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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 83 of 2021
House: Adjourned until Tuesday, September 28, 2021 1:30:00 PM
Senate: Adjourned until Tuesday, September 28, 2021 10:00:00 AM

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Act 288 of 1939
Chapter X

Section 710.1-710.14SectionRepealed. 1974, Act 296, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975.
Section 710.21SectionShort title of act; Michigan adoption code.
Section 710.21aSectionGeneral purposes of chapter.
Section 710.21bSectionCourt order or decree issued in another country; rights and obligations of parties.
Section 710.22SectionDefinitions.
Section 710.22aSectionAdoption placement or issuance of order prohibited; convictions.
Section 710.23SectionHearing appeal brought under MCL 400.115k; powers of court.
Section 710.23aSectionDirect placement by parent or guardian of child for adoption; temporary placement; formal placement; selection by parent or guardian not delegated; information to be provided by prospective adoptive parent, adoption attorney, or child placing agency; placement of child with stepparent or relative; attendance of child at hearing.
Section 710.23bSectionPlacement of child by child placing agency or department of social services; written authorization from parent or guardian for temporary placement; assistance; involvement of parent or guardian in selection of adoptive parent; validity of authorization.
Section 710.23cSectionPlacement of child by court.
Section 710.23dSectionTemporary placement; procedures.
Section 710.23eSectionTemporary placement; hearing to determine custody; petition; ex parte order to return child to parent or guardian; petition requesting court jurisdiction; temporary disposition; powers of court; act as exclusive remedy.
Section 710.23fSectionPreplacement assessment.
Section 710.23gSectionRequirement to provide services that conflict with child placing agency's religious beliefs prohibited; adverse action against child placing agency prohibited.
Section 710.24SectionPetition for adoption; filing; jurisdiction; verification; contents; preplacement assessment; omission of certain identifying information.
Section 710.24aSectionInterested parties; appointment of guardian to defeat parent's status as interested party.
Section 710.25SectionProceedings; priority; disposition; adjournment or continuance.
Section 710.26SectionDocumentation required; informing adoptee and adoptive parents of MCL 710.27a, 710.27b, 710.68, 710.68a, and 710.68b; applicability of subsection (2); providing adoptee and adoptive parents with list of adoption support groups; applicability of subsection (3).
Section 710.27SectionNonidentifying information to be provided prospective adoptive parent; time of submission; supplemental information; compilation; maintenance; transmission; destruction of information as misdemeanor; forwarding adoption records; adoptions to which section applicable; exchanging identifying information.
Section 710.27aSectionStatement consenting to or denying release of identifying information; statement providing notice that former parent deceased; statement releasing adult former sibling's name and address; presumption of release of certain identifying information.
Section 710.27bSectionCentral adoption registry; establishment; maintenance; statements to be kept on file; forms; transmission of clearance reply; attachments; transmission of statement releasing former adult sibling's name and address.
Section 710.28SectionRelease; persons authorized to execute; release to child placing agency or department; advising parent or guardian of child placing agencies; advising agencies of child's availability for adoption; release of child by agency to department; child as state ward; proof accompanying release.
Section 710.29SectionRelease; separate instrument; persons before whom release executed and acknowledged; execution in another state or country; out-of-court release; verified statement; investigation; explaining legal rights to parent or guardian; order terminating rights; order committing child to child placing agency or department; foster care funding; termination of jurisdiction; hearing to consider revocation of release.
Section 710.31SectionChild born out of wedlock; inability to obtain release or consent of natural father; release by mother; petition of dependency or neglect; order authorizing temporary care; delaying formal execution of mother's release.
Section 710.33SectionNotice of intent to claim paternity.
Section 710.34SectionEx parte petition evidencing intent to release or consent; notice of intent to release or consent; form.
Section 710.36SectionHearing to determine whether child born out of wedlock and to determine identity and rights of father; filing proof of service of notice of intent or acknowledgment; copy of notice of intent to claim paternity; notice of hearing; contents; filing proof of service of notice of hearing; waiver; evidence of identity; affidavit or verified written declaration; finding; adjournment of proceedings.
Section 710.37SectionTermination of rights of putative father.
