MICHIGAN ELECTION LAW

Act 116 of 1954

AN ACT to reorganize, consolidate, and add to the election laws; to provide for election officials and prescribe their powers and duties; to prescribe the powers and duties of certain state departments, state agencies, and state and local officials and employees; to provide for the nomination and election of candidates for public office; to provide for the resignation, removal, and recall of certain public officers; to provide for the filling of vacancies in public office; to provide for and regulate primaries and elections; to provide for the purity of elections; to guard against the abuse of the elective franchise; to define violations of this act; to provide appropriations; to prescribe penalties and provide remedies; and to repeal certain acts and all other acts inconsistent with this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

The People of the State of Michigan enact:
Chapter I
DEFINITIONS


168.1 Short title; Michigan election law.

Sec. 1.

This act shall be known and may be cited as the “Michigan election law”.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Compiler's Notes: The former Michigan election law, consisting of MCL 145.1 to 199.1 and deriving from Act 351 of 1925, was repealed by Act 116 of 1954.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.2 Definitions; A to I.

Sec. 2.

As used in this act:

(a) “Absent voter” is defined in section 758.

(b) “Ballot container” is defined in section 14a.

(c) “Business day” or “secular day” means a day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.

(d) “Clearly observable boundaries” is defined in section 654a.

(e) “Election” means an election or primary election at which the electors of this state or of a subdivision of this state choose or nominate by ballot an individual for public office or decide a ballot question lawfully submitted to them.

(f) “Election precinct” is defined in section 654.

(g) “Fall” state and county conventions and “spring” state and county conventions are assigned meanings in section 596.

(h) “General election” or “general November election” means the election held on the November regular election date in an even numbered year.

(i) “Immediate family” means an individual's father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, and spouse and a relative of any degree residing in the same household as that individual.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 152, Eff. July 1, 1968 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 91, Eff. Apr. 9, 2002 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Apr. 9, 2002 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005
Constitutionality: Legislative attempt in this section to place an interpretation having the effect of law upon the words “civil appointment”, as used in Const 1963, art 4, § 9, is beyond the legislative power. Richardson v Secretary of State, 381 Mich 304; 160 NW2d 883 (1968).
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.3 Definitions; L to R.

Sec. 3.

As used in this act:

(a) “Locked and sealed” is defined in section 14.

(b) “Major political party” is defined in section 16.

(c) “Metal seal” or “seal” is defined in section 14a.

(d) “Name that was formally changed” means a name changed by a proceeding under chapter XI of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 711.1 to 711.3, or former 1915 PA 314, or through a similar, statutorily sanctioned procedure under the law of another state or country.

(e) “Odd year general election” means the election held on the November regular election date in an odd numbered year.

(f) “Odd year primary election” means the election held on the August regular election date in an odd numbered year.

(g) “Primary” or “primary election” is defined in section 7.

(h) “Qualified elector” is defined in section 10.

(i) “Qualified voter file” is defined in section 509m.

(j) “Regular election” means an election held on a regular election date to elect an individual to, or nominate an individual for, elective office in the regular course of the terms of that elective office.

(k) “Regular election date” means 1 of the dates established as a regular election date in section 641.

(l) “Residence” is defined in section 11.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.4 Definitions; S to V.

Sec. 4.

As used in this act:

(a) "School board" means the governing body of a school district, including the board of trustees of a community college.

(b) "School board member" means an individual holding the office of school board member under the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.1 to 380.1852, or the office of board of trustees member under the community college act of 1966, 1966 PA 331, MCL 389.1 to 389.195. School board member includes a school board member of an intermediate school district if that intermediate school district has adopted sections 615 to 617 of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.615 to 380.617.

(c) "School district" means a school district, a local act school district, or an intermediate school district, as those terms are defined in the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.1 to 380.1852, or a community college district under the community college act of 1966, 1966 PA 331, MCL 389.1 to 389.195.

(d) "School district election coordinating committee" means 1 of the following:

(i) For a school district whose entire territory lies within a single city or township, a committee composed of the secretary of the school board or his or her designee, the city or township election commission, and the school district election coordinator.

(ii) For a school district that has territory in more than 1 city or township, a committee composed of the secretary of the school board or his or her designee, the school district election coordinator, and the clerk of each city or township in which school district territory is located.

(e) "School district election coordinator" means 1 of the following:

(i) For a school district whose entire territory lies within a single city or township, the city or township clerk.

(ii) For a school district that has territory in more than 1 city or township, the county clerk of the county in which the largest number of registered school district electors reside.

(f) "Special election" means an election to elect an individual to, or nominate an individual for, a partial term in office or to submit a ballot question to the electors.

(g) "Special primary" means a primary called by competent authority for the nomination of candidates to be voted for at a special election.

(h) "Uniform voting system" means the voting system that is used at all elections in every election precinct throughout the state.

(i) "Village" is defined in section 9.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 3, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Sept. 30, 2010 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 523, Eff. Mar. 28, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.5, 168.6 Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to definitions of general election and special election.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.7 Primary or primary election; definition.

Sec. 7.

The term “primary” or “primary election”, as used in this act, shall mean a primary election held for the purpose of deciding by ballot who shall be the nominees for the offices named in this act, or for the election by ballot of delegates to political conventions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.8 Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to definition of special primary.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.9 Village; definition.

Sec. 9.

The term “village”, as used in this act, shall mean an incorporated village. Except where the contrary is clearly indicated, the provisions of this act shall apply to the holding of any general, special or primary election in a village.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.9a Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to definition of qualified voter file.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.10 "Qualified elector" defined.

Sec. 10.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2), the term "qualified elector", as used in this act, means a person who possesses the qualifications of an elector as prescribed in section 1 of article II of the state constitution of 1963 and who has resided in the city or township 30 days.

(2) For purposes of an election for the office of judge of a municipal court that exercises jurisdiction over another city pursuant to section 9928(3) of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.9928, qualified elector includes a person who meets the constitutional qualifications described in subsection (1) and has resided for 30 days in the other city over which municipal court jurisdiction is exercised. This subsection does not entitle a person to vote on any ballot question except the office of municipal judge under the circumstances prescribed in this subsection.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 3, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 253, Imd. Eff. Dec. 14, 2010
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.11 "Residence" defined.

Sec. 11.

(1) "Residence", as used in this act, for registration and voting purposes means that place at which a person habitually sleeps, keeps his or her personal effects, and has a regular place of lodging. If a person has more than 1 residence, or if a person has a residence separate from that of his or her spouse, that place at which the person resides the greater part of the time shall be his or her official residence for the purposes of this act. This section does not affect existing judicial interpretation of the term residence.

(2) An elector does not gain or lose a residence while employed in the service of the United States or of this state, while engaged in the navigation of the waters of this state, of the United States, or of the high seas, while a student at an institution of learning, while kept at any state facility or hospital at public expense, or while confined in a jail or prison. Honorably discharged members of the armed forces of the United States or of this state who reside in the veterans' facility established by this state may acquire a residence where the facility is located. The residence of a person who is a patient receiving treatment at a hospital or other facility under the mental health code, 1974 PA 258, MCL 330.1001 to 330.2106, is the village, city, or township where the person resided immediately before admission to the hospital or other facility.

(3) A member of the armed forces of the United States is not a resident of this state due to being stationed in a military or naval facility within this state.

(4) For purposes of registering to vote and voting at an election or special election for the office of judge of a municipal court that exercises jurisdiction over another city pursuant to section 9928(3) of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.9928, a person who resides in the other city over which municipal court jurisdiction is exercised is considered a resident of the city in which the municipal court is located and may register for, and vote in, that election in the city in which he or she resides.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 3, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1977, Act 120, Imd. Eff. Oct. 19, 1977 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 253, Imd. Eff. Dec. 14, 2010
Constitutionality: This section, providing that no elector shall be deemed to have gained a residence while a student at any institution of learning, violates Const 1963, art 1, § 17 and US Const, amend XIV, § 1. Wilkins v Ann Arbor City Clerk, 385 Mich 670; 189 NW2d 423 (1971).
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.12 Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to definition of family.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.13 Time limits; extension due to holiday, exception.

Sec. 13.

Notwithstanding any other provision of the law to the contrary, anything required by this act to be done by a day certain, except the final day for applying for an absentee ballot, if that day falls on a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, may be done within the same time limits on the next secular day.


History: Add. 1967, Act 57, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.14 Locked and sealed; definition.

Sec. 14.

The term “locked and sealed”, or terms of similar import, when used in this act to refer to locking and sealing of ballot boxes means sealed with a numbered flat metal seal furnished by the election commission and do not mean that a padlock is required.


History: Add. 1969, Act 127, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.14a “Ballot container” and “metal seal” or “seal” defined.

Sec. 14a.

As used in this act:

(a) “Ballot container” means a container that is used for transporting and storing voted ballots, as described and approved under section 24j.

(b) “Metal seal” or “seal” means a seal of high tensile strength that is approved by the secretary of state under section 36.


History: Add. 1992, Act 8, Imd. Eff. Mar. 10, 1992 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 207, Imd. Eff. June 27, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.15 Nominating petition signatures; determination of number.

Sec. 15.

Whenever the number of signatures required on a nominating petition is based on a percentage of the vote for a party's candidate for secretary of state at the last preceding election and that party did not have a candidate for secretary of state at the last preceding election, the vote of the party's principal candidate at the last preceding election shall be used in lieu of the vote for secretary of state.


History: Add. 1970, Act 28, Imd. Eff. June 2, 1970
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.16 “Major political party” defined.

Sec. 16.

As used in this act, “major political party” means each of the 2 political parties whose candidate for the office of secretary of state received the highest and second highest number of votes at the immediately preceding general election in which a secretary of state was elected.


History: Add. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.17 "Metropolitan district" and "metropolitan district election coordinator" defined.

Sec. 17.

As used in this act:

(a) "Metropolitan district" means a district incorporated under the metropolitan district act, 1929 PA 312, MCL 119.1 to 119.18.

(b) "Metropolitan district election coordinator" means the county clerk of the county in which the largest number of registered electors of the metropolitan district reside.


History: Add. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.18 Definitions.

Sec. 18.

As used in this act:

(a) “Help America vote act of 2002” means the help America vote act of 2002, 42 USC 15301 to 15545.

(b) “National voter registration act of 1993” means the national voter registration act of 1993, 42 USC 1973gg to 1973gg-10.

(c) “Uniformed and overseas citizens absentee voting act” means the uniformed and overseas citizens absentee voting act, 42 USC 1973ff to 1973ff-6.

(d) “Voting accessibility for the elderly and handicapped act” means the voting accessibility for the elderly and handicapped act, 42 USC 1973ee to 1973ee-6.

(e) “Voting rights act of 1965” means the voting rights act of 1965, 42 USC 1973 to 1973aa-6.


History: Add. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.19 "Physical disability" defined.

Sec. 19.

As used in this act, "physical disability" means that term as defined in section 6 of the adult foster care facility licensing act, 1979 PA 218, MCL 400.706.


History: Add. 2014, Act 79, Imd. Eff. Mar. 28, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter II.
BOARDS OF ELECTION COMMISSIONERS, BOARDS OF CANVASSERS, AND CLERKS


168.21 Secretary of state; chief election officer, powers and duties.

Sec. 21.

The secretary of state shall be the chief election officer of the state and shall have supervisory control over local election officials in the performance of their duties under the provisions of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.22 Board of state canvassers; continuation as provided in former act; duties; membership.

Sec. 22.

(1) A board of state canvassers is continued as previously provided for in section 1 of former Act No. 239 of the Public Acts of 1955. This section and sections 22a to 22g are subject to section 7 of article II of the state constitution of 1963.

(2) The board of state canvassers has the duties prescribed in section 841. The board of state canvassers shall perform other duties as prescribed in this act.

(3) A member of the board of state canvassers on the effective date of this section continues to be a member of the board of state canvassers for the remainder of the term to which he or she was appointed. Subject to this subsection, the board of state canvassers consists of the 4 members appointed by the governor by and with the advice and consent of the senate. The board of state canvassers shall consist of 2 members from each major political party appointed in the manner provided in section 22a.


History: Add. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.22, which provided for composition of board of state canvassers, was repealed by Act 37 of 1956, Imd. Eff. Mar. 28, 1956.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.22a Board of state canvassers; submission of nominees to governor; appointment; vacancy; failure to submit nominees; appointee declining to serve.

Sec. 22a.

(1) On or before the tenth day of January in an odd numbered year, the state central committee of each major political party shall submit to the governor the names of 3 individuals as nominees for each position that is up for reappointment that the major political party is entitled to on the board of state canvassers. On or before the twentieth day of January in an odd numbered year, the governor shall appoint 1 individual from the 3 individuals nominated to each position of the political party on the board of state canvassers.

(2) If a vacancy in the office of a member of the board of state canvassers occurs other than the expiration of a term, the state central committee of the appropriate major political party shall submit to the governor the names of 3 individuals as nominees for the vacant position on or before the tenth day following the date of the vacancy. On or before the thirtieth day following the date of the vacancy, the governor shall appoint 1 individual from the 3 individuals nominated to the vacant position. A member appointed to the board of state canvassers under this subsection shall serve for the remainder of the vacant term.

(3) If the state central committee of a major political party fails to submit the names of nominees within the prescribed period of time in subsection (1) or (2), the governor shall appoint to the board of state canvassers an individual who was formerly elected as a state officer as a member of the appropriate major political party and who is currently affiliated with that political party. If a person appointed by the governor under subsection (1) or (2) declines to serve, the governor shall do 1 of the following:

(a) Appoint another individual from the 3 individuals nominated by the major political party under subsection (1) or (2) to that position on the board of state canvassers.

(b) Appoint an individual who was formerly elected as a state officer as a member of the appropriate major political party and who is currently affiliated with that political party to that position on the board of state canvassers.


History: Add. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.22b Board of state canvassers; term of office.

Sec. 22b.

The term of office of a member of the board of state canvassers appointed under section 22a(1) is 4 years, which term begins on the February 1 immediately following appointment. A member of the state board of canvassers shall hold office until his or her successor is appointed and qualified.


History: Add. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.22c Board of state canvassers; qualifications; oath.

Sec. 22c.

A member of the board of state canvassers shall be a qualified and registered elector of this state. Before taking office, a member of the board of state canvassers shall take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office prescribed in section 1 of article XI of the state constitution of 1963.


History: Add. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.22d Board of state canvassers; meetings; quorum; election of chairperson and vice-chairperson.

Sec. 22d.

(1) The board of state canvassers shall meet as necessary to conduct the business of the board. The board of state canvassers shall conduct its meetings pursuant to this act and the open meetings act, Act No. 267 of the Public Acts of 1976, being sections 15.261 to 15.275 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(2) Three members of the board of state canvassers constitute a quorum of the board. However, an action of the board of state canvassers shall only be effective upon concurrence of at least 1 member of each major political party appointed to the board.

(3) In February of each odd numbered year, the board of state canvassers shall elect a chairperson and vice-chairperson from its members.


History: Add. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.22e Board of state canvassers; approval of statement of purpose; notice of meeting; person to address meeting.

Sec. 22e.

(1) The board of state canvassers shall meet to consider and approve a statement of the purpose of a proposed constitutional amendment or other ballot question prepared pursuant to section 32. The board of state canvassers shall give not less than 3 full business days' notice to the public of a meeting held under this subsection. The board of state canvassers shall also give not less than 3 full business days' notice to all of the following:

(a) The legally or generally recognized sponsor of the proposed constitutional amendment or other ballot question, if any.

(b) The legislative sponsor of the proposed constitutional amendment or ballot question, if any.

(c) The senate majority leader.

(d) The speaker of the house of representatives.

(e) The minority leaders of the senate and the house of representatives.

(f) A legislator who does not receive notice under subdivisions (c), (d), or (e).

(2) The board of state canvassers shall publicly request and allow a person described in subsection (1)(a) or (b), or a representative of that person, to address a meeting held under this section.


History: Add. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.22f Board of state canvassers; expenses and compensation of members.

Sec. 22f.

A member of the board of state canvassers is entitled to actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of his or her official duties. A member of the board of state canvassers shall receive $75.00 for each day's actual physical attendance at a meeting of the board of state canvassers. A member of the board of state canvassers shall not receive any other compensation for the performance of those duties.


History: Add. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.22g Expenses for services performed by office of secretary of state.

Sec. 22g.

Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, if authorized jointly by the board of state canvassers and the secretary of state, all expenses incurred for services performed by the office of the secretary of state for the board of state canvassers shall be charged against funds appropriated to the board of state canvassers and credited to the secretary of state.


History: Add. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.23 Board of county election commissioners; membership; quorum; officers; absence or disqualification of member; appointment of county officer; board member involved in recall of officer.

Sec. 23.

(1) The chief or only judge of probate of the county or probate court district, the county clerk, and the county treasurer shall constitute a board of county election commissioners for each county, 2 of whom shall be a quorum for the transaction of business. The chief or only judge of probate of the county or probate court district and the county clerk shall act respectively as chairperson and secretary of the board. In the absence or disqualification of the county clerk from any meeting of the board of county election commissioners, the board may select 1 of the county clerk's deputies to act in the county clerk's place. In the absence or disqualification of any member of the board of county election commissioners other than the county clerk, the members of the board who are present shall appoint some other county officer in the absent or disqualified member's place, and the appointed county officer, on being notified, shall attend without delay and act as a member of the board.

(2) If a member of the board is involved in the recall of an officer, either by assisting in the preparation of the petition for recall or by being an officer whose recall is sought, then the member of the board shall be disqualified with respect to any determination under section 952 and shall be replaced as provided in this section.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 456, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 1982 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 417, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 2012
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 2 of Act 417 of 2012 provides:"Enacting section 2. As provided in section 5 of 1846 RS 1, MCL 8.5, this act is severable."Enacting section 3 of Act 417 of 2012 provides:"Enacting section 3. The legislature recognizes the importance of the electoral process, and it is the intent of the legislature that this amendatory act uphold each of the following: (a) Section 4 of article II of the state constitution of 1963. (b) Section 8 of article II of the state constitution of 1963. (c) Section 26 of article V of the state constitution of 1963."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.24 Repealed. 1963, Act 237, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section provided for election of board of county canvassers, clerk, compensation, disqualification.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.24a Board of county canvassers; establishment; powers and duties; conduct of recounts; school district election; costs; abolishment of boards of canvassers; appointment and terms of members; applicability of section.

Sec. 24a.

(1) A 4-member board of county canvassers is established in every county in this state. All of the powers granted to and duties required by law to be performed by all boards of canvassers established by law, other than the board of state canvassers, are granted to and required to be performed by the board of county canvassers.

(2) The board of county canvassers shall conduct all recounts of elections in cities, townships, villages, school districts, metropolitan districts, or any other districts and be vested with all of the powers and required to perform all the duties in connection with any recount.

(3) If a city, village, metropolitan district, or any other district, other than a school district, lies in more than 1 county, and a duty is to be performed by the board of county canvassers, the board of county canvassers in the county in which the greatest number of registered voters of the city, village, metropolitan district or other district resides at the close of registration for the election involved shall perform the duty.

(4) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if a school district lies in more than 1 county, the board of county canvassers for each county in which a portion of the school district lies shall canvass that portion of a school district election that is held in that county. If a school district election precinct lies in more than 1 county, the board of county canvassers of the county in which the largest number of registered electors of that precinct reside shall canvass the results of that precinct. Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding 2 sentences, unless the school district election is conducted on the same date as another election in the county, a board of county canvassers that is not responsible for certifying the results of the school district election is not required to meet to canvass the school district election and the board of county canvassers responsible for certifying the results of the school district election shall canvass that portion of the school district election held in that county. Upon completion of the canvass, the clerk of the board of county canvassers shall transmit the canvassed results to the county clerk of the county in which the largest number of registered electors of that school district reside. Upon receipt of the canvassed results, the county clerk of the county in which the largest number of registered electors of that school district reside shall make a statement of returns and certify the results of the school district election to the secretary of the school board. Notwithstanding any of the foregoing provisions of this subsection, if a city or village that lies in more than 1 county conducts an election on the same date as a school district that lies within the city or village that is conducting an election, that portion of the school district election held within that city or village shall be canvassed by the canvassing board responsible for canvassing the city or village election.

(5) The cost of canvass of school, metropolitan district, city, township, and village elections shall be borne by the school district, metropolitan district, city, township, or village holding the election, and upon presentation of a bill for the costs incurred by the board of county canvassers, the school district, metropolitan district, city, township, or village shall reimburse the county treasurer.

(6) All boards of canvassers provided for in law including boards of school canvassers, the duties of which are by this act required to be performed by boards of county canvassers, are abolished.

(7) Members of the board of county canvassers shall be appointed for terms of 4 years beginning on November 1 following their appointment. Of the members first appointed, 1 member of each of the political parties represented on the board of county canvassers shall be appointed for a term of 4 years and 1 for a term of 2 years. The county clerk shall notify members of the board of county canvassers of their appointment within 5 days of being appointed.

(8) This section applies to all elections, any charter provision to the contrary notwithstanding.


History: Add. 1963, Act 237, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 65, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 65, Eff. July 1, 1968 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 108, Eff. Apr. 1, 1971 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 154, Imd. Eff. May 17, 1982 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 52, Imd. Eff. Apr. 22, 2010 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013
Compiler's Notes: Section 3 of Act 65 of 1968 provides:"This act shall take effect on July 1, 1968, except in any county with a population of 400,000 or more it shall take effect on July 1, 1970."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.24b Board of county canvassers; members, eligibility, oath of office, holding other office prohibited.

Sec. 24b.

Members of the board shall be qualified electors of the county and shall take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office.

No person holding an elective public office shall be eligible for membership on the board of county canvassers. If any member of the board of county canvassers, during his term of office, becomes a candidate for any elective public office, his office shall be vacant.


History: Add. 1963, Act 237, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.24c Board of county canvassers; members; selection; procedure; vacancy.

Sec. 24c.

(1) Selection of the members of the board of county canvassers shall be made from each of the 2 political parties casting the greatest number of votes for secretary of state at the preceding general November election in that county. A political party shall not be represented by more than 2 members on the board of county canvassers at any 1 time.

(2) The county committee of each political party, not later than September 1, 1963 and not later than September 1 of each odd numbered year thereafter, shall submit to the county clerk the names of 3 interested persons for each position to which the party is entitled. In a county having 2 or more congressional districts within its boundaries, the chairpersons of the congressional district committees shall act as the county committee for the purposes of this section and section 24d and shall select 1 of their number to act as chairperson for these purposes.

(3) The county board of commissioners, within 10 days after convening for their annual meeting, shall elect by ballot to each position 1 of the 3 nominees for the position, and the board shall appoint the person to the position. Before electing a nominee to the board of county canvassers under this subsection, the county board of commissioners may request that a nominee provide any of the following in order to determine whether the nominee is qualified for and interested in the position on the board of county canvassers:

(a) A letter signed by the nominee indicating an interest in serving on the board of county canvassers and indicating an intent to discharge the duties of the position on the board of county canvassers to the best of his or her ability.

(b) Prior election experience including canvassing elections.

(c) Information on whether the nominee has been convicted of a felony or election crime.

(4) Failure of the county board of commissioners to appoint 1 of the nominees for a position on the board of county canvassers within 10 days after convening for their annual meeting shall result in a vacancy existing in the position, which shall be filled as provided in section 24d for the filling of vacancies on the board of county canvassers.


History: Add. 1963, Act 237, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 463, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 2006
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.24d Board of county canvassers; vacancy.

Sec. 24d.

(1) If a vacancy occurs in the membership of the board of county canvassers, the county clerk shall immediately give notice of the vacancy to the chairperson of the county committee of the political party entitled to fill the vacancy.

(2) The county committee of the political party entitled to fill a vacancy on the board of county canvassers, within 10 days after receiving information concerning the vacancy, shall nominate 3 interested persons for the position and submit the list of nominees to the county clerk.

(3) The county clerk, within 10 days from receipt of the list of nominees, shall appoint 1 of the nominees to the board of county canvassers. Before appointing a nominee to the board of county canvassers under this subsection, the county clerk may request that a nominee provide any of the following in order to determine whether the nominee is qualified for and interested in the position on the board of county canvassers:

(a) A letter signed by the nominee indicating an interest in serving on the board of county canvassers and indicating an intent to discharge the duties of the position on the board of county canvassers to the best of his or her ability.

(b) Prior election experience including canvassing elections.

(c) Information on whether the nominee has been convicted of a felony or election crime.

(4) A person appointed to fill a vacancy on the board of county canvassers shall serve for the balance of the unexpired term.


History: Add. 1963, Act 237, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 463, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 2006
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.24e Board of county canvassers; meetings; election of officers; quorum, action; clerk; assistants, compensation.

Sec. 24e.

The board shall meet as necessary to transact their business, and during the month of January in each even numbered year elect one of their members chairman and one as vice-chairman. Any 3 members shall constitute a quorum but no action shall become effective unless 1 member from each political party represented concurs therein.

The county clerk shall be the clerk of the board of county canvassers. The board of county canvassers may employ such assistants as are necessary adequately to perform the duties of the board, and the payment for the assistants shall be in amounts authorized by the board of county canvassers and shall be paid from an appropriation made for that purpose by the board of supervisors prior to the canvass.


History: Add. 1963, Act 237, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.24f Board of county canvassers in counties having population of less than 1,500,000; payments for meetings and reimbursement of expenses.

Sec. 24f.

(1) In counties having a population of 475,000 or more but less than 1,500,000, the members of the board of county canvassers shall receive actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their official duties, and in addition shall be paid at a rate which is equal to the per diem rate paid to the county board of commissioners for meetings, or which is equal to 1/2% of the annual salary paid to members of the county board of commissioners, whichever is greater. Payments for meetings and reimbursement of expenses shall be paid by the county treasurer upon the warrant of the county clerk.

(2) In counties having a population of less than 475,000, the members of the board of county canvassers shall receive actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their official duties, and in addition shall be paid the same daily rate as is paid the members of the board of commissioners for meetings. Payments for meetings and reimbursement of expenses shall be paid by the county treasurer upon the warrant of the county clerk.


History: Add. 1963, Act 237, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 81, Eff. Mar. 10, 1967 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 154, Imd. Eff. May 17, 1982
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.24g Repealed. 1996, Act 268, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to compensation and expenses of board of state canvassers.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.24h Board of county canvassers in counties having population of 1,500,000 or more; payments for meetings, recounts, and reimbursement of expenses.

Sec. 24h.

In counties having a population of 1,500,000 or more, the members of the board of county canvassers shall receive actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their official duties, and in addition shall be paid a daily rate of $25.00 for meetings and $50.00 for recounts. Payments for meetings, recounts, and reimbursement of expenses shall be paid by the county treasurer upon the warrant of the county clerk.


History: Add. 1966, Act 81, Eff. Mar. 10, 1967 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 154, Imd. Eff. May 17, 1982
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.24j Ballot container; examination by board of county canvassers; approval; procurement; use of disapproved container.

Sec. 24j.

(1) A ballot container includes a ballot box, transfer case, or other container used to secure ballots, including optical scan ballots and electronic voting systems and data.

(2) A manufacturer or distributor of ballot containers shall submit a nonmetal ballot container to the secretary of state for approval under the requirements of subsection (3) before the ballot container is sold to a county, city, township, village, or school district for use at an election.

(3) A ballot container shall not be approved unless it meets both of the following requirements:

(a) It is made of metal, plastic, fiberglass, or other material, that provides resistance to tampering.

(b) It is capable of being sealed with a metal seal.

(4) Before June 1 of 2002, and every fourth year after 2002, a county board of canvassers shall examine each ballot container to be used in any election conducted under this act. The board shall designate on the ballot container that the ballot container does or does not meet the requirements under subsection (3). A ballot container that has not been approved by the board shall not be used to store voted ballots.

(5) A city, village, or township clerk may procure ballot containers as provided in section 669 and as approved under this section.

(6) A clerk who uses or permits the use of a ballot container that has not been approved under this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.


History: Add. 1969, Act 184, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 207, Imd. Eff. June 27, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.25 Board of city election commissioners; membership, quorum, chairman; absences, appointment of acting member.

Sec. 25.

Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, unless otherwise provided by a charter adopted by a majority vote of the people voting on the adoption thereof, the city clerk, the city attorney and the city assessor shall constitute the board of city election commissioners for each city, 2 of whom shall be a quorum for the transaction of business. The city clerk shall act as chairman of the board. Should only 1 of said officers be in attendance on the day appointed for a meeting of the board, the officer in attendance shall appoint a qualified and registered elector of said city to act in the absentee's stead, during the period of nonattendance.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 231, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 65, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.26 Board of township election commissioners; membership, quorum, chairman; absences, appointment of acting member.

Sec. 26.

Unless otherwise provided by charter, the supervisor, clerk and township treasurer shall constitute the board of township election commissioners for each township, 2 of whom shall be a quorum for the transaction of business. The township clerk shall act as chairman of the board. Should only 1 of said officers be in attendance on the day appointed for a meeting of the board, the officer in attendance shall appoint a qualified and registered elector of the township to act in the absentee's stead during the period of nonattendance.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 65, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.27 Board of village election commissioners; membership, quorum, chairman; absences, appointment of acting member.

Sec. 27.

Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, unless otherwise provided by a charter adopted by a majority vote of the people voting on the adoption thereof, the president, clerk and treasurer shall constitute the board of village election commissioners for each village, 2 of whom shall be a quorum for the transaction of business. The village clerk shall act as chairman of the board. Should only 1 of said officers be in attendance on the day appointed for a meeting of the board, the village assessor shall act in the absentee's stead during the period of nonattendance.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 231, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 65, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.28 Boards of election commissioners and boards of canvassers; compensation.

Sec. 28.

Members of the various boards of election commissioners and boards of canvassers and any other person charged with duties in connection with the conduct of primaries, elections, canvassing of returns and recounts shall receive such compensation as shall be determined by the legislative body of the state, county, city, township or village, as the case may be.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.29 Appointment of assistants by clerk of county, township, city, or village; discrimination prohibited; authority, duties, oath, and compensation of assistants; instruction.

Sec. 29.

(1) The clerk of each county, township, city, and village may appoint a number of assistants as may be necessary to carry out the general provisions of the election law. The clerk of a county, township, city, or village shall consider an application for the appointment of an assistant without regard to age, socioeconomic status, sex, race, national origin, religion, political affiliation, or any disability the applicant may have.

(2) Assistants appointed under this section shall possess only the authority conferred upon them by the county, township, city, or village clerk appointing them, and shall perform only those duties that are assigned to them by the clerk. Before an assistant enters upon the discharge of his or her duties, the assistant shall take and subscribe to the oath of office as provided in section 1 of article XI of the state constitution of 1963, which shall be filed in the office of the county, township, city, or village clerk who appointed the assistant and shall be properly instructed by the county, township, city, or village clerk in the duties the assistant is assigned to perform. An assistant may receive compensation as may be fixed by a township board or the legislative body of a county, city, or village.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 65, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 186, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 266, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1978 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 54, Imd. Eff. July 11, 1979 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 142, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1989 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 21, Imd. Eff. Mar. 12, 1998
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.30 Providing clerk with permanent postal mailing address and electronic mailing address.

Sec. 30.

Not later than 30 days after the effective date of this section, each county, township, city, or village shall provide its clerk with a permanent postal mailing address and each county shall provide its clerk with an electronic mailing address. Each clerk shall notify the secretary of state in writing of any address required to be provided under this section. Not later than 3 business days after a change in the postal mailing address of the office of a county, township, city, or village clerk, or the electronic mailing address of a county clerk, the clerk shall notify the secretary of state in writing of the new address.


History: Add. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.30a Repealed. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to powers, duties of, and membership on, board of city or township canvassers.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.30b Repealed. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to qualifications of, and appointment of members to, board of city or township canvassers.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.30c Repealed. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to selection of members for board of city or township canvassers.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.30d Repealed. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to meetings of, and election of officers to, board of city or township canvassers.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.30e Repealed. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to compensation and expenses of members of board of city or township canvassers.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.30f Repealed. 1968, Act 65, Eff. July 1, 1968.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to combination of governmental units for board of canvassers, expenses, and withdrawal.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.30g Board of county canvassers; absences, appointment of temporary members, qualifications, length of service.

Sec. 30g.

If a board of county canvassers created under this act is required to perform its statutory duties and because of illness or absence of members of the board of county canvassers a quorum is not present, the clerk of the county may appoint a sufficient number of temporary members to constitute a quorum. The appointment shall be made by the county clerk from party recommendations on file, if available. The appointments shall be of the same political party as the ill or absent members of the board of county canvassers. A temporary appointee to the board of county canvassers must possess all of the qualifications required for regular membership on that board of county canvassers. Temporary appointees shall serve only until the business on hand has been transacted.


History: Add. 1966, Act 65, Imd. Eff. June 9, 1966 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 65, Eff. July 1, 1968 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013
Compiler's Notes: Section 3 of Act 65 of 1968 provides: “This act shall take effect on July 1, 1968, except in any county with a population of 400,000 or more it shall take effect on July 1, 1970.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter III
DUTIES OF SECRETARY OF STATE


168.31 Secretary of state; duties as to elections; rules.

Sec. 31.

(1) The secretary of state shall do all of the following:

(a) Subject to subsection (2), issue instructions and promulgate rules pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, for the conduct of elections and registrations in accordance with the laws of this state.

(b) Advise and direct local election officials as to the proper methods of conducting elections.

(c) Publish and furnish for the use in each election precinct before each state primary and election a manual of instructions that includes specific instructions on assisting voters in casting their ballots, directions on the location of voting stations in polling places, procedures and forms for processing challenges, and procedures on prohibiting campaigning in the polling places as prescribed in this act.

(d) Publish indexed pamphlet copies of the registration, primary, and election laws and furnish to the various county, city, township, and village clerks a sufficient number of copies for their own use and to enable them to include 1 copy with the election supplies furnished each precinct board of election inspectors under their respective jurisdictions. The secretary of state may furnish single copies of the publications to organizations or individuals who request the same for purposes of instruction or public reference.

(e) Prescribe and require uniform forms, notices, and supplies the secretary of state considers advisable for use in the conduct of elections and registrations.

(f) Prepare the form of ballot for any proposed amendment to the constitution or proposal under the initiative or referendum provision of the constitution to be submitted to the voters of this state.

(g) Require reports from the local election officials the secretary of state considers necessary.

(h) Investigate, or cause to be investigated by local authorities, the administration of election laws, and report violations of the election laws and regulations to the attorney general or prosecuting attorney, or both, for prosecution.

(i) Publish in the legislative manual the vote for governor and secretary of state by townships and wards and the vote for members of the state legislature cast at the preceding November election, which shall be returned to the secretary of state by the county clerks on or before the first day of December following the election. All clerks shall furnish to the secretary of state, promptly and without compensation, any further information requested of them to be used in the compilation of the legislative manual.

(j) Establish a curriculum for comprehensive training and accreditation of all county, city, township, and village officials who are responsible for conducting elections.

