REVISED JUDICATURE ACT OF 1961 (EXCERPT)
Act 236 of 1961
600.2137 Reproduction of court records; maintenance in archives; disposition or destruction of records; reproduction or copy admissible in evidence.
(1) If a public officer reproduces court records kept by him or her pursuant to the records reproduction act, 1992 PA 116, MCL 24.401 to 24.406, the officer may offer the original records to the department or state agency responsible for maintaining the state archives for placement in the state archives. If the department or state agency responsible for maintaining the state archives accepts the offer within 30 days, the court shall transfer the records to that department or state agency. If the department or state agency responsible for maintaining the state archives does not accept the offer within 30 days, the court may dispose of or destroy the records in the manner provided for state agencies under sections 285 and 287 of the management and budget act, 1984 PA 431, MCL 18.1285 and 18.1287, and section 5 of 1913 PA 271, MCL 399.5. The record of a court shall not be disposed of or destroyed until the record has been in the custody of the court for not less than 6 years.
(2) In a county or probate court district in which the county board or boards of commissioners pass a resolution or resolutions for reproducing records pursuant to the records reproduction act, 1992 PA 116, MCL 24.401 to 24.406, the judge of probate may have the records of the probate court reproduced in accordance with the resolution or resolutions. The judge of probate shall have a copy or a duplicate kept in a building outside of the probate office and shall keep a copy available in the probate office with any suitable equipment necessary for displaying the record at not less than its original size or for preparing copies for persons entitled to copies. The judge of probate then may order a record destroyed. A reproduction in a medium pursuant to the records reproduction act, 1992 PA 116, MCL 24.401 to 24.406, or a reproduction consisting of a printout or other output readable by sight from such a medium is admissible as evidence before a court, commission, or administrative body the same as the original. The original file of an estate proceeding shall not be destroyed until 6 years after the date the discharge of the fiduciary is filed or 10 years after the last document is filed, whichever occurs first.
(3) A court of record other than the district court may order the destruction of a court reporter or recorder note, tape, or recording 15 years after the date that the note, tape, or recording was made for a felony case and 10 years after the date that the note, tape, or recording was made for any other case. One year after a transcript of a note, tape, or recording is filed with the court, the court may order the destruction of the note, tape, or recording. If a transcript of a trial or other proceeding in a court of record other than the district court is ordered other than for filing in the case file, the court reporter or recorder also shall prepare and shall file a certified copy of the transcript in the case file at the expense of the person ordering the transcript unless a copy has been filed with the court or unless the chief judge of the court orders otherwise in an order filed in the case file. As used in this subsection, "felony case" does not include proceedings in a case that occur before arraignment on information or indictment or proceedings in a case in which the defendant is not convicted of a felony.
(4) Except as provided in subsection (3), a judicial circuit of the circuit court may order the destruction of its files and records in a case in which action has not been taken during the 25 years immediately preceding the order of destruction. All of the following procedures shall be followed before the issuance of an order of destruction of circuit court files and records:
(a) The judgment or decree, if any, shall be reproduced pursuant to the records reproduction act, 1992 PA 116, MCL 24.401 to 24.406, or separated and retained, and the original or reproduction shall be made available for public inspection.
(b) The circuit court shall offer the files and records, subject to the order of destruction, to the Michigan historical commission established by section 1 of 1913 PA 271, MCL 399.1, or a historical commission created under section 2 of 1957 PA 213, MCL 399.172. If the historical commission accepts the offer within 30 days, the circuit court shall transfer the files and records to the historical commission. If the historical commission does not accept the offer within 30 days, the circuit court shall issue an order of destruction.
(5) A reproduction of a record in a medium pursuant to the records reproduction act, 1992 PA 116, MCL 24.401 to 24.406, or a reproduction consisting of a printout or other output readable by sight from such a medium, made as provided by law, has the same force and effect as the original would have had and shall be treated as an original for the purpose of admissibility in evidence. A duly certified or authenticated copy of the reproduction shall be admitted into evidence equally with the original reproduction.
(6) Except for records described in subsection (3), this section only applies to records filed with the court and maintained by the court clerk or register.
History: 1961, Act 236, Eff. Jan 1, 1963
Am. 1964, Act 244, Eff. Aug. 28, 1964
Am. 1975, Act 248, Imd. Eff. Sept. 4, 1975
Am. 1984, Act 43, Imd. Eff. Mar. 26, 1984
Am. 1986, Act 308, Eff. Jan. 1, 1987
Am. 1992, Act 192, Imd. Eff. Oct. 5, 1992
Am. 2001, Act 76, Imd. Eff. July 24, 2001
Am. 2009, Act 239, Imd. Eff. Jan. 8, 2010
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of department of history, arts, and libraries regarding state archives program to department of natural resources, see E.R.O. No. 2009-26, compiled at MCL 399.752.
© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan