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Section 475.1

THE MOTOR CARRIER ACT (EXCERPT)
Act 254 of 1933


475.1 Definitions.

Sec. 1.

The words and phrases used in this act shall be construed as follows, unless the context shall otherwise require:

(a) "Motor vehicle" means any automobile, truck, trailer, semitrailer, truck tractor, road tractor, or any self-propelled or motor or mechanically driven vehicle, or any vehicle in anywise attached to, connected with, or drawn by any self-propelled or motor or mechanically driven vehicle, used upon any public highway of this state for the purpose of transporting property.

(b) "Public highway" means any public highway, road, street, avenue, alley, or thoroughfare of any kind, or any bridge, tunnel, or subway used by the public.

(c) "Commission" means the Michigan public service commission.

(d) "Person" means any individual, partnership, association, or corporation, and their lessees, trustees, or receivers appointed by any court.

(e) "For hire" means for remuneration or reward of any kind, paid or promised, either directly or indirectly.

(f) "Motor common carrier of property" means any person who holds himself or herself out to the public as being engaged in the business of a for hire common carrier as at the common law, either directly or through any device or arrangement, including but not limited to those who operate over fixed routes or within 1 mile of a fixed route or between fixed termini, in the transportation by motor vehicle from place to place upon or over the highways of this state, the property, or any property, or any class of property of others who may choose to employ the person.

(g) "The public" means that part or portion of the general public which the motor carrier is ready, able, willing, and equipped to serve.

(h) "Motor contract carrier of property" means any person providing motor vehicle transportation upon the highways of this state for a series of shipments under continuing agreement of not less than 1 year with a person which agreement provides for the assignment of motor vehicles exclusively for each such person while the vehicle is in the service of such person and which agreement is designed to meet the distinct needs of each such person. Lower rates, in and of themselves, shall not constitute a distinct need. A motor contract carrier that possesses a motor common carrier certificate of authority of that class set forth at section 5(6)(a) of article II may commingle authorized contract carrier shipments while providing common carrier service over fixed routes, without assigning any vehicle exclusively for the person or persons for whom contract service is provided. A motor contract carrier authorized to transport packages or articles weighing 70 pounds or less for 1 or more contract shippers may commingle such authorized packages or articles weighing 70 pounds or less in the same vehicle with commodities transported as a common or contract carrier, without assigning any vehicle exclusively for the person or persons for whom contract service is provided. A motor contract carrier authorized to transport coin, currency, or food stamps for 1 or more contract shippers, may commingle such authorized coin, currency, or food stamps in the same vehicle with commodities transported as a common or a contract carrier, without assigning any vehicle exclusively for the person for whom contract service is provided.

(i) "Motor carrier" means both motor common carriers of property and motor contract carriers of property. Motor carrier does not include any person engaged in the transportation of property by motor vehicle upon public highways where the transportation is incidental to, or in furtherance of, any commercial enterprise of the person, other than transportation.

(j) "Certificate of authority" means a certificate issued to a motor common carrier authorizing a transportation service that serves a useful public purpose responsive to a public demand or need, which certificate is issued under the terms of this act.

(k) "Permit" means the permit issued to motor contract carriers under the terms of this act.

(l) "Through any device or arrangement" means any and all methods, means, agreements, circumstances, operations, or subterfuges under which any person undertakes for hire to conduct, direct, control, or otherwise perform the transportation by motor vehicle of property upon the public highways of this state.

(m) "Modified procedure" means that administrative procedure by which the commission may consider evidence and testimony submitted in the form of verified statements in motor carrier matters without the necessity for an oral hearing. The commission may delegate decision-making authority to an employee of the commission staff, so that decisions in modified procedure may be issued under the signature of the employee without a formal commission order.

(n) "Occasional accommodative service" means service limited to operations conducted by persons not regularly engaged in the transportation business of a motor common carrier or a motor contract carrier.

(o) "Useful public purpose" means a purpose for which an applicant can provide adequate, economic, safe, effective, competitive, and equitable motor carrier service to satisfy a demonstrated public need.

(p) "Fit", as applied to a proposed motor carrier service, means safe, suitable, and financially responsible as determined by the commission.

(q) "General rate" means a rate applicable to 2 or more motor carriers which rate is filed pursuant to section 6b of article V.

(r) "Base rate, fare, or charge" means that nondiscounted rate, fare, or charge specified in a carrier's rate schedule on file with the commission.

(s) "Predatory rate" means a rate that is below its fully allocated costs. As used in this subdivision, "fully allocated costs" means total costs, including variable costs, plus an allocation of fixed costs.

(t) "Household goods" means personal effects and property used or to be used in a dwelling when a part of the equipment or supply of that dwelling. Household goods do not include property moving from a factory or store, except such property as the householder has purchased with intent to use in his or her dwelling and that is transported at the request of the householder, the carrier's transportation charges for which are paid by that householder.

(u) "Local move" means a household goods shipment of 40 miles or less, from point of origin to point of destination, as determined by actual miles traveled by the motor carrier and verifiable by odometer reading or mileage guide in general public use.

(v) "Intrastate-only motor carrier of property" means a motor carrier of property that is not a UCR motor carrier.

(w) "Intrastate motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle that is operated by 1 of the following:

(i) An intrastate-only motor carrier of property.

(ii) A motor carrier that uses the motor vehicle to transport household goods on an intrastate basis.

(x) "UCR motor carrier" means a person that is required to pay fees and file information under section 4305 of the federal unified carrier registration act of 2005, 49 USC 14504a.

(y) "Unified carrier registration agreement" means the interstate agreement developed under the unified carrier registration plan governing the collection and distribution of registration and financial responsibility information provided and fees paid by UCR motor carriers, motor private carriers, brokers, freight forwarders, and leasing companies under section 4305 of the federal unified carrier registration act of 2005, 49 USC 14504a.

(z) "Unified carrier registration plan" means the organization of state, federal, and industry representatives responsible for developing, implementing, and administering the unified carrier registration agreement under section 4305 of the federal unified carrier registration act of 2005, 49 USC 14504a.

(aa) "Broker" means that term as defined in 49 USC 13102.

(bb) "Freight forwarder" means that term as defined in 49 USC 13102.

(cc) "Motor private carrier" means that term as defined in 49 USC 13102.

(dd) "Commercial motor vehicle" means that term as defined in 49 USC 14504a.

(ee) "Leasing company" means that term as defined in 49 USC 14504a.


History: 1933, Act 254, Eff. Oct. 17, 1933 ;-- Am. 1945, Act 264, Eff. Sept. 6, 1945 ;-- CL 1948, 475.1 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 173, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 232, Imd. Eff. Aug. 12, 1959 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 399, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1982 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 352, Imd. Eff. Jan. 13, 1994 ;-- Am. 2007, Act 33, Imd. Eff. July 10, 2007 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 584, Imd. Eff. Jan. 16, 2009
Former Law: See Act 209 of 1923, being CL 1929, §§ 11342 to 11352; Act 212 and Act 312 of 1931.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan