REVISED JUDICATURE ACT OF 1961 (EXCERPT)
Act 236 of 1961
600.3240 Redemption of premises; payment; redemption of senior lien; defenses; recordation; redemption periods; inspection of property; "damage" defined; amount stated in recorded affidavit; county having population of more than 750,000 and less than 1,500,000; limitation on amount charged by register of deeds; use of property for agricultural purposes; presumption.
(1) A purchaser's deed under section 3232 is void if the mortgagor, the mortgagor's heirs or personal representative, or any person lawfully claiming under the mortgagor or the mortgagor's heirs or personal representative redeems the entire premises sold by paying the amount required under subsection (2) and any amount required under subsection (4), within the applicable time limit prescribed in subsections (7) to (12), to the purchaser or the purchaser's personal representative or assigns, or to the register of deeds in whose office the deed is deposited for the benefit of the purchaser.
(2) The amount required to be paid under subsection (1) is the amount that was bid for the entire premises sold, interest from the date of the sale at the interest rate provided for by the mortgage, the amount of the sheriff's fee paid by the purchaser under section 2558(2)(q), and an additional $5.00 as a fee for the care and custody of the redemption money if the payment is made to the register of deeds. Except as provided in subsection (15), the register of deeds shall not determine the amount necessary for redemption. The purchaser shall provide an affidavit with the deed to be recorded under this section that states the exact amount required to redeem the property under this subsection, including any daily per diem amounts, and the date by which the property must be redeemed shall be stated on the certificate of sale. The purchaser may include in the affidavit the name of a designee responsible on behalf of the purchaser to assist the person redeeming the property in computing the exact amount required to redeem the property. The designee may charge a fee as stated in the affidavit and may be authorized by the purchaser to receive redemption money. The purchaser shall accept the amount computed by the designee.
(3) If a distinct lot or parcel separately sold is redeemed, leaving a portion of the premises unredeemed, the deed is void only to the redeemed parcel or parcels.
(4) If, after a sale under section 3220, the purchaser, the purchaser's heirs or personal representative, or any person lawfully claiming under the purchaser or the purchaser's heirs or personal representative pays taxes assessed against the property, amounts necessary to redeem senior liens from foreclosure, condominium assessments, homeowner association assessments, community association assessments, or premiums on an insurance policy covering any buildings located on the property that under the terms of the mortgage it would have been the duty of the mortgagor to pay if the mortgage had not been foreclosed and that are necessary to keep the policy in force until the expiration of the period of redemption, redemption shall be made only upon payment of the sum specified in subsection (2) plus the amounts specified in this subsection with interest on the amounts specified in this subsection from the date of the payment to the date of redemption at the interest rate specified in the mortgage. This subsection does not apply unless all of the following are filed with the register of deeds with whom the deed is deposited:
(a) An affidavit by the purchaser or someone in his or her behalf who has knowledge of the facts of the payment showing the amount and items paid.
(b) The receipt or copy of the canceled check evidencing the payment of the taxes, amounts necessary to redeem senior liens from foreclosure, condominium assessments, homeowner association assessments, community association assessments, or insurance premiums.
(c) An affidavit of an insurance agent of the insurance company stating that the payment was made and what portion of the payment covers the premium for the period before the expiration of the period of redemption.
(5) If the redemption payment in subsection (4) includes an amount used to redeem a senior lien from a nonjudicial foreclosure, the mortgagor has the same defenses against the purchaser with respect to the amount used to redeem the senior lien as the mortgagor would have had against the senior lien.
(6) The register of deeds shall indorse on documents filed under subsection (4) the time they are received. The register of deeds shall record the affidavit of the purchaser only and shall preserve in his or her files the recorded affidavit, receipts, insurance receipts, and insurance agent's affidavit until expiration of the period of redemption.
(7) Subject to subsection (13), for a mortgage executed on or after January 1, 1965, of commercial or industrial property, or multifamily residential property in excess of 4 units, the redemption period is 6 months from the date of the sale.
(8) Subject to subsections (9) to (11) and (13), for a mortgage executed on or after January 1, 1965, of residential property not exceeding 4 units, if the amount claimed to be due on the mortgage at the date of the notice of foreclosure is more than 66-2/3% of the original indebtedness secured by the mortgage, the redemption period is 6 months.
(9) For a mortgage of residential property not exceeding 4 units, if the property is abandoned as determined under section 3241, the redemption period is 1 month.
(10) If the property is abandoned as determined under section 3241a, the redemption period is 1 month or until the time to provide the notice required by section 3241a(c) expires, whichever is later.
(11) Subject to subsection (13), for a mortgage of property that is used for agricultural purposes, the redemption period is 1 year from the date of the sale.
(12) If subsections (7) to (11) do not apply, and subject to subsection (13), the redemption period is 1 year from the date of the sale.
(13) After the sale under section 3220 and periodically throughout the redemption period, the purchaser at the sale may inspect the exterior and interior of the property and all ancillary structures. If inspection is unreasonably refused or if damage to the property is imminent or has occurred, the purchaser may immediately commence summary proceedings for possession of the property under chapter 57 or file an action for any other relief necessary to protect the property from damage. A court shall not enter a judgment for possession in an action under chapter 57 if, before the hearing for possession, the mortgagor repairs any damage to the property that was the basis for the action. If a judgment for possession is entered in favor of the purchaser, the right of redemption is extinguished and full title to the property vests in the purchaser. As used in this subsection, "damage" includes, but is not limited to, any of the following:
(a) The failure to comply with local ordinances regarding maintenance of the property, if the failure is the subject of enforcement action by the appropriate governmental unit.
(b) A boarded up or closed off window or entrance.
(c) Multiple broken and unrepaired window panes.
(d) A smashed through, broken off, or unhinged door.
(e) Accumulated rubbish, trash, or debris.
(f) Stripped plumbing, electrical wiring, siding, or other metal material.
(g) Missing fixtures, including, but not limited to, a furnace, water heater, or air conditioning unit.
(h) Deterioration below, or being in imminent danger of deteriorating below, community standards for public safety and sanitation.
(i) A condition that would justify recovery of the premises under section 5714(1)(d).
(14) The amount stated in any affidavits recorded under this section shall be the amount necessary to satisfy the requirements for redemption under this section.
(15) The register of deeds of a county with a population of more than 750,000 and less than 1,500,000, at the request of a person entitled to redeem the property under this section, shall determine the amount necessary for redemption. In determining the amount, the register of deeds shall consider only the affidavits recorded under subsections (2) and (4). A county, register of deeds, or employee of a county or register of deeds is not liable for damages proximately caused by an incorrect determination of an amount necessary for redemption under subsection (2).
(16) A register of deeds may charge not more than $50.00 for determining the amount necessary for redemption under this section.
(17) For purposes of this section, there is a presumption that the property is used for agricultural purposes if, before the foreclosure sale under this chapter, the mortgagor provides the party foreclosing the mortgage and the foreclosing party's attorney proof that the mortgagor filed a schedule F to the mortgagor's federal income tax form 1040 for the year preceding the year in which the proceedings to foreclose the mortgage were commenced and records an affidavit with the register of deeds for the county in which the property is located stating that the proof has been delivered. If the mortgagor fails to provide proof and record an affidavit as required by this subsection before the foreclosure sale, there is a presumption that the property is not used for agricultural purposes. The party foreclosing the mortgage or the mortgagor may file a civil action to produce evidence to rebut a presumption created by this subsection. An action under this section shall be filed before the expiration of the redemption period that would apply if the property is determined not to be used for agricultural purposes.
History: 1961, Act 236, Eff. Jan. 1, 1963
Am. 1964, Act 15, Eff. Aug. 28, 1964
Am. 1964, Act 102, Eff. Aug. 28, 1964
Am. 1971, Act 104, Eff. Mar. 30, 1972
Am. 1972, Act 377, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973
Am. 1986, Act 94, Imd. Eff. May 7, 1986
Am. 1994, Act 397, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 1994
Am. 1996, Act 214, Imd. Eff. May 28, 1996
Am. 2000, Act 380, Imd. Eff. Jan. 2, 2001
Am. 2004, Act 538, Eff. Mar. 30, 2005
Am. 2006, Act 579, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 2007
Am. 2010, Act 303, Imd. Eff. Dec. 17, 2010
Am. 2011, Act 303, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2011
Am. 2013, Act 104, Eff. Jan. 10, 2014
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 303 of 2011 provides:"Enacting section 1. This amendatory act applies to property sold at a foreclosure sale held under section 3216 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.3216, on or after February 1, 2012."
© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan