PUBLIC HEALTH CODE

Act 368 of 1978

AN ACT to protect and promote the public health; to codify, revise, consolidate, classify, and add to the laws relating to public health; to provide for the prevention and control of diseases and disabilities; to provide for the classification, administration, regulation, financing, and maintenance of personal, environmental, and other health services and activities; to create or continue, and prescribe the powers and duties of, departments, boards, commissions, councils, committees, task forces, and other agencies; to prescribe the powers and duties of governmental entities and officials; to regulate occupations, facilities, and agencies affecting the public health; to regulate health maintenance organizations and certain third party administrators and insurers; to provide for the imposition of a regulatory fee; to provide for the levy of taxes against certain health facilities or agencies; to promote the efficient and economical delivery of health care services, to provide for the appropriate utilization of health care facilities and services, and to provide for the closure of hospitals or consolidation of hospitals or services; to provide for the collection and use of data and information; to provide for the transfer of property; to provide certain immunity from liability; to regulate and prohibit the sale and offering for sale of drug paraphernalia under certain circumstances; to provide for the implementation of federal law; to provide for penalties and remedies; to provide for sanctions for violations of this act and local ordinances; to provide for an appropriation and supplements; to repeal certain acts and parts of acts; to repeal certain parts of this act; and to repeal certain parts of this act on specific dates.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 198, Eff. Mar. 31, 1986 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 139, Imd. Eff. June 3, 1988 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 361, Eff. Sept. 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 170, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1994 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 332, Imd. Eff. Aug. 10, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 303, Imd. Eff. May 10, 2002 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 234, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2003
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of the Department of Insurance and Office of the Commissioner on Insurance from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of powers and duties of certain health-related functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of powers and duties of licensing of substance abuse programs and certification of substance abuse workers in the division of program standards, evaluation, and data services of the center for substance abuse services, from the department of public health to the director of the department of commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

The People of the State of Michigan enact:
Article 1
PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS
Part 11
SHORT TITLE, GENERAL DEFINITIONS, AND CONSTRUCTION


333.1101 Short title.

Sec. 1101.

This act shall be known and may be cited as the “public health code”.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of licensing of substance abuse programs and certification of substance abuse workers in the division of program standards, evaluation, and data services of the center for substance abuse services, from the department of public health to the director of the department of commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1103 Meanings of words and phrases.

Sec. 1103.

For purposes of this code, the words and phrases defined in sections 1104 to 1108 have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections. These definitions, unless the context requires otherwise, apply to use of the defined terms in this code. Other definitions applicable to specific articles, parts, or sections of the code are found in those articles, parts, or sections.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1104 Definitions; A to G.

Sec. 1104.

(1) "Acknowledgment of parentage" means an acknowledgment executed as provided in the acknowledgment of parentage act, 1996 PA 305, MCL 722.1001 to 722.1013.

(2) "Administrative procedures act of 1969" means the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, or a successor act.

(3) "Adult" means an individual 18 years of age or older.

(4) "Code" means this act.

(5) "Department", except as provided in articles 8 and 15, means the state department of community health.

(6) "Director", except as provided in articles 8 and 15, means the state director of community health.

(7) "Governmental entity" means a government, governmental subdivision or agency, or public corporation.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 307, Eff. June 1, 1997 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1105 Definitions; I to M.

Sec. 1105.

(1) “Individual” means a natural person.

(2) “Local health department” means:

(a) A county health department of a single county provided pursuant to section 2413 and its board of health, if any.

(b) A district health department created pursuant to section 2415 and its board of health.

(c) A city health department created pursuant to section 2421 and its board of health, if any.

(d) Any other local agency approved by the department under part 24.

(3) “Local health officer” means the individual in charge of a local health department or his or her authorized representative.

(4) “Magistrate” means a judge authorized to issue warrants by the laws of this state.

(5) “Minor” means an individual under 18 years of age.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1106 Definitions; P.

Sec. 1106.

(1) “Parentage registry” means the department's compilation of data concerning children's parentage, which data the department receives from any source, including, but not limited to, a copy of an order of filiation from the circuit court or an acknowledgment of paternity or parentage under this act, under section 2114 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.2114, or under the acknowledgment of parentage act, 1996 PA 305, MCL 722.1001 to 722.1013.

(2) “Person” means an individual, partnership, cooperative, association, private corporation, personal representative, receiver, trustee, assignee, or other legal entity. Person does not include a governmental entity unless specifically provided.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 307, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1996 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 58, Eff. Apr. 1, 2000
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1108 Definitions; R, S.

Sec. 1108.

(1) “Rule” means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969.

(2) “State” means a state, district, territory, commonwealth, or insular possession of the United States or any area subject to the lawful authority of the United States.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1111 Intent and construction of code.

Sec. 1111.

(1) This code is intended to be consistent with applicable federal and state law and shall be construed, when necessary, to achieve that consistency.

(2) This code shall be liberally construed for the protection of the health, safety, and welfare of the people of this state.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1113 Headings or titles of code.

Sec. 1113.

A heading or title of an article or part of this code shall not be considered as a part of this code or be used to construe the code more broadly or narrowly than the text of the code sections would indicate, but shall be considered as inserted for convenience to users of this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1114 Prohibited construction of code.

Sec. 1114.

(1) This code shall not be construed to vest authority in the department for programs or activities otherwise delegated by state or federal law or rules to another department of state government.

(2) This code shall not be construed to divest or reduce authority or responsibility for mental health services or responsibilities vested in state or local mental health agencies by Act No. 258 of the Public Acts of 1974, as amended, being sections 330.1001 to 330.2106 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, or rules promulgated pursuant to that act.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1115 Controlling provisions.

Sec. 1115.

A state statute, a rule of the department, or an applicable local health department regulation shall control over a less stringent or inconsistent provision enacted by a local governmental entity for the protection of public health.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1117 References to repealed or rescinded provisions.

Sec. 1117.

If a provision of a statute referred to in this code or in a rule authorized or recognized by this code is repealed, or if a provision of a rule authorized or recognized by this code is rescinded, and the provision is substantially reenacted or repromulgated, a reference in this code or the rule to the repealed or rescinded provision is considered a reference to the reenacted or repromulgated provision.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 12
GENERAL PROVISIONS


333.1201 Delaying promulgation of new rules.

Sec. 1201.

When the department is directed to promulgate rules by this code and rules exist on the date the requirement to promulgate takes effect, which rules the department believes adequately cover the matter, the department may delay the promulgation of new rules until the department considers it advisable.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1203 Approval of certain plans or issuance of certain permits pursuant to code; effect.

Sec. 1203.

The approval of plans or the issuance of a permit pursuant to this code which involves the construction, alteration, or renovation of a building, structure, or premises, the use of a site, or the installation or alteration of equipment does not relieve the person receiving the approval or permit from complying with all consistent applicable provisions of building and construction laws, zoning requirements, and other state and local statutes, charters, ordinances, rules, regulations, and orders.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1205 Contested case hearing; appeal.

Sec. 1205.

(1) An applicant, licensee, or other person whose legal rights, duties, or privileges are required by this code to be determined by the department, after an opportunity for a hearing, has the right to a contested case hearing in the matter, which shall be conducted pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969 and authorized rules governing the hearing.

(2) The decision, finding, or order of the department entered after the hearing may be appealed as provided by the administrative procedures act of 1969, except where otherwise provided by this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1211 Expired. 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1981.


Compiler's Notes: The expired section pertained to transfer of property, personnel, and funds to successor agency.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1212 Members of predecessor agency; continuation in office.

Sec. 1212.

When a board, committee, council, or other agency created by or pursuant to this code was preceded by an agency with the same or similar name and functions, members of the predecessor agency shall continue in office for the duration of the terms of office for which they were appointed and with the new members appointed shall constitute the new agency. Members shall be appointed under this code only as terms of the former members expire or vacancies occur. Members of the predecessor agency may be appointed to the new agency to succeed themselves subject to the limits for the total period of service set forth in this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1213 Members of successor agency; increase or decrease in number.

Sec. 1213.

(1) When the number of members of a successor agency is increased by this code, additional members shall be appointed to meet the number required for initial terms that will conform to the expiration of terms prescribed by this code. If the code would permit a choice between longer and shorter terms, appointments shall be made for the longer terms.

(2) When the number of members of a successor agency is decreased by this code, appointments shall not be made until the number of members in office falls below the total membership prescribed for the successor agency.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1214 New agency not succeeding former agency; terms of office.

Sec. 1214.

When a new agency created by this code is not a successor to a former agency and the regular terms of office of its members are 4 years, the highest whole number of its initial members resulting from a division of the total number of members by 4 shall be appointed for terms of 1, 2, 3, and 4 years. The terms of office of an excess number of members resulting from a calculation of fourths shall be for, and spread equally over, the longer terms.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1216 Travel or other expenses; payment.

Sec. 1216.

Travel or other expenses, or both, incurred by a public officer, agent, or employee in the performance of official functions authorized by this code which are payable out of appropriations shall be paid pursuant to the latest standardized travel regulations of the department of management and budget.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1221 Expired. 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1983.


Compiler's Notes: The expired section pertained to the extension of outstanding license, registration, certificate, or permit beyond stated expiration date.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1222 Renewals; distribution of work; pro rata fee; waiver.

Sec. 1222.

(1) In order to distribute the work of renewals in the interests of administrative efficiency, the appropriate state agency may:

(a) Schedule expirations established under section 16194 or otherwise under law to spread them over each year of a biennium or longer term.

(b) Issue initial licenses in the interim during a normal term to expire on the next normal expiration date or the first normal expiration date thereafter, and prorate the fees therefor.

(2) The issuing agency shall collect, before a renewal is issued under section 1221 or this section, a pro rata fee for the period of the extension granted under section 1221 or this section. However, to save administrative costs, the agency may waive this fee for an extension of not more than 2 months.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1291 Obstruction of person enforcing health law.

Sec. 1291.

A person shall not wilfully oppose or obstruct a department representative, health officer, or any other person charged with enforcement of a health law in the performance of that person's legal duty to enforce that law.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.1299 Violation as misdemeanor; prosecution.

Sec. 1299.

(1) A person who violates a provision of this code for which a penalty is not otherwise provided is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(2) A prosecuting attorney having jurisdiction and the attorney general knowing of a violation of this code, a rule promulgated under this code, or a local health department regulation the violation of which is punishable by a criminal penalty may prosecute the violator.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Article 2
ADMINISTRATION
Part 22
STATE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH


333.2201 Department of public health and office of director of public health continued.

Sec. 2201.

The department of public health and the office of the director of public health created by sections 425 and 426 of Act No. 380 of the Public Acts of 1965, being sections 16.525 and 16.526 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, shall continue under this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the division of occupational health in the bureau of environmental and occupational health, with the exception of dry cleaning unit, from the department of public health to the director of the department of labor, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of certain powers and duties of the office of policy, planning and evaluation from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2202 Director of public health; appointment, term, and qualifications; designation and responsibility of chief medical executive; “administrative experience” defined.

Sec. 2202.

(1) The governor shall appoint the director of public health by the method and for a term prescribed by section 508 of Act No. 380 of the Public Acts of 1965, being section 16.608 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. The director shall be qualified in the general field of health administration. Qualification may be demonstrated by either of the following:

(a) Not less than 8 years administrative experience of which not less than 5 years have been in the field of health administration.

(b) A degree beyond the level of baccalaureate in a field related to public health or administration, and not less than 5 years of administrative experience in the field of health administration.

(2) If the director is not a physician, the director shall designate a physician as chief medical executive of the department. The chief medical executive shall be a full-time employee and shall be responsible to the director for the medical content of policies and programs.

(3) As used in this section, “administrative experience” means service in a management or supervisory capacity.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the chief medical executive from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2204 Director of public health; salary; full-time performance of functions; expenses.

Sec. 2204.

The director shall receive an annual salary appropriated by the legislature and payable in the same manner as salaries of other state officers. The director's full time shall be devoted to the performance of the functions of the director's office. The director shall receive expenses necessarily incurred in the performance of official functions.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2205 Assignment, vesting, and exercise of functions; internal organization of department; allocation and reallocation of duties and functions.

Sec. 2205.

(1) A function assigned by this code to the department vests in the director or in an employee or agent of the department designated by the director, or in any employee or agent of the department who is assigned the function in accordance with internal administrative procedures of the department established by the director. A function vested by law in a nonautonomous entity of the department may be exercised by the director.

(2) As provided in section 7 of Act No. 380 of the Public Acts of 1965, being section 16.107 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, and except as otherwise provided by law, the director with the approval of the governor may establish the internal organization of the department and to allocate and reallocate duties and functions to provide economic and efficient administration and operation of the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2208 Public health advisory council; creation; appointment, qualifications, and terms of members; removal; vacancy.

Sec. 2208.

(1) The public health advisory council is created in the department. The public health advisory council shall consist of 16 members. Initial members of the public health advisory council shall include those individuals currently appointed to the advisory council created under section 506 of Act No. 380 of the Public Acts of 1965, being section 16.606 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, who shall serve for the remainder of their terms under that section.

(2) The advisory council shall represent consumers and providers of health care representative of the population as to sex, race, and ethnicity and shall include representatives of a local governing entity as defined in part 24 and a local health department. New members shall be appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate. Except for initial members, a member of the public health advisory council shall serve for a term of 4 years or until a successor is appointed. After the effective date of this part, an individual shall not serve more than 2 full terms and 1 partial term, consecutive or otherwise.

(3) The director may request the governor to remove a member from the public health advisory council at any time for good cause.

(4) A vacancy shall be filled in the same manner as an original appointment for the balance of the unexpired term.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the public health advisory council to the director of the department of community health and abolishment of the council, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2209 Public health advisory council; election and terms of chairperson and vice-chairperson; quorum; reimbursement; staff support.

Sec. 2209.

(1) The public health advisory council shall elect a chairperson and vice-chairperson for terms of 2 years and shall determine the number of voting members constituting a quorum for the transaction of business.

(2) Public health advisory council members shall be reimbursed pursuant to section 1216.

(3) The department shall provide staff support to the public health advisory council.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the public health advisory council to the director of the department of community health and abolishment of the council, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2210 Public health advisory council; powers and duties generally.

Sec. 2210.

(1) The public health advisory council shall advise and consult with the director on public health programs and policies.

(2) The public health advisory council may:

(a) Study issues, problems, and programs which the council and director jointly determine are of priority in the implementation of the responsibilities of the state and local health departments.

(b) Advise the director on selected issues related to health planning and department implementation of long-term health policies.

(c) Make recommendations as to the department's state health plan development responsibilities and duties delegated to the department pursuant to law.

(d) Make recommendations as to the activities of all advisory committees, councils, boards, task forces, and commissions created in the department under this code or any other law and report annually to the director on the activities of those entities with particular attention to areas of overlapping functions and activities.

(e) Provide other assistance the director reasonably requests.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the public health advisory council to the director of the department of community health and abolishment of the council, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2211 Coordination between local health departments and local health planning agencies; review; annual assessment; information.

Sec. 2211.

(1) In each of the 3 years immediately after the effective date of this part, the public health advisory council shall review the coordination between local health departments and local health planning agencies, and make annual assessments by January 1 of those years to the director including actions which should be taken to improve coordination. The annual assessment shall be available to the governor, legislature, county boards of commissioners, local health departments, health planning agencies, and other interested persons.

(2) The department shall provide the public health advisory council with information necessary to carry out its functions under this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the public health advisory council to the director of the department of community health and abolishment of the council, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2213 Task forces.

Sec. 2213.

(1) The public health advisory council may appoint task forces composed of council members and other individuals in a number the council determines is appropriate when the council determines that either of the following exists:

(a) A task force is appropriate to provide professional or technical expertise related to a department or council function under this code.

(b) A task force is appropriate to provide additional public participation in a department or council function under this code.

(2) The department may request that the public health advisory council establish a task force when the department determines that the task force is appropriate to the functions vested in the department by this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the public health advisory council to the director of the department of community health and abolishment of the council, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2215 Termination of advisory committee or task force; exception; review of advisory council, commission, board, task force, or body.

Sec. 2215.

(1) An advisory committee to the department created in this code or task force created under section 2213 shall terminate 2 years after the date of its creation or renewal unless the public health advisory council not later than 90 days before an advisory committee is to terminate reviews the need for the continued existence of the advisory committee or task force and thereafter recommends its continuance.

(2) Upon the recommendation of the public health advisory council the director may reappoint or request reappointment of an advisory committee which would have been otherwise terminated pursuant to subsection (1). Subsection (1) does not apply to advisory councils, commissions, boards, task forces, or other advisory bodies which are not specifically designated as advisory committees.

(3) Not later than 2 years after the effective date of this code, and biennially thereafter, the public health advisory council shall review and advise the director on the need for, and alternatives to, each advisory council, commission, board, task force, or body established in the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the public health advisory council to the director of the department of community health and abolishment of the council, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2221 Organized programs to prevent disease, prolong life, and promote public health; duties of department.

Sec. 2221.

(1) Pursuant to section 51 of article 4 of the state constitution of 1963, the department shall continually and diligently endeavor to prevent disease, prolong life, and promote the public health through organized programs, including prevention and control of environmental health hazards; prevention and control of diseases; prevention and control of health problems of particularly vulnerable population groups; development of health care facilities and agencies and health services delivery systems; and regulation of health care facilities and agencies and health services delivery systems to the extent provided by law.

(2) The department shall:

(a) Have general supervision of the interests of the health and life of the people of this state.

(b) Implement and enforce laws for which responsibility is vested in the department.

(c) Collect and utilize vital and health statistics and provide for epidemiological and other research studies for the purpose of protecting the public health.

(d) Make investigations and inquiries as to:

(i) The causes of disease and especially of epidemics.

(ii) The causes of morbidity and mortality.

(iii) The causes, prevention, and control of environmental health hazards, nuisances, and sources of illness.

(e) Plan, implement, and evaluate health education by the provision of expert technical assistance and financial support.

(f) Take appropriate affirmative action to promote equal employment opportunity within the department and local health departments and to promote equal access to governmental financed health services to all individuals in the state in need of service.

(g) Have powers necessary or appropriate to perform the duties and exercise the powers given by law to the department and which are not otherwise prohibited by law.

(h) Plan, implement, and evaluate nutrition services by the provision of expert technical assistance and financial support.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2223 Biennial plan for rural health; preparation; submission to standing committees.

Sec. 2223.

The center for rural health created under section 2612, in consultation with the department and professional associations representing health facilities and health professions, shall prepare a biennial plan for rural health. The center for rural health, in consultation with the department, shall submit the plan to the standing committees in the senate and house of representatives with jurisdiction over matters pertaining to public health.


History: Add. 1990, Act 125, Imd. Eff. June 26, 1990
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the center for rural health from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of powers and duties of the center for rural health to the director of the department of community health and abolishment of the center, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2224 Promotion of local health services; coordination and integration of public health services.

Sec. 2224.

Pursuant to this code, the department shall promote an adequate and appropriate system of local health services throughout the state and shall endeavor to develop and establish arrangements and procedures for the effective coordination and integration of all public health services including effective cooperation between public and nonpublic entities to provide a unified system of statewide health care.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2226 Powers of department.

Sec. 2226.

The department may:

(a) Engage in research programs and staff professional training programs.

(b) Advise governmental entities or other persons as to the location, drainage, water supply, disposal of solid waste, heating, and ventilation of buildings.

(c) Enter into an agreement, contract, or arrangement with governmental entities or other persons necessary or appropriate to assist the department in carrying out its duties and functions.

(d) Exercise authority and promulgate rules to safeguard properly the public health; to prevent the spread of diseases and the existence of sources of contamination; and to implement and carry out the powers and duties vested by law in the department.

(e) Accept gifts, grants, bequests, and other donations in the name of this state. Funds or property accepted shall be used as directed by its donor and in accordance with the law, rules, and procedures of this state.

(f) Either directly or by interagency contract, develop and deliver health services to vulnerable population groups.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.60; R 325.921 et seq.; R 325.951 et seq.; R 325.2101 et seq.; R 325.2111 et seq.; R 325.3271 et seq.; R 325.3401 et seq.; R 325.3801 et seq.; R 325.5801 et seq.; R 325.9001 et seq.; R 325.9901 et seq.; R 325.13051 et seq.; R 325.13091 et seq.; R 325.23101 et seq.; and R 560.401 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2227 Racial and ethnic health disparities; duties of department.

Sec. 2227.

The department shall do all of the following:

(a) Develop and implement a structure to address racial and ethnic health disparities in this state.

(b) Monitor minority health progress.

(c) Establish minority health policy.

(d) Develop and implement an effective statewide strategic plan for the reduction of racial and ethnic health disparities.

(e) Utilize federal, state, and private resources, as available and within the limits of appropriations, to fund minority health programs, research, and other initiatives.

(f) Provide the following through interdepartmental coordination:

(i) Data and technical assistance to minority health coalitions and any other local entities addressing the elimination of racial and ethnic health disparities.

(ii) Measurable objectives to minority health coalitions and any other local health entities for the development of interventions that address the elimination of racial and ethnic health disparities.

(g) Establish a web page on the department's website, in coordination with the state health disparities reduction and minority health section, that provides information or links to all of the following:

(i) Research within minority populations.

(ii) A resource directory that can be distributed to local organizations interested in minority health.

(iii) Racial and ethnic specific data including, but not limited to, morbidity and mortality.

(h) Develop and implement recruitment and retention strategies to increase the number of minorities in the health and social services professions.

(i) Develop and implement awareness strategies targeted at health and social service providers in an effort to eliminate the occurrence of racial and ethnic health disparities.

(j) Identify and assist in the implementation of culturally and linguistically appropriate health promotion and disease prevention programs that would emphasize prevention and incorporate an accessible, affordable, and acceptable early detection and intervention component.

(k) Promote the development and networking of minority health coalitions.

(l) Appoint a department liaison to provide the following services to local minority health coalitions:

(i) Assist in the development of local prevention and intervention plans.

(ii) Relay the concerns of local minority health coalitions to the department.

(iii) Assist in coordinating minority input on state health policies and programs.

(iv) Serve as the link between the department and local efforts to eliminate racial and ethnic health disparities.

(m) Provide funding, within the limits of appropriations, to support evidence-based preventative health, education, and treatment programs that include outcome measures and evaluation plans in minority communities.

(n) Provide technical assistance to local communities to obtain funding for the development and implementation of a health care delivery system to meet the needs, gaps, and barriers identified in the statewide strategic plan for eliminating racial and ethnic health disparities.

(o) One year after the effective date of this section and each year thereafter, submit a written report on the status, impact, and effectiveness of the amendatory act that added this section to the standing committees in the senate and house of representatives with jurisdiction over issues pertaining to public health, the senate and house of representatives appropriations subcommittees on community health, and the senate and house fiscal agencies.


History: Add. 2006, Act 653, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 2007
Compiler's Notes: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2228 Heads of intra-departmental units and employees; appointment; salaries and expenses; liability for damages; quarters and facilities.

Sec. 2228.

(1) The director may appoint, subject to civil service procedures, heads of intra-departmental units and employees necessary to perform the functions prescribed by this code or any other law. Salaries and expenses incurred under this code shall be paid out of the amount appropriated for that purpose with the approval of the director.

(2) The director or an employee or representative of the department is not personally liable for damages sustained in the performance of departmental functions, except for wanton and wilful misconduct.

(3) The department of management and budget shall provide suitable quarters and facilities for the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2229 Employees at veterans' facility physically injured by assault; wages; supplement; fringe benefits.

Sec. 2229.

A person employed by the department at the Michigan veterans' facility at Grand Rapids, or the D.J. Jacobetti veterans' facility at Marquette established under Act No. 152 of the Public Acts of 1885, being sections 36.1 to 36.12 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, or any other veterans' facility operated by the department after the effective date of this section who is physically injured during the course of his or her employment as the result of an assault by a recipient of department services shall receive his or her full wages from the department until worker's compensation benefits begin and then shall receive in addition to worker's compensation benefits a supplement from the department which together with the worker's compensation benefits shall equal but not exceed the weekly net wage of the employee at the time of the injury. This supplement shall only apply while the person is on the department's payroll and is receiving worker's compensation benefits due to an injury covered by this section and shall include an employee who is receiving worker's compensation benefits on the effective date of this section due to an injury covered by this section. This supplement shall not exceed a 100 week period. Fringe benefits normally received by an employee shall be in effect during the time the employee receives the supplement provided by this section from the department.


History: Add. 1987, Act 285, Imd. Eff. Jan. 6, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2231 Furnishing information relating to public health; report.

Sec. 2231.

(1) To assist the department in its duties and functions, officials of this state and persons transacting business in this state shall furnish the department with information relating to public health which may be requested by the department.

(2) The department shall report periodically to the governor and legislature as to the activities carried on under this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2232 Repealed. 1986, Act 79, Eff. Apr. 1, 1987.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to material safety data sheets, lists of hazardous chemicals, and access to information from employees regarding hazardous chemicals in workplace.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2232a Repeal of MCL 333.2232.

Sec. 2232a.

Section 2232 is repealed on April 1, 1987.


History: Add. 1986, Act 79, Imd. Eff. Apr. 7, 1986
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2233 Rules.

Sec. 2233.

(1) The department may promulgate rules necessary or appropriate to implement and carry out the duties or functions vested by law in the department.

(2) If the Michigan supreme court rules that sections 45 and 46 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being sections 24.245 and 24.246 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, are unconstitutional, and a statute requiring legislative review of administrative rules is not enacted within 90 days after the Michigan supreme court ruling, the department shall not promulgate rules under this act.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 67, Imd. Eff. Feb. 26, 1996
Compiler's Notes: In separate opinions, the Michigan Supreme Court held that Section 45(8), (9), (10), and (12) and the second sentence of Section 46(1) (“An agency shall not file a rule ... until at least 10 days after the date of the certificate of approval by the committee or after the legislature adopts a concurrent resolution approving the rule.”) of the Administrative Procedures Act of 1969, in providing for the Legislature's reservation of authority to approve or disapprove rules proposed by executive branch agencies, did not comply with the enactment and presentment requirements of Const 1963, Art 4, and violated the separation of powers provision of Const 1963, Art 3, and, therefore, were unconstitutional. These specified portions were declared to be severable with the remaining portions remaining effective. Blank v Department of Corrections, 462 Mich 103 (2000).
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 287.1; R 287.451 et seq.; R 287.481 et seq.; R 325.60; R 325.151 et seq.; R 325.921 et seq.; R 325.951 et seq.; R 325.1053 et seq.; R 325.1213 et seq.; R 325.1281 et seq.; R 325.1541 et seq.; R 325.2101 et seq.; R 325.2111 et seq.; R 325.2581; R 325.3271 et seq.; R 325.3311 et seq.; R 325.3401 et seq.; R 325.3801 et seq.; R 325.5810 et seq.; R 325.9001 et seq.; R 325.13051 et seq.; R 325.13091 et seq.; R 325.17101 et seq.; R 325.23101 et seq.; R 338.3801; and R 338.3821 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2235 Local health department; authorization to exercise power or function; primary organization as to services and programs; exceptions; summary reports.

Sec. 2235.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (3), the department may authorize a local health department to exercise a power or function of the department where not otherwise prohibited by law or rule.

(2) The director, in determining the organization of services and programs which the department may establish or require under this code, shall consider a local health department which meets the requirements of part 24 to be the primary organization responsible for the organization, coordination, and delivery of those services and programs in the area served by the local health department.

(3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if the director determines that 1 of the following exists:

(a) The local health department does not have and is unable or unwilling to obtain qualified personnel or does not have and is unable or unwilling to obtain the administrative capacity or programmatic mechanisms to perform a specific function.

(b) The services or programs are so specialized in nature and of such technical complexity that cost benefit or cost effectiveness does not justify administration through the local health department.

(c) Legal constraints preclude the assignment of the responsibility.

(4) When a branch of the state department of public health directly delivers services within a local health department area, the state department of public health shall provide summary reports of those activities to the local health department upon the request of the local health officer.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2237 Duties of department as to health education; “health education” defined.

Sec. 2237.

(1) The department shall:

(a) Exercise overall leadership in recognizing the importance of public health education objectives in the planning, developing, and carrying out of public health programs within the department's jurisdiction.

(b) Encourage local health departments to give priority to community health education activities as an essential part of local health programs.

(c) Develop and apply standards for the evaluation of public health education activities both at the state and local level and in cooperation with other public and private agencies.

(d) Collect and disseminate information about public health education activities and research in this state.

(2) As used in this section, “health education” means that dimension of health care that directs attention of individuals to their health behavior with the goal of enabling the individuals to make reasoned decisions about their own health practices and those within the various communities in which the individuals live, work, and play. The basic components of reasoned health decision-making education include both:

(a) The acquisition of accurate, unbiased, authoritative knowledge of subjects such as human biology, efficacy of early prevention, disease detection and control, nutritional practices, detection and control of environmental hazards, alternative health practices and the consequences of each, and the affective assessment of an individual's own beliefs on health outcomes.

(b) The acquisition of the behavior skills required to carry out the desired alternative.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2241 Inspection or investigation to assure compliance; application for warrant.

Sec. 2241.

(1) To assure compliance with laws enforced by the department, the department may inspect, investigate, or authorize an inspection or investigation to be made of any matter, thing, premises, place, person, record, vehicle, incident, or event.

(2) The department may apply for an inspection or investigation warrant under section 2242 to carry out this section.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2242 Warrant; affidavit required for issuance.

Sec. 2242.

Upon receipt of an affidavit made on oath establishing grounds for issuing a warrant pursuant to section 2243, a magistrate shall issue an inspection or investigation warrant authorizing the department applying for the warrant to conduct an inspection or investigation.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2243 Warrant; grounds for issuance.

Sec. 2243.

A magistrate shall issue an inspection or investigation warrant if either of the following exists:

(a) Reasonable legislative or administrative standards for conducting a routine or area inspection are satisfied with respect to the particular thing, premises, place, person, record, vehicle, incident, or event.

(b) There is reason to believe that noncompliance with laws enforced by the state or local health department may exist with respect to the particular thing, premises, place, person, record, vehicle, incident, or event.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2244 Warrant; finding of cause.

Sec. 2244.

The magistrate's finding of cause shall be based on the facts stated in the affidavit. The affidavit may be based upon reliable information supplied to the applicant from a credible individual, named or unnamed, if the affidavit contains affirmative allegations that the individual spoke with personal knowledge of the matters contained in the affidavit.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2245 Warrant; directing to law enforcement officer; contents.

Sec. 2245.

An inspection or investigation warrant may be directed to the sheriff or any law enforcement officer, commanding the officer to assist the state or local health department in the inspection or investigation. A warrant shall designate and describe the location or thing to be inspected and the property or thing to be seized. The warrant shall state the grounds or cause for its issuance or a copy of the affidavit shall be attached to the warrant.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2246 Warrant; execution.

Sec. 2246.

The officer to whom an inspection or investigation warrant is directed or a person assisting the officer may break an outer or inner door or window of a house or building, or anything therein, to execute the warrant, if, after notice of his or her authority and purpose, the officer is refused admittance, or when necessary to liberate the officer or person assisting the officer in execution of the warrant.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2247 Warrant; procuring maliciously or without cause; misdemeanor.

Sec. 2247.

A person who maliciously and without cause procures an inspection or investigation warrant to be issued and executed is guilty of a misdemeanor.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2251 Imminent danger to health or lives; informing individuals affected; order; noncompliance; petition to restrain condition or practice; conditions constituting menace to public health; promulgation of emergency rule under MCL 24.248; definitions.

Sec. 2251.

(1) Upon a determination that an imminent danger to the health or lives of individuals exists in this state, the director immediately shall inform the individuals affected by the imminent danger and issue an order that shall be delivered to a person authorized to avoid, correct, or remove the imminent danger or be posted at or near the imminent danger. The order shall incorporate the director's findings and require immediate action necessary to avoid, correct, or remove the imminent danger. The order may specify action to be taken or prohibit the presence of individuals in locations or under conditions where the imminent danger exists, except individuals whose presence is necessary to avoid, correct, or remove the imminent danger.

(2) Upon failure of a person to comply promptly with a department order issued under this section, the department may petition the circuit court having jurisdiction to restrain a condition or practice which the director determines causes the imminent danger or to require action to avoid, correct, or remove the imminent danger.

(3) If the director determines that conditions anywhere in this state constitute a menace to the public health, the director may take full charge of the administration of applicable state and local health laws, rules, regulations, and ordinances in addressing that menace.

(4) If the director determines that an imminent danger to the health or lives of individuals in this state can be prevented or controlled by the promulgation of an emergency rule under section 48(2) of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.248, to schedule or reschedule a substance as a controlled substance as provided in part 72, the director shall notify the director of the department of licensing and regulatory affairs and the administrator of his or her determination in writing. The notification shall include a description of the substance to be scheduled or rescheduled and the grounds for his or her determination. The director may provide copies of police, hospital, and laboratory reports and other information to the director of the department of licensing and regulatory affairs and the administrator as considered appropriate by the director.

(5) As used in this section:

(a) "Administrator" means that term as defined in section 7103.

(b) "Imminent danger" means a condition or practice exists that could reasonably be expected to cause death, disease, or serious physical harm immediately or before the imminence of the danger can be eliminated through enforcement procedures otherwise provided.

(c) "Person" means a person as defined in section 1106 or a governmental entity.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 180, Imd. Eff. June 19, 2012
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2253 Epidemic; emergency order and procedures; avian influenza; conditions requiring assistance of department of agriculture.

Sec. 2253.

(1) If the director determines that control of an epidemic is necessary to protect the public health, the director by emergency order may prohibit the gathering of people for any purpose and may establish procedures to be followed during the epidemic to insure continuation of essential public health services and enforcement of health laws. Emergency procedures shall not be limited to this code.

(2) If an epidemic described in subsection (1) involves avian influenza or another virus or disease that is or may be spread by contact with animals, the department of agriculture shall cooperate with and assist the director in the director's response to the epidemic.

(3) Upon request from the director, the department of agriculture shall assist the department in any review or update of the department's pandemic influenza plan under section 5112.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 157, Imd. Eff. May 26, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2255 Injunctive action.

Sec. 2255.

Notwithstanding the existence and pursuit of any other remedy, the department, without posting bond, may maintain injunctive action in the name of the people of this state to restrain, prevent, or correct a violation of a law, rule, or order which the department has the duty to enforce or to restrain, prevent, or correct an activity or condition which the department believes adversely affects the public health.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2261 Violation as misdemeanor; penalty.

Sec. 2261.

Except as otherwise provided by this code, a person who violates a rule or order of the department is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 6 months, or a fine of not more than $200.00, or both.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2262 Violation; rules adopting schedule of monetary civil penalties; issuance, contents, and delivery of citation.

Sec. 2262.

(1) The department may promulgate rules to adopt a schedule of monetary civil penalties, not to exceed $1,000.00 for each violation or day that a violation continues, which may be assessed for a specified violation of this code or a rule promulgated or an order issued under this code and which the department has the authority and duty to enforce.

(2) If a department representative believes that a person has violated this code or a rule promulgated or an order issued under this code which the department has the authority and duty to enforce, the representative may issue a citation at that time or not later than 90 days after discovery of the alleged violation. The citation shall be written and shall state with particularity the nature of the violation, including reference to the section, rule, or order alleged to have been violated, the civil penalty established for the violation, if any, and the right to appeal the citation pursuant to section 2263. The citation shall be delivered or sent by registered mail to the alleged violator.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2263 Citation; petition for administrative hearing; decision of hearings officer; review; provisions governing hearings and appeals; civil penalty.

Sec. 2263.

(1) Not later than 20 days after receipt of the citation, the alleged violator may petition the department for an administrative hearing, which shall be held within 60 days after receipt of the petition by the department. The administrative hearing may be conducted by a hearings officer who may affirm, dismiss, or modify the citation. The decision of the hearings officer shall be final, unless within 30 days after the decision the director grants a review of the citation. Upon review, the director may affirm, dismiss, or modify the citation.

(2) Hearings and appeals under this section shall conform to the administrative procedures act of 1969.

(3) A civil penalty shall become final if a petition for an administrative hearing is not received within the time specified in subsection (1). A civil penalty imposed shall be paid to the state treasury for deposit in the general fund. A civil penalty may be recovered in a civil action brought in the county in which the violation occurred or the defendant resides.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2264 Patient safety organization; certification of more than 1 entity.

Sec. 2264.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this act to the contrary, more than 1 entity may be certified as a patient safety organization under section 924 of the patient safety and quality improvement act of 2005, 42 USC 299b-24.


History: Add. 2006, Act 643, Imd. Eff. Jan. 5, 2007
Compiler's Notes: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 23
BASIC HEALTH SERVICES


333.2301 Identification of priority health problems; preparation and basis of proposed list of basic health services.

Sec. 2301.

(1) The department, utilizing broad participation of, and providing ample opportunity for the submission of recommendations by, the individuals and organizations described in section 2302, annually shall identify the priority health problems of this state utilizing state health plans and an assessment procedure based on data and statistics consistent with or provided for in sections 2616 and 2617i. Identification of priority health problems related to mental health shall be made with the consultation and advice of the department of mental health. From these priorities, the department annually shall prepare a proposed list of basic preventive, personal, and environmental health services to be made available and accessible to all residents in need of the services in this state without regard for place of residence, marital status, sex, age, race, or inability to pay.

(2) The list of proposed basic health services shall be based upon the capabilities of the health related arts and sciences and upon criteria related to health needs, resources, and performance and shall take into account the services provided by private practitioners and private providers of health services. To the extent that the proposed list of basic health services includes mental health services for which responsibility has been vested in state or local mental health agencies by Act No. 258 of the Public Acts of 1974, as amended, being sections 330.1001 to 330.2106 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, or rules promulgated pursuant to that act, the inclusion of those services in the proposed list shall be subject to the approval of the department of mental health.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the bureau of child and family services, with the exception of the women, infants, and children division, from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2302 Annual budget request to include proposed list of basic health services and proposed program statement; review and comment.

Sec. 2302.

The proposed list of basic health services, the methodology used to derive the list, and a proposed program statement shall be included in the department's annual budget request and shall be made available for review and comment to the legislature, health planning agencies, local health departments, local governmental entities, health professional associations, and the public.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2305 Proposed program statement; contents.

Sec. 2305.

The proposed program statement shall include:

(a) A statement describing the availability and accessibility of proposed basic health services to all residents in need in this state.

(b) The basic health services proposed to be delivered through the department.

(c) The basic health services proposed to be delivered through other public or nonpublic entities through contracts or other arrangements.

(d) The basic health services proposed to be delivered through local health departments in accordance with the criteria set forth in section 2235.

(e) A description of the methods which will be employed to make persons aware of the availability and accessibility of the proposed basic health services.

(f) A description of the proposed methods and sources of financing the proposed basic health services.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2311 Proposed health services as basic health services; revision, publication, and dissemination of list and program statement.

Sec. 2311.

Those health services proposed under this part which are funded by appropriations to the department or which are made available through other arrangements approved by the legislature in the appropriations process are basic health services for purposes of this code. The department shall revise the proposed list of basic health services and the program statement to reflect funds actually appropriated and shall cause the list and program statement, as revised, to be published and widely disseminated.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2321 Availability and accessibility of basic health services; demonstration upon request; basic health service as required service; notice of nonavailability or nonaccessibility; investigation; notice to complainant.

Sec. 2321.

(1) Upon request, the department shall demonstrate the availability and accessibility of the basic health services in a manner consistent with the revised program statement and this code.

(2) A basic health service designated for delivery through a local health department is a required service under part 24 for the local fiscal year covered by the appropriation.

(3) A person who believes that a basic health service described in the revised program statement is not available or accessible may notify the department. The department shall investigate each written complaint and shall notify the complainant of the availability and source of the service. If there are grounds to believe that the service is not available or accessible, the complainant shall be given written notice, within a reasonable time, of the action proposed to be taken.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 24
LOCAL HEALTH DEPARTMENTS


333.2401 Meanings of words and phrases; general definitions and principles of construction.

Sec. 2401.

(1) For purposes of this part, the words and phrases defined in sections 2403 to 2408 have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

(2) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2403 Definitions; A to D.

Sec. 2403.

(1) “Allowable service” means a health service delivered in a city, county, district, or part thereof, which is not a required service but which the department determines is eligible for cost reimbursement pursuant to sections 2471 to 2498.

(2) “County” includes a unified county unless otherwise specified.

(3) “District” means a multi-county or city-county district served by a health department created under section 2415.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2406 Definitions; L.

Sec. 2406.

“Local governing entity” means:

(a) In case of a single county health department, the county board of commissioners.

(b) In case of a district health department, the county boards of commissioners of the counties comprising the district.

(c) In case of a district health department which includes a single city health department, the county boards of commissioners of the counties comprising the district and the mayor and city council of the city.

(d) In case of a single city health department, the mayor and city council of the city.

(e) In the case of a local health department serving a county within which a single city health department has been created pursuant to section 2422, the county board of commissioners elected from the districts served by the county health department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2408 Definitions; R to U.

Sec. 2408.

(1) “Required service” means a local health service specifically required pursuant to this part or specifically required elsewhere in state law, except a service specifically excluded by this part or a rule promulgated pursuant to this part.

(2) “Unified county” means a county having an optional unified form of county government under Act No. 139 of the Public Acts of 1973, as amended, being sections 45.551 to 45.573 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2411 Division of powers and duties.

Sec. 2411.

(1) Where the governing entity of a local health department includes a unified county, the powers and duties vested in the county board of commissioners and county executive in that county shall be divided in accordance with Act No. 139 of the Public Acts of 1973, as amended.

(2) Where the local governing entity of a local health department includes a city, the powers and duties vested in the mayor and city council shall be divided as provided by law and the city charter.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2413 County health department; county board of health.

Sec. 2413.

Except if a district health department is created pursuant to section 2415, the local governing entity of a county shall provide for a county health department which meets the requirements of this part, and may appoint a county board of health.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2415 Creation of district health department; composition of district board of health.

Sec. 2415.

Two or more counties or a city having a population of 750,000 or more and 1 or more counties, by a majority vote of each local governing entity and with approval of the department, may unite to create a district health department. The district board of health shall be composed of 2 members from each county board of commissioners or in case of a city-county district 2 members from each county board of commissioners and 2 representatives appointed by the mayor of the city. With the consent of the local governing entities affected, a county or city may have a greater number of representatives.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2417 Claim against district health department; audit; allowance of claim; report; appeal; apportionment of allowed claims; formula; voucher.

Sec. 2417.

A claim against a district health department shall be audited by the district board of health which has the same power to allow the claim that a local governing entity has as to claims against a county or city. If the district board of health meets less often than once a month, a claim may be allowed by the local health officer and 1 member of the district board of health who shall report the action to the board at its next regular meeting. The same right of appeal from the decision of the district board of health as to a claim exists as from a similar decision of a local governing entity. The total amount of the allowed claims shall be apportioned among the local governing entities of the district using a formula approved by the district health board. The formula determined by the district health board shall be approved by the state department of treasury. A voucher for an allowed claim shall be issued by the officers of each local governing entity for its apportioned share.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2419 Employment of personnel; consolidation of functions.

Sec. 2419.

Two or more local governing entities may contract for the employment of personnel or the consolidation of functions of their local health departments under a plan approved by the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2421 City health department; creation; powers and duties.

Sec. 2421.

A city having a population of 750,000 or more may create a city health department which shall be considered a local health department for purposes of this code, if the requirements of sections 2422 to 2424 are met. If a city creates a health department, that department and its local governing entity shall have the powers and duties of a local health department or local governing entity as provided by this part.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2422 Selection of option by city; notice of intent.

Sec. 2422.

Not later than 6 months after the effective date of this part, a city having a population of 750,000 or more shall select an option permitted under this section in a manner consistent with its charter and shall notify the department of the city's intent to do 1 of the following:

(a) Create a city health department pursuant to a plan developed under section 2424.

(b) Join with the county or district in which the city is located to create a district health department pursuant to section 2415 and a plan developed under section 2424.

(c) Decline to exercise the options in subdivision (a) or (b), in which case the local health department otherwise having jurisdiction in the county in which the city is located, pursuant to a plan developed under section 2424, shall assume the powers and duties of a local health department in the city.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2423 Selection of option by city; failure to notify department; continuing local financial support for affected services.

Sec. 2423.

Failure to notify the department under section 2422 is considered an exercise of the option in section 2422(c). Selection of the option in section 2422(a) or (b) does not preclude the selection of the option in section 2422(c) and the implementation of section 2424 at a later time. During the transition period, a city exercising the option in section 2422(c) shall continue local financial support for affected services at a level considered by the department to be consistent with support previously provided by the city, or with the requirements of the approved plan.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2424 Selection of option by city; planning period; transition plan; responsibility for local cost of required services; approval of developed plan; disposition of federal funds.

Sec. 2424.

(1) A city selecting an option under section 2422 has a planning period of:

(a) One year after the selection of the option in section 2422(a).

(b) Eighteen months after the selection of the option in section 2422(b) or (c).

(2) During the planning period the affected local governing entities shall develop and adopt a plan setting forth the arrangements, agreements, and contracts necessary to establish a local health department pursuant to the exercised option and prescribing a timetable for the indicated transition. The transition plan shall provide that a city shall assume full financial liability for the local cost of services or programs provided by the city or transferred to the city by another local governing entity by virtue of the exercise of the option in section 2422(a). The plan shall include contracts providing that an employee transferred under the plan shall not lose any benefit or right as a result of the transfer. Upon completion of the transition period, a city exercising that option is solely responsible for the local cost of all required services under this part.

(3) By the end of the planning period, the developed plan shall be submitted to the department for approval. If a plan is not submitted or approved, the department shall develop a transition plan during the 6 months after the end of the planning period and, upon completion, the plan shall be an approved plan under this section.

(4) Subject to federal law and regulations, disposition of federal funds shall be made in accordance with the approved plan and option exercised.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2426 Real and personal property of village or township board or department of health; title; use and administration.

Sec. 2426.

The title to real and personal property of a village or township board or department of health, including cemetery and trust property, shall vest in the village or township and be held in its name as of the effective date of the repeal by this code of provisions authorizing the creation of boards or departments of health. The property shall be used and administered by the village or township, or appropriate agency thereof, as provided by law.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2428 Local health officer; appointment; qualifications; powers and duties.

Sec. 2428.

(1) A local health department shall have a full-time local health officer appointed by the local governing entity or in case of a district health department by the district board of health. The local health officer shall possess professional qualifications for administration of a local health department as prescribed by the department.

(2) The local health officer shall act as the administrative officer of the board of health and local health department and may take actions and make determinations necessary or appropriate to carry out the local health department's functions under this part or functions delegated under this part and to protect the public health and prevent disease.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2431 Local health department; requirements; report; reviewing plan for organization of local health department; waiver.

Sec. 2431.

(1) A local health department shall:

(a) Have a plan of organization approved by the department.

(b) Demonstrate ability to provide required services.

(c) Demonstrate ability to defend and indemnify employees for civil liability sustained in the performance of official duties except for wanton and wilful misconduct.

(d) Meet the other requirements of this part.

(2) Each local health department shall report to the department at least annually on its activities, including information required by the department.

(3) In reviewing a plan for organization of a local health department, the department shall consider the fiscal capacity and public health effort of the applicant and shall encourage boundaries consistent with those of planning agencies established pursuant to federal law.

(4) The department may waive a requirement of this section during the option period specified in section 2422 based on acceptable plan development during the planning period described in section 2424 and thereafter based on acceptable progress toward implementation of the plan as determined by the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 18, Imd. Eff. May 16, 1985
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2433 Local health department; powers and duties generally.

Sec. 2433.

(1) A local health department shall continually and diligently endeavor to prevent disease, prolong life, and promote the public health through organized programs, including prevention and control of environmental health hazards; prevention and control of diseases; prevention and control of health problems of particularly vulnerable population groups; development of health care facilities and health services delivery systems; and regulation of health care facilities and health services delivery systems to the extent provided by law.

(2) A local health department shall:

(a) Implement and enforce laws for which responsibility is vested in the local health department.

(b) Utilize vital and health statistics and provide for epidemiological and other research studies for the purpose of protecting the public health.

(c) Make investigations and inquiries as to:

(i) The causes of disease and especially of epidemics.

(ii) The causes of morbidity and mortality.

(iii) The causes, prevention, and control of environmental health hazards, nuisances, and sources of illness.

(d) Plan, implement, and evaluate health education through the provision of expert technical assistance, or financial support, or both.

(e) Provide or demonstrate the provision of required services as set forth in section 2473(2).

(f) Have powers necessary or appropriate to perform the duties and exercise the powers given by law to the local health officer and which are not otherwise prohibited by law.

(g) Plan, implement, and evaluate nutrition services by provision of expert technical assistance or financial support, or both.

(3) This section does not limit the powers or duties of a local health officer otherwise vested by law.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2435 Local health department; additional powers.

Sec. 2435.

A local health department may:

(a) Engage in research programs and staff professional training programs.

(b) Advise other local agencies and persons as to the location, drainage, water supply, disposal of solid waste, heating, and ventilation of buildings.

(c) Enter into an agreement, contract, or arrangement with a governmental entity or other person necessary or appropriate to assist the local health department in carrying out its duties and functions unless otherwise prohibited by law.

(d) Adopt regulations to properly safeguard the public health and to prevent the spread of diseases and sources of contamination.

(e) Accept gifts, grants, bequests, and other donations for use in performing the local health department's functions. Funds or property accepted shall be used as directed by its donor and in accordance with the law, rules, and procedures of this state and the local governing entity.

(f) Sell and convey real estate owned by the local health department.

(g) Provide services not inconsistent with this code.

(h) Participate in the cost reimbursement program set forth in sections 2471 to 2498.

(i) Perform a delegated function unless otherwise prohibited by law.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2437 Exercise by department of public health of power vested in local health department.

Sec. 2437.

The department, in addition to any other power vested in it by law, may exercise any power vested in a local health department in an area where the local health department does not meet the requirements of this part.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2441 Adoption of regulations; purpose; approval; effective date; stringency; conflicting regulations.

Sec. 2441.

A local health department may adopt regulations necessary or appropriate to implement or carry out the duties or functions vested by law in the local health department. The regulations shall be approved or disapproved by the local governing entity. The regulations shall become effective 45 days after approval by the local health department's governing entity or at a time specified by the local health department's governing entity. The regulations shall be at least as stringent as the standard established by state law applicable to the same or similar subject matter. Regulations of a local health department supersede inconsistent or conflicting local ordinances. .


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 76, Imd. Eff. Apr. 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 72, Imd. Eff. May 13, 2010
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2442 Adoption of regulation; notice of public hearing.

Sec. 2442.

Before adoption of a regulation the local health department shall give notice of a public hearing and offer any person an opportunity to present data, views, and arguments. The notice shall be given not less than 10 days before the public hearing and not less than 20 days before adoption of the regulation. The notice shall include the time and place of the public hearing and a statement of the terms or substance of the proposed regulation or a description of the subjects and issues involved and the proposed effective date of the regulation. The notice shall be published in a manner calculated to give notice to persons likely to be affected by the proposed regulation. Methods which may be employed, depending on the circumstances, include publication of the notice in a newspaper of general circulation in the jurisdiction, or when appropriate, in a trade, industry, governmental, or professional publication.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2443 Violation of regulation or order; misdemeanor; penalty.

Sec. 2443.

Except as otherwise provided in this act, a person who violates a regulation of a local health department or order of a local health officer under this act is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 6 months or a fine of not more than $200.00, or both.


History: Add. 2010, Act 72, Imd. Eff. May 13, 2010
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2444 Fees for services; expenses and compensation.

Sec. 2444.

(1) A local governing entity, or in case of a district the district board of health, may fix and require the payment of fees for services authorized or required to be performed by the local health department. The local governing entity or district board may revoke, increase, or amend the fees. The fees charged shall not be more than the reasonable cost of performing the service.

(2) Members of a local board of health may receive necessary traveling expenses for attending meetings and may receive compensation as determined by the local governing entity for each meeting attended.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2446 Inspection or investigation.

Sec. 2446.

To assure compliance with laws enforced by a local health department, the local health department may inspect, investigate, or authorize an inspection or investigation to be made of, any matter, thing, premise, place, person, record, vehicle, incident, or event. Sections 2241 to 2247 apply to an inspection or investigation made under this section.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2448 Intergovernmental contracts; existing contracts not affected.

Sec. 2448.

(1) A city, county, district, or part thereof may enter into an intergovernmental contract necessary or appropriate to a reorganization or an assumption or relinquishing of a health jurisdiction or function authorized by this part. The contract shall provide that an employee transferred shall not lose any benefit or right as a result of the transfer.

(2) This section does not affect existing contracts between cities and counties for the provision of health services.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2451 Imminent danger to health or lives; informing individuals affected; order; noncompliance; petition to restrain condition or practice; “imminent danger” and “person” defined.

Sec. 2451.

(1) Upon a determination that an imminent danger to the health or lives of individuals exists in the area served by the local health department, the local health officer immediately shall inform the individuals affected by the imminent danger and issue an order which shall be delivered to a person authorized to avoid, correct, or remove the imminent danger or be posted at or near the imminent danger. The order shall incorporate the findings of the local health department and require immediate action necessary to avoid, correct, or remove the imminent danger. The order may specify action to be taken or prohibit the presence of individuals in locations or under conditions where the imminent danger exists, except individuals whose presence is necessary to avoid, correct, or remove the imminent danger.

(2) Upon the failure of a person to comply promptly with an order issued under this section, the local health department may petition a circuit or district court having jurisdiction to restrain a condition or practice which the local health officer determines causes the imminent danger or to require action to avoid, correct, or remove the imminent danger.

(3) As used in this section:

(a) “Imminent danger” means a condition or practice which could reasonably be expected to cause death, disease, or serious physical harm immediately or before the imminence of the danger can be eliminated through enforcement procedures otherwise provided.

(b) “Person” means a person as defined in section 1106 or a governmental entity.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2453 Epidemic; emergency order and procedures; involuntary detention and treatment.

Sec. 2453.

(1) If a local health officer determines that control of an epidemic is necessary to protect the public health, the local health officer may issue an emergency order to prohibit the gathering of people for any purpose and may establish procedures to be followed by persons, including a local governmental entity, during the epidemic to insure continuation of essential public health services and enforcement of health laws. Emergency procedures shall not be limited to this code.

(2) A local health department or the department may provide for the involuntary detention and treatment of individuals with hazardous communicable disease in the manner prescribed in sections 5201 to 5238.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2455 Building or condition violating health laws or constituting nuisance, unsanitary condition, or cause of illness; order; noncompliance; warrant; assessment and collection of expenses; liability; judicial order; other powers not affected.

Sec. 2455.

(1) A local health department or the department may issue an order to avoid, correct, or remove, at the owner's expense, a building or condition which violates health laws or which the local health officer or director reasonably believes to be a nuisance, unsanitary condition, or cause of illness.

(2) If the owner or occupant does not comply with the order, the local health department or department may cause the violation, nuisance, unsanitary condition, or cause of illness to be removed and may seek a warrant for this purpose. The owner of the premises shall pay the expenses incurred.

(3) If the owner of the premises refuses on demand to pay expenses incurred, the sums paid shall be assessed against the property and shall be collected and treated in the same manner as taxes assessed under the general laws of this state. An occupant or other person who caused or permitted the violation, nuisance, unsanitary condition, or cause of illness to exist is liable to the owner of the premises for the amount paid by the owner or assessed against the property which amount shall be recoverable in an action.

(4) A court, upon a finding that a violation or nuisance may be injurious to the public health, may order the removal, abatement, or destruction of the violation or nuisance at the expense of the defendant, under the direction of the local health department where the violation or nuisance is found. The form of the warrant to the sheriff or other law enforcement officer may be varied accordingly.

(5) This section does not affect powers otherwise granted to local governments.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2458 Establishment of cemetery; requirements; determinations; approval; disposition of plats; vacating cemetery; removal and reinterment of bodies and remains.

Sec. 2458.

(1) A person or governmental entity shall not establish a cemetery in this state until a description of the premises and a plat showing the cemetery's division is filed in duplicate with the local health department having jurisdiction of the premises. A local health department shall not approve a proposed cemetery if the local health department determines that establishment or operation of the cemetery would be injurious to the public health. The local health department shall determine whether it is safe and healthful for a cemetery to be established in the proposed location and if the local health department approves the location and the plat of the premises, the local health department shall indorse its approval on both plats. When the establishment of a cemetery is approved, 1 plat shall be returned to the proprietor and the other shall be retained and preserved by the local health department.

(2) The local health department shall supervise activities to vacate a cemetery and the removal and reinterment of bodies and remains.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2461 Violation; schedule of monetary civil penalties; issuance, contents, and delivery of citation.

Sec. 2461.

(1) In the manner prescribed in sections 2441 and 2442 a local governing entity may adopt a schedule of monetary civil penalties of not more than $1,000.00 for each violation or day that the violation continues which may be assessed for a specified violation of this code or a rule promulgated, regulation adopted, or order issued which the local health department has the authority and duty to enforce.

(2) If a local health department representative believes that a person has violated this code or a rule promulgated, regulation adopted, or order issued under this code which the local health department has the authority and duty to enforce, the representative may issue a citation at that time or not later than 90 days after discovery of the alleged violation. The citation shall be written and shall state with particularity the nature of the violation, including reference to the section, rule, order, or regulation alleged to have been violated, the civil penalty established for the violation, if any, and the right to appeal the citation pursuant to section 2462. The citation shall be delivered or sent by registered mail to the alleged violator.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2462 Citation; petition for administrative hearing; decision of local health officer; review; petition for judicial review; civil penalty.

Sec. 2462.

(1) Not later than 20 days after receipt of the citation, the alleged violator may petition the local health department for an administrative hearing which shall be held within 30 days after the receipt of the petition. After the administrative hearing, the local health officer may affirm, dismiss, or modify the citation. The decision of the local health officer shall be final, unless within 60 days of the decision the appropriate local governing entity or committee thereof, or in the case of a district department, the district board of health or committee thereof, grants review of the citation. After the review, the local governing entity, board of health, or committee thereof may affirm, dismiss, or modify the citation.

(2) A person aggrieved by a decision of a local health officer, local governing entity, or board of health under this section may petition the circuit court of the county in which the principal office of the local health department is located for review. The petition shall be filed not later than 60 days following receipt of the final decision.

(3) A civil penalty becomes final if a petition for an administrative hearing or review is not received within the time specified in this section. A civil penalty imposed under this part is payable to the appropriate local health department for deposit with the general funds of the local governing entity, or in case of a district, the funds shall be divided according to the formula used to divide other district funds. A civil penalty may be recovered in a civil action brought in the county in which the violation occurred or the defendant resides.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2463 Appearance tickets.

Sec. 2463.

In the manner prescribed in sections 2441 and 2442 a local governing entity may designate representatives of the local health department as public servants authorized by law to issue and serve appearance tickets pursuant to sections 9a to 9g of chapter 4 of Act No. 175 of the Public Acts of 1927, as amended, being sections 764.9a to 764.9g of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2465 Injunctive action; liability for damages.

Sec. 2465.

(1) Notwithstanding the existence and pursuit of any other remedy, a local health officer, without posting bond, may maintain injunctive action to restrain, prevent, or correct a violation of a law, rule, or order which the officer has the duty to enforce, or to restrain, prevent, or correct an activity or condition which the officer believes adversely affects the public health.

(2) A local health officer or an employee or representative of a local health department is not personally liable for damages sustained in the performance of local health department functions, except for wanton and wilful misconduct.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2471 Program; establishment; objectives.

Sec. 2471.

The department shall establish a program pursuant to sections 2471 to 2498 with the following objectives:

(a) To prescribe responsibilities of state and local governments for local health services.

(b) To assure the availability, accessibility, and acceptability of required health services for the people of this state.

(c) To establish the basis for equitable state reimbursement of expenditures to support local health services.

(d) To assure that state reimbursement for reasonable and allowable costs for required and allowable local health services shall be provided at the level necessary to assure maintenance of the services on an equitable basis for the people of this state.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2472 Services eligible for cost sharing; criteria and procedures for additional services; minimum standards for delivery of services.

Sec. 2472.

(1) Services which a local health department is required to provide under the program plan described in part 23 are eligible for cost sharing under this part.

(2) The department shall prescribe criteria and procedures for designating additional services proposed by a local health department as allowable services.

(3) The department shall establish minimum standards of scope, quality, and administration for the delivery of required and allowable services not inconsistent with sections 2471 to 2498.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2473 Specific objectives of required services; demonstrating provision of service; contracts.

Sec. 2473.

(1) Required services designated pursuant to part 23 shall be directed at the following specific objectives:

(a) Prevention and control of environmental health hazards.

(b) Prevention and control of diseases.

(c) Prevention and control of health problems of particularly vulnerable population groups.

(d) Development of health care facilities and agencies and health services delivery systems.

(e) Regulation of health care facilities and agencies and health services delivery systems to the extent provided by state law.

(2) A local health department and its local governing entity shall provide or demonstrate the provision of each required service which the local health department is designated to provide.

(3) The department may enter into contracts necessary or appropriate to carry out this section.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2475 Reimbursement for costs of services; equitable distribution; schedule; local expenditure in excess of prior appropriation.

Sec. 2475.

(1) The department shall reimburse local governing entities for the reasonable and allowable costs of required and allowable health services delivered by the local governing entity as provided by this section. Subject to the availability of funds actually appropriated reimbursements shall be made in a manner to provide equitable distribution among the local governing entities and pursuant to the following schedule beginning in the second state fiscal year beginning on or after the effective date of this part:

(a) First year, 20%.

(b) Second year, 30%.

(c) Third year, 40%.

(d) Fourth year and thereafter, 50%.

(2) Until the 50% level is reached, a local governing entity is not required to provide for required services if the local expenditure necessary to provide the services is greater than those funds appropriated and expended in the full state fiscal year immediately before the effective date of this part.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2476 Reimbursement of certain expenditures prohibited.

Sec. 2476.

The following expenditures shall not be reimbursed under sections 2471 to 2498:

(a) Expenditures for required and allowable services to the extent the expenditures are reimbursed from another source such as fees for services or another state or federal program.

(b) Direct capital expenditures for facilities.

(c) Expenditures used to match other state funds.

(d) Expenditures for other services specifically excluded in rules promulgated by the department.

(e) Federal and state categorical health program funds.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2477 Local governing entity not to receive less than received under prior provisions; providing, designating, and reallocating funds; accountability.

Sec. 2477.

(1) A local governing entity shall not receive less in any year under sections 2471 to 2498 than it received under Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1927, as amended, being sections 327.201 to 327.208a of the Michigan Compiled Laws, in the full state fiscal year immediately before the effective date of this part.

(2) Funds under this part shall be provided to the local governing entity which shall be accountable for substantial conformance with agreements and standards as provided by section 2484. The funds shall be designated for the local health department but may be reallocated through the local health department if services are rendered by other local agencies.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2479 Criteria for determining costs for services.

Sec. 2479.

Not later than 1 year after the effective date of this section, the department shall prescribe criteria for determining the reasonable and allowable costs for required and allowable services.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2481 Condition for approval of funding.

Sec. 2481.

As a condition for the approval of funding for a service under sections 2471 to 2498, a local health department shall:

(a) Provide the required health services which the local health department is designated to provide in substantial accord with the program plan developed under part 23 and rules promulgated under section 2495, including standards as to the scope and quality of services.

(b) Report its performance and fiscal matters in a form and containing information the department reasonably requires to implement sections 2471 to 2498.

(c) Keep records and afford access to the records by authorized state, federal, and local officials for audit and review purposes necessary to verify and assure the accuracy and acceptability of the reports.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2482 Minimum expenditure for health services; waiving maintenance of local funding; certain services considered health services.

Sec. 2482.

(1) The total local appropriations for a local health department expended for health services shall be not less in any year than in the local health department's full fiscal year immediately before the effective date of this part. However, the department may waive maintenance of local funding in extraordinary circumstances.

(2) For purposes of this section, services for which funds under Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1927, as amended, were being used on the effective date of this part are considered health services.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2483 Conditions for reimbursement.

Sec. 2483.

A local health department desiring reimbursement under sections 2471 to 2498 shall:

(a) Submit annually to the department a program statement approved by the local governing entity defining the status of the current required and allowable services the local health department provides. After review and approval by the department, the program statement shall serve as a basis of determining priorities for local development with appropriate state policy and technical assistance.

(b) Submit annually to the department the budget approved by the local governing entity. The budget shall reflect the program statement and include the required services which the local health department provides, other health services proposed for state reimbursement as allowable services, and services proposed for full local or categorical state or federal funding. After review, the department shall determine the services eligible as allowable services for state reimbursement. Determinations regarding proposed allowable services shall be made annually for each local health department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2484 Agreement implementing standards; basis for reimbursement; operating advance; adjustments.

Sec. 2484.

(1) Standards of scope, quality, and administration promulgated under section 2495 shall be implemented through an agreement between the department and the local governing entity. An agreement under this subsection shall specify at least the minimum activities agreed upon as necessary for substantial compliance with rules and shall be based upon findings in the annual program statement of the local health department.

(2) A local health department shall be reimbursed on the basis of approved program performance reports as required by this section and sections 2481 and 2483 and on the basis of prescribed fiscal reports reflecting actual, reasonable, and allowable costs incurred pursuant to rules promulgated under section 2495. An operating advance may be provided which shall be replenished as the costs are reported. Adjustments shall be made as necessary to compensate for payments previously made.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2486 Notice of appeal; informal conference; reaffirming, modifying, or revoking decision; hearing; petition for redress.

Sec. 2486.

(1) Upon receipt of a notice from a local health department that the local health department wishes to appeal a department decision relative to the implementation of sections 2471 to 2498, the department shall schedule an informal conference to be attended by representatives of the jurisdiction affected by the decision and representatives of the department. After the conference the department may reaffirm, modify, or revoke its decision.

(2) Upon request, a local health department adversely affected by a decision of the department as to service eligibility, development priorities, allowable services, minimum activities necessary for substantial compliance, a decision under section 2235, or the level of reasonable and allowable costs shall be granted a hearing. The local governing entity may pursue further appeal by petition to the appropriate circuit court for redress.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2488 Appropriation request to include funds for reimbursement of local health departments; basis of sums requested.

Sec. 2488.

A separate part of the department's annual health appropriation request shall include funds to reimburse local health departments for expenditures incurred to establish and maintain required and allowable health services. The sums requested shall be based on reasonable and allowable costs for required and allowable services at projected levels for the next fiscal period and shall be used for reimbursing local health departments which have complied with sections 2471 to 2498.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2490 Administration of MCL 333.2471 to 333.2498.

Sec. 2490.

Sections 2471 to 2498 shall be administered in a manner consistent with the requirements of federal law.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2492 Status report; appropriation for development and implementation of evaluation and related training.

Sec. 2492.

(1) At the end of the second full state fiscal year after the effective date of this part, the department shall report to the governor and legislature as to the status of required and allowable health services in relation to standards, costs, and health needs of the people of this state.

(2) An amount equal to 1% of the estimated total expenditures for the required and allowable local health services shall be appropriated to the department annually for the development and implementation of evaluation and related training for local health departments and department staffs in the delivery of the required and allowable health services authorized under sections 2471 to 2498.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2495 Rules; determinations; review and comment.

Sec. 2495.

(1) The department shall promulgate rules and may make determinations necessary or appropriate to implement this part, consistent with this code, including the establishment of minimum standards for health officers, development plans, the designation of allowable services, and the quality, delivery, and reasonable costs for required and allowable services.

(2) Not less than 30 days before promulgation of a rule establishing minimum standards for the quality, delivery, or reasonable costs for required and allowable services, the department shall request the Michigan association of counties, the Michigan health officers association, the Michigan association of local environmental health administrators, and the Michigan association of local public health administrators to review and comment on the rule. This subsection does not limit review and comment by additional governmental and professional organizations or by other persons.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.13001 et seq. and R 325.13051 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2497 Administrative compliance order.

Sec. 2497.

Upon a finding that a local health department is not able to provide or to demonstrate the adequate provision of 1 or more of the required services, or fails to meet the requirements of this part or the rules promulgated under this part, the department may issue an administrative compliance order to the local health department's local governing entity. The order shall state the nature of the deficiencies and set forth a reasonable time by which the deficiencies shall be corrected.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2498 Petition for administrative hearing; finality of order or compliance date; reaffirming, modifying, or revoking order; modifying time for compliance; petition for writ of mandamus.

Sec. 2498.

(1) Within 60 working days after receipt of an administrative compliance order and proposed compliance period, a local governing entity may petition the department for an administrative hearing. If the local governing entity does not petition the department for a hearing within 60 days after the receipt of an administrative compliance order, the order and proposed compliance date shall be final.

(2) After a hearing, the department may reaffirm, modify, or revoke the order or modify the time permitted for compliance.

(3) If the local governing entity fails to correct a deficiency for which a final order has been issued within the period permitted for compliance, the department may petition the appropriate circuit court for a writ of mandamus to compel correction.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
PART 25.
HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY


333.2501 Definitions.

Sec. 2501.

As used in this part:

(a) "Commission" means the health information technology commission created under section 2503.

(b) "Department" means the department of community health.


History: Add. 2006, Act 137, Imd. Eff. May 12, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2503 Health information technology commission; creation; membership; appointment; representation; terms; vacancy; removal; election of chairperson and officers; meetings; conduct of business at public meeting; availability of writings; participation of professionals and advisors; compensation.

Sec. 2503.

(1) The health information technology commission is created within the department to facilitate and promote the design, implementation, operation, and maintenance of an interoperable health care information infrastructure in this state. The commission shall consist of 13 members appointed by the governor in accordance with subsection (2) as follows:

(a) The director of the department or his or her designee.

(b) The director of the department of information technology or his or her designee.

(c) One individual representing a nonprofit health care corporation operating pursuant to the nonprofit health care corporation reform act, 1980 PA 350, MCL 550.1101 to 550.1703.

(d) One individual representing hospitals.

(e) One individual representing doctors of medicine.

(f) One individual representing doctors of osteopathic medicine and surgery.

(g) One individual representing purchasers or employers.

(h) One individual representing the pharmaceutical industry.

(i) One individual representing schools of medicine in Michigan.

(j) One individual representing the health information technology field.

(k) One individual representing pharmacists.

(l) One individual representing health plans or other third party payers.

(m) One individual representing consumers.

(2) Of the members appointed under subsection (1), there shall be representatives from both the public and private sectors. In order to be appointed to the commission, each individual shall have experience and expertise in at least 1 of the following areas and each of the following areas shall be represented on the commission:

(a) Health information technology.

(b) Administration of health systems.

(c) Research of health information.

(d) Health finance, reimbursement, and economics.

(e) Health plans and integrated delivery systems.

(f) Privacy of health care information.

(g) Medical records.

(h) Patient care.

(i) Data systems management.

(j) Mental health.

(3) A member of the commission shall serve for a term of 4 years or until a successor is appointed. Of the members first appointed after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this part, 3 shall be appointed for a term of 1 year, 3 shall be appointed for a term of 2 years, 3 shall be appointed for a term of 3 years, and 4 shall be appointed for a term of 4 years. If a vacancy occurs on the commission, the governor shall make an appointment for the unexpired term in the same manner as the original appointment. The governor may remove a member of the commission for incompetency, dereliction of duty, malfeasance, misfeasance, or nonfeasance in office, or any other good cause.

(4) At the first meeting of the commission, a majority of the members shall elect from its members a chairperson and other officers as it considers necessary or appropriate. After the first meeting, the commission shall meet at least quarterly, or more frequently at the call of the chairperson or if requested by a majority of the members. A majority of the members of the commission appointed and serving constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at a meeting of the commission.

(5) Any business that the commission may perform shall be conducted at a public meeting held in compliance with the open meetings act, 1976 PA 267, MCL 15.261 to 15.275. The commission shall give public notice of the time, date, and place of the meeting in the manner required by the open meetings act, 1976 PA 267, MCL 15.261 to 15.275.

(6) The commission shall make available a writing prepared, owned, used, in the possession of, or retained by the commission in the performance of an official function as the commission to the public in compliance with the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246.

(7) The commission shall ensure adequate opportunity for the participation of health care professionals and outside advisors with expertise in health information privacy, health information security, health care quality and patient safety, data exchange, delivery of health care, development of health information technology standards, or development of new health information technology by appointing advisory committees, including, but not limited to, advisory committees to address the following:

(a) Interoperability, functionality, and connectivity, including, but not limited to, uniform technical standards, common policies, and common vocabulary and messaging standards.

(b) Security and reliability.

(c) Certification process.

(d) Electronic health records.

(e) Consumer safety, privacy, and quality of care.

(8) Members of the commission shall serve without compensation.


History: Add. 2006, Act 137, Imd. Eff. May 12, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2505 Commission; duties; strategic plan.

Sec. 2505.

(1) The commission shall do each of the following:

(a) Develop and maintain a strategic plan in accordance with subsection (2) to guide the implementation of an interoperable health information technology system that will reduce medical errors, improve quality of care, and produce greater value for health care expenditures.

(b) Identify critical technical, scientific, economic, and other critical issues affecting the public and private adoption of health information technology.

(c) Provide recommendations on policies and measures necessary to achieve widespread adoption of health information technology.

(d) Increase the public's understanding of health information technology.

(e) Promote more efficient and effective communication among multiple health care providers, including, but not limited to, hospitals, physicians, payers, employers, pharmacies, laboratories, and any other health care entity.

(f) Identify strategies to improve the ability to monitor community health status.

(g) Develop or design any other initiatives in furtherance of the commission's purpose.

(h) Annually, report and make recommendations to the chairpersons of the standing committees of the house of representatives and senate with jurisdiction over issues pertaining to community health and information technology, the house of representatives and senate appropriations subcommittees on community health and information technology, and the senate and house fiscal agencies.

(i) Perform any and all other activities in furtherance of the above or as directed by the department or the department of information technology, or both.

(2) The strategic plan developed pursuant to subsection (1)(a) shall include, at a minimum, each of the following:

(a) The development or adoption of health care information technology standards and strategies.

(b) The ability to base medical decisions on the availability of information at the time and place of care.

(c) The use of evidence-based medical care.

(d) Measures to protect the privacy and security of personal health information.

(e) Measures to prevent unauthorized access to health information.

(f) Measures to ensure accurate patient identification.

(g) Methods to facilitate secure patient access to health information.

(h) Measures to reduce health care costs by addressing inefficiencies, redundancy in data capture and storage, medical errors, inappropriate care, incomplete information, and administrative, billing, and data collection costs.

(i) Incorporating health information technology into the provision of care and the organization of the health care workplace.

(j) The ability to identify priority areas in which health information technology can provide benefits to consumers and a recommended timeline for implementation.

(k) Measurable outcomes.


History: Add. 2006, Act 137, Imd. Eff. May 12, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2507 Personal liability of commission or commission members.

Sec. 2507.

The commission or a member of the commission shall not be personally liable for any action at law for damages sustained by a person because of an action performed or done by the commission or a member of the commission in the performance of their respective duties in the administration and implementation of this part.


History: Add. 2006, Act 137, Imd. Eff. May 12, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2511 Healthcare information technology and infrastructure development fund; administration; use; authority of director or commission to accept money or make expenditures; prohibited conduct by commission members; conflict of interest; annual report.

Sec. 2511.

(1) There is established in the department the healthcare information technology and infrastructure development fund to be administered by the commission for the purpose of promoting the development and adoption of healthcare information technologies designed to improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of healthcare services.

(2) Money in the fund shall be used for established regional health information organizations and other projects authorized by the commission and may be expended by contract, loan, or grant, to develop, maintain, expand, and improve the state's healthcare information technology infrastructure and to assist healthcare facilities and health service providers in adopting healthcare information technologies shown to improve healthcare quality, safety, or efficiency. The commission shall develop criteria for the selection of projects to be funded from the fund and criteria for eligible regional health information organizations and healthcare information technology and infrastructure projects to be funded under this part.

(3) The director is authorized to accept any grant, devise, bequest, donation, gift, services in kind, assignment of money, bonds, or money appropriated by the legislature or received from insurers, for deposit in and credit of the fund. The commission is authorized to expend from the healthcare information technology and infrastructure development fund any money deposited into the fund for the purposes set forth in subsection (2). Money in the fund at the close of the fiscal year shall remain in the fund and shall not lapse to the general fund.

(4) Notwithstanding any provision of its articles of incorporation, bylaws, or other enabling documents or laws to the contrary, a health insurer, health maintenance organization, health plan, or nonprofit health care corporation is authorized to allocate sums of money derived from the collections of premiums to the healthcare information technology and infrastructure development fund. The commission is authorized to approve projects which are in conformance with this section.

(5) A member of the commission shall not make, participate in making, or in any way attempt to use his or her position as a member of the commission to influence a decision regarding a loan, grant, investment, or other expenditure under this part to his or her employer. A member, employee, or agent of the commission shall not engage in any conduct that constitutes a conflict of interest and shall immediately advise the commission in writing of the details of any incident or circumstances that may present the existence of a conflict of interest with respect to the performance of the commission-related work or duty of the member, employee, or agent of the commission. A member who has a conflict of interest related to any matter before the commission shall disclose the conflict of interest before the commission takes any action with respect to the matter, which disclosure shall become a part of the record of the commission's official proceedings. The member with the conflict of interest shall refrain from doing all of the following with respect to the matter that is the basis of the conflict of interest:

(a) Voting in the commission's proceedings related to the matter.

(b) Participating in the commission's discussion of and deliberation on the matter.

(c) Being present at the meeting when the discussion, deliberation, and voting on the matter take place.

(d) Discussing the matter with any other commission member.

(6) Failure of a member to comply with subsection (5) constitutes misconduct in office subject to removal under section 2503.

(7) When authorizing expenditures and investments under this part, the commission shall not consider whether a recipient has made a contribution or expenditure under the Michigan campaign finance act, 1976 PA 388, MCL 169.201 to 169.282. Expenditures under this part shall not be used to finance or influence political activities.

(8) The commission shall prepare and issue an annual report not later than January 30 of each year outlining in specific detail the amount of funds spent from the fund in the previous year, a status report on the projects funded, progress to date in implementing a statewide healthcare information infrastructure, and recommendations for future investments and projects.


History: Add. 2006, Act 459, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 26
DATA, INFORMATION, AND RESEARCH


333.2601 Applicability.

Sec. 2601.

Unless otherwise provided, this part applies to all data made or received by the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the center for health promotion and chronic disease prevention and the office of policy, planning and evaluation, from the department of public health to the director of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2602 Meanings of words and phrases; general definitions and principles of construction.

Sec. 2602.

(1) For purposes of this part, the words and phrases defined in sections 2603 to 2607 have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

(2) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2603 Definitions; D.

Sec. 2603.

(1) “Data” means items of information made or received by the department which pertain to a condition, status, act, or omission, existing independently of the memory of an individual, whether the information is retrievable by manual or other means and whether or not coded. It includes the normal and computer art meanings of the word data.

(2) “Data system” means an interrelated grouping of data for use by the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2607 Definitions; R, S.

Sec. 2607.

(1) “Record” means a datum or a grouping of data about a person or an object under the ownership or control of a person or governmental entity in which the person, object, or governmental entity is identifiable by name, number, symbol, or other identifying particular.

(2) “System of records” means an interrelated grouping of records for use by the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2611 Coordination of activities; establishment of policy; interests to be considered; establishment, purpose, and powers of nonprofit corporation.

Sec. 2611.

(1) The department shall coordinate the health services research, evaluation, and demonstration and health statistical activities undertaken or supported by the department.

(2) The department shall establish policy consistent with this part to administer health services research, evaluation, and demonstration and health statistical activities undertaken or supported by the department. In establishing the policy the department shall consider the following interests:

(a) The individual's right and reasonable expectation of privacy concerning its use, including the protection of privileged communications and the expectations of the individual when giving the information.

(b) The freedom of persons to do business.

(c) The public's interest in the protection of private rights.

(d) The public's interest in the free access to governmental information.

(e) The protections necessary to encourage persons to provide information.

(f) The individual's interest in being informed of dangers of which he or she would not otherwise be aware.

(g) The public's interest in the effective use of available data to protect and promote the health of individuals and the public as a whole.

(h) The public's interest in the effective and efficient management of governmental activities.

(i) The individual's interest in data about himself or herself.

(j) The interests of other governmental entities in preparing reports.

(3) The department may establish a nonprofit corporation pursuant to the nonprofit corporation act, Act No. 162 of the Public Acts of 1982, being sections 450.2101 to 450.3192 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. The purpose of the corporation shall be to plan, promote, and coordinate health services research with a public university or a consortium of public universities within the state. The corporation may research, evaluate, and demonstrate all of the following:

(a) The cause, effects, extent, and nature of illness and disability among all or a particular group of the people of this state.

(b) The impact of personal illness and disability on the economy of this state and the well-being of all or a particular group of the people of this state.

(c) Environmental, laboratory, social, and other health related issues.

(d) The health knowledge and practices of the people of this state.

(e) The quality and availability of health resources in this state including, but not limited to, health care institutions and health professions.

(f) The determinants of health and nutritional practices and status including, but not limited to, behaviors that are related to health.

(g) Access to and use of health care services by all or a particular group of the people of this state including, but not limited to, the use of ambulatory health care services. The access and use may be categorized by specialty and type of practice of the health professional or health facility providing the service.

(h) Health care costs and financing including, but not limited to, trends in health care costs, sources of payments, and federal, state, and local expenditures for health care services.

(i) Public health policies and programs.

(j) Other issues considered appropriate by the board of directors of the corporation.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 264, Imd. Eff. Dec. 26, 1989
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the Michigan public health institute from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2612 Nonprofit corporation; establishment; purpose; duties; selection and composition of board of directors; appointment and composition of internal management committee.

Sec. 2612.

(1) The department may establish with Michigan state university and other parties determined appropriate by the department a nonprofit corporation pursuant to the nonprofit corporation act, Act No. 162 of the Public Acts of 1982, being sections 450.2101 to 450.3192 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. The purpose of the corporation shall be to establish and operate a center for rural health. In fulfilling its purpose, the corporation shall do all of the following:

(a) Develop a coordinated rural health program that addresses critical questions and problems related to rural health and provides mechanisms for influencing health care policy.

(b) Perform and coordinate research regarding rural health issues.

(c) Periodically review state and federal laws and judicial decisions pertaining to health care policy and analyze the impact on the delivery of rural health care.

(d) Provide technical assistance and act as a resource for the rural health community in this state.

(e) Suggest changes in medical education curriculum that would be beneficial to rural health.

(f) Assist rural communities with all of the following:

(i) Applications for grants.

(ii) The recruitment and retention of health professionals.

(iii) Needs assessments and planning activities for rural health facilities.

(g) Serve as an advocate for rural health concerns.

(h) Conduct periodic seminars on rural health issues.

(i) Establish and implement a visiting professor program.

(j) Conduct consumer oriented rural health education programs.

(k) Designate a certificate of need ombudsman to provide technical assistance and consultation to rural health care providers and rural communities regarding certificate of need proposals and applications under part 222. The ombudsman shall also act as an advocate for rural health concerns in the development of certificate of need review standards under part 222.

(2) The incorporators of the corporation shall select a board of directors consisting of a representative from each of the following organizations:

(a) The Michigan state medical society or its successor. The representative appointed under this subdivision shall be a physician practicing in a county with a population of not more than 100,000.

(b) The Michigan osteopathic physicians' society or its successor. The representative appointed under this subdivision shall be a physician practicing in a county with a population of not more than 100,000.

(c) The Michigan nurses association or its successor. The representative appointed under this subdivision shall be a nurse practicing in a county with a population of not more than 100,000.

(d) The Michigan hospital association or its successor. The representative selected under this subdivision shall be from a hospital in a county with a population of not more than 100,000.

(e) The Michigan primary care association or its successor. The representative appointed under this subdivision shall be a health professional practicing in a county with a population of not more than 100,000.

(f) The Michigan association for local public health or its successor. The representative appointed from a county health department for a county with a population of not more than 100,000 or from a district health department with at least 1 member county with a population of not more than 100,000.

(g) The office of the governor.

(h) The department of public health.

(i) The department of commerce.

(j) The Michigan senate. The individual selected under this subdivision shall be from a district located at least in part in a county with a population of not more than 100,000.

(k) The Michigan house of representatives. The individual selected under this subdivision shall be from a district located at least in part in a county with a population of not more than 100,000.

(3) The board of directors of the corporation shall appoint an internal management committee for the center for rural health. The management committee shall consist of representatives from each of the following:

(a) The college of human medicine of Michigan state university.

(b) The college of osteopathic medicine of Michigan state university.

(c) The college of nursing of Michigan state university.

(d) The college of veterinary medicine of Michigan state university.

(e) The cooperative extension service of Michigan state university.

(f) The department of public health.


History: Add. 1990, Act 138, Imd. Eff. June 26, 1990
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the center for rural health to the director of the department of community health and abolishment of the center, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2613 Nature of data to be defined by rule.

Sec. 2613.

The department shall define by rule the nature of data collected, compiled, processed, used, or shared by the department pursuant to and consistent with section 2611(2).


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2614 Duties of department generally.

Sec. 2614.

The department shall:

(a) Establish procedures to identify the circumstances under which, the places at which, the persons from whom, and the methods by which a person may secure that data, including the procedures governing requests, and the review established pursuant to section 2639.

(b) Prescribe standards for the publication of health-related data reported pursuant to this code which will encourage characteristics including accuracy, validity, reliability, completeness, and comparability; and advise users as to the status of the quality of the data.

(c) Prescribe the contents of forms or authorize the use of standardized forms for the collection of health-related data. The content and form shall be consistent with related local and federal requirements.

(d) Prescribe standards for the maintenance and preservation of health-related data.

(e) Establish procedures to govern the withholding and release of data as required by section 2637.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2615 Level of coverage; determination.

Sec. 2615.

The department shall determine, not less than biennially, the level of coverage of the people of this state for each basic public health service prescribed under section 2311. This determination may be made by scientific sampling of the population or other scientific statistical techniques that will provide an accurate estimate of the level of coverage.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 226, Imd. Eff. Oct. 8, 1990
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2616 Comprehensive health information system; establishment; provisions.

Sec. 2616.

The department shall establish a comprehensive health information system providing for the collection, compilation, coordination, analysis, indexing, dissemination, and utilization of both purposefully collected and extant health-related data and statistics, including the training of producers and users of the data and statistics in a manner involving the collaboration at the policy and technical levels of major state and local health operational, planning, professional, and university groups and agencies which require the data in their work.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2617 Comprehensive health information system; statistics.

Sec. 2617.

The health information system shall include statistics relative to:

(a) The causes, effects, extent, and nature of illness and disability of the people of this state, or a grouping of its people, which may include the incidence and prevalence of various acute and chronic illnesses and infant and maternal morbidity and mortality.

(b) The impact of illness and disability of the people of this state on the economy of this state and on other aspects of the well-being of its people or a grouping of its people.

(c) Environmental, social, and other health hazards and health knowledge and practices of the people of this state.

(d) Determinants of health and nutritional practices and status, including behavior related to health.

(e) Health resources, which may include health care institutions.

(f) The utilization of health care, which may include the utilization of ambulatory health services by specialties and types of practice of the health professionals providing the services, and services of health facilities and agencies defined in section 20106 and other health care institutions.

(g) Health care costs and financing, which may include the trends in health care prices and costs, the sources of payments for health care services, and federal, state, and local governmental expenditures for health care services.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2618 Publications; annual report; summary report; statement of limitations of data used.

Sec. 2618.

The department shall publish and make available periodically to agencies and individuals health statistics publications of general interest, publications bringing health statistics into focus on priority programmatic issues and health profiles. An annual report on the health information system shall be made available to the governor and the legislature and to collaborating agencies. A summary report of each area described in sections 2616 and 2617 shall be included in the annual report not less than once each 5 years. The department shall include in the report a statement of the limitations of the data used in terms of their quality, accuracy, and completeness.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2619 Cancer registry; establishment; purpose; reports; records; rules; medical or department examination or supervision not required; contracts; evaluation of reports; publication of summary reports; commencement of reporting; effective date of section.

Sec. 2619.

(1) The department shall establish a registry to record cases of cancer and other specified tumorous and precancerous diseases that occur in the state, and to record information concerning these cases as the department considers necessary and appropriate in order to conduct epidemiologic surveys of cancer and cancer-related diseases in the state.

(2) Each diagnosed case of cancer and other specified tumorous and precancerous diseases shall be reported to the department pursuant to subsection (4), or reported to a cancer reporting registry if the cancer reporting registry meets standards established pursuant to subsection (4) to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the reported information. A person or facility required to report a diagnosis pursuant to subsection (4) may elect to report the diagnosis to the state through an existing cancer registry only if the registry meets minimum reporting standards established by the department.

(3) The department shall maintain comprehensive records of all reports submitted pursuant to this section. These reports shall be subject to the same requirements of confidentiality as provided in section 2631 for data or records concerning medical research projects.

(4) The director shall promulgate rules which provide for all of the following:

(a) A list of tumorous and precancerous diseases other than cancer to be reported pursuant to subsection (2).

(b) The quality and manner in which the cases and other information described in subsection (1) are reported to the department.

(c) The terms and conditions under which records disclosing the name and medical condition of a specific individual and kept pursuant to this section are released by the department.

(5) This section does not compel an individual to submit to medical or department examination or supervision.

(6) The department may contract for the collection and analysis of, and research related to, the epidemiologic data required under this section.

(7) Within 2 years after the effective date of this section, the department shall begin evaluating the reports collected pursuant to subsection (2). The department shall publish and make available to the public reports summarizing the information collected. The first summary report shall be published not later than 180 days after the end of the first 2 full calendar years after the effective date of this section. Subsequent annual summary reports shall be made on a full calendar year basis and published not later than 180 days after the end of each calendar year.

(8) Reporting pursuant to subsection (2) shall begin the next calendar year after the effective date of this section.

(9) This section shall take effect July 1, 1984.


History: Add. 1984, Act 82, Eff. July 1, 1984
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2621 Comprehensive policy for conduct and support of research and demonstration activities; conducting and supporting demonstration projects and scientific evaluations.

Sec. 2621.

(1) The department shall establish a comprehensive policy pursuant to and consistent with section 2611(2) for the conduct and support of research and demonstration activities related to the department's responsibility for the health care needs of the people of this state.

(2) The department shall conduct research and demonstration activities related to the department's responsibility for the environmental, preventive, and personal health needs of the communities and people of this state, including:

(a) The causes, effects, and methods of prevention of illness.

(b) The determinants of health, including behavior related to health.

(c) The accessibility, acceptability, availability, organization, distribution, utilization, quality, and financing of health care, especially those services for the medically needy.

(3) The department may conduct and support demonstration projects to carry out subsection (2).

(4) The department shall conduct or support the conduct of scientific evaluations of the effectiveness, efficiency, and relevance of programs conducted or supported by the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2623 Publication and dissemination of results and information obtained under MCL 333.2621.

Sec. 2623.

The department may:

(a) Publish, make available, and disseminate, promptly and on as broad a basis as practicable, the results of health services research, demonstrations, and evaluations conducted and supported under section 2621.

(b) Provide indexing, abstracting, translation, publication, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information as to health services, research, demonstrations, and evaluations conducted or supported under section 2621 to public and private entities and persons engaged in the improvement of health and to the general public.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2624 Grants and contracts to conduct or support research activities and scientific evaluations.

Sec. 2624.

The department may make grants to and contracts with persons and governmental entities to conduct or support research activities and scientific evaluations authorized under sections 2621 and 2623.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2631 Data concerning medical research project; confidentiality; use.

Sec. 2631.

The information, records of interviews, written reports, statements, notes, memoranda, or other data or records furnished to, procured by, or voluntarily shared with the department in the conduct of a medical research project, or a person, agency, or organization which has been designated in advance by the department as a medical research project which regularly furnishes statistical or summary data with respect to that project to the department for the purpose of reducing the morbidity or mortality from any cause or condition of health are confidential and shall be used solely for statistical, scientific, and medical research purposes relating to the cause or condition of health.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2632 Data concerning medical research project; inadmissible as evidence; exhibition or disclosure.

Sec. 2632.

The information, records, reports, statements, notes, memoranda, or other data described in section 2631 are not admissible as evidence in an action in a court or before any other tribunal, board, agency, or person. Furnishing the data to the department in the conduct of a medical research project or to a designated medical research project does not result in the loss of any privilege which the data may otherwise have making them inadmissible as evidence. The information, records, reports, notes, memoranda, or other data shall not be exhibited nor their contents disclosed in any way, in whole or in part, by the department or its representative, or by any other person, agency, or organization, except as is necessary for the purpose of furthering the medical research project to which they relate consistent with section 2637 and the rules promulgated under section 2678. A person participating in a designated medical research project shall not disclose the information obtained except in strict conformity with the research project.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2633 Data concerning medical research projects; liability for furnishing.

Sec. 2633.

The furnishing of information, records, reports, statements, notes, memoranda, or other data to the department, either voluntarily or as required by this code, or to a person, agency, or organization designated as a medical research project does not subject a physician, hospital, sanatorium, rest home, nursing home, or other person or agency furnishing the information, records, reports, statements, notes, memoranda, or other data to liability in an action for damages or other relief, and is not considered to be the willful betrayal of a professional secret or the violation of a confidential relationship.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 122, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2635 Power to demand or require data.

Sec. 2635.

Sections 2631 to 2633 do not confer on the department the power to demand or require that a health professional furnish information, records of interviews, written reports, statements, notes, memoranda, or other data other than as expressly required by law.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2637 Procedures protecting confidentiality and regulating disclosure of data and records.

Sec. 2637.

(1) The department shall establish procedures pursuant to section 2678 to protect the confidentiality of, and regulate the disclosure of, data and records contained in a departmental data system or system of records.

(2) The procedures established under subsection (1) shall be consistent with the policy established under sections 2611 and 2613.

(3) Except as provided in section 2640, the procedures established under subsection (1) shall specify the data contained in a departmental data system or system of records that shall not be disclosed unless items identifying a person by name, address, number, symbol, or any other identifying particular are deleted.

(4) The procedures established under subsection (1) shall regulate the use and disclosure of data contained in a departmental data system or system of records released to researchers, other persons, including designated medical research projects as described in section 2631, or governmental entities. A person who receives data pursuant to this section shall not disclose an item of information contained in the data except in conformance with the authority granted by the department and with the purpose for which the data was originally requested by the researcher. The director may contract with researchers or other persons to implement and enforce this subsection. A contract made pursuant to this subsection shall do both of the following:

(a) Require the department to provide monitoring to assure compliance with this section.

(b) Provide for termination if this section or the contract is violated.

(5) An officer or employee of the department shall not disclose data contained in a departmental data system or system of records except as authorized in the procedures adopted pursuant to this section.

(6) The department periodically shall review the procedures adopted under this section.

(7) A person whose contract is terminated pursuant to subsection (4)(b) is not eligible to make a subsequent contract with the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 496, Eff. Mar. 1, 1999
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2638 Violation; penalty.

Sec. 2638.

A person who discloses confidential information in violation of sections 2631 to 2633 or who violates section 2637 or a rule implementing section 2637 is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both, and if the person is an employee of the department shall be subject to immediate dismissal.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2639 Review of personal records upon request; procedures for reviewing request; administrative hearing; records of requests.

Sec. 2639.

(1) Upon written request, an individual shall be permitted to review his or her personal records maintained or made under the authority of this part, in accordance with this section.

(2) The department shall establish procedures for reviewing a request from a person concerning access to or the amendment of a record or data pertaining to the person, or from a researcher, other person, or governmental entity requesting information or access to information possessed by the department, including a method of making a determination on the request for access or amendment. A person or researcher aggrieved by a decision under this section may request an administrative hearing.

(3) The department shall maintain records of requests for access to or amendments of data with the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, and completeness necessary to assure fairness to the person making the request.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2640 Parentage registry; use and access by family independence agency; access to child's medical records and information; immunity; exception.

Sec. 2640.

(1) The department shall give prompt access to the parentage registry to the family independence agency or its agent for the purpose of the family independence agency's duty to aid in the establishment or enforcement of child support obligations. The family independence agency or its agent may use or disclose the information from the parentage registry in carrying out that duty.

(2) Notwithstanding section 2637, if there is a compelling need for medical records or information to determine whether child abuse or neglect has occurred or to take action to protect a child where there may be a substantial risk of harm, the department shall give access to a family independence agency caseworker or administrator directly involved in the investigation to the child's medical records and information that are pertinent to the child abuse or neglect investigation. Medical records or information disclosed under this section shall include the identity of the individual to whom the record or information pertains.

(3) The department shall provide the access described by subsection (2) only upon receipt of a written request from a caseworker or administrator directly involved in the investigation and shall provide that access within 14 calendar days after the record holder receives the written request. The department shall provide that access regardless of the consent of the person from whom consent would otherwise be required.

(4) To the extent not protected by the immunity conferred by 1964 PA 170, MCL 691.1401 to 691.1415, an individual who in good faith provides access to medical records or information under subsection (2) is immune from civil or administrative liability arising from that conduct, unless the conduct was gross negligence or willful and wanton misconduct.

(5) This section does not apply to a report, record, datum, or information whose confidentiality and disclosure are governed by section 5131.


History: Add. 1996, Act 307, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1996 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 496, Eff. Mar. 1, 1999
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2641 Fees; disposition of collections.

Sec. 2641.

(1) The department may charge fees for the reasonable cost of:

(a) Reproduction, duplication, amendment, certification, or authentication of data.

(b) Data searches other than those for which a fee is prohibited under section 3 of Public Law 93-579, 5 U.S.C. 552a.

(2) Collections under this section shall be transmitted to the department of treasury and credited to the general fund of this state.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2651 Repealed. 2006, Act 301, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to creation of the anatomy board.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2652 Receiving and allocating bodies or parts; purpose; records of receipt and disposition; universities designated to perform duties and responsibilities; powers.

Sec. 2652.

(1) The department shall receive dead human bodies, or parts of dead human bodies, designated for scientific uses and allocate the bodies or parts to hospitals and educational institutions requiring them for use in medical instruction or for the purpose of instruction, study, and use in the promotion of education in the health sciences in this state. The department shall keep permanent records of the receipt and disposition of dead bodies and parts.

(2) The department may designate Michigan state university, Wayne state university, or the university of Michigan to perform the duties and responsibilities of this section and sections 2653 to 2663.

(3) A university designated under subsection (2) may exercise all of the powers of the department contained in this section and sections 2653 to 2663 as delegated by the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 301, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the anatomy board to the director of the department community health and the abolishment of the board, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2653 “Unclaimed body” defined; notice to persons with authority to control disposition of unclaimed body; availability of unclaimed body to department; request for notification concerning unclaimed body; time, manner, and contents of notice; release of body; notice and surrender of body to benevolent association.

Sec. 2653.

(1) As used in sections 2652 to 2663, "unclaimed body" means a dead human body for which the deceased has not provided a disposition, for which an estate or assets to defray costs of burial do not exist, and that is not claimed for burial by a person, relative, or court appointed fiduciary who has the right to control disposition of the body.

(2) An official of a public institution or a state or local officer in charge or control of an unclaimed body which would have to be buried at public expense shall use due diligence to notify the persons with authority to control the interment or disposition of the unclaimed body under section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206. If there is no person under section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206, to direct the disposition of the unclaimed body in a manner other than provided by this section and sections 2655 to 2659, the unclaimed body shall become available to the department. Upon written request by the department for notification concerning unclaimed bodies coming under his or her jurisdiction, the officer, for the definite period specified in the request of the department, shall notify the department by telephone, facsimile, or electronic mail immediately following 72 hours after death, excluding Sundays and holidays, stating, when possible, the name, age, sex, religion, and cause of death of the deceased, and shall release the body according to the regulations or instructions of the department.

(3) If the deceased was a member of a religious faith maintaining a benevolent association that will provide for the burial of the deceased in accordance with the tenets of the religion, the department shall notify the benevolent association of the death of the deceased by telephone, facsimile, or electronic mail, and shall surrender the body to the benevolent association upon request.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 301, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the anatomy board to the director of the department community health and the abolishment of the board, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2655 Embalming and disposing of unclaimed body; standards; holding period; identification and claim by person with authority over body.

Sec. 2655.

An unclaimed body retained by the department for scientific or educational purposes shall be embalmed and disposed of in accordance with standards adopted under section 2678. The unclaimed body shall be held for 30 days by the person to whom it has been assigned for scientific or educational purposes. The body is subject during this period to identification and claim by an authenticated person with authority over the body under section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206, for the purpose of interment or other disposition in accordance with the directions of that person.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 301, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the anatomy board to the director of the department community health and the abolishment of the board, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2656 Receiving unclaimed body for educational purposes; expense; record; disposition.

Sec. 2656.

A person receiving an unclaimed body for educational purposes shall bear all reasonable expense incurred in the preservation and transportation of the body and shall keep a permanent record of bodies received, giving the identification number, name, age, religion, and sex, the place of last residence of the deceased, and the source and disposition, with dates, of the body. A person receiving an unclaimed body, or part thereof, for educational purposes shall dispose of the body in accordance with the standards adopted under section 2678.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the anatomy board to the director of the department community health and the abolishment of the board, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2658 Postmortem examination of unclaimed body; certification of body unfit for scientific or education purposes; interment of unclaimed body; expense.

Sec. 2658.

A person, unless specifically authorized by law, shall not hold a postmortem examination of an unclaimed body without the express permission of the director of the department. When, through the failure of a person to notify the department or promptly to release an unclaimed body as required by the department, the body becomes unfit for scientific or educational purposes, the department shall so certify, and the unclaimed body shall be interred at the expense of those responsible for the noncompliance.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 301, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the anatomy board to the director of the department community health and the abolishment of the board, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2659 Adoption of standards for unclaimed bodies or parts.

Sec. 2659.

The department may adopt standards pursuant to section 2678 for the transportation, reception, preservation, storage, records, and allocation of unclaimed bodies or parts.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.951 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2661 Repealed. 2006, Act 301, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to autopsy upon and disposition of an unclaimed body.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2663 Violations; misdemeanor.

Sec. 2663.

A person who unlawfully disposes, uses, or sells an unclaimed body or who violates sections 2652 to 2661 is guilty of a misdemeanor.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 301, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2671 Public health and welfare dependent on humane use of animals for certain purposes.

Sec. 2671.

The public health and welfare depend on the humane use of animals for the diagnosis and treatment of human and animal diseases; the advancement of veterinary, dental, medical, and biological sciences; and the testing, diagnosis, improvement, and standardization of laboratory specimens, biologic products, pharmaceuticals, and drugs.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2672 Animal research advisory board; creation; membership.

Sec. 2672.

The animal research advisory board is created in the department. The animal research advisory board consists of the dean of the medical school of the university of Michigan, the dean of the veterinary college of Michigan state university, the dean of the medical school of Wayne state university, the dean of the dental school of the university of Detroit, the dean of the optometry college at Ferris state university, the secretary of the Michigan association of osteopathic physicians and surgeons, a representative from a research laboratory within this state and subject to the control of the United States public health service, and 2 member representatives of the Michigan federation of humane societies.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 159, Imd. Eff. Nov. 5, 1987
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the animal research advisory board to the director of the department of community health and the abolishment of the board, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2673 Animal research advisory board; powers.

Sec. 2673.

The animal research advisory board may regulate and establish standards pursuant to section 2678 controlling the humane use of animals for the diagnosis and treatment of human and animal diseases; the advancement of veterinary, dental, optometrical, medical, and biological sciences; and the testing, diagnosis, improvement, and standardization of laboratory specimens, biologic products, pharmaceuticals, and drugs.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the animal research advisory board to the director of the department of community health and the abolishment of the board, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2674 Administration of MCL 333.2671 to 333.2675; expenses of members.

Sec. 2674.

(1) The department shall administer sections 2671 to 2675.

(2) The members of the animal research advisory board shall serve without compensation, but shall be entitled to expenses incurred in performance of official duties in accordance with section 1216.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the animal research advisory board to the director of the department of community health and the abolishment of the board, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2675 Inspection of premises or property on which animals kept for experimental purposes; purpose.

Sec. 2675.

The department, its representative, or a member of the animal research advisory board may inspect any premises or property on or in which animals are kept for experimental purposes for the purpose of investigation of compliance with board standards. The standards shall provide for the humane treatment of animals reasonably necessary for the purposes of this part.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the animal research advisory board to the director of the department of community health and the abolishment of the board, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2676 Registration for humane use of animals for experimental purposes; compliance with standards; grounds for suspension or revocation of registration; findings of fact conclusive; application for review of questions of law; orders.

Sec. 2676.

A person shall not keep or use animals for experimental purposes unless registered to do so by the department. The department shall grant registration for the humane use of animals for experimental purposes upon compliance with board standards. The department may suspend or revoke a registration for failure to comply with this part or board standards. Findings of fact by the department, in the absence of fraud or arbitrariness, shall be conclusive, but the circuit court for the county in which the defendant resides or has his or her principal place of business may review questions of law involved in a final decision or determination of the department if the aggrieved party applies for the review not later than 30 days after the determination. The circuit court has jurisdiction to make orders as justice requires.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the animal research advisory board to the director of the department of community health and the abolishment of the board, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2678 Rules.

Sec. 2678.

The department shall promulgate rules to implement section 2637 and may promulgate rules to implement this part including the establishment of fees, standards pertaining to unclaimed bodies, or parts thereof, standards pertaining to the use of animals for experimental purposes, and the implementation of sections 2616 and 2617.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the animal research advisory board to the director of the department of community health and the abolishment of the board, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.921 et seq. and R 325.951 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2681 Definitions.

Sec. 2681.

As used in sections 2681 to 2683:

(a) "Cord blood unit" means the blood collected from a single placenta and umbilical cord.

(b) "Donor" means a mother who has delivered a baby and consents to donate the newborn's blood remaining in the placenta and umbilical cord.

(c) "Donor bank" means a qualified cord blood stem cell bank that enters into a contract with the director under section 2682.

(d) "Human cord blood stem cells" means hematopoietic stem cells and any other stem cells contained in the neonatal blood collected immediately after the birth from the separated placenta and umbilical cord.

(e) "Network" means the statewide network of qualified cord blood stem cell banks established under section 2682.


History: Add. 2006, Act 635, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 2007
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2682 Statewide network of cord blood stem cell banks.

Sec. 2682.

(1) If funding is made available, the department shall establish a statewide network of cord blood stem cell banks. The director of the department shall enter into contracts with qualified cord blood stem cell banks to assist in the establishment, provision, and maintenance of the network.

(2) A cord blood stem cell bank is eligible to enter the network and be a donor bank if it satisfies each of the following:

(a) Has obtained all applicable federal and state licenses, accreditations, certifications, registrations, and other authorizations required to operate and maintain a cord blood stem cell bank.

(b) Has implemented donor screening and cord blood collection practices adequate to protect both donors and transplant recipients and to prevent transmission of potentially harmful infections and other diseases.

(c) Has established a system of strict confidentiality to protect the identity and privacy of patients and donors in accordance with existing federal and state law and consistent with regulations promulgated under the health insurance portability and accountability act of 1996, Public Law 104-191, for the release of the identity of donors, recipients, or identifiable records.

(d) Has established a system for encouraging donation by an ethnically and racially diverse group of donors.

(e) Has developed adequate systems for communication with other cord blood stem cell banks, transplant centers, and physicians with respect to the request, release, and distribution of cord blood units nationally and has developed such systems, consistent with the regulations promulgated under the health insurance portability and accountability act of 1996, Public Law 104-191, to track recipients' clinical outcomes for distributed units.

(f) Has developed an objective system for educating the public, including patient advocacy organizations, about the benefits of donating and utilizing cord blood stem cells in appropriate circumstances.

(3) A donor bank that enters into the network shall do all of the following:

(a) Acquire, tissue-type, test, cryopreserve, and store donated units of human cord blood acquired with the informed consent of the donor, in a manner that complies with applicable federal regulations.

(b) Make cord blood units collected under this section, or otherwise, available to transplant centers for stem cell transplantation.

(c) Allocate up to 10% of the cord blood inventory each year for peer-reviewed research. This quota may be met by using cord blood units that did not meet the cell count standards necessary for transplantation.

(4) A board of directors shall govern and administer the state cord blood stem cell bank network. The board shall be appointed by the director and consist of members who represent each of the following:

(a) Cord blood stem cell transplant centers.

(b) Physicians from participating birthing hospitals.

(c) The cord blood stem cell research community.

(d) Recipients of cord blood stem cell transplants.

(e) Family members who have made a donation to a statewide cord blood stem cell bank.

(f) Individuals with expertise in the social sciences.

(g) Members of the general public.

(h) Each network donor bank.

(5) Except as otherwise provided under this subsection, each member of the board shall serve for a 3-year term and may be reappointed for 1 or more additional terms. Appointments for the initial members shall be for terms of 1, 2, and 3 years, respectively, so as to provide for the subsequent appointment of an equal number of members each year. The board shall elect a chairperson and do each of the following:

(a) Ensure that the donor banks within the network meet the requirements of subsection (2) on a continuing basis.

(b) Encourage network donor banks to work collaboratively with other network donor banks and encourage network donor banks to focus their resources in their respective local or regional area.

(c) Designate 1 or more established national or international cord blood registries to serve as a statewide cord blood stem cell registry.

(d) Coordinate the donor banks in the network.


History: Add. 2006, Act 637, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 2007
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2683 Educational materials on uses and benefits of cord blood stem cells; development and dissemination; availability.

Sec. 2683.

(1) If funding is made available, the department shall promote public awareness and increase knowledge about the statewide network of cord blood stem cell banks, cord blood banking options, and the benefits of cord blood stem cells by developing and disseminating educational materials on the uses and benefits of cord blood stem cells, the viability of cord blood stem cells, information on research results utilizing cord blood stem cells, and any other related materials and information to enable the public to make informed decisions about the utilization of cord blood stem cells. Information shall include, but is not limited to, all of the following:

(a) An explanation of the differences between public and private cord blood banking.

(b) Information on the statewide network of cord blood stem cell banks.

(c) Cord blood options available.

(d) The medical process and risks involved in the collection of cord blood.

(e) Medically accepted uses and benefits of cord blood collection and transplantation.

(f) A statement that due to ongoing research and development there may be future uses and benefits of cord blood collection and transplantation.

(g) An explanation of any costs to the donor associated with cord blood donation and storage.

(h) Information on how to request printed materials and how to access other information available on the department's website.

(i) Options for ownership and future use of the donated material.

(j) An explanation of the storage, maintenance, and viability for transplantation of cord blood stem cells.

(2) The department, on its website, shall make the materials and information gathered and developed under subsection (1) available in printable format to the public and to health care facilities and agencies, cord blood banks, and health care professionals.

(3) The department shall encourage health care professionals and health care facilities and agencies, including, but not limited to, physicians, nurse midwives, nurses, hospitals, birthing facilities, and local health departments to disseminate information to a pregnant woman before her third trimester of pregnancy about cord blood donation and the options for cord blood banking.


History: Add. 2006, Act 638, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 2007
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2683a Statewide network of cord blood stem cell banks; public awareness efforts; report on expenditure of funds.

Sec. 2683a.

On or before April 1, 2007 and annually thereafter, the department shall submit to the house and senate appropriations subcommittees on community health, the house and senate standing committees on public health, the house and senate fiscal agencies, and the state budget director a report detailing the expenditure of funds related to both of the following:

(a) The statewide network of cord blood stem cell banks established under section 2682.

(b) The public awareness efforts required in this section.


History: Add. 2006, Act 636, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 2007
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2685 Use of live human embryo, fetus, or neonate for nontherapeutic research; prohibitions; presumption.

Sec. 2685.

(1) A person shall not use a live human embryo, fetus, or neonate for nontherapeutic research if, in the best judgment of the person conducting the research, based upon the available knowledge or information at the approximate time of the research, the research substantially jeopardizes the life or health of the embryo, fetus, or neonate. Nontherapeutic research shall not in any case be performed on an embryo or fetus known by the person conducting the research to be the subject of a planned abortion being performed for any purpose other than to protect the life of the mother.

(2) For purposes of subsection (1) the embryo or fetus shall be conclusively presumed not to be the subject of a planned abortion if the mother signed a written statement at the time of the research, that she was not planning an abortion.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2686 Diagnostic, assessment, or treatment procedures not prohibited.

Sec. 2686.

Sections 2685 to 2691 shall not prohibit or regulate diagnostic, assessment, or treatment procedures, the purpose of which is to determine the life or status or improve the health of the embryo, fetus, or neonate involved or the mother involved.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2687 Embryo, fetus, or neonate considered live.

Sec. 2687.

An embryo, fetus, or neonate is a live embryo, fetus, or neonate for purposes of sections 2685 to 2691 if, in the best medical judgment of a physician, it shows evidence of life as determined by the same medical standards as are used in determining evidence of life in a spontaneously aborted embryo or fetus at approximately the same stage of gestational development.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2688 Research on dead embryo, fetus, or neonate; consent of mother; presumption; authorized transfer to medical research facilities; research standards.

Sec. 2688.

(1) Research may not knowingly be performed upon a dead embryo, fetus, or neonate unless the consent of the mother has first been obtained. Consent shall not be required in the case of a routine pathological study.

(2) For purposes of this section, consent shall be conclusively presumed to have been granted by a written statement, signed by the mother that she consents to the use of her dead embryo, fetus, or neonate for research.

(3) Written consent shall constitute lawful authorization for the transfer of the dead embryo, fetus, or neonate to medical research facilities.

(4) Research being performed upon a dead embryo, fetus, or neonate shall be conducted in accordance with the same standards applicable to research conducted pursuant to part 101.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2689 Abortion; consideration.

Sec. 2689.

A person shall not perform or offer to perform an abortion where part or all of the consideration for the performance is that the embryo, or fetus, whether alive or dead, may be used for research or study.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2690 Sale, transfer, distribution, or giving away of embryo, fetus, or neonate.

Sec. 2690.

A person shall not knowingly sell, transfer, distribute, or give away an embryo, fetus, or neonate for a use which is in violation of sections 2685 to 2689.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2691 Violation; penalty.

Sec. 2691.

A person who violates sections 2685 to 2690 is guilty of a felony, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 5 years.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2692 “Nontherapeutic research” defined.

Sec. 2692.

As used in sections 2685 to 2691, “nontherapeutic research” means scientific or laboratory research, or other kind of experimentation or investigation not designed to improve the health of the research subject.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 27
MICHIGAN ESSENTIAL HEALTH PROVIDER RECRUITMENT STRATEGY


333.2701 Definitions.

Sec. 2701.

As used in this part:

(a) "Board certified" means certified to practice in a particular medical speciality by a national board recognized by the American board of medical specialties or the American osteopathic association.

(b) "Certified nurse midwife" means an individual licensed as a registered professional nurse under part 172 who has been issued a specialty certification in the practice of nurse midwifery by the board of nursing under section 17210.

(c) "Certified nurse practitioner" means an individual licensed as a registered professional nurse under part 172 who has been issued a specialty certification as a nurse practitioner by the board of nursing under section 17210.

(d) "Dental school" means an accredited program for the training of individuals to become dentists.

(e) "Dentist" means an individual licensed to engage in the practice of dentistry under part 166.

(f) "Designated nurse" means a certified nurse midwife or certified nurse practitioner.

(g) "Designated physician" means a physician qualified in 1 of the physician specialty areas identified in section 2711.

(h) "Designated professional" means a designated physician, designated nurse, dentist, or physician's assistant.

(i) "Health resource shortage area" means a geographic area, population group, or health facility designated by the department under section 2717.

(j) "Medicaid" means benefits under the program of medical assistance established under title XIX of the social security act, 42 USC 1396 to 1396w-5, and administered by the department of human services under the social welfare act, 1939 PA 280, MCL 400.1 to 400.119b.

(k) "Medical school" means an accredited program for the training of individuals to become physicians.

(l) "Medicare" means benefits under the federal medicare program established under title XVIII of the social security act, 42 USC 1395 to 1395kkk-1.

(m) "National health service corps" means the agency established under 42 USC 254d.

(n) "Nurse" means an individual licensed to engage in the practice of nursing under part 172.

(o) "Nursing program" means an accredited program for the training of individuals to become nurses.

(p) "Physician" means an individual licensed as a physician under part 170 or an osteopathic physician under part 175.

(q) "Physician's assistant" means an individual licensed as a physician's assistant under part 170 or part 175.

(r) "Physician's assistant program" means an accredited program for the training of individuals to become physician's assistants.

(s) "Service obligation" means the contractual obligation undertaken by an individual under section 2705 or section 2707 to provide health care services for a determinable time period at a site designated by the department.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 172, Imd. Eff. June 17, 2014
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the bureau of child and family services, with the exception of the women, infants, and children division, and the division of managed care the bureau of health systems, from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2703 Michigan essential health provider recruitment strategy; creation; purpose; duties of department.

Sec. 2703.

(1) The Michigan essential health provider recruitment strategy is created in the department to facilitate the placement and retention of designated professionals in health resource shortage areas.

(2) In operating the Michigan essential health provider recruitment strategy, the department shall do all of the following:

(a) Recruit and place designated professionals in health resource shortage areas, as provided in this part.

(b) Coordinate with the national health service corps activities in this state.

(c) Provide consultation to communities and health resource shortage areas in securing, placing, and retaining designated professionals.

(d) Perform other duties as set forth in this part.

(e) Engage in other activities appropriate to the purposes of the program.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2705 Essential health provider repayment program for designated professionals; administration; repayment of debt or expenses; contract; requirements; lump sum payment; forfeiture; discretionary debt or expense repayment; maximum amount of debt or expense repayment; source of funds; distribution of funds; priority.

Sec. 2705.

(1) The department shall administer an essential health provider repayment program for designated professionals who have incurred a debt or expenses as a result of a loan taken to attend a medical school, dental school, nursing program for the training of certified nurse midwives or certified nurse practitioners, or physician's assistant program or as a result of providing services in a health resource shortage area. The department may each year repay all or part of a designated professional's debt or expenses, but the amount repaid in any 1 year shall not exceed the amount described in subsection (3). The department shall repay a debt or expenses only for a designated professional who has entered into a written contract with the department that requires the designated professional to engage in the full-time practice of health care services in a health resource shortage area to which he or she is assigned by the department for a period equal in years to the number of years for which the department has agreed in the contract to make a debt or expense repayment, or for a period of 2 years, whichever is greater.

(2) A debt or expense repayment on behalf of a designated professional under subsection (1) for fulfilling a service obligation for a particular year shall be paid in a lump sum at the completion of the service obligation for that year. A designated professional who does not fulfill a service obligation for a particular year forfeits his or her right to the debt or expense repayment or any part of it for that year and the department may treat an agreement for further debt or expense repayment in a subsequent year as void. In its sole discretion, the department may make a debt or expense repayment prior to or during each year of service if there are extenuating circumstances. In its sole discretion, the department may pay a pro rata amount of an agreed debt or expense repayment to a designated professional or his or her estate if 1 of the following occurs prior to the completion of the designated professional's service obligation:

(a) The designated professional dies.

(b) The designated professional is unable, by reason of permanent disability, to render the service.

(c) Other circumstances prevail that are considered by the department to constitute a compelling reason to consider the service obligation fulfilled.

(3) In any year of a debt or expense repayment program, the maximum amount of a debt or expense repayment is $40,000.00 per year. The maximum amount of debt or expense repayment the department may pay on behalf of a designated professional is $200,000.00, paid over a period of 4 years or more. The amount the department shall pay on behalf of a designated professional and the amount payable for each year of service shall be included in the written contract under subsection (1).

(4) The department may accept funds from any source for the operation of the essential health provider repayment program, and shall distribute those funds in a manner consistent with this section.

(5) The department shall give the essential health provider repayment program created by this section priority over the other programs created under this part.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 172, Imd. Eff. June 17, 2014
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2707 Grant program for minority students; administration; eligibility; condition for award of grant; priority; determination of appropriate grant; failure to fulfill service obligation or complete training program; repayment; disposition of amounts repaid; service obligation considered fulfilled; source of funds; distribution of funds; definition.

Sec. 2707.

(1) The department shall administer a grant program for minority students enrolled in medical schools, dental schools, nursing programs, or physician's assistant programs. Only minority students who meet the financial resources eligibility standards for federal student loan programs under title IV of the higher education act of 1965, Public Law 89-329, are eligible to receive a grant under this section.

(2) The department may award a grant to a minority student enrolled in a medical school who is training to become a designated physician, to a minority student enrolled in a dental school who is training to become a dentist, or to a minority student enrolled in a nursing program or physician's assistant program. As a condition for the award of the grant, the recipient of the grant shall enter into a written contract with the department that requires the recipient to provide, upon completion of training, full-time health care services in a health resource shortage area to which he or she is assigned by the department for a period equal to the number of years for which a grant is accepted. In awarding grants, the department shall give priority to students who are residents of this state and enrolled in a medical school, dental school, nursing program, or physician's assistant program in this state.

(3) The department shall determine an appropriate grant amount for each academic year for each health care profession.

(4) An individual who incurs a service obligation under subsection (2) and who completes the training program for which the grant was awarded but fails to fulfill the service obligation shall repay to the department an amount equal to 2 times the amount of all grants the individual accepted under this section plus interest. The interest shall be at a rate determined by the state treasurer to reflect the cumulative annual percentage change in the Detroit consumer price index. An individual who incurs a service obligation under subsection (2) and who fails to complete the training program for which the grant was awarded shall repay to the department an amount equal to the actual amount of all grants the individual accepted under this section. Repayment to the department under this subsection shall be made within 3 years after the repayment obligation is incurred. Amounts repaid under this subsection shall be deposited with the state treasurer and credited to the minority health profession grant fund created in section 2721.

(5) An obligated individual shall be considered to have fulfilled the service obligation incurred under subsection (2) if any of the following occur:

(a) Service has been rendered for the obligated period.

(b) The obligated individual dies.

(c) The obligated individual is unable, by reason of permanent disability, to render the service.

(d) The obligated individual fails to satisfy the academic requirements for completion of the training program in which he or she is enrolled after having made a good faith effort.

(e) The obligated individual fails to satisfy the requirements for licensure, certification, or other form of authorization to practice the profession for which he or she has been trained.

(f) Other circumstances occur that are considered by the department to constitute a compelling reason to consider the service obligation fulfilled.

(6) The department may accept funds for the operation of the grant program from any source and distribute those funds in a manner consistent with this section.

(7) As used in this section, "Detroit consumer price index" means the most comprehensive index of consumer prices available for the Detroit area from the bureau of labor statistics of the United States department of labor.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 173, Imd. Eff. June 17, 2014
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2709 Placement of certified nurse midwives.

Sec. 2709.

The department may cooperate with a certified nurse midwifery service to support the placement of certified nurse midwives in health resource shortage areas.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2711 Recruitment for programs created in MCL 333.2705 and 333.2707; designated physician specialty areas; preference; "qualified" defined.

Sec. 2711.

(1) For the programs created in sections 2705 and 2707, the department shall only recruit physicians who are qualified or students who are training to become qualified in 1 or more of the following designated physician specialty areas:

(a) General practice.

(b) Family practice.

(c) Obstetrics.

(d) Pediatrics.

(e) Emergency medicine.

(f) Internal medicine.

(g) Preventive medicine.

(h) Psychiatry.

(2) When enrolling individuals to participate in the programs created in sections 2705 and 2707, the department may give preference to an individual who is qualified or studying in 1 or more of the specific designated physician specialty areas of general practice, family practice, obstetrics, pediatrics, or internal medicine over an individual qualified or studying in another designated physician specialty area described in subsection (1).

(3) As used in this section, "qualified" means board certified or eligible for board certification.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 172, Imd. Eff. June 17, 2014
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2713 Fulfillment of service obligation; commencement; guidelines for assignment of designated professionals; condition for placement.

Sec. 2713.

(1) The department shall determine when a participant in the grant program or essential health provider repayment program shall begin to fulfill a service obligation.

(2) The department shall prepare and annually revise guidelines for the assignment of designated professionals with service obligations to practice sites located in health resource shortage areas.

(3) As a condition for the placement of a designated professional in a health resource shortage area, the department may require a reasonable demonstration of the intent and the ability of the community to support and retain a designated professional.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2715 Individuals ineligible to receive funds under MCL 333.2705 or 333.2707.

Sec. 2715.

An individual who participates in the national health service corps scholarship program under section 338A of title III of the public health service act, 42 U.S.C. 254l, or who has entered into an agreement that limits the individual's ability to serve in a Michigan health resource shortage area is not eligible to receive funds under section 2705 or 2707.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2717 Health resource shortage area; criteria for identification and designation.

Sec. 2717.

(1) The department shall develop criteria for the identification and designation of a geographic area, population group, or health facility as a health resource shortage area. In developing the criteria, the department shall consider the needs of rural areas. The criteria may include, but are not limited to, all of the following:

(a) Infant mortality rate.

(b) Percentage of population below 100% of the poverty line.

(c) Percentage of population age 65 and over.

(d) Appropriate physician to population ratio.

(e) Percentage of population eligible for medicaid.

(f) Aggregate unemployment rate.

(g) Percentage of practicing physicians who accept medicare or medicaid assignment.

(h) Geographic proximity of physicians to the resident population.

(i) Average time the resident population must travel to obtain physician services from physicians in a designated physician specialty area.

(2) On the basis of the criteria set forth in subsection (1), the department shall identify and designate geographic areas, population groups, and health facilities in Michigan as health resource shortage areas for 1 or more designated professionals.

(3) Each of the following shall be considered a health resource shortage area:

(a) A health manpower shortage area, as designated under section 332 of title III of the public health service act, 42 U.S.C. 254e, that is located in this state.

(b) A population of an urban or rural area designated as an area with a shortage of personal health services, as designated under section 330(b)(3) of title III of the public health service act, 42 U.S.C. 254c, that is located within this state.

(c) A population group designated as having a shortage of personal health services, as designated under section 330(b)(3) of title III of the public health service act, 42 U.S.C. 254c, that is located within this state.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2719 Departmental discretion; guidelines for priority.

Sec. 2719.

The department shall exercise its discretion in selecting a health resource shortage area for assignment of a designated professional. The department may establish guidelines for priority among health resource shortage areas in assignments of designated professionals to those areas.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2721 Minority health profession grant fund; creation; funding; use; investments; crediting earnings to fund.

Sec. 2721.

(1) There is created the minority health profession grant fund as a separate fund in the state treasury, to be administered by the department. The department shall deposit amounts repaid under section 2707 with the state treasurer, who shall credit the amounts to the fund. The fund shall be used to fund grants made under section 2707.

(2) The state treasurer shall direct the investment of the fund money and shall credit earnings to the fund.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2723 Rules; status report.

Sec. 2723.

(1) The department may promulgate rules necessary for the implementation of the department's functions under this part.

(2) The department shall report biennially to the house and senate appropriations subcommittees on the department of community health, the house and senate fiscal agencies, the governor, the state health planning council, and the public health advisory council on the status of the Michigan essential health provider recruitment strategy for the preceding 2 years. In addition to the status report, the report shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:

(a) Review of state and federal legislation, rules, guidelines, and policy directives affecting the health personnel of health resource shortage areas.

(b) Recommendations concerning physician specialty areas or other health professions for inclusion in the Michigan essential health provider recruitment strategy based upon a determination of the need for various types of health care providers in this state.

(c) An assessment of whether the amount of debt or expense repayment an individual may receive under section 2705(3) is sufficient to facilitate the placement and retention of designated professionals in health resource shortage areas, or whether that maximum amount should be adjusted to reflect changes in tuition costs for students enrolled in medical schools, dental schools, nursing programs, or physician's assistant programs.

(d) An analysis of the return on investment and effectiveness of the grant program under section 2707 and the essential health provider repayment program under section 2705.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 173, Imd. Eff. June 17, 2014
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2725 Short title.

Sec. 2725.

This part shall be known and may be cited as the “Michigan essential health provider recruitment strategy act”.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2727 Conditional effective date.

Sec. 2727.

This part shall take effect October 1, 1990, except that this part shall not take effect unless before that date legislation is enacted that contains funding for the program created by this part.


History: Add. 1990, Act 16, Eff. Oct. 1, 1990
Compiler's Notes: In Sec. 101 of Act 198 of 1990, the legislature appropriated $400,000 for the “Michigan essential health care provider program.” Act 198 was approved by the governor on July 24, 1990, and filed with the Secretary of State on July 25, 1990.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 28
VITAL RECORDS


333.2801 Meanings of words and phrases; general definitions and principles of construction.

Sec. 2801.

(1) For purposes of this part, the words and phrases defined in sections 2803 to 2805 have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

(2) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the office of policy, planning and evaluation from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2803 Definitions; A to F.

Sec. 2803.

(1) "Abortion" means that term as defined in section 17015.

(2) "Dead body" means a human body or fetus, or a part of a dead human body or fetus, in a condition from which it may reasonably be concluded that death has occurred.

(3) "Fetal death" means the death of a fetus that has completed at least 20 weeks of gestation or weighs at least 400 grams. Fetal death includes a stillbirth. The definition shall conform in all other respects as closely as possible to the definition recommended by the federal agency responsible for vital statistics.

(4) "Fetal remains" means a dead fetus or part of a dead fetus that has completed at least 10 weeks of gestation or has reached the stage of development that, upon visual inspection of the fetus or part of the fetus, the head, torso, or extremities appear to be supported by skeletal or cartilaginous structures. Fetal remains do not include the umbilical cord or placenta.

(5) "File" means to present a certificate, report, or other record to the local registrar for registration by the state registrar.

(6) "Final disposition" means the burial, cremation, interment, or other legal disposition of a dead body or fetal remains.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 562, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 499, Eff. Mar. 31, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2804 Definitions; I to R.

Sec. 2804.

(1) "Institution" means a public or private establishment that provides inpatient medical, surgical, or diagnostic care or treatment or nursing, custodial, or domiciliary care to 2 or more unrelated individuals, including an establishment to which individuals are committed by law.

(2) "Law enforcement agency" means a police agency of a city, village, or township; a sheriff's department; the department of state police; and any other governmental law enforcement agency.

(3) "Live birth" means that term as defined in section 1 of the born alive infant protection act, 2002 PA 687, MCL 333.1071.

(4) "Local registrar" means the county clerk or the clerk's deputy, or in the case of a city having a population of 40,000 or more, the city clerk or city department designated by the governing body of the city; or a registrar appointed pursuant to section 2814. Population shall be determined according to the latest federal decennial census.

(5) "Miscarriage" means the spontaneous expulsion of a nonviable fetus that has completed less than 20 weeks of gestation.

(6) "Registration" means the acceptance by the state registrar and the incorporation of certificates provided for in this part into the official vital records.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 20, Imd. Eff. May 16, 1985 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 149, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1990 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 499, Eff. Mar. 31, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2805 Definitions; S to V.

Sec. 2805.

(1) “State registrar” means the official appointed under section 2813 or his or her authorized representative.

(2) “System of vital statistics” means the collection, certification, compilation, amendment, coordination, and preservation of vital records, including the tabulation, analysis, and publication of vital statistics.

(3) “Vital record” means a certificate or registration of birth, death, marriage, or divorce; an acknowledgment of parentage; or related data.

(4) “Vital statistics” means data derived from vital records and related reports.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 307, Eff. June 1, 1997
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2811 Form and content of vital records and certificates.

Sec. 2811.

The department shall prescribe the form and content of vital records and certificates, which shall conform as nearly as possible to recognized national standardized forms including, as required to comply with federal law, requirements for the entry of social security numbers.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 332, Imd. Eff. Aug. 10, 1998
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 2 of 1998 PA 332 provides:“Enacting section 2. The family independence agency shall request from the federal government an exemption from the provisions regarding the recording of social security numbers added by this 1998 amendatory act, which are intended to be used for the collection of child support, as required by federal law in order for this state to receive certain federal funds. Upon the granting of the exemption, those provisions referred to by this enacting section shall not be utilized or enforced by the state or a local governmental entity.”
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2813 State registrar; appointment; duties; inclusion of social security number; disclosure prohibited; violation; penalty.

Sec. 2813.

(1) The director shall appoint, subject to civil service rules, a state registrar to administer the system of vital statistics.

(2) The state registrar shall:

(a) Administer and control the only system of vital statistics for this state, as authorized in this part and the rules promulgated pursuant to this part.

(b) Be the custodian of the system of vital statistics.

(c) Exercise superintending control over local registrars and administer and control the activities of local officials and all other persons as to the operation of the system of vital statistics. The state registrar shall require each local registrar to require, as required to comply with federal law, the entry of the social security number of each applicant on an application for his or her marriage license and of the deceased on his or her death certificate. The directive under this subdivision for the inclusion of a social security number on an application shall not be required of an applicant who is exempt under federal law from obtaining a social security number or who is exempt under federal or state law from including his or her social security number on such an application. The state registrar shall not require a marriage license applicant's social security number to be displayed on the marriage license.

(d) Issue instructions for the administration of the system of vital statistics and conduct training programs to promote uniformity of policy and procedures throughout the state in matters pertaining to the system of vital statistics.

(e) Prescribe, furnish, and distribute forms for vital records and vital statistics or prescribe other means of transmitting vital records and vital statistics information as required by this part and the rules promulgated pursuant to this part.

(f) Prepare and publish reports of vital statistics.

(3) A person shall not disclose, in a manner not authorized by law or rule, a social security number collected as required by this section. A violation of this subsection is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days or a fine of not more than $500.00, or both. A second or subsequent violation of this subsection is a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 4 years or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 332, Imd. Eff. Aug. 10, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2814 City clerk or city department as local registrar; rules.

Sec. 2814.

(1) A city having a population of less than 40,000 and an institution located within the city limits may request the state registrar to approve the governing body's appointment of a city clerk or a city department as a local registrar.

(2) The department shall promulgate rules for the administration of this section.


History: Add. 1985, Act 20, Imd. Eff. May 16, 1985
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2815 Local registrar; duties.

Sec. 2815.

(1) A county board of commissioners and the governing body of a city having a population of 40,000 or more may agree that the county clerk or the clerk's deputy shall act as the local registrar for the city.

(2) A local registrar shall do all of the following:

(a) Record and transmit vital records and statistics as required by this part.

(b) Furnish blank forms and instructions provided by the state registrar to persons required to file vital records and vital statistics. A form or blank, including, but not limited to, a form or blank in an electronic format, other than those provided or approved by the state registrar shall not be used.

(c) Examine each vital record before accepting the record for registration. If the record is incomplete or unsatisfactory, the local registrar shall require the submission of additional information necessary to complete the record before accepting it for registration.

(d) Affix his or her identification to each vital record accepted for registration and document the date of its acceptance.

(e) Transmit, in the manner prescribed by the state registrar, the vital record to the department. The local registrar shall preserve at the local registrar's office information prescribed by the state registrar.

(f) Issue a certificate of registration for a live birth on a form approved by the state registrar and issue certified copies of vital records documents on file pursuant to sections 2881, 2882, and 2891.

(g) Issue a permit for final disposition of a dead body upon receipt of sufficient evidence that death occurred within the local registrar's jurisdiction.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 20, Imd. Eff. May 16, 1985 ;-- Am. 1997, Act 30, Imd. Eff. June 19, 1997
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2821 Birth registration required; filing record of birth; time of registration; transmission to childhood immunization registry.

Sec. 2821.

(1) Birth registration is required for each individual born in this state.

(2) A record of birth for each live birth that occurs in this state shall be filed at the office of the local registrar not more than 5 days after the birth. The birth shall be registered when the filing is completed.

(3) Upon receipt of a vital record consisting of a birth registration transmitted by a local registrar pursuant to section 2815(2), the state registrar shall transmit the information contained in the birth registration to the childhood immunization registry created in section 9207 .


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 540, Imd. Eff. Jan. 15, 1997
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2822 Persons required to report live birth occurring in state; “abortion” defined.

Sec. 2822.

(1) The following individuals shall report a live birth that occurs in this state:

(a) If a live birth occurs in an institution or enroute to an institution, the individual in charge of the institution or his or her designated representative shall obtain the personal data, prepare the certificate of birth, secure the signatures required by the certificate of birth, and file the certificate of birth with the local registrar or as otherwise directed by the state registrar within 5 days after the birth. The physician or other individual in attendance shall provide the medical information required by the certificate of birth and certify to the facts of birth not later than 72 hours after the birth. If the physician or other individual does not certify to the facts of birth within 72 hours, the individual in charge of the institution or his or her authorized representative shall complete and certify the facts of birth.

(b) If a live birth occurs outside an institution, the record shall be prepared, certified, and filed with the local registrar by 1 of the following individuals in the following order of priority:

(i) The physician in attendance at or immediately after the live birth.

(ii) Any other individual in attendance at or immediately after the live birth.

(iii) The father, the mother, or, in the absence of the father and the inability of the mother, the individual in charge of the premises where the live birth occurs.

(c) If a live birth occurs during an attempted abortion and the mother of the newborn has expressed a desire not to assume custody and responsibility for the newborn by refusing to authorize necessary life-sustaining medical treatment, the live birth shall be reported as follows:

(i) If the attempted abortion took place in an institution, the live birth shall be reported in the same manner as provided in subdivision (a), except that the parents shall be listed as “unknown” and the newborn shall be listed as “Baby Doe”.

(ii) If the attempted abortion took place outside an institution, the live birth shall be reported in the same manner as provided in subdivision (b), except that the parents shall be listed as “unknown” and the newborn shall be listed as “Baby Doe”.

(2) As used in this section, “abortion” means that term as defined in section 17015.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 691, Eff. Mar. 31, 2003
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2823 Registration of live birth occurring in moving conveyance.

Sec. 2823.

(1) When a live birth occurs in a moving conveyance in the United States and the child is first removed from the conveyance in this state, the birth shall be registered in this state. The place where the child is first removed from the conveyance shall be shown as the place of birth.

(2) When a live birth occurs in a moving conveyance while in international waters or air space or a foreign country and the child is first removed from the conveyance in this state, the birth shall be registered in this state but the certificate shall show the actual place of birth insofar as the place can be determined.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2824 Registering name of husband as father of child; registering surname of child; consent; acknowledgment of parentage; designating surname of child; entering name of father and surname of child on birth certificate; father not named on birth registration; utilization of assisted reproductive technology; reference to legitimacy or illegitimacy prohibited.

Sec. 2824.

(1) The name of the husband at the time of conception or, if none, the husband at birth shall be registered as the father of the child. The surname of the child shall be registered as designated by the child's parents.

(2) If the child's mother was not married at the time of conception or birth, the name of the father shall not be entered on the certificate of birth without the written consent of the mother and without the completion, and filing with the state registrar, of an acknowledgment of parentage by the mother and the individual to be named as the father. The acknowledgment of parentage shall be completed in the manner provided in the acknowledgment of parentage act. For a certificate of birth completed under this subsection and upon the written request of both parents, the surname of the child shall be designated by the child's parents.

(3) If the name of the child's father cannot be shown under subsection (1) or (2), the child shall be given the surname designated by the mother.

(4) If the paternity of a child is determined by a court of competent jurisdiction, the name of the father shall be entered on the certificate of birth as found and ordered by the court. The surname of the child shall be entered on the certificate of birth as designated by the child's mother.

(5) If the child's father is not named on the birth registration, no other information about the father shall be entered on the registration.

(6) A child conceived by a married woman with consent of her husband following the utilization of assisted reproductive technology is considered to be the legitimate child of the husband and wife.

(7) After May 30, 1979, a birth certificate shall not contain a reference to the legitimacy or illegitimacy of a child.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 23, Imd. Eff. May 30, 1979 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 115, Imd. Eff. July 20, 1993 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 307, Eff. June 1, 1997
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2825 Assuming custody of live born child of unknown parentage; form, contents, and filing of report; place of birth; report as birth registration; sealing and opening of report.

Sec. 2825.

(1) A person who assumes custody of a live born child of unknown parentage shall report on a form and in a manner prescribed by the state registrar the following information:

(a) The date and place of finding the child.

(b) The sex and approximate birth date of the child.

(c) The name and address of the person or institution with whom the child is placed for care.

(d) The name given to the child by the custodian of the child.

(e) Other data required by the state registrar.

(2) The report shall be filed in the manner prescribed by the state registrar not later than 5 days after the person assumes custody.

(3) The place where the child is found shall be entered as the place of birth.

(4) A report made under this section constitutes the birth registration for the child.

(5) If the child is identified and a birth registration is found or obtained, a report registered under this section shall be sealed and may be opened only by order of a court of competent jurisdiction or as provided by rule.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2827 Failure to register birth within time prescribed; filing certificate of birth; registration of birth subject to evidentiary requirements; marking certificate “delayed” and showing date of delayed registration; endorsing summary statement of evidence on certificate; failure to register due to conflict of information.

Sec. 2827.

(1) When the birth of an individual born in this state has not been registered within the time period prescribed in section 2821, a certificate of birth may be filed in accordance with procedures established pursuant to section 2896 or as otherwise provided under subsection (4). The certificate shall be registered subject to evidentiary requirements the department prescribes to substantiate the alleged facts of birth.

(2) Except as otherwise provided under subsection (4), a certificate of birth registered 1 year or more after the date of birth shall be marked "delayed" and show on its face the date of the delayed registration.

(3) A summary statement of the evidence submitted in support of the delayed registration shall be endorsed on the certificate.

(4) A certificate of birth that was not originally registered due to a conflict of information provided pursuant to section 2824(1) shall be registered upon the resolution of that conflict or upon the child who is the subject of the certificate of birth reaching the age of 18. A certificate of birth registered pursuant to this subsection is considered to have been filed and registered on the date the department originally received the birth information and shall not be marked "delayed".


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 567, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 2007
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2828 Conditions prohibiting registration of delayed certificate of birth; advising applicant of reasons and right of appeal; dismissal of application; judicial findings and order; forwarding order to state registrar; registration of order as certificate of birth; forwarding copy of delayed registration to local registrar.

Sec. 2828.

(1) If an applicant does not submit the minimum documentation required by rules for delayed registration of a birth or if the state registrar has reasonable cause to question the validity or adequacy of the applicant's sworn statement or the documentary evidence, the state registrar shall not register the delayed certificate of birth and shall advise the applicant of the reasons for this action and of the applicant's right of appeal to the probate court of the county of residence or birth.

(2) The department may provide for the dismissal of an application which is not actively prosecuted.

(3) If, on the basis of the evidence presented, the court finds that the individual for whom a delayed certificate of birth is sought was born in this state, the court shall make findings as to the place and date of birth, parentage, and other findings required by the case and shall issue an order on a form prescribed and furnished by the state registrar to establish a certificate of birth. The order shall include the birth data to be registered, a description of the evidence presented, and the date of the court's action.

(4) The clerk of the court shall forward the order to the state registrar not later than the tenth day of the calendar month following the month in which the order was entered. The order shall be registered by the state registrar and shall constitute the certificate of birth.

(5) The state registrar shall forward a copy of a delayed registration to the local registrar of the district where the birth occurred.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2829 Report of adoption; form; contents; report when adoption order amended, annulled, or rescinded; duty of probate register or clerk; requirements of birth certificate issued to adopted individual.

Sec. 2829.

(1) For each adoption ordered by the probate court in this state, the court shall prepare a report of adoption on a form prescribed and furnished by the state registrar. The report shall:

(a) Include the facts necessary to locate and identify the certificate of live birth of the individual adopted.

(b) Provide information necessary to establish a new certificate of live birth of the individual adopted.

(c) Identify the adoption order.

(d) Be certified by the probate register or clerk.

(2) When an adoption order is amended, annulled, or rescinded, the court shall prepare a report which shall include the facts necessary to identify the original adoption report and the facts amended in the adoption order necessary to properly amend the birth record. The report of a rescission of adoption shall include the current names and addresses of the petitioners.

(3) Not later than the tenth day of the calendar month, the probate register or clerk shall forward:

(a) To the state registrar, reports of adoption orders, and amendments, annulments, and rescissions of the orders, entered during the preceding month for individuals born in this state.

(b) To the appropriate registration authority in another state, the United States department of state, or the United States immigration and naturalization service, reports of adoption orders, and amendments, annulments, and rescissions of the orders, entered during the preceding month for individuals born outside this state.

(4) A birth certificate issued to an adopted individual shall conform to the requirements of sections 67 and 68 of chapter X of Act No. 288 of the Public Acts of 1939, as amended, being sections 710.67 and 710.68 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 208, Eff. May 14, 1980 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 248, Imd. Eff. Nov. 19, 1992
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2830 Adoption of child born outside United States, territory of United States, or Canada; filing, form, and contents of delayed registration of birth; petition for issuance of delayed registration of birth; entering change of name.

Sec. 2830.

(1) If a child whose birth occurred outside the United States, a territory of the United States, or Canada is adopted by a resident of this state under the laws of this state or under the laws of a foreign country, the probate court, on motion of the adopting parent, may file a delayed registration of birth on a form provided by the department. The delayed registration shall contain the date and place of birth and other facts specified by the department.

(2) If the date and place of birth of a child described in subsection (1) cannot be documented from foreign records or a medical assessment of the development of the child indicates that the date of birth as stated in the immigration records is not correct, the court shall determine the facts and establish a date and place of birth and may file a delayed registration of birth as provided in subsection (1).

(3) Upon the petition of a child adopted in this state whose birth occurred outside the United States, a territory of the United States, or Canada, or a petition of the child's adoptive parents, the court that issued an order of adoption for that child before the effective date of this section may issue a delayed registration of birth for the adopted child as provided in subsection (1).

(4) A probate court may, at the request of the adopting parent when filing a delayed registration of birth under subsection (1), enter a new name for the child on the delayed registration of birth. After the filing of a delayed registration of birth that includes a change of name, the new name shall be the legal name of the adopted child.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 242, Eff. July 5, 1994 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 22, Imd. Eff. May 19, 2005
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2831 New certificate of birth; establishment; requirements.

Sec. 2831.

The state registrar shall establish a new certificate of birth for an individual born in this state when the registrar receives the following:

(a) A report of adoption as provided in section 2829, a report of adoption prepared and filed under the laws of another state or foreign country, or a certified copy of the adoption order, together with the information necessary to identify the original certificate of birth and to establish a new certificate of live birth. However, a new certificate of live birth shall not be established if so requested by the court ordering the adoption; the adopting parent; or the adoptee, if the adoptee is an adult.

(b) A request that a new certificate be established and the evidence required by the department proving that the individual's paternity has been established.

(c) A request that a new certificate be established to show a sex designation other than that designated at birth. The request shall be accompanied by an affidavit of a physician certifying that sex-reassignment surgery has been performed.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 307, Eff. June 1, 1997
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2832 New certificate of birth; actual place and date of birth to be shown; substitution for original certificate; inspection; restoration of original certificate upon notice of annulment or rescission of adoption; preparing new certificate on delayed birth certificate form; sealing or forwarding original certificate.

Sec. 2832.

(1) When a new certificate of live birth is established, the actual place and date of birth shall be shown. The new certificate shall be substituted for the original certificate of live birth. Thereafter, the original certificate and the evidence of adoption or sex designation are not subject to inspection except as otherwise provided in section 2882(2) or (3) or upon a court order. Evidence in support of other birth record changes is subject to inspection as provided in sections 2882 and 2883.

(2) Upon receipt of notice of annulment of adoption or a copy of an order of rescission, the original certificate of live birth shall be restored to its place in the files. The certificate created under subsection (1) is not subject to inspection except upon a court order.

(3) If a certificate of live birth is not on file for the individual for whom a new live birth certificate is to be established under section 2831, a new live birth certificate may be prepared on the delayed birth certificate form in use at the time of adoption, legitimation, or paternity determination.

(4) When a new certificate of live birth is established by the state registrar, all copies of the original certificate of birth in the custody of a custodian of permanent records in this state shall be sealed from inspection or forwarded to the state registrar, as the state registrar directs.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 248, Imd. Eff. Nov. 19, 1992 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 206, Eff. Jan. 1, 1995 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 307, Eff. June 1, 1997
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2833 Recording death on decedent's birth certificate; notification; recordation by department or local registrar; recordation on face of copies of certificate; correction of record.

Sec. 2833.

(1) The death of a person whose birth is registered under this code shall be recorded on the decedent's birth certificate in compliance with this section.

(2) Upon receipt of a certificate of death for a person under 45 years of age, the department shall notify the local registrar of the registration district in which a birth certificate for the decedent is maintained and, if a birth certificate for the decedent is maintained by the department, record the fact of death on the decedent's birth certificate.

(3) If the person was born in another state, the state registrar shall notify the state registrar of vital records in the state of birth that the person is deceased.

(4) Upon receipt of a notice from the department that there is on file in the local registrar's office a birth certificate of a deceased person, the local registrar shall record the fact of death on the birth record of the decedent.

(5) A copy of a birth certificate or certificate of registration issued for records identified and marked in accordance with subsections (1) and (2) shall have recorded on the face of the copy or certificate of registration the fact that the individual is deceased.

(6) Upon receipt of a notice that a record identified and marked in accordance with subsections (1) and (2) has been marked in error, the record may be corrected in accordance with this part.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 385, Imd. Eff. Jan. 6, 1981
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2834 Report of fetal death; time, form, and manner; prohibited information; report if dead fetus delivered in or outside institution; notice to medical examiner; investigation and report; use and disposition of confidential statistical reports; disclosure identifying biological parents prohibited; incorporation of records into system of vital statistics; certificate of stillbirth.

Sec. 2834.

(1) A fetal death occurring in this state shall be reported to the state registrar within 5 days after delivery. The state registrar shall prescribe the form and manner for reporting fetal deaths.

(2) The fetal death reporting form shall not contain the name of the biological parents, common identifiers such as social security or drivers license numbers, or other information identifiers that would make it possible to identify in any manner or in any circumstances the biological parents of the fetus. A state agency shall not compare data in an information system file with data in another computer system that would result in identifying in any way a woman or father involved in a fetal death. Statistical information that may reveal the identity of the biological parents involved in a fetal death shall not be maintained. This subsection does not apply after June 1, 2003.

(3) If a dead fetus that has completed at least 20 weeks of gestation or weighs at least 400 grams is delivered in an institution, the individual in charge of the institution or his or her authorized representative shall prepare and file the fetal death report and shall follow the protocols in place for the institution in the event of a death that occurs after a live birth but before being discharged from the institution.

(4) If a dead fetus that has completed at least 20 weeks of gestation or weighs at least 400 grams is delivered outside an institution, the physician in attendance shall prepare and file the fetal death report.

