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NOTE: Dates reflect any modification to item, not necessarily a change in law.
CONSTITUTION OF MICHIGAN OF 1963
- STATE CONSTITUTION (Article I § 1 - § 0)
ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS (Article I § 1...§ 27)
Article I § 4 ‑
Freedom of worship and religious belief; appropriations.
Article I § 10 ‑
Attainder; ex post facto laws; impairment of contracts.
Article I § 15 ‑
Double jeopardy; bailable offenses; commencement of trial if bail denied; bail hearing; effective date.
Article I § 17 ‑
Self-incrimination; due process of law; fair treatment at investigations.
Article I § 24 ‑
Rights of crime victims; enforcement; assessment against convicted defendants.
Article II § 9 ‑
Initiative and referendum; limitations; appropriations; petitions.
Article II § 10 ‑
Limitations on terms of office of members of the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate from Michigan.
Article III § 5 ‑
Intergovernmental agreements; service by public officers and employees.
Article IV § 3 ‑
Representatives, number, term; contiguity of districts.
Article IV § 6 ‑
Independent citizens redistricting commission for state legislative and congressional districts.
Article IV § 10 ‑
Legislators and state officers, government contracts, conflict of interest.
Article IV § 11 ‑
Legislators privileged from civil arrest and civil process; limitation; questioning for speech in either house prohibited.
Article IV § 13 ‑
Legislature; time of convening, sine die adjournment, measures carried over.
Article IV § 16 ‑
Legislature; officers, rules of procedure, expulsion of members.
Article IV § 17 ‑
Committees; record of votes, public inspection, notice of hearings.
Article IV § 25 ‑
Revision and amendment of laws; title references, publication of entire sections.
Article IV § 31 ‑
General appropriation bills; priority, statement of estimated revenue.
Article IV § 33 ‑
Bills passed; approval by governor or veto, reconsideration by legislature.
Article IV § 35 ‑
Publication and distribution of laws and judicial decisions.
Article IV § 37 ‑
Administrative rules, suspension by legislative committee.
Article IV § 40 ‑
Alcoholic beverages; age requirement; liquor control commission; excise tax; local option.
Article IV § 52 ‑
Natural resources; conservation, pollution, impairment, destruction.
Article IV § 53 ‑
Auditor general; appointment, qualifications, term, removal, post audits.
Article V § 5 ‑
Examining or licensing board members, qualifications.
Article V § 7 ‑
Vacancies in office; filling, senatorial disapproval of appointees.
Article V § 8 ‑
Principal departments, supervision of governor; information from state officers.
Article V § 11 ‑
Provisional appointments to fill vacancies due to suspension.
Article V § 25 ‑
Lieutenant governor; president of senate, tie vote, duties.
Article V § 28 ‑
State transportation commission; establishment; purpose; appointment, qualifications, and terms of members; director of state transportation department.
Article V § 29 ‑
Civil rights commission; members, term, duties, appropriation.
Article VI § 2 ‑
Justices of the supreme court; number, term, nomination, election.
Article VI § 3 ‑
Chief justice; court administrator; other assistants.
Article VI § 4 ‑
General superintending control over courts; writs; appellate jurisdiction.
Article VI § 5 ‑
Court rules; distinctions between law and equity; master in chancery.
Article VI § 10 ‑
Jurisdiction, practice and procedure of court of appeals.
Article VI § 11 ‑
Circuit courts; judicial circuits, sessions, number of judges.
Article VI § 13 ‑
Circuit courts; jurisdiction, writs, supervisory control over inferior courts.
Article VI § 14 ‑
County clerks; duties, vacancies; prosecuting attorneys, vacancies.
Article VI § 23 ‑
Judicial vacancies, filling; appointee, term; successor; new offices.
Article VI § 26 ‑
Circuit court commissioners and justices of the peace, abolition; courts of limited jurisdiction.
Article VI § 30 ‑
Judicial tenure commission; selection; terms; duties; power of supreme court.
Article VII § 6 ‑
Sheriffs; security, responsibility for acts, ineligibility for other office.
Article VII § 8 ‑
Legislative, administrative, and other powers and duties of boards.
Article VII § 15 ‑
County intervention in public utility service and rate proceedings.
Article VII § 28 ‑
Governmental functions and powers; joint administration, costs and credits, transfers.
Article VII § 29 ‑
Highways, streets, alleys, public places; control, use by public utilities.
Article VII § 31 ‑
Vacation or alteration of roads, streets, alleys, public places.
Article VII § 34 ‑
Construction of constitution and law concerning counties, townships, cities, villages.
Article VIII § 2 ‑
Free public elementary and secondary schools; discrimination.
Article VIII § 4 ‑
Higher education institutions; appropriations, accounting, public sessions of boards.
Article VIII § 5 ‑
University of Michigan, Michigan State University, Wayne State University; controlling boards.
Article VIII § 7 ‑
Community and junior colleges; state board, members, terms, vacancies.
Article IX § 3 ‑
Property taxation; uniformity; assessments; limitations; classes; approval of legislature.
Article IX § 4 ‑
Exemption of religious or educational nonprofit organizations.
Article IX § 6 ‑
Real and tangible personal property; limitation on general ad valorem taxes; adoption and alteration of separate tax limitations; exceptions to limitations; property tax on school district extending into 2 or more counties.
Article IX § 9 ‑
Use of specific taxes on fuels for transportation purposes; authorization of indebtedness and issuance of obligations.
Article IX § 11 ‑
State school aid fund; source; distribution; guarantee to local school district.
Article IX § 19 ‑
Subscription to or interest in stock by state prohibited; exceptions.
Article IX § 20 ‑
Deposit of state money in certain financial institutions; requirements.
Article IX § 23 ‑
Financial records; statement of revenues and expenditures.
Article IX § 25 ‑
Voter approval of increased local taxes; prohibitions; emergency conditions; repayment of bonded indebtedness guaranteed; implementation of section.
Article IX § 26 ‑
Limitation on taxes; revenue limit; refunding or transferring excess revenues; exceptions to revenue limitation; adjustment of state revenue and spending limits.
Article IX § 29 ‑
State financing of activities or services required of local government by state law.
Article IX § 30 ‑
Reduction of state spending paid to units of local government.
Article IX § 31 ‑
Levying tax or increasing rate of existing tax; maximum tax rate on new base; increase in assessed valuation of property; exceptions to limitations.
Article IX § 38 ‑
Michigan veterans' trust fund board of trustees; establishment.
Article IX § 39 ‑
Michigan veterans' trust fund board of trustees; administration of trust fund.
Article X § 1 ‑
Disabilities of coverture abolished; separate property of wife; dower.
Article X § 3 ‑
Homestead and personalty, exemption from process.
ARTICLE XI PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYMENT (Article XI § 1...§ 8)
Article XI § 4 ‑
Custodian of public moneys; eligibility to office, accounting.
Article XI § 5 ‑
Classified state civil service; scope; exempted positions; appointment and terms of members of state civil service commission; state personnel director; duties of commission; collective bargaining for state police troopers and sergeants; appointments, promotions, demotions, or removals; increases or reductions in compensation; creating or abolishing positions; recommending compensation for unclassified service; appropriation; reports of expenditures; annual audit; payment for personal services; violation; injunctive or mandamus proceedings.
Article XI § 8 ‑
Convictions for certain felonies; eligibility for elective office or certain positions of public employment.
Article XII § 3 ‑
General revision of constitution; submission of question, convention delegates and meeting.
ARTICLE SCHEDULE SCHEDULE AND TEMPORARY PROVISIONS To insure the orderly transition from the constitution of 1908 to this constitution the following schedule and temporary provisions are set forth to be effective for such period as are thereby required. (Schedule § 1...§ 0)
Schedule § 1 ‑
Recommendations by attorney general for changes in laws.
Schedule § 2 ‑
Existing public and private rights, continuance.
Schedule § 5 ‑
State elective executive officers and senators, 2 and 4 year terms.
Schedule § 7 ‑
Judges of probate, eligibility for re-election.
Schedule § 9 ‑
State board of education; first election, terms.
Schedule § 10 ‑
Boards controlling higher education institutions and state board of public community and junior colleges, terms.
Schedule § 11 ‑
Michigan State University trustees and Wayne State University governors, terms.
Schedule § 12 ‑
Initial allocation of departments by law or executive order.
Schedule § 14 ‑
Mackinac Bridge Authority; refunding of bonds, transfer of functions to highway department.