this section, each issue of mortgage-backed securities secured by residential mortgage pools and rated investment grade by a securities rating organization approved by the commissioner, and each issue of asset-backed security rated investment grade by a securities rating organization approved by the commissioner, shall be considered a separate person regardless of other obligations issued by the same or affiliated issuer.

(b) This restriction does not apply to mortgage-related securities issued by the federal home loan mortgage corporation or the federal national mortgage association.

(c) This restriction does not apply to the extent that the principal and interest are fully guaranteed by the United States or any state.

(d) This restriction does not apply to assets invested in, loaned to, receivable from, secured by, leased or rented to, or deposited with an affiliate of the insurer that is authorized to transact insurance in any state or Canada.

(e) For an alien insurer that is an insurer authorized to transact the business of life insurance, for purposes of this subsection the 5% restriction applies to the total assets of the insurer, excluding assets included in separate accounts, as reported in the total business annual statement filed by the insurer with its domiciliary authority.

(f) This restriction does not apply to the value of a noninsurance affiliate that is owned solely by the insurer as described in subsection (7)(c).

(g) This restriction does not apply to the value of a noninsurance affiliate that is not owned solely by the insurer if the value of the noninsurance affiliate is determined in accordance with procedures approved by the commissioner and if the investment in the noninsurance affiliate is approved by the commissioner as adequate in quality and liquidity to secure the liabilities of the insurer.

(7) The assets referred to in subsection (1) shall not include assets invested in, loaned to, receivable from, secured by, leased or rented to, or deposited with a person that is, directly or indirectly, owned or controlled by the insurer or that, directly or indirectly, owns, controls, or is affiliated with the insurer as control is defined in section 115, except as follows:

(a) Amounts receivable from, secured by, leased or rented to, or deposited with an insurer affiliated with the insurer may be included if the amount receivable is not more than 90 days past due and its affiliated insurer complies with this section.

(b) Amounts invested in an affiliated publicly traded investment company that is registered and regulated under the investment company act of 1940, title I of chapter 686, 54 Stat. 789, 15 U.S.C. 80a-1 to 80a-3 and 80a-4 to 80a-64, may be included.

(c) The value of a noninsurance affiliate that is owned solely by the insurer may be included. The value of the noninsurance affiliate shall be the value of all assets qualifying under this section in excess of the assets required by this section, but shall not exceed the value determined by the securities valuation office of the national association of insurance commissioners. In support of the noninsurance affiliate's value, the insurer shall submit to the commissioner an audited financial statement for the noninsurance affiliate supplemented with a list of qualifying assets and associated values.

(d) Amounts invested in a noninsurance affiliate that is not owned solely by the insurer may be included if the investment in the noninsurance affiliate is approved by the commissioner as adequate in quality and liquidity to secure the liabilities of the insurer. The value of the noninsurance affiliate shall be the value determined in accordance with procedures adopted by the commissioner.

(e) The assets required by subsection (1) may include the value of amounts invested in or loaned to an affiliate authorized to transact insurance in any state or in Canada in an amount equal to the assets that would qualify for compliance with this section that are held by the affiliate and are in excess of the amount of assets that would be required for the affiliate by this section, prorated to reflect the extent of the insurer's investment in or loans to the affiliate. Qualified assets for purposes of subsection (1) include loans, other than surplus notes, to an affiliate authorized to transact insurance in any state or in Canada provided that the affiliate has assets in excess of the amount of assets that are required for the affiliate under subsection (1). With the commissioner's approval, surplus notes may be treated as an investment for purposes of this section.

(f) Amounts loaned to a noninsurance affiliate may be included if the loans are rated investment grade by a securities rating organization approved by the commissioner. The insurer shall submit documentation satisfactory to the commissioner in support of the investment grade rating.

(8) An insurer may comply with this section if the insurer elects to provide alternative security to Michigan policyholders and claimants satisfactory to the commissioner or elects to deposit funds or securities of the kind described in section 912, or other securities acceptable to the commissioner, registered in the name of the state treasurer of Michigan, designated as exclusively held and deposited for the sole benefit of Michigan policyholders, claimants, and creditors pursuant to section 8141a, in an amount, at market value, considered adequate by the commissioner to secure Michigan policyholders, but not less than the greater of the aggregate sum of 100% of Michigan direct unpaid losses and unpaid loss adjustment expense plus 100% of Michigan direct unearned premiums and policy and contract reserves or the direct premiums written in Michigan during the most recent 12 months available in filed statements. Direct unpaid losses and unpaid loss adjustment expenses shall include a provision for incurred but not reported losses and associated loss adjustment expense. The deposit shall be a special deposit and shall be subject to special deposit claims for the benefit of Michigan policyholders and claimants pursuant to section 8141a. The deposit of funds required by this subsection shall be increased by adjustment each quarter. A decrease to the deposited fund may be made annually only upon a satisfactory showing by the insurer to the commissioner that a decrease in the deposit is justified. The commissioner may require the special deposits set forth in this subsection as a condition for any insurer to transact insurance in this state if the commissioner finds that a special deposit is necessary for the protection of Michigan policyholders and claimants.

(9) Compliance with subsection (1) is the obligation of each insurer, fund, or fraternal benefit society authorized to transact the business of insurance in this state. Failure to comply shall limit the insurer, fund, or fraternal benefit society under the remainder of this act. If, at any time following compliance with the requirements of this section, an insurer, fund, or fraternal benefit society fails to maintain compliance, the commissioner shall notify the insurer, fund, or fraternal benefit society that it has failed to maintain compliance with this section. Within 30 business days after notification by the commissioner of noncompliance with the provisions of this section, an insurer shall file a plan to restore compliance with this section. Failure of the insurer to file a plan shall create a presumption that the insurer is not safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence. The commissioner, upon written request by the insurer, may grant a period of time within which to restore compliance. The period of time may be granted only if the commissioner is satisfied the insurer is safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence; is satisfied the insurer would suffer a material financial loss from an immediate forced conversion of its assets; and approves the plan filed by the insurer for restoring compliance within the time granted. If the plan is not approved by the commissioner, or if the plan is approved, and, at the end of 1 year the insurer still does not comply with the requirements of this section, the commissioner may grant additional time to comply, or the commissioner may suspend, revoke, or limit the certificate of authority of the insurer pursuant to section 436.

(10) The requirements of this section constitute a discrete determination of financial solidity and liquidity and are not intended to apply to other provisions of this act with respect to financial condition or to the accounting practices and procedures governing the preparation of financial statements pursuant to section 438.


History: Add. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 125, Imd. Eff. July 23, 1970 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 370, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 1980 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 338, Imd. Eff. Dec. 17, 1982 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 90, Imd. Eff. Apr. 19, 1984 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 321, Imd. Eff. Dec. 26, 1986 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 340, Imd. Eff. Oct. 18, 1988 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 302, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 1990 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 2, Imd. Eff. Jan. 31, 1992 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Eff. Dec. 31, 1993 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 2(1) of Act No. 226 of the Public Acts of 1994 provides: “Section 901 as amended by this amendatory act is retroactively effective and applies on and after December 31, 1993.”
Popular Name: Act 218
Admin Rule: R 500.402 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.902 Investments by domestic insurer; amount in qualified asset required; definition.

Sec. 902.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in sections 942(7), (10), and (11), 943(2), and 946(4), this chapter does not prohibit the investment of a domestic insurer's capital and surplus in any asset otherwise permitted to be held by any other person or corporation under the laws of this state, provided the domestic insurer maintains qualified assets as described in this chapter in the amounts specified in section 901.

(2) As used in this section, “qualified assets” means cash and those assets described in sections 910 to 947.


History: Add. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.902, which pertained to authorized investments by domestic insurers, was repealed by Act 318 of 1969, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.904 Repealed. 1957, Act 91, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to investment limitations of domestic mutual insurer.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.906, 500.908 Repealed. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to assets and limitations on investments.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.910 Certificates of deposit or depository receipts; construction as deposits of cash.

Sec. 910.

Certificates of deposit or depository receipts issued by a bank, trust company or savings and loan association insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation or federal savings and loan insurance corporation to an insurer and not otherwise negotiable, transferable, encumbered or pledged, maturing not more than 1 year from date of issue, shall be construed as deposits of cash by the insurer.


History: Add. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.912 Qualified assets; description; limitation on governmental securities.

Sec. 912.

(1) Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include all of the following:

(a) In the bonds or other evidences of indebtedness of the United States or Canada, or any state, province, territory, or public instrumentality of the United States or Canada, or in the valid public debt, bonds, or other evidence of indebtedness of any city, county, township, village, school district, or any other political subdivision having the power to levy taxes or of any state or territory of the United States or province of Canada, if the state, province, municipality, or other political subdivision has not, in the 3 years preceding the time of the investment, failed to pay its debt or any part of its debt, the interest due on the debt, or any part of the interest due on the debt. Delay, not exceeding 6 months, in the payment of any installment of principal or interest is not considered failure to pay.

(b) In the bonds or other evidences of indebtedness of any political subdivision of the United States, any state or county in the United States, any agency, public instrumentality, or authority created by the United States, or any state or county in the United States or any political subdivision of the state or county, if, by statutory or other legal requirements, those obligations are payable, as to both principal and interest, from adequate special revenues pledged or otherwise appropriated or by law required to be provided for the purpose of payment.

(c) In governmental bonds or governmental securities of this or any foreign government, or governmental subdivisions or authorities or instrumentalities, not otherwise provided for in this section subject to the limitations in subdivisions (a) and (b) prescribed for other governmental securities.

(2) A domestic insurer's investment in governmental securities is subject to the limitations in section 901(2)(f).


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 141, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.914 Qualified assets as guaranteed interest bonds.

Sec. 914.

Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include bonds or other securities, the interest of which is guaranteed by the United States government pursuant to any act of congress enacted before, on, or after January 1, 1957.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.916 Qualified assets as federal financing agency stock.

Sec. 916.

If any agency or corporation is established by the federal government with authority to purchase, discount, or loan money upon the security of real estate mortgages but requiring membership or ownership of capital stock in that federal agency or corporation for any insurer organized under the laws of this state to avail itself of the full privileges of selling, rediscounting, or borrowing money upon those mortgages, then qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include the amount of capital stock that is required by the federal law or the rules of the governing body of the federal agency or corporation.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 91, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.917 Mortgage-backed securities; certain securities described in secondary mortgage market enhancement act of 1984 subject to limitations; definition.

Sec. 917.

(1) Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include mortgage-backed securities backed by pools of residential mortgages and rated investment grade by a securities rating organization approved by the commissioner. Any securities described in section 106 of title I of the secondary mortgage market enhancement act of 1984, Public Law 98-440, 15 U.S.C. 77r-1, shall be subject to all the limitations prescribed by this chapter for investments not guaranteed by the full faith and credit of the United States.

(2) As used in this section, “mortgage-backed securities” means securities representing an ownership interest in, or as to which payments are secured directly or indirectly by, a pool of mortgages or by the cash flows generated by a pool of mortgages and shall include, but are not limited to, mortgage pass-through securities and collateralized mortgage obligations.


History: Add. 1991, Act 106, Imd. Eff. Oct. 3, 1991 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.917a Definitions; asset-backed securities.

Sec. 917a.

(1) As used in this section:

(a) “Asset-backed securities” means securities, other than those governed by section 917, representing loans to, participations in loans to, or equity interests in a person that has as its primary activity the acquisition and holding of assets, directly or through a trustee, for the benefit of its debt or equity holders and includes, but is not limited to, structured securities, pass-through certificates, and other securitized obligations.

(b) “Assets” means pools of assets consisting of either interest bearing obligations or contractual obligations representing the right to receive payment from the assets.

(c) “Structured securities” means asset-backed securities that have been divided into 2 or more classes where the payment of interest on or principal of any class of the securities has been allocated in a manner that may not be directly proportional to interest or principal received by the issuer of the securities on the underlying assets.

(d) “Pass-through certificate” means an asset-backed security, whether or not mortgage-related, where the payment of interest or principal on the security is directly proportional to interest or principal received by the issuer of the security on the underlying assets.

(2) Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include asset-backed securities that are rated investment grade by a securities rating organization approved by the commissioner. Asset-backed securities that are secured by or represent an undivided interest in a single asset or pool of assets or in the cash flows generated by those assets, including without limitation, structured securities and pass-through certificates, are subject to all the limitations prescribed by this chapter for investments not guaranteed by the full faith and credit of the United States.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.918 Qualified assets by solvent institution; authorization; mortgage loans; equipment trust certificates; fixed interest bearing obligations.

Sec. 918.

Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include lawfully authorized obligations issued, assumed, or guaranteed by any solvent institution created or existing under the laws of the United States or of any state, district, or territory of the United States, or of Canada or any province of Canada, that are not in default as to principal or interest and that are qualified under any of the following clauses:

(a) Obligations secured by the mortgage of property or the pledge of adequate collateral if, during any 3, including the last 2, of the 5 fiscal years next preceding the time of investment, the net earnings of the issuing, assuming, or guaranteeing institution available for fixed charges, as determined in accordance with standard accounting practice, have been not less than the total of its fixed charges for such year on an overall basis nor less than 1-1/2 times its fixed charges for such year on a priority basis after excluding interest requirements on obligations junior to such issue as to security.

(b) In equipment trust certificates of railroad companies organized under the laws of any state of the United States or of Canada or of any province of Canada, payable within 20 years from their date of issue, in annual or semiannual installments, beginning not later than the fifth year after such date, and which certificates are a first lien on the specific equipment pledged as security for the payment which are either the direct obligations of the railroad companies or guaranteed by them, or are executed by trustees holding title to the equipment.

(c) Fixed interest bearing obligations other than those described in subdivisions (a) and (b), if the net earnings of the issuing, assuming, or guaranteeing institution available for fixed charges during each of any 3, including the last 2, of the 5 fiscal years next preceding the time of investment, shall have been not less than 1-1/2 times the total of its fixed charges for such year.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.920 Net earnings available for fixed charges; definition.

Sec. 920.

For the purposes of this chapter, the term “net earnings available for fixed charges” means net income after deducting operating and maintenance expenses, taxes other than federal and state income taxes, depreciation and depletion, but excluding extraordinary nonrecurring items of income and expenses appearing in the regular financial statements of the issuing company.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.922 Qualified assets in stocks, bonds, or evidences of corporate indebtedness; authorization.

Sec. 922.

Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include stocks, bonds, and other evidence of indebtedness of solvent corporations as approved by its board of directors or a committee of the board entrusted with the investment of the company's funds. The insurer may hold the stocks, bonds, and other evidences of indebtedness as an investment.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 91, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 1991, Act 79, Imd. Eff. July 18, 1991 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.924 Qualified assets in preferred stock; conditions.

Sec. 924.

Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include preferred stocks of any company organized under the laws of the United States, a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Canada, or a province or territory of Canada, if the company has continuously and regularly paid the dividends provided for by the preferred stock during the 5 years preceding the investment; except that with respect to preferred stocks issued within the 5-year period, the dividend payments requirement applies only from the date of issuance, and in those cases the net earnings of the company and its subsidiaries available for fixed charges of the company and its subsidiaries and the net earnings of any predecessor organizations and their subsidiaries, if any, available for fixed charges of the predecessor organizations and their subsidiaries, must have averaged an amount per annum for the 5 fiscal years preceding the making of the investment at least equal to 2 times the total of the annual interest charges, including amortization of debt discount and expense, and dividends guaranteed, if any, and the preferred dividend requirement on a pro forma basis.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 141, Eff. Mar. 31, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.925 Application of amounts paid life insurer to purchase of retirement benefits; income, gains, or losses on accounts; limitations on charges and deductions; investment or amounts allocated; standards; “contract on a variable basis” defined; compliance with investment company act of 1940; identification of investments and liabilities; “investment company act of 1940” defined; rules.

Sec. 925.

(1) A life insurer, after adoption of a resolution by its board of directors and certification thereof to the commissioner, may allocate to 1 or more separate accounts, in accordance with the terms of a written agreement or a contract on a variable basis, amounts which are paid to the insurer, in connection with a pension, retirement or profit-sharing plan, or in connection with a contract on a variable basis, whether on an individual or group basis, and which amounts are to be applied to purchase retirement benefits in fixed or in variable dollar amounts, or both, or to provide benefits in accordance with a contract on a variable basis.

The income, if any, and gains or losses realized or unrealized on each such account may be credited to or charged against the amount allocated to such account in accordance with such agreement, without regard to the other income, gains or losses of the insurer. The commissioner may prescribe reasonable limitations on charges against and permissible deductions from the investment experience credited to life insurance contracts on a variable basis. Notwithstanding any other provision in the insurer's articles of incorporation or in this act, the amounts allocated to such accounts and accumulations thereon may be invested and reinvested in any class of loans and investments specified in such agreement, or, with respect to life insurance contracts on a variable basis, as prescribed by the commissioner, and such loans and investments shall not be considered in applying any limitation in this chapter. The commissioner may, with respect to separate accounts for life insurance on a variable basis, establish reasonable standards for procedures to be used in changing investment policy and provisions to safeguard the rights of insured persons and beneficiaries.

(2) “Contract on a variable basis” means a contract issued by an insurer providing for the dollar amount of benefits or other contractual payments or values thereunder to vary so as to reflect investment results of a segregated portfolio of investments or of a designated account in which amounts received in connection with such a contract have been placed and such other contracts as may be approved by the commissioner.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a life insurer, if necessary to comply with the investment company act of 1940, with respect to any such account or any portion thereof may:

(a) Exercise the voting rights of the stock or shares or interest in accordance with instructions from the persons having the beneficial interests in such account ratably according to their respective interests in the account.

(b) Establish a committee for the account, the members of which may be directors or officers or other employees of the insurer, or persons having no such relationship to the insurer, or any combination thereof, who may be elected to membership by the vote of the persons having the beneficial interests in the account ratably according to their respective interests in the account. The committee may alone, in conjunction with others, or by delegation to the insurer or any other person, as investment manager or investment adviser, authorize purchases and sales of investments for the account if, as long as the life insurer or any subsidiary or affiliate of the life insurer is the investment manager or investment adviser of the account, the investments of the account are eligible under this section. If compliance with the investment company act of 1940 involves only a portion of the account, the insurer may establish a committee for only that portion, and its members may be elected by the vote of the persons having the beneficial interests in the portion. A committee for only a portion of the account may be given the further power to require the subdivision of the account into 2 accounts so that the portion of the account with respect to which the committee is acting shall constitute a separate account. If the committee so requires, the insurer shall segregate from the account being so subdivided a portion of each asset held with respect to the reserve liabilities of the account. That portion shall be in the same proportion to the total of the asset as the reserve liability for the portion of the account with respect to which the committee is acting bears to the total reserve liability of the account; and notwithstanding any other provision of law, the assets so segregated shall be transferred to a separate account with respect to which the committee shall act.

(4) The investments and liabilities of the account shall at all times be clearly identifiable and distinguishable from the other investments and liabilities of the insurer. A sale, transfer, or exchange of investments shall not be made between any of the separate accounts or between any other investment account of the company and 1 or more of the separate accounts, except for the purpose of (i) conducting the business of the account in accordance with provisions of a “contract on a variable basis”, or (ii) making adjustments necessitated by the contract for mortality experience adjustment, and then only if the transfers are made by a transfer of cash or by a transfer of securities having a valuation which can readily be determined in the market place. The commissioner may require for domestic life insurers that a transfer of cash or investments from a separate account or accounts to the company be approved in advance of the transfer. The commissioner may prescribe reasonable limitations on charges against and permissible deductions from separate accounts for life insurance contracts on a variable basis.

(5) As used in this section, “investment company act of 1940” means the act of congress approved August 22, 1940 entitled “investment company act of 1940” as amended from time to time, or any similar statute enacted in substitution therefor.

(6) The commissioner may promulgate rules pursuant to Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, as amended, being sections 24.201 to 24.315 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, as may be necessary to carry out this section.


History: Add. 1963, Act 48, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 344, Imd. Eff. Oct. 26, 1966 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 225, Eff. Nov. 1, 1974
Popular Name: Act 218
Admin Rule: R 500.402 et seq. and R 500.841 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.926-500.931 Repealed. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to investments by insurers.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.932 Qualified assets in shares of savings and loan associations.

Sec. 932.

Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include shares of any building and loan association or savings and loan association, either state chartered or federally chartered.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.933 Repealed. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to investments by insurers.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.934 Qualified assets in farm loan bonds, intermediate credit bank loans, central bank for cooperatives, home loan banks, federal savings and loan insurance corporation obligations; authorization.

Sec. 934.

Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include farm loan bonds, consolidated or otherwise, issued by the federal land banks pursuant to the federal farm loan act, as amended; in collateral trust debentures or other similar obligations, consolidated or otherwise, issued by federal intermediate credit banks pursuant to the federal farm loan act, as amended; in debentures, consolidated or otherwise, issued by the central bank for cooperatives or banks for cooperatives pursuant to the farm credit act of 1933, as amended; in obligations issued pursuant to the provisions of the federal home loan bank act, approved July 22, 1932, as amended; and in interest-bearing obligations of the federal savings and loan insurance corporation issued pursuant to title 4 of the national housing act, approved June 27, 1934, as amended.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1958, Act 118, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.938 Qualified assets.

Sec. 938.

Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include all of the following:

(a) Any negotiable paper or other evidence of indebtedness secured by any of the classes of securities in which insurance companies may lawfully invest funds pursuant to sections 912 and 918.

(b) Negotiable notes secured by pledge of stock of national or state banks, which have a surplus equal in amount to 25% of the paid in capital stock provided those loans do not exceed 85% of the market value of the stock and the total amount of the loan on bank secured collateral does not exceed 15% of the capital and surplus of the insurance company.

(c) For other than a life insurer, loans secured as collateral by corporate stocks and securities eligible for investment under section 922 but no loan shall be made of more than 50% of the fair market value of those stocks and securities.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 91, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.942 Qualified assets in real estate loans; purchase of loan or certificate of participation.

Sec. 942.

(1) Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include real estate loans secured by first liens upon improved or income bearing real estate, including also improved farmland and improved business and residential properties, or that are secured by first mortgages or deeds of trust on leasehold estates having an unexpired term equivalent to the term of the mortgage, inclusive of the term or terms that may be provided by enforceable options of renewal. Vacant property, at least 60% of which is under contract of sale and the contract or contracts in connection therewith trusteed or pledged as additional collateral, is income bearing real estate within the meaning of this section.

(2) Real estate is not encumbered within the meaning of this section because it is subject to lease in whole or in part and rents or profits are reserved to the owner or because it is subject to an easement for a right of way.

(3) A loan secured by real estate shall be in the form of obligations secured by mortgage, trust deed, or other such instrument upon real estate, and an insurer may purchase an obligation so secured when the entire amount of the obligation is sold to the insurer, except that an insurer may purchase a part of an obligation if the investment of each participant is not less than $50,000.00 at the time of the insurer's investment, if all other participants are insurers, banks, savings and loan associations, or any other financial institution as that term is defined in the Gramm-Leach-Bliley act, public law 106-102, 113 Stat. 1338, 12 U.S.C. 1811, and if the entire indebtedness of which participation is a part would qualify under the provisions of this section, and either the insurer holds a senior participation, giving it substantially the rights of a first mortgagee, or each participation is of equal rank.

(4) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, any portion of a loan that exceeds 66-2/3% of the appraised value, at the time of the loan, of the real estate constituting or offered as security and any loan the term of which exceeds 5 years is not a qualified asset for purposes of section 901. However, the following loans are qualified assets for the purposes of section 901:

(a) A loan on land improved with permanent buildings used for agriculture or pasture in an amount not to exceed 75% of the appraised value, at the time of the loan, of the real estate constituting or offered as security if the loan is secured by an amortized mortgage, deed of trust, or other instrument under the terms of which the installment payments are sufficient to amortize on not to exceed an annual basis of 40% or more of the principal of the loan within a period of not more than 10 years.

(b) A loan on single family residential property in an amount not to exceed 80% of the appraised value, at the time of the loan, of the real estate offered as security, if the loan is secured by a mortgage, deed of trust, or other instrument for a term of not more than 35 years.

(c) Subject to subsection (6), a loan on multifamily residential property in an amount not to exceed 85% of the appraised value, at the time of the loan, of the real estate offered as security, if the loan is secured by a mortgage, deed of trust, or other instrument for a term of not more than 35 years.

(d) A loan in an amount not to exceed 75% of the appraised value of the real estate offered as security and for a term not longer than 35 years, if the real estate is improved if it is not used for agriculture or pasture, and if the loan is secured by a mortgage, deed of trust, or other instrument for a term of not more than 35 years.

(5) The limitations and restrictions in subsection (4) do not apply to real estate loans that are insured under the provisions of title II of the national housing act, chapter 847, 48 Stat. 1247, 12 U.S.C. 1707 to 1709, 1710 to 1715g, 1715k to 1715r, and 1715t to 1715z-1, by the federal housing administration, to loans insured under the Canadian national housing act of 1954 by the central mortgage and housing corporation, or to real estate loans that are guaranteed as to principal by the United States government or Canadian government or an agency or instrumentality of the United States or Canadian government.

(6) If the total amount of multifamily residential loans that exceed 75% of the appraised value of the real estate offered as security for those loans is greater than 20% of an insurer's mortgage portfolio, the portion of those loans that exceed 75% of the appraised value shall not be treated as a qualified asset for purposes of section 901.

(7) An insurer shall not make any such loan unless an appraisal has been made in writing by a competent appraiser appointed or employed by the insurer and filed with the investment committee authorized to approve the loan.

(8) Qualified assets for the purposes of section 901 include a loan or certificate of participation secured by a loan made on a single-family residential property in an amount not to exceed 95% of the appraised value, at the time of the loan, of the real estate offered as security, if the loan is secured by a mortgage, deed of trust, or other instrument for a term of not more than 35 years, and the loan is insured by a private mortgage insurer approved by the federal home loan mortgage corporation and the federal national mortgage association and is licensed to do business in the state of Michigan.

(9) Qualified assets for the purposes of section 901 include real estate loans that do not qualify as first mortgages as described in subsections (1) and (3). Total investments that may be treated as qualified assets under this subsection shall not exceed 25% of the insurer's total investments in real estate loans as described in subsections (1) and (3).

(10) A domestic insurer shall not invest more than 10% of its surplus in real estate loans that exceed the appraised value limitations under subsection (4), (6), or (8) unless the real estate loan is the result of a restructuring of an existing real estate loan and the insurer provides written notice to the commissioner on or before the date of the restructuring. The commissioner may increase the 10% investment limit of this section to 20% for an insurer who demonstrates to the commissioner's satisfaction the soundness of a particular investment or investment strategy that would cause the insurer to exceed the lower limit. If the loans under this subsection exceed 5% of an insurer's assets within any 12-month period, no other loans may be made pursuant to this subsection except with the commissioner's prior approval.

(11) A domestic insurer shall not invest more than 20% of its mortgage portfolio in multifamily residential mortgages that exceed 75% of the appraised value, at the time of the loan, of the real estate offered as security.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 91, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 128, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 330, Imd. Eff. Dec. 17, 1974 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 338, Imd. Eff. Dec. 17, 1982 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 90, Imd. Eff. Apr. 19, 1984 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.943 Qualified assets; derivative instruments and transactions.

Sec. 943.

(1) Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include derivative instruments only if the insurer is able to demonstrate to the commissioner through cash flow testing or other appropriate analyses both the intended hedging characteristics and the ongoing effectiveness of the derivative transaction or combination of transactions.

(2) Before engaging in a derivative transaction and with board of director approval, a domestic insurer shall do all of the following:

(a) Establish written guidelines to be used for effecting or maintaining derivative transactions. The guidelines shall be available to the commissioner on request and shall meet all of the following:

(i) Address investment or, if applicable, underwriting objectives and risk constraints, such as credit risk limits.

(ii) Address permissible derivative transactions and the relationship of those transactions to its operations.

(iii) Require compliance with internal control procedures.

(b) Have a system for determining whether a derivative instrument used in a hedging or replication transaction is effective.

(c) Have a credit risk management system for over-the-counter derivative transactions that measures credit risk exposure using counter party exposure amount.

(d) Determine whether the insurer has adequate professional personnel, technical expertise, and systems to implement investment practices involving derivatives.

(e) Determine that the derivative program is prudent and that the level of risk is appropriate for the insurer given the level of capitalization and expertise available to the insurer.

(3) Except as provided in section 222(7), written guidelines prepared pursuant to subsection (2), if furnished to the commissioner, are confidential and privileged, are not subject to the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246, are not subject to subpoena, and are not subject to discovery or admissible in evidence in any private civil action.

(4) The commissioner may promulgate rules pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, to implement this section, including, but not limited to, the establishment of all of the following:

(a) Financial solvency standards.

(b) Valuation standards.

(c) Reporting requirements.

(5) An insurer shall include all counter party exposure amounts in determining compliance with the limitations in section 901(6).

(6) In measuring the net amount of credit risk exposure using counter party exposure amount, all of the following apply:

(a) The net amount of credit risk equals the market value of the over-the-counter derivative instrument if the liquidation of the derivative instrument would result in a final cash payment to the insurer or zero if the liquidation of the derivative instrument would not result in a final cash payment to the insurer.

(b) If over-the-counter derivative instruments are entered into pursuant to a written master agreement that provides for netting of payments owed by the respective parties, and the domiciliary jurisdiction of the counter party is either within the United States or, if not within the United States, within a foreign jurisdiction approved as eligible for netting, the net amount of credit risk is the greater of zero or the net sum of the market value of the over-the-counter derivative instruments entered into pursuant to the agreement, the liquidation of which would result in a final cash payment to the insurer and the market value of the over-the-counter derivative instruments entered into pursuant to the agreement, the liquidation of which would result in a final cash payment by the insurer to the business entity.

(7) As used in subsection (6), market value shall be determined for open transactions at the end of the most recent quarter of the insurer's fiscal year and shall be reduced by the market value of acceptable collateral held by the insurer or placed in escrow by 1 or both parties.

(8) As used in this section:

(a) “Cap” means an agreement obligating the seller to make payments to the buyer with each payment based on the amount by which a reference price or level or the performance or value of 1 or more underlying interests exceeds a predetermined number, sometimes called the strike rate or strike price.

(b) “Collar” means an agreement to receive payments as the buyer of an option, cap, or floor, and to make payments as the seller of a different option, cap, or floor.

(c) “Collateralized mortgage obligation” means an asset-backed security that has cash flows originating directly or indirectly from underlying mortgage assets.

(d) “Counter party exposure amount” means the net amount of credit risk attributable to a derivative instrument entered into with a business entity other than through a qualified exchange or qualified foreign exchange or cleared through a qualified clearinghouse such as an over-the-counter derivative instrument.

(e) “Derivative instrument” means any agreement, option, or instrument, or any series or combinations of an agreement, option, or instrument to make or take delivery of, or assume or relinquish, a specified amount of 1 or more underlying interests, or to make a cash settlement in lieu of 1 or more underlying interests, or that has a price, performance, value, or cash flow based primarily upon the actual or expected price, yield, level, performance, value, or cash flow of 1 or more underlying interests. Derivative instruments include options, warrants, caps, floors, collars, swaps, swaptions, forwards, futures, and any other substantially similar agreements, options, or instruments, or any series or combinations and any further agreements, options, or instruments included under rules promulgated by the commissioner. Derivative instruments do not include collateralized mortgage obligations, other asset-backed securities, principal-protected structured securities, or instruments that an insurer is otherwise permitted to invest in or receive under this chapter other than under this section. The sale or purchase of a derivative instrument by an insurer in connection with a written investment policy that insulates the purchaser from the risk of default of an underlying financial instrument shall be treated as a derivative and not as insurance for purposes of this act.

(f) “Derivative transaction” means a transaction involving the use of 1 or more derivative instruments. For purposes of this section, dollar roll transactions, repurchase transactions, reverse repurchase transactions, and securities lending transactions are not derivative transactions.

(g) “Floor” means an agreement obligating the seller to make payments to the buyer in which each payment is based on the amount by which a predetermined number, sometimes called the floor rate or price, exceeds a reference price, level, performance, or value of 1 or more underlying interests.

(h) “Forward” means an agreement, other than a future, to make or take delivery in the future of 1 or more underlying interests, or effect a cash settlement, based on the actual or expected price, level, performance, or value of the underlying interests. Forward includes spot transactions effected within customary settlement periods, when-issued purchases, or other similar cash market transactions.

(i) “Future” means an agreement traded on a futures exchange, to make or take delivery of, or effect a cash settlement based on the actual or expected price, level, performance, or value of 1 or more underlying interests.

(j) “Hedging transaction” means a derivative transaction that is entered into and maintained to manage the risk of a change in the value, yield, price, cash flow, or quantity of assets or liabilities that the insurer has acquired or incurred or anticipates acquiring or incurring or the currency exchange rate risk related to assets or liabilities that an insurer has acquired or incurred or anticipates acquiring or incurring.

(k) “Option” means an agreement giving the buyer the right to buy or receive, known as a call option, sell or deliver, known as a put option, enter into, extend, or terminate or effect a cash settlement based on the actual or expected price, spread, level, performance, or value of 1 or more underlying interests.

(l) “Replication transaction” means a derivative transaction or combination of derivative transactions effected either separately or in conjunction with cash market investments included in the insurer's investment portfolio in order to replicate the risks and returns of another authorized transaction, investment, or instrument or to operate as a substitute for cash market transactions. A derivative transaction entered into by the insurer as a hedging transaction is not a replication transaction.

(m) “Structured security” means an obligation whose principal or interest payments are determined partially or entirely by reference to an index, market, event, or asset unrelated to the issuer's ability to pay.

(n) “Swap” means an agreement to exchange or to net payments at 1 or more times based on the actual or expected price, yield, level, performance, or value of 1 or more underlying interests.

(o) “Swaption” means an option to purchase or sell a swap at a given price and time or at a series of prices and times. A swaption does not mean a swap with an embedded option.

(p) “Underlying interest” means the assets, liabilities, other interests, or a combination of assets, liabilities, or other interests underlying a derivative instrument such as any 1 or more securities, currencies, rates, indices, commodities, or derivative instruments.

(q) “Warrant” means an instrument that gives the holder the right to purchase or sell the underlying interest at a given price and time or at a series of prices and times outlined in the warrant agreement.

(9) The amendatory act that added this subsection does not affect the validity of any derivative transaction entered into or derivative instrument acquired by an insurer before the effective date of the amendatory act that added this subsection.


History: Add. 1987, Act 24, Imd. Eff. Apr. 24, 1987 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.944 Accounts receivable; includable as qualified assets.

Sec. 944.

Qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include the value of any amounts receivable from insurers authorized to transact insurance in this state.


History: Add. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.945 Repealed. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to investments or loans meeting trusted depository requirements.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.946 Home office, lands, and buildings; includable as qualified assets.

Sec. 946.

(1) Subject to the limitations in section 901, qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include a home office, lands, and buildings as follows:

(a) A building in which the insurer has its principal home office and the land upon which the building stands.

(b) Real estate requisite for its accommodation in the convenient transaction of its business.

(c) Other real estate requisite or desirable for the protection or enhancement of the value of real estate described under subdivisions (a) and (b).

(2) Any parcel of real estate acquired under this section may include excess space for rental to others or if the excess is reasonably required in order to have a building that would be an economic unit.

(3) Real estate under this section may be subject to a mortgage.

(4) Any real estate investment under this section that would result in a total real estate investment in excess of 10% of a domestic insurer's capital and surplus shall not be made until a certificate of permission for the purchase or construction of the property is granted by the commissioner. The commissioner may require an appraisal of the property considered for investment by 3 qualified appraisers, appointed by the commissioner for the purpose of the appraisal, and their certification to the commissioner of a valuation of the property at least equal to the amount that is proposed to be invested in the property by the insurer.


History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 91, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.947 Income producing real estate and housing projects; includable as qualified assets.

Sec. 947.

(1) Subject to the limitations in section 901, qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include real estate or any interest in real estate, acquired by the insurer for the purpose, under its franchise, of construction, development, maintenance, operation, or lease as an investment for the production of income, or for the purpose, under its franchise, of constructing, maintaining, or operating housing projects including incidental retail and service facilities.

(2) Subject to the limitations in section 901, qualified assets for purposes of section 901 include real estate conveyed or mortgaged in good faith, by way of security for debts or in satisfaction for debts, or purchased at sales on judgments, decrees, or mortgages in favor of the insurer or acquired in the process of settling claims asserted under its policies.


History: Add. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 462, Imd. Eff. June 21, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.948 Repealed. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to investments by insurers.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.950, 500.951 Repealed. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to investments by insurers.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.960 Repealed. 1969, Act 318, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to investments by insurers.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 10
ANNUAL AUDITED FINANCIAL REPORTS


500.1001 Definitions.

Sec. 1001.

As used in this chapter:

(a) "Audited financial report" means the report required in section 1005 and furnished pursuant to section 1007.

(b) "Audit committee" means a committee or equivalent body established by the board of directors of an entity to oversee the accounting and financial reporting processes and audits of the financial statements of an insurer or group of insurers. The audit committee of an entity that controls a group of insurers may be the audit committee for 1 or more of these controlled insurers solely for the purposes of compliance with this chapter at the election of the controlling person as permitted in section 1027(6). If an audit committee is not designated by an insurer, the insurer's entire board of directors will constitute the audit committee.

(c) "Group of insurers" means those licensed insurers included in the reporting requirements of chapter 13, or a set of insurers as identified by management, for the purpose of assessing the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting.

(d) "Indemnification agreement" means an agreement of indemnity or a release from liability as to which the intent or effect is to shift or limit in any manner the potential liability of the person or firm for failure to adhere to applicable auditing or professional standards, whether or not resulting in part from knowing of other misrepresentations made by the insurer or its representatives.

(e) "Independent board member" has the same meaning as described in section 1027(4).

(f) "Independent public accountant" means an independent certified public accountant or accounting firm in good standing with the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and in good standing in all states in which the accountant or accounting firm is licensed to practice. For Canadian and British companies, "independent public accountant" means a Canadian-chartered or British-chartered accountant.

(g) "Insurer" means that term as defined in section 106 and includes a nonprofit dental care corporation operating under 1963 PA 125, MCL 550.351 to 550.373.

(h) "Internal control over financial reporting" means a process effected by an entity's board of directors, management, and other personnel designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of the financial statements filed with the director, and includes the following:

(i) Policies and procedures pertaining to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of assets.

(ii) Policies and procedures providing reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of the financial statements filed with the director and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors.

(iii) Policies and procedures providing reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements filed with the director.

(i) "SEC" means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

(j) "Section 404" means section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley act of 2002, 15 USC 7262, and the SEC's rules and regulations promulgated under that section.

(k) "Section 404 report" means management's report on "internal control over financial reporting" as defined by the SEC and the related attestation report of the independent certified public accountant.

(l) "SOX compliant entity" means an entity that either is required to be compliant with, or voluntarily is compliant with, all of the following provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley act of 2002 and the regulations promulgated under that act:

(i) The preapproval requirements of section 201, section 10A(i) of the securities exchange act of 1934, 15 USC 78j-1.

(ii) The audit committee independence requirements of section 301, section 10A(m)(3) of the securities exchange act of 1934, 15 USC 78j-1.

(iii) The internal control over financial reporting requirements of section 404, 15 USC 7262, as prescribed by item 308 of SEC regulation S-K, 17 CFR 229.308.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 342, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2008 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 276, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2016
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1003 Nonapplicability of chapter.

Sec. 1003.

(1) This chapter does not apply to any of the following:

(a) Insurers having direct premiums written in this state of less than $1,000,000.00 in any year and having less than 1,000 policyholders in this state at the end of any year unless the commissioner makes a specific finding that compliance is necessary for the commissioner to carry out the responsibilities of this act.

(b) Domestic insurers transacting insurance only in this state that have direct premiums written of less than $10,000,000.00 in any year, write or assume reinsurance for only property-based coverage, and are not part of an insurance holding company system whose members have total direct written premiums of more than $10,000,000.00 in any year, unless the commissioner makes a specific finding that compliance is necessary for the commissioner to carry out the responsibilities of this act.

(c) Insurers filing audited financial reports in another state, pursuant to the other state's requirement of audited financial reports that have been found by the commissioner to be substantially similar to the requirements of this chapter, if a copy of the audited financial report and the evaluation of accounting procedures and systems of internal control report that are filed with the other state are filed with the commissioner in accordance with the filing dates specified in sections 1005 and 1017 or, if a Canadian insurer, a copy of the independent public accountants' reports that are filed with the Canadian Dominion department of insurance, and a copy of any notification of adverse financial condition report filed with the other state is filed with the commissioner within the time specified in section 1015.

(2) This chapter does not prohibit, preclude, or in any way limit the commissioner from ordering, conducting, and performing examinations of insurers under this act.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1005 Insurer; annual audit; filing date; extensions; designation of audit committee.

Sec. 1005.

(1) Each insurer authorized to do business in this state shall have an annual audit by an independent public accountant and shall file an audited financial report with the commissioner on or before June 1 for the immediately preceding calendar year. With 90 days' advance notice to the insurer, the commissioner may require an insurer to file an audited financial report earlier than June 1.

(2) Extensions of the June 1 filing date under subsection (1) may be granted by the commissioner for 30-day periods upon a showing by the insurer and its independent public accountant of the reasons for requesting the extension and upon a determination by the commissioner of good cause for an extension. The extension request shall be submitted in writing not less than 10 days prior to the due date and in sufficient detail to permit the commissioner to make an informed decision on the requested extension. An extension granted under this subsection shall include a 30-day extension to the filing of management's report of internal control over financial reporting.

(3) Each insurer required to file an annual audited financial report under this chapter shall designate a group of individuals as constituting its audit committee. The audit committee of an entity that controls an insurer may be the insurer's audit committee for purposes of this chapter at the election of the controlling person.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 342, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2008
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© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1007 Annual audited financial report; contents; form; conduct of examination by independent public accountant.

Sec. 1007.

(1) The annual audited financial report shall report the insurer's financial condition as of the end of the most recent calendar year and the results of its operations, cash flows, and changes in capital and surplus for the year then ended in conformity with accounting practices prescribed, or otherwise permitted, by the commissioner and shall include all of the following:

(a) The report of an independent public accountant.

(b) A balance sheet reporting admitted assets, liabilities, capital, and surplus.

(c) A statement of operations.

(d) A statement of cash flows.

(e) A statement of changes in capital and surplus.

(f) Notes to financial statements. These notes shall be those required by the commissioner's annual statement instructions and accounting practices prescribed by the commissioner. The notes shall include a reconciliation of differences, if any, between the audited financial statements and the annual statement filed pursuant to section 438 with a written description of the nature of these differences.

(2) The financial statements included in the audited financial report shall be prepared in a form and using language and groupings substantially the same as the relevant sections of the insurer's annual statement filed with the commissioner, may be rounded to the nearest thousand dollars, may combine insignificant amounts, and, except for the first year the insurer is required to file an audited financial report, shall be comparative, presenting the amounts as of December 31 of the current year and the amounts as of the immediately preceding December 31.

(3) The independent public accountant shall conduct the examination in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Consideration shall be given, as the independent public accountant considers necessary, to the procedures illustrated in the "Financial Conditions Examiners Handbook" prepared by the national association of insurance commissioners.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 342, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2008
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1009 Insurer required to file annual audited report; registration of insurer's independent public accountant; letter required; dismissal or resignation of independent public accountant; notice; report of disagreement; responsive letter.

Sec. 1009.

(1) Each insurer required by this chapter to file an annual audited financial report shall register with the commissioner in writing, within 60 days after becoming subject to this requirement, the name and address of the independent public accountant or accounting firm retained to conduct the annual audit under this chapter. Insurers not retaining an independent public accountant on the effective date of this chapter shall register the name and address of their retained independent public accountant not less than 6 months before the date when the first audited financial report is to be filed.

(2) The insurer shall obtain a letter from the insurer's independent public accountant and shall file a copy with the commissioner stating that the independent public accountant is aware of the insurance code's provisions and the rules and regulations of the state of domicile's insurance department that relate to accounting and financial matters and affirming that he or she will express his or her opinion on the financial statements as to whether they conform to the accounting practices prescribed or otherwise permitted by that department, specifying the exceptions as he or she believes appropriate.

(3) If the independent public accountant for the immediately preceding filed audited financial report is dismissed or resigns, the insurer shall notify the commissioner within 5 business days of this event. The insurer shall also furnish the commissioner with a separate letter within 10 business days of the above notification stating whether in the 24 months preceding the event there were any disagreements with the former independent public accountant on any matter of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure, or auditing scope or procedure, which disagreements, if not resolved to the satisfaction of the former independent public accountant, would have caused the former independent public accountant to refer to the subject matter of the disagreement in connection with his or her opinion. The disagreements required to be reported in response to this section include both those resolved to the former independent public accountant's satisfaction and those not resolved to the former independent public accountant's satisfaction. Disagreements contemplated by this section are those that occur at the decision-making level between personnel of the insurer responsible for presentation of its financial statements and personnel of the independent public accounting firm responsible for rendering its report. The insurer shall also request in writing the former independent public accountant to furnish a letter addressed to the insurer stating whether the independent public accountant agrees with the statements contained in the insurer's letter and, if not, stating the reasons for which he or she does not agree. The insurer shall furnish this responsive letter from the former independent public accountant to the commissioner together with its own.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Compiler's Notes: Act 143 of 1993, which amended this act, was submitted to the people by referendum petition (as Proposal C) and rejected by a majority of the votes cast at the November 8, 1994, general election.For transfer of the Department of Insurance and Office of the Commissioner on Insurance from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of authority, powers, duties, functions, and responsibilities of the insurance bureau and the commissioner of insurance to the commissioner of the office of financial and insurance services and the office of financial and insurance services, see E.R.O. No. 2000-2, compiled at MCL 445.2003 of the Michigan compiled laws.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1010 Recognition of person or firm as independent public accountant; mediation or arbitration of disputes; limitation on period of service; relief from rotation requirement; restrictions; hearing; ruling by commissioner; exemption from subsection (7); nonaudit services; preapproval; waiver; independent public accountant not recognized as qualified; condition; relief from subsection (14).

Sec. 1010.

(1) The commissioner shall not recognize a person or firm as an independent public accountant unless that person or firm meets both of the following:

(a) Is in good standing with the American institute of certified public accountants and in good standing in all states in which the independent public accountant is licensed to practice, or, for a Canadian or British company, unless that person or firm is a chartered accountant.

(b) Has not either directly or indirectly entered into an indemnification agreement, whether an agreement of indemnity or release from liability, with respect to the insurer's audit.

(2) Except as otherwise provided, a certified public accountant shall be recognized as independent as long as he or she conforms to the standards of his or her profession, as contained in the code of professional ethics of the American institute of certified public accountants, its rules and regulations, and this state's board of accountancy's code of ethics and rules of professional conduct.

(3) A qualified independent accountant may enter into an agreement with an insurer to have disputes relating to an audit resolved by mediation or arbitration. However, if a delinquency proceeding is commenced against the insurer under chapter 81, the mediation or arbitration provision shall operate at the option of the statutory successor.

(4) An individual independent public accountant or a lead partner having primary responsibility for an annual audit or other person responsible for rendering a report by an independent public accounting firm retained to conduct an annual audit under this chapter shall not act in that capacity for the same insurer for more than 5 consecutive years. Following such a 5-year period of service, the individual independent public accountant or partner or other responsible person for the accounting firm shall not conduct an annual audit under this chapter for the same insurer or its insurance subsidiaries or affiliates for a period of 5 years. An insurer may apply for relief from the commissioner from this rotation requirement on the basis of unusual circumstances. This application shall be made at least 30 days before the end of the calendar year. The commissioner may consider the following factors in determining if relief should be granted:

(a) Number of partners, expertise of the partners, or the number of insurance clients in the independent public accounting firm.

(b) The insurer's premium volume.

(c) Number of jurisdictions in which the insurer transacts business.

(5) An approval for relief granted under subsection (4) shall be filed by the insurer with its annual statement filing with the states that it is licensed in or doing business in and with the national association of insurance commissioners. If the nondomestic state accepts electronic filing with the national association of insurance commissioners, the insurer shall file the approval in an electronic format acceptable to the national association of insurance commissioners.

(6) The commissioner shall not recognize as a qualified independent public accountant, or accept an annual audited financial report, prepared in whole or in part by an individual who has done any of the following:

(a) Been convicted of fraud, bribery, a violation of chapter 96 of title 18 of the United States Code, 18 USC 1961 to 1968, or any dishonest conduct or practices under federal or state law.

(b) Been found to have violated the insurance laws of this state with respect to any previous reports submitted under this chapter.

(c) Has failed to detect or disclose material information in 1 or more previous reports filed under this chapter.

(7) The commissioner shall not recognize as a qualified independent public accountant, or accept an annual audited financial report prepared in whole or in part by, an individual who provides to an insurer, contemporaneously with the audit, any of the following nonaudit services:

(a) Bookkeeping or other services related to the accounting records or financial statements of the insurer.

(b) Financial information systems design and implementation.

(c) Appraisal or valuation services, fairness opinions, or contribution-in-kind reports.

(d) Actuarially oriented advisory services involving the determination of amounts recorded in the financial statements. The accountants may assist an insurer in understanding the methods, assumptions, and inputs used in the determination of amounts recorded in the financial statements only if it is reasonable to conclude that the services provided will not be subject to audit procedures during an audit of the insurer's financial statements. An accountant's actuary may also issue an actuarial opinion or certification on an insurer's reserves if all of the following conditions have been met:

(i) Neither the accountant nor the accountant's actuary has performed any management functions or made any management decisions.

(ii) The insurer has competent personnel or engages a third party actuary to estimate the reserves for which management takes responsibility.

(iii) The accountant's actuary tests the reasonableness of the reserves after the insurer's management has determined the amount of the reserves.

(e) Internal audit outsourcing services.

(f) Management functions or human resources.

(g) Broker or dealer, investment adviser, or investment banking services.

(h) Legal services or expert services unrelated to the audit.

(i) Any other services that the commissioner determines, by order or regulation, are impermissible.

(8) To be a qualified independent public accountant, the accountant shall not function in the role of management, shall not audit his or her own work, and shall not serve in an advocacy role for the insurer.

(9) The commissioner may hold a public hearing pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, to determine whether a certified public accountant is qualified. After considering the evidence presented, the commissioner may rule that the accountant is not qualified for purposes of expressing his or her opinion on the financial statements in the annual audited financial report made pursuant to this chapter and may require the insurer to replace the accountant with another whose relationship with the insurer is qualified within the meaning of this chapter.

(10) Insurers having direct written and assumed premiums of less than $100,000,000.00 in any calendar year may request an exemption from subsection (7). An insurer requesting an exemption shall file with the commissioner a written statement discussing the reasons why the insurer should be exempt. The commissioner shall grant the exemption if after review of the statement the commissioner finds that compliance with subsection (7) would constitute a financial or organizational hardship upon the insurer.

(11) A qualified independent public accountant who performs an audit under this chapter may engage in other nonaudit services, including tax services, that are not described in subsection (7) and that do not conflict with subsection (8), only if the activity is approved in advance by the audit committee as provided in subsection (12).

(12) All auditing services and nonaudit services provided to an insurer by a qualified independent public accountant of the insurer shall be preapproved by the audit committee. The preapproval requirement is waived with respect to nonaudit services in either of the following cases:

(a) If the insurer is a SOX compliant entity or a direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of a SOX compliant entity.

(b) If the aggregate amount of all such nonaudit services provided to the insurer constitutes not more than 5% of the total amount of fees paid by the insurer to its qualified independent public accountant during the fiscal year in which the nonaudit services are provided, the services were not recognized by the insurer at the time of the engagement to be nonaudit services, and the services are promptly brought to the attention of the audit committee and approved prior to the completion of the audit by the audit committee or by 1 or more members of the audit committee who are the members of the board of directors to whom authority to grant such approvals has been delegated by the audit committee.

(13) The audit committee may delegate to 1 or more designated members of the audit committee the authority to grant the preapprovals required by subsection (12). The decisions of any member to whom this authority is delegated shall be presented to the full audit committee at each of its scheduled meetings.

(14) The commissioner shall not recognize an independent public accountant as qualified for a particular insurer if a member of the board, president, chief executive officer, controller, chief financial officer, chief accounting officer, or any person serving in an equivalent position for that insurer was employed by the independent public accountant and participated in the audit of that insurer during the 1-year period preceding the date that the most current statutory opinion is due. This subsection only applies to partners and senior managers involved in the audit. An insurer may request relief from this subsection by filing a request with the commissioner 30 days prior to the end of the calendar year for the audit in a manner prescribed by the commissioner showing the unusual circumstances that support the need for relief from this subsection. An approval for relief granted by the commissioner under this subsection shall be filed by the insurer with its annual statement filing with the states that it is licensed in or doing business in and with the national association of insurance commissioners. If the nondomestic state accepts electronic filing with the national association of insurance commissioners, the insurer shall file the approval in an electronic format acceptable to the national association of insurance commissioners.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 342, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2008
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1011 Audited consolidated or combined financial statements; application for filing; work sheet.

Sec. 1011.

An insurer may make written application to the commissioner for approval to file audited consolidated or combined financial statements in lieu of separate annual audited financial statements if the insurer is part of a group of affiliates that uses a pooling or 100% reinsurance agreement that affects the solvency and integrity of the insurer's reserves and the insurer cedes all of its direct and assumed business to the pool. If approval is given, a columnar consolidating or combining work sheet shall be filed with the report, as follows:

(a) Amounts shown on the consolidated or combined audited financial report shall be shown on the work sheet.

(b) Amounts for each insurer subject to this section shall be stated separately.

(c) Noninsurance operations may be shown on the work sheet on a combined or individual basis.

(d) Explanations of consolidating and eliminating entries shall be included.

(e) Any differences between the amounts shown in the individual insurer columns of the work sheet and comparable amounts shown on the annual statements of the insurers shall be reconciled.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1015 Independent public accountant; reporting determination that insurer materially misstated financial condition or does not meet requirements of MCL 500.408 or MCL 500.410; liability; action to be taken after date of audited financial report.

Sec. 1015.

(1) An insurer required to furnish the annual audited financial report shall require the independent public accountant to report in writing within 5 business days to the board of directors or its audit committee any determination by that independent public accountant that the insurer has materially misstated its financial condition as reported to the commissioner as of the balance sheet date currently under examination or that the insurer does not meet the requirements of section 408 or 410 as of that date. The insurer shall furnish a copy of this report to the commissioner within 5 business days of receipt of the report and shall provide the independent public accountant making the report with evidence of the report being furnished to the commissioner. If the independent public accountant fails to receive the evidence within the required 5-business day period, the independent public accountant shall furnish a copy of its report to the commissioner within the next 5 business days.

(2) An independent public accountant is not liable to any person for a statement or report made in connection with this section if the statement or report is made in good faith in compliance with subsection (1).

(3) If after the date of the audited financial report filed pursuant to this chapter the accountant becomes aware of facts that might have affected his or her report, the accountant shall take action as prescribed by the professional standards of the American institute of certified public accountants.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 342, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2008
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1017 Independent public accountant; communicating unremediated material weaknesses; description.

Sec. 1017.

(1) In addition to the annual audited financial report, each insurer shall furnish the commissioner with a written communication as to any unremediated material weaknesses in the insurer's internal controls over financial reporting noted during the audit. This communication shall be prepared by the accountant within 60 days after the filing of the annual audited financial report and shall contain a description of any unremediated material weaknesses, as of the December 31 immediately preceding, in the insurer's internal control over financial reporting noted by the accountant during the course of his or her audit of the financial statements. The communication shall also state if no unremediated material weaknesses were noted.

(2) The insurer shall provide to the commissioner a description of remedial actions taken or proposed to correct unremediated material weaknesses, if the actions taken or proposed are not described in the accountant's communication.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 342, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2008
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1019 Independent public accountant; filing letter with annual audited financial report; contents.

Sec. 1019.

The independent public accountant shall furnish the insurer in connection with, and for inclusion in, the filing of the annual audited financial report, a letter stating all of the following:

(a) That the independent public accountant is independent of the insurer and conforms to the standards of his or her profession.

(b) The general background and experience and the experience in insurer audits of the staff assigned to the annual audited financial report and whether each is an independent public accountant. Nothing within this chapter shall be construed as prohibiting the independent public accountant from using the staff he or she considers appropriate if the use is consistent with the standards prescribed by generally accepted auditing standards.

(c) That the independent public accountant understands the annual audited financial report, and his or her opinion on the report, will be filed in compliance with this chapter, and that the commissioner will be relying on this information in the monitoring and regulation of the financial position of the insurer.

(d) That the independent public accountant consents to the requirements of section 1021 and that the independent public accountant consents and agrees to make available for review by the commissioner, his or her designee, or his or her appointed agent, the work papers described in section 1021.

(e) A representation that the independent public accountant is properly licensed by an appropriate state licensing authority and is a member in good standing in the American institute of certified public accountants.

(f) A representation that the independent public accountant is in compliance with the requirements of section 1010.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1021 Work papers; availability; retention; review as investigation; use.

Sec. 1021.

(1) Work papers are the records kept by the independent public accountant of the procedures followed, tests performed, information obtained, and conclusions reached pertinent to his or her examination of the insurer's financial statements. Work papers may include audit planning documentation, work programs, analyses, memoranda, letters of confirmation and representation, abstracts of company documents, and schedules or commentaries prepared or obtained by the independent public accountant in the course of his or her examination of the insurer's financial statements and that support his or her opinion.

(2) Each insurer required to file an audited financial report pursuant to this chapter shall require the independent public accountant to make available for review by the commissioner the work papers prepared in the conduct of his or her examination and any communications between the independent public accountant and the insurer related to the audit at the commissioner's offices or at any other reasonable place designated by the commissioner. The insurer shall require that the independent public accountant retain the audit work papers and communications for a period of not less than 5 years after the period reported on.

(3) In a review by the commissioner under subsection (2), it shall be agreed that photocopies of pertinent audit work papers may be made and retained by the commissioner. A review by the commissioner under subsection (2) shall be considered an investigation and all working papers and communications obtained during the course of the investigation shall be confidential.

(4) In the examination or other investigation or determination of the financial condition of an insurer pursuant to this act, the commissioner shall utilize the audit work papers and other documents prepared by the independent public accountant and shall avoid duplication of the work of the independent public accountant unless the commissioner in the reasonable exercise of his or her discretion finds that additional examination is necessary in order to determine whether an insurer is safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1023 Compliance with chapter; exemption; filing reports on other than calendar year basis; compliance by domestic insurers; schedule; compliance by foreign insurers.

Sec. 1023.

(1) Upon an insurer's written application, the commissioner may grant an exemption from compliance with this chapter if the commissioner finds, upon review of the application, that compliance with this chapter would constitute a financial or organizational hardship upon the insurer. An exemption may be granted at any time and from time to time for a specified period or periods. Within 10 days from a denial of an insurer's written request for an exemption from this chapter, the insurer may request in writing a hearing on its application for an exemption. The hearing shall be held in accordance with the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being sections 24.201 to 24.328 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(2) Upon an insurer's written application, the commissioner, for a specified period or periods, may permit an insurer to file annual audited financial reports on some basis other than a calendar year basis. Within 10 days from a denial of such a written request, the insurer may request in writing a hearing on its application. The hearing shall be held in accordance with Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969.

(3) Domestic insurers retaining a certified public accountant on the effective date of this chapter who qualifies as independent shall comply with this chapter for the year ending December 31, 1992 and each year thereafter unless the commissioner permits otherwise.

(4) Domestic insurers not retaining a certified public accountant on the effective date of this chapter who qualifies as independent shall meet the following schedule for compliance unless the commissioner permits otherwise:

(a) As of December 31, 1992, file with the commissioner all of the following:

(i) Report of independent public accountant.

(ii) Audited balance sheet.

(iii) Notes to audited balance sheet.

(b) For the year ending December 31, 1993 and each year thereafter, file with the commissioner all reports required by this chapter.

(5) Foreign insurers shall comply with this chapter for the year ending December 31, 1993 and each year thereafter, unless the commissioner permits otherwise.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1025 Canadian and British insurers; annual audited financial report; contents of independent public accountant's letter.

Sec. 1025.

(1) For Canadian and British insurers, the annual audited financial report is the annual statement of total business, on the form filed by those companies with their domiciliary supervision authority, and duly audited by an independent chartered accountant.

(2) For insurers listed in subsection (1), the independent public accountant's letter required in section 1009 shall state that the independent public accountant is aware of the requirements relating to the annual audited statement filed with the commissioner pursuant to section 1005 and shall affirm that the opinion expressed is in conformity with those requirements.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1027 Applicability of section to domestic insurer not SOX compliant entity; duties of audit committee; member of audit committee as independent; election of controlling person; report by accountant; reports provided on aggregate basis; structure of audit committee; waiver from section based on hardship; effective date of section.

Sec. 1027.

(1) This section applies to a domestic insurer that is not a SOX compliant entity. A domestic insurer that is a direct or indirect subsidiary of a SOX compliant entity is considered to be a SOX compliant entity for purposes of this section.

(2) The audit committee shall be directly responsible for the appointment, compensation, and oversight of the work of any accountant, including resolution of disagreements between management and the accountant regarding financial reporting, for the purpose of preparing or issuing the audited financial report or related work pursuant to this chapter. Each accountant shall report directly to the audit committee.

(3) Each member of the audit committee shall be a member of the board of directors of the insurer or a member of the board of directors of an entity elected pursuant to subsection (6).

(4) To be considered independent for purposes of this section, a member of the audit committee shall not, other than in his or her capacity as a member of the audit committee, the board of directors, or any other board committee, accept any consulting, advisory, or other compensatory fee from the entity audited or be an affiliated person of the entity or subsidiary audited, unless the individual serves on the board to meet another statutory requirement related to the composition of the board. However, in no case can the independent audit committee member be an officer or employee of the insurer or 1 of its affiliates.

(5) If a member of the audit committee ceases to be independent for reasons outside the member's reasonable control, that person, with notice by the responsible entity to the state, may remain an audit committee member of the responsible entity until the earlier of the next annual meeting of the responsible entity or 1 year from the occurrence of the event that caused the member to be no longer independent.

(6) To exercise the election of the controlling person to designate the audit committee for purposes of this section, the ultimate controlling person shall provide written notice to the commissioner. Notification shall be made timely prior to the issuance of the statutory audit report and include a description of the basis for the election. The election can be changed through notice to the commissioner by the insurer, which shall include a description of the basis for the change. The election shall remain in effect until rescinded.

(7) The audit committee shall require the accountant that performs for an insurer any audit required by this chapter to timely report to the audit committee in accordance with the requirements of SAS 61, communication with audit committees, or a substantially similar replacement publication as required by the commissioner, including all of the following:

(a) All significant accounting policies and material permitted practices.

(b) All material alternative treatments of financial information within statutory accounting principles that have been discussed with management officials of the insurer, ramifications of the use of the alternative disclosures and treatments, and the treatment preferred by the accountant.

(c) Other material written communications between the accountant and the management of the insurer, such as any management letter or schedule of unadjusted differences.

(8) If an insurer is a member of an insurance holding company system, the reports required by subsection (7) may be provided to the audit committee on an aggregate basis for insurers in the holding company system, provided that any substantial differences among insurers in the system are identified to the audit committee.

(9) All insurers are encouraged to structure their audit committees with at least a supermajority of independent committee members. An insurer with $300,000,000.01 or less of direct written and assumed premiums in the prior calendar year is not required to have independent audit committee members. An insurer with over $300,000,000.00 but $500,000,000.00 or less of direct written and assumed premiums in the prior calendar year shall have 50% or more of its audit committee members be independent. An insurer with over $500,000,000.00 of direct written and assumed premiums in the prior calendar year shall have 75% or more of its audit committee members be independent. As used in this section, "direct written and assumed premiums" is the combined total of direct premiums and assumed premiums from nonaffiliates for the reporting entities.

(10) The commissioner may require an entity's board to enact improvements to the independence of the audit committee membership if the insurer is in a risk-based capital action level event, meets 1 or more of the standards listed in chapter 4 of an insurer considered to be in hazardous financial condition, or otherwise exhibits signs of a troubled insurer.

(11) An insurer with direct written and assumed premium, excluding premiums reinsured with the federal crop insurance corporation and federal flood program, of less than $500,000,000.00 may apply to the commissioner for a waiver from this section based upon hardship. The insurer shall file, with its annual statement filing, the approval for relief from this section granted by the commissioner with the states that it is licensed in or doing business in and with the national association of insurance commissioners. If the nondomestic state accepts electronic filing with the national association of insurance commissioners, the insurer shall file the approval in an electronic format acceptable to the national association of insurance commissioners.

(12) This section takes effect January 1, 2010. An insurer or group of insurers that is not required to have independent audit committee members or only 50% independent audit committee members because the total written and assumed premium is below the required threshold in subsection (9) and subsequently becomes subject to 1 of the independence requirements due to changes in premium, whether through business combination or not, shall have 1 year after the year the threshold is exceeded to comply with the independence requirements of subsection (9).


History: Add. 2008, Act 342, Eff. Jan. 1, 2010
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1029 Director or officer of insurer; prohibited conduct.

Sec. 1029.

(1) A director or officer of an insurer shall not directly or indirectly do either of the following:

(a) Make or cause to be made a materially false or misleading statement to an accountant in connection with any audit, review, or communication required under this chapter.

(b) Omit to state, or cause another person to omit to state, any material fact necessary in order to make statements made, in light of the circumstances under which the statements were made, not misleading to an accountant in connection with any audit, review, or communication required under this chapter.

(2) A director or officer of an insurer, or any other person acting under the direction thereof, shall not directly or indirectly take any action to coerce, manipulate, mislead, or fraudulently influence any accountant engaged in the performance of an audit under this chapter if that person knew or should have known that the action, if successful, could result in rendering the insurer's financial statements materially misleading. Actions that, if successful, could result in rendering the insurer's financial statements materially misleading include, but are not limited to, actions taken at any time with respect to the professional engagement period to coerce, manipulate, mislead, or fraudulently influence an accountant to do any of the following:

(a) To issue or reissue a report on an insurer's financial statements that is not warranted under the circumstances due to material violations of statutory accounting principles prescribed by the commissioner, generally accepted auditing standards, or other professional or regulatory standards.

(b) Not to perform audit, review, or other procedures required by generally accepted auditing standards or other professional standards.

(c) Not to withdraw an issued report.

(d) Not to communicate matters to an insurer's audit committee.


History: Add. 2008, Act 342, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2008
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1031 Report of insurer's or group of insurers' internal control over financial reporting; requirements.

Sec. 1031.

(1) Every insurer required to file an audited financial report pursuant to this chapter that has annual direct written and assumed premiums, excluding premiums reinsured with the federal crop insurance corporation and federal flood program, of $500,000,000.00 or more shall prepare a report of the insurer's or group of insurers' internal control over financial reporting, which shall be as of the immediately preceding December 31. The report shall be filed with the commissioner along with the communication of internal control related matters noted in an audit described under section 1017.

(2) Notwithstanding the premium threshold in subsection (1), the commissioner may require an insurer to file a report of internal control over financial reporting if the insurer is in a risk-based capital level event or meets 1 or more of the standards listed in chapter 4 of an insurer considered to be in hazardous financial condition, or otherwise exhibits signs of a troubled insurer.

(3) An insurer or a group of insurers that is directly subject to section 404, part of a holding company system whose parent is directly subject to section 404, not directly subject to section 404 but is a SOX compliant entity, or a member of a holding company system whose parent is not directly subject to section 404 but is a SOX compliant entity may file its or its parent's section 404 report and an addendum in satisfaction of the requirements of this section provided that those internal controls of the insurer or group of insurers having a material impact on the preparation of the insurer's or group of insurers' audited statutory financial statements as required in section 1007 were included in the scope of the section 404 report. The addendum shall be a positive statement by management that there are no material processes with respect to the preparation of the insurer's or group of insurers' audited statutory financial statements as required in section 1007 excluded from the section 404 report. If there are internal controls of the insurer or group of insurers that have a material impact on the preparation of the insurer's or group of insurers' audited statutory financial statements and those internal controls were not included in the scope of the section 404 report, the insurer or group of insurers may either file a report as specified in subsection (1), or the section 404 report and a report as specified in subsection (1) for those internal controls that have a material impact on the preparation of the insurer's or group of insurers' audited statutory financial statements not covered by the section 404 report.

(4) The report of internal control over financial reporting shall include all of the following:

(a) A statement that management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting.

(b) A statement that management has established internal control over financial reporting and an assertion, to the best of management's knowledge and belief, after diligent inquiry, as to whether its internal control over financial reporting is effective to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial statements in accordance with statutory accounting principles.

(c) A statement that briefly describes the approach or processes by which management evaluated the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting.

(d) A statement that briefly describes the scope of work that is included and whether any internal controls were excluded.

(e) Disclosure of any unremediated material weaknesses in the internal control over financial reporting identified by management as of the immediately preceding December 31. Management shall not conclude that the internal control over financial reporting is effective to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial statements in accordance with statutory accounting principles if there is 1 or more unremediated material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting.

(f) A statement regarding the inherent limitations of internal control systems.

(g) Signatures of the chief executive officer and the chief financial officer or his or her equivalent.

(5) Management shall document and make available upon financial condition examination the basis upon which its assertions, required in subsection (4), are made. Management may base its assertions, in part, upon its review, monitoring, and testing of internal controls undertaken in the normal course of its activities. Management has discretion as to the nature of the internal control framework used, and the nature and extent of documentation, in order to make its assertion in a cost-effective manner and, as such, may include assembly of or reference to existing documentation.

(6) The office of financial and insurance regulation shall keep confidential the report on internal control over financial reporting, required by subsection (1), and any documentation provided in support thereof during the course of a financial condition examination.

(7) This section takes effect beginning with the reporting period that ends December 31, 2010. An insurer or group of insurers that is not required to file a report because the total written premium is below the required threshold and subsequently becomes subject to the reporting requirement, whether through business combination or not, shall have 2 years after the year the threshold is exceeded to comply with this section's reporting requirements.


History: Add. 2008, Act 342, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2008
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1033 Exemption from any or all provisions of chapter.

Sec. 1033.

Upon written application of any insurer, the commissioner may grant an exemption from compliance with any or all provisions of this chapter if the commissioner finds, upon review of the application, that compliance with this chapter would constitute a financial or organizational hardship upon the insurer. An exemption may be granted at any time and from time to time for a specified period or periods. An exemption granted under this section shall be filed by the insurer with the states that it is licensed in or doing business in and with the national association of insurance commissioners. If the nondomestic state accepts electronic filing with the national association of insurance commissioners, the insurer shall file the approval in an electronic format acceptable to the national association of insurance commissioners. Within 10 days from a denial of an insurer's written request for an exemption from this chapter, the insurer may request in writing a hearing on its application for an exemption. The hearing shall be held pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328.


History: Add. 2008, Act 342, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2008
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 11
REINSURANCE


500.1101 “Qualified United States financial institution” defined.

Sec. 1101.

For purposes of this chapter, a “qualified United States financial institution” means an institution that meets either subdivision (a) or (b):

(a) Is organized, or in the case of a United States office of a foreign banking organization, is licensed, under the laws of the United States or any state in the United States, is regulated, supervised, and examined by federal or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies, and has been determined by the commissioner to meet such standards of financial condition and standing as are considered necessary and appropriate to regulate the quality of financial institutions whose letters of credit will be acceptable to the commissioner.

(b) For those institutions that are eligible to act as a fiduciary of a trust, is organized, or in the case of a United States branch or agency office of a foreign banking organization, is licensed, under the laws of the United States or any state in the United States, has been granted authority to operate with fiduciary powers, and is regulated, supervised, and examined by federal or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 10, 2000
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 283 of 2000 provides:“Enacting section 1. The legislature declares that the provisions of this amendatory act are fundamental to the business of insurance as provided in sections 1 and 2 of chapter 20, popularly known as the McCarran-Ferguson act, 59 Stat. 33 and 34, 15 U.S.C. 1011 and 1012. It is the intent of this amendatory act that upon the insolvency of an alien insurer or reinsurer that provides security to fund its United States obligations under the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.100 to 500.8302, the assets representing the security shall be maintained in the United States and claims shall be filed with and valued by the state insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight, and the assets shall be distributed under the insurance laws of the state where the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic United States insurance companies.”
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1103 Credit for reinsurance as asset or reduction from liability; accredited reinsurer; trust fund; report to commissioner; assuming insurer not meeting requirements of section or authorized to transact insurance; obligation to arbitrate; trust agreement.

Sec. 1103.

(1) A ceding insurer shall be allowed credit for reinsurance as either an asset or a reduction from liability on account of reinsurance ceded only if the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that is authorized to transact insurance or reinsurance in this state or that meets the requirements of subsection (2), (3), or (4). For an assuming insurer that is licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in this state or that meets the requirements of subsection (2) or (3), credit shall be allowed only for cessions of those kinds or classes of business that the assuming insurer is licensed or otherwise permitted to write or assume in its state of domicile or, for a United States branch of an alien insurer, in the state through which it is entered and is licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance.

(2) A ceding insurer shall be allowed credit for reinsurance ceded as either an asset or a reduction from liability on account of reinsurance ceded if the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that is accredited as a reinsurer in this state. Credit for reinsurance ceded is not allowed if the assuming insurer's accreditation has been revoked by the commissioner after notice and hearing. An accredited reinsurer under this subsection is a reinsurer that meets all of the following:

(a) Files with the commissioner evidence of the reinsurer's submission to this state's jurisdiction.

(b) Submits to this state's authority to examine its books and records.

(c) Is licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in at least 1 state or for a United States branch of an alien assuming insurer is entered through and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in at least 1 state.

(d) Files annually with the commissioner a copy of its annual statement filed with the insurance department of its state of domicile and a copy of its most recent audited financial statement and meets 1 of the following:

(i) Maintains a surplus as regards policyholders of $20,000,000.00 or more and whose accreditation has not been denied by the commissioner within 90 days of its submission.

(ii) Maintains a surplus as regards policyholders of less than $20,000,000.00 and whose accreditation has been approved by the commissioner.

(3) A ceding insurer shall be allowed credit for reinsurance ceded as either an asset or a reduction from liability on account of reinsurance ceded if the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that maintains a trust fund in a qualified United States financial institution for the payment of the valid claims of its United States ceding insurers, their assigns, and successors in interest, the trust agreement complies with subsection (7), and the assuming insurer submits to the commissioner's authority to examine its books and records and bears the expense of the examination. The assuming insurer shall report annually to the commissioner information substantially the same as that required to be reported by authorized insurers pursuant to section 438 to enable the commissioner to determine the sufficiency of the trust fund. The trust fund shall meet all of the following:

(a) For a single assuming insurer, the trust shall consist of a trusteed account representing the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States ceding insurers and, in addition, the assuming insurer shall maintain a trusteed surplus of an amount sufficient in the opinion of the commissioner to maintain compliance with section 403 as respects reinsurance ceded by United States ceding insurers but not less than $20,000,000.00.

(b) For a group including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters:

(i) For reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception date, amendment, or renewal date on or after August 1, 1995, the trust shall consist of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the group's several liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers to any group member.

(ii) For reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception date on or before July 31, 1995, and not amended or renewed after that date, notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the trust shall consist of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the group's several insurance and reinsurance liabilities attributable to business written in the United States.

(iii) In addition to subparagraphs (i) and (ii), the group shall maintain a trusteed surplus of which an amount sufficient in the opinion of the commissioner to maintain compliance with section 403 as respects reinsurance ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers but not less than $100,000,000.00 shall be held jointly for the benefit of United States domiciled ceding insurers of any member of the group for all years of account. The incorporated members of the group shall not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the group and are subject to the same level of regulation and solvency control by the group's domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members. Within 90 days after its financial statements are due to be filed with the group's domiciliary regulator, the group shall provide the commissioner with an annual certification of the solvency of each underwriter member by the group's domiciliary regulator or if certification is unavailable, financial statements prepared by independent public accountants for each underwriter group member.

(c) The trust and any amendments to the trust shall be established in a form approved by the commissioner of the state where the trust is domiciled or the commissioner of another state who pursuant to the trust instrument terms has accepted principal regulatory oversight of the trust. The trust instrument shall provide that contested claims shall be valid and enforceable upon the final order of any court of competent jurisdiction in the United States. The trust shall vest legal title to its assets in the trustees of the trust for its United States ceding insurers and their assigns and successors in interest. The trust and the assuming insurer are subject to examination as determined by the commissioner, and the expense of the examination shall be borne by the assuming insurer. The trust shall remain in effect for as long as the assuming insurer has outstanding obligations due under the reinsurance agreements subject to the trust.

(d) No later than February 28 of each year, the trustees of the trust shall report to the commissioner in writing the balance of the trust and listing the trust's investments at the preceding year end and shall certify the date of termination of the trust, if so planned, or certify that the trust does not expire prior to the following December 31.

(4) A ceding insurer shall be allowed credit for reinsurance ceded as either an asset or a reduction from liability on account of reinsurance ceded if reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer not meeting the requirements of this section but only for the insurance of risks located in jurisdictions where the reinsurance is required by applicable law or regulation of that jurisdiction.

(5) If the assuming insurer is not licensed or accredited to transact insurance or reinsurance in this state, the credit permitted by subsection (3) shall not be allowed unless the assuming insurer agrees in the reinsurance agreements to both of the following:

(a) That if the assuming insurer fails to perform its obligations under the terms of the reinsurance agreement, the assuming insurer, at the request of the ceding insurer, shall submit to the jurisdiction of any court of competent jurisdiction in any state of the United States, will comply with all requirements necessary to give the court jurisdiction, and will abide by the final decision of the court or any appellate court if there is an appeal.

(b) To designate the commissioner or a designated attorney as its true and lawful attorney upon whom may be served any lawful process in any action, suit, or proceeding instituted by or on behalf of the ceding insurer.

(6) The provisions of subsection (5) are not intended to conflict with or override the obligation of the parties to a reinsurance agreement to arbitrate their disputes, if such an obligation is created in the agreement.

(7) The credit permitted by subsection (3) shall not be allowed unless the assuming insurer agrees in the trust agreement to all of the following:

(a) Notwithstanding any other provisions in the trust instrument, if the trust fund is inadequate because it contains an amount less than the amount required by subsection (3), or if the trust grantor has been declared or placed into receivership, rehabilitation, liquidation, or similar proceedings under the laws of its state or country of domicile, the trustee shall comply with an order of the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust or with an order of a court of competent jurisdiction directing the trustee to transfer to the commissioner with regulatory oversight all of the assets of the trust fund.

(b) The assets shall be distributed by and claims shall be filed with and valued by the commissioner with regulatory oversight in accordance with the laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic insurance companies.

(c) If the commissioner with regulatory oversight determines that the trust fund assets or any part of the trust fund assets is not necessary to satisfy the claims of the United States ceding insurers of the trust grantor, the trust fund assets or any part of the trust fund assets shall be returned by the commissioner with regulatory oversight to the trustee for distribution in accordance with the trust agreement.

(d) The trust grantor waives any right otherwise available under United States laws inconsistent with subdivisions (a) to (c).


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 443, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 10, 2000
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 283 of 2000 provides:“Enacting section 1. The legislature declares that the provisions of this amendatory act are fundamental to the business of insurance as provided in sections 1 and 2 of chapter 20, popularly known as the McCarran-Ferguson act, 59 Stat. 33 and 34, 15 U.S.C. 1011 and 1012. It is the intent of this amendatory act that upon the insolvency of an alien insurer or reinsurer that provides security to fund its United States obligations under the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.100 to 500.8302, the assets representing the security shall be maintained in the United States and claims shall be filed with and valued by the state insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight, and the assets shall be distributed under the insurance laws of the state where the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic United States insurance companies.”
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1105 Reduction from liability by ceding insurer to assuming insurer not meeting requirements of MCL 500.1103; security.

Sec. 1105.

An asset or a reduction from liability for the reinsurance ceded by a ceding insurer to an assuming insurer not meeting the requirements of section 1103 shall be allowed in an amount not exceeding the liabilities carried by the ceding insurer, and the reduction shall be in the amount of funds held by or on behalf of the ceding insurer, including funds held in trust for the ceding insurer, under a reinsurance contract with the assuming insurer as security for the payment of obligations thereunder, if the security is held in the United States subject to withdrawal solely by, and under the exclusive control of, the ceding insurer and, for a trust, held in a qualified United States financial institution. This security may be in the form of any of the following:

(a) Cash.

(b) Securities that may be valued by the commissioner in accordance with sections 841 and 842 and are approved for investment by insurers under chapter 9.

(c) Clean, irrevocable, unconditional letters of credit, issued or confirmed by a qualified United States financial institution no later than December 31 of the year for which filing is being made, and in the possession of the ceding insurer on or before the filing date of its annual statement. Letters of credit meeting applicable standards of issuer acceptability as of the dates of their issuance or confirmation shall, notwithstanding the issuing or confirming institution's subsequent failure to meet applicable standards of issuer acceptability, continue to be acceptable as security until their expiration, extension, renewal, modification, or amendment, whichever occurs first.

(d) Any other form of security acceptable to the commissioner.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 10, 2000
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 283 of 2000 provides:“Enacting section 1. The legislature declares that the provisions of this amendatory act are fundamental to the business of insurance as provided in sections 1 and 2 of chapter 20, popularly known as the McCarran-Ferguson act, 59 Stat. 33 and 34, 15 U.S.C. 1011 and 1012. It is the intent of this amendatory act that upon the insolvency of an alien insurer or reinsurer that provides security to fund its United States obligations under the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.100 to 500.8302, the assets representing the security shall be maintained in the United States and claims shall be filed with and valued by the state insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight, and the assets shall be distributed under the insurance laws of the state where the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic United States insurance companies.”
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1106-500.1120 Repealed. 1972, Act 360, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to administration of deposits.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1121 Applicability of MCL 500.1123 to 500.1127 to certain insurers.

Sec. 1121.

The provisions of sections 1123 through 1127 apply to all life and disability insurers and also apply to licensed property and casualty insurers with respect to their disability insurance business. Sections 1123 through 1127 do not apply to assumption reinsurance, yearly renewable term reinsurance, or certain nonproportional reinsurance such as excess or catastrophe reinsurance.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1123 Reinsurance agreement; conditions prohibiting reduction in liability or establishment of asset; approval of commissioner; filing agreements.

Sec. 1123.

(1) For reinsurance ceded an insurer subject to this section shall not reduce any liability or establish any asset in any financial agreement filed with the commissioner if, by the terms of the reinsurance agreement, in substance or effect, any of the following conditions exist:

(a) Renewal expense allowances provided or to be provided to the ceding insurer by the reinsurer in any accounting period are not sufficient to cover anticipated allowable renewal expenses of the ceding insurer on the portion of the business reinsured, unless a liability is established for the present value of the shortfall, using assumptions equal to the applicable statutory reserve basis on the business reinsured. Those expenses include commissions, premium taxes, and direct expenses including, but not limited to, billing, valuation, claims, and maintenance expected by the company at the time the business is reinsured.

(b) The ceding insurer can be deprived of surplus or assets at the reinsurer's option or automatically upon the occurrence of some event, such as the insolvency of the ceding insurer, except that termination of the reinsurance agreement by the reinsurer for nonpayment of reinsurance premiums or other amounts due, such as modified coinsurance reserve adjustments, interest and adjustments on funds withheld, and tax reimbursements, shall not be considered to be such a deprivation of surplus or assets.

(c) The ceding insurer is required to reimburse the reinsurer for negative experience under the reinsurance agreement, except that neither offsetting experience refunds against current and prior years' losses under the agreement nor payment by the ceding insurer of an amount equal to the current and prior years' losses under the agreement upon voluntary termination of in-force reinsurance by the ceding insurer shall be considered such a reimbursement to the reinsurer for negative experience. Voluntary termination does not include situations where termination occurs because of unreasonable provisions that allow the reinsurer to reduce its risk under the agreement. An example of such a provision is the right of the reinsurer to increase reinsurance premiums or risk and expense charges to excessive levels forcing the ceding insurer to prematurely terminate the reinsurance treaty.

(d) The ceding insurer must, at specific points in time scheduled in the agreement, terminate or automatically recapture all or part of the reinsurance ceded.

(e) The reinsurance agreement involves the possible payment by the ceding insurer to the reinsurer of amounts other than from income realized from the reinsured policies. For example, a ceding insurer may not pay reinsurance premiums or other fees or charges to a reinsurer that are greater than the direct premiums collected by the ceding insurer.

(f) The treaty does not transfer all of the significant risk inherent in the business being reinsured. The following table identifies for a representative sampling of products or type of business the risks that are considered to be significant. For products not specifically included, the risks determined to be significant shall be consistent with this table.

Risk Categories:

(i) Morbidity.

(ii) Mortality.

(iii) Lapse. This is the risk that a policy will voluntarily terminate prior to the recoupment of a statutory surplus strain experienced at issue of the policy.

(iv) Credit quality (C1). This is the risk that invested assets supporting the reinsured business will decrease in value. The main hazards are that the assets will default or that there will be a decrease in earning power. It excludes market value declines due to changes in interest rate.

(v) Reinvestment (C2). This is the risk that interest rates will fall and funds reinvested, such as coupon payments or money received upon asset maturity or call, will therefore earn less than expected. If asset durations are less than liability durations, the mismatch will increase.

(vi) Disintermediation (C3). This is the risk that interest rates rise and policy loans and surrenders increase or maturing contracts do not renew at anticipated rates of renewal. If asset durations are greater than the liability durations, the mismatch will increase. Policyholders will move their funds into new products offering higher rates. The company may have to sell assets at a loss to provide for these withdrawals.

Risk Category
      (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi)
  Health insurance - other than LTC/LTD* + 0 + 0 0 0
  Health insurance - LTC/LTD* + 0 + + + 0
  Immediate annuities 0 + 0 + + 0
  Single premium deferred annuities 0 0 + + + +
  Flexible premium deferred annuities 0 0 + + + +
  Guaranteed interest contracts 0 0 0 + + +
  Other annuity deposit business 0 0 + + + +
  Single premium whole life 0 + + + + +
  Traditional nonpar permanent 0 + + + + +
  Traditional nonpar term 0 + + 0 0 0
  Traditional par permanent 0 + + + + +
  Traditional par term 0 + + 0 0 0
  Adjustable premium permanent 0 + + + + +
  Indeterminate premium permanent 0 + + + + +
  Universal life flexible premium 0 + + + + +
  Universal life fixed premium 0 + + + + +
  Universal life fixed premium 0 + + + + +
    Dump-in premiums allowed            
  + = Significant            
  0 = Insignificant            
*LTC = Long term care insurance          
LTD = Long term disability insurance    

(g) The credit quality, reinvestment, or disintermediation risk is significant for the business reinsured and, other than for the classes of business excepted in subdivision (h), the ceding insurer does not either transfer the underlying assets to the reinsurer or legally segregate such assets in a trust or escrow account or otherwise establish a mechanism satisfactory to the commissioner that legally segregates, by contract or contract provision, the underlying assets.

(h) Notwithstanding the requirements of subsection (g), the assets supporting the reserves for the following classes of business and any classes of business that do not have a significant credit quality, reinvestment, or disintermediation risk may be held by the ceding insurer without segregation of such assets:

(i) Health insurance - LTC/LTD.

(ii) Traditional nonparticipating permanent life.

(iii) Traditional participating permanent life.

(iv) Adjustable premium permanent life.

(v) Indeterminate premium permanent life.

(vi) Universal life fixed premium.

The associated formula for determining the reserve interest rate adjustment must use a formula that reflects the ceding insurer's investment earnings and incorporates all realized and unrealized gains and losses reflected in the statutory statement. The following is an acceptable formula:

RATE = 2(I + CG)  
  X+Y-I-CG  
WHERE: I is the net investment income
  CG is capital gains less capital losses
  X is the current year cash and invested assets plus investment income due and accrued less borrowed money
  Y is the same as X but for the prior year

(i) Settlements are made less frequently than quarterly or payments due from the reinsurer are not made in cash within 90 days of the settlement date.

(j) The ceding insurer is required to make representations or warranties not reasonably related to the business being reinsured.

(k) The ceding insurer is required to make representations or warranties about future performance of the business or liabilities being reinsured.

(l) The reinsurance agreement is entered into for the principal purpose of producing significant surplus aid for the ceding insurer, typically on a temporary basis, while not transferring all of the significant risks inherent in the business reinsured and, in substance or effect, the expected potential liability to the ceding insurer remains basically unchanged.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), an insurer subject to this section and sections 1125 and 1127 may, with the prior approval of the commissioner, take such reserve credit or establish such asset as the commissioner may consider consistent with this act.

(3) Agreements entered into after the effective date of this chapter that involve the reinsurance of business, excluding annually renewable reinsurance treaties and agreements, issued prior to the effective date of the agreements, along with any subsequent amendments thereto, shall be filed by the ceding insurer with the commissioner within 30 days from its date of execution. Each filing shall include data detailing the financial impact of the transaction. The ceding insurer's actuary who signs the financial statement actuarial opinion with respect to valuation of reserves shall consider this section and any applicable actuarial standards of practice when determining the proper credit in financial statements filed with the commissioner. The actuary should maintain adequate documentation and be prepared upon request to describe the actuarial work performed for inclusion in the financial statements and to demonstrate that the work conforms to this section. A foreign insurer is not required to file the agreements with the commissioner as required by this subsection if it is subject to filing requirements adopted by statute or regulation in its state of domicile that the commissioner has determined are substantially similar to those required under this subsection. Any increase in surplus net of federal income tax resulting from arrangements described in this subsection shall be identified separately on the insurer's statutory financial statement as a surplus item under aggregate write-ins for gains and losses in surplus in the capital and surplus account, and recognition of the surplus increase as income shall be reflected on a net of tax basis and identified as “reinsurance ceded” in the annual financial statement as earnings emerge from the business reinsured.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1124 Repealed. 1972, Act 360, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to administration of deposits.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1125 Reinsurance agreement; use; execution; “reasonable period of time” defined; provisions; assumption of obligations by life and health insurance guaranty association.

Sec. 1125.

(1) Neither a reinsurance agreement nor any amendment to that agreement shall be used to reduce any liability or to establish any asset in any financial statement filed with the commissioner unless the agreement, amendment, or a binding letter of intent has been duly executed by the appropriate party no later than the filing date of the financial statement.

(2) A letter of intent, a reinsurance agreement, or an amendment to a reinsurance agreement shall be executed within a reasonable period of time in order for credit to be granted for the reinsurance ceded. As used in this subsection, "reasonable period of time" means that period of time as provided by the national association of insurance commissioners accounting practices and procedures manual and as approved by the commissioner.

(3) Except for facultative certificates duly executed by a property and casualty reinsurer or its duly appointed agent, a reinsurance agreement shall contain both of the following:

(a) That the agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the parties with respect to the business being reinsured thereunder and that there are no understandings between the parties other than as expressed in the agreement.

(b) That any change or modification to the agreement is null and void unless made by amendment to the agreement and signed by both parties.

(4) A ceding insurer shall not be allowed credit for reinsurance ceded as either an asset or a reduction from liability on account of reinsurance ceded, unless the reinsurance contract provides, in substance, that if the ceding insurer becomes insolvent, the reinsurance shall be payable pursuant to the terms of the reinsurance contract by the assuming insurer on the basis of reported claims allowed by the liquidation court, except as provided in subsection (6), without diminution because of the insolvency of the ceding insurer. The payments shall be made directly to the ceding insurer or its domiciliary liquidator unless the reinsurance contract requires or an endorsement signed by the reinsurer to the policies reinsured requires the reinsurer to make payment to the payees under the policies reinsured if the ceding insurer becomes insolvent.

(5) The reinsurance agreement may provide that the domiciliary liquidator of an insolvent ceding insurer shall give written notice to the assuming insurer of the pendency of a claim against the ceding insurer on the contract reinsured within a reasonable time after the claim is filed in the liquidation proceeding.

(6) If a life and health insurance guaranty association or its designated successor life or health insurer has assumed policy obligations as direct obligations of the insolvent ceding insurer and has succeeded to the rights of the insolvent insurer under the contract of reinsurance, then the reinsurer's liability shall continue under the contract of reinsurance and shall be payable pursuant to the direction of the guaranty association or its designated successor. As a condition to succeeding to the insolvent insurer's rights under the contract, the guaranty association or successor life or health insurer shall be responsible for premiums payable under the reinsurance contract for periods after the date of liquidation.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 342, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2008
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 283 of 2000 provides:“Enacting section 1. The legislature declares that the provisions of this amendatory act are fundamental to the business of insurance as provided in sections 1 and 2 of chapter 20, popularly known as the McCarran-Ferguson act, 59 Stat. 33 and 34, 15 U.S.C. 1011 and 1012. It is the intent of this amendatory act that upon the insolvency of an alien insurer or reinsurer that provides security to fund its United States obligations under the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.100 to 500.8302, the assets representing the security shall be maintained in the United States and claims shall be filed with and valued by the state insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight, and the assets shall be distributed under the insurance laws of the state where the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic United States insurance companies.”
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1127 Reinsurance agreements; reduction to zero of certain reserve credits or assets.

Sec. 1127.

Insurers subject to sections 1121 through 1125 shall reduce to zero by December 31, 1994 any reserve credits or assets established with respect to reinsurance agreements entered into prior to the effective date of this chapter that, under the provisions of this chapter, would not be entitled to recognition as reserve credits or assets, so long as those reinsurance agreements were in compliance with laws or regulations in effect immediately preceding the effective date of this chapter.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 11A
REINSURANCE INTERMEDIARIES


500.1151 Definitions.

Sec. 1151.

As used in this chapter:

(a) “Actuary” means a person who is a member in good standing of the American academy of actuaries, the society of actuaries, or the casualty actuarial society.

(b) “Qualified United States Financial institution” means an institution that meets either subparagraph (i) or (ii):

(i) Is organized, or in the case of a United States office of a foreign banking organization, is licensed, under federal or state law, is regulated, supervised, and examined by federal or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies, and has been determined by the commissioner to meet such standards of financial condition and standing as are considered necessary and appropriate to regulate the quality of financial institutions whose letters of credit will be acceptable to the commissioner.

(ii) For those institutions that are eligible to act as a fiduciary of a trust, is organized, or in the case of a United States branch or agency office of a foreign banking organization, is licensed, under federal or state law, has been granted authority to operate with fiduciary powers, and is regulated, supervised, and examined by federal or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies.

(c) “Reinsurance intermediary” means a reinsurance intermediary-broker or a reinsurance intermediary-manager.

(d) “Reinsurance intermediary-broker” means any person, other than an officer or employee of the ceding insurer, who solicits, negotiates, or places reinsurance cessions or retrocessions on behalf of a ceding insurer without the authority or power to bind reinsurance on behalf of that insurer.

(e) “Reinsurance intermediary-manager” means any person who has authority to bind or manages all or part of the assumed reinsurance business of a reinsurer, including the management of a separate division, department, or underwriting office, and acts as an agent for the reinsurer whether known as a reinsurance intermediary-manager, manager, or other similar term. Notwithstanding the above, the following persons are not considered a reinsurance intermediary-manager, with respect to a reinsurer, for the purposes of this chapter:

(i) An employee of the reinsurer.

(ii) A United States manager of the United States branch of an alien reinsurer.

(iii) An underwriting manager that, pursuant to contract, manages all the reinsurance operations of the reinsurer, is under common control with the reinsurer, subject to chapter 13, and whose compensation is not based on the volume of premiums written.

(iv) The manager of a group, association, pool, or organization of insurers that engage in joint underwriting or joint reinsurance and who are subject to examination by the commissioner of the state where the manager's principal office is located.

(f) “Reinsurer” means any person duly authorized in this state pursuant to the applicable provisions of this act as an insurer with the authority to assume reinsurance.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1153 Person acting as reinsurance intermediary-broker; bond; license; nonresident; service of process; refusal to issue license.

Sec. 1153.

(1) A person shall not act as a reinsurance intermediary-broker in this state if the reinsurance intermediary-broker, either directly or as a member or employee of a firm or association, or as an officer, director, or employee of a corporation, does either of the following:

(a) Maintains an office in this state, unless the person is licensed as an agent or a reinsurance intermediary-broker in this state.

(b) Maintains an office in another state, unless the person is licensed as an agent or a reinsurance intermediary-broker in this state or another state having a law substantially similar to this law or such reinsurance intermediary-broker is licensed in this state as a nonresident reinsurance intermediary.

(2) A person shall not act as a reinsurance intermediary-manager in any of the following cases:

(a) For a reinsurer domiciled in this state, unless such person is licensed as an agent or a reinsurance intermediary-manager in this state.

(b) In this state, if the person maintains an office either directly or as a member of a firm or association, or an officer, director, or employee of a corporation in this state, unless such person is licensed as an agent or a reinsurance intermediary-manager in this state.

(c) In another state for a nondomestic insurer, unless the person is licensed as an agent or a reinsurance intermediary-manager in this state or another state having a law substantially similar to this law or the person is licensed in this state as a nonresident reinsurance intermediary.

(3) The commissioner may require a reinsurance intermediary-manager subject to subsection (2) to file a bond in an amount acceptable to the commissioner from an insurer acceptable to the commissioner for the protection of the reinsurer, and maintain an errors and omissions policy in an amount acceptable to the commissioner.

(4) The commissioner may issue a reinsurance intermediary license to any person who has complied with the requirements of this chapter. Any license issued to a firm or association shall authorize all the members of the firm or association and any designated employees to act as reinsurance intermediaries under the license, and all such persons shall be named in the application and any supplements thereto. Any license issued to a corporation shall authorize all of the officers and any designated employees and directors to act as reinsurance intermediaries on behalf of the corporation, and all such persons shall be named in the application and any supplements thereto.

(5) If the applicant for a reinsurance intermediary license is a nonresident, the applicant, as a condition precedent to receiving or holding a license, shall designate the commissioner as agent for service of process in the manner, and with the same legal effect, provided for by this act for designation of service of process upon unauthorized insurers, and shall also furnish the commissioner with the name and address of a resident of this state upon whom notices or orders of the commissioner or process affecting the nonresident reinsurance intermediary may be served. The licensee shall promptly notify the commissioner in writing of every change in its designated agent for service of process.

(6) The commissioner may refuse to issue a reinsurance intermediary license if, in his or her judgment, the applicant, anyone named on the application, or any member, principal, officer, or director of the applicant, is not trustworthy, if any controlling person of the applicant is not trustworthy to act as a reinsurance intermediary, or if any of the foregoing has given cause for revocation or suspension of license or has failed to comply with any prerequisite for issuance of a license. Upon written request, the commissioner shall furnish a summary of the basis for refusal to issue a license, which document shall be confidential and shall not be divulged to any person except as provided in this section.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1155 Transactions between reinsurance intermediary-broker and insurer; authorization.

Sec. 1155.

Transactions between a reinsurance intermediary-broker and the insurer it represents in such capacity shall be entered into only pursuant to a written authorization, specifying the responsibilities of each party. The authorization shall, at a minimum, provide for all of the following:

(a) That the insurer may terminate the reinsurance intermediary-broker's authority at any time.

(b) That the reinsurance intermediary-broker will render accounts to the insurer accurately detailing all material transactions, including information necessary to support all commissions, charges, and other fees received by, or owing to, the reinsurance intermediary-broker, and remit all funds due to the insurer within 30 days of receipt.

(c) That all funds collected for the insurer's account will be held by the reinsurance intermediary-broker in a fiduciary capacity in a bank that is a qualified United States financial institution.

(d) That the reinsurance intermediary-broker will comply with the record-keeping requirements of section 1157.

(e) That the insurer will have access and the right to copy and audit all accounts and records maintained by the reinsurance intermediary-broker related to its business in a form usable by the insurer.

(f) That the reinsurance intermediary-broker will comply with the written standards established by the insurer for the cession or retrocession of all risks.

(g) That the reinsurance intermediary-broker will disclose to the insurer any relationship with any reinsurer to which business will be ceded or retroceded.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1157 Record of transaction.

Sec. 1157.

For at least 10 years after expiration of each contract of reinsurance transacted by a reinsurance intermediary, the reinsurance intermediary will keep a complete record for each transaction showing all of the following:

(a) The type of contract, limits, underwriting restrictions, classes or risks, and territory.

(b) Period of coverage, including effective and expiration dates, cancellation provisions, and notice required of cancellation.

(c) Reporting and settlement requirements of balances.

(d) Rate used to compute the reinsurance premium.

(e) Names and addresses of assuming reinsurers.

(f) Rates of all reinsurance commissions, including the commissions on any retrocessions handled by the reinsurance intermediary.

(g) Related correspondence and memoranda.

(h) Proof of placement.

(i) Details regarding retrocessions handled by the reinsurance intermediary including the identity of retrocessionaires and percentage of each contract assumed or ceded.

(j) Financial records, including, but not limited to, premium and loss accounts.

(k) When the reinsurance intermediary procures a reinsurance contract on behalf of a licensed ceding insurer as follows:

(i) If directly from any assuming reinsurer, written evidence that the assuming reinsurer has agreed to assume the risk.

(ii) If placed through a representative of the assuming reinsurer, other than an employee, written evidence that the reinsurer has delegated binding authority to the representative.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1159 Person acting as reinsurance-broker; license required; employment of individual employed by reinsurance intermediary-broker; annual copy of statements of financial condition.

Sec. 1159.

(1) An insurer shall not engage the services of any person to act as a reinsurance intermediary-broker on its behalf unless the person is licensed as required by section 1153.

(2) An insurer may not employ an individual who is employed by a reinsurance intermediary-broker with which it transacts business, unless the reinsurance intermediary-broker is under common control with the insurer and subject to chapter 13.

(3) The insurer shall obtain annually a copy of statements of the financial condition of each reinsurance intermediary-broker with which it transacts business.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1161 Transactions between reinsurance intermediary-manager and reinsurer; contract.

Sec. 1161.

Transactions between a reinsurance intermediary-manager and the reinsurer it represents in such capacity shall only be entered into pursuant to a written contract, specifying the responsibilities of each party, which shall be approved by the reinsurer's board of directors. At least 30 days before the reinsurer assumes or cedes business through such person, a true copy of the approved contract shall be filed with the commissioner for approval. The contract shall, at a minimum, provide for all of the following:

(a) That the reinsurer may terminate the contract for cause upon written notice to the reinsurance intermediary-manager. The reinsurer may immediately suspend the authority of the reinsurance intermediary-manager to assume or cede business during the pendency of any dispute regarding the cause for termination.

(b) That the reinsurance intermediary-manager will render accounts to the reinsurer accurately detailing all material transactions, including information necessary to support all commissions, charges, and other fees received by, or owing to the reinsurance intermediary-manager, and remit all funds due under the contract to the reinsurer on not less than a monthly basis.

(c) That all funds collected for the reinsurer's account will be held by the reinsurance intermediary-manager in a fiduciary capacity in a bank that is a qualified United States financial institution. The reinsurance intermediary-manager may retain no more than 3 months' estimated claims payments and allocated loss adjustment expenses. The reinsurance intermediary-manager shall maintain a separate bank account for each reinsurer that it represents.

(d) That the reinsurance intermediary-manager will comply with the record-keeping requirements of section 1157. In addition to all the records required by section 1157, the reinsurance intermediary-manager will keep a complete record of all outstanding reserves on covered risks.

(e) That the reinsurer will have access and the right to copy all accounts and records maintained by the reinsurance intermediary-manager related to its business in a form usable by the reinsurer.

(f) That the contract cannot be assigned in whole or in part by the reinsurance intermediary-manager.

(g) That the reinsurance intermediary-manager will comply with the written underwriting and rating standards established by the insurer for the acceptance, rejection, or cession of all risks.

(h) That the rates, terms, and purposes of commissions, charges, and other fees that the reinsurance intermediary-manager may levy against the reinsurer are set forth.

(i) That if the contract permits the reinsurance intermediary-manager to settle claims on behalf of the reinsurer, then all of the following are required:

(i) That all claims will be reported to the reinsurer in a timely manner.

(ii) That a copy of the claim file will be sent to the reinsurer at its request or as soon as it becomes known that the claim meets any of the following:

(A) Has the potential to exceed the lesser of an amount determined by the commissioner or the limit set by the reinsurer.

(B) Involves a coverage dispute.

(C) May exceed the reinsurance intermediary-manager's claims settlement authority.

(D) Is open for more than 6 months.

(E) Is closed by payment of the lesser of an amount set by the commissioner or an amount set by the reinsurer.

(iii) That all claim files will be the joint property of the reinsurer and the reinsurance intermediary-manager. However, upon an order of liquidation of the reinsurer, the files shall become the sole property of the reinsurer or its estate. The reinsurance intermediary-manager shall have reasonable access to and the right to copy the files on a timely basis.

(iv) That any settlement authority granted to the reinsurance intermediary-manager may be terminated for cause upon the reinsurer's written notice to the reinsurance intermediary-manager or upon the termination of the contract. The reinsurer may suspend the settlement authority during the pendency of any dispute regarding the cause of termination.

(j) That if the contract provides for a sharing of interim profits by the reinsurance intermediary-manager, that such interim profits will not be paid until 1 year after the end of each underwriting period for policies providing property coverages and 5 years after the end of each underwriting period for policies providing casualty coverages, and in any event, not until the adequacy of reserves on remaining claims has been verified pursuant to section 1165.

(k) That the reinsurance intermediary-manager will provide the reinsurer annually with a statement of its financial condition prepared by an independent certified accountant.

(l) That the reinsurer shall periodically, but at least semiannually, conduct an on-site review of the underwriting and claims processing operations of the reinsurance intermediary-manager.

(m) That the reinsurance intermediary-manager will disclose to the reinsurer any relationship it has with any insurer prior to ceding or assuming any business with the insurer pursuant to this contract.

(n) That within the scope of its actual or apparent authority the acts of the reinsurance intermediary-manager shall be considered to be the acts of the reinsurer on whose behalf it is acting.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1163 Reinsurance intermediary-manager; prohibited conduct.

Sec. 1163.

A reinsurance intermediary-manager shall not do any of the following:

(a) Cede retrocessions on behalf of the reinsurer, except that the reinsurance intermediary-manager may cede facultative retrocessions pursuant to obligatory facultative agreements if the contract with the reinsurer contains reinsurance underwriting guidelines for such retrocessions. These guidelines shall include a list of reinsurers with which the automatic agreements are in effect, and for each reinsurer, the coverages and amounts or percentages that may be reinsured and commission schedules.

(b) Commit the reinsurer to participate in reinsurance syndicates.

(c) Appoint any agent without assuring that the agent is lawfully licensed to transact the type of reinsurance for which he or she is appointed.

(d) Without prior approval of the reinsurer, pay or commit the reinsurer to pay a claim, net of retrocessions, that exceeds the lesser of an amount specified by the reinsurer or 1% of the reinsurer's policyholder's surplus as of December 31 of the preceding calendar year.

(e) Collect any payment from a retrocessionaire or commit the reinsurer to any claim settlement with a retrocessionaire, without prior approval of the reinsurer. If prior approval is given, a report must be promptly forwarded to the reinsurer.

(f) Jointly employ an individual who is employed by the reinsurer unless the reinsurance intermediary-manager is under common control with the reinsurer subject to chapter 13.

(g) Appoint a subreinsurance intermediary-manager.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1165 Reinsurance intermediary-manager; license required; obtaining annual copy of statement of financial condition and opinion of actuary; authority for retrocessional contracts or participation in reinsurance syndicates; termination of contract; appointment to board of directors.

Sec. 1165.

(1) A reinsurer shall not engage the services of any person to act as a reinsurance intermediary-manager on its behalf unless the person is licensed as required by section 1153.

(2) The reinsurer shall obtain annually a copy of statements of the financial condition of each reinsurance intermediary-manager that the reinsurer has engaged. The statements shall be prepared by an independent certified accountant and shall be in a form acceptable to the commissioner.

(3) If a reinsurance intermediary-manager establishes loss reserves, the reinsurer shall obtain annually the opinion of an actuary attesting to the adequacy of loss reserves established for losses incurred and outstanding on business produced by the reinsurance intermediary-manager. This opinion shall be in addition to any other required loss reserve certification.

(4) Binding authority for all retrocessional contracts or participation in reinsurance syndicates shall rest with an officer of the reinsurer who shall not be affiliated with the reinsurance intermediary-manager.

(5) Within 30 days of termination of a contract with a reinsurance intermediary-manager, the reinsurer shall provide written notification of the termination to the commissioner.

(6) A reinsurer shall not appoint to its board of directors any officer, director, employee, controlling shareholder, or subproducer of its reinsurance intermediary-manager. This subsection shall not apply to relationships governed by chapter 13 or, if applicable, chapter 14a.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1167 Reinsurance intermediary and reinsurance intermediary-manager; examination of books, bank accounts, and records.

Sec. 1167.

(1) A reinsurance intermediary shall be subject to examination by the commissioner. The commissioner shall have access to all books, bank accounts, and records of the reinsurance intermediary in a form usable to the commissioner.

(2) A reinsurance intermediary-manager may be examined as if it were the reinsurer.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1169 Violation; penalties.

Sec. 1169.

(1) A reinsurance intermediary, insurer, or reinsurer found by the commissioner to be in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter, after a hearing held pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being sections 24.201 to 24.328 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, is subject to all of the following penalties:

(a) For each separate violation, payment of a civil fine of not more than $5,000.00.

(b) The suspension, limitation, or revocation of its license.

(c) If a violation was committed by the reinsurance intermediary, the reinsurance intermediary shall make restitution to the insurer, reinsurer, rehabilitator, or liquidator of the insurer or reinsurer for the net losses incurred by the insurer or reinsurer attributable to the violation.

(2) This section does not preclude the commissioner from imposing any other penalties provided in this act.

(3) This chapter shall not in any manner confer any rights upon or limit or restrict the rights of policyholders, claimants, creditors, or other third parties.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1171 Reinsurance intermediary; use of services.

Sec. 1171.

Neither an insurer nor a reinsurer shall continue to use the services of a reinsurance intermediary on or after December 31, 1994 except in compliance with this chapter.


History: Add. 1994, Act 226, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 12
AGENTS, SOLICITORS, ADJUSTERS, AND COUNSELORS


500.1200 “Good moral character” defined.

Sec. 1200.

As used in this chapter, “good moral character” means good moral character as defined and determined under Act No. 381 of the Public Acts of 1974, as amended, being sections 338.41 to 338.47 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: Add. 1980, Act 390, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 1981
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1201 Definitions.

Sec. 1201.

As used in this chapter:

(a) "Agent" except as provided in section 1243 means an insurance producer.

(b) "Business entity" means a corporation, association, partnership, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, or other legal entity.

(c) "Home state", except as provided in section 1224, means the District of Columbia or any state or territory of the United States in which an insurance producer maintains his or her principal place of residence or principal place of business and is licensed to act as an insurance producer.

(d) "Insurance" means any of the lines of authority in chapter 6.

(e) "Insurance producer" means a person required to be licensed under the laws of this state to sell, solicit, or negotiate insurance.

(f) "License" means a document issued by this state's commissioner authorizing a person to act as an insurance producer for the qualifications specified in the document. The license itself does not create any actual, apparent, or inherent authority in the holder to represent or commit an insurer.

(g) "Limited line credit insurance" includes credit life, credit disability, credit property, credit unemployment, involuntary unemployment, mortgage life, mortgage guaranty, mortgage disability, guaranteed automobile protection insurance, and any other form of insurance offered in connection with an extension of credit that is limited to partially or wholly extinguishing that credit obligation that the commissioner determines should be designated a form of limited line credit insurance.

(h) "Limited line credit insurance producer" means a person who sells, solicits, or negotiates 1 or more forms of limited line credit insurance coverage to individuals through a master, corporate, group, or individual policy.

(i) "Limited lines insurance" means any of the following:

(i) Marine insurance as defined in section 614.

(ii) Credit insurance as described in section 624(1)(e).

(iii) Surety and fidelity insurance as defined in section 628.

(iv) Legal expense insurance as defined in section 618.

(v) Livestock insurance as described in section 624(1)(g).

(vi) Malpractice insurance as described in section 624(1)(h).

(vii) Plate glass insurance as described in section 624(1)(c).

(viii) Any other miscellaneous insurance described in section 624(1)(i).

(ix) Any other line of insurance that the commissioner considers necessary to recognize to comply with section 1206a(5).

(j) "Limited lines producer" means a person authorized by the commissioner to sell, solicit, or negotiate limited lines insurance.

(k) "Negotiate" means the act of conferring directly with or offering advice directly to a purchaser or prospective purchaser of a particular contract of insurance concerning any of the substantive benefits, terms, or conditions of the contract, provided that the person engaged in that act either sells insurance or obtains insurance from insurers for purchasers.

(l) "Sell" means to exchange a contract of insurance by any means, for money or its equivalent, on behalf of an insurance company.

(m) "Solicit" means attempting to sell insurance or asking or urging a person to apply for a particular kind of insurance from a particular company.

(n) "Terminate" means the cancellation of the relationship between an insurance producer and the insurer or the termination of a producer's authority to transact insurance.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 340, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 1980 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 462, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 2012
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1201a Sale, solicitation, or negotiation of insurance; license required; applicability to excess and surplus lines agents and brokers.

Sec. 1201a.

(1) A person shall not sell, solicit, or negotiate insurance in this state for any line of insurance unless the person is licensed for that qualification in accordance with this chapter.

(2) This chapter does not apply to excess and surplus lines agents and brokers licensed under chapter 19 except as provided in sections 1204e and 1206a.


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1202 Insurance producer license; definitions.

Sec. 1202.

(1) This chapter does not require an insurer to obtain an insurance producer license. As used in this section, the term "insurer" does not include an insurer's officers, directors, employees, subsidiaries, or affiliates.

(2) A license as an insurance producer is not required of any of the following:

(a) An officer, director, or employee of an insurer or of an insurance producer, if the officer, director, or employee does not receive any commission on policies written or sold to insure risks residing, located, or to be performed in this state and meets 1 or more of the following:

(i) The officer's, director's, or employee's activities are executive, administrative, managerial, clerical, or a combination of these, and are only indirectly related to the sale, solicitation, or negotiation of insurance.

(ii) The officer's, director's, or employee's function relates to underwriting, loss control, inspection, or the processing, adjusting, investigating, or settling of a claim on a contract of insurance.

(iii) The officer, director, or employee is acting in the capacity of a special agent or agency supervisor assisting insurance producers if the person's activities are limited to providing technical advice and assistance to licensed insurance producers and do not include the sale, solicitation, or negotiation of insurance.

(b) A person who performs and receives no commission for any of the following services:

(i) Securing and furnishing information for the purpose of group life insurance, group property and casualty insurance, group annuities, or group or blanket accident and health insurance.

(ii) Securing and furnishing information for the purpose of enrolling individuals under plans, issuing certificates under plans, or otherwise assisting in administering plans.

(iii) Performing administrative services related to mass marketed property and casualty insurance.

(c) An employer or association or its officers, directors, employees, or the trustees of an employee trust plan, to the extent that the employers, officers, employees, directors, or trustees are engaged in the administration or operation of a program of employee benefits for the employer's or association's own employees or the employees of its subsidiaries or affiliates, which program involves the use of insurance issued by an insurer, if the employers, associations, officers, directors, employees, or trustees are not in any manner compensated, directly or indirectly, by the company issuing the contracts.

(d) Employees of insurers or organizations employed by insurers who are engaging in the inspection, rating, or classification of risks, or in the supervision of the training of insurance producers and who are not individually engaged in the sale, solicitation, or negotiation of insurance.

(e) A person whose activities in this state are limited to advertising without the intent to solicit insurance in this state through communications in printed publications or other forms of electronic mass media, the distribution of which is not limited to residents of this state, if the person does not sell, solicit, or negotiate insurance that would insure risks residing, located, or to be performed in this state.

(f) A person who is not a resident of this state who sells, solicits, or negotiates a contract of insurance for commercial property and casualty risks to an insured with risks located in more than 1 state insured under that contract, if the person is otherwise licensed as an insurance producer to sell, solicit, or negotiate that insurance in the state where the insured maintains its principal place of business and the contract of insurance insures risks located in that state.

(g) A salaried full-time employee who counsels or advises his or her employer concerning the insurance interests of the employer or of the subsidiaries or business affiliates of the employer, if the employee does not sell or solicit insurance or receive a commission.

(h) A person whose only sale of insurance is for travel or auto-related insurance sold in connection with and incidental to the rental of a motor vehicle under a rental agreement for a period not to exceed 90 days.

(i) A person whose only sale of insurance is for portable electronics insurance sold in connection with and incidental to the sale of a portable electronic device if written disclosure material is provided to the customer at the time of solicitation and the written material includes all of the following:

(i) A disclosure that portable electronics insurance may duplicate coverage already provided by the customer's homeowners, renters, or other insurance policies.

(ii) A statement that the enrollment by the customer in a portable electronics insurance program is not required to purchase or lease a portable electronic device or services for the device.

(iii) A summary of the material terms of the portable electronics insurance coverage, including all of the following:

(A) The identity of the insurer.

(B) The amount of any applicable deductible and how it is to be paid.

(C) The benefits of the coverage.

(D) Key terms and conditions of the coverage, such as whether the portable electronics may be repaired or replaced with a similar make and model or reconditioned or nonoriginal manufacturer parts or equipment.

(iv) A summary of the process for filing a claim, including a description of how to return a portable electronic device and the maximum fee applicable if the customer fails to comply with equipment return requirements.

(v) A statement that the customer may cancel enrollment for coverage under a portable electronics insurance policy at any time and that the person paying the premium will receive a refund of or credit for any unearned premium.

(j) A person whose only sale of insurance is for travel insurance sold in conjunction with and incidental to planned travel.

(k) A person whose only sale of insurance is stored property insurance sold in connection with and incidental to the rental of storage space in a self-service storage facility under a rental agreement for a period not to exceed 1 year if written disclosure material is provided to the customer at the time of solicitation and the written material includes all of the following:

(i) A disclosure that the stored property insurance may duplicate coverage already provided by the customer's homeowners, renters, or other insurance policies.

(ii) A summary of the material terms of the stored property insurance coverage, including all of the following:

(A) The identity of the insurer.

(B) The benefits of the coverage.

(C) The key terms and conditions of the coverage.

(iii) A summary of the process for filing a claim.

(3) As used in this section:

(a) "Motor vehicle" means a motorized vehicle designed for transporting passengers or goods.

(b) "Self-service storage facility" means that term as defined in section 2 of the self-service storage facility act, 1985 PA 148, MCL 570.522.

(c) "Stored property insurance" means insurance that provides coverage for the loss of, or damage to, tangible personal property with an insured value not exceeding $10,000.00 contained in a storage space located on a self-service storage facility or in transit during the term of a self-service storage facility rental agreement and that is provided under a group or master policy issued to a self-service storage facility for the provision of insurance to its customers.

(d) "Travel insurance" means a limited lines insurance coverage under section 1201(i) for personal risk incident to planned travel, including 1 or more of the following:

(i) Interruption or cancellation of a trip or event.

(ii) Loss of baggage or personal effects.

(iii) Damages to accommodations or rental vehicles.

(iv) Sickness, accident, disability, or death occurring during travel.

(e) Travel insurance does not include major medical plans, which provide comprehensive medical protection for travelers with trips lasting 6 months or longer, including, for example, those working overseas as an expatriate or military personnel being deployed.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 340, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 1980 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 737, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2002 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 552, Imd. Eff. Jan. 2, 2013 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 150, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2014 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 114, Eff. Aug. 8, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1203 Authority of insurance producer for fraternal benefit society; authority of attorney-in-fact of reciprocal or inter-insurance exchange.

Sec. 1203.

(1) A person may act as an insurance producer only for a fraternal benefit society authorized to transact insurance in this state without being licensed as an insurance producer if less than 50% of his or her time is devoted to the solicitation and procurement of insurance contracts for the society. A person who in the preceding calendar year solicits or procures life insurance contracts on behalf of any society in an amount of insurance in excess of $50,000.00, or, in case of any other kind of insurance that the society might write, on the persons of more than 25 individuals and who has received a commission or other compensation for the sale of that insurance is conclusively presumed to be devoting 50% of his or her time to the solicitation or procurement of insurance contracts for the society. An insurance producer for a fraternal benefit society authorized to transact insurance in this state before March 1, 2002 may, upon application to the commissioner before March 1, 2003, be licensed as an insurance producer to represent that fraternal benefit society without written examination.

(2) An attorney-in-fact of a reciprocal or of an inter-insurance exchange may act as an insurance producer for the reciprocal or exchange.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1204 Applicant for insurance producer license; examination; registered program of study; waiver of examination or program of study requirements; administration of examinations; fee; reapplication.

Sec. 1204.

(1) A resident individual applying for an insurance producer license shall pass a written examination unless exempt pursuant to section 1206b.

(2) Within a reasonable time after receipt of a properly completed application for examination, the commissioner shall subject the applicant to a written examination. An applicant shall not be given an examination unless the applicant has completed a program of study registered with the commissioner pursuant to section 1204a. An applicant shall file a certificate of completion of the registered program of study with the commissioner on a form prescribed by the commissioner indicating that the course of study was completed by the applicant not more than 12 months before the application for examination is received by the commissioner. The commissioner may waive the applicable examination or program of study requirements of this section for a person who meets any of the following:

(a) Applies for a limited license as designated by the commissioner.

(b) Has been a licensed insurance producer within the preceding 12 months.

(c) Has obtained the chartered property and casualty underwriter designation, the chartered life underwriter designation, certified insurance counselor designation, accredited advisor in insurance designation, the chartered financial consultant designation, the certified employee benefit specialist designation, the certified financial planner designation, the fellow life management institute designation, the life underwriting training council fellow designation, the registered health underwriter designation, the registered employee benefits consultant designation, the health insurance associate designation, or the associate in risk management designation.

(d) Has an associate's, bachelor's, or master's degree with a concentration in insurance from an institution approved by the commissioner.

(3) The examination shall be entry level and shall test the knowledge of the individual concerning the qualifications for which application is made, the duties and responsibilities of an insurance producer, and the insurance laws and regulations of this state. Examinations required by this section shall be developed and conducted as prescribed by the commissioner.

(4) The commissioner may make arrangements, including contracting with an outside testing service, for administering examinations under this section and collecting the nonrefundable fee in section 240(1)(h) or (4).

(5) Each individual applying for an examination under this section shall remit a nonrefundable fee as prescribed in section 240(1)(h) or (4).

(6) An individual who fails to appear for the examination required under this section as scheduled or fails to pass the examination shall reapply for an examination and remit all required examination fees and forms to be rescheduled for another examination.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 207, Eff. Aug. 1, 1972 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 390, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 1981 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 1, Imd. Eff. Mar. 30, 1981 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 173, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 576, Eff. July 16, 2009
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1204a Qualification as registered insurance producer program of study; criteria; conducting portion of minimum number of classroom hours of instruction; rules; recommendations for improvements in course materials; failure to maintain reasonable standards; refusal by director to approve insurance education instructor; probation, suspension, or revocation of approval.

Sec. 1204a.

(1) To qualify as a registered insurance producer program of study, the program of study must meet all of the following criteria:

(a) Be conducted through an educational institution offering home study courses that has been in existence for not less than 5 years, by an insurance trade association, by an authorized insurer as provided in subsection (2), or by an educational institution listed in the state board of education directory of institutions of higher learning.

(b) Except as provided in subsection (2), provide for a minimum number of hours of classroom instruction or its equivalent in home study or online courses as follows:

(i) For a program of study for health insurance producers, 20 hours of instruction.

(ii) For a program of study for life insurance producers, 20 hours of instruction.

(iii) For a combined program of study for life and health insurance producers, 40 hours of instruction.

(iv) For a program of study for property insurance producers and solicitors, 20 hours of instruction.

(v) For a program of study for casualty insurance producers and solicitors, 20 hours of instruction.

(vi) For a program of study for personal lines producers, 20 hours of instruction.

(vii) For a program of study for property and casualty producers and solicitors, 40 hours of instruction. A program of study completed under this subparagraph satisfies the program of study requirements for personal lines producers and solicitors.

(c) Include instruction in ethical practices in the marketing and selling of insurance.

(d) Subject to subsection (5), instruction must be given only by individuals who meet the qualifications required by the director. The director shall promulgate rules prescribing the criteria that must be met by a person to render instruction in a registered insurance producer program of study.

(2) An authorized insurer may conduct that portion of the minimum number of hours of instruction under subsection (1) as the director considers appropriate. Any combination of classroom, online, or self-study hours may be used in satisfying the minimum number of hours of instruction under subsection (1).

(3) The director shall promulgate rules prescribing the subject matter that a program of study must possess to qualify for registration under this section.

(4) The director may recommend improvements in course materials as considered necessary by the director. The director may, after notice and opportunity for a hearing, withdraw the registration of a program of study that does not maintain reasonable standards as determined by the director for the protection of the public.

(5) For a registered insurance producer program of study under this section, the director may refuse to approve an insurance education instructor, and the director may place an approved insurance education instructor on probation or suspend or revoke approval of an approved insurance education instructor, or take any combination of these actions, if 1 or more of the following apply:

(a) The insurance education instructor violates an insurance law or violates a rule, subpoena, or order of the director or of another state's insurance commissioner.

(b) The insurance education instructor uses fraudulent, coercive, or dishonest practices or demonstrates incompetence, untrustworthiness, or financial irresponsibility in the conduct of business in this state or outside this state.

(c) The insurance education instructor's insurance producer license or its equivalent is revoked in conjunction with a disciplinary action in any state, province, district, or territory.


History: Add. 1986, Act 173, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 64, Imd. Eff. June 25, 1987 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 442, Imd. Eff. Oct. 19, 2006 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 575, Eff. July 16, 2009 ;-- Am. 2017, Act 67, Imd. Eff. June 30, 2017
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1204b Repealed. 2017, Act 67, Imd. Eff. June 30, 2017.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to creation of insurance education advisory council.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1204c Insurance producer's hours of study; review; continuing education requirements; program of study; approval; fee; hearing; revocation; filing certificate of attendance or instruction; waiver; reciprocal agreements; fees; grace period; sale of business and failure to meet continuing education requirements; cancellation of license; review date of applicable 2-year period; access to classroom; refusal to approve education instructor; probation, suspension, or revocation of approval; definitions.

Sec. 1204c.

(1) An insurance producer's hours of study accrued under this section must be reviewed for license continuance every 2 years under a schedule established by the director. The director may establish a schedule for license continuation that staggers license continuation dates to apportion the continuation dates throughout the calendar year. If the system of staggered continuation is adopted, the director may extend the licensure period for some licensees.

(2) Except as provided in subsections (9) to (12), and subject to subsection (13), before the review date of each applicable 2-year period provided for under subsection (1), an insurance producer wishing to renew his or her license shall renew his or her license by attending or instructing not less than 24 hours of continuing education classes approved by the director or 24 hours of home study or online training if evidenced by successful completion of coursework approved by the director. Of the 24 hours of continuing education required, not less than 3 hours must be in ethics in insurance classes or coursework.

(3) The director shall approve a registered insurance producer program of study if the director determines that the program increases knowledge of insurance and related subjects as follows:

(a) For a life-health agent program of study, the program offers instruction in 1 or more of the following:

(i) The fundamental considerations and major principles of life insurance.

(ii) The fundamental considerations and major principles of health insurance.

(iii) Estate planning and taxation as related to insurance.

(iv) Industry and legal standards concerning ethics in insurance.

(v) Legal, legislative, and regulatory matters concerning insurance, the insurance code, and the insurance industry.

(vi) Principal provisions used in life insurance contracts, health insurance contracts, or annuity contracts and differences in types of coverages.

(vii) Accounting and actuarial considerations in insurance.

(viii) Principles of agency management, excluding telemarketing or other marketing instruction.

(ix) The fundamental considerations, major principles, and statutory requirements of long-term care insurance.

(b) For a property-casualty agent program of study, the program offers instructions in 1 or more of the following:

(i) The fundamental considerations and major principles of property insurance.

(ii) The fundamental considerations and major principles of casualty insurance.

(iii) Basic principles of risk management.

(iv) Industry and legal standards concerning ethics in insurance.

(v) Legal, legislative, and regulatory matters concerning insurance, the insurance code, and the insurance industry.

(vi) Principal provisions used in casualty insurance contracts, no-fault insurance contracts, or property insurance contracts and differences in types of coverages.

(vii) Accounting and actuarial considerations in insurance.

(viii) Principles of agency management, excluding telemarketing or other marketing instruction.

(4) A provider of a program of study for insurance producers applying for approval or reapproval from the director under this section shall file, on a form provided by the director, a description of the course of study including a description of the subject matter and course materials, hours of instruction, location of classroom, qualifications of instructors, and maximum student-instructor ratio and shall pay a nonrefundable $25.00 filing fee. Any material change in a program of study requires the reapproval of the director. If the information in an application for approval or reapproval is insufficient for the director to determine whether the program of study meets the requirements under subsection (3), the director shall give written notice to the provider, within 15 days after the provider's filing of the application for approval or reapproval, of the additional information needed by the director. An application for approval or reapproval is considered approved unless disapproved by the director within 90 days after the application for approval or reapproval is filed, or within 90 days after the receipt of additional information if the information was requested by the director, whichever is later.

(5) A provider of a program of study approved by the director under this section shall pay a provider authorization fee of $500.00 for the first year the provider's program of study is approved under this section and a $100.00 provider renewal fee for each subsequent year that the provider offers the approved program of study.

(6) A person dissatisfied with an approved program of study may petition the director for a hearing on the program or the director on his or her own initiative may request a hearing on a program of study. If the director finds that the petition was submitted in good faith, that the petition if true shows that the program of study does not satisfy the criteria in subsection (3), or that the petition otherwise justifies holding a hearing, the director shall hold a hearing under chapter 4 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.271 to 24.287, within 30 days after receipt of the petition and on not less than 10 days' written notice to the petitioner and the provider of the program of study. If the director requests a hearing on a program of study on his or her own initiative, the director shall hold a hearing under chapter 4 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.271 to 24.287, on not less than 10 days' written notice to the provider of the program of study.

(7) If after a hearing under subsection (6) the director finds that the program of study does not satisfy the requirements under subsection (3), the director shall state, in a written order mailed first-class to the petitioner and provider of the program of study, his or her findings and the date on which the director will revoke approval of the program of study, which date must be within a reasonable time of the issuance of the order.

(8) A certificate of attendance or instruction in an approved program of study or a certificate of successful completion of coursework must be filed as directed by the director on a form prescribed by the director and must indicate the name and number of the course of study, the number of hours, dates of completion, and the name and number of schools attended or taught by the insurance producer or the evidence of successful completion of coursework. A representative of the approved program of study shall file the form and a fee of $1.00 per hour for course credit for each insurance producer license renewal as directed by the director within 30 days after the insurance producer completes the program. A copy of the form must also be mailed first-class to the insurance producer who attended, taught, or successfully completed the program of study. The director may enter into contracts to provide for the administrative functions of this subsection.

(9) The director shall waive the continuing education requirements of this section for an insurance producer if the producer is unable to comply with the continuing education requirements of this section because of military service or if the director determines that enforcement of the requirements would cause a severe hardship. The director shall waive the continuing education requirements of this section for the following insurance producers:

(a) An insurance producer who is licensed to write only travel or baggage insurance policies and whose employment is for a purpose other than the sale of those policies.

(b) An insurance producer who is licensed to write only limited line credit insurance.

(10) The director may enter into reciprocal continuing education agreements with insurance commissioners from other states.

(11) If an insurance producer has not met his or her continuing education requirements by the expiration date of his or her license, the insurance producer has a 90-day grace period in which to meet the continuing education requirements of this section. During the 90-day grace period, the insurance producer shall not solicit or sell new policies of insurance, bind coverage, or otherwise act as an insurance producer, except that the insurance producer may continue to service policies previously sold and may receive commissions on policies previously sold. If the insurance producer has not met his or her continuing education requirements by the expiration of the 90-day grace period, the director shall cancel the insurance producer's license. An insurance producer whose license has been canceled under this section may reapply for a license to act as an insurance producer under section 1204.

(12) An insurance producer who has sold his or her insurance business and who has not met the continuing education requirements of this section shall not solicit or sell new policies of insurance, bind coverage, or otherwise act as an insurance producer, except that the insurance producer may continue to service policies previously sold and may receive commissions on policies previously sold as well as receive partial commissions on policies of insurance sold by a purchasing insurance producer. An insurance producer who is in the process of selling his or her insurance business and who has not met the continuing education requirements of this section shall not solicit or sell new policies of insurance, bind coverage, or otherwise act as an insurance producer, except that the insurance producer may continue to service policies previously sold and may receive commissions on policies previously sold as well as receive partial commissions on policies of insurance sold by a purchasing insurance producer, for a period not to exceed 12 months after the selling insurance producer's license review date under subsection (1). An insurance producer whose license has been canceled and who wishes to resume soliciting or selling new policies of insurance, bind coverage, or otherwise act as an insurance producer and who has not met the continuing education requirements within the immediately preceding 12 months may reapply for a license to act as an insurance producer under section 1204.

(13) After 1 year after the effective date of the amendatory act that added subsection (14), for a review date of an applicable 2-year period under subsection (1), all of the following apply:

(a) Subject to subdivisions (b) and (c), if an insurance producer completes more than 24 hours of continuing education in an applicable 2-year period, the insurance producer may, for purposes of subsection (2), apply each hour more than 24 hours to the next 2-year period. However, no more than 12 hours may be applied to the next applicable 2-year period under this subdivision.

(b) An insurance producer may not apply any hours in ethics in insurance classes or coursework to the next applicable 2-year period under subdivision (a).

(c) If an insurance producer completes the same continuing education class or coursework under subsection (2) in an applicable 2-year period, an hour associated with a duplicative class or coursework may not be applied to the next applicable 2-year period under subdivision (a).

(14) The director or his or her designee may access any classroom while instruction for a program of study under section 1204a or this section is in progress to monitor the classroom instruction.

(15) For an insurance producer program of study under this section, the director may refuse to approve an insurance education instructor, and the director may place an approved insurance education instructor on probation or suspend or revoke approval of an approved insurance education instructor, or take any combination of these actions, if 1 or more of the following apply:

(a) The insurance education instructor violates an insurance law or violates a rule, subpoena, or order of the director or of another state's insurance commissioner.

(b) The insurance education instructor uses fraudulent, coercive, or dishonest practices or demonstrates incompetence, untrustworthiness, or financial irresponsibility in the conduct of business in this state or outside this state.

(c) The insurance education instructor's insurance producer license or its equivalent is revoked in conjunction with a disciplinary action in any state, province, district, or territory.

(16) As used in this section:

(a) "Hour" means a period of time of not less than 50 minutes.

(b) "Insurance producer" means a life-health agent or property-casualty agent.

(c) "Life-health agent" means a resident or nonresident individual insurance producer licensed for life, limited life, mortgage redemption, or accident and health or a combination of life, limited life, mortgage redemption, or accident and health.

(d) "Property-casualty agent" means a resident or nonresident individual insurance producer or solicitor licensed for automobile, fire, multiple lines, or any limited or minor property and casualty lines or a combination of automobile, fire, multiple lines, or limited or minor property and casualty lines.


History: Add. 1992, Act 1, Eff. Jan. 1, 1993 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 84, Eff. Jan. 1, 1993 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 48, Imd. Eff. Mar. 25, 1994 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 466, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 540, Imd. Eff. Jan. 20, 1999 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 247, Eff. Feb. 1, 2006 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 109, Imd. Eff. Apr. 7, 2006 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 442, Imd. Eff. Oct. 19, 2006 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 574, Eff. Jan. 1, 2010 ;-- Am. 2017, Act 67, Imd. Eff. June 30, 2017
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1204d Continuing education fund; creation; administration; disposition and reversion of funds; funding of shortfall.

Sec. 1204d.

(1) The continuing education fund is created as a separate, self-supporting fund and shall be administered by the commissioner. Money in the continuing education fund shall be used for the administration of the continuing education requirements in section 1204c.

(2) Money received pursuant to section 1204c shall be deposited in the continuing education fund.

(3) Money in the continuing education fund shall not revert to the general fund at the close of the fiscal year but shall remain in the continuing education fund.

(4) Notwithstanding section 240(3), if money in the continuing education fund is not sufficient to provide for the administration of the continuing education requirements in section 1204c, the shortfall shall be funded from the agent's appointment fees required by section 240(1)(c).


History: Add. 1992, Act 1, Eff. Jan. 1, 1993
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1204e Nonresident license applicant; requirements.

Sec. 1204e.

(1) The commissioner shall waive any requirements for a nonresident license applicant with a valid license from his or her home state, except the requirements under section 1206a, if the applicant's home state awards nonresident licenses to residents of this state on the same basis.

(2) A nonresident insurance producer's satisfaction of his or her home state's continuing education requirements for licensed insurance producers shall constitute satisfaction of this state's continuing education requirements if the nonresident producer's home state recognizes the satisfaction of its continuing education requirements imposed upon producers from this state on the same basis.


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1204f Long-term care insurance; requirements for sale, solicitation, or negotiation by individual; delivery or issuance by insurer; 1-time training course; requirements.

Sec. 1204f.

(1) An individual shall not sell, solicit, or negotiate long-term care insurance unless the individual meets all of the following requirements:

(a) The individual is licensed as an insurance producer for accident and health or life.

(b) The individual has completed a 1-time long-term care training course as described in this section.

(c) The individual completes ongoing training as described in this section for every 2-year continuing education compliance period after the completion of the 1-time long-term care training course.

(2) An insurer that delivers or issues for delivery long-term care insurance in this state shall do both of the following:

(a) Obtain verification that an insurance producer has received the training described in this section before permitting the insurance producer to sell, solicit, or negotiate the insurer's long-term care insurance products.

(b) Make the verification obtained under subdivision (a) available to the director on the director's request.

(3) An insurance producer selling, soliciting, or negotiating long-term care insurance on the effective date of the amendatory act that added chapter 39A shall not continue to sell, solicit, or negotiate long-term care insurance unless the insurance producer has completed the 1-time training course described in this section within 1 year after the effective date of the amendatory act that added chapter 39A.

(4) The 1-time long-term care training course and ongoing training required under this section may be provided in conjunction with other insurance producer training or separately. To satisfy subsection (2), an insurance producer may document to an insurer that he or she has obtained training as described in subsections (5) and (6) from a program of study approved under section 1204c.

(5) The 1-time long-term care training course required under this section must not be less than 8 hours, and the ongoing training required under this section must not be less than 4 hours for every 2-year continuing education compliance period after the completion of the 1-time long-term care training course.

(6) The 1-time long-term care training course and ongoing training required under this section must consist of topics related to long-term care insurance, long-term care services, and, if applicable, qualified state long-term care insurance partnership programs, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

(a) State and federal regulations and requirements and the relationship between qualified state long-term care insurance partnership programs and other public and private coverage of long-term care services, including Medicaid.

(b) Available long-term care services and providers.

(c) Changes or improvements in long-term care services or providers.

(d) Alternatives to the purchase of private long-term care insurance.

(e) The effect of inflation in eroding the value of benefits and the importance of inflation protection.

(f) Consumer suitability standards and guidelines.

(7) The 1-time long-term care training course and ongoing training required under this section must not include any training that is solely oriented to the sales or marketing of an insurer-specific long-term care product.

(8) Satisfying the training requirements of this section in any state satisfies the training requirements in this state.


History: Add. 2006, Act 442, Imd. Eff. Oct. 19, 2006 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 198, Eff. Feb. 22, 2016
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1205 Resident insurance producer license; filing; application; statement; requirements; business entity; verification of information; limited line credit insurance.

Sec. 1205.

(1) A person applying for a resident insurance producer license shall file with the commissioner the uniform application required by the commissioner and shall declare under penalty of refusal, suspension, or revocation of the license that the statements made in the application are true, correct, and complete to the best of the individual's knowledge and belief. An application for a resident insurer producer license shall not be approved unless the commissioner finds that the individual meets all of the following:

(a) Is at least 18 years of age.

(b) Has not committed any act listed in section 1239(1).

(c) As required under section 1204(2), has completed a prelicensing course of study for the qualifications for which the person has applied.

(d) Has paid the fees applicable to the individual under section 240.

(e) Has successfully passed the examination required for each qualification for which the person has applied.

(2) A business entity acting as an insurance producer shall obtain an insurance producer license. A business entity applying for an insurance producer license shall file with the commissioner the uniform business entity application required by the commissioner. An application for an insurance producer license under this subsection shall not be approved unless the commissioner finds all of the following:

(a) The business entity has paid the fees under section 240(1)(d).

(b) The business entity has designated an individual licensed producer responsible for the business entity's compliance with this state's insurance laws, rules, and regulations.

(c) The business entity has not committed any act listed in section 1239(1).

(3) The commissioner may require the production of any documents reasonably necessary to verify the information contained in an application.

(4) Each insurer that sells, solicits, or negotiates any form of limited line credit insurance shall provide to each individual whose duties will include selling, soliciting, or negotiating limited line credit insurance a program of instruction that may be approved by the commissioner.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 422, Imd. Eff. Jan. 6, 2009
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1206 Insurance producer license; issuance; qualification in line of insurance; duration; reinstatement; contents of license; change of name or address; ministerial functions.

Sec. 1206.

(1) Unless denied licensure under section 1239, persons who have met the requirements of sections 1204 and 1205 shall be issued an insurance producer license. An individual insurance producer may receive a license for a qualification in 1 or more of the following lines of insurance:

(a) Life--insurance coverage on human lives including benefits of endowment and annuities, and may include benefits in the event of death or dismemberment by accident and benefits for disability income.

(b) Accident and health or sickness--insurance coverage for sickness, bodily injury, or accidental death and may include benefits for disability income.

(c) Property--insurance coverage for the direct or consequential loss or damage to property of every kind.

(d) Casualty--insurance coverage against legal liability, including that for death, injury, or disability or damage to real or personal property.

(e) Variable life and variable annuity products--insurance coverage provided under variable life insurance contracts and variable annuities.

(f) Personal lines--property and casualty insurance coverage sold to individuals and families for primarily noncommercial purposes.

(g) Credit--limited line credit insurance.

(h) Any other line of insurance permitted under state laws or rules.

(2) An insurance producer license shall remain in effect unless revoked or suspended as long as education requirements for resident individual producers are met by the due date.

(3) An individual insurance producer who allows his or her license to lapse for a reason other than not meeting the requirements of section 1204c may reinstate the same license without the necessity of passing a written examination if he or she does so not later than 12 months after the date of the lapse.

(4) A license under subsection (1) shall contain the licensee's name, address, personal identification number, and the date of issuance, the qualifications, the expiration date, and any other information the commissioner considers necessary.

(5) Licensees shall inform the commissioner by any means acceptable to the commissioner of a change of legal name or address within 30 days of the change.

(6) The commissioner may contract with nongovernmental entities to perform any ministerial functions, including the collection of fees, related to producer licensing that the commissioner considers appropriate.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 501, Imd. Eff. Dec. 31, 1982 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 68, Imd. Eff. June 16, 1989 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 1, Eff. Jan. 1, 1993 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1206a Nonresident insurance producer license; requirements; verification of status; change of address; nonresident surplus lines insurance producer license; nonresident limited lines insurance producer.

Sec. 1206a.

(1) Unless denied licensure under section 1239, a nonresident person shall receive a nonresident insurance producer license if he or she meets all of the following:

(a) Is currently licensed as a resident and in good standing in his or her home state.

(b) Has submitted the proper request for licensure and has paid the applicable fees required by section 240.

(c) Has submitted or transmitted to the commissioner the application for licensure that the person submitted to his or her home state or a completed uniform application as required by the commissioner.

(d) The person's home state awards nonresident producer licenses to residents of this state on the same basis.

(2) The commissioner may verify the insurance producer's licensing status through the producer database maintained by the national association of insurance commissioners or its affiliates or subsidiaries.

(3) A nonresident insurance producer who moves from 1 state to another state or a resident insurance producer who moves from this state to another state shall file a change of address and provide certification from the new resident state within 30 days of the change of legal residence. No fee or license application is required.

(4) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, a person licensed as a surplus lines insurance producer in his or her home state shall receive a nonresident surplus lines insurance producer license pursuant to subsection (1). Except as otherwise provided in subsection (1), this section does not otherwise amend or supersede any provision of chapter 19.

(5) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, a person licensed as a limited line credit insurance or other type of limited lines insurance producer in his or her home state shall receive a nonresident limited lines insurance producer license, pursuant to subsection (1), granting the same scope of authority as granted under the license issued by the producer's home state. For the purposes of this subsection, limited lines insurance is any authority granted by the home state that restricts the authority of the license to less than the total authority prescribed in the associated major lines under section 1206(1)(a) to (f).


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1206b Nonresident insurance producer license; prelicensing education or examination; exemption; application as resident licensee.

Sec. 1206b.

(1) An individual who applies for an insurance producer license in this state who was previously licensed for the same qualifications in another state is not required to complete any prelicensing education or examination. This exemption is only available if the person is currently licensed in that state or if the application is received within 90 days of the cancellation of the applicant's previous license and if the prior state issues a certification that, at the time of cancellation, the applicant was in good standing in that state or the state's producer database records, maintained by the national association of insurance commissioners, its affiliates, or its subsidiaries, indicate that the producer is or was licensed in good standing for the qualification requested.

(2) A person licensed as an insurance producer in another state who moves to this state shall apply within 90 days after establishing legal residence to become a resident licensee pursuant to section 1205. Prelicensing education or examination is not required of that person to obtain any qualification previously held in the prior state except where the commissioner determines otherwise by rule.


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1206c Life and health insurance producer examinations; summary of statistical information; report.

Sec. 1206c.

By not later than 6 months after the effective date of this section and by April 30 of each year thereafter, the commissioner or a designee of the commissioner shall prepare and publish a report that summarizes statistical information relating to life and health insurance producer examinations administered during the preceding calendar year. The report shall include, but is not limited to, all of the following information:

(a) The total number of examinees.

(b) The percentage and number of examinees who passed the examination.

(c) The mean scaled scores on the examination.

(d) The standard deviation of scaled scores on the examination.

(e) The correct answer rate and correlation for each test question and each test form.


History: Add. 2008, Act 494, Imd. Eff. Jan. 13, 2009


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1207 Agent as fiduciary; accounting methods; examination of records; remuneration of person acting as agent; placing refused coverage; use of intimidation, threats, or unlawful inducements; agent as party to contract.

Sec. 1207.

(1) An agent shall be a fiduciary for all money received or held by the agent in his or her capacity as an agent. Failure by an agent in a timely manner to turn over the money which he or she holds in a fiduciary capacity to the persons to whom they are owed is prima facie evidence of violation of the agent's fiduciary responsibility. An agent shall not accept payment of a premium for a medicare supplemental policy or certificate in the form of a check or money order made payable to the agent instead of the insurer. Upon receiving payment of a premium for a medicare supplemental policy or certificate, an agent shall immediately provide a written receipt to the insured.

(2) An agent shall use reasonable accounting methods to record funds received in his or her fiduciary capacity including the receipt and distribution of all premiums due each of his or her insurers. An agent shall record return premiums received by or credited to him or her which are due an insured on policies reduced or canceled or which are due a prospective purchaser of insurance as a result of a rejected or declined application. Records required by this section shall be open to examination by the commissioner.

(3) Except as provided in section 1212 and subsection (4), an agent shall not reward or remunerate any person for procuring or inducing business in this state, furnishing leads or prospects, or acting in any other manner as an agent.

(4) If an agent is unable to immediately provide, through his or her insurers that are authorized to underwrite the coverage, all or a part of the coverage requested on a risk, the agent may obtain the part of the coverage refused by his or her insurers through another licensed agent or through a risk sharing plan permitted by state law. An agent who attempts to place the refused part of the coverage through another licensed agent shall advise the buyer in writing that the refused part of the coverage is not in effect until the buyer receives written evidence of insurance.

(5) A person may not sell or attempt to sell insurance by means of intimidation or threats, whether express or implied. Except as provided in section 2077(4) a person may not induce the purchase of insurance through a particular agent or from a particular insurer by means of a promise to sell goods, to lend money, to provide services, or by a threat to refuse to sell goods, to refuse to lend money, or to refuse to provide services.

(6) After January 1, 1973, an insurer or an agent may not be a party to a contract under which the agent assumes any responsibility or obligation for payment, from his or her commission or any allocation of premium to him or her by the insurer, of any losses on insurance policies sold by the agent unless the claim adjusting is done by insurance company adjusters or licensed independent adjusters.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 170, Imd. Eff. July 2, 1990 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 200, Eff. Dec. 28, 1994
Compiler's Notes: Section 3 of Act 200 of 1993 provides as follows:“Section 3. This amendatory act shall not take effect unless the state administrative board certifies in writing to the secretary of state by December 31, 1994 that an agreement for the transfer of all or substantially all of the assets and the assumption of all or substantially all of the liabilities of the state accident fund has been consummated with a permitted transferee pursuant to the requirements of section 701a of the worker's disability compensation act of 1969, Act No. 317 of the Public Acts of 1969, being section 418.701a of the Michigan Compiled Laws.”
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1208 Insurance effected by agent on certain risks; limitation.

Sec. 1208.

An agent, during any 12-month period, may not effect insurance upon his own property, life or other risk and the property, life or other risk of his employees, employer or business associates, in excess of 15% of the total premium which he effected during that period.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1208a Appointment of producer as agent; notice of appointment; filing; verification of eligibility; fee.

Sec. 1208a.

(1) An insurance producer shall not act as an agent of an insurer unless the insurance producer becomes an appointed agent of that insurer. An insurance producer who is not acting as an agent of an insurer is not required to become appointed.

(2) To appoint a producer as its agent, the appointing insurer shall file, in a format approved by the commissioner, a notice of appointment for the qualifications held by that insurance producer within 15 days from the date the agency contract is executed or the first insurance application is submitted. An insurer may also elect to appoint an insurance producer to all or some insurers within the insurer's holding company system or group by the filing of a single appointment request.

(3) Upon receipt of the notice of appointment, the commissioner shall verify within a reasonable time not to exceed 30 days that the insurance producer is eligible for appointment. If the insurance producer is determined to be ineligible for appointment, the commissioner shall notify the insurer within 5 days of that determination.

(4) An insurer shall pay an appointment fee and a renewal appointment fee as provided under section 240(1)(c) for each insurance producer appointed or renewed by the insurer.


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1208b Termination of business relationship with insurance producer; notice to commissioner; format; liability for disclosure of information or statement.

Sec. 1208b.

(1) An insurer or authorized representative of the insurer that terminates the appointment, employment, contract, or other insurance business relationship with an insurance producer shall notify the commissioner using a format prescribed by the commissioner of the termination within 30 days following the effective date of the termination if the reason for termination is 1 of the reasons listed in section 1239 or the insurer has knowledge the producer was found by a court, government body, or self-regulatory organization authorized by law to have engaged in any of the activities listed in section 1239. Upon the written request of the commissioner, the insurer shall provide additional information, documents, records, or other data pertaining to the termination or activity of the producer.

(2) An insurer or authorized representative of the insurer that terminates the appointment, employment, or contract with a producer for any reason not listed in section 1239 shall notify the commissioner using a format prescribed by the commissioner of the termination within 30 days following the effective date of the termination. Upon written request of the commissioner, the insurer shall provide additional information, documents, records, or other data pertaining to the termination.

(3) The insurer or the authorized representative of the insurer shall promptly notify the commissioner in a format acceptable to the commissioner if, upon further review or investigation, the insurer discovers additional information that would have been reportable to the commissioner in accordance with subsection (1) had the insurer then known of its existence.

(4) Not later than 15 days after making the notification required by subsection (1), (2), or (3), the insurer shall mail a copy of the notification to the producer at his or her last known address. If the producer is terminated for cause for any of the reasons listed in section 1239, the insurer shall provide a copy of the notification to the producer at his or her last known address by certified mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid or by overnight delivery using a nationally recognized carrier. Within 30 days after the insurance producer has received the original or additional notification, the insurance producer may file written comments concerning the substance of the notification with the commissioner. The insurance producer shall, by the same means, simultaneously send a copy of the comments to the reporting insurer, and the comments shall become a part of the commissioner's file and accompany every copy of a report distributed or disclosed for any reason about the producer as permitted under section 1246.

(5) In the absence of actual malice, an insurer, the authorized representative of the insurer, an insurance producer, the commissioner, or an organization of which the commissioner is a member and that compiles the information and makes it available to other commissioners or regulatory or law enforcement agencies is not subject to civil liability for making this information available, and a civil cause of action of any nature shall not arise against these entities or their respective representatives or employees, as a result of reporting or providing any statement or information required by or provided pursuant to this section or any information relating to any statement that may be requested in writing by the commissioner, from an insurer or insurance producer; or a statement by a terminating insurer or insurance producer to an insurer or insurance producer limited solely and exclusively to whether a termination for cause under subsection (1) was reported to the commissioner, provided that the propriety of any termination for cause under subsection (1) is certified in writing by an officer or authorized representative of the insurer or insurance producer terminating the relationship. In any action brought against a person that may have immunity under this subsection for making any statement required by this section or providing any information relating to any statement that may be requested by the commissioner, the party bringing the action shall plead specifically in any allegation that the immunity permitted under this subsection does not apply because the person making the statement or providing the information did so with actual malice. This subsection does not abrogate or modify any existing statutory or common law privileges or immunities.


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1209 Termination of insurance producer's authority to represent insurer; responsibility and authority of insurance producer following notice of termination; exceptions; condition of insurer's authority to transact business in state; construction of subsection (2); “automobile insurance” and “home insurance” defined.

Sec. 1209.

(1) If an insurance producer's authority to represent an insurer is terminated, the responsibility of an insurance producer having property rights in the renewal shall continue until the existing policies of insurance are canceled, replaced, or have expired. The insurance producer's authority during the period following notice of termination shall be governed by the written agreement between the insurance producer and the insurer. An insurer shall not cancel or refuse to renew the policy of an insured because of the termination of an insurance producer's contract. If the written agreement does not cover the insurance producer's authority during this period, the insurance producer may continue to represent the insurer in servicing existing policies, but the insurance producer shall not bind a new risk, renew a policy, nor increase the obligation of the insurer under the policy without the approval of the insurer. This subsection does not apply to a life insurer, an insurance producer of a life insurer, an insurance producer who is an employee of an insurer, or to an insurance producer who by contractual agreement represents only 1 insurer or group of affiliated insurers, if the property rights in the renewal are owned by the insurer or group of affiliated insurers and the alteration of the insurance producer's contract does not result in the cancellation or nonrenewal of any insurance policy.

(2) As a condition of maintaining its authority to transact insurance in this state, an insurer transacting automobile insurance or home insurance in this state shall not cancel an insurance producer's contract or otherwise terminate an insurance producer's authority to represent the insurer with respect to automobile insurance or home insurance, except for 1 or more of the following reasons:

(a) Malfeasance.

(b) Breach of fiduciary duty or trust.

(c) A violation of this act.

(d) Failure to perform as provided by the contract between the parties.

(e) Submission of less than 25 applications for home insurance and automobile insurance within the immediately preceding 12-month period.

(3) Subsection (2) shall not be construed as permitting a termination of an insurance producer's authority based primarily upon any of the following:

(a) The geographic location of the insurance producer's home insurance or automobile insurance business.

(b) The actual or expected loss experience of the insurance producer's automobile or home insurance business, related in whole or in part to the geographical location of that business.

(c) The performance of the insurance producer's obligations under chapter 21.

(4) Subsection (2) and the written notice requirement under section 1208b(4) do not apply with respect to an insurance producer who is an employee of an insurer or to an insurance producer who by contractual agreement represents only 1 insurer or group of affiliated insurers, if the property rights in the renewal are owned by the insurer or group of affiliated insurers and the cancellation or termination of the insurance producer's contract does not result in the cancellation or nonrenewal of any home or automobile insurance policy.

(5) As used in this section, “automobile insurance” and “home insurance” mean those terms as defined in chapter 21.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 217, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1978 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 145, Imd. Eff. Nov. 13, 1979 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 461, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 1981 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1210 Accident and health insurance agent as health benefit agent.

Sec. 1210.

An accident and health insurance agent who is a health benefit agent pursuant to the health benefit agent act shall be subject to the health benefit agent act when selling health benefits. As used in this section, “health benefits” and “health benefit agent” means those terms as defined in the health benefit agent act.


History: Add. 1986, Act 253, Eff. Mar. 31, 1987
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1211 Solicitation and collection on behalf of licensed insurance producer; authorization; contract.

Sec. 1211.

A natural person may solicit applications for insurance and collect premiums on behalf of a licensed insurance producer resident in this state if he or she is so authorized to act by a written contract with the insurance producer, and the contract specifies the extent of his or her authority to act, he or she is licensed to act as a solicitor in accordance with this chapter, and the insurance producer has notified the commissioner of the contract.


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1211a Assumed name; use.

Sec. 1211a.

An insurance producer doing business under any name other than the producer's legal name shall notify the commissioner prior to using the assumed name.


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1211b Temporary license.

Sec. 1211b.

(1) The commissioner may issue a temporary insurance producer license for a period not to exceed 180 days without requiring an examination if the commissioner considers that the temporary license is necessary for the servicing of an insurance business in the following cases:

(a) To the surviving spouse or court-appointed personal representative of a licensed insurance producer who dies or becomes mentally or physically disabled to allow adequate time for the sale of the insurance business owned by the producer or for the recovery or return of the producer to the business or to provide for the training and licensing of new personnel to operate the producer's business.

(b) To a member or employee of a business entity licensed as an insurance producer, upon the death or disability of an individual designated in the business entity application or the license.

(c) To the designee of a licensed insurance producer entering active service in the armed forces of the United States of America.

(d) In any other circumstance where the commissioner considers that the public interest will best be served by the issuance of this license.

(2) The commissioner may by order limit the authority of any temporary licensee if he or she considers it necessary to protect insureds and the public. The commissioner may require the temporary licensee to have a suitable sponsor who is a licensed producer or insurer and who assumes responsibility for all acts of the temporary licensee and may impose other similar requirements designed to protect insureds and the public. The commissioner may by order revoke a temporary license if the interest of insureds or the public is endangered. A temporary license may not continue after the owner or the personal representative disposes of the business.


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1212 Persons acting as solicitors; contract with agent; license; notice of appointment.

Sec. 1212.

(1) An agent may not appoint, employ or in any manner receive the benefit of business done or services rendered in this state by a person acting as a solicitor unless that person is so authorized to act by a written contract with the agent, he is licensed as a solicitor in accordance with this chapter, and the agent has notified the commissioner in writing of the appointment.

(2) A person who is licensed as a solicitor, within the lines of insurance permitted by the license, may act on behalf of a licensed agent if the agent has properly notified the commissioner of the appointment of that person as his solicitor.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1214 Solicitor; application for license and notice of appointment; forms; examination required; program of study as condition to examination; waiver of examination or program of study; investigations and interrogatories; decision; issuance of license; qualifications; disclosures; acting on behalf of sponsoring agent; contents of license; person licensed as solicitor for casualty insurance permitted to act as solicitor for legal expense insurance; duration and surrender of license; reexamination; notice.

Sec. 1214.

(1) An application for a license to act as a solicitor shall be made to the commissioner and shall be accompanied by a notice of appointment from the sponsoring licensed insurance producer. The application and the notice of appointment shall be on forms prescribed by the commissioner.

(2) Within a reasonable time after receipt of a properly completed application and notice of appointment forms, the commissioner shall subject the applicant to a written examination. The examination shall be given only after the applicant has completed a program of study registered with the commissioner as provided in section 1204a. A certificate of completion of the registered program of study shall be filed with the commissioner on a form prescribed by the commissioner and shall indicate that the course of study was completed by the applicant not more than 6 months before the application is received by the commissioner. An applicant who has failed to pass the examination may take subsequent examinations as determined by rules promulgated by the commissioner. The commissioner may waive the examination or program of study requirements of this section for a person who applies for a limited lines license as designated by the commissioner or for a person who has been licensed as an insurance producer or solicitor within the preceding 12 months. The commissioner may conduct investigations and propound interrogatories concerning the applicant's qualifications, residence, business affiliations that are relevant to the applicant's qualifications as a solicitor, and any other matter the commissioner considers necessary or advisable to determine compliance with this chapter, or for protection of the public. The commissioner shall make a decision on the application within 60 days after the applicant passes the examination or within 60 days after receipt of a properly completed application and notice of appointment forms.

(3) After examination, investigation, and interrogatories, the commissioner shall license an applicant if the commissioner determines that the applicant meets all of the following:

(a) Is authorized by written contract to act on behalf of a licensed insurance producer.

(b) Possesses reasonable understanding of the provisions, terms, and conditions of the insurance the applicant will be licensed to solicit.

(c) Possesses reasonable understanding of the insurance laws of this state.

(d) Intends in good faith to act as a solicitor.

(e) Is honest and trustworthy.

(f) Possesses a good business reputation.

(g) Possesses good moral character to act as a solicitor.

(4) The commissioner may require an applicant or a licensed solicitor to disclose fully the identity of his or her employers, partners, and employees, may propound reasonable interrogatories, and may refuse to issue or to continue a license if the commissioner is satisfied that any employer, partner, or employee who can materially influence the applicant or the solicitor is not a fit and proper person under the standards of this chapter and that the action reasonably is necessary to protect the public.

(5) An applicant may act on behalf of the applicant's sponsoring insurance producer after receipt of a license from the commissioner.

(6) The license shall set forth the name of the solicitor and the lines of insurance permitted by the license. A person who is licensed to act as a solicitor for casualty insurance is permitted to act as a solicitor for legal expense insurance without obtaining additional authorization or licensure from the commissioner.

(7) The license shall continue in effect until suspended or revoked by the commissioner or voluntarily surrendered by the licensee. The commissioner shall demand that the licensee surrender the license when the commissioner's records indicate that the licensee is without authority from any insurance producer to act as a solicitor.

(8) The commissioner may reexamine a licensed solicitor at any time upon written notice with stated reasons.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 390, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 1981 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 1, Imd. Eff. Mar. 30, 1981 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 501, Imd. Eff. Dec. 31, 1982 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 173, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1216 Solicitor as fiduciary; accounting methods; examination of records; remuneration of person acting as agent or solicitor.

Sec. 1216.

(1) A solicitor shall be a fiduciary for all moneys received or held by him in his capacity as a solicitor. Failure by a solicitor in a timely manner to turn over the moneys which he holds in a fiduciary capacity to the persons to whom they are owed is prima facie evidence of violation of the solicitor's fiduciary responsibility.

(2) A solicitor shall use reasonable accounting methods to record funds received in his fiduciary capacity. The records required by this section shall be open to examination by the commissioner.

(3) A solicitor shall not reward or remunerate a person for procuring or inducing business in this state, furnishing leads or prospects or acting in any other manner as an agent or solicitor.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1218 Termination of solicitor's authority to represent agent; notice; disclosure; liability of agent.

Sec. 1218.

An agent shall immediately notify the commissioner of the termination of a solicitor's authority to represent the agent. The notice shall include full disclosure, with supporting evidence, of acts or omissions by the solicitor which reasonably may be construed to be a violation of this act or of any other statute and any act or omissions that may reflect on his qualification as a solicitor or which adversely affect the public interest. There shall not be any liability on the part of, and a cause of action of any nature shall not arise against, an agent for any statements or evidence provided in compliance with this section.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1222 Adjuster's license required; exemptions.

Sec. 1222.

(1) A person shall not adjust loss or damage under a policy of insurance or advertise, solicit business, or hold himself or herself out to the public as an adjuster unless he or she is licensed as an adjuster.

(2) The following are exempt from licensure under subsection (1):

(a) A person admitted to the practice of law in this state.

(b) A marine average adjuster.

(c) An employee or manager of an authorized insurer adjusting loss or damage under a policy issued by the insurer.

(d) A licensed insurance producer to whom claim authority has been granted by an insurer.

(e) An individual who collects claim information from, or furnishes claim information to, insureds or claimants, and who conducts data entry including entering data into an automated claims adjudication system, if the individual is under the supervision of 1 or more licensed independent adjusters or an individual who is exempt from licensure under subdivision (c). As used in this subdivision, "automated claims adjudication system" means a preprogrammed computer system designed for the collection, data entry, calculation, and final resolution of portable consumer electronic insurance claims.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 462, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 2012
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1224 Adjuster; application for license; forms; examination; investigations and interrogatories; waiver; decision; issuance of license; qualifications; additional restrictions; licenses to certain persons prohibited; "home state" defined.

Sec. 1224.

(1) An application for a license to act as an adjuster shall be made to the commissioner on forms prescribed by the commissioner.

(2) Within a reasonable time after receipt of a properly completed application form under subsection (1), the commissioner may subject the applicant to a written examination, and may conduct investigations and propound interrogatories concerning the applicant's qualifications, residence, business affiliations, and any other matter that the commissioner considers necessary or advisable to determine compliance with this chapter, or for the protection of the public. The commissioner may waive the examination requirements of this subsection for a person who has been licensed as an adjuster within the preceding 12 months. The commissioner shall make a decision on the application within 60 days after receipt of a properly completed application form.

(3) After examination, investigation, and interrogatories, the commissioner shall issue a license to act as an adjuster to an applicant if the commissioner determines that the applicant possesses reasonable understanding of the provisions, terms, and conditions of the insurance with which the applicant will deal, possesses reasonable understanding of the insurance laws of this state, intends in good faith to act as an adjuster, possesses a good business reputation, and possesses good moral character to act as an adjuster. Persons currently licensed and new licenses issued are subject to any additional restrictions under which a resident of this state would be licensed in the jurisdiction in which the applicant resides. Any such restriction shall be imposed by the commissioner upon the date set for payment of the license fee. The commissioner shall not issue a new license or accept an annual license fee continuing a current license to either of the following:

(a) A person residing in a state that denies a comparable license to a resident of this state solely because of residency.

(b) A person who is employed either directly or indirectly by an adjuster that is a resident of a state, or by an adjuster's business that has a majority of shareholders, members, officers, directors, or owners that are residents of a state, that denies a comparable license to a resident of this state solely because of residency. An affidavit from an applicant establishing compliance with this subdivision may be relied on by the commissioner to show compliance with this subdivision.

(4) The commissioner shall not issue a license to act as an adjuster to a person who is employed by, owns stock in, is an officer or director of, or in any other manner is connected with, a fire repair contractor.

(5) The commissioner shall not issue a nonresident license to act as an adjuster to an individual who is a resident of Canada unless the individual has received a resident license to act as an adjuster from another state or declared another state his or her home state.

(6) As used in this section:

(a) "Home state" means either of the following:

(i) The state in which the adjuster maintains his or her principal place of residence or business and is licensed to act as a resident adjuster.

(ii) If the state of the adjuster's principal place of residence or business does not license adjusters, the state in which the adjuster is licensed and in good standing and that is designated by the adjuster as the adjuster's home state.

(b) "State" means that term as defined in section 3o of 1846 RS 1, MCL 8.3o.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 86, Imd. Eff. Mar. 29, 1978 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 390, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 1981 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 1, Imd. Eff. Mar. 30, 1981 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 35, Imd. Eff. Mar. 17, 2000 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 462, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 2012
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1226 Persons aiding adjuster; representation by adjuster; procedure for soliciting loss; schedule of rates; limitation on charges; contract.

Sec. 1226.

(1) An adjuster for an insured shall not employ a person to aid, directly or indirectly, in soliciting or adjusting a loss and shall not offer or pay a fee, commission, or other valuable consideration to a person to aid, directly or indirectly, in soliciting or adjusting a loss unless the adjuster regularly employs that person to so act for him or her and that person is licensed to act as an adjuster by the commissioner.

(2) An adjuster for the insured shall not represent that he or she is an adjuster for or a representative of an insurer, that he or she is a fire investigator, or that he or she is connected with a fire department. When soliciting a loss, an adjuster shall orally identify himself or herself to the prospective client as an adjuster for the insured, and leave with the prospective client a business card or other document which clearly indicates that he or she is an adjuster for the insured and the rates which the adjuster charges for his or her services.

(3) An adjuster for the insured shall not charge a rate for his or her services which exceeds 10% of the amount paid by the insurer in settlement of the loss.

(4) An adjuster for an insured shall not provide his or her services to a client until the adjuster has contracted in writing, on a form approved by the commissioner, with the insured or his or her authorized representative. A contract which is executed within 48 hours after conclusion of the loss-producing occurrence shall be voidable at the option of the insured for 10 days after execution of the contract. The written contract shall constitute the entire agreement between the adjuster for the insured and the insured. A copy of the contract shall be given to the insured when the contract is executed.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 1, 1984
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1227 Conduct of adjuster; prohibitions.

Sec. 1227.

(1) An adjuster for an insured shall not solicit or attempt to solicit a loss during progress of a loss-producing occurrence nor while the fire department or its representatives are engaged at the damaged premises.

(2) An adjuster for an insured shall not collect or attempt to collect a fee or charge from a repair contractor for obtaining repair work for the contractor.

(3) An adjuster for an insured shall not advance money or any other valuable thing to an insured pending adjustment of a claim.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1228 Records of adjuster.

Sec. 1228.

(1) An adjuster for an insured shall maintain a complete record of each of his transactions as an adjuster for the insured. The record shall include: (a) the name of the insured, (b) the date, location and amount of the loss, (c) a copy of the contract between the adjuster for the insured and the insured, (d) the name of the insurer and the amount, expiration date and number of each policy carried with respect to the loss, (e) an itemized statement of the recoveries by the insured from the sources known to the adjuster for the insured, (f) the name of each person soliciting the adjustment for the insured and the date and time when solicited, and (g) the total compensation received for the adjustment and the amount of commission, salary or other compensation paid to each representative of the adjuster for the insured in connection with the transaction.

(2) Records shall be maintained for at least 6 years after the termination of the transaction with an insured, and shall be open to examination by the commissioner.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1232 Insurance counselor; license required; use of designation “certified insurance counselor” or “fraternal insurance counselor”; exceptions.

Sec. 1232.

A person shall not audit or abstract policies of insurance or annuities, provide advice, counsel, or opinion with respect to benefits promised, coverage afforded, terms, value, effect, advantages, or disadvantages of a policy of insurance or annuity, nor advertise, solicit business, or hold himself or herself out to the public as an insurance counselor unless he or she is licensed as an insurance counselor. A person other than a licensed counselor shall not use terms such as consultant, consulting services, or any other language in a way which implies that he or she is a licensed insurance counselor. However, this section does not prohibit the use of the copyrighted designation “certified insurance counselor” if the designation is conferred upon a person by the society of certified insurance counselors or the copyrighted designation “accredited advisor in insurance” if the designation is conferred upon a person by the insurance institute of America. The person using the designation “certified insurance counselor” in each instance of usage, shall capitalize the initial letter of each of the 3 words. A person shall not employ the words certified insurance counselor generically so as to reasonably lead the public to believe that the person is licensed as an insurance counselor pursuant to section 1234, if the person is not so licensed. In addition, this section does not prohibit the use of the designation “fraternal insurance counselor” if such designation has been conferred upon the person by the fraternal field managers association. A person who acts as an insurance agent on behalf of a fraternal benefit society and who is also authorized to represent an insurer other than a fraternal benefit society but who is not licensed as an insurance counselor shall not, in connection with the solicitation or procurement of insurance contracts on behalf of that insurer, hold himself or herself out to the public as a licensed insurance counselor. This section does not prohibit the customary advice offered by a licensed insurance agent nor does this section apply to a person admitted to the practice of law in this state.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 1, 1984 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 38, Imd. Eff. May 27, 1987
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1234 Insurance counselor; application for license; forms; examination; investigations and interrogatories; decision; issuance of license; qualifications.

Sec. 1234.

(1) An application for a license to act as an insurance counselor shall be made to the commissioner on forms prescribed by the commissioner.

(2) Within a reasonable time after receipt of a properly completed application form, the commissioner shall subject the applicant to a written examination, and may conduct investigations and propound interrogatories concerning the applicant's qualifications, residence, business affiliations, and any other matter that the commissioner considers necessary or advisable to determine compliance with this chapter, or for the protection of the public. The commissioner may waive the examination requirements of this subsection for a person who has been licensed as an insurance counselor within the preceding 12 months. The commissioner shall make a decision on the application within 60 days after receipt of a properly completed application form.

(3) After examination, investigation, and interrogatories, the commissioner shall issue a license to an applicant if the commissioner determines that the applicant possesses reasonable understanding of the provisions, terms, and conditions of the insurance concerning that the applicant will counsel, possesses reasonable understanding of the insurance laws of this state, intends in good faith to act as an insurance counselor, possesses a good business reputation, and possesses good moral character to act as an insurance counselor.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 390, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 1981 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 1, Imd. Eff. Mar. 30, 1981 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1236 Written agreement between insurance counselor and client.

Sec. 1236.

In advance of rendering any service set forth in section 1232, a written agreement shall be prepared by a counselor, and shall be signed by both the counselor and the client. The agreement shall outline the nature of the work to be performed by the counselor and shall state his fee for the work. The agreement shall clearly state that the counselor's fee may not be waived under any circumstances and disclose that the counselor will receive a commission from the insurer on any insurance placed by the counselor acting as insurance agent. The counselor shall retain a copy of the agreement for not less than 2 years after completion of the services. The copy shall be available to the insurance commissioner.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1238 Reporting mailing and electronic mail address of agent, solicitor, counselor, or adjuster; notice of change in address; maintaining address on file; mailing of notice of hearing or process.

Sec. 1238.

(1) When applying for a license to act as an agent, solicitor, counselor, or adjuster, the applicant shall report his or her mailing and electronic mail address to the commissioner. An agent, solicitor, counselor, or adjuster shall notify the commissioner of any change in his or her mailing or electronic mail address within 30 days after the change. The commissioner shall maintain the mailing and electronic mail address of each agent, solicitor, counselor, or adjuster on file.

(2) A notice of hearing or service of process may be served upon an agent, solicitor, counselor, or adjuster in any action or proceeding for a violation of this act by mailing the notice or process by first class mail to the agent's, solicitor's, counselor's, or adjuster's mailing address reported to the commissioner under subsection (1).


History: Add. 1984, Act 5, Imd. Eff. Feb. 1, 1984 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 453, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 2012
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1239 Probation, suspension, or revocation of insurance producer's license; refusal to reissue; causes; civil fine; notice of license denial; hearing; license of business entity; penalties and remedies.

Sec. 1239.

(1) In addition to any other powers under this act, the commissioner may place on probation, suspend, or revoke an insurance producer's license or may levy a civil fine under section 1244 or any combination of actions, and the commissioner shall refuse to issue a license under section 1205 or 1206a, for any 1 or more of the following causes:

(a) Providing incorrect, misleading, incomplete, or materially untrue information in the license application.

(b) Violating any insurance laws or violating any regulation, subpoena, or order of the commissioner or of another state's insurance commissioner.

(c) Obtaining or attempting to obtain a license through misrepresentation or fraud.

(d) Improperly withholding, misappropriating, or converting any money or property received in the course of doing insurance business.

(e) Intentionally misrepresenting the terms of an actual or proposed insurance contract or application for insurance.

(f) Having been convicted of a felony.

(g) Having admitted or been found to have committed any insurance unfair trade practice or fraud.

(h) Using fraudulent, coercive, or dishonest practices or demonstrating incompetence, untrustworthiness, or financial irresponsibility in the conduct of business in this state or elsewhere.

(i) Having an insurance producer license or its equivalent denied, suspended, or revoked in any other state, province, district, or territory.

(j) Forging another's name to an application for insurance or to any document related to an insurance transaction.

(k) Improperly using notes or any other reference material to complete an examination for an insurance license.

(l) Knowingly accepting insurance business from an individual who is not licensed.

(m) Failing to comply with an administrative or court order imposing a child support obligation.

(n) Failing to pay the single business tax or the Michigan business tax or comply with any administrative or court order directing payment of the single business tax or the Michigan business tax.

(2) Before the commissioner denies an application for a license under section 1205 or 1206a, the commissioner shall notify in writing the applicant or licensee of the denial and of the reason for the denial. Not later than 30 days after this written denial, the applicant or licensee may make written demand upon the commissioner for a hearing before the commissioner to determine the reasonableness of the commissioner's action. A hearing under this subsection shall be held pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328.

(3) The license of a business entity may be suspended, revoked, or refused if the commissioner finds, after hearing, that an individual licensee's violation was known or should have been known by 1 or more of the partners, officers, or managers acting on behalf of the partnership or corporation and the violation was neither reported to the commissioner nor corrective action taken.

(4) In addition to or in lieu of any applicable denial, suspension, or revocation of a license, a person may, after hearing, be subject to a civil fine under section 1244.

(5) In addition to the penalties under this section, the commissioner may enforce the provisions of and impose any penalty or remedy authorized by this act against any person who is under investigation for or charged with a violation of this act even if the person's license or registration has been surrendered or has lapsed by operation of law.


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2007, Act 187, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2007 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 423, Imd. Eff. Jan. 6, 2009
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1240 Payment or acceptance of commission, service fee, or valuable consideration.

Sec. 1240.

(1) An insurer or insurance producer shall not pay a commission, service fee, or other valuable consideration to a person for selling, soliciting, or negotiating insurance in this state if that person is required to be licensed under this chapter and is not so licensed.

(2) A person shall not accept a commission, service fee, or other valuable consideration for selling, soliciting, or negotiating insurance in this state if that person is required to be licensed under this chapter and is not licensed.

(3) Renewal or other deferred commissions may be paid to a person for selling, soliciting, or negotiating insurance in this state if the person was required to be licensed under this chapter at the time of the sale, solicitation, or negotiation and was licensed at that time.

(4) An insurer or insurance producer may pay or assign commissions, service fees, or other valuable consideration to an insurance agency or to persons who do not sell, solicit, or negotiate insurance in this state, unless the payment would violate section 2024.


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1242 Refusal, suspension, or revocation of license; notice; hearings; summary suspension; subpoenas.

Sec. 1242.

(1) The commissioner shall refuse to grant a license to act as a solicitor, an insurance counselor, or an adjuster to an applicant who fails to meet the requirements of this chapter. Notice of the refusal shall be in writing and shall set forth the basis for the refusal. If the applicant submits a written request within 30 days after mailing of the notice of refusal, the commissioner shall promptly conduct a hearing in which the applicant shall be given an opportunity to show compliance with the requirements of this chapter.

(2) The commissioner, after notice and opportunity for a hearing, may suspend or revoke the license of a solicitor, insurance counselor, or adjuster who fails to maintain the standards required for initial licensing or who violates any provision of this act.

(3) After notice and opportunity for a hearing, the commissioner may refuse to grant or renew a license to act as a solicitor, adjuster, or insurance counselor if he or she determines by a preponderance of the evidence, that it is probable that the business or primary occupation of the applicant will give rise to coercion, indirect rebating of commissions, or other practices in the sale of insurance that are prohibited by law.

(4) Without prior hearing, the commissioner may order summary suspension of a license if he or she finds that protection of the public requires emergency action and incorporates this finding in his or her order. The suspension shall be effective on the date specified in the order or upon service of a certified copy of the order on the licensee, whichever is later. If requested, the commissioner shall conduct a hearing on the suspension within a reasonable time but not later than 20 days after the effective date of the summary suspension unless the person whose license is suspended requests a later date. At the hearing, the commissioner shall determine if the suspension should be continued or if the suspension should be withdrawn, and, if proper notice is given, may determine if the license should be revoked. The commissioner shall announce his or her decision within 30 days after conclusion of the hearing. The suspension shall continue until the decision is announced.

(5) The commissioner, or his or her designated deputy, may issue subpoenas to require the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of documents necessary to the conduct of the hearing and may designate an office of financial and insurance services employee to make service. The subpoenas issued by the commissioner, or his or her designated deputy, may be enforced upon petition to the circuit court of Ingham county to show cause why a contempt order should not be issued, as provided by law.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 7, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1243 Definitions; sale of insurance by lender.

Sec. 1243.

(1) As used in this section:

(a) “Act” means the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.100 to 500.8302.

(b) “Affiliate” means a person that directly or indirectly or through 1 or more intermediaries, controls or is controlled by another or is under common control with another. An affiliate includes a person who for any 12-month period makes a monthly average of 10 or more referrals to lenders for the purpose of procuring a loan and the person receives consideration for making those referrals.

(c) “Agent” means an individual licensed as an insurance producer, broker, solicitor, or insurance counselor under this act.

(d) “Agency” means an insurance agency licensed under this act.

(e) “Control” means control as defined in section 115.

(f) “Insurance product” means any product or service regulated, in whole or in part, by the commissioner.

(g) “Lender” means a person or entity who directly or indirectly, in the ordinary course of business regularly makes, arranges, offers to make, or purchases and services a loan as defined by subdivision (h). A lender includes a mortgage broker. If a person purchases an interest in but does not service a loan, that person is not a lender under this section for the purposes of that loan.

(h) “Loan” means an agreement to lend money or to finance goods or services. Loan does not include any of the following:

(i) The financing of insurance premiums.

(ii) A loan from the cash value of an insurance policy.

(iii) A home improvement charge agreement or a home improvement installment contract made under the home improvement finance act, 1965 PA 332, MCL 445.1101 to 445.1431.

(iv) A retail installment contract of $10,000.00 or less or a retail charge agreement made under the retail installment sales act, 1966 PA 224, MCL 445.851 to 445.873.

(i) “Loan representative” means an employee or representative of a lender that deals directly with loan applicants in accepting loan applications or approving or closing a loan.

(j) “Person” means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, or any other legal entity.

(k) “Required insurance” means any insurance product that a borrower is required to obtain as a condition of closing a loan.

(2) The commissioner shall issue an insurance agency license to an affiliate of a lender or an agent license to an individual who is an employee of the affiliate if the commissioner determines that the affiliate or employee has met the prerequisites for licensure under this act and that the affiliate and the lender will conduct the sale of insurance in compliance with this section. If a lender acquires ownership in or becomes affiliated with an agency with an existing license under this act, an application for a new license is not required. The commissioner may issue an insurance agency or agent license directly to a lender or an employee of the lender who is not an employee of an affiliated agency if the commissioner determines that the lender or employee has met the prerequisites for licensure and will conduct the sale of insurance in substantial compliance with this section.

(3) This section applies to all of the following:

(a) A lender that has been affiliated with a licensed agency or has employed a licensed agent before March 30, 1995 and that affiliation or employment continues or is renewed on and after March 30, 1995.

(b) A lender, affiliate, or employee of a lender that has been licensed as an agency or agent before March 30, 1995 and maintains that licensure on and after March 30, 1995, to the extent that the provisions of this section apply.

(c) A person affiliated with a lender that receives an agency license or an individual employed by the lender who receives an agent license.

(d) A lender that is licensed as an agency, to the extent that the provisions of this section apply.

(e) A lender that acquires ownership in an agency or otherwise becomes affiliated with a licensed insurance agency.

(f) A lender that employs a licensed insurance agent.

(4) A lender, an agency affiliated with a lender, or an agent employed by a lender may be licensed to sell any insurance product.

(5) A lender may own an insurance agency in whole or in part and shall provide notice to the commissioner and the commissioner of the financial institutions bureau of any acquisition, in whole or in part, of an insurance agency.

(6) Applications for insurance agency or agent licenses under this act shall be promptly reviewed by the commissioner. An application shall be considered approved by the commissioner if the commissioner has not denied the application for good cause within 60 days after the date the application is filed. The commissioner shall issue the insurance agency or agent license within 10 days of approval.

(7) Interrogatories propounded by the commissioner regarding the proposed business conduct between a lender and an affiliated insurance agency shall be limited to questions pertaining to compliance with this section.

(8) There is no limit on the percentage of insurance business sold to customers of a lender through an insurance agency affiliated with the lender or agent employed by the lender if sold in compliance with this act.

(9) A lender shall not do either of the following:

(a) Require a borrower to purchase any policy or contract of insurance through a particular agency or agent or with a particular insurer or fix or vary the terms or conditions of a loan as an inducement to purchase insurance. This subdivision does not prohibit a lender from requiring a borrower to purchase a required insurance policy that conforms to the requirements, if any, of the loan.

(b) Except as otherwise provided by law, require a person to purchase any insurance product from the lender or an affiliate as a condition of making a loan.

(10) The board of directors of an insurance agency affiliated with a lender shall act separately from the board of directors of the lender. A director of a lender may also serve as a director of an affiliated agency, except that a majority of directors of the affiliated agency shall not be directors of the lender. This subsection does not apply to a lender that is also the licensed agency.

(11) An officer or employee of a lender may be an officer or employee of an affiliated agency. However, except as otherwise provided by this section, for purposes of soliciting or selling insurance products, such officer or employee shall not use or disclose information that the lender may not disclose to the affiliated agency.

(12) An officer or employee of a lender shall not directly or indirectly delay or impede the completion of a loan transaction for the purpose of influencing a consumer's selection or purchase of insurance products from an agent, solicitor, agency, or insurer that is not affiliated with the lender.

(13) A loan representative may not act as an agent or solicitor for the sale or provision of required insurance related to an application, approval, commitment, or closing of a loan if the loan representative participated in the application, approval, commitment, or closing of that loan.

(14) A lender or its employees shall not knowingly initiate a discussion concerning the availability of insurance products from the lender or an affiliated agency to or with a person in response to an inquiry about credit made by the person or to a loan applicant prior to the loan applicant being notified of the disposition of a loan application. This subsection does not prohibit a lender or its employees from discussing with the person making the inquiry or loan applicant that certain required insurance must be maintained as a condition of obtaining a loan.

(15) If asked about the availability of insurance products by a person inquiring about a loan or a loan applicant, the lender may indicate that insurance products are available from the lender or an affiliated agency and may provide instruction about how to obtain further information concerning the agency or agent and available insurance products.

(16) If insurance is required as a condition of obtaining a loan, and if the required insurance is available through the lender or an affiliate of the lender, the lender shall disclose to the applicant all of the following:

(a) That the lender will not require the borrower to purchase any policy or contract of insurance through a particular agent, agency, or with a particular insurer.

(b) Except as otherwise provided by law, that the lender will not require the borrower to purchase any insurance product from the lender or an affiliate as a condition of the loan.

(c) That the purchase of any insurance product from the lender or its affiliated agency is optional and will not in any way affect current or future credit decisions.

(17) The disclosure required by subsection (16) shall be made to a loan applicant at the time the loan applicant inquires about the availability of required insurance or at such time as the lender advises the loan applicant that the required insurance is available through the lender or an affiliate of the lender, whichever is earlier. The disclosure shall be confirmed in writing, dated, and signed by the applicant no later than the closing of the loan.

(18) If insurance is required as a condition of obtaining a loan, the credit and insurance transactions shall be completed independently and through separate documents. A loan for premiums on required insurance shall not be included in the primary credit without the written consent of the customer.

(19) The offering of a loan by a lender and the sale or provision of insurance products by the lender or an affiliated agency shall be made in different areas that are clearly and conspicuously signed and separated so as to preclude confusion on the part of customers. However, in the limited situation where physical or employee considerations prevent lending and the sale of insurance products from being conducted in different areas, the lender shall take appropriate measures to minimize customer confusion. In unique circumstances to accommodate the needs of or for the convenience of particular customers, this subsection does not prohibit on an irregular basis, taking applications for loans, extensions of loans, and the sale of insurance products at the same location.

(20) Signs and other informational material concerning the availability of insurance products from the lender or an affiliated agency shall not be displayed in an area when loan applications are being taken and when loans are being closed in that area.

(21) A lender, its employees, or its representatives may advise the general public and its customers, through mailings or otherwise, that insurance products are available from the lender or affiliated agency and may advise the general public and its customers how to obtain more information about those insurance products, so long as:

(a) The information is not provided because of a submission of any loan application until after the loan applicant has been notified of the disposition of the application, or in response to any inquiry about the availability, terms, and conditions of any loan.

(b) The timing of the communications is not based on the maturity or expiration date of a policy of required insurance or an insurance policy in the lender's possession.

(c) No information concerning customers that is prohibited for use in the solicitation or sale of insurance products under subsections (23) and (25) is used to determine which customers should receive the information.

(22) A lender may provide the names, addresses, telephone numbers, and information related to account relationships with customers to an affiliated agency or an agent employed by the lender so long as the lender does not disclose account balances or maturity dates of certificates of deposit and does not disclose account relationships to an affiliated agency or an agent employed by the lender in a manner that account balances or maturity dates of certificates of deposit may be determined by the agency or agent. This section does not prohibit disclosure of minimum required balances, terms, or conditions of an account.

(23) A lender shall not directly or indirectly provide to an affiliated agency or an agent employed by the lender the following information if obtained from an insurance policy or preauthorized payment agreement that is in the possession of the lender:

(a) The expiration date of the insurance policy.

(b) The name of the insurance company that issued the policy.

(c) The amount of the premium.

(d) Scheduled coverages and policy limits contained in the policy.

(e) Any deductibles contained in the policy.

(f) Any information contained on the declaration sheet of the policy.

(g) Cash or surrender values.

(24) A lender may disclose to an affiliated agency or an agent employed by the lender information obtained from a policy of required insurance that the borrower has failed to keep in force, if the information is necessary to obtain the required insurance through the affiliated agency, employee, or elsewhere. If a customer has failed to keep required insurance in force, this section does not prohibit a lender from obtaining the required insurance in accordance with the terms of the loan or from obtaining insurance limited to repayment of the outstanding balance due in the event of loss or damage to property used as collateral on the loan.

(25) A lender shall not directly or indirectly provide to an affiliated agency or agent employed by the lender the following customer documents or information:

(a) Loan applications, except that a lender may provide to an affiliated agency or agent employed by the lender the name, address, telephone number, and account relationship concerning a loan applicant after the applicant has been notified of the disposition of the application.

(b) Financial statements regarding assets, liabilities, net worth, income, and expenses.

(c) Budgets or proposed budgets.

(d) Business plans.

(e) Contracts.

(f) Credit reports.

(g) Inventory records.

(h) Collateral offered as security for loans.

(i) Appraisals.

(j) Personal guarantees and related information.

(k) Insurance policy, certificate, or binder.

(26) This section does not require the lender to remove the name, address, or other information concerning the customer from the customer list if information concerning a customer of a lender is on a customer list by reason of other account relationships with the lender and the lender is otherwise authorized to disclose the list to an affiliate agency or an agent employed by the lender.

(27) This section does not prohibit a lender from providing information about the customers of the lender to an affiliated agency or an agent employed by the lender if that information is otherwise available from a public record.

(28) This section does not prohibit a lender from releasing customer information in its possession to any person if the customer authorizes the release of that information. The release shall be in writing, dated, and signed by the customer. A lender shall not knowingly ask a loan applicant to release such information prior to the applicant being notified of the disposition of the application unless the applicant has asked about the availability of insurance products as provided under subsection (15). A lender shall not require the release as a condition of applying for the loan.

(29) The use or disclosure of information allowed under this section is not a violation of the use or disclosure of information under section 2077.

(30) Except as provided in subsection (31), an insurance agency or agent shall not reward or remunerate an affiliated lender for procuring or inducing insurance product business for the agency or agent or for furnishing leads and prospects or acting in any other manner as an agent. This subsection does not preclude an affiliated agency from compensating its employees, who may also be employees of the lender, or reimbursing its affiliated lender at fair market value for any goods, services, or facilities that the lender may provide to the agency or for expense incurred by the lender in advising its customers and the general public of the agency's services.

(31) An insurance agency may pay dividends and make other distributions of assets to the agency's shareholders, including an affiliated lender, as a return on the capital invested and risks assumed by the shareholders or in conjunction with a merger, liquidation, or other corporate transaction.

(32) This section does not prohibit a lender, or a manufacturer or an affiliate of a manufacturer acting as a lender, from soliciting or selling insurance products to a closed dealership, designated family member, new motor vehicle dealer, or proposed new motor vehicle dealer. This subsection shall not be construed to include customers of motor vehicle dealers.

(33) As used in subsection (32):

(a) “Closed dealership” means a closed dealership as defined in section 2 of 1981 PA 118, MCL 445.1562.

(b) “Designated family member” means a designated family member as defined in section 2 of 1981 PA 118, MCL 445.1562.

(c) “Manufacturer” means a manufacturer as defined in section 4 of 1981 PA 118, MCL 445.1564.

(d) “New motor vehicle dealer” means a new motor vehicle dealer as defined in section 5 of 1981 PA 118, MCL 445.1565.

(e) “Proposed new motor vehicle dealer” means a proposed new motor vehicle dealer as defined in section 5 of 1981 PA 118, MCL 445.1565.

(34) This section does not apply to insurance products offered under the credit insurance act, 1958 PA 173, MCL 550.601 to 550.624.

(35) This section does not apply to the offering of life insurance by a lender under section 4418.

(36) Notwithstanding section 4418, payment by an insurer of consideration to an agency or agent licensed under this act for an individual policy of insurance on the life of the borrower issued in connection with a loan on a dwelling or mobile home made or serviced by an affiliated lender is not considered a monetary or financial benefit to the lender as a result of the insurance.

(37) If after an opportunity for a hearing pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, the commissioner finds that a person has violated this section, the commissioner shall reduce the findings and decision to writing and serve upon the person charged with the violation a copy of the decision and an order requiring the person to cease and desist from the violation. In addition, the commissioner may order any of the following:

(a) For all violations committed in a 6-month period, the payment of a civil fine of not more than $1,000.00 for each violation but not to exceed an aggregate civil penalty of $30,000.00, unless the person knew or reasonably should have known the person was in violation of this section, in which case the civil fine shall not be more than $5,000.00 for each violation and shall not exceed an aggregate civil fine of $150,000.00. A fine collected under this subdivision shall be turned over to the state treasurer and credited to the general fund of the state.

(b) That restitution be made to the insured or any other person, including a customer claimant, to cover actual damages directly attributable to the acts that are found to be in violation of this section by a person that knew or reasonably should have known the acts were in violation of this section.

(c) The suspension or revocation of the person's license under this act.

(38) If a person knowingly violates a cease and desist order under this section and has been given notice and an opportunity for a hearing as provided by this section, the commissioner may order a civil fine of not more than $25,000.00 for each violation, or a suspension or revocation of the person's license under this act, or both. However, an order issued by the commissioner pursuant to this subsection shall not require the payment of civil fines exceeding $250,000.00. A fine collected under this subsection shall be turned over to the state treasurer and credited to the general fund of the state.

(39) The commissioner may apply to the circuit court of Ingham county for an order of the court enjoining a violation of this section.

(40) An action under this section shall not be brought more than 5 years after the occurrence of the violation that is the basis of the action.


History: Add. 1994, Act 409, Eff. Mar. 30, 1995 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1244 Violation of chapter; hearing; serving copy of findings and cease and desist order; additional orders; reopening, altering, modifying, or setting aside order; violation of cease and desist order; notice and hearing; civil fine; suspension or revocation of license; disposition of fine.

Sec. 1244.

(1) If the commissioner finds that a person has violated this chapter, after an opportunity for a hearing pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, the commissioner shall reduce the findings and decision to writing and shall issue and cause to be served upon the person charged with the violation a copy of the findings and an order requiring the person to cease and desist from the violation. In addition, the commissioner may order any of the following:

(a) Payment of a civil fine of not more than $500.00 for each violation. However, if the person knew or reasonably should have known that he or she was in violation of this chapter, the commissioner may order the payment of a civil fine of not more than $2,500.00 for each violation. An order of the commissioner under this subsection shall not require the payment of civil fines exceeding $25,000.00. A fine collected under this subdivision shall be turned over to the state treasurer and credited to the general fund of the state.

(b) A refund of any overcharges.

(c) That restitution be made to the insured or other claimant to cover incurred losses, damages, or other harm attributable to the acts of the person found to be in violation of this chapter.

(d) The suspension or revocation of the person's license.

(2) The commissioner may by order, after notice and opportunity for hearing, reopen and alter, modify, or set aside, in whole or in part, an order issued under this section, if in the opinion of the commissioner conditions of fact or of law have changed to require that action, or if the public interest requires that action.

(3) If a person knowingly violates a cease and desist order under this chapter and has been given notice and an opportunity for a hearing held pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, the commissioner may order a civil fine of not more than $10,000.00 for each violation, or a suspension or revocation of the person's license, or both. An order issued by the commissioner pursuant to this subsection shall not require the payment of civil fines exceeding $50,000.00. A fine collected under this subsection shall be turned over to the state treasurer and credited to the general fund of the state.

(4) The commissioner may apply to the circuit court of Ingham county for an order of the court enjoining a violation of this chapter.


History: Add. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 1, 1984 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1246 Confidentiality; use of documents, materials, or other information.

Sec. 1246.

(1) Any documents, materials, or other information in the control or possession of the office of financial and insurance services that is furnished by an insurer, an insurance producer, or an employee or representative acting on behalf of the insurer or insurance producer, or obtained by the commissioner in an investigation pursuant to this section is confidential by law and privileged, is not subject to the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246, is not subject to subpoena, and is not subject to discovery or admissible in evidence in any private civil action. However, the commissioner is authorized to use the documents, materials, or other information in the furtherance of any regulatory or legal action brought as a part of the commissioner's duties.

(2) Neither the commissioner nor any person who received documents, materials, or other information while acting under the commissioner's authority is permitted or required to testify in any private civil action concerning any confidential documents, materials, or information under subsection (1).

(3) In order to assist in the performance of the commissioner's duties under this chapter, the commissioner may do any of the following:

(a) Share documents, materials, or other information, including the confidential and privileged documents, materials, or information subject to subsection (1), with other state, federal, and international regulatory agencies, with the national association of insurance commissioners, its affiliates or subsidiaries, and with state, federal, and international law enforcement authorities, provided that the recipient agrees to maintain the confidentiality and privileged status of the document, material, or other information.

(b) Receive documents, materials, or information, including otherwise confidential and privileged documents, materials, or information, from the national association of insurance commissioners, its affiliates or subsidiaries, and from regulatory and law enforcement officials of other foreign or domestic jurisdictions, and shall maintain as confidential or privileged any document, material, or information received with notice or the understanding that it is confidential or privileged under the laws of the jurisdiction that is the source of the document, material, or information.

(c) Enter into agreements governing sharing and use of information consistent with this subsection.

(4) No waiver of any applicable privilege or claim of confidentiality in the documents, materials, or information shall occur as a result of disclosure to the commissioner under section 1208b or this section, or as a result of sharing as authorized under subsection (3).

(5) This chapter does not prohibit the commissioner from releasing final, adjudicated actions including for cause terminations that are open to public inspection pursuant to the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246, to a database or other clearinghouse service maintained by the national association of insurance commissioners or its affiliates or subsidiaries.

(6) An insurer, the authorized representative of the insurer, or an insurance producer that fails to report as required under section 1208b or this section or that is found to have reported with actual malice by a court of competent jurisdiction may, after notice and hearing, have its license or certificate of authority suspended or revoked and may be fined under section 1244.


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1247 Report of administrative action.

Sec. 1247.

(1) An insurance producer shall report to the commissioner any administrative action taken against the insurance producer in another jurisdiction or by another governmental agency in this state within 30 days after the final disposition of the matter. This report shall include a copy of the order, consent to order, or other relevant legal documents.

(2) Within 30 days after the initial pretrial hearing date, an insurance producer shall report to the commissioner any criminal prosecution of the insurance producer taken in any jurisdiction. The report shall include a copy of the initial complaint filed, the order resulting from the hearing, and any other relevant legal documents.


History: Add. 2001, Act 228, Eff. Mar. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
CHAPTER 12A



500.1261 Definitions.

Sec. 1261.

As used in this chapter:

(a) "Affordable care act" means the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152.

(b) "Business entity" means a corporation, association, partnership, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, or other legal entity.

(c) "Certificate" means a document issued by the director authorizing a person to act as a navigator or certified application counselor for the qualifications specified in the document. The certificate itself does not create any actual, apparent, or inherent authority in the certificate holder to represent or commit an insurer.

(d) "Certificate holder" means a person issued a certificate under this chapter.

(e) "Certified application counselor" means an individual who is certified as a certified application counselor under this chapter and is authorized by the United States department of health and human services to perform the duties described in 45 CFR 155.225.

(f) "Certified navigator" means a person that is certified as a navigator under this chapter.

(g) "Exchange" means an American health benefits exchange established or operating under the affordable care act.

(h) "Insurance" means any of the kinds of insurance described in chapter 6.

(i) "Insurance producer" means a person required to be licensed under the laws of this state to sell, solicit, or negotiate insurance.

(j) "Navigator" means a person that receives any funding from an exchange or the federal government and is designated or selected by an exchange or the federal government to perform any of the duties described in 42 USC 18031(i)(3).

(k) "Negotiate" means the act of conferring directly with or offering advice directly to a purchaser or prospective purchaser of a particular contract of insurance concerning any of the substantive benefits, terms, or conditions of the contract, provided that the person engaged in that act either sells insurance or obtains insurance from insurers for purchasers.

(l) "Qualified health plan" means that term as defined in section 1301 of the affordable care act.

(m) "Sell" means to exchange a contract of insurance by any means, for money or its equivalent, on behalf of an insurance company.

(n) "Solicit" means attempting to sell insurance or asking or urging a person to apply for a particular kind of insurance from a particular company.


History: Add. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1262 Navigator; certification; application; funding from exchange prohibited; duties; determination by director that program to certify and train navigators protects personally identifiable information.

Sec. 1262.

(1) Beginning June 30, 2015, an individual shall not act as a navigator unless he or she has filed an application under section 1263(1) and is certified with this state as a navigator.

(2) Unless certified as a navigator, an individual shall not receive funding from an exchange.

(3) Subject to the affordable care act, a certified navigator shall do all of the following:

(a) Conduct public education activities to raise awareness of the availability of qualified health plans.

(b) Distribute fair and impartial information concerning enrollment in all qualified health plans offered within the exchange and the availability of the premium tax credits under section 36B of the internal revenue code of 1986, 26 USC 36B, and cost-sharing reduction under section 1402 of the affordable care act.

(c) Facilitate selection of a qualified health plan.

(d) Provide referrals to appropriate state agencies for an enrollee with a grievance, complaint, or question regarding the enrollee's health plan, coverage, or a determination under such plan coverage.

(e) Provide information in a manner that is culturally and linguistically appropriate to the needs of the population served by the exchange.

(4) A certified navigator shall not do any of the following:

(a) Sell, solicit, or negotiate health insurance.

(b) Recommend a particular health benefit plan.

(c) Provide any information or services related to insurance regulated under this act other than health benefit plans or other products offered in the exchange.

(5) If an exchange is operational in this state, the director shall determine whether a program to certify and train navigators protects the privacy and security of personally identifiable information of the residents of this state under the laws of this state. If the director determines that the program does not protect the residents of this state under this subsection, the director shall do all of the following:

(a) Establish a certification and training program that must include, but is not limited to, all of the following:

(i) A criminal history check using the department of state police's internet criminal history access tool (ICHAT).

(ii) Training on privacy and security of personal identifying information, training on ethics, training on provisions of the affordable care act relating to navigators and certified application counselors and any necessary state-specific training as determined by the director.

(b) Develop an application and disclosure form by which an applicant for a certificate shall disclose any potential conflicts of interest, as well as any other information required by the director.

(c) Submit an annual report to the standing committees of the senate and house of representatives with jurisdiction over health policy. The report must include all of the following:

(i) The director's assessment of any federal program to certify and train navigators and certified application counselors.

(ii) Any changes implemented by the department as a result of a federal program to train navigators and certified application counselors.


History: Add. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1262a Certified application counselor; certification; application; funding from exchange prohibited; powers; prohibited conduct; disclosure of potential conflict of interest.

Sec. 1262a.

(1) An individual shall not act as a certified application counselor unless he or she has filed an application under section 1263(2) and is certified with this state as a certified application counselor.

(2) Unless certified as a certified application counselor, an individual shall not receive funding from an exchange.

(3) Subject to the affordable care act, a certified application counselor may do all of the following:

(a) Conduct public education activities to raise awareness of the availability of qualified health plans.

(b) Distribute fair and impartial information about all qualified health plans offered within the exchange and the availability of the premium tax credits under section 36B of the internal revenue code of 1986, 26 USC 36B, and cost-sharing reduction under section 1402 of the affordable care act.

(c) Assist individuals applying for coverage in a qualified health plan.

(d) Facilitate selection of eligible individuals in a qualified health plan.

(e) Provide information in a manner that is culturally and linguistically appropriate to the needs of the population served by the exchange.

(f) Refer an individual with limited English proficiency to a navigator, insurance producer, or other source of assistance.

(4) A certified application counselor shall not do any of the following:

(a) Sell, solicit, or negotiate health insurance.

(b) Recommend a particular qualified health benefit plan.

(c) Provide any information or services related to insurance regulated under this act other than qualified health benefit plans or other products offered in the exchange.

(5) Before providing services to or acting for an individual under subsection (3), a certified application counselor shall disclose any potential conflict of interest to the individual.


History: Add. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1263 Navigator certificate or certified application counselor certificate; application; statement; approval; criteria; training and testing program; business entity acting as navigator or certified application counselor; certificate required; verification of information; document production.

Sec. 1263.

(1) An individual applying for a navigator certificate shall file with the director the uniform application required by the director and shall declare under penalty of refusal, suspension, or revocation of the navigator certificate that the statements made in the application are true, correct, and complete to the best of the individual's knowledge and belief. An application for a navigator certificate shall not be approved unless the director finds that the individual meets all of the following criteria:

(a) Is at least 18 years of age.

(b) Has not committed an act listed that would be a ground for denial, suspension, or revocation of an insurance producer's license in section 1239(1).

(c) Has completed all required training courses under section 1262.

(d) Has paid the fees required by the director.

(e) Has successfully passed any required examination.

(f) Has successfully completed a criminal history check under section 1262.

(2) An individual applying for a certified application counselor certificate shall file with the director the uniform application required by the director and shall declare under penalty of refusal, suspension, or revocation of the certified application counselor certificate that the statements made in the application are true, correct, and complete to the best of the individual's knowledge and belief. An application for a certified application counselor certificate shall not be approved unless the director finds that the individual meets all of the following criteria:

(a) Is at least 18 years of age.

(b) Has not committed an act listed that would be a ground for denial, suspension, or revocation of an insurance producer's license in section 1239(1).

(c) Has completed the entire United States department of health and human services training for certified application counselors, has successfully completed all testing, and has received certification as a certified application counselor from the federal government.

(d) Has paid the fees required by the director.

(e) Has successfully completed a criminal history check using the department of state police's internet criminal history access tool (ICHAT).

(3) If the United States department of health and human services discontinues the training and testing program for certified application counselors, the director shall create a training and testing program for certified application counselors regarding qualified health plan options, insurance affordability programs, eligibility, and benefit rules, and regulations governing all insurance affordability programs operated in this state.

(4) A business entity acting as a navigator or certified application counselor shall obtain a certificate. A business entity applying for a certificate shall file with the director the uniform business entity application required by the director. An application for a certificate under this subsection shall not be approved unless the director finds that the business entity meets all of the following:

(a) The business entity has paid the fees required by the director.

(b) The business entity has designated an individual certificate holder responsible for the business entity's compliance with this chapter.

(c) The business entity has not committed an act listed in section 1239(1).

(5) The director may require the production of any documents reasonably necessary to verify the information contained in an application.


History: Add. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1264 Probation, suspension, revocation, or denial of certificate; refusal to issue; civil fine; examination of books and records.

Sec. 1264.

(1) In addition to any other powers under this act, the director may place on probation, suspend, or revoke a certificate or may levy a civil fine under section 1270 or any combination of actions, and the director shall refuse to issue a certificate under section 1263, for any 1 or more causes that would be a ground for refusal, suspension, or revocation of an insurance producer's license under section 1239. The director may revoke a certificate of a person or refuse to issue a certificate for a person that receives financial compensation, including monetary and in-kind compensation, gifts, or any compensation related to enrollment from an insurer offering qualified health benefits through an exchange operating in this state. The director may deny, suspend, approve, renew, or revoke a certificate if the director considers it necessary to protect insureds and the public.

(2) The certificate of a business entity may be suspended, revoked, or refused if the director finds, after hearing, that an individual certificate holder's violation was known or should have been known by 1 or more of the partners, officers, or managers acting on behalf of the business entity and the violation was neither reported to the director nor corrective action taken.

(3) The director may examine the books and records of a certificate holder to determine whether the certificate holder is conducting its business in accordance with this chapter. For the purpose of facilitating the examination, the certificate holder shall allow the director free access, at reasonable times, to all of the certificate holder's books and records relating to transactions to which this chapter applies.


History: Add. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1265 List of individual certificate holders.

Sec. 1265.

A business entity issued a certificate shall, in a manner prescribed by the director, make available a list of all individual certificate holders that the business entity employs or supervises or with which the business entity is otherwise affiliated.


History: Add. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1266 Termination of relationship with individual certificate holder by business entity; notice to director.

Sec. 1266.

A business entity that terminates the employment, engagement, affiliation, or other relationship with an individual certificate holder shall notify the director using a format prescribed by the director of the termination within 30 days following the effective date of the termination if the reason for termination is 1 of the reasons listed in section 1239(1) or the business entity has knowledge the individual was found by a court or government body to have engaged in any of the activities listed in section 1239(1).


History: Add. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1268 Mailing and electronic mail address; mailing of notice or process.

Sec. 1268.

(1) When applying for a certificate, the applicant shall report his or her mailing and electronic mail address to the director. A certificate holder shall notify the director of a change in his or her mailing or electronic mail address within 30 days after the change. The director shall maintain the mailing and electronic mail address of each certificate holder on file.

(2) A notice of hearing or service of process may be served upon a certificate holder in an action or proceeding for a violation of this act by mailing the notice or process by first-class mail to the certificate holder's mailing address reported to the director under subsection (1).


History: Add. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1269 Refusal of director to grant certificate; notice; hearing; suspension or revocation of certificate; summary suspension; witness and production of documents; subpoenas.

Sec. 1269.

(1) The director shall refuse to grant a certificate to an applicant who fails to meet the requirements of this chapter. Notice of the refusal shall be in writing and shall set forth the basis for the refusal. If the applicant submits a written request within 30 days after mailing of the notice of refusal, the director shall promptly conduct a hearing in which the applicant shall be given an opportunity to show compliance with the requirements of this chapter.

(2) The director, after notice of and opportunity for a hearing, may suspend or revoke a certificate of a certificate holder who fails to maintain the standards required for initial certification or who violates this act.

(3) Without prior hearing, the director may order summary suspension of a certificate if he or she finds that protection of the public requires emergency action and incorporates this finding in his or her order. The suspension shall be effective on the date specified in the order or upon service of a certified copy of the order on the certificate holder, whichever is later. If requested, the director shall conduct a hearing on the suspension within a reasonable time but not later than 20 days after the effective date of the summary suspension unless the person whose certificate is suspended requests a later date. At the hearing, the director shall determine if the suspension should be continued or if the suspension should be withdrawn, and, if proper notice is given, may determine if the certificate should be revoked. The director shall announce his or her decision within 30 days after conclusion of the hearing. The suspension shall continue until the decision is announced.

(4) The director, or his or her designated deputy, may issue subpoenas to require the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of documents necessary to the conduct of the hearing and may designate a department employee to make service. The subpoenas issued by the director, or his or her designated deputy, may be enforced upon petition to the circuit court of Ingham county to show cause why a contempt order should not be issued, as provided by law.


History: Add. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1270 Violation of chapter; findings and decision; order; violation of cease and desist order; civil fine; injunction.

Sec. 1270.

(1) If the director finds that a person has violated this chapter, after an opportunity for a hearing under the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, the director shall reduce the findings and decision to writing and shall issue and cause to be served upon the person charged with the violation a copy of the findings and an order requiring the person to cease and desist from the violation. In addition, the director may order any of the following:

(a) Payment of a civil fine of not more than $500.00 for each violation. However, if the person knew or reasonably should have known that he or she was in violation of this chapter, the director may order the payment of a civil fine of not more than $2,500.00 for each violation. An order of the director under this subsection shall not require the payment of civil fines exceeding $25,000.00. A fine collected under this subdivision shall be turned over to the state treasurer and credited to the general fund of this state.

(b) The suspension or revocation of the certificate.

(2) The director may by order, after notice and opportunity for hearing, reopen and alter, modify, or set aside, in whole or in part, an order issued under this section, if in the opinion of the director conditions of fact or of law have changed to require that action, or if the public interest requires that action.

(3) If a person knowingly violates a cease and desist order under this chapter and has been given notice and an opportunity for a hearing held under the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, the director may order a civil fine of not more than $10,000.00 for each violation, or a suspension or revocation of the certificate, or both. An order issued by the director under this subsection shall not require the payment of civil fines exceeding $50,000.00. A fine collected under this subsection shall be turned over to the state treasurer and credited to the general fund of this state.

(4) The director may apply to the circuit court of Ingham county for an order of the court enjoining a violation of this chapter.


History: Add. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1271 Citizen complaints; report.

Sec. 1271.

The director shall develop and implement a process for receipt, investigation, and referral to a federal exchange of citizen complaints regarding navigators and certified application counselors. The director shall submit an annual report that describes this process to the standing committees of the senate and house of representatives with jurisdiction of health policy.


History: Add. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1272 Construction of chapter.

Sec. 1272.

This chapter does not authorize or shall not be construed to authorize the establishment or operation of an American health benefit exchange in this state under the affordable care act.


History: Add. 2014, Act 566, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 2015
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) This amendatory act shall not be construed to do any of the following: (a) Authorize this state or an agency of this state to conduct or oversee state-level governmental consumer assistance functions for an American health benefit exchange established or operating in this state under the patient protection and affordable care act, Public Law 111-148, as amended by the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, Public Law 111-152. (b) Convey any administrative, statutory, rule-making, or other power to this state or an agency of this state to authorize, establish, or operate an American health benefit exchange in this state that did not exist before the effective date of this amendatory act. (2) It is the intent of this legislature that any consumer assistance functions by or overseen by this state or an agency of this state with regard to an American health benefit exchange shall be conducted in a manner that utilizes and highlights Michigan-based resources, including insurance producers, in order to best serve the residents of this state and to ensure appropriate health care decisions."Enacting section 2 of Act 566 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. This amendatory act applies to policies, certificates, or contracts delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state on and after the effective date of this amendatory act."
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 13
HOLDING COMPANIES


500.1301 Insurance holding companies; definitions.

Sec. 1301.

As used in this chapter:

(a) "Enterprise risk" means an activity, circumstance, event, or series of events involving 1 or more affiliates of an insurer that, if not remedied promptly, is likely to have a material adverse effect on the financial condition or liquidity of the insurer or its insurance holding company system as a whole, including, but not limited to, anything that would cause the insurer to be hazardous to policyholders, creditors, and the public.

(b) "Insurer" means that term as defined in section 106 and includes a nonprofit dental care corporation operating under 1963 PA 125, MCL 550.351 to 550.373. Insurer does not include agencies, authorities, or instrumentalities of the United States, its possessions and territories, the commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia or a state or political subdivision of a state, fraternal benefit societies, or nonprofit health care corporations.

(c) "NAIC" means the National Association of Insurance Commissioners.

(d) "Person" means that term as defined in section 114, except that it does not include a securities broker performing no more than the usual and customary broker's function, so long as the securities broker holds less than 10% of the voting securities of an insurer or of any person that controls an insurer.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 244, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1305 Domestic insurers; organization or acquisition of subsidiaries; book of business; value; admitted asset; limitation; amortization; annual test; definition; authority of commissioner.

Sec. 1305.

(1) A domestic insurer, either by itself or in cooperation with 1 or more persons, may organize or acquire 1 or more subsidiaries if consistent with other provisions of this act. These subsidiaries may conduct any kind of business and their authority to do so shall not be limited by reason of the fact that they are subsidiaries of a domestic insurer. This provision shall not be construed to provide authority for conduct or activities by these subsidiaries that would otherwise be inconsistent with other provisions of this act.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (3), if a domestic insurer acquires through a business acquisition or a reinsurance transaction a book of business that includes life insurance or other business written by a life insurance company, and the book of business has a readily determinable market value represented by the present value of the future after-tax profits that will be earned on the book of business in force at the date of the acquisition, the value of the book of business acquired, above any amount previously recognized as an admitted asset under this section or that may be permitted under accounting practices and procedures designated by the commissioner under section 438, may be recognized with the prior approval of the commissioner as an admitted asset in the annual statement filed pursuant to section 438. The commissioner shall make a determination regarding the admissibility of this asset within 60 days after receiving a filing with supporting documentation, in a form satisfactory to the commissioner, from the domestic insurer requesting such approval.

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), a domestic insurer may recognize as an admitted asset in the annual statement filed pursuant to section 438 the value of a book of business described in subsection (2) without the prior approval of the commissioner, if the domestic insurer files a written notice with the commissioner of its intent to record the value of the book of business acquired as an admitted asset and provides a certification by an officer of the domestic insurer that, as of the date of the notice, the domestic insurer meets all of the following criteria:

(a) The insurer's most recent a.m. best financial rating is at least an "A".

(b) The insurer has at least 1 additional rating of at least an "A" or its equivalent, as assigned by a rating organization included on the national association of insurance commissioners' list of nationally recognized statistical organizations and approved by the commissioner.

(c) Following the acquisition or reinsurance transaction, the insurer will possess a minimum capital and surplus of at least $1,000,000,000.00, excluding from the insurer's capital and surplus the pro forma effect of the total value of the book of business to be recognized as an admitted asset by the domestic insurer.

(d) The insurer's total adjusted risk based capital exceeds 5 times the company's authorized control level risk based capital.

(e) The insurer's certificate of authority has not been suspended, revoked, or limited under section 436 at any time during the 5-year period immediately preceding the acquisition or reinsurance transaction.

(f) The insurer is not subject to an analyst team system level A or B designation by the national association of insurance commissioners for the year immediately preceding the acquisition or reinsurance transaction.

(g) Following the acquisition or reinsurance transaction, the insurer will meet the asset requirement under section 901.

(4) The value of the book of business acquired as described in subsection (2) that a domestic insurer may recognize as an admitted asset shall not exceed the lesser of 50% of capital and surplus or the following:

(a) Twenty percent of that adjusted capital and surplus that is less than or equal to 500% of authorized control level risk based capital, plus

(b) Eighty-five percent of that adjusted capital and surplus that is greater than 500%, but less than or equal to 600%, of authorized control level risk based capital, plus

(c) Ninety-five percent of that adjusted capital and surplus that is greater than 600%, but less than or equal to 700%, of authorized control level risk based capital, plus

(d) One hundred percent of that adjusted capital and surplus that is greater than 700% of authorized control level risk based capital.

(5) The value of the book of business acquired as described in subsection (2) shall be amortized pursuant to accounting practices and procedures designated by the commissioner under section 438. The value of the book of business acquired in excess of the amount allowable under this section shall not be an admitted asset in the annual statement filed pursuant to section 438.

(6) A domestic insurer that recognizes as an admitted asset in the annual statement filed pursuant to section 438 any value of business acquired shall annually test the value of the asset for impairment as part of the asset adequacy testing and shall reference this testing in the opinion filed under section 830a.

(7) As used in subsection (4), "adjusted capital and surplus" means capital and surplus as of December 31 of the immediately preceding year, adjusted to exclude any net positive goodwill exclusive of any component of the goodwill relating to the existing value of the book of business acquired, electronic data processing equipment, operating system software, and net deferred tax assets.

(8) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the commissioner's authority under sections 436 and 436a.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 55, Imd. Eff. Mar. 9, 2006
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1311 Merging with or acquiring control of domestic insurer; statement; filing confidential notice of proposed divestiture; notice by person proposing to merge or acquire control of domestic insurer; “domestic insurer” explained.

Sec. 1311.

(1) A person other than the issuer shall not make a tender offer for or a request or invitation for tenders of, or enter into an agreement to exchange securities for, seek to acquire, or acquire, in the open market or otherwise, a voting security of a domestic insurer if, after the consummation thereof, the person directly or indirectly, or by conversion or by exercise of a right to acquire, would be in control of the insurer. A person shall not enter into an agreement to merge with or otherwise to acquire control of a domestic insurer or any person controlling a domestic insurer unless, at the time an offer, request, or invitation is made or an agreement is entered into, or before the acquisition of the securities if no offer or agreement is involved, the person has filed with the director and has sent to the insurer, which has sent to its shareholders, a statement containing the information required by this chapter and the offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition has been approved by the director in the manner prescribed in this chapter.

(2) If a person has not filed a statement under subsection (1), a controlling person of a domestic insurer seeking to divest its controlling interest in the domestic insurer, in any manner, shall file with the director, with a copy to the insurer, a confidential notice of its proposed divestiture at least 30 days before the cessation of control. The director shall determine those instances in which the person or persons seeking to divest or to acquire a controlling interest in an insurer are required to file to obtain approval of the transaction. The information must remain confidential until the conclusion of the transaction unless the director determines that confidential treatment will interfere with enforcement of this section.

(3) The person who proposes to enter into an agreement to merge with or otherwise acquire control of a domestic insurer shall file a notice with the director, in a form and containing the information prescribed by applicable rule promulgated or order issued by the director.

(4) For purposes of this section and sections 1312 to 1319, a domestic insurer includes a person controlling a domestic insurer and any foreign insurer whose written insurance premium in this state for each of the most recent 3 years exceeds the premiums written in its state of domicile and whose written premium in this state was 20% or more of its total written premium in each of the most recent 3 years.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 85, Imd. Eff. May 29, 1990 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 61, Imd. Eff. Apr. 30, 2010 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 244, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1312 Statement filed with director; contents; duties.

Sec. 1312.

(1) The statement filed with the director under section 1311(1) shall be made under oath or affirmation and must contain all of the following information:

(a) The name and address of each person by whom or on whose behalf the merger or other acquisition of control described in section 1311 will be effected, hereinafter referred to in this section and section 1315 as the acquiring party. If the person is an individual, his or her principal occupation, all offices and positions held during the past 5 years, any civil judgments against the person for $25,000.00 or more in civil fines or penalties or injunctive or other equitable relief, and any conviction of crimes other than minor traffic violations during the past 10 years. If the person is not an individual, a report of the nature of its business operations during the past 5 years or for a lesser period in which the person and any predecessors of the person have been in existence, an informative description of the business intended to be done by the person and the person's subsidiaries, and a list of all individuals who are or who have been selected to become directors or executive officers of the person or who perform or will perform functions appropriate to those positions. The list must include for each individual the individual's principal occupation, all offices and positions held during the past 5 years, any civil judgments against the person for $25,000.00 or more in civil fines or penalties or injunctive or other equitable relief, and any conviction of crimes other than minor traffic violations during the past 10 years.

(b) The source, nature, and amount of the consideration used or to be used in effecting the merger or other acquisition of control, a description of any transaction in which funds were or are to be obtained for the merger or other acquisition, including any pledge of the insurer's stock, or the stock of any of its subsidiaries or controlling affiliates, and the identity of persons furnishing the consideration. If a source of the consideration is a loan made in the lender's ordinary course of business, the identity of the lender must be disclosed but remain confidential if the person filing the statement so requests.

(c) Fully audited financial information as to the earnings and financial condition of each acquiring party for the preceding 5 fiscal years or for a lesser period in which the acquiring party and any predecessors of the acquiring party have been in existence and similar unaudited information as of a date not earlier than 90 days before the filing of the statement.

(d) Any plans or proposals that each acquiring party may have under consideration concerning the insurer's business operations, including, but not limited to, plans or proposals to liquidate the insurer, to sell its assets, to merge or consolidate it with any person, or to make any other material change in its business or corporate structure or management.

(e) The number of shares of any security described in section 1311 that each acquiring party proposes to acquire, the terms of the offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition described in section 1311, and a statement as to how the proposal's fairness was arrived at.

(f) The amount of each class of a security described in section 1311 that is beneficially owned or concerning which there is a right to acquire beneficial ownership by each acquiring party.

(g) A full description of a contract, arrangement, or understanding concerning a security described in section 1311 in which an acquiring party is involved, including but not limited to transfer of any of the securities, joint ventures, loan or option arrangements, puts or calls, guarantees of loans, guarantees against loss or guarantees of profits, division of losses or profits, or the giving or withholding of proxies. The description must identify the persons with whom the contracts, arrangements, or understandings have been entered into.

(h) A description of the purchase of a security described in section 1311 during the 12 calendar months preceding the filing of the statement, by an acquiring party, including the dates of purchase, names of the purchasers, and consideration paid or agreed to be paid for the security.

(i) A description of a recommendation to purchase a security described in section 1311 made during the 12 calendar months preceding the filing of the statement, by an acquiring party or by another person based upon interviews or at the suggestion of the acquiring party.

(j) Copies of all tender offers for, requests or invitations for tenders of, exchange offers for, and agreements to acquire or exchange a security described in section 1311 and additional related distributed soliciting material.

(k) The terms of an agreement, contract, or understanding made with or proposed to be made with a broker-dealer as to solicitation of securities described in section 1311 for tender, and the amount of a fee, commission, or other compensation to be paid to a broker-dealer.

(l) Additional information that the director prescribes by order or rule as necessary or appropriate for the protection of the insurer's policyholders and securityholders or in the public interest.

(2) A person required to file the statement described in section 1311 shall do all of the following:

(a) File the annual enterprise risk report under section 1325a, for as long as control exists.

(b) Provide, and ensure that all subsidiaries within its control in the insurance holding company system will provide, information to the director on request as necessary to evaluate enterprise risk to the insurer.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 244, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1313 Partnership, syndicate or other group; statement filed with commissioner, amendment.

Sec. 1313.

(1) If the person required to file the statement referred to in section 1311 is a partnership, limited partnership, syndicate or other group, the commissioner may require that the information required by section 1312 shall be given with respect to each partner of the partnership or limited partnership, each member of the syndicate or group and each person who controls a partner or member. If any partner, member or person is a corporation or the person required to file the statement referred to in section 1311 is a corporation, the commissioner may require that the information required by section 1312 shall be given with respect to the corporation, each officer and director of the corporation and each person who is directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the corporation.

(2) If any material change occurs in the facts set forth in the statement filed with the commissioner and sent to the insurer pursuant to section 1311, an amendment setting forth the change, together with copies of all documents and other material relevant to the change, shall be filed with the commissioner and sent to the insurer within 2 business days after the person learns of the change. The insurer shall send the amendment to its shareholders.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1314 Alternative filing materials.

Sec. 1314.

If any offer, request, invitation, agreement or acquisition referred to in section 1311 is proposed to be made by means of a registration statement under the securities act of 1933 or in circumstances requiring the disclosure of similar information under the securities exchange act of 1934, or under a state law requiring similar registration or disclosure, the person required to file the statement referred to in section 1311 may utilize such documents in furnishing the information called for by that statement.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1315 Merger or acquisition of control; approval by director; public hearing; determination; contested case hearing.

Sec. 1315.

(1) The director shall approve a merger or other acquisition of control described in section 1311 of a domestic insurer unless the director determines from information furnished to the director on the merger or other acquisition of control 1 or more of the following:

(a) After the change of control, the domestic insurer described in section 1311 would not be able to satisfy the requirements for the issuance of a certificate of authority to write the types of insurance for which it is presently authorized.

(b) The merger or other acquisition of control would substantially lessen competition in insurance in this state or tend to create a monopoly in this state.

(c) The financial condition of an acquiring party might jeopardize the financial stability of the insurer, or prejudice the interest of its policyholders or the interests of a remaining securityholder who is unaffiliated with the acquiring party.

(d) The terms of the offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition described in section 1311 are unfair and unreasonable to the insurer's policyholders or securityholders.

(e) The acquiring party's plan or proposal to liquidate the insurer, sell its assets, consolidate or merge the insurer with a person, or to make any other material change in its business or corporate structure or management, is unfair and unreasonable to the insurer's policyholders, and not in the public interest.

(f) The competence, experience, and integrity of the persons who would control the operation of the insurer are such that it would not be in the interest of the insurer's policyholders or the general public to permit the merger or other acquisition of control.

(g) The acquisition is likely to be hazardous or prejudicial to the insurance-buying public.

(2) The director may hold a public hearing to receive evidence and to hear parties affected by the merger or acquisition. A hearing under this subsection must be held within 30 days after the filing of a statement under section 1311. The director shall provide notice of the hearing to the person filing the statement at least 20 days before the hearing. Not less than 7 days' notice of the public hearing shall be given by the person filing the statement to the insurer and to any other persons designated by the director. If the proposed acquisition of control will require the approval of more than 1 insurance commissioner, the public hearing may be held on a consolidated basis on request of the person filing the statement or as determined by the director. The director may opt out of a consolidated hearing and shall provide notice to the person who filed the statement under section 1311 of the opt-out within 10 days after the receipt of the statement required by section 1311. A hearing conducted on a consolidated basis must be held within the United States before the commissioners of the states in which the insurers are domiciled.

(3) In connection with a change of control of a domestic insurer, a determination by the director that the person acquiring control of the insurer shall be required to maintain or restore the capital of the insurer to the level required by this act shall be made not later than 60 days after the date of notification of the change of control submitted under section 1311.

(4) A person aggrieved by the director's order under this section is entitled to a contested case hearing before the director under the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328. The director shall make a final decision within 30 days after the conclusion of the hearing.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 244, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1316 Information to shareholders; expense; bond; examination or investigation.

Sec. 1316.

All statements, amendments, or other material filed pursuant to section 1311 or 1312 and all notices of hearings held pursuant to section 1315, shall be mailed by the insurer to its shareholders within 5 business days after the insurer has received them. The expenses of mailing shall be borne by the person making the filing. As security for the payment of the expenses, the person shall file with the commissioner an acceptable bond or other deposit in an amount to be determined by the commissioner. At the acquiring party's expense, the commissioner may conduct such examination or investigation as the commissioner is empowered to do under section 224.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1317 Exemptions.

Sec. 1317.

The provisions of sections 1311 to 1319 do not apply to:

(a) Any transaction subject to the provisions of chapter 76.

(b) Any offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition that the commissioner by order exempts as not having been made or entered into for the purpose and not having the effect of changing or influencing the control of a domestic insurer or as otherwise not comprehended within the purposes of sections 1311 to 1319.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1318 Violations.

Sec. 1318.

The following are violations of sections 1311 to 1319:

(a) Failure to file any statement, amendment or other material required to be filed pursuant to sections 1311 or 1312.

(b) The effectuation or any attempt to effectuate an acquisition of control of, or merger with, a domestic insurer unless the commissioner has given his approval.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1319 Jurisdiction of actions arising out of violations; consent to process.

Sec. 1319.

The courts of this state have jurisdiction over every person not resident, domiciled, or authorized to do business in this state who files or fails to file a statement with the commissioner as required by this chapter and over all actions involving the person arising out of violations of sections 1311 to 1318. Each such person shall be considered to have performed acts equivalent to and constituting an appointment by him or her of the commissioner to be his or her true and lawful attorney upon whom may be served all lawful process in any action, suit, or proceeding arising out of violations of this section. Copies of all lawful process shall be served on the commissioner and transmitted by registered or certified mail by the commissioner to the person at his or her last known address.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1324 Insurers subject to registration; time.

Sec. 1324.

An insurer that is a member of an insurance holding company system and is authorized to do business in this state shall register with the commissioner. A foreign insurer is not required to register if it is subject to disclosure requirements and standards adopted by statute or regulation in the jurisdiction of its domicile that are substantially similar to those contained in this section and sections 1325 to 1343 and that exempt insurers domiciled in this state from the requirements of registration or that permit insurers domiciled in this state to satisfy the registration requirement by filing copies of materials required to be filed under this chapter. An insurer subject to registration under this chapter shall register by May 1 of each year for the immediately preceding calendar year unless the commissioner for good cause shown extends the time for registration. The commissioner may require an authorized insurer that is a member of a holding company system not subject to registration under this section to furnish a copy of the registration statement or other information filed by the insurer with the insurance regulatory authority of domiciliary jurisdiction.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 85, Imd. Eff. May 29, 1990 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1325 Registration statement; form; contents; other reports or information required.

Sec. 1325.

(1) An insurer subject to registration under section 1324 shall file a registration statement on a form provided by the director containing the following current information:

(a) The capital structure, comprehensive financial condition, ownership, and management of the insurer and a person controlling the insurer.

(b) The identity and relationship of every member of the insurance holding company system.

(c) The following agreements in force, relationships subsisting, and transactions currently outstanding or that have occurred during the last calendar year between the insurer and its affiliates:

(i) Loans, other investments or purchases, sales, or exchanges of securities of the affiliates by the insurer or of the insurer by its affiliates.

(ii) Purchases, sales, or exchanges of assets.

(iii) Transactions not in the ordinary course of business.

(iv) Guarantees or undertakings for the benefit of an affiliate that result in an actual contingent exposure of the insurer's assets to liability, other than insurance contracts entered into in the ordinary course of the insurer's business.

(v) All management and service contracts and all cost sharing arrangements.

(vi) Reinsurance agreements.

(vii) Dividends and other distributions to shareholders.

(viii) Consolidated tax allocation agreements.

(d) A pledge of the insurer's stock, including stock of a subsidiary or controlling affiliate for a loan made to a member of the insurance holding system.

(e) A summary outlining all items in the current registration statement representing changes from the prior registration statement.

(f) Other matters concerning transactions between registered insurers and any affiliates as included in any registration forms adopted or approved by the director.

(g) Statements that the insurer's board of directors oversees corporate governance and internal controls and that the insurer's officers and senior management have approved, implemented, and continue to maintain and monitor corporate governance and internal control procedures.

(2) If a person ultimately controlling the insurer or intermediately controlling the insurer is registered on a national stock exchange or is otherwise required to make periodic reports to the United States Securities and Exchange Commission or other instrumentality of a state or the government of the United States or of a foreign nation or jurisdiction regulating the financial conduct of that person, the insurer shall file the reports with the director in addition to other information required by the director. If requested by the director, the insurer must include financial statements of or within an insurance holding company system, including all affiliates. The insurer may satisfy the request by providing the director the most recently filed parent corporation financial statements that have been filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 244, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1325a Annual enterprise risk report.

Sec. 1325a.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (2), the ultimate controlling person of an insurer subject to registration under section 1324 shall file an annual enterprise risk report with the director or a jurisdiction designated by the director. The report must be appropriate to the nature, scale, and complexity of the operations of the insurance holding company system and must, to the best of the ultimate controlling person's knowledge and belief, identify the material risks within the insurance holding company system that could pose enterprise risk to the insurer. The report is not subject to subpoena or discovery, is not admissible in evidence in a private civil or administrative action, and is not subject to the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246. The ultimate controlling person of an insurer subject to registration under section 1324 may request an exemption from this section. The ultimate controlling person of the insurer shall file with the director a written statement discussing the reasons why the ultimate controlling person of the insurer should be exempt. The director may grant the exemption if after review of the statement the director finds that compliance with this section would create an undue financial or organizational hardship on the ultimate controlling person.

(2) The ultimate controlling person of an insurance holding company system subject to registration under section 1324 that meets the requirements of this subsection on or before the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section is not required to file an annual enterprise risk report under subsection (1) if all of the following requirements are met:

(a) The ultimate controlling person is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(5) of the internal revenue code of 1986, 26 USC 501.

(b) The ultimate controlling person was organized under the laws of this state before January 1, 1921.

(c) The director has not approved the controlling person's petition for disclaimer of affiliation or has disallowed a disclaimer of affiliation under section 1332.

(d) The insurer in which the ultimate controlling person owns a controlling interest meets both of the following requirements:

(i) Is registered under section 1324.

(ii) Is a wholly domestic insurer with no more than 10% of its written premium covering risks outside of this state and has not issued policies directly insuring any risk located outside of this state.


History: Add. 2015, Act 244, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1326 Registration statement; nonmaterial information not disclosed.

Sec. 1326.

No information need be disclosed on the registration statement filed pursuant to section 1325 if the information is not material for the purposes of sections 1324 to 1343 inclusive. Unless the commissioner by rule or order provides otherwise, sales, purchases, exchanges, loans or extensions of credit or investments, involving 1/2 of 1% or less of an insurer's admitted assets as of December 31 next preceding are not material for purposes of sections 1324 to 1343 inclusive.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1327 Registration statement; reporting material changes or additions and distributions to shareholders.

Sec. 1327.

Each registered insurer shall keep current the information required to be disclosed in its registration statement by reporting all material changes or additions within 15 days after the end of the month in which it learns of each change or addition. Subject to section 1343, each registered insurer shall report all dividends and other distributions to shareholders within 2 business days following the declaration.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1328 Registration; termination.

Sec. 1328.

The commissioner shall terminate the registration of any insurer which demonstrates that it no longer is a member of an insurance holding company system.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1329 Consolidated registration statements.

Sec. 1329.

The commissioner may require or allow 2 or more affiliated insurers subject to registration to file a consolidated registration statement or consolidated reports amending their consolidated registration statement or their individual registration statements.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1330 Registration on behalf of affiliated insurer.

Sec. 1330.

The commissioner may allow an insurer authorized to do business in this state which is part of an insurance holding company system to register on behalf of any affiliated insurer which is required to register under section 1324 and to file all information and material required to be filed under this chapter.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1331 Exemptions.

Sec. 1331.

The provisions of sections 1324 to 1333 shall not apply to any insurer, information or transaction if and to the extent that the commissioner by rule or order exempts the insurer.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1332 Petition for disclaimer of affiliation; filing; contents; effect; disallowance.

Sec. 1332.

Any person may file with the commissioner a petition for disclaimer of affiliation with an authorized insurer or an insurer or any member of an insurance holding company system may file such a petition for disclaimer. The petition for disclaimer shall fully disclose all material relationships and bases for affiliation between the person and the insurer as well as the basis for disclaiming the affiliation and shall be subject to approval by the commissioner. The burden of proof for establishing that an affiliation does not exist shall rest with the petitioner. After a petition for disclaimer is filed with and approved by the commissioner, the insurer is relieved of any duty to register or report under this chapter that may arise out of the insurer's relationship with the person unless the commissioner subsequently disallows the disclaimer. The commissioner may disallow a disclaimer that has been previously approved only after furnishing all parties in interest with notice and opportunity to be heard and after making specific findings of fact to support the disallowance.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1333 Registration statement; failure to file.

Sec. 1333.

The failure to file a registration statement, an amendment to or summary of the registration statement, or an enterprise risk report required by sections 1324 to 1332 within the time specified for the filing is a violation of this chapter.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 244, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1334 Person subject to registration; providing information to insurer.

Sec. 1334.

A person within an insurance holding company system subject to registration is required to provide complete and accurate information to an insurer if the information is reasonably necessary to enable the insurer to comply with the provisions of this chapter.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1341 Transactions within holding company system; certain insurers as party; standards; prior approval; transactions entered into by domestic insurers; notification; separate transactions; review by director; total investment exceeding 10% of corporation's voting securities.

Sec. 1341.

(1) Transactions within a holding company system to which an insurer domiciled in this state or a foreign insurer whose written insurance premium in this state for each of the most recent 3 years exceeds the premiums written in its state of domicile and whose written premium in this state was 20% or more of its total written premium in each of the most recent 3 years is a party or with respect to which the assets or liabilities of these insurers are affected are subject to all of the following standards:

(a) The terms must be fair and reasonable.

(b) The charges or fees for services performed must be reasonable.

(c) The expenses incurred and payment received must be allocated to the insurer in conformity with customary insurance accounting practices consistently applied.

(d) The books, accounts, and records of each party must be maintained to clearly and accurately disclose the precise nature and details of the transactions including necessary accounting information to support the reasonableness of the charges or fees to the respective parties.

(e) The insurer's surplus as regards policyholders following any dividends or distributions to shareholder affiliates must be reasonable in relation to the insurer's outstanding liabilities and adequate to its financial needs so that the insurer continues to comply with section 403.

(2) The director's prior approval is required for sales, purchases, exchanges, loans, extensions of credit, or investments, involving 5% or more of the insurer's assets at the immediately preceding year's end, between a domestic controlled insurer and a person in its holding company system.

(3) A domestic insurer and a person in its holding company system shall not enter into the following transactions with each other, or modify an existing transaction, unless the insurer notifies the director in writing of its intention to enter into the transaction, or its reason to modify an existing transaction and the modification's financial impact on the insurer, at least 30 days, or a shorter period as the director allows, before entering into or modifying the transaction and the director has not disapproved it within that period:

(a) A sale, purchase, exchange, loan, extension of credit, or investment, if the transaction is equal to or greater than the lesser of 3% of the insurer's assets or 25% of capital and surplus as of December 31 of the immediately preceding year.

(b) A loan or extension of credit to a person who is not an affiliate, if the insurer makes the loan or extends the credit with the agreement or understanding that the proceeds of the transaction, in whole or in substantial part, will be used to make a loan or extend credit to, to purchase an asset of, or to invest in, an affiliate of the insurer making the loan or extending credit if the transaction is equal to or greater than the lesser of 3% of the insurer's assets or 25% of capital and surplus as of December 31 of the immediately preceding year.

(c) A guarantee that is quantifiable and exceeds the lesser of 0.5% of the insurer's admitted assets or 10% of surplus as of December 31 of the immediately preceding year. A guarantee that is not quantifiable under this subdivision is subject to prior approval of the director.

(d) A direct or indirect acquisition of, or investment in, a person that controls the insurer or that controls an affiliate of the insurer, if the amount of the transaction plus the insurer's present holdings in investment exceeds 2.5% of surplus. This subdivision does not apply to a direct or indirect acquisition of, or investments in, a subsidiary acquired under section 1305 or any other section of this chapter, or a nonsubsidiary insurance affiliate that is subject to this act.

(e) A reinsurance treaty or agreement.

(f) Rendering of services on a regular systematic basis.

(g) A tax allocation agreement.

(h) A cost-sharing agreement.

(i) A material transaction, specified by regulation, that the director determines may adversely affect the interests of the insurer's policyholders.

(4) An insurer shall informally notify the director of a termination of transaction under subsection (3) no later than 30 days after the transaction terminates.

(5) Subsection (3) does not authorize or permit a transaction that, for an insurer that is not a member of the same holding company system, would be otherwise contrary to law.

(6) A domestic insurer shall not enter into transactions that are part of a plan or series of like transactions with persons within the holding company system if the purpose of those separate transactions is to avoid the threshold amount under this chapter and thus avoid the review that would otherwise occur. If the director determines that the separate transactions were entered into over any relevant period for that purpose, he or she may exercise his or her authority under section 1371.

(7) In reviewing a transaction under subsection (2), the director shall consider whether the transaction complies with the standards described in subsection (1) and whether it may otherwise adversely affect the interests of policyholders, creditors, or the public.

(8) A domestic insurer shall notify the director within 30 days of the domestic insurer's investment in any 1 corporation if the insurance holding company system's total investment in the corporation exceeds 10% of the corporation's voting securities.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 443, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 244, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1342 Application of MCL 500.436a.

Sec. 1342.

In determining whether an insurer remains safe, reliable, and entitled to public confidence for the purposes of sections 1324 to 1343, the commissioner shall apply the standards of section 436a.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1343 Ordinary shareholder dividends paid by domestic insurers; review by director; determination of reasonableness; factors; limiting or disallowing payment of shareholder dividends; declaration or payment from earned surplus; declaration of shareholder dividend by domestic insurer as member of insurance holding company system; extraordinary dividend or distribution to shareholders; hearing.

Sec. 1343.

(1) Each year the director shall review the ordinary shareholder dividends paid by domestic insurers to determine whether each insurer's surplus following those dividends is reasonable in relation to the insurer's outstanding liabilities and adequate to its needs so that it continues to comply with section 403. In conducting the review and making the determination, the director shall consider all of the following factors in addition to factors listed in section 436a:

(a) The adequacy of the level of surplus as regards policyholders remaining after the dividend payment or payments.

(b) The quality of the insurer's earnings and the extent to which the reported earnings include extraordinary items, such as surplus relief reinsurance transactions and reserve destrengthening.

(c) The quality and liquidity of investments in subsidiaries. The director may discount any of those investments or refuse to consider the investment as an asset for purposes of determining the adequacy of surplus as regards policyholders if the investment so warrants.

(2) If the director determines that an insurer's surplus as regards policyholders is not reasonable in relation to the insurer's outstanding liabilities and is not adequate to its financial needs so that the insurer will not continue to comply with section 403, the director shall limit or disallow the payment of shareholder dividends.

(3) Shareholder dividends shall be declared or paid only from earned surplus, unless the director approves the dividend before payment. The director shall consider whether the dividend will be paid from the insurer's net gain from operations if the insurer is a life insurer, or the insurer's net income if the insurer is not a life insurer, for the 12-month period ending December 31 of the immediately preceding year. For purposes of this subsection, earned surplus excludes surplus arising from unrealized capital gains or a revaluation of assets.

(4) A domestic insurer that is a member of an insurance holding company system and declares a shareholder dividend shall report the dividend to the director within 5 business days after declaring the dividend. The insurer shall not pay the dividend until 10 days after the director receives a report under this subsection.

(5) An insurer subject to registration under section 1324 shall not pay any extraordinary dividend or make any other extraordinary distribution to its shareholders until 30 days after the director has received notice of the declaration and has not disapproved or has approved the payment within that period. If the director, applying the criteria in subsection (1), determines that the insurer's surplus as regards policyholders is not reasonable in relation to the insurer's outstanding liabilities and is not adequate to its financial needs so that the insurer will not continue to comply with section 403, the director may, before the expiration of the 30-day period described in this subsection, enter an order prohibiting the payment of the dividend.

(6) An extraordinary dividend or distribution includes a dividend or distribution of cash or other property, whose fair market value plus the fair market value of other dividends or distributions made within the preceding 12 months exceeds the greater of 10% of the insurer's surplus as regards policyholders as of December 31 of the immediately preceding year, or the net gain from operations of the insurer, if the insurer is a life insurer, or the net income, if the insurer is not a life insurer, not including realized capital gains, for the 12-month period ending December 31 of the immediately preceding year, but shall not include pro rata distributions of any class of the insurer's own securities.

(7) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an insurer may declare an extraordinary dividend or distribution that is conditional on the director's approval. The declaration does not confer rights on shareholders until the director has approved or has not disapproved the payment of the dividend or distribution within the 30-day period described in subsection (5).

(8) Notwithstanding subsections (5) through (7), a dividend shall not be declared and paid by an insurer to an affiliate if after the payment the insurer could not satisfy the standards described in section 403.

(9) An insurer aggrieved by the director's determination or order under this section is entitled to a contested case hearing under the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328. A hearing under this subsection must be held no later than 10 days after receipt of the insurer's request. The director's determination or order shall remain in effect except as modified by the director during the pendency of the hearing and until a final decision by the director. The director shall render a final decision within 30 days after the conclusion of the hearing.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 443, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 219, Imd. Eff. Dec. 1, 1995 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 244, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1344 Officers and directors; obligation or liability; common management or cooperative or joint use of personnel, property, or services.

Sec. 1344.

(1) Notwithstanding the control of a domestic insurer by any person, the insurer's officers and directors shall not be relieved of any obligation or liability to which they would otherwise be subject by law and the insurer shall be managed so as to assure its separate operating identity consistent with this act.

(2) Nothing in this section shall preclude a domestic insurer from having or sharing a common management or cooperative or joint use of personnel, property, or services with 1 or more other persons under arrangements meeting the standards of this act.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1351 Examination of insurer or affiliates; information; experts; expenses.

Sec. 1351.

(1) Subject to the limitation in this section and in addition to the powers that the director has under chapters 2 and 4 relating to the examination of insurers, the director may order an insurer registered under section 1324 to produce records, books, or other information papers in the possession of the insurer or its affiliates as are necessary to determine the insurer's financial condition, including enterprise risk to the insurer by the ultimate controlling party, or by combination of entities within the insurance holding company system, or by the insurance holding company system on a consolidated basis, or legality of conduct. If the insurer fails to comply with the order, the director may examine the affiliates to obtain the information. The director may order an insurer registered under section 1324 to produce information not in the possession of the insurer if the insurer can obtain access to the information under a contractual relationship, statutory obligation, or other method. If the insurer cannot obtain the information requested by the director, the insurer shall provide the director with a detailed explanation of the reason that the insurer cannot obtain the information and the identity of the holder of information. If the director determines the detailed explanation is without merit, the director may require, after notice and hearing, the insurer to pay a civil fine of $1,000.00 for each day's delay or may suspend or revoke the insurer's license.

(2) The director may retain at the registered insurer's expense attorneys, actuaries, accountants, and other experts not otherwise a part of the director's staff as are reasonably necessary to assist in the conduct of the examination under subsection (1). The expense of the attorneys, actuaries, accountants, and other experts shall be certified by the director and paid as provided in sections 216 and 224. The person retained is under the direction and control of the director and shall act in a purely advisory capacity.

(3) Each registered insurer producing for examination records, books, and papers under subsection (1) is liable for and shall pay the expense of the examination under sections 216 and 224.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 244, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1355 Examination of insurer or affiliates; confidentiality of information; written consent; disclosure; notice; publication in interest of public; sharing documents, materials, or other information with regulator, NAIC, or law enforcement authority; written agreement; responsibility of director.

Sec. 1355.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the information, documents, and copies of documents obtained by or disclosed to the director or any other person in the course of an examination or investigation made under sections 1351 and 1357 and the information reported under sections 1324 to 1333 is confidential, is not subject to the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246, is not subject to subpoena, is not subject to discovery or admissible in evidence in a private civil or administrative action, and shall not be made public by the director or any other person, without the prior written consent of the insurer to which it pertains. The director may, after giving the insurer and its affiliates who would be affected by the disclosure notice and opportunity to be heard, disclose the information if the director determines that the interests of policyholders, shareholders, or the public will be served by the publication of the information. The director or a person who received documents, materials, or other information while acting under the authority of the director or with whom the documents, materials, or other information is shared under this act shall not testify in a private civil or administrative action concerning confidential documents, materials, or information obtained under sections 1351 and 1357 and information reported under sections 1324 to 1333.

(2) The director may share documents, materials, or other information, including the confidential and privileged documents, materials, or information obtained under sections 1351 and 1357 and information reported under sections 1324 to 1333 with other state, federal, and international regulatory agencies; the NAIC; and state, federal, and international law enforcement authorities, including members of a supervisory college under section 1357, if the regulator, the NAIC, or law enforcement authority agrees in writing to maintain the confidentiality and privileged status of the document, material, or other information and has verified in writing the legal authority to maintain confidentiality. The director may only share confidential and privileged documents, material, or information reported under section 1325a with commissioners of states having statutes or regulations substantially similar to subsection (1) and who have agreed in writing to not disclose the information. The director may receive documents, materials, or information, including otherwise confidential and privileged documents, materials, or information from the NAIC and from regulatory and law enforcement officials of other foreign or domestic jurisdictions, and shall maintain as confidential or privileged any document, material, or information received with notice or the understanding that it is confidential or privileged under the laws of the jurisdiction that is the source of the document, material, or information. The disclosure or sharing of information, a document, or other material to the director or other person under this section is not a waiver of an applicable privilege or claim of confidentiality.

(3) Documents, materials, or other information in the possession or control of the department or the NAIC under this chapter are confidential and privileged, are not subject to the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246, are not subject to subpoena, and are not subject to discovery or admissible as evidence in a private civil or administrative action. The director shall enter into written agreements with the NAIC governing sharing and use of information provided under this chapter. The written agreement must specify procedures and protocols regarding the confidentiality and security of information shared with the NAIC and its affiliates and subsidiaries, including procedures and protocols for sharing by the NAIC with other state, federal, or international regulators. The agreement must provide that the director owns the information shared with the NAIC and its affiliates and subsidiaries and that the NAIC's use of the information is subject to the direction of the director. The agreement must provide for prompt notice to be given to an insurer whose confidential information in possession of the NAIC under this chapter is subject to a request or subpoena to the NAIC for disclosure or production, and require the NAIC and its affiliates and subsidiaries to consent to intervention by an insurer in a judicial or administrative action.

(4) The sharing of information by the director under this chapter is not a delegation of regulatory authority or rule-making, and the director is solely responsible for the administration, execution, and enforcement of the provisions of this chapter.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 244, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1357 Participation of director in supervisory college.

Sec. 1357.

(1) The director may participate in a supervisory college for a domestic insurer that is part of an insurance holding company system with international operations to determine the insurer's financial condition, business strategy, risk management, risk exposures, governance processes, regulatory position, or legality of conduct. The director may participate in a supervisory college with other regulators including state, federal, and international regulatory agencies, charged with the supervision of the insurer or its affiliates. The authority of the director under this section includes, but is not limited to, initiating a supervisory college, clarifying membership and participation of other supervisors in the supervisory college, clarifying the functions of the supervisory college and roles of other regulators including establishing a groupwide supervisor, coordinating ongoing activities of the supervisory college, and establishing a crisis management plan.

(2) The insurer is liable for and shall pay the reasonable expenses for the director to participate in the supervisory college, including reasonable travel expenses, if the director considers it appropriate to require the insurer to pay these costs.

(3) The director may enter into agreements under section 1355 providing the basis for cooperation and sharing of confidential information with state, federal, and international regulatory agencies that regulate the domestic insurer or affiliates within the insurance holding company system. This section does not delegate to the supervisory college the authority of the director to regulate or supervise the domestic insurer or its affiliates within its jurisdiction.


History: Add. 2015, Act 245, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1361 Issuance of rules and orders.

Sec. 1361.

Upon notice and opportunity for all interested persons to be heard, the commissioner may promulgate rules and issue orders as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218
Admin Rule: R 500.701 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1365 Injunctions; violation of chapter, rule or order.

Sec. 1365.

When it appears to the commissioner that any insurer or any director, officer, employee or agent thereof has committed or is about to commit a violation of this chapter or of any rule or order issued by the commissioner, he may apply to the circuit court for the county in which the principal office of the insurer is located or if the insurer has no such office in this state then to the circuit court for Ingham county for an order enjoining the insurer or the director, officer, employee or agent thereof from violating or continuing to violate this chapter, rule or order and for such other equitable relief as the nature of the case and the interests of the insurer's policyholders, creditors and shareholders or the public may require.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1367 Voting certain securities prohibited; injunction.

Sec. 1367.

A security that is the subject of any agreement or arrangement regarding acquisition, or that is acquired or to be acquired, in contravention of this chapter or of any rule or order issued by the commissioner, shall not be voted at any shareholders' meeting or counted for quorum purposes and any action of shareholders requiring the affirmative vote of a percentage of shares may be taken as though the securities were not issued and outstanding. An action taken at the meeting shall not be invalidated by the voting of the securities, unless the action would materially affect control of the insurer or unless so ordered by the court. If an insurer or the commissioner has reason to believe that any security of the insurer has been or is about to be acquired in contravention of this chapter or of any rule or order issued by the commissioner, the insurer or the commissioner may apply to the Ingham county circuit court or to the circuit court for the county in which the insurer has its principal place of business to enjoin any offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition made in contravention of sections 1311 to 1319 or any rule or order issued by the commissioner to enjoin the voting of any security so acquired, to void any vote of the security already cast at any meeting of shareholders and for other equitable relief as the nature of the case and the interests of the insurer's policyholders, creditors, and shareholders or the public may require.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1368 Voting securities in violation of chapter; sequestration of securities.

Sec. 1368.

When a person has acquired or is proposing to acquire any voting securities in violation of this chapter or any rule or order issued by the commissioner, the circuit court for Ingham county or the circuit court for the county in which the insurer has its principal place of business, on such notice as the court deems appropriate, upon the application of the insurer or the commissioner, may seize or sequester any voting securities of the insurer owned directly or indirectly by such person and issue such orders with respect thereto as may be appropriate. Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, for the purposes of this chapter the situs of the ownership of the securities of domestic insurers is deemed to be in this state.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1371 Violation of chapter; action by director; criminal proceeding; penalty; disapproval of dividends or distributions.

Sec. 1371.

(1) An insurer that does not, without just cause, file a registration statement required under this chapter shall, after notice and hearing, pay a civil fine of $1,000.00 for each day's delay, up to a maximum of $50,000.00, to be recovered by the director and paid into the general fund. The director may reduce the penalty if the insurer demonstrates to the director that the civil fine would cause financial hardship to the insurer.

(2) Every director or officer of an insurance holding company system who knowingly violates, knowingly participates in or assents to, or with actual knowledge permits any of the officers or agents of the insurer to engage in material acts, omissions, or transactions or make investments that have not been properly reported or submitted under section 1324, 1341, or 1343, that, with respect to material transactions, violate this chapter, or that result in material false or misleading statements to the director with respect to the financial condition of the insurer or any of its affiliates shall pay, in their individual capacity, a civil forfeiture of not more than $10,000.00 per violation, after notice and hearing before the director. In determining the amount of the civil forfeiture, the director shall take into account the appropriateness of the forfeiture with respect to the gravity of the violation, the history of previous violations, and other matters as justice requires. In addition, a violation of this subsection is grounds for removal of a director or officer from a position of trust or responsibility in an insurer domiciled in this state in accordance with the procedures established in section 250.

(3) If it appears to the director that an insurer subject to this chapter or an insurer's director, officer, employee, or agent has engaged in a transaction or entered into a contract that is subject to section 1341 or 1344 and that would not have been approved had approval been requested, the director may order the insurer to cease and desist immediately any further activity under that transaction or contract. After notice and hearing, the director may also order the insurer to void the contract, transaction, or distribution, and restore the status quo if that action is in the best interest of the policyholders, creditors, or the public.

(4) If it appears to the director that an insurer or an insurer's director, officer, employee, or agent has committed a willful violation of this chapter, the director may institute criminal proceedings in the circuit court for the county in which the principal office of the insurer is located or, if the insurer does not have a principal office in this state, in the Ingham county circuit court against the insurer or the insurer's responsible director, officer, employee, or agent. An insurer that willfully violates this chapter may be fined not more than $50,000.00. An individual who willfully violates this chapter may be fined not more than $10,000.00 or, if the willful violation involves the deliberate perpetration of a fraud upon the director, imprisoned not more than 2 years, or both.

(5) An officer, director, or employee of an insurance holding company system who willfully and knowingly subscribes to or makes or causes to be made a false statement, false report, or false filing with the intent to deceive the director in the performance of his or her duties under this chapter, shall be imprisoned for not more than 2 years, or fined $10,000.00, or both. The officer, director, or employee shall pay a fine in his or her individual capacity.

(6) If the director determines that a person violated section 1311 and the violation prevents the full understanding of the enterprise risk of the insurer by affiliates or by the insurance holding company system, the violation may serve as an independent basis for disapproving dividends or distributions and for placing the insurer under an order of supervision under chapter 81.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 244, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2015
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1375 Violation of chapter; receivership.

Sec. 1375.

If it appears to the commissioner that a person has committed a violation of this chapter that so impairs the financial condition of a domestic insurer as to threaten insolvency or make the further transaction of business by it hazardous to its policyholders, creditors, shareholders, or the public, the commissioner may proceed as provided in chapter 81 to take possession of the property of the domestic insurer and conduct the insurer's business.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1377 Liquidation or rehabilitation; recovery of certain distributions or payments.

Sec. 1377.

(1) If an order for liquidation or rehabilitation of a domestic insurer has been entered, the receiver appointed under the order shall have a right to recover on behalf of the insurer both of the following:

(a) From any parent corporation, holding company, or person who otherwise controls the insurer, the amount of distributions, other than distributions of shares of the same class of stock, paid by the insurer on its capital stock if made at any time during the 3 years preceding the petition for liquidation, conservation, or rehabilitation.

(b) Any payment in the form of an extraordinary bonus, termination settlement, or lump sum salary adjustment made by the insurer or its subsidiary to a director, officer, or employee if made at any time during the 3 years preceding the petition for liquidation, conservation, or rehabilitation.

(2) A distribution or payment shall not be recoverable under this section if the parent or affiliate or the director, officer, or employee shows that when paid the distribution was lawful and reasonable and that the insurer did not know and could not reasonably have known that the distribution or payment might adversely affect the ability of the insurer to fulfill its contractual obligations. If payments were made to more than 1 director, officer, or employee, this subsection shall apply to the aggregate of those payments.

(3) A person who was a parent corporation, holding company, or a person who otherwise controlled the insurer or affiliate at the time the distribution was paid shall be liable up to the amount of distributions or payments under subsection (1) that the person received. A person who otherwise controlled the insurer at the time the distribution was declared shall be liable up to the amount of distributions he or she would have received if they had been paid immediately. If 2 or more persons are liable with respect to the same distribution, they are jointly and severally liable.

(4) The maximum amount recoverable under this section shall be the amount needed in excess of all other available assets of the impaired or insolvent insurer to pay the contractual obligations of the impaired or insolvent insurer and to reimburse any guaranty funds.

(5) To the extent that any person liable under subsection (3) is insolvent or otherwise fails to pay claims due from it pursuant to subsection (3), its parent corporation, holding company, or person who otherwise controlled it at the time the distribution was paid, is jointly and severally liable for any resulting deficiency in the amount recovered from that person.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1378 Failure by commissioner to act or make determination; petition for writ of superintending control.

Sec. 1378.

A person aggrieved by failure of the commissioner to act or make a determination required by this chapter may petition the Ingham county circuit court for a writ of superintending control.


History: Add. 1992, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1379 Violation of chapter; suspension, revocation or refusal to renew license.

Sec. 1379.

When it appears to the commissioner that any person has committed a violation of this chapter which makes the continued operation of an insurer contrary to the interests of policyholders or the public, the commissioner, after giving notice and an opportunity to be heard, may determine to suspend, revoke or refuse to renew the insurer's license or authority to do business in this state for such period as he finds is required for the protection of policyholders or the public. Any such determination shall be accompanied by specific findings of fact and conclusion of law.


History: Add. 1970, Act 136, Imd. Eff. July 29, 1970
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 14
MANAGING GENERAL AGENTS


500.1400 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to application of chapter as to agents, solicitors, adjustors, and counselors.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1401 Definitions.

Sec. 1401.

As used in this chapter:

(a) “Actuary” means a person who is a member in good standing of the American academy of actuaries.

(b) “Managing general agent” or “MGA” means a person who is not listed under section 1403 and meets both of the following:

(i) Negotiates and binds ceding reinsurance contracts on behalf of an insurer or manages all or part of the insurance business of an insurer, including the management of a separate division, department, or underwriting office.

(ii) Acts as an agent for such insurer whether known as a managing general agent or other similar term, who, with or without the authority, either separately or together with affiliates, produces, directly or indirectly, and underwrites an amount of gross direct written premium of not less than 5% of the policyholder surplus as reported in the last annual statement of the insurer in any 1 quarter or year and adjusts or pays claims in excess of an amount determined by the commissioner or negotiates reinsurance on behalf of the insurer.

(c) “Guaranty association” means the property and casualty guaranty association created in chapter 79 and the life and health insurance guaranty association created in chapter 77.

(d) “Underwrite” means the authority to accept or reject risk on behalf of the insurer.


History: Add. 1990, Act 350, Eff. June 1, 1991
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1402 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to definition of general, district, state, or special agent.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1403 Persons not considered managing general agents.

Sec. 1403.

For the purposes of the chapter, the following persons are not considered managing general agents:

(a) An employee of the insurer.

(b) A United States manager of the United States branch of an alien insurer.

(c) An underwriting manager who pursuant to contract manages all the insurer's insurance operations, is under common control with the insurer, is subject to chapter 13, and whose compensation is not based on the volume of premiums written.

(d) An attorney-in-fact for a reciprocal or inter-insurance exchange.


History: Add. 1990, Act 350, Eff. June 1, 1991 ;-- Am. 1991, Act 57, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1991
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1404 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to resident agents, definition, and licenses.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1405 Licensing.

Sec. 1405.

(1) A person shall not act in the capacity of a managing general agent with respect to risks located in this state for an insurer authorized in this state unless that person is licensed as an agent in this state.

(2) A person shall not act in the capacity of a managing general agent representing an insurer domiciled in this state with respect to risks located outside this state unless that person is licensed as an agent in this state pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.


History: Add. 1990, Act 350, Eff. June 1, 1991
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1407 Bond; errors and omissions policy.

Sec. 1407.

The commissioner may require a managing general agent to do both of the following:

(a) Maintain a bond in an amount acceptable to the commissioner for the protection of the insurer.

(b) Maintain an errors and omissions policy.


History: Add. 1990, Act 350, Eff. June 1, 1991
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1408 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to definition of solicitor.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1409 Contract between managing general agent and insurer; required provisions.

Sec. 1409.

No person acting in the capacity of a managing general agent shall place business with an insurer unless there is a written contract between the parties that sets forth the responsibilities of each party, and if both parties share responsibility for a particular function, specifies the division of the responsibilities, and that contains the following provisions:

(a) That the insurer may terminate the contract upon written notice to the managing general agent. The insurer may suspend the underwriting authority of the managing general agent during the pendency of any dispute regarding the cause for termination.

(b) That the managing general agent shall render accounts to the insurer detailing all transactions and shall remit all funds due to the insurer on not less than a monthly basis.

(c) That funds collected for the account of the insurer shall be held by the managing general agent in a fiduciary capacity in a federally insured financial institution. This account shall be used for all payments on behalf of the insurer. The managing general agent may retain no more than 3 months' estimated claims payments and allocated loss adjustment expenses.

(d) That separate records of business written by the managing general agent shall be maintained by the managing general agent for the period between each examination of the insurer and until 1 year after each examination of the insurer by the commissioner or licensing authority. The insurer shall have access to and the right to copy all books, accounts, and records related to its business in a form usable by the insurer and the commissioner shall have access to and the right to copy all books, accounts, and records of the managing general agent in a form usable to the commissioner.

(e) That the contract shall not be assigned in whole or in part by the managing general agent.

(f) That the managing general agent is subject to appropriate underwriting guidelines that include, but are not limited to, the following:

(i) The maximum annual premium volume.

(ii) The basis of the rates to be charged.

(iii) The types of risks that may be written.

(iv) Maximum limits of liability.

(v) Applicable exclusions.

(vi) Territorial limitations.

(vii) Policy cancellation provisions.

(viii) The maximum policy period.

(g) If the contract permits the managing general agent to settle claims on behalf of the insurer, all of the following apply:

(i) All claims must be reported to the insurer in a timely manner.

(ii) A copy of the claim file shall be sent to the insurer at its request or as soon as it becomes known that the claim meets any of the following:

(A) Has the potential to exceed an amount determined by the commissioner or exceeds the limit set by the insurer, whichever is less.

(B) Involves a coverage dispute.

(C) May exceed the managing general agent's claims settlement authority.

(D) Is open for more than 6 months.

(E) Is closed by payment of an amount set by the commissioner or an amount set by the insurer, whichever is less.

(iii) All claims files are the joint property of the insurer and the managing general agent.

(iv) Any settlement authority granted to the managing general agent may be terminated upon the insurer's written notice to the managing general agent or upon the termination of the contract. The insurer may suspend any settlement authority granted to the managing general agent during the pendency of any dispute regarding the cause for termination.

(h) If the contract provides for a sharing of interim profits by the managing general agent and the managing general agent has the authority to determine the amount of the interim profits by establishing loss reserves, controlling claim payments, or in any other manner, that interim profits shall not be paid to the managing general agent until 1 year after they are earned for property insurance business and 5 years after they are earned for casualty insurance business and not until section 1411(a) and (b) has been met.

(i) That the managing general agent shall not do any of the following:

(i) Bind reinsurance or retrocessions on behalf of the insurer, except that the managing general agent may bind facultative reinsurance contracts pursuant to obligatory facultative agreements if the contract with the insurer contains reinsurance underwriting guidelines including, for both reinsurance assumed and ceded, a list of reinsurers with which such automatic agreements are in effect, the coverages and amounts or percentages that may be reinsured, and commission schedules.

(ii) Commit the insurer to participate in insurance or reinsurance syndicates.

(iii) Appoint any agent without assuring that the agent is lawfully licensed to transact the type of insurance for which he or she is appointed.

(iv) Without prior approval of the insurer pay or commit the insurer to pay a claim over a specified amount, net of reinsurance, that shall not exceed 1% of the insurer's policyholder's surplus as of December 31 of the last completed calendar year.

(v) Collect any payment from a reinsurer or commit the insurer to any claim settlement with a reinsurer, without prior approval of the insurer. If prior approval is given, a report shall be promptly forwarded to the insurer.

(vi) Permit its agent to serve on the insurer's board of directors.

(vii) Jointly employ an individual who is employed with the insurer.

(viii) Appoint another managing general agent to perform its duties under this chapter.


History: Add. 1990, Act 350, Eff. June 1, 1991
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1411 Insurer; duties.

Sec. 1411.

An insurer shall comply with all of the following:

(a) Have on file an independent financial examination, in a form acceptable to the commissioner, of each managing general agent with which it has done business.

(b) If a managing general agent establishes loss reserves for the insurer, annually obtain the opinion of an actuary attesting to the adequacy of loss reserves established for losses incurred and outstanding on business produced by the managing general agent. This subdivision is in addition to any other required loss reserve certification.

(c) Periodically, and not less than semiannually, conduct an on-site review of the underwriting and claims processing operations of the managing general agent.

(d) Provide that binding authority for all reinsurance contracts or participation in insurance or reinsurance syndicates rests with an officer of the insurer who is not affiliated with the managing general agent.

(e) Within 30 days of entering into or terminating a contract with a managing general agent, provide written notification of the appointment or termination to the commissioner. Notices of appointment of a managing general agent shall include a statement of duties that the applicant is a licensed agent, is expected to perform on behalf of the insurer, the lines of insurance for which the applicant is to be authorized to act, and any other information the commissioner may request.

(f) Review each quarter its books and records to determine if an agent has become a managing general agent. If the insurer determines that an agent has become a managing general agent, the insurer shall promptly notify the agent and the commissioner of this determination and the insurer and agent shall fully comply with the provisions of this chapter within 30 days.

(g) Except as to relationships governed by chapter 13, shall not appoint to the board of directors an officer, director, employee, agent, or controlling shareholder of the insurer's managing general agents.


History: Add. 1990, Act 350, Eff. June 1, 1991
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1412 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to license requirement and employment of insurance agent.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1413 Acts of managing general agent deemed acts of insurer; examination.

Sec. 1413.

The acts of the managing general agent are considered to be the acts of the insurer on whose behalf it is acting. A managing general agent may be examined as if it were the insurer.


History: Add. 1990, Act 350, Eff. June 1, 1991
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.1413, which pertained to action by unlicensed agent, was repealed by Act 133 of 1972, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1414 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to license requirement of clerical help.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1415 Violation; penalties; judicial review; rights of policyholders, claimants, and auditors.

Sec. 1415.

(1) If the commissioner finds after a hearing conducted in accordance with the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being sections 24.201 to 24.328 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, that any person has violated any provision of this chapter, the commissioner may order the following:

(a) For each separate violation, a civil fine in an amount that does not exceed $25,000.00.

(b) Revocation or suspension of the agent's license.

(c) Restitution by the managing general agent to reimburse the insurer, the rehabilitator, liquidator of the insurer, or the guaranty associations for any losses incurred by the insurer or the guaranty associations because of a violation of this chapter.

(2) The decision, determination, or order of the commissioner pursuant to subsection (1) shall be subject to judicial review pursuant to Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969.

(3) Nothing contained in this section shall affect the right of the commissioner to impose any other penalties provided for in this act.

(4) Nothing contained in this chapter is intended to or shall in any manner limit or restrict the rights of policyholders, claimants, and auditors.


History: Add. 1990, Act 350, Eff. June 1, 1991
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1416 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to requisition of agent's license by insurer.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1417 Rules and regulations.

Sec. 1417.

The commissioner may adopt reasonable rules and regulations for the implementation and administration of the provisions of this chapter.


History: Add. 1990, Act 350, Eff. June 1, 1991
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.1417, which pertained to license, application, form, and examination fee, was repealed by Act 133 of 1972, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1419 Effective date of chapter.

Sec. 1419.

This chapter shall take effect on June 1, 1991. An insurer shall not use the services of a managing general agent on and after June 1, 1991, unless such use is in compliance with this chapter.


History: Add. 1990, Act 350, Eff. June 1, 1991
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1420-500.1450 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to agents and solicitors.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 14a
PRODUCER CONTROLLED INSURERS


500.1451 “Producer” defined.

Sec. 1451.

As used in this chapter, “producer” means an insurance agent or any other person, firm, association, or corporation, when, for any compensation, commission, or other thing of value, the person, firm, association, or corporation acts or aids in any manner in soliciting, negotiating, or procuring the making of an insurance contract on behalf of an insured other than the person, firm, association, or corporation.


History: Add. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1452 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section, formerly compiled in Chapter 14 of this act, pertained to reward prohibited for procurement of business by unlicensed person.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1453 Exceptions to provisions of chapter.

Sec. 1453.

The provisions of this chapter do not apply to the following:

(a) Risk retention groups as defined in section 1801.

(b) Captive insurers owned by another organization whose exclusive purpose is to insure risks of the parent organization and affiliated companies or, in the case of groups and associations, owned by the insureds whose exclusive purpose is to insure risks of member organizations or group members and their affiliates.


History: Add. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1454 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section, formerly compiled in Chapter 14 of this act, pertained to penalty for violations and suspension of license.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1455 Applicability of section; contract between controlling producer and insurer required for doing business; minimum provisions; audit committee; reports; applicability of section 60 days after effective date of chapter.

Sec. 1455.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2), this section applies if, in any calendar year, the aggregate amount of gross written premium on business placed with a controlled insurer by a controlling producer is equal to or greater than 5% of the admitted assets of the controlled insurer, as reported in the controlled insurer's quarterly financial statement filed as of September 30 of the prior year.

(2) This section does not apply if the controlling producer places insurance only with the controlled insurer, or only with the controlled insurer and a member or members of the controlled insurer's holding company system, or the controlled insurer's parent, affiliate, or subsidiary and receives no compensation based upon the amount of premiums written in connection with such insurance and accepts insurance placements only from nonaffiliated subproducers, and not directly from insureds; and the controlled insurer, except for insurance business written through a residual market facility, accepts insurance business only from a controlling producer, a producer controlled by the controlled insurer, or a producer that is a subsidiary of the controlled insurer.

(3) A controlled insurer shall not accept business from a controlling producer and a controlling producer shall not place business with a controlled insurer unless there is a written contract between the controlling producer and the insurer specifying the responsibilities of each party, which contract has been approved by the board of directors of the insurer and contains the following minimum provisions:

(a) That the controlled insurer may terminate the contract for cause, upon written notice to the controlling producer. The controlled insurer shall suspend the authority of the controlling producer to write business during the pendency of any dispute regarding the cause for the termination.

(b) That the controlling producer shall render accounts to the controlled insurer detailing all material transactions, including information necessary to support all commissions, charges, and other fees received by, or owing to, the controlled producer.

(c) That the controlling producer shall remit all funds due under the terms of the contract to the controlled insurer on at least a monthly basis. The due date shall be fixed so that the premiums or installments collected shall be remitted no later than 90 days after the effective date of any policy placed with the controlled insurer under this contract.

(d) That all funds collected for the controlled insurer's account shall be held by the controlling producer in a fiduciary capacity, in 1 or more appropriately identified bank accounts in banks that are members of the federal reserve system, in accordance with the provisions of the applicable insurance law.

(e) That the controlling producer shall maintain separately identifiable records of business written for the controlled insurer.

(f) That the contract shall not be assigned in whole or in part by the controlling producer.

(g) That the controlled insurer shall provide the controlling producer with its underwriting standards, rules and procedures, manuals setting forth the rates to be charged, and the conditions for the acceptance or rejection of risks. The controlling producer shall adhere to the standards, rules, procedures, rates, and conditions. The standards, rules, procedures, rates, and conditions shall be the same as those applicable to comparable business placed with the controlled insurer by a producer other than the controlling producer.

(h) That the rates and terms of the controlling producer's commissions, charges, or other fees and the purposes for those charges or fees shall be specified. The rates of the commissions, charges, and other fees shall be no greater than those applicable to comparable business placed with the controlled insurer by producers other than controlling producers. For purposes of this subdivision and subdivision (g), examples of comparable business include the same lines of insurance, same kinds of insurance, same kinds of risks, similar policy limits, and similar quality of business.

(i) That if the contract provides that the controlling producer, on insurance business placed with the insurer, is to be compensated contingent upon the insurer's profits on that business, then such compensation shall not be determined and paid until at least 5 years after the premiums on policies that include liability insurance are earned and at least 1 year after the premiums are earned on any other insurance. In no event shall the commissions be paid until the adequacy of the controlled insurer's reserves on remaining claims has been independently verified as required by subsection (5).

(j) A limit on the controlling producer's writings in relation to the controlled insurer's surplus and total writings shall be set. The insurer may establish a different limit for each line or subline of business. The controlled insurer shall notify the controlling producer when the applicable limit is approached and shall not accept business from the controlling producer if the limit is reached. The controlling producer shall not place business with the controlled insurer if it has been notified by the controlled insurer that the limit has been reached.

(k) That the controlling producer may negotiate but shall not bind reinsurance on behalf of the controlled insurer on business the controlling producer places with the controlled insurer, except that the controlling producer may bind facultative reinsurance contracts pursuant to obligatory facultative agreements if the contract with the controlled insurer contains underwriting guidelines including, for both reinsurance assumed and ceded, a list of reinsurers with which such automatic agreements are in effect, the coverages and amounts or percentages that may be reinsured, and commission schedules.

(4) Every controlled insurer shall have an audit committee of the board of directors composed of independent directors. The audit committee shall meet annually with management, the insurer's independent public accountants as defined in section 1001, and an independent casualty actuary or other independent loss reserve specialist acceptable to the commissioner to review the adequacy of the insurer's loss reserves.

(5) Every controlled insurer shall file the following reports:

(a) In addition to any other required loss reserve certification, the controlled insurer shall file with the commissioner on April 1 of each year an opinion of an independent casualty actuary or such other independent loss reserve specialist acceptable to the commissioner reporting loss ratios for each line of business written and attesting to the adequacy of loss reserves established for losses incurred and outstanding as of year-end, including provisions for incurred but not reported losses, on business placed by the controlling producer.

(b) The controlled insurer shall annually report to the commissioner the amount of commissions paid to the controlling producer, the percentage such amount represents of the net premiums written, and comparable amounts and percentage paid to noncontrolling producers for placements of the same kinds of insurance.

(6) A foreign controlled insurer is not required to file the reports with the commissioner required by subsection (5) if the insurer is subject to reporting requirements adopted by statute or regulation in its state of domicile that the commissioner has determined are substantially similar to those required under this chapter.

(7) This section applies 60 days after the effective date of this chapter.


History: Add. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 500.1455, which was compiled in Chapter 14 of this act and pertained to insurance agents, accounts, and records, was repealed by Act 133 of 1972 , Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1456 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section, formerly compiled in Chapter 14 of this act, pertained to agent, solicitor, or broker as fiduciary and intent to embezzle.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1457 Notice of relationship between producer and controlled insurer; exception; applicability of section to policies written or renewed 60 days after effective date of chapter.

Sec. 1457.

(1) The controlling producer, prior to the effective date of the policy, shall deliver written notice to the prospective insured disclosing the relationship between the producer and the controlled insurer, except that if the business is placed through a subproducer who is not a controlling producer, the controlling producer shall retain a record of a signed commitment from the subproducer that the subproducer is aware of the relationship between the insurer and the producer and that the subproducer has or will notify the insured.

(2) This section applies to all policies written or renewed on or after 60 days after the effective date of this chapter.


History: Add. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1458 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section, formerly compiled in Chapter 14 of this act, pertained to insurers' adjuster, license, and licensed agents for fire insurers.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1459 Noncompliance with chapter, regulation, or order; authority of commissioner; civil action for recovery of damages for benefit of insurer; other penalties; rights of third parties not affected or altered.

Sec. 1459.

(1) If the commissioner believes that the controlling producer or any other person has not materially complied with this chapter or any regulation or order promulgated under this act, the commissioner may, after notice and opportunity to be heard, do either or all of the following:

(a) Order the controlling producer to cease placing business with the controlled insurer.

(b) If it was found that because of such material noncompliance that the controlled insurer or any policyholder of the insurer has suffered any loss or damage, maintain a civil action or intervene in an action brought by or on behalf of the insurer or policyholder for recovery of compensatory damages for the benefit of the insurer or policyholder or other appropriate relief.

(2) If an order for liquidation or rehabilitation of the controlled insurer has been entered pursuant to chapter 81, and the receiver appointed under that order believes that the controlling producer or any other person has not materially complied with this chapter or any regulation or order promulgated under this act and the insurer suffered any loss or damage as a result, the receiver may maintain a civil action for recovery of damages or other appropriate sanctions for the benefit of the insurer.

(3) This section shall not affect the right of the commissioner to impose any other penalties provided for in this act.

(4) This section is not intended to or shall in any manner alter or affect the rights of policyholders, claimants, creditors, or other third parties.


History: Add. 1994, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1460-500.1474 Repealed. 1972, Act 133, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections, formerly compiled in Chapter 14 of this act, pertained to adjusters, counselors, and licensing.
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 15
INSURANCE PREMIUM FINANCE COMPANIES


500.1501 Inapplicability of chapter.

Sec. 1501.

This chapter shall not apply with respect to:

(a) An insurance company authorized to do business in the state or a subsidiary of an authorized insurer admitted in this state or a corporation under substantially the same management or control as an admitted authorized insurer or group of insurers, which subsidiary, managed or controlled company is engaged in the business of financing insurance premiums on policies issued only by its parent insurer or affiliated group of insurers, subject to section 1508(3).

(b) A bank, industrial bank, trust company, safe and collateral deposit company, small loan company, credit union, building and loan association, finance company, or cooperative savings association authorized to do business in the state.

(c) The inclusion of a charge for insurance in connection with an installment sale of a motor vehicle made in accordance with Act No. 27 of the Public Acts of the Extra Session of 1950, as amended, being sections 492.101 to 492.138 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(d) The financing of insurance premiums in accordance with Act No. 326 of the Public Acts of 1966, as amended, being sections 438.31 to 438.33 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, relating to legal interest rate.

(e) Any insurance agent or agency, or any wholly owned premium finance company of an insurance agent or agency, financing only insurance premiums on business produced by the agent or agency.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 273, Eff. Apr. 1, 1977
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1501a Financial institutions; application of chapter.

Sec. 1501a.

Nothing in this chapter shall limit or interfere with any bank, company or association described in subsection (b) of section 1501 as to any business which it is otherwise authorized to conduct, including the financing of insurance premiums. Nothing in this chapter shall prevent any such bank, company or association, if otherwise permitted by law and regulation, from qualifying under this chapter as an insurance premium finance company.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1502 Insurance premium finance companies; definitions.

Sec. 1502.

As used in this chapter:

(a) “Insurance premium finance agreement” means an agreement by which an insured or prospective insured promises to pay to a premium finance company the amount advanced or to be advanced under the agreement to an insurer or to an insurance agent in payment of premiums on an insurance contract together with a service charge as authorized and limited by this chapter.

(b) “Insurance premium finance company” means a person engaged in the business of entering into insurance premium finance agreements.

(c) “Licensee” means a premium finance company holding a license issued by the commissioner under this chapter.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1503 License requirements; violation, penalty; fees, renewal, application.

Sec. 1503.

(1) No person, except those excluded by section 1501, shall engage in the business of financing insurance premiums in this state without first having obtained a license as a premium finance company from the commissioner. Any person who shall engage in the business of financing insurance premiums in this state without obtaining a license, upon conviction as provided in section 230, shall be subject to a fine of not more than $200.00.

(2) The annual license fee shall be $200.00. Licenses may be renewed from year to year as of April 1 of each year upon payment of the fee of $200.00. The fee for the license shall be paid through the commissioner to the state treasury.

(3) Each applicant shall file sworn answers, subject to the penalties of perjury, to such interrogatories as the commissioner may require. The commissioner at any time may require the applicant fully to disclose the identity of all stockholders, partners, officers and employees and he may refuse to issue or renew a license in the name of any firm, partnership or corporation if he is not satisfied that any officer, employee, stockholder or partner thereof who may materially influence the applicant's conduct meets the standards of this chapter.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1504 License investigation of applicant; issuance, grounds, hearing, bond.

Sec. 1504.

(1) Upon the filing of an application and the payment of the license fee the commissioner shall make an investigation of each applicant and shall issue a license if the applicant is qualified in accordance with this chapter. If the commissioner does not so find, he shall, within 30 days after he has received the application, at the request of the applicant, give the applicant a full hearing.

(2) The commissioner shall issue or renew a license as may be applied for when he is satisfied that the applicant is competent and trustworthy, has a good business reputation and has had experience, training or education in the business for which the license is applied, if a corporation, is a corporation incorporated under the laws of this state or admitted to do business in this state, and has proven in form satisfactory to the commissioner, that he has paid-up capital and surplus of $50,000.00, if a corporation, or net worth if an individual or copartnership of $50,000.00 which shall be maintained, and that allowing the applicant to engage in the business will promote the convenience and advantage of the community in which the business of the applicant is to be conducted. A $10,000.00 cash or corporate surety bond shall be deposited with the state treasurer for the benefit of any or all borrowers, who may become creditors of the premium finance company.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1505 Premium finance company; license; revocation or suspension; grounds; hearing; penalty; appeal; remuneration; applicability of subsection (4).

Sec. 1505.

(1) The commissioner may revoke or suspend the license of a premium finance company if after investigation it appears to the commissioner that any of the following has occurred:

(a) Any license issued to the company was obtained by fraud.

(b) There was any misrepresentation in the application for the license.

(c) The holder of the license has otherwise shown himself or herself untrustworthy or incompetent to act as a premium finance company.

(d) The company has violated any of the provisions of this chapter or the rules and regulations promulgated under this chapter.

(e) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (4), the company has remunerated any insurance producer or any employee of an insurance producer or any other person as an inducement to the financing of any insurance policy with the premium finance company. Except, that if the insurance producer prepares the premium finance agreement, the premium finance company may pay him or her a service fee not to exceed $2.00.

(2) Before the commissioner revokes, suspends, or refuses to renew the license of a premium finance company, he or she shall give to the person an opportunity to be fully heard and to introduce evidence on its behalf. Instead of revoking or suspending the license for any of the reasons listed in subsection (1), after a hearing, the commissioner may subject the company to a penalty of not more than $200.00 for each offense with a total not to exceed $1,000.00 when in his or her judgment the commissioner finds that the public interest would not be harmed by the continued operation of the company. The amount of any penalty shall be paid by the company through the office of financial and insurance regulation to the state treasury. At any hearing provided by this section, the commissioner shall have authority to administer oaths to witnesses. Anyone testifying falsely, after having been administered an oath, is subject to the penalty of perjury.

(3) If the commissioner refuses to issue or renew a license or if an applicant or licensee is aggrieved by any action of the commissioner, the applicant or licensee shall have the right to a hearing and court proceeding as provided for in section 244.

(4) Subsection (1)(e) does not prohibit a premium finance company that is majority owned by insurance producers from remunerating any of its insurance producer owners. This subsection does not apply to a premium finance company that is involved in any manner in financing life insurance or annuity policies or contracts.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968 ;-- Am. 2011, Act 75, Imd. Eff. July 12, 2011
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1506 Premium finance transaction records; examination; preservation.

Sec. 1506.

(1) A licensee shall maintain records of its premium finance transactions and the records shall be open to examination and investigation by the commissioner. The commissioner may at any time require a licensee to bring records as the commissioner may direct to the commissioner's office for examination.

(2) A licensee shall preserve its records of premium finance transactions, including cards used in a card system, for at least 3 years after making the final entry in respect to a premium finance agreement. The preservation of records in the form of reproductions pursuant to the records media act constitutes compliance with this requirement, except that a record shall not be reduced to such form until at least 2 years after the final entry is made in the record.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 200, Imd. Eff. Oct. 5, 1992
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1507 Insurance commissioner; regulatory powers.

Sec. 1507.

The commissioner may make and enforce such reasonable rules and regulations as may be necessary in making effective the provisions of this chapter, but such rules and regulations shall not be contrary to nor inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter. The rules shall be promulgated in accordance with the provisions of Act No. 88 of the Public Acts of 1943, as amended, being sections 24.71 to 24.80 of the Compiled Laws of 1948, and subject to Act No. 197 of the Public Acts of 1952, as amended, being sections 24.101 to 24.110 of the Compiled Laws of 1948.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1508 Premium finance agreement; requirements; specifications; items; subsidiary companies.

Sec. 1508.

(1) A premium finance agreement shall:

(a) Be dated, signed by or on behalf of the insured, and the printed portion thereof shall be in at least 8-point type.

(b) Contain the name and place of business of the insurance agent negotiating the related insurance contract, the name and residence or the place of business of the insured as specified by him, the name and place of business of the premium finance company to which payments are to be made, a description of the insurance contracts involved and the amount of the premium therefor.

(c) Set forth the following items where applicable:

(i) The total amount of the premiums,

(ii) The amount of the down payment,

(iii) The balance of premiums due, the difference between items (i) and (ii),

(iv) The amount of the service charge, or other charges for each installment to be paid pursuant to the terms of the contract and the total charges to be paid for the duration of the contract,

(v) The balance payable by the insured, sum of items (iii) and (iv),

(vi) The number of installments required, the amount of each installment expressed in dollars, and the due date or period thereof.

(2) The items set out in subdivision (c) of subsection (1) need not be stated in the sequence or order in which they appear in the clause, and additional items may be included to explain the computations made in determining the amount to be paid by the insured.

(3) A subsidiary of an authorized insurer or a corporation under substantially the same management or control as an authorized insurer or group of authorized insurers may finance insurance premiums on insurance policies issued on business produced by such authorized insurer or group of insurers under an open-end, revolving credit plan wherein credit is advanced for the payment of insurance premiums from time to time, without being required to comply with the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) of this section if the service charge made under such premium finance agreement shall not exceed the service charge permitted under section 1509.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1509 Premium finance company; authorized charges; service charge; amending original contract where balance of premium due changed.

Sec. 1509.

(1) A premium finance company shall not charge, contract for, receive, or collect any charge other than as permitted by this chapter.

(2) The service charge shall be computed on the balance of the premiums due, after subracting the down payment made by the insured in accordance with the premium finance agreement, from the effective date of the insurance coverage, for which the premiums are being advanced, to and including the date when the final installment of the premium finance agreement is payable.

(3) Except as provided in subsection (4), the service charge shall be a maximum of $12.00 per $100.00 per year plus an additional charge of $18.00 per premium finance agreement. The $18.00 need not be refunded upon cancellation or prepayment. Notwithstanding the provisions of any premium finance agreement to the contrary, any insured may pay the agreement in full at any time before the maturity of the final installment of the balance thereof and shall receive a refund of the unearned service charge which shall represent at least as great a proportion of the service charge after first deducting therefrom an acquisition cost of not more than $18.00 as:

(a) The sum of the monthly balances under the schedule of payments in the finance agreement beginning as of the date after the prepayment which is the next succeeding monthly anniversary date of the due date of the first installment under the agreement, or, if the prepayment is prior to the due date of the first installment under the agreement, then as of the date after the prepayment which is the next succeeding monthly anniversary date of the date of the agreement, bears to;

(b) The sum of all the monthly balances under the schedule of installment payments in the agreement. Where the amount of refund is less than $3.00, a refund need not be made.

(4) When the balance of premiums due is less than $100.00 and is:

(a) To be paid in 3 monthly installments or less, the maximum service charge shall be $15.00.

(b) To be paid in 4 or 5 monthly installments, the maximum service charge shall be $17.00.

(5) The service charge shall be computed at the time of making the contract of insurance.

(6) If the balance of premium due is changed, an amendment shall be added to the original contract setting forth the items required in section 1508(1)(c).


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 143, Imd. Eff. Apr. 28, 1982
Compiler's Notes: In subsection (2) of this section, the word "subracting" evidently should read "subtracting".
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1510 Insurance premium finance agreement; delinquency charge; cancellation charge.

Sec. 1510.

(1) An insurance premium finance agreement may provide for the payment by the insured of a delinquency charge of $1.00 to a maximum of 5% of the amount of the delinquent installment payment on any installment payment that is in default for a period of 10 days or more. However, an insurance premium finance agreement shall not provide for the payment by the insured of a delinquency charge that exceeds $5.00 on any installment that is in default for a period of 10 days or more for either of the following:

(a) An insurance premium finance agreement that finances an insurance contract primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose.

(b) An insurance premium finance agreement, the annual premium of which does not exceed $10,000.00, that is issued to a nonprofit organization exempt from taxation under section 501 of the internal revenue code of 1986, 26 U.S.C. 501.

(2) If a default under subsection (1) results in the cancellation of any insurance contract listed in the agreement, the agreement may provide for the payment by the insured of a cancellation charge equal to the difference between any delinquency charge imposed in respect to the installment in default and $5.00.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 6, Imd. Eff. Feb. 24, 1994
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1511 Premium finance agreement; cancellation of insurance, procedure, notice, refund.

Sec. 1511.

(1) When a premium finance agreement empowers the premium finance company to cancel any insurance contract or contracts listed in the agreement, the insurance contract or contracts shall not be canceled by the premium finance company unless such cancellation is effectuated in accordance with this section.

(2) Not less than 10 days' written notice shall be mailed to the insured of the intent of the premium finance company to cancel the insurance contract unless the default is cured within the 10-day period.

(3) After expiration of the 10-day period, the premium finance company may request cancellation of the insurance contract by mailing to the insurer a notice of cancellation, and the insurance contract shall be cancelled by the insurer without requiring the return of the insurance contract. The premium finance company shall also mail a notice of cancellation to the insured at his last known address at the same time the premium finance company requests cancellation of the insurance contract.

(4) All statutory, regulatory and contractual restrictions providing that the insurance contract may not be canceled unless notice is given to a governmental agency, mortgagee or other third party shall apply where cancellation is effected under the provisions of this section. The insurer shall give the prescribed notice in behalf of itself or the insured to any governmental agency, mortgagee or other third party on or before the second business day after the day it receives the notice of cancellation from the premium finance company and shall determine the effective date of cancellation taking into consideration the number of days' notice required to complete the cancellation.

(5) Whenever a financed contract is canceled, the insurer shall return whatever gross unearned premiums are due under the insurance contract to the premium finance company for the account of the insured.

(6) If the crediting of return premiums to the account of the insured results in a surplus over the amount due from the insured, the premium finance company shall refund the excess to the insured, but no refund shall be required if it amounts to less than $1.00.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1512 Premium finance agreement; filing not required.

Sec. 1512.

No filing of the premium finance agreement shall be necessary to perfect the validity of such agreement as a secured transaction as against creditors, subsequent purchasers, pledgees, encumbrances, successors or assigns.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1513 Existing companies; license, fee.

Sec. 1513.

Any person who has been engaged in the business as a premium finance company in this state which premium finance company has paid-up capital and surplus of at least $20,000.00 and whose fiscal solvency, general operation and financial condition has been investigated or audited and approved by the commissioner on written request and payment of the annual license fee made within 60 days of the effective date of this chapter shall be entitled to a license notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter. Any premium finance company licensed pursuant to this section, the capital and surplus of which is less than $50,000.00 shall increase its capital and surplus to at least $50,000.00 within 2 years of the date of issuance of its first license hereunder and upon failure to do so such license shall not be further renewed. Nothing in this section shall prevent such company thereafter from being licensed under this act.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1514 Insurance commissioner and employees; statement of expenses and charges, payment; employment of expert personnel.

Sec. 1514.

(1) All actual and necessary expenses incurred by the commissioner, his deputies, assistants, and employees, or the commissioner himself, in connection with the regulation, examination, or investigation of any licensed premium finance company pursuant to this code shall be certified by the commissioner, together with an appropriate statement of the time spent by such persons, upon such regulation, examination, or investigation, to the accounting division of the department of administration, who, if correct, shall approve it and the expenses shall be paid to the persons by whom they were incurred, upon the warrant of the state treasurer.

(2) The insurance commissioner shall prepare and present to the premium finance company so regulated, examined, or investigated, the statement of such expenses and charges sufficient to defray all of the costs to the state of each person engaged in such regulation, examination, or investigation and that of any administrative or supervisory personnel utilized in connection therewith, and the applicant or licensed premium finance company, upon receiving such statement shall pay to the commissioner the amount stated therein. The commissioner shall deposit the funds so received with the state treasurer to be credited by him to the general fund.

(3) The commissioner may employ such expert personnel as may be necessary for other than routine regulation; examination, or investigation of any applicant for license or licensed premium finance company, and the compensation and expenses of such expert personnel shall be that charged by the expert personnel. Charges hereunder shall be accounted, charged, and paid in the same manner as provided in subsections (1) and (2) above.


History: Add. 1968, Act 352, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter 16.
Creditor-Placed Insurance


500.1601 Insurer or producer transacting creditor-placed insurance; scope.

Sec. 1601.

(1) This chapter applies to an insurer or producer transacting creditor-placed insurance as defined in this chapter.

(2) All creditor-placed insurance written in connection with credit transactions for personal, family, or household purposes is subject to the provisions of this chapter, except for the following:

(a) Transactions involving extensions of credit primarily for business or commercial purposes.

(b) Insurance on collateralized real property.

(c) Insurance offered by the creditor and elected by the debtor at the debtor's option.

(d) Insurance for which no specific charge is made to the debtor or the debtor's account.

(e) Blanket insurance, whether paid for by the debtor or the creditor.


History: Add. 2002, Act 655, Eff. Mar. 23, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1603 Private cause of action not created.

Sec. 1603.

This chapter does not create or imply a private cause of action for violation of this chapter and does not extinguish any debtor rights available under common law or other state statute.


History: Add. 2002, Act 655, Eff. Mar. 23, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1605 Definitions.

Sec. 1605.

As used in this chapter:

(a) “Actual cash value” means the cost of replacing damaged or destroyed property with comparable new property, minus depreciation and obsolescence.

(b) “Blanket insurance” means insurance that provides coverage on collateral as defined in a policy issued to a creditor, without specifically listing the collateral covered.

(c) “Collateral” means personal property that is pledged as security for the satisfaction of a debt.

(d) “Credit agreement” means the written document that sets forth the terms of the credit transaction and includes the security agreement.

(e) “Credit transaction” means a transaction by the terms of which the repayment of money loaned or credit commitment made, or payment of goods, services, or properties sold or leased, is to be made at a future date or dates.

(f) “Creditor” means the lender of money or vendor or lessor of goods, services, property, rights, or privileges for which payment is arranged through a credit transaction, or any successor to the right, title, or interest of a lender, vendor, or lessor.

(g) “Creditor-placed insurance” means insurance that is purchased unilaterally by the creditor, who is the named insured, subsequent to the date of the credit transaction, providing coverage against loss, expense, or damage to collateralized personal property as a result of fire, theft, collision, or other risks of loss that would either impair a creditor's interest or adversely affect the value of collateral covered by limited dual interest insurance. Creditor-placed insurance is purchased according to the terms of the credit agreement as a result of the debtor's failure to provide required physical damage insurance, with the cost of the coverage being charged to the debtor. It is either single interest insurance or limited dual interest insurance.

(h) “Debtor” means the borrower of money or a purchaser or lessee of goods, services, property, rights, or privileges, for which payment is arranged through a credit transaction.

(i) “Insurance tracking” means monitoring evidence of insurance on collateralized credit transactions to determine whether insurance required by the credit agreement has lapsed, and communicating with debtors concerning the status of insurance coverage.

(j) “Lapse” means that the insurance coverage required by the credit agreement is not in force.

(k) “Limited dual interest insurance” means insurance purchased by the creditor to insure its interest in the collateral securing the debtor's credit transaction. Limited dual interest insurance waives the 3 conditions for loss payment under single interest insurance and extends coverage on the collateral while in the possession of the debtor.

(l) “Loss ratio” means the ratio of incurred losses to earned premium.

(m) “Net debt” means the amount necessary to liquidate the remaining debt in a single lump-sum payment, excluding all unearned interest and other unearned charges.

(n) “Producer” means a person who receives a commission for insurance placed or written or who, on behalf of an insurer or creditor, solicits, negotiates, effects, procures, delivers, renews, continues, or binds policies of insurance to which this chapter applies, but does not include the following:

(i) A regular salaried officer, employee, or other representative of an insurer who devotes substantially all working time to activities other than those specified in this subdivision and who receives no compensation that is directly dependent on the amount of insurance business written.

(ii) A regular salaried officer or employee of a creditor who receives no compensation that is directly dependent on the amount of insurance effected or procured.

(o) “Single interest insurance” means insurance purchased by the creditor to insure its interest in the collateral securing a debtor's credit transaction where the following 3 conditions must be met for payment of loss under the policy:

(i) The debtor has defaulted in payment.

(ii) The creditor has legally repossessed the collateral, unless collateral has been stolen from the debtor.

(iii) The creditor has suffered an impairment of interest.


History: Add. 2002, Act 655, Eff. Mar. 23, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1607 Dates on which insurance effective or terminated.

Sec. 1607.

(1) Creditor-placed insurance shall become effective on the latest of the following dates:

(a) The date of the credit transaction.

(b) The date prior coverage, including prior creditor-placed insurance coverage, lapsed.

(c) One year before the date on which the related insurance charge is made to the debtor's account.

(d) A later date provided for in the agreement between the creditor and insurer.

(2) Creditor-placed insurance shall terminate on the earliest of the following dates:

(a) The date other acceptable insurance becomes effective, subject to the debtor providing acceptable evidence of the other insurance to the creditor.

(b) The date the collateralized personal property is repossessed, unless the property is returned to the debtor within 10 days of the repossession.

(c) The date the collateralized personal property is determined by the insurer to be a total loss.

(d) The date the debt is completely extinguished.

(e) An earlier date specified in the individual policy or certificate of insurance.

(3) An insurance charge shall not be made to a debtor for a term longer than the scheduled term of the creditor-placed insurance when it becomes effective, and an insurance charge shall not be made to the debtor for creditor-placed insurance before the effective date of the insurance.

(4) If a charge is made to a debtor for creditor-placed insurance coverage that exceeds a term of 1 year, the debtor shall be notified at least annually that the insurance will be canceled and a refund or credit of unearned charges made if evidence of acceptable insurance secured by the debtor is provided.


History: Add. 2002, Act 655, Eff. Mar. 23, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1609 Premiums; calculation; limitation; charges creating balloon payment prohibited.

Sec. 1609.

(1) Premiums for creditor-placed insurance coverage may be calculated based on an amount not exceeding the net debt even though the coverage may limit the insurer's liability to the net debt, actual cash value, or cost of repair, or other premium calculation methods that more closely reflect the exposure of each item insured and approximate the premium calculation method of the coverage required by the credit agreement.

(2) An insurer shall not write creditor-placed insurance for which the premium rate differs from that determined by the schedules of the insurer on file with the commissioner. The premium or amount charged to the debtor for creditor-placed insurance shall not exceed the premiums charged by the insurer, computed at the time the charge to the debtor is determined.

(3) A method of billing insurance charges to the debtor on closed-end credit transactions that creates a balloon payment at the end of the credit transaction or extends the credit transaction's maturity date is prohibited, unless specifically disclosed at the time of the origination of the credit agreement and specifically agreed to by the debtor at the time the charge is added to the outstanding credit balance.


History: Add. 2002, Act 655, Eff. Mar. 23, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1611 Exclusions.

Sec. 1611.

(1) Creditor-placed insurance coverage does not include any of the following:

(a) Coverage for the cost of repossession.

(b) Skip, confiscation, and conversion coverage.

(c) Coverage for payment of mechanics' or other liens that do not arise from a covered loss occurrence.

(d) Coverage that requires a debtor's insurance deductible to be less than $250.00.

(e) Coverage that is broader than the insurance coverages that meet the minimum insurance requirements of the credit agreement.

(2) This section does not prohibit the issuance of a separate policy or endorsement providing the coverages listed in subsection (1). However, no charge shall be passed along to the debtor for these coverages.


History: Add. 2002, Act 655, Eff. Mar. 23, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1613 Evidence of insurance coverage.

Sec. 1613.

Creditor-placed insurance shall be set forth in an individual policy or certificate of insurance. A copy of the individual policy, certificate of insurance coverage, or other evidence of insurance coverage shall be mailed, first-class mail, or delivered in person to the last known address of the debtor.


History: Add. 2002, Act 655, Eff. Mar. 23, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1615 Policy forms and certificates of insurance; filing; schedule of premium rates; withdrawal of approval.

Sec. 1615.

(1) All policy forms and certificates of insurance to be delivered or issued for delivery in this state and the schedules of premium rates pertaining to them shall be filed with the commissioner.

(2) Within 30 days after the filing of the policy forms and certificates of insurance, the commissioner shall disapprove a form that does not conform to this act. Within 30 days of filing, the commissioner shall disapprove a schedule of premium rates pertaining to the form if it does not conform to the standard set forth in subsection (5).

(3) If the commissioner disapproves a form or schedule of premium rates, the commissioner shall promptly notify the insurer in writing of the disapproval, and the insurer shall not issue or use the form or schedule. The commissioner shall specify the reasons for disapproval in the notice and state that a hearing will be granted upon request pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328.

(4) Unless the commissioner disapproves the form or schedule of premium rates as provided in this section or gives written approval of the form or schedule within 30 days after the filing, the form or schedule is considered approved 31 days after the filing.

(5) A schedule of premium rates shall provide for premiums that are not unreasonable in relation to the benefits provided by the form to which the schedule applies. A premium rate or schedule of premium rates is reasonable for purposes of this section if the rate or schedule of rates produces or may reasonably be expected to produce a loss ratio of 60% or greater. This subsection does not prohibit the commissioner from approving other loss ratios he or she finds reasonable.

(6) The commissioner may withdraw approval of an approved form or schedule of premium rates when the commissioner would be required to disapprove the form or schedule of premium rates if it were filed at the time of the withdrawal. The withdrawal shall be in writing and shall specify the reasons for withdrawal and the effective date of the withdrawal. An insurer adversely affected by a withdrawal may, within 30 days after receiving the written notification of the withdrawal, request a hearing pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, to determine whether the withdrawal should be annulled, modified, or confirmed. Unless the commissioner grants an extension in writing in the withdrawal or subsequently grants an extension, the withdrawal, in the absence of a request for hearing, shall become effective prospectively and not retroactively, 91 days after delivery of the notice of withdrawal and, if the request for hearing is filed, 91 days after delivery of written notice of the commissioner's determination.


History: Add. 2002, Act 655, Eff. Mar. 23, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1617 Refund of unearned premium or other charges; statement of refund; amount.

Sec. 1617.

(1) Not later than 60 days after the termination of creditor-placed insurance coverage, and in accordance with sections 2833(1)(h) and 3020(1)(c), an insurer shall refund any unearned premium or other identifiable charges.

(2) Not later than 60 days after the termination date of creditor-placed insurance coverage, the insurer shall provide to the debtor a statement of refund disclosing the effective date, the termination date, the amount of premium being refunded, and the amount of premium charged for the coverage provided.

(3) If coverage under this chapter is not provided, the entire amount of premiums, minimum premiums, fees, or charges of any kind shall be refunded.


History: Add. 2002, Act 655, Eff. Mar. 23, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1619 Loss incurred; payment; reduced net debt or actual cash value amounts; subrogation; written statement; towing and storage charges.

Sec. 1619.

(1) If a loss is incurred under a creditor-placed insurance policy, the insurer shall pay, at a minimum, the lesser of the following, determined as of the date of loss:

(a) The cost to repair the collateral less any applicable deductible.

(b) The actual cash value of the collateral, less any applicable deductible.

(c) The net debt, less any applicable deductible. The method of calculation of net debt payable pursuant to this subdivision shall be identical to the method of calculation of net debt for payment of premiums pursuant to section 1609(1).

(d) If single interest insurance is provided, the amount by which the creditor's interest is impaired.

(2) The net debt or actual cash value amounts in subsection (1) may be reduced by the value of salvage if the insurer does not take possession of the insured property.

(3) In the event of a loss, no subrogation shall run against the debtor from the insurer.

(4) Whenever a claim is made on a creditor-placed insurance policy, the insurer shall furnish to the claimant a written statement of the loss explaining the settlement amount and the method of settlement.

(5) A creditor or insurer shall not abandon salvage to a towing or storage facility in lieu of payment of storage fees without the consent of the facility and the claimant. The insurer shall be responsible for the payment of towing and storage charges for a covered loss occurrence from the time the claim is reported to the insurer in accordance with the terms of the policy to the time the claim is paid. The insurer shall give written notice to the claimant when the claim is paid that the claimant may incur storage charges after the date the claim is paid.


History: Add. 2002, Act 655, Eff. Mar. 23, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1621 Insurance on collateral; conditions.

Sec. 1621.

(1) For a creditor to place insurance on collateral pledged by the debtor and pass the cost of the insurance on to the debtor, all of the following must be met:

(a) The creditor must have a security interest in the collateral.

(b) The credit agreement must require the debtor to maintain insurance on the collateral to protect the creditor's interest.

(c) The credit agreement must authorize the creditor to place the insurance if the debtor fails to provide evidence of the insurance.

(d) The requirements listed in subdivisions (a) to (c) must be clearly disclosed to the debtor at the inception of the credit transaction.

(2) A debtor has the right to provide required insurance through existing policies of insurance owned or controlled by the debtor or of procuring and furnishing the required coverage through an insurer authorized to transact insurance within this state. However, a creditor may establish maximum acceptable deductibles, insurer solidity standards, and other reasonable conditions with respect to the required insurance.


History: Add. 2002, Act 655, Eff. Mar. 23, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1623 Rebates or inducements; prohibitions.

Sec. 1623.

(1) The entire amount of the premium due from a creditor shall be remitted to the insurer or its producer in accordance with the insurer's requirements. No commissions may be paid to, or retained by, a person or entity except a licensed and appointed producer.

(2) A creditor shall not retain unearned premiums upon cancellation of the insurance without crediting to the debtor's account the amount of unearned insurance charges.

(3) Rebates to the creditor of a portion of the premium charged to the debtor are prohibited as are other inducements provided to the creditor by an insurer or producer. All of the following activities are prohibited rebates or inducements:

(a) Allowing insurers or producers to purchase certificates of deposit from the creditor or to maintain accounts with the creditor at less than the market interest rates and charges that the creditor applies to other customers for deposit accounts of similar amounts and duration.

(b) Paying a commission to a person, including a creditor, who is not appropriately licensed as a producer in this state.

(c) Purchasing or offering to purchase certificates of deposit from, or maintaining or offering to maintain deposit accounts or investment accounts with a creditor as part of a creditor-placed insurance solicitation.

(d) Any other activity identified by the commissioner and prohibited by rule, regulation, or order.

(4) Prohibited rebates or inducements do not include any of the following:

(a) The paying of commissions and other compensation to a duly licensed and appointed producer, whether or not affiliated with the creditor.

(b) The paying to the creditor policyholder of group experience rated refunds or policy dividends.

(c) The providing of insurance tracking and other services incidental to the creditor-placed insurance program.

(d) The paying to the creditor of amounts intended to reimburse the creditor for its expenses incurred incidental to the creditor-placed insurance program, such as costs of data processing, mail processing, telephone service, insurance tracking, billing, collection, and related activities, provided that these payments are approved in a manner consistent with the procedures in section 1615 and are calculated in a manner that does not exceed an amount reasonably estimated to equal the expenses incurred by the creditor.

(5) An insurer that pays commissions to producers for creditor-placed insurance that are greater than 20% of the net written premium shall demonstrate to the commissioner that the commissions are not unreasonably high in relation to the value of the services rendered.

(6) This section does not prohibit or restrict an insurer or producer from maintaining a demand, premium deposit, or other account or accounts with a creditor for which the insurer or producer provides insurance if the accounts pay the market interest rate and charges that the creditor applies to other customers for deposit accounts of similar amounts and duration.


History: Add. 2002, Act 655, Eff. Mar. 23, 2003
Popular Name: Act 218


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


500.1625 Adequate disclosure of requirement to maintain insurance; notice; final notice; noncompliance.

Sec. 1625.

(1) A creditor shall not impose charges, including premium costs and related interest and finance charges, on a debtor for creditor-placed insurance coverage unless adequate disclosure of the requirement to maintain insurance has been made to the debtor. Adequate disclosure is accomplished if all of the following occur:

(a) The credit agreement sets forth the requirement that the debtor must maintain insurance on the collateral as provided for in section 1621.

(b) The creditor makes reasonable efforts to notify the debtor of the requirement to maintain insurance and allows a reasonable time for compliance with this requirement.

(c) A final notice as required by this chapter is sent to the debtor.

(d) If creditor-placed insurance coverage is issued, a copy of the policy or certificate is sent to the debtor as provided for in section 1613.

(2) After adequate disclosure of the request to maintain insurance has been made to the debtor as required by this section, a creditor may proceed to impose charges for creditor-placed insurance if the debtor fails to provide evidence of insurance. A creditor may impose charges no earlier than 10 days after sending the final notice.

(3) Reasonable efforts to notify the debtor under subsection (1)(b) are accomplished if the creditor does all of the following:

(a) Mails a notice by first-class mail to the debtor's last known address as contained in the creditor's records, stating that the creditor intends to charge the debtor for creditor-placed insurance coverage on the collateral if the debtor fails to provide evidence of the property insurance to the creditor.

(b) Allows the debtor at least 20 days to respond to the notice and provide evidence of acceptable insurance coverage before sending a final notice.

(c) Sends a final notice in compliance with this section by first-class mail to the debtor's last known address as contained in the creditor's records at least 10 days before the cost of insurance is charged to the debtor by the creditor. Proof of the mailing of the final notice shall be retained for at least 3 years following the expiration or termination of the coverage or as otherwise required by law.

(4) The initial notice under this section shall be in a form determined by the creditor to remind the debtor of the requirement to maintain insurance on the collateral. The final notice under this section shall be as complete as the following notice, printed in not less than 12-point type, and modified where necessary to fit the nature of the credit transaction:

FINAL NOTICE

Your credit agreement with us requires you to have property insurance on the collateral until you pay off your loan. You have not given us proof you have insurance on the property. You can ask your insurance company or agent to give us proof of insurance or you can send us proof you have property insurance within 10 calendar days after the date this letter was postmarked. If you do not, we will buy the insurance and charge the cost to you.

You must pay for the property insurance we buy. It may cost more than insurance you can buy on your own. The cost of the insurance we buy may be added to your loan balance and we may charge you interest on it. If we do, you will pay interest at the same rate you pay on your loan.

The insurance we buy will pay claims to us (the creditor) for physical damage to your property. It will not pay any claims made against you [and it may not pay you for any claims you make (delete if limited dual interest coverage)]. The insurance we buy will not give you any liability insurance coverage and will not meet the requirements of a state's financial responsibility law.

We may receive compensation for placing this insurance, which is included in the cost of coverage charged to you.

The property coverage we buy will start on the date shown in the policy or certificate, which may go back to the date of the loan or the date your prior coverage stopped. We will cancel the insurance we bought for you and give you a refund or credit of unearned charges if you give us proof you have bought property insurance somewhere else or if you have paid off the loan.

(5) All creditor-placed insurance shall be set forth in an individual policy or certificate of insurance. Not earlier than the sending of the final notice nor 25 days after a charge is made to the debtor for creditor-placed insurance coverage, the creditor shall cause a copy of the individual policy, certificate, or other evidence of insurance coverage evidencing the creditor-placed insurance coverage to be sent, first-class m