(5) If a fetal death occurs without medical attendance at or after the delivery or if inquiry is required by the medical examiner, the attendant, mother, or other person having knowledge of the fetal death shall notify the medical examiner who shall investigate the cause and prepare and file the fetal death report.

(6) The fetal death reports required under this section and filed before June 1, 2003 are confidential statistical reports to be used only for medical and health purposes and shall not be incorporated into the permanent official records of the system of vital statistics. A schedule for the disposition of these reports shall be provided for by the department. The department or any employee of the department shall not disclose to any person outside the department the reports or the contents of the reports required by this section and filed before June 1, 2003 in a way that permits the person to whom the report is disclosed to identify the biological parents.

(7) The fetal death reports required under this section and filed on or after June 1, 2003 are permanent vital records documents and shall be incorporated into the system of vital statistics. Access to a fetal death report or information contained on a fetal death report is the same as a live birth record under sections 2882, 2883, and 2888.

(8) With information provided to the department under subsection (7), the department shall create a certificate of stillbirth that conforms as nearly as possible to recognized national standardized forms and includes, but is not limited to, the following information:

(a) The name of the fetus, if it was given a name by the parent or parents.

(b) The number of weeks of gestation completed.

(c) The date of delivery and weight at the time of delivery.

(d) The name of the parent or parents.

(e) The name of the institution in which the fetus was delivered or the name of the health professional in attendance if the delivery was outside an institution.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 562, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 499, Eff. Mar. 31, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2835 "Physical complication" defined; report of abortion; form, transmittal, and contents of report; prohibited information; destruction of reports; annual statistical report; use of statistical reports; prohibited disclosures; violation; penalty; release of reports or contents to department of licensing and regulatory affairs.

Sec. 2835.

(1) As used in this section and section 2837, "physical complication" means a physical condition occurring during or after an abortion that, under generally accepted standards of medical practice, requires medical attention. Physical complication includes, but is not limited to, infection, hemorrhage, cervical laceration, or perforation of the uterus.

(2) A physician who performs an abortion shall report the performance of that procedure to the department on forms prescribed and provided by the department. A physician shall transmit a report required under this subsection to the director within 7 days after the performance of the abortion.

(3) Each report of an abortion required under subsection (2) shall contain only the following information and no other information:

(a) The age of the individual at the time of the abortion.

(b) The marital status of the individual at the time of the abortion.

(c) The race and, if applicable, Hispanic ethnicity of the individual.

(d) The city or township, county, and state in which the individual resided at the time of the abortion.

(e) The name and address of the facility and the type of facility in which the abortion was performed.

(f) The source of referral to the physician performing the abortion.

(g) The number of previous pregnancies carried to term.

(h) The number of previous pregnancies ending in spontaneous abortion.

(i) The number of previous pregnancies terminated by abortion.

(j) The method used before the abortion to confirm the pregnancy, the period of gestation in weeks of the present pregnancy, and the first day of the last menstrual period.

(k) The method used to perform the abortion.

(l) The weight of the embryo or fetus, if determinable.

(m) Whether the fetus showed evidence of life when separated, expelled, or removed from the individual.

(n) The date of performance of the abortion.

(o) The method and source of payment for the abortion.

(p) A physical complication or death resulting from the abortion and observed by the physician or reported to the physician or his or her agent before the report required under subsection (2) is transmitted to the director.

(q) The physician's signature and his or her state license number.

(4) The report required under subsection (2) shall not contain the name of the individual, common identifiers such as her social security number or motor vehicle operator's license number or other information or identifiers that would make it possible to identify in any manner or under any circumstances an individual who has obtained or seeks to obtain an abortion. A state agency shall not compare data in an electronic or other information system file with data in another electronic or other information system that would result in identifying in any manner or under any circumstances an individual obtaining or seeking to obtain an abortion. Statistical information that may reveal the identity of an individual obtaining or seeking to obtain an abortion shall not be maintained.

(5) The department shall destroy each individual report required by this section and each copy of the report after retaining the report for 5 years after the date the report is received.

(6) The department shall make available annually in aggregate a statistical report summarizing the information submitted in each individual report required by this section. The department shall specifically summarize aggregate data regarding all of the following in the annual statistical report:

(a) The period of gestation in 4-week intervals from 5 weeks through 28 weeks.

(b) Abortions performed on individuals aged 17 and under.

(c) Physical complications reported under subsection (3)(p) and section 2837.

(7) The reports required under this section are statistical reports to be used only for medical and health purposes and shall not be incorporated into the permanent official records of the system of vital statistics.

(8) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (10), the department or an employee of the department shall not disclose to a person or entity outside the department the reports or the contents of the reports required by this section in a manner or fashion so as to permit the person or entity to whom the report is disclosed to identify in any way the individual who is the subject of the report, the identity of the physician who performed the abortion, or the name or address of a facility in which an abortion was performed.

(9) A person who discloses confidential identifying information in violation of this section, section 2834(6), or section 2837 is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 3 years or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(10) The department may release the reports or the contents of the reports required by this section to the department of licensing and regulatory affairs for regulatory purposes only. The department of licensing and regulatory affairs or an employee of the department of licensing or regulatory affairs shall not disclose to a person or entity outside of the department of licensing and regulatory affairs the reports or the contents of the reports required by this section in a manner or fashion so as to permit the person or entity to whom the report is disclosed to identify in any way the individual who is the subject of the report, the identity of the physician who performed the abortion, or the name or address of a facility in which an abortion was performed.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 207, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 562, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 117, Eff. Jan. 1, 2011 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 499, Eff. Mar. 31, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2836 Disposal of fetal remains.

Sec. 2836.

(1) All fetal remains resulting from abortions shall be disposed of by interment or cremation as those terms are defined in section 2 of the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.522, or by incineration by a person other than a cemetery registered under the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.521 to 456.543. Unless the mother has provided written consent for research on the fetal remains under section 2688, a physician who performs an abortion shall arrange for the final disposition of the fetal remains resulting from the abortion. Disposal of fetal remains resulting from an abortion may occur without the supervision of a funeral director.

(2) This section does not require a physician to discuss the final disposition of the fetal remains with the mother before performing the abortion, nor does it require a physician to obtain authorization from the mother for the final disposition of the fetal remains upon completion of the abortion.


History: Add. 2012, Act 499, Eff. Mar. 31, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2837 Physical complication or death resulting from abortion; report.

Sec. 2837.

(1) A physician shall file a written report with the department regarding each patient who comes under the physician's professional care and who suffers a physical complication or death that is a primary, secondary, or tertiary result of an abortion.

(2) The department shall summarize aggregate data from the reports required under subsection (1) for purposes of inclusion into the annual statistical report on abortion required under section 2835.

(3) The department shall destroy each individual report required by this section and each copy of the report after retaining the report for 5 years after the date the report is received.

(4) The department shall develop and distribute a standardized form for the report required under subsection (1). The department shall not include on the standardized reporting form the name or address of the patient who is the subject of the report or any other information that could reasonably be expected to identify the patient who is the subject of the report. The department shall include on the standardized form a statement specifying the time period within which a report must be transmitted under section 2835(2).


History: Add. 1999, Act 208, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1999
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2841 Death registration required; place of death; failure to report death to law enforcement agency, funeral home, or 9-1-1 operator; violation; penalty.

Sec. 2841.

(1) Death registration is required for each individual who dies in this state. If the place of death is unknown, but the body is found in this state, the death registration shall show this fact and shall be completed and filed in accordance with this section and section 2842. The place where the body is found shall be shown as the place of death.

(2) Except as otherwise provided under this part, an individual who discovers the body of an individual he or she knows or has reason to know is dead and fails to inform a law enforcement agency, a funeral home, or a 9-1-1 operator of the discovery is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both. This subsection does not apply to an individual who knows or has reason to know that a law enforcement agency, a funeral home, or a 9-1-1 operator has been informed of the discovery of the body.

(3) A person who violates subsection (2) with the purpose of concealing the fact or cause of death of the individual is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 5 years or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(4) A sentence imposed for a violation of this section may be imposed to run consecutively to any other sentence imposed for a conviction that arises out of the same transaction.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 538, Eff. Apr. 1, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2842 Death registration; death occurring in moving conveyance.

Sec. 2842.

(1) When death occurs in a moving conveyance in the United States and the body is first removed from the conveyance in this state, the death registration shall show this fact and be completed and filed in accordance with this part. The place where the body is first removed from the conveyance, shall be shown as the place of death.

(2) When death occurs in a moving conveyance while in international waters or air space or a foreign country and the body is first removed from the conveyance in this state, the death shall be registered in this state in accordance with this part, but the certificate shall show the actual place of death insofar as the place can be determined.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2843 Report of death by funeral director; “dead body” defined; personal data; medical certification; neglecting or refusing to sign death certificate as misdemeanor; penalty; certification and filing of death record; deceased infant; information.

Sec. 2843.

(1) A funeral director who first assumes custody of a dead body, either personally or through his or her authorized agent, shall report the death. For purposes of this subsection, "dead body" includes, but is not limited to, the body of an infant who survived an attempted abortion as described in the born alive infant protection act and who later died. The funeral director or the authorized agent shall obtain the necessary personal data from the next of kin or the best qualified individual or source available and shall obtain medical certification as follows:

(a) If the death occurred outside an institution, the medical certification portion of the death record shall be completed and certified not later than 48 hours after death by the attending physician; or in the absence of the attending physician, by a physician acting as the attending physician's authorized representative; or in the absence of an authorized representative, by the county medical examiner; or in the absence of the county medical examiner, by the county health officer or the deputy county medical examiner. If the death occurred in an institution, the medical certification shall be completed and signed not later than 48 hours after death by the attending physician; or in the absence of the attending physician, by a physician acting as the attending physician's authorized representative; or in the absence of an authorized representative, by the chief medical officer of the institution in which death occurred, after reviewing pertinent records and making other investigation as considered necessary, or by a pathologist.

(b) A physician described in subdivision (a), who for himself or herself or as an agent or employee of another individual neglects or refuses to certify a death record properly presented to him or her for certification by a funeral director or who refuses or neglects to furnish information in his or her possession, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 60 days, or a fine of not less than $25.00 nor more than $100.00, or both.

(2) A physician described in subsection (1)(a) shall provide the medical certification described in subsection (1)(a) within 48 hours after the death.

(3) A death record shall be certified by a funeral director who is licensed under article 18 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801 to 339.1812, or by an individual who holds a courtesy license under section 1806a of that act, MCL 339.1806a, and shall be filed with the local registrar of the district where the death occurred within 72 hours after the death.

(4) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the death of an infant who was born alive following an attempted abortion and was surrendered to an emergency service provider under the safe delivery of newborns law, sections 1 to 20 of chapter XII of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712.1 to 712.20, and then died shall be reported in the same manner as for any death. However, the deceased infant shall be listed as "Baby Doe" and no information that would directly identify the deceased infant or the deceased infant's parents shall be reported, including, but not limited to, the following information:

(a) The name of the mother or father.

(b) The address of the mother or father.

(c) The name of the informant.

(d) The address of the informant.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 691, Eff. Mar. 31, 2003 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 79, Eff. Sept. 26, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2843a Ascertaining if deceased person veteran; releasing information for graves registration list of all burials of veterans.

Sec. 2843a.

A funeral director or his or her agent shall ascertain if the deceased person was a veteran of the armed forces of the United States. If the deceased person was a veteran of the armed forces of the United States, the funeral director or his or her agent shall release to the Michigan veterans' trust fund board of trustees and to the department of management and budget all information required for the compilation and maintenance of a graves registration list of all burials of veterans in this state, pursuant to Act No. 9 of the Public Acts of the First Extra Session of 1946, as amended, being sections 35.601 to 35.610 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: Add. 1980, Act 479, Imd. Eff. Jan. 20, 1981
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2843b Physician having actual knowledge of presence in deceased individual of infectious agent; notification of funeral director or authorized agent; refusal to render services prohibited; effective date of subsection (1); confidentiality; rules; violation as misdemeanor.

Sec. 2843b.

(1) If, at the time of death, a physician who is required to complete the medical certification under section 2843(1)(a) has actual knowledge of the presence in the deceased individual of an infectious agent, including acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related virus, the physician shall notify the funeral director or the funeral director's authorized agent of the appropriate infection control precautions to be taken. The notification required by this subsection shall occur before the body is released to the funeral director or the funeral director's authorized agent. A funeral director or funeral director's authorized agent who receives notification under this subsection shall not refuse to render services as a result of having received the notification. This subsection shall take effect on the effective date of the rules required by subsection (3).

(2) The information contained in the notification required by subsection (1) shall be confidential. A person who receives confidential information under this section shall disclose the information to others only to the extent consistent with the authorized purpose for which the information was obtained.

(3) Within 30 days after the effective date of this subsection, the department shall submit for promulgation under section 48 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being section 24.248 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, rules which define the term “infectious agent” for purposes of this section.

(4) The department may promulgate rules to administer this section.

(5) A person who violates subsection (2) is guilty of a misdemeanor.


History: Add. 1986, Act 185, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986
Compiler's Notes: Subsection (1) of this section took effect September 2, 1986, the date emergency rules required by subsection (3) were promulgated by the Department of Public Health.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2844 Referral of case to county medical examiner; determining and certifying cause of death; investigation; completing and signing medical certification; notice to funeral director; final disposition.

Sec. 2844.

(1) When death occurs more than 10 days after the deceased was last seen by a physician, if the cause of death appears to be other than the illness or condition for which the deceased was being treated, or if the attending physician cannot accurately determine the cause of death, the case shall be referred to the county medical examiner for investigation to determine and certify the cause of death. If the county medical examiner determines that the case does not fall within his or her jurisdiction, the county medical examiner shall refer the case back to the deceased's physician within 24 hours for completion of the medical certification.

(2) When an investigation is required under Act No. 181 of the Public Acts of 1953, as amended, being sections 52.201 to 52.216 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, the county medical examiner shall determine the cause of death and shall complete and sign the medical certification within 48 hours after taking charge of the case.

(3) If the cause of death cannot be determined within 48 hours after death, the medical certification may be completed as provided by the department. The attending physician or county medical examiner shall give the funeral director in custody of the body notice of the reason for the delay, and final disposition shall not be made until authorized by the attending physician or medical examiner.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2844a Dental examination of dead body; forwarding records to law enforcement agency; entering information into national crime information center; cancellation of information.

Sec. 2844a.

(1) In deaths investigated by the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner where he or she is not able to establish and verify, as required under section 5 of 1953 PA 181, MCL 52.205, the identity of the dead body by visual means, fingerprints, DNA, or other definitive identification procedures, the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner may have a qualified dentist, as determined by the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner, carry out a dental examination of the dead body. If the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner, with the aid of the dental examination and other identifying findings, is still not able to establish the identity of the dead body, the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner shall forward the dental examination records to the appropriate law enforcement agency. The law enforcement agency shall enter the information from the dental examination records into the national crime information center pursuant to section 8 of 1968 PA 319, MCL 28.258.

(2) If a person reported missing has not been found within 30 days, the law enforcement agency conducting the investigation for the missing person shall request the family or next of kin of the missing person to give them written consent to contact and request from the dentist of the missing person the person's dental records. The information from the dental records of the missing person shall be entered into the national crime information center by the law enforcement agency pursuant to section 8 of 1968 PA 319, MCL 28.258.

(3) If a person reported missing has been found, the law enforcement agency that entered the information under subsection (2) shall cancel the information.


History: Add. 1980, Act 418, Imd. Eff. Jan. 13, 1981 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 149, Imd. Eff. June 27, 1990 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 570, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 2007
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2845 Inability to locate body; registration of death upon receipt of findings of probate court; marking death registration; extension of time periods.

Sec. 2845.

(1) When a death is presumed to have occurred in this state but the body cannot be located, the state registrar may register the death upon receipt of the findings of the probate court, including the personal and medical data required to complete the death registration. The death registration shall be marked “presumptive” and shall show on its face the date of registration and identify the court and the date of decree.

(2) The state registrar may provide for the extension of time periods prescribed for the filing of death registrations in cases where compliance would result in undue hardship.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2846 Failure to register death within prescribed time period; filing, registering, and marking certificate; evidentiary requirements.

Sec. 2846.

(1) When a death occurring in this state is not registered within the time period prescribed by section 2843, a certificate may be filed in accordance with department procedures. The certificate shall be registered subject to evidentiary requirements the department prescribes to substantiate the alleged facts of death.

(2) A certificate of death registered 1 year or more after the date of death shall be marked “delayed” and shall show on its face the date of the delayed registration.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2847 Death of individual in county in which individual not a resident; information; issuance of certified copy or certificate of registration prohibited.

Sec. 2847.

When a death registration returned by a local registrar to the state registrar indicates that an individual died in a county in which the individual was not a resident, the state registrar shall forward the necessary information monthly to the local registrar of the county in which the individual was a resident. A certified copy or certificate of registration based on this information shall not be issued by a local registrar receiving information under this section.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2848 Authorization for final disposition of dead body or fetus; time; form; retention of permit; religious service or ceremony not required; cremation; moving body; permit issued by other state.

Sec. 2848.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in sections 2844 and 2845, a funeral director or person acting as a funeral director, who first assumes custody of a dead body, not later than 72 hours after death or the finding of a dead body and before final disposition of the body, shall obtain authorization for the final disposition. The authorization for final disposition of a dead body shall be issued on a form prescribed by the state registrar and signed by the local registrar or the state registrar.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in section 2836, or unless the mother has provided written consent for research on the dead fetus under section 2688, before final disposition of a dead fetus, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy, the funeral director or person assuming responsibility for the final disposition of the fetus or fetal remains shall obtain from the parents, or parent if the mother is unmarried, an authorization for final disposition on a form prescribed and furnished or approved by the state registrar. The authorization may allow final disposition to be by a funeral director, the individual in charge of the institution where the fetus was delivered or miscarried, or an institution or agency authorized to accept donated bodies, fetuses, or fetal remains under this act. The parents, or parent if the mother is unmarried, may direct the final disposition to be interment or cremation as those terms are defined in section 2 of the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.522, or incineration. After final disposition, the funeral director, the individual in charge of the institution, or other person making the final disposition shall retain the permit for not less than 7 years. This section as amended by the amendatory act that added this sentence does not require a religious service or ceremony as part of the final disposition of fetal remains.

(3) If final disposition is by cremation, the medical examiner of the county in which death occurred shall sign the authorization for final disposition.

(4) A body may be moved from the place of death to be prepared for final disposition with the consent of the physician or county medical examiner who certifies the cause of death.

(5) A permit for disposition issued under the law of another state that accompanies a dead body or dead fetus brought into this state is authorization for final disposition of the dead body or dead fetus in this state.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 562, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 499, Eff. Mar. 31, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2850 Interment or other disposition of dead body or fetus; duty of individual in charge of premises; record of final disposition.

Sec. 2850.

An individual in charge of premises in which interments or other disposition of dead bodies is made shall not inter or allow interment or other disposition of a dead body or fetus unless it is accompanied by an authorization for final disposition. An individual in charge of a place for final disposition shall keep a record of a final disposition made in the premises under his or her charge. The record shall state the name of the deceased, date and place of death, date of final disposition, and the name and address of the funeral director or person acting as a funeral director.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2851 Permit request for disinterment of dead human body.

Sec. 2851.

(1) Subject to any other provision of this part, a person who has authority to make arrangements for a dead human body under section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206, also has authority to request a permit for the disinterment of a dead human body under section 2853 notwithstanding the lack of consent of, or 1 or more objections of, a person who owns or possesses ownership rights over the place of repose. A person who owns or possesses ownership rights over the place of repose shall not bear any cost associated with the disinterment unless that person initiates the disinterment or is otherwise legally obligated for the costs of the disinterment.

(2) This section does not void or otherwise affect a gift made pursuant to part 101.


History: Add. 1996, Act 284, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1996 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 301, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2852 Weather conditions requiring storage of dead body; authorization for delayed interment; disinterment and reinterment permit not required.

Sec. 2852.

When weather conditions prevent an immediate interment of a dead body and storage is necessary, the individual in charge of a cemetery shall obtain written authorization for delayed interment signed by the next of kin or authorized agent. The authorization shall specify the approximate hour and date of interment and place of temporary storage. This storage is not considered interment and a disinterment and reinterment permit is not required.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2853 Permit for disinterment and reinterment required; issuance; forms for permits and applications; retention of application; copy of permit as permanent record; petition for disinterment order.

Sec. 2853.

(1) A permit for disinterment and reinterment is required before disinterment of a dead body. The local health department in whose jurisdiction the body is interred shall issue the permit upon proper application by a licensed funeral director or person acting as a funeral director in accordance with rules promulgated by the department.

(2) A person shall not disinter or permit the disinterment of a dead body in a cemetery and the body's reinterment in a cemetery or removal from the cemetery unless a disinterment and reinterment permit is issued by the local health department in the jurisdiction in which the cemetery is located.

(3) The department shall prepare and furnish to local health departments the forms for permits and applications therefor, which shall be used in the procedures prescribed by this section and section 2852.

(4) The local health department shall retain an application for a disinterment and reinterment permit for not less than 5 years. A duplicate copy of the permit shall be maintained in permanent records of the cemetery from which the body was disinterred.

(5) If a required consent cannot be obtained, a person may petition the circuit court of the county in which the cemetery is located for a disinterment order.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.8051 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2854 Failure to comply with provisions of MCL 333.2836 or 333.2848; violation; state civil infraction; civil fine.

Sec. 2854.

A person who violates this part by failing to dispose of fetal remains resulting from an abortion as prescribed in section 2836 or by failing to obtain the proper authorization for final disposition of a dead body as provided under section 2848 is responsible for a state civil infraction as provided under chapter 88 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.8801 to 600.8835, and may be ordered to pay a civil fine of not more than $1,000.00 per violation.


History: Add. 2012, Act 499, Eff. Mar. 31, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2855 Autopsy; physician to perform; consent; ordering of autopsy; exceptions; removal, retention, or use of pituitary gland; conditions; charge; submitting pituitary gland for treatment of human being; agreement.

Sec. 2855.

(1) An autopsy shall not be performed upon the body of a deceased individual except by a physician who has been granted written consent to perform the autopsy by the person with authority over the burial or disposition of the body under section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206. This section does not prevent the ordering of an autopsy by a medical examiner or a local health officer.

(2) This section does not apply to a department of anatomy in a school of medicine in this state or to an autopsy, postmortem, or dissection performed pursuant to and under the authority of any other law.

(3) A local health officer may order an autopsy if necessary to carry out the functions vested in a local health department by this code.

(4) A physician, including a medical examiner, performing an autopsy pursuant to subsection (1), (2), or (3) may remove, retain, or use the pituitary gland of the deceased individual if the removal, retention, or use of the pituitary gland is for purposes of medical research, education, or therapy, and the physician is unaware of any direction made by the deceased individual before death or of an objection made by the next of kin of the deceased individual that a part of the deceased individual's body not be removed.

(5) If consent for the performance of the autopsy is required pursuant to subsection (1), the physician shall obtain consent from the same individual for the removal, retention, or use of the pituitary gland of the deceased individual pursuant to subsection (4).

(6) Except for a reasonable charge related to the actual costs incurred and incident to removing and handling the pituitary gland, the removed pituitary gland shall be submitted, without charge, to hospitals, medical education or research institutions, or to individuals or organizations for the purpose of treating another human being. The hospital, medical education or research institution, or other individual or organization receiving the gland shall agree to furnish the gland, or a hormone produced from the gland, without charge.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 4, 1982 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 301, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2855a Public display of autopsy photograph; court action; applicability of section to internet service provider; constitutionally protected speech or activity not prohibited; definitions.

Sec. 2855a.

(1) A person shall not publicly display an autopsy photograph of a decedent that identifies the decedent by name, face, or other identifying physical feature unless 1 of the following conditions is met:

(a) One of the following individuals specifically provides written authorization for the public display of the autopsy photograph:

(i) A person nominated by will or other writing signed by the decedent.

(ii) If an individual described in subparagraph (i) cannot be identified or located following a diligent and good faith effort, the decedent's spouse.

(iii) If an individual described in subparagraph (i) or (ii) cannot be identified or located following a diligent and good faith effort, an adult child of the decedent.

(iv) If an individual described in subparagraph (i), (ii), or (iii) cannot be identified or located following a diligent and good faith effort, a parent of the decedent.

(v) If an individual described in subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii), or (iv) cannot be identified or located following a diligent and good faith effort, the next of kin of the decedent.

(vi) If an individual described in subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), or (v) cannot be identified or located following a diligent and good faith effort, an individual charged by law with the responsibility for burial or cremation of the decedent's body.

(b) The public display of the autopsy photograph is 1 of the following:

(i) Upon written authorization by the prosecuting attorney having jurisdiction for a purpose directly related to the investigation or prosecution of a criminal case.

(ii) Authorized by a court of competent jurisdiction for a purpose directly related to the proceedings in a civil case.

(iii) Required for a health department to carry out its lawful duties.

(iv) Necessary for legitimate research or teaching of only medical, public health, or public safety personnel or students enrolled at a postsecondary educational institution.

(2) A decedent's parent, surviving spouse, and children who are injured as a result of a violation of this section may bring an action in a court of competent jurisdiction to recover $1,000.00 or actual damages, whichever is greater, plus costs and reasonable attorney fees.

(3) This section does not apply to an internet service provider or computer network service provider who in good faith, and without knowledge of the content of the photograph, provides the medium for public display of the photograph. As used in this subsection, “internet service provider” means a person who provides a service that enables users to access content, information, electronic mail, or other services offered over the internet.

(4) This section does not prohibit constitutionally protected speech or activity.

(5) As used in this section:

(a) “Autopsy photograph” means an image of a decedent obtained during an autopsy of that decedent in this state, and includes an image on videotape, motion picture or other film, or an image captured by digital means.

(b) “Decedent” means a deceased human being.

(c) “Public display” means to knowingly communicate, exhibit, or display in open view or to distribute to members of the public or in a public manner, whether or not for commercial purposes, through any medium of communication including, but not limited to, the internet or a computer, computer network, computer program, or computer system, as those terms are defined in section 2 of 1979 PA 53, MCL 752.792.


History: Add. 2003, Act 322, Eff. Mar. 31, 2004


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2861 Original marriage license certificates; filing; incorporating information relating to marriages in system of vital statistics.

Sec. 2861.

(1) A local registrar shall file with the state registrar original marriage license certificates, including applications and licenses, in accordance with Act No. 128 of the Public Acts of 1887, as amended, being sections 551.101 to 551.111 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, and Act No. 180 of the Public Acts of 1897, as amended, being sections 551.201 to 551.204 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(2) The state registrar shall incorporate the information relating to marriages in this state in the system of vital statistics.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2864 Report of divorce proceedings; filing; forms; specifying number of divorces granted; report by party petitioning for divorce; signing and filing report; incorporating divorce reports in system of vital statistics.

Sec. 2864.

(1) Before the fifth day of each calendar month the clerk of a circuit court shall file with the state registrar a report of divorce proceedings in the court for the preceding month.

(2) The report shall be made on forms prescribed by the state registrar and shall specify the number of divorces granted.

(3) A party petitioning for a divorce shall file with the petition a report, on a form prescribed and furnished by the state registrar to the county clerk, which shall include the information prescribed by the state registrar. When a divorce is granted the clerk of the court shall sign and file the report with the state registrar together with the monthly reports required by this section.

(4) The state registrar shall incorporate the divorce reports in the system of vital statistics.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2867 Information necessary to complete birth, death, marriage, or divorce registration; furnishing on demand; attesting accuracy of personal data regarding live birth registration.

Sec. 2867.

(1) Upon the demand of the state registrar, local registrar, or other person responsible for the filing of vital records, a person who has information necessary to complete a birth, death, marriage, or divorce registration shall furnish that information to the person making the demand, who shall forward the information to the state registrar.

(2) A parent of a child shall attest to the accuracy of the personal data provided for in a live birth registration in time to permit filing within the 5 days prescribed in section 2821.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2871 Amendment of certificate or record; procedures; requirements; rules.

Sec. 2871.

(1) A certificate or record registered under this part may be amended only in accordance with this part or procedures adopted under section 2896.

(2) Except as provided in subsection (3) and section 2872(1), a certificate or record amended under this section, section 2872, or section 2873 shall:

(a) Have the original information contained in the amended item expunged.

(b) Be marked “amended”.

(c) Contain the date of the amendment.

(d) Identify the item amended.

(3) The department shall promulgate rules to prescribe the conditions under which an addition or minor amendment may be made to a certificate or record not later than 1 year after the date of the event without the certificate or record being considered as amended.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2872 Acknowledgement of paternity; creating new certificate of birth; changing surname of child; sealing original certificate; addendum to certificate of live birth; creating new live birth certificate and sealing original.

Sec. 2872.

(1) Upon written request and receipt of an acknowledgment of paternity from the probate court of a child born out of wedlock, the state registrar shall create a new certificate of birth to show paternity. Upon the written request of the parents, the surname of the child shall be changed on the certificate to that designated by the parents. The certificate shall not be marked “amended”. The original certificate of live birth shall be sealed in accordance with section 2832.

(2) Upon receipt of a certified copy of a court order changing the name of an individual born in this state and upon request of the individual or the individual's parents, guardian, or legal representative, the state registrar shall affix an addendum to the individual's certificate of live birth, which shall state the individual's new name and identify the court order. The state registrar shall create a new live birth certificate and seal the original certificate only if the court order changing the individual's name specifically directs the state registrar to do so or if the request relates to a minor whose name is changed pursuant to section 1 of chapter 11 of Act No. 288 of the Public Acts of 1939, as amended, being section 711.1 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2873 Conditions precluding amendment of vital record; reason for refusal; appeal; reporting amendment; preservation of original information.

Sec. 2873.

(1) If an applicant does not submit the minimum documentation required by the department for amending a vital record or if the state registrar has reasonable cause to question the validity or adequacy of the applicant's sworn statement or the documentary evidence, and if the deficiencies are not corrected, the state registrar shall not amend the vital record and shall advise the applicant of the reason for the refusal. The applicant shall have the right to appeal to a circuit court.

(2) When a certificate is amended under this section or section 2871 or 2872, the state registrar shall report the amendment to the appropriate custodian of permanent local records who shall amend the record accordingly.

(3) The original information contained in a vital record which is amended shall be preserved by the state registrar in accordance with section 2876.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2876 Preservation of vital records and vital statistics; procedures.

Sec. 2876.

The department shall provide by electronic or other means or by reproduction pursuant to the records media act for the preservation of vital records and vital statistics made or received by the department. Procedures shall be consistent with those established under the authority of part 26. The procedures shall require that vital records be stored in a manner reasonably calculated to assure the indefinite preservation of the information contained in the vital records against loss or destruction.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 196, Imd. Eff. Oct. 5, 1992
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2881 Procedures applicable to system of vital statistics; request and fee for verification of facts; request and fee for name and location of court which finalized adoption.

Sec. 2881.

(1) The procedures established by the department pursuant to part 26 to protect the confidentiality of records and to regulate the disclosure of data contained in a departmental data system or system of records are applicable to the system of vital statistics.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in section 2890, upon written request and payment of the prescribed fee, the state registrar or local registrar shall verify for any person the following facts:

(a) The name or names of the individual to whom the vital record pertains.

(b) The nature of the event.

(c) The date of the event.

(d) The place of the event.

(e) The date of filing.

(3) Upon written request of an adult person who has been adopted, and payment of a fee as prescribed in section 2891, the department shall inform the requester of the name and location of the court which finalized the adoption.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 208, Eff. May 14, 1980 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 83, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2882 Issuance of certain certified copies; request; fee; request of adopted adult or confidential intermediary; phrase to be marked on certificate provided under subsection (2) or (3).

Sec. 2882.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in section 2890, upon written request and payment of the prescribed fee, the state registrar or local registrar shall issue the appropriate 1 of the following:

(a) A certified copy of a live birth record, an affidavit of parentage filed after June 1, 1997, or a record of stillbirth filed after June 1, 2003 to 1 of the following:

(i) The individual who is the subject of the record.

(ii) A parent named in the record.

(iii) An heir, a legal representative, or a legal guardian of the individual who is the subject of the record.

(iv) A court of competent jurisdiction.

(b) If the live birth record is 100 or more years old, a certified copy of the live birth record to any applicant.

(c) A certified copy of a death record, including the cause of death, to any applicant.

(d) A certified copy of a marriage or divorce record to any applicant, except as provided by rule.

(e) A certified copy of a fetal death record that was filed before September 30, 1978, to any applicant.

(2) Upon written request of an adult who has been adopted and payment of the prescribed fee, the state registrar shall issue to that individual a copy of his or her original certificate of live birth, if the written request identifies the name of the adult adoptee and is accompanied by a copy of a central adoption registry clearance reply form that was completed by the family independence agency and delivered to that individual as required by section 68(9) of the Michigan adoption code, chapter X of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 710.68.

(3) Upon written request of a confidential intermediary appointed under section 68b of the Michigan adoption code, chapter X of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 710.68b, presentation of a certified copy of the order of appointment, identification of the name of the adult adoptee, and payment of the required fee, the state registrar shall issue to the confidential intermediary a copy of the original certificate of live birth of the adult adoptee on whose behalf the intermediary was appointed.

(4) A copy of the original certificate of live birth provided under subsection (2) or (3) shall have the following phrase marked on the face of the copy: “This document is a copy of a sealed record and is not the active birth certificate of the individual whose name appears on this document”.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 83, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1987 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 186, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 206, Eff. Jan. 1, 1995 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 307, Eff. June 1, 1997 ;-- Am. 1997, Act 54, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1997 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 544, Imd. Eff. July 26, 2002 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 691, Eff. Mar. 31, 2003
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2882a Heirloom birth certificate; issuance; administration; fee; design; seal; signature of governor; marketing and promotion; certificate not official record; section to be referred to as "Pam Posthumus law."

Sec. 2882a.

(1) In addition to the birth record copies and certificates issued under section 2882 and subject to the limitations of section 2882(1)(a) and (b), the state registrar shall issue, upon request and payment of the fee prescribed in subsection (2), an heirloom birth certificate representing the birth of the individual named on the original birth record or certificate. The state registrar may establish procedures for the administration of an heirloom birth certificate. The state registrar shall establish procedures to allow the purchase of a gift card or certificate that can be redeemed by a person eligible to purchase an heirloom birth certificate under this section.

(2) The fee for each heirloom certificate of birth is $40.00. The state registrar shall transmit $20.00 of each fee collected under this section to the state treasurer for deposit as a gift or donation into the children's trust fund created in 1982 PA 249, MCL 21.171 to 21.172.

(3) The department shall design each heirloom birth certificate available for issue under subsection (1) consistent with the form and content prescribed under section 2811 and so that it is suitable for display. An heirloom birth certificate may bear the seal of the state and may be signed by the governor.

(4) The department shall market and promote heirloom birth certificates available under this section.

(5) An heirloom birth certificate issued under this section is not an official record of birth and is not the active birth certificate of the individual whose name appears on the document.

(6) This section may be referred to as the "Pam Posthumus law".


History: Add. 2011, Act 28, Imd. Eff. May 16, 2011 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 127, Imd. Eff. May 8, 2012
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2883 Furnishing copies or data from system of vital statistics; requirements; availability of copies of certificates or reports.

Sec. 2883.

(1) The department may furnish copies or data from the system of vital statistics to the federal agency responsible for national vital statistics if the federal agency shares in the cost of collecting, processing, and transmitting the data, and if the data is not used for other than statistical purposes by the federal agency unless authorized by the state registrar.

(2) The department may furnish copies or data from the system of vital statistics to federal, state, local, and other public or private agencies for statistical or administrative purposes upon terms or conditions prescribed by the department if the copies or data are used only for the purpose for which requested unless otherwise authorized by the state registrar.

(3) The department may make available copies of certificates or reports required under this part or data derived from the certificates or reports that the department determines are necessary to local health agencies for local health planning and program activities.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2884 Transmitting transcripts of records and other reports to offices of vital statistics outside state; agreement; return of transcripts; transcripts received from other jurisdictions.

Sec. 2884.

The state registrar, by agreement, may transmit transcripts of records and other reports required by this part to offices of vital statistics outside this state when the records or other reports relate to residents of those jurisdictions or individuals born in those jurisdictions. The agreement shall require that the transcripts be used for statistical and administrative purposes only as specified in the agreement. The transcripts shall be returned by the other jurisdiction not later than 2 years after the date of the event or after the statistical tabulations have been accomplished, whichever is sooner. Transcripts received from other jurisdictions by the department in this state shall be handled in the same manner.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2885 Transmission of vital records to library of Michigan.

Sec. 2885.

(1) The state registrar may transmit on microfilm or microfiche or by other electronic means copies of the following vital record certificates or reports or indexes of the certificates or reports from the system of vital statistics to the library of Michigan to be made available to the public to facilitate genealogical research:

(a) Each death record certificate that is 75 years old or older.

(b) Each marriage record certificate that is 75 years old or older, excluding those marriage record certificates issued under 1897 PA 180, MCL 551.201 to 551.204.

(c) Each divorce record that is 75 years old or older.

(d) Each birth record certificate that is 110 years old or older unless the certificate has been sealed or the disclosure of that certificate is otherwise prohibited by law.

(2) To further facilitate genealogical research, the state registrar may do 1 or more of the following:

(a) Establish and implement a web-based mechanism to provide the public with internet access to those vital record certificates or reports or indexes of the certificates or reports described under subsection (1).

(b) Transmit copies of those vital record certificates or reports or indexes of the certificates or reports described under subsection (1) to federal, state, local, and other public or private entities.

(3) Vital records described under subsection (1)(a), (b), and (c) that were previously sealed by law or rule shall be unsealed and may be released by the state registrar as historical copies of the certificate of a vital event.

(4) The state registrar shall establish procedures for the transmission of those documents described in subsection (1). The state registrar may establish procedures for the updating and correcting of those documents described under subsection (1) that are subsequently amended or replaced.

(5) Vital records copies or information released by the state registrar in accordance with this section and no longer under the supervisory control of the state registrar shall not be considered prima facie evidence of the facts within those copies or other information.


History: Add. 2006, Act 73, Imd. Eff. Mar. 20, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of library of Michigan and state librarian, except pertaining to services for blind and physically handicapped and those related to census data functions, to department of education, see E.R.O. No. 2009-26, compiled at MCL 399.752.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2886 Certified copies considered same as original; prima facie evidence.

Sec. 2886.

A certified copy of a vital record, or any part thereof, or a certificate of registration issued in accordance with sections 2881 and 2882 is considered for all purposes the same as the original and is prima facie evidence of the facts stated in the original.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2888 Inspection of vital records, disclosure of information, and issuance of copies; procedures; appeal to state registrar.

Sec. 2888.

(1) To protect the integrity of vital records, to insure their proper use, and to insure the efficient and proper administration of the system of vital statistics, a person or governmental entity shall not permit inspection of, disclose information contained in vital records, or copy or issue a copy of all or part of a record except as authorized by this part, by rule, or by order of a court of competent jurisdiction. Vital records and information or any part of the information contained in a vital record is not subject to the provisions of the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246. Procedures shall provide for adequate standards of security and confidentiality of vital records.

(2) The department may establish procedures for the disclosure of information contained in vital records for research purposes.

(3) An appeal from a decision of a custodian of permanent local records refusing to disclose information, or to permit inspection of or copying of records under the authority of this section and procedures adopted under section 2896, shall be made to the state registrar, whose decision is binding on the local custodian of permanent local records.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 562, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.3231 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2889 Tagging birth certificate of missing child; notifying state police of request for copy of certificate; matching LEIN entry and certificate; tagging by local registrar; removal of tag.

Sec. 2889.

(1) Upon notification pursuant to section 8 of Act No. 319 of the Public Acts of 1968, being section 28.258 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, that a person less than 17 years of age who was born in this state is missing, the state registrar shall immediately tag the birth certificate of that person in a manner that will alert the registrar to the fact that the birth certificate is that of a missing child. The state registrar shall immediately notify the appropriate local registrars to similarly tag the birth certificate or appropriate document of the missing child. The state registrar shall check to see if a request for a copy of the missing child's birth certificate was received within 14 days preceding the tagging of the birth certificate. If a request had been received, the state registrar shall immediately notify the state police of the request.

(2) The state registrar may access the law enforcement information network to obtain from the law enforcement agency reporting the missing person information necessary to provide a positive match between the missing person's LEIN entry and the missing person's birth certificate.

(3) Upon notification by the state registrar pursuant to subsection (1), the local registrar shall immediately tag the birth certificate or appropriate document of a missing child in a manner that will alert the registrar to the fact that the birth certificate is that of a missing child.

(4) Upon notification pursuant to section 8 of Act No. 319 of the Public Acts of 1968 that the information entered into the law enforcement information network regarding a missing child has been canceled, the state registrar shall remove the tag from the child's birth certificate not later than 7 days after receiving the notice.

(5) Upon removal of a tag by the state registrar pursuant to subsection (4), the state registrar shall immediately notify the local registrar who shall remove the tag from the missing child's birth certificate or appropriate document not later than 7 days after receiving the notice from the state registrar.


History: Add. 1987, Act 83, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2890 Issuing birth certificate, certificate of registration, or information by mail; marking phrase “missing person” on face of document; telephoning state registrar upon receipt of request for tagged record; providing state registrar with certain information; telephoning state police; notice to law enforcement agency.

Sec. 2890.

(1) If a missing child's birth certificate is tagged pursuant to section 2889, the state registrar and local registrar shall only issue a copy of the missing child's birth certificate, certificate of registration, or otherwise verify, certify, or provide information concerning the items indicated in section 2881(2) by mail. The document mailed shall have the phrase “missing person” marked on the face of the document and shall not be mailed until at least 72 hours have passed from the time the registrar notified the department of state police pursuant to subsection (2).

(2) A local registrar shall immediately telephone the state registrar upon receipt of a request for a record tagged pursuant to section 2889 and shall provide as soon as possible a copy of the written request and any pertinent information such as the requester's name, address, and if requested in person, the requester's driver's license number, to the state registrar. If the state registrar receives a request for a record tagged pursuant to section 2889 or the local registrar notifies the state registrar of the receipt of a request for a tagged record, the state registrar shall immediately telephone the state police and shall provide as soon as possible a copy of the written request and any pertinent information such as the requester's name, address, and if requested in person, the requester's driver's license number, to the department of state police. The department of state police shall immediately notify the appropriate law enforcement agency of a request for a tagged record and shall forward to that agency the information received from the registrar.


History: Add. 1987, Act 83, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2891 Search for vital record; request; fee; official statement if record not located; verification of identity; fees for search, establishment, or registration; furnishing copies without charge; fees for creation of new vital records and corrections of vital records; additional fees; disposition of fees; system of fees for local registrars; vital records fund.

Sec. 2891.

(1) The state registrar or a local registrar shall, upon receipt of a written request and payment of the prescribed fee, conduct a search for a vital record for an individual who purports to be eligible under section 2882 or for an agency under section 2883(2) to receive a certified copy, administrative use copy, or a statistical use copy of the requested vital record.

(2) If a search for a vital record is conducted by the state registrar and the vital record cannot be located, the state registrar shall issue an official statement that the vital record could not be located instead of a certified copy or an administrative use copy of the vital record. If a search for a vital record is conducted by a local registrar and the vital record cannot be located, the local registrar is not required to issue an official statement as described in this subsection, and the local registrar may waive the prescribed fee.

(3) The state registrar or a local registrar may require an applicant who requests a certified copy, an administrative use copy, or a statistical use copy of a vital record to provide verification of his or her identity before releasing the vital record if eligibility for the vital record is restricted under section 2882.

(4) Subject to subsection (8), the fees for a search for a vital record are as follows:

(a) A search including 1 certified copy,
1 administrative use copy, or 1 statistical use
copy of a vital record or an official statement
issued by the state registrar that a vital record
could not be located.................................. $ 34.00
(b) Additional identical copies ordered at
the same time......................................... $ 16.00
per copy
(c) Additional years searched.................... $ 12.00
per year
(d) An authenticated copy........................ $ 42.00
(e) Additional authenticated copies ordered
at the same time...................................... $ 26.00
per copy
(f) Verification of facts delineated in
section 2881(2)....................................... $ 18.00
(g) Except as otherwise provided in
subdivision (h), a request for an expedited
search for a vital record under this
subsection............................................ $ 12.00
(h) A request for an expedited search
for an authenticated copy of a vital
record under subdivision (d).......................... $ 25.00

(5) The fees for establishment or registration of a vital record are as follows:

(a) Application for establishment of a
delayed certificate of birth or death that
includes 1 certified copy or an official
denial of the application............................. $ 50.00
(b) Registration of a delayed certificate
of birth for a foreign born adopted child that
includes 1 certified copy............................. $ 50.00

(6) Upon formal application of a soldier; sailor; marine; member of the coast guard; nurse; member of a women's auxiliary; or other person who is entitled to a bonus, a pension, or other compensation under a law of this state, the United States, or another state or territory of the United States or a service auxiliary for a vital record for the purpose of obtaining the bonus, pension, or compensation, the state registrar shall furnish 1 certified copy of the vital record requested without charge. If the person entitled to the vital record is deceased or mentally incompetent, the state registrar may furnish the copy to an heir, guardian, or legal representative of the person. The state registrar shall label a certified copy furnished under this subsection with the following statement: "for veteran's benefits only, not for personal use".

(7) Upon formal application, the state registrar or a local registrar shall furnish a certified copy of a vital record without charge to a licensed child placing agency representing a child for adoption purposes. The state registrar or local registrar shall label a certified copy provided under this subsection with the following statement: "for adoption purposes only, not for personal use".

(8) Upon formal application, the state registrar shall charge a person 65 years of age or older a fee of $14.00 for a search for and 1 certified copy of his or her birth record.

(9) The state registrar shall charge the following fees for the creation of new vital records and corrections of vital records:

(a) Application to create a new certificate
of birth following an adoption; legal change of
name for minors; acknowledgment of paternity; sex
change; legitimation; order of filiation; or a
request to replace a court filed certificate of
adoption.............................................. $ 50.00
(b) Subject to subsection (10),
application received within 1 year of the date
of the event to create a new certificate of birth
or death to correct obvious minor errors and
omissions............................................. $ 50.00
(c) An application with a request for an
expedited creation of a new certificate under
this subsection....................................... $ 25.00

(10) The errors and omissions that may be corrected under subsection (9)(b) are limited to the following:

(a) The addition of a given first or middle name if a name was not recorded at the time of filing.

(b) A change to a social security number.

(c) The addition of information originally specified as unknown or that was omitted by error.

(d) A minor spelling change.

(11) The state registrar shall charge a fee of $50.00 for an application to amend birth and death records more than 1 year after the date of the event for the purpose of adding information or correcting an error in information recorded on the document. The state registrar shall charge a fee of $25.00 for an application with a request for an expedited amendment to a birth or death record under this subsection.

(12) The state registrar shall not charge a fee for any of the following:

(a) Changing a vital record to correct an error made within the office of a local registrar or the state registrar.

(b) Correcting an error if the correction is initiated by the state registrar.

(c) Correcting a vital record if the correction is requested by a county medical examiner for a case within his or her jurisdiction.

(d) Correcting a record if the correction is ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction following denial by the department of an application to make the correction.

(e) Correcting a vital record if the correction is requested by a public agency that is the guardian of the individual to whom the vital record pertains.

(13) The state registrar shall charge a fee of $50.00 for an application to amend a birth record regarding a documented legal change of name for an adult. The state registrar shall charge a fee of $25.00 for an application with a request for an expedited amendment to a birth record under this subsection.

(14) The state registrar or a local registrar with approval of the state registrar may charge a reasonable fee to cover the costs of special services performed pursuant to section 2883, 2884, or 2888.

(15) A local registrar shall deposit fees collected under this section as the governing body of the city or county directs. The state registrar shall transmit fees collected under this section to the state treasurer for deposit into the vital records fund created in section 2892.

(16) The state registrar shall charge a fee of $12.00 for an application for a copy or a certified copy of a vital records-related document, including, but not limited to, a completed application submitted under this section or a document submitted under this section to support a requested change to a vital record.

(17) The state registrar or a local registrar shall not charge a fee other than a fee prescribed in this section. However, a local governmental unit may adopt a system of fees for local registrars under the jurisdiction of the local governmental unit for a search that provides for fees less than those set forth in this section, and a charter county with a population of more than 2,000,000 may adopt a system of fees for a local registrar under the jurisdiction of that charter county that provides for fees more than those set forth in this section. However, a charter county shall not impose a fee that is greater than the cost of the service for which the fee is charged.

(18) For searches under subsection (4), a local registrar shall charge fees according to the following:

(a) The governing body of a local governmental unit that has jurisdiction over a local registrar may adopt a system of fees for the local registrar that provides for fees less than or equal to the fees set forth in subsection (4). These fees shall be used for the maintenance and sustenance of the vital records fees program only. The fees shall alleviate any burden to the taxpayers to provide this worthwhile program. A charter county with a population of more than 2,000,000 may adopt a system of fees for a local registrar under the jurisdiction of that charter county that provides for fees that are more than the fees set forth in subsection (4). A charter county shall not impose a fee that is greater than the cost of the service for which the fee is charged. A system of fees adopted under this subdivision shall be used by all local registrars under the jurisdiction of the local governmental unit and shall be reasonably related to the cost incurred by the local registrar in making the search.

(b) If a system of fees is not adopted by a local registrar's local governmental unit under subdivision (a), the local registrar shall not charge a fee other than a fee prescribed in subsection (4).


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 522, Imd. Eff. Jan. 26, 1981 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 63, Imd. Eff. June 8, 1981 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 296, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 1984 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 78, Imd. Eff. June 2, 1992 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 31, Imd. Eff. June 29, 2001 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 467, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2004 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 136, Imd. Eff. Oct. 15, 2013
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 136 of 2013 provides:"Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect October 1, 2013."
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2892 Vital records fund creation; duties of state treasurer; disposition of fund; administrator of fund; expenditures; limitation.

Sec. 2892.

(1) The vital records fund is created within the state treasury. The state treasurer may receive money or other assets from any source for deposit into the vital records fund. The state treasurer shall direct the investment of money or other assets in the vital records fund. The state treasurer shall credit to the vital records fund interest and earnings from the investment of money or other assets in the vital records fund. Money in the vital records fund at the close of the fiscal year shall remain in the vital records fund and shall not lapse to the general fund.

(2) The department of technology, management, and budget is the administrator of the fund for auditing purposes. The department of technology, management, and budget shall expend money from the fund, upon appropriation, only for the maintenance and sustainability of the system of vital statistics in this state.


History: Add. 2013, Act 136, Imd. Eff. Oct. 15, 2013
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 136 of 2013 provides:"Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect October 1, 2013."
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2894 Prohibited conduct.

Sec. 2894.

(1) A person shall not:

(a) Wilfully and knowingly refuse to provide vital records information required by this part or the rules promulgated pursuant to this part.

(b) Wilfully and knowingly make a false statement in a vital record or report required to be filed under this code, or in an application for an amendment or for a certified copy of a vital record.

(c) Wilfully and knowingly supply false information intending that the information be used in the preparation of a vital record or amendment thereof.

(d) Wilfully and knowingly obtain, possess, use, sell, furnish, or attempt to obtain, possess, use, sell, or furnish to another person, for any purpose of deception, a counterfeited, altered, amended, or mutilated vital record or certified copy thereof.

(e) Wilfully and knowingly furnish or process a vital record or a certified copy of a vital record with the knowledge or intention that it be used for the purposes of deception.

(2) A person shall not make, counterfeit, alter, amend, or mutilate a vital record or report required to be filed under this part with the intent to deceive.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2895 Inspection or copying of information contained in system of vital statistics.

Sec. 2895.

The state registrar or a local registrar or an agent or employee of the state or local registrar shall not disclose or permit the inspection or copying of information contained in the system of vital statistics except as authorized by this part or the procedures adopted under section 2896.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2896 Rules; minimum requirements.

Sec. 2896.

The department may promulgate rules necessary or appropriate to implement this part. The rules shall include, at a minimum, procedures relating to filings; form and content of vital records; minimum documentation required for the issuance or amendment of certificates or permits; inspection or disclosure of records and sealed files; fees; and the disposition of reports and applications not actively pursued.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.1141 et seq.; R 325.3201 et seq.; R 325.3231 et seq.; and R 325.3251 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2898 Violation; penalty.

Sec. 2898.

A person who violates section 2894 or 2895 is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.2899 Reporting violation; statement; initiation of proceedings.

Sec. 2899.

The state registrar may report a violation of this part or the rules promulgated pursuant to this part to the attorney general. A statement of the facts and circumstances of the violation shall be submitted with the report. Upon receipt of the report, the attorney general, either directly or through the prosecuting attorney of the county in which the violation occurred, may initiate appropriate proceedings against the person committing and responsible for the alleged violation.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 32
EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES SYSTEM


333.3201-333.3249 Repealed. 1981, Act 79, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1981.


Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 36
NUTRITION SERVICES SYSTEM


333.3601-333.3625 Expired. 1978, Act 368, Eff. Oct. 1, 1980.


Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Article 5
PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF DISEASES AND DISABILITIES
Part 51
GENERAL PROVISIONS


333.5101 Definitions and principles of construction.

Sec. 5101.

(1) As used in this article:

(a) "Care" includes treatment, control, transportation, confinement, and isolation in a facility or other location.

(b) "Communicable disease" means an illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products that results from transmission of that infectious agent or its products from a reservoir to a susceptible host, directly as from an infected individual or animal, or indirectly through the agency of an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment.

(c) "HIV" means human immunodeficiency virus.

(d) "HIV infection" or "HIV infected" means the status of an individual who has tested positive for HIV, as evidenced by either a double positive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test, combined with a positive western blot assay test, or a positive result under an HIV test that is considered reliable by the federal centers for disease control and prevention and is approved by the department.

(e) "Immunization" means the process of increasing an individual's immunity to a disease by use of a vaccine, antibody preparation, or other substance.

(f) "Infection" means the invasion of the body with microorganisms or parasites, whether or not the invasion results in detectable pathologic effects.

(g) "Serious communicable disease or infection" means a communicable disease or infection that is designated as serious by the department pursuant to this part. Serious communicable disease or infection includes, but is not limited to, HIV infection, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, venereal disease, and tuberculosis.

(h) "Venereal disease" means syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinale, and other sexually transmitted diseases that the department may designate and require to be reported under section 5111.

(2) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 200, Imd. Eff. June 21, 1994 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 119, Imd. Eff. July 13, 2010
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the bureau of infectious disease control from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5111 List of reportable diseases, infections, and disabilities; rules.

Sec. 5111.

(1) In carrying out its authority under this article, the department shall maintain a list of reportable diseases, infections, and disabilities that designates and classifies communicable, serious communicable, chronic, or noncommunicable diseases, infections, and disabilities. The department shall review and revise the list under this subsection at least annually.

(2) In carrying out its authority under this article, the department may promulgate rules to do any of the following:

(a) Establish requirements for reporting and other surveillance methods for measuring the occurrence of diseases, infections, and disabilities and the potential for epidemics. Rules promulgated under this subdivision may require a licensed health professional or health facility to submit to the department or a local health department, on a form provided by the department, a report of the occurrence of a communicable disease, serious communicable disease or infection, or disability. The rules promulgated under this subdivision may require a report to be submitted to the department not more than 24 hours after a licensed health professional or health facility determines that an individual has a serious communicable disease or infection.

(b) Investigate cases, epidemics, and unusual occurrences of diseases, infections, and situations with a potential for causing diseases.

(c) Establish procedures for control of diseases and infections, including, but not limited to, immunization and environmental controls.

(d) Establish procedures for the prevention, detection, and treatment of disabilities and rehabilitation of individuals suffering from disabilities or disease, including nutritional problems.

(e) Establish procedures for control of rabies and the disposition of nonhuman agents carrying disease, including rabid animals.

(f) Establish procedures for the reporting of known or suspected cases of lead poisoning or undue lead body burden.

(g) Designate communicable diseases or serious communicable diseases or infections for which local health departments are required to furnish care including, but not limited to, tuberculosis and venereal disease.

(h) Implement this part and parts 52 and 53 including, but not limited to, rules for the discovery, care, and reporting of an individual having or suspected of having a communicable disease or a serious communicable disease or infection, and to establish approved tests under section 5123 and approved prophylaxes under section 5125.

(3) The department shall promulgate rules to provide for the confidentiality of reports, records, and data pertaining to testing, care, treatment, reporting, and research associated with communicable diseases and serious communicable diseases or infections.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 174, Imd. Eff. Aug. 22, 1989 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 200, Imd. Eff. June 21, 1994 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 119, Imd. Eff. July 13, 2010
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.60 and R 325.171 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5112 Pandemic influenza plan; establishment and maintenance; annual review and update; availability to public; report.

Sec. 5112.

(1) The department shall establish and maintain a pandemic influenza plan. The department shall consult with the United States department of health and human services and the federal centers for disease control and prevention to ensure that the pandemic influenza plan established by this state is consistent with the national preparedness efforts. The department, in consultation with the department of agriculture and the local health departments in this state, shall review and update the pandemic influenza plan at least annually. The department shall make the pandemic influenza plan and any updates to that plan available to the public through its website.

(2) Beginning 1 year after the effective date of this section and annually thereafter, the department shall prepare a report regarding the pandemic influenza plan established under subsection (1), including an assessment of the plan's effectiveness and this state's preparedness for an influenza outbreak, and present that report to the appropriate standing committees and appropriations subcommittees of the senate and house of representatives of the legislature that primarily address public health issues.


History: Add. 2006, Act 163, Imd. Eff. May 26, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5113 Medical treatment, testing, or examination as violative of personal religious beliefs; compliance with provisions regarding sanitation and reporting of diseases.

Sec. 5113.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in part 52 and section 9123, this article and articles 6 and 9 or the rules promulgated under those articles shall not be construed to require the medical treatment, testing, or examination of an individual who objects on the grounds that the medical treatment, testing, or examination violates the personal religious beliefs of the individual or of the parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis of a minor.

(2) This section does not exempt an individual from compliance with applicable laws, rules, or regulations regarding sanitation and the reporting of diseases as provided by this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5114 HIV infected test subject; report; form; encoded individual case files.

Sec. 5114.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person or governmental entity that obtains from a test subject a test result that indicates that the test subject is HIV infected or from a test subject who has already been diagnosed as HIV infected a test result ordered to evaluate immune system status, to quantify HIV levels, or to diagnose acquired immunodeficiency syndrome shall, within 7 days after obtaining a diagnostic test result or, for a nondiagnostic test result, within a time frame as determined by the department, report to the appropriate local health department or, if requested by the local health department, to the department on a form provided by the department or through electronic methods approved by the department all of the following information, if available:

(a) The name and address of the person or governmental entity that submits the report.

(b) The name, address, and telephone number of the health care provider who diagnosed the test subject or who ordered the test.

(c) The name, date of birth, race, sex, address, and telephone number of the test subject.

(d) The date on which the specimen was collected for testing.

(e) The type of test performed.

(f) The test result.

(g) If known, whether or not the test subject has tested positive for the presence of HIV or an antibody to HIV on a previous occasion.

(h) The probable method of transmission.

(i) The purpose of the test.

(j) Any other medical or epidemiological information considered necessary by the department for the surveillance, control, and prevention of HIV infections. Information added by the department under this subdivision shall be promulgated as rules.

(2) An individual who undergoes a test for HIV or an antibody to HIV in a physician's private practice office or the office of a physician employed by or under contract to a health maintenance organization or who submits a specimen for either of those tests to that physician may request that the report made by the physician under this section not include the name, address, and telephone number of the test subject. Except as otherwise provided in section 5114a, if such a request is made under this subsection, the physician shall comply with the request and submit the specimen to the laboratory without the name, address, or telephone number of the test subject.

(3) A local health department shall not maintain a roster of names obtained under this section, but shall maintain individual case files that are encoded to protect the identities of the individual test subjects.


History: Add. 1988, Act 489, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 514, Eff. Apr. 1, 2005
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5114a Referral of individual to local health department; assistance with partner notification; information; legal obligation to inform sexual partners; criminal sanctions; partner notification program; confidentiality; priority duty of local health department; retention of reports, records, and data; information exempt from disclosure; biennial report.

Sec. 5114a.

(1) A person or governmental entity that administers a test for HIV or an antibody to HIV to an individual shall refer the individual to the appropriate local health department for assistance with partner notification if both of the following conditions are met:

(a) The test results indicate that the individual is HIV infected.

(b) The person or governmental entity that administered the test determines that the individual needs assistance with partner notification.

(2) A person or governmental entity that refers an individual to a local health department under subsection (1) shall provide the local health department with information determined necessary by the local health department to carry out partner notification. Information required under this subsection may include, but is not limited to, the name, address, and telephone number of the individual test subject.

(3) A local health department to which an individual is referred under subsection (1) shall inform the individual that he or she has a legal obligation to inform each of his or her sexual partners of the individual's HIV infection before engaging in sexual relations with that sexual partner, and that the individual may be subject to criminal sanctions for failure to so inform a sexual partner.

(4) A partner notification program operated by a local health department shall include notification of individuals who are sexual or hypodermic needle-sharing partners of the individual tested under subsection (1). Partner notification shall be confidential and conducted in the form of a direct, one-to-one conversation between the employee of the local health department and the partner of the test subject.

(5) If a local health department receives a report under section 5114(1) that indicates that a resident of this state or an individual located in this state is HIV infected, the local health department shall make it a priority to do all of the following:

(a) Attempt to interview the individual and offer to contact the individual's sexual partners and, if applicable, hypodermic needle-sharing or drug-sharing partners. If the subject of the report is determined to have been infected with HIV in utero, the local health department shall attempt to interview the individual's parent or legal guardian, or both. The interview conducted under this subdivision shall be voluntary on the part of the individual being interviewed. The interview or attempted interview required under this subdivision shall be performed by a local health department within 14 days after receipt of a report under section 5114(1).

(b) Within 35 days after the interview conducted pursuant to subdivision (a), confidentially, privately, and in a discreet manner contact each individual identified as a sexual or hypodermic needle-sharing or drug-sharing partner regarding the individual's possible exposure to HIV. The local health department shall not reveal to an individual identified as a partner the identity of the individual who has tested positive for HIV or an antibody to HIV except if authorized to do so by the individual who named the contact, and if needed to protect others from exposure to HIV or from transmitting HIV. The local health department shall provide each individual interviewed under subdivision (a) and each individual contacted under this subdivision with all of the following information:

(i) Available medical tests for HIV, an antibody to HIV, and any other indicator of HIV infection.

(ii) Steps to take in order to avoid transmission of HIV.

(iii) Other information considered appropriate by the department.

(6) The reports, records, and data of a local health department pertaining to information acquired under this section shall be retained by the local health department for not more than 90 days after the date of receipt or for a period established by rule of the department.

(7) Information acquired by the department or a local health department under this section or section 5114 is exempt from disclosure under the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246.

(8) The department in consultation with local health departments shall submit a biennial report to the standing committees in the senate and house of representatives responsible for legislation pertaining to public health on the effect of this section on the department's efforts to monitor and control HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The report shall include, but not be limited to, statistics on the total number of index cases reported, the total number of index cases reported with information identifying the test subject or a partner of the test subject, and the total number of partners actually contacted under this section, and an assessment of the effectiveness of the program, and recommendations to improve the effectiveness of the program, if any. The statistics included in the report shall be broken down by local health department jurisdiction.


History: Add. 1988, Act 489, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 514, Eff. Apr. 1, 2005
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5115 Communicable diseases and serious communicable diseases and infections; minimum procedures and standards for control and elimination.

Sec. 5115.

The department may establish minimum procedures and standards for health officers and other persons charged with administration and enforcement of the laws of this state relating to the discovery and care of an individual having or suspected of having a communicable disease or a serious communicable disease or infection. The procedures shall be reasonably related to the control and elimination of communicable diseases and serious communicable diseases and infections, and shall not conflict with the procedures for the control and elimination of communicable diseases and serious communicable diseases and infections set forth in this article.


History: Add. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5117 Individual with serious communicable disease or infection; order authorizing care; report; authority not restricted; financial liability for care.

Sec. 5117.

(1) A local health department that knows that an individual who has a serious communicable disease or infection including, but not limited to, tuberculosis or venereal disease, but not including HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, regardless of the individual's domicile, is in the local health department's jurisdiction and requires care, immediately shall furnish the necessary care in accordance with requirements established by the department pursuant to section 5111(2)(g). The local health department shall issue an order authorizing the care.

(2) The local health department promptly shall report the action taken under this section to the county department of social services of the individual's probable place of domicile.

(3) This section does not restrict the authority of the local health department in furnishing care to the individual, pending determination by the local health department or, upon its request, by the county department of social services of the probable place of domicile of the individual.

(4) Financial liability for care rendered under this section shall be determined in accordance with part 53.


History: Add. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 200, Imd. Eff. June 21, 1994 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 119, Imd. Eff. July 13, 2010
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5119 Individual applying for marriage license; availability of tests for venereal disease and HIV infection; educational materials; informing HIV infected applicants of test results; definitions.

Sec. 5119.

(1) An individual applying for a marriage license shall be advised through the distribution of written educational materials by the county clerk regarding prenatal care and the transmission and prevention of venereal disease and HIV infection. The written educational materials shall describe the availability to the applicant of tests for both venereal disease and HIV infection. The information shall include a list of locations where HIV counseling and testing services funded by the department are available. The written educational materials shall be approved or prepared by the department.

(2) A county clerk shall not issue a marriage license to an applicant who fails to sign and file with the county clerk an application for a marriage license that includes a statement with a check-off box indicating that the applicant has received the educational materials regarding the transmission and prevention of both venereal disease and HIV infection and has been advised of testing for both venereal disease and HIV infection, pursuant to subsection (1).

(3) If either applicant for a marriage license undergoes a test for HIV or an antibody to HIV, and if the test results indicate that an applicant is HIV infected, the physician or a designee of the physician, the physician's assistant, the certified nurse midwife, or the certified nurse practitioner or the local health officer or designee of the local health officer administering the test immediately shall inform both applicants of the test results, and shall counsel both applicants regarding the modes of HIV transmission, the potential for HIV transmission to a fetus, and protective measures.

(4) As used in this section:

(a) “Certified nurse midwife” means an individual licensed as a registered professional nurse under part 172 who has been issued a specialty certification in the practice of nurse midwifery by the board of nursing under section 17210.

(b) “Certified nurse practitioner” means an individual licensed as a registered professional nurse under part 172 who has been issued a specialty certification as a nurse practitioner by the board of nursing under section 17210.

(c) “Physician” means an individual licensed as a physician under part 170 or an osteopathic physician under part 175.

(d) “Physician's assistant” means an individual licensed as a physician's assistant under part 170 or part 175.


History: Add. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 46, Imd. Eff. Mar. 30, 1990 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 75, Imd. Eff. Apr. 11, 1994 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 209, Eff. Jan. 1, 2001
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5121 Prohibited conduct; misdemeanor.

Sec. 5121.

A person who commits any of the following acts is guilty of a misdemeanor:

(a) A county clerk who issues a marriage license to an individual who fails to present a certificate required under section 5119(2).

(b) A person who knows that an applicant for a marriage license has taken a test for venereal disease or HIV infection, or both, under section 5119(1), and who discloses either the fact that the applicant has taken the test or the results of the test, or both, except as required by law, and except as provided under section 5131.

(c) A physician who knowingly and willfully makes a false statement in a certificate given by the physician under section 5119.


History: Add. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5123 Initial examination of pregnant woman or woman recently delivering infant; test specimens required; exceptions; record; availability of test results and records.

Sec. 5123.

(1) A physician or an individual otherwise authorized by law to provide medical treatment to a pregnant woman shall take or cause to be taken, at the time of the woman's initial examination, test specimens of the woman and shall submit the specimens to a clinical laboratory approved by the department for the purpose of performing tests approved by the department for venereal disease, HIV or an antibody to HIV, and for hepatitis B. If, when a woman presents at a health care facility to deliver an infant or for care in the immediate postpartum period having recently delivered an infant outside a health care facility, no record of results from the tests required by this subsection is readily available to the physician or individual otherwise authorized to provide care in such a setting, then the physician or individual otherwise authorized to provide care shall take or cause to be taken specimens of the woman and shall submit the specimens to a clinical laboratory approved by the department for the purpose of performing department approved tests for venereal disease, for HIV or an antibody to HIV, and for hepatitis B. This subsection does not apply if, in the professional opinion of the physician or other person, the tests are medically inadvisable or the woman does not consent to be tested.

(2) The physician or other individual described in subsection (1) shall make and retain a record showing the date the tests required under subsection (1) were ordered and the results of the tests. If the tests were not ordered by the physician or other person, the record shall contain an explanation of why the tests were not ordered.

(3) The test results and the records required under subsection (2) are not public records, but shall be available to a local health department and to a physician who provides medical treatment to the woman or her offspring.


History: Add. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 200, Imd. Eff. June 21, 1994
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5125 Birth of infant; treatment of eyes; report.

Sec. 5125.

A licensed health professional in charge of the care of a newborn infant, or if none, the licensed health professional in charge at the birth of an infant, shall treat the eyes of the infant with 1 or more of the prophylaxes approved by the department within 1 hour after the birth of the infant, or as soon after the birth of the infant as the health professional is present. If any redness, swelling, inflammation, or gathering of pus appears in the eyes of the infant or upon the lids or about the eyes of the infant within 2 weeks after the date of birth, a nurse, nurse-midwife, or other person having care of the infant shall report the condition to the physician in charge of the care of the infant, or if there is not a physician in charge of the care of the infant, to the local health department, within 6 hours after the discovery of the redness, swelling, inflammation, or gathering of pus.


History: Add. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5127 Minor infected with venereal disease or HIV; consent to treatment; informing spouse, parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis; financial responsibility.

Sec. 5127.

(1) Subject to section 5133, the consent to the provision of medical or surgical care, treatment, or services by a hospital, clinic, or physician that is executed by a minor who is or professes to be infected with a venereal disease or HIV is valid and binding as if the minor had achieved the age of majority. The consent is not subject to later disaffirmance by reason of minority. The consent of any other person, including a spouse, parent, or guardian, or person in loco parentis, is not necessary to authorize the services described in this subsection to be provided to a minor.

(2) For medical reasons a treating physician, and on the advice and direction of the treating physician, a physician, a member of the medical staff of a hospital or clinic, or other health professional, may, but is not obligated to, inform the spouse, parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis as to the treatment given or needed. The information may be given to or withheld from these persons without consent of the minor and notwithstanding the express refusal of the minor to the providing of the information.

(3) A spouse, parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis of a minor is not financially responsible for surgical care, treatment, or services provided under this section.


History: Add. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5129 Individuals arrested and charged, bound over, or convicted of certain crimes; examination or testing for certain diseases; information and counseling; providing name, address, and telephone number of victim; providing test results to victim; transmitting test results and other medical information; confidentiality; referral of individual for appropriate medical care; financial responsibility; applicability of subsections (2), (3), and (4) to certain individuals; costs; definitions.

Sec. 5129.

(1) An individual arrested and charged with violating section 448, 449, 449a, 450, 452, or 455 of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.448, 750.449, 750.449a, 750.450, 750.452, and 750.455, or a local ordinance prohibiting prostitution or engaging or offering to engage the services of a prostitute may, upon order of the court, be examined or tested to determine whether the individual has venereal disease, hepatitis B infection, hepatitis C infection, HIV infection, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Examination or test results that indicate the presence of venereal disease, hepatitis B infection, hepatitis C infection, HIV infection, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome shall be reported to the defendant and, pursuant to sections 5114 and 5114a, to the department and the appropriate local health department for partner notification.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this section, if an individual is arrested and charged with violating section 145a, 338, 338a, 338b, 448, 449, 449a, 450, 452, 455, 520b, 520c, 520d, 520e, or 520g of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.145a, 750.338, 750.338a, 750.338b, 750.448, 750.449, 750.449a, 750.450, 750.452, 750.455, 750.520b, 750.520c, 750.520d, 750.520e, and 750.520g, or section 7404 by intravenously using a controlled substance, or a local ordinance prohibiting prostitution, solicitation, gross indecency, or the intravenous use of a controlled substance, the judge or magistrate responsible for setting the individual's conditions of release pending trial shall distribute to the individual the information on venereal disease and HIV transmission required to be distributed by county clerks under section 5119(1) and shall recommend that the individual obtain additional information and counseling at a local health department testing and counseling center regarding venereal disease, hepatitis B infection, hepatitis C infection, HIV infection, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Counseling under this subsection shall be voluntary on the part of the individual.

(3) If a defendant is bound over to circuit court or recorder's court for a violation of section 145a, 338, 338a, 338b, 450, 452, 455, 520b, 520c, 520d, 520e, or 520g of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.145a, 750.338, 750.338a, 750.338b, 750.450, 750.452, 750.455, 750.520b, 750.520c, 750.520d, 750.520e, and 750.520g, and the district court determines there is reason to believe the violation involved sexual penetration or exposure to a body fluid of the defendant, the district court shall order the defendant to be examined or tested for venereal disease, hepatitis B infection, and hepatitis C infection and for the presence of HIV or an antibody to HIV. Except as provided in subsection (5), (6), or (7), or as otherwise provided by law, the examinations and tests shall be confidentially administered by a licensed physician, the department of community health, or a local health department. The court also shall order the defendant to receive counseling regarding venereal disease, hepatitis B infection, hepatitis C infection, HIV infection, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, including, at a minimum, information regarding treatment, transmission, and protective measures.

(4) Except as otherwise provided in this section, upon conviction of a defendant or the issuance by the probate court of an order adjudicating a child to be within the provisions of section 2(a)(1) of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.2, for violating section 145a, 338, 338a, 338b, 448, 449, 449a, 450, 452, 455, 520b, 520c, 520d, 520e, or 520g of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.145a, 750.338, 750.338a, 750.338b, 750.448, 750.449, 750.449a, 750.450, 750.452, 750.455, 750.520b, 750.520c, 750.520d, 750.520e, and 750.520g, or section 7404 by intravenously using a controlled substance, or a local ordinance prohibiting prostitution, solicitation, gross indecency, or the intravenous use of a controlled substance, the court having jurisdiction of the criminal prosecution or juvenile hearing shall order the defendant or child to be examined or tested for venereal disease, hepatitis B infection, and hepatitis C infection and for the presence of HIV or an antibody to HIV. Except as provided in subsection (5), (6), or (7), or as otherwise provided by law, the examinations and tests shall be confidentially administered by a licensed physician, the department of community health, or a local health department. The court also shall order the defendant or child to receive counseling regarding venereal disease, hepatitis B infection, hepatitis C infection, HIV infection, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, including, at a minimum, information regarding treatment, transmission, and protective measures.

(5) If the victim or person with whom the defendant or child found to be within the provisions of section 2(a)(1) of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.2, engaged in sexual penetration or sexual contact or who was exposed to a body fluid during the course of the crime consents, the court or probate court shall provide the person or agency conducting the examinations or administering the tests under subsection (3) or (4) with the name, address, and telephone number of the victim or person with whom the defendant or child engaged in sexual penetration or sexual contact or who was exposed to a body fluid of the defendant during the course of the crime. If the victim or person with whom the defendant or child engaged in sexual penetration during the course of the crime is a minor or otherwise incapacitated, the victim's or person's parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis may give consent for purposes of this subsection. After the defendant or child is examined or tested as to the presence of venereal disease, of hepatitis B infection, of hepatitis C infection, or of HIV or an antibody to HIV, the person or agency conducting the examinations or administering the tests shall immediately provide the examination or test results to the victim or person with whom the defendant or child found to be within the provisions of section 2(a)(1) of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.2, engaged in sexual penetration or sexual contact or who was exposed to a body fluid during the course of the crime and shall refer the victim or other person for appropriate counseling.

(6) The examination or test results and any other medical information obtained from the defendant or child found to be within the provisions of section 2(a)(1) of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.2, by the person or agency conducting the examinations or administering the tests under subsection (3) or (4) shall be transmitted to the court or probate court and, after the defendant or child is sentenced or an order of disposition is entered, made part of the court record, but are confidential and shall be disclosed only to 1 or more of the following:

(a) The defendant or child.

(b) The local health department.

(c) The department.

(d) The victim or other person required to be informed of the results under this subsection or subsection (5) or, if the victim or other person is a minor or otherwise incapacitated, to the victim's or other person's parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis.

(e) Upon written authorization of the defendant or child found to be within the provisions of section 2(a)(1) of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.2, or the child's parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis.

(f) As otherwise provided by law.

(7) If the defendant is placed in the custody of the department of corrections, the court shall transmit a copy of the defendant's examination and test results and other medical information to the department of corrections. If the child found to be within the provisions of section 2(a)(1) of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.2, is placed by the probate court in the custody of a person related to the child or a public or private agency, institution, or facility, the probate court shall transmit a copy of the child's examination or test results to the person related to the child or the director of the agency, institution, or facility. A person or agency that discloses information in compliance with this subsection or subsection (6) is not civilly or criminally liable for making the disclosure. A person or agency that receives test results or other medical information pertaining to HIV infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome under this subsection or subsection (6) is subject to section 5131 and shall not disclose the test results or other medical information except as specifically permitted under that section.

(8) If an individual receives counseling or is examined or tested under this section and is found to be infected with a venereal disease, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C or to be HIV infected, the individual shall be referred by the agency providing the counseling or testing for appropriate medical care. The department, the local health department, or any other agency providing counseling or testing under this section is not financially responsible for medical care received by an individual as a result of a referral made under this subsection.

(9) The requirements for the distribution of information concerning venereal disease, counseling concerning venereal disease, and examining or testing for venereal disease under subsections (2), (3), and (4) do not apply to an individual charged with or convicted of violating section 7404 by intravenously using a controlled substance or violating a local ordinance prohibiting the intravenous use of a controlled substance.

(10) The court may, upon conviction or the issuance by the probate court of an order adjudicating a child to be within the provisions of section 2(a)(1) of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.2, order an individual who is examined or tested under this section to pay the actual and reasonable costs of that examination or test incurred by the licensed physician or local health department that administered the examination or test.

(11) An individual who is ordered to pay the costs of an examination or test under subsection (10) shall pay those costs within 30 days after the order is issued or as otherwise provided by the court. The amount ordered to be paid under subsection (10) shall be paid to the clerk of the court, who shall transmit the appropriate amount to the physician or local health department named in the order. If an individual is ordered to pay a combination of fines, costs, restitution, assessments, probation or parole supervision fees, or other payments upon conviction in addition to the costs ordered under subsection (10), the payments shall be allocated as provided under the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 710.21 to 712A.32, the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 175, MCL 760.1 to 777.69, and the crime victim's rights act, 1985 PA 87, MCL 780.751 to 780.834. An individual who fails to pay the costs within the 30-day period or as otherwise ordered by the court is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days or a fine of not more than $100.00, or both.

(12) As used in this section:

(a) “Sexual contact” includes the intentional touching of the victim's or actor's intimate parts or the intentional touching of the clothing covering the immediate area of the victim's or actor's intimate parts, if that intentional touching can reasonably be construed as being for the purpose of sexual arousal or gratification.

(b) “Sexual penetration” means sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, anal intercourse, or any other intrusion, however slight, of any part of a person's body or of any object into the genital or anal openings of another person's body, but emission of semen is not required.

(c) “Victim” includes, but is not limited to, a person subjected to criminal sexual conduct in violation of section 520b, 520c, 520d, 520e, or 520g of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.520b, 750.520c, 750.520d, 750.520e, and 750.520g.


History: Add. 1988, Act 471, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 1, Imd. Eff. Feb. 16, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 72, Imd. Eff. Apr. 11, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 200, Imd. Eff. June 21, 1994 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 253, Imd. Eff. Jan. 5, 1996 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 98, Imd. Eff. May 13, 2004
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5131 Serious communicable diseases or infections of HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; confidentiality of reports, records, data, and information; test results; limitations and restrictions on disclosures in response to court order and subpoena; information released to legislative body; applicability of subsection (1); immunity; identification of individual; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.

Sec. 5131.

(1) All reports, records, and data pertaining to testing, care, treatment, reporting, and research, and information pertaining to partner notification under section 5114a, that are associated with the serious communicable diseases or infections of HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome are confidential. A person shall release reports, records, data, and information described in this subsection only pursuant to this section.

(2) Except as otherwise provided by law, the test results of a test for HIV infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and the fact that such a test was ordered is information that is subject to section 2157 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.2157.

(3) The disclosure of information pertaining to HIV infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in response to a court order and subpoena is limited to only the following cases and is subject to all of the following restrictions:

(a) A court that is petitioned for an order to disclose the information shall determine both of the following:

(i) That other ways of obtaining the information are not available or would not be effective.

(ii) That the public interest and need for the disclosure outweigh the potential for injury to the patient.

(b) If a court issues an order for the disclosure of the information, the order shall do all of the following:

(i) Limit disclosure to those parts of the patient's record that are determined by the court to be essential to fulfill the objective of the order.

(ii) Limit disclosure to those persons whose need for the information is the basis for the order.

(iii) Include such other measures as considered necessary by the court to limit disclosure for the protection of the patient.

(4) A person who releases information pertaining to HIV infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome to a legislative body shall not identify in the information a specific individual who was tested or is being treated for HIV infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

(5) Subject to subsection (7), subsection (1) does not apply to the following:

(a) Information pertaining to an individual who is HIV infected or has been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, if the information is disclosed to the department, a local health department, or other health care provider for 1 or more of the following purposes:

(i) To protect the health of an individual.

(ii) To prevent further transmission of HIV.

(iii) To diagnose and care for a patient.

(b) Information pertaining to an individual who is HIV infected or has been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, if the information is disclosed by a physician or local health officer to an individual who is known by the physician or local health officer to be a contact of the individual who is HIV infected or has been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, if the physician or local health officer determines that the disclosure of the information is necessary to prevent a reasonably foreseeable risk of further transmission of HIV. This subdivision imposes an affirmative duty upon a physician or local health officer to disclose information pertaining to an individual who is HIV infected or has been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome to an individual who is known by the physician or local health officer to be a contact of the individual who is HIV infected or has been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. A physician or local health officer may discharge the affirmative duty imposed under this subdivision by referring the individual who is HIV infected or has been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome to the appropriate local health department for assistance with partner notification under section 5114a. The physician or local health officer shall include as part of the referral the name and, if available, address and telephone number of each individual known by the physician or local health officer to be a contact of the individual who is HIV infected or has been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

(c) Information pertaining to an individual who is HIV infected or has been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, if the information is disclosed by an authorized representative of the department or by a local health officer to an employee of a school district, and if the department representative or local health officer determines that the disclosure is necessary to prevent a reasonably foreseeable risk of transmission of HIV to pupils in the school district. An employee of a school district to whom information is disclosed under this subdivision is subject to subsection (1).

(d) Information pertaining to an individual who is HIV infected or has been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, if the disclosure is expressly authorized in writing by the individual. This subdivision applies only if the written authorization is specific to HIV infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. If the individual is a minor or incapacitated, the written authorization may be executed by the parent or legal guardian of the individual.

(e) Information disclosed under section 5114, 5114a, 5119(3), 5129, 5204, or 20191 or information disclosed as required by rule promulgated under section 5111.

(f) Information pertaining to an individual who is HIV infected or has been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, if the information is part of a report required under the child protection law, 1975 PA 238, MCL 722.621 to 722.638.

(g) Information pertaining to an individual who is HIV infected or has been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, if the information is disclosed by the department of human services, the probate court, or a child placing agency in order to care for a minor and to place the minor with a child care organization licensed under 1973 PA 116, MCL 722.111 to 722.128. The person disclosing the information shall disclose it only to the director of the child care organization or, if the child care organization is a private home, to the individual who holds the license for the child care organization. An individual to whom information is disclosed under this subdivision is subject to subsection (1). As used in this subdivision, "child care organization" and "child placing agency" mean those terms as defined in section 1 of 1973 PA 116, MCL 722.111.

(6) A person who releases the results of an HIV test or other information described in subsection (1) in compliance with subsection (5) is immune from civil or criminal liability and administrative penalties including, but not limited to, licensure sanctions, for the release of that information.

(7) A person who discloses information under subsection (5) shall not include in the disclosure information that identifies the individual to whom the information pertains, unless the identifying information is determined by the person making the disclosure to be reasonably necessary to prevent a foreseeable risk of transmission of HIV. This subsection does not apply to information disclosed under subsection (5)(d), (f), or (g).

(8) A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both, and is liable in a civil action for actual damages or $1,000.00, whichever is greater, and costs and reasonable attorney fees. This subsection also applies to the employer of a person who violates this section, unless the employer had in effect at the time of the violation reasonable precautions designed to prevent the violation.


History: Add. 1988, Act 488, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 174, Imd. Eff. Aug. 22, 1989 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 271, Imd. Eff. Dec. 26, 1989 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 86, Eff. Mar. 31, 1993 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 200, Imd. Eff. June 21, 1994 ;-- Am. 1997, Act 57, Eff. Jan. 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 119, Imd. Eff. July 13, 2010
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9001 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5133 Information; pretest information; informed consent to HIV test; documentation; distribution of information; HIV test performed on anonymous basis; partner notification; HIV test performed for purpose of research; inapplicability of section; conditions; informing patient of test results.

Sec. 5133.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a physician who orders an HIV test or a health facility that performs an HIV test shall provide information appropriate to the test subject both before and after the test is administered.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this part, a physician, or an individual to whom the physician has delegated authority to perform a selected act, task, or function under section 16215, shall not order an HIV test for the purpose of diagnosing HIV infection without first providing the test subject with pretest information and receiving the informed consent of the test subject. For purposes of this section, informed consent means a written or verbal consent to the test by the test subject or the legally authorized representative of the test subject. The physician or health facility shall document the provision of informed consent, including pretest information, and whether the test subject or the legally authorized representative of the test subject declined the offer of HIV testing. Informed consent for HIV testing shall be maintained in the patient's medical records.

(3) Beginning January 1, 2011, pretest information shall include all of the following:

(a) An explanation of the test, including, but not limited to, the purpose of the test, the potential uses and limitations of the test, and the meaning of test results.

(b) An explanation of how HIV is transmitted and how HIV can be prevented.

(c) An explanation of the rights of the test subject, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

(i) The right to decline the test at any time before the administration of the test and the circumstances under which the test subject does not have the right to decline the test.

(ii) The right to confidentiality of the test results under this part and under the health insurance portability and accountability act of 1996, Public Law 104-191.

(iii) The right under this part to consent to and participate in the test on an anonymous basis.

(iv) The person or class of persons to whom the test results may be disclosed under this part and under the health insurance portability and accountability act of 1996, Public Law 104-191.

(4) The department, the Michigan board of medicine, and the Michigan board of osteopathic medicine and surgery shall make the information required under subsection (3) available to physicians. The Michigan board of medicine and the Michigan board of osteopathic medicine and surgery shall notify in writing all physicians subject to this section of the requirements of this section and the availability of the information by January 1, 2011. Upon request, the Michigan board of medicine and the Michigan board of osteopathic medicine and surgery shall provide copies of the information, free of charge, to a physician who is subject to this section.

(5) A test subject who executes a signed writing pursuant to subsection (2) as that subsection read before September 1, 2010 is barred from subsequently bringing a civil action based on failure to obtain informed consent for the HIV test against the physician who ordered the HIV test.

(6) The department shall develop the information required under subsection (3) in clear, nontechnical English and Spanish, and provide the information upon request and free of charge, to a physician or other person or a governmental entity that is subject to this section. Nothing in this section prohibits a physician or health facility from combining a form used to obtain informed consent for HIV testing with forms used to obtain consent for general medical care or any other medical tests or procedures if the forms make clear that the subject may consent to general medical care, tests, or medical procedures without being required to consent to HIV testing and, if applicable, that the subject may decline HIV testing at any time before the administration of the test.

(7) In addition to complying with the duties imposed under subsection (6), the department shall provide copies of the information required under subsection (3) to the Michigan board of medicine and the Michigan board of osteopathic medicine and surgery. The department shall provide copies of the information to other persons upon written request, at cost, and shall also provide copies of the information free of charge, upon request, to public or private schools, colleges, and universities.

(8) An individual who undergoes an HIV test at a department approved testing site may request that the HIV test be performed on an anonymous basis. If an individual requests that the HIV test be performed on an anonymous basis, the staff of the department approved testing site shall administer the HIV test anonymously or under the condition that the test subject not be identified, and shall obtain consent to the test using a coded system that does not link the individual's identity with the request for the HIV test or the HIV test results. If the test results of an HIV test performed under this subsection indicate that the test subject is HIV infected, the staff of the department approved testing site shall proceed with partner notification in the same manner in which a local health department would proceed as described in section 5114a(3) to (5).

(9) This section does not apply to an HIV test performed for the purpose of research, if the test is performed in such a manner that the identity of the test subject is not revealed to the researcher and the test results are not made known to the test subject.

(10) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (12), this section does not apply to an HIV test performed upon a patient in a health facility if the conditions in subdivisions (a) and (b) or the conditions in subdivisions (a) and (c) are met:

(a) The patient is informed in writing upon admission to the health facility that an HIV test may be performed upon the patient without his or her right to decline under circumstances described in subdivision (b) or (c). As used in this subdivision, "admission" means the provision of an inpatient or outpatient health care service in a health facility.

(b) The HIV test is performed after a health professional, health facility employee, police officer, or fire fighter, or a medical first responder, emergency medical technician, emergency medical technician specialist, or paramedic licensed under section 20950 or 20952 sustains in the health facility, while treating the patient before transport to the health facility, or while transporting the patient to the health facility, a percutaneous, mucous membrane, or open wound exposure to the blood or other body fluids of the patient.

(c) The HIV test is performed pursuant to a request made under section 20191(2).

(11) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (12), this section does not apply if the test subject is unable to receive or understand the information described in subsections (1) to (3) or to decline the test as described in subsection (2), and the legally authorized representative of the test subject is not readily available to receive the information or decline for the test subject.

(12) If the results of an HIV test performed under this section indicate that the patient is HIV infected, the health facility shall inform the patient of the positive test results and provide the patient with appropriate counseling regarding HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. If the results of an HIV test performed under this section indicate that the patient is not HIV infected, that information shall be provided to the patient through normal health care provider procedures, including, but not limited to, a patient visit, mail, or telephone communication.


History: Add. 1988, Act 488, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 200, Imd. Eff. June 21, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 420, Eff. Mar 30, 1995 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 320, Eff. Jan. 1, 2011
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5139 Report by physician or optometrist; definitions.

Sec. 5139.

(1) A physician or an optometrist has no affirmative obligation to but may voluntarily report to the secretary of state or warn third parties regarding a patient's mental and physical qualifications to operate a motor vehicle in a manner as not to jeopardize the safety of persons and property due to an episode. A physician or an optometrist who chooses not to make a report to the secretary of state or warn third parties as provided for under this subsection is immune from any criminal or civil liability to the patient or third party that may have been injured by the patient's actions.

(2) A physician or an optometrist may make a report under this section and submit that report to the secretary of state for the purpose of initiating or contributing to an examination of an applicant's physical and mental qualifications to operate a motor vehicle in a manner as not to jeopardize the safety of persons and property pursuant to section 309 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.309. In making that report, the physician or optometrist shall recommend a period of suspension as determined appropriate by the physician or optometrist as follows:

(a) In the case of a patient holding an operator's license, that the suspension be for at least 6 months or longer.

(b) In the case of a patient holding a commercial license, that the suspension be for at least 12 months or longer.

(3) A physician or an optometrist making a report under subsection (2), acting in good faith and exercising due care as evidenced by documenting his or her file or medical record regarding an episode, is immune from any civil or criminal liability resulting from the report to the patient or a third party that may have been injured by the patient's actions.

(4) As used in this section:

(a) "Episode" means any of the following:

(i) An experience derived from a condition that causes or contributes to loss of consciousness, blackout, seizure, a fainting spell, syncope, or any other impairment of the level of consciousness.

(ii) An experience derived from a condition that causes an impairment of an individual's driving judgment.

(iii) An experience derived from an impairment of an individual's vision.

(b) "Optometrist" means that term as defined under part 174.

(c) "Physician" means that term as defined under part 170 or 175.


History: Add. 2012, Act 354, Imd. Eff. Dec. 13, 2012


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5141 Reflex sympathetic dystrophy/complex regional pain syndrome (RSD/CRPS); work group; education program; materials and brochures; funds.

Sec. 5141.

(1) Upon appropriation of the necessary funding to support the work group and the education program, the department shall establish a reflex sympathetic dystrophy/complex regional pain syndrome (RSD/CRPS) work group that is composed of both public and private sector members. The RSD/CRPS work group, in consultation with health care providers and health-related organizations, shall develop and coordinate an RSD/CRPS education program to promote public awareness of the causes of RSD/CRPS and the value of early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of this disease. The RSD/CRPS program shall include a public education and outreach campaign utilizing written materials and brochures to promote awareness of RSD/CRPS among consumers, health care providers, teachers, and human services providers and to enable individuals to make informed decisions about their health. The written materials and brochures shall include, but are not limited to, information regarding each of the following:

(a) Cause and nature of RSD/CRPS.

(b) Risk factors that contribute to the manifestation of RSD/CRPS.

(c) All available treatment options for RSD/CRPS including the risks and benefits of each of those options.

(d) Environmental safety and injury prevention.

(e) Rest and use of appropriate body mechanics.

(f) Any other information that is relevant to RSD/CRPS.

(2) The educational materials and brochures developed under subsection (1) shall be made available to the public through the department's website or health promotions clearinghouse hotline and, if sufficient funding is available, the educational materials and brochures shall be distributed to local health departments, hospitals, and health care providers for distribution to the public. The RSD/CRPS work group shall also facilitate as a part of the RSD/CRPS program educational workshops that are open to the public. The workshops shall include, at a minimum, at least 1 physician presenter who is licensed under article 15 and is knowledgeable about RSD/CRPS.

(3) The department may accept and utilize federal or state funds or other public or private grants, gifts, donations, or appropriations to carry out the purposes of this section, including, but not limited to, promoting research to accurately identify, diagnose, and treat this disease.


History: Add. 2006, Act 678, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 2007
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 52
HAZARDOUS COMMUNICABLE DISEASES


333.5201 Definitions and principles of construction.

Sec. 5201.

(1) As used in this part:

(a) “Carrier” means an individual who serves as a potential source of infection and who harbors or who the department reasonably believes to harbor a specific infectious agent or a serious communicable disease or infection, whether or not there is present discernible disease.

(b) “Health threat to others” means that an individual who is a carrier has demonstrated an inability or unwillingness to conduct himself or herself in such a manner as to not place others at risk of exposure to a serious communicable disease or infection. Health threat to others includes, but is not limited to, 1 or more of the following:

(i) Behavior by the carrier that has been demonstrated epidemiologically to transmit, or that evidences a careless disregard for transmission of, a serious communicable disease or infection to others.

(ii) A substantial likelihood that the carrier will transmit a serious communicable disease or infection to others, as evidenced by the carrier's past behavior or statements made by the carrier that are credible indicators of the carrier's intention to do so.

(iii) Affirmative misrepresentation by the carrier of his or her status as a carrier before engaging in behavior that has been demonstrated epidemiologically to transmit the serious communicable disease or infection.

(2) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this code and part 51 contains definitions applicable to this part.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 490, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the bureau of infectious disease control from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5203 Warning notice generally.

Sec. 5203.

(1) Upon a determination by a department representative or a local health officer that an individual is a carrier and is a health threat to others, the department representative or local health officer shall issue a warning notice to the individual requiring the individual to cooperate with the department or local health department in efforts to prevent or control transmission of serious communicable diseases or infections. The warning notice may also require the individual to participate in education, counseling, or treatment programs, and to undergo medical tests to verify the person's status as a carrier.

(2) A warning notice issued under subsection (1) shall be in writing, except that in urgent circumstances, the warning notice may be an oral statement, followed by a written statement within 3 days. A warning notice shall be individual and specific and shall not be issued to a class of persons. A written warning notice shall be served either by registered mail, return receipt requested, or personally by an individual who is employed by, or under contract to, the department or a local health department.

(3) A warning notice issued under subsection (1) shall include a statement that unless the individual takes the action requested in the warning notice, the department representative or local health officer shall seek an order from the probate court, pursuant to this part. The warning notice shall also state that, except in cases of emergency, the individual to whom the warning notice is issued has the right to notice and a hearing and other rights provided in this part before the probate court issues an order.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 490, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5204 Request for testing made by officer, employee, or individual making lawful arrest; procedures; rules; definitions.

Sec. 5204.

(1) A police officer, a fire fighter, a local correctional officer or other county employee, a court employee, or an individual making a lawful arrest may proceed under this section if he or she has received training in the transmission of bloodborne diseases under the rules governing exposure to bloodborne diseases in the workplace promulgated by the occupational health standards commission or incorporated by reference under the Michigan occupational safety and health act, 1974 PA 154, MCL 408.1001 to 408.1094.

(2) A police officer, a fire fighter, a local correctional officer or other county employee, a court employee, or an individual making a lawful arrest who has received the training described in subsection (1) and who, while performing his or her official duties or otherwise performing the duties of his or her employment, determines that he or she has sustained a percutaneous, mucous membrane, or open wound exposure to the blood or body fluids of an arrestee, correctional facility inmate, parolee, or probationer may request that the arrestee, correctional facility inmate, parolee, or probationer be tested for HIV infection, HBV infection, HCV infection, or all 3 infections, pursuant to this section.

(3) An officer or employee or an individual making a lawful arrest who desires to make a request described in subsection (2) shall make the request to his or her employer in writing on a form provided by the department as soon as possible, but not later than 72 hours, after the exposure occurs. The request form shall be dated and shall contain, at a minimum, the name and address of the officer, employee, or individual making a lawful arrest making the request and a description of his or her exposure to the blood or other body fluids of the arrestee, correctional facility inmate, parolee, or probationer. The request form shall also contain a statement that the requester is subject to the confidentiality requirements of subsection (7) and section 5131. The request form shall not contain information that would identify the arrestee, correctional facility inmate, parolee, or probationer by name, except if necessary to identify the individual for purposes of testing under this section.

(4) The employer of an individual making a request under subsections (2) and (3) shall accept as fact the requester's description of his or her exposure to blood or other body fluids as described in subsection (2). The requester's employer shall have the test for HIV infection, HBV infection, HCV infection, or all 3 infections performed by the local health department or by a health care provider designated by the local health department. If the test subject consents to the performance of the test or tests named in the request, the requester's employer shall transport the test subject to the local health department or designated health care provider for testing, or a representative of the local health department or designated health care provider shall come to where the test subject is held or housed to take a blood or other body fluid sample for testing, as soon as practicable after the local health department receives the request for testing from the requester's employer. If the test subject refuses to undergo 1 or more tests specified in the request, the requester's employer may proceed with a petition to the family division of the circuit court in the manner provided in section 5205 or 5207, as appropriate.

(5) A local health department or a health care provider designated by the local health department that performs 1 or more tests under this section may charge the officer or employee or arresting individual requesting the test for the reasonable and customary charges of each test. The officer or employee or arresting individual requesting the test is responsible for the payment of the charges if the charges are not payable by the officer's or employee's or arresting individual's employer, pursuant to an agreement between the officer or employee or arresting individual and the employer, or by the officer's or employee's or arresting individual's health care payment or benefits plan. A local health department or a health care provider designated by the local health department to perform an HIV test under this section is not required to provide HIV counseling pursuant to section 5133(1) to an officer or employee or arresting individual who requests that an arrestee, correctional facility inmate, parolee, or probationer be tested for HIV under this section, unless the local health department or designated health care provider tests the officer or employee or arresting individual for HIV.

(6) A local health department or a health care provider designated by the local health department to perform a test under this section shall, on a form provided by the department, notify the requesting officer or employee or arresting individual of the HIV test, HBV test, or HCV test results, as applicable, whether positive or negative, within 2 days after the test results are obtained by the local health department or designated health care provider. The notification shall be transmitted directly to the requesting officer or employee or arresting individual or, upon request of the requesting officer or employee or arresting individual, to his or her primary care physician or to another health professional designated by the officer or employee or arresting individual. The notification required under this subsection shall include an explanation of the confidentiality requirements of subsection (7). The notification required under this subsection shall also contain a statement recommending that the requesting officer, employee, or arresting individual undergo an HIV test, an HBV test, or an HCV test, or all 3 tests.

(7) The notice required under subsection (6) shall not contain information that would identify the arrestee, correctional facility inmate, parolee, or probationer who tested positive or negative for HIV, HBV, or HCV. The information contained in the notice is confidential and is subject to this section, the rules promulgated under section 5111, and section 5131. A person who receives confidential information under this section shall disclose the information to others only to the extent consistent with the authorized purpose for which the information was obtained.

(8) The department may promulgate rules to administer this section. The department shall develop and distribute the forms required under this section.

(9) In addition to the penalties prescribed in the rules promulgated under section 5111 and in section 5131, a person who discloses information in violation of subsection (7) is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(10) A local health department or designated health care provider shall report to the department each test result obtained under this section that indicates that an individual is HIV infected, in compliance with section 5114.

(11) A person or governmental entity that makes a good faith effort to comply with subsections (1) to (6) is immune from civil liability or criminal penalty based on compliance with, or the failure to comply with, those subsections.

(12) As used in this section and section 5205:

(a) "Correctional facility" means a municipal or county jail, work camp, lockup, holding center, halfway house, community corrections center, or any other facility maintained by a municipality or county that houses adult prisoners. Correctional facility does not include a facility owned or operated by the department of corrections.

(b) "Employee" means a county employee or a court employee.

(c) "HBV" means hepatitis B virus.

(d) "HBV infected" or "HBV infection" means the status of an individual who is tested as HBsAg-positive.

(e) "HCV" means hepatitis C virus.

(f) "HCV infected" or "HCV infection" means the status of an individual who has tested positive for the presence of HCV antibodies or has tested positive for HBV using an RNA test.

(g) "HIV" means human immunodeficiency virus.

(h) "HIV infected" means that term as defined in section 5101.

(i) "Individual making a lawful arrest" or "arresting individual" means 1 of the following:

(i) A private security police officer authorized to make an arrest without a warrant under section 30 of the private security business and security alarm act, 1968 PA 330, MCL 338.1080, and section 15 of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 175, MCL 764.15.

(ii) A merchant, agent of a merchant, employee of a merchant, or independent contractor providing security for a merchant authorized to make an arrest in the merchant's store and in the course of his or her employment as prescribed by section 16(d) of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 175, MCL 764.16. Individual making a lawful arrest or arresting individual does not include a private person authorized to make an arrest under section 16(a) and (b) of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 175, MCL 764.16.

(j) "Local correctional officer" means an individual employed by a local governmental unit in a correctional facility as a corrections officer.

(k) "Officer" means a law enforcement officer, motor carrier officer, or property security officer employed by the state, a law enforcement officer employed by a local governmental unit, a fire fighter employed by or volunteering for a local governmental unit, or a local correctional officer.


History: Add. 1997, Act 57, Eff. Jan. 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 119, Imd. Eff. July 13, 2010
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5205 Failure or refusal to comply with warning notice; petition; hearing; notice; waiver; orders; recommendation and duties of commitment review panel and circuit court; appeal to circuit court; termination or continuation of commitment; cost of implementing order; right to counsel; appeal to court of appeals; leaving facility or refusal to undergo testing for certain infections as contempt.

Sec. 5205.

(1) If a department representative or a local health officer knows or has reasonable grounds to believe that an individual has failed or refused to comply with a warning notice issued under section 5203, the department or local health department may petition the circuit court for the county of Ingham or for the county served by the local health department for an order as described in subsection (6).

(2) A petition filed under subsection (1) shall state all of the following:

(a) The grounds and underlying facts that demonstrate that the individual is a health threat to others and, unless an emergency order is sought under section 5207, has failed or refused to comply with a warning notice issued under section 5203.

(b) The petitioner's effort to alleviate the health threat to others before the issuance of the warning notice, unless an emergency order is sought under section 5207.

(c) The type of relief sought.

(d) A request for a court hearing on the allegations set forth in the petition.

(3) If a test subject refuses to undergo a test requested by an officer or employee or an arresting individual under section 5204, the officer's or employee's or arresting individual's employer may petition the circuit court for the county in which the employer is located or the appropriate district court for an order as described in subsection (7).

(4) A petition filed under subsection (3) shall state all of the following:

(a) Substantially the same information contained in the request made to an officer's or employee's or arresting individual's employer under section 5204(2) and (3), except that the petition shall contain the name of the arrestee, correctional facility inmate, parolee, or probationer who is the proposed test subject.

(b) The reasons for the officer's or employee's or arresting individual's determination that the exposure described in the request made under section 5204(2) and (3) could have transmitted HIV, HBV, or HCV, or all or a combination of those viruses, along with the date and place the officer or employee or arresting individual received the training in the transmission of bloodborne diseases required under section 5204(1).

(c) The fact that the arrestee, correctional facility inmate, parolee, or probationer has refused to undergo the test or tests requested under section 5204(2) and (3).

(d) The type of relief sought.

(e) A request for a court hearing on the allegations set forth in the petition.

(5) Upon receipt of a petition filed under subsection (1), the circuit court shall fix a date for hearing that shall be as soon as possible, but not later than 14 days after the date the petition is filed. Notice of the petition and the time and place of the hearing shall be served personally on the individual and on the petitioner not less than 3 days before the date of the hearing. Notice of the hearing shall include notice of the individual's right to appear at the hearing, the right to present and cross-examine witnesses, and the right to counsel as provided in subsection (12). The individual and the petitioner may waive notice of hearing, and upon filing of the waiver in writing, the circuit court may hear the petition immediately. Upon receipt of a petition filed under subsection (3), the circuit court or the district court shall fix a date for hearing that shall be as soon as possible, but not later than 24 hours after the time and date the petition is filed. Notice of the petition and the time and place of the hearing shall be served personally on both the proposed test subject under section 5204 and the petitioner within a time period that is reasonable under the circumstances. Notice of the hearing shall include notice of the proposed test subject's right to appear at the hearing, the right to present and cross-examine witnesses, and the right to counsel as provided in subsection (12). The proposed test subject and the petitioner may waive notice of the hearing, and upon filing of the waiver in writing, the circuit court or the district court may hear the petition filed under subsection (3) immediately.

(6) Upon a finding by the circuit court that the department or local health department has proven the allegations set forth in a petition filed under subsection (1) by clear and convincing evidence, the circuit court may issue 1 or more of the following orders:

(a) An order that the individual participate in a designated education program.

(b) An order that the individual participate in a designated counseling program.

(c) An order that the individual participate in a designated treatment program.

(d) An order that the individual undergo medically accepted tests to verify the individual's status as a carrier or for diagnosis.

(e) An order that the individual notify or appear before designated health officials for verification of status, testing, or other purposes consistent with monitoring.

(f) An order that the individual cease and desist conduct that constitutes a health threat to others.

(g) An order that the individual live part-time or full-time in a supervised setting for the period and under the conditions set by the circuit court.

(h) Subject to subsection (8), an order that the individual be committed to an appropriate facility for the period and under the conditions set by the circuit court. A commitment ordered under this subdivision shall not be for more than 6 months, unless the director of the facility, upon motion, shows good cause for continued commitment.

(i) Any other order considered just by the circuit court.

(7) Upon a finding by the circuit court or the district court that the officer's or employee's or arresting individual's employer has proven the allegations set forth in a petition filed under subsection (3), including, but not limited to, the requesting officer's or employee's or arresting individual's description of his or her exposure to the blood or body fluids of the proposed test subject, the circuit court or the district court may issue an order requiring the proposed test subject to undergo a test for HIV infection, HBV infection, or HCV infection, or all or a combination of the 3 infections.

(8) The circuit court shall not issue an order authorized under subsection (6)(h) unless the court first considers the recommendation of a commitment review panel appointed by the court under this subsection to review the need for commitment of the individual to a health facility. The commitment review panel shall consist of 3 physicians appointed by the court from a list of physicians submitted by the department. Not less than 2 of the physicians shall have training and experience in the diagnosis and treatment of serious communicable diseases and infections. However, upon the motion of the individual who is the subject of the order, the court shall appoint as 1 member of the commitment review panel a physician who is selected by the individual. The commitment review panel shall do all of the following:

(a) Review the record of the proceeding.

(b) Interview the individual, or document the reasons why the individual was not interviewed.

(c) Recommend either commitment or an alternative or alternatives to commitment, and document the reasons for the recommendation.

(9) An individual committed to a facility under subsection (6)(h) may appeal to the circuit court for a commitment review panel recommendation as to whether or not the patient's commitment should be terminated. Upon the filing of a claim of appeal under this subsection, the court shall reconvene the commitment review panel appointed under subsection (5) as soon as practicable, but not more than 14 days after the filing of the claim of appeal. Upon reconvening, the commitment review panel shall do all of the following:

(a) Review the appeal and any other information considered relevant by the commitment review panel.

(b) Interview the individual, or document the reasons why the individual was not interviewed.

(c) Recommend to the court either termination or continuation of the commitment, and document the reasons for the recommendation.

(10) Upon receipt of the recommendation of the commitment review panel under subsection (9), the circuit court may terminate or continue the commitment.

(11) The cost of implementing an order issued under subsection (6) shall be borne by the individual who is the subject of the order, unless the individual is unable to pay all or a part of the cost, as determined by the circuit court. If the court determines that the individual is unable to pay all or a part of the cost of implementing the order, then the state shall pay all of the cost or that part of the cost that the individual is unable to pay, upon the certification of the department. The cost of implementing an order issued under subsection (7) shall be borne by the arrestee, correctional facility inmate, parolee, or probationer who is tested under the order.

(12) An individual who is the subject of a petition filed under this section or an affidavit filed under section 5207 has the right to counsel at all stages of the proceedings. If the individual is unable to pay the cost of counsel, the circuit court shall appoint counsel for the individual.

(13) An order issued by the circuit court under subsection (6) may be appealed to the court of appeals. The court of appeals shall hear the appeal within 30 days after the date the claim of appeal is filed with the court of appeals. However, an order issued by the circuit court under subsection (6) shall not be stayed pending appeal, unless ordered by the court of appeals on motion for good cause. An order issued by the circuit court under subsection (7) may be appealed to the court of appeals. The court of appeals shall hear the appeal within 15 days after the date the claim of appeal is filed with the court of appeals. However, an order issued by the circuit court under subsection (7) shall not be stayed pending appeal, unless ordered by the court of appeals on motion for good cause. An order issued by a district court under subsection (7) may be appealed to the circuit court for the county in which the district court is located. The circuit court shall hear the appeal within 15 days after the date the claim of appeal is filed with the circuit court. However, an order issued by a district court under subsection (7) shall not be stayed pending appeal, unless ordered by the circuit court on motion for good cause.

(14) An individual committed to a facility under this section who leaves the facility before the date designated in the commitment order without the permission of the circuit court or who refuses to undergo a test for HIV infection, HBV infection, HCV infection, or all or a combination of the 3 infections is guilty of contempt.


History: Add. 1988, Act 490, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1997, Act 57, Eff. Jan. 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 37, Imd. Eff. Mar. 17, 2000
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5207 Protection of public health in emergency; affidavit; court order; taking individual into custody; transporting individual to emergency care or treatment facility; temporary detention; notice of hearing; continued temporary detention; petition.

Sec. 5207.

(1) To protect the public health in an emergency, upon the filing of an affidavit by a department representative or a local health officer, the circuit court may order the department representative, local health officer, or a peace officer to take an individual whom the court has reasonable cause to believe is a carrier and is a health threat to others into custody and transport the individual to an appropriate emergency care or treatment facility for observation, examination, testing, diagnosis, or treatment and, if determined necessary by the court, temporary detention. If the individual is already institutionalized in a facility, the court may order the facility to temporarily detain the individual. An order issued under this subsection may be issued in an ex parte proceeding upon an affidavit of a department representative or a local health officer. The court shall issue an order under this subsection upon a determination that reasonable cause exists to believe that there is a substantial likelihood that the individual is a carrier and a health threat to others. An order under this subsection may be executed on any day and at any time, and shall be served upon the individual who is the subject of the order immediately upon apprehension or detention.

(2) An affidavit filed by a department representative or a local health officer under subsection (1) shall set forth the specific facts upon which the order is sought including, but not limited to, the reasons why an emergency order is sought.

(3) An individual temporarily detained under subsection (1) shall not be detained longer than 72 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays, without a court hearing to determine if the temporary detention should continue.

(4) Notice of a hearing under subsection (3) shall be served upon the individual not less than 24 hours before the hearing is held. The notice shall contain all of the following information:

(a) The time, date, and place of the hearing.

(b) The grounds and underlying facts upon which continued detention is sought.

(c) The individual's right to appear at the hearing.

(d) The individual's right to present and cross-examine witnesses.

(e) The individual's right to counsel, including the right to counsel designated by the circuit court, as described in section 5205(13).

(5) The circuit court may order that the individual continue to be temporarily detained if the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the individual would pose a health threat to others if released. An order under this subsection to continued temporary detention shall not continue longer than 5 days, unless a petition is filed under section 5205. If a petition is filed under section 5205, the temporary detention shall continue until a hearing on the petition is held under section 5205.


History: Add. 1988, Act 490, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1997, Act 57, Eff. Jan. 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5209 Power not limited.

Sec. 5209.

This part does not limit the power of the department, a local health department, or the probate court to deal with the prevention and control of communicable diseases and infections.


History: Add. 1988, Act 490, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5210 Sexual penetration as felony; definition.

Sec. 5210.

(1) A person who knows that he or she has or has been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome related complex, or who knows that he or she is HIV infected, and who engages in sexual penetration with another person without having first informed the other person that he or she has acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome related complex or is HIV infected, is guilty of a felony.

(2) As used in this section, “sexual penetration” means sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, anal intercourse, or any other intrusion, however slight, of any part of a person's body or of any object into the genital or anal openings of another person's body, but emission of semen is not required.


History: Add. 1988, Act 490, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5211-333.5269 Repealed. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to hazardous communicable diseases.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 53
EXPENSE OF CARE


333.5301 County chargeable with expense of care; reimbursement by state; individuals with tuberculosis or honorable discharges considered domiciled in state at large; expense of care paid by state on certification of department; reasonableness of claims and accounts; appeal.

Sec. 5301.

(1) The county in which an individual receiving care under section 5117 has a domicile is chargeable with the expense of the care, and this state shall reimburse that county for all or a portion of the expense in the amounts the legislature appropriates for that purpose. An individual who has tuberculosis and has not acquired a legal settlement in this state in accordance with the social welfare act, Act No. 280 of the Public Acts of 1939, being sections 400.1 to 400.121 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, or an individual who was honorably discharged from a branch of the military services of the United States and not otherwise hospitalized for the purpose of this part shall be considered to be domiciled in this state at large, and the expense of that individual's care, while the care continues with the approval of the department, shall be paid by the state on certification of the department. The reasonableness and propriety of all claims and accounts under this subsection shall be passed upon and determined by the department, subject to appeal to the circuit court for the county of Ingham as to questions of law.

(2) An individual committed to an inpatient facility for tuberculosis pursuant to a probate court order under section 5205 and not otherwise hospitalized for the purpose of part 51 or 52 shall be considered to be domiciled in this state at large, and the expense of that individual's care, while the care continues with the approval of the department, shall be paid by the state on certification of the department. The reasonableness and propriety of all claims and accounts under this subsection shall be passed upon and determined by the department, subject to appeal to the circuit court for the county of Ingham as to questions of law.


History: Add. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the bureau of infectious disease control from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5303 Care provided where individual found at expense of county where individual domiciled; notice; return of individual to county of domicile; disputed or contested claim arising between 2 or more counties; decision.

Sec. 5303.

(1) Upon determination by the county department of social services that the place of domicile of an individual receiving care under section 5117 is in another county in this state, care shall be provided where the individual is found at the expense of the county where the individual is domiciled. The county department of social services, not later than 1 month after the commencement of care, shall mail written notice that the care is being provided to the local department of social services of the individual's county of domicile. The local health department of the county of domicile may provide for the return of the individual to, and care in, that county.

(2) If the domicile of the individual is not acknowledged by the alleged county of domicile within 1 month after mailing the notice under subsection (1), the question of domicile may be submitted for decision to the state department of social services. If a disputed or contested claim arises between 2 or more counties as to the county of domicile, the director of social services shall determine the county of domicile when so requested or on his or her own motion. The decision of the director of social services is final. However, pending determination, the county in which the individual is found shall provide the necessary care.


History: Add. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5305 Determination that county where individual found not county of domicile; reimbursement.

Sec. 5305.

Upon determination by the director of social services that the county where the individual is found is not the county of domicile, the county of domicile, as determined by the director of social services, shall reimburse the county where the individual is found for all expenses incurred, less any reimbursements from the state or other source for the care.


History: Add. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5307 Expenditure under MCL 333.5117 considered expenditure for protection of public health, not welfare or relief; reimbursement; notice and hearing; finding; order; distribution of receipts.

Sec. 5307.

An expenditure of public funds under section 5117 for the care of an individual is considered an expenditure for the protection of the public health, and not money advanced as welfare or relief. An individual is not legally obligated to reimburse the expense incurred, unless the department and the county of domicile, after reasonable notice and upon a hearing, find that the individual hospitalized or treated, or the persons legally liable for the individual's support, are possessed of sufficient income or estate to enable them to make the reimbursement in whole or in part without materially affecting their reasonable economic security or support, in view of their respective resources, obligations, and responsibilities to dependents and order reimbursement. The order shall not be made retroactive unless the department and the county of domicile find that the person to be charged is guilty of misrepresenting or withholding knowledge of facts material to the issue. Receipts under the order, and money voluntarily paid as reimbursement, shall be distributed pro rata to the funds out of which the expenditure was made.


History: Add. 1988, Act 491, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 54
CHRONIC DISEASES


333.5401 “Chronic disease” defined; general definitions and principles of construction.

Sec. 5401.

(1) As used in this part, “chronic disease” includes an impairment or deviation from normal having 1 or more of the following characteristics:

(a) It is permanent.

(b) It leaves residual disability.

(c) It is caused by nonreversible pathological alterations.

(d) It requires special training of the patient for rehabilitation.

(e) It may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care.

(2) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this code and part 51 contains definitions applicable to this part.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the center for health promotion and chronic disease prevention from the department of public health to the director of the department community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5411 Chronic disease prevention and control program; statewide program as to mental disabilities; establishment; scope; programs continued.

Sec. 5411.

(1) The department shall establish a chronic disease prevention and control program which shall include arthritis, cancer, dental disease, diabetes, genetic disease, heart disease, hypertension, renal disease, and any other disease the department designates as chronic pursuant to section 5439. The department shall cooperate with the department of mental health in establishment of a statewide program for genetic screening and counseling in the area of mental disabilities.

(2) Programs established under this part shall continue, at a minimum, the programs established pursuant to Act No. 96 of the Public Acts of 1975, being sections 329.551 to 329.557 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, and Act No. 335 of the Public Acts of 1974, being sections 325.531 to 325.533 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5412 Scope of chronic disease program; availability of services subject to appropriation; contracts for programs; evaluation of program; recommending discontinuance of program.

Sec. 5412.

(1) The chronic disease program shall include the prevention of chronic diseases; the early detection and reporting of cases; and surveillance, treatment, education, rehabilitation, and maintenance of patients suffering from chronic diseases. The availability of services under this program is subject to appropriations.

(2) The program may include the promotion, support, or conduct of studies or research on chronic diseases and their relation to the health and welfare of the people of this state; the promotion, support, and conduct of programs of community and professional education; the development or purchase and distribution of educational and informational material; the furnishing of laboratory services; and the promotion and establishment of cooperative relationships or programs with hospitals, clinics, social and health agencies, educational and research organizations, and other related groups.

(3) The department may contract with local health departments, other agencies of government, nonprofit corporations, and individuals for carrying out any of these programs.

(4) Periodically, but not less than each 3 years, the department shall evaluate the program to determine its effectiveness.

(5) The public health advisory council, based on appropriate data, may recommend discontinuance of a disease program established under this part.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5413-333.5415 Repealed. 1992, Act 25, Eff. Mar. 30, 1996.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to establishment of a registry to record cases of spinal cord injury and traumatic brain injury; creation of a spinal cord injury and traumatic brain injury committee; and, appropriation of funds to implement the sections.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5421 Chronic disease advisory committee; creation; appointment of members; committee subject to MCL 333.2215.

Sec. 5421.

The chronic disease advisory committee is created in the department. The governor shall appoint the members with the advice and consent of the senate. The committee is subject to section 2215.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of authority, powers, duties, functions, and responsibilities of the chronic disease advisory committee to the director of the Michigan state department of public health, see E.R.O. No 1994-1, compiled at MCL 333.26322 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5423 Chronic disease advisory committee; advising and assisting department; reimbursement for travel expenses.

Sec. 5423.

(1) The chronic disease advisory committee shall advise and assist the department in the implementation of this part.

(2) The chronic disease advisory committee members shall be reimbursed for their necessary travel expenses for attendance at meetings pursuant to section 1216.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5425 Chronic disease advisory committee; creation and purpose of subcommittee; chairperson; membership.

Sec. 5425.

Except as otherwise provided in section 5414, the chronic disease advisory committee may create a subcommittee to advise it as to a specific chronic disease, determine the size of the subcommittee, and appoint its members, who need not all be members of the committee. The chairperson of a subcommittee shall be a member of the committee. The members of a subcommittee shall be individuals concerned with the prevention and control of the specific chronic disease.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 122, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5429 Terminated. 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1980.


Compiler's Notes: Subsection (2) of this section provided :“(2) This section shall terminate when the renal disease subcommittee of the committee is appointed or 2 years after the effective date of this part, whichever occurs first.”The date the renal disease subcommittee was appointed is not determinable.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5430 Newborn screening quality assurance advisory committee; membership; appointment; screening tests; annual review of list; report; recommendations; approval or rejection by legislature.

Sec. 5430.

(1) The newborn screening quality assurance advisory committee is created in the department. The newborn screening quality assurance advisory committee shall consist of 10 members and be appointed by the department as follows:

(a) One individual representing a Michigan nonprofit health care corporation.

(b) One individual representing the Michigan health and hospital association.

(c) One individual representing the Michigan state medical society.

(d) One individual representing the Michigan osteopathic association.

(e) One individual representing the department's medical services administration.

(f) One individual representing the department's public health administration.

(g) One individual who is a neonatologist with experience and background in newborn screening.

(h) One individual representing health maintenance organizations.

(i) Two individuals representing the general public.

(2) The newborn screening quality assurance advisory committee shall meet annually to review the list of newborn screening tests required under section 5431 and under department rules, regulations, and guidelines. The newborn screening quality assurance advisory committee shall, on an annual basis, submit a written report to the department regarding the appropriateness of the existing list of required newborn screening tests. The newborn screening quality assurance advisory committee shall also include in the report recommendations to revise the list to include additional newborn screening tests that are nationally recognized in the scientific literature or national standards for conditions that can be ameliorated or treated if identified by a newborn screening test and to remove certain tests that are no longer supported in the scientific literature or national standard as being effective for ameliorating or treating conditions that can be identified by newborn screening.

(3) The newborn screening quality assurance advisory committee shall conduct a financial review of any recommended changes to the list of newborn screening tests and shall include in the written report required under subsection (2) a recommendation for the increase or decrease in the amount charged pursuant to section 5431 for newborn screening tests. The recommended change shall not exceed any net change in the amount of the actual cost of any proposed additional tests and follow-up minus savings from any proposed deleted tests and follow-up.

(4) Within 30 days after the department has received the report required under subsection (2), the department may approve or reject the recommendations of the newborn screening quality assurance advisory committee. If the department does not reject the recommendations or fails to act within the 30 days, then the recommendations shall be forwarded to the standing committees in the senate and house of representatives that consider issues pertaining to public health for approval.

(5) Within 45 days after the recommendations are forwarded and received, the legislature shall approve or reject those recommendations without amendment by concurrent resolution adopted by both standing committees of the senate and house of representatives that consider issues pertaining to public health and both houses of the legislature by recorded vote. If the proposed recommendations are not submitted on a legislative session day, the 45 days commence on the first legislative session day after the recommendations are submitted. The 45 days shall include not less than 9 legislative session days. If the recommendations are not rejected within the 45-day period, the recommendations shall be considered approved, shall be adopted by the department, and shall take effect 6 months after the recommendations are adopted by both houses of the legislature or considered approved as provided under this subsection.


History: Add. 2006, Act 31, Imd. Eff. Feb. 23, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5431 Testing newborn infant for certain conditions; reporting positive test results to parents, guardian, or person in loco parentis; compliance; fee; “Detroit consumer price index” defined; violation as misdemeanor; hardship waiver; conduct of department regarding blood specimens; pamphlet; additional blood specimen for future identification.

Sec. 5431.

(1) A health professional in charge of the care of a newborn infant or, if none, the health professional in charge at the birth of an infant shall administer or cause to be administered to the infant a test for each of the following:

(a) Phenylketonuria.

(b) Galactosemia.

(c) Hypothyroidism.

(d) Maple syrup urine disease.

(e) Biotinidase deficiency.

(f) Sickle cell anemia.

(g) Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

(h) Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency.

(i) Other treatable but otherwise disabling conditions as designated by the department.

(2) The informed consent requirements of sections 17020 and 17520 do not apply to the tests required under subsection (1). The tests required under subsection (1) shall be administered and reported within a time and under conditions prescribed by the department. The department may require that the tests be performed by the department.

(3) If the results of a test administered under subsection (1) are positive, the results shall be reported to the infant's parents, guardian, or person in loco parentis. A person is in compliance with this subsection if the person makes a good faith effort to report the positive test results to the infant's parents, guardian, or person in loco parentis.

(4) Subject to the annual adjustment required under this subsection and subject to subsection (6), if the department performs 1 or more of the tests required under subsection (1), the department may charge a fee for the tests of not more than $53.71. The department shall adjust the amount prescribed by this subsection annually by an amount determined by the state treasurer to reflect the cumulative annual percentage change in the Detroit consumer price index. As used in this subsection, “Detroit consumer price index” means the most comprehensive index of consumer prices available for the Detroit area from the bureau of labor statistics of the United States department of labor.

(5) A person who violates this section or a rule promulgated under this part is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(6) The department shall provide for a hardship waiver of the fee authorized under subsection (4) under circumstances found appropriate by the department.

(7) The department shall do all of the following in regard to the blood specimens taken for purposes of conducting the tests required under subsection (1):

(a) By April 1, 2000, develop a schedule for the retention and disposal of the blood specimens used for the tests after the tests are completed. The schedule shall meet at least all of the following requirements:

(i) Be consistent with nationally recognized standards for laboratory accreditation and federal law.

(ii) Require that the disposal be conducted in compliance with section 13811.

(iii) Require that the disposal be conducted in the presence of a witness. For purposes of this subparagraph, the witness may be an individual involved in the disposal or any other individual.

(iv) Require that a written record of the disposal be made and kept, and that the witness required under subparagraph (iii) signs the record.

(b) Allow the blood specimens to be used for medical research during the retention period established under subdivision (a), as long as the medical research is conducted in a manner that preserves the confidentiality of the test subjects and is consistent to protect human subjects from research risks under subpart A of part 46 of subchapter A of title 45 of the code of federal regulations.

(8) The department shall rewrite its pamphlet explaining the requirements of this section when the supply of pamphlets in existence on March 15, 2000 is exhausted. When the department rewrites the explanatory pamphlet, it shall include at least all of the following information in the pamphlet:

(a) The nature and purpose of the testing program required under this section, including, but not limited to, a brief description of each condition or disorder listed in subsection (1).

(b) The purpose and value of the infant's parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis retaining a blood specimen obtained under subsection (9) in a safe place.

(c) The department's schedule for retaining and disposing of blood specimens developed under subsection (7)(a).

(d) That the blood specimens taken for purposes of conducting the tests required under subsection (1) may be used for medical research pursuant to subsection (7)(b).

(9) In addition to the requirements of subsection (1), the health professional described in subsection (1) or the hospital or other facility in which the birth of an infant takes place, or both, may offer to draw an additional blood specimen from the infant. If such an offer is made, it shall be made to the infant's parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis at the time the blood specimens are drawn for purposes of subsection (1). If the infant's parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis accepts the offer of an additional blood specimen, the blood specimen shall be preserved in a manner that does not require special storage conditions or techniques, including, but not limited to, lamination. The health professional or hospital or other facility employee making the offer shall explain to the parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis at the time the offer is made that the additional blood specimen can be used for future identification purposes and should be kept in a safe place. The health professional or hospital or other facility making the offer may charge a fee that is not more than the actual cost of obtaining and preserving the additional blood specimen.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 300, Eff. Mar. 31, 1987 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 14, Imd. Eff. Apr. 14, 1987 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 264, Imd. Eff. July 15, 1988 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 81, Imd. Eff. June 2, 1992 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 88, Imd. Eff. May 13, 1998 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 138, Imd. Eff. Oct. 5, 1999 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 33, Imd. Eff. Mar. 15, 2000 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 691, Eff. Apr. 1, 2003
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.1471 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5432 Hearing test and screening.

Sec. 5432.

If a health professional in charge of the care of a newborn infant or, if none, the health professional in charge at the birth of an infant, the hospital, the health department, or other facility administers or causes to be administered to the infant a hearing test and screening, then that person or facility shall report to the department, on a form as prescribed by the department, the results of all hearing tests and screens conducted on infants who are less than 12 months of age and on children who have been diagnosed with hearing loss and are less than 3 years of age. The report shall include the type, degree, and symmetry of the diagnosis, along with where and when the diagnosis was made.


History: Add. 2006, Act 31, Imd. Eff. Feb. 23, 2006


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5439 Rules.

Sec. 5439.

The department may promulgate rules to implement this part including rules designating additional chronic diseases and the time and conditions under which tests required by section 5431 shall be administered.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.1471 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 54A
LEAD ABATEMENT


333.5451 Short title of part.

Sec. 5451.

This part shall be known and may be cited as the “lead abatement act”.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5452 Words and phrases; meanings.

Sec. 5452.

For purposes of this part, the words and phrases defined in sections 5453 to 5460 have the meanings ascribed to them unless the context requires otherwise.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5453 Definitions; A.

Sec. 5453.

(1) "Abatement", except as otherwise provided in subsection (2), means a measure or set of measures designed to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards. Abatement includes all of the following:

(a) The removal of lead-based paint and dust lead hazards, the permanent enclosure or encapsulation of lead-based paint, the replacement of lead-painted surfaces or fixtures, the removal or covering of soil lead hazards, and all preparation, cleanup, disposal, and postabatement clearance testing activities associated with such measures.

(b) A project for which there is a written contract or other documentation that provides that a person will be conducting activities in or to a residential dwelling or child occupied facility that will result in the permanent elimination of lead-based paint hazards or that are designed to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards.

(c) A project resulting in the permanent elimination of lead-based paint hazards, conducted by a person certified under this part, except a project that is exempt from this part.

(d) A project resulting in the permanent elimination of lead-based paint hazards, conducted by a person who, through their company name or promotional literature, represents, advertises, or holds themselves out to be in the business of performing lead-based paint activities except a project that is exempt from this part.

(e) A project resulting in the permanent elimination of lead-based paint hazards that is conducted in response to a state or local government abatement order.

(2) Abatement does not include any of the following:

(a) Renovation, remodeling, landscaping, or other activity, if the activity is not designed to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards, but is instead designed to repair, restore, or remodel a structure, target housing, or dwelling even though the activity may incidentally result in a reduction or elimination of a lead-based paint hazard.

(b) An interim control, operation, and maintenance activity, or other measure or activity designed to temporarily, but not permanently, reduce a lead-based paint hazard.

(c) Any lead-based paint activity performed by the owner of an owner-occupied residential dwelling or an owner-occupied multifamily dwelling containing 4 or fewer units if the activity is performed only in that owner-occupied unit of the multifamily dwelling.

(d) The scraping or removal of paint, painting over paint, or other similar activity that may incidentally result in a reduction or elimination of a lead-based paint hazard, if the activity meets all of the following:

(i) The activity is performed only on residential or multifamily dwellings containing 4 or fewer units.

(ii) The activity is coordinated by a nonprofit charitable or volunteer organization that meets all of the following:

(A) Is in compliance with the procedures established under subpart J of part 35 of title 24 of the code of federal regulations, 24 CFR 35.900 to 35.940.

(B) Has written guidelines in place to ensure safe work practices to protect residents and volunteers from hazards including, but not limited to, lead exposure and asbestos exposure.

(C) In writing, discloses to the owner of the residential or multifamily dwelling all of the following:

(I) The presence of any known lead-based paint and lead-based paint hazards.

(II) Information regarding the lead safe housing registry maintained by the department under section 5474b.

(III) Information regarding the owner's obligations under the federal lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazard disclosure rule under subpart F of part 745 of title 40 of the code of federal regulations, 40 CFR 745.100 to 745.119.

(D) Notifies the department that the residential or multifamily dwelling may be required to be on the lead safe housing registry maintained by the department.

(iii) The activity is performed only by unpaid volunteers and the organization receives no remuneration directly from the owner or occupant of the residential dwelling or multifamily dwelling.

(iv) The activity does not involve the use of a lead-based paint encapsulating product that requires certification from the department.

(v) The activity does not involve the use of high-pressure water or compressed air cleaning equipment on, the dry sanding of, or the scraping of, asbestos siding prior to painting.

(3) "Accredited training program" means a training program that has been accredited by the department under this part to provide training for individuals engaged in lead-based paint activities.

(4) "Adequate quality control" means a plan or design that ensures the authenticity, integrity, and accuracy of a sample including, but not limited to, a dust sample, a soil or paint chip sample, or a paint film sample. Adequate quality control also includes a provision in a plan or design described in this subsection for representative sampling.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 45, Imd. Eff. Mar. 27, 2008
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5454 Definitions; C.

Sec. 5454.

(1) “Certified abatement worker” means an individual who has been trained to perform abatements by an accredited training program and who is certified by the department under this part to perform abatement.

(2) “Certified clearance technician” means an individual who has completed an approved training course and been certified by the department under this part to conduct clearance testing following interim controls.

(3) “Certified firm” means a person that performs a lead-based paint activity for which the department has issued a certificate of approval under this part.

(4) “Certified inspector” means an individual who has been trained by an accredited training program and certified by the department under this part to conduct inspections and take samples for the presence of lead in paint, dust, and soil for the purposes of abatement clearance testing.

(5) “Certified project designer” means an individual who has been trained by an accredited training program and certified by the department under this part to prepare abatement project designs, occupant protection plans, and abatement reports.

(6) “Certified risk assessor” means an individual who has been trained by an accredited training program and certified by the department under this part to conduct inspections and risk assessments and to take samples for the presence of lead in paint, dust, and soil for the purposes of abatement clearance testing.

(7) “Certified supervisor” means an individual who has been trained by an accredited training program and certified by the department under this part to supervise and conduct abatements and to prepare occupant protection plans and abatement reports.

(8) “Child occupied facility” means a building or portion of a building constructed before 1978 that is visited regularly by a child who is 6 years of age or less, on at least 2 different days within a given week, if each day's visit is at least 3 hours and the combined weekly visit is at least 6 hours in length, and the combined annual visits are at least 60 hours in length. Child occupied facility includes, but is not limited to, a day-care center, a preschool, and a kindergarten classroom.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5455 Definitions; C.

Sec. 5455.

(1) “Clearance levels” means the values that indicate the maximum amount of lead permitted in dust on a surface following completion of an abatement as listed in rules promulgated by the department.

(2) “Clearance professional” means 1 or more of the following individuals when performing clearance testing:

(a) A certified inspector.

(b) A certified risk assessor.

(c) A certified clearance technician.

(3) “Common area” means a portion of a building that is generally accessible to all occupants of the building. Common area includes, but is not limited to, a hallway, a stairway, a laundry and recreational room, a playground, a community center, a garage, and a boundary fence.

(4) “Component” or “building component” means a specific design or structural element or fixture of a building, residential dwelling, or child occupied facility that is distinguished by its form, function, and location. Component or building component, includes but is not limited to, a specific interior or exterior design or structural element or fixture.

(5) “Containment” means a process to protect workers and the environment by controlling exposure to a dust lead hazard and debris created during an abatement.

(6) “Course agenda” means an outline of the key topics to be covered during an accredited training program, including the time allotted to teach each topic.

(7) “Course test” means an evaluation of the overall effectiveness of the accredited training program by testing a trainee's knowledge and retention of the topics covered during the accredited training program.

(8) “Course test blueprint” means written documentation identifying the proportion of course test questions devoted to each major topic in the accredited training program curriculum.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5456 Definitions; D, E.

Sec. 5456.

(1) “Department” means the department of community health.

(2) “Deteriorated paint” means paint or other surface coating that is cracking, flaking, chipping, peeling, or otherwise damaged or separating from the substrate of a building component.

(3) “Discipline” means 1 of the specific types or categories of lead-based paint activities identified in this part for which an individual may receive training from an accredited training program and become certified by the department.

(4) “Distinct painting history” means the application history, as indicated by its visual appearance or a record of application, over time of paint or other surface coatings to a component or room.

(5) “Documented methodology” means a method or protocol used to do either or both of the following:

(a) Sample and test for the presence of lead in paint, dust, and soil.

(b) Perform related work practices as described in rules promulgated under this part.

(6) “Dust lead hazard” means surface dust in a residential dwelling or child occupied facility that contains a concentration of lead at or in excess of levels identified by the EPA pursuant to section 403 of title IV of the toxic substances control act, Public Law 94-469, 15 U.S.C. 2683, or as otherwise defined by rule.

(7) “Elevated blood level” or “EBL” means for purposes of lead abatement an excessive absorption of lead that is a confirmed concentration of lead in whole blood of 20 ug/dl, micrograms of lead per deciliter of whole blood, for a single venous test or of 15-19 ug/dl in 2 consecutive tests taken 3 to 4 months apart. For purposes of case management of children 6 years of age or less, elevated blood level means an excessive absorption of lead that is a confirmed concentration of lead in whole blood of 10 ug/dl.

(8) “Encapsulant” means a substance that forms a barrier between lead-based paint and the environment using a liquid-applied coating, with or without reinforcement materials, or an adhesively bonded covering material.

(9) “Encapsulation” means the application of an encapsulant.

(10) “Enclosure” means the use of rigid, durable construction materials that are mechanically fastened to the substrate in order to act as a barrier between lead-based paint and the environment.

(11) “EPA” means the United States environmental protection agency.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5457 Definitions; G to I.

Sec. 5457.

(1) “Guest instructor” means an individual designated by the manager or principal instructor of an accredited training program to provide instruction specific to the lecture, hands-on activities, or work practice components of a course in the accredited training program.

(2) “Hands-on skills assessment” means an evaluation that tests a trainee's ability to satisfactorily perform the work practices, work procedures, or any other skill taught in an accredited training program.

(3) “Hazardous waste” means waste as defined in 40 C.F.R. 261.3.

(4) “Inspection” means a surface-by-surface investigation in target housing or a child occupied facility to determine the presence of lead-based paint and the provision of a report explaining the results of the investigation.

(5) “Interim controls” means a set of measures designed to temporarily reduce human exposure or likely exposure to lead-based paint hazards including, but not limited to, specialized cleaning, repairs, maintenance, painting, temporary containment, ongoing monitoring of lead-based paint hazards or potential hazards, and the establishment and operation of management and resident education programs.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5458 Definitions; L.

Sec. 5458.

(1) “Lead-based paint” means paint or other surface coatings that contain lead equal to or in excess of 1.0 milligrams per square centimeter or more than 0.5% by weight.

(2) “Lead-based paint activity” means inspection, risk assessment, and abatement in target housing and child occupied facilities or in any part thereof.

(3) “Lead-based paint hazard” means any of the following conditions:

(a) Any lead-based paint on a friction surface that is subject to abrasion and where the lead dust levels on the nearest horizontal surface are equal to or greater than the dust lead hazard levels identified in rules promulgated under this part.

(b) Any damaged or otherwise deteriorated lead-based paint on an impact surface that is caused by impact from a related building component.

(c) Any chewable lead-based painted surface on which there is evidence of teeth marks.

(d) Any other deterioriated lead-based paint in or on any residential building or child occupied facility.

(e) Surface dust in a residential dwelling or child occupied facility that contains lead in a mass-per-area concentration equal to or exceeding the levels established by rules promulgated under this part.

(f) Bare soil on residential real property or property of a child occupied facility that contains lead equal to or exceeding levels established by rules promulgated under this part.

(4) “Lead-based paint investigation” means an activity designed to determine the presence of lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards in target housing and child occupied facilities.

(5) “Living area” means an area of a residential dwelling used by 1 or more children age 6 and under including, but not limited to, a living room, kitchen area, den, playroom, and a children's bedroom.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5459 Definitions; M to S.

Sec. 5459.

(1) “Multifamily dwelling” means a structure that contains more than 1 separate residential dwelling unit and that is used or occupied, or intended to be used or occupied, in whole or in part, as the home or residence of 1 or more persons.

(2) “Paint in poor condition” means 1 or more of the following:

(a) More than 10 square feet of deteriorated paint on an exterior component with a large surface area.

(b) More than 2 square feet of deteriorated paint on an interior component with large surface areas.

(c) More than 10% of the total surface area of the component is deteriorated on an interior or exterior component with a small surface area.

(3) “Permanently covered soil” means soil that has been separated from human contact by the placement of a barrier consisting of solid, relatively impermeable materials including, but not limited to, pavement or concrete but not including grass, mulch, or other landscaping materials.

(4) “Person” means that term as defined in section 1106 but including the state and a political subdivision of the state.

(5) “Principal instructor” means the individual who has the primary responsibility for organizing and teaching a particular course in an accredited training program.

(6) “Recognized laboratory” means an environmental laboratory recognized by the EPA pursuant to section 405 of title IV of the toxic substances control act, Public Law 94-469, 15 U.S.C. 2685, as being capable of performing an analysis for lead compounds in paint, soil, and dust.

(7) “Reduction” means a measure designed to reduce or eliminate human exposure to a lead-based paint hazard through methods including, but not limited to, interim controls and abatement.

(8) “Residential dwelling” means either of the following:

(a) A detached single family dwelling unit, including, but not limited to, attached structures such as porches and stoops and accessory structures such as garages, fences, and nonagricultural or noncommercial outbuildings.

(b) A building structure that contains more than 1 separate residential dwelling unit that is used or occupied, in whole or in part, as the home or residence of 1 or more persons.

(9) “Risk assessment” means both of the following:

(a) An on-site investigation in target housing or a child occupied facility to determine the existence, nature, severity, and location of a lead-based paint hazard.

(b) The provision of a report by the person conducting the risk assessment explaining the results of the investigation and options for reducing the lead-based paint hazard.

(10) “Soil lead hazard” means bare soil on a residential dwelling or on the property of a child occupied facility that contains lead at or in excess of levels identified by the EPA pursuant to section 403 of title IV of the toxic substances control act, Public Law 94-469, 15 U.S.C. 2683, or as otherwise defined by rule.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5460 Definitions; T to V.

Sec. 5460.

(1) “Target housing” means housing constructed before 1978, except any of the following:

(a) Housing for the elderly or persons with disabilities, unless any 1 or more children age 6 years or less resides or is expected to reside in that housing.

(b) A 0-bedroom dwelling.

(c) An unoccupied dwelling unit pending demolition, provided the dwelling unit remains unoccupied until demolition.

(2) “Third party examination” means the examination for certification under this part in the disciplines of clearance technician, inspector, risk assessor, worker, and supervisor offered and administered by a party other than an accredited training program.

(3) “Training curriculum” means an established set of course topics for instruction in an accredited training program for a particular discipline designed to provide specialized knowledge and skills.

(4) “Training hour” means not less than 50 minutes of actual learning, including, but not limited to, time devoted to lecture, learning activities, small group activities, demonstrations, evaluations, or hands-on experience or a combination of those activities.

(5) “Training manager” means the individual responsible for administering an accredited training program and monitoring the performance of principal instructors and guest instructors.

(6) “Visual inspection for clearance testing” means the visual examination of a residential dwelling or a child occupied facility following an abatement designed to determine whether the abatement has been successfully completed.

(7) “Visual inspection for risk assessment” means the visual examination of a residential dwelling or a child occupied facility to determine the existence of deteriorated paint or other potential sources of lead-based paint hazards.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5460a Lead-based paint activities; procedures and requirements.

Sec. 5460a.

(1) This part contains procedures and requirements for the accreditation of lead-based paint activities training programs, procedures and requirements for the certification of individuals and other persons engaged in lead-based paint activities, and work practice standards for performing lead-based paint activities as that term is defined in section 5458. This part requires that all lead-based paint activities be performed by certified individuals and persons, except for those circumstances and persons described in section 5453(2).

(2) This part does not apply to individuals and persons engaged in lead-based paint activities conducted within or on certain owner-occupied residential and multifamily dwellings as further described in section 5453(2) except in certain dwellings in which a residing child is identified as having an elevated blood lead level.

(3) This part does not require the owner or occupant to undertake any lead-based paint activities.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5461 Persons engaged in lead-based paint activity; certification required.

Sec. 5461.

(1) A person shall not engage or offer to engage in a lead-based paint activity unless certified in the appropriate discipline under this part. A person conducting a lead-based paint activity shall comply with the standards for performing lead-based paint activities contained in this part and the rules promulgated under this part.

(2) The department shall certify a person applying for certification under this part if that person demonstrates to the department that he or she is licensed, certified, or registered in another state and the standards for obtaining that license, certification, or registration are substantially similar to those imposed under this part.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5461a Lead-based paint activities; training program; accreditation required.

Sec. 5461a.

(1) A person shall not provide or offer to provide a training program for lead-based paint activities unless the training program is accredited under the appropriate discipline under this part. A person providing an accredited training program shall comply with the standards for accreditation and training certification prescribed in this part and the rules promulgated under this part.

(2) The department shall accredit a training program if the training program is registered by the department under the department's voluntary registration program by August 30, 1998 if the training program submits an application under section 5462.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5462 Lead-based paint activities; training program; accreditation generally.

Sec. 5462.

(1) A person may seek accreditation for a training program to offer courses in lead-based paint activities in 1 or more of the following disciplines:

(a) Inspector.

(b) Risk assessor.

(c) Supervisor.

(d) Project designer.

(e) Abatement worker/laborer.

(f) Clearance technician.

(2) A person may also seek accreditation for a training program to offer refresher courses for each of the disciplines described in subsection (1).

(3) A person shall not provide, offer, or claim to provide EPA-accredited courses in lead-based paint activities without applying for and receiving accreditation from the department under this part.

(4) A person seeking accreditation for a training program shall submit a written application to the department containing all of the following:

(a) If the applicant is a sole proprietorship or corporation, its “doing business as” or corporate identification number.

(b) The fee required by section 5471.

(c) The name of each principal position, partner, shareholder, member, or owner.

(d) The training program's proposed name, address, and telephone number.

(e) A list of courses and disciplines for which it is seeking accreditation.

(f) A statement signed by the training program manager certifying that the training program meets the requirements established by this part and the rules promulgated under this part.

(g) A copy of the student and instructor manuals or other materials to be used for each course.

(h) A copy of the course agenda for each course.

(i) A description of the facilities and equipment to be used for lecture and hands-on training.

(j) A copy of the course test blueprint for each course.

(k) A description of the activities and procedures that will be used for conducting the hands-on skills assessment for each course.

(l) A copy of the quality control plan as defined in rules promulgated by the department.

(5) The department shall approve an application for accreditation of a training program within 180 days after receiving a complete application from the training program if the department determines that the applicant meets the requirements of this part and the rules promulgated under this part. In the case of approval, the department shall send a certificate of accreditation to the applicant. Before disapproving an application, the department may advise the applicant as to specific inadequacies in the application for accreditation or specific instances where the training program does not meet the requirements of this part or the rules promulgated under this part, or both. The department may request additional information or materials from the training program under this section. If the department disapproves a training program's application for accreditation, the applicant may reapply for accreditation at any time.

(6) A training program shall meet all of the following requirements in order to become accredited to offer courses in lead-based paint activities:

(a) Employ a training manager who has training, education, and experience as described in rules promulgated by the department.

(b) Provide that the training manager described in subdivision (a) designate a qualified principal instructor for each course who has training, education, and experience as described in rules promulgated by the department.

(c) Provide that the principal instructor described in subdivision (b) be responsible for the organization of the course and oversight of the teaching of all course material. A training manager may designate guest instructors as needed to provide instruction specific to the lecture, hands-on activities, or work practice components of a course.

(7) The following documents are recognized by the department as evidence that a training manager or a principal instructor has the education, work experience, training requirements, or demonstrated experience specifically listed in rules promulgated by the department, which documentation is not required to be submitted with the accreditation application but, if not submitted, must be retained by the training program as required by the record-keeping requirements contained in this part:

(a) An official academic transcript or diploma as evidence of meeting the education requirements.

(b) A resume, letter of reference, or documentation of work experience, as evidence of meeting the work experience requirements.

(c) A certificate from a train-the-trainer course or a lead-specific training course, or both, as evidence of meeting the training requirements.

(8) A training program accredited under this part shall ensure the availability of, and provide adequate facilities for, the delivery of the lecture, course test, hands-on training, and assessment activities including, but not limited to, providing training equipment that reflects current work practices and maintaining or updating the equipment and facilities of the training program, as needed.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5463 Training program; training hour requirements for accreditation in certain disciplines; rules; course test; hands-on skills assessment; course completion certificates; quality control plan; teaching work practice standards; duties of training manager.

Sec. 5463.

(1) A training program accredited under section 5462 shall provide training courses that meet the following training hour requirements in order to become accredited in the following disciplines:

(a) An inspector course shall last a minimum of 24 training hours, with a minimum of 8 hours devoted to hands-on training activities. The department shall promulgate rules to determine the minimum curriculum requirements for the inspector course.

(b) A risk assessor course shall last a minimum of 16 training hours, with a minimum of 4 hours devoted to hands-on training activities. The department shall promulgate rules to determine the minimum curriculum requirements for the risk assessor course.

(c) A supervisor course shall last a minimum of 32 training hours, with a minimum of 8 hours devoted to hands-on activities. The department shall promulgate rules to determine the minimum curriculum requirements for the supervisor course.

(d) A project designer course shall last a minimum of 8 training hours. The department shall promulgate rules to determine the minimum curriculum requirements for the project designer course.

(e) An abatement worker course shall last a minimum of 16 training hours, with a minimum of 8 hours devoted to hands-on training activities. The department shall promulgate rules to determine the minimum curriculum requirements for the abatement worker course.

(f) A clearance technician course shall last a minimum of 8 training hours, with a minimum of 2 hours devoted to hands-on training activities. The department shall promulgate rules to determine the minimum curriculum requirements for the clearance technician course. Until rules are promulgated, a clearance technician course shall use the curriculum for the lead sampling technician course approved by the EPA under subpart Q of part 745 of title 40 of the code of federal regulations.

(2) The department may promulgate rules to modify 1 or more of the requirements imposed under subsection (1) if changes are needed to comply with federal mandates or for another reason considered appropriate by the department.

(3) For each course offered, the training program shall conduct a course test at the completion of the course and, if applicable, a hands-on skills assessment. Each individual enrolled in the training program must successfully complete the hands-on skills assessment, if conducted for that course, and receive a passing score on the course test in order to pass a course.

(4) The training manager shall maintain the validity and integrity of a hands-on skills assessment to ensure that it accurately evaluates the trainees' performance of the work practices and procedures associated with the course topics contained in rules promulgated under this section and the course test to ensure that it accurately evaluates the trainees' knowledge and retention of the course topics.

(5) A training program's course test shall be developed in accordance with the test blueprint submitted with the training program accreditation application.

(6) A training program shall issue course completion certificates to each individual who passes the training course. The course completion certificates shall include:

(a) The name and address of the individual, along with a unique identification number.

(b) The name of the particular course that the individual passed.

(c) Dates of course completion and test passage.

(d) Expiration date of course certificate.

(e) The name, address, and telephone number of the training program.

(7) The training manager shall develop and implement a quality control plan designed to maintain and improve the quality of the training program. The quality control plan shall contain at least both of the following elements:

(a) Procedures for periodic revision of training materials and the course test to reflect innovations in the field.

(b) Procedures for the training manager's annual review of each principal instructor's competence.

(8) The training program shall offer courses that teach the work practice standards for conducting lead-based paint activities and other standards developed by the EPA pursuant to title IV of the toxic substances control act and considered appropriate or necessary by the department. The work practice standards shall be taught in the appropriate courses to provide trainees with the knowledge needed to perform the lead-based paint activities.

(9) The training manager shall ensure that the training program complies at all times with all of the requirements of this section and the rules promulgated under this section.

(10) The training manager shall allow the department to audit the training program to verify the contents of the application for accreditation.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5464 Accreditation of refresher course.

Sec. 5464.

(1) A training program may seek accreditation to offer refresher training courses in 1 or more of the disciplines described in section 5462(1). A training program shall meet those minimum requirements contained in rules promulgated by the department in order to obtain department accreditation.

(2) A training program may apply for accreditation of a refresher course concurrently with its application for accreditation of the corresponding training course pursuant to rules promulgated by the department.

(3) The department shall approve an application for accreditation of a refresher course within 180 days after receiving a complete application. Upon approval, the department shall send a certificate of accreditation to the applicant. Before disapproval, the department may advise the applicant as to specific inadequacies in the application for accreditation or specific instances where the continuing education course does not meet the requirements of this part and the rules promulgated under this part, or both. The department may also request additional information or materials retained by the training program. If the department denies a training program's application for accreditation of a refresher course, the applicant may reapply for accreditation at any time.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5465 Reaccreditation of training program.

Sec. 5465.

(1) Unless reaccredited, a training program's accreditation under section 5462, including refresher course training accredited under section 5464, expires 1 year after the date of issuance.

(2) A training program seeking reaccreditation shall submit an application to the department no later than 45 days before its accreditation expires.

(3) A training program's application for reaccreditation shall include any fees and information required pursuant to rules promulgated by the department.

(4) Upon request, a training program shall allow the department to audit the training program to verify the contents of the application for reaccreditation.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5466 Suspension, revocation, or modification of accreditation.

Sec. 5466.

(1) The department may, after notice and an opportunity for hearing pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, suspend, revoke, or modify a training program accreditation or a refresher course training program accreditation if the department determines that a training program, training manager, or other person with supervisory authority over the training program has done 1 or more of the following:

(a) Misrepresented the contents of a training course to the department or the trainees enrolled in the training program, or both.

(b) Failed to submit required information or notifications in a timely manner.

(c) Failed to maintain required records.

(d) Falsified accreditation records, student certificates, instructor qualifications, or other accreditation-related information or documentation.

(e) Failed to comply with the training standards and requirements of this part and the rules promulgated under this part.

(f) Failed to comply with a federal, state, or local statute, rule, or regulation involving lead-based paint activities.

(g) Made false or misleading statements to the department in its application for accreditation or reaccreditation that the department relied upon in approving the application.

(2) In addition to an administrative or judicial finding of a violation, the execution of a consent agreement in settlement of an enforcement action is considered, for purposes of this section, evidence of a failure to comply with the standards and requirements of this part and the rules promulgated under this part or other relevant statutes or regulations involving lead-based paint activities.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5467 Accreditation training program; availability and retention of records; notice of change of address.

Sec. 5467.

(1) An accredited training program shall maintain, and make available to the department, upon request, all of the following records:

(a) Each document that demonstrates the qualifications of a training manager or a principal instructor.

(b) Current curriculum and course materials and documents reflecting changes made to these materials.

(c) The course test blueprint.

(d) Information regarding how the hands-on skills assessment is conducted including, but not limited to, all of the following:

(i) The person conducting the hands-on skills assessment.

(ii) The method of grading the hands-on skills.

(iii) A description of the facilities used.

(iv) The pass/fail rate.

(e) The quality control plan.

(f) The results of the students' hands-on skills assessments and course tests and a record of each student's participation, including name, social security number, and score, within 10 calendar days of the last day of the course taken.

(g) Any other material that was submitted to the department as part of the program's application for accreditation.

(2) A training program shall retain the records described in subsection (1) for at least 3-1/2 years at the address specified on the training program accreditation application.

(3) The training program shall notify the department in writing within 30 days of changing the address specified on its training program accreditation application or transferring the records from that address.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5468 Certification to engage in lead-based paint activities; fees; application; requirements for certification in specific discipline.

Sec. 5468.

(1) An individual seeking certification by the department to engage in lead-based paint activities shall pay the appropriate fees required under section 5471 and submit an application to the department demonstrating either of the following:

(a) Compliance with the requirements of this part and the rules promulgated under this part for the particular discipline for which certification is sought.

(b) A copy of a valid lead-based paint activities certification or its equivalent, as determined by the department, from a training program that has been authorized by the EPA pursuant to 40 C.F.R. part 745 along with proof of the applicant's third party examination results.

(2) Following the submission of an application demonstrating that the requirements of this part and the rules promulgated under this part have been met, the department shall certify an applicant in 1 or more of the following disciplines:

(a) Inspector.

(b) Risk assessor.

(c) Supervisor.

(d) Project designer.

(e) Abatement worker.

(f) Clearance technician.

(3) Upon receiving the department certification in 1 or more of the disciplines described in subsection (2), an individual conducting lead-based paint activities shall comply with the work practice standards for performing that discipline as established under this part and the rules promulgated under this part.

(4) An individual shall not conduct a lead-based paint activity unless that individual is certified by the department under this section in the appropriate discipline.

(5) An individual shall do all of the following in order to become certified by the department as an inspector, risk assessor, abatement worker, or supervisor:

(a) Successfully complete a course in the appropriate discipline and receive a course completion certificate from an accredited training program.

(b) Pass the third party exam in the appropriate discipline.

(c) Meet the experience or education requirements, or both, as described in rules promulgated by the department.

(6) After an individual passes the appropriate certification exam and submits an application demonstrating that he or she meets the appropriate training, education, and experience requirements and passes the appropriate certification exam, the department shall issue a certificate to the individual in the specific discipline for which certification is sought. To maintain certification, an individual must be recertified pursuant to this part.

(7) An individual shall pass the third party exam within 6 months after receiving a course completion certificate in order to be eligible for certification. An individual is not eligible to take the third party exam more than 3 times within the 6 months after receiving a course completion certificate. An individual who does not pass the third party exam after 3 attempts shall repeat the appropriate course from an accredited training program in order to be eligible to retake the exam.

(8) An individual shall do both of the following in order to become certified by the department as a project designer:

(a) Successfully complete a course in the appropriate discipline and receive a course completion certificate from an accredited training program.

(b) Meet the experience or education requirements, or both, as described in rules promulgated by the department.

(9) After an individual has successfully completed the appropriate training courses, applied to the department, and met the requirements of this part and the rules promulgated under this part, the department shall issue a certificate to the individual in the discipline of project designer. To maintain certification, the individual must be periodically recertified pursuant to this part.

(10) An individual who received training in a lead-based paint activity between October 1, 1990 and March 1, 1999 and an individual who has received lead-based paint activities training at an EPA-authorized accredited training program are eligible for certification by the department under rules promulgated by the department.

(11) In order to maintain certification in a particular discipline, a certified individual shall apply to and be recertified in that discipline by the department every 3 years.

(12) An individual shall do both of the following in order to become a certified clearance technician:

(a) Successfully complete an approved course for the discipline of clearance technician and receive a course completion certificate.

(b) Pass the third party exam for the discipline of clearance technician.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5469 Certification to engage in lead-based paint activities; employment of certified employees; requirements.

Sec. 5469.

(1) Beginning August 30, 1999, a person shall not perform or offer to perform lead-based paint activities without obtaining certification by the department under this part.

(2) A person seeking certification under subsection (1) shall submit to the department a letter attesting that the person shall only employ appropriately certified employees to conduct lead-based paint activities and that the person and its employees shall follow the work practice standards for conducting lead-based paint activities as established in rules promulgated by the department.

(3) A person seeking certification under subsection (1) shall do all of the following:

(a) Complete the application and pay the appropriate fee accompanied by a corporate identification number, certificate of sole proprietorship, or other business entity documentation acceptable to the department.

(b) Indicate whether the applicant has liability insurance.

(c) Submit proof of Michigan workers' disability compensation insurance.

(d) Submit proof that each employee or agent involved in lead-based paint activities has received training and certification as required by this part.

(e) If applicable, submit the name of each principal partner, shareholder, member, or owner.

(4) Not more than 90 days from the date of receipt of the person's completed application, the department shall approve or disapprove the person's request for certification. Within that time period, the department shall respond with either a certificate of approval or a letter describing the reasons for a disapproval.

(5) A person certified by the department under this section shall maintain all records pursuant to the requirements imposed in rules promulgated by the department.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5470 Certification in appropriate discipline required.

Sec. 5470.

Beginning on March 1, 1999, all lead-based paint activities shall be performed by an individual certified in the appropriate discipline under this part and pursuant to the work practice standards prescribed in rules promulgated by the department.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5471 Training program or refresher courses; fees.

Sec. 5471.

(1) Subject to subsection (7), fees for a person accredited or seeking accreditation for a training program offering courses or refresher courses in lead-based paint abatement are as follows:

(a) Initial application processing fee.......... $ 100.00.
(b) Initial accreditation fee..... $475.00 per discipline.
(c) Reaccreditation fee, annual... $265.00 per discipline.

(2) Fees for an individual certified or seeking certification to engage in lead-based paint abatement are as follows:

(a) Initial application processing fee.......... $ 25.00.
(b) Certification fee, per year:
(i) Inspector................................... $ 150.00.
(ii) Risk assessor............................... $ 150.00.
(iii) Supervisor.................................. $ 50.00.
(iv) Project designer............................ $ 150.00.
(v) Abatement worker/laborer.................... $ 25.00.
(vi) Clearance technician........................ $ 50.00.

(3) Fees for a person certified or seeking certification to engage in lead-based paint abatement are as follows:

(a) Initial application processing fee.......... $ 100.00.
(b) Certification fee, per year................. $ 220.00.

(4) If the department increases fees under subsection (5), the increase shall be effective for that fiscal year. The increased fees shall be used by the department as the basis for calculating fee increases in subsequent fiscal years.

(5) By August 1 of each year, the department shall provide to the director of the department of management and budget and to the chairpersons of the appropriations committees of the senate and house of representatives a complete schedule of fees to be collected under this section.

(6) The fees imposed under this part shall not exceed the actual cost of administering this part.

(7) The department may waive the fees for an accredited training program for a person who has demonstrated that no part of its net earnings benefit any private shareholder or individual.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5472 Notice of lead-based paint abatement.

Sec. 5472.

Before beginning a lead-based paint abatement, a person conducting lead-based paint abatement shall notify the department, on forms provided by the department or through electronic methods approved by the department, regarding information the department considers necessary in order to conduct an unannounced site inspection. The person shall send notification not less than 3 business days before commencing the lead-based paint abatement.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5473 Administration and enforcement of part.

Sec. 5473.

The legislature shall annually appropriate to the department an amount sufficient to administer and enforce this part. These funds shall be offset by funds received from federal agencies in the form of grants or other funding provisions. All funds generated by this part shall be deposited into the general fund to be used exclusively by the department to carry out the duties and responsibilities of this part. With fees collected pursuant to this part and funds appropriated by the legislature, the department shall conduct compliance activities that assure the quality of training and protection of worker's and public health and safety. Such activities include, but are not limited to, unannounced inspections of lead abatement project sites.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5473a Administration and enforcement of part by department; rules; establishment of programs; recommendations; disclosure; exemption.

Sec. 5473a.

(1) The department shall administer this part and promulgate rules as may be necessary for the administration and enforcement of this part pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328.

(2) The department shall authorize, coordinate, and conduct programs to educate persons including, but not limited to, homeowners and remodelers of lead hazards associated with remodeling target housing and methods of lead-hazard reduction activities.

(3) The department shall establish a program that provides an opportunity for property owners, managers, and maintenance staff to learn about lead-safe practices and the avoidance of creating lead-based paint hazards during minor painting, repair, or renovation.

(4) Not later than January 1, 2000, the department shall recommend appropriate maintenance practices for owners of residential property, day care facilities, and secured lenders that are designed to prevent lead poisoning among children 6 years of age or less and pregnant women. In making its recommendations, the department shall consult with affected stakeholders and shall consider the effects of those maintenance practices on the availability and affordability of housing and credit.

(5) The following information required to be submitted to the department by certified individuals and persons under this part and rules promulgated under this part is exempt from disclosure as a public record under the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246:

(a) The name, street address, and telephone number of the owner, agent, or tenant of a residential dwelling where lead-based paint investigations have been conducted.

(b) Information that could be used to identify 1 or more children with elevated blood lead levels that have been reported to the department.

(c) Information contained in an EBL investigation report that could be used to identify 1 or more children with elevated blood lead levels.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5474 Establishment of lead poisoning prevention program; components; reports.

Sec. 5474.

(1) The department shall establish a lead poisoning prevention program that has the following components:

(a) A coordinated and comprehensive plan to prevent childhood lead poisoning and to minimize exposure of the general public to lead-based paint hazards.

(b) A comprehensive educational and community outreach program regarding lead poisoning prevention that shall, at a minimum, include the development of appropriate educational materials targeted to health care providers, child care providers, public schools, owners and tenants of residential dwellings, and parents of young children. These educational materials shall be made available, upon request, to local and state community groups, legal services organizations, and tenants' groups.

(c) A technical assistance system for health care providers to assist those providers in managing cases of childhood lead poisoning. As part of this system, the department shall require that results of all blood lead level tests conducted in Michigan be reported to the department as provided for in rule and that when the department receives notice of blood lead levels above 10 micrograms per deciliter, it shall initiate contact with the local public health department or the physician, or both, of the child whose blood lead level exceeds 10 micrograms per deciliter.

(2) The department shall report to the legislature by January 1, 1999, and annually thereafter, the number of children through age 6 who were screened for lead poisoning during the preceding fiscal year and who were confirmed to have had blood lead levels above 10 micrograms per deciliter. The report shall compare these rates with those of previous fiscal years and the department shall recommend methods for improving compliance with guidelines issued by the federal centers for disease control and prevention, including any necessary legislation or appropriations.

(3) Not more than 1 year after the effective date of this part, and annually thereafter, the department shall prepare a written report regarding the expenditures under the lead poisoning prevention program including the amounts and sources of money from the previous year and a complete accounting of its use. The report shall be given to the appropriate committees of the legislature and be made available to the general public upon request.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5474a Repealed. 2004, Act 431, Eff. July 1, 2007.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to the childhood lead poisoning prevention and control commission.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5474b Lead safe housing registry.

Sec. 5474b.

(1) The department in cooperation with the family independence agency and the Michigan state housing development authority shall establish and maintain a registry, to be known as the "lead safe housing registry", to provide the public with a listing of residential and multifamily dwellings and child occupied facilities that have been abated of or have had interim controls performed to control lead-based paint hazards as determined through a lead-based paint investigation performed by a certified risk assessor certified under this part.

(2) The owner of target housing that is offered for rent or lease as a residence or the owner of a child occupied facility shall register that property with the department if that property has been abated of or has had interim controls performed to control lead-based paint hazards as determined through a lead-based paint investigation performed by a certified risk assessor certified under this part in a form as prescribed by the department free of charge. The form shall include, at a minimum, the following:

(a) Name of the owner of the building.

(b) Address of the building.

(c) Date of construction.

(d) Date and description of any lead-based paint activity including the name of the certified abatement worker or the certified risk assessor certified under this part who performed the abatement or conducted the inspection, lead-hazard screen, assessment, or clearance testing of the building and the results of the lead-based paint activity.

(3) An owner required to register his or her property under subsection (2) shall provide the department with a copy of each report, document, or other information that is required to be filed with the federal government under federal law and regulations related to lead-based paint.

(4) The owner of any other residential or multifamily dwelling that is offered for rent or lease as a residence or the owner of a child occupied facility may register that property with the department and the department shall include that property on the lead safe housing registry. A person who wishes to register under this subsection shall execute and return the registration form to the department with payment of the registration fee in an amount as prescribed by the department.

(5) The department shall publish the lead safe housing registry on its website and provide a copy of the registry to a person upon request. The department may charge a reasonable, cost-based fee for providing copies of the lead safe housing registry under this subsection.


History: Add. 2004, Act 432, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2004
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5474b[1] Lead safe housing registry.

Sec. 5474b.

(1) The department in cooperation with the family independence agency and the Michigan state housing development authority shall establish and maintain a registry, to be known as the "lead safe housing registry", to provide the public with a listing of residential and multifamily dwellings and child occupied facilities that have been abated of or have had interim controls performed to control lead-based paint hazards as determined through a lead-based paint investigation performed by a certified risk assessor certified under this part.

(2) The owner of target housing that is offered for rent or lease as a residence or the owner of a child occupied facility shall register that property with the department if that property has been abated of or has had interim controls performed to control lead-based paint hazards as determined through a lead-based paint investigation performed by a certified risk assessor certified under this part in a form as prescribed by the department free of charge. The form shall include, at a minimum, the following:

(a) Name of the owner of the building.

(b) Address of the building.

(c) Date of construction.

(d) Date and description of any lead-based paint activity including the name of the certified abatement worker or the certified risk assessor certified under this part who performed the abatement or conducted the inspection, lead-hazard screen, assessment, or clearance testing of the building and the results of the lead-based paint activity.

(3) An owner required to register his or her property under subsection (2) shall provide the department with a copy of each report, document, or other information that is required to be filed with the federal government under federal law and regulations related to lead-based paint.

(4) The owner of any other residential or multifamily dwelling that is offered for rent or lease as a residence or the owner of a child occupied facility may register that property with the department and the department shall include that property on the lead safe housing registry. A person who wishes to register under this subsection shall execute and return the registration form to the department with payment of the registration fee in an amount as prescribed by the department.

(5) The department shall publish the lead safe housing registry on its website and provide a copy of the registry to a person upon request. The department may charge a reasonable, cost-based fee for providing copies of the lead safe housing registry under this subsection.


History: Add. 2004, Act 433, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2004
Compiler's Notes: This added section is compiled as MCL 333.5474b[1] to distinguish it from another Sec. 5474b deriving from Act 432 of 2004.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5474c Repealed. 2004, Act 400, Eff. July 1, 2007.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to report findings of environmental threats of lead poisoning to children.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5474c[1] Lead Poisoning Prevention Week.

Sec. 5474c.

(1) The legislature recognizes the imminent threats posed to children's health and cognitive development from ingestion of lead paint dust in residential neighborhoods, the broad dispersal of lead-laden soils from historical airborne deposition of leaded fuel emissions, and identified specific facilities that present known or potential lead hazards. The legislature further recognizes the need to educate the citizens of this state regarding those threats.

(2) The legislature declares that October 23 through October 29, 2005 shall be known as the "Lead Poisoning Prevention Week" and for each year thereafter the period beginning on the fourth Sunday of October through the following Saturday shall be known as the "Lead Poisoning Prevention Week".


History: Add. 2004, Act 433, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2004
Compiler's Notes: This added section is compiled as MCL 333.5474c[1] to distinguish it from another Sec. 5474c deriving from Act 400 of 2004.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5475 Alleged violations or complaints; actions by department.

Sec. 5475.

(1) The department shall receive or initiate complaints of alleged violations of this part or rules promulgated under this part and take action with respect to alleged violations or complaints as prescribed by this part.

(2) The department, in its own discretion, or upon the written complaint of an aggrieved party or of a state agency or political subdivision of this state, may investigate the acts of an accredited training program, an individual or other person certified under this part, or a person allegedly engaged in lead-based paint activity. The department may deny, suspend, or revoke certification or accreditation issued under this part if a certified person, accredited training program, certified individual, or a person allegedly engaged in lead-based paint activity is found to be not in compliance with this part or the rules promulgated under this part. In addition, the department may deny, suspend, or revoke a certification or accreditation issued under this part for 1 or more of the following:

(a) Willful or negligent acts that cause a person to be exposed to a lead-containing substance in violation of this part, the rules promulgated under this part, or other state or federal law pertaining to the public health and safety aspects of lead abatement.

(b) Falsification of records required under this part.

(c) Continued failure to obtain or renew certification or accreditation under this part.

(d) Deliberate misrepresentation of facts or information in applying for certification or accreditation under this part.

(e) Permitting a person who has not received the proper training and certification under this part or other applicable state or federal law to come in contact with lead or be responsible for a lead abatement project.


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5475a Rental unit containing lead-based hazard; presumption of actual knowledge; violation; penalties; defense; burden of proof; definitions.

Sec. 5475a.

(1) A property manager, housing commission, or owner of a rental unit who rents or continues to rent a residential housing unit to a family with a minor child who is found to have 10 micrograms or more of lead per deciliter of venous blood is subject to the penalties provided under subsection (3) if all of the following apply:

(a) The property manager, housing commission, or owner of the rental unit has prior actual knowledge that the rental unit contains a lead-based paint hazard.

(b) At least ninety days have passed since the property manager, housing commission, or owner of the rental unit had actual knowledge of the lead paint hazard.

(c) The property manager, housing commission, or owner of the rental unit has not acted in good faith to reduce the lead paint hazards through interim controls or abatement or a combination of interim controls and abatement.

(2) A property manager, housing commission, or owner of the rental unit is presumed to have prior actual knowledge that a unit contains a lead-based paint hazard only if 1 of the following applies:

(a) The property manager, housing commission, or owner of the rental unit signed an acknowledgment of the hazard as a result of a risk assessment under this chapter at the time the risk assessment was made.

(b) The property manager, housing commission, or owner of the rental unit was served as a result of a risk assessment under this chapter with notice of the hazard by first-class mail and a return receipt of that service was obtained.

(3) A property manager, housing commission, or owner of the rental unit convicted of violating this section is guilty of a crime as follows:

(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), the property manager, housing commission, or owner of the rental unit is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 93 days or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(b) If the property manager, housing commission, or owner of the rental unit was previously convicted of violating this section or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to this section, the property manager, housing commission, or owner of the rental unit is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 93 days or a fine of not more than $10,000.00, or both.

(4) The property manager, housing commission, or owner of the rental unit may assert 1 or more of the following as an affirmative defense in a prosecution of violating this section, and has the burden of proof on that defense by a preponderance of the evidence:

(a) That the property manager, housing commission, or owner of the rental unit requested or contracted with a person having responsibility for maintaining the rental unit to reduce the hazard through interim controls or abatement and reasonably expected that the hazard would be reduced.

(b) That the tenant would not allow entry into or upon premises where the hazard is located or otherwise interfered with correcting the hazard.

(5) As used in this section:

(a) "Property manager" means a person who engages in property management as defined in section 2501 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.2501.

(b) "Lead-based paint hazard" means that term as defined in section 5458 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.5458.


History: Add. 2004, Act 434, Eff. Jan. 2, 2005
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5476 Violation of part; fine; citation; administrative hearing.

Sec. 5476.

(1) A person who violates this part or a rule promulgated under this part is subject to an administrative fine up to the following amounts for each violation or each day that a violation continues:

(a) For a first violation..................... $ 2,000.00.
(b) For a second violation.................... $ 5,000.00.
(c) For a third or subsequent violation....... $ 10,000.00.

(2) If the department has reasonable cause to believe that a person has violated this part or a rule promulgated under this part, the department may issue a citation at that time or not later than 180 days after discovery of the alleged violation. The citation shall be written and shall state with particularity the nature of the violation as provided for by the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328. An alleged violator may request an administrative hearing pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328.


History: Add. 1998, Act 220, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5477 Violation; failure to correct violation after notice as misdemeanor; sanctions, penalties, or other provisions.

Sec. 5477.

(1) A person who engages in a lead-based paint activity as provided for by this part and who willfully or repeatedly violates this part or a rule promulgated under this part or a person who fails to correct the violation after notice from the department under this part is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not more than $5,000.00, and upon conviction for a second or subsequent offense, not more than $10,000.00, or imprisonment for not more than 6 months, or both. A violation of this subsection may be prosecuted by either the attorney general or the prosecuting attorney of the judicial district in which the violation was committed.

(2) The application of sanctions under this part is cumulative and does not preclude the application of other sanctions or penalties contained in the provisions of any other federal, state, or political subdivision statute, rule, regulation, or ordinance.

(3) This part does not diminish the responsibilities of an owner or occupant, or the authority of enforcing agents under state, county, city, municipal, or other local building, housing, or health and safety codes.

(4) The requirements of this part are in addition to other pertinent provisions of a code listed in subsection (3).


History: Add. 1998, Act 219, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 644, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 325.9901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5478, 333.5479 Repealed. 2007, Act 162, Eff. July 1, 2010.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to reinstatement and powers and duties of the childhood lead poisoning prevention and control commission.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
PART 54B.
LEAD-BEARING SUBSTANCES


333.5481 Definitions.

Sec. 5481.

As used in this part:

(a) "Children" means individuals who are 7 years old or younger.

(b) "Consumer" means that term as used in the consumer product safety act, 15 USC 2051 to 2085.

(c) "Children's jewelry" means jewelry that is made for, marketed for use by, or marketed to children, including, but not limited to, the following:

(i) Jewelry represented in its packaging, display, or advertising as appropriate for use by children.

(ii) Jewelry sold in conjunction with, attached to, or packaged together with other products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children.

(iii) Jewelry sized for children and not intended for use by adults.

(iv) Jewelry sold in a vending machine.

(v) Jewelry sold in a retail store, catalog, or online website in which a person exclusively offers for sale products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children.

(vi) Jewelry sold in a discrete portion of a retail store, catalog, or online website in which a person offers for sale products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children.

(d) "Lead-bearing substance" means an item or substance that contains lead, or a coating on an item that contains lead, so that the lead content is more than 0.06% of the total weight. Lead-bearing substance does not include glass or crystal decorative components.

(e) "Person" means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity.


History: Add. 2007, Act 161, Eff. Mar. 20, 2008
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5482 Children's jewelry; use or application of lead-bearing substance prohibited.

Sec. 5482.

A person shall not use or apply a lead-bearing substance in or on any children's jewelry in this state.


History: Add. 2007, Act 161, Eff. Mar. 20, 2008
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5483 Children's jewelry containing lead-bearing substance; sale, offer for sale, or transfer prohibited.

Sec. 5483.

A person shall not sell, offer for sale, or transfer to any person any children's jewelry in this state that contains a lead-bearing substance.


History: Add. 2007, Act 161, Eff. Mar. 20, 2008
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5484 Hazards of lead-bearing substances; posting information on website.

Sec. 5484.

The department shall post on its website information about the hazards of lead-bearing substances and any programs it offers designed to educate individuals about those hazards.


History: Add. 2007, Act 161, Eff. Mar. 20, 2008
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5485 Lunch box containing lead-bearing substance; exception; "lunch box" defined.

Sec. 5485.

(1) A person shall not sell or offer for sale in this state or for use in this state a lunch box that contains a lead-bearing substance.

(2) This section does not apply to the sale of a collectible lunch box or any other lunch box no longer intended to be used to carry food or drink for human consumption.

(3) As used in this section, "lunch box" means a fabricated container marketed or intended to be used to carry packaged or unpackaged food or drink for human consumption.


History: Add. 2007, Act 160, Eff. Mar. 20, 2008
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5486 Violations; penalties; waiver.

Sec. 5486.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (2), a person who violates this part is subject to the following:

(a) If the person is not an individual consumer and the violation is the person's first offense under this part, a civil fine of not more than $100.00 per item, not to exceed $5,000.00 total.

(b) If the person is not an individual consumer and the violation is the person's second offense under this part, a civil fine of not more than $500.00 per item, not to exceed $25,000.00 total.

(c) If the person is not an individual consumer and the violation is the person's third or subsequent offense under this part, a civil fine of not more than $1,000.00 per item, not to exceed $50,000.00 total.

(d) If a person knowingly violates this part and the person is not an individual consumer, a civil fine equal to 3 times the amounts in subdivision (c).

(2) A civil fine imposed under this section shall be waived if it is determined that a person acted in good faith to be in compliance with this part, pursued compliance with due diligence, and promptly corrected any noncompliance after discovery of the violation.


History: Add. 2007, Act 161, Eff. Mar. 20, 2008
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
PART 54C.
TOXIC SUBSTANCES IN CHILDREN'S PRODUCTS


333.5491 Definitions.

Sec. 5491.

As used in this part:

(a) "Child care article" means a product designed or intended by the manufacturer to facilitate the sleep, relaxation, or feeding of children or to help children with sucking or teething.

(b) "Children" means individuals who are 7 years old or younger.

(c) "Consumer" means that term as used in the consumer product safety act, 15 USC 2051 to 2085.

(d) "Person" means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity.

(e) "Toxic substance" means a substance that contains lead, or a coating on an item that contains lead, so that the lead content is more than 0.06% of the total weight. Toxic substance does not include glass or crystal decorative components.

(f) "Toy" means an article designed and made for the amusement of a minor or for the minor's use in play.


History: Add. 2007, Act 159, Eff. Mar. 20, 2008
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5492 Toxic substance in toy or child care article; prohibited conduct; exception.

Sec. 5492.

(1) A person shall not use or apply a toxic substance in or on any toy or child care article in this state.

(2) A person shall not sell, offer for sale, or transfer a toy or child care article in this state that contains a toxic substance.

(3) This section does not apply to the sale of a collectible toy that is not marketed to or intended to be used by a minor.


History: Add. 2007, Act 159, Eff. Mar. 20, 2008
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5493 Violation; penalties; waiver.

Sec. 5493.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (2), a person who violates this part is subject to the following:

(a) If the person is not an individual consumer and the violation is the person's first offense under this part, a civil fine of not more than $100.00 per item not to exceed $5,000.00 total.

(b) If a person is not an individual consumer and the violation is the person's second offense under this part, a civil fine of not more than $500.00 per item not to exceed $25,000.00 total.

(c) If the person is not an individual consumer and the violation is the person's third or subsequent offense under this part, a civil fine of not more than $1,000.00 per item not to exceed $50,000.00 total.

(d) If a person knowingly violates this part and the person is not an individual consumer, a civil fine equal to 3 times the amounts in subdivision (c).

(2) A civil fine imposed under this section shall be waived if it is determined that a person acted in good faith to be in compliance with this part, pursued compliance with due diligence, and promptly corrected any noncompliance after discovery of the violation.


History: Add. 2007, Act 159, Eff. Mar. 20, 2008
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 55



333.5501 Repealed. 1988, Act 442, Eff. Dec. 27, 1991.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to reports and records on Alzheimer's disease and related disorders.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5511 Alzheimer's disease or related disorder; state plan for network of regional, multidisciplinary diagnostic and assessment centers; submission to governor and legislature.

Sec. 5511.

(1) The department shall develop, in consultation with the department of social services, the department of mental health, the office of services to the aging, and the office of health and medical affairs, a state plan for a network of regional, multidisciplinary diagnostic and assessment centers for individuals diagnosed or identified as having Alzheimer's disease or a related disorder. In developing the state plan, consideration shall be given to all of the following:

(a) A center shall be located so as to minimize transportation problems for patients and their families.

(b) A center shall be operated in conjunction with existing related services and programs.

(c) A center shall have the capacity to be reimbursed for the diagnostic and assessment process by third-party payers, including, but not limited to, medicare and the state medical assistance program.

(d) Payment for services provided to individuals without sufficient health insurance coverage who have a limited income, but who are not eligible for the state medical assistance program.

(2) The state plan shall be completed and submitted to the governor and the legislature within 1 year after the effective date of this section.


History: Add. 1988, Act 443, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5521 Meanings of words and phrases used in MCL 333.5521 to 333.5539.

Sec. 5521.

As used in sections 5521 to 5539:

(a) “Affected individual” means an individual diagnosed or identified as having Alzheimer's disease or a related disorder.

(b) “Autopsy” means a brain autopsy.

(c) “Family representative” means an affected individual's legal guardian, spouse, adult child, parent, or other family member.


History: Add. 1988, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5523 Identification of Alzheimer's disease and related disorders autopsy network; tasks.

Sec. 5523.

The director shall identify an Alzheimer's disease and related disorders autopsy network. The network shall include individuals qualified to perform all of the following tasks:

(a) Provide information to, and obtain consent from, an affected individual or his or her family as provided in section 5529.

(b) Extract the necessary tissue.

(c) Preserve the tissue, prepare it for transport, and arrange for it to be transported.

(d) Examine the tissue and prepare a report on the results of the tissue examination.

(e) Provide the department and the family representative of the deceased with the results of the tissue examination.


History: Add. 1988, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5525 Identification of tissue repositories.

Sec. 5525.

The department shall identify 1 or more tissue repositories for the receipt and storage of tissue of affected individuals who are deceased. The department may identify an existing public or private facility or institution that is equipped to provide for storage of the tissue.


History: Add. 1988, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5527 Tissue repository; access; collection and use of fees; report.

Sec. 5527.

(1) A tissue repository identified under section 5525 shall allow equitable access to tissue to persons performing medical research and education, and may collect a reasonable fee for use of the tissue. Fees collected shall be used to fund the repository.

(2) A repository shall annually provide a report to the department on the collection and distribution of the tissue, and on the amount and use of the fees collected.


History: Add. 1988, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5529 Request for autopsy; information; written consent.

Sec. 5529.

If an affected individual or his or her family representative requests an autopsy, a network representative shall provide to that person information concerning the cost, purposes, and benefits of an autopsy, and the benefits of using the tissue for medical research and education. The network representative shall also request that the affected individual or his or her family representative sign a written consent to the autopsy, and a separate written consent to use of the tissue for medical research and education.


History: Add. 1988, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5533 Duty of chronic disease advisory committee.

Sec. 5533.

The chronic disease advisory committee shall oversee the implementation of sections 5523 to 5539.


History: Add. 1988, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5535 Subsidy program.

Sec. 5535.

Within 1 year after the effective date of this section, the department shall develop and recommend to the legislature a subsidy program to help defray a portion of the cost to an affected individual or the affected individual's family of performing an autopsy.


History: Add. 1988, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5537 Information on critical role of autopsies.

Sec. 5537.

The department shall provide to physicians, hospitals, nursing homes, medical examiners, funeral directors, affected individuals and their family members, and other appropriate persons written information describing the critical role that autopsies play in the diagnosis of, and in the conduct of research into the causes, treatment, and cure of, Alzheimer's disease and related disorders.


History: Add. 1988, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5539 Authority of family representative.

Sec. 5539.

The authority of a family representative to act as provided in this part is given first to the affected individual's legal guardian, and if none, then to his or her spouse, and if none, then to his or her adult child or children, and if none, then to his or her parent, and if none, then to other family members.


History: Add. 1988, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 55A
EYE CARE CONSUMER PROTECTION

***** 333.5551.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 *****



333.5551.added Eye care consumer protection law; meanings of words and phrases.

Sec. 5551.

(1) This part may be referred to as the "eye care consumer protection law".

(2) As used in this part, the words and phrases defined in sections 5553 to 5557 have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

(3) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this code.


History: Add. 2014, Act 269, Eff. Sept. 30, 2014


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.5553.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 *****



333.5553.added Definitions; C to E.

Sec. 5553.

(1) "Contact lens" means a lens placed directly on the surface of the eye, regardless of whether it is intended to correct a visual defect. Contact lens includes, but is not limited to, a cosmetic, therapeutic, or corrective lens.

(2) "Department" means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs.

(3) "Diagnostic contact lens" means a contact lens used to determine a proper contact lens fit.

(4) "Examination and evaluation", for the purpose of writing a valid prescription, means an assessment of the ocular health and visual status of a patient that does not consist solely of objective refractive data or information generated by an automated refracting device or other automated testing device.


History: Add. 2014, Act 269, Eff. Sept. 30, 2014


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.5555.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 *****



333.5555.added Definitions; L to S.

Sec. 5555.

(1) "Licensee" means any of the following:

(a) A physician who is licensed or otherwise authorized to engage in the practice of medicine under part 170 and who specializes in eye care.

(b) A physician who is licensed or otherwise authorized to engage in the practice of osteopathic medicine and surgery under part 175 and who specializes in eye care.

(c) An optometrist who is licensed or otherwise authorized to engage in the practice of optometry under part 174.

(2) "Spectacles" means an optical instrument or device worn or used by an individual that has 1 or more lenses designed to correct or enhance vision to address the visual needs of the individual wearer and commonly known as glasses, including spectacles that may be adjusted by the wearer to achieve different types or levels of visual correction or enhancement.


History: Add. 2014, Act 269, Eff. Sept. 30, 2014


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.5557.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 *****



333.5557.added Definitions; V.

Sec. 5557.

"Valid prescription" means 1 of the following, as applicable:

(a) For a contact lens, a written or electronic order by a licensee who has conducted an examination and evaluation of a patient and has determined a satisfactory fit for the contact lens based on an analysis of the physiological compatibility of the lens on the cornea and the physical fit and refractive functionality of the lens on the patient's eye. To be a valid prescription under this subdivision, it must include at least all of the following information:

(i) A statement that the prescription is for a contact lens.

(ii) The contact lens type or brand name, or for a private label contact lens, the name of the manufacturer, trade name of the private label brand, and, if applicable, trade name of the equivalent or similar brand.

(iii) All specifications necessary to order and fabricate the contact lens, including power, material, base curve or appropriate designation, and diameter, if applicable.

(iv) The quantity of contact lenses to be dispensed.

(v) The number of refills.

(vi) Specific wearing instructions and contact lens disposal parameters, if any.

(vii) The patient's name.

(viii) The date of the examination and evaluation.

(ix) The date the prescription is originated.

(x) The prescribing licensee's name, address, and telephone number.

(xi) The prescribing licensee's written or electronic signature, or other form of authentication.

(xii) An expiration date of not less than 1 year from the date of the examination and evaluation or a statement of the reasons why a shorter time is appropriate based on the medical needs of the patient.

(b) For spectacles, a written or electronic order by a licensee who has examined and evaluated a patient. To be a valid prescription under this subdivision, it must include at least all of the following information:

(i) A statement that the prescription is for spectacles.

(ii) As applicable and as specified for each eye, the lens power including the spherical power, cylindrical power including axis, prism, and power of the multifocal addition.

(iii) Any special requirements, the omission of which would, in the opinion of the prescribing licensee, adversely affect the vision or ocular health of the patient. As used in this subparagraph, "special requirements" includes, but is not limited to, type of lens design, lens material, tint, or lens treatments.

(iv) The patient's name.

(v) The date of the examination and evaluation.

(vi) The date the prescription is originated.

(vii) The prescribing licensee's name, address, and telephone number.

(viii) The prescribing licensee's written or electronic signature, or other form of authentication.

(ix) An expiration date of not less than 1 year from the date of the examination and evaluation or a statement of the reasons why a shorter time is appropriate based on the medical needs of the patient.


History: Add. 2014, Act 269, Eff. Sept. 30, 2014


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.5559.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 *****



333.5559.added Spectacles and contact lenses as medical devices; exceptions.

Sec. 5559.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (2), spectacles and contact lenses are medical devices and are subject to the requirements of this part for the protection of consumers.

(2) This part does not apply to any of the following:

(a) A diagnostic contact lens that is used by a licensee during an examination and evaluation.

(b) An optical instrument or device that is not intended to correct or enhance vision.

(c) An optical instrument or device that is not made, designed, or sold specifically for a particular individual.


History: Add. 2014, Act 269, Eff. Sept. 30, 2014


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.5561.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 *****



333.5561.added Prohibited acts; "supervision" defined.

Sec. 5561.

(1) A person shall not do any of the following:

(a) Employ objective or subjective physical means to determine the accommodative or refractive condition or range of power of vision or muscular equilibrium of the human eye unless that activity is performed by a licensee or under the supervision of a licensee.

(b) Prescribe spectacles or contact lenses based on a determination described in subdivision (a) unless that activity is performed by a licensee.

(c) Dispense, give, or sell spectacles or contact lenses unless dispensed, given, or sold pursuant to a valid prescription.

(d) Use an automated refractor or other automated testing device to generate objective refractive data unless that use is by a licensee or under the supervision of a licensee.

(2) As used in this section, "supervision" means that term as defined in section 16109.


History: Add. 2014, Act 269, Eff. Sept. 30, 2014


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.5563.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 *****



333.5563.added Administration and enforcement of part; rules.

Sec. 5563.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this part, the administration and enforcement of this part is the responsibility of the department.

(2) The department may promulgate rules under the administrative procedures act of 1969 that it determines necessary to implement, administer, and enforce this part.


History: Add. 2014, Act 269, Eff. Sept. 30, 2014


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.5565.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 *****



333.5565.added Allegation of violation; writing; review by department; hearing, oaths, and testimony; authority of department to proceed under MCL 333.5567; initiation of investigation.

Sec. 5565.

(1) A person or governmental entity that believes that a violation of this part or a rule promulgated under this part has occurred or has been attempted may make an allegation of that fact to the department in writing.

(2) If, upon reviewing an allegation under subsection (1), the department determines there is a reasonable basis to believe the existence of a violation or attempted violation of this part or a rule promulgated under this part, the department shall investigate.

(3) The department may hold hearings, administer oaths, and order testimony to be taken at a hearing or by deposition conducted pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969.

(4) The department may proceed under section 5567 if it determines that a violation of this part or a rule promulgated under this part has occurred.

(5) This section does not require the department to wait until harm to human health has occurred to initiate an investigation under this section.


History: Add. 2014, Act 269, Eff. Sept. 30, 2014


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.5567.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 *****



333.5567.added Order to cease and desist; hearing; costs; referral of case for further enforcement; action under MCL 333.5569 or 333.5571.

Sec. 5567.

(1) After a determination as described in section 5565(4), the department may order a person to cease and desist from a violation of this part or a rule promulgated under this part.

(2) A person ordered to cease and desist under this section is entitled to a hearing before the department if a written request for a hearing is filed within 30 days after the effective date of the order.

(3) The department may assess costs related to the investigation of a violation of this part or rules promulgated under this part. The department may issue an order for costs assessed under this subsection after a hearing held in compliance with the administrative procedures act of 1969.

(4) The department may refer a case for further enforcement action under section 5569 or 5571 against a person that fails to comply with a cease and desist order that is not contested or that is upheld following a hearing.

(5) The department is not required to issue a cease and desist order before taking action under section 5569 or 5571.


History: Add. 2014, Act 269, Eff. Sept. 30, 2014


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.5569.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 *****



333.5569.added Civil action; filing; injunction or other relief; civil fine; costs; attorney fees.

Sec. 5569.

(1) The department may file a civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction seeking an injunction or other appropriate relief to enforce this part or a rule promulgated under this part.

(2) In an action under subsection (1), the court may impose on a person that violates or attempts to violate this part or a rule promulgated under this part a civil fine of not less than $5,000.00 for each violation or attempted violation. The court may also award costs of an investigation and attorney fees from a person that violates or attempts to violate this part or a rule promulgated under this part.


History: Add. 2014, Act 269, Eff. Sept. 30, 2014


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.5571.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 *****



333.5571.added Violation of part, rule, or order as misdemeanor; fine; costs; attorney fees.

Sec. 5571.

A person that violates this part or a rule promulgated under this part or violates a cease and desist order issued under this part is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not less than $5,000.00 or more than $25,000.00, or both. If successful in obtaining a conviction, the agency prosecuting the case is entitled to actual costs and attorney fees from the defendant.


History: Add. 2014, Act 269, Eff. Sept. 30, 2014


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 56
OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES


333.5601 “Occupational disease” defined; general definitions and principles of construction.

Sec. 5601.

(1) As used in this part, “occupational disease” means an illness of the human body arising out of and in the course of an individual's employment and having 1 or more of the following characteristics:

(a) It is caused by a frequently repeated or continuous exposure to a hazardous substance or agent or to a specific industrial practice which is hazardous and which has continued over an extended period of time.

(b) It is caused by an acute exposure to a hazardous substance or agent.

(c) It presents symptoms characteristic of an occupational disease known to have resulted in other cases from the same type of specific exposure.

(2) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this code and part 51 contains definitions applicable to this part.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the division of occupational health in the bureau of environmental and occupational health, with the exception of dry cleaning unit, from the department of public health to the director of the department of labor, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5611 Report of occupational disease or health condition aggravated by workplace exposures; time; contents; forms and instructions.

Sec. 5611.

(1) A physician, hospital, clinic, or employer knowing of an individual having a case of occupational disease or a health condition aggravated by workplace exposures shall report the case to the department within 10 days after the discovery of the occupational disease or condition.

(2) A physician, hospital, clinic, or employer knowing of a suspected case of occupational disease or a health condition aggravated by workplace exposures shall report the case to the department within 10 days after the discovery of the occupational disease or condition.

(3) The report shall state the name and address of the individual, the name and business address of the employer, the business of the employer, the place of the individual's employment, the length of time of employment in the place where the individual became ill, the nature of the disease, and other information required by the department.

(4) The department shall prepare and furnish the report forms and instructions for their use to physicians, hospitals, clinics, and employers.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5613 Investigation; advising physician of nature of hazardous substance or agent and conditions of exposure; confidentiality.

Sec. 5613.

(1) The department, upon receiving a report under section 5611 or believing that a case or suspected case of occupational disease exists in this state, may investigate to determine the accuracy of the report and the cause of the disease.

(2) To aid in the diagnosis or treatment of an occupational disease, the department shall advise the physician in charge of a patient of the nature of the hazardous substance or agent and the conditions of exposure of the patient as established by the investigation. In so doing the department shall protect the confidentiality of trade secrets or privileged information disclosed by the investigations in accordance with section 13 of Act No. 442 of the Public Acts of 1976, being section 15.243 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5621 Reports not public records; exemption from disclosure; access to record.

Sec. 5621.

(1) Reports submitted to the department under section 5611 are not public records and are exempt from disclosure pursuant to section 13(1)(d) of Act No. 442 of the Public Acts of 1976.

(2) The bureau of worker's disability compensation and the compensation appeal board in the department of labor shall have access to the record of an actual case of occupational disease in a compensation case before it.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5623 Statistical summaries; dissemination of instructions and information.

Sec. 5623.

(1) Not less than once each year, the department shall compile statistical summaries of all occupational diseases reported and accepted as covering true occupational diseases, and the kinds of employment leading to the occurrence of the diseases.

(2) The department shall disseminate to appropriate employers in this state appropriate instructions and information to prevent the occurrence of occupational diseases.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5639 Failure to make report or wilful false statement as misdemeanor; penalty.

Sec. 5639.

A physician, hospital or clinic administrator, or employer who fails to make a report or who wilfully makes a false statement in a report required by section 5611(1) is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than $50.00.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 56A
TERMINAL ILLNESS


333.5651 Short title of part.

Sec. 5651.

This part shall be known and may be cited as the “Michigan dignified death act”.


History: Add. 1996, Act 594, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5652 Legislative findings; Michigan dignified death act.

Sec. 5652.

(1) The legislature finds all of the following:

(a) That patients face a unique set of circumstances and decisions once they have been diagnosed as having a reduced life expectancy due to advanced illness.

(b) That published studies indicate that patients with reduced life expectancy due to advanced illnesses fear that in end-of-life situations they could receive unwanted aggressive medical treatment.

(c) That patients with reduced life expectancy due to advanced illnesses are often unaware of their legal rights, particularly with regard to controlling end-of-life decisions.

(d) That the free flow of information among health care providers, patients, and patients' families can give patients and their families a sense of control over their lives, ease the stress involved in coping with a reduced life expectancy due to advanced illness, and provide needed guidance to all involved in determining the appropriate variety and degree of medical intervention to be used.

(e) That health care providers should be encouraged to initiate discussions with their patients regarding advance medical directives during initial consultations, annual examinations, and hospitalizations, at diagnosis of a chronic illness, and when a patient transfers from 1 health care setting to another.

(2) In affirmation of the tradition in this state recognizing the integrity of patients and their desire for a humane and dignified death, the Michigan legislature enacts the “Michigan dignified death act”. In doing so, the legislature recognizes that a well-considered body of common law exists detailing the relationship between health care providers and their patients. This act is not intended to abrogate any part of that common law. This act is intended to increase awareness of the right of a patient who has a reduced life expectancy due to advanced illness to make decisions to receive, continue, discontinue, or refuse medical treatment. It is hoped that by doing so, the legislature will encourage better communication between patients with reduced life expectancy due to advanced illnesses and health care providers to ensure that the patient's final days are meaningful and dignified.


History: Add. 1996, Act 594, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 239, Imd. Eff. Jan. 8, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5653 Definitions.

Sec. 5653.

(1) As used in this part:

(a) "Advanced illness", except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, means a medical or surgical condition with significant functional impairment that is not reversible by curative therapies and that is anticipated to progress toward death despite attempts at curative therapies or modulation, the time course of which may or may not be determinable through reasonable medical prognostication. For purposes of section 5655(b) only, "advanced illness" has the same general meaning as "terminal illness" has in the medical community.

(b) "Health facility" means a health facility or agency licensed under article 17.

(c) "Hospice" means that term as defined in section 20106.

(d) "Medical treatment" means a treatment including, but not limited to, palliative care treatment, or a procedure, medication, surgery, a diagnostic test, or a hospice plan of care that may be ordered, provided, or withheld or withdrawn by a health professional or a health facility under generally accepted standards of medical practice and that is not prohibited by law.

(e) "Patient" means an individual who is under the care of a physician.

(f) "Patient advocate" means that term as described and used in sections 5506 to 5515 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.5506 to 700.5515.

(g) "Patient surrogate" means the parent or legal guardian of a patient who is a minor or a member of the immediate family, the next of kin, or the legal guardian of a patient who has a condition other than minority that prevents the patient from giving consent to medical treatment.

(h) "Physician" means that term as defined in section 17001 or 17501.

(2) Article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this code.


History: Add. 1996, Act 594, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 58, Eff. Apr. 1, 2000 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 239, Imd. Eff. Jan. 8, 2002 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 551, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 2005
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5654 Recommended medical treatment for advanced illness; duty of physician to inform orally; limitation or modification of disclosed information.

Sec. 5654.

(1) A physician who has diagnosed a patient as having a reduced life expectancy due to an advanced illness and is recommending medical treatment for the patient shall do all of the following:

(a) Orally inform the patient, the patient's patient surrogate, or, if the patient has designated a patient advocate and is unable to participate in medical treatment decisions, the patient advocate acting on behalf of the patient in accordance with sections 5506 to 5515 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.5506 to 700.5515, about the recommended medical treatment and about alternatives to the recommended medical treatment.

(b) Orally inform the patient, patient surrogate, or patient advocate about the advantages, disadvantages, and risks of the recommended medical treatment and of each alternative medical treatment described in subdivision (a) and about the procedures involved.

(2) A physician's duty to inform a patient, patient surrogate, or patient advocate under subsection (1) does not require the disclosure of information beyond that required by the applicable standard of practice.

(3) Subsection (1) does not limit or modify the information required to be disclosed under sections 5133(2) and 17013(1).


History: Add. 1996, Act 594, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 58, Eff. Apr. 1, 2000 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 239, Eff. Oct. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 551, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 2005
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5655 Recommended medical treatment for advanced illness; duty of physician to inform orally and in writing; requirements.

Sec. 5655.

In addition to the requirements of section 5654, a physician who has diagnosed a patient as having a reduced life expectancy due to an advanced illness and is recommending medical treatment for the patient shall, both orally and in writing, inform the patient, the patient's patient surrogate, or, if the patient has designated a patient advocate and is unable to participate in medical treatment decisions, the patient advocate, of all of the following:

(a) If the patient has not designated a patient advocate, that the patient has the option of designating a patient advocate to make medical treatment decisions for the patient in the event the patient is not able to participate in his or her medical treatment decisions because of his or her medical condition.

(b) That the patient, or the patient's patient surrogate or patient advocate, acting on behalf of the patient, has the right to make an informed decision regarding receiving, continuing, discontinuing, and refusing medical treatment for the patient's reduced life expectancy due to advanced illness.

(c) That the patient, or the patient's patient surrogate or patient advocate, acting on behalf of the patient, may choose palliative care treatment including, but not limited to, hospice care and pain management.

(d) That the patient or the patient's surrogate or patient advocate acting on behalf of the patient may choose adequate and appropriate pain and symptom management as a basic and essential element of medical treatment.


History: Add. 1996, Act 594, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 239, Eff. Oct. 1, 2002
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 3 of Act 239 of 2001 provides:“Enacting section 3. The 2001 amendatory act that amended section 5655 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.5655, shall not be construed as creating a new mandated benefit for any coverages issued under the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.100 to 500.8302, the nonprofit health care corporation reform act, 1980 PA 350, MCL 550.1101 to 550.1704, or any other health care payment or benefits plan.”
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5656 Updated standardized written summary; development; publication; contents; availability to physicians.

Sec. 5656.

(1) By July 1, 2002, the department of community health shall develop and publish an updated standardized, written summary that contains all of the information required under section 5655.

(2) The department shall develop the updated standardized, written summary in consultation with appropriate professional and other organizations. The department shall draft the summary in nontechnical terms that a patient, patient surrogate, or patient advocate can easily understand.

(3) The department shall make the updated standardized, written summary described in subsection (1) available to physicians through the Michigan board of medicine and the Michigan board of osteopathic medicine and surgery created in article 15. The Michigan board of medicine and the Michigan board of osteopathic medicine and surgery shall notify in writing each physician subject to this part of the requirements of this part and the availability of the updated standardized, written summary within 10 days after the updated standardized, written summary is published.


History: Add. 1996, Act 594, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 237, Eff. Jan. 8, 2002
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 3 of Act 237 of 2001 provides:“Enacting section 3. The 2001 amendatory act that amended section 5656 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.5656, shall not be construed as creating a new mandated benefit for any coverages issued under the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.100 to 500.8302, the nonprofit health care corporation reform act, 1980 PA 350, MCL 550.1101 to 550.1704, or any other health care payment or benefits plan.”
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5657 Availability of form to patient, patient surrogate, or patient advocate; compliance with MCL 333.5656; placement of signed form in patient's medical record; signed form as bar to civil or administrative action.

Sec. 5657.

(1) If a physician gives a copy of the standardized, written summary developed and published before July 1, 2002 or a copy of the updated standardized, written summary made available under section 5656 to a patient with reduced life expectancy due to advanced illness, to the patient's patient surrogate, or to the patient advocate, the physician is in full compliance with the requirements of section 5655.

(2) A physician may make available to a patient with reduced life expectancy due to advanced illness, to the patient's patient surrogate, or to the patient advocate a form indicating that the patient, patient surrogate, or patient advocate has been given a copy of the standardized, written summary developed and published under section 5656 before July 1, 2002 or a copy of the updated standardized, written summary developed and published under section 5656 on or after July 1, 2002 and received the oral information required under section 5654. If a physician makes such a form available to a patient, to the patient's patient surrogate, or to the patient advocate, the physician shall request that the patient, patient's patient surrogate, or patient advocate sign the form and shall place a copy of the signed form in the patient's medical record.

(3) A patient, a patient's patient surrogate, or a patient advocate who signs a form under subsection (2) is barred from subsequently bringing a civil or administrative action against the physician for providing the information orally and in writing under section 5655 based on failure to obtain informed consent.


History: Add. 1996, Act 594, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 237, Eff. Oct. 1, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5658 Prescription of controlled substance; immunity from administrative and civil liability.

Sec. 5658.

A physician who, as part of a medical treatment plan for a patient with reduced life expectancy due to advanced illness, prescribes for that patient a controlled substance that is included in schedules 2 to 5 under part 72 and that is a narcotic drug is immune from administrative and civil liability based on prescribing the controlled substance if the prescription is given in good faith and with the intention to treat a patient with reduced life expectancy due to advanced illness or alleviate the patient's pain, or both, and all of the following are met:

(a) The prescription is for a legitimate legal and professionally recognized therapeutic purpose.

(b) Prescribing the controlled substance is within the scope of practice of the physician.

(c) The physician holds a valid license under article 7 to prescribe controlled substances.


History: Add. 1996, Act 594, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 237, Eff. Jan. 8, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5659 Life insurer, health insurer, or health care payment or benefits plan; prohibited acts.

Sec. 5659.

A life insurer, a health insurer, or a health care payment or benefits plan shall not do 1 or more of the following because a patient with reduced life expectancy due to advanced illness, the patient's patient surrogate, or the patient advocate has made a decision to refuse or discontinue a medical treatment as a result of information received as required under this part:

(a) Refuse to provide or continue coverage or benefits to the patient within the scope and level of coverage or benefits of an existing policy, certificate, or contract.

(b) Limit the amount of coverage or benefits available to the patient within the scope and level of coverage or benefits of an existing policy, certificate, or contract.

(c) Charge the patient a different rate for coverage or benefits under an existing policy, certificate, or contract.

(d) Consider the terms of an existing policy, certificate, or contract to have been breached or modified.

(e) Invoke a suicide or intentional death exemption or exclusion in a policy, certificate, or contract covering the patient.


History: Add. 1996, Act 594, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 237, Eff. Jan. 8, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5660 Scope of part; limitation.

Sec. 5660.

This part does not do the following:

(a) Impair or supersede a legal right a parent, patient, patient advocate, legal guardian, or other individual may have to consent to or refuse medical treatment on behalf of another.

(b) Create a presumption about the desire of a patient who has reduced life expectancy due to advanced illness to receive or refuse medical treatment, regardless of the ability of the patient to participate in medical treatment decisions.

(c) Limit the ability of a court making a determination about a decision of a patient who has reduced life expectancy due to advanced illness to take into consideration all of the following state interests:

(i) The preservation of life.

(ii) The prevention of suicide.

(iii) The protection of innocent third parties.

(iv) The preservation of the integrity of the medical profession.

(d) Condone, authorize, or approve suicide, assisted suicide, mercy killing, or euthanasia.


History: Add. 1996, Act 594, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 237, Eff. Jan. 8, 2002
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5661 Fraud resulting in death of patient; violation as felony; penalty.

Sec. 5661.

(1) An individual shall not, by fraud, cause or attempt to cause a patient, patient surrogate, or patient advocate to make a medical treatment decision that results in the death of the patient with the intent to benefit financially from the outcome of the medical treatment decision. As used in this subsection, “fraud” means a false representation of a matter of fact, whether by words or by conduct, by false or misleading allegations, or by concealment of that which should have been disclosed, that deceives and is intended to deceive another so that he or she acts upon it to his or her legal injury.

(2) An individual who violates subsection (1) is guilty of a felony, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 4 years or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.


History: Add. 1996, Act 594, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 57
EXPOSURE TO CHEMICAL HERBICIDES


333.5701 Definitions.

Sec. 5701.

(1) As used in this part:

(a) “Agent orange” means the chemical herbicide made from chemicals known as 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and its esters, or 2,4-D, and Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid and its esters, or 2,4,5-T.

(b) “Chemical agent” means a chemical herbicide or defoliant other than agent orange, or a chemical weapon, which chemical herbicide, defoliant, or weapon is of the type used by the armed forces of the United States.

(c) “Commission” means the agent orange commission created in section 5731.

(d) “Department” means the department in cooperation with the veterans' service offices.

(e) “Dioxin” means the chemicals known as 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, or 2,3,7,8-TCDD.

(f) “Hospital” means a hospital licensed pursuant to article 17.

(g) “Information resource center” means the agent orange information resource center created in section 5745.

(h) “Physician” means a physician licensed pursuant to article 15.

(i) “Veteran” means a person who served in the armed forces of the United States.

(j) “Vietnam-era veteran” means a person who served in the armed forces of the United States between 12:01 a.m., January 1, 1961, and 12:01 a.m., September 1, 1973, and who meets either of the following criteria:

(i) Has been a resident of this state continuously since the effective date of this part.

(ii) Is a resident of this state at the time he or she begins participating in testing or other activities under this part, and was a resident of this state at the time of induction into the armed forces of the United States.

(2) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this code.


History: Add. 1987, Act 48, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5703 Toxicological studies; consent; report; information on physical health.

Sec. 5703.

(1) The department, in consultation and cooperation with the commission, shall conduct toxicological studies on a selected sample of Vietnam-era veterans to establish their exposure to agent orange or a chemical agent. In conducting the studies, the department shall analyze appropriate specimens for dioxin in combination with a review of Vietnam-era veterans' military service locations. The department shall obtain prior written consent from each Vietnam-era veteran to be studied under this section. The department shall compile and evaluate information obtained from these studies into a report, and shall submit the report to the commission for review and publication.

(2) The department shall gather information on the physical health of study participants and their families to the extent the department considers necessary.


History: Add. 1987, Act 48, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5709 Studying causes of death.

Sec. 5709.

The department, in consultation and cooperation with the commission, shall study the causes of death among Vietnam-era veterans, utilizing the department's vital statistics records and the agent orange registry data base maintained by the information resource center under section 5745. The information obtained under this section shall serve as a foundation for additional epidemiological studies on the relative incidence of disease among Vietnam-era veterans.


History: Add. 1987, Act 48, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5711 Epidemiological studies; consent.

Sec. 5711.

The department, in consultation and cooperation with the commission, shall conduct epidemiological studies on a selected sample of Vietnam-era veterans who have a history of cancer or other medical problems associated with exposure to agent orange or a chemical agent, or who have children born with birth defects after the Vietnam-era veteran's suspected exposure to agent orange or a chemical agent. Levels of dioxin in the blood serum of Vietnam-era veterans shall be established by analysis of appropriate specimens for dioxin. The department shall obtain prior written consent from each Vietnam-era veteran to be studied under this section.


History: Add. 1987, Act 48, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5713 Annual report; recommendations.

Sec. 5713.

The department shall compile and analyze the information obtained under sections 5709 and 5711, and shall produce an annual report which shall be distributed through the information resource center to veterans' organizations, the federal centers for disease control, the chairpersons of the committees of the senate and house of representatives responsible for legislation concerning veterans, and other appropriate governmental offices. The department shall make any recommendations for additional actions to the commission.


History: Add. 1987, Act 48, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5715 Report or other information as public information; availability; confidentiality of medical information.

Sec. 5715.

(1) A departmental report under section 5703 or 5713, or other compilation of information collected under this part, unless it discloses the identity of an individual who does not consent to the disclosure, is public information, and shall be made available in accordance with the freedom of information act, Act No. 442 of the Public Acts of 1976, being sections 15.231 to 15.246 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(2) Medical information about an individual that is gathered under this part is confidential and shall be subject to the same requirements of confidentiality as provided in section 2631 for data or records concerning medical research projects.


History: Add. 1987, Act 48, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5717 Birth defects registry; establishment; purposes.

Sec. 5717.

The department shall establish a birth defects registry for all of the following purposes:

(a) To provide information on the incidence and trends of birth defects among Vietnam-era veterans and their families, and among the general population.

(b) To provide information to determine whether environmental hazards such as exposure to agent orange or chemical agents are associated with birth defects and to provide information as to other possible causes of birth defects among Vietnam-era veterans and among the general population.

(c) To develop prevention strategies for reducing the incidence of birth defects among Vietnam-era veterans and their families, and among the general population.


History: Add. 1987, Act 48, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5721 Birth defects; reports; records; confidentiality; rules; submission to medical examination or supervision not required; contract for collection and analysis of data; evaluation of information reported to birth defects registry; public reports.

Sec. 5721.

(1) Each diagnosed incidence of a birth defect, including a congenital or structural malformation, or a biochemical or genetic disease, and any information relevant to incidents of birth defects, shall be reported to the department. The reporting shall begin not later than the next calendar year after June 11, 1987.

(2) The department shall maintain comprehensive statewide records of all information reported to the birth defects registry. The information reported shall be subject to the same requirements of confidentiality as provided in section 2631 for data or records concerning medical research projects.

(3) The director shall promulgate rules which provide for all of the following:

(a) A list of birth defects, including, but not limited to, congenital and structural malformations, and biochemical or genetic diseases, and other relevant information to be reported.

(b) The quality and manner in which the incidents of birth defects and other information is to be reported.

(c) The terms and conditions under which records maintained under this section, including any records containing the name and medical condition of a specific individual, may be released by the department.

(4) This section does not compel an individual to submit to medical examination or supervision by the department or otherwise.

(5) The department may contract for the collection and analysis of, and research related to, the data required under this section.

(6) Within 2 years after June 11, 1987, the department shall begin evaluating the information reported to the birth defects registry. The department shall publish and make available to the public reports summarizing the information collected. The first summary report shall be published not later than 180 days after the end of the first 2 full calendar years after June 11, 1987. Subsequent annual summary reports shall be made on a full calendar year basis and published not later than 180 days after the end of each calendar year.


History: Add. 1987, Act 48, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 236, Eff. Oct. 1, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5723 Referral services.

Sec. 5723.

The department, in collaboration with veterans' counseling sources, shall provide referral services for those Vietnam-era veterans and their dependents who desire counseling or referral.


History: Add. 1987, Act 48, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5725 Class action; purpose.

Sec. 5725.

The attorney general, on behalf of Vietnam-era veterans residing in this state who may have been injured because of contact with agent orange or a chemical agent while serving in the armed forces of the United States, may bring a class action against the federal government or any other party for the release of information relating to exposure to agent orange or a chemical agent and for release of individual Vietnam-era veterans' medical records.


History: Add. 1987, Act 48, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5731 Agent orange commission; creation; appointment, qualifications, and terms of members; vacancy.

Sec. 5731.

(1) The agent orange commission is created in the department.

(2) The commission is composed of 14 members, including all of the following:

(a) One member is the director, or his or her designee.

(b) One member is the attorney general, or his or her designee.

(c) The remaining members shall be appointed by the governor, with the advice and consent of the senate, as follows:

(i) One member shall be a representative of the Michigan veterans trust fund.

(ii) Four members shall be researchers who are experts in the fields of cytogenetic evaluations, birth defects, immunological studies, neurological studies, toxicology, oncology, or other fields relevant to the purposes of this part whose knowledge may contribute to the implementation of this part.

(iii) Five members shall be Vietnam-era veterans, at least 1 of whom shall be a female Vietnam-era veteran.

(iv) Two members shall represent the general public, 1 of whom shall be appointed from a list of nominees provided by the speaker of the house of representatives, and 1 of whom shall be appointed from a list of nominees provided by the majority leader of the senate.

(3) Members shall each serve for terms of 2 years, and those members who are appointed may be reappointed once. A vacancy shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment for the duration of the unexpired term.


History: Add. 1987, Act 49, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the agent orange commission from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of powers and duties of the agent orange commission to the director of the department of community health and the abolishment of the commission, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5735 Agent orange commission; duties.

Sec. 5735.

The commission shall do all of the following:

(a) Review the toxicological and epidemiological literature on herbicide compounds, and their by-product contaminants, of the type utilized by the armed forces during the period prescribed in section 5701(1)(j).

(b) Review and publicize the department's public information program directed at Vietnam-era veterans who have been exposed to agent orange, a chemical agent, or other herbicide mixtures containing dioxin.

(c) Review the department's programmatic and research activities and provide recommendations to the department, the chairpersons of the committees of the Senate and House of Representatives responsible for legislation concerning veterans, and other appropriate governmental offices, as to the department's ongoing investigations of the adverse effects on human health of agent orange, chemical agents, and other herbicide mixtures containing dioxin.

(d) Advise and assist the department in the implementation of this part.


History: Add. 1987, Act 49, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the agent orange commission from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of powers and duties of the agent orange commission to the director of the department of community health and the abolishment of the commission, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled at MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5737 Agent orange commission; election of chairperson; meetings; travel expenses; conducting business at public meeting; notice; writings available to public.

Sec. 5737.

(1) The members annually shall elect a chairperson. The commission shall meet at least 4 times each year at the call of the chairperson. The first meeting of the commission shall be held not later than 3 months after the effective date of this part.

(2) Commission members shall serve without compensation, but shall be reimbursed for their necessary travel expenses for attendance at commission meetings.

(3) The business that the commission performs shall be conducted at a public meeting of the commission held in compliance with the open meetings act, Act No. 267 of the Public Acts of 1976, being sections 15.261 to 15.275 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. Public notice of the time, date, and place of the meeting shall be given in the manner required by Act No. 267 of the Public Acts of 1976.

(4) A writing prepared, owned, used, in the possession of, or retained by the commission in the performance of an official function shall be made available to the public in compliance with the freedom of information act, Act No. 442 of the Public Acts of 1976, being sections 15.231 to 15.246 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: Add. 1987, Act 49, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the agent orange commission from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of powers and duties of the agent orange commission to the director of the department of community health and the abolishment of the commission, see E.R.O. No. 1997-4, compiled MCL 333.26324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5745 Agent orange information resource center; creation; membership; duties.

Sec. 5745.

(1) There is created an agent orange information resource center within the department.

(2) The information resource center shall have members with expertise in human medicine, toxicology, epidemiology and data management and analysis.

(3) The information resource center, with appropriate extramural consultation, shall develop the survey questionnaires, data base management system, and the medical analysis system for the registry required under subsection (5).

(4) The information resource center annually shall request local veterans' organizations and health agencies to evaluate the operation of the information resource center program from their perspective.

(5) The information resource center shall perform searches of technical documents and published scientific literature. A registry of all known ongoing agent orange related research shall be maintained. These information resources shall be utilized in the annual analysis of data on Vietnam-era veterans and in providing the annual reports required under section 5713.

(6) The information resource center shall solicit state and local media organizations to inform Vietnam-era veterans of their rights under this part, and to encourage Vietnam-era veterans to submit health information, and other relevant information, to the department, commission, and information resource center as required under this part.

(7) The information resource center shall provide local health and veteran's facilities with a comprehensive and annually updated list of tertiary medical care facilities as defined in section 22108, specializing in areas appropriate for the clinical laboratory evaluation of veterans to determine if a Vietnam-era veteran has suffered physical damage as a result of substantial exposure to agent orange or a chemical agent.

(8) The department, through the information resource center or otherwise, shall refer Vietnam-era veterans to appropriate state and federal agencies for the purpose of filing claims to seek remedies for medical and financial problems caused by the Vietnam-era veterans' exposure to agent orange or chemical agents.


History: Add. 1987, Act 49, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the agent orange commission from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5747 Rules.

Sec. 5747.

The department shall promulgate rules to implement this part.


History: Add. 1987, Act 49, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5749 Phasing in studies and birth defects registry.

Sec. 5749.

The studies and the birth defects registry called for under this part shall be phased in according to an orderly schedule established by the department, with the advice of the commission.


History: Add. 1987, Act 49, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1987
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 58
CRIPPLED CHILDREN


333.5801 “Crippled child” or “child” defined; general definitions and principles of construction.

Sec. 5801.

(1) As used in this part, “crippled child” or “child” means a single or married individual under 21 years of age whose activity is or may become so restricted by disease or deformity as to reduce the individual's normal capacity for education and self-support.

(2) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this code and part 51 contains definitions applicable to this part.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the bureau of child and family services, with the exception of the women, infants, and children division, from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5805 Service to be developed, extended, and improved; referral of children; purposes of program.

Sec. 5805.

(1) The department shall develop, extend, and improve services:

(a) For locating crippled children and children suffering from conditions which lead to crippling and, effective April 1, 1989, for locating children reported to the department pursuant to section 5721.

(b) For providing medical, surgical, corrective, nutritional, and other services and care, including aftercare when necessary, and facilities for diagnosis and hospitalization of crippled children.

(c) For preventing, insofar as possible, crippling conditions.

(2) The department shall refer children reported to the department pursuant to section 5721 who are in need of services to the appropriate services inside or outside of the department.

(3) The program shall be carried out for the purposes of providing medical and physical care for crippled children and for making them self-sustaining in whole or in part rather than dependent on the public for support.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 236, Eff. Oct. 1, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5811 Crippled children's advisory committee; creation; appointment of members; successor to Michigan crippled children commission; subject to MCL 333.2215; election of chairperson and vice-chairperson; meetings; traveling expenses; conferring with and advising department.

Sec. 5811.

(1) The crippled children's advisory committee is created in the department. The committee consists of 5 members appointed by the governor, upon recommendation of the director.

(2) The committee is the successor to the Michigan crippled children commission and is subject to section 2215.

(3) The committee annually shall elect a chairperson and a vice-chairperson from its members and shall meet on call of the department.

(4) The members of the committee shall serve without compensation, but shall be reimbursed for actual and necessary traveling expenses pursuant to section 1216.

(5) The committee shall confer with and advise the department as to its functions under this part.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of crippled children's advisory committee of the division of children's special health care services (renamed the children's special health care advisory committee) of the bureau of child and family services to the director of the Michigan department of community health, and the abolishment of the committee, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5815 Program of services; establishment and administration; rules.

Sec. 5815.

The department shall establish and administer a program of services for crippled children and children who are suffering from conditions which lead to crippling. In implementing this part, the department shall promulgate rules:

(a) To prescribe requirements for the approval of facilities and treatment centers, medical and surgical specialists, and other providers.

(b) To regulate the conduct of clinics; handling of cases; fixing of treatment fees, charges for correctional equipment, and institutional rates; and prescribing procedures for audit and payment of bills.

(c) To implement section 5841.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 722.601 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5817 Duties of department.

Sec. 5817.

The department shall:

(a) Formulate and administer detailed plans to implement the policy stated in section 5805. The plans shall include provisions for:

(i) Financial participation by this state.

(ii) Administration of the plans including methods of administration necessary for efficient operation of the plans.

(iii) Maintenance of records and preparation of reports of services rendered.

(iv) Cooperation with medical, health, nursing, and welfare groups and organizations, and with any agency of this state charged with the administration of laws providing for vocational rehabilitation and special education of children with physical disabilities.

(b) Expend in accordance with the plans funds made available to this state by the federal government for those purposes.

(c) Cooperate with the federal government, under title V of the social security act, chapter 531, 49 Stat. 620, 42 U.S.C. 701 to 716, through its appropriate agency or instrumentality, in developing, extending, and improving services, provided by this part and in the administration of the plans.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 88, Imd. Eff. May 13, 1998
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5821 Diagnostic clinics and services; availability of results of examinations.

Sec. 5821.

(1) The department shall provide for diagnostic clinics for crippled children in places, at times, and under circumstances it determines. The department may purchase diagnostic services from outpatient departments of approved hospitals and other facilities.

(2) Results of examinations at clinics shall be available to parents and individuals and agencies providing social and remedial services to crippled children where they are residents, unless otherwise prohibited by law.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5823 Eligibility for services; application; financial investigation; medical evidence; copy of reports.

Sec. 5823.

When a crippled child is found whose condition can be treated and whose parent or spouse is unable to provide proper care and treatment, a person authorized by rule shall apply to a designated representative of the department for eligibility for services under this part. The representative shall make a financial investigation and secure medical evidence as to the condition of the child. A copy of the report of the financial investigation and the report of a physician or dentist, if any, shall be sent to the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5825 Eligibility for services; determination; transportation; monitoring; transfers; referrals.

Sec. 5825.

Upon receipt of the financial and medical reports, the department shall promptly consider the matter and make a determination of eligibility. The department shall authorize the transportation of an eligible crippled child to a provider of services approved and designated by the department. The department shall monitor the proper handling of the case and may transfer the crippled child to some other provider for treatment better adapted to the child's needs. In making referrals under this part the department shall not discriminate against health professionals qualified to render care.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5826 Approval of hospital, facilities, and specialists.

Sec. 5826.

The department may approve for the rendering of services under this part a hospital maintaining clinical services and convalescent and educational facilities, including qualified instructional service, and attending medical and surgical specialists approved by the department.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5828 Hospital bed to be provided; assignment to bed for operation or treatment.

Sec. 5828.

The administrator of a hospital shall provide a bed in the hospital to which a crippled child shall be assigned for operation or treatment, or both, of the child's disease or deformity. The physician or surgeon approved by the department shall proceed as promptly as necessary to perform or give a necessary operation or treatment.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5831 Reports from approved hospital; forms; contents; time.

Sec. 5831.

(1) An approved hospital receiving crippled children shall send to the department written reports on forms furnished by the department which shall contain dates of admission and discharge, names of approved physicians and surgeons, and other information the department requires.

(2) The times for making the reports shall conform to applicable state and federal requirements.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5835 Educational services for convalescent crippled child; compliance; records.

Sec. 5835.

(1) An approved hospital shall arrange with the local school district in which a child resides to provide or contract for educational services for a convalescent crippled child.

(2) Courses of study, attendance record systems, adequacy of methods of instruction, qualifications of teachers and conditions under which they are employed, and purchases of necessary equipment for the instruction of crippled children in the hospital shall comply with requirements prescribed by the department of education.

(3) A hospital shall keep daily records on the regular child accounting forms used in the public schools, listing all children actually receiving instruction.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5841 Charges for care and treatment of crippled child; agreement for payment; information; account; disposition of payments.

Sec. 5841.

(1) All or part of the charges for the care and treatment of a crippled child where the child, parent, or spouse is of sufficient ability to pay shall be paid to the department of treasury by those persons in the amount and at a rate determined by agreement with the department. Upon admission to service of the crippled child, the department of public health shall furnish the department of treasury information required to keep a correct account of the money due the state from the child, parent, or spouse. Payment of the costs by the child, parent, or spouse shall be made to the department of treasury in accordance with the agreement. The department of treasury shall credit the payments to the crippled children's fund.

(2) The department may modify or cancel an agreement made under this section based on economic or other factors and shall report that action to the department of treasury.

(3) The department of treasury may accept and issue a receipt for an amount due under an agreement or modification under this section.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5843 Cost of care and surgical and medical treatment; subrogation.

Sec. 5843.

This state shall be subrogated to the rights of recovery which a child, parent, spouse, or guardian may have against a liable third party for the cost of care and surgical and medical treatment provided for a crippled child under this part to the extent that the state has spent moneys for that care and treatment.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5847 Payments not considered social services aid; individual not considered indigent.

Sec. 5847.

Payments made by the state pursuant to this part are not considered social services aid, and an individual is not considered an indigent because of inability to pay for the care and treatment of a crippled child.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5861 Receiving and holding title to property; property as trust fund; disposition of property.

Sec. 5861.

The department may receive and hold title to real and personal property by gift, devise, bequest, and conveyance to be used for the purpose of carrying out this part. The property accepted shall be held and used as a trust fund for the purposes for which received. The department of public health promptly shall send the money, securities, or like personal property received to the department of treasury to be credited to the fund of this state designated by the donor or the department. The income from securities shall be sent promptly to the department of treasury to be credited to the fund designated and shall be likewise disbursed.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5863 Duties of department of treasury.

Sec. 5863.

The department of treasury shall:

(a) Receive money granted to this state by the federal government under this part.

(b) Keep the money in a special fund to be known as the “crippled children's fund”.

(c) Disburse the fund on certification by the department of public health.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5871 Entering home or taking charge of crippled child; power to accept or refuse treatment.

Sec. 5871.

(1) A department official, agent, or representative shall not enter a home or take charge of a crippled child over the objection of a parent, the person standing in loco parentis, or the person having custody of the child.

(2) This part does not limit the power of a parent, guardian, or person standing in loco parentis to accept or refuse the treatment offered under this part for a crippled child or by an agency employed for that purpose.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5874 Records confidential; disclosure.

Sec. 5874.

Records as to crippled children are confidential to the extent required by state and federal statutes and rules. Disclosure of information shall be consistent with part 26.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5879 Unlawful conduct; misdemeanor.

Sec. 5879.

(1) A person who wilfully makes a false statement or wilfully gives false information for the purpose of securing aid under this part is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(2) An official of a hospital or a physician or dentist who bills the state for the care of a crippled child in accordance with the fee schedules established under this part and also attempts to force a parent, relative, or guardian of the child to pay an additional sum for the care is guilty of a misdemeanor.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 58A
INFANT DEATH DUE TO UNSAFE SLEEP EDUCATION AND PREVENTION


333.5881 "Infant safe sleep act"; meanings of words and phrases; general definitions and principles of construction.

Sec. 5881.

(1) This part may be referred to as the "infant safe sleep act".

(2) For purposes of this part, the words and phrases defined in sections 5883 to 5884 have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections unless the context requires otherwise.

(3) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this act.


History: Add. 2014, Act 122, Eff. Aug. 12, 2014
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5883 Definitions; H, I.

Sec. 5883.

(1) "Health professional" means an individual licensed, registered, certified, or otherwise authorized to engage in a health profession under article 15.

(2) "Hospital" means a hospital licensed under article 17 that provides clinically related health services for obstetrical and infant care and includes a hospital operated by this state, a local governmental unit, or an agency. Hospital does not include an office used primarily for private or group practice by health professionals in which no reviewable, clinically related health services are offered.

(3) "Infant" means a child who is 12 months old or younger.

(4) "Infant death due to unsafe sleep" means infant death by suffocation, asphyxiation, or strangulation in a sleep environment.


History: Add. 2014, Act 122, Eff. Aug. 12, 2014
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5884 Definitions; P.

Sec. 5884.

(1) "Parent" means a natural parent, stepparent, adoptive parent, legal guardian, or legal custodian of an infant.

(2) "Parent acknowledgment statement" means the statement of a parent on a form described in section 5885(2).


History: Add. 2014, Act 122, Eff. Aug. 12, 2014
Compiler's Notes: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5885 Infant safe sleep practices; information and materials to be provided by hospital; parent acknowledgment statement; form; birth occurring in setting other than hospital; use of materials consistent with or provided by department.

Sec. 5885.

(1) A hospital shall provide to parents readily understandable information and educational and instructional materials regarding infant safe sleep practices. The materials described in this subsection must explain the risk factors associated with infant death due to unsafe sleep practices and emphasize infant safe sleep practices.

(2) A hospital shall prescribe the form of a parent acknowledgment statement. The form must include a place for a parent to sign, acknowledging that the parent has received the educational and instructional materials provided on the risk factors associated with infant death due to unsafe sleep practices and infant safe sleep practices.

(3) For a birth that occurs in a setting other than a hospital, the health professional in charge at the birth of an infant, or if none the health professional in charge of the care of an infant, shall provide the materials described in subsection (1) to a parent after the birth of an infant.

(4) To comply with this section, a hospital or health professional subject to this section may use educational and instructional materials provided by the department under subsection (5) or may use educational and instructional materials of its choice that are consistent with the materials provided by the department under subsection (5).

(5) Upon the request of a hospital or health professional subject to this section, the department shall provide, at no cost, to the hospital or health professional, educational and instructional materials described in section 5887(c).


History: Add. 2014, Act 122, Eff. Aug. 12, 2014
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5886 Parent acknowledgment statement; liability of hospital or health professional.

Sec. 5886.

(1) After receipt of the materials under section 5885, a parent may sign the parent acknowledgment statement. The hospital or health professional, as applicable, shall place the signed parent acknowledgment statement in the infant's permanent medical record. The hospital or health professional, as applicable, shall provide a copy of the signed parent acknowledgment statement to the parent who signed the statement.

(2) A hospital or health professional that complies with this part is not criminally or civilly liable for the action or inaction of a parent with regard to infant safe sleep practices pursuant to materials given to the parent under section 5885.


History: Add. 2014, Act 122, Eff. Aug. 12, 2014
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5887 Duties of department and department of human services.

Sec. 5887.

The department and the department of human services shall collaborate to do all of the following:

(a) Work to improve community-based services available to inform parents regarding the risk factors associated with infant death due to unsafe sleep practices and infant safe sleep practices.

(b) Work with other state and local governmental agencies, community organizations, health care and human service providers, and national organizations to coordinate efforts and maximize state and private resources in education regarding the risk factors associated with infant death due to unsafe sleep practices and infant safe sleep practices.

(c) Provide educational and instructional materials that explain the risk factors associated with infant death due to unsafe sleep practices, that include methods to reduce the risk of infant death due to unsafe sleep, and that emphasize infant safe sleep practices.


History: Add. 2014, Act 122, Eff. Aug. 12, 2014
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 59
MICHIGAN HEALTH INITIATIVE PROGRAM


333.5901 Definitions.

Sec. 5901.

As used in this part:

(a) "AIDS" means acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

(b) "Advisory task force" means the task force created in section 5906.

(c) "Fund" means the Michigan health initiative fund created in section 5911.

(d) "HCV" means hepatitis C virus.

(e) "HIV" means human immunodeficiency virus.

(f) "Institute of higher education" means a public or private college or university. Institute of higher education includes a community college.

(g) "Risk reduction" means the process of identifying and reducing or eliminating behaviors or conditions, or both, that are harmful to physical or mental health, or both.


History: Add. 1987, Act 258, Eff. July 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 238, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of certain powers and duties of the center for health promotion and chronic disease prevention from the department of public health to the director of the department community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of certain powers and duties of the bureau of infectious disease control from the department of public health to the director of the department of community health, see E.R.O. No. 1996-1, compiled at MCL 330.3101 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5903 Repealed. 2006, Act 238, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to creation of risk reduction and AIDS policy commission.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5905 Repealed. 2006, Act 238, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to membership of risk reduction and AIDS policy commission.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5906 Hepatitis C advisory task force; creation; membership; terms; chairperson and officers; compensation and expenses; business conducted at public meeting; writings; duties; abolishment of task force on June 30, 2010.

Sec. 5906.

(1) The hepatitis C advisory task force is created in the department. The task force shall be appointed by the governor. The task force shall consist of 11 members including the director and his or her designee as an ex officio member, 1 member from an association representing local public health, and 9 members appointed from the following categories:

(a) Business and industry.

(b) Labor.

(c) Health care providers.

(d) The legal community.

(e) Religious organizations.

(f) State and local government.

(g) The education community.

(2) A health care provider member appointed pursuant to subsection (1) shall not be an employee of a state executive department or local health department, nor represent a facility or agency which is owned or operated by a state executive department or a local health department. To the extent practicable, the members appointed pursuant to subsection (1), except the director, shall be representative of the demographic composition and geographic regions of this state.

(3) The term of each member, other than the director, shall be 3 years, except that of the members first appointed, 4 shall serve for 3 years, 3 shall serve for 2 years, and 3 shall serve for 1 year. A member shall not serve more than 2 consecutive terms, whether partial or full. A vacancy on the task force shall be filled for the balance of the unexpired term in the same manner as the original appointment. The task force biannually shall elect a chairperson and other officers and committees as considered appropriate by the task force. The actual and necessary per diem compensation and the schedule for reimbursement of expenses for the public members of the task force shall be the same as is established annually by the legislature for similar commissions or task forces that are reimbursed from the general fund.

(4) The business which the task force performs shall be conducted at a public meeting of the task force held in compliance with the open meetings act, 1976 PA 267, MCL 15.261 to 15.275. Public notice of the time, date, and place of the meeting shall be given in the manner required by the open meetings act, 1976 PA 267, MCL 15.261 to 15.275. A writing prepared, owned, used, in the possession of, or retained by the task force in the performance of an official function shall be made available to the public in compliance with the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246.

(5) The task force shall do all of the following:

(a) Meet not less than quarterly at the call of the chairperson.

(b) Advise the governor and the legislature on policies regarding hepatitis C and risk reduction.

(c) Annually report to the governor and the legislature on major risk factors and preventable diseases or conditions including, but not limited to, hepatitis C.

(d) Make recommendations to the department regarding the allocation of money, if available, from the Michigan health initiative fund or any other source, including, but not limited to, the level of funding for grants under section 5925.

(e) Review and comment to the department on topics determined by the task force to be appropriate for the media campaign conducted under this part.

(f) Review and identify potential additional funding mechanisms and sources to cover the costs of outreach, awareness, available treatment options, and testing, for HCV.

(g) Make recommendations to the department regarding information to be utilized and incorporated into the HCV information package, including, but not limited to, information regarding the status of HCV in this state, state-supported testing and counseling programs, and research findings.

(6) The hepatitis C advisory task force created under this section is abolished effective June 30, 2010.


History: Add. 2006, Act 238, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5907 Repealed. 2006, Act 238, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to business conducted at meeting of risk reduction and AIDS policy commission.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5909 Repealed. 2006, Act 238, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to duties of risk reduction and AIDS policy commission.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5911 Michigan health initiative fund; creation; administration; expenditures; fund cumulative; amounts credited to fund; investment of fund; crediting earnings; disposition and use of unencumbered balance.

Sec. 5911.

(1) The Michigan health initiative fund is created in the state treasury and shall be administered by the department. The fund shall be expended only as provided in this part. The fund is in addition to, and is not intended as a replacement for, any other money appropriated to the department.

(2) The state treasurer shall credit to the fund all amounts appropriated for that purpose under this section, section 25 of the general sales tax act, 1933 PA 167, MCL 205.75, and section 21 of the use tax act, 1937 PA 94, MCL 205.11. The state treasurer may receive money or other assets from any source for deposit into the fund.

(3) The state treasurer shall direct the investment of the fund. Earnings shall be credited to the fund.

(4) The unencumbered balance remaining in the fund at the close of the fiscal year shall remain in the fund, and shall not revert to the general fund.


History: Add. 1987, Act 258, Eff. July 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 238, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5913 Michigan health initiative information clearinghouse; establishment; accessibility; duties.

Sec. 5913.

(1) The department shall utilize the fund to establish the Michigan health initiative information clearinghouse, which shall be accessible to the public statewide.

(2) The Michigan health initiative information clearinghouse shall, at a minimum, maintain and provide up-to-date information on both of the following:

(a) Major risk factors and preventable diseases and conditions including, but not limited to, HCV and AIDS.

(b) Risk reduction service providers, HCV treatment programs, and AIDS treatment programs throughout the state.


History: Add. 1987, Act 258, Eff. July 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 238, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5915 Media campaign; public service announcements.

Sec. 5915.

(1) The department shall utilize the fund to produce or arrange for the production of a media campaign to disseminate information on risk reduction and major risk factors and preventable diseases and conditions including, but not limited to, HCV and AIDS, pursuant to the advice of the task force as provided under section 5906.

(2) In addition to the requirements of subsection (1), the department shall utilize the fund to produce or arrange for the production of public service announcements regarding risk reduction, HCV, and AIDS which shall be distributed to publicly supported radio and television stations and to cable television studios, and which may be distributed to commercial radio and television stations.


History: Add. 1987, Act 258, Eff. July 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 238, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5917 Risk reduction and AIDS education module; approval process.

Sec. 5917.

(1) The department shall utilize the fund, in cooperation with the state board of education, to develop and distribute a risk reduction and AIDS education module appropriate for pupils in elementary and secondary.

(2) The department shall make the risk reduction and AIDS education module available to each school district in the state.

(3) In addition to developing a module as described in subsection (1), the department, in cooperation with the state board of education, may develop a process for approving a risk reduction and AIDS education module developed by a school district.


History: Add. 1987, Act 258, Eff. July 1, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5919 Risk reduction, HCV information package, and AIDS information package.

Sec. 5919.

The department shall utilize the fund to develop, in cooperation with institutions of higher education, a risk reduction, HCV information package, and AIDS information package that shall include, but not be limited to, information regarding testing, counseling, transmission, prevention, and treatment.


History: Add. 1987, Act 258, Eff. July 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 238, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5921 Model AIDS information package; local AIDS information package.

Sec. 5921.

(1) The department shall utilize the fund to develop annually a model AIDS information package which shall include, but not be limited to, information regarding the status of AIDS in this state, state supported testing and counseling programs, research findings, and access to the Michigan health initiative information clearinghouse established under section 5913.

(2) A local health department or a consortium of local health departments may apply to the department for funding to develop a local AIDS information package which may be used as an alternative to the state model developed under subsection (1). If the department provides funding under this subsection, the department shall approve the alternative AIDS information package before it is used by the local health department.

(3) The model AIDS information package developed under subsection (1) may be distributed to each residence in the state, except that the model AIDS information package need not be distributed to a residence to which an alternative AIDS information package developed and approved under subsection (2) has been distributed.


History: Add. 1987, Act 258, Eff. July 1, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5923 HIV and HCV testing; counseling; costs.

Sec. 5923.

(1) The department shall utilize the fund to provide HIV testing free of charge to all residents of this state and all nonresident students enrolled in and attending a public or private college, university, or other postsecondary educational institution in this state. If additional funds are available, the department shall utilize the fund to provide HCV testing free of charge to residents of this state who are identified as high-risk and do not have health insurance, coverage, or benefits. All HIV and HCV testing under this section shall be performed by the department or a licensed clinical laboratory designated by the department.

(2) As a condition of receiving an HIV or HCV test under this section, the department shall require an individual who requests an HIV or HCV test to undergo counseling both before and after the test. The counseling may be provided by local health department personnel or an individual designated by the local health department who has undergone training approved by the department. The counseling shall be conducted pursuant to protocols approved by the department. If the counseling required under this subsection is provided by a local health department or an individual designated by the local health department, the cost of the counseling shall be paid by the local health department out of the distribution of funds made under section 5(c) of the health and safety fund act, 1987 PA 264, MCL 141.475. If a distribution of funds is not made under section 5(c) of the health and safety fund act, 1987 PA 264, MCL 141.475, the cost of counseling provided under this subsection by a local health department or an individual designated by the local health department shall be paid by the department.

(3) A person who provides HIV or HCV testing or counseling under this section shall be reimbursed for the cost of the testing or counseling only by the department or a local health department, and shall not bill the individual receiving the services or any other person including, but not limited to, a third party payer.


History: Add. 1987, Act 258, Eff. July 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 238, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5925 Employee wellness programs; grants; applications; rules.

Sec. 5925.

(1) The department shall utilize the fund to provide grants for employee wellness programs which reduce the prevalence of high risk factors for employees. Programs funded under this section may provide services to employees, dependents of employees, and to retired employees.

(2) The department shall accept applications for funding from any employer or employee organization in the state. The department shall give special consideration to programs which address more than 1 high risk factor and which are to be conducted by more than 1 employer or employee organization.

(3) The department shall promulgate rules to implement this section. The rules promulgated under this subsection shall be submitted for public hearing under the administrative procedures act of 1969 within 60 days after the effective date of this part.


History: Add. 1987, Act 258, Eff. July 1, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5927 Educational programs for health care workers; availability of educational materials to individuals at high risk for hepatitis C virus.

Sec. 5927.

(1) The department shall utilize the fund to develop educational programs for health care workers, whether licensed or not, regarding the delivery of quality care and protection against exposure to disease in the workplace.

(2) The department shall utilize the fund to make available to health care workers, veterans, public safety officers, parolees, and other individuals at high risk for the hepatitis C virus educational materials, in written and electronic forms, on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the hepatitis C virus. The educational materials shall include the recommendations of the federal centers for disease control and prevention regarding prevention and control of the hepatitis C virus. As used in this subsection, "public safety officer" means any individual serving a public agency in an official capacity, with or without compensation, as a law enforcement officer, firefighter, or emergency medical services personnel.


History: Add. 1987, Act 258, Eff. July 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 239, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5929 Local community demonstration and pilot projects; grants.

Sec. 5929.

The department shall utilize the fund to provide grants for local community demonstration and pilot projects that provide a network of care to AIDS patients in a nonacute care setting. The department shall give special consideration to applicants with projects designed to provide care on a regional basis.


History: Add. 1987, Act 258, Eff. July 1, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 59A
HEALTHY MICHIGAN FUND


333.5951 “Fund” defined.

Sec. 5951.

As used in this part, “fund” means the healthy Michigan fund created in section 5953.


History: Add. 1995, Act 121, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1995
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5953 Healthy Michigan fund; creation; expenditure; fund as additional appropriation; crediting amount and earnings; investment; grants or donations; availability of remaining funds; reversion.

Sec. 5953.

(1) The healthy Michigan fund is created in the state treasury. The fund shall be expended only for the purposes described in section 36 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and as further provided in this part. The fund is in addition to, and is not intended as a replacement for, any other money appropriated to the department or other state agencies.

(2) The state treasurer shall credit to the fund all amounts dedicated for this purpose under section 36 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and any other amounts received by the state treasurer for the purpose of the fund.

(3) The state treasurer shall invest money in the fund in the same manner as surplus funds are invested under section 3 of Act No. 105 of the Public Acts of 1855, being section 21.143 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. Earnings shall be credited to the fund.

(4) Funds granted or funds received as gifts or donations to the fund shall be available for disbursement upon appropriation.

(5) Money remaining in the fund at the end of the fiscal year shall remain in the fund and be available for expenditure in the following year. The unencumbered balance at the close of the fiscal year shall not revert to the general fund.


History: Add. 1995, Act 121, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1995
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.5955 Use and purpose of fund.

Sec. 5955.

Money in the fund shall be used to improve the health of the citizens of this state. Programs receiving these funds shall address the needs of vulnerable populations. Appropriations from the fund may be made to the department or other state agencies, and shall include, but not be limited to, chronic disease prevention, smoking cessation, anti-tobacco activities, maternal and child health initiatives, immunization activities, poison control, and local public health surveillance and evaluations.


History: Add. 1995, Act 121, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1995
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Article 6
SUBSTANCE ABUSE
Part 61
GENERAL PROVISIONS (Repealed by 2012 PA 500)


333.6101-333.6141 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 62
SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES


333.6201 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to creation of office of substance abuse services.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6203 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to duties of office of substance abuse services.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6205 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to additional duties of office of substance abuse services.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6207 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to additional duties of office of substance abuse services.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6209 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to review of office of substance abuse services.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6211 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to formula recommendation for distribution of funds.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6213 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to powers of administrator.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6215 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to creation of state interdepartmental substance abuse services coordinating commission.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6217 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to duties of state interdepartmental substance abuse services coordinating commission.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6221 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to creation of advisory commission on substance abuse services.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6222 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to officers, meetings, and report of advisory commission on substance abuse services.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6223 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to duties of advisory commission on substance abuse services.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6226 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to city, county, or regional coordinating agency.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6228 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to duties of city, county, or regional coordinating agency.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6230 Definitions.

Sec. 6230.

As used in this part:

(a) "Department" means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs.

(b) "Director" means the director of the department or his or her designee.

(c) "Substance use disorder services" means substance use disorder prevention services or substance use disorder treatment and rehabilitation services, or both, as those terms are defined in section 100d of the mental health code, 1974 PA 258, MCL 330.1100d.


History: Add. 2012, Act 501, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6231 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Popular Name: Act 368
Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to promulgation of administrative rules.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6232 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to waiting list for services.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6233 License required; licensing unit; exceptions.

Sec. 6233.

(1) A person not otherwise licensed to provide psychological, medical, or social services shall not establish, conduct, or maintain a substance use disorder services program unless it is licensed under this part.

(2) The department shall establish a licensing unit to administer the licensing functions of this part.

(3) This section does not apply to a private, nonprofit organization exempt under section 501(c)(3)of the internal revenue code, 26 USC 501, that has been in existence since before September 30, 1965 and whose major purpose is to provide residential services for the redirection and improvement of drug abusers and other character disordered individuals.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 501, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the Office of Substance Abuse Services as an autonomous entity within the Department of Public Health to the Department of Public Health, see E.R.O. No. 1991-3, as amended, compiled at MCL 333.26321 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6234 Rules.

Sec. 6234.

The department may promulgate rules under the administrative procedures act of 1969 for the administration of this part and the licensing of substance use disorder services programs under this part. Rules promulgated under former section 6231 relating to the licensing of substance use disorder services programs remain effective and applicable on and after the effective date of this section until rules are promulgated by the department under this section.


History: Add. 2012, Act 501, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6235 Application for license; form; authorization to obtain information; evidence of notice to churches, schools, and incorporated nonprofit civic organizations.

Sec. 6235.

(1) An application for a license shall be in a form prescribed by the department and shall authorize the director to obtain from any source information as to the ability of the applicant to comply with this part and rules promulgated under this part.

(2) An applicant for an initial license shall include evidence of notice to churches, schools, and incorporated nonprofit civic organizations in the applicant's service delivery area of its intent to provide substance use disorder services.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 501, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the Office of Substance Abuse Services as an autonomous entity within the Department of Public Health to the Department of Public Health, see E.R.O. No. 1991-3, as amended, compiled MCL 333.26321 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6236 License; comments by individuals in applicant's service delivery area; basis of issuing or denying license; explanation of denial.

Sec. 6236.

The department shall provide an opportunity for individuals in the applicant's service delivery area to comment before the issuance of a license to the applicant. The department shall make the decision to issue or deny a license based on the applicant's ability to comply with the requirements of this part and rules promulgated under this part. If the administrative decision is the denial of a license, the department shall describe the reasons for the denial in writing to the applicant at the time the decision is rendered.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 501, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the Office of Substance Abuse Services as an autonomous entity within the Department of Public Health to the Department of Public Health, see E.R.O. No. 1991-3, as amended, compiled at MCL 333.26321 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6237 License; issuance; compliance; display.

Sec. 6237.

The department shall issue a license upon determining that the applicant has complied with this part and rules promulgated under this part. A licensee shall prominently display the license while it is in effect.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 501, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the Office of Substance Abuse Services as an autonomous entity within the Department of Public Health to the Department of Public Health, see E.R.O. No. 1991-3, as amended, compiled at MCL 333.26321 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6238 Duration of standard or provisional license; renewal or extension of provisional license; duration and purpose of temporary, nonrenewable permit.

Sec. 6238.

A standard license issued under this part is effective for 1 year after the date of issuance. The department may issue a provisional license to an applicant temporarily unable to comply with this part or the rules promulgated under this part. The department may renew or extend a provisional license issued under this section for not more than 1 year. The department may issue a temporary, nonrenewable permit for not more than 90 days if additional time is needed for the department to properly investigate or for the applicant to undertake remedial action.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 501, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the Office of Substance Abuse Services as an autonomous entity within the Department of Public Health to the Department of Public Health, see E.R.O. No. 1991-3, as amended, compiled at MCL 333.26321 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6241 Premises of applicant; inspection; compliance; facility visit; health and sanitation matters; other matters; conduct.

Sec. 6241.

The director or the personnel of another department or agency acting at the request of the director may enter the premises of an applicant for a license or a licensee at any reasonable time to make an inspection to determine whether the applicant or licensee is complying with this part and rules promulgated under this part. A local health department may visit a facility at the request of the director to advise as to matters affecting health and the sanitation of the buildings used or other matters designated by the director. The inspections shall be conducted in accordance with standards established in rules.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 501, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the Office of Substance Abuse Services as an autonomous entity within the Department of Public Health to the Department of Public Health, see E.R.O. No. 1991-3, as amended, compiled at MCL 333.26321 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6243 License; denial, suspension, revocation, or refusal to renew; violation; hearing and appeal.

Sec. 6243.

The department may deny, suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew a license of an applicant or licensee who is in violation of this part or rules promulgated under this part after opportunity for a hearing. A hearing and an appeal in a contested case shall be conducted by the director pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 501, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the Office of Substance Abuse Services as an autonomous entity within the Department of Public Health to the Department of Public Health, see E.R.O. No. 1991-3, as amended, compiled at MCL 333.26321 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6249 Individual, agent, representative, or officer; subject to part; violation; misdemeanor; revocation.

Sec. 6249.

(1) An individual or an agent, representative, or officer of a person subject to this part, which individual, agent, representative, or officer violates this part, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(2) A conviction for a violation of this part is a sufficient ground for revocation of the license of the person subject to this part.


History: Add. 2012, Act 501, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.6251 Injunction or other process.

Sec. 6251.

Notwithstanding the existence of any other remedy, the department may maintain an action in the name of this state for an injunction or other process against a person to restrain or prevent the establishment, conduct, management, or operation of a substance use disorder services program without a license or where operation of the licensee's program is likely to result in serious harm to recipients of the substance use disorder services.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 501, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of the Office of Substance Abuse Services as an autonomous entity within the Department of Public Health to the Department of Public Health, see E.R.O. No. 1991-3, as amended, compiled at MCL 333.26321 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 65
INCAPACITATED PERSONS (Repealed by 2012 PA 500)


333.6501-333.6523 Repealed. 2012, Act 500, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2012.


Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Article 7
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
Part 71
GENERAL PROVISIONS


333.7101 Meanings of words and phrases; general definitions and principles of construction.

Sec. 7101.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in section 7341, for purposes of this article, the words and phrases defined in sections 7103 to 7109 have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

(2) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this code.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 347, Eff. Mar. 29, 1985
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain health-related functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.For transfer of powers and duties of the bureau of health services from the department of consumer and industry services to the director of the department of community health by Type II transfer, see E.R.O. No. 2003-1, compiled at MCL 445.2011.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7103 Definitions; A.

Sec. 7103.

(1) “Administer” means the direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or other means, to the body of a patient or research subject by a practitioner, or in the practitioner's presence by his or her authorized agent, or the patient or research subject at the direction and in the presence of the practitioner.

(2) “Administrator” means the Michigan board of pharmacy or its designated or established authority.

(3) “Agent” means an authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor, dispenser, or prescriber. It does not include a common or contract carrier, public warehouseman, or employee of the carrier or warehouseman.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7104 Definitions; B to E.

Sec. 7104.

(1) “Bureau” means the drug enforcement administration, United States department of justice, or its successor agency.

(2) “Controlled substance” means a drug, substance, or immediate precursor included in schedules 1 to 5 of part 72.

(3) “Controlled substance analogue” means a substance the chemical structure of which is substantially similar to that of a controlled substance in schedule 1 or 2 and that has a narcotic, stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system substantially similar to or greater than the narcotic, stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance included in schedule 1 or 2 or, with respect to a particular individual, that the individual represents or intends to have a narcotic, stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system substantially similar to or greater than the narcotic, stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance included in schedule 1 or 2. Controlled substance analogue does not include 1 or more of the following:

(a) A controlled substance.

(b) A substance for which there is an approved new drug application.

(c) A substance with respect to which an exemption is in effect for investigational use by a particular person under section 505 of the federal food, drug and cosmetic act, chapter 675, 52 Stat. 1052, 21 U.S.C. 355, to the extent conduct with respect to the substance is pursuant to the exemption.

(d) Any substance to the extent not intended for human consumption before an exemption takes effect with respect to the substance.

(4) “Counterfeit prescription form” means a printed form that is the same or similar to a prescription form and that was manufactured, printed, duplicated, forged, electronically transmitted, or altered without the knowledge or permission of a prescriber.

(5) “Counterfeit substance” means a controlled substance that, or the container or labeling of which, without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name or other identifying mark, imprint, number, or device, or any likeness thereof, of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser other than the person who in fact manufactured, distributed, or dispensed the substance.

(6) “Deleterious drug” means a drug, other than a proprietary medicine, likely to be destructive to adult human life in quantities of 3.88 grams or less.

(7) “Electronic signature” means an electronic sound, symbol, or process attached to or logically associated with a record and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign the record.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 625, Imd. Eff. Jan. 6, 1979 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. April 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 38, Eff. June 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 233, Eff. Jan. 6, 2003
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 233 of 2001 provides:“Enacting section 1. Sections 7104, 7107, and 7109 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7104, 333.7107, and 333.7109, as amended by this amendatory act, take effect upon the promulgation of the rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and receipt by the secretary of state of written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, is operational. The notice to the secretary of state shall include a statement that the department of consumer and industry services is able to receive data from at least 80% of those required to report under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and is able to respond to requests for data from persons authorized to make such requests and to review and utilize the data.”The rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, pertaining to the operation of the electronic monitoring system, were promulgated on December 30, 2002. In addition, a written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code is operational was filed with, and received by, the secretary of state on January 6, 2003.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7105 Additional definitions.

Sec. 7105.

(1) “Deliver” or “delivery” means the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer from 1 person to another of a controlled substance, whether or not there is an agency relationship.

(2) “Disciplinary subcommittee” means the disciplinary subcommittee for the board of pharmacy appointed under section 16216.

(3) “Dispense” means to deliver or issue a controlled substance to an ultimate user or research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing, administering, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for the delivery or issuance.

(4) “Dispenser” means a practitioner who dispenses.

(5) “Distribute” means to deliver other than by administering or dispensing a controlled substance.

(6) “Distributor” means a person who distributes.

(7) “Drug” means a substance recognized as a drug in the official United States pharmacopoeia, official homeopathic pharmacopoeia of the United States, or official national formulary, or any supplement to any of them; a substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in human beings or animals; a substance other than food intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of human beings or animals; or, a substance intended for use as a component of any article specified in this subsection. It does not include a device or its components, parts, or accessories.

(8) “Human consumption” means application, injection, inhalation, or ingestion by a human being.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7106 Definitions; I to M.

Sec. 7106.

(1) “Immediate precursor” means a substance which the administrator has found to be and by rule designates as being the principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use, and which is an immediate chemical intermediary used or likely to be used in the manufacture of a controlled substance, the control of which is necessary to prevent, curtail, or limit manufacture.

(2) “Manufacture” means the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion, or processing of a controlled substance, directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis. It includes the packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container, except that it does not include:

(a) The preparation or compounding of a controlled substance by an individual for his or her own use.

(b) The preparation, compounding packaging, or labeling of a controlled substance:

(i) By a practitioner as an incident to the practitioner's administering or dispensing of a controlled substance in the course of his or her professional practice.

(ii) By a practitioner, or by the practitioner's authorized agent under his or her supervision, for the purpose of, or as an incident to, research, teaching, or chemical analysis and not for sale.

(3) “Marihuana” means all parts of the plant Canabis sativa L., growing or not; the seeds thereof; the resin extracted from any part of the plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant or its seeds or resin. It does not include the mature stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks, except the resin extracted therefrom, fiber, oil or cake, or the sterilized seed of the plant which is incapable of germination.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7107 Definitions; N.

Sec. 7107.

“Narcotic drug” means 1 or more of the following, whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:

(a) Opium and opiate, and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of opium or opiate.

(b) Any salt, compound, isomer, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of the substances referred to in subdivision (a), but not including the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 233, Eff. Jan. 6, 2003
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 233 of 2001 provides:“Enacting section 1. Sections 7104, 7107, and 7109 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7104, 333.7107, and 333.7109, as amended by this amendatory act, take effect upon the promulgation of the rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and receipt by the secretary of state of written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, is operational. The notice to the secretary of state shall include a statement that the department of consumer and industry services is able to receive data from at least 80% of those required to report under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and is able to respond to requests for data from persons authorized to make such requests and to review and utilize the data.”The rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, pertaining to the operation of the electronic monitoring system, were promulgated on December 30, 2002. In addition, a written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code is operational was filed with, and received by, the secretary of state on January 6, 2003.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7108 Definitions; O.

Sec. 7108.

(1) “Opiate” means a substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability. It does not include, unless specifically designated as controlled under section 7212, the dextrorotatory isomer of 3-methoxy-n-methyl-morphinan and its salts (dextromethorphan). It does include its racemic and levorotatory forms.

(2) “Opium poppy” means the plant of the species Papaver somniferum L., except its seeds.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7109 Definitions; P to U.

Sec. 7109.

(1) “Person” means a person as defined in section 1106 or a governmental entity.

(2) “Poppy straw” means all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing.

(3) “Practitioner” means:

(a) A prescriber or pharmacist, a scientific investigator as defined by rule of the administrator, or other person licensed, registered, or otherwise permitted to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to, or administer a controlled substance in the course of professional practice or research in this state, including an individual in charge of a dog pound or animal shelter licensed or registered by the department of agriculture pursuant to 1969 PA 287, MCL 287.331 to 287.340, or a class B dealer licensed by the United States department of agriculture pursuant to the animal welfare act, Public Law 89-544, 7 U.S.C. 2131 to 2147, 2149, and 2151 to 2159 and the department of agriculture pursuant to 1969 PA 224, MCL 287.381 to 287.395, for the limited purpose of buying, possessing, and administering a commercially prepared, premixed solution of sodium pentobarbital to practice euthanasia on animals.

(b) A pharmacy, hospital, or other institution or place of professional practice licensed, registered, or otherwise permitted to distribute, prescribe, dispense, conduct research with respect to, or administer a controlled substance in the course of professional practice or research in this state.

(4) “Prescriber” means that term as defined in section 17708.

(5) “Prescription form” means a printed form, that is authorized and intended for use by a prescribing practitioner to prescribe controlled substances or other prescription drugs and that meets the requirements of rules promulgated by the administrator, and all of the following requirements:

(a) Bears the preprinted, stamped, typed, or manually printed name, address, and telephone number or pager number of the prescribing practitioner.

(b) Includes the manually printed name of the patient, the address of the patient, the prescribing practitioner's signature, and the prescribing practitioner's drug enforcement administration registration number.

(c) The quantity of the prescription drug prescribed, in both written and numerical terms.

(d) Includes the date the prescription drug was prescribed.

(e) Any rules promulgated by the department pursuant to section 7333a(7).

(6) “Production” means the manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing, or harvesting of a controlled substance.

(7) “Sign” means to affix one's signature manually to a document or to use an electronic signature.

(8) “Ultimate user” means an individual who lawfully possesses a controlled substance for personal use or for the use of a member of the individual's household, or for administering to an animal owned by the individual or by a member of the individual's household.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 414, Imd. Eff. Jan. 11, 1981 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 174, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 233, Eff. Jan. 6, 2003
Compiler's Notes: Section 3 of Act 174 of 1986 provides: “This amendatory act shall only apply to contested cases filed on or after July 1, 1986.”Enacting section 1 of Act 233 of 2001 provides:“Enacting section 1. Sections 7104, 7107, and 7109 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7104, 333.7107, and 333.7109, as amended by this amendatory act, take effect upon the promulgation of the rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and receipt by the secretary of state of written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, is operational. The notice to the secretary of state shall include a statement that the department of consumer and industry services is able to receive data from at least 80% of those required to report under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and is able to respond to requests for data from persons authorized to make such requests and to review and utilize the data.”The rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, pertaining to the operation of the electronic monitoring system, were promulgated on December 30, 2002. In addition, a written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code is operational was filed with, and received by, the secretary of state on January 6, 2003.
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 338.471 et seq. and R 338.3101 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7111 Controlled substances advisory commission; appointment and qualifications of members; ex officio members; secretary; appointment and qualifications of drug control administrator.

Sec. 7111.

(1) The controlled substances advisory commission in the department of commerce shall consist of the following 13 voting members appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate:

(a) One health care professional from each of the following boards created in article 15:

(i) The Michigan board of medicine.

(ii) The Michigan board of osteopathic medicine and surgery.

(iii) The Michigan board of pharmacy.

(iv) The Michigan board of podiatric medicine and surgery.

(v) The Michigan board of dentistry.

(vi) The Michigan board of veterinary medicine.

(vii) The Michigan board of nursing.

(b) One licensed health care professional from the field of psychiatry.

(c) One licensed health care professional from the field of pharmacology.

(d) Three public members, 1 of whom shall serve as chairperson.

(e) One member representing pharmaceutical manufacturers.

(2) The director of the department of state police, director of commerce, director of public health, director of social services, superintendent of public instruction, and the attorney general, or their official designees, and the drug control administrator from within the department of commerce, who shall serve as secretary to the controlled substances advisory commission, are ex officio members without votes, but are not members for determining a quorum. The department of commerce, in consultation with the Michigan board of pharmacy, shall appoint an individual who is a licensed pharmacist to serve as the drug control administrator for purposes of this section.


History: Add. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 138, Imd. Eff. Aug. 2, 1993
Popular Name: Act 368
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of controlled substances committee to the department of community health by Type II transfer, see E.R.O. No. 2003-1, compiled at MCL 445.2011.For renaming department of energy, labor, and economic growth to department of licensing and regulatory affairs, see E.R.O. No. 2011-4, compiled at MCL 445.2030.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7112 Controlled substances advisory commission; compensation and expenses; terms; vacancy; meetings; report; recommendations.

Sec. 7112.

(1) Members of the controlled substances advisory commission shall receive per diem compensation as established annually by the legislature and shall be reimbursed for expenses incurred pursuant to section 1216.

(2) The members of the controlled substances advisory commission shall serve for terms of 2 years. An individual shall not serve more than 2 terms and a partial term, consecutive or otherwise. A vacancy shall be filled for the balance of the unexpired term in the same manner as the original appointment.

(3) The controlled substances advisory commission shall meet at least once each 3 months and shall report on its activities and make recommendations as described in section 7113 to the administrator, the governor, and the legislature at least annually.


History: Add. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 138, Imd. Eff. Aug. 2, 1993
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7113 Controlled substances advisory commission; monitoring; investigations; plan of action; annual report; establishment and use of standardized data base format; transmission of information.

Sec. 7113.

(1) The controlled substances advisory commission shall monitor indicators of controlled substance abuse and diversion. If that data shows that Michigan exceeds the average national per capita consumption of a controlled substance, the controlled substances advisory commission shall investigate and determine if there is a legitimate reason for the excess consumption. If the controlled substances advisory commission determines there is not a legitimate reason for the excess consumption, the controlled substances advisory commission shall recommend to the administrator a plan of action to overcome the problem. The controlled substances advisory commission may also recommend action to the administrator if other indicators show that a special problem is developing with any controlled substance available by prescription.

(2) The controlled substances advisory commission shall publicly issue an annual report to the administrator, the governor, and the legislature on the current status of the abuse and diversion of controlled substances in this state. The report shall also identify existing efforts to overcome the abuse and diversion of controlled substances in this state and make recommendations for needed legislative, administrative, and interagency activities.

(3) The controlled substances advisory commission may include in the report required by subsection (2) recommendations for action that involve licensing, law enforcement, substance abuse treatment and prevention, education, professional associations, pharmaceutical manufacturers, and other relevant individuals and agencies.

(4) By December 31, 1993, the department of commerce, in consultation with the Michigan pharmacists association, shall establish a standardized data base format consistent with the standards of the national council for prescription drug programs that may be used by dispensing pharmacies or a practitioner described in section 7334(2) to transmit the prescription-related information required under section 7334 to the department of commerce electronically or on storage media including, but not limited to, disks, tapes, and cassettes. The controlled substances advisory commission shall approve or revise the standardized data base format within 3 months after the department of commerce establishes the format. Upon commission approval or revision, the department of commerce shall implement transmission of information under the format and prescription-related information required under section 7334 may be transmitted to the department of commerce electronically or on storage media.


History: Add. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 138, Imd. Eff. Aug. 2, 1993
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7121 Application and construction of article.

Sec. 7121.

(1) This article applies to violations of law, seizures and forfeitures, injunctive proceedings, administrative proceedings, and investigations which occur after its effective date.

(2) This article shall be applied and construed to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law with respect to the subject of this article among those states which enact laws similar to it.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7123 Effect of article on rights and duties, penalties, proceedings, prosecutions, sentencing, civil seizures or forfeitures, injunctive proceedings, and administrative proceedings.

Sec. 7123.

(1) Rights and duties which have matured, penalties which have been incurred, proceedings which have been commenced and prosecutions for violations of law occurring before the effective date of this article are not affected or abated by this article. If, before April 1, 1972, an individual committed an offense similar to an offense set forth in part 74 but has not been sentenced as of the effective date of this article, the sentencing judge shall not impose a sentence in excess of the penalty prescribed in part 74 for the similar offense.

(2) Civil seizures or forfeitures and injunctive proceedings commenced before the effective date of this article are not affected by this article.

(3) Administrative proceedings pending under Act No. 196 of the Public Acts of 1971, as amended, being sections 335.301 to 335.367 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, shall be continued and brought to a final determination in accordance with the laws and rules in effect before the effective date of this article.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7125 Continuation of order or rule.

Sec. 7125.

An order or rule promulgated under a law affected by this article and in effect on the effective date of this article and not in conflict with this article shall continue in effect until modified, superseded, or rescinded.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 72
STANDARDS AND SCHEDULES


333.7201 Administration of article; adding, deleting, or rescheduling substances.

Sec. 7201.

The administrator shall administer this article and may add substances to, or delete or reschedule all substances enumerated in the schedules in sections 7212, 7214, 7216, 7218, and 7220 in compliance with the administrative procedures act of 1969.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 182, Imd. Eff. June 19, 2012
Constitutionality: The Legislature's delegation to the Board of Pharmacy of the authority to schedule controlled substances in accordance with detailed criteria is not an unlawful delegation of power. People v Turmon, 417 Mich 638; 340 NW2d 620 (1983).
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain health-related functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 338.3101 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7202 Considerations in making determination regarding substance; emergency rule.

Sec. 7202.

(1) In making a determination regarding a substance, the administrator shall consider all of the following:

(a) The actual or relative potential for abuse.

(b) The scientific evidence of its pharmacological effect, if known.

(c) The state of current scientific knowledge regarding the substance.

(d) The history and current pattern of abuse.

(e) The scope, duration, and significance of abuse.

(f) The risk to the public health.

(g) The potential of the substance to produce psychic or physiological dependence liability.

(h) Whether the substance is an immediate precursor of a substance already controlled under this article.

(2) In making a determination regarding a substance that is the subject of an emergency rule, the administrator shall consider all of the factors set forth in subsection (1) and shall also consider whether the administrator has been notified that the substance constitutes an imminent danger as defined in section 2251.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 182, Imd. Eff. June 19, 2012
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7203 Findings; rule controlling substance; imminent danger; extension of emergency rule; substance as precursor of controlled precursor.

Sec. 7203.

(1) After considering the factors enumerated in section 7202(1), the administrator shall make findings with respect to those factors and promulgate a rule controlling the substance if the administrator finds the substance has a potential for abuse.

(2) If the administrator is notified in writing by the director of the department of community health under section 2251 that a substance constitutes an imminent danger as defined in that section, the administrator shall consider the factors enumerated in section 7202(1) and (2) and make findings with respect to those factors and may do either or both of the following:

(a) Proceed under section 48(2) of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 28.248, to schedule or reschedule the substance as a controlled substance by emergency rule.

(b) Initiate and pursue the process to promulgate a rule controlling the substance.

(3) The administrator may extend an emergency rule processed under subsection (2)(a) by filing a certificate of extension with the office of secretary of state before the expiration of the emergency rule as provided in section 48(2) of the administrative procedures act of 1969.

(4) If the administrator designates a substance as an immediate precursor, a substance that is a precursor of the controlled precursor is not subject to control solely because it is a precursor of the controlled precursor.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 182, Imd. Eff. June 19, 2012
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7204 Substance designated, rescheduled, or deleted as controlled substance under federal law; notice; board meeting; similar control of substance by administrator; publication of reasons for determination.

Sec. 7204.

If a substance is designated, rescheduled, or deleted as a controlled substance under federal law and notice of that designation, rescheduling, or deletion is given to the administrator, the substance shall be similarly scheduled under section 7201 unless the administrator holds a board meeting within the expiration of 91 days after notice is received to determine whether the substance should be similarly controlled under section 7201. If the administrator decides not to similarly control the substance, the administrator shall, within 91 days after that decision is made, publish the reasons for that determination.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 38, Eff. June 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 182, Imd. Eff. June 19, 2012
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7206 Scientific advisory commission; creation; purpose; appointment and terms of members; recommendations.

Sec. 7206.

(1) A 7-member scientific advisory commission is created to serve as a consultative and advisory body to the administrator in all matters relating to the classification, reclassification, addition to, or deletion from, all substances presently classified as controlled substances in schedules 1 to 5, or substances not presently controlled or yet to come into being. The scientific advisory commission shall be composed of 2 physicians to be appointed by the director of public health; 2 pharmacists to be appointed by the director of commerce; the chief of the crime detection laboratory of the department of public health; the director of mental health or his or her designee; and the director of the department of state police or his or her designee. The physician and pharmacist appointments shall be for 2-year terms.

(2) The administrator shall receive the recommendations of the scientific advisory commission pursuant to administration over the controlled substances for inclusion in or exclusion from schedules 1 to 5, especially in the implementation of scheduled substances changes as provided in section 7201, except that the administrator is not bound by recommendations of the scientific advisory commission.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7208 Authority to control; exclusions.

Sec. 7208.

(1) Authority to control under this article does not extend to distilled spirits, wine, malt beverages, or tobacco.

(2) Except as provided in section 7220(1)(c), the administrator shall exclude a nonnarcotic substance from a schedule if the substance, under the federal food, drug, and cosmetic act of 1938, 21 U.S.C. 301 to 392, and the laws of this state, may be lawfully sold over the counter without a prescription.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 144, Eff. Jan. 21, 2000
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7210 Inclusion of controlled substances by whatever name designated.

Sec. 7210.

The controlled substances listed or to be listed in the schedules in sections 7212, 7214, 7216, 7218, and 7220 are included by whatever official, common, usual, chemical, or trade name designated.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7211 Schedule 1; placement of substance.

Sec. 7211.

The administrator shall place a substance in schedule 1 if it finds that the substance has high potential for abuse and has no accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or lacks accepted safety for use in treatment under medical supervision.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Constitutionality: The Legislature's delegation to the Board of Pharmacy of the authority to schedule controlled substances in accordance with detailed criteria is not an unlawful delegation of power. People v Turmon, 417 Mich. 638; 340 NW2d 620 (1983).
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7212 Schedule 1; controlled substances included.

Sec. 7212.

(1) The following controlled substances are included in schedule 1:

(a) Any of the following opiates, including their isomers, esters, the ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and ethers, unless specifically excepted, when the existence of these isomers, esters, ethers, and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation:

Acetylmethadol Difenoxin Noracymethadol
Allylprodine Dimenoxadol Norlevorphanol
Alpha-acetylmethadol Dimepheptanol Normethadone
Alphameprodine Dimethylthiambutene Norpipanone
Alphamethadol Dioxaphetyl butyrate Phenadoxone
Benzethidine Dipipanone Phenampromide
Betacetylmethadol Ethylmethylthiambutene Phenomorphan
Betameprodine Etonitazene Phenoperidine
Betamethadol Etoxeridine Piritramide
Betaprodine Furethidine Proheptazine
Clonitazene Hydroxypethidine Properidine
Dextromoramide Ketobemidone Propiram
Diampromide Levomoramide Racemoramide
Diethylthiambutene Levophenacylmorphan Trimeperidine
Morpheridine

(b) Any of the following opium derivatives, their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers, unless specifically excepted, when the existence of these salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

Acetorphine Drotebanol Morphine-N-Oxide
Acetyldihydrocodeine Etorphine Myrophine
Benzylmorphine Heroin Nicocodeine
Codeine methylbromide Hydromorphinol Nicomorphine
Codeine-N-Oxide Methyldesorphine Normorphine
Cyprenorphine Methyldihydromorphine Pholcodine
Desomorphine Morphine methylbromide Thebacon
Dihydromorphine Morphine methylsulfonate

(c) Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following hallucinogenic substances, their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers, unless specifically excepted, when the existence of these salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

2-Methylamino-1-phenylpropan-1-one
Some trade and other names:
Methcathinone
Cat
Ephedrone
3, 4-methylenedioxy amphetamine
5-methoxy-3, 4-methylenedioxy
amphetamine
3, 4, 5-trimethoxy amphetamine
Bufotenine
Some trade and other names:
3-(B-dimethylaminoethyl)-5 hydrozyindole
3-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)-5 indolol
N,N-dimethylserotonin; 5-hydroxy-N-dimethyltryptamine
Mappine
2, 5-Dimethoxyamphetamine
Some trade or other names:
2, 5-Dimethoxy-a-methylphenethylamine; 2,5-DMA
4-Bromo-2, 5-Dimethoxyamphetamine
Some trade or other names:
4-bromo-2, 5 dimethoxy-a-methylphenethylamine; 4-bromo
2,5-DMA
Diethyltryptamine
Some trade and other names:
N,N-Diethyltryptamine; DET
Dimethyltryptamine
Some trade or other names:
DMT
4-methyl-2, 5-dimethoxyamphetamine
Some trade and other names:
4-methyl-2, 5-dimethoxy-a-methyl-phenethylamine
DOM, STP
4-methoxyamphetamine
Some trade or other names:
4-methoxy-a-methylphenethylamine; paramethoxy amphetamine;
PMA
Ibogaine
Some trade and other names:
7-Ethyl-6,6a,7,8,9,10,12,13
Octahydro-2-methoxy-6,9-methano-5H-
pyrido (1, 2:1, 2 azepino 4, 5-b) indole
tabernanthe iboga
Lysergic acid diethylamide
Except as provided in subsection (2), Marihuana, including
pharmaceutical-grade cannabis
Mecloqualone
Mescaline
Peyote
N-ethyl-3 piperidyl benzilate
N-methyl-3 piperidyl benzilate
Psilocybin
Psilocyn
Thiophene analog of phencyclidine
Some trade or other names:
1-(1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl) piperidine
2-thienyl analog of phencyclidine; TPCP

(d) Synthetic equivalents of the substances contained in the plant, or in the resinous extractives of cannabis and synthetic substances, derivatives, and their isomers with similar chemical structure or pharmacological activity, or both, such as the following, are included in schedule 1:

(i) /\1 cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, and their optical isomers.

(ii) /\6 cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, and their optical isomers.

(iii) /\3,4, cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, and their optical isomers.

(e) Synthetic cannabinoids. As used in this subdivision, "synthetic cannabinoids" includes any material, compound, mixture, or preparation that is not otherwise listed as a controlled substance in this schedule or in schedules II through V, is not approved by the federal food and drug administration as a drug, and contains any quantity of the following substances, their salts, isomers (whether optical, positional, or geometric), homologues (analogs), and salts of isomers and homologues (analogs), unless specifically excepted, whenever the existence of these salts, isomers, homologues (analogs), and salts of isomers and homologues (analogs) is possible within the specific chemical designation:

(i) Any compound containing a 3-(1-naphthoyl)indole structure, also known as napthoylindoles, with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group, whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted on the naphthyl ring to any extent. Examples of this structural class include but are not limited to: JWH-007, JWH-015, JWH-018, JWH-019, JWH-073, JWH-081, JWH-122, JWH-200, JWH-210, JWH-398, AM-1220, AM-2201, and WIN-55, 212-2.

(ii) Any compound containing a 1H-indol-3-yl-(1-naphthyl)methane structure, also known as napthylmethylindoles, with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group, whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted on the naphthyl ring to any extent. Examples of this structural class include but are not limited to: JWH-175, and JWH-184.

(iii) Any compound containing a 3-(1-naphthoyl)pyrrole structure, also known as naphthoylpyrroles with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the pyrrole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2- piperidinyl)methyl, or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group, whether or not further substituted on the pyrrole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted on the naphthyl ring to any extent. Examples of this structural class include but are not limited to: JWH-370, JWH-030.

(iv) Any compound containing a naphthylideneindene structure with substitution at the 3-position of the indene ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group, whether or not further substituted on the indene ring to any extent and whether or not substituted on the naphthyl ring to any extent. Examples of this structural class include but are not limited to: JWH-176.

(v) Any compound containing a 3-phenylacetylindole structure, also known as phenacetylindoles, with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group, whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted on the phenyl ring to any extent. Examples of this structural class include but are not limited to: RCS-8 (SR-18), JWH-250, JWH-203, JWH-251, and JWH-302.

(vi) Any compound containing a 2-(3-hydroxycyclohexyl)phenol structure, also known as cyclohexylphenols, with substitution at the 5-position of the phenolic ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group, whether or not substituted on the cyclohexyl ring to any extent. Examples of this structural class include but are not limited to: CP-47,497 (and homologues(analogs)), cannabicyclohexanol, and CP-55,940.

(vii) Any compound containing a 3-(benzoyl)indole structure, also known as benzoylindoles, with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group, whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted on the phenyl ring to any extent. Examples of this structural class include but are not limited to: AM-694, pravadoline (WIN-48,098), RCS-4, AM-630, AM-679, AM-1241, and AM-2233.

(viii) Any compound containing a 11-hydroxy-/\8-tetrahydrocannabinol structure, also known as dibenzopyrans, with further substitution on the 3-pentyl group by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkyethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group. Examples of this structural class include but are not limited to: HU-210, JWH-051, JWH-133.

(ix) Any compound containing a 3-(L-adamantoyl)indole structure, also known as adamantoylindoles, with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group, whether or not further substituted on the adamantyl ring system to any extent. Examples of this structural class include but are not limited to: AM-1248.

(x) Any other synthetic chemical compound that is a cannabinoid receptor agonist and mimics the pharmacological effect of naturally occurring cannabinoids that is not listed in schedules II through V and is not approved by the federal food and drug administration as a drug.

(f) Compounds of structures referred to in subdivision (d), regardless of numerical designation of atomic positions, are included.

(g) Gamma-hydroxybutyrate and any isomer, salt, or salt of isomer of gamma-hydroxybutyrate.

Some trade and other names:
Sodium oxybate
4-hydroxybutanoic acid monosodium salt

(h) 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine.

Some trade and other names:
Ecstasy
MDMA

(i) N-Benzylpiperazine

Some trade and other names:
BZP
Benzylpiperazine
1-(phenylmethyl)-piperazine

(j) 3-Chlorophenylpiperazine

Some trade and other names:
MCPP

(k) 1-(3-Trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine

Some trade and other names:
TFMPP

(l) 4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxybenzylpiperazine

Some trade and other names:
2C-B-BZP

(m) All of the following:

(i) (6aR,10aR)-9-(Hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol.

Some trade and other names:
HU-210

(ii) 2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-5-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)phenol and its side chain homologues.

Some trade and other names:
CP47,497

(iii) 1-pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole.

Some trade and other names:
JWH-018

(iv) 1-butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole.

Some trade and other names:
JWH-073

(v) (2-methyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-naphthalenyl-methanone.

Some trade and other names:
JWH-015

(vi) [1-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl]-1H-indol-3-yl]-1-naphthalenyl-methanone.

Some trade and other names:
JWH-200

(vii) 1-(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-2-(2-methoxyphenyl)-ethanone.

Some trade and other names:
JWH-250

(n) Mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone).

Some trade and other names:
4-MMC, M-Cat, meow meow, miaow miaow, bounce, bubbles, bubble love, mad cow, plant food, drone, and neo doves

(o) 4-Methyl-alpha-pyrrolidinobutyrophenone.

Some trade and other names:
MPBP

(p) Methylenedioxypyrovalerone

Some trade and other names:
MDPV, Bath salts, charge plus, cloud nine, hurricane Charlie, ivory wave, ocean, red dove, scarface, sonic, white dove, white lightning

(q) 5,6-Methylenedioxy-2-aminoindane

Some trade and other names:
MDAI
Woof-woof

(r) Naphyrone (Naphthylpyrovalerone)

Some trade and other names:
NRG-1
Rave

(s) Pyrovalerone (1-(4-Methylphenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-pentanone)

(t) Catha edulis; except as provided in subdivision (u) and section 7218, all parts of the plant presently classified botanically as catha edulis, whether growing or not; the leaves and seeds of that plant; any extract from any part of that plant; and every compound, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of that plant or its leaves, seeds, or extracts.

Some trade and other names:
Khat
Qat

(u) Cathinone.

(v) Salvia divinorum; except as provided in subdivision (w), all parts of the plant presently classified botanically as salvia divinorum, whether growing or not; the leaves and seeds of that plant; any extract from any part of that plant; and every compound, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of that plant or its leaves, seeds, or extracts.

(w) Salvinorin A.

(x) Synthetic cathinones. As used in this subdivision, "synthetic cathinones" includes any material, compound, mixture, or preparation that is not otherwise listed as a controlled substance in this schedule or in schedules II through V, is not approved by the federal food and drug administration as a drug, and contains any quantity of the following substances, their salts, isomers (whether optical, positional, or geometric), homologues (analogs), and salts of isomers and homologues (analogs), unless specifically excepted, whenever the existence of these salts, isomers, homologues (analogs), and salts of isomers and homologues (analogs) is possible within the specific chemical designation:

(i) Any compound containing a 2-amino-1-propanone structure with substitution at the 1-position with a monocyclic or fused polycyclic ring system and a substitution at the nitrogen atom by an alkyl group, cycloalkyl group, or incorporation into a heterocyclic structure. Examples of this structural class include, but are not limited to, dimethylcathinone, ethcathinone, and alpha-pyrrolidinopropiophenone.

(ii) Any compound containing a 2-amino-1-propanone structure with substitution at the 1-position with a monocyclic or fused polycyclic ring system and a substitution at the 3-position carbon with an alkyl, haloalkyl, or alkoxy group. Examples of this structural class include, but are not limited to, naphyrone.

(iii) Any compound containing a 2-amino-1-propanone structure with substitution at the 1-position with a monocyclic or fused polycyclic ring system and a substitution at any position of the ring system with an alkyl, haloalkyl, halogen, alkylenedioxy, or alkoxy group, whether or not further substituted at any position on the ring system to any extent. Examples of this structural class include, but are not limited to, mephedrone, methylone, and 3-fluoromethylone.

(2) Marihuana, including pharmaceutical-grade cannabis, is a schedule 2 controlled substance if it is manufactured, obtained, stored, dispensed, possessed, grown, or disposed of in compliance with this act and as authorized by federal authority.

(3) For purposes of subsection (1), "isomer" includes the optical, position, and geometric isomers.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 125, Imd. Eff. Oct. 22, 1979 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 352, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1982 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 25, Eff. May 1, 1993 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 248, Imd. Eff. July 9, 1998 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 710, Eff. Apr. 1, 2003 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 171, Eff. Oct. 1, 2010 ;-- Am. 2011, Act 88, Eff. Aug. 1, 2011 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 183, Eff. July 1, 2012 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Compiler's Notes: In subsection (1)(e)(ix), "3-(L-adamantoyl)indole structure" evidently should read "3-(1-adamantoyl)indole structure."
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7213 Schedule 2; placement of substance.

Sec. 7213.

The administrator shall place a substance in schedule 2 if it finds all of the following:

(a) The substance has high potential for abuse.

(b) The substance has currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, or currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions.

(c) The abuse of the substance may lead to severe psychic or physical dependence.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7214 Schedule 2; controlled substances included.

Sec. 7214.

The following controlled substances are included in schedule 2:

(a) Any of the following substances, except those narcotic drugs listed in other schedules, whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:

(i) Opium and opiate, and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of opium or opiate excluding nalaxone and its salts, and excluding naltrexone and its salts, but including the following:

Raw opium Etorphine hydrochloride
Opium extracts Hydrocodone
Opium Fluid-extracts Hydromorphone
Powdered opium Metopon
Granulated opium Morphine
Tincture of opium Oxycodone
Codeine Oxymorphone
Ethylmorphine Thebaine

(ii) A salt, compound, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent to or identical with a substance referred to in this subdivision, except that these substances do not include the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium.

(iii) Opium poppy, poppy straw, and concentrate of poppy straw, the crude extract of poppy straw in either liquid, solid, or powder form, which contains the phenanthrene alkaloids of the opium poppy.

(iv) Coca leaves and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent to or identical with any of these substances, except that the substances do not include decocainized coca leaves or extraction of coca leaves which extractions do not contain cocaine or ecgonine. The substances include cocaine, its salts, stereoisomers, and salts of stereoisomers when the existence of the salts, stereoisomers, and salts of stereoisomers is possible within the specific chemical designation.

(b) Any of the following opiates, including their isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, when the existence of these isomers, esters, ethers, and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation:

Alphaprodine Fentanyl
Anileridine Isomethadone
Bezitramide Levomethorphan
Dihydrocodeine Levorphanol
Diphenoxylate Metazocine
Methadone
Methadone-Intermediate, 4-cyano-2dimethylamino-4, 4-diphenyl butane
Moramide-Intermediate, 2-methyl-3-morpholino-1,
1-diphenylpropane-carboxylic acid
Pethidine
Pethidine-Intermediate-A, 4-cyano-1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine
Pethidine-Intermediate-B, ethyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate
Pethidine-Intermediate-C, 1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-
carboxylic acid
Phenazocine Racemethorphan
Piminodine Racemorphan

(c) Unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having potential for abuse associated with a stimulant effect on the nervous system:

(i) Amphetamine, its salts, optical isomers, and salts of its optical isomers.

(ii) Any substance which contains any quantity of methamphetamine, including its salts, stereoisomers, and salts of stereoisomers.

(iii) Phenmetrazine and its salts.

(iv) Methylphenidate and its salts.

(d) Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation, including its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers when the existence of the salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation as listed in schedule 2, which contains any quantity of the following substances having a potential for abuse associated with the depressant effect on the central nervous system: methaqualone, amobarbital, pentobarbital, or secobarbital; or, any compound, mixture, or preparation containing amobarbital, secobarbital, pentobarbital, or any salt thereof in combination with itself, with another, or with 1 or more other controlled substances.

(e) Marihuana, but only for the purpose of treating a debilitating medical condition as that term is defined in section 3(b) of the Michigan medical marihuana act, 2008 IL 1, MCL 333.26423, and as authorized under this act.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 125, Imd. Eff. Oct. 22, 1979 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 231, Imd. Eff. Jan. 13, 1982 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 352, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1982 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7215 Schedule 3; placement of substance.

Sec. 7215.

The administrator shall place a substance in schedule 3 if it finds all of the following:

(a) The substance has a potential for abuse less than the substances listed in schedules 1 and 2.

(b) The substance has currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.

(c) Abuse of the substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7216 Schedule 3; controlled substances included; rules.

Sec. 7216.

(1) The following controlled substances are included in schedule 3:

(a) Unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any quantity of the following substances having a potential for abuse associated with a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including their salts, isomers, including optical, position, or geometric isomers, and salts of the isomers if the existence of the salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

Benzphetamine Mediatric tabs
Chlorphentermine Mediatric liquid
Clortermine Phendimetrazine
Edrisal tabs Special formula 711 tabs
Genegesic caps Thora Dex No. 1 tab
Hovizyme tabs Thora Dex No. 2 tab
Mazindol

(b) Unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any quantity of the following substances having a potential for abuse associated with a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including their salts, isomers, including optical, position, or geometric isomers, and salts of the isomers if the existence of the salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

Chlorhexadol Phencyclidine
Glutethimide Sulfondiethylmethane
Lysergic acid Sulfonethylmethane
Lysergix acid amide Sulfonmethane
Methyprylon

(c) Nalorphine.

(d) Any substance that contains any quantity of a derivative of barbituric acid, or any salt of a derivative of barbituric acid, except those substances that are specifically listed in other schedules.

(e) A compound, mixture, or preparation containing amobarbital, secobarbital, pentobarbital, or a salt of amobarbital, secobarbital, or pentobarbital, and 1 or more other active medicinal ingredients that are not listed in a schedule.

(f) A suppository dosage form containing amobarbital, secobarbital, pentobarbital, or a salt of amobarbital, secobarbital, or pentobarbital and approved by the food and drug administration for marketing only as a suppository.

(g) Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing limited quantities of any of the following narcotic drugs or their salts:

(i) Not more than 1.8 grams of codeine, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with an equal or greater quantity of an isoquinoline alkaloid of opium.

(ii) Not more than 1.8 grams of codeine, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with 1 or more active nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.

(iii) Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with a fourfold or greater quantity of an isoquinoline alkaloid of opium.

(iv) Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with 1 or more active nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.

(v) Not more than 1.8 grams of dihydrocodeine, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with 1 or more active nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.

(vi) Not more than 300 milligrams of ethylmorphine, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with 1 or more ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.

(vii) Not more than 500 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams, or not more than 25 milligrams per dosage unit, with 1 or more active nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.

(viii) Not more than 50 milligrams of morphine, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams, with 1 or more active nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.

(h) Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any quantity of ketamine, a salt of ketamine, an isomer of ketamine, or a salt of an isomer of ketamine.

(2) The administrator may promulgate rules to except a compound, mixture, or preparation containing any stimulant or depressant substance listed in subsection (1)(a) and (b) from the application of all or any part of this article if the compound, mixture, or preparation contains 1 or more active medicinal ingredients not having a stimulant or depressant effect on the central nervous system and if the admixtures are in combinations, quantity, proportion, or concentration that vitiate the potential for abuse of the substances having a stimulant or depressant effect on the central nervous system.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 42, Eff. Aug. 15, 1999
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7217 Schedule 4; placement of substance.

Sec. 7217.

The administrator shall place a substance in schedule 4 if it finds all of the following:

(a) The substance has a low potential for abuse relative to substances in schedule 3.

(b) The substance has currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.

(c) Abuse of the substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the substances in schedule 3.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7218 Schedule 4; controlled substances included.

Sec. 7218.

(1) The following controlled substances are included in schedule 4:

(a) Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any quantity of the following substances having a potential for abuse associated with a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers if the existence of the salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

Barbital Flurazepam
Chloral Betaine Lorazepam
Chloral Hydrate Mebutamate
Chlordiazepoxide Meprobamate
Clonazepam Methohexital
Clorazepate Methylphenobarbital
Dextropropoxyphene Oxazepam
Diazepam Paraldehyde
Ethchlorvynol Petrichloral
Ethinamate Phenobarbital
Flunitrazepam Prazepam

(b) Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any quantity of the following substances having a potential for abuse associated with an effect on the central nervous system, including their salts, optical, positional, or geometric isomers, and salts of the isomers if the existence of the salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible.

Fenfluramine

(c) Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any quantity of the following substances having a potential for abuse associated with a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including their salts, optical, positional, or geometric isomers, and salts of the isomers if the existence of the salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation.

Diethylpropion

Phentermine

Pemoline, including organometallic complexes and chelates of pemoline.

Cathine

Some trade and other names:

d-norpseudoephedrine

(2) The administrator may except by rule any compound, mixture or preparation containing any substance listed in subsection (1) from the application of all or any part of this article if the compound, mixture or preparation contains 1 or more active medicinal ingredients not having a depressant or stimulant effect on the central nervous system and if the admixtures are in combinations, quantity, proportion, or concentration that vitiate the potential for abuse of the substances having a depressant or stimulant effect on the central nervous system.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 319, Eff. Oct. 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 171, Eff. Oct. 1, 2010
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7219 Schedule 5; placement of substance.

Sec. 7219.

The administrator shall place a substance in schedule 5 if it finds all of the following:

(a) The substance has low potential for abuse relative to the controlled substances listed in schedule 4.

(b) The substance has currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.

(c) The substance has limited physical dependence or psychological dependence liability relative to the controlled substances listed in schedule 4 or the incidence of abuse is such that the substance should be dispensed by a practitioner.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Constitutionality: The Legislature's delegation to the Board of Pharmacy of the authority to schedule controlled substances in accordance with detailed criteria is not an unlawful delegation of power. People v Turmon, 417 Mich 638; 340 NW2d 620 (1983).
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7220 Schedule 5; controlled substances included.

Sec. 7220.

(1) The following controlled substances are included in schedule 5:

(a) The following drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name, or brand name designated:

Loperamide

(b) Any compound, mixture, or preparation containing any of the following limited quantities of narcotic drugs or salts of narcotic drugs, which includes 1 or more nonnarcotic active medicinal ingredients in sufficient proportion to confer upon the compound, mixture, or preparation valuable medicinal qualities other than those possessed by the narcotic drug alone:

(i) Not more than 200 milligrams of codeine, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams and not more than 10 milligrams per dosage unit.

(ii) Not more than 100 milligrams of dihydrocodeine, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams and not more than 5 milligrams per dosage unit.

(iii) Not more than 100 milligrams of ethylmorphine, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams and not more than 5 milligrams per dosage unit.

(iv) Not more than 2.5 milligrams of diphenoxylate and not less than 25 micrograms of atropine sulfate per dosage unit.

(v) Not more than 100 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams and not more than 5 milligrams per dosage unit.

(c) Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, ephedrine, a salt of ephedrine, an optical isomer of ephedrine, a salt of an optical isomer of ephedrine, or a compound, mixture, or preparation containing ephedrine, a salt of ephedrine, an optical isomer of ephedrine, or a salt of an optical isomer of ephedrine. However, the following are not included in schedule 5:

(i) A product containing ephedrine, a salt of ephedrine, an optical isomer of ephedrine, or a salt of an optical isomer of ephedrine if the drug product may lawfully be sold over the counter without a prescription under federal law, is labeled and marketed in a manner consistent with the pertinent OTC tentative final or final monograph, is manufactured and distributed for legitimate medical use in a manner that reduces or eliminates the likelihood for abuse, and is not marketed, advertised, or labeled for an indication of stimulation, mental alertness, energy, weight loss, appetite control, or muscle enhancement and if the drug product is 1 of the following:

(A) A solid dosage form, including but not limited to a soft gelatin caplet, that combines as active ingredients not less than 400 milligrams of guaifenesin and not more than 25 milligrams of ephedrine per dose, packaged in blister packs with not more than 2 tablets or caplets per blister.

(B) An anorectal preparation containing not more than 5% ephedrine.

(ii) A food product or a dietary supplement containing ephedrine, if the food product or dietary supplement meets all of the following criteria:

(A) It contains, per dosage unit or serving, not more than the lesser of 25 milligrams of ephedrine alkaloids or the maximum amount of ephedrine alkaloids provided in applicable regulations adopted by the United States food and drug administration and contains no other controlled substance.

(B) It contains no hydrochloride or sulfate salts of ephedrine alkaloids.

(C) It is packaged with a prominent label securely affixed to each package that states the amount in milligrams of ephedrine in a serving or dosage unit; the amount of the food product or dietary supplement that constitutes a serving or dosage unit; that the maximum recommended dosage of ephedrine for a healthy adult human is the lesser of 100 milligrams in a 24-hour period or the maximum recommended dosage or period of use provided in applicable regulations adopted by the United States food and drug administration; and that improper use of the product may be hazardous to a person's health.

(2) Inclusion of the substances described in subsection (1)(c) into schedule 5 does not preclude prosecution for a crime involving those schedule 5 substances under section 17766c.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 144, Eff. Jan. 21, 2000
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7227 Substances excluded from schedules of controlled substances; excluded substance as deleterious drug; manufacturing, distributing, or dispensing excluded substance.

Sec. 7227.

(1) A nonnarcotic substance that under the federal food, drug and cosmetic act may be lawfully dispensed without a prescription is excluded from all schedules pursuant to section 7208(2). A substance that contains 1 or more controlled substances in a proportion or concentration to vitiate the potential for abuse is excluded.

(2) Substances included in schedule 5 under section 7220(1)(c) are not excluded under subsection (1).

(3) An excluded substance is a deleterious drug and may be manufactured, distributed, or dispensed only by a person who is registered to manufacture, distribute, or dispense a controlled substance under section 7208(2).


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 144, Eff. Jan. 21, 2000
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7229 Excepted compound, mixture, or preparation; compliance.

Sec. 7229.

A compound, mixture, or preparation containing a depressant or stimulant substance or of similar quantitative composition shown in federal regulations as an excepted compound or which is the same except that it contains a lesser quantity of a controlled substance or other substances which do not have a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect, and which is restricted by law to dispensing on prescription is excepted from sections 7212, 7214, 7216, 7218, and 7220. Compliance with federal law respecting an excepted compound is considered compliance with this section.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7231 Notice of change in scheduling or rescheduling.

Sec. 7231.

The administrator shall notify all registrants under this article, the secretary of the senate, the clerk of the house of representatives, the attorney general, and the director of the department of state police of any change in scheduling or rescheduling not later than 30 days before the change is effective.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 73
MANUFACTURE, DISTRIBUTION, AND DISPENSING


333.7301 Rules.

Sec. 7301.

The administrator may promulgate rules relating to the licensure and control of the manufacture, distribution, prescribing of controlled substances included in schedule 2, and dispensing of controlled substances in this state.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 174, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Compiler's Notes: Section 3 of Act 174 of 1986 provides: “This amendatory act shall only apply to contested cases filed on or after July 1, 1986.”For transfer of powers and duties of certain health-related functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 338.471 et seq. and R 338.3101 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7301a Licensing activities subject to certain provisions.

Sec. 7301a.

Licensing activities conducted under this part are subject to sections 16201, 16203, 16299, 16303, 16305, 16307, 16309, and 16313 and article 8.


History: Add. 1988, Act 462, Eff. Sept. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 392, Imd. Eff. Sept. 27, 2006 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Compiler's Notes: The following sections referenced in MCL 333.7301a have been repealed or do not exist: Secs. 16203, 16309, and 16313.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7302 Labeling controlled substances; contents of label; altering, defacing, or removing label.

Sec. 7302.

(1) Controlled substances manufactured or distributed in this state shall have affixed upon each package and container in which the substances are contained, a label showing in legible English the name and address of the principal manufacturer or the distributor, and the name, quantity, kind, and form of controlled substance contained in the package or container.

(2) A person, except a practitioner for the lawful purpose of dispensing controlled substances under this article, shall not alter, deface, or remove a label affixed as required in subsection (1).


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7302a Identification of certain prescription drugs and manufacturer or distributor; descriptive material; national registry of prescription drugs; exemptions; rules; “prescription drug” defined; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.

Sec. 7302a.

(1) A prescription drug that is in finished solid oral dosage form shall not be manufactured or distributed in this state after June 1, 1985 unless the drug is clearly and prominently marked or imprinted with an individual symbol, number, company name, words, letters, marking, national drug code, or a combination of any of the foregoing that identifies the prescription drug and the manufacturer or distributor of the drug.

(2) A person licensed by the administrator under this article to manufacture or distribute prescription drugs shall supply to the department of commerce descriptive material that will identify each current mark or imprint under subsection (1) used by the person who distributes or manufactures the prescription drug.

(3) It is the intent of the legislature that the descriptive material received by the department of commerce pursuant to subsection (2) shall be used in conjunction with similar information from other states by the United States department of health and human services, food and drug administration, or other national agency or organization, to compile a national registry of prescription drugs manufactured or distributed in the United States.

(4) The department of commerce, upon the application of a person who distributes or manufactures a prescription drug, shall exempt a particular prescription drug from the requirements of this section if the department of commerce determines that marking or imprinting the prescription drug is not feasible because of the drug's size, texture, or other unique characteristic.

(5) This section does not apply to a prescription drug that is compounded by a pharmacist licensed under article 15.

(6) The department of commerce may promulgate rules pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, for purposes of implementing and enforcing this section.

(7) As used in this section, “prescription drug” means a prescription drug as defined in section 17708(4).

(8) A person who knowingly or intentionally violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or a fine of not more than $25,000.00, or both.


History: Add. 1984, Act 254, Eff. Mar. 29, 1985 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7303 License required; renewal; scope of authority; compliance; additional requirements; persons exempted; waiving or imposing requirement for licensure; separate license for each principal place of business or professional practice; inspection; quarterly report.

Sec. 7303.

(1) A person who manufactures, distributes, prescribes, or dispenses a controlled substance in this state or who proposes to engage in the manufacture, distribution, prescribing, or dispensing of a controlled substance in this state shall obtain a license issued by the administrator in accordance with the rules. A person who has been issued a controlled substances license by the administrator under this article and a license under article 15 shall renew the controlled substances license concurrently with the renewal of the license issued under article 15, and for an equal number of years.

(2) A person licensed by the administrator under this article to manufacture, distribute, prescribe, dispense, or conduct research with controlled substances may possess, manufacture, distribute, prescribe, dispense, or conduct research with those substances to the extent authorized by its license and in conformity with the other provisions of this article.

(3) A license issued under this article to manufacture, distribute, prescribe, or dispense pharmaceutical-grade cannabis and the conduct of the licensee is subject to the additional requirements of article 8.

(4) The following persons need not be licensed and may lawfully possess controlled substances or prescription forms under this article:

(a) An agent or employee of a licensed manufacturer, distributor, prescriber, or dispenser of a controlled substance if acting in the usual course of the agent's or employee's business or employment.

(b) A common or contract carrier or warehouseman, or an employee thereof, whose possession of a controlled substance or prescription form is in the usual course of business or employment.

(c) An ultimate user or agent in possession of a controlled substance or prescription form pursuant to a lawful order of a practitioner or in lawful possession of a schedule 5 substance.

(5) The administrator may waive or include by rule the requirement for licensure of certain manufacturers, distributors, prescribers, or dispensers, if it finds the waiver or inclusion is consistent with the public health and safety.

(6) A separate license is required at each principal place of business or professional practice where the applicant manufactures, distributes, prescribes, or dispenses controlled substances.

(7) As a requisite for licensure, the administrator may inspect the establishment of a licensee or applicant for licensure in accordance with the administrator's rule.

(8) A person licensed under this article to distribute controlled substances shall report to the administrator on a quarterly basis all schedule 2 controlled substances and those controlled substances designated by the administrator pursuant to this subsection that are sold to licensed practitioners and retail pharmacies. The report shall be in writing and shall include the name of each licensed practitioner and retail pharmacy to whom the controlled substance was distributed. A report under this subsection may be transmitted electronically, if the transmission is ultimately reduced to writing. The administrator shall designate by rule the controlled substances in schedules 3 to 5 to be reported under this subsection.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 174, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 9, Eff. Aug. 9, 1988 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Compiler's Notes: Section 3 of Act 174 of 1986 provides: “This amendatory act shall only apply to contested cases filed on or after July 1, 1986.”
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 338.471 et seq. and R 338.3101 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7303a Licensed prescriber; administering or dispensing controlled substance without separate license; use of other controlled substances; recording response; records required to be maintained; waiver of requirement under MCL 333.7303.

Sec. 7303a.

(1) A prescriber who holds a controlled substances license may administer or dispense a controlled substance listed in schedules 2 to 5 without a separate controlled substances license for those activities.

(2) Before prescribing or dispensing a controlled substance to a patient, a licensed prescriber shall ask the patient about other controlled substances the patient may be using. The prescriber shall record the patient's response in the patient's medical or clinical record.

(3) A licensed prescriber who dispenses controlled substances shall maintain all of the following records separately from other prescription records:

(a) All invoices and other acquisition records for each controlled substance acquired by the prescriber for not less than 5 years after the date the prescriber acquires the controlled substance.

(b) A log of all controlled substances dispensed by the prescriber for not less than 5 years after the date the controlled substance is dispensed.

(c) Records of all other dispositions of controlled substances under the licensee's control for not less than 5 years after the date of the disposition.

(4) The requirement under section 7303 for a license is waived in the following circumstances:

(a) When a controlled substance listed in schedules 2 to 5 is administered on the order of a licensed prescriber by an individual who is licensed under article 15 as a practical nurse, a registered professional nurse, or a physician's assistant.

(b) When methadone or a methadone congener is dispensed on the order of a licensed prescriber in a methadone treatment program licensed under article 6 or when a controlled substance listed in schedules 2 to 5 is dispensed on the order of a licensed prescriber in a hospice rendering emergency care services in a patient's home as described in section 17746 by a registered professional nurse or a physician's assistant licensed under article 15.


History: Add. 1993, Act 305, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1993
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7304 Exemptions from licensure.

Sec. 7304.

(1) The requirement of licensure is waived for the following persons in the circumstances described in this section:

(a) An officer or employee of the drug enforcement administration while engaged in the course of official duties.

(b) An officer of the United States customs service while engaged in the course of official duties.

(c) An officer or employee of the United States food and drug administration while engaged in the course of official duties.

(d) A federal officer who is lawfully engaged in the enforcement of a federal law relating to controlled substances, drugs, or customs and who is authorized to possess controlled substances in the course of that person's official duties.

(e) An officer or employee of this state, or a political subdivision or agency of this state who is engaged in the enforcement of a state or local law relating to controlled substances and who is authorized to possess controlled substances in the course of that person's official duties.

(2) An official exempted from licensure by this section, when acting in the course of that person's official duties, may possess a controlled substance and may transfer a controlled substance to any other official who is exempted and who is acting in the course of that person's official duties.

(3) An official exempted by this section may procure a controlled substance in the course of an administrative inspection or investigation or in the course of a criminal investigation involving the person from whom the substance was procured.

(4) A law enforcement officer exempted by this section may distribute a controlled substance to another person in the course of that officer's official duties as a means to detect criminal activity or to conduct a criminal investigation.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 221, Eff. Mar. 30, 1995
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7305 Permitting certain persons to apply for license; application upon expiration of existing license.

Sec. 7305.

The administrator shall initially permit a person who owns, or operates an establishment engaged in the manufacture, distribution, prescription, or dispensing of a controlled substance before September 30, 1978 and who is licensed by this state to apply for a license pursuant to this article. However, a person who is licensed under existing state law with the administrator or department of commerce is not required to apply for a license pursuant to this article until the expiration of the person's existing license.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7306 License to be granted unless inconsistent with public interest; factors in determining public interest; scope of licensure; license to dispense, prescribe, or conduct research with controlled substances in schedules 2 to 5; registration under federal law to conduct research with schedule 1 substances; effect of compliance with federal law as to registration; limitation on licensure.

Sec. 7306.

(1) The administrator shall grant a license to an applicant to manufacture or distribute controlled substances included in sections 7212 to 7220, unless the administrator determines that the issuance of that license would be inconsistent with the public interest. In determining the public interest, the administrator shall consider all of the following factors:

(a) Maintenance of effective controls against diversion of controlled substances to other than legitimate and professionally recognized therapeutic, scientific, or industrial channels.

(b) Compliance with applicable state and local law.

(c) A conviction of the applicant under a federal or state law relating to a controlled substance.

(d) Past experience in the manufacture or distribution of controlled substances, and the existence in the applicant's establishment of effective controls against diversion.

(e) Furnishing by the applicant of false or fraudulent material in an application filed under this article.

(f) Suspension or revocation of the applicant's federal registration to manufacture or distribute controlled substances as authorized by federal law.

(g) Any other factor relevant to and consistent with the public health and safety.

(2) Licensure under subsection (1) does not entitle a licensee to manufacture and distribute controlled substances in schedules 1 or 2 other than those specified in the license.

(3) A practitioner shall be licensed to dispense or prescribe any controlled substances or to conduct research with controlled substances in schedules 2 to 5 if the practitioner is authorized to dispense, prescribe, or conduct research under the laws of this state. The administrator need not require separate licensure under this article for a practitioner engaging in research with nonnarcotic controlled substances in schedules 2 to 5 if the licensee is licensed under this article in another capacity. A practitioner registered under federal law to conduct research with schedule 1 substances may conduct research with schedule 1 substances in this state upon furnishing the administrator evidence of that federal registration.

(4) Compliance by a manufacturer or distributor with the provisions of the federal law as to registration, excluding fees, entitles the manufacturer or distributor to be licensed under this article.

(5) Licensure under subsection (1) does not authorize a licensee to dispense, manufacture, distribute, or prescribe a controlled substance if the dispensing, manufacture, distribution, or prescribing is not for legitimate and professionally recognized therapeutic, scientific, or industrial purposes or is not in the scope of practice of a practitioner-licensee.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 174, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Compiler's Notes: Section 3 of Act 174 of 1986 provides: “This amendatory act shall only apply to contested cases filed on or after July 1, 1986.”
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7311 Actions by disciplinary subcommittee; grounds; limitation; conviction of felony; placing under seal or seizing controlled substances; disposition of controlled substances; judicial order for sale; deposit of proceeds; forfeiture of controlled substances; notice of orders and forfeitures; voiding license under MCL 333.7306; effect of conviction; applicability of subsection (7).

Sec. 7311.

(1) A license under section 7306 to manufacture, distribute, prescribe, or dispense a controlled substance may be denied, suspended, or revoked or a licensee may be fined, reprimanded, ordered to perform community service or make restitution, or placed on probation by the disciplinary subcommittee upon a finding that an applicant for licensure or a licensee is subject to any of the following:

(a) The applicant or licensee has furnished false or fraudulent material information in an application filed under this article.

(b) The applicant's or licensee's federal registration to manufacture, distribute, or dispense controlled substances has been surrendered, suspended, or revoked.

(c) The applicant or licensee has promoted a controlled substance to the general public.

(d) The applicant or licensee is not a practitioner, manufacturer, or distributor.

(e) The applicant or licensee has not maintained effective controls against diversion of controlled substances to other than legitimate and professionally recognized therapeutic, scientific, or industrial uses.

(f) The applicant or licensee is not in compliance with applicable federal, state, and local laws.

(g) The applicant or licensee has manufactured, distributed, or dispensed a controlled substance for other than legitimate or professionally recognized therapeutic, scientific, or industrial purposes or outside the scope of practice of the practitioner-licensee or applicant.

(h) The applicant or licensee has violated or attempted to violate, directly or indirectly, assisted in or abetted the violation of, or conspired to violate this article or rules of the administrator promulgated under this article.

(2) The disciplinary subcommittee may limit a license under subsection (1) to a particular controlled substance.

(3) A license under section 7306 to manufacture, distribute, prescribe, or dispense a controlled substance shall be denied or revoked by the disciplinary subcommittee if the applicant or licensee has been convicted of a felony under a state or federal law relating to a controlled substance.

(4) If the disciplinary subcommittee suspends or revokes a license or if a license is void under subsection (6), all controlled substances owned or possessed by the licensee at the time of suspension or the effective date of the revocation order may be placed under seal or seized at the discretion of the disciplinary subcommittee. The department shall not dispose of controlled substances under seal or seizure until the time for taking an appeal has elapsed or until all appeals have been concluded, unless a court, upon application therefor, orders the sale of perishable controlled substances and the deposit of the proceeds of the sale with the court. Upon a revocation order becoming final or after a license becomes void under subsection (6) because the licensee's license to practice is revoked under article 15 and that revocation order becomes final, the disciplinary subcommittee may order all controlled substances under seal or seizure to be forfeited to this state.

(5) The disciplinary subcommittee shall promptly notify the bureau of all orders suspending or revoking a license and all forfeitures of controlled substances.

(6) A license under section 7306 to manufacture, distribute, prescribe, or dispense a controlled substance is automatically void if the licensee's license to practice is suspended or revoked under article 15.

(7) Subject to subsection (8), if the administrator or the disciplinary subcommittee finds that an applicant or licensee has been convicted of a misdemeanor or a felony under a state or federal law relating to a controlled substance, the applicant or licensee shall not have a direct financial interest in or be employed by a person who is licensed under this article to manufacture, distribute, prescribe, or dispense a controlled substance in a capacity in which the individual has direct access to controlled substances for a period of not less than 3 years after the date of conviction. An individual who violates this subsection is subject to a civil fine of not more than $25,000.00 in a proceeding in the circuit court.

(8) Subsection (7) applies only to a conviction for a misdemeanor that is directly related to the manufacture, delivery, possession, possession with intent to manufacture or deliver, use, distribution, prescription, or dispensing of a controlled substance. Subsection (7) does not apply to a conviction for a misdemeanor based upon an unintentional error or omission involving a clerical or record-keeping function.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 174, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 29, Eff. Aug. 26, 1988 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 30, Eff. Aug. 26, 1988 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Compiler's Notes: Section 3 of Act 174 of 1986 provides: “This amendatory act shall only apply to contested cases filed on or after July 1, 1986.”
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 338.493a et seq. and R 338.3101 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7314 Denial, suspension, revocation, or limitation of license; order to show cause; service of order; conduct of proceedings; effect of proceeding on existing license; suspension of license on finding of imminent danger; duration of suspension; applicability of subsection (1).

Sec. 7314.

(1) Before the disciplinary subcommittee suspends or revokes or limits a license or denies an application or a renewal of a license, the disciplinary subcommittee shall serve on the applicant or licensee an order to show cause why the application or license should not be denied, limited, revoked, or suspended, or why the renewal should not be denied. The order to show cause shall contain a statement of the basis for the order and shall call upon the applicant or licensee to appear before the disciplinary subcommittee or a hearings examiner at a time and place not less than 30 days after the date of service of the order. A show cause order for a denial of renewal of a license shall be served not later than 30 days before expiration of the license. The proceedings described in this subsection shall be conducted without regard to any criminal prosecution or other proceeding. A proceeding to deny renewal of a license does not abate the existing license, which remains in effect pending the outcome of the administrative hearing.

(2) Pursuant to procedural guidelines adopted by the department, the department may suspend a license, without an order to show cause, simultaneously with the institution of proceedings under section 7311 or if renewal of licensure is refused, if the department finds that there is an imminent danger to the public health or safety that warrants this action. The suspension shall continue in effect until conclusion of the proceedings, including judicial review, unless sooner withdrawn by a hearings examiner or dissolved by a court of competent jurisdiction.

(3) Subsection (1) does not apply to the suspension or revocation of a license by the administrator pursuant to section 7311(6).


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 174, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1987 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Compiler's Notes: Section 3 of Act 174 of 1986 provides: “This amendatory act shall only apply to contested cases filed on or after July 1, 1986.”
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7315 Reinstatement of license; application; hearing.

Sec. 7315.

(1) An individual whose license is limited, suspended, or revoked under this part may apply to the board for a reinstatement of a revoked or suspended license or for removal of a limitation as to a particular controlled substance.

(2) In the case of a revoked license, an applicant shall not apply for reinstatement before the expiration of 5 years after the effective date of the revocation. The department shall return an application for reinstatement received before the expiration of the 5-year period.

(3) The department shall provide an opportunity for a hearing before final rejection of an application for reinstatement.


History: Add. 1988, Act 30, Eff. Aug. 26, 1988 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7316 Reinstatement of license; good moral character; public interest; disciplinary or corrective measure.

Sec. 7316.

The administrator may reinstate a revoked or suspended license to an individual whose license has been suspended or revoked under this article or remove a limitation as to a particular controlled substance if, after a hearing, the administrator is satisfied that the applicant is of good moral character, has met the criteria in the rules promulgated under section 16245(6), and should be permitted in the public interest to have his or her license reinstated or the limitation removed. As a condition of reinstatement, the disciplinary subcommittee, upon the recommendation of the administrator, may impose a disciplinary or corrective measure authorized under this article. In determining the public interest, the administrator shall consider the factors set forth in section 7306(1)(a) to (g).


History: Add. 1988, Act 30, Eff. Aug. 26, 1988 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7321 Records; inventories; annual report; violation; civil fine.

Sec. 7321.

(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person licensed to manufacture, distribute, prescribe, or dispense controlled substances under this article shall keep records and maintain inventories in conformance with the record-keeping and inventory requirements of federal law and with any additional rules the administrator promulgates, unless exempted by those rules.

(2) Beginning May 1, 1989, and annually thereafter, each person licensed under this article to manufacture, distribute, prescribe, or dispense controlled substances shall inventory and report to the administrator all schedule 2 to 5 controlled substances possessed by the person at the time of the inventory. The annual report required under this subsection may be conducted and submitted to the administrator not more than 30 days before May 1, but shall be conducted and submitted to the administrator not later than 60 days after May 1. A person who violates this subsection may be punished by a civil fine of not more than $25,000.00 in a proceeding in the circuit court.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 245, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 338.471 et seq. and R 338.3101 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7331 Authority to purchase schedule 1 or 2 controlled substance; order form.

Sec. 7331.

(1) Only a practitioner who holds a license under this article to prescribe or dispense controlled substances may purchase from a licensed manufacturer or distributor a schedule 1 or 2 controlled substance. The authority granted under this subsection to purchase a schedule 1 or 2 controlled substance is not assignable or transferable.

(2) A purchase of a schedule 1 or 2 controlled substance under subsection (1) shall be made only pursuant to an order form which is in compliance with federal law.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 10, Eff. Aug. 9, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7333 "Good faith" defined; dispensing controlled substances included in schedule 2; prescription form; emergency; filling and refilling prescription; dispensing controlled substance included in schedule 3, 4, or 5; requirements and use of written prescription; animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer; use of animal tranquilizer; limited permit; "animal tranquilizer" and "class B dealer" defined.

Sec. 7333.

(1) As used in this section, "good faith" means the prescribing or dispensing of a controlled substance by a practitioner licensed under section 7303 in the regular course of professional treatment to or for an individual who is under treatment by the practitioner for a pathology or condition other than that individual's physical or psychological dependence upon or addiction to a controlled substance, except as provided in this article. Application of good faith to a pharmacist means the dispensing of a controlled substance pursuant to a prescriber's order which, in the professional judgment of the pharmacist, is lawful. The pharmacist shall be guided by nationally accepted professional standards including, but not limited to, all of the following, in making the judgment:

(a) Lack of consistency in the doctor-patient relationship.

(b) Frequency of prescriptions for the same drug by 1 prescriber for larger numbers of patients.

(c) Quantities beyond those normally prescribed for the same drug.

(d) Unusual dosages.

(e) Unusual geographic distances between patient, pharmacist, and prescriber.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a practitioner, in good faith, may dispense a controlled substance included in schedule 2 upon receipt of a prescription of a practitioner licensed under section 7303 on a prescription form. A practitioner may issue more than 1 prescription for a controlled substance included in schedule 2 on a single prescription form.

(3) In an emergency situation, as described in R 338.3165 of the Michigan administrative code, a controlled substance included in schedule 2 may be dispensed upon the oral prescription of a practitioner if the prescribing practitioner promptly fills out a prescription form and forwards the prescription form to the dispensing pharmacy within 7 days after the oral prescription is issued. Except for a terminally ill patient whose terminal illness the pharmacist documents pursuant to rules promulgated by the administrator, a prescription for a controlled substance included in schedule 2 shall not be filled more than 90 days after the date on which the prescription was issued. A prescription for a controlled substance included in schedule 2 for a terminally ill patient whose terminal illness the pharmacist documents pursuant to rules promulgated by the administrator may be partially filled in increments for not more than 60 days after the date on which the prescription was issued.

(4) A practitioner, in good faith, may dispense a controlled substance included in schedule 3, 4, or 5 that is a prescription drug as determined under section 503(b) of the federal food, drug, and cosmetic act, 21 USC 353, or section 17708, upon receipt of a prescription on a prescription form or an oral prescription of a practitioner. A prescription for a controlled substance included in schedule 3 or 4 shall not be filled or refilled without specific refill instructions noted by the prescriber. A prescription for a controlled substance included in schedule 3 or 4 shall not be filled or refilled later than 6 months after the date of the prescription or be refilled more than 5 times, unless renewed by the prescriber in accordance with rules promulgated by the administrator.

(5) A controlled substance included in schedule 5 shall not be distributed or dispensed other than for a medical purpose, or in any manner except in accordance with rules promulgated by the administrator.

(6) If a prescription is required under this section, the prescription shall contain the quantity of the controlled substance prescribed in both written and numerical terms. A prescription is in compliance with this subsection if, in addition to containing the quantity of the controlled substance prescribed in written terms, it contains preprinted numbers representative of the quantity of the controlled substance prescribed next to which is a box or line the prescriber may check.

(7) A prescribing practitioner shall not use a prescription form for a purpose other than prescribing. A prescribing practitioner shall not postdate a prescription form that contains a prescription for a controlled substance. A prescriber may transmit a prescription by facsimile of a printed prescription form and by electronic transmission of a printed prescription form, if not prohibited by federal law. If, with the patient's consent, a prescription is electronically transmitted, it shall be transmitted directly to a pharmacy of the patient's choice by the prescriber or the prescriber's authorized agent, and the data shall not be altered, modified, or extracted in the transmission process.

(8) Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (5), an animal control shelter or animal protection shelter registered with the department of agriculture pursuant to 1969 PA 287, MCL 287.331 to 287.340, or a class B dealer may acquire a limited permit only for the purpose of buying, possessing, and administering a commercially prepared, premixed solution of sodium pentobarbital to practice euthanasia on injured, sick, homeless, or unwanted domestic pets and other animals, if the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer does all of the following:

(a) Applies to the administrator for a permit in accordance with rules promulgated under this part. The application shall contain the name of the individual in charge of the day to day operations of the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer's facilities and the name of the individual responsible for designating employees who will be practicing euthanasia on animals pursuant to this act.

(b) Complies with the rules promulgated by the administrator for the storage, handling, and use of a commercially prepared, premixed solution of sodium pentobarbital to practice euthanasia on animals. A record of use shall be maintained and shall be available for inspection.

(c) Certifies that an employee of the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer has received, and can document completion of, a minimum of 8 hours of training given by a licensed veterinarian in the use of sodium pentobarbital to practice euthanasia on animals pursuant to rules promulgated by the administrator, in consultation with the Michigan board of veterinary medicine as these rules relate to this training, and that only an individual described in this subdivision or an individual otherwise permitted to use a controlled substance pursuant to this article will administer the commercially prepared, premixed solution of sodium pentobarbital according to written procedures established by the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer.

(9) The application described in subsection (8) shall include the names and addresses of all individuals employed by the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer who have been trained as described in subsection (8)(c) and the name of the veterinarian who trained them. The list of names and addresses shall be updated every 6 months.

(10) If an animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer issued a permit pursuant to subsection (8) does not have in its employ an individual trained as described in subsection (8)(c), the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer shall immediately notify the administrator and shall cease to administer any commercially prepared, premixed solution of sodium pentobarbital until the administrator is notified that 1 of the following has occurred:

(a) An individual trained as described in subsection (8)(c) has been hired by the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer.

(b) An employee of the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer has been trained as described in subsection (8)(c).

(11) A veterinarian, including a veterinarian who trains individuals as described in subsection (8)(c), is not civilly or criminally liable for the use of a commercially prepared, premixed solution of sodium pentobarbital by an animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer unless the veterinarian is employed by or under contract with the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer and the terms of the veterinarian's employment or the contract require the veterinarian to be responsible for the use or administration of the commercially prepared, premixed solution of sodium pentobarbital.

(12) A person shall not knowingly use or permit the use of a commercially prepared, premixed solution of sodium pentobarbital in violation of this section.

(13) This section does not require that a veterinarian be employed by or under contract with an animal control shelter or animal protection shelter or class B dealer to obtain, possess, or administer a commercially prepared, premixed solution of sodium pentobarbital pursuant to this section.

(14) Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (5), an animal control shelter registered with the department of agriculture pursuant to 1969 PA 287, MCL 287.331 to 287.340, may acquire a limited permit only for the purpose of buying, possessing, and administering a commercially prepared solution of an animal tranquilizer to sedate a feral, wild, difficult to handle, or other animal for euthanasia, or to tranquilize an animal running at large that is dangerous or difficult to capture, if the animal control shelter does all of the following:

(a) Applies to the administrator for a permit in accordance with the rules promulgated under this part. The application shall contain the name of the individual in charge of the day to day operations of the animal control shelter and the name of the individual responsible for designating employees who will be administering an animal tranquilizer pursuant to this act.

(b) Complies with the rules promulgated by the administrator for the storage, handling, and use of a commercially prepared solution of an animal tranquilizer. A record of use shall be maintained and shall be available for inspection by the department of agriculture.

(c) Certifies that an employee of the animal control shelter has received, and can document completion of, a minimum of 16 hours of training, including at least 3 hours of practical training, in the use of animal tranquilizers on animals from a training program approved by the state veterinarian, in consultation with the Michigan board of veterinary medicine, and given by a licensed veterinarian pursuant to rules promulgated by the administrator, in consultation with the Michigan board of veterinary medicine as these rules relate to this training, and that only an individual described in this subdivision or an individual otherwise permitted to use a controlled substance pursuant to this article will administer the commercially prepared solution of an animal tranquilizer according to written procedures established by the animal control shelter.

(15) Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (5), an animal protection shelter registered with the department of agriculture pursuant to 1969 PA 287, MCL 287.331 to 287.340, may acquire a limited permit only for the purpose of buying, possessing, and administering a commercially prepared solution of an animal tranquilizer to sedate a feral, wild, difficult to handle, or other animal for euthanasia, if the animal protection shelter does all of the following:

(a) Applies to the administrator for a permit in accordance with the rules promulgated under this part. The application shall contain the name of the individual in charge of the day to day operations of the animal protection shelter and the name of the individual responsible for designating employees who will be administering an animal tranquilizer pursuant to this act.

(b) Complies with the rules promulgated by the administrator for the storage, handling, and use of a commercially prepared solution of an animal tranquilizer. A record of use shall be maintained and shall be available for inspection by the department of agriculture.

(c) Certifies that an employee of the animal protection shelter has received, and can document completion of, a minimum of 16 hours of training, including at least 3 hours of practical training, in the use of animal tranquilizers on animals from a training program approved by the state veterinarian, in consultation with the Michigan board of veterinary medicine, and given by a licensed veterinarian pursuant to rules promulgated by the administrator, in consultation with the Michigan board of veterinary medicine as these rules relate to this training, and that only an individual described in this subdivision or an individual otherwise permitted to use a controlled substance pursuant to this article will administer the commercially prepared solution of an animal tranquilizer according to written procedures established by the animal protection shelter.

(16) The application described in subsection (14) or (15) shall include the names and business addresses of all individuals employed by the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter who have been trained as described in subsection (14)(c) or (15)(c) and shall include documented proof of the training. The list of names and business addresses shall be updated every 6 months.

(17) If an animal control shelter or animal protection shelter issued a permit pursuant to subsection (14) or (15) does not have in its employ an individual trained as described in subsection (14)(c) or (15)(c), the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter shall immediately notify the administrator and shall cease to administer any commercially prepared solution of an animal tranquilizer until the administrator is notified that 1 of the following has occurred:

(a) An individual trained as described in subsection (14)(c) or (15)(c) has been hired by the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter.

(b) An employee of the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter has been trained as described in subsection (14)(c) or (15)(c).

(18) A veterinarian, including a veterinarian who trains individuals as described in subsection (14)(c) or (15)(c), is not civilly or criminally liable for the use of an animal tranquilizer by an animal control shelter or animal protection shelter unless the veterinarian is employed by or under contract with the animal control shelter or animal protection shelter and the terms of the veterinarian's employment or the contract require the veterinarian to be responsible for the use or administration of the commercially prepared solution of an animal tranquilizer.

(19) A person shall not knowingly use or permit the use of an animal tranquilizer in violation of this section.

(20) This section does not require that a veterinarian be employed by or under contract with an animal control shelter or animal protection shelter to obtain, possess, or administer a commercially prepared solution of an animal tranquilizer pursuant to this section.

(21) As used in this section:

(a) "Animal tranquilizer" means xylazine hydrochloride or other animal tranquilizing drug as approved by the United States food and drug administration and by the state department of agriculture for use as described in this section.

(b) "Class B dealer" means a class B dealer licensed by the United States department of agriculture pursuant to the animal welfare act, 7 USC 2131 to 2159 and the department of agriculture pursuant to 1969 PA 224, MCL 287.381 to 287.395.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 414, Imd. Eff. Jan. 11, 1981 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 28, Eff. Aug. 26, 1988 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 240, Imd. Eff. July 11, 1988 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 143, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1989 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 30, Eff. Mar. 28, 1991 ;-- Am. 1991, Act 186, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1991 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 138, Imd. Eff. Aug. 2, 1993 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 231, Eff. Jan. 6, 2003 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 451, Imd. Eff. Dec. 14, 2006 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 4, 2010
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 2 of Act 231 of 2001 provides:“Enacting section 2. Section 7333 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333, as amended by this amendatory act, takes effect upon promulgation of the rules required under section 7333a(1) of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, as added by this amendatory act, and receipt by the secretary of state of written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, as added by this amendatory act, is operational. The notice to the secretary of state shall include a statement that the department of consumer and industry services is able to receive data from at least 80% of those required to report under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, as added by this amendatory act, and is able to respond to requests for data from persons authorized to make such requests and to review and utilize the data."The rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, pertaining to the operation of the electronic monitoring system, were promulgated on December 30, 2002. In addition, a written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code is operational was filed with, and received by, the secretary of state on January 6, 2003.
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 338.471 et seq. and R 338.3101 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7333a Electronic monitoring system.

Sec. 7333a.

(1) The department shall establish, by rule, an electronic system for monitoring schedule 2, 3, 4, and 5 controlled substances dispensed in this state by veterinarians, and by pharmacists and dispensing prescribers licensed under part 177 or dispensed to an address in this state by a pharmacy licensed in this state. The rules shall provide an appropriate electronic format for the reporting of data including, but not limited to, patient identifiers, the name of the controlled substance dispensed, date of dispensing, quantity dispensed, prescriber, and dispenser. The department shall require a veterinarian, pharmacist, or dispensing prescriber to utilize the electronic data transmittal process developed by the department or the department's contractor. A veterinarian, pharmacist, or dispensing prescriber shall not be required to pay a new fee dedicated to the operation of the electronic monitoring system and shall not incur any additional costs solely related to the transmission of data to the department. The rules promulgated under this subsection shall exempt both of the following circumstances from the reporting requirements:

(a) The administration of a controlled substance directly to a patient.

(b) The dispensing from a health facility or agency licensed under article 17 of a controlled substance by a dispensing prescriber in a quantity adequate to treat a patient for not more than 48 hours.

(2) Notwithstanding any practitioner-patient privilege, the director of the department may provide data obtained under this section to all of the following:

(a) A designated representative of a board responsible for the licensure, regulation, or discipline of a practitioner, pharmacist, or other person who is authorized to prescribe, administer, or dispense controlled substances.

(b) An employee or agent of the department.

(c) A state, federal, or municipal employee or agent whose duty is to enforce the laws of this state or the United States relating to drugs.

(d) A state-operated medicaid program.

(e) A state, federal, or municipal employee who is the holder of a search warrant or subpoena properly issued for the records.

(f) A practitioner or pharmacist who requests information and certifies that the requested information is for the purpose of providing medical or pharmaceutical treatment to a bona fide current patient.

(g) An individual with whom the department has contracted under subsection (8).

(h) A practitioner or other person who is authorized to prescribe controlled substances for the purpose of determining if prescriptions written by that practitioner or other person have been dispensed.

(i) Until December 31, 2016, the health care payment or benefit provider for the purposes of ensuring patient safety and investigating fraud and abuse.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in this part, information submitted under this section shall be used only for bona fide drug-related criminal investigatory or evidentiary purposes or for the investigatory or evidentiary purposes in connection with the functions of a disciplinary subcommittee or 1 or more of the licensing or registration boards created in article 15.

(4) A person who receives data or any report under subsection (2) containing any patient identifiers of the system from the department shall not provide it to any other person or entity except by order of a court of competent jurisdiction.

(5) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, reporting under subsection (1) is mandatory for a veterinarian, pharmacist, and dispensing prescriber. However, the department may issue a written waiver of the electronic reporting requirement to a veterinarian, pharmacist, or dispensing prescriber who establishes grounds that he or she is unable to use the electronic monitoring system. The department shall require the applicant for the waiver to report the required information in a manner approved by the department.

(6) In addition to the information required to be reported annually under section 7112(3), the controlled substances advisory commission shall include in the report information on the implementation and effectiveness of the electronic monitoring system.

(7) The department, in consultation with the controlled substances advisory commission, the Michigan board of pharmacy, the Michigan board of medicine, the Michigan board of osteopathic medicine and surgery, the Michigan state police, and appropriate medical professional associations, shall examine the need for and may promulgate rules for the production of a prescription form on paper that minimizes the potential for forgery. The rules shall not include any requirement that sequential numbers, bar codes, or symbols be affixed, printed, or written on a prescription form or that the prescription form be a state produced prescription form. In examining the need for rules for the production of a prescription form on paper that minimizes the potential for forgery, the department shall consider and identify the following:

(a) Cost, benefits, and barriers.

(b) Overall cost-benefit analysis.

(c) Compatibility with the electronic monitoring system required under this section.

(8) The department may enter into 1 or more contractual agreements for the administration of this section.

(9) The department, all law enforcement officers, all officers of the court, and all regulatory agencies and officers, in using the data for investigative or prosecution purposes, shall consider the nature of the prescriber's and dispenser's practice and the condition for which the patient is being treated.

(10) The data and any report containing any patient identifiers obtained from the data are not public records and are not subject to the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246.

(11) Beginning February 1, 2013 and through February 1, 2016, the department may issue a written request to a health care payment or benefit provider to determine if the provider has accessed the electronic system as provided in subsection (2)(i) in the previous calendar year and, if so, to determine the number of inquiries the provider made in the previous calendar year and any other information the department requests in relation to the provider's access to the electronic system. A health care payment or benefit provider shall respond to the written request on or before the March 31 following the request. The department shall collaborate with health care payment or benefit providers to develop a reasonable request and reporting form for use under this subsection.

(12) As used in this section:

(a) "Department" means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs.

(b) "Health care payment or benefit provider" means a person that provides health benefits, coverage, or insurance in this state, including a health insurance company, a nonprofit health care corporation, a health maintenance organization, a multiple employer welfare arrangement, a medicaid contracted health plan, or any other person providing a plan of health benefits, coverage, or insurance subject to state insurance regulation.


History: Add. 2001, Act 231, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 2002 ;-- Am. 2011, Act 108, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2011 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 44, Imd. Eff. Mar. 7, 2012
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 338.3101 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7334 Repealed. 2001, Act 231, Eff. Jan. 6, 2003.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to official prescription form.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7335 Repealed. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.


Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 333.7335, pertaining to marihuana controlled substances therapeutic research program, expiredNovember 1, 1982, pursuant to Act 125 of 1979.The repealed section pertained to marihuana controlled substances therapeutic research program.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7336 Repealed. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.


Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 333.7336, pertaining to patient qualification review board and certification of designated pharmaciesfor participation in marihuana distribution, expired November 1, 1982, pursuant to Act 125 of 1979.The repealed section pertained to patient qualification review board.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7339 Dispensing, selling, or giving product to individual less than 18 years of age; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.

Sec. 7339.

(1) A person shall not dispense, sell, or otherwise give a product described in section 7220(1)(c)(ii) to an individual less than 18 years of age. This section does not apply to a physician or pharmacist who prescribes, dispenses, administers, or delivers a product described in section 7220(1)(c)(ii) to an individual less than 18 years of age, to a parent or guardian of an individual less than 18 years of age who delivers the product to the individual, or to a person authorized by the individual's parent or legal guardian who dispenses or delivers the product to the individual.

(2) In the course of selling, offering for sale, or otherwise distributing a product described in section 7220(1)(c)(ii), a person shall not advertise or represent in any manner that the product causes euphoria, ecstasy, a “buzz” or “high”, or an altered mental state, heightens sexual performance, or, because it contains ephedrine alkaloids, increases muscle mass.

(3) A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 93 days or a fine of not more than $100.00, or both.


History: Add. 1999, Act 144, Eff. Jan. 21, 2000
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7340 Selling, distributing, delivering, or furnishing product containing ephedrine or pseudoephedrine; prohibition; exceptions; violation as felony; penalty.

Sec. 7340.

(1) A person shall not sell, distribute, deliver, or otherwise furnish a product that contains any compound, mixture, or preparation containing any detectable quantity of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine, a salt or optical isomer of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine, or a salt of an optical isomer of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine to an individual if the sale is transacted through use of the mail, internet, telephone, or other electronic means.

(2) This section does not apply to any of the following:

(a) A pediatric product primarily intended for administration to children under 12 years of age according to label instructions.

(b) A product containing pseudoephedrine that is in a liquid form if pseudoephedrine is not the only active ingredient.

(c) A product that the state board of pharmacy, upon application of the manufacturer or certification by the United States drug enforcement administration as inconvertible, exempts from this section because the product has been formulated in such a way as to effectively prevent the conversion of the active ingredient into methamphetamine.

(d) A person who dispenses a product described in subsection (1) pursuant to a prescription.

(e) A person who, in the course of his or her business, sells or distributes products described in subsection (1) to either of the following:

(i) A person licensed by this state to manufacture, deliver, dispense, or possess with intent to manufacture or deliver a controlled substance, prescription drug, or other drug.

(ii) A person who orders those products described in subsection (1) for retail sale pursuant to a license issued under the general sales tax act, 1933 PA 167, MCL 205.51 to 205.78.

(f) A manufacturer or distributor who donates product samples to a nonprofit charitable organization that has tax-exempt status pursuant to section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code of 1986, a licensed practitioner, or a governmental entity.

(3) A person who violates this section is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 4 years or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.


History: Add. 2006, Act 261, Eff. Oct. 1, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.7340a THIS SECTION IS AMENDED EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2015: See 333.7340a.amended *****



333.7340a Submission of information to NPLEx.

Sec. 7340a.

(1) Beginning January 1, 2012, a retailer shall, before completing a sale under section 17766f, electronically submit the required information to the national precursor log exchange (NPLEx) administered by the national association of drug diversion investigators (NADDI). A retailer shall not be required to pay a fee for using the NPLEx system.

(2) If a retailer selling a nonprescription product containing ephedrine or pseudoephedrine experiences mechanical or electronic failure of the electronic sales tracking system and is unable to comply with the electronic sales tracking requirement, the retailer shall maintain a written log or an alternative electronic record-keeping mechanism until such time as the retailer is able to comply with the electronic sales tracking requirement.

(3) NADDI shall provide real-time access to NPLEx information through the NPLEx online portal to law enforcement in this state as authorized by state and federal law.

(4) The system described in subsection (1) shall be capable of generating a stop sale alert notifying the retailer that completion of the sale will result in the seller's or purchaser's violating the quantity limits set forth in section 17766f. The seller shall not complete the sale if the system generates a stop sale alert. The system shall contain an override function that may be used by a dispenser of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine who has a reasonable fear of imminent bodily harm if the dispenser does not complete a sale. Each instance in which the override function is utilized shall be logged by the system.

(5) A person's failure to comply with the record-keeping or sales verification requirements of this section does not create a civil cause of action for damages to any other person arising out of that failure absent a direct and proximate cause, and the person is immune from civil liability for any damages arising out of that failure.

(6) A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than $500.00.


History: Add. 2011, Act 84, Imd. Eff. July 15, 2011
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.7340a.amended THIS AMENDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2015 *****



333.7340a.amended Submission of information to NPLEx.

Sec. 7340a.

(1) Before completing a sale under section 17766f, a retailer shall electronically submit the required information to the national precursor log exchange (NPLEx) administered by the national association of drug diversion investigators (NADDI). A retailer shall not be required to pay a fee for using the NPLEx system.

(2) If a retailer selling a nonprescription product containing ephedrine or pseudoephedrine experiences mechanical or electronic failure of the electronic sales tracking system and is unable to comply with the electronic sales tracking requirement, the retailer shall maintain a written log or an alternative electronic record-keeping mechanism until such time as the retailer is able to comply with the electronic sales tracking requirement.

(3) NADDI shall provide real-time access to NPLEx information through the NPLEx online portal to law enforcement in this state as authorized by state and federal law.

(4) The system described in subsection (1) shall be capable of generating a stop sale alert notifying the retailer that the person is prohibited from purchasing a nonprescription product containing ephedrine or pseudoephedrine due to a conviction reported under the methamphetamine abuse reporting act or that completing the sale will result in the seller's or purchaser's violating the quantity limits set forth in section 17766f. Except as otherwise provided by law, the seller shall not complete the sale if the system generates a stop sale alert. The system shall contain an override function that may be used by a dispenser of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine who has a reasonable fear of imminent bodily harm if the dispenser does not complete a sale. Each instance in which the override function is utilized shall be logged by the system.

(5) A person's failure to comply with the record-keeping or sales verification requirements of this section does not create a civil cause of action for damages to any other person arising out of that failure absent a direct and proximate cause, and the person is immune from civil liability for any damages arising out of that failure.

(6) A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than $500.00.


History: Add. 2011, Act 84, Imd. Eff. July 15, 2011 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 275, Eff. Jan. 1, 2015
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 333.7340c.added THIS ADDED SECTION IS EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2015 *****



333.7340c.added Soliciting another person to obtain ephedrine or pseudoephedrine; violation as felony; other violation; report to state police; definitions.

Sec. 7340c.

(1) A person shall not solicit another person to purchase or otherwise obtain any amount of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine knowing that it is to be used for the purpose of illegally manufacturing methamphetamine.

(2) A person who violates this section is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 10 years or a fine of not more than $10,000.00, or both.

(3) This section does not prohibit the person from being charged with, convicted of, or sentenced for any other violation of law committed by the person while violating this section.

(4) If a person is convicted of violating this section, the court shall report the violation to the department of state police.

(5) For purposes of this section:

(a) "Ephedrine" includes the salts and isomers and salts of isomers of ephedrine.

(b) "Pseudoephedrine" includes the salts and isomers and salts of isomers of pseudoephedrine.


History: Add. 2014, Act 217, Eff. Jan. 1, 2015
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7341 Definitions; factors in determining imitation controlled substance; prohibited conduct; violation; civil fine; misdemeanor; penalty; default in payment of civil fine or costs; collection; prohibited advertisement or solicitation; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; section inapplicable to certain persons; violation as felony; penalty.

Sec. 7341.

(1) As used in this section:

(a) "Distribute" means the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer, sale, delivery, or dispensing from one person to another of an imitation controlled substance.

(b) "Imitation controlled substance" means a substance that is not a controlled substance or is not a drug for which a prescription is required under federal or state law, which by dosage unit appearance including color, shape, size, or markings, and/or by representations made, would lead a reasonable person to believe that the substance is a controlled substance. However, this subsection does not apply to a drug that is not a controlled substance if it was marketed before the controlled substance that it physically resembles. An imitation controlled substance does not include a placebo or registered investigational drug that was manufactured, distributed, possessed, or delivered in the ordinary course of professional practice or research. All of the following factors shall be considered in determining whether a substance is an imitation controlled substance:

(i) Whether the substance was approved by the federal food and drug administration for over-the-counter sales and was sold in the federal food and drug administration approved packaging along with the federal food and drug administration approved labeling information.

(ii) Any statements made by an owner or another person in control of the substance concerning the nature, use, or effect of the substance.

(iii) Whether the substance is packaged in a manner normally used for illicit controlled substances.

(iv) Whether the owner or another person in control of the substance has any prior convictions under state or federal law related to controlled substances or fraud.

(v) The proximity of the substance to controlled substances.

(vi) Whether the consideration tendered in exchange for the substance substantially exceeds the reasonable value of the substance considering the actual chemical composition of the substance and, if applicable, the price at which the over-the-counter substances of like chemical composition sell.

(c) "Manufacture" means the production, preparation, compounding, conversion, encapsulating, packaging, repackaging, labeling, relabeling, or processing of an imitation controlled substance, directly or indirectly.

(2) In addition to all logically relevant factors, the following factors as related to "representations made" shall be considered in determining whether a substance is an imitation controlled substance:

(a) Any express or implied representation made that the nature of the substance or its use or effect is similar to that of a controlled substance.

(b) Any express or implied representation made that the substance may be resold for an amount considerably in excess of the reasonable value of the composite ingredients and the cost of processing.

(c) Any express or implied representation made that the substance is a controlled substance.

(d) Any express or implied representation that the substance is of a nature or appearance that the recipient of the substance will be able to distribute the substance as a controlled substance.

(e) That the substance's package, label, or name is substantially similar to that of a controlled substance.

(f) The proximity of the substance to a controlled substance.

(g) That the physical appearance of the substance is substantially identical to a specific controlled substance, including any numbers or codes thereon, and the shape, size, markings, or color.

(3) Except as provided in subsection (7), a person shall not manufacture, distribute, or possess with intent to distribute, an imitation controlled substance.

(4) A person shall not use, or possess with intent to use, an imitation controlled substance, except under the direction of a person authorized pursuant to subsection (7). A person who violates this subsection is subject to a civil fine of not more than $100.00 and costs. Upon a second or subsequent violation of this subsection, a person is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days, or a fine of not more than $100.00, or both.

(5) A default in the payment of a civil fine or costs ordered under subsection (4) or an installment thereof may be collected by any means authorized for the enforcement of a judgment under chapter 40 or chapter 60 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.4001 to 600.4065 and 600.6001 to 600.6098.

(6) A person shall not place an advertisement or solicitation in this state to be distributed by any electronic media in this state, or place an advertisement or solicitation in this state in any newspaper, magazine, handbill, or other publication; or post or distribute an advertisement or solicitation in any public place in this state, knowing or having reason to know that the purpose of the advertisement or solicitation is to promote the distribution of an imitation controlled substance. A person who violates this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(7) This section does not apply to any person who is authorized by the administrator or the federal food and drug administration to manufacture, distribute, prescribe, or possess an imitation controlled substance for use as a placebo for legitimate medical, therapeutic, or research purposes.

(8) Except as provided in subsections (4) and (6), a person who violates this section is guilty of a felony, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 2 years, or by a fine of not more than $10,000.00, or both.


History: Add. 1984, Act 347, Eff. Mar. 29, 1985 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 180, Imd. Eff. June 19, 2012
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 74
OFFENSES AND PENALTIES


333.7401 Manufacturing, creating, delivering, or possessing with intent to manufacture, create, or deliver controlled substance, prescription form, or counterfeit prescription form; dispensing, prescribing, or administering controlled substance; violations; penalties; consecutive terms; discharge from lifetime probation; “plant” defined.

Sec. 7401.

(1) Except as authorized by this article, a person shall not manufacture, create, deliver, or possess with intent to manufacture, create, or deliver a controlled substance, a prescription form, or a counterfeit prescription form. A practitioner licensed by the administrator under this article shall not dispense, prescribe, or administer a controlled substance for other than legitimate and professionally recognized therapeutic or scientific purposes or outside the scope of practice of the practitioner, licensee, or applicant.

(2) A person who violates this section as to:

(a) A controlled substance classified in schedule 1 or 2 that is a narcotic drug or a drug described in section 7214(a)(iv) and:

(i) Which is in an amount of 1,000 grams or more of any mixture containing that substance is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for life or any term of years or a fine of not more than $1,000,000.00, or both.

(ii) Which is in an amount of 450 grams or more, but less than 1,000 grams, of any mixture containing that substance is guilty of a felony and punishable by imprisonment for not more than 30 years or a fine of not more than $500,000.00, or both.

(iii) Which is in an amount of 50 grams or more, but less than 450 grams, of any mixture containing that substance is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 20 years or a fine of not more than $250,000.00, or both.

(iv) Which is in an amount less than 50 grams, of any mixture containing that substance is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 20 years or a fine of not more than $25,000.00, or both.

(b) Either of the following:

(i) A substance described in section 7212(1)(h) or 7214(c)(ii) is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 20 years or a fine of not more than $25,000.00, or both.

(ii) Any other controlled substance classified in schedule 1, 2, or 3, except marihuana is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 7 years or a fine of not more than $10,000.00, or both.

(c) A substance classified in schedule 4 is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 4 years or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(d) Marihuana or a mixture containing marihuana is guilty of a felony punishable as follows:

(i) If the amount is 45 kilograms or more, or 200 plants or more, by imprisonment for not more than 15 years or a fine of not more than $10,000,000.00, or both.

(ii) If the amount is 5 kilograms or more but less than 45 kilograms, or 20 plants or more but fewer than 200 plants, by imprisonment for not more than 7 years or a fine of not more than $500,000.00, or both.

(iii) If the amount is less than 5 kilograms or fewer than 20 plants, by imprisonment for not more than 4 years or a fine of not more than $20,000.00, or both.

(e) A substance classified in schedule 5 is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 2 years or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(f) A prescription form or a counterfeit prescription form is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 7 years or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(3) A term of imprisonment imposed under subsection (2)(a) may be imposed to run consecutively with any term of imprisonment imposed for the commission of another felony.

(4) If an individual was sentenced to lifetime probation under subsection (2)(a)(iv) as it existed before March 1, 2003 and the individual has served 5 or more years of that probationary period, the probation officer for that individual may recommend to the court that the court discharge the individual from probation. If an individual's probation officer does not recommend discharge as provided in this subsection, with notice to the prosecutor, the individual may petition the court seeking resentencing under the court rules. The court may discharge an individual from probation as provided in this subsection. An individual may file more than 1 motion seeking resentencing under this subsection.

(5) As used in this section, "plant" means a marihuana plant that has produced cotyledons or a cutting of a marihuana plant that has produced cotyledons.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 275, Eff. Mar. 30, 1988 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 143, Eff. Sept. 28, 1989 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 38, Eff. June 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 221, Eff. Mar. 30, 1995 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 249, Eff. Jan. 1, 1997 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 319, Eff. Oct. 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 314, Eff. Jan. 1, 2001 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 236, Eff. Jan. 6, 2003 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 665, Eff. Mar. 1, 2003 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 710, Eff. Apr. 1, 2003 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 352, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2010 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 183, Eff. July 1, 2012
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain health-related functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.Enacting section 2 of Act 236 of 2001 provides:“Enacting section 2. Sections 7401, 7403, 7407, and 7521 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7401, 333.7403, 333.7407, and 333.7521, as amended by this amendatory act, take effect upon promulgation of the rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and receipt by the secretary of state of written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, is operational. The notice to the secretary of state shall include a statement that the department of consumer and industry services is able to receive data from at least 80% of those required to report under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and is able to respond to requests for data from persons authorized to make such requests and to review and utilize the data.”The rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, pertaining to the operation of the electronic monitoring system, were promulgated on December 30, 2002. In addition, a written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code is operational was filed with, and received by, the secretary of state on January 6, 2003.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7401a Delivery of controlled substance; violation of MCL 750.520b to 750.520e or MCL 750.520g.

Sec. 7401a.

(1) A person who, without an individual's consent, delivers a controlled substance or a substance described in section 7401b or causes a controlled substance or a substance described in section 7401b to be delivered to that individual to commit or attempt to commit a violation of section 520b, 520c, 520d, 520e, or 520g of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.520b, 750.520c, 750.520d, 750.520e, and 750.520g, against that individual is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 20 years.

(2) A conviction or sentence under this section does not prohibit a conviction or sentence for any other crime arising out of the same transaction.

(3) This section applies regardless of whether the person is convicted of a violation or attempted violation of section 520b, 520c, 520d, 520e, or 520g of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.520b, 750.520c, 750.520d, 750.520e, and 750.520g.


History: Add. 1998, Act 319, Eff. Oct. 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2001
Popular Name: Act 368
Popular Name: Date Rape
Popular Name: Date Rape Drug


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7401b Manufacture, delivery, or possession of gamma-butyrolactone prohibited; exception; violation; definitions.

Sec. 7401b.

(1) A person shall not do any of the following:

(a) Manufacture, deliver, or possess with intent to manufacture or deliver gamma-butyrolactone or any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing gamma-butyrolactone.

(b) Knowingly or intentionally possess gamma-butyrolactone or any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing gamma-butyrolactone.

(2) Subsection (1) does not prohibit manufacturing, delivering, possessing with intent to manufacture or deliver, or possessing gamma-butyrolactone or any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing gamma-butyrolactone for use in a commercial application and not for human consumption. It is an affirmative defense to a prosecution under this section that the person manufactured, delivered, possessed with intent to manufacture or deliver, or possessed gamma-butyrolactone or the material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing gamma-butyrolactone in compliance with this subsection.

(3) A person who violates this section is guilty of a crime as follows:

(a) For a violation of subsection (1)(a), the person is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 7 years or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(b) For a violation of subsection (1)(b), the person is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 2 years or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(4) As used in this section:

(a) “Commercial application” means as an ingredient in a lawful product, for use in the process of manufacturing a lawful product, or for lawful use as a solvent.

(b) “Deliver” means the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer from 1 person to another of gamma-butyrolactone or any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing gamma-butyrolactone, whether or not there is an agency relationship.

(c) “Manufacture” means the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion, or processing of gamma-butyrolactone or any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing gamma-butyrolactone, directly or indirectly, by extraction from substances of natural origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis. It includes the packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container.

(d) “Person” means that term as defined in section 1106 or a governmental entity.


History: Add. 2000, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2001
Popular Name: Act 368
Popular Name: Date Rape
Popular Name: Date Rape Drug


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7401c Manufacture of controlled substance; prohibited acts; violation as felony; exceptions; imposition of consecutive terms; court order to pay response activity costs; definitions.

Sec. 7401c.

(1) A person shall not do any of the following:

(a) Own, possess, or use a vehicle, building, structure, place, or area that he or she knows or has reason to know is to be used as a location to manufacture a controlled substance in violation of section 7401 or a counterfeit substance or a controlled substance analogue in violation of section 7402.

(b) Own or possess any chemical or any laboratory equipment that he or she knows or has reason to know is to be used for the purpose of manufacturing a controlled substance in violation of section 7401 or a counterfeit substance or a controlled substance analogue in violation of section 7402.

(c) Provide any chemical or laboratory equipment to another person knowing or having reason to know that the other person intends to use that chemical or laboratory equipment for the purpose of manufacturing a controlled substance in violation of section 7401 or a counterfeit substance or a controlled substance analogue in violation of section 7402.

(2) A person who violates this section is guilty of a felony punishable as follows:

(a) Except as provided in subdivisions (b) to (f), by imprisonment for not more than 10 years or a fine of not more than $100,000.00, or both.

(b) If the violation is committed in the presence of a minor, by imprisonment for not more than 20 years or a fine of not more than $100,000.00, or both.

(c) If the violation involves the unlawful generation, treatment, storage, or disposal of a hazardous waste, by imprisonment for not more than 20 years or a fine of not more than $100,000.00, or both.

(d) If the violation occurs within 500 feet of a residence, business establishment, school property, or church or other house of worship, by imprisonment for not more than 20 years or a fine of not more than $100,000.00, or both.

(e) If the violation involves the possession, placement, or use of a firearm or any other device designed or intended to be used to injure another person, by imprisonment for not more than 25 years or a fine of not more than $100,000.00, or both.

(f) If the violation involves or is intended to involve the manufacture of a substance described in section 7214(c)(ii), by imprisonment for not more than 20 years or a fine of not more than $25,000.00, or both.

(3) This section does not apply to a violation involving only a substance described in section 7214(a)(iv) or marihuana, or both.

(4) This section does not prohibit the person from being charged with, convicted of, or punished for any other violation of law committed by that person while violating or attempting to violate this section.

(5) A term of imprisonment imposed under this section may be served consecutively to any other term of imprisonment imposed for a violation of law arising out of the same transaction.

(6) The court may, as a condition of sentence, order a person convicted of a violation punishable under subsection (2)(c) to pay response activity costs arising out of the violation.

(7) As used in this section:

(a) “Hazardous waste” means that term as defined in section 11103 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.11103.

(b) “Laboratory equipment” means any equipment, device, or container used or intended to be used in the process of manufacturing a controlled substance, counterfeit substance, or controlled substance analogue.

(c) “Manufacture” means the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion, or processing of a controlled substance, directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis. Manufacture does not include any of the following:

(i) The packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container.

(ii) The preparation or compounding of a controlled substance by any of the following:

(A) A practitioner as an incident to the practitioner's administering or dispensing of a controlled substance in the course of his or her professional practice.

(B) A practitioner, or by the practitioner's authorized agent under his or her supervision, for the purpose of, or as an incident to, research, teaching, or chemical analysis and not for sale.

(d) “Minor” means an individual less than 18 years of age.

(e) “Response activity costs” means that term as defined in section 20101 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.20101.

(f) “School property” means that term as defined in section 7410.

(g) “Vehicle” means that term as defined in section 79 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.79.


History: Add. 2000, Act 314, Eff. Jan. 1, 2001 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 310, Eff. Apr. 1, 2004
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7402 Creating, manufacturing, delivering, or possessing with intent to deliver counterfeit substance or controlled substance analogue intended for human consumption; applicability of section and certain federal provisions; violations; penalties.

Sec. 7402.

(1) Except as authorized by this article, a person shall not create, manufacture, deliver, or possess with intent to deliver a counterfeit substance or a controlled substance analogue intended for human consumption. This section does not apply to a person who manufactures or distributes a substance in conformance with the provisions of an approved new drug application or an exemption for investigational use within the meaning of section 505 of the federal food, drug, and cosmetic act, 21 U.S.C. 355. For purposes of this section, section 505 of the federal food, drug, and cosmetic act shall be applicable to the introduction or delivery for introduction of any new drug into intrastate, interstate, or foreign commerce.

(2) A person who violates this section as to:

(a) A counterfeit substance classified in schedule 1 or 2 which is either a narcotic drug or a drug described in section 7212(1)(h) or 7214(a)(iv) or (c)(ii), is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 10 years or a fine of not more than $10,000.00, or both.

(b) Any other counterfeit substance classified in schedule 1, 2, or 3, is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 5 years or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(c) A counterfeit substance classified in schedule 4, is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 4 years or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(d) A counterfeit substance classified in schedule 5, is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 2 years or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(e) A controlled substance analogue, is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 15 years or a fine of not more than $250,000.00, or both.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 38, Eff. June 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 314, Eff. Jan. 1, 2001 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 710, Eff. Apr. 1, 2003 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 183, Eff. July 1, 2012
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7403 Knowingly or intentionally possessing controlled substance, controlled substance analogue, or prescription form; violations; penalties; discharge from lifetime probation.

Sec. 7403.

(1) A person shall not knowingly or intentionally possess a controlled substance, a controlled substance analogue, or a prescription form unless the controlled substance, controlled substance analogue, or prescription form was obtained directly from, or pursuant to, a valid prescription or order of a practitioner while acting in the course of the practitioner's professional practice, or except as otherwise authorized by this article.

(2) A person who violates this section as to:

(a) A controlled substance classified in schedule 1 or 2 that is a narcotic drug or a drug described in section 7214(a)(iv), and:

(i) Which is in an amount of 1,000 grams or more of any mixture containing that substance is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for life or any term of years or a fine of not more than $1,000,000.00, or both.

(ii) Which is in an amount of 450 grams or more, but less than 1,000 grams, of any mixture containing that substance is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 30 years or a fine of not more than $500,000.00, or both.

(iii) Which is in an amount of 50 grams or more, but less than 450 grams, of any mixture containing that substance is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 20 years or a fine of not more than $250,000.00, or both.

(iv) Which is in an amount of 25 grams or more, but less than 50 grams of any mixture containing that substance is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 4 years or a fine of not more than $25,000.00, or both.

(v) Which is in an amount less than 25 grams of any mixture containing that substance is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 4 years or a fine of not more than $25,000.00, or both.

(b) Either of the following:

(i) A substance described in section 7212(1)(h) or 7214(c)(ii) is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 10 years or a fine of not more than $15,000.00, or both.

(ii) A controlled substance classified in schedule 1, 2, 3, or 4, except a controlled substance for which a penalty is prescribed in subdivision (a), (b)(i), (c), or (d), or a controlled substance analogue is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 2 years or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(c) Lysergic acid diethylamide, peyote, mescaline, dimethyltryptamine, psilocyn, psilocybin, or a controlled substance classified in schedule 5 is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(d) Marihuana is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(e) A prescription form is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.

(3) If an individual was sentenced to lifetime probation under subsection (2)(a)(iv) as it existed before March 1, 2003 and the individual has served 5 or more years of that probationary period, the probation officer for that individual may recommend to the court that the court discharge the individual from probation. If an individual's probation officer does not recommend discharge as provided in this subsection, with notice to the prosecutor, the individual may petition the court seeking resentencing under the court rules. The court may discharge an individual from probation as provided in this subsection. An individual may file more than 1 motion seeking resentencing under this subsection.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 47, Eff. Mar. 30, 1988 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 143, Eff. Sept. 28, 1989 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 38, Eff. June 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 221, Eff. Mar. 30, 1995 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 249, Eff. Jan. 1, 1997 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 314, Eff. Jan. 1, 2001 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 236, Eff. Jan. 6, 2003 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 665, Eff. Mar. 1, 2003 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 710, Eff. Apr. 1, 2003 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 169, Eff. Oct. 1, 2010 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 352, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2010 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 183, Eff. July 1, 2012
Constitutionality: A mandatory sentence of life without parole does not violate the prohibition against cruel and unusual punishments of the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution, because the Eighth Amendment contains no proportionality guarantee. Neither does the Eighth Amendment prohibit the imposition of mandatory sentences -- “severe, mandatory penalties may be cruel, but they are not unusual in the constitutional sense ... ” -- nor does it require consideration of individualized, mitigating circumstances beyond those cases in which a capital sentence is imposed. Harmelin v Michigan, 501 US 957; 111 S Ct 2680; 115 L Ed2d 836 (1991).In People v Bullock, 440 Mich 15; 485 NW2d 866 (1992), the Michigan Supreme Court held that the Michigan Constitution prohibits cruel or unusual punishment while the Eighth Amendment to the US Constitution bars only punishment that is both cruel and unusual. Basing its decision on the textual difference, the Michigan Supreme Court held that the statutory penalty of mandatory life in prison without parole for possession of 650 grams or more of any mixture containing cocaine is so grossly disproportionate as to be cruel or unusual, the result being that those portions of the statutes denying parole consideration are struck down.
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 2 of Act 236 of 2001 provides:“Enacting section 2. Sections 7401, 7403, 7407, and 7521 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7401, 333.7403, 333.7407, and 333.7521, as amended by this amendatory act, take effect upon promulgation of the rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and receipt by the secretary of state of written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, is operational. The notice to the secretary of state shall include a statement that the department of consumer and industry services is able to receive data from at least 80% of those required to report under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and is able to respond to requests for data from persons authorized to make such requests and to review and utilize the data.”The rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, pertaining to the operation of the electronic monitoring system, were promulgated on December 30, 2002. In addition, a written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code is operational was filed with, and received by, the secretary of state on January 6, 2003.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7403a Fraudulently obtaining controlled substance or prescription from health care provider; certain privileges inapplicable to released or available medical records or information; immunity from civil or administrative liability; violation; penalty; probation; screening and assessment by bureau of substance abuse and addiction services; other violations; "health care provider" defined.

Sec. 7403a.

(1) A person shall not fraudulently obtain or attempt to obtain a controlled substance or a prescription for a controlled substance from a health care provider.

(2) The following privileges do not apply to medical records or information released or made available under subsection (1):

(a) The physician-patient privilege created in section 2157 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.2157.

(b) The dentist-patient privilege created in section 16648.

(c) Any other health professional-patient privilege created or recognized by law.

(3) To the extent not protected by the immunity conferred by 1964 PA 170, MCL 691.1401 to 691.1419, an individual who in good faith provides access to medical records or information under this section is immune from civil or administrative liability arising from that conduct, unless the conduct was gross negligence or willful and wanton misconduct.

(4) A person who violates this section is guilty of a crime as follows:

(a) Except as provided in subsection (5), the person is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 4 years or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(5) The court may place a person who has not previously been convicted of violating this section on probation subject to the terms and conditions set forth in section 7411.

(6) The court may order any person convicted of violating this section to undergo screening and assessment by a person or agency designated by the bureau of substance abuse and addiction services, to determine whether the person is likely to benefit from rehabilitative services, including alcohol or drug education and alcohol or drug treatment programs. As part of the sentence imposed under this section, the court may order the person to participate in and successfully complete 1 or more appropriate rehabilitative programs. The person shall pay for the costs of the screening, assessment, and rehabilitative services. Failure to complete a program shall be considered a violation of the terms of the probation.

(7) This section does not prohibit the person from being charged with, convicted of, or sentenced for any other violation of law arising out of the violation of this section.

(8) As used in this section, "health care provider" means that term as defined in section 9206.


History: Add. 2010, Act 354, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 2010
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7404 Use of controlled substance or controlled substance analogue; violations; penalties.

Sec. 7404.

(1) A person shall not use a controlled substance or controlled substance analogue unless the substance was obtained directly from, or pursuant to, a valid prescription or order of a practitioner while acting in the course of the practitioner's professional practice, or except as otherwise authorized by this article.

(2) A person who violates this section as to:

(a) A controlled substance classified in schedule 1 or 2 as a narcotic drug or a drug described in section 7212(1)(h) or 7214(a)(iv) or (c)(ii) is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(b) A controlled substance classified in schedule 1, 2, 3, or 4, except a controlled substance for which a penalty is prescribed in subdivision (a), (c), or (d), or a controlled substance analogue, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.

(c) Lysergic acid diethylamide, peyote, mescaline, dimethyltryptamine, psilocyn, psilocybin, or a controlled substance classified in schedule 5 is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 6 months or a fine of not more than $500.00, or both.

(d) Marihuana, catha edulis, salvia divinorum, or a substance described in section 7212(1)(i) is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days or a fine of not more than $100.00, or both.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 38, Eff. June 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 314, Eff. Jan. 1, 2001 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 710, Eff. Apr. 1, 2003 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 169, Eff. Oct. 1, 2010 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 183, Eff. July 1, 2012
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7405 Prohibited conduct generally; violation; penalties.

Sec. 7405.

(1) A person:

(a) Who is licensed by the administrator under this article shall not distribute, prescribe, or dispense a controlled substance in violation of section 7333.

(b) Who is a licensee shall not manufacture a controlled substance not authorized by his or her license or distribute, prescribe, or dispense a controlled substance not authorized by his or her license to another licensee or other authorized person, except as authorized by rules promulgated by the administrator.

(c) Shall not refuse an entry into any premises for an inspection authorized by this article.

(d) Shall not knowingly keep or maintain a store, shop, warehouse, dwelling, building, vehicle, boat, aircraft, or other structure or place, that is frequented by persons using controlled substances in violation of this article for the purpose of using controlled substances, or that is used for keeping or selling controlled substances in violation of this article.

(e) Who is a practitioner shall not dispense a controlled substance under a prescription written and signed; written or created in an electronic format, signed, and transmitted by facsimile; or transmitted electronically or by other means of communication by a physician prescriber or dentist prescriber licensed to practice in a state other than Michigan, unless the prescription is issued by a physician prescriber or dentist prescriber who is authorized under the laws of that state to practice dentistry, medicine, or osteopathic medicine and surgery and to prescribe controlled substances.

(2) A person who violates subsection (1) is subject to the penalties prescribed in section 7406.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 30, Eff. Aug. 26, 1988 ;-- Am. 1997, Act 153, Eff. Mar. 31, 1998 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 536, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 2005 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 672, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 2007 ;-- Am. 2009, Act 150, Imd. Eff. Nov. 19, 2009 ;-- Am. 2011, Act 155, Imd. Eff. Sept. 27, 2011 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 209, Imd. Eff. June 27, 2012
Popular Name: Act 368
Admin Rule: R 338.493a et seq. and R 338.3101 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7406 Violation of MCL 333.7405; penalty.

Sec. 7406.

A person who violates section 7405 may be punished by a civil fine of not more than $25,000.00 in a proceeding in the circuit court. However, if the violation is prosecuted by a criminal indictment alleging that the violation was committed knowingly or intentionally, and the trier of the fact specifically finds that the violation was committed knowingly or intentionally, the person is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 2 years, or a fine of not more than $25,000.00, or both.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7407 Prohibited conduct; violation as felony; penalty.

Sec. 7407.

(1) A person shall not knowingly or intentionally:

(a) Distribute as a licensee a controlled substance classified in schedule 1 or 2, except pursuant to an order form as required by section 7331.

(b) Use in the course of the manufacture or distribution of a controlled substance a license number that is fictitious, revoked, suspended, or issued to another person.

(c) Acquire or obtain possession of a controlled substance by misrepresentation, fraud, forgery, deception, or subterfuge.

(d) Furnish false or fraudulent material information in, or omit any material information from, an application, report, or other document required to be kept or filed under this article, or any record required to be kept by this article.

(e) Make, distribute, or possess a punch, die, plate, stone, or other thing designed to print, imprint, or reproduce the trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark, imprint, or device of another or any likeness of any of the foregoing upon a drug or container or labeling thereof so as to render the drug a counterfeit substance.

(f) Possess counterfeit prescription forms, except as an agent of government while engaged in the enforcement of this part.

(2) A person shall not refuse or knowingly fail to make, keep, or furnish any record, notification, order form, statement, invoice, or other information required under this article.

(3) A person who violates this section is guilty of a felony, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 4 years, or a fine of not more than $30,000.00, or both.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 30, Eff. Aug. 26, 1988 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 236, Eff. Jan. 6, 2003
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 2 of Act 236 of 2001 provides:“Enacting section 2. Sections 7401, 7403, 7407, and 7521 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7401, 333.7403, 333.7407, and 333.7521, as amended by this amendatory act, take effect upon promulgation of the rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and receipt by the secretary of state of written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, is operational. The notice to the secretary of state shall include a statement that the department of consumer and industry services is able to receive data from at least 80% of those required to report under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and is able to respond to requests for data from persons authorized to make such requests and to review and utilize the data.”The rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, pertaining to the operation of the electronic monitoring system, were promulgated on December 30, 2002. In addition, a written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code is operational was filed with, and received by, the secretary of state on January 6, 2003.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7407a Attempt to violate or knowingly or intentionally solicit, induce, or intimidate another person to violate part; penalty.

Sec. 7407a.

(1) A person shall not attempt to violate this part.

(2) A person shall not knowingly or intentionally solicit, induce, or intimidate another person to violate this part.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in section 7416, a person who violates this section is guilty of a crime punishable by the penalty for the crime he or she attempted to commit, or by the penalty for the crime he or she solicited, induced, or intimidated another person to commit.


