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Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 321 of 2023
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Act 238 of 1975
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Act 238 of 1975

AN ACT to require the reporting of child abuse and neglect by certain persons; to permit the reporting of child abuse and neglect by all persons; to provide for the protection of children who are abused or neglected; to authorize limited detainment in protective custody; to authorize medical examinations; to prescribe the powers and duties of the state department of social services to prevent child abuse and neglect; to prescribe certain powers and duties of local law enforcement agencies; to safeguard and enhance the welfare of children and preserve family life; to provide for the appointment of legal counsel; to provide for the abrogation of privileged communications; to provide civil and criminal immunity for certain persons; to provide rules of evidence in certain cases; to provide for confidentiality of records; to provide for the expungement of certain records; to prescribe penalties; and to repeal certain acts and parts of acts.

History: 1975, Act 238, Eff. Oct. 1, 1975 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 372, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

Section 722.621SectionShort title.
Section 722.622SectionDefinitions.
Section 722.623SectionIndividual required to report child abuse or neglect; report by telephone or online reporting system; written report; contents; transmitting report to centralized intake; copies to prosecuting attorney and probate court; conditions requiring transmission of report to law enforcement agency; pregnancy or presence of sexually transmitted infection in child less than 12 years of age; exposure to or contact with methamphetamine production.
Section 722.623aSectionKnowledge or suspicion of alcohol, controlled substance, or metabolite of controlled substance in body of newborn infant; report required; exception.
Section 722.623bSectionComprehensive training materials; availability.
Section 722.624SectionPersons permitted to report child abuse or neglect.
Section 722.625SectionIdentity of reporting person; confidentiality; disclosure; immunity; good faith presumed.
Section 722.626SectionDetention of child in temporary protective custody; preliminary hearing; examinations; report; medical evaluation.
Section 722.627SectionAvailability of confidential record; closed court proceeding not required; release of reports compiled by law enforcement agency; information obtained by citizen review panel; release or inspection of documents from another agency or organization; sharing of information or records.
Section 722.627aSectionAvailability of information, reports, and records to legislature; disclosure of or keeping confidential information as misdemeanor.
Section 722.627bSectionChild fatality review team; membership; review of child fatality; training and orientation; creation of advisory committee; review by citizen review panel; annual report; transmission of report to governor and legislature; disclosure of information; member of review team as member for purposes of MCL 691.1407; registry of statistical information regarding children's deaths.
Section 722.627cSectionRelease of information from child protective services records or case in which child has died; decision by director; determination.
Section 722.627dSectionRelease of information by director; preliminary decision to release or deny information; extension of time period; evidence.
Section 722.627eSectionRelease of information by director; prohibitions.
Section 722.627fSectionRelease of information by director; preliminary decision to release or deny request; notice; final decision; writing; right to appeal.
Section 722.627gSectionRelease of information by director; individuals to be notified; Wyatt's law.
Section 722.627hSectionAppeal of director's decision.
Section 722.627iSectionFee; federal assurances and waivers.
Section 722.627jSectionStatewide electronic case management system; classification of confirmed cases; placement on central registry; motion for removal; notification; requirements; request for amendment of report; hearing; expungement; death of perpetrator; receipt of central registry placement confirmation; automated systems; search of children's protective services records.
Section 722.627kSectionDeath of child under court jurisdiction; notification to legislator and child advocate.
Section 722.627lSectionStatewide electronic case management system; administrative review for expungement.
Section 722.628SectionReferring report or commencing investigation; informing parent or legal guardian of investigation; duties of department; assistance of and cooperation with law enforcement officials; procedures; procedures by prosecuting attorney; cooperation of school or other institution; information as to disposition of report; request to amend report; exception to reporting requirement; surrender of newborn; training of employees in rights of children and families; determination of open friend of the court case.
Section 722.628aSectionExecution of notices by prosecuting attorney of individuals bound over to circuit court for certain crimes; notification upon final disposition; confidentiality.
Section 722.628bSectionReferral of case to prosecuting attorney; review.
Section 722.628cSectionInterview with child.
Section 722.628dSectionCategories and departmental response.
Section 722.628eSectionInvestigation checklist.
Section 722.629SectionMultidisciplinary services; biennial report; continuing education programs; dissemination of information.
Section 722.629aSectionAnnual report.
Section 722.630SectionLawyer-guardian ad litem.
Section 722.631SectionPrivileged communications.
Section 722.632SectionReport to law enforcement officials or probate court.
Section 722.632aSectionInvestigations by hospital, school, or other agency.
Section 722.632bSectionTask force on prevention of sexual abuse of children; creation; appointment; qualifications; officer; meetings; recommendations; consultation; compensation; abolishment; child excused from participating in information-gathering efforts.
Section 722.633SectionFailure to report suspected child abuse or neglect; damages; violation as misdemeanor; unauthorized dissemination of information as misdemeanor; civil liability; maintaining report or record required to be expunged as misdemeanor; false report of child abuse or neglect.
Section 722.634SectionReligious beliefs.
Section 722.635SectionRepeal of MCL 722.571 to 722.575.
Section 722.636SectionEffective date.
Section 722.637SectionSubmission of petition for authorization under MCL 712A.2; exception.
Section 722.638SectionSubmission of petition for authorization under MCL 712A.2; conditions; request for termination of parental rights; conference.
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