PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS (EXCERPT)
Act 336 of 1947
423.201 Definitions; rights of public employees.
(1) As used in this act:
(a) "Bargaining representative" means a labor organization recognized by an employer or certified by the commission as the sole and exclusive bargaining representative of certain employees of the employer.
(b) "Commission" means the employment relations commission created in section 3 of 1939 PA 176, MCL 423.3.
(c) "Intermediate school district" means that term as defined in section 4 of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.4.
(d) "Lockout" means the temporary withholding of work from a group of employees by shutting down the operation of the employer to bring pressure upon the affected employees or the bargaining representative, or both, to accept the employer's terms of settlement of a labor dispute.
(e) "Public employee" means an individual holding a position by appointment or employment in the government of this state, in the government of 1 or more of the political subdivisions of this state, in the public school service, in a public or special district, in the service of an authority, commission, or board, or in any other branch of the public service, subject to the following exceptions:
(i) An individual employed by a private organization or entity who provides services under a time-limited contract with this state or a political subdivision of this state or who receives a direct or indirect government subsidy in his or her private employment is not an employee of this state or that political subdivision, and is not a public employee. This provision shall not be superseded by any interlocal agreement, memorandum of understanding, memorandum of commitment, or other document similar to these.
(ii) If, by April 9, 2000, a public school employer that is the chief executive officer serving in a school district of the first class under part 5A of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.371 to 380.376, issues an order determining that it is in the best interests of the school district, then a public school administrator employed by that school district is not a public employee for purposes of this act. The exception under this subparagraph applies to public school administrators employed by that school district after the date of the order described in this subparagraph whether or not the chief executive officer remains in place in the school district. This exception does not prohibit the chief executive officer or board of a school district of the first class or its designee from having informal meetings with public school administrators to discuss wages and working conditions.
(iii) An individual serving as a graduate student research assistant or in an equivalent position, a student participating in intercollegiate athletics on behalf of a public university in this state, or any individual whose position does not have sufficient indicia of an employer-employee relationship using the 20-factor test announced by the internal revenue service of the United States department of treasury in revenue ruling 87-41, 1987-1 C.B. 296 is not a public employee entitled to representation or collective bargaining rights under this act.
(f) "Public school academy" means a public school academy or strict discipline academy organized under the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.1 to 380.1852.
(g) "Public school administrator" means a superintendent, assistant superintendent, chief business official, principal, or assistant principal employed by a school district, intermediate school district, or public school academy.
(h) "Public school employer" means a public employer that is the board of a school district, intermediate school district, or public school academy; is the chief executive officer of a school district in which a school reform board is in place under part 5A of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.371 to 380.376; or is the governing board of a joint endeavor or consortium consisting of any combination of school districts, intermediate school districts, or public school academies.
(i) "School district" means that term as defined in section 6 of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.6, or a local act school district as defined in section 5 of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.5.
(j) "Strike" means the concerted failure to report for duty, the willful absence from one's position, the stoppage of work, or the abstinence in whole or in part from the full, faithful, and proper performance of the duties of employment for the purpose of inducing, influencing, or coercing a change in employment conditions, compensation, or the rights, privileges, or obligations of employment. For employees of a public school employer, strike also includes an action described in this subdivision that is taken for the purpose of protesting or responding to an act alleged or determined to be an unfair labor practice committed by the public school employer.
(2) This act does not limit, impair, or affect the right of a public employee to the expression or communication of a view, grievance, complaint, or opinion on any matter related to the conditions or compensation of public employment or their betterment as long as the expression or communication does not interfere with the full, faithful, and proper performance of the duties of employment.
History: 1947, Act 336, Eff. Oct. 11, 1947
CL 1948, 423.201
Am. 1965, Act 379, Imd. Eff. July 23, 1965
Am. 1973, Act 25, Imd. Eff. June 14, 1973
Am. 1976, Act 18, Imd. Eff. Feb. 20, 1976
Am. 1994, Act 112, Eff. Mar. 30, 1995
Am. 1996, Act 543, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Am. 1999, Act 204, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Am. 2012, Act 45, Imd. Eff. Mar. 13, 2012
Am. 2012, Act 76, Imd. Eff. Apr. 10, 2012
Am. 2012, Act 349, Eff. Mar. 28, 2013
Am. 2014, Act 414, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2014
Constitutionality: The Michigan supreme court held in In The Matter Of The Petition For A Representation Election Among Supreme Court Staff Employees, 406 Mich 647; 281 NW2d 299 (1979), that Const 1963, art III, § 2, considered with Const 1963, art IV, § 48, precludes the Michigan employment relations commission from taking jurisdiction over the Michigan supreme court.
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 349 of 2012 provides:"Enacting section 1. If any part or parts of this act are found to be in conflict with the state constitution of 1963, the United States constitution, or federal law, this act shall be implemented to the maximum extent that the state constitution of 1963, the United States constitution, and federal law permit. Any provision held invalid or inoperative shall be severable from the remaining portions of this act."Enacting section 1 of Act 414 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. If any part or parts of this act are found to be in conflict with the state constitution of 1963, the United States constitution, or federal law, this act shall be implemented to the maximum extent that the state constitution of 1963, the United States constitution, and federal law permit. Any provision held invalid or inoperable shall be severable from the remaining portions of this act."
Popular Name: Public Employment Relations