History: Add. 1994, Act 220, Eff. Mar. 30, 1995
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7408 Penalty cumulative.

Sec. 7408.

A penalty imposed for violation of this article is in addition to, and not in lieu of, a civil or administrative penalty or sanction otherwise authorized by law.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7408a Licensing sanctions.

Sec. 7408a.

(1) As part of the sentence or juvenile disposition for an attempt to violate, a conspiracy to violate, or a violation of this part or of a local ordinance that prohibits conduct prohibited under this part, the court shall consider all prior convictions currently entered upon the criminal history record and Michigan driving record of the person, except those convictions which, upon motion of the defendant, are determined by the court to be constitutionally invalid, and, subject to subsection (11), shall impose the following licensing sanctions in addition to any other penalty or sanction imposed for the violation:

(a) If the court finds that the person does not have a prior conviction within 7 years of the violation, the court shall order the secretary of state to suspend the operator's or chauffeur's license of the person for 6 months. If the court finds compelling circumstances under subsection (8) sufficient to warrant the issuance of a restricted license, the court may order the secretary of state to issue to the person a restricted license during all or a specified portion of the period of suspension, except that a restricted license shall not be issued during the first 30 days of the period of suspension.

(b) If the court finds that the person has 1 or more prior convictions within 7 years of the violation, the court shall order the secretary of state to suspend the operator's or chauffeur's license of the person for 1 year. If the court finds compelling circumstances under subsection (8) sufficient to warrant the issuance of a restricted license, the court may order the secretary of state to issue to the person a restricted license during all or any portion of the period of suspension, except that a restricted license shall not be issued during the first 60 days of the period of suspension.

(2) The person whose operator's or chauffeur's license is ordered suspended under this section shall immediately surrender his or her operator's or chauffeur's license to the court. The court shall immediately destroy the license and forward an abstract of conviction with court-ordered license sanctions to the secretary of state. Upon receipt of, and pursuant to, the abstract of conviction with court-ordered license sanctions, the secretary of state shall suspend the person's license and, if ordered by the court and if the person is otherwise eligible for a license, issue to the person a restricted license stating the limited driving privileges indicated on the abstract. If the judgment is appealed to circuit court, the court may, ex parte, order the secretary of state to stay the suspension or license restriction issued under this section pending the outcome of the appeal.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (5), before imposing sentence or entering a juvenile disposition, other than court-ordered license sanctions under this section, for an attempt to violate, a conspiracy to violate, or a violation of this part or of a local ordinance that prohibits conduct prohibited under this part, the court may order the person to undergo screening and assessment by a person or agency as designated by a department-designated community mental health entity or a community mental health services program under the mental health code, 1974 PA 258, MCL 330.1001 to 330.2106, to determine whether the person is likely to benefit from rehabilitative services, including alcohol or drug education and alcohol or drug treatment programs. The person shall pay for the costs of the screening and assessment services.

(4) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (5), as part of the sentence or juvenile disposition for an attempt to violate, a conspiracy to violate, or a violation of this part or of a local ordinance that prohibits conduct prohibited under this part, the court may order the person to do 1 or both of the following:

(a) Perform service to the community for not more than 90 days. A person ordered to perform service to the community under this subdivision shall not receive compensation, and shall reimburse the state or appropriate local unit of government for the cost of supervision incurred by the state or local unit of government as a result of the person's activities in that service.

(b) Participate in and successfully complete 1 or more appropriate rehabilitative programs. The person shall pay for the costs of the rehabilitative services.

(5) Subsections (3) and (4) do not apply to a person who is not eligible for probation under chapter XI of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 175, MCL 777.1 to 777.14a.

(6) A restricted license issued in compliance with an order under this section shall permit the person to whom it is issued to drive under the following circumstances:

(a) In the course of the person's employment or occupation.

(b) To and from any combination of the following:

(i) The person's residence.

(ii) The person's work location.

(iii) An alcohol or drug education or treatment program as ordered by the court.

(iv) The court probation department.

(v) A court-ordered community service program.

(vi) An educational institution at which the person is enrolled as a student.

(vii) A place of regularly occurring medical treatment for a serious condition for the person or a member of the person's household or immediate family.

(7) The court shall not order the secretary of state under this section to issue a restricted license that would permit a person to operate a commercial motor vehicle that hauls hazardous material.

(8) The court shall not order the secretary of state under this section to issue a restricted license unless the person states under oath, and the court finds by testimony taken in open court or by statements contained in a sworn affidavit on a form prescribed by the state court administrator, that both of the following apply:

(a) The person needs vehicular transportation to and from his or her work location, place of alcohol or drug education treatment, court probation department, court-ordered community service program, or educational institution, or in the course of the person's employment or occupation.

(b) The person is unable to take public transportation and does not have any family members or other individual able to provide transportation to a destination or for a purpose described in subdivision (a).

(9) Regardless of a court order issued under this section, the secretary of state shall not issue a restricted license to a person whose license is suspended under this section unless a restricted license is authorized under this section and the person is otherwise eligible for a license.

(10) While driving, the person shall carry proof of his or her destination and the hours of any employment, class, or other reason for traveling and shall display that proof upon a peace officer's request.

(11) A court shall not order the suspension of a person's license if the person is sentenced to life imprisonment or to a minimum term of imprisonment that exceeds 1 year for an attempt to violate, a conspiracy to violate, or a violation of this part.

(12) The court shall do both of the following:

(a) Transmit a record of each order issued under this section to the secretary of state.

(b) Forward to the department of state police, on a form or forms prescribed by the state court administrator, a record that specifies the penalties imposed by the court for an offense described in subsection (1), including a licensing sanction ordered under this section and a term of imprisonment imposed for the offense.

(13) Except as otherwise provided by law, a record described in subsection (12) is a public record, and the department of state police shall retain the information contained in that record for not less than 7 years.

(14) As used in this section:

(a) "Commercial motor vehicle" means that term as defined in section 7a of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.7a.

(b) "Conviction" means a final conviction, a plea of guilty or nolo contendere if accepted by the court, a finding of guilt, a probate court disposition, or a juvenile adjudication, for a criminal law violation, regardless of whether the penalty is rebated or suspended.

(c) "Hazardous material" means that term as defined in section 19b of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.19b.

(d) "Juvenile disposition" means either of the following:

(i) A finding of juvenile delinquency under 18 USC 5031 to 5042.

(ii) The entry of a judgment or order of disposition by a court of another state that states or is based upon a finding that a juvenile violated a law of another state that would have been a criminal offense if committed by an adult in that state.

(e) "Law of another state" means a law or ordinance enacted by another state or by a local unit of government in another state.

(f) "Prior conviction" means either of the following:

(i) A conviction for an attempt to violate, a conspiracy to violate, or a violation of this part or former section 17766a, a local ordinance that prohibits conduct prohibited under this part or former section 17766a, or a law of another state that prohibits conduct prohibited under this part or former section 17766a.

(ii) A conviction for an attempt to violate, a conspiracy to violate, or a violation of the controlled substances act, 21 USC 801 to 971.

(g) "Probate court disposition" means the entry of a probate court order of disposition for a child found to be within the provisions of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.1 to 712A.32.

(h) "Work location" means, as applicable, either the specific place or places of employment, or the territory or territories regularly visited by the person in pursuance of the person's occupation, or both.


History: Add. 1993, Act 361, Eff. Sept. 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 74, Eff. Oct. 1, 1999 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 144, Eff. Jan. 21, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 501, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7409 Conviction or acquittal under federal law or law of other state as bar to prosecution.

Sec. 7409.

If a violation of this article is a violation of a federal law or the law of another state, a conviction or acquittal under federal law or the law of another state for the same act is a bar to prosecution in this state.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7410 Violations by individual 18 years of age or over; "library" and “school property” defined; distribution of marihuana; penalties.

Sec. 7410.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (2) and (3), an individual 18 years of age or over who violates section 7401(2)(a)(iv) by delivering or distributing a controlled substance listed in schedule 1 or 2 that is either a narcotic drug or described in section 7214(a)(iv) to an individual under 18 years of age who is at least 3 years the deliverer's or distributor's junior may be punished by the fine authorized by section 7401(2)(a)(iv) or by a term of imprisonment of not less than 1 year nor more than twice that authorized by section 7401(2)(a)(iv), or both. An individual 18 years of age or over who violates section 7401 or 7401b by delivering or distributing any other controlled substance listed in schedules 1 to 5 or gamma-butyrolactone to an individual under 18 years of age who is at least 3 years the distributor's junior may be punished by the fine authorized by section 7401(2)(b), (c), or (d) or 7401b, or by a term of imprisonment not more than twice that authorized by section 7401(2)(b), (c), or (d) or 7401b, or both.

(2) An individual 18 years of age or over who violates section 7401(2)(a)(iv) by delivering a controlled substance described in schedule 1 or 2 that is either a narcotic drug or described in section 7214(a)(iv) to another person on or within 1,000 feet of school property or a library shall be punished, subject to subsection (5), by a term of imprisonment of not less than 2 years or more than 3 times that authorized by section 7401(2)(a)(iv) and, in addition, may be punished by a fine of not more than 3 times that authorized by section 7401(2)(a)(iv).

(3) An individual 18 years of age or over who violates section 7401(2)(a)(iv) by possessing with intent to deliver to another person on or within 1,000 feet of school property or a library a controlled substance described in schedule 1 or 2 that is either a narcotic drug or described in section 7214(a)(iv) shall be punished, subject to subsection (5), by a term of imprisonment of not less than 2 years or more than twice that authorized by section 7401(2)(a)(iv) and, in addition, may be punished by a fine of not more than 3 times that authorized by section 7401(2)(a)(iv).

(4) An individual 18 years of age or over who violates section 7401b or 7403(2)(a)(v), (b), (c), or (d) by possessing gamma-butyrolactone or a controlled substance on or within 1,000 feet of school property or a library shall be punished by a term of imprisonment or a fine, or both, of not more than twice that authorized by section 7401b or 7403(2)(a)(v), (b), (c), or (d).

(5) The court may depart from the minimum term of imprisonment authorized under subsection (2) or (3) if the court finds on the record that there are substantial and compelling reasons to do so.

(6) As used in this section:

(a) "Library" means a library that is established by the state; a county, city, township, village, school district, or other local unit of government or authority or combination of local units of government and authorities; a community college district; a college or university; or any private library open to the public.

(b) "School property" means a building, playing field, or property used for school purposes to impart instruction to children in grades kindergarten through 12, when provided by a public, private, denominational, or parochial school, except those buildings used primarily for adult education or college extension courses.

(7) A person who distributes marihuana without remuneration and not to further commercial distribution and who does not violate subsection (1) is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both, unless the distribution is in accordance with the federal law or the law of this state.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 12, Eff. June 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 174, Eff. Sept. 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 188, Imd. Eff. Nov. 24, 1999 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2001 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 216, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 552, Eff. Mar. 30, 2007
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7410a Delivery or intent to deliver controlled substance in or within public or private park; term of imprisonment; definitions.

Sec. 7410a.

(1) An individual 18 years of age or over who does any of the following may be punished by a term of imprisonment of not more than 2 years:

(a) Violates section 7401(2)(a)(iv) or (2)(b)(i) or section 7401b by delivering a controlled substance or gamma-butyrolactone to a minor who is in a public park or private park or within 1,000 feet of a public park or private park.

(b) Violates section 7401(2)(a)(iv) or (2)(b)(i) or section 7401b by possessing with intent to deliver a controlled substance or gamma-butyrolactone to a minor who is in a public park or private park or within 1,000 feet of a public park or private park.

(c) Violates section 7403(2)(a)(v), (b), (c), or (d) or section 7401b by possessing a controlled substance or gamma-butyrolactone in or within 1,000 feet of a public park or private park.

(d) Violates section 7401c within 1,000 feet of a public park or private park.

(2) The term of imprisonment authorized under subsection (1) is in addition to the term of imprisonment authorized for the violation of section 7401(2)(a)(iv) or (2)(b)(i), section 7401b, section 7401c, or section 7403(2)(a)(v), (b), (c), or (d).

(3) As used in this section:

(a) "Private park" means real property owned or maintained by a private individual or entity and that is open to the general public or local residents for recreation or amusement.

(b) "Public park" means real property owned or maintained by this state or a political subdivision of this state that is designated by this state or by that political subdivision as a public park.


History: Add. 1998, Act 261, Eff. Oct. 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2001 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 314, Eff. Jan. 1, 2001 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 217, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7411 Possession or use of controlled substance or imitation controlled substance; probation; terms and conditions; violation; discharge and dismissal; deferral of proceedings; nonpublic record of arrest, court proceedings, and disposition; nonpublic record open to certain individuals and entities; purposes; course of instruction or rehabilitation program; conviction of second violation; screening and assessment; costs.

Sec. 7411.

(1) When an individual who has not previously been convicted of an offense under this article or under any statute of the United States or of any state relating to narcotic drugs, coca leaves, marihuana, or stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic drugs, pleads guilty to or is found guilty of possession of a controlled substance under section 7403(2)(a)(v), 7403(2)(b), (c), or (d), or of use of a controlled substance under section 7404, or possession or use of an imitation controlled substance under section 7341 for a second time, the court, without entering a judgment of guilt with the consent of the accused, may defer further proceedings and place the individual on probation upon terms and conditions that shall include, but are not limited to, payment of a probation supervision fee as prescribed in section 3c of chapter XI of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 175, MCL 771.3c. The terms and conditions of probation may include participation in a drug treatment court under chapter 10A of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.1060 to 600.1084. Upon violation of a term or condition, the court may enter an adjudication of guilt and proceed as otherwise provided. Upon fulfillment of the terms and conditions, the court shall discharge the individual and dismiss the proceedings. Discharge and dismissal under this section shall be without adjudication of guilt and, except as otherwise provided by law, is not a conviction for purposes of this section or for purposes of disqualifications or disabilities imposed by law upon conviction of a crime, including the additional penalties imposed for second or subsequent convictions under section 7413. There may be only 1 discharge and dismissal under this section as to an individual.

(2) All court proceedings under this section shall be open to the public. Except as provided in subsection (3), if the record of proceedings as to the defendant is deferred under this section, the record of proceedings during the period of deferral shall be closed to public inspection.

(3) Unless the court enters a judgment of guilt under this section, the department of state police shall retain a nonpublic record of the arrest, court proceedings, and disposition of the criminal charge under this section. However, the nonpublic record shall be open to the following individuals and entities for the purposes noted:

(a) The courts of this state, law enforcement personnel, the department of corrections, and prosecuting attorneys for use only in the performance of their duties or to determine whether an employee of the court, law enforcement agency, department of corrections, or prosecutor's office has violated his or her conditions of employment or whether an applicant meets criteria for employment with the court, law enforcement agency, department of corrections, or prosecutor's office.

(b) The courts of this state, law enforcement personnel, and prosecuting attorneys for the purpose of showing either of the following:

(i) That a defendant has already once availed himself or herself of this section.

(ii) Determining whether the defendant in a criminal action is eligible for discharge and dismissal of proceedings by a drug treatment court under section 1076(5) of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.1076.

(c) The department of human services for enforcing child protection laws and vulnerable adult protection laws or ascertaining the preemployment criminal history of any individual who will be engaged in the enforcement of child protection laws or vulnerable adult protection laws.

(4) For purposes of this section, a person subjected to a civil fine for a first violation of section 7341(4) shall not be considered to have previously been convicted of an offense under this article.

(5) Except as provided in subsection (6), if an individual is convicted of a violation of this article, other than a violation of section 7401(2)(a)(i) to (iv) or section 7403(2)(a)(i) to (iv), the court as part of the sentence, during the period of confinement or the period of probation, or both, may require the individual to attend a course of instruction or rehabilitation program approved by the department on the medical, psychological, and social effects of the misuse of drugs. The court may order the individual to pay a fee, as approved by the director, for the instruction or program. Failure to complete the instruction or program shall be considered a violation of the terms of probation.

(6) If an individual is convicted of a second violation of section 7341(4), before imposing sentence under subsection (1), the court shall order the person to undergo screening and assessment by a person or agency designated by the office of substance abuse services, to determine whether the person is likely to benefit from rehabilitative services, including alcohol or drug education and alcohol or drug treatment programs. As part of the sentence imposed under subsection (1), the court may order the person to participate in and successfully complete 1 or more appropriate rehabilitative programs. The person shall pay for the costs of the screening, assessment, and rehabilitative services. Failure to complete a program shall be considered a violation of the terms of the probation.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 347, Eff. Mar. 29, 1985 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 144, Imd. Eff. June 6, 1988 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 169, Eff. Sept. 30, 1993 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 79, Imd. Eff. Mar. 25, 2002 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 225, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 549, Eff. Apr. 1, 2013 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 223, Eff. Jan. 1, 2014
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7413 Conviction of second or subsequent violation; penalty.

Sec. 7413.

(1) An individual who was convicted previously for a violation of any of the following offenses and is thereafter convicted of a second or subsequent violation of any of the following offenses shall be imprisoned for life and shall not be eligible for probation, suspension of sentence, or parole during that mandatory term:

(a) A violation of section 7401(2)(a)(ii) or (iii).

(b) A violation of section 7403(2)(a)(ii) or (iii).

(c) Conspiracy to commit an offense proscribed by section 7401(2)(a)(ii) or (iii) or section 7403(2)(a)(ii) or (iii).

(2) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (1) and (3), an individual convicted of a second or subsequent offense under this article may be imprisoned for a term not more than twice the term otherwise authorized or fined an amount not more than twice that otherwise authorized, or both.

(3) An individual convicted of a second or subsequent offense under section 7410(2) or (3) shall be punished, subject to subsection (4), by a term of imprisonment of not less than 5 years nor more than twice that authorized under section 7410(2) or (3) and, in addition, may be punished by a fine of not more than 3 times that authorized by section 7410(2) or (3); and shall not be eligible for probation or suspension of sentence during the term of imprisonment.

(4) The court may depart from the minimum term of imprisonment authorized under subsection (3) if the court finds on the record that there are substantial and compelling reasons to do so.

(5) For purposes of subsection (2), an offense is considered a second or subsequent offense, if, before conviction of the offense, the offender has at any time been convicted under this article or under any statute of the United States or of any state relating to a narcotic drug, marihuana, depressant, stimulant, or hallucinogenic drug.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 12, Eff. June 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 144, Imd. Eff. June 6, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7415 Dismissal of case; reduction of charge; plea of guilty, guilty but mentally ill, or nolo contendere.

Sec. 7415.

(1) After the arraignment of a defendant on a warrant charging the defendant with the commission of any of the offenses specified in section 7401(2)(a)(i) or (ii) or 7403(2)(a)(i) or (ii), or with conspiracy to commit an offense specified in section 7401(2)(a)(i) or (ii) or 7403(2)(a)(i) or (ii), the examining magistrate shall not dismiss the case upon motion of the prosecuting attorney unless the dismissal is with prejudice, nor shall the examining magistrate permit the prosecuting attorney to reduce the charge if it appears to the examining magistrate at the conclusion of the preliminary examination that 1 or more of the offenses set forth in this subsection was committed and that there is probable cause for charging the defendant with a violation of 1 or more of the offenses.

(2) At or after the arraignment of a defendant on an indictment or information charging the defendant with the commission of any of the offenses specified in section 7401(2)(a)(i) or (ii) or 7403(2)(a)(i) or (ii), or with conspiracy to commit an offense specified in section 7401(2)(a)(i) or (ii) or 7403(2)(a)(i) or (ii), the court in which the indictment or information is filed shall not dismiss the case upon motion of the prosecuting attorney unless the dismissal is with prejudice, and the court shall not accept a plea of guilty, guilty but mentally ill, or nolo contendere unless, with the consent of the prosecuting attorney on the record, the defendant enters a plea of guilty, guilty but mentally ill, or nolo contendere to not less than 1 of the following felonies:

(a) An offense described in section 7401(2)(a)(i), (ii), (iii), or (iv).

(b) An offense described in section 7403(2)(a)(i), (ii), (iii), or (iv).

(c) Conspiracy to commit an offense described in subdivision (a) or (b).


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 144, Imd. Eff. June 6, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7416 Recruiting, inducing, soliciting, or coercing minor to commit felony; penalties; exception.

Sec. 7416.

(1) A person 17 years of age or over who recruits, induces, solicits, or coerces a minor less than 17 years of age to commit or attempt to commit any act that would be a felony under this part if committed by an adult is guilty of a felony and may be punished by a fine of not more than the fine authorized by this part for an adult who commits such an act, and shall be punished, subject to subsection (3), as follows:

(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), by imprisonment for not less than 1/2 of the maximum term of imprisonment authorized by this part for an adult who commits such an act and not more than the maximum term of imprisonment authorized by this part for an adult who commits such an act.

(b) If the act to be committed or attempted by the minor is a violation of section 7401(2)(a)(i), by imprisonment for life.

(2) A person subject to a sentence under subsection (1) shall not be subject to a delayed sentence or a suspended sentence and shall not be eligible for probation.

(3) The court may depart from a minimum term of imprisonment authorized under subsection (1)(a) or (b) if the court finds on the record that there are substantial and compelling reasons to do so.

(4) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to an act that is a violation of section 7401(2)(d) and that involves the manufacture, delivery, or possession with intent to deliver of marihuana. This section applies whether or not the person 17 years of age or older knew or had reason to know the age of the minor less than 17 years of age.


History: Add. 1988, Act 17, Eff. June 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 95, Eff. Aug. 1, 1995
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7417 Product producing same or similar effect as scheduled ingredient; sale or offer to sell prohibited; violation; penalty; "named product" defined.

Sec. 7417.

(1) A person who knows that a named product contains or previously contained an ingredient that was designated to be a schedule 1 controlled substance shall not sell or offer to sell any other product while representing that it contains an ingredient that produces the same or a substantially similar physiological or psychological effect as that scheduled ingredient. This subsection does not apply to a product approved by the federal food and drug administration.

(2) A person who violates this section is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 4 years or a fine of not more than $20,000.00, or both.

(3) As used in this section, "named product" means either of the following:

(a) A product having a designated brand name.

(b) A product having a street or common name with application sufficient to identify the product as a specific product within this state or within a local unit of government.


History: Add. 2012, Act 183, Eff. July 1, 2012
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7451 “Drug paraphernalia” defined.

Sec. 7451.

As used in sections 7453 to 7461 and section 7521, “drug paraphernalia” means any equipment, product, material, or combination of equipment, products, or materials, which is specifically designed for use in planting; propagating; cultivating; growing; harvesting; manufacturing; compounding; converting; producing; processing; preparing; testing; analyzing; packaging; repackaging; storing; containing; concealing; injecting, ingesting, inhaling, or otherwise introducing into the human body a controlled substance; including, but not limited to, all of the following:

(a) An isomerization device specifically designed for use in increasing the potency of any species of plant which plant is a controlled substance.

(b) Testing equipment specifically designed for use in identifying or in analyzing the strength, effectiveness, or purity of a controlled substance.

(c) A weight scale or balance specifically designed for use in weighing or measuring a controlled substance.

(d) A diluent or adulterant, including, but not limited to, quinine hydrochloride, mannitol, mannite, dextrose, and lactose, specifically designed for use with a controlled substance.

(e) A separation gin or sifter specifically designed for use in removing twigs and seeds from, or in otherwise cleaning or refining, marihuana.

(f) An object specifically designed for use in ingesting, inhaling, or otherwise introducing marihuana, cocaine, hashish, or hashish oil into the human body.

(g) A kit specifically designed for use in planting, propagating, cultivating, growing, or harvesting any species of plant which is a controlled substance or from which a controlled substance can be derived.

(h) A kit specifically designed for use in manufacturing, compounding, converting, producing, processing, or preparing controlled substances.

(i) A device, commonly known as a cocaine kit, that is specifically designed for use in ingesting, inhaling, or otherwise introducing controlled substances into the human body, and which consists of at least a razor blade and a mirror.

(j) A device, commonly known as a bullet, that is specifically designed to deliver a measured amount of controlled substances to the user.

(k) A device, commonly known as a snorter, that is specifically designed to carry a small amount of controlled substances to the user's nose.

(l) A device, commonly known as an automotive safe, that is specifically designed to carry and conceal a controlled substance in an automobile, including, but not limited to, a can used for brake fluid, oil, or carburetor cleaner which contains a compartment for carrying and concealing controlled substances.

(m) A spoon, with or without a chain attached, that has a small diameter bowl and that is specifically designed for use in ingesting, inhaling, or otherwise introducing controlled substances into the human body.


History: Add. 1988, Act 139, Imd. Eff. June 3, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7453 Sale of drug paraphernalia prohibited; notice; compliance.

Sec. 7453.

(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person shall not sell or offer for sale drug paraphernalia, knowing that the drug paraphernalia will be used to plant, propagate, cultivate, grow, harvest, manufacture, compound, convert, produce, process, prepare, test, analyze, pack, repack, store, contain, conceal, inject, ingest, inhale, or otherwise introduce into the human body a controlled substance.

(2) Before a person is arrested for a violation of subsection (1), the attorney general or a prosecuting attorney shall notify the person in writing, not less than 2 business days before the person is to be arrested, that the person is in possession of specific, defined material that has been determined by the attorney general or prosecuting attorney to be drug paraphernalia. The notice also shall request that the person refrain from selling or offering for sale the material and shall state that if the person complies with the notice, no arrest will be made for a violation of subsection (1).

(3) If a person complies with a notice sent under subsection (2), the compliance is a complete defense for the person against a prosecution under section 7453, as long as the compliance continues.


History: Add. 1988, Act 139, Imd. Eff. June 3, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7455 Violation of MCL 333.7453 as misdemeanor; penalty.

Sec. 7455.

(1) A person who violates section 7453 is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days, or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(2) A person 18 years of age or older who violates section 7453 by selling or offering to sell drug paraphernalia to a person less than 18 years of age is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or a fine of not more than $7,500.00, or both.


History: Add. 1988, Act 139, Imd. Eff. June 3, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7457 Applicability of MCL 333.7451 to 333.7455.

Sec. 7457.

Sections 7451 to 7455 do not apply to any of the following:

(a) An object sold or offered for sale to a person licensed under article 15 or under the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.101 to 339.2721, or any intern, trainee, apprentice, or assistant in a profession licensed under article 15 or under the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.101 to 339.2721, for use in that profession.

(b) An object sold or offered for sale to any hospital, sanitarium, clinical laboratory, or other health care institution including a penal, correctional, or juvenile detention facility for use in that institution.

(c) An object sold or offered for sale to a dealer in medical, dental, surgical, or pharmaceutical supplies.

(d) A blender, bowl, container, spoon, or mixing device not specifically designed for a use described in section 7451.

(e) A hypodermic syringe or needle sold or offered for sale for the purpose of injecting or otherwise treating livestock or other animals.

(f) An object sold, offered for sale, or given away by a state or local governmental agency or by a person specifically authorized by a state or local governmental agency to prevent the transmission of infectious agents.


History: Add. 1988, Act 139, Imd. Eff. June 3, 1988 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 458, Eff. Mar. 20, 2007
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7459 Action for declaratory judgment; defendant.

Sec. 7459.

(1) A person who has received a notice under section 7453(2) may commence an action for a declaratory judgment to obtain an adjudication of the legality of the intended sale or offer to sell.

(2) The attorney general or the prosecuting attorney who sent the notice under section 7453(2) shall be made the defendant to an action commenced under subsection (1).


History: Add. 1988, Act 139, Imd. Eff. June 3, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7461 Declaratory judgment as complete defense.

Sec. 7461.

If a declaratory judgment has been issued pursuant to section 7459 stating that sale or offer to sell specified material does not violate section 7453, the declaratory judgment is a complete defense for the person obtaining such a judgment against a prosecution under section 7453.


History: Add. 1988, Act 139, Imd. Eff. June 3, 1988
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 75
ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION


333.7501 Arrest without warrant.

Sec. 7501.

A sheriff, deputy sheriff, or local or state police officer who has reasonable cause to believe that a violation of this article punishable by imprisonment for 1 year or more has taken place or is taking place and reasonable cause to believe that an individual has committed or is committing the violation, may arrest that individual without a warrant for that violation whether or not the violation was committed in the law enforcement officer's presence.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain health-related functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7502 Powers of agents.

Sec. 7502.

(1) An inspection agent or investigatory agent of the department of commerce may do any of the following:

(a) Execute and serve search warrants, arrest warrants, administrative inspection warrants, subpoenas, and summonses issued under the authority of this state.

(b) Seize property pursuant to this article.

(c) Perform other law enforcement duties the administrator or the department of commerce designates.

(2) An agent of the department of treasury designated by the commissioner of revenue may exercise the powers specified in subsection (1) with regard to the seizure of property under section 7521(e) and (f) after notification of the department of state police or any other local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 251, Imd. Eff. Sept. 29, 1982 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7504 Administrative inspection warrants; issuance; execution; oath or affirmation showing probable cause; seizure of property; existence of probable cause; affidavit; contents of warrant.

Sec. 7504.

(1) Administrative inspection warrants shall be issued and executed as prescribed in this part.

(2) A magistrate within the magistrate's jurisdiction, upon proper oath or affirmation showing probable cause, may issue a warrant for the purpose of conducting an administrative inspection authorized by this article or the rules promulgated under this article and seizures of property appropriate to the inspection. Probable cause exists upon showing a valid public interest in the effective enforcement of this article or the rules promulgated under this article sufficient to justify administrative inspection of the area, premises, building, or conveyance in the circumstances specified in the application for the warrant.

(3) A warrant shall issue only upon an affidavit of a designated officer or employee having knowledge of the facts alleged, sworn to before the magistrate and establishing the grounds for issuing the warrant. The magistrate, if satisfied that the grounds for the application exist or that there is probable cause to believe they exist, shall issue a warrant identifying the area, premises, building, or conveyance to be inspected, the purpose of the inspection, and, if appropriate, the type of property to be inspected.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7505 Contents, execution, and return of warrant; copy of warrant and receipt for property seized; inventory of property taken; delivering copy of inventory; filing warrant with copy of return and papers returnable.

Sec. 7505.

(1) The warrant shall:

(a) State the grounds for its issuance and the name of each person whose affidavit has been taken in support thereof.

(b) Be directed to a person described in section 7502.

(c) Command the person to whom it is directed to inspect the area, premises, building, or conveyance identified for the purpose specified and, if appropriate, direct the seizure of the property specified.

(d) Identify the item or types of property to be seized, if any.

(e) Designate the magistrate to whom it shall be returned.

(2) A warrant issued pursuant to this section shall be executed and returned within 10 days after its date unless, upon a showing of a need for additional time, the court orders otherwise. If property is seized pursuant to a warrant, a copy shall be given to the person from whom or from whose premises the property is taken, together with a receipt for the property taken. The return of the warrant shall be made promptly, accompanied by a written inventory of any property taken. The inventory shall be made in the presence of the person executing the warrant and of the person from whose possession or premises the property was taken, if present, or in the presence of at least 1 credible person other than the person executing the warrant. A copy of the inventory shall be delivered to the person from whom or from whose premises the property was taken and to the applicant for the warrant.

(3) The magistrate who issues a warrant shall attach thereto a copy of the return and all papers returnable in connection therewith and file them with the clerk of the magistrate's court in which the inspection was made.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7507 Administrative inspections of controlled premises.

Sec. 7507.

(1) The department of commerce may make administrative inspections of controlled premises in accordance with this section.

(2) When authorized by an administrative inspection warrant, an officer or employee designated by the department of commerce, upon presenting the warrant and appropriate credentials to the owner, operator, or agent in charge, may enter controlled premises for the purpose of conducting an administrative inspection.

(3) When authorized by an administrative inspection warrant, an officer or employee designated by the department of commerce may:

(a) Inspect and copy records required to be kept by this article.

(b) Inspect, within reasonable limits and in a reasonable manner, controlled premises and all pertinent equipment, finished and unfinished material, containers, and labeling found therein and, except as provided in subsection (5) all other things therein, including records, files, papers, processes, controls, and facilities bearing on violation of this article.

(c) Inventory any stock of a controlled substance therein and obtain samples thereof.

(4) This section does not prevent the inspection without a warrant of books and records pursuant to an administrative subpoena issued in accordance with law, nor does it prevent entries and administrative inspections, including seizures of property, without a warrant:

(a) If the owner, operator, or agent in charge of the controlled premises consents.

(b) In situations presenting imminent danger to health or safety.

(c) In situations involving inspection of conveyances if there is reasonable cause to believe that the mobility of the conveyance makes it impracticable to obtain a warrant.

(d) In any other exceptional or emergency circumstance where time or opportunity to apply for a warrant is lacking.

(e) In any other situation in which a warrant is not constitutionally required.

(5) An inspection authorized by this section shall not extend to financial data or sales data, other than shipment data or pricing data, unless the owner, operator, or agent in charge of the controlled premises consents in writing.

(6) For purposes of this section only,“controlled premises” means:

(a) A place where a person licensed or exempted from licensure requirements under this article is required to keep records.

(b) A place including a factory, warehouse, establishment, and conveyance in which a person licensed or exempted from licensure requirements under this article is permitted to hold, manufacture, compound, process, sell, deliver, or otherwise dispose of a controlled substance.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Imd. Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7511 Restraining or enjoining violation; trial by jury.

Sec. 7511.

(1) The circuit court of a county having jurisdiction over an alleged violator of this article has jurisdiction to restrain or enjoin a violation of this article.

(2) The defendant may demand a trial by jury for an alleged violation of an injunction or restraining order issued under this section.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7515 Cooperation with federal and other state agencies; relying and acting upon results, information, and evidence.

Sec. 7515.

(1) The administrator may cooperate with federal and other state agencies in discharging its responsibilities as to traffic in controlled substances and in suppressing the abuse of controlled substances. To this end, the administrator may:

(a) Arrange for the exchange of information among governmental officials as to the use and abuse of controlled substances.

(b) Coordinate and cooperate in training programs as to controlled substance law enforcement at local and state levels.

(c) Cooperate with the bureau by establishing a centralized unit to accept, catalogue, file, and collect statistics, including records of drug dependent individuals and other controlled substance law offenders in this state, and make the information available for federal, state, and local law enforcement purposes. The administrator shall not furnish the name or identity of a patient or research subject whose identity could not be obtained under section 7516.

(d) Conduct programs of eradication aimed at destroying wild or illicit growth of plant species from which controlled substances may be extracted.

(2) Results, information, and evidence received from the bureau relating to the regulatory functions of this article, including results of inspections conducted by it, may be relied and acted upon by the disciplinary subcommittee in the exercise of its regulatory functions under this article.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 80, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7516 Name or identity of patient, research, or individual.

Sec. 7516.

A practitioner engaged in professional practice or research is not required or compelled to furnish the name or identity of a patient or research subject to the practitioner's licensing agency, and may not be compelled in any state or local civil, criminal, administrative, legislative, or other proceeding to furnish the name or identity of an individual that the practitioner is obligated to keep confidential.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7521 Property subject to forfeiture; “imitation controlled substance” defined.

Sec. 7521.

(1) The following property is subject to forfeiture:

(a) A prescription form, controlled substance, an imitation controlled substance, a controlled substance analogue, or other drug that has been manufactured, distributed, dispensed, used, possessed, or acquired in violation of this article.

(b) A raw material, product, or equipment of any kind that is used, or intended for use, in manufacturing, compounding, processing, delivering, importing, or exporting a controlled substance, a controlled substance analogue, or other drug in violation of this article; or a raw material, product, or equipment of any kind that is intended for use in manufacturing, compounding, processing, delivering, importing, or exporting an imitation controlled substance in violation of section 7341.

(c) Property that is used, or intended for use, as a container for property described in subdivision (a) or (b).

(d) Except as provided in subparagraphs (i) to (iv), a conveyance, including an aircraft, vehicle, or vessel used or intended for use, to transport, or in any manner to facilitate the transportation, for the purpose of sale or receipt of property described in subdivision (a) or (b):

(i) A conveyance used by a person as a common carrier in the transaction of business as a common carrier is not subject to forfeiture unless it appears that the owner or other person in charge of the conveyance is a consenting party or privy to a violation of this article.

(ii) A conveyance is not subject to forfeiture by reason of any act or omission established by the owner of that conveyance to have been committed or omitted without the owner's knowledge or consent.

(iii) A conveyance is not subject to forfeiture for a violation of section 7403(2)(c) or (d), section 7404, or section 7341(4).

(iv) A forfeiture of a conveyance encumbered by a bona fide security interest is subject to the interest of the secured party who neither had knowledge of nor consented to the act or omission.

(e) Books, records, and research products and materials, including formulas, microfilm, tapes, and data used, or intended for use, in violation of this article.

(f) Any thing of value that is furnished or intended to be furnished in exchange for a controlled substance, an imitation controlled substance, or other drug in violation of this article that is traceable to an exchange for a controlled substance, an imitation controlled substance, or other drug in violation of this article or that is used or intended to be used to facilitate any violation of this article including, but not limited to, money, negotiable instruments, or securities. To the extent of the interest of an owner, a thing of value is not subject to forfeiture under this subdivision by reason of any act or omission that is established by the owner of the item to have been committed or omitted without the owner's knowledge or consent. Any money that is found in close proximity to any property that is subject to forfeiture under subdivision (a), (b), (c), (d), or (e) is presumed to be subject to forfeiture under this subdivision. This presumption may be rebutted by clear and convincing evidence.

(g) Any other drug paraphernalia not described in subdivision (b) or (c).

(2) As used in this section, “imitation controlled substance” means that term as defined in section 7341.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 251, Imd. Eff. Sept. 29, 1982 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 347, Eff. Mar. 29, 1985 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 60, Eff. Aug. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 139, Imd. Eff. June 3, 1988 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 30, Eff. Mar. 28, 1991 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2001 ;-- Am. 2001, Act 236, Eff. Jan. 6, 2003
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 2 of Act 236 of 2001 provides:“Enacting section 2. Sections 7401, 7403, 7407, and 7521 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7401, 333.7403, 333.7407, and 333.7521, as amended by this amendatory act, take effect upon promulgation of the rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and receipt by the secretary of state of written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, is operational. The notice to the secretary of state shall include a statement that the department of consumer and industry services is able to receive data from at least 80% of those required to report under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, and is able to respond to requests for data from persons authorized to make such requests and to review and utilize the data.”The rules required under section 7333a of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7333a, pertaining to the operation of the electronic monitoring system, were promulgated on December 30, 2002. In addition, a written notice from the director of the department of consumer and industry services that the electronic monitoring system required by section 7333a of the public health code is operational was filed with, and received by, the secretary of state on January 6, 2003.
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7522 Property subject to forfeiture; seizure; process; seizure without process.

Sec. 7522.

Property that is subject to forfeiture under this article or pursuant to section 7521 may be seized upon process issued by the circuit court having jurisdiction over the property. Seizure without process may be made under any of the following circumstances:

(a) Incident to a lawful arrest, pursuant to a search warrant, or pursuant to an inspection under an administrative inspection warrant.

(b) The property is the subject of a prior judgment in favor of this state in an injunction or forfeiture proceeding under this article or pursuant to section 17766a.

(c) There is probable cause to believe that the property is directly or indirectly dangerous to health or safety.

(d) There is probable cause to believe that the property was used or is intended to be used in violation of this article or section 17766a.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 251, Imd. Eff. Sept. 29, 1982 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 30, Eff. Mar. 28, 1991
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7523 Seizure pursuant to MCL 333.7522; institution of proceedings; procedure; property subject only to section or to order and judgment of court; powers of seizing agency; determining title to forfeited real property; forfeiture of real property encumbered by bona fide security interest; examination of money.

Sec. 7523.

(1) If property is seized pursuant to section 7522, forfeiture proceedings shall be instituted promptly. If the property is seized without process as provided under section 7522, and the total value of the property seized does not exceed $50,000.00, the following procedure shall be used:

(a) The local unit of government that seized the property or, if the property was seized by the state, the state shall notify the owner of the property that the property has been seized, and that the local unit of government or, if applicable, the state intends to forfeit and dispose of the property by delivering a written notice to the owner of the property or by sending the notice to the owner by certified mail. If the name and address of the owner are not reasonably ascertainable, or delivery of the notice cannot be reasonably accomplished, the notice shall be published in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in which the property was seized, for 10 successive publishing days.

(b) Unless all criminal proceedings involving or relating to the property have been completed, the seizing agency shall immediately notify the prosecuting attorney for the county in which the property was seized or, if the attorney general is actively handling a case involving or relating to the property, the attorney general of the seizure of the property and the intention to forfeit and dispose of the property.

(c) Any person claiming an interest in property that is the subject of a notice under subdivision (a) may, within 20 days after receipt of the notice or of the date of the first publication of the notice, file a written claim signed by the claimant with the local unit of government or the state expressing his or her interest in the property. Upon the filing of the claim and the giving of a bond to the local unit of government or the state in the amount of 10% of the value of the claimed property, but not less than $250.00 or greater than $5,000.00, with sureties approved by the local unit of government or the state containing the condition that if the property is ordered forfeited by the court the obligor shall pay all costs and expenses of the forfeiture proceedings. The local unit of government or, if applicable, the state shall transmit the claim and bond with a list and description of the property seized to the attorney general, the prosecuting attorney for the county, or the city or township attorney for the local unit of government in which the seizure was made. The attorney general, the prosecuting attorney, or the city or township attorney shall promptly institute forfeiture proceedings after the expiration of the 20-day period. However, unless all criminal proceedings involving or relating to the property have been completed, a city or township attorney shall not institute forfeiture proceedings without the consent of the prosecuting attorney or, if the attorney general is actively handling a case involving or relating to the property, the attorney general.

(d) If no claim is filed or bond given within the 20-day period as described in subdivision (c), the local unit of government or the state shall declare the property forfeited and shall dispose of the property as provided under section 7524. However, unless all criminal proceedings involving or relating to the property have been completed, the local unit of government or the state shall not dispose of the property under this subdivision without the written consent of the prosecuting attorney or, if the attorney general is actively handling a case involving or relating to the property, the attorney general.

(2) Property taken or detained under this article shall not be subject to an action to recover personal property, but is deemed to be in the custody of the seizing agency subject only to this section or an order and judgment of the court having jurisdiction over the forfeiture proceedings. When property is seized under this article, the seizing agency may do any of the following:

(a) Place the property under seal.

(b) Remove the property to a place designated by the court.

(c) Require the administrator to take custody of the property and remove it to an appropriate location for disposition in accordance with law.

(d) Deposit money seized under this article into an interest-bearing account in a financial institution. As used in this subdivision, "financial institution" means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and that maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States.

(3) Title to real property forfeited under this article shall be determined by a court of competent jurisdiction. A forfeiture of real property encumbered by a bona fide security interest is subject to the interest of the secured party who neither had knowledge of nor consented to the act or omission.

(4) An attorney for a person who is charged with a crime involving or related to the money seized under this article shall be afforded a period of 60 days within which to examine that money. This 60-day period shall begin to run after notice is given under subsection (1)(a) but before the money is deposited into a financial institution under subsection (2)(d). If the attorney general, prosecuting attorney, or city or township attorney fails to sustain his or her burden of proof in forfeiture proceedings under this article, the court shall order the return of the money, including any interest earned on money deposited into a financial institution under subsection (2)(d).


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 251, Imd. Eff. Sept. 29, 1982 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 135, Imd. Eff. Sept. 30, 1985 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 8, 1988 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 30, Eff. Mar. 28, 1991 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 336, Eff. Apr. 1, 1991 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 130, Imd. Eff. May 5, 2006
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7524 Disposition of forfeited property; donation of lights and scales for education purposes; appointment, compensation, and authority of receiver to dispose of forfeited real property; expenses of forfeiture proceedings; court order.

Sec. 7524.

(1) When property is forfeited under this article, the local unit of government that seized the property may do any of the following, or if the property is seized by or in the custody of the state, the state may do any of the following, subject to section 7523(1)(d):

(a) Retain it for official use.

(b) Sell that which is not required to be destroyed by law and which is not harmful to the public. The proceeds and any money, negotiable instruments, securities, or any other thing of value as described in section 7521(1)(f) that are forfeited under this article shall be deposited with the treasurer of the entity having budgetary authority over the seizing agency and applied as follows:

(i) For the payment of proper expenses of the proceedings for forfeiture and sale, including expenses incurred during the seizure process, maintenance of custody, advertising, and court costs, except as otherwise provided in subsection (4).

(ii) The balance remaining after the payment of expenses shall be distributed by the court having jurisdiction over the forfeiture proceedings to the treasurer of the entity having budgetary authority over the seizing agency. If more than 1 agency was substantially involved in effecting the forfeiture, the court having jurisdiction over the forfeiture proceeding shall equitably distribute the money among the treasurers of the entities having budgetary authority over the seizing agencies. A seizing agency may direct that the funds or a portion of the funds it would otherwise have received under this subsection be paid to nonprofit organizations whose primary activity is to assist law enforcement agencies with drug-related criminal investigations and obtaining information for solving crimes. The money received by a seizing agency under this subparagraph and all interest and other earnings on money received by the seizing agency under this subparagraph shall be used only for law enforcement purposes, as appropriated by the entity having budgetary authority over the seizing agency. A distribution made under this subparagraph shall serve as a supplement to, and not a replacement for, funds otherwise budgeted for law enforcement purposes.

(c) Require the administrator to take custody of the property and remove it for disposition in accordance with law.

(d) Forward it to the bureau for disposition.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), this state or local units of government may donate lights for plant growth or scales forfeited under this article to elementary or secondary schools or institutions of higher education that request in writing to receive those lights or scales pursuant to this subsection, for educational purposes. This state or local units of government shall donate lights and scales under this subsection to elementary or secondary schools or institutions of higher education in the order in which the written requests are received. This state or local units of government may limit the number of lights and scales available to each requestor.

(3) In the course of selling real property under subsection (1)(b), the court that has entered an order of forfeiture may, on motion of the agency to whom the property has been forfeited, appoint a receiver to dispose of the real property forfeited. The receiver shall be entitled to reasonable compensation. The receiver shall have authority to do all of the following:

(a) List the forfeited real property for sale.

(b) Make whatever arrangements are necessary for the maintenance and preservation of the forfeited real property.

(c) Accept offers to purchase the forfeited real property.

(d) Execute instruments transferring title to the forfeited real property.

(4) If a court enters an order of forfeiture, the court may order a person who claimed an interest in the forfeited property under section 7523(1)(c) to pay the expenses of the proceedings of forfeiture to the entity having budgetary authority over the seizing agency.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 251, Imd. Eff. Sept. 29, 1982 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 135, Imd. Eff. Sept. 30, 1985 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 8, 1988 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 30, Eff. Mar. 28, 1991 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 336, Eff. Apr. 1, 1991 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 8, Imd. Eff. Feb. 24, 1994 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 558, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2006 ;-- Am. 2011, Act 161, Imd. Eff. Oct. 4, 2011
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7524a Annual report by local unit of government regarding forfeiture activities; contents; audit of records.

Sec. 7524a.

(1) Before February 1 of each year, each local unit of government that had forfeiture proceedings pending in the circuit court pursuant to section 7523; or effectuated a forfeiture of property pursuant to section 7523 without a forfeiture proceeding in the circuit court; or received money, negotiable instruments, securities, or any other thing of value pursuant to section 7524 during the fiscal year for the local unit of government ending in the immediately preceding calendar year shall submit a report to the office of drug agencies for analysis and transmittal to the secretary of the senate and the clerk of the house of representatives. The annual report shall be a summary of the local unit of government's activities regarding the forfeiture of property under this article and pursuant to section 17766a for the fiscal year and shall contain the following information, as applicable:

(a) The number of forfeiture proceedings that were instituted in the circuit court by the local unit of government.

(b) The number of forfeiture proceedings instituted by the local unit of government that were concluded in the circuit court.

(c) The number of all forfeiture proceedings instituted by the local unit of government that were pending in the circuit court at the end of the year.

(d) The number of forfeitures accomplished by the local unit of government without filing a forfeiture proceeding in the circuit court.

(e) The net total proceeds of all property forfeited under this article and pursuant to section 17766a through forfeitures instituted by the local unit of government that the local unit of government is required to account for and report to the state treasurer pursuant to either of the following, as applicable:

(i) Act No. 71 of the Public Acts of 1919, being sections 21.41 to 21.53 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(ii) The uniform budgeting and accounting act, Act No. 2 of the Public Acts of 1968, being sections 141.421 to 141.440a of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(f) An inventory of property received by the local unit of government pursuant to section 7524 and section 17766a, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

(i) all of the following real property:

(A) Single-family residential.

(B) Multiple-family residential.

(C) Industrial.

(D) Commercial.

(E) Agricultural.

(ii) Any type of conveyance described in section 7521(1)(d), including the year, make, and model.

(iii) Money, negotiable instruments, and securities.

(iv) The total value of personal property, excluding personal property described in subparagraphs (ii) and (iii).

(g) A statement explaining how the money received by the local unit of government pursuant to section 7524(1)(b)(ii) has been used or is being used to enhance the law enforcement efforts pertaining to this article or section 17766a.

(h) A statement of the number of lights for plant growth or scales donated under section 7524(2), the total value of those lights or scales, and the elementary or secondary schools or institutions of higher education to which they were donated.

(2) The records of a local unit of government described in subsection (1) regarding the forfeiture of property under this article or pursuant to section 17766a shall be audited in accordance with 1 of the following, as applicable:

(a) Act No. 71 of the Public Acts of 1919, being sections 21.41 to 21.53 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(b) The uniform budgeting and accounting act, Act No. 2 of the Public Acts of 1968, being sections 141.421 to 141.440a of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(3) The records of a local unit of government described in subsection (1) regarding the forfeiture of property under this article or pursuant to section 17766a may be audited by an auditor of the local unit of government.


History: Add. 1990, Act 336, Eff. Apr. 1, 1991 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 8, Imd. Eff. Feb. 24, 1994
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7525 Controlled substance as contraband; seizure and summary forfeiture; seizure and forfeiture of species of plants.

Sec. 7525.

(1) A controlled substance listed in schedule 1 that is possessed, transferred, sold, or offered for sale in violation of this article is contraband and shall be seized and summarily forfeited to this state. A controlled substance listed in schedule 1 which is seized or comes into the possession of this state, the owner of which is unknown, is contraband and shall be summarily forfeited to this state.

(2) Species of plants from which controlled substances in schedules 1 and 2 may be derived which have been planted or cultivated in violation of this article, or of which the owner or cultivator is unknown, or which are wild growths, may be seized and summarily forfeited to this state.

(3) The failure, upon demand by the administrator or its authorized agent, of the person in occupancy or in control of land or premises upon which the species of plants are growing or being stored to produce an appropriate license or proof that he or she is the holder thereof, constitutes authority for the seizure and forfeiture of the plants.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7527 Destruction of controlled substance seized as evidence.

Sec. 7527.

(1) Prior to trial the prosecuting attorney may move in writing for an order permitting the destruction of all or part of a controlled substance, controlled substance analogue, counterfeit substance, or imitation controlled substance seized as evidence in connection with a violation of this article. The motion shall specify the reasons supporting the destruction. The prosecuting attorney shall serve a copy of the motion, and any supporting materials, on the defendant or his or her attorney.

(2) If the defendant objects, the defendant or his or her attorney shall file specific objections within 21 days after receiving the motion described in subsection (1). Failing to comply with this time limit waives any objection to the destruction of the evidence.

(3) Before any hearing on the motion, the defendant or his or her attorney shall have an adequate opportunity to inspect or test, or both, the evidence sought to be destroyed, subject to reasonable supervision by laboratory or law enforcement personnel.

(4) Following a hearing, the court may order destruction of all or part of the controlled substance, controlled substance analogue, counterfeit substance, or imitation controlled substance if the court determines on the record that the destruction is warranted. The court shall specify the evidence to be destroyed and may include further provisions in the order as the interests of justice require.

(5) The law enforcement agency having custody of the evidence shall destroy the controlled substance, controlled substance analogue, counterfeit substance, or imitation controlled substance in accordance with an order entered under subsection (4). Before destroying the evidence, the law enforcement agency shall make an accurate photographic record of the controlled substance, controlled substance analogue, counterfeit substance, or imitation controlled substance. The court may order that further records be made before the evidence is destroyed.


History: Add. 1993, Act 289, Eff. Apr. 1, 1994
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7531 Burden of proof of exemption or exception; presumption as to license or order form; burden of rebutting presumption; liability not imposed for lawful performance of duties.

Sec. 7531.

(1) It is not necessary for this state to negate any exemption or exception in this article in a complaint, information, indictment, or other pleading or in a trial, hearing, or other proceeding under this article. The burden of proof of an exemption or exception is upon the person claiming it.

(2) In the absence of proof that a person is the authorized holder of an appropriate license or order form issued under this article, the person is presumed not to be the holder of the license or order form. The burden of proof is upon the person to rebut the presumption.

(3) A liability is not imposed by this article or an authorized state, county, or local officer, engaged in the lawful performance of the officer's duties.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7533 Judicial review.

Sec. 7533.

Judicial review of a final determination, finding, or conclusion of the administrator shall be governed by the administrative procedures act of 1969.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7541 Educational programs; powers of administrator.

Sec. 7541.

The administrator, if funds are appropriated therefor, may carry out educational programs designed to prevent and deter misuse and abuse of controlled substances. In connection with these programs the administrator may:

(a) Promote better recognition of the problems of misuse and abuse of controlled substances within the regulated industry and among interested groups and organizations in contributing to the reduction of misuse and abuse of controlled substances.

(b) Assist the regulated industry and interested groups and organizations in contributing to the reduction of misuse and abuse of controlled substances.

(c) Consult with interested groups and organizations to aid them in solving administrative and organizational problems.

(d) Evaluate procedures, projects, techniques, and controls conducted or proposed as part of educational programs on misuse and abuse of controlled substances.

(e) Disseminate the results of research on misuse and abuse of controlled substances to promote a better public understanding of what problems exist and what can be done to combat them.

(f) Assist in the education and training of state and local law enforcement officials in their efforts to control misuse and abuse of controlled substances.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7543 Research and enforcement; duties of administrator.

Sec. 7543.

The administrator shall encourage research on misuse and abuse of controlled substances. In connection with the research and furtherance of the enforcement of this article, the administrator may:

(a) Establish methods to assess accurately the effects of controlled substances and identify and characterize those with potential for abuse.

(b) Make studies and undertake programs of research to:

(i) Develop new or improved approaches, techniques, systems, equipment, and devices to strengthen the enforcement of this article.

(ii) Determine patterns of misuse and abuse of controlled substances and the social effects thereof.

(iii) Improve methods for preventing, predicting, understanding, and dealing with the misuse and abuse of controlled substances.

(c) Enter into contracts with public agencies, institutions of higher education, and private organizations or individuals for the purpose of conducting research, demonstrations, or special projects which bear directly on misuse and abuse of controlled substances.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7544 Authorization to withhold names and other identifying characteristics of individuals who are subjects of research; authorization of persons engaged in research to possess and distribute controlled substances; exemption from prosecution.

Sec. 7544.

(1) The administrator may authorize persons engaged in research on the use and effects of controlled substances to withhold the names and other identifying characteristics of individuals who are the subjects of the research. Persons who obtain this authorization are not compelled in a civil, criminal, administrative, legislative, or other proceeding to identify the individuals who are the subjects of research for which the authorization was obtained.

(2) The administrator may authorize the possession and distribution of controlled substances by persons engaged in research. Persons who obtain this authorization are exempt from state prosecution for possession and distribution of controlled substances to the extent of the authorization.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.7545 Contracts for educational and research activities.

Sec. 7545.

The administrator may enter into contracts for educational and research activities without performance bonds.


History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Article 8
PHARMACEUTICAL-GRADE CANNABIS
Part 81
GENERAL PROVISIONS


333.8101 Meanings of words and phrases.

Sec. 8101.

(1) For purposes of this article, the words and phrases defined in sections 8103 to 8107 have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

(2) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction applicable to all articles in this act.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8103 Definitions; A to G.

Sec. 8103.

(1) "Applicant" means the person submitting an application for a new license or license renewal under part 82 and includes each individual identified in the application as an owner, operator, officer, director, partner, member, or manager of the applicant.

(2) "CBD" and "CBD acid" mean cannabidiol and cannabidiol acid.

(3) "Department" means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs.

(4) "Director" means the director of the department.

(5) "Eligible patient" means an individual who meets the requirements of part 84 and has been issued an enhanced pharmaceutical-grade cannabis registration card.

(6) "Enhanced pharmaceutical-grade cannabis registration card" or "registration card" means the registration card issued to an eligible patient under part 84.

(7) "Good moral character" means that term as defined in section 1 of 1974 PA 381, MCL 338.41.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8105 Definitions; M to P.

Sec. 8105.

(1) "Marihuana" means that term as defined in section 7106 and includes pharmaceutical-grade cannabis.

(2) "Medical use" means the purchase, sale, possession, use, internal possession, delivery, transfer, or transportation of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis or paraphernalia relating to the administration of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis to treat or alleviate an eligible patient's debilitating medical condition.

(3) "Michigan medical marihuana act" means the Michigan medical marihuana act, 2008 IL 1, MCL 333.26421 to 333.26430.

(4) "Pharmaceutical-grade cannabis" means a grade of cannabis that is cultivated for the purposes of this article; that is free of chemical residues such as fungicides and insecticides and is tested by validated methods to determine its cannabinoid levels, specifically, THC and THC acid levels and CBD and CBD acid levels and complies with the standards set forth in section 8303(6) for its microbial, mycotoxin, and metal contents, including heavy metals; and that meets any other necessary requirements to be considered in compliance with good manufacturing practices as prescribed in rules promulgated by the department under this article.

(5) "Pharmaceutical-grade cannabis fund" or "fund" means the pharmaceutical-grade cannabis fund created in section 8113.

(6) "Pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility" or "licensed facility" means any secure entity, operation, or facility at or through which pharmaceutical-grade cannabis is manufactured, cultivated, and tested in this state for lawful medical use as provided for in this article and the Michigan medical marihuana act. Pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility does not include a qualifying patient or primary caregiver who possesses or cultivates marihuana in the manner prescribed in the Michigan medical marihuana act or an eligible patient who possesses pharmaceutical-grade cannabis in the manner prescribed in this article.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8107 Definitions; Q to T.

Sec. 8107.

(1) "Qualifying patient" means an individual who has been issued a registry identification card as a qualifying patient under the Michigan medical marihuana act.

(2) "THC" means delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and tetrahydrocannabinol acid.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8109 Manufacturing, distributing, prescribing, or dispensing pharmaceutical-grade cannabis; license required.

Sec. 8109.

(1) A person shall not manufacture, distribute, prescribe, or dispense pharmaceutical-grade cannabis without first obtaining a license to manufacture, distribute, prescribe, or dispense a controlled substance under article 7.

(2) A license issued under article 7 to manufacture, distribute, prescribe, or dispense pharmaceutical-grade cannabis and the conduct of a person licensed to manufacture, distribute, prescribe, or dispense pharmaceutical-grade cannabis under that license is subject to the additional requirements of this article.

(3) Article 7 and this article do not apply to conduct permitted under the Michigan medical marihuana act.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8111 Fees.

Sec. 8111.

(1) Beginning on the effective date of this article, the director may charge a reasonable fee for licensing, registration, inspection, testing, investigation, or other activity or service provided by the department under this article. The fee authorized under this subsection is in addition to any fee authorized under article 7. All fees permitted under this section shall be delivered to the state treasurer on a monthly basis for deposit in the pharmaceutical-grade cannabis fund.

(2) Before collecting a fee under this article, the department shall develop and publish a comprehensive schedule of fees. The schedule shall include a description of each activity or service and the maximum fee charged for that activity or service. The department shall include a statement of the rationale used in determining the fees contained in the schedule. The department shall revise the fee schedule from time to time so that the amount of fees collected under this article does not exceed the amount necessary to fund the duties of the department under this article.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8113 Pharmaceutical-grade cannabis fund.

Sec. 8113.

(1) The pharmaceutical-grade cannabis fund is created within the state treasury. In addition to the fees described in section 8111, the state treasurer may receive money or other assets from any source for deposit into the fund. The state treasurer shall direct the investment of the fund. The state treasurer shall credit to the fund interest and earnings from fund investments. Money in the fund at the close of the fiscal year shall remain in the fund and shall not lapse to the general fund.

(2) The department is the administrator of the fund for auditing purposes and the department shall expend money from the fund, upon appropriation, only for the direct and indirect costs associated with implementing, administering, and enforcing this article.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8115 Rules.

Sec. 8115.

(1) Subject to subsection (2), the department shall promulgate rules necessary to carry out this article. The rules shall address, but are not required to be limited to addressing, all of the following subjects:

(a) If not specifically provided for in this article, activities necessary for the compliance with or enforcement of or activities that constitute a violation of this article, including, but not limited to, procedures and grounds for denying, suspending, or revoking a license or registration card under this article.

(b) Instructions for access by local health departments and law enforcement officers.

(c) All forms necessary or convenient for the implementation, administration, and enforcement of this article.

(d) Activities that constitute or result in misrepresentation or unfair, deceptive practices.

(e) Procedures and forms for issuing enhanced pharmaceutical-grade cannabis registration cards.

(f) Regulating the manufacturing, inventory, storage, disposal, and sale of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis and specifying legitimate sources for obtaining seed to cultivate pharmaceutical-grade cannabis.

(g) The quarterly reporting by licensed facilities of their inventory, which shall include the number of plants under cultivation, the amount of dried plant material, the amount of destroyed plants, and all sales.

(h) Compliance with federal regulatory requirements.

(i) Health and sanitary requirements for licensed facilities.

(j) Record keeping, record retention, record storage, and record security requirements for pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facilities.

(k) Audit requirements for licensed facilities, which shall include self reporting of inventory on a monthly basis, subject to inspection by designated state and federal authorities.

(l) Physical security requirements for pharmaceutical-grade cannabis that at a minimum include lighting and alarms.

(m) The reporting and transmittal of monthly sales and income tax payments for licensed facilities.

(n) Authorization for the department of treasury to have access to licensing information to ensure sales and income tax payments for licensed facilities.

(o) Activities that constitute lawful and unlawful financial arrangements between licensed facilities.

(p) The quantity of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis plants and dried plant material that a licensed facility may possess in its inventory at any time.

(q) Other matters necessary for the fair, impartial, stringent, and comprehensive implementation, administration, and enforcement of this article to protect the health, safety, and welfare of the residents of this state.

(2) The department of licensing and regulatory affairs may begin promulgation of the rules required under this article at the time marihuana, including pharmaceutical-grade cannabis, is rescheduled by federal authority. However, implementation and enforcement of this article shall not occur sooner than 180 days after that federal authority reschedules marihuana.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: At 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8117 Pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility registry.

Sec. 8117.

The department shall establish a pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility registry. The registry shall be an online database that contains information regarding the pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facilities licensed under part 82. Information in the database shall be made available to the public.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8119 Annual report.

Sec. 8119.

By January 31 of each calendar year, the department shall submit to the legislature an annual report for the previous calendar year that contains all of the following information:

(a) The total amount of fees collected under this article.

(b) All costs related to performing the duties of the department under this article.

(c) Fines, suspensions, or license revocations that were imposed by the department under this article.

(d) Any other information the department considers appropriate under this article.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 81A
PRESCRIBING AND DISPENSING PHARMACEUTICAL-GRADE CANNABIS


333.8151 Recommendation by physician.

Sec. 8151.

A physician who determines that his or her patient is likely to receive therapeutic or palliative benefit from the use of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis to treat or alleviate the patient's debilitating medical condition or symptoms of the patient's debilitating medical condition may recommend the issuance of an enhanced pharmaceutical-grade cannabis registration card to that patient as an eligible patient.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8152 Enhanced pharmaceutical-grade cannabis card; issuance by department; conditions; surrender of registry identification card.

Sec. 8152.

(1) The department may issue an enhanced pharmaceutical-grade cannabis registration card to an eligible patient who is 18 years of age or older, who is recommended by a physician to obtain a registration card, and who properly applies for that card. The department may issue an enhanced pharmaceutical-grade cannabis card to an eligible patient who is less than 18 years of age, who is recommended by 2 physicians to obtain a registration card, and who properly applies for that card or if his or her parent or guardian properly applies for that card on his or her behalf. Before issuing a card to an eligible patient under this section, the department shall determine whether the individual has previously been convicted of a felony violation for illegally manufacturing, creating, distributing, possessing, or using a controlled substance or conspiring or attempting to manufacture, create, distribute, possess, or use a controlled substance in this state or elsewhere. If the individual has previously been convicted of a felony violation for illegally manufacturing, creating, distributing, possessing, or using a controlled substance or conspiring or attempting to manufacture, create, distribute, possess, or use a controlled substance in this state or elsewhere, the department shall not issue a registration card to that individual.

(2) If an individual has a registry identification card as defined in section 3 of the Michigan medical marihuana act, 2008 IL 1, MCL 333.26423, the department shall require the individual to surrender that card before issuing the individual an enhanced pharmaceutical-grade cannabis registration card under this section.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8153 Entry of information into law enforcement information network.

Sec. 8153.

(1) The department shall ensure that the following information for each pharmaceutical-grade cannabis registration card is entered into the law enforcement information network:

(a) The card registration number.

(b) The name and address of the individual to whom the card is issued.

(c) The date the card was issued and the expiration date.

(d) The name and address of the physician who authorized issuance of the card.

(2) Subsection (1) does not authorize the department to enter any information into the law enforcement information network regarding the diagnosis supporting issuance of the card or any medical information regarding the individual to whom the card has been issued.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8154 Prescription; contents; monitoring; access to information; limitation; confidentiality; retrieval system; use of information; removal of identity; contractual agreement.

Sec. 8154.

(1) Each prescription for pharmaceutical-grade cannabis shall contain all of the following information:

(a) The date the prescription is written.

(b) The date the prescription is filled.

(c) The dosage and instructions for use, which shall include the percentage of total THC and the percentage of total CBD. A prescription for pharmaceutical-grade cannabis shall not allow the individual to whom the prescription is issued to obtain more than 2.5 ounces of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis. Pharmaceutical-grade cannabis must be kept only in the original packaging or container provided by the manufacturer or by the dispensing pharmacy.

(d) The name, address, and federal drug enforcement administration number of the dispensing pharmacy and the initials of the pharmacist who fills the prescription.

(e) The name, address, and date of birth of the eligible patient for whom the pharmaceutical-grade cannabis is prescribed.

(f) The product brand name, if a brand name is specified by the prescriber.

(2) The department shall require the use of the electronic system established under section 7333a for monitoring pharmaceutical-grade cannabis dispensed under this section as a schedule 2 controlled substance.

(3) The director shall permit access to information submitted to the department under this article only to the following individuals and as provided in this article:

(a) Employees and agents of the department authorized by the director of the department.

(b) Employees of state, county, and other local law enforcement entities authorized by the administrator as defined in article 7 for the purpose of cooperating and assisting a governmental agency that is responsible for the enforcement of laws relating to controlled substances or a prescribing physician or pharmacy concerning an individual suspected of attempting to obtain a controlled substance by fraud, deceit, or misrepresentation.

(c) A person with whom the department has contracted under subsection (8).

(4) Information submitted to the department under this section is confidential, but may be released to persons authorized by the director to conduct research studies or to other persons authorized by the director. However, subject to subsection (5) and section 8153, information shall be released for statistical purposes only.

(5) The system for retrieval of information submitted to the department under this section shall be designed in all respects so as to preclude improper access to information.

(6) Except as otherwise provided in this part, information submitted to the department under this section shall be used only for bona fide drug-related criminal investigatory or evidentiary purposes or for investigatory or evidentiary purposes in connection with the functions of 1 or more of the licensing boards created in article 15.

(7) The identity of an individual eligible patient that is submitted to the department under this section shall be removed from the system for retrieval of the information described in this section and shall be destroyed and rendered irretrievable not later than the end of the calendar year following the year in which the information was submitted to the department. However, an individual eligible patient identity that is necessary for use in a specific ongoing investigation conducted in accordance with this act may be retained in the system until the end of the year in which the necessity for retention of the identity ends.

(8) The department may enter into contractual agreements for the administration of this section.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 82
FACILITY LICENSING


333.8201 Licensing; purpose.

Sec. 8201.

To protect the health, safety, and welfare of residents of this state, the department shall license facilities under this article to cultivate, manufacture, and test pharmaceutical-grade cannabis in this state. The department shall implement, administer, and enforce this article to ensure that a safe, pure, dosage-consistent grade of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis is available to eligible patients who are residents of this state.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8205 Issuance of license; requirements; submission of fingerprints; criminal history check.

Sec. 8205.

(1) The department shall not issue a license to an applicant to operate a pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility unless the department is satisfied that all of the following requirements are met:

(a) All fees required under this article have been paid.

(b) The applicant will operate the licensed facility in compliance with this article.

(c) The applicant is an adult of good moral character.

(d) The applicant is not delinquent in filing any tax returns with a taxing agency; paying any taxes, interest, or penalties; paying any judgments due to a government agency; repaying government-insured student loans; or paying child support.

(e) The applicant will not hire or contract with any individual in the course of operating a licensed facility without first conducting a criminal history check in the manner prescribed in rules promulgated under this article.

(f) The premises were inspected and the inspection of the premises and the operations of the applicant did not reveal any reason to deny the license.

(g) The criminal history check conducted under subsection (2) did not reveal any felony convictions or any convictions involving a controlled substance.

(h) Any other criteria established in rules promulgated under this article.

(2) At the time of filing an application for issuance or renewal of a pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility license, an applicant shall submit a set of his or her fingerprints and file personal history information concerning his or her qualifications for a license under this article. The department shall submit the fingerprints to the department of state police for the purpose of conducting a fingerprint-based criminal history check. Fingerprints shall be submitted in a form and manner prescribed by the department of state police and shall be subject to normal fingerprinting fees. The department of state police shall forward the fingerprints to the federal bureau of investigation for the purpose of conducting a fingerprint-based criminal history check. The department may acquire a name-based criminal history check for an applicant who has twice submitted to a fingerprint-based criminal history check under this part and whose fingerprints are unclassifiable. An applicant who has previously submitted fingerprints under this part may request that the fingerprints on file be used. The department shall use the information resulting from the fingerprint-based criminal history check to investigate and determine whether an applicant is qualified to hold a license under this article. The department may verify any of the information an applicant is required to submit. The department of state police shall retain a copy of the fingerprint images and shall notify the department in the event that a licensee under this article is arrested or convicted. The federal bureau of investigation may retain a copy of the fingerprint images to provide notification if a licensee under this article is arrested or convicted. When notified of an updated arrest or conviction, the department shall determine whether a licensee is still qualified to hold a license under this article. The department shall notify the department of state police to deactivate notification when an individual ceases to be a licensee under this article.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8209 Inspections; delegation to local health department; consultation with ad hoc committee; reimbursement.

Sec. 8209.

The department may delegate the duty of inspections for approval or renewal of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility licenses to a local health department that has the technical and other capabilities to protect the public health, safety, and welfare in this field. The delegation shall not take place unless the department has first consulted with an ad hoc committee that shall be appointed by the department for the purpose of advising on that delegation. Membership on the ad hoc committee shall include representatives of the department, local public health agencies, and an association that represents the pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facilities that would be subject to the inspections. If delegated under this section, the state shall reimburse each local health department the full amount of the fees collected, as reimbursement for the cost of inspection, on vouchers certified by the local health officer and approved by the department.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8211 License renewal.

Sec. 8211.

Not later than the thirtieth day before the expiration of an annual license under this part, a person operating a pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility seeking relicensure shall apply for license renewal and shall pay a fee as prescribed in this article. Upon compliance by an applicant for license renewal with the requirements of this article and payment of the license renewal fee, the department shall issue a renewal license.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 83
PHARMACEUTICAL-GRADE CANNABIS LICENSED FACILITY OPERATIONS


333.8301 Physical location.

Sec. 8301.

A pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility shall establish legal control of its physical location. The physical location shall meet all applicable state and local zoning laws.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8303 Records; notification; prohibited acts; destruction of marihuana determined not pharmaceutical-grade cannabis; standards; manner of irradiation.

Sec. 8303.

(1) A pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility shall maintain on the premises a record of the name, address, and date of birth of each officer, director, partner, member, manager, or employee of that licensed facility. The licensed facility shall obtain the individual's identification and have a criminal history check conducted to determine if that individual is qualified to work at or be associated with the licensed facility under this article.

(2) A pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility shall notify the department in writing within 10 days after an officer, director, partner, member, manager, or employee ceases to work at or otherwise be associated with the licensed facility.

(3) A pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility shall not acquire, possess, cultivate, deliver, transfer, transport, supply, sell, or dispense pharmaceutical-grade cannabis for any purpose except as provided in this article.

(4) A pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility shall not possess more than the amount of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis plants or dried pharmaceutical-grade cannabis allowed in its inventory as prescribed in rules promulgated under this article.

(5) A pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility shall destroy all marihuana that it cultivates or that is otherwise in its possession that is determined not to be pharmaceutical-grade cannabis. A licensed facility shall keep records of its activities under this subsection in order to verify its compliance to the department.

(6) Pharmaceutical-grade cannabis shall meet the following standards:

Microbiological
Microbiological Analysis  FPL Specifications
Total coliforms <3 MPN/g
Std. plate count aerobic <100 CFU/g
Std. plate count anaerobic <100 CFU/g
Escherichia coli Absent
Salmonella Absent
Staphylococcus aureus <100 CFU/g
Yeast and molds <100 CFU/g
Mycotoxins
Test  Specification
Aflatoxin B1 <20 µg/kg of substance
Aflatoxin B2 <20 µg/kg of substance
Aflatoxin O1 <20 µg/kg of substance
Aflatoxin O2 <20 µg/kg of substance
Ochratoxin A <20 µg/kg of substance
Heavy Metals
Metal  NHP Acceptable Limits
 µg/kg bw/day
Arsenic <0.14
Cadmium <0.09
Lead <0.29
Mercury <0.29

(7) A licensed facility shall irradiate all pharmaceutical-grade cannabis in the manner determined by the department before delivering that pharmaceutical-grade cannabis to another person.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8305 Facility as profit or nonprofit entity.

Sec. 8305.

A pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility may be a profit or nonprofit entity.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8307 Operation.

Sec. 8307.

A pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility may operate on any calendar days of the week, but shall do all of the following:

(a) Prohibit smoking or consumption of marihuana on its premises.

(b) Maintain all records required under this article on its premises.

(c) Make the licensed premises available for inspection and search by the department, by law enforcement officers, and by any other state, federal, or local governmental agency authorized by law or department rule to inspect the premises of the licensed facility under this act, during regular business hours and when the licensed premises are occupied by the licensee or a clerk, servant, agent, or employee of the licensee. Evidence of a violation of this act or rules promulgated under this act discovered under this subsection may be seized and used in an administrative or court proceeding.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


333.8309 Liability.

Sec. 8309.

In addition to the provisions of section 2946 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.2946, in a product liability action against a pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility, pharmaceutical-grade cannabis is not defective or unreasonably dangerous, and the pharmaceutical-grade cannabis licensed facility is not liable, if the product sold was tested and determined to meet the standards for pharmaceutical-grade cannabis under this article.


History: Add. 2013, Act 268, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013
Popular Name: Act 368


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Part 84
SALE AND DISTR