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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 255 of 2017
House: Adjourned until Tuesday, January 23, 2018 6:00:00 PM

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NOTE: Dates reflect any modification to item, not necessarily a change in law.

Chapter 15 - PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES
Act 10 of 1969 ‑ BONDS OF STATE OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES (15.1 - 15.6)
     Section 15.1 ‑ Uniform bond coverage; state officers and employees; exceptions.
     Section 15.2 ‑ Bonds; conditions, coverage; departmental problems.
     Section 15.3 ‑ Notice to all surety companies.
     Section 15.4 ‑ Time for completion; termination of other bonds; deposit of refunds.
     Section 15.5 ‑ Statutes superseded.
     Section 15.6 ‑ Repeal.
R.S. of 1846 ‑ Revised Statutes of 1846 (15.36 - 15.39)
     R‑S‑1846‑15‑36‑12 ‑ CHAPTER 12 Chapter 12. Of Certain State Officers. (15.36...15.39)
          R‑S‑1846‑15‑36‑12‑OFFICIAL‑OATHS-AND‑BONDS‑OF‑STATE‑OFFICERS. ‑ OFFICIAL OATHS AND BONDS OF STATE OFFICERS. (15.36...15.39)
               Section 15.36 ‑ Oath of office; official bond; time; filing.
               Section 15.37 ‑ Oath; administration.
               Section 15.38 ‑ Oath or bond; deposit, notice; penalty for neglect.
               Section 15.39 ‑ Notice of declination; effect.
Act 200 of 1879 ‑ Repealed-BOND OF AUDITOR GENERAL AND COMMISSIONER OF STATE LAND OFFICE (15.41 - 15.41)
Act 16 of 1895 ‑ BOND OF SECRETARY OF STATE, DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE, AND GOVERNOR'S SECRETARY AND CLERK (15.51 - 15.51)
     Section 15.51 ‑ Official bonds of certain state officers; amount; filing.
Act 311 of 1905 ‑ COST AND FILING OF BONDS (15.71 - 15.72)
     Section 15.71 ‑ Procurement of bonds by certain state officers; cost.
     Section 15.72 ‑ Bonds; filing; safekeeping.
Act 8 of 1927 ‑ Repealed-BOND OF SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION (15.81 - 15.81)
Act 164 of 1848 ‑ FILING OF OATHS AND BONDS (15.91 - 15.93)
     Section 15.91 ‑ Official bonds; certificate of filing.
     Section 15.92 ‑ Official bonds; place for filing.
     Section 15.93 ‑ Official oaths and certificates or bonds; time for filing.
Act 179 of 1885 ‑ JUSTIFICATION OF SURETIES (15.101 - 15.103)
     Section 15.101 ‑ Official bonds; justification of sureties prerequisite to approval.
     Section 15.102 ‑ Official bonds; oath of justification, penalty.
     Section 15.103 ‑ Official bonds; acceptance without justification; penalty; liability.
Act 20 of 1968 ‑ Repealed-UNIFORM BOND COVERAGE FOR COMMERCE DEPARTMENT (15.111 - 15.111)
Act 22 of 1951 ‑ CONSTITUTIONAL OATH OF OFFICE (15.151 - 15.151)
     Section 15.151 ‑ Constitutional oath of office; employees and persons in service of state.
Act 317 of 1966 ‑ Repealed-CONFLICT OF INTEREST (15.161 - 15.172)
Act 566 of 1978 ‑ INCOMPATIBLE PUBLIC OFFICES (15.181 - 15.185)
     Section 15.181 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.182 ‑ Holding incompatible offices.
     Section 15.183 ‑ Public employment or holding of public offices; scope of MCL 15.182.
     Section 15.184 ‑ Injunction or other judicial relief or remedy.
     Section 15.185 ‑ Action of public officer or employee; validity; judicial relief or remedy.
Act 1 of 1948 (2nd Ex. Sess.) ‑ Repealed-COMPENSATION OF EXECUTIVE OFFICERS (15.201 - 15.204)
Act 357 of 1968 ‑ STATE OFFICERS' COMPENSATION COMMISSION (15.211 - 15.218)
     Section 15.211 ‑ Commission; assignment to department of civil service; expiration of members' terms; appointment of members; reappointments prohibited; vacancies; ineligibility.
     Section 15.212 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.213 ‑ Commission; meetings; quorum; actions or determinations by concurrence of majority; chairperson; secretary; subcommittees.
     Section 15.214 ‑ Assistance from state agencies.
     Section 15.215 ‑ Compensation commission compensation, expenses.
     Section 15.216 ‑ Commission; determination of salaries and expense allowances; filing determinations; copies.
     Section 15.217 ‑ Salary and expense determinations; concurrent resolution adopted by legislature; approval or amendment.
     Section 15.218 ‑ Effective date.
Act 442 of 1976 ‑ FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (15.231 - 15.246)
     Section 15.231 ‑ Short title; public policy.
     Section 15.232 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.233 ‑ Public records; right to inspect, copy, or receive; subscriptions; forwarding requests; file; inspection and examination; memoranda or abstracts; rules; compilation, summary, or report of information; creation of new public record; certified copies.
     Section 15.234 ‑ Fee; limitation on total fee; labor costs; establishment of procedures and guidelines; creation of written public summary; detailed itemization; availability of information on website; notification to requester; deposit; failure to respond in timely manner; increased estimated fee deposit; deposit as fee.
     Section 15.235 ‑ Request to inspect or receive copy of public record; response to request; failure to respond; damages; contents of notice denying request; signing notice of denial; notice extending period of response; action by requesting person.
     Section 15.236 ‑ FOIA coordinator.
     Section 15.240 ‑ Options by requesting person; appeal; actions by public body; receipt of written appeal; judicial review; civil action; venue; de novo proceeding; burden of proof; private view of public record; contempt; assignment of action or appeal for hearing, trial, or argument; attorneys' fees, costs, and disbursements; assessment of award; damages.
     Section 15.240a ‑ Fee in excess of amount permitted under procedures and guidelines or MCL 15.234.
     Section 15.240b ‑ Failure to comply with act; civil fine.
     Section 15.241 ‑ Matters required to be published and made available by state agency; form of publications; effect of matter not published and made available; exception; action to compel compliance by state agency; order; attorneys' fees, costs, and disbursements; jurisdiction; definitions.
     Section 15.243 ‑ Exemptions from disclosure; public body as school district or public school academy; withholding of information required by law or in possession of executive office.
     Section 15.243a ‑ Salary records of employee or other official of institution of higher education, school district, intermediate school district, or community college available to public on request.
     Section 15.244 ‑ Separation of exempt and nonexempt material; design of public record; description of material exempted.
     Section 15.245 ‑ Repeal of MCL 24.221, 24.222, and 24.223.
     Section 15.246 ‑ Effective date.
Act 261 of 1968 ‑ Repealed-PUBLIC BOARD MEETINGS (15.251 - 15.253)
Act 267 of 1976 ‑ OPEN MEETINGS ACT (15.261 - 15.275)
     Section 15.261 ‑ Short title; effect of act on certain charter provisions, ordinances, or resolutions.
     Section 15.262 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.263 ‑ Meetings, decisions, and deliberations of public body; requirements; attending or addressing meeting of public body; tape-recording, videotaping, broadcasting, and telecasting proceedings; rules; exclusion from meeting; exemptions.
     Section 15.264 ‑ Public notice of meetings generally; contents; places of posting.
     Section 15.265 ‑ Public notice of regular meetings, change in schedule of regular meetings, rescheduled regular meetings, or special meetings; posting; statement of date, time, and place; website; recess or adjournment; emergency sessions; emergency public meeting; meeting in residential dwelling; limitation; notice; duration requirement.
     Section 15.266 ‑ Providing copies of public notice on written request; fee.
     Section 15.267 ‑ Closed sessions; roll call vote; separate set of minutes.
     Section 15.268 ‑ Closed sessions; permissible purposes.
     Section 15.269 ‑ Minutes.
     Section 15.270 ‑ Decisions of public body; presumption; civil action to invalidate; jurisdiction; venue; reenactment of disputed decision.
     Section 15.271 ‑ Civil action to compel compliance or enjoin noncompliance; commencement; venue; security not required; commencement of action for mandamus; court costs and attorney fees.
     Section 15.272 ‑ Violation as misdemeanor; penalty.
     Section 15.273 ‑ Violation; liability.
     Section 15.273a ‑ Selection of president by governing board of higher education institution; violation; civil fine.
     Section 15.274 ‑ Repeal of MCL 15.251 to 15.253.
     Section 15.275 ‑ Effective date.
Act 318 of 1968 ‑ CONFLICT OF INTEREST (15.301 - 15.310)
     Section 15.301 ‑ Conflict of interest; purpose.
     Section 15.302 ‑ Direct or indirect interest in state contracts prohibited.
     Section 15.303 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.304 ‑ Pecuniary interest; cases in which there is no substantial conflict of interest.
     Section 15.304a ‑ Contract arising from status of being both student and member of governing board.
     Section 15.305 ‑ Voidability of contracts; procedure; knowledge; limitation on actions; reimbursement; amicable settlement; evidences of indebtedness.
     Section 15.306 ‑ Existing contracts; validity.
     Section 15.307 ‑ Legislative committee on conflict of interest; appointment, duties and powers; prohibitions; violations.
     Section 15.308 ‑ Conflicts of interest; state officers, violations.
     Section 15.309 ‑ Conflicts of interest; controlling law.
     Section 15.310 ‑ Effective date.
Act 317 of 1968 ‑ CONTRACTS OF PUBLIC SERVANTS WITH PUBLIC ENTITIES (15.321 - 15.330)
     Section 15.321 ‑ Public servants, contracts with public entities; definitions.
     Section 15.322 ‑ Public servant; soliciting, negotiating, renegotiating, approving, or representing a party to a contract with public entity prohibited.
     Section 15.323 ‑ Applicability of MCL 15.322 to public servants; requirements of contract; making or participating in governmental decision; counting members for purposes of quorum; voting; affidavit; “governmental decision” defined.
     Section 15.323a ‑ Construction of MCL 15.322.
     Section 15.324 ‑ Public servants; contracts excepted; violation as felony.
     Section 15.325 ‑ Public servants, voidability of contracts; procedure, knowledge, limitation, reimbursement, settlements, evidences of indebtedness.
     Section 15.326 ‑ Public servants, validity of existing contracts.
     Section 15.327 ‑ Penalty for violation.
     Section 15.328 ‑ Other laws superseded; local ordinances.
     Section 15.329 ‑ Repeal.
     Section 15.330 ‑ Effective date.
Act 196 of 1973 ‑ STANDARDS OF CONDUCT FOR PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES (15.341 - 15.348)
     Section 15.341 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.342 ‑ Public officer or employee; prohibited conduct.
     Section 15.342a ‑ MCL 15.301 to 15.310 and MCL 15.321 to 15.330 not amended or modified; purpose of act; validity of contract in violation of act; voting on, making, or participating in governmental decisions; “governmental decision” defined.
     Section 15.342b ‑ Report of violation; applicability of sanctions; civil fine.
     Section 15.342c ‑ Civil action; commencement of action; “damages” defined.
     Section 15.342d ‑ Court order; costs.
     Section 15.342e ‑ Posting notices of protections and obligations.
     Section 15.343 ‑ Board of ethics; creation; function.
     Section 15.344 ‑ Board of ethics; appointment, qualifications, and terms of members; vacancies; ex officio members; quorum; action by board; compensation; executive secretary; clerical or administrative assistance.
     Section 15.345 ‑ Board of ethics; powers and duties.
     Section 15.346 ‑ Rules.
     Section 15.347 ‑ Appropriation.
     Section 15.348 ‑ Other acts not superseded; interpretation and administration of act.
Act 469 of 1980 ‑ THE WHISTLEBLOWERS' PROTECTION ACT (15.361 - 15.369)
     Section 15.361 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.362 ‑ Discharging, threatening, or otherwise discriminating against employee reporting violation of law, regulation, or rule prohibited; exceptions.
     Section 15.363 ‑ Civil action in circuit court for injunctive relief or actual damages; “damages” defined; clear and convincing evidence required.
     Section 15.364 ‑ Court judgment; order; remedies; awarding costs of litigation.
     Section 15.365 ‑ Violation; civil fine.
     Section 15.366 ‑ Diminishment or impairment of rights; collective bargaining agreement; protection of confidentiality of communications; disclosures.
     Section 15.367 ‑ Employer not required to compensate employee for participation in investigation, hearing, or inquiry.
     Section 15.368 ‑ Posting notices of protections and obligations required.
     Section 15.369 ‑ Short title.
Act 563 of 2006 ‑ DISCLOSURES BY LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS ACT (15.391 - 15.395)
     Section 15.391 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.393 ‑ Use of involuntary statement by law enforcement officer in criminal proceeding; prohibition.
     Section 15.395 ‑ Confidential communication; exception.
Act 169 of 1976 ‑ POLITICAL ACTIVITIES BY PUBLIC EMPLOYEES (15.401 - 15.407)
     Section 15.401 ‑ “Public employee” defined.
     Section 15.402 ‑ Employee of state classified civil service; permissible political activities; leave of absence.
     Section 15.403 ‑ Employee of political subdivision of state; permissible political activities; resignation; leave of absence.
     Section 15.404 ‑ Active engagement in permissible activities; certain hours prohibited.
     Section 15.405 ‑ Coercion of payment, loan, or contribution prohibited.
     Section 15.406 ‑ Complaint; hearing; order; injunction; rules.
     Section 15.407 ‑ Compliance with federal laws or regulations; disciplinary actions.
Act 427 of 1996 ‑ GOOD GOVERNMENT FINANCIAL REPORT DISCLOSURE ACT (15.421 - 15.425)
     Section 15.421 ‑ Short title.
     Section 15.422 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.423 ‑ Availability of financial report pertaining to local unit or state department, institution, or office.
     Section 15.424 ‑ Unauthorized investments prohibited.
     Section 15.425 ‑ Exceptions.
Act 462 of 1996 ‑ ENHANCED ACCESS TO PUBLIC RECORDS ACT (15.441 - 15.445)
     Section 15.441 ‑ Short title.
     Section 15.442 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.443 ‑ Enhanced access to public record; powers of public body; collection of fee from third party; sharing access among public bodies; availability of public record; adoption of policy; specific public record.
     Section 15.444 ‑ Elected or appointed individual; ownership interest or compensation from sold information; prohibition.
     Section 15.445 ‑ Repealed. 2006, Act 227, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006.
Act 370 of 2016 ‑ ELECTRONIC OPEN ACCESS TO GOVERNMENT ACT (15.451 - 15.451)
     Section 15.451 ‑ Short title; information to be included on state website.
Act 423 of 2012 ‑ PUBLIC EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION DISCLOSURE ACT (15.461 - 15.463)
     Section 15.461 ‑ Short title.
     Section 15.462 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.463 ‑ Information regarding classified state employees to be posted on commission's website.
Act 96 of 2014 ‑ REGULATORY BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS ETHICS ACT (15.481 - 15.486)
     Section 15.481 ‑ Short title; definitions.
     Section 15.482 ‑ Standards in addition to other standard of conduct or disclosure requirement.
     Section 15.483 ‑ Board member; duties; prohibited conduct.
     Section 15.484 ‑ Board member or immediate family member with interest in matter; adoption in violation of conflict of interest; requirements.
     Section 15.485 ‑ Undisclosed interest or conflict of interest; referral to board of ethics; review by director or designee; reconsideration of action.
     Section 15.486 ‑ Conflict with existing ethics laws.
Act 199 of 1976 ‑ TEMPORARY ASSIGNMENT OF EMPLOYEES (15.501 - 15.512)
     Section 15.501 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.502 ‑ Receiving agencies and sending agencies subject to act; conflict with federal law.
     Section 15.503 ‑ Participation as sending or receiving agency.
     Section 15.504 ‑ Status of employee participating in temporary assignment; salary, benefits, and supervision of employee on detail; rights, benefits, and obligations of employee in status of leave of absence.
     Section 15.505 ‑ Workmen's compensation coverage; other benefits and coverage.
     Section 15.506 ‑ Participant in temporary assignment as employee of sending agency.
     Section 15.507 ‑ Duration of participation in temporary assignment; extension of contract.
     Section 15.508 ‑ Provisions of contract; attachment of rules applying to reimbursement for expenses.
     Section 15.509 ‑ Agreeing to and signing of contract; copies of contract.
     Section 15.510 ‑ Approval of contract.
     Section 15.511 ‑ Participation by elected official prohibited.
     Section 15.512 ‑ Duties of department of civil service.
Act 288 of 2008 ‑ LEGAL DEFENSE FUND ACT (15.521 - 15.539)
***** 15.531.amended THIS AMENDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE FEBRUARY 19, 2018 ***** ***** 15.531 THIS SECTION IS AMENDED EFFECTIVE FEBRUARY 19, 2018: See 15.531.amended *****
     Section 15.521 ‑ Short title.
     Section 15.523 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.525 ‑ Statement of organization; filing; information; amended statement; late filing fee; failure to file statement; dissolution.
     Section 15.527 ‑ Transaction report.
     Section 15.529 ‑ Transaction report; late filing fee; failure to file or filing incomplete transaction report as misdemeanor; penalty.
     Section 15.531 ‑ Statement or report; availability; reasonable charge; use for commercial purpose prohibited; preservation; filing fee; determination of compliance with filing requirements; notice of error or omission; corrections; report of uncorrected error or omission or failure to file; filing date.
     Section 15.531.amended ‑ Statement or report; availability; reasonable charge; use for commercial purpose prohibited; preservation; filing fee; determination of compliance with filing requirements; notice of error or omission; corrections; report of uncorrected error or omission or failure to file; filing date.
     Section 15.533 ‑ Contributions.
     Section 15.535 ‑ Expenditures; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.
     Section 15.537 ‑ Scope of act; applicability.
     Section 15.539 ‑ Rules; declaratory rulings.
Act 152 of 2011 ‑ PUBLICLY FUNDED HEALTH INSURANCE CONTRIBUTION ACT (15.561 - 15.569)
     Section 15.561 ‑ Short title.
     Section 15.562 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.563 ‑ Public employer contribution to medical benefit plan; limitation on amount; allocation of payments; adjustment of maximum payment.
     Section 15.564 ‑ Public employer contribution to medical benefit plan; limitation on percentage of annual costs; allocation of employees' share of total costs.
     Section 15.565 ‑ Collective bargaining agreement or other contract in effect; inconsistent terms.
     Section 15.566 ‑ Deduction by public employer.
     Section 15.567 ‑ Applicability of requirements to medical benefit plans of public employees and elected public officials; scope; effect of certain sections found to be invalid.
     Section 15.568 ‑ Exemption from act; extension; exceptions.
     Section 15.569 ‑ Noncompliance by public employer; penalty.
Act 297 of 2011 ‑ PUBLIC EMPLOYEE DOMESTIC PARTNER BENEFIT RESTRICTION ACT (15.581 - 15.585)
     Section 15.581 ‑ Short title.
     Section 15.582 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.583 ‑ Medical or other fringe benefits; individual residing in same residence as public employee; prohibition.
     Section 15.584 ‑ Collective bargaining agreement or other contract; effect.
     Section 15.585 ‑ Applicability to public employees; extent.
Act 212 of 1999 ‑  RESIDENCY OF PUBLIC EMPLOYEES (15.601 - 15.603)
     Section 15.601 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 15.602 ‑ Residency requirements of public employees.
     Section 15.603 ‑ Applicability to certain employment contracts.

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