Section 710.39SectionInquiry into fitness of putative father; determining best interests of child; termination of rights of putative father; determination that rights of putative father not be terminated; use of mother or guardian release or consent relinquishing rights to child; order granting custody to putative father and legitimating child; fee; report.
Section 710.41SectionConditions to placing child in home for purpose of adoption; adoption by foster parent or by petitioner married to parent having legal custody.
Section 710.43SectionConsent to adoption; persons authorized to execute.
Section 710.44SectionConsent to adoption; separate instrument; persons before whom consent executed and acknowledged; execution in another state or country; verified statement; investigation; explaining legal rights of parent or guardian; conditions to execution of adoptee's consent to adoption; out-of-court consent.
Section 710.45SectionWithholding of consent by representative or court; motion by petitioner; decision by court; termination of rights; entering orders; appeal.
Section 710.46SectionInvestigation; considerations; report; waiver.
Section 710.48SectionRepealed. 1980, Act 288, Eff. Oct. 17, 1980.
Section 710.51SectionOrder terminating rights of parents or person in loco parentis; placement of child with petitioner; extension of time; conditions; child as ward of court; termination of jurisdiction; marriage of petitioner to parent having legal custody; placement without making child ward of court; evidence; order terminating rights of divorced or unmarried parent not having legal custody; conditions; consent to services for child by prospective adoptive parents.
Section 710.52SectionSupervision of child; reports.
Section 710.54SectionProhibitions as to money or other consideration or thing of value; statement; compensation for certain activities prohibited; payment of charges; documents filed with court; assuring compliance; approval of fees and expenses; violation.
Section 710.55SectionPersons authorized to place child for adoption or advertise for, solicit, or recruit biological or adoptive parents or guardians; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; “advertise for, solicit, or recruit” defined.
Section 710.55aSectionRepresentation by attorney.
Section 710.56SectionOrder of adoption; time; waiver; extension of time; hearing; effect of filing petition for rehearing or appeal from order terminating parental rights; conditions; adoption of adult.
Section 710.56aSectionRepealed. 2008, Act 331, Eff. Dec. 18, 2008.
Section 710.58SectionOrder of adoption; certified copies.
Section 710.58aSectionInformation to be forwarded by court; “primary adoption facilitator” and “public information form” defined.
Section 710.59SectionChanging name of adopted child; effect on order of adoption and exemplification of record.
Section 710.60SectionAdoptee to be known and called by new name; status and liability of persons adopting adoptee; rights and duties of adopted person; adopted person as heir at law; order for grandparenting time.
Section 710.62SectionEffect of denying order of adoption.
Section 710.63SectionDenial of petition or motion or failure to issue order; statement by court.
Section 710.64SectionRehearing; modifying or setting aside order; entering order with respect to original hearing or rehearing of contested matters.
Section 710.65SectionAppeal to court of appeals; staying court order pending appeal; priority.
Section 710.66SectionAdult adoptee; rescinding adoption by stepparent and restoring parental rights of parent; rescission petition; filing new certificate of birth; hearing; certified copies; effect of entry of order of rescission.
Section 710.67SectionDisposition of adoption records; copying or inspecting records; petition; notice and hearing; granting or denying petition; disclosing names of biological or adoptive parents; certified copy of new birth certificate; powers and duties of children's ombudsman.
Section 710.68SectionNonidentifying and identifying information; request; availability; release; request for adoption record information; identity of court or child placing agency; counseling; list of adoption support groups; transmitting information of medical or genetic condition; return of information undelivered; placement of information in adoption files; releasing or transmitting copies; information returned undelivered; notice to department of community health; sealing original and preparing new birth certificate; release of identifying information as misdemeanor; adoptions to which section applicable; “adult adoptee” defined; fees; waiver; powers and duties of children's ombudsman.
Section 710.68aSectionProviding information pamphlet, list of adoption support groups, and information about MCL 710.27a, 710.27b, 710.68 and 710.68b; placement of requester's current address in adoption files.
Section 710.68bSectionDefinitions; petition to appoint confidential intermediary to search for and contact former family member; approval; training; oath of confidentiality; duties of confidential intermediary; acceptance of money or other value; failure to contact former family member.
Section 710.69SectionViolation of MCL 710.41 as felony.
Section 710.70SectionPrior adoption proceedings or orders of adoption.
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