(k) Establish a continuing election education program for all county, city, township, and village clerks.

(l) Establish and require attendance by all new appointed or elected election officials at an initial course of instruction within 6 months before the date of the election.

(m) Establish a comprehensive training curriculum for all precinct inspectors.

(n) Create an election day dispute resolution team that has regional representatives of the department of state, which team shall appear on site, if necessary.

(2) Pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, the secretary of state shall promulgate rules establishing uniform standards for state and local nominating, recall, and ballot question petition signatures. The standards for petition signatures may include, but need not be limited to, standards for all of the following:

(a) Determining the validity of registration of a circulator or individual signing a petition.

(b) Determining the genuineness of the signature of a circulator or individual signing a petition, including digitized signatures.

(c) Proper designation of the place of registration of a circulator or individual signing a petition.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 249, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 215, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1998 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 220, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Eff. Jan. 1, 2007 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 271, Eff. Aug. 15, 2012
Compiler's Notes: Act 269 of 2001, which was approved by the Governor and filed with the Secretary of State on January 11, 2002, provided for the amendment of MCL 168.31, 168.73, 168.283, 168.393, 168.509y, 168.509aa, 168.561a, 168.624, 168.624a, 168.686, 168.706, 168.727, 168.737, 168.745, 168.769, 168.782b, 168.795, 168.795c, 168.797a, 168.798c, 168.799a, 168.803, 168.804, 168.842, and 168.931 of, the addition of Sec. 701 to, and the repeal of Sec. 509 of, Act 116 of 1954, known as the Michigan Election Law. A petition seeking a referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was filed with the Secretary of State. The Board of State Canvassers officially declared the sufficiency of the referendum petition on May 14, 2002. Const 1963, art 2, sec 9, provides that no law as to which the power of referendum properly has been invoked shall be effective thereafter unless approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the next general election. A referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was presented to the electors at the November 5, 2002, general election as Proposal 02-1, which read as follows:“A REFERENDUM ON PUBLIC ACT 269 OF 2001—AN ACT TO AMEND CERTAIN SECTIONS OF MICHIGAN ELECTION LAWPublic Act 269 of 2001 would:—Eliminate “straight party” vote option on partisan general election ballots.—Require Secretary of State to obtain training reports from local election officials.—Require registered voters who do not appear on registration list to show picture identification before voting a challenged ballot.—Require expedited canvass if presidential vote differential is under 25,000.—Require ballot counting equipment to screen ballots for voting errors to ensure the accurate tabulation of absentee ballots. Permit voters in polls to correct errors.—Provide penalties for stealing campaign signs or accepting payment for campaign work while being paid as a public employee to perform election duties.Should this law be approved?Yes __________No __________”Act 269 of 2001 was not approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the November 5, 2002, general election.Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code
Admin Rule: R 168.771 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.31a Election audit.

Sec. 31a.

(1) In order to ensure compliance with the provisions of this act, after each election the secretary of state may audit election precincts.

(2) The secretary of state shall develop an election audit program that details the documents to be inspected and the procedures to be used during an election audit conducted under this section. The secretary of state may train and certify county clerks and their staffs for the purpose of conducting election audits of precincts randomly selected by the secretary of state in their counties. The secretary of state shall supervise each county clerk in the performance of election audits conducted under this section.

(3) Each county clerk who conducts an election audit under this section shall provide the results of the election audit to the secretary of state within 20 days after the election audit.


History: Add. 2012, Act 271, Eff. Aug. 15, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.32 Bureau of elections; director of elections; appointment; powers and duties; statement of purpose of proposed amendment or question.

Sec. 32.

(1) In the office of the secretary of state, the bureau of elections created by former 1951 PA 65 continues under the supervision of a director of elections, to be appointed by the secretary of state under civil service regulations. The director of elections shall be vested with the powers and shall perform the duties of the secretary of state under his or her supervision, with respect to the supervision and administration of the election laws. The director of elections shall be a nonmember secretary of the state board of canvassers.

(2) The director of elections, with the approval of the state board of canvassers, shall prepare a statement for designation on the ballot in not more than 100 words, exclusive of caption, of the purpose of any proposed amendment or question to be submitted to the electors as required under section 9 of article II, section 34 of article IV if the legislature does not provide for the content of the question to be submitted to the electors, or section 1 or 2 of article XII of the state constitution of 1963. The statement shall consist of a true and impartial statement of the purpose of the amendment or question in such language as shall create no prejudice for or against the proposed amendment or question. The powers and duties of the state board of canvassers and the secretary of state with respect to the preparation of the statement are transferred to the director of elections. The secretary of state shall certify the statement of the purpose of any proposed amendment or question to be submitted to the electors not later than 60 days before the date of the election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 251, Imd. Eff. May 28, 1964 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 79, Imd. Eff. Mar. 28, 2014
Compiler's Notes: Act 65 of 1951, referred to in this section, was repealed by Act 116 of 1954.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.33 Training schools on conducting elections in accordance with election laws; conduct; continuing election education training courses.

Sec. 33.

(1) The director of elections shall conduct training schools throughout this state before the general November election, and before other elections as the director considers advisable, for county clerks and their representatives with respect to the conducting of elections in accordance with the election laws. Included in this training shall be instruction on the uniform voting system. If a county clerk fails to conduct in his or her county a training school for election boards within the county, the director of elections shall conduct the training school, the cost of the training school to be charged as an obligation of the county.

(2) The director of elections shall train all county, city, and township clerks who are involved in the training of precinct inspectors. The training shall include team training and monitoring of their performance as trainers.

(3) The director of elections shall conduct all precinct inspector training in counties where the clerk has not been accredited to conduct the training schools.

(4) The director of elections shall conduct continuing election education training courses for county, city, township, and village clerks to attend. Each county, city, township, and village clerk is required to attend and complete continuing election education training at least once every 2 years to maintain accreditation as a clerk. The department of state is responsible for providing continuing election education training to the clerks at no charge to the clerks, counties, cities, townships, or villages.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 251, Imd. Eff. May 28, 1964 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 91, Eff. Apr. 9, 2002 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 271, Eff. Aug. 15, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.34 Director of elections; restrictions.

Sec. 34.

The director of elections shall perform no other duties which will interfere with his duties as director of elections.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.35 Assistants to director; employment, expenses.

Sec. 35.

The secretary of state is authorized to employ such assistants to the director of elections and incur such expenses as shall be necessary in carrying out the supervision of the election laws of this state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.36 Seal.

Sec. 36.

The secretary of state may approve seals to be used for the same purpose as metal seals when required by this act. The secretary of state shall only approve a seal under this section if that seal meets all of the following requirements:

(a) Is designed and manufactured for the purpose of proving authenticity, attesting to accuracy, or closing to outside interference or influence.

(b) Is made out of metal, plastic, fiberglass, or any combination of these materials that would provide resistance to or evidence of a force tending to break the seal.

(c) Contains an embossed or imprinted serial number.


History: Add. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

***** 168.37 THIS SECTION IS REPEALED BY ACT 91 OF 2002 JANUARY 1, 2006 PROVIDED THAT MONEY TO CARRY OUT THE PURPOSES OF THE SECTION IS NOT APPROPRIATED AND SIGNED INTO LAW BEFORE JANUARY 1, 2006 *****



168.37 Uniform voting system; advisory committee; selection; notice of selection; schedule for acquisition and implementation; repetition of process; appropriation required; repeal of section.

Sec. 37.

(1) The secretary of state shall select a uniform voting system under the provisions of this section. The secretary of state shall convene an advisory committee on the selection of the uniform voting system, whose membership represents county, city, and township election officials and other relevant organizations. In addition, the speaker and minority leader of the house of representatives and the majority and minority leaders of the senate may each appoint 1 advisory committee member.

(2) The secretary of state may conduct tests of a voting system in order to select the uniform voting system. The secretary of state shall not consider a voting system for selection as the uniform voting system unless the voting system is approved and certified as provided in section 795a. At the secretary of state's request, the board of state canvassers shall perform the approval and certification review, as provided in section 795a, of a voting system that the secretary of state wants to consider for selection as the uniform voting system.

(3) When the uniform voting system is selected or at an earlier time that the secretary of state considers advisable, the secretary of state shall notify each county, city, village, township, and school district about the selection or impending selection of the uniform voting system. A governmental unit that is notified under this subsection shall not purchase or enter into a contract to purchase a voting system other than the uniform voting system after receipt of the notice.

(4) After selection of the uniform voting system, the secretary of state shall establish a schedule for acquisition and implementation of the uniform voting system throughout the state. The secretary of state may devise a schedule that institutes the uniform voting system over several election cycles. The secretary of state shall widely publicize the schedule and changes to the schedule. If, however, a jurisdiction has acquired a new voting system within 8 years before the jurisdiction receives notice from the secretary of state under subsection (3), that jurisdiction shall not be required to acquire and use the uniform voting system until the expiration of 10 years after the date of the original purchase of the equipment.

(5) If, after selection of the uniform voting system, the secretary of state determines that the uniform voting system no longer serves the welfare of the voters or has become out of date in regards to voting system technology, the secretary of state may repeat the process for selecting the uniform voting system authorized under this section.

(6) This section does not apply until money is appropriated for the purpose of selecting, acquiring, and implementing the uniform voting system. If federal money becomes available for the purposes described in this section, the secretary of state shall, and the legislature intends to, take the steps necessary to qualify for and appropriate that money for the purposes described in this section.

(7) If an appropriation of money for the purposes described in this section is not signed into law before January 1, 2006, this section is repealed on January 1, 2006.


History: Add. 2002, Act 91, Eff. Apr. 9, 2002
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.38 Poster indicating ballot coaching prohibited.

Sec. 38.

(1) The secretary of state shall develop a poster that explains ballot coaching and that indicates that ballot coaching is prohibited.

(2) The secretary of state shall provide to each residential care facility in this state at least 1 poster as described in subsection (1).

(3) For the period beginning 45 days before each election and continuing through election day, the owner, operator, or facility director of a residential care facility shall display the poster provided by the secretary of state in a public area in the residential care facility.

(4) As used in this section:

(a) "Home for the aged" means that term as defined in section 20106 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.20106.

(b) "Nursing home" means that term as defined in section 20109 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.20109.

(c) "Residential care facility" means both of the following:

(i) Home for the aged.

(ii) Nursing home.


History: Add. 2012, Act 523, Eff. Mar. 28, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter IV
ELECTORS OF PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT


168.41 Presidential electors; eligibility.

Sec. 41.

No person shall be eligible to be an elector of president and vice-president who shall not have been a citizen of the United States for at least 10 years and a resident and registered elector of the congressional district for an elector representing a congressional district, or of the state, for an elector representing the state at large for at least 1 year prior to the election. No senator or representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be appointed an elector, as provided in section 1 of article 2 of the United States constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.42 Presidential electors; selection at state political party conventions, certification.

Sec. 42.

In the year in which presidential electors are to be elected under section 43, each political party in this state shall choose at its fall state convention a number of candidates for electors of president and vice-president of the United States equal to the number of senators and representatives in congress that this state is entitled to elect. The chairperson and the secretary of the state central committee of each political party shall, within 1 business day after the conclusion of the state convention, forward by registered or certified mail a certificate containing the names of the candidates for electors to the secretary of state. The candidates for electors of president and vice-president who shall be considered elected are those whose names have been certified to the secretary of state by that political party receiving the greatest number of votes for those offices at the next November election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.43 Presidential electors; election.

Sec. 43.

At the general November election held in the year 1956 and at the general November election held every fourth year thereafter, electors of president and vice-president of the United States shall be elected in the manner herein provided: Provided, That if congress should hereafter fix a different day for such election, then the election for electors shall be held on such day as shall be named by congress as provided in section 1 of article 2 of the United States constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.44 Repealed. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30;—1955, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1955.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section prescribed a form of an official presidential ballot.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.45 Cross or check mark as vote for presidential electors.

Sec. 45.

Marking a cross (X) or a check mark ( ) in the circle under the party name of a political party, at the general November election in a presidential year, shall not be considered and taken as a direct vote for the candidates of that political party for president and vice-president or either of them, but, as to the presidential vote, as a vote for the entire list or set of presidential electors chosen by that political party and certified to the secretary of state pursuant to this chapter.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 160, Imd. Eff. Nov. 20, 1985
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.46 Presidential electors; determination by board of state canvassers; certificate of election.

Sec. 46.

As soon as practicable after the state board of canvassers has, by the official canvass, ascertained the result of an election as to electors of president and vice-president of the United States, the governor shall certify, under the seal of the state, to the United States secretary of state, the names and addresses of the electors of this state chosen as electors of president and vice-president of the United States. The governor shall also transmit to each elector chosen as an elector for president and vice-president of the United States a certificate, in triplicate, under the seal of the state, of his or her election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 431, Imd. Eff. June 6, 2002
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.47 Convening of presidential electors; time and place thereof; resignations; refusal or failure to vote; vacancies.

Sec. 47.

The electors of president and vice-president shall convene in the senate chamber at the capitol of the state at 2 p.m., eastern standard time, on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December following their election. At any time before receipt of the certificate of the governor or within 48 hours thereafter, an elector may resign by submitting his written and verified resignation to the governor. Failure to so resign signifies consent to serve and to cast his vote for the candidates for president and vice-president appearing on the Michigan ballot of the political party which nominated him. Refusal or failure to vote for the candidates for president and vice-president appearing on the Michigan ballot of the political party which nominated the elector constitutes a resignation from the office of elector, his vote shall not be recorded and the remaining electors shall forthwith fill the vacancy. The ballot used by the elector shall bear the name of the elector. If at the time of convening there is any vacancy caused by death, resignation, refusal or failure to vote, neglect to attend, or ineligibility of any person elected, or for any other cause, the qualified electors of president and vice-president shall proceed to fill such vacancy by ballot, by a plurality of votes. When all the electors appear and the vacancy shall be filled, they shall proceed to perform the duties of such electors, as required by the constitution and laws of the United States. If congress hereafter fixes a different day for such meeting, the electors shall meet and give their votes on the day designated by act of congress.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1971, Act 172, Eff. Mar. 30, 1972
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter V
GOVERNOR AND LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR


168.51 Governor or lieutenant governor; eligibility; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 51.

A person shall not be eligible to the office of governor or lieutenant governor unless the person has attained the age of 30 years and has been a registered and qualified elector in this state for 4 years next preceding his or her election, as provided in section 22 of article 5 of the state constitution of 1963. A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of Act No. 370 of the Public Acts of 1941, being section 38.412a of the Michigan Compiled Laws, shall not be eligible to the office of governor or lieutenant governor for a period of 20 years after the conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.52 Gubernatorial candidates; nomination at primary.

Sec. 52.

A general primary election of all political parties shall be held in every election precinct in this state on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August preceding every general November election in which a governor is to be elected, at which time the qualified and registered electors of each political party shall vote for party candidates for the office of governor. This section shall not apply to parties required to nominate candidates at caucuses or conventions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.53 Office of governor; nominating petitions; signatures; form; filing.

Sec. 53.

To obtain the printing of the name of a person as a candidate for nomination by a political party for the office of governor under a particular party heading upon the official primary ballots, there shall be filed with the secretary of state nominating petitions signed by a number of qualified and registered electors residing in this state as determined under section 544f. Nominating petitions shall be signed by at least 100 registered resident electors in each of at least 1/2 of the congressional districts of the state. Nominating petitions shall be in the form as prescribed in section 544c. Until December 31, 2013, nominating petitions shall be received by the secretary of state for filing in accordance with this act up to 4 p.m. of the twelfth Tuesday before the August primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, nominating petitions shall be received by the secretary of state for filing in accordance with this act up to 4 p.m. of the fifteenth Tuesday before the August primary.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 329, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.54 Candidates for nomination; withdrawal, notice.

Sec. 54.

After the filing of a nominating petition by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for governor, such candidate shall not be permitted to withdraw unless a written notice of withdrawal is served on the secretary of state or his duly authorized agent not later than 4 p.m., eastern standard time, of the third day after the last day for filing such petitions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.55 Candidate for office of governor or lieutenant governor; write-in.

Sec. 55.

If, for any reason, there is no candidate of a political party for the office of governor or lieutenant governor, a blank space shall be provided on each of the official primary ballots that affords every elector of the political party an opportunity to vote for a candidate for those offices by writing in the name of his or her selection.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.56 Candidate for office of governor; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.

Sec. 56.

If a candidate of a political party for the office of governor, after having qualified as a candidate, dies after the time specified for filing in section 53, leaving the political party without a candidate for that office, a candidate to fill the vacancy may be selected by the state central committee of that political party, and the name of the candidate selected shall be transmitted to the county officers required by law to print and distribute ballots. The name of the candidate shall be printed on the ballot, but if the primary ballots have been printed, the county officers shall have the ballots reprinted with the candidate's name on the ballots and the reprinted ballots shall be distributed to the various voting precincts in their respective counties.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 322, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1966 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.57 Gubernatorial candidates; nominees, certification.

Sec. 57.

The candidate of each political party for the office of governor receiving the greatest number of votes cast for candidates for said office, as set forth in the report of the board of state canvassers based on the returns from the various boards of county canvassers, or as determined by the board of state canvassers as the result of a recount, shall be declared the nominee of that political party for said office at the next ensuing November election. The board of state canvassers shall forthwith certify such nominations to the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.58 Gubernatorial candidates; withdrawal after nomination.

Sec. 58.

When a candidate of any political party for the office of governor has filed a nominating petition for such office and has been nominated for said office by said party, he shall not be permitted to withdraw unless he has removed from the state, or has become physically unfit. This prohibition shall not be construed to prohibit the withdrawal of any candidate who has been nominated without having filed a nominating petition and whose name has been written or placed on the ballot of any political party.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.59 Gubernatorial candidates; death, withdrawal or disqualification; new candidate, selection, certification; ballots.

Sec. 59.

When the candidate of a political party, after having been nominated to the office of governor, shall die, withdraw as provided in section 58 of this act, remove from the state, or become disqualified for any reason, the state central committee of such party shall meet forthwith and by a majority vote of the members thereof shall select a candidate to fill the vacancy thereby caused. The name of the candidate so selected shall be immediately certified by the chairman and the secretary of said committee to the secretary of state and to the board of election commissioners for each county, whose duty it is to prepare the official ballots, and said board shall cause to be printed or placed upon such ballots in the proper place the name of the candidate so selected and certified to fill such vacancy.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.60 Governor and lieutenant governor; election.

Sec. 60.

A governor and lieutenant governor shall be elected jointly at the general election in 1964, 1966, and every fourth year thereafter.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.61 Governor and lieutenant governor; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.

Sec. 61.

The board of state canvassers shall determine which candidates for governor and lieutenant governor have received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidates to be duly elected. The said board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of return a certificate of such determination and deliver the same to the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.62 Governor and lieutenant governor; certificate of election.

Sec. 62.

The secretary of state shall file in his office and preserve the original statement and determination of the board of state canvassers of the result of the election and shall forthwith execute and cause to be delivered to the persons thereby declared to be elected to the offices of governor and lieutenant governor certificates of election, certified by him under the great seal of the state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.63 Governor and lieutenant governor; terms of office.

Sec. 63.

The terms of office of governor and lieutenant governor shall commence at 12 noon on January 1 next following the election, and shall continue until a successor is elected and qualified. The terms of office of the governor and lieutenant governor elected at the general election of 1964 shall be 2 years. The terms of office of the governor and lieutenant governor elected at the general election in 1966 and every fourth year thereafter shall be 4 years.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.64 Governor and lieutenant governor; oath of office, deposit.

Sec. 64.

Every person elected to the office of governor or lieutenant governor, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution and deposit same with the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.65 Governor or lieutenant governor; resignation, notice.

Sec. 65.

Any person duly elected to the office of governor or lieutenant governor who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the legislature and the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.66 Governor or lieutenant governor; vacancy, creation; impeachment.

Sec. 66.

The office of governor or lieutenant governor shall become vacant upon the happening of any of the following events: Death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office for cause; his ceasing to be a resident of the state; his conviction of an infamous crime, or an offense involving the violation of his oath of office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring his election void; or his neglect or refusal to take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office and deposit the same in the manner and within the time prescribed by law.

Any person holding the office of governor or lieutenant governor may be removed from office upon conviction in impeachment proceedings as provided in section 7 of article 11 of the state constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.67 Offices of governor and lieutenant governor; vacancy; death or failure to qualify of governor-elect or lieutenant governor-elect; devolution of powers and duties.

Sec. 67.

If a vacancy occurs in the office of governor, the powers and duties of that office shall devolve upon the lieutenant governor for the remainder of the term or until the disability ceases. If the lieutenant governor succeeds to the office of governor, or if a vacancy occurs in the office of lieutenant governor, the senate, by resolution, with a record roll call vote, shall appoint an acting lieutenant governor of the same political party as the governor who shall serve for the remainder of the term or until the disability ceases. If a vacancy occurs in both the offices of governor and lieutenant governor, the elected secretary of state, the elected attorney general, the senate president pro tempore, and the speaker of the house of representatives, in that order shall act as governor until the vacancy is filled or the disability of either the governor or lieutenant governor ceases, as provided in section 26 of article 5 of the state constitution of 1963. Should the governor-elect die or fail to qualify by the first of January next following his or her election, the lieutenant governor-elect shall qualify and exercise all the powers and duties of the office of governor for the entire term, or until the governor-elect shall qualify. Should the lieutenant governor-elect also die or fail to qualify, the powers and duties of the office of governor shall devolve upon the secretary of state-elect and the attorney general-elect in that order in a like manner.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 8, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 44, Imd. Eff. May 13, 1981
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.68 Governor or lieutenant governor; recount of vote.

Sec. 68.

The votes cast for any candidate for the office of governor or lieutenant governor at any primary or election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.69 Governor or lieutenant governor; recall.

Sec. 69.

Any person elected to the office of governor or lieutenant governor shall be subject to recall as provided in chapter 36 of this act and in section 8 of article 2 of the state constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 34, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter VI
LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR; SECRETARY OF STATE; ATTORNEY GENERAL


168.71 Offices of secretary of state or attorney general; eligibility; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 71.

(1) A person shall not be eligible to the offices of secretary of state or attorney general if the person is not a registered and qualified elector of this state by the date the person is nominated for the office.

(2) A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of 1941 PA 370, MCL 38.412a, shall not be eligible to the offices of secretary of state or attorney general for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.72 Candidates for lieutenant governor, secretary of state, attorney general; nomination at fall state convention.

Sec. 72.

At its fall state convention, each political party may nominate a candidate for each of the offices of lieutenant governor, secretary of state and attorney general.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.73 Offices of lieutenant governor, secretary of state, and attorney general; nominees; list.

Sec. 73.

Not more than 24 hours after the conclusion of the fall state convention, the state central committee of each political party shall canvass the proceedings of the convention and determine the nominees of the convention for the offices of lieutenant governor, secretary of state, and attorney general. Not more than 1 business day after the conclusion of the convention, the chairperson and secretary of the state central committee shall forward to the secretary of state a typewritten or printed list of the names and residence, including the street address if known, of candidates nominated at the state convention. The secretary of state shall forward a copy of a list received under this section to the board of election commissioners of each county, in care of the county clerk at the county seat.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004
Compiler's Notes: Act 269 of 2001, which was approved by the Governor and filed with the Secretary of State on January 11, 2002, provided for the amendment of MCL 168.31, 168.73, 168.283, 168.393, 168.509y, 168.509aa, 168.561a, 168.624, 168.624a, 168.686, 168.706, 168.727, 168.737, 168.745, 168.769, 168.782b, 168.795, 168.795c, 168.797a, 168.798c, 168.799a, 168.803, 168.804, 168.842, and 168.931 of, the addition of Sec. 701 to, and the repeal of Sec. 509 of, Act 116 of 1954, known as the Michigan Election Law. A petition seeking a referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was filed with the Secretary of State. The Board of State Canvassers officially declared the sufficiency of the referendum petition on May 14, 2002. Const 1963, art 2, sec 9, provides that no law as to which the power of referendum properly has been invoked shall be effective thereafter unless approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the next general election. A referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was presented to the electors at the November 5, 2002, general election as Proposal 02-1, which read as follows:“A REFERENDUM ON PUBLIC ACT 269 OF 2001--AN ACT TO AMEND CERTAIN SECTIONS OF MICHIGAN ELECTION LAWPublic Act 269 of 2001 would:--Eliminate “straight party” vote option on partisan general election ballots.--Require Secretary of State to obtain training reports from local election officials.--Require registered voters who do not appear on registration list to show picture identification before voting a challenged ballot.--Require expedited canvass if presidential vote differential is under 25,000.--Require ballot counting equipment to screen ballots for voting errors to ensure the accurate tabulation of absentee ballots. Permit voters in polls to correct errors.--Provide penalties for stealing campaign signs or accepting payment for campaign work while being paid as a public employee to perform election duties.Should this law be approved?Yes __________No __________”Act 269 of 2001 was not approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the November 5, 2002, general election.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.74 Candidates; withdrawal; notice.

Sec. 74.

A person who has been certified by the state central committee of any party as nominated for the office of lieutenant governor, secretary of state, or attorney general may withdraw by filing a written notice of withdrawal with the secretary of state or his or her authorized agent and a copy with the chairperson and the secretary of the state central committee of the party not later than 4 p.m., eastern standard time, of the fourth business day following the conclusion of the convention at which the person was nominated.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.75 Candidates; death, withdrawal or disqualification; new candidate, selection, certification; ballots.

Sec. 75.

When a candidate of a political party, after having been nominated to the office of lieutenant governor, secretary of state or attorney general, shall die, withdraw, remove from the state, or become disqualified for any reason, the state central committee of such party shall meet forthwith and by a majority vote of the members thereof shall select a candidate to fill the vacancy thereby caused. The name of the candidate so selected shall be immediately certified by the chairman and the secretary of said committee to the secretary of state and to the board of election commissioners for each county whose duty it is to prepare the official ballots and said board shall cause to be printed or placed upon said ballots, in the proper place, the name of the candidate so selected to fill the vacancy.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.76 Secretary of state and attorney general; election.

Sec. 76.

A secretary of state and attorney general shall be elected at the general election in 1964, 1966, and every fourth year thereafter.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.77 Secretary of state and attorney general; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.

Sec. 77.

The board of state canvassers shall determine which candidates for the offices of secretary of state and attorney general have received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidates to be duly elected. The said board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of such determination and deliver the same to the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.78 Secretary of state and attorney general; certificate of election.

Sec. 78.

The secretary of state shall file in his office and preserve the original statements and determination of the board of state canvassers of the results of the election and shall forthwith execute and cause to be delivered to the persons thereby declared to be elected to the offices of secretary of state and attorney general certificates of election, certified by him under the great seal of the state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.79 Secretary of state and attorney general; terms of office.

Sec. 79.

The terms of office of the secretary of state and attorney general shall commence at 12 noon on January 1 next following the election, and shall continue until a successor is elected and qualified.

The terms of office of the secretary of state and attorney general elected at the general election in 1964 shall be 2 years. The terms of office of the secretary of state and attorney general elected at the general election in 1966 and every fourth year thereafter shall be 4 years.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.80 Secretary of state and attorney general; oath of office, bond, deposit.

Sec. 80.

Every person elected to the office of secretary of state or attorney general, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution, and shall give bond in the amount and manner prescribed by law, and shall deposit said oath and bond with the secretary of state, except that any person elected to the office of secretary of state shall deposit said oath and bond with the attorney general.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.81 Secretary of state or attorney general; resignation, notice.

Sec. 81.

Any person duly elected to the office of secretary of state or attorney general who desires to resign shall file a written notice, containing the effective date of such resignation, with the governor and a copy with the office of the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.82 Secretary of state or attorney general; vacancy, creation, notice to governor.

Sec. 82.

The office of secretary of state or attorney general shall become vacant upon the happening of any of the following events: Death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office for cause; his ceasing to be a resident of the state; his conviction of an infamous crime or an offense involving the violation of his oath of office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring his election or appointment void; or his neglect or refusal to take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office and deposit the same in the manner and within the time prescribed by law. When a vacancy shall occur in any of the said offices, a notice of such vacancy and the reason why the same exists shall, within 10 days after such vacancy occurs, be given in writing to the governor. Such notice shall be given by the secretary of state unless such vacancy occurs in the office of the secretary of state, then by the attorney general.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.83 Secretary of state or attorney general; impeachment; removal from office; service of charges, hearing.

Sec. 83.

Any person holding the office of secretary of state or attorney general may be removed from office upon conviction in impeachment proceedings for the reasons and in the manner set forth in section 7 of article 11 of the state constitution. The governor shall have the power and it shall be his duty, except at such times as the legislature may be in session, to examine into the condition and administration of the public offices and the acts of the public officers enumerated herein, and to remove from office for gross neglect of duty or for corrupt conduct in office, or any other misfeasance or malfeasance therein, and report the causes of such removal to the legislature at its next session as provided in section 10 of article 5 of the state constitution. Such person shall be served with a written notice of the charges against him and be afforded an opportunity for a public hearing conducted personally by the governor.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.84 Secretary of state or attorney general; vacancy; successor, appointment by governor, oath of office, bond.

Sec. 84.

Whenever a vacancy shall occur in the office of secretary of state or attorney general, the governor shall appoint a successor to fill such vacancy and the person so appointed shall take the oath of office, give bond in the manner required by law and shall hold such office until his successor is elected and qualified. The candidate receiving the highest number of votes for either of said offices who has subscribed to the constitutional oath and filed the requisite bond shall be deemed to be elected and qualified even though a vacancy occurs prior to the time he shall have entered upon the duties of his office.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.85 Secretary of state or attorney general; election, recount of votes.

Sec. 85.

The votes cast for any candidate for the office of secretary of state or attorney general at any election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.86 Secretary of state or attorney general; recall.

Sec. 86.

Any person elected to the office of secretary of state or attorney general shall be subject to recall as provided in chapter 36 of this act and in section 8 of article 2 of the state constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 4, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter VII
UNITED STATES SENATOR


168.91 United States senator; eligibility; violation of 38.412a.

Sec. 91.

A person shall not be a United States senator unless the person has attained the age of 30 years and has been a citizen of the United States for 9 years, and is, when elected, an inhabitant of that state for which he or she shall be chosen as provided in section 3 of article 1 of the United States constitution. A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of Act No. 370 of the Public Acts of 1941, being section 38.412a of the Michigan Compiled Laws, shall not be eligible to the office of United States senator for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.92 Candidates for United States senator; nomination at primary.

Sec. 92.

A general primary election of all political parties shall be held in every election precinct in this state on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August preceding every general November election, at which time the qualified and registered electors of each political party may vote for a party candidate for the office of United States senator, to be filled at said election: Provided, That this section shall not apply to parties required to nominate candidates at caucuses or conventions: Provided further, That no nomination for the office of United States senator shall be made unless such official is to be elected at the next succeeding general November election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.93 Candidate for United States senator; nominating petition; signatures; form; filing.

Sec. 93.

In order for the name of a person as a candidate for nomination by a political party for the office of United States senator to appear under a particular party heading on the official primary ballot, a nominating petition shall be filed with the secretary of state. The nominating petition shall have been signed by a number of qualified and registered electors residing within this state as determined under section 544f. The nominating petition shall be signed by at least 100 qualified and registered electors in each of at least 1/2 of the congressional districts of this state. Nominating petitions shall be in the form as prescribed in section 544c. Until December 31, 2013, the nominating petition shall be filed with the secretary of state no later than 4 p.m. of the twelfth Tuesday before the August primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, the nominating petition shall be filed with the secretary of state no later than 4 p.m. of the fifteenth Tuesday before the August primary.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 42, Imd. Eff. May 26, 1966 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 329, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 491, Imd. Eff. Jan. 11, 2001 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.94 Candidates; withdrawal, notice.

Sec. 94.

After the filing of a nominating petition by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for United States senator, such candidate shall not be permitted to withdraw unless a written notice of withdrawal is served on the secretary of state or his duly authorized agent not later than 4 o'clock, eastern standard time, in the afternoon of the third day after the last day for filing such petitions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.95 Candidate for United States senator; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.

Sec. 95.

If a candidate of a political party for the office of United States senator, after having qualified as a candidate, dies after the last day for qualifying, leaving the political party without a candidate for the office of United States senator, a candidate to fill the vacancy may be selected by the state central committee and the name of the candidate selected shall be transmitted to the secretary of state and to the county officials required by law to print and distribute ballots. The name of the candidate shall be printed on the ballots, but if the ballots have been printed, the county officials shall have the ballots reprinted with the candidate's name on the ballots and the reprinted ballots shall be distributed to the various voting precincts within their respective counties.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 322, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1966 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.96 Candidate for United States senator; write-in.

Sec. 96.

If for any reason there is no candidate of a political party for the office of United States senator, a blank space shall be provided on each of the official primary ballots that affords every elector of the political party an opportunity to vote for a candidate for that office by writing in the name of his or her selection.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 64, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 227, Imd. Eff. May 22, 1964 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.97 Candidates; nomination, certification.

Sec. 97.

The candidate of each political party for the office of United States senator receiving the greatest number of votes cast for candidates for said office, as set forth in the report of the board of state canvassers, based on the returns from the various boards of county canvassers, or as determined by the board of state canvassers as the result of a recount, shall be declared the nominee of that political party for said office at the next ensuing November election. The board of state canvassers shall forthwith certify such nomination to the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.98 Candidates; withdrawal after nomination.

Sec. 98.

When a candidate of any political party has filed a nominating petition for such office and has been nominated for said office by said party, he shall not be permitted to withdraw unless he has removed from the state, or has become physically unfit. No vacancy shall be filled by the state central committees except for the causes and as herein specified: Provided, That this prohibition shall not be construed to prohibit the withdrawal of any candidate who has been nominated without having filed a nominating petition and whose name has been written or placed on the ballot of any political party.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.99 Candidates; death, withdrawal or disqualification; new candidate, selection, certification; ballots.

Sec. 99.

When the candidate of a political party, after having been nominated to the office of United States senator, shall die, withdraw, remove from the state, or become disqualified for any reason, the state central committee of such party shall meet forthwith and by a majority vote of the members thereof shall select a candidate to fill the vacancy thereby caused. The name of the candidate so selected shall be immediately certified by the chairman and the secretary of said committee to the secretary of state and to the board of election commissioners for each county, whose duty it is to prepare the official ballots; and said boards shall cause to be printed or placed upon such ballots in the proper place the name of the candidate so selected and certified to fill such vacancy.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.100 United States senator; election.

Sec. 100.

A United States senator shall be elected at the general November election held in the year 1958, and at the general November election every sixth year thereafter. A United States Senator shall be elected at the general November election held in the year 1960 and at the general November election every sixth year thereafter.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.101 United States senator; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.

Sec. 101.

The board of state canvassers shall determine which candidate for United States senator has received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidate to be duly elected. The said board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of such determination and deliver the same to the secretary of state, who shall forthwith deliver a true copy of said certificate to the governor.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.102 United States senator; certificate of election by governor.

Sec. 102.

It shall be the duty of the governor, upon the election or appointment of a United States senator, to certify his election or appointment to the president of the senate of the United States. Said certificate shall be under the great seal of the state and countersigned by the secretary of state, and a copy thereof shall be delivered to the person so elected or appointed as United States senator.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.103 United States senator; term of office.

Sec. 103.

The term of office of a United States senator shall be 6 years, beginning on the third day of January next succeeding his election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.104 United States senator; resignation, notice.

Sec. 104.

Any person duly elected to the office of United States senator who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the governor and a copy with the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.105 United States senator; vacancy; successor, appointment by governor, tenure.

Sec. 105.

Whenever a vacancy shall occur in the office of United States senator, the governor shall appoint, to fill the vacancy, some suitable person having the necessary qualifications for senator. The person so appointed shall hold office from the time of his appointment and qualification until the first day of December following the next general November election which occurs more than 120 days after such vacancy happens. At such general November election, a United States senator to fill such vacancy shall be elected and the person so elected shall hold office from the first day of December following such election for the balance of the unexpired term of the senator whose vacancy is filled.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.106 United States senator; votes cast at primary or general election subject to recount.

Sec. 106.

The votes cast for a candidate for nomination or election to the office of United States senator at a primary or general election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 7, 1978
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.107 United States senator; vacancy, creation.

Sec. 107.

The office of United States senator shall become vacant on the happening of any of the following events before the expiration of the term of such office: The death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring void his election or appointment; or his refusal or neglect to take his oath of office.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.108 United States senator; removal from office.

Sec. 108.

Any United States senator may be removed from office as provided in section 5 of article 1 of the United States constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.109 United States senator; contested election; restraining order of supreme court.

Sec. 109.

Whenever the election of a United States senator is contested before the United States senate, or notice of a contested election for United States senator may be given, or whenever any judicial proceeding may be instituted preliminary to a contested election involving the right to a seat in said United States senate from the state of Michigan, and it shall be made to appear to the supreme court of the state of Michigan that there is danger that the ballot boxes used in the election of said United States senator within said state will not be properly preserved, the seals upon said boxes interfered with, said ballot boxes opened or the ballots therein interfered with or destroyed, such supreme court shall grant a restraining order directed to the officers having custody of said ballot boxes within said state restraining them and all other persons from interfering with said boxes, seals or locks thereon, or the ballots therein, except as therein provided.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.110 Contested election; preservation of ballots, application for restraining order by petition; notice, hearing; temporary restraining order pending hearing.

Sec. 110.

Application for such restraining order may be made by any candidate for such office and shall be made by petition duly verified under oath setting up the material facts relative to the election and the election contest involved. Such petition shall be heard in open court, and the court shall give such notice of the hearing on such application as it shall deem sufficient to the candidates for the office of United States senator in the election concerning which the application was filed and to such persons as shall be named in such application. Pending such hearing, any justice of the supreme court may, in his discretion, grant a temporary order restraining any interference with said ballot boxes or the ballots therein.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.110a Repealed. 1978, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 7, 1978.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to filing notice of intent to contest election of United States senator.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.111 Contested election; service of restraining order, method.

Sec. 111.

Service of any restraining order may be made personally, as in the case of the service of other process of said court, or such service may be made by registered or certified mail. In cases of emergency, notice of the issuance of a restraining order may be given to the officers to whom the same is directed by telegraph or by telephone in advance of the actual service of said order and, after such notice, whether by telegraph or telephone, said officers shall be charged with the same duty with regard to the preservation of said ballot boxes and the ballots therein as after the service of said order.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.112 Contested election; permanent restraining order, delivery of ballot boxes to custody of county clerk.

Sec. 112.

On being served with a copy of a permanent restraining order issued by said court, it shall be the duty of all officers having the custody of ballot boxes containing ballots cast at said election for said office forthwith to deliver the same to the county clerks of the counties in which such officers reside. It shall be the duty of said county clerks to receive such ballot boxes containing such ballots and to receipt therefor to the officers so delivering them. Said county clerks shall thereupon deposit said ballot boxes containing said ballots in some secure place to await the action of the commissioners herein provided for.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.113 Contested election; commissioners, appointment, packaging of ballots.

Sec. 113.

Upon issuing a permanent restraining order as herein provided, the supreme court shall name 3 commissioners, who shall proceed to the offices of the several county clerks as soon as may be, open said ballot boxes, remove the ballots therefrom and place them in packages securely wrapped and sealed and so marked as to show in what voting districts such ballots were cast.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.114 Contested election; commissioners, redeposit of ballots with county clerk, statement.

Sec. 114.

Such packages shall be sealed by said commissioners and redeposited with said county clerks, and it shall be the duty of said county clerks to again place said packages of ballots in some secure place pending the further order of the court. It shall also be the duty of said commissioners to make a statement, duly signed by them, to be included within each such package, as to the character and condition of the ballot boxes when opened by them as herein provided, and of the condition of the ballots within such boxes. Each county clerk shall thereupon notify the several officers of election within the county that such ballot boxes have been released and direct such officers of election to appear and secure said boxes.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.115 Contested election; removal of ballots by commissioners, notice.

Sec. 115.

The commissioners, as herein provided for, shall give public notice of the time when they will appear at each county seat for the purpose of removing the ballots from the ballot boxes, as herein provided, and such removal shall be publicly made in the presence of the county clerk and judge of probate in the office of the county clerk during office hours.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.116 Contested election; removal of ballots, representation of candidate.

Sec. 116.

It shall be the right of each candidate to the office of United States senator at such election to be present in person at such removal, or to be represented thereat.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.117 Contested election; commissioners, compensation.

Sec. 117.

The compensation of the commissioners herein provided for shall be fixed by the supreme court and such court shall allow such traveling and personal expenses of such commissioners as it may deem proper. All allowances to commissioners shall be taxed by the court as costs in the proceeding.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.118 Contested election; violation of restraining order, penalty.

Sec. 118.

Any person who shall violate the terms of any such restraining order shall be in contempt of court and shall, in addition to such penalty as may be imposed thereby, be liable to a fine of $1,000.00.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.119 Contested election; application for restraining order to circuit court, authority of court.

Sec. 119.

Instead of filing the petition for relief provided for in this act with the supreme court of the state of Michigan, application may be made in like manner to the circuit court for the county of Ingham, and when application is so made such court shall have full jurisdiction to make all orders, name the commissioners and otherwise exercise all necessary authority to carry out the purposes of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.120 Contested elections; purpose of act.

Sec. 120.

It is the intention of this act to furnish a speedy and effective means for the preservation of evidence of the intention of voters in the case of elections to the office of United States senator. It is remedial in character and shall be construed in such manner as fully to carry out the intention herein expressed.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.121 United States senator; recall.

Sec. 121.

Persons holding the office of United States senator are subject to recall by the qualified and registered electors of the state as provided in chapter 36 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 64, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter VIII
REPRESENTATIVE IN CONGRESS


168.131 Representative in congress; eligibility; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 131.

A person shall not be a representative unless the person has attained the age of 25 years and been a citizen of the United States for 7 years, and is, when elected, an inhabitant of that state in which he or she shall be chosen, as provided in section 2 of article 1 of the United States constitution. A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of Act No. 370 of the Public Acts of 1941, being section 38.412a of the Michigan Compiled Laws, shall not be eligible to the office of representative in congress for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.132 Candidates for representative in congress; nomination at primary.

Sec. 132.

A general primary election of all political parties shall be held in every election precinct in this state on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August preceding every general November election, at which time the qualified and registered electors of each political party within every congressional district shall vote for party candidates for the office of representative in congress to be filled at said election: Provided, That this section shall not apply to parties required to nominate candidates at caucuses or conventions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.133 Candidate for representative in congress; nominating petition; signatures; filing; form.

Sec. 133.

In order for the name of a person as a candidate for nomination by a political party for the office of representative in congress to appear under a particular party heading on the official primary ballot in the election precincts of a congressional district, a nominating petition shall have been signed by a number of qualified and registered electors residing in the district as determined under section 544f. Until December 31, 2013, if the congressional district comprises more than 1 county, the nominating petition shall be filed with the secretary of state no later than 4 p.m. of the twelfth Tuesday before the August primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, if the congressional district comprises more than 1 county, the nominating petition shall be filed with the secretary of state no later than 4 p.m. of the fifteenth Tuesday before the August primary. Until December 31, 2013, if the congressional district is within 1 county, the nominating petition shall be filed with the county clerk of that county no later than 4 p.m. of the twelfth Tuesday before the August primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, if the congressional district is within 1 county, the nominating petition shall be filed with the county clerk of that county no later than 4 p.m. of the fifteenth Tuesday before the August primary. Nominating petitions shall be in the form as prescribed in section 544c.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 42, Imd. Eff. May 26, 1966 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 491, Imd. Eff. Jan. 11, 2001 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.134 Candidates for nomination; withdrawal, notice.

Sec. 134.

After the filing of a nominating petition by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for representative in congress, such candidate shall not be permitted to withdraw unless a written notice of withdrawal is served on the official with whom the petition was filed or his duly authorized agent not later than 4 o'clock, eastern standard time, in the afternoon of the third day after the last day for filing such petitions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.135 Candidate for representative in congress; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.

Sec. 135.

If a candidate of a political party for the office of representative in congress, after having qualified as a candidate, dies after the last day for qualifying, leaving the political party without a candidate for the office of representative in congress, a candidate to fill the vacancy may be selected by 3 delegates elected by a majority of the precinct delegates and nominees for state representative and state senator in a state representative or state senatorial district of the candidate's political party from within the boundaries of the congressional district. If the district comprises more than 1 county, the meeting shall be called and conducted by the chairperson of the state central committee or his or her authorized representative. The name of the candidate selected shall be transmitted to the county officials required by law to print and distribute ballots. The name of the candidate shall be printed on the ballots, but if the ballots have been printed, the county officials shall have the ballots reprinted with the candidate's name on the ballots and the reprinted ballots shall be distributed to the various voting precincts within their respective counties.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 322, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1966 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.136 Candidate for representative in congress; write-in.

Sec. 136.

If for any reason there is no candidate of a political party for the office of representative in congress, a blank space shall be provided on each of the official primary ballots that affords every elector of the political party an opportunity to vote for a candidate for that office by writing in the name of his or her selection.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.137 Candidates for representative in congress; nomination, certification.

Sec. 137.

The candidate of each political party for the office of representative in congress receiving the greatest number of votes cast for candidates for said office, as set forth in the report of the board of state canvassers, based on the returns from the various boards of county canvassers, or as determined by the board of state canvassers as the result of a recount, shall be declared the nominee of that political party for said office at the next ensuing November election. The board of state canvassers shall forthwith certify such nomination to the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.138 Candidates; withdrawal after nomination.

Sec. 138.

When a candidate of any political party has filed a nominating petition for such office and has been nominated for said office by said party, he shall not be permitted to withdraw unless he has removed from the state or has become physically unfit; no vacancy shall be filled by the district or county committees except for the causes and as herein specified: Provided, That this prohibition shall not be construed to prohibit the withdrawal of any candidate who has been nominated without having filed a nominating petition and whose name has been written or placed on the ballot of any political party.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.139 Candidates for representative in congress; death, withdrawal or disqualification; selection of new candidate, certification; ballots.

Sec. 139.

When a candidate of a political party, after having been nominated to the office of representative in congress, shall die, withdraw as provided in this chapter, remove from the state or become disqualified for any reason, a candidate to fill such vacancy shall be chosen by a committee selected as follows: (a) If such candidate shall have been nominated from a district composed of 1 or more counties, the committee shall consist of the members of the county committees of such candidate's political party for the counties comprising such congressional district: Provided, That if a congressional district comprises 3 or more counties, each county shall be entitled to have only the chairman, the treasurer and secretary of the county committee of such political party present and voting; or (b) if such candidate shall have been nominated from a district consisting of less than 1 county, the committee shall consist of the members of the district committee of such candidate's political party for such district. Such committee shall meet at a time and place designated by the chairman of the state central committee of such political party and notice of such meeting shall be sent to all members of the county or district committee, as the case may be. The meeting shall be conducted by the secretary of the state central committee or his duly authorized agent, but said secretary or agent shall not be privileged to vote at such meeting. A majority vote of the committee members present and voting shall be necessary for the selection of a candidate. The name of the candidate so selected shall be certified immediately by the secretary of the state central committee to the secretary of state and to the board of election commissioners for each county, whose duty it is to prepare the official ballots; and said board shall cause to be printed or placed upon such ballots, in the proper place, the name of the candidate so selected and certified to fill such vacancy.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.140 Representative in congress; election.

Sec. 140.

A representative in congress in each congressional district shall be elected at each general November election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.141 Representative in congress; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.

Sec. 141.

The board of state canvassers shall determine which candidate has received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidate to be duly elected. The said board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of such determination and deliver the same to the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.142 Representative in congress; certificate of election.

Sec. 142.

The secretary of state shall file in his office and preserve the original statement and determination of the board of state canvassers of the result of the election and shall forthwith execute and cause to be delivered to the person thereby declared to be elected a certificate of election, certified by him under the great seal of the state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.143 Representative in congress; term of office.

Sec. 143.

The term of office of a representative in congress shall be 2 years beginning on the third day of January next following his election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.144 Representative in congress; resignation, notice.

Sec. 144.

Any person duly elected to the office of representative in congress who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the governor and a copy with the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.145 Representative in congress; vacancy, special election.

Sec. 145.

The governor shall call a special election as provided in section 633 of this act, in any congressional district of the state when the right of office of a person elected representative in congress shall cease before the commencement of the term of service for which he shall have been elected, or whenever a vacancy shall occur in the office of representative in congress after the term of service has begun for which such representative was elected.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.146 Representative in congress; vacancy, creation.

Sec. 146.

The office of representative in congress shall become vacant on the happening of any of the following events before the expiration of the term of such office: The death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring void his election; or his refusal or neglect to take his oath of office.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.147 Representative in congress; removal from office.

Sec. 147.

Any representative in congress may be removed from office as provided in section 5 of article 1 of the United States constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.148 Representative in congress; votes cast at primary or general election subject to recount.

Sec. 148.

The votes cast for a candidate for nomination or election to the office of representative in congress at a primary or general election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 7, 1978
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.149 Representative in congress; recall.

Sec. 149.

Persons holding the office of representatives in congress are subject to recall by the qualified and registered electors of their congressional districts as provided in chapter 36 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.150 Representative in congress; contested election; preservation of ballots; restraining order of circuit court.

Sec. 150.

Whenever a contest for the office of congressman is in progress before the house of representatives involving the right to a seat in said house from any of the congressional districts of Michigan, and it shall be made to appear to any circuit court in the state of Michigan that there is danger that the ballot boxes used in such congressional election within the district in which said circuit court has jurisdiction will be tampered with, the seals upon said boxes destroyed or tampered with, said ballot boxes opened or the ballots therein interfered with or destroyed, such circuit court shall grant a restraining order directed to the officers having custody of the ballot boxes within such congressional district restraining them from interfering with said boxes, the seals or locks thereon, or the ballots therein, during the pendency of the taking of testimony in such contest before the house of representatives.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.150a Repealed. 1978, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 7, 1978.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to notice of intent to contest election of representative in congress.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.151 Contested election; application for restraining order by petition; notice, hearing.

Sec. 151.

Said application shall be made by sworn petition setting up the material facts touching the election and the election contest involved. It may be heard in chambers or in open court, in the discretion of the court, and it shall be heard upon such notice as will be sufficient to give the attorney of the party not applying for the order sufficient time to reach the court in which such application is made, by the usual method of travel from his place of business to such court, plus 24 hours.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.152 Contested election; service of restraining order, notice.

Sec. 152.

Service of such restraining order may be made either personally, as in the case of ordinary process of said court, or in cases of emergency such service may be made by registered or certified mail. Notice of the issuance of such restraining order may be given to the officers to whom the same is directed, by telegraph or by telephone, in advance of the actual service of said order, and after the giving of such advance notice, said officer shall be charged with the same duties with regard to the preservation of the ballot boxes and ballots as after actual service of a copy of said order.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.153 Contested election; violation of restraining order, penalty.

Sec. 153.

Any officer or any other person who shall violate the terms of any such restraining order shall be in contempt of court and shall, in addition to such penalty as may be imposed thereby, be liable to a fine of not less than $50.00 nor more than $500.00, in the discretion of the court.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.154 Contested election; intent of act.

Sec. 154.

It is the intention of this act to furnish a speedy and effective remedy for the preservation of the evidence of the intention of the voters in the case of elections to the office of representative in congress and, for that purpose, the provisions of this act shall be construed as remedial.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.155 Contested election; proceeding in equity, fees.

Sec. 155.

The proceeding herein specified shall be in equity, and the provisions of law relative to fees to be charged as entry fees and fees for the service of papers shall govern the proceedings under this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter IX
STATE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES


168.161 Offices of state senator or representative; eligibility; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 161.

(1) A person shall not be eligible to the office of state senator or representative unless the person is a citizen of the United States and a registered and qualified elector of the district he or she represents by the filing deadline, as provided in section 7 of article 4 of the state constitution of 1963.

(2) A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of 1941 PA 370, MCL 38.412a, shall not be eligible to the office of state senator or representative for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 63, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.162 Candidates for state senator or representative; nomination at primary.

Sec. 162.

A general primary election of all political parties shall be held in every election precinct in this state on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August preceding every general November election, at which time the qualified and registered electors of each political party within every senatorial district and every representative district shall vote for party candidates for the offices of state senator and representative, to be filled at the November election: Provided, That this section shall not apply to parties required to nominate candidates at caucuses or conventions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.163 Candidate for state senator or representative; nominating petitions; signatures; form; filing; filing fee in lieu of nominating petition; deposit of fee; refund of deposit.

Sec. 163.

(1) To obtain the printing of the name of a person as a candidate for nomination by a political party for the office of state senator or representative under a particular party heading upon the official primary ballots in the various election precincts of a district, there shall be filed nominating petitions signed by a number of qualified and registered electors residing in the district as determined under section 544f. If the district comprises more than 1 county, the nominating petitions shall be filed with the secretary of state. If the district comprises 1 county or less, the nominating petitions shall be filed with the county clerk of that county. Nominating petitions shall be in the form prescribed in section 544c. Until December 31, 2013, the secretary of state and the various county clerks shall receive nominating petitions for filing in accordance with this act up to 4 p.m. of the twelfth Tuesday before the August primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, the secretary of state and the various county clerks shall receive nominating petitions for filing in accordance with this act up to 4 p.m. of the fifteenth Tuesday before the August primary.

(2) In lieu of filing a nominating petition, a filing fee of $100.00 may be paid to the county clerk or, for a candidate in a district comprising more than 1 county, to the secretary of state. Payment of the fee and certification of the name of the candidate paying the fee shall be governed by the same provisions as in the case of nominating petitions. The fee shall be deposited in the general fund of the county and shall be refunded to candidates who are nominated and to an equal number of candidates who receive the next highest number of votes in the primary election. If 2 or more candidates tie in having the lowest number of votes allowing a refund, the sum of $100.00 shall be divided among them. A refund of a deposit shall not be made to a candidate who withdraws as a candidate.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 125, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.163a Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 63, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section provided for designation of incumbent on ballot.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.164 Candidates for state senator or representative; withdrawal; notice.

Sec. 164.

After the filing of a nominating petition or filing fee by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for the office of state senator or representative, such candidate shall not be permitted to withdraw unless a written notice of withdrawal is served on the official with whom his or her nominating petitions or filing fee were filed, or his or her duly authorized agent, not later than 4 o'clock, eastern standard time, in the afternoon of the third day after the last day for filing such petition.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.165 Candidates for state senator or representative; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.

Sec. 165.

If a candidate of a political party for the office of state senator or state representative, as applicable, after having qualified as a candidate, dies after the last day for qualifying as a candidate, leaving the political party without a candidate for the office of state senator or state representative, a candidate to fill the vacancy caused by the death may be selected by 3 delegates elected by a majority of the precinct delegates and nominees for state representative and state senator of the candidate's political party from within the senatorial or representative district. However, if the senatorial or representative district comprises more than 1 county, the meeting shall be called and conducted by the chairperson of the state central committee or his or her authorized representative. The name of the candidate selected under this subsection shall be transmitted to the county officials required by law to print and distribute ballots. The county officials shall print the name of the candidate selected under this section on the ballot in place of the deceased candidate, or if the ballots are already printed, have the ballots reprinted with the candidate's name on the ballots and the reprinted ballots shall be distributed to the various voting precincts within their respective county.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 322, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1966 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 152, Imd. Eff. June 9, 1994 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.166 Candidate for state senator or representative; write-in.

Sec. 166.

If for any reason the number of candidates of a political party for the office of state senator or representative is equal to less than the total number to be nominated and elected, a sufficient number of blank spaces shall be provided on the primary ballots that affords every elector of the political party an opportunity to vote for as many candidates as are to be nominated and elected by writing in the name or names of his or her selection.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.167 Candidates for state senator or representative; nomination, certification.

Sec. 167.

The candidates of each political party for the office of state senator and representative receiving the greatest number of votes cast for candidates for said offices as set forth in the report of the board of canvassers canvassing said votes, based on the returns from the various election precincts or as determined by said board as a result of a recount, shall be declared the nominees of that political party for said offices at the next ensuing November election. If the district which the candidate seeks to represent comprises 1 county or less, said determination shall be by the board of county canvassers. If the district which the candidate seeks to represent comprises more than 1 county, then the county clerk of each such county shall transmit to the secretary of state within 8 days after the primary elections a certified statement of the number of votes received by each person for nominations as a candidate of any political party for said offices. The secretary of state shall appoint a meeting of the board of state canvassers at his office not later than 15 days after the primary elections, which date he shall forthwith certify to the chairman of the state central committee of each political party for the purpose of canvassing the returns and declaring the result of the primary for the nomination of the candidates for state senator and representative. The board of canvassers making such canvass shall forthwith certify such nomination or nominations to the county election commission or commissions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.168 Candidates for state senator or representative; withdrawal after nomination; procedure.

Sec. 168.

When a candidate of any political party has filed a nominating petition or filing fee for state senator or representative and has been nominated for the office by a party, he or she shall not be permitted to withdraw unless he or she shall be certified as a nominee at the subsequent state convention of the same party for a statewide office, or has removed from the district, or has become physically unfit, or become disqualified for any reason. If certified by a state convention for a statewide office, the candidate shall be deemed to have withdrawn from the previous nomination. No such vacancy shall be filled by the county executive committee or committees except for the causes and as herein specified. This prohibition shall not be construed to prohibit the withdrawal of any candidate who has been nominated without having filed a nominating petition or filing fee and whose name has been written or placed on the ballot of any political party.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 175, Imd. Eff. Aug. 3, 1970 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.169 Candidates for state senator or representative; death, certification for statewide office, withdrawal, physical unfitness, or disqualification; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; certification; ballots.

Sec. 169.

When the candidate of a political party, after having been nominated to the office of state senator or representative, shall die, be certified by a state convention for a statewide office, withdraw from the district, become physically unfit, or become disqualified for any reason, the members residing within said senatorial or representative district of the county executive committees of such candidate's political party for the counties comprising said senatorial or representative district shall meet at a time and place designated by the chairperson of the state central committee of such political party and notice of such meeting shall be sent to all such members of the county executive committees. The meeting shall be conducted by the secretary of the state central committee or his or her duly authorized agent, but said secretary or agent shall not be privileged to vote at such meeting. A candidate to fill the vacancy shall be selected by a majority vote of the committee members present and voting: Provided, That if such vacancy occurs in a senatorial or representative district wholly within 1 county, a candidate to fill the vacancy shall be selected by the county executive committee of the county by a majority vote thereof. The name of the candidate so selected shall be certified immediately by the chairperson and the secretary of said committee to the secretary of state in those districts comprising 2 or more counties and to the county clerk in those districts contained within 1 county. The certification shall be sent in any case to the board of election commissioners for each county, whose duty it is to prepare the official ballots; and said board shall cause to be printed or placed upon such ballots, in the proper place, the name of the candidate so selected and certified to fill such vacancy.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.170 State senators and representatives; election, date.

Sec. 170.

A state senator in each senatorial district shall be elected in the general election in 1964, 1966 and every fourth year thereafter. A representative in each representative district shall be elected at each general November election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 63, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.171 Candidate receiving greatest number of votes; duties of board of canvassers or county canvassers.

Sec. 171.

The board of state canvassers or the board of county canvassers, as appropriate, shall determine which candidate has received the greatest number of votes and shall declare that candidate to be duly elected. The board of state canvassers shall proceed as prescribed in section 841. The board of county canvassers shall proceed as prescribed in section 826.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.172 State senators and representatives; certificate of election; publication of certificate of determination and statement of votes; notice of election results.

Sec. 172.

The secretary of state or the county clerk shall file in his or her office and preserve the original statement and determination of the board of state canvassers or the board of county canvassers of the result of the election and shall immediately execute and cause to be delivered to the persons declared elected, a certificate of election, certified by him or her under the great seal of the state or the seal of the circuit court of the county. In each county which alone constitutes 1 or more senatorial or representative districts, the county clerk may cause a copy of the certificate of determination, together with a statement of votes cast at the election for the officers, to be published in at least 1 newspaper printed or circulated, or both, in that county. The county clerk shall notify the daily or weekly newspapers of the election results, in writing, as soon as practical after that information becomes available.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 162, Eff. Mar. 31, 1986
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.173 State senators and representatives; terms of office.

Sec. 173.

The term of office of state senator and representative shall commence at 12 noon on January 1 next following his election. The term of office of state representative shall be 2 years. The term of office of state senators elected at the general election in 1964 shall be 2 years. The term of office of state senators elected at the general election in 1966 and every fourth year thereafter shall be 4 years.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 63, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.174 State senators and representatives; oath of office.

Sec. 174.

Every person elected to the office of state senator or representative, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 63, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.175 State senators and representatives; resignation, notice.

Sec. 175.

Any person duly elected to the office of state senator or representative who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the presiding officer of his respective house, who shall immediately transmit the same to the governor.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.176 State senators and representatives; vacancy, creation.

Sec. 176.

The office of state senator or representative shall become vacant on the happening of any of the following events, before the expiration of the term of such office: The death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office; his ceasing to be an inhabitant of the district for which he shall have been elected; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring void his election or appointment; or his refusal or neglect to take and subscribe to his oath of office. Regardless of any change in the boundaries of any state senatorial or representative district, an incumbent state senator or representative shall continue to represent the district from which he was elected until his current term of office shall expire or his successor is elected and qualified.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 63, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.177 State senators and representatives; removal from office.

Sec. 177.

Any state senator or representative may be removed from office as provided in section 16 of article 4 of the state constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 63, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.178 State senators and representatives; vacancy in office; special election.

Sec. 178.

The governor may call a special election as provided in section 634 in any senatorial or representative district of the state when the right of office of a person elected state senator or representative shall cease before the commencement of the term of service for which the state senator or representative was elected, or whenever a vacancy occurs in the office of state senator or representative after the term of service has begun for which the state senator or representative was elected.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 261, Imd. Eff. July 30, 1980
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.179 State senators and representatives; primary or election, recount of votes.

Sec. 179.

The votes cast for any candidate for the office of state senator or representative at any primary or election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.180 State senators and representatives; recall.

Sec. 180.

Any person elected to the office of state senator or representative shall be subject to recall as provided in chapter 36 of this act and in section 8 of article 2 of the state constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 63, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter IXA
DELEGATES TO CONVENTIONS FOR GENERAL REVISION OF THE STATE CONSTITUTION


168.181-168.190 Repealed. 1967, Act 35, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967.


Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter X
PROSECUTING ATTORNEY; SHERIFF; COUNTY CLERK; COUNTY TREASURER; REGISTER OF DEEDS; DRAIN COMMISSIONER; CORONERS; SURVEYOR


168.191 County officers; eligibility; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 191.

(1) A person shall not be eligible to the office of county clerk, county treasurer, register of deeds, prosecuting attorney, sheriff, drain commissioner, surveyor, or coroner if the person is not a registered and qualified elector of the county in which election is sought by the filing deadline.

(2) A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of 1941 PA 370, MCL 38.412a, shall not be eligible to any of the offices enumerated in this section for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.192 Candidates for county offices; nomination at primary.

Sec. 192.

A general primary election of all political parties shall be held in every county of this state on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August preceding the general November election at which the officers named in section 191 of this act are to be elected, at which time the qualified and registered electors of each political party may vote for party candidates for the offices. This section shall not apply to parties required to nominate candidates at caucuses or conventions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 35, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.193 Candidate for county offices; nominating petitions; signatures; form; filing fee in lieu of nominating petitions; deposit of fee; refund; forfeiture of deposit.

Sec. 193.

(1) To obtain the printing of the name of a person as a candidate for nomination by a political party for an office named in section 191 under a particular party heading upon the official primary ballots, there shall be filed with the county clerk nominating petitions signed by a number of qualified and registered electors residing within the county as determined under section 544f. Nominating petitions shall be in the form prescribed in section 544c. Until December 31, 2013, the county clerk shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. of the twelfth Tuesday before the August primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, the county clerk shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. of the fifteenth Tuesday before the August primary.

(2) To obtain the printing of the name of a candidate of a political party under the particular party's heading upon the primary election ballots in the various voting precincts of the county, there may be filed by the candidate, in lieu of filing nomination petitions, a filing fee of $100.00 to be paid to the county clerk. Payment of the fee and certification of the candidate's name paying the fee shall be governed by the same provisions as in the case of nominating petitions. The fee shall be deposited in the general fund of the county and shall be refunded to candidates who are nominated and to an equal number of candidates who receive the next highest number of votes in the primary election. If 2 or more candidates tie in having the lowest number of votes allowing a refund, the sum of $100.00 shall be divided among them. The deposits of all other defeated candidates, as well as the deposits of candidates who withdraw or are disqualified, shall be forfeited and the candidates shall be notified of the forfeiture. Deposits forfeited under this section shall be paid into and credited to the general fund of the county.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 35, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.194 Candidates for nomination; withdrawal, notice.

Sec. 194.

After the filing of a nominating petition or filing fee by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for any of the offices named in section 191 of this act, such candidate shall not be permitted to withdraw unless a written notice of withdrawal is served on the county clerk or his duly authorized agent not later than 4 o'clock, eastern standard time, in the afternoon of the third day after the last day for filing such petition or filing fee, as in this act provided, unless the third day falls on a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, in which case the notice of withdrawal may be served on the clerk up to 4 o'clock, eastern standard time, on the next secular day.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 173, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.195 Candidate for county offices; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.

Sec. 195.

If a candidate of a political party for prosecuting attorney, sheriff, county clerk, county treasurer, register of deeds, drain commissioner, coroner, or surveyor, after having qualified as a candidate, dies after the last day for qualifying, leaving the political party without a candidate for that office, a candidate to fill the vacancy may be selected by the members of the county committee of the candidate's political party, and the name of the candidate selected shall be transmitted to the county officials required by law to print and distribute ballots. The name of the candidate shall be printed on the ballots, but if the ballots have been printed, the county officials shall have the ballots reprinted with the candidate's name on the ballots and the reprinted ballots shall be distributed to the various voting precincts within their respective counties.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 322, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1966 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.196 Candidates for nomination; write-in.

Sec. 196.

If for any reason the number of candidates of a political party for any 1 or more of the offices named in section 191 is equal to less than the total number to be nominated by the political party, a blank space or spaces shall be provided on each of the official primary ballots that affords every elector of the political party an opportunity to vote for as many candidates for the office as are to be nominated by the political party by writing in the name or names of his or her selection.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.197 Candidates for county offices; nomination, certification.

Sec. 197.

The candidates of each political party for the offices named in section 191 of this act receiving the greatest number of votes cast for said offices, as set forth in the reports of the board of county canvassers, based on the returns from the various election precincts, or as determined by said board as the result of a recount, shall be declared the nominees of that political party for said offices at the next ensuing November election. The board of county canvassers shall forthwith certify such nominations to the county election commission.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.198 Withdrawal of candidate after nomination for office; replacement of candidate dying before election; vacancy.

Sec. 198.

(1) If a candidate of a political party files a nominating petition or filing fee for a county office and has been nominated for the office by a political party, the candidate is not permitted to withdraw unless he or she has moved from the county or has become physically unfit.

(2) If a candidate of a political party files a nominating petition or filing fee for the office of county commissioner and has been nominated for that office by a political party, the candidate is not permitted to withdraw unless he or she has moved from the county or from the district from which he or she was nominated or has become physically unfit.

(3) If the person who has been nominated as the candidate of a political party for a county office or the office of county commissioner dies before the date of the election for that office, the county executive committee of the party whose candidate has died shall select, by majority vote, a replacement for that person. The name of the replacement selected shall be transmitted to the election officials responsible for the preparation and distribution of ballots, and the name of the replacement shall be affixed to each ballot in place of the name of the original candidate.

(4) A vacancy shall not be filled by a county executive committee except as provided in this section.

(5) This prohibition shall not be construed to prohibit the withdrawal of a candidate who was nominated without having filed a nominating petition or filing fee and whose name has been written or placed on the ballot of a political party.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 273, Imd. Eff. Oct. 2, 1974 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.199 Candidates for county offices; death, withdrawal or disqualification; new candidate, selection, certification; ballots.

Sec. 199.

Whenever a candidate of a political party, after having been nominated to any office named in section 191 of this act, shall die, withdraw as provided in section 198, remove from the county, or become disqualified for any reason, the county committee of such party shall meet forthwith and, by a majority vote of the members thereof, shall select a candidate to fill the vacancy thereby caused. The name of the candidate so selected shall be immediately certified by the chairman and the secretary of said committee to the county clerk and to the board of county election commissioners, whose duty it is to prepare the official ballots and who shall cause to be printed or placed upon such ballots, in the proper place, the name of the candidate so selected to fill such vacancy.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.200 County officers; election; combination or separation of offices of county clerk and register of deeds.

Sec. 200.

(1) A county clerk, a county treasurer, a register of deeds, a prosecuting attorney, a sheriff, a drain commissioner, and a surveyor shall be elected at the 2000 general November election and every fourth year after that. However, in a county in which 1 of these offices is abolished or combined as provided by law, no person shall be elected to that office in that county.

(2) Subject to subsections (3), (4), and (5), a county board of commissioners may by resolution combine the offices of county clerk and register of deeds in 1 office of the clerk register or separate the office of the clerk register into the offices of county clerk and register of deeds. A combination or separation of offices shall not take effect before the expiration of the current term of the affected offices.

(3) Before adopting a resolution to combine the offices of county clerk and register of deeds or separate the office of clerk register into the offices of county clerk and register of deeds, a county board of commissioners shall study the question of combining or separating the offices. The mandatory requirements of this subsection may be satisfied by conducting a public hearing pursuant to subsection (4).

(4) The county board of commissioners as a whole body shall hold not less than 1 public hearing, held subject to the open meetings act, 1976 PA 267, MCL 15.261 to 15.275, on the question of combining or separating the offices of county clerk and register of deeds. The county board of commissioners may vote on the question as a regularly scheduled agenda item not less than 10 days or more than 30 days after the last public hearing held by the county board of commissioners on the question.

(5) Not later than the sixth Tuesday before the deadline for filing the nominating petitions for the office of county clerk, register of deeds, or clerk register, the county board of commissioners may by a vote of 2/3 of the commissioners elected and serving combine the offices of county clerk and register of deeds or separate the office of the clerk register. The resolution shall become effective upon the commencement of the next term of office of the county clerk, register of deeds, or clerk register after the adoption of the resolution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 364, Imd. Eff. Oct. 20, 1998
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.201 County officers; certificate of determination by board of county canvassers.

Sec. 201.

The board of county canvassers shall determine which candidates for the offices named in section 191 of this act received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidates to be duly elected. The said board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of such determination and deliver same to the county clerk within 14 days following the date of the election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.202 County officers; certificate of election; publication of certificate of determination and statement of votes.

Sec. 202.

The county clerk shall file in his or her office and preserve the original statement and determination of the board of county canvassers of the results of the election and shall immediately execute and cause to be delivered to the persons declared elected to the offices named in section 200 a properly certified certificate of election, certified by him or her under the seal of the county. The county clerk may cause a copy of the certificate of determination, together with a statement of the votes cast at the election for the offices, to be published in at least 1 newspaper printed or circulated, or both, in that county.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 162, Eff. Mar. 31, 1986
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.203 County officers; terms of office.

Sec. 203.

The term of office of the county clerk, county treasurer, register of deeds, prosecuting attorney, sheriff, drain commissioner, surveyor and coroner shall begin on January 1 next following the election, and continues until a successor is elected and qualified, except that in counties having a population of 1,000,000 or more the term of office of the county treasurer shall begin on July 1 next following the election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 35, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 185, Imd. Eff. May 20, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.204 County officers; oath of office, bond, deposit.

Sec. 204.

Every person elected to an office named in section 200 of this act, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution and, with the exception of the prosecuting attorney, shall give bond in the amount and manner prescribed by law and shall deposit said oath with the county clerk and said bond with the county treasurer. The county treasurer shall file his bond with the county clerk.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 35, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.205 County officers; resignation, notice.

Sec. 205.

Any person duly elected to any of the county offices named in section 200 of this act who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the presiding or senior judge of probate, the county clerk and the prosecuting attorney of said county: Provided, That if the county clerk or the prosecuting attorney desires to resign, he shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the presiding judge of that judicial circuit.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.206 County offices; vacancy, creation.

Sec. 206.

The office of county clerk, county treasurer, register of deeds, prosecuting attorney, sheriff, drain commissioner, surveyor or coroner in any county in this state shall become vacant upon the happening of any of the following events: Death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office for cause; his ceasing to be a resident of the county in which his office is located; his conviction of an infamous crime or an offense involving the violation of his oath of office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring his election or appointment void; his refusal or neglect to take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office and deposit the same in the manner and within the time prescribed by law; or his refusal or neglect to give bond in the amount and manner and within the time prescribed by law.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.206a County officers; death before commencement of term.

Sec. 206a.

Whenever any person elected to the office of county clerk, county treasurer, register of deeds, prosecuting attorney, sheriff, drain commissioner, surveyor or coroner in any county shall die before the commencement of the term for which he was elected, there shall be a vacancy for the term to which such person was elected to be filled according to law. The vacancy shall be filled within 15 days after the beginning of the term for which he was elected.


History: Add. 1965, Act 156, Eff. Mar. 31, 1966
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.207 County officers; removal from office; service of charges, hearing.

Sec. 207.

The governor may remove any and all county officers named in section 200 of this chapter when he shall be satisfied from sufficient evidence submitted to him, as hereinafter provided, that such officer has been guilty of official misconduct, or of wilful neglect of duty, or of extortion, or habitual drunkenness, or has been convicted of being drunk, or whenever it shall appear by a certified copy of the judgment of a court of record of this state that such officer, after his election or appointment, shall have been convicted of a felony; but the governor shall take no action upon any such charges made to him against any such officer until the same shall have been exhibited to him in writing, verified by the affidavit of the party making them, that he believes the charges to be true. But no such officer shall be removed for such misconduct or neglect until charges thereof shall have been exhibited to the governor as above provided and a copy of the same served on such officer and an opportunity given him of being heard in his defense: Provided, That the service of such charges upon the person or persons complained against shall be made by handing to such person or persons a copy of such charges, together with all affidavits or exhibits which may be attached to the original petition if such person or persons can be found; and if not, by leaving a copy at the last place of residence of such person or persons, with some person of suitable age, if such person can be found; and if not, by posting it in some conspicuous place upon his last known place of residence. No officer who has been removed in accordance with the provisions of this section shall be eligible to election or appointment to any office for a period of 3 years from the date of such removal.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.208 County clerk; removal from office; service of charges, notice, hearing.

Sec. 208.

The judge of the circuit court and the circuit court commissioner shall have authority, in term or vacation, to remove the county clerk when in their opinion he is incompetent to execute properly the duties of his office, or when, on charges and evidence, they shall be satisfied that he has been guilty of official misconduct or habitual or wilful neglect of duty, if in their opinion such misconduct or neglect shall be a sufficient cause for such removal; but no such clerk shall be removed for such misconduct or neglect unless charges thereof shall have been preferred to said judge or commissioner, and notice of the hearing with a copy of the charges delivered to such clerk, and a full opportunity given him to be heard in his defense. (All expense on the part of the prosecution for examination of charges, provided for in the preceding section of this act shall be paid by the counties in which the officer to be examined holds his office.)


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.209 County office; vacancy; manner of filling.

Sec. 209.

If a vacancy occurs in an elective or appointive county office, it shall be filled in the following manner:

(1) If the vacancy is in the office of county clerk or prosecuting attorney, it shall be filled by appointment by the judge or judges of that judicial circuit.

(2) If the vacancy is in any other county office, the presiding or senior judge of probate, the county clerk, and the prosecuting attorney shall appoint a suitable person to fill the vacancy.

(3) A person appointed shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article XI of the state constitution of 1963, give bond in the manner required by law, and hold office for the remainder of the unexpired term and until a successor is elected and qualified. However, if the vacancy occurs more than 7 days before the nominating petition filing deadline as provided in section 193 for the general November election that is not the general November election at which a successor in office would be elected if there were no vacancy, the person appointed shall hold office only until a successor is elected at the next general November election in the manner provided by law and qualifies for office. The successor shall hold the office for the remainder of the unexpired term.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 35, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 156, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.210 County officers; primary or election, recount of votes.

Sec. 210.

The votes cast for any candidate for any of the offices named in section 200 of this act at any primary or election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.211 County officers; recall.

Sec. 211.

Any person elected to the offices named in section 200 of this act shall be subject to recall as provided in chapter 36 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XI
COUNTY AUDITORS


168.221 Scope of chapter.

Sec. 221.

The provisions of this chapter shall apply only to counties electing county auditors by popular vote.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.222 Repealed. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to eligibility for office of county auditor.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.223 Candidates for county auditor; nomination at primary.

Sec. 223.

A primary of all political parties shall be held on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August preceding the general November election in the year 1956 and every fourth year thereafter, at which time the qualified and registered electors of each political party may vote for party candidates for nomination for the office of county auditor. A primary of all political parties shall be held on the third Monday in February preceding the general April election in the year 1957 and every fourth year thereafter, and in the year 1959 and every fourth year thereafter, at which time the qualified and registered electors of each political party may vote for party candidates for nomination for the office of county auditor: Provided, That this section shall not apply to parties required to nominate candidates at conventions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.223a County auditor; term of office in counties over 1,000,000; abolition of office.

Sec. 223a.

Notwithstanding the provisions of any general or local acts to the contrary, in any county now or hereafter having a population of 1,000,000 or more, any elected county auditor whose term of office expires on December 31, 1965, shall continue in office until December 31, 1966; any elected county auditor whose term of office expires on December 31, 1967, shall continue in office until December 31, 1968; any elected county auditor whose term of office expires on December 31, 1968, shall continue in office until December 31, 1970. Thereafter each county auditor shall be elected for a term of 6 years and until a successor shall be elected and qualified. If for any reason the office of county auditor is abolished before the expiration of the term of any county auditor, the term shall be deemed to have expired on the date the office was abolished. County auditors shall be nominated and elected in all respects in the same manner as provided by law for the nomination and election of other partisan county officers.


History: Add. 1965, Act 90, Imd. Eff. June 28, 1965
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.224 Office of county auditor; nominating petitions; signatures; form; filing fee in lieu of nominating petitions; deposit of fee; refund; forfeiture of deposit.

Sec. 224.

(1) To obtain the printing of the name of a person as candidate for nomination by a political party for the office of county auditor under a particular party heading upon the official primary ballots, there shall be filed with the county clerk nominating petitions signed by a number of qualified and registered electors residing within the county as determined under section 544f. Nominating petitions shall be in the form prescribed in section 544c. Until December 31, 2013, the county clerk shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. of the twelfth Tuesday before the August primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, the county clerk shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. of the fifteenth Tuesday before the August primary.

(2) To obtain the printing of the name of the candidate of a political party under the particular party's heading upon the primary election ballots in the various voting precincts of the county, there may be filed by the candidate, in lieu of filing nominating petitions, a filing fee of $100.00 to be paid to the county clerk. Payment of the fee and certification of the name of the candidate paying the fee shall be governed by the same provisions as in the case of nominating petitions. The fee shall be deposited in the general fund of the county and shall be refunded to candidates who are nominated and to an equal number of candidates who received the next highest number of votes in the primary election. If 2 or more candidates tie in having the lowest number of votes allowing a refund, the sum of $100.00 shall be divided among them. The deposits of all other defeated candidates and of candidates who withdraw or are disqualified shall be forfeited and the candidates shall be notified of the forfeitures. Deposits forfeited under this section shall be paid into and credited to the general fund of the county.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 36, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.225 Candidates for county auditor; withdrawal, notice.

Sec. 225.

After the filing of nominating petitions or filing fee by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for the office of county auditor, such candidate shall not be permitted to withdraw unless a written notice of withdrawal is served on the county clerk or his duly authorized agent not later than 4 o'clock, eastern standard time, in the afternoon of the third day after the last day for filing such petitions, as in this act provided, unless the third day falls on a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, in which case the notice of withdrawal may be served on the clerk up to 4 o'clock, eastern standard time, on the next secular day.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 173, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.226 Candidate for county auditor; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.

Sec. 226.

If a candidate of a political party for the office of county auditor, after having qualified as a candidate, dies after the last day for qualifying, leaving the political party without a candidate for the office of county auditor, a candidate to fill the vacancy may be selected by the members of the county committee of the candidate's political party for the county, and the name of the candidate selected shall be transmitted to the county officials required by law to print and distribute ballots. The name of the candidate shall be printed on the ballots, but if the ballots have been printed, the county officials shall have the ballots reprinted with the candidate's name on the ballots and the reprinted ballots shall be distributed to the various voting precincts within their respective counties.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 322, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1966 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.227 Candidate for county auditor; write-in.

Sec. 227.

If for any reason there is no candidate of a political party for county auditor, a blank space shall be provided on each of the official primary ballots that affords every elector of the political party an opportunity to vote for a candidate for the office by writing in the name of his or her selection.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.228 Candidates for county auditor; nomination, certification.

Sec. 228.

The candidate of each political party for the office of county auditor receiving the greatest number of votes cast for candidates for said office, as set forth in the report of the board of county canvassers, based on the returns from the various election precincts, or as determined by said board as the result of a recount, shall be declared the nominee of that political party for said office at the next ensuing November election, and the board of county canvassers shall forthwith certify such nomination to the county election commission not later than 35 days prior to said ensuing election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 36, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.229 Candidates for county auditor; withdrawal after nomination.

Sec. 229.

When a candidate of any political party has filed nominating petitions or filing fee for such office and has been nominated for said office by said party, he shall not be permitted to withdraw unless he has removed from the county or has become physically unfit. No vacancy shall be filled by the county committee except for the above causes and as herein specified: Provided, That this prohibition shall not be construed to prohibit the withdrawal of any candidate who has been nominated without having nominating petitions or filing fee and whose name has been written or placed on the ballot of any political party.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.230 Candidates for county auditor; death, withdrawal or disqualification; selection of new candidate, certification; ballots.

Sec. 230.

When the candidate of a political party, after having been nominated to the office of county auditor, shall die, withdraw as provided in section 229 of this act, remove from the county, or become disqualified for any reason, the county committee of such party shall meet forthwith and, by a majority vote of the members thereof, shall select a candidate to fill the vacancy thereby caused. The name of the candidate so selected shall be immediately certified by the chairman and the secretary of said committee to the county clerk and to the board of county election commissioners, and the board of county election commissioners, whose duty it is to prepare the official ballots, shall cause to be printed or placed upon such ballots, in the proper place, the name of the candidate so selected to fill such vacancy.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.231 County auditor; election.

Sec. 231.

A county auditor shall be elected at the general November election in the year 1956 and every fourth year thereafter, and in counties electing a county auditor in the spring, a county auditor shall be elected at the biennial spring election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.232 County auditor; certificate of determination by board of county canvassers.

Sec. 232.

The board of county canvassers shall determine which candidate for county auditor received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidate to be duly elected. The said board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of such determination and deliver the same to the county clerk within 14 days following the date of the election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.233 County auditor; certificate of election; publication of certificate of determination and statement of votes.

Sec. 233.

The county clerk shall file in his or her office and preserve the original statement and determination of the board of county canvassers of the results of the election and shall immediately execute and cause to be delivered to the person declared elected to the office of county auditor, a properly certified certificate of election, certified by him or her under the seal of the county. The county clerk may cause a copy of the certificate of determination, together with a statement of the votes cast at the election for these offices, to be published in at least 1 newspaper printed or circulated, or both, in that county.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 162, Eff. Mar. 31, 1986
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.234 County auditor; term of office.

Sec. 234.

The term of office for county auditor shall be for 4 years, beginning on the first day of January next following the election, and until his successor is elected and qualified.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.235 County auditor; oath of office, bond, deposit.

Sec. 235.

Every person elected to the office of county auditor, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution, and shall give bond in the amount and manner prescribed by law, and shall deposit said oath with the county clerk and said bond with the county treasurer.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 36, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.236 County auditor; resignation, notice.

Sec. 236.

Any person duly elected to the office of county auditor of any county who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the presiding or senior judge of probate, county clerk and prosecuting attorney.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.237 County auditor; vacancy, creation.

Sec. 237.

The office of county auditor in any county in this state shall become vacant upon the happening of any of the following events: Death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office for cause; his ceasing to be a resident of the county where his office is located; his conviction of an infamous crime, or an offense involving the violation of his oath of office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring his election or appointment void; his refusal or neglect to take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office and deposit the same in the manner and within the time prescribed by law; or his refusal or neglect to give bond in the amount and manner and within the time prescribed by law.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.238 County auditor; removal from office; service of charges, hearing.

Sec. 238.

The governor may remove any county auditor when he shall be satisfied from sufficient evidence submitted to him, as hereinafter provided, that such officer has been guilty of official misconduct, or of wilful neglect of duty, or of extortion, or habitual drunkenness, or has been convicted of being drunk, or whenever it shall appear by a certified copy of the judgment of a court of record of this state that such officer, after his election or appointment, shall have been convicted of a felony; but the governor shall take no action upon any such charges made to him against any such officer until the same shall have been exhibited to him in writing, verified by the affidavit of the party making them, that he believes the charges to be true. But no such officer shall be removed for such misconduct or neglect until charges thereof shall have been exhibited to the governor as above provided and a copy of the same served on such officer and an opportunity given him of being heard in his defense: Provided, That the service of such charges upon the person or persons complained against shall be made by handing to such person or persons a copy of such charges, together with all affidavits or exhibits which may be attached to the original petition if such person or persons can be found; and if not, by leaving a copy at the last place of residence of such person or persons, with some person of suitable age, if such person can be found; and if not, by posting it in some conspicuous place upon his last known place of residence. No officer who has been removed in accordance with the provisions of this section shall be eligible to election or appointment to any office for a period of 3 years from the date of such removal.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.239 County auditor; appointment to fill vacancy; oath; bond; term.

Sec. 239.

If a vacancy occurs in the office of county auditor, a qualified person shall be appointed to fill the vacancy by a committee consisting of the presiding or senior judge of probate, the county clerk, and the prosecuting attorney of the county, 2 of whom shall constitute a quorum. The person appointed shall take the oath of office, as provided in section 1 of article XI of the state constitution of 1963, give bond in the manner required by law, and hold office for the remainder of the unexpired term and until a successor is elected and qualified. However, if the vacancy occurs more than 7 days before the nominating petition filing deadline as provided in section 224 for the general November election that is not the general November election at which a successor in office would be elected if there were no vacancy, the person appointed shall hold office only until a successor is elected at the next general November election in the manner provided by law and qualifies for office. The successor shall hold the office for the remainder of the unexpired term.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 36, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 156, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.240 County auditor; primary or election, recount of votes.

Sec. 240.

The votes cast for any candidate for county auditor at any primary or election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.241 County auditor; recall.

Sec. 241.

Any person elected to the office of county auditor shall be subject to recall as provided in chapter 36 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XII
COUNTY ROAD COMMISSIONERS


168.251 Scope of chapter.

Sec. 251.

This chapter shall not be applicable in counties in which the county road commissioners are appointed by the board of county supervisors.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.252 County road commissioner; eligibility.

Sec. 252.

No person shall be eligible to the office of county road commissioner who shall not have been a citizen of the United States and a qualified and registered elector of the county in which election is sought for at least 1 year next preceding his election, nor shall he be a member of the county board of supervisors.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.253 Candidates for county road commissioner; nomination at primary.

Sec. 253.

A general primary election of all political parties shall be held on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August preceding every general November election in which county road commissioners are elected, at which time the qualified and registered electors of each political party may vote for party candidates for the office of county road commissioner.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 62, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.254 Office of county road commissioner; nominating petitions; signatures; form; filing fee in lieu of nominating petitions; deposit of fee; refund; forfeiture of deposit.

Sec. 254.

(1) To obtain the printing of the name of a person as a candidate for nomination by a political party for the office of county road commissioner under a particular party heading upon the official primary ballots, there shall be filed with the county clerk of the county nominating petitions signed by a number of qualified and registered electors residing within the county as determined under section 544f. Nominating petitions shall be in the form prescribed in section 544c. Until December 31, 2013, the county clerk shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. of the twelfth Tuesday before the August primary in which county road commissioners are to be elected. Beginning January 1, 2014, the county clerk shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. of the fifteenth Tuesday before the August primary in which county road commissioners are to be elected.

(2) To obtain the printing of the name of a candidate of a political party under the particular party's heading upon the primary election ballots in the various voting precincts of the county, there may be filed by each candidate, in lieu of filing nominating petitions, a filing fee of $100.00 to be paid to the county clerk. Payment of the fee and certification of the name of the candidate paying the fee shall be governed by the same provisions as in the case of nominating petitions. The fee shall be deposited in the general fund of the county and shall be returned to all candidates who are nominated and to an equal number of candidates who received the next highest number of votes in the primary election. If 2 or more candidates tie in having the lowest number of votes allowing a refund, the sum of $100.00 shall be divided among them. The deposits of all other defeated candidates, as well as the deposits of candidates who withdraw or are disqualified, shall be forfeited and the candidates shall be notified of the forfeitures. Deposits forfeited under this section shall be paid into and credited to the general fund of the county.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 62, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.255 Candidate for county road commissioner; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.

Sec. 255.

If a candidate of a political party for the office of county road commissioner, after having qualified as a candidate, dies after the last day for qualifying, leaving the political party without a candidate for the office of county road commissioner, a candidate to fill the vacancy may be selected by the members of the county committee of the candidate's political party for the county, and the name of the candidate selected shall be transmitted to the county officials required by law to print and distribute ballots. The name of the candidate shall be printed on the ballots, but if the ballots have been printed, the county officials shall have the ballots reprinted with the candidate's name on the ballots and the reprinted ballots shall be distributed to the various voting precincts within their respective county.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 322, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1966 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.256 Candidates for nomination; withdrawal, notice.

Sec. 256.

After the filing of nominating petitions or filing fee by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for the office of county road commissioner, such candidate shall not be permitted to withdraw unless a written notice of withdrawal is served on the county clerk or his duly authorized agent not later than 4 o'clock, eastern standard time, in the afternoon of the third day after the last day for filing such petition, as in this act provided.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.257 Candidates for county road commissioner; write-in.

Sec. 257.

If for any reason there is no candidate of a political party for county road commissioner, a blank space shall be provided on each of the official primary ballots that affords every elector of the political party an opportunity to vote for a candidate for that office by writing in the name of his or her selection.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.258 Candidates for county road commissioner; nomination, certification.

Sec. 258.

The candidate of each political party for the office of county road commissioner receiving the greatest number of votes cast for candidates for said office, as set forth in the report of the board of county canvassers, based on the returns from the various election precincts, or as determined by said board as the result of a recount, shall be declared the nominee of that political party for said office at the next ensuing November election, and the board of county canvassers shall forthwith certify such nomination to the county election commission.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.259 Candidates; withdrawal after nomination.

Sec. 259.

When a candidate of any political party has filed nominating petitions or filing fee for such office and has been nominated for said office by said party, he shall not be permitted to withdraw unless he has removed from the county, or has become physically unfit. No vacancy shall be filled by the county committee except for the causes and as herein specified: Provided, That this prohibition shall not be construed to prohibit the withdrawal of any candidate who has been nominated without having filed a nominating petition or filing fee, and whose name has been written or placed on the ballot of any political party.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.260 Candidates; death, withdrawal or disqualification; selection of new candidate, certification; ballots.

Sec. 260.

When the candidate of a political party, after having been nominated to the office of county road commissioner, shall die, withdraw, remove from the county, or become disqualified for any reason, the county committee of such party shall meet forthwith and, by a majority vote of the members thereof, shall select a candidate to fill the vacancy thereby caused. The name of the candidate so selected shall be immediately certified by the chairman and the secretary of said committee to the county clerk and to the board of county election commissioners, whose duty it is to prepare the official ballots and who shall cause to be printed or placed upon such ballots, in the proper place, the name of the candidate so selected to fill such vacancy.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.261 County road commissioner; election.

Sec. 261.

A county road commissioner shall be elected at the general election to be held on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday of November in every even numbered year.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.262 County road commissioner; certificate of determination by board of county canvassers.

Sec. 262.

The board of county canvassers shall determine which candidate for county road commissioner received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidate to be duly elected. The said board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of such determination and deliver the same to the county clerk.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.263 County road commissioner; certificate of election.

Sec. 263.

The county clerk shall file in his office and preserve the original statement and determination of the board of county canvassers of the results of the election and shall forthwith execute and cause to be delivered to the person thereby declared to be elected to the office of county road commissioner a certificate of election, certified by him under the seal of the county.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.264 County road commissioner; term of office.

Sec. 264.

The term of office for county road commissioner shall be 6 years, beginning on the first day of January next following his election, and shall continue until a successor shall have been elected and qualified.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.265 County road commissioner; oath of office, bond, deposit.

Sec. 265.

Every person elected to the office of county road commissioner, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution, and shall give bond in the amount and manner prescribed by law, and shall deposit said oath with the county clerk and said bond with the board of county auditors. In counties having no county auditors, the bond shall be deposited with the county treasurer.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 62, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.266 County road commissioner; resignation, notice.

Sec. 266.

Any person duly elected to the office of county road commissioner of any county who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the chairman of the board of county supervisors and a copy with the county clerk.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.267 County road commissioner; vacancy, creation.

Sec. 267.

The office of county road commissioner in any county in this state shall become vacant upon the happening of any of the following events: Death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office for cause; his ceasing to be a resident of the county where his office is located; his conviction of an infamous crime, or an offense involving the violation of his oath of office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring his election or appointment void; his refusal or neglect to take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office and deposit the same in the manner and within the time prescribed by law; or his refusal or neglect to give bond in the amount and manner and within the time prescribed by law.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.268 County road commissioner; removal from office; service of charges, hearing; ineligibility for office.

Sec. 268.

The governor may remove any county road commissioner when he shall be satisfied from sufficient evidence submitted to him, as hereinafter provided, that such officer has been guilty of official misconduct, or of wilful neglect of duty, or of extortion, or habitual drunkenness, or has been convicted of being drunk, or whenever it shall appear by a certified copy of the judgment of a court of record of this state that such officer, after his election or appointment, shall have been convicted of a felony; but the governor shall take no action upon any such charges made to him against any such officer until the same shall have been exhibited to him in writing, verified by the affidavit of the party making them, that he believes the charges to be true. But no such officer shall be removed for such misconduct or neglect until charges thereof shall have been exhibited to the governor as above provided and a copy of the same served on such officer and an opportunity given him of being heard in his defense: Provided, That the service of such charges upon the person or persons complained against shall be made by handing to such person or persons a copy of such charges, together with all affidavits or exhibits which may be attached to the original petition if such person or persons can be found; and if not, by leaving a copy at the last place of residence of such person or persons, with some person of suitable age, if such person can be found; and if not, by posting it in some conspicuous place upon his last known place of residence. No officer who has been removed in accordance with the provisions of this section shall be eligible to election or appointment to any office for a period of 3 years from the date of such removal.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.269 County road commissioner; appointment to fill vacancy; oath; bond; term.

Sec. 269.

If a vacancy occurs in the office of county road commissioner, a qualified person shall be appointed to fill the vacancy by the county board of commissioners. The person appointed shall take the oath of office, give bond in the manner required by law, and hold office for the remainder of the unexpired term and until a successor is elected and qualified. However, in a county in which county road commissioners are elected, if the vacancy occurs more than 7 days before the nominating petition filing deadline as provided in section 254 for the general November election that is not the general November election at which a successor in office would be elected if there were no vacancy, the person appointed shall hold office only until a successor is elected at the next general November election in the manner provided by law and qualifies for office. The successor shall hold the office for the remainder of the unexpired term.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 156, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.270 County road commissioner; primary or election, recount of votes.

Sec. 270.

The votes cast for any candidate for county road commissioner at any primary or election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.271 County road commissioner; recall.

Sec. 271.

Any person elected to the office of county road commissioner shall be subject to recall as provided in chapter 36 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XIII
STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION; BOARD OF REGENTS OF UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN; BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY; BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY


168.281 State board of education and boards of state universities; membership eligibility; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 281.

(1) A person shall not be eligible to membership on the state board of education, the board of regents of the university of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan state university, or the board of governors of Wayne state university if the person is not a registered and qualified elector of this state on the date the person is nominated for the office.

(2) A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of 1941 PA 370, MCL 38.412a, shall not be eligible to membership on any of the boards enumerated in this section for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.282 Candidates for boards of state universities; nomination at fall state conventions.

Sec. 282.

At its fall state convention each political party may nominate 2 candidates for membership on the board of regents of the University of Michigan, 2 candidates for membership on the board of trustees of Michigan State University and 2 candidates for membership on the board of governors of Wayne State University. Nomination to membership on the board of regents of the University of Michigan shall occur in 1966 and every second year thereafter. Nomination to the board of trustees of Michigan State University and to the board of governors of Wayne State University shall occur in 1964 and every second year thereafter.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.282a Candidates for state board of education; nomination at fall state convention.

Sec. 282a.

At its fall state convention of 1964, each political party may nominate 8 candidates for membership on the state board of education. Two candidates shall be nominated for 2-year terms, 2 for 4-year terms, 2 for 6-year terms and 2 for 8-year terms. At its fall state convention of 1966, and every 2 years thereafter, each political party may nominate 2 candidates for membership on the state board of education.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.283 Candidates for state board of education and boards of state universities; canvass by state central committee of each political party; vignette.

Sec. 283.

Not more than 24 hours after the conclusion of the fall state convention, the state central committee of each political party shall canvass the proceedings of the convention and determine the nominees of the convention for membership on the state board of education, the board of regents of the university of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan state university, and the board of governors of Wayne state university. Not more than 1 business day after the conclusion of the state convention, the chairperson and secretary of the state central committee shall forward by registered or certified mail to the secretary of state a copy of the vignette adopted by the state central committee and a typewritten or printed list of the names and residence, including the street address if known, of the candidates nominated at the convention for the offices specified in this section. The secretary of state shall forward a copy of a list received under this section to the board of election commissioners of each county, in care of the county clerk at the county seat.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004
Compiler's Notes: Act 269 of 2001, which was approved by the Governor and filed with the Secretary of State on January 11, 2002, provided for the amendment of MCL 168.31, 168.73, 168.283, 168.393, 168.509y, 168.509aa, 168.561a, 168.624, 168.624a, 168.686, 168.706, 168.727, 168.737, 168.745, 168.769, 168.782b, 168.795, 168.795c, 168.797a, 168.798c, 168.799a, 168.803, 168.804, 168.842, and 168.931 of, the addition of Sec. 701 to, and the repeal of Sec. 509 of, Act 116 of 1954, known as the Michigan Election Law. A petition seeking a referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was filed with the Secretary of State. The Board of State Canvassers officially declared the sufficiency of the referendum petition on May 14, 2002. Const 1963, art 2, sec 9, provides that no law as to which the power of referendum properly has been invoked shall be effective thereafter unless approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the next general election. A referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was presented to the electors at the November 5, 2002, general election as Proposal 02-1, which read as follows:“A REFERENDUM ON PUBLIC ACT 269 OF 2001--AN ACT TO AMEND CERTAIN SECTIONS OF MICHIGAN ELECTION LAWPublic Act 269 of 2001 would:--Eliminate “straight party” vote option on partisan general election ballots.--Require Secretary of State to obtain training reports from local election officials.--Require registered voters who do not appear on registration list to show picture identification before voting a challenged ballot.--Require expedited canvass if presidential vote differential is under 25,000.--Require ballot counting equipment to screen ballots for voting errors to ensure the accurate tabulation of absentee ballots. Permit voters in polls to correct errors.--Provide penalties for stealing campaign signs or accepting payment for campaign work while being paid as a public employee to perform election duties.Should this law be approved?Yes __________No __________”Act 269 of 2001 was not approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the November 5, 2002, general election.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.284 Candidates for state board of education and boards of certain state universities; withdrawal; notice.

Sec. 284.

A person who is certified by the state central committee of a party as nominated for membership on the state board of education, the board of regents of the university of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan state university, or the board of governors of Wayne state university may withdraw by filing a written notice of withdrawal with the secretary of state or his or her duly authorized agent and a copy with the chairperson and the secretary of the state central committee of the party not later than 4 p.m., eastern standard time, of the fourth business day following the conclusion of the convention at which the person was nominated.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.285 Candidates for state board of education and boards of state universities; death, withdrawal or disqualification; election of new candidate, certification; ballots.

Sec. 285.

Whenever a candidate of a political party, after having been nominated to membership on the state board of education, the board of regents of the University of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan State University, or the board of governors of Wayne State University, shall die, withdraw, remove from the state, or become disqualified for any reason, the state central committee of said party shall meet forthwith and, by a majority vote of the members thereof, shall select a candidate to fill the vacancy thereby caused. The name of the candidate so selected shall be immediately certified by the chairman and the secretary of said committee to the secretary of state and to the board of election commissioners for each county, whose duty it is to prepare the official ballots, and said board shall cause to be printed or placed upon said ballots, in the proper place, the name of the candidate so selected to fill the vacancy.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.286 Boards of state universities; election.

Sec. 286.

Two members of the board of regents of the University of Michigan shall be elected at the general election in 1966 and in every general election thereafter. Two members of the board of trustees of Michigan State University and 2 members of the board of governors of Wayne State University shall be elected at the general election in 1964 and in every general election thereafter.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.286a State board of education; election.

Sec. 286a.

Eight members of the state board of education shall be elected at the general election in 1964. Two members shall be elected for 2-year terms, 2 for 4-year terms, 2 for 6-year terms, and 2 for 8-year terms. Two members of the state board of education shall be elected for 8-year terms at the general election in 1966 and in every general election thereafter.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.287 State board of education and boards of state universities; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.

Sec. 287.

The board of state canvassers shall determine which candidates for membership on the state board of education, the board of regents of the University of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan State University and the board of governors of Wayne State University have received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidates to be duly elected. The said board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of such determination and deliver the same to the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.288 State board of education and boards of state universities; certificate of election.

Sec. 288.

The secretary of state shall file in his office and preserve the original statement and determination of the board of state canvassers of the result of the election and shall forthwith execute and cause to be delivered to the persons thereby declared to be elected to membership on the state board of education, the board of regents of the University of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan State University and the board of governors of Wayne State University a certificate of election, certified by him under the great seal of the state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.289 State board of education and boards of state universities; terms of office.

Sec. 289.

Subject to section 286a, the term of office of members of the state board of education, the board of regents of the University of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan State University, and the board of governors of Wayne State University shall be 8 years and shall begin at 12 noon on January 1 next following their election. The terms of office of members of said boards shall continue until a successor is elected and qualified.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.290 State board of education and boards of state universities; oath of office, deposit.

Sec. 290.

Every person elected to membership on the state board of education, the board of regents of the University of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan State University, or the board of governors of Wayne State University, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution, and shall deposit said oath with the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.291 State board of education and boards of state universities; resignation, notice.

Sec. 291.

Any person duly elected to membership on the state board of education, the board of regents of the University of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan State University or the board of governors of Wayne State University, who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the governor and a copy with the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.292 State board of education and boards of state universities; vacancy, creation, notice to governor.

Sec. 292.

There shall be a vacancy on the state board of education, the board of regents of the University of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan State University, or the board of governors of Wayne State University upon the happening of any of the following events: Death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office for cause; his ceasing to be a resident of the state; his conviction of an infamous crime, or an offense involving the violation of his oath of office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring his election or appointment void; or his neglect or refusal to take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office and deposit the same in the manner and within the time prescribed by law. When a vacancy shall occur on any of the said boards, a notice of such vacancy and the reason why the same exists shall, within 10 days after such vacancy occurs, be given in writing to the governor. Such notice shall be given by the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.293 State board of education and boards of state universities; impeachment; removal from office, service of charges, hearing.

Sec. 293.

Any member of said boards may be removed from office upon conviction in impeachment proceedings for the reasons and in the manner set forth in section 7 of article 11 of the state constitution. The governor shall have the power and it shall be his duty, except at such time as the legislature may be in session, to examine into the condition and administration of the said boards and the acts of the members enumerated herein and to remove from office for gross neglect of duty or for corrupt conduct in office, or any other misfeasance or malfeasance therein, and report the causes of such removal to the legislature at its next session. Such person shall be served with a written notice of the charges against him and be afforded an opportunity for a public hearing conducted personally by the governor.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.294 State board of education and boards of state universities; appointment, vacancy, oath of office.

Sec. 294.

Whenever a vacancy shall occur on the state board of education, the board of regents of the University of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan State University, or the board of governors of Wayne State University, the governor shall appoint a successor to fill such vacancy, and the person so appointed shall take the oath of office and shall hold office for the remainder of the unexpired term and until his successor is elected and qualified. A candidate receiving the highest number of votes for membership on any of said boards and who has subscribed to the constitutional oath shall be deemed to be elected and qualified even though a vacancy occurs prior to the time he shall have entered upon the duties of his office.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.295 State board of education and boards of state universities; election, recount of votes.

Sec. 295.

The votes cast for any candidate for membership on the state board of education, the board of regents of the University of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan State University and the board of governors of Wayne State University at any election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.296 State board of education and boards of state universities; recall.

Sec. 296.

Any person elected to membership on the state board of education, the board of regents of the University of Michigan, the board of trustees of Michigan State University, or the board of governors of Wayne State University shall be subject to recall as provided in chapter 36 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 5, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XIV
SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY COLLEGE ELECTIONS


168.301 School district election; school district election coordinator; duties; delegation; precincts and polling place locations.

Sec. 301.

(1) Unless a particular power or duty of an election official or a particular election procedure is specifically governed by a provision of this chapter, a school district election is governed by the provisions of this act that generally govern elections.

(2) Except as provided in section 305, the school district election coordinator for a school district shall conduct each regular election and each special election that is requested by the school board to submit a ballot question or to fill a vacancy on the school board. In addition to receiving requests from the school board to hold special elections, the school district election coordinator shall do all of the following:

(a) Receive filing fees or nominating petitions and affidavits of identity from candidates for school board and petitions for special elections.

(b) Procure the necessary qualified voter file precinct lists.

(c) Certify candidates.

(d) Receive ballot proposal language.

(e) Issue absent voter ballots.

(3) A school district election coordinator who is a county clerk may delegate, if the city or township clerk agrees, all or a portion of the school district election coordinator's duties to that city or township clerk. The school district election coordinator shall not delegate duties to any person not named in this section.

(4) A school district election coordinator who is a county clerk may delegate the following duties to the city or township clerk, who shall perform the following duties:

(a) Distribute, receive, and process absent voter ballot applications for a school election.

(b) Make voting systems available for the conduct of a school election.

(c) Make available to the school district election coordinator the list of election inspectors for that city or township.

(d) Notify school district electors of precinct and polling place location changes.

(5) If the county clerk is the school district election coordinator for a school district, the county election commission shall establish that school district's election precincts and polling place locations in accordance with this act.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 286, Imd. Eff. July 23, 2004 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005
Compiler's Notes: Former Chapter XIV. and its contents, MCL 168.301-168.316, were repealed by Act 6 of 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.Former Chapter XIV. was entitled “SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION AND STATE HIGHWAY COMMISSIONER.” Former MCL 168.301 pertained to eligibility for office of state highway commissioner or superintendent of public instruction.Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.302 School board member; eligibility; election; terms; phasing in or out terms; transition plan.

Sec. 302.

An individual is eligible for election as a school board member if the individual is a citizen of the United States and is a qualified and registered elector of the school district the individual seeks to represent by the filing deadline. At least 1 school board member for a school district shall be elected at each of the school district's regular elections held as provided in section 642c. Except as otherwise provided in this section or section 310 or 644g, a school board member's term of office is prescribed by the applicable provision of section 11a, 617, 701, or 703 of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.11a, 380.617, 380.701, and 380.703, or section 34, 34a, 41, 54, or 83 of the community college act of 1966, 1966 PA 331, MCL 389.34, 389.34a, 389.41, 389.54, and 389.83. Except as provided in section 302a, if a ballot question changing the number of school board members or changing the terms of office for school board members pursuant to section 11a of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.11a, is proposed and a school district needs a temporary variance from the terms of office provisions in this act and the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.1 to 380.1852, to phase in or out school board members' terms of office, the school board shall submit the proposed ballot question language and a proposed transition plan to the secretary of state at least 30 days before the school board submits the ballot question language to the school district election coordinator pursuant to section 312. The secretary of state shall approve or reject the proposed transition plan within 10 business days of receipt of the proposed transition plan. The secretary of state shall approve the proposed transition plan if the plan provides only temporary relief to the school district from the terms of office provisions in this act and the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.1 to 380.1852, until such time that the terms of office for school board members can be made to comply with this act and the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.1 to 380.1852. The school board shall not submit the proposed ballot question language to the school district election coordinator pursuant to section 312 until the proposed transition plan is approved by the secretary of state. A school board member's term begins on January 1 immediately following the election.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005 ;-- Am. 2011, Act 233, Eff. Jan. 1, 2012
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.302, which pertained to nomination as candidate for office of state highway commissioner or superintendent of public instruction, was repealed by Act 6 of 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.302a Transition plan; compliance.

Sec. 302a.

If on or before January 1, 2004 a school district's electors approved a plan to change the number of school board members or change the terms of office for school board members, and if legislation enacted after January 1, 2004 makes implementation of these changes impossible or impractical, the school board may adopt by resolution at a public hearing a transition plan to bring the school district's election schedule back into compliance with the intent of the plan approved by the electors on or before January 1, 2004 without requiring approval of the transition plan by the secretary of state or preparation or passage of a ballot question.


History: Add. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.303 Candidate for school board member; name on official ballot; nominating petition; form; filing fee; signatures; withdrawal.

Sec. 303.

(1) Until December 31, 2013, and subject to subsection (4), for an individual's name to appear on the official ballot as a candidate for school board member, the candidate shall file a nominating petition and the affidavit required by section 558 with the school district filing official not later than 4 p.m. on the twelfth Tuesday before the election date. Beginning January 1, 2014, and subject to subsection (4), for an individual's name to appear on the official ballot as a candidate for school board member, the candidate shall file a nominating petition and the affidavit required by section 558 with the school district filing official not later than 4 p.m. on the fifteenth Tuesday before the election date. The nominating petition must be signed by the following number of electors of the school district:

(a) If the population of the school district is less than 10,000 according to the most recent federal census, a minimum of 6 and a maximum of 20.

(b) If the population of the school district is 10,000 or more according to the most recent federal census, a minimum of 40 and a maximum of 100.

(2) The nominating petition shall be substantially in the form prescribed in section 544c, except that the petition shall be nonpartisan and shall include the following opening paragraph:

We, the undersigned, registered and qualified voters
of _______________________________________________________
and residents of the _______________________________, the
(legal name of school district)
county of _____________________________, state of Michigan,
(city or township)
nominate __________________________________________________
(name of candidate)
_______________________________ ________________________,
(street address) (city or township)
a registered and qualified elector of the district as a member
of the board of education of the school district for a term
of ______ years, expiring ______, to be voted for at the
election to be held on the ______ day of ___________, ______.
(month) (year)

(3) A school elector shall not sign petitions for more candidates than are to be elected.

(4) Instead of filing nominating petitions, a candidate for school board member may pay a nonrefundable filing fee of $100.00 to the school district filing official. If this fee is paid by the due date for a nominating petition, the payment has the same effect under this section as the filing of a nominating petition.

(5) A nominating petition filed under this chapter is subject to the examination and investigation process prescribed in section 552 as to its sufficiency and the validity and genuineness of the signatures on the nominating petition, and to the other procedures prescribed in that section relevant to a petition filed under this chapter.

(6) After a nominating petition is filed or filing fee is paid for a candidate for school board member, the candidate is not permitted to withdraw unless a written withdrawal notice, signed by the candidate, is filed with the school district filing official not later than 4 p.m. of the third day after the last day for filing the nominating petition. If the school district filing official is not a county clerk, the school district filing official shall notify the county clerk of the candidates' names and addresses not later than 3 days after the last day for filing a withdrawal notice.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Compiler's Notes: In the form in subsection (2), the first instance of the descriptive element "(city or township)" is evidently positioned below the wrong blank line. The element should be positioned below the first blank line in the form.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.304 Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 6, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to withdrawal from nomination for office of state highway commissioner or superintendent of public instruction.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.305 School district election coordinating committee; meeting; report; election arrangements; review; precincts.

Sec. 305.

(1) Within 30 days after the effective date of this chapter, the school district election coordinating committee for each school district shall hold an initial meeting. Within 14 days after convening the initial meeting, the school district election coordinating committee shall file a report with the secretary of state that sets forth the arrangements that are agreed upon for the conduct of the school district's elections. Each school district election coordinating committee member shall sign the report and retain a copy.

(2) After filing its initial report under subsection (1) and until December 31, 2012, a school district election coordinating committee shall meet at 2-year intervals to review and, if necessary, alter the election arrangements set forth in its previous report. Beginning January 1, 2013, a school district election coordinating committee shall meet at 4-year intervals or earlier if determined necessary by the chairperson of the school district election coordinating committee to review and, if necessary, alter the election arrangements set forth in its previous report. After each review, a school district election coordinating committee shall either notify the secretary of state in writing that its previous report is not being altered or file with the secretary of state a report with the alterations. Until December 31, 2012, election arrangements made by the clerks of the jurisdictions participating in the school district election coordinating committee meeting are binding on the participating jurisdictions for at least 2 years after the report is filed, and each jurisdiction continues to be bound until an altered report is filed. Beginning January 1, 2013, election arrangements made by the clerks of the jurisdictions participating in the school district election coordinating committee meeting are binding on the participating jurisdictions until an altered report is filed.

(3) The arrangements agreed upon by a school district election coordinating committee for the conduct of the school district's elections shall accomplish at least both of the following:

(a) If a school district election is held on the same day as an election of a jurisdiction that overlaps with the school district, an elector wishing to vote in both elections shall not be required to vote at 2 different locations.

(b) If, before the filing of an initial report or of the notice or altered report after its review, a city or township clerk notifies the school district election coordinating committee that the city or township clerk, in consultation with the city council or township board, as applicable, has decided to participate in the conduct of the school district's elections, the school district election coordinating committee shall include that city or township clerk in its initial or an altered report as the person conducting the school district's elections in the clerk's city or township.

(4) Notwithstanding the other provisions of this chapter, if a city or township is holding an election for elective office or on a ballot question at the same time that a school district located in whole or part in the city or township is holding an election, the city or township clerk shall also conduct the school district election within his or her jurisdiction. If a city or township clerk is conducting a school election under this subsection, the clerk shall use the same precincts that are used for state and federal elections as the precincts for the school district election. If these precincts change the polling place location for school district electors, the clerk shall notify those school district electors of the location of the different polling place. A city or township clerk with the consent of the school district election coordinator may use the school election precincts and polling places. A city or township clerk conducting an election under this subsection may consolidate election precincts in the manner provided in section 659.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 287, Imd. Eff. July 23, 2004 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 334, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2010
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.305, which pertained to filling vacated nominated candidacies for offices of state highway commissioner and superintendent of public instruction, was repealed by Act 6 of 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.306 Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 6, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to election dates of state highway commissioner and superintendent of public instruction.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.307 Statement of returns; certification of election; votes subject to recount.

Sec. 307.

(1) The appropriate board of county canvassers as prescribed in section 24a shall canvass the votes for candidates for school board member and votes for and against a ballot question at a regular or special election in each school district. That number of candidates equal to the number of individuals to be elected who receive the greatest number of votes cast at the election, as set forth in the report of the board of county canvassers canvassing the votes, based upon the returns from the election precincts or as determined by the board of county canvassers as a result of a recount, are elected to the office of school board member. Except as otherwise provided in section 24a(4), upon completion of the canvass, the board of county canvassers shall make a statement of returns and certify the election of school board members to the secretary of the school board, the county clerk, and, if other than the county clerk, the school district election coordinator.

(2) The votes cast for a candidate for school board member or on a ballot question submitted to the electors at a school election are subject to recount as provided in chapter XXXIII. An individual elected to the office of school board member is subject to recall as provided in chapter XXXVI and in section 8 of article II of the state constitution of 1963.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 55, Imd. Eff. Apr. 22, 2010 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.307, which pertained to certificate of determination by board of state canvassers declaring election to offices of state highway commissioner and supertintendent of public instruction, was repealed by Act 6 of 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.308 Certification of board of county canvassers; preservation; filing; execution.

Sec. 308.

A local official who receives the certification of the board of county canvassers under section 307 shall preserve and file in his or her office the certified statement of returns and certification of the board of county canvassers of the result of the election. The county clerk who is the secretary to the board of county canvassers canvassing the school board election shall immediately execute and provide to the individuals declared elected to the office of school board member a certificate of election.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.308, which pertained to preservation and certifcation of election results of state highway commissioner and superintendent of public instruction, was repealed by Act 6 of 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.309 Acceptance of office.

Sec. 309.

Within 5 business days after certification of an election, each member-elect shall be notified of the election. Within 10 business days after notification by the school district election coordinator of election or appointment to the board, each person shall file with the secretary of the board an acceptance of the office to which the person has been elected or appointed. The secretary of the board shall forward a copy of the acceptance to the school district election coordinator.


History: Add. 2004, Act 288, Imd. Eff. July 23, 2004
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.309, which pertained to terms of office of state highway commissioner and superintendent of public instruction, was repealed by Act 6 of 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.310 Office of school board member; oath; vacancy; conditions.

Sec. 310.

(1) Before entering upon the duties of his or her office, an individual elected to the office of school board member shall take and subscribe to the oath provided in section 1 of article XI of the state constitution of 1963.

(2) The office of a school board member becomes vacant immediately, regardless of declaration by an officer or acceptance by the school board or 1 or more of its members, upon any of the following events:

(a) The death of the school board member.

(b) The school board member's being adjudicated insane or being found to be a legally incapacitated individual by a court of competent jurisdiction.

(c) The school board member's resignation.

(d) The school board member's removal from office.

(e) The school board member's conviction for a felony.

(f) The school board member's election or appointment being declared void by a competent tribunal.

(g) The school board member's neglect or failure to file the acceptance of office, to take the oath of office, or to give or renew an official bond required by law.

(h) The school board member ceasing to possess the legal qualifications for holding office.

(i) The school board member moving his or her residence from the school district.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.310, which pertained to oath of office of state highway commissioner and superintendent of public instruction, was repealed by Act 6 of 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.311 School board; appointment to fill vacancy; election; notice to school district election coordinator.

Sec. 311.

(1) If less than a majority of the offices of school board member of a school district become vacant, the remaining school board members shall fill each vacant office by appointment. If a vacancy in the office of school board member is not filled within 30 days after the vacancy occurs or if a majority of the offices of school board member of a school district become vacant, the intermediate school board for that school district shall fill each vacancy by appointment. An individual appointed under this subsection serves until a successor is elected and qualified.

(2) If a vacancy occurs in an office of school board member more than 7 days before the nominating petition filing deadline as provided in section 303 for the general November election that is not the general November election at which a successor in office would be elected if there were no vacancy, the person appointed shall hold office only until a successor is elected at the next general November election in the manner provided by law and qualifies for office. The successor shall hold the office for the remainder of the unexpired term. This subsection applies regardless of whether an individual is appointed under subsection (1) to fill the vacancy.

(3) Within 3 days after an appointment is made to fill a vacancy in an elected office in a school district, the secretary of the school board shall notify the school district election coordinator, in writing, of the name, address, and office of the person who vacated the office as well as the person filling the office.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 289, Imd. Eff. July 23, 2004 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.311, which pertained to notice of resignation of state highway commissioner or superintendent of public instruction, was repealed by Act 6 of 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.312 Ballot question; submission by school board; certification of ballot question language; scheduling of special election date.

Sec. 312.

(1) A school board may submit a ballot question to the school electors on a regular election date, on a date when a city or township within the school district's jurisdiction is holding an election by adopting a resolution to that effect not later than 4 p.m. on the twelfth Tuesday before the election date, or on a special election date as provided in section 641(4). The school board shall certify the ballot question language to the school district election coordinator not later than 4 p.m. on the twelfth Tuesday before the election date. The school district election coordinator shall send a copy of the ballot question language to the county clerk of each county not less than 82 days before the election.

(2) If a special election is called on a date provided under section 641(4), the school district election coordinating committee shall schedule the special election date.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 647, Eff. May 14, 2007 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 253, Eff. Apr. 26, 2014
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.312, which pertained to vacancy of office of state highway commissioner or superintendent of public instruction, was repealed by Act 6 of 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.313 Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 6, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to impeachment of state highway commissioner or superintendent of public instruction.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.314 Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 6, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to appointment by governor to fill vacancy in office of state highway commissioner or superintendent of public instruction.
Popular Name: Election code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.315 Payment by school district to county, city, and township.

Sec. 315.

(1) A school district shall pay to each county, city, and township that conducts a regular or special election for the school district an amount determined in accordance with this section.

(2) If a school district's regular or special election is held in conjunction with another election conducted by a county, city, or township, the school district shall pay the county, city, or township 100% of the actual additional costs attributable to conducting the school district's regular or special election. If a school district's regular or special election is not held in conjunction with another election conducted by a county, city, or township, the school district shall pay the county, city, or township 100% of the actual costs of conducting the school district's regular or special election.

(3) The county, city, or township shall present to a school district a verified account of actual costs of conducting the school district's regular or special election not later than 84 days after the date of the election. The school board shall pay or disapprove all or a portion of the verified account within 84 days after the school district receives a verified account of actual costs under this subsection.

(4) If the school board disapproves all or a portion of a verified account of actual costs under subsection (3), the school board shall send a notice of disapproval along with the reasons for the disapproval to the county, city, or township. Upon request of a county, city, or township whose verified account or portion of a verified account was disapproved under this section, the school board shall review the disapproved costs with the county, city, or township.

(5) A school board, county, city, or township shall use the agreement made between the department of treasury and the secretary of state, as required by section 487, as a basis for preparing and evaluating verified accounts under this section. The secretary of state shall assist a school board, county, city, or township in preparing and evaluating a verified account under this section. If a county, city, or township and a school board cannot agree on the actual costs of an election as prescribed by this section, the secretary of state shall determine those actual costs.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.315, which pertained to recount of votes for election of state highway commissioner or superintendent of public instruction, was repealed by Act 6 of 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.316 Board members subject to recall.

Sec. 316.

Each member of a board of a school district, a local act school district, or an intermediate school district is subject to recall by the school electors of the respective district in the manner prescribed in chapter XXXVI.


History: Add. 2004, Act 257, Imd. Eff. July 23, 2004
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.316, which pertained to state highway commissioner or superintendent of public instruction subject to recall, was repealed by Act 6 of 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XV
CITY OFFICES


168.321 City officers; qualifications, nomination, election, appointment, term, and removal; list of candidates; quorum; election or appointment of successor.

Sec. 321.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (3) and sections 327, 641, 642, and 644g, the qualifications, nomination, election, appointment, term of office, and removal from office of a city officer shall be in accordance with the charter provisions governing the city.

(2) Within 3 days after the last day on which a candidate for a city office may withdraw, the city clerk shall deliver to the county clerk of the county in which the city is located a list setting forth the name and address of each candidate for a city office.

(3) If the membership of the legislative body of a city governed by the home rule city act, 1909 PA 279, MCL 117.1 to 117.38, is reduced to less than a quorum, unless another method of appointing members of the legislative body is provided by the city charter, members of the legislative body are appointed as provided in this subsection. The board of county election commissioners of the county in which the largest portion of the population of the city resides shall appoint the number of members of the legislative body required to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business by the legislative body. A member of the legislative body appointed under this subsection shall hold the office only until the member's successor is elected and qualified. The successor shall be elected at a special or regular election on the next regular election date that is not less than 60 days after the appointment is made. The successor shall serve for the balance of the unexpired term. A member who is appointed under this subsection shall not vote on the appointment of himself or herself to an elective or appointive city office.

(4) Notwithstanding another provision of law or charter to the contrary, an appointment to an elective or appointive city office made by a quorum constituted by appointments under this section expires upon the election and qualification of a sufficient number of members of the legislative body so that the elected members constitute a quorum.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 60, Imd. Eff. Apr. 1, 1980 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 277, Imd. Eff. July 11, 1994 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.322 Candidate for city office; nominating petitions; filing; deadline.

Sec. 322.

Until December 31, 2013, for the name of a candidate for a city office, including a ward office, to appear on the official February primary election ballots for use in the city, a nominating petition shall be filed with the city clerk not later than 4 p.m. on the twelfth Tuesday before the February primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, for the name of a candidate for a city office, including a ward office, to appear on the official February primary election ballots for use in the city, a nominating petition shall be filed with the city clerk not later than 4 p.m. on the fifteenth Tuesday before the February primary. Until December 31, 2013, if a charter provides for nomination by caucus or by filing a petition or affidavit directly for the May election, the candidate filing deadline or certification deadline shall be 4 p.m. on the twelfth Tuesday before the May election. Beginning January 1, 2014, if a charter provides for nomination by caucus or by filing a petition or affidavit directly for the May election, the candidate filing deadline or certification deadline shall be 4 p.m. on the fifteenth Tuesday before the May election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 7, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 312, Eff. Jan. 1, 1966 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 183, Imd. Eff. Sept. 30, 2010 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.322a Candidates for nomination; withdrawal, notice.

Sec. 322a.

After the filing of a nominating petition or filing fees by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for a city office, the candidate shall not be permitted to withdraw unless a written notice of withdrawal is served on the city clerk not later than 4 o'clock, eastern standard time, in the afternoon of the third day after the last day for filing the petition or filing fee as provided in this act or in local charters unless the third day falls on a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, in which case the withdrawal may be served on the city clerk up to 4 o'clock, eastern standard time, on the next secular day.


History: Add. 1959, Act 44, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.323 Board of city election commissioners; preparation of ballots, canvass of returns, conduct of primary and election; provisions governing.

Sec. 323.

It is the duty of the board of city election commissioners to prepare the primary ballots to be used by the electors. The returns shall be canvassed by the board of county canvassers and the results certified to the board of city election commissioners, who shall prepare and furnish ballots for the ensuing election. The printing and distribution of ballots, equipment, and supplies, the conduct of the primary and election, the canvass and certification of the returns, and all other particulars shall be in accordance, as nearly as may be, with the provisions of this act governing general primaries and elections.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.324 Repealed. 1978, Act 540, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1978.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section provided for additional justices of the peace.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.325 Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to filling vacancy for judge of municipal court of record.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.326 Candidate for city office; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.

Sec. 326.

If a candidate of a political party for a city office, after having qualified as a candidate, dies after the last day for qualifying, leaving the political party without a candidate for the office, a candidate to fill the vacancy may be selected by the members of the county executive committee of the candidate's political party residing in the city if 3 or more members of the county executive committee of that political party reside in the city. If less than 3 members of the county executive committee of that political party reside in the city, the county executive committee of that political party may select a candidate to fill the vacancy for that office. The name of the candidate selected shall be transmitted to the city officials required by law to print and distribute ballots. The name of the candidate shall be printed on the ballots, but if the ballots have been printed, the city officials shall have the ballots reprinted with the candidate's name on the ballots and the reprinted ballots shall be distributed to the various voting precincts within the city.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 322, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1966 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.327 Removal of city officers by governor; grounds; action on charges; service of charges; hearing; eligibility for election or appointment following removal or conviction.

Sec. 327.

The governor shall remove all city officers chosen by the electors of a city or any ward or voting district of a city, when the governor is satisfied from sufficient evidence submitted to the governor that the officer has been guilty of official misconduct, wilful neglect of duty, extortion, or habitual drunkenness, or has been convicted of being drunk, or whenever it appears by a certified copy of the judgment of a court of record of this state that a city officer, after the officer's election or appointment, has been convicted of a felony. The governor shall not take action upon any charges made to the governor against a city officer until the charges have been exhibited to the governor in writing, verified by the affidavit of the party making them, that he or she believes the charges to be true. But a city officer shall not be removed for misconduct or neglect until charges of misconduct or neglect have been exhibited to the governor as provided in this section and a copy of the charges served on the officer and an opportunity given the officer of being heard in his or her defense. The service of the charges upon the officer complained against shall be made by personal service to the officer of a copy of the charges, together with all affidavits or exhibits which may be attached to the original petition, if the officer can be found; and if not, by leaving a copy at the last known place of residence of the officer, with a person of suitable age, if a person of suitable age can be found; and if not, by posting the copy of the charges in a conspicuous place at the officer's last known place of residence. An officer who has been removed from office pursuant to this section shall not be eligible for election or appointment to any office for a period of 3 years from the date of the removal. A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of Act No. 370 of the Public Acts of 1941, being section 38.412a of the Michigan Compiled Laws, shall not be eligible for election or appointment to an elective or appointive city office for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.328 Repealed. 1994, Act 4, Eff. June 1, 1994.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to changing date of city or village election to March 15, 1994.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XVI
TOWNSHIP OFFICES


168.341 Elective township offices and officers.

Sec. 341.

Elective township offices shall consist of a supervisor, township clerk, township treasurer, not to exceed 4 constables, and not to exceed 4 trustees. Elective township officers may include library directors and park commission members.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 44, Imd. Eff. June 2, 1966 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 112, Imd. Eff. May 14, 1980
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.342 Township office; eligibility; eligibility for membership on board of review; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 342.

(1) A person shall not be eligible to a township office unless the person is a registered and qualified elector of the township in which election is sought by the filing deadline. A person shall not be eligible for membership on the board of review unless, in addition to the qualifications for eligibility to a township office, the person is a landowner and taxpayer in the township.

(2) A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of 1941 PA 370, MCL 38.412a, shall not be eligible for election or appointment to an elective or appointive township office for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.343 Repealed. 1965, Act 212, Eff. Mar. 31, 1966.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to township caucus, nominating procedure, and certification of candidates.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.343a Repealed. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to membership in township political party committee.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.344 Repealed. 1965, Act 212, Eff. Mar. 31, 1966.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section authorized referendum to determine choice between township caucus and primary system.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.345 Candidates for township offices; nomination at primary.

Sec. 345.

A primary of all political parties shall be held in every organized township of this state on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August preceding every general November election, at which time the qualified and registered electors of each political party may vote for party candidates for township offices.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 212, Eff. Mar. 31, 1966
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.346 Primaries; inspector of elections, appointment.

Sec. 346.

The township board of election commissioners shall appoint 3 or more qualified and registered electors of such township for each precinct, who shall act as inspectors of election at such primary.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.347 Primaries; provisions governing; recounts; duties of township clerk.

Sec. 347.

Except as otherwise provided in this act, the laws governing nominating petitions, the conduct of general primary elections, the furnishing of ballots, and the depositing, counting, and canvassing of ballots shall, as near as may be, apply to primaries held under the provisions of this chapter. Recounts shall be conducted by the board of county canvassers. All duties that, under the parts of this act relating to general elections or primary elections, fall upon the county clerk shall be performed in the same manner by the township clerk.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.348 Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to notice, publication, and posting of primary elections.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.349 Candidate for township office; nominating petitions; signatures; form; filing; list of candidates.

Sec. 349.

(1) To obtain the printing of the name of a person as a candidate for nomination by a political party for a township office under the particular party heading upon the official primary ballots, there shall be filed with the township clerk nominating petitions signed by a number of qualified and registered electors residing within the township as determined under section 544f. Nominating petitions shall be in the form prescribed in section 544c. Until December 31, 2013, the township clerk shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. of the twelfth Tuesday before the August primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, the township clerk shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. of the fifteenth Tuesday before the August primary.

(2) Within 4 days after the last day for filing nominating petitions, the township clerk shall deliver to the county clerk a list setting forth the name, address, and political affiliation and office sought of each candidate who has qualified for a position on the primary ballot.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 212, Eff. Mar. 31, 1966 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 58, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1966 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.349a Repealed. 1966, Act 58, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1966.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to qualification for printing of new parties on official ballot.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.350 Repealed. 1966, Act 58, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1966.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section required township clerk to certify nominees in absence of contest for office.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.351 Candidates for nomination; withdrawal, notice.

Sec. 351.

After the filing of a nominating petition by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for a township office, such candidate shall not be permitted to withdraw unless a written notice of withdrawal is served on the township clerk not later than 4 o'clock, eastern standard time, in the afternoon of the third day after the last day for filing such petitions as in this act provided, unless the third day falls on a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, in which case the notice of withdrawal may be served on the clerk up to 4 o'clock, eastern standard time, on the next secular day.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 173, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.352 Candidate for township office; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.

Sec. 352.

If a candidate of a political party for a township office, after having qualified as a candidate, dies after the last day for qualifying, leaving the political party without a candidate for a township office, a candidate to fill the vacancy may be selected by the members of the county executive committee of the candidate's political party residing in the township if 3 or more members of the county executive committee of that political party reside in the township. If less than 3 members of the county executive committee of that political party reside in the township, the county executive committee of that political party may select a candidate to fill the vacancy for that office. The name of the candidate selected shall be transmitted to the township officials required by law to print and distribute ballots. The name of the candidate shall be printed on the ballots, but if the ballots have been printed, the township officials shall have the ballots reprinted with the candidate's name on the ballots and the reprinted ballots shall be distributed to the various voting precincts within the township.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 322, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1966 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.353 Primaries; absent voters, provisions applicable.

Sec. 353.

The provisions of this act relative to absent voters shall apply to primaries held under the provisions of this chapter: Provided, That the duties of the county clerk relative to the furnishing and distribution of ballots shall be performed by the township clerk.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.354 Candidate for township office; write-in.

Sec. 354.

If, for any reason, the number of candidates of a political party to a township office is equal to less than the total number to be nominated and elected, a sufficient number of blank spaces shall be provided on the official primary ballots that affords every elector to the political party an opportunity to vote for as many candidates as are to be nominated and elected by writing in the name or names of his or her selection.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.355 Candidates for township offices; nominees, certification; list.

Sec. 355.

(1) The candidate or candidates of each political party to a township office receiving the greatest number of votes cast for candidates of that office, as set forth in the report of the board of county canvassers, based on the returns from the various election precincts, or as determined by the board of county canvassers as the result of a recount, shall be declared the nominee or nominees of that political party for that office at the next ensuing November election. The board of county canvassers shall certify the nomination or nominations to the township clerk within 48 hours after the polls close.

(2) Within 4 days following the primary, the township clerk shall deliver to the county clerk a list setting forth the names, addresses, political affiliation, and office sought of all candidates nominated at the primary.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 58, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1966 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.356 Repealed. 1965, Act 212, Eff. Mar. 31, 1966.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section authorized abandonment of primary system for nominating township candidates.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.357 Candidate for township office; death or disqualification; write-in.

Sec. 357.

If a candidate of a political party, after having been nominated for a township office, dies, moves from the township, or becomes disqualified for any reason, the township board of election commissioners shall provide a blank space or spaces on the official ballots that affords every elector of the political party an opportunity to vote for a candidate to fill the vacancy by writing in the name of his or her selection.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.358 Election of township officers and submission of propositions; general November election.

Sec. 358.

(1) In every township, there shall be a general November election in each even-numbered year for the election of officers and the submission of propositions, as provided by law. At the 1980 general November election, there shall be elected by ballot all of the following township officers:

(a) A supervisor.

(b) A clerk.

(c) A treasurer.

(d) Two trustees.

(e) Not more than 4 constables.

(f) If authorized by law and after a township takes the actions provided in section 11 of 1877 PA 164, MCL 397.211, 6 free public library directors.

(g) If a township takes the actions provided in section 1 of former 1931 PA 271 or section 6 of 1905 PA 157, MCL 41.426, the number of park commission members provided for under section 6 of 1905 PA 157, MCL 41.426.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the order of offices on the township portion of the ballots shall be the same as the order in which the officers are listed in subsection (1). Free public library directors shall be listed on the nonpartisan portion of the ballot.

(3) Subject to the limitation in subsection (1), the number of constables to be elected at the 1992 general November election and each general November election at which township offices are regularly to be elected after 1992 shall be determined by the township board by resolution not less than 6 months before the township primary election preceding the general November election. The resolution that specifies the number of constables to be elected applies in that township until a subsequent resolution is adopted altering that number. If a determination as to the number of constables to be elected is not made by the township board by the deadline under this subsection for the 1992 general election, the number of constables to be elected shall be the same number that was elected in that township in the 1988 general November election until a resolution is adopted to provide for the election of a different number of constables.

(4) In a township having a population of 5,000 or more, or having 3,000 or more qualified and registered electors as shown by the registration records at the close of registration for the last preceding general November election, there may be elected 4 trustees. In other townships there shall be 2 trustees. A township shall not elect 4 trustees unless the election of additional trustees is approved by the voters at a general November election or by a majority of the voters attending at an annual meeting. The township board of a township having a population of 5,000 or more, or having 3,000 or more qualified and registered electors, shall cause the question of electing additional trustees to be voted on at the first general November election or annual meeting following the township's qualifying for additional trustees. If a majority of the electors voting on the question vote in favor of electing 4 trustees, the township shall thereafter elect 4 trustees. If a majority of the electors voting on the question do not vote in favor of electing 4 trustees, the township board may resubmit the question at a subsequent general November election or annual meeting or the question shall be submitted at the first general November election or annual meeting held not less than 84 days following the submission of a petition containing the signatures of not less than 10% of the registered and qualified electors of the township, as shown by the registration records at the close of registration for the last general November election, asking that the question be submitted.

(5) At the first general November election in a township held not less than 4 months after the provisions of this section relative to additional trustees are adopted by a township, there shall be elected the number of trustees necessary to make a total of 4 trustees. If the additional trustees are elected at a general November election that is not a regular township election, the additional trustees shall hold office only until a successor is elected at the next regular township election and qualifies for office.

(6) This section does not prohibit townships electing 4 trustees as of September 13, 1958 from continuing to do so.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1958, Act 192, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 44, Imd. Eff. June 2, 1966 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 215, Imd. Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 5, Imd. Eff. Feb. 7, 1978 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 112, Imd. Eff. May 14, 1980 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 150, Imd. Eff. May 6, 1982 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 33, Imd. Eff. Mar. 17, 1986 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 431, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 433, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 16, Imd. Eff. Apr. 27, 1999
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.358a Special election; purpose; notice.

Sec. 358a.

The township board of a township may call a special election to be held in the township for the purpose of submitting a ballot question to the electors of the township. A special election shall be held on a regular election date. Notice of the special election shall be given in the same manner required by section 653a.


History: Add. 1956, Act 104, Eff. Aug. 11, 1956 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 235, Imd. Eff. Oct. 10, 1990 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.359 Repealed. 1968, Act 65, Eff. July 1, 1968.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section required township board to make certificate of election and deliver same to clerk.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.360 Repealed. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013.


Popular Name: The repealed section pertained to filing of statement and determination of election results by township board of canvassers.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.361 Repealed. 1978, Act 596, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 1979.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to annual meeting of township electors.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.362 Township officers; terms; qualification; vacancy; election; commencement of duties; failure to take oath.

Sec. 362.

(1) The term of office of township trustees elected in 1978 shall be 2 years. The term of office of all township officers listed in section 358 shall be 4 years beginning in the 1980 general election, and in all subsequent elections at which township officials are elected. All township officers' terms shall commence at 12 noon on November 20 next following their election and they shall qualify before assuming the duties of their office. Each township officer shall hold office until a successor is elected and qualified, but not beyond January 1 following the election. Failure of an elected township official to qualify by January 1 following the official's election shall create a vacancy which shall be filled as provided in section 370. All elective township officers, other than those listed in section 358, shall be elected at the November election immediately preceding the expiration of their term and shall commence the duties of their office on November 20 but not before they qualify following their election.

(2) A township officer elected in the general election shall remain in office for the full term if the officer failed to take the oath of office within the time prescribed by law and was subsequently appointed by the township board to the office for which the officer ran.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 175, Eff. Oct. 14, 1955 ;-- Am. 1958, Act 192, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 4, Eff. Mar. 26, 1965 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 44, Imd. Eff. June 2, 1966 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 215, Imd. Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 156, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 103, Imd. Eff. Aug. 16, 1973 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 5, Imd. Eff. Feb. 7, 1978 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 112, Imd. Eff. May 14, 1980
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.363 Township officers; oath of office.

Sec. 363.

All township officers shall, before entering upon the duties of their offices, take and subscribe the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution before the township clerk or other officer authorized to administer oaths, and file the same with the township clerk who shall record the same; and such oath shall be administered without reward and certified by the officer before whom the same was taken, with the date of taking the same.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 215, Imd. Eff. Nov. 2, 1967
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.364 Township treasurer; bond, approval, filing.

Sec. 364.

Each township treasurer, within the time limited for filing his oath of office and before he shall enter upon the duties of his office, shall give a bond to the township in such sum and with such sureties as the supervisor shall require and approve and the supervisor shall endorse his approval thereon. It shall be the duty of such treasurer to file within the time above mentioned said bond with the township clerk of such township, who shall record the same in a book to be provided for that purpose. The township clerk shall, after recording same, deliver the bond to the supervisor who shall file it in his office.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.365 Constables; bond.

Sec. 365.

Every person elected or appointed to the office of constable, before he enters upon the duties of his office and within the time prescribed by law for filing his official oath, shall execute, with sufficient sureties to be approved by the supervisor or clerk of his township, an instrument in writing by which said constable and his sureties shall jointly and severally agree to pay to each and every person who may be entitled thereto all such sums of money as the said constable may become liable to pay on account of any neglect or default of said constable in the service or return of any process that may be delivered to him for service or collection or on account of any misfeasance of the said constable in the discharge of, or failure of, said constable to faithfully perform any of the duties of his office.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.366 Repealed. 1978, Act 540, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1978.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to bond of justice of the peace.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.367 Resignation of township officer.

Sec. 367.

Resignation of a township officer shall be in writing, signed by the officer resigning, and addressed to the township board, and shall be delivered to and filed by the township clerk.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 540, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1978
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.368 Events creating vacancy in township offices.

Sec. 368.

The township offices become vacant upon the happening of any of the following events: Death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office for cause; his ceasing to be a resident of the township where his office is located; his conviction of an infamous crime, or of an offense involving the violation of his oath of office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring his election or appointment void, habitual drunkenness; his refusal or neglect to take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 2 of article 16 of the state constitution and deposit the same in the manner and within the time prescribed by law; his refusal or neglect to give bond in the amount and manner and within the time prescribed by law; or the failure of the office to be filled at an election which is scheduled for the purpose of filling the office.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 12, 1973
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.369 Removal of township officer; grounds; service of charges; hearing; effect of removal.

Sec. 369.

The governor shall remove a township officer chosen by the electors of any township, when the governor is satisfied from the evidence submitted that the officer has been guilty of official misconduct, wilful neglect of duty, extortion, habitual drunkenness, or has been convicted of being drunk, or when it appears by a certified copy of the judgment of a court of record of this state that the officer, after the officer's election or appointment, was convicted of a felony. The governor shall not take action upon the charges made against the officer until the charges are exhibited in writing, verified by the affidavit of the party making the charges that the party believes the charges to be true. The officer shall not be removed for misconduct or neglect until charges of the misconduct or neglect are exhibited to the governor as provided in this section, a copy of the charges served on the officer, and an opportunity given to the officer of being heard in his defense. The service of the charges upon the officer shall be made by handing to the officer a copy of the charges, together with the affidavits or exhibits which may be attached to the original petition if the officer can be found; if the officer cannot be found a copy shall be left at the last place of residence of the officer with a person of suitable age, if a person can be found. If a person cannot be found, a copy shall be posted in a conspicuous place upon the officer's last known place of residence. An officer who has been removed in accordance with this section shall not be eligible for election or appointment to an office for a period of 3 years after the date of removal from office.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 540, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1978
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.370 Elective or appointive township office; appointment to fill vacancy; temporary appointment; effect of resignation; special election; vacancy in office of township constable.

Sec. 370.

(1) Except as provided in section 370a or subsection (2), if a vacancy occurs in an elective or appointive township office, the vacancy shall be filled by appointment by the township board, and the person appointed shall hold the office for the remainder of the unexpired term.

(2) If 1 or more vacancies occur in an elective township office that cause the number of members serving on the township board to be less than the minimum number of board members that is required to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business by the board, the board of county election commissioners shall make temporary appointment of the number of members required to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business by the township board. An official appointed under this subsection shall hold the office only until the official's successor is elected or appointed and qualified. An official who is temporarily appointed under this subsection shall not vote on the appointment of himself or herself to an elective or appointive township office.

(3) If a township official submits a written resignation from an elective township office, for circumstances other than a resignation related to a recall election, that specifies a date and time when the resignation is effective, the township board, within 30 days before that effective date and time, may appoint a person to fill the vacancy at the effective date and time of the resignation. The resigning official shall not vote on the appointment.

(4) Except as provided in subsection (5), if the township board does not make an appointment under subsection (3), or if a vacancy occurs in an elective township office and the vacancy is not filled by the township board or the board of county election commissioners within 45 days after the beginning of the vacancy, the county clerk of the county in which the township is located shall call a special election within 5 calendar days to fill the vacancy. Not later than 4 p.m. on the fifteenth calendar day after the county clerk calls a special election under this section, the township party committee for each political party in the township shall submit a nominee to fill the vacancy. The special election shall be held on the next regular election date that is not less than 60 days after the deadline for submitting nominees under this section or 70 days after the deadline for submitting nominees under this section if the next regular election date is the even year August primary or the general November election. Notice of the special election shall be given in the same manner required by section 653a. A special election called under this section does not affect the rights of a qualified elector to register for any other election. A person elected to fill a vacancy shall serve for the remainder of the unexpired term.

(5) Subsection (4) does not apply to the office of township constable. If a vacancy occurs in the office of township constable, the township board shall determine if and when the vacancy shall be filled by appointment. If the township board does not fill the vacancy by appointment, the office of township constable shall remain vacant until the next general or special election in which township offices are filled.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 36, Imd. Eff. May 21, 1968 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 193, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1980 ;-- Am. 1983, Act 226, Imd. Eff. Nov. 28, 1983 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 83, Imd. Eff. May 25, 1990 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.370a Filling vacancy in township office; term of appointee; term of elected successor.

Sec. 370a.

Notwithstanding the provisions of section 370, if a vacancy occurs in an elective or appointive township office, which vacancy is filled by appointment by the township board or the board of county election commissioners and the vacancy occurs more than 7 days before the nominating petition filing deadline as provided in section 349 for the general November election that is not the general November election at which a successor in office would be elected if no vacancy, then the person appointed shall hold office only until a successor is elected at the next general November election in the manner provided by law and qualifies for office. The successor shall hold the office for the remainder of the unexpired term.


History: Add. 1968, Act 156, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 83, Imd. Eff. May 25, 1990 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.371 Township officers; primary election, recount of votes.

Sec. 371.

The votes cast for any candidate to a township office at any primary or election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.372 Township officers; recall.

Sec. 372.

Any person elected to a township office shall be subject to recall as provided in chapter 36 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.373 Township clerk; appointment of substitute to perform election law duties.

Sec. 373.

If neither the township clerk nor any deputy township clerk shall be available to perform any necessary functions in connection with registrations, nominations or elections during the usual or required times for performing such functions, the township board shall appoint some qualified person who is a registered elector of the township to perform such functions until such time as the clerk or a deputy resume their duties. Any such person so appointed shall have all of the powers and authority of a deputy appointed by the clerk pertaining to registrations, nominations and elections.


History: Add. 1957, Act 221, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XVII
VILLAGE OFFICES


168.381 Village officer; qualifications, nomination, election, appointment, term, and removal; temporary appointment of trustees for transaction of business; expiration of appointment; filing for office; nominating petitions.

Sec. 381.

(1) Except as provided in this section and sections 383, 641, 642, 642a, and 644g, the qualifications, nomination, election, appointment, term of office, and removal from office of a village officer shall be as determined by the charter provisions governing the village.

(2) If the membership of the village council of a village governed by the general law village act, 1895 PA 3, MCL 61.1 to 74.25, is reduced to less than a quorum of 4 and a special election for the purpose of filling all vacancies in the office of trustee is called under section 13 of chapter II of the general law village act, 1895 PA 3, MCL 62.13, temporary appointments of trustees shall be made as provided in this subsection. The board of county election commissioners of the county in which the largest portion of the population of the village is situated shall make temporary appointment of the number of trustees required to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business by the village council. A trustee appointed under this subsection shall hold the office only until the trustee's successor is elected and qualified. A trustee who is temporarily appointed under this subsection shall not vote on the appointment of himself or herself to an elective or appointive village office.

(3) Notwithstanding another provision of law or charter to the contrary, an appointment to an elective or appointive village office made by a quorum constituted by temporary appointments under this subsection expires upon the election and qualification of trustees under the special election called to fill the vacancies in the office of trustee.

(4) Filing for a village office shall be with the township clerk if the township is conducting the election or if the village is located in more than 1 township with the township in which the largest number of the registered electors of the village reside. Until December 31, 2013, nominating petitions for village offices shall be filed with the appropriate township clerk by 4 p.m. on the twelfth Tuesday before the general November election. Beginning January 1, 2014, nominating petitions for village offices shall be filed with the appropriate township clerk by 4 p.m. on the fifteenth Tuesday before the general November election. After a nominating petition is filed for a candidate for a village office, the candidate is not permitted to withdraw unless a written withdrawal notice, signed by the candidate, is filed with the appropriate township clerk not later than 4 p.m. of the third day after the last day for filing the nominating petition.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 60, Imd. Eff. Apr. 1, 1980 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1991, Act 16, Imd. Eff. May 1, 1991 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 290, Imd. Eff. July 23, 2004 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 122, Imd. Eff. Apr. 14, 2006 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 184, Imd. Eff. Sept. 30, 2010 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 523, Eff. Mar. 28, 2013
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.382 Village officers; nomination and election.

Sec. 382.

Except as otherwise provided in this act, the general law village act, 1895 PA 3, MCL 61.1 to 74.25, or the home rule village act, 1909 PA 278, MCL 78.1 to 78.28, if the charter of a village does not specify the time, manner, and means of nominating and electing its public officers, the village shall nominate and elect its officers in accordance with the provisions governing the selection of township officers, as provided in chapter XV.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 8, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 147, Imd. Eff. Nov. 21, 1973 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005
Compiler's Notes: At the end of this section, the reference to "chapter XV" evidently should read "chapter XVI".
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.383 Removal of village officers by governor; grounds; action on charges; service of charges; hearing; eligibility for election or appointment following removal or conviction.

Sec. 383.

The governor shall remove all village officers chosen by the electors of a village when the governor is satisfied from sufficient evidence submitted to the governor that the officer has been guilty of official misconduct, wilful neglect of duty, extortion, or habitual drunkenness, or has been convicted of being drunk, or whenever it appears by a certified copy of the judgment of a court of record of this state that a village officer, after the officer's election or appointment, has been convicted of a felony. The governor shall not take action upon any charges made to the governor against a village officer until the charges have been exhibited to the governor in writing, verified by the affidavit of the party making them, that the party believes the charges to be true. A village officer shall not be removed for misconduct or neglect until charges of misconduct or neglect have been exhibited to the governor as provided in this section and a copy of the charges served on the officer and an opportunity given the officer of being heard in his or her defense. The service of the charges upon the person or persons complained against shall be made by personal service to the officer of a copy of the charges, together with all affidavits or exhibits which may be attached to the original petition, if the officer can be found; and if not, by leaving a copy of the charges at the last known place of residence of the officer with a person of suitable age, if a person of suitable age can be found; and if not, by posting the copy of the charges in a conspicuous place at the officer's last known place of residence. An officer who has been removed from office pursuant to this section shall not be eligible for election or appointment to any office for a period of 3 years from the date of the removal from office. A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of Act No. 370 of the Public Acts of 1941, being section 38.412a of the Michigan Compiled Laws, shall not be eligible for election or appointment to an elective or appointive village office for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
CHAPTER XVIIA
METROPOLITAN DISTRICT ELECTIONS


168.385 Metropolitan district election coordinator; duties.

Sec. 385.

(1) Unless a particular power or duty of an election official or a particular election procedure is specifically governed by a provision of this chapter, a metropolitan district election is governed by the provisions of this act that generally govern elections.

(2) The metropolitan district election coordinator shall conduct each regular election that is requested by the legislative body of a metropolitan district to submit a ballot question or to fill a position or vacancy on the legislative body of the metropolitan district. The metropolitan district election coordinator shall do all of the following:

(a) Receive nominating petitions and affidavits of identity from candidates for officer to the legislative body of a metropolitan district and petitions for ballot questions.

(b) Procure the necessary qualified voter file precinct lists.

(c) Certify candidates.

(d) Receive ballot proposal language.

(e) Issue absent voter ballots.

(3) A metropolitan district election coordinator may delegate, if the city or township clerk agrees, all or a portion of the metropolitan district election coordinator's duties to that city or township clerk. The metropolitan district election coordinator shall not delegate duties to any person not named in this section.

(4) A metropolitan district election coordinator may delegate the following duties to the city or township clerk, who shall perform the following duties:

(a) Distribute, receive, and process absent voter ballot applications for a metropolitan district election.

(b) Make voting systems available for the conduct of a metropolitan district election.

(c) Make available to the metropolitan district election coordinator the list of election inspectors for that city or township.

(d) Notify metropolitan district electors of precinct and polling place location changes.

(5) The county election commission shall establish that metropolitan district's election precincts and polling place locations in accordance with this act.


History: Add. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.385a Metropolitan district officer; eligibility; term.

Sec. 385a.

(1) An individual is eligible for election as an officer to the legislative body of a metropolitan district if the individual is a citizen of the United States and is a qualified and registered elector of the metropolitan district the individual seeks to represent by the filing deadline.

(2) A metropolitan district officer's term of office is prescribed by the metropolitan district act, 1929 PA 312, MCL 119.1 to 119.18.


History: Add. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.386 Metropolitan district officer; nominating petition; form; signature of elector; examination and investigation; withdrawal.

Sec. 386.

(1) For an individual's name to appear on the official ballot as a candidate for metropolitan district officer, the candidate shall file a nominating petition and the affidavit required by section 558 with the metropolitan district election coordinator not later than 4 p.m. on the fifteenth Tuesday before the election date. The nominating petitions shall be signed by a number of qualified and registered electors residing in the metropolitan district as determined under section 544f.

(2) The nominating petition shall be substantially in the form prescribed in section 544c, except that the petition shall be nonpartisan and shall include the following opening paragraph:

We, the undersigned, registered and qualified voters
of the city or township of _______________________________
and residents of the _______________________________, the
(legal name of metropolitan district)
county of _____________________________, state of Michigan,
nominate __________________________________________________
(name of candidate)
_______________________________ ________________________,
(street address) (city or township)
a registered and qualified elector of the metropolitan district
as an officer of the legislative body of the metropolitan
district for a term of ____ years, expiring _____, to be
voted for at the election to be held on the ______ day of
_________________________, ___________________.
(month) (year)

(3) An elector shall not sign petitions for more candidates than are to be elected.

(4) A nominating petition filed under this chapter is subject to the examination and investigation process prescribed in section 552 as to its sufficiency and the validity and genuineness of the signatures on the nominating petition, and to the other procedures prescribed in that section relevant to a petition filed under this chapter.

(5) After a nominating petition is filed for a candidate for metropolitan district officer, the candidate is not permitted to withdraw unless a written withdrawal notice, signed by the candidate, is filed with the metropolitan district election coordinator not later than 4 p.m. of the third day after the last day for filing the nominating petition.


History: Add. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.386a Canvass of votes by board of canvassers; election; statement of returns and certification; votes subject to recount.

Sec. 386a.

(1) The appropriate board of canvassers as prescribed in section 24a shall canvass the votes for candidates for metropolitan district officer and votes for and against a ballot question at a regular election in each metropolitan district. That number of candidates equal to the number of individuals to be elected who receive the greatest number of votes cast at the election, as set forth in the report of the board of canvassers canvassing the votes, based upon the returns from the election precincts or as determined by the board of canvassers as a result of a recount, are elected to the office of metropolitan district officer. Upon completion of the canvass, the board of canvassers shall make a statement of returns and certify the election of metropolitan district officers to the metropolitan district election coordinator and to the secretary of the legislative body of the metropolitan district.

(2) The votes cast for a candidate for metropolitan district officer or on a ballot question submitted to the electors at a metropolitan district election are subject to recount as provided in chapter XXXIII.


History: Add. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.386b Statement of returns and certification; preservation and filing by metropolitan district election coordinator; execution of certificate of election.

Sec. 386b.

The metropolitan district election coordinator who receives the certification of the board of canvassers under section 386a shall preserve and file in his or her office the certified statement of returns and certification of the board of canvassers of the result of the election. The metropolitan district election coordinator shall immediately execute and provide to the individuals declared elected as officers to the legislative body of the metropolitan district a certificate of election.


History: Add. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.387 Notification of member-elect; acceptance; filing; forwarding copy.

Sec. 387.

Within 5 business days after certification of an election, each member-elect shall be notified of the election. Within 10 business days after notification by the metropolitan district election coordinator of election or appointment to the legislative body, each person shall file with the secretary of the legislative body of the metropolitan district an acceptance of the office to which the person has been elected or appointed. The secretary of the legislative body of the metropolitan district shall forward a copy of the acceptance to the metropolitan district election coordinator.


History: Add. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.387a Oath; immediate vacancy; events.

Sec. 387a.

(1) Before entering upon the duties of his or her office, an individual elected as an officer to the legislative body of a metropolitan district shall take and subscribe to the oath provided in section 1 of article XI of the state constitution of 1963.

(2) The office of a metropolitan district officer becomes vacant immediately, regardless of declaration by an officer or acceptance by the legislative body of a metropolitan district or 1 or more of its officers, upon any of the following events:

(a) The death of the metropolitan district officer.

(b) The metropolitan district officer's being adjudicated insane or being found to be a legally incapacitated individual by a court of competent jurisdiction.

(c) The metropolitan district officer's resignation.

(d) The metropolitan district officer's removal from office.

(e) The metropolitan district officer's conviction for a felony.

(f) The metropolitan district officer's election or appointment being declared void by a competent tribunal.

(g) The metropolitan district officer's neglect or failure to file the acceptance of office, to take the oath of office, or to give or renew an official bond required by law.

(h) The metropolitan district officer ceasing to possess the legal qualifications for holding office.

(i) The metropolitan district officer moving his or her residence from the metropolitan district.


History: Add. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.388 Metropolitan district officer; vacancy filled by appointment; election; notice.

Sec. 388.

(1) If less than a majority of the offices of metropolitan district officer of a metropolitan district become vacant, the remaining metropolitan district officers shall fill each vacant office by appointment. If a vacancy in the office of metropolitan district officer is not filled within 30 days after the vacancy occurs or if a majority of the offices of metropolitan district officer of a metropolitan district become vacant, the county election commission of the county in which the largest number of registered electors of the metropolitan district reside shall fill each vacancy by appointment. An individual appointed under this subsection serves until a successor is elected and qualified.

(2) If a vacancy occurs in an office of metropolitan district officer more than 7 days before the nominating petition filing deadline as provided in section 386 for the regular metropolitan district election that is not the regular metropolitan district election at which a successor in office would be elected if there were no vacancy, the person appointed shall hold office only until a successor is elected at the next regular metropolitan district election in the manner provided by law and qualifies for office. The successor shall hold the office for the remainder of the unexpired term. This subsection applies regardless of whether an individual is appointed under subsection (1) to fill the vacancy.

(3) Within 3 days after an appointment is made to fill a vacancy in an elected office in a metropolitan district, the secretary of the legislative body of the metropolitan district shall notify the metropolitan district election coordinator, in writing, of the name, address, and office of the person who vacated the office as well as the person filling the office.


History: Add. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.389 Ballot question.

Sec. 389.

The legislative body of a metropolitan district may submit a ballot question to the metropolitan district electors on a regular election date. The legislative body of the metropolitan district shall file the ballot question with the metropolitan district election coordinator as provided in section 646a(2).


History: Add. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.389a Actual costs of election; payment; verified account; disapproval; failure to agree on actual costs.

Sec. 389a.

(1) A metropolitan district shall pay to each county, city, and township that conducts a regular election for the metropolitan district an amount determined in accordance with this section.

(2) If a metropolitan district's regular election is held in conjunction with another election conducted by a county, city, or township, the metropolitan district shall pay the county, city, or township 100% of the actual additional costs attributable to conducting the metropolitan district's regular election. If a metropolitan district's regular election is not held in conjunction with another election conducted by a county, city, or township, the metropolitan district shall pay the county, city, or township 100% of the actual costs of conducting the metropolitan district's regular election.

(3) The county, city, or township shall present to a metropolitan district a verified account of actual costs of conducting the metropolitan district's regular election not later than 84 days after the date of the election. The legislative body of the metropolitan district shall pay or disapprove all or a portion of the verified account within 84 days after the metropolitan district receives a verified account of actual costs under this subsection.

(4) If the legislative body of the metropolitan district disapproves all or a portion of a verified account of actual costs under subsection (3), the legislative body of the metropolitan district shall send a notice of disapproval along with the reasons for the disapproval to the county, city, or township. Upon request of a county, city, or township whose verified account or portion of a verified account was disapproved under this section, the legislative body of the metropolitan district shall review the disapproved costs with the county, city, or township.

(5) A legislative body of a metropolitan district, county, city, or township shall use the agreement made between the department of treasury and the secretary of state, as required by section 487, as a basis for preparing and evaluating verified accounts under this section. The secretary of state shall assist a legislative body of a metropolitan district, county, city, or township in preparing and evaluating a verified account under this section. If a county, city, or township and the legislative body of the metropolitan district cannot agree on the actual costs of an election as prescribed by this section, the secretary of state shall determine those actual costs.


History: Add. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.390 Recall.

Sec. 390.

Each officer on the legislative body of a metropolitan district is subject to recall by the electors of the metropolitan district in the manner prescribed in chapter XXXVI.


History: Add. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XVIII
JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT


168.391 Office of justice of supreme court; eligibility; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 391.

(1) A person shall not be eligible to the office of justice of the supreme court unless the person is a registered and qualified elector of this state by the filing deadline or the date the person files the affidavit of candidacy, is licensed to practice law in this state, and at the time of election or appointment is less than 70 years of age.

(2) A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of 1941 PA 370, MCL 38.412a, shall not be eligible for election or appointment to the office of justice of the supreme court for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.392 Candidates for justice of supreme court; nomination at fall state convention.

Sec. 392.

At its fall state convention, each political party may nominate the number of candidates for the office of justice of the supreme court as are to be elected at the next ensuing general election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 61, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.392a Candidates for justice of supreme court; incumbents, affidavit of candidacy for re-election.

Sec. 392a.

Any incumbent justice of the supreme court may become a candidate for re-election as a justice of the supreme court by filing with the secretary of state an affidavit of candidacy not less than 180 days prior to the expiration of his term of office.

The affidavit of candidacy shall contain statements that the affiant is an incumbent supreme court justice, that he is domiciled within the state, that he will not have attained the age of 70 years prior to the date of election and a declaration that he is a candidate for election to the office of supreme court justice.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 61, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.393 Candidates for justice of supreme court; canvass by state central committee of each political party.

Sec. 393.

Not more than 24 hours after the conclusion of the fall state convention, the state central committee of each political party shall convene and canvass the proceedings of the convention and determine the nominee or nominees of the convention for the office or offices of justice of the supreme court. Not more than 1 business day after the conclusion of the state convention, the chairperson and secretary of the state central committee shall forward by registered or certified mail to the secretary of state a typewritten or printed list of the names and residence, including the street address if known, of the candidate or candidates nominated at the convention for the office or offices of justice of the supreme court. The secretary of state shall forward a copy of a list received under this section to the board of election commissioners of each county, in care of the county clerk at the county seat. The name of each nominee on the list shall be printed upon a nonpartisan judicial ballot containing no party designation together with the names of incumbent justices filing an affidavit under section 392a.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 61, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004
Compiler's Notes: Act 269 of 2001, which was approved by the Governor and filed with the Secretary of State on January 11, 2002, provided for the amendment of MCL 168.31, 168.73, 168.283, 168.393, 168.509y, 168.509aa, 168.561a, 168.624, 168.624a, 168.686, 168.706, 168.727, 168.737, 168.745, 168.769, 168.782b, 168.795, 168.795c, 168.797a, 168.798c, 168.799a, 168.803, 168.804, 168.842, and 168.931 of, the addition of Sec. 701 to, and the repeal of Sec. 509 of, Act 116 of 1954, known as the Michigan Election Law. A petition seeking a referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was filed with the Secretary of State. The Board of State Canvassers officially declared the sufficiency of the referendum petition on May 14, 2002. Const 1963, art 2, sec 9, provides that no law as to which the power of referendum properly has been invoked shall be effective thereafter unless approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the next general election. A referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was presented to the electors at the November 5, 2002, general election as Proposal 02-1, which read as follows:“A REFERENDUM ON PUBLIC ACT 269 OF 2001--AN ACT TO AMEND CERTAIN SECTIONS OF MICHIGAN ELECTION LAWPublic Act 269 of 2001 would:--Eliminate “straight party” vote option on partisan general election ballots.--Require Secretary of State to obtain training reports from local election officials.--Require registered voters who do not appear on registration list to show picture identification before voting a challenged ballot.--Require expedited canvass if presidential vote differential is under 25,000.--Require ballot counting equipment to screen ballots for voting errors to ensure the accurate tabulation of absentee ballots. Permit voters in polls to correct errors.--Provide penalties for stealing campaign signs or accepting payment for campaign work while being paid as a public employee to perform election duties.Should this law be approved?Yes __________No __________”Act 269 of 2001 was not approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the November 5, 2002, general election.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.394 Candidates for justice of supreme court; withdrawal; notice.

Sec. 394.

Any person who has been certified by the state central committee of any party as nominated for the office of justice of the supreme court or who filed an affidavit according to section 392a may withdraw by filing a written notice of withdrawal with the secretary of state or his or her duly authorized agent and a copy with the chairperson and secretary of the state central committee of the party not later than 4 p.m., eastern standard time, of the fourth business day following the conclusion of the convention.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 61, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.395 Candidates for justice of supreme court; death, withdrawal, disqualification; selection of new candidate, certification; ballots.

Sec. 395.

Whenever a candidate of a political party, after having been nominated to the office of justice of the supreme court or having filed an affidavit according to section 392a, shall die, withdraw, remove from the state, or become disqualified for any reason, the state central committee of any party which is thereby left without a candidate nominated or indorsed by that party shall meet forthwith and, by a majority vote of the members thereof, shall select a candidate to fill the vacancy thereby caused. The name of the candidate so selected shall be immediately certified by the chairman and the secretary of said committee to the secretary of state and to the board of election commissioners for each county, whose duty it is to prepare the official ballots, and said board shall cause to be printed or placed upon said ballots, in the proper place, the name of the candidate so selected to fill the vacancy.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 61, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.396 Supreme court justices; election.

Sec. 396.

Subject to section 6 of the schedule to the state constitution, 2 justices of the supreme court shall be elected at the general election in 1966 and at the general election every 2 years thereafter.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 61, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.397 Supreme court justices; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.

Sec. 397.

The board of state canvassers shall determine which candidates for justices of the supreme court have received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidates to be duly elected. The said board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of such determination and deliver the same to the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.398 Supreme court justices; certificate of election.

Sec. 398.

The secretary of state shall file in his office and preserve the original statement and determination of the board of state canvassers of the result of the election and shall forthwith execute and cause to be delivered to the persons thereby declared to be elected to the office of justice of the supreme court a certificate of election, certified by him under the great seal of the state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.399 Supreme court justices; term of office.

Sec. 399.

The term of office of justice of the supreme court shall be 8 years, beginning on the first day of January next following the election and shall continue until a successor is elected and qualified.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.400 Supreme court justices; oath of office, deposit.

Sec. 400.

Every person elected to the office of justice of the supreme court, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution, and shall deposit said oath with the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 61, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.401 Supreme court justices; resignation, notice.

Sec. 401.

Any person duly elected to the office of justice of the supreme court who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the court administrator and a copy with the governor and secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 61, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.402 Supreme court justices; vacancy, creation.

Sec. 402.

The office of justice of the supreme court shall become vacant upon the happening of any of the following events: Death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office for cause; his ceasing to be a resident of the state; his conviction of an infamous crime, or an offense involving the violation of his oath of office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring his election or appointment void; or his neglect or refusal to take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office and deposit the same in the manner and within the time prescribed by law.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.403 Supreme court justices; impeachment; removal from office, service of charges, hearing.

Sec. 403.

Any person holding the office of justice of the supreme court may be removed from office by impeachment for the reasons and in the manner set forth in section 7 of article 11 of the state constitution, or the governor shall remove any justice of the supreme court upon a concurrent resolution of 2/3 of the members elected to and serving in each house of the state legislature, and the cause for such removal shall be stated at length in such resolution, as provided in the constitution of this state. Such person shall be served with a written notice of the charges against him and be afforded an opportunity for a hearing thereon. When a vacancy shall occur in any of the said offices, a notice of such vacancy and the reason why the same exists shall, within 10 days after such vacancy occurs, be given in writing by the secretary of state to the court administrator with a copy to the governor.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 61, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.404 Office of supreme court justice; vacancy; appointment; election.

Sec. 404.

(1) The governor shall appoint a successor to fill the vacancy in the office of justice of the supreme court. The person appointed by the governor shall be considered an incumbent for purposes of this act and shall hold office until 12 noon of January 1 following the next general election, at which a successor is elected and qualified.

(2) At the next general November election held at least 105 days after the vacancy occurs, a person nominated under section 392 shall be elected to fill that office. The person elected shall hold the office for the remainder of the unexpired term.

(3) A candidate receiving the highest number of votes for that office who has subscribed to the oath as provided in section 1 of article XI of the state constitution is considered to be elected and qualified even though a vacancy occurs before the time he or she has entered upon the duties of his or her office.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 61, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1970 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.405 Supreme court justices; election, recount of votes.

Sec. 405.

The votes cast for any candidate for justice of the supreme court at any election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.406 Supreme court justices; not subject to recall.

Sec. 406.

Judicial officers are not subject to recall as provided in section 8 of article 2 of the state constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 61, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XVIIIA
JUDGES OF THE COURT OF APPEALS


168.409 Office of judge of court of appeals; eligibility; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 409.

(1) A person shall not be eligible for the office of judge of the court of appeals unless the person is a registered and qualified elector of the appellate court district in which election is sought by the filing deadline or the date the person files the affidavit of candidacy, is licensed to practice law in this state, and, at the time of election or appointment, is less than 70 years of age.

(2) A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of 1941 PA 370, MCL 38.412a, shall not be eligible for election or appointment to the office of judge of the court of appeals for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409a Candidates for appeals court judge; nomination at general nonpartisan primary election; omission.

Sec. 409a.

A general nonpartisan primary election shall be held in every appellate court district of this state on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August preceding every general November election in which judges of the court of appeals are to be elected, at which time the qualified and registered electors may vote for nonpartisan candidates for the office of judge of the court of appeals: Provided, however, That if, upon expiration of the time for filing petitions for the primary election of said judge of the court of appeals in any appellate court district, it shall appear that there are not to exceed twice the number of candidates as there are persons to be elected, then the secretary of state shall certify to the county board or boards of election commissioners the names of such candidates for court of appeals judge whose nominating petitions, filing fee or affidavit of candidacy have been properly filed, and such candidates shall be the nominees for judge of the court of appeals and shall be so certified. As to such office there shall be no primary election and this office shall be omitted from the judicial primary ballot.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409b Judge of court of appeals other than incumbent; candidate; nominating petitions; validity of filed petitions; using petition specifying new or existing judgeship to qualify candidate for another judicial office of same court prohibited; filing for election to more than 1 judgeship; incumbent judge as candidate in primary election; affidavit of candidacy; contents; primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships; listing categories of candidates on ballot; death or disqualification of incumbent judge; application of subsection (8).

Sec. 409b.

(1) To obtain the printing of the name of a qualified person other than an incumbent judge of the court of appeals as a candidate for nomination for the office of judge of the court of appeals upon the official nonpartisan primary ballots, there shall be filed with the secretary of state nominating petitions containing the signatures, addresses, and dates of signing of a number of qualified and registered electors residing in the appellate court district as determined under section 544f. The provisions of sections 544a and 544b apply. Until December 31, 2013, the secretary of state shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. on the fourteenth Tuesday before the primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, the secretary of state shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. on the fifteenth Tuesday before the primary.

(2) Nominating petitions filed under this section are valid only if they clearly indicate for which of the following offices the candidate is filing, consistent with subsection (8):

(a) An unspecified existing judgeship for which the incumbent judge is seeking election.

(b) An unspecified existing judgeship for which the incumbent judge is not seeking election.

(c) A new judgeship.

(3) Nominating petitions specifying a new or existing court of appeals judgeship may not be used to qualify a candidate for another judicial office of the same court in the same judicial district. A person who files nominating petitions for election to more than 1 court of appeals judgeship shall have not more than 3 days following the close of filing to withdraw from all but 1 filing.

(4) In a primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships where more than 1 of the categories in subsection (2) could be selected, a candidate shall apply to the bureau of elections for a written statement of office designation to correspond to the judgeship sought by the candidate. The office designation provided by the secretary of state shall be included in the heading of all nominating petitions. Nominating petitions containing an improper office designation are invalid.

(5) The secretary of state shall issue an office designation of incumbent position for any judgeship for which the incumbent judge is eligible to seek reelection. If an incumbent judge does not file an affidavit of candidacy by the deadline, the secretary of state shall notify all candidates for that office that a nonincumbent position exists. All nominating petitions circulated for the nonincumbent position subsequent to the deadline shall bear an office designation of nonincumbent position. All signatures collected before the affidavit of candidacy filing deadline may be filed with the nonincumbent nominating petitions.

