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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 56 and includes 58-108 of 2018
House: Adjourned until Tuesday, April 24, 2018 1:30:00 PM
Senate: Adjourned until Tuesday, April 24, 2018 10:00:00 AM

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Section 324.20131

Act 451 of 1994

324.20131 Limitations on liability; circumstances requiring total costs and damages.

Sec. 20131.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2), the liability under this part for each release or threat of release shall not exceed the total of all the costs of response activities, fines, and exemplary damages, plus $50,000,000.00 damages for injury to, destruction of, or loss of natural resources resulting from the release or threat of release, including the reasonable costs of assessing the injury, destruction, or loss resulting from the release or threat of release.

(2) Notwithstanding the limitations in subsection (1), the liability of a person under this part shall be the full and total costs and damages listed in subsection (1), in either of the following circumstances:

(a) The release or threatened release of a hazardous substance was the result of willful misconduct or gross negligence of the party.

(b) The primary cause of the release or threat of release was a knowing violation of applicable safety, construction, or operating standards or regulations.

History: 1994, Act 451, Eff. Mar. 30, 1995
Popular Name: Act 451
Popular Name: Environmental Remediation
Popular Name: Environmental Response Act
Popular Name: NREPA

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