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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 578 of 2018
House: Adjourned until Tuesday, April 9, 2019 1:30:00 PM

Michigan Legislature

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Section 324.8904

NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (EXCERPT)
Act 451 of 1994


324.8904 Presumptions.

Sec. 8904.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (3) involving litter from a leased vehicle or leased vessel, in a proceeding for a violation of this part involving litter from a motor vehicle or vessel, proof that the particular vehicle or vessel described in the citation, complaint, or warrant was used in the violation, together with proof that the defendant named in the citation, complaint, or warrant was the registered owner of the vehicle or vessel at the time of the violation, gives rise to a rebuttable presumption that the registered owner of the vehicle or vessel was the driver of the vehicle or vessel at the time of the violation.

(2) There is a rebuttable presumption that the driver of a vehicle or vessel is responsible for litter that is thrown, dumped, deposited, placed, or left from the vehicle or vessel on public or private property or water.

(3) In a proceeding for a violation of this part involving litter from a leased motor vehicle or leased vessel, proof that the particular vehicle or vessel described in the citation, complaint, or warrant was used in the violation, together with proof that the defendant named in the citation, complaint, or warrant was the lessee of the vehicle or vessel at the time of the violation, gives rise to a rebuttable presumption that the lessee of the vehicle or vessel was the driver of the vehicle or vessel at the time of the violation.

(4) In a proceeding for a violation of this part involving litter consisting of an abandoned vehicle, proof that the particular vehicle described in the citation, complaint, or warrant was abandoned, and that the defendant named in the citation, complaint, or warrant was the titled owner or lessee of the vehicle at the time it was abandoned, gives rise to a rebuttable presumption that the defendant abandoned the vehicle.


History: 1994, Act 451, Eff. Mar. 30, 1995 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 111, Imd. Eff. June 28, 1995 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 15, Imd. Eff. Mar. 9, 1998 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 494, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2004
Popular Name: Act 451
Popular Name: Littering
Popular Name: NREPA


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

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