(6) An incumbent judge of the court of appeals may become a candidate in the primary election for the office of which he or she is the incumbent by filing with the secretary of state an affidavit of candidacy not less than 134 days before the date of the primary election. However, before December 31, 2013, if an incumbent judge of the court of appeals was appointed to fill a vacancy and the judge entered upon the duties of office less than 137 days before the date of the primary election but before the fourteenth Tuesday before the primary election, the incumbent judge may file the affidavit of candidacy not more than 3 days after entering upon the duties of office. Beginning January 1, 2014, if an incumbent judge of the court of appeals was appointed to fill a vacancy and the judge entered upon the duties of the office less than 137 days before the date of the primary election but before the fifteenth Tuesday before the primary election, the incumbent judge may file the affidavit of candidacy not more than 3 days after entering upon the duties of office. The affidavit of candidacy shall contain statements that the affiant is an incumbent judge of the court of appeals, is domiciled within the district, will not attain the age of 70 by the date of election, and is a candidate for election to the office of judge of the court of appeals.

(7) In the primary and general November election for 2 or more judgeships of the court of appeals in a judicial district, each of the following categories of candidates shall be listed separately on the ballot, consistent with subsection (8):

(a) The names of candidates for the judgeship or judgeships for which the incumbent is seeking election.

(b) The names of candidates for the judgeship or judgeships for which the incumbent is not seeking election.

(c) The names of candidates for a newly created judgeship or judgeships.

(8) If the death or disqualification of an incumbent judge triggers the application of section 409d(2), then for the purposes of subsections (2) and (7), that judgeship shall be regarded as a judgeship for which the incumbent judge is not seeking election. The application of this subsection includes, but is not limited to, circumstances in which the governor appoints an individual to fill the vacancy and that individual seeks to qualify as a nominee under section 409d(2).


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1970 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 149, Imd. Eff. May 6, 1982 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409c Candidates for nomination; withdrawal; notice.

Sec. 409c.

After the filing of a nominating petition or affidavit of candidacy by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for the office of judge of the court of appeals, the proposed candidate is not permitted to withdraw unless he or she serves a written notice of withdrawal on the secretary of state or his or her duly authorized agent. The notice must be served not later than 3 days after the last day for filing nominating petitions if a nominating petition was filed for the proposed candidate, and not later than 3 days after the last day for filing affidavits of candidacy if an affidavit of candidacy was filed for the proposed candidate. If the third day falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the notice of withdrawal may be served on the secretary of state or his or her duly authorized agent at any time on or before 4 p.m., eastern standard time, on the next secular day.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409d Candidates for judge of court of appeals; declaration of nominees; certification of nomination; death or disqualification of candidate.

Sec. 409d.

(1) In each appellate court district the candidates for office of judge of the court of appeals receiving the largest number of votes at any primary election, to a number equal to twice the number of persons to be elected as set forth in the report of the board of state canvassers, based on the returns from the various boards of county canvassers and election precincts, or as determined by the board of state canvassers as the result of a recount, shall be declared the nominees for the office at the next general November election. The board of state canvassers shall certify the nomination to the county election commissions.

(2) If, after the deadline for filing nominating petitions under section 409b, there are fewer candidates for nomination or nominees for the office of judge of the court of appeals than there are persons to be elected at the general November election because of the death or disqualification of a candidate more than 65 days before the general November election, then a person, whether or not an incumbent, may qualify as a nominee for that office at the general November election by filing nominating petitions as required by section 409b. However, the filing shall be made before 4 p.m. on the twenty-first day following the death or disqualification of the candidate or 4 p.m. on the sixtieth day preceding the general November election, whichever is earlier, and the minimum number of signatures required is 1,000 or 1/2 the minimum number required under section 409b, whichever is less.

(3) The secretary of state shall certify the nomination of each person who qualifies as a nominee under subsection (2) to the board of election commissioners of each county in the appellate court district for the general November election.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409e Judge of court of appeals; election; death or disqualification of nominee; term of office.

Sec. 409e.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a judge or judges of the court of appeals shall be elected in each appellate court district at the general November election in which judges of the court of appeals are to be elected as provided by law.

(2) If there are fewer nominees for the office of judge of the court of appeals than there are persons to be elected at the general November election because of the death or disqualification of a nominee less than 66 days before the general November election, then a person shall not be elected at that general November election to any office of judge of the court of appeals for which there is no nominee.

(3) The term of office for judge of the court of appeals shall be 6 years, commencing at 12 noon on January 1 next following his or her election and shall continue until a successor is elected and qualified.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409f Appeals court judges; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.

Sec. 409f.

The board of state canvassers shall determine which candidate or candidates for the office of judge of the court of appeals in each district received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidate or candidates duly elected. The board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of such determination and deliver it to the secretary of state.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409g Appeals court judges; certificate of election.

Sec. 409g.

The secretary of state shall file in his office and preserve the original statement and determination of the board of state canvassers of the result of the election and shall forthwith execute and cause to be delivered to the persons thereby declared to be elected to the office of judge of the court of appeals a certificate of election certified by him and under the great seal of the state.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409h Appeals court judges; oath of office, filing.

Sec. 409h.

Every person elected to the office of judge of the court of appeals before entering upon the duties of his office shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution, and file the same with the secretary of state and a copy with the court administrator.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409i Appeals court judges; resignation, notice.

Sec. 409i.

Any person duly elected to the office of judge of the court of appeals who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the court administrator and a copy with the governor and the secretary of state.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409j Appeals court judges; vacancy, creation.

Sec. 409j.

The office of judge of the court of appeals shall become vacant upon the happening of any of the following events before the expiration of the term of office: the death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office for cause; his ceasing to have his domicile in the district from which he was elected; his conviction of any infamous crime, or of any offense involving a violation of his oath of office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring his election void; or his neglect or refusal to take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office and deposit it in the manner and within the time prescribed by law.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409k Appeals court judges; impeachment; removal from office, service of charges, hearing; vacancy, notice.

Sec. 409k.

Any person holding the office of judge of the court of appeals may be removed from office upon conviction in impeachment proceedings for the reasons and in the manner set forth in section 7 of article 11 of the state constitution, or the governor shall remove any judge of the court of appeals upon a concurrent resolution of 2/3 of the members elected to and serving in each house of the state legislature, and the cause for such removal shall be stated at length in such resolution, as provided in section 25 of article 6 of said constitution. Such person shall be served with a written notice of the charges against him and be afforded an opportunity for a hearing thereon. When a vacancy occurs in any of the said offices, a notice of such vacancy and the reason why the same exists shall, within 10 days after such vacancy occurs, be given in writing by the secretary of state to the court administrator, with a copy to the governor.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409l Judge of court of appeals; appointment to fill vacancy; election of successor; term.

Sec. 409 l .

(1) If a vacancy occurs in the office of judge of the court of appeals, the governor shall appoint a successor to fill the vacancy. Except as otherwise provided in section 409b(8), the person appointed by the governor shall be considered an incumbent for purposes of this act. The person appointed by the governor shall hold office until 12 noon of January 1 following the next general November election at which a successor is elected and qualified.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in section 409d(2), if the vacancy occurs more than 7 days before the nominating petition filing deadline as provided in section 409b for the general November election that is not the general November election at which a successor in office would be elected if there were no vacancy, the person appointed shall hold office only until a successor is elected at the next general November election in the manner provided for in this chapter for the election of judges of the court of appeals. The person elected shall hold office for the remainder of the unexpired term.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1970 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1990 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409m Appeals court judges; primary or election, recount of votes.

Sec. 409m.

The votes cast for any candidate for judge of the court of appeals at any primary or election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33 of this act.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 60, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.409n Appeals court judges; not subject to recall.

Sec. 409n.

Judges of the court of appeals are not subject to recall as provided by section 8 of article 2 of the state constitution.


History: Add. 1964, Act 228, Eff. Aug. 28, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XIX
JUDGES OF THE CIRCUIT COURT


168.411 Judge of circuit court; eligibility; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 411.

(1) A person shall not be eligible to the office of judge of the circuit court unless the person is a registered and qualified elector of the judicial circuit in which election is sought by the filing deadline or the date the person files the affidavit of candidacy, as provided in section 11 of article VI of the state constitution of 1963, is licensed to practice law in this state, and, at the time of election, is less than 70 years of age.

(2) A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of 1941 PA 370, MCL 38.412a, shall not be eligible for election or appointment to the office of judge of the circuit court for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.412 Candidates for circuit court judge; nomination at general nonpartisan primary election; omission.

Sec. 412.

A general nonpartisan primary election shall be held in every county of this state on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August prior to the general election at which judges of the circuit court are elected, at which time the qualified and registered electors may vote for nonpartisan candidates for the office of judge of the circuit court. If, upon the expiration of the time for filing petitions or incumbency affidavits of candidacy for the primary election of said judge of the circuit court in any judicial circuit, it shall appear that there are not to exceed twice the number of candidates as there are persons to be elected, then the secretary of state shall certify to the county board of election commissioners the name of such candidate for circuit court judge whose petitions or affidavits have been properly filed, and such candidate shall be the nominee for the judge of the circuit court and shall be so certified. As to such office, there shall be no primary election and this office shall be omitted from the judicial primary ballot.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.413 Judge of circuit court; nominating petitions; filing; affidavit; receiving petitions; applicability of MCL 168.544a and 168.544b; receipt of incorrect or inaccurate written information from secretary of state or bureau of elections; equitable relief; challenge.

Sec. 413.

(1) To obtain the printing of the name of a person as a candidate for nomination for the office of judge of the circuit court upon the official nonpartisan primary ballots, there shall be filed with the secretary of state nominating petitions containing the signatures, addresses, and dates of signing of a number of qualified and registered electors residing in the judicial circuit as determined under section 544f or by the filing of an affidavit according to section 413a. Until December 31, 2013, the secretary of state shall receive the nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. of the fourteenth Tuesday before the primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, the secretary of state shall receive the nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. of the fifteenth Tuesday before the primary. The provisions of sections 544a and 544b apply.

(2) If a candidate for nomination for the office of judge of the circuit court receives incorrect or inaccurate written information from the secretary of state or the bureau of elections concerning the number of nominating petition signatures required under section 544f and that incorrect or inaccurate written information is published or distributed by the secretary of state or the bureau of elections, the candidate may bring an action in a court of competent jurisdiction for equitable relief. A court may grant equitable relief to a candidate under this subsection if all of the following occur:

(a) The candidate brings the action for equitable relief within 6 days after the candidate is notified by the secretary of state or the bureau of elections that the candidate's nominating petition contains insufficient signatures.

(b) The candidate files an affidavit certifying that he or she contacted and received from the secretary of state or the bureau of elections incorrect or inaccurate written information concerning the number of nominating petition signatures required under section 544f.

(c) The secretary of state or the bureau of elections published or distributed the incorrect or inaccurate written information concerning the number of nominating petition signatures required under section 544f before the filing deadline under subsection (1).

(d) The secretary of state or bureau of elections did not inform the candidate at least 14 days before the filing deadline under subsection (1) that incorrect or inaccurate written information concerning the number of nominating petition signatures required under section 544f had been published or distributed.

(3) If a court grants equitable relief to a candidate under subsection (2), the candidate shall be given the opportunity to obtain additional nominating petition signatures to meet the requirements under section 544f. The additional nominating petition signatures obtained by a candidate shall be filed with the secretary of state no later than 4 p.m. on the fifth business day after the date that the court order granting equitable relief is filed.

(4) The nominating petition signatures filed pursuant to this section are subject to challenge as provided in section 552.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 293, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2009, Act 206, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 2009 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.413a Incumbent circuit court judge; affidavit of candidacy.

Sec. 413a.

(1) Any incumbent circuit court judge may become a candidate in the primary election for the office of which he or she is an incumbent by filing with the secretary of state an affidavit of candidacy not less than 134 days prior to the date of the primary election. However, until December 31, 2013, if an incumbent judge of the circuit court was appointed to fill a vacancy and the judge entered upon the duties of office less than 137 days before the date of the primary election but before the fourteenth Tuesday before the primary election, the incumbent judge may file the affidavit of candidacy not more than 3 days after entering upon the duties of office. Beginning January 1, 2014, if an incumbent judge of the circuit court was appointed to fill a vacancy and the judge entered upon the duties of office less than 137 days before the date of the primary election but before the fifteenth Tuesday before the primary election, the incumbent judge may file the affidavit of candidacy not more than 3 days after entering upon the duties of office.

(2) The affidavit of candidacy shall contain statements that the affiant is an incumbent circuit court judge for the circuit in which election is sought, that he or she is domiciled within the circuit, and that he or she will not attain the age of 70 by the date of election, and shall contain a declaration that he or she is a candidate for election to the office of circuit court judge.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 38, Imd. Eff. May 26, 1966 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1970 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.414 Candidates for nomination; withdrawal; notice.

Sec. 414.

After the filing of a nominating petition or affidavit of candidacy by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for the office of judge of the circuit court, the proposed candidate is not permitted to withdraw unless he or she serves a written notice of withdrawal on the secretary of state or his or her duly authorized agent. The notice must be served not later than 3 days after the last day for filing nominating petitions if a nominating petition was filed for the proposed candidate, and not later than 3 days after the last day for filing affidavits of candidacy if an affidavit of candidacy was filed for the proposed candidate. If the third day falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the notice of withdrawal may be served on the secretary of state or his or her duly authorized agent at any time on or before 4 p.m., eastern standard time, on the next secular day.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 173, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.415 Candidates for judge of circuit court; declaration of nominees; certification of nomination; death or disqualification of candidate.

Sec. 415.

(1) The candidates for the office of judge of the circuit court receiving the largest number of votes at any primary election, to a number equal to twice the number of persons to be elected as set forth in the report of the board of state canvassers, based on the returns from the various county boards of canvassers and election precincts or as determined by the board of state canvassers as the result of a recount, shall be declared the nominees for the office at the next general election. The board of state canvassers shall certify the nomination to the county election commissions.

(2) If, after the deadline for filing nominating petitions under section 413, there are fewer candidates for nomination or nominees for the office of judge of the circuit court than there are persons to be elected at the general November election because of the death or disqualification of a candidate more than 65 days before the general November election, then a person, whether or not an incumbent, may qualify as a nominee for that office at the general November election by filing nominating petitions as required by section 413. However, the filing shall be made before 4 p.m. on the twenty-first day following the death or disqualification of the candidate or 4 p.m. on the sixtieth day preceding the general November election, whichever is earlier, and the minimum number of signatures required is 1,000 or 1/2 the minimum number required under section 413, whichever is less.

(3) The secretary of state shall certify the nomination of each person who qualifies as a nominee under subsection (2) to the board of election commissioners specified by section 687 for the general November election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.416 Judge of circuit court; election; death or disqualification of nominee.

Sec. 416.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a judge or judges of the circuit court shall be elected in each judicial circuit at the general election in which judges of the circuit court are to be elected as provided by law.

(2) If there are fewer nominees for the office of judge of the circuit court than there are persons to be elected at the general November election because of the death or disqualification of a nominee less than 66 days before the general November election, then a person shall not be elected at that general November election to any office of judge of the circuit court for which there is no nominee.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.416a Circuit court judges; incumbents, expiration, extension of terms.

Sec. 416a.

The terms of office of all elected circuit court judges serving as of December 31, 1965 expire at 12 noon, January 1, 1967, except those circuit court judges elected at the general election in November, 1964, pursuant to the provisions of Act No. 198, Act No. 262 and Act No. 264 of the Public Acts of 1964, and except that those circuit court judges elected at the general election in November, 1964, pursuant to the provisions of Act No. 172 of the Public Acts of 1963, shall expire at noon, January 1, 1973, and the terms of the judges elected pursuant to the provisions of Act No. 32 and Act No. 179 of the Public Acts of 1963, as amended, shall expire at 12 noon, January 1, 1971.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 393, Eff. Oct. 26, 1965 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 38, Imd. Eff. May 26, 1966
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.416b Circuit court judges; 1966 election; terms; nominating petitions; subsequent elections.

Sec. 416b.

(1) The first general election of judges of the circuit court shall be held in 1966. In that election only, the terms of office of the judges of the circuit court shall be as set forth below, and candidates shall run for a specific term which shall be identified on the ballot.

No. of
Judges
In a
Circuit Length of Term of Judges
1 6 years
2 1 judge 6 years; 1 judge 8 years
3 1 judge 6 years; 1 judge 8 years; 1 judge 10 years
4 2 judges 6 years; 1 judge 8 years; 1 judge 10 years
5 2 judges 6 years; 2 judges 8 years; 1 judge 10 years
6 2 judges 6 years; 2 judges 8 years; 2 judges 10 years
7 3 judges 6 years; 2 judges 8 years; 2 judges 10 years
8 3 judges 6 years; 3 judges 8 years; 2 judges 10 years
9 3 judges 6 years; 3 judges 8 years; 3 judges 10 years
10 4 judges 6 years; 3 judges 8 years; 3 judges 10 years
11 4 judges 6 years; 4 judges 8 years; 3 judges 10 years
12 4 judges 6 years; 4 judges 8 years; 4 judges 10 years
13 5 judges 6 years; 4 judges 8 years; 4 judges 10 years
14 5 judges 6 years; 5 judges 8 years; 4 judges 10 years
15 5 judges 6 years; 5 judges 8 years; 5 judges 10 years
16 6 judges 6 years; 5 judges 8 years; 5 judges 10 years
17 6 judges 6 years; 6 judges 8 years; 5 judges 10 years
18 6 judges 6 years; 6 judges 8 years; 6 judges 10 years
19 7 judges 6 years; 6 judges 8 years; 6 judges 10 years
20 7 judges 6 years; 7 judges 8 years; 6 judges 10 years

(2) A candidate may file nominating petitions or an affidavit of candidacy for only 1 such office, and such office shall be designated on the nominating petitions or affidavit of candidacy.

(3) Subsequent elections for circuit judges shall be held in November immediately prior to the expiration of the terms of office of circuit judges.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.416c Circuit court judges; 1966 election, terms in certain judicial circuits.

Sec. 416c.

Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of section 416b, at the 1966 general election of circuit judges the judges in the following judicial circuits shall be elected for terms of office as follows:

(a) In the third judicial circuit 9 judges shall be elected for a term of 8 years, 9 judges for a term of 10 years, and 3 judges for a term of 6 years.

(b) In the sixth judicial circuit 3 judges shall be elected for a term of 6 years, 2 judges for a term of 8 years and 2 judges for a term of 10 years.

(c) In the ninth judicial circuit 1 judge shall be elected for a term of 6 years and 1 judge for a term of 8 years.

(d) In the sixteenth judicial circuit 2 judges shall be elected for a term of 6 years, 2 judges for a term of 8 years and 2 judges for a term of 10 years.

(e) In the seventeenth judicial circuit 2 judges shall be elected for a term of 6 years, 1 judge for a term of 8 years, and 1 judge for a term of 10 years.

(f) In the twenty-second judicial circuit 1 judge shall be elected for a term of 6 years and 1 judge for a term of 8 years.


History: Add. 1965, Act 393, Eff. Oct. 26, 1965 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 38, Imd. Eff. May 26, 1966
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.416d Circuit court judges; 1965 special election, terms.

Sec. 416d.

Notwithstanding the provisions of section 2 of Act No. 284 of the Public Acts of 1965, the 4 additional circuit judges for the third judicial circuit who are elected in a special election to be held on November 2, 1965, shall be elected for terms of office expiring at 12 noon, January 1, 1973.


History: Add. 1965, Act 393, Imd. Eff. Oct. 26, 1965
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.417 Circuit court judges; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.

Sec. 417.

The board of state canvassers shall determine which candidate or candidates for the office of judge of the circuit court received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidate or candidates duly elected. The said board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of such determination and deliver the same to the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.418 Circuit court judges; preservation of statement and determination; certificate of election.

Sec. 418.

The secretary of state shall file in his office and preserve the original statement and determination of the board of state canvassers of the result of the election and shall forthwith execute and cause to be delivered to the person or persons thereby declared to be elected to the office of judge of the circuit court a certificate of election certified by him and under the great seal of the state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.419 Circuit court judges; terms of office.

Sec. 419.

With the exception of the terms of certain judges elected in 1966, the term of office for judge of the circuit court shall be 6 years, commencing at 12 noon on January 1 next following his election and shall continue until a successor shall have been elected and qualified.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.420 Circuit court judges; oath of office, filing.

Sec. 420.

Every person elected to the office of judge of the circuit court, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution, and file the same with the secretary of state and a copy with each county clerk in his circuit.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.421 Circuit court judges; resignation, notice.

Sec. 421.

Any person duly elected to the office of judge of the circuit court who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the court administrator and a copy with the governor and secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.422 Circuit court judges; vacancy, creation.

Sec. 422.

The office of circuit judge shall become vacant upon the happening of any of the following events before the expiration of the term of office: The death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office for cause; his ceasing to be an inhabitant of the circuit for which he shall have been elected or appointed or within which the duties of his office are required to be discharged; his conviction of any infamous crime, or of any offense involving a violation of his oath of office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring his election or appointment void; or his neglect or refusal to take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office and deposit the same in the manner and within the time prescribed by law.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.423 Circuit court judges; impeachment; removal from office, service of charges, hearing; vacancy, notice.

Sec. 423.

Any person holding the office of circuit judge may be removed from office upon conviction in impeachment proceedings for the reasons and in the manner set forth in section 7 of article 11 of the state constitution, or the governor shall remove any circuit judge upon a concurrent resolution of 2/3 of the members elected to and serving in each house of the state legislature, and the cause for such removal shall be stated at length in such resolution, as provided in the constitution of this state. Such person shall be served with a written notice of the charges against him and be afforded an opportunity for a hearing thereon. When a vacancy shall occur in any of the said offices, a notice of such vacancy and the reason why the same exists shall, within 10 days after such vacancy occurs, be given in writing by the secretary of state to the supreme court, with a copy to the governor.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.424 Judge of circuit court; appointment to fill vacancy; election of successor; term.

Sec. 424.

(1) If a vacancy occurs in the office of circuit judge, the governor shall appoint a successor to fill the vacancy. Except as otherwise provided in section 424a(3), the person appointed by the governor shall be considered an incumbent for purposes of this act. The person appointed by the governor shall hold office until 12 noon of January 1 following the next general November election at which a successor is elected and qualified.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in section 415(2), if the vacancy occurs more than 7 days before the nominating petition filing deadline as provided in section 413 for the general November election that is not the general November election at which a successor in office would be elected if there were no vacancy, the person appointed shall hold office only until a successor is elected at the next general November election in the manner provided in this chapter for the election of circuit judges. The person elected shall hold office for the remainder of the unexpired term.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 236, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1970 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.424a Primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships; listing categories of candidates on ballot; validity of filed petitions; death or disqualification of incumbent judge; filing for election to more than 1 circuit judgeship; withdrawal; office designation.

Sec. 424a.

(1) In the primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships of the circuit court, each of the following categories of candidates shall be listed separately on the ballot, consistent with subsection (3):

(a) The names of candidates for the judgeship or judgeships for which the incumbent is seeking election.

(b) The names of candidates for an existing judgeship or judgeships for which the incumbent is not seeking election.

(c) The names of candidates for a newly created judgeship or judgeships.

(2) Nominating petitions filed under section 413 are valid only if they clearly indicate for which of the following offices the candidate is filing, consistent with subsection (3):

(a) An unspecified existing judgeship for which the incumbent judge is not seeking election.

(b) A new judgeship.

(c) An unspecified existing judgeship for which the incumbent judge is seeking election.

(3) If the death or disqualification of an incumbent judge triggers the application of section 415(2), then for the purposes of subsections (1) and (2), that judgeship shall be regarded as a judgeship for which the incumbent judge is not seeking election. The application of this subsection includes, but is not limited to, circumstances in which the governor appoints an individual to fill the vacancy and that individual seeks to qualify as a nominee under section 415(2).

(4) A person who files nominating petitions for election to more than 1 circuit judgeship shall have not more than 3 days following the close of filing to withdraw from all but 1 filing.

(5) In a primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships where more than 1 of the categories in subsection (2) could be selected, a candidate shall apply to the bureau of elections for a written statement of office designation to correspond to the judgeship sought by the candidate. The office designation provided by the secretary of state shall be included in the heading of all nominating petitions. Nominating petitions containing an improper office designation are invalid.

(6) The secretary of state shall issue an office designation of incumbent position for any judgeship for which the incumbent judge is eligible to seek reelection. If an incumbent judge does not file an affidavit of candidacy by the deadline, the secretary of state shall notify all candidates for that office that a nonincumbent position exists. All nominating petitions circulated for the nonincumbent position subsequent to the deadline shall bear an office designation of nonincumbent position. All signatures collected prior to the affidavit of candidacy filing deadline may be filed with the nonincumbent nominating petitions.


History: Add. 1977, Act 134, Eff. Mar. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 149, Imd. Eff. May 6, 1982 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.425 Circuit court judges; primary or election, recount of votes.

Sec. 425.

The votes cast for any candidate for circuit judge at any primary or election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426 Circuit court judges; not subject to recall.

Sec. 426.

Judicial officers are not subject to recall as provided in section 8 of article 2 of the state constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XIXA
JUDGES OF MUNICIPAL COURTS OF RECORD


168.426a Judge of municipal court; nomination and election.

Sec. 426a.

In every city having a municipal court of record having general criminal jurisdiction over felonies and having a population of 1,000,000 or more, candidates for the office of a judge of the municipal court shall be nominated at the August primary for state offices and elected at the general election in even years.


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 540, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1978
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426b Judge of municipal court; eligibility; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 426b.

(1) A person shall not be eligible to the office of judge of a municipal court of record as described in section 426a unless the person is a registered and qualified elector of the municipality in which election is sought by the filing deadline or the date the person files the affidavit of candidacy, is licensed to practice law in this state, and, at the time of election, is less than 70 years of age.

(2) A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of 1941 PA 370, MCL 38.412a, shall not be eligible for election or appointment to the office of judge of a municipal court of record as described in section 426a for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426c Candidates for municipal court judge; nomination at general nonpartisan primary election.

Sec. 426c.

(1) A general nonpartisan primary election shall be held in every municipality described in section 426a on the Tuesday after the first Monday in August before a general November election.

(2) At the general nonpartisan primary election, judges of the municipal courts of record are to be elected and the qualified and registered voters may vote for nonpartisan candidates for the office of judge of the municipal court of record.

(3) If upon the expiration of the time for filing petitions for the primary election of the municipal judge or judges in any municipality there are not to exceed twice the number of candidates than persons to be elected, then the city clerk shall certify through the board of county canvassers the names of the candidates for judge of the municipal court of record whose petitions have been properly filed. These candidates shall be the certified nominees for judges of the municipal court of record. In addition, there shall not be a primary election for this office, and it shall be omitted from the official primary ballot.


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426d Judge of municipal court of record; candidate; nominating petitions; incumbent judge as candidate in primary election; affidavit of candidacy; validity of filed petitions; filing for election to more than 1 judgeship; withdrawal; office designation.

Sec. 426d.

(1) To obtain the printing of the name of a person on the ballot as a candidate for the office of judge of the municipal court of record, there shall be filed with the city clerk nominating petitions containing the signatures, addresses, and dates of signing of a number of qualified and registered electors residing in that city as determined under section 544f. Until December 31, 2013, the city clerk shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. of the fourteenth Tuesday before the August primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, the city clerk shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. of the fifteenth Tuesday before the August primary. The provisions of sections 544a and 544b apply.

(2) An incumbent judge of the municipal court of record may become a candidate in the primary election for the office of which the judge is the incumbent by filing, with the city clerk, an affidavit of candidacy not less than 134 days before the date of the primary election. The affidavit of candidacy shall contain statements that the affiant is an incumbent judge of the municipal court of record, is domiciled within the city, will not attain the age of 70 by the date of election, and is a candidate for election to the office of judge of the municipal court of record.

(3) Nominating petitions filed under this section are valid only if they clearly indicate for which of the following offices the candidate is filing, consistent with section 426k(3):

(a) An unspecified existing judgeship for which the incumbent judge is seeking election.

(b) An unspecified existing judgeship for which the incumbent judge is not seeking election.

(c) A new judgeship.

(4) A person who files nominating petitions for election to more than 1 municipal court of record judgeship shall have not more than 3 days following the close of filing to withdraw from all but 1 filing.

(5) In a primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships where more than 1 of the categories in subsection (3) could be selected, a candidate shall apply to the bureau of elections for a written statement of office designation to correspond to the judgeship sought by the candidate. The office designation provided by the secretary of state shall be included in the heading of all nominating petitions. Nominating petitions containing an improper office designation are invalid.

(6) The secretary of state shall issue an office designation of incumbent position for any judgeship for which the incumbent judge is eligible to seek reelection. If an incumbent judge does not file an affidavit of candidacy by the deadline, the secretary of state shall notify all candidates for that office that a nonincumbent position exists. All nominating petitions circulated for the nonincumbent position subsequent to the deadline shall bear an office designation of nonincumbent position. All signatures collected before the affidavit of candidacy filing deadline may be filed with the nonincumbent nominating petitions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 59, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426e Candidates for nomination; affidavit as to eligibility and candidacy.

Sec. 426e.

Any candidate for judge of a municipal court of record shall file an affidavit which contains statements that the affiant is domiciled within the municipality; and that he will not attain the age of 70 years by the date of election, and that he is a candidate for the office of municipal judge.


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426f Candidates for judge of municipal court; declaration of nominees; death or disqualification of candidate; certification of nomination.

Sec. 426f.

(1) The candidates for the office of judge of the municipal court of record receiving the largest number of votes at any primary election, to a number equal to twice the number of persons to be elected, as set forth in the report of the board of county canvassers, based on returns from the various election precincts, shall be declared the nominees for the office of judge of the municipal court of record at the next general election.

(2) If, after the deadline for filing nominating petitions under section 426d, there are fewer candidates for nomination or nominees for the office of judge of a municipal court of record than there are persons to be elected at the general November election because of the death or disqualification of a candidate more than 65 days before the general November election, then a person, whether or not an incumbent, may qualify as a nominee for that office at the general November election by filing nominating petitions as required by section 426d. However, the filing shall be made before 4 p.m. on the twenty-first day following the death or disqualification of the candidate or 4 p.m. on the sixtieth day before the general November election, whichever is earlier, and the minimum number of signatures required is 1,000 or 1/2 the minimum number required under section 426d, whichever is less.

(3) The city clerk shall certify the nomination of each person who qualifies as a nominee under subsection (2) to the board of election commissioners of the city for the general November election.


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426g Municipal court judges; first general election, terms of office.

Sec. 426g.

The first general election of judges of the municipal court of record shall be held in the year 1966. In that election only, the terms of office of the judges shall be as set forth below; in each case beginning at 12 o'clock noon on January 1, 1967.

LENGTH OF TERM OF JUDGES
No. of Category A Category B Category C
Judges
1 6 years
2 1 judge 6 years 1 judge 8 years
3 1 judge 6 years 1 judge 8 years 1 judge 10 years
4 2 judges 6 years 1 judge 8 years 1 judge 10 years
5 2 judges 6 years 2 judges 8 years 1 judge 10 years
6 2 judges 6 years 2 judges 8 years 2 judges 10 years
7 3 judges 6 years 2 judges 8 years 2 judges 10 years
8 3 judges 6 years 3 judges 8 years 2 judges 10 years
9 3 judges 6 years 3 judges 8 years 3 judges 10 years
10 4 judges 6 years 3 judges 8 years 3 judges 10 years
11 4 judges 6 years 4 judges 8 years 3 judges 10 years
12 4 judges 6 years 4 judges 8 years 4 judges 10 years
13 5 judges 6 years 4 judges 8 years 4 judges 10 years
14 5 judges 6 years 5 judges 8 years 4 judges 10 years
15 5 judges 6 years 5 judges 8 years 5 judges 10 years

The length of term of each elected judge shall be based on the number of votes received by each, those highest on the list respectively filling the 10-year terms as specified in category C, the next highest below category C filling the 8-year terms under category B, and the remainder 6-year terms under category A.


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426h Municipal court judges; 1966 general election, judges on separate judicial ballot, terms of office.

Sec. 426h.

In any municipal court of record which has a separate traffic and ordinance division, the judges of which run separately on judicial ballot from the other judges of the court, the terms of office of such judges elected in 1966 only shall follow the same pattern, though under separate schedule to that set up in section 426g for the other judges of the municipal court of record.


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426i Judge of municipal court; election; death or disqualification of nominee.

Sec. 426i.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, subsequent elections for judges of a municipal court of record shall be held at the general November election immediately prior to the expiration of the term of each judge.

(2) If there are fewer nominees for the office of judge of a municipal court of record than there are persons to be elected at the general November election because of the death or disqualification of a nominee less than 66 days before the general November election, then a person shall not be elected at that general November election to any office of judge of the municipal court of record for which there is no nominee.


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426j Municipal court judges; terms of office.

Sec. 426j.

With the exception of the terms of the judges elected in 1966 to terms specified in categories C and B, the terms of office for judges of municipal courts of record shall be 6 years, commencing at noon on January 1 next following election and shall continue until successors shall have been elected and qualified.


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426k Primary and general election; incumbent judge as candidate; printing designation of office on ballot; 2 or more judgeships; listing categories of candidates on ballot; death or disqualification of incumbent judge; application of subsection (3).

Sec. 426k.

(1) In the primary and general election for a judge of the municipal court of record, an incumbent judge who is a candidate shall have printed upon the ballot under the name of the candidate the designation of that office.

(2) In the primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships of the municipal court of record, each of the following categories of candidates shall be listed separately on the ballot, consistent with subsection (3):

(a) The names of candidates for the judgeship or judgeships for which the incumbent is seeking election.

(b) The names of candidates for an existing judgeship or judgeships for which the incumbent is not seeking election.

(c) The names of candidates for a newly created judgeship or judgeships.

(3) If the death or disqualification of an incumbent judge triggers the application of section 426f(2), then for the purposes of subsection (2) and section 426d(3), that judgeship shall be regarded as a judgeship for which the incumbent judge is not seeking election. The application of this subsection includes, but is not limited to, circumstances in which the governor appoints an individual to fill the vacancy and that individual seeks to qualify as a nominee under section 426f(2).


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1970 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 149, Imd. Eff. May 6, 1982 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426l Candidates for judge of municipal court; certificate of determination by board of canvassers.

Sec. 426l.

The board of county canvassers shall determine which candidates for judge of the municipal court of record received the highest number of votes and on that basis shall declare the candidates duly elected, specifying the terms to which each was elected. The board of county canvassers shall immediately make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of the determination and deliver it to the city clerk.


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426m Municipal court judges; certificate of election.

Sec. 426m.

The city clerk shall file in his office and preserve the results of such election and cause to be delivered to the persons declared to be elected to the office of judge of the municipal court of record certificates of election certified by him.


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.426n Municipal court judges; oath of office.

Sec. 426n.

Every person elected to the office of judge of the municipal court of record, before entering upon the duties of such office, shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution and file same with the city clerk and a copy with the court administrator.


History: Add. 1965, Act 85, Imd. Eff. June 24, 1965
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XX
JUDGE OF PROBATE


168.431 Judge of probate; eligibility; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 431.

(1) A person shall not be eligible to the office of judge of probate unless the person is a registered and qualified elector of the county in which election is sought by the filing deadline or the date the person files the affidavit of candidacy, as provided in section 16 of article VI of the state constitution of 1963, is licensed to practice law in this state except as provided in section 7 of the schedule and temporary provisions of the state constitution of 1963, and, at the time of election, is less than 70 years of age.

(2) A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of 1941 PA 370, MCL 38.412a, shall not be eligible for election or appointment to the office of judge of probate for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.432 Candidates for probate judge; nomination at general nonpartisan primary election; omission.

Sec. 432.

A general nonpartisan primary election shall be held in every county of this state on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August preceding every general November election at which judges of probate are to be elected, at which time the qualified and registered electors may vote for nonpartisan candidates for the office of judge of probate. If upon the expiration of the time for filing petitions or incumbency affidavits of candidacy for the primary election of said probate judges in any county it shall appear that there are not to exceed twice the number of candidates as there are persons to be elected, then the county clerk shall certify to the county board of election commissioners the name of such candidate for probate judge whose petitions have been properly filed and such candidate shall be the nominee for the judge of probate and shall be so certified. As to such office, there shall be no primary election and this office shall be omitted from the judicial primary ballot.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.433 Judge of probate; candidate; nominating petitions; validity of filed petitions; filing for election to more than 1 probate judgeship; withdrawal; office designation; receipt of incorrect or inaccurate information from county clerk or secretary of state; equitable relief; challenge.

Sec. 433.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, to obtain the printing of the name of a person as a candidate for nomination for the office of judge of probate upon the official nonpartisan primary ballots, there shall be filed with the county clerk of each county nominating petitions containing the signatures, addresses, and dates of signing of a number of qualified and registered electors residing in the county as determined under section 544f or by the filing of an affidavit according to section 433a. In the case of a probate court district, to obtain the printing of the name of a person as a candidate for nomination for the office of judge of probate upon the official nonpartisan primary ballots, there shall be filed with the secretary of state nominating petitions containing the signatures, addresses, and dates of signing of a number of qualified and registered electors residing in the probate court district as determined under section 544f or by the filing of an affidavit according to section 433a. Until December 31, 2013, the county clerk or, in the case of a probate court district, the secretary of state shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. on the fourteenth Tuesday before the August primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, the county clerk or, in the case of a probate court district, the secretary of state shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. on the fifteenth Tuesday before the August primary. The provisions of sections 544a and 544b apply.

(2) Nominating petitions filed under this section are valid only if they clearly indicate for which of the following offices the candidate is filing, consistent with section 435a(2):

(a) An unspecified existing judgeship for which the incumbent judge is seeking election.

(b) An unspecified existing judgeship for which the incumbent judge is not seeking election.

(c) A new judgeship.

(3) A person who files nominating petitions for election to more than 1 probate judgeship shall have not more than 3 days following the close of filing to withdraw from all but 1 filing.

(4) In a primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships where more than 1 of the categories in subsection (2) could be selected, a candidate shall apply to the bureau of elections for a written statement of office designation to correspond to the judgeship sought by the candidate. The office designation provided by the secretary of state shall be included in the heading of all nominating petitions. Nominating petitions containing an improper office designation are invalid.

(5) The secretary of state shall issue an office designation of incumbent position for any judgeship for which the incumbent judge is eligible to seek reelection. If an incumbent judge does not file an affidavit of candidacy by the deadline, the secretary of state shall notify all candidates for that office that a nonincumbent position exists. All nominating petitions circulated for the nonincumbent position after the deadline shall bear an office designation of nonincumbent position. All signatures collected before the affidavit of candidacy filing deadline may be filed with the nonincumbent nominating petitions.

(6) If a candidate for nomination for the office of judge of probate receives incorrect or inaccurate written information from the county clerk or, in the case of a probate court district, the secretary of state concerning the number of nominating petition signatures required under section 544f and that incorrect or inaccurate written information is published or distributed by the county clerk or, in the case of a probate court district, the secretary of state, the candidate may bring an action in a court of competent jurisdiction for equitable relief. A court may grant equitable relief to a candidate under this subsection if all of the following occur:

(a) The candidate brings the action for equitable relief within 6 days after the candidate is notified by the county clerk or, in the case of a probate court district, the secretary of state that the candidate's nominating petition contains insufficient signatures.

(b) The candidate files an affidavit certifying that he or she contacted and received from the county clerk or, in the case of a probate court district, the secretary of state incorrect or inaccurate written information concerning the number of nominating petition signatures required under section 544f.

(c) The county clerk or, in the case of a probate court district, the secretary of state published or distributed the incorrect or inaccurate written information concerning the number of nominating petition signatures required under section 544f before the filing deadline under subsection (1).

(d) The county clerk or, in the case of a probate court district, the secretary of state did not inform the candidate at least 14 days before the filing deadline under subsection (1) that incorrect or inaccurate written information concerning the number of nominating petition signatures required under section 544f had been published or distributed.

(7) If a court grants equitable relief to a candidate under subsection (6), the candidate shall be given the opportunity to obtain additional nominating petition signatures to meet the requirements under section 544f. The additional nominating petition signatures obtained by a candidate shall be filed with the county clerk or, in the case of a probate court district, the secretary of state no later than 4 p.m. on the fifth business day after the date that the court order granting equitable relief is filed.

(8) The nominating petition signatures filed pursuant to this section are subject to challenge as provided in section 552.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 293, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 149, Imd. Eff. May 6, 1982 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2009, Act 208, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 2010 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.433a Incumbent probate judge; affidavit of candidacy.

Sec. 433a.

(1) Any incumbent probate court judge may become a candidate in the primary election for the office of which he or she is an incumbent by filing with the county clerk, or in case of a probate district with the secretary of state, an affidavit of candidacy not less than 134 days before the date of the primary election. However, until December 31, 2013, if an incumbent judge of probate was appointed to fill a vacancy and the judge entered upon the duties of office less than 137 days before the date of the primary election but before the fourteenth Tuesday before the primary election, the incumbent judge may file the affidavit of candidacy not more than 3 days after entering upon the duties of office. Beginning January 1, 2014, if an incumbent judge of probate was appointed to fill a vacancy and the judge entered upon the duties of office less than 137 days before the date of the primary election but before the fifteenth Tuesday before the primary election, the incumbent judge may file the affidavit of candidacy not more than 3 days after entering upon the duties of office.

(2) The affidavit of candidacy shall contain statements that the affiant is an incumbent probate court judge of the county or district of which election is sought, that he or she is domiciled within the county or district, and that he or she will not attain the age of 70 years by the date of election, and shall contain a declaration that he or she is a candidate for election to the office of probate court judge.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1970 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.434 Candidates for nomination; withdrawal; notice.

Sec. 434.

After the filing of a nominating petition or affidavit of candidacy by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for the office of judge of probate, the proposed candidate is not permitted to withdraw unless he or she serves a written notice of withdrawal on the secretary of state or his or her duly authorized agent. The notice must be served not later than 3 days after the last day for filing nominating petitions if a nominating petition was filed for the proposed candidate, and not later than 3 days after the last day for filing affidavits of candidacy if an affidavit of candidacy was filed for the proposed candidate. If the third day falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the notice of withdrawal may be served on the secretary of state or his or her duly authorized agent at any time on or before 4 p.m., eastern standard time, on the next secular day.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.435 Candidates for judge of probate court; declaration of nominees; certification of nominations; death or disqualification of candidate.

Sec. 435.

(1) The candidates for the office of judge of probate receiving the largest number of votes at any primary election, to a number equal to twice the number of places to be filled as set forth in the report of the board of county canvassers, based on the returns from the various election precincts or as determined by the board of county canvassers as the result of a recount, shall be declared the nominees for the office at the next November election. The board of county canvassers shall certify the nominations to the county election commission.

(2) If, after the deadline for filing nominating petitions under section 433, there are fewer candidates for nomination or nominees for the office of judge of probate than there are persons to be elected because of the death or disqualification of a candidate more than 65 days before the general November election, then a person, whether or not an incumbent, may qualify as a nominee for that office at the general November election by filing nominating petitions with the county clerk or, in case of a probate district, with the secretary of state in the manner required by section 433. However, the filing shall be made before 4 p.m. on the twenty-first day following the death or disqualification of the candidate or 4 p.m. on the sixtieth day preceding the general November election, whichever is earlier, and the minimum number of signatures required is 1,000 or 1/2 the minimum number required under section 433, whichever is less.

(3) The county clerk or, in case of a probate district, the secretary of state shall certify the nomination of each person who qualifies as a nominee under subsection (2) to the board of election commissioners specified by section 687 for the general November election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.435a Primary and general election for 2 or more probate judgeships; listing categories of candidates on ballot; death or disqualification of incumbent judge; application of subsection (2); incumbent judge as candidate; printing designation of office on ballot.

Sec. 435a.

(1) In the primary and general election for 2 or more probate judgeships, each of the following categories of candidates shall be listed separately on the ballot, consistent with subsection (2):

(a) The names of candidates for the judgeship or judgeships for which the incumbent is seeking election.

(b) The names of candidates for an existing judgeship or judgeships for which the incumbent is not seeking election.

(c) The names of candidates for a newly created judgeship or judgeships.

(2) If the death or disqualification of an incumbent judge triggers the application of section 435(2), then for the purposes of subsection (1) and section 433(2), that judgeship shall be regarded as a judgeship for which the incumbent judge is not seeking election. The application of this subsection includes, but is not limited to, circumstances in which the governor appoints an individual to fill the vacancy and that individual seeks to qualify as a nominee under section 435(2).

(3) In the primary or general election for a judge of probate, any incumbent judge who is a candidate shall have printed upon the ballot under the name of the candidate the designation of that office.


History: Add. 1982, Act 149, Imd. Eff. May 6, 1982 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.436 Judge or judges of probate; election in probate court district and county; death or disqualification of nominee.

Sec. 436.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a judge or judges of probate shall be elected in each probate court district created pursuant to law and each county at the general November election in which judges of probate are to be elected as provided by law. Each probate court district created pursuant to law and each county shall have that number of judges of probate as provided by law.

(2) If there are fewer nominees for the office of judge of probate than there are persons to be elected because of the death or disqualification of a nominee less than 66 days before the general November election, then a person shall not be elected at that general November election to any office of judge of probate for which there is no nominee.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 149, Imd. Eff. May 6, 1982 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.436a-168.436c Repealed. 1982, Act 149, Imd. Eff. May 6, 1982.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to election of probate judges in single-judge counties, two-judge counties, and multi-judge counties.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.436d Probate judges; time of election.

Sec. 436d.

Elections for judges of probate shall be held in November immediately prior to the expiration of the terms of office of probate judges.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.437 Probate judges; certificate of election by board of county canvassers.

Sec. 437.

The board of county canvassers shall determine which candidate or candidates for the office of judge of probate received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidate or candidates duly elected. The said board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of such determination and deliver the same to the county clerk.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.438 Probate judges; certificate of election.

Sec. 438.

The county clerk shall file in his office and preserve the original statement and determination of the board of county canvassers of the results of the election and shall forthwith execute and cause to be delivered to the person or persons thereby declared to be elected to the office of probate judge a certificate of election, certified by him and under the seal of the county.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.439 Probate judges; term of office.

Sec. 439.

With the exception of certain judges elected in 1964, the term of office for judge of probate shall be 6 years commencing at 12 noon January 1 next following his election, and shall continue until a successor shall have been elected and qualified.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.440 Probate judges; oath of office.

Sec. 440.

Every person elected to the office of judge of probate, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution, and file the same with the county clerk.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.441 Probate judges; resignation, notice.

Sec. 441.

Any person duly elected to the office of judge of probate who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the court administrator and a copy with the governor and secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.442 Probate judges; vacancy, creation.

Sec. 442.

The office of probate judge shall become vacant upon the happening of any of the following events before the expiration of the term of office: The death of the incumbent; his resignation; his removal from office; his ceasing to be an inhabitant of the county for which he shall have been elected or appointed, or within which the duties of his office are required to be discharged; his conviction of any infamous crime, or of any offense involving a violation of his oath of office; the decision of a competent tribunal declaring his election or appointment void; or his neglect or refusal to take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office and deposit the same in the manner and within the time prescribed by law.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.443 Probate judges; impeachment; removal from office, service of charges, hearing; notice of vacancy.

Sec. 443.

Any person holding the office of judge of probate may be removed from office upon conviction in impeachment proceedings for the reasons and in the manner set forth in section 7 of article 11 of the state constitution, or the governor shall remove any judge of probate upon a concurrent resolution of 2/3 of the members elected to and serving in each house of the state legislature, and the cause for such removal shall be stated at length in such resolution, as provided in the constitution of this state. Such person shall be served with a written notice of the charges against him and be afforded an opportunity for a hearing thereon. When a vacancy shall occur in any of the said offices, a notice of such vacancy and the reason why the same exists shall, within 10 days after such vacancy occurs, be given in writing by the secretary of state to the court administrator with a copy to the governor.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.444 Judge of probate; appointment to fill vacancy; election of successor; term.

Sec. 444.

(1) If a vacancy occurs in the office of judge of probate, the governor shall appoint a successor to fill the vacancy. Except as otherwise provided in section 435a(2), the person appointed by the governor shall be considered an incumbent for purposes of this act and shall hold office until 12 noon of January 1 following the next general November election at which a successor is elected and qualified.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in section 435(2), if the vacancy occurs more than 7 days before the nominating petition filing deadline as provided in section 433 for the general November election that is not the general November election at which a successor in office would be elected if there were no vacancy, the person appointed shall hold office only until a successor is elected at the next general November election in the manner provided for in this chapter for the election of judges of probate. The person elected shall hold office for the remainder of the unexpired term.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 236, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1970 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.445 Probate judges; primary or election, recount of votes.

Sec. 445.

The votes cast for any candidate for judge of probate at any primary or election shall be subject to recount as provided in chapter 33 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.446 Probate judges; not subject to recall.

Sec. 446.

Judicial officers are not subject to recall as provided in section 8 of article 2 of the state constitution.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 58, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XXI
CIRCUIT COURT COMMISSIONER


168.451-168.458 Repealed. 1967, Act 35, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to circuit court commissioner, eligibility, election, nomination, certification, number and term.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.459 Repealed. 1960, Act 69, Eff. Aug. 17, 1960;—1967, Act 35, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section established circuit court commissioner term of office.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.460-168.466 Repealed. 1967, Act 35, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to circuit court commissioner, oath, resignation, causes for vacancy, impeachment, recount and recall.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XXIA
JUDGES OF THE DISTRICT COURT


168.467 Judge of district court; eligibility; violation of MCL 38.412a.

Sec. 467.

(1) A person shall not be eligible for the office of judge of the district court unless the person is a registered and qualified elector of the judicial district and election division in which election is sought by the filing deadline or the date the person files the affidavit of candidacy, is licensed to practice law in this state, and, at the time of election or appointment, is less than 70 years of age.

(2) A person who has been convicted of a violation of section 12a(1) of 1941 PA 370, MCL 38.412a, shall not be eligible for election or appointment to the office of judge of the district court for a period of 20 years after conviction.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 505, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467a Judge of district court; general nonpartisan primary election; time; exception; certification by secretary of state of candidates to be nominees; omission of office from judicial primary ballot.

Sec. 467a.

Except as provided in section 467n, a general nonpartisan primary election shall be held in every district and election division of this state on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August prior to the general election at which judges of the district court are elected, at which time the qualified and registered electors may vote for nonpartisan candidates for judge of the district court. If upon the expiration of the time for filing petitions of candidacy for the primary election of the judge of the district court in any district or election division, it appears that there are not to exceed twice the number of candidates as there are persons to be elected, the secretary of state shall certify to the county board of election commissioners the name of those candidates for district court judge whose petitions or affidavits of candidacy have been properly filed and those candidates shall be the nominees for the judge of the district court and shall be so certified. As to that office, there shall not be a primary election and this office shall be omitted from the judicial primary ballot.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 4, Eff. Apr. 30, 1981
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467b Judge of district court; candidate; nominating petitions; validity of filed petitions; filing for election to more than 1 district judgeship; withdrawal; office designation; receipt of incorrect or inaccurate information from secretary of state or bureau of elections; equitable relief; challenge.

Sec. 467b.

(1) To obtain the printing of the name of a person as a candidate for nomination for the office of judge of the district court upon the official nonpartisan primary ballots, there shall be filed with the secretary of state nominating petitions containing the signatures, addresses, and dates of signing of a number of qualified and registered electors residing in the judicial district or division as determined under section 544f. An incumbent district court judge may also become a candidate by the filing of an affidavit in lieu of petitions according to section 467c. Until December 31, 2013, the secretary of state shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. on the fourteenth Tuesday before the primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, the secretary of state shall receive nominating petitions up to 4 p.m. on the fifteenth Tuesday before the primary. The provisions of sections 544a and 544b apply.

(2) Nominating petitions filed under this section are valid only if they clearly indicate for which of the following offices the candidate is filing, consistent with section 467c(4):

(a) An unspecified existing judgeship for which the incumbent judge is seeking election.

(b) An unspecified existing judgeship for which the incumbent judge is not seeking election.

(c) A new judgeship.

(3) A person who files nominating petitions for election to more than 1 district judgeship shall have not more than 3 days following the close of filing to withdraw from all but 1 filing.

(4) In a primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships where more than 1 of the categories in subsection (2) could be selected, a candidate shall apply to the bureau of elections for a written statement of office designation to correspond to the judgeship sought by the candidate. The office designation provided by the secretary of state shall be included in the heading of all nominating petitions. Nominating petitions containing an improper office designation are invalid.

(5) The secretary of state shall issue an office designation of incumbent position for any judgeship for which the incumbent judge is eligible to seek reelection. If an incumbent judge does not file an affidavit of candidacy by the deadline, the secretary of state shall notify all candidates for that office that a nonincumbent position exists. All nominating petitions circulated for the nonincumbent position after the deadline shall bear an office designation of nonincumbent position. All signatures collected before the affidavit of candidacy filing deadline may be filed with the nonincumbent nominating petitions.

(6) If a candidate for nomination for the office of judge of the district court receives incorrect or inaccurate written information from the secretary of state or the bureau of elections concerning the number of nominating petition signatures required under section 544f and that incorrect or inaccurate written information is published or distributed by the secretary of state or the bureau of elections, the candidate may bring an action in a court of competent jurisdiction for equitable relief. A court may grant equitable relief to a candidate under this subsection if all of the following occur:

(a) The candidate brings the action for equitable relief within 6 days after the candidate is notified by the secretary of state or the bureau of elections that the candidate's nominating petition contains insufficient signatures.

(b) The candidate files an affidavit certifying that he or she contacted and received from the secretary of state or the bureau of elections incorrect or inaccurate written information concerning the number of nominating petition signatures required under section 544f.

(c) The secretary of state or the bureau of elections published or distributed the incorrect or inaccurate written information concerning the number of nominating petition signatures required under section 544f before the filing deadline under subsection (1).

(d) The secretary of state or bureau of elections did not inform the candidate at least 14 days before the filing deadline under subsection (1) that incorrect or inaccurate written information concerning the number of nominating petition signatures required under section 544f had been published or distributed.

(7) If a court grants equitable relief to a candidate under subsection (6), the candidate shall be given the opportunity to obtain additional nominating petition signatures to meet the requirements under section 544f. The additional nominating petition signatures obtained by a candidate shall be filed with the secretary of state no later than 4 p.m. on the fifth business day after the date that the court order granting equitable relief is filed.

(8) The nominating petition signatures filed pursuant to this section are subject to challenge as provided in section 552.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 4, Eff. Apr. 30, 1981 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 149, Imd. Eff. May 6, 1982 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2009, Act 207, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 2010 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467c Incumbent district court judge as candidate in primary election; affidavit of candidacy; contents; printing name on ballot; primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships; listing categories of candidates on ballot; death or disqualification of incumbent judge; application of subsection (4).

Sec. 467c.

(1) An incumbent district court judge may become a candidate in the primary election for the office of which he or she is an incumbent by filing with the secretary of state an affidavit of candidacy in lieu of nominating petitions not less than 134 days prior to the date of the primary election. However, until December 31, 2013, if an incumbent district court judge was appointed to fill a vacancy and the judge entered upon the duties of office less than 137 days before the date of the primary election but before the fourteenth Tuesday before the primary election, the incumbent judge may file the affidavit of candidacy not more than 3 days after entering upon the duties of office. Beginning January 1, 2014, if an incumbent district court judge was appointed to fill a vacancy and the judge entered upon the duties of the office less than 137 days before the date of the primary election but before the fifteenth Tuesday before the primary election, the incumbent judge may file the affidavit of candidacy not more than 3 days after entering upon the duties of office. The affidavit of candidacy shall contain statements that the affiant is an incumbent district court judge for the district or election division in which election is sought, that he or she is domiciled within the district or election division, and that he or she will not attain the age of 70 by the date of election, and a declaration that the affiant is a candidate for election to the office of district court judge.

(2) There shall be printed upon the ballot under the name of each incumbent district judge who is a candidate for nomination or election to the same office the designation of that office.

(3) In the primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships of the district court, each of the following categories of candidates shall be listed separately on the ballot, consistent with subsection (4):

(a) The names of candidates for the judgeship or judgeships for which the incumbent is seeking election.

(b) The names of candidates for an existing judgeship or judgeships for which the incumbent is not seeking election.

(c) The names of candidates for a newly created judgeship or judgeships.

(4) If the death or disqualification of an incumbent judge triggers the application of section 467e(2), then for the purposes of subsection (3) and section 467b(2), that judgeship shall be regarded as a judgeship for which the incumbent judge is not seeking election. The application of this subsection includes, but is not limited to, circumstances in which the governor appoints an individual to fill the vacancy and that individual seeks to qualify as a nominee under section 467e(2).


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1970 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 149, Imd. Eff. May 6, 1982 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467d Candidates for nomination; withdrawal; notice.

Sec. 467d.

After the filing of a nominating petition or affidavit of candidacy by or in behalf of a proposed candidate for the office of judge of the district court, the proposed candidate is not permitted to withdraw unless he or she serves a written notice of withdrawal on the secretary of state or his or her duly authorized agent. The notice must be served not later than 3 days after the last day for filing nominating petitions if a nominating petition was filed for the proposed candidate, and not later than 3 days after the last day for filing affidavits of candidacy if an affidavit of candidacy was filed for the proposed candidate. If the third day falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the notice of withdrawal may be served on the secretary of state or his or her duly authorized agent at any time on or before 4 p.m., eastern standard time, on the next secular day.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467e Candidates for judge of district court; declaration of nominees; certification of nomination; death or disqualification of candidate.

Sec. 467e.

(1) The candidates for the office of judge of the district court receiving the largest number of votes at any primary election, to a number equal to twice the number of persons to be elected as set forth in the report of the board of state canvassers, based on the returns from the various county boards of canvassers and election precincts or as determined by the board as the result of a recount, shall be declared the nominees for the office at the next general November election. The board of state canvassers shall certify the nomination to the county election commissions.

(2) If, after the deadline for filing nominating petitions under section 467b, there are fewer candidates for nomination or nominees for the office of judge of the district court than there are persons to be elected because of the death or disqualification of a candidate more than 65 days before the general November election, then a person, whether or not an incumbent, may qualify as a nominee for that office at the general November election by filing nominating petitions as required by section 467b. However, the filing shall be made before 4 p.m. on the twenty-first day following the death or disqualification of the candidate or 4 p.m. on the sixtieth day preceding the general November election, whichever is earlier, and the minimum number of signatures required is 1,000 or 1/2 the minimum number required under section 467b, whichever is less.

(3) The secretary of state shall certify the nomination of each person who qualifies as a nominee under subsection (2) to the board of election commissioners specified by section 687 for the general November election.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467f Judge of district court; election; death or disqualification of nominee.

Sec. 467f.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, judges of the district court shall be elected in each judicial district and election division of a judicial district at the general election to fill vacancies in office as of the following January 1.

(2) If there are fewer nominees for the office of judge of the district court than there are persons to be elected because of the death or disqualification of a nominee less than 66 days before the general November election, then a person shall not be elected at that general November election to any office of judge of the district court for which there is no nominee.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467g District court judges; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.

Sec. 467g.

The board of state canvassers shall determine which candidate or candidates for the office of judge of the district court received the greatest number of votes and shall declare such candidate or candidates duly elected. The board shall forthwith make and subscribe on its statement of returns a certificate of such determination and deliver it to the secretary of state.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467h District court judges; certificate of election.

Sec. 467h.

The secretary of state shall file in his office and preserve the original statement and determination of the board of state canvassers of the result of the election and shall forthwith execute and deliver to the persons thereby declared to be elected to the office of judge of the district court a certificate of election certified by him and under the great seal of the state.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467i Judge of district court; term of office.

Sec. 467i.

Except as otherwise provided by law, the term of office for judge of the district court shall be 6 years, commencing at 12 noon on January 1 next following the judge's election and shall continue until a successor is elected and qualified.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 4, Eff. Apr. 30, 1981 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467j District court judges; oath of office.

Sec. 467j.

Every person elected to the office of judge of the district court, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to the oath as provided in section 1 of article 11 of the state constitution, and file the same with the secretary of state and a copy with each county clerk in his district.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467k District court judges; resignation.

Sec. 467k.

Any person duly elected to the office of judge of the district court who desires to resign shall file a written notice containing the effective date of such resignation with the court administrator and a copy with the governor and secretary of state.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467l District court judges; impeachment; removal from office, service of charges, hearing; notice of vacancy.

Sec. 467l.

Any person holding the office of district judge may be removed from office upon conviction in impeachment proceedings for the reasons and in the manner set forth in section 7 of article 11 of the state constitution, or the governor shall remove any district judge upon a concurrent resolution of 2/3 of the members elected to and serving in each house of the legislature, and the cause for such removal shall be stated at length in such resolution, as provided in the state constitution. Such person shall be served with a written notice of the charges against him and be afforded an opportunity for a hearing thereon. When a vacancy occurs in any of the offices, a notice of such vacancy and the reason why the same exists shall, within 10 days after such vacancy occurs, be given in writing by the secretary of state with a copy to the governor and the supreme court.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467m Judge of district court; appointment to fill vacancy; election of successor; term.

Sec. 467m.

(1) If a vacancy occurs in the office of district judge, the governor shall appoint a successor to fill the vacancy. Except as otherwise provided in section 467c(4), the person appointed by the governor shall be considered an incumbent for purposes of this act and shall hold office until 12 noon of January 1 following the next general November election at which a successor is elected and qualified.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in section 467e(2), if the vacancy occurs more than 7 days before the nominating petition filing deadline as provided in section 467b for the general November election that is not the general November election at which a successor in office would be elected if there were no vacancy, the person appointed shall hold office only until a successor is elected at the next general November election in the manner provided for in this chapter for the election of district court judges. The person elected shall hold office for the remainder of the unexpired term.


History: Add. 1968, Act 155, Imd. Eff. June 17, 1968 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1970 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 32, Imd. Eff. Mar. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467n Judge of district court; filling new offices created for thirty-sixth district; special odd year general election; nomination of candidates; nominating petitions; certification of secretary of state; elections commission of city of Detroit; preparation and distribution of ballots.

Sec. 467n.

(1) If new offices of judge of the district court are created by law for the thirty-sixth district to be filled by election in 1981, the offices shall be filled in a special odd year general election held in the city of Detroit on November 3, 1981.

(2) Candidates for the offices described in subsection (1) shall be nominated at a special odd year primary election held in the city of Detroit on September 15, 1981. The secretary of state shall receive the nominating petitions of a person seeking to have his or her name printed on the special odd year primary election ballot up to 4 p.m. on July 14, 1981. The secretary of state shall certify to the Wayne county board of election commissioners and the elections commission of the city of Detroit the names of the persons whose petitions have been properly filed.

(3) The elections commission of the city of Detroit shall be responsible for the preparation and distribution of ballots for the elections provided for in this section.


History: Add. 1981, Act 4, Eff. Apr. 30, 1981
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.467p Judge of district court; filling new office created for fifty-fourth-b district in odd year general election; nomination of candidates; nominating petitions; certification of secretary of state; preparation and distribution of ballots.

Sec. 467p.

(1) If a new office of judge of the district court is created by law for the fifty-fourth-b district to be effective January 1, 1990, the office shall be filled in an odd year general election held in the city of East Lansing on November 7, 1989.

(2) Candidates for the office described in subsection (1) shall be nominated at an odd year primary election held in the city of East Lansing on August 8, 1989. The secretary of state shall receive the nominating petitions of a person seeking to have his or her name printed on the odd year primary election ballot up to 4 p.m. on June 20, 1989. The secretary of state shall certify to the Ingham county board of election commissioners and the city of East Lansing the names of the persons whose petitions have been properly filed.

(3) The city of East Lansing shall be responsible for the preparation and distribution of ballots for the elections provided for in this section.


History: Add. 1988, Act 133, Imd. Eff. May 27, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 133 of 1988 provides: “For any additional judgeships created by a 1988 amendatory act to be filled by election in 1988, for that election only, in lieu of the nominating petitions required by the Michigan election law, Act No. 116 of the Public Acts of 1954, being sections 168.1 to 168.992 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, a person may have his or her name printed on the primary election ballot by filing an affidavit stating the person is eligible for the judicial office he or she is seeking, and paying a filing fee of $500.00. The filing fee shall not be refundable except for the 2 persons receiving the greatest number of votes in the primary election. The secretary of state shall receive nominating petitions or filing fees and the required affidavits under sections 544b and 558 of Act No. 116 of the Public Acts of 1954, being sections 168.544b and 168.558 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, from a candidate for a judgeship created in 1988 up to 4 p.m. on Friday, June 3, 1988. A candidate for a judgeship shall not be permitted to withdraw unless a written notice of withdrawal is served on the secretary of state or his duly authorized agent not later than 4 p.m. on Monday, June 6, 1988.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XXII
INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM


168.471 Petitions proposing constitutional amendments; filing.

Sec. 471.

Petitions under section 2 of article XII of the state constitution of 1963 proposing an amendment to the constitution shall be filed with the secretary of state at least 120 days before the election at which the proposed amendment is to be voted upon. Initiative petitions under section 9 of article II of the state constitution of 1963 shall be filed with the secretary of state at least 160 days before the election at which the proposed law is to be voted upon. Referendum petitions under section 9 of article II of the state constitution of 1963 shall be filed with the secretary of state not more than 90 days following the final adjournment of the legislative session at which the law that is the subject of the referendum was enacted.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 9, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 219, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.472 Initiative petitions; filing.

Sec. 472.

Petitions to initiate legislation shall be filed with the secretary of state not less than 10 days before the beginning of a session of the legislature.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Constitutionality: The requirements of this section constitute an unnecessary and unreasonable restraint on the constitutional right to initiate legislation, as provided for by Const 1963, art 2, § 9. Wolverine Golf Club v Secretary of State, 384 Mich 461; 185 NW2d 392 (1971).
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.472a Presumption as to signature on petition.

Sec. 472a.

It shall be rebuttably presumed that the signature on a petition that proposes an amendment to the constitution or is to initiate legislation, is stale and void if the signature was made more than 180 days before the petition was filed with the office of the secretary of state.


History: Add. 1973, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 12, 1973 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 112, Imd. Eff. Aug. 19, 1973 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 219, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.473 Referendum petitions; filing.

Sec. 473.

Referendum petitions shall be presented to and filed with the secretary of state within 90 days after the final adjournment of the legislature.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.473b Filing petition after November election.

Sec. 473b.

Signatures on a petition to propose an amendment to the state constitution of 1963 or a petition to initiate legislation collected prior to a November general election at which a governor is elected shall not be filed after the date of that November general election.


History: Add. 1999, Act 219, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.474 Repealed. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to state officer authorized by law or person authorized by law in state constitution defined as board of state canvassers.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.474a Assignment of number designation to appear on ballot for question submitted on statewide basis.

Sec. 474a.

(1) The board of state canvassers shall assign a number designation to appear on the ballot for each question to be submitted on a statewide basis. The designation shall be assigned not less than 60 days before the election. If the question is to appear on a general election ballot the designation shall not be assigned earlier than the primary election preceding that general election.

(2) The number designation under subsection (1) shall consist of 3 or 4 digits. The first 2 digits shall be the last 2 digits of the year of the election. The next digit or, if necessary, 2 digits shall indicate the chronological order in which the question was filed to appear on the ballot. For the purposes of this subsection, a question shall be considered to be filed to appear on the ballot as follows:

(a) A general revision of the constitution under section 3 of article XII of the state constitution of 1963 shall be considered to be the first question filed to appear on the ballot for those elections at which a general revision of the constitution will appear on the ballot.

(b) An amendment to the constitution proposed under section 2 of article XII of the state constitution of 1963, legislation initiated under section 9 of article II of the state constitution of 1963, or a referendum invoked under section 9 of article II of the state constitution of 1963 shall be considered to be filed to appear on the ballot when the petition is filed with the secretary of state.

(c) An amendment to the constitution proposed under section 1 of article XII of the state constitution of 1963 shall be considered to be filed to appear on the ballot when the joint resolution proposing the amendment is filed with the secretary of state.

(d) A referendum under section 34 of article IV of the state constitution of 1963 shall be considered to be filed to appear on the ballot when the legislation is filed with the secretary of state.


History: Add. 1978, Act 246, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1978 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 219, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.475 Filing of petition; notificaton of board of state canvassers; supplemental filings.

Sec. 475.

(1) Upon the filing of a petition under this chapter, the secretary of state shall immediately notify the board of state canvassers of the filing of the petition. The notification shall be by first-class mail.

(2) After the day on which a petition under this chapter is filed, the secretary of state shall not accept further filings of that petition to supplement the original filing.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 338, Imd. Eff. July 11, 1978 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 219, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.476 Petitions; canvass by board of state canvassers; use of qualified voter file; hearing upon complaint; investigations; completion date; disposition of challenges; report.

Sec. 476.

(1) Upon receiving notification of the filing of the petitions, the board of state canvassers shall canvass the petitions to ascertain if the petitions have been signed by the requisite number of qualified and registered electors. The qualified voter file shall be used to determine the validity of petition signatures by verifying the registration of signers and the genuineness of signatures on petitions when the qualified voter file contains digitized signatures. If the qualified voter file indicates that, on the date the elector signed the petition, the elector was not registered to vote, there is a rebuttable presumption that the signature is invalid. If the qualified voter file indicates that, on the date the elector signed the petition, the elector was not registered to vote in the city or township designated on the petition, there is a rebuttable presumption that the signature is invalid. If the board is unable to verify the genuineness of a signature on a petition using the digitized signature contained in the qualified voter file, the board may cause