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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 126 of 2023
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Act 278 of 1909
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Act 278 of 1909

AN ACT to provide for the incorporation of villages and for revising and amending their charters; to provide for the levy and collection of taxes, borrowing of money, and issuance of bonds and other evidences of indebtedness; to validate bonds issued and obligations previously incurred; and to prescribe penalties and provide remedies.

History: 1909, Act 278, Eff. Sept. 1, 1909 ;-- Am. 1913, Act 95, Imd. Eff. Apr. 21, 1913 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 80, Imd. Eff. July 31, 1973 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 148, Eff. Mar. 23, 1999

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

Section 78.1SectionShort title; corporate existence of villages to continue; village subject to general laws; seal; suit.
Section 78.1aSectionConducting business at public meeting; notice of meeting; availability of certain writings to public.
Section 78.1bSectionEmergency financial manager; authority and responsibilities.
Section 78.2SectionIncorporation, detachment or addition of territory, or consolidation; petition; signatures; incorporation of summer resort association; proceedings; certification; appointment, oath, duties, and compensation of enumerators; sworn statement; “qualified electors” defined.
Section 78.2aSectionViolation of MCL 168.1 to 168.992 applicable to petitions; penalties.
Section 78.3SectionPetitions; contents.
Section 78.4SectionPetition; presentation; action of county board of commissioners; resolution; vote; review.
Section 78.5SectionIncorporation, consolidation or change of boundaries; affected district; referendum; authorizing vote.
Section 78.5aSectionAnnexation; petition; vote; approval of adjoining city, village or township.
Section 78.6SectionPetition and resolution; certified copies, transmittal to local clerks, time; election notices.
Section 78.7SectionVillages in more than 1 county; incorporation, consolidation or change in boundary; procedure.
Section 78.8SectionReturns canvass.
Section 78.9SectionProceedings; copy filed with secretary of state; recording; change effected; certificate to state treasurer; time.
Section 78.10SectionAnnexation of entire village or township; incorporation of village from part of township; annexation of part of city, village, or township by village.
Section 78.11SectionNew village; charter commission, election, manner, duties, oath; proposed charter, vote, manner; notices.
Section 78.12SectionVillage charter; rejection; effect; president de facto; resubmission; revert to prior status.
Section 78.13SectionVillage charter; new charter commission, petition, procedure, duties; eligibility; expenses, payment; territory, control.
Section 78.14SectionVillage charter; revision.
Section 78.15SectionElection of charter commission; details fixed by legislative body.
Section 78.16SectionCharter commission; quorum.
Section 78.17SectionCharter; amendments, submission.
Section 78.18SectionCharter commission; prosecuting attorneys to give advice; charter vote prerequisites.
Section 78.19SectionCharter; publication prerequisites.
Section 78.20SectionCharter of amendment; approval; filing time.
Section 78.21SectionElection; expenses; manner of conducting.
Section 78.22SectionPolice officers of village; powers.
Section 78.22aSectionDistrict court or municipal court; hearing and determining cases.
Section 78.22bSectionPolice officer; authority to execute bench warrant.
Section 78.23SectionVillage charter; mandatory provisions.
Section 78.24SectionVillage charter; permissible provisions.
Section 78.24aSectionCodification of ordinances.
Section 78.24bSectionEnergy conservation improvements; acquisition or financing; resolution; payment; scope of improvements; acquisition of improvements by contract, lease-purchase agreement, or notes; reports; forms; terms of lease-purchase agreement.
Section 78.24cSectionAcquisition of land for disposal of sewage or protection of water supply.
Section 78.24dSectionStaggered terms of office; resolution; length of initial terms; applicability of subsection (1).
Section 78.25SectionStatutory provisions; adoption.
Section 78.25aSectionOrdinance; designation of violation as civil infraction; civil fine; act or omission constituting crime.
Section 78.25bSectionRecreational trailway; posting of ordinance; prohibited violation of ordinance as municipal civil infraction; penalty.
Section 78.26SectionProhibited powers; computation of indebtedness.
Section 78.26aSectionLocomotives; enforceability of ordinance prescribing maximum speed limit.
Section 78.27SectionVillage charter; prohibited conflicts.
Section 78.28SectionConstruction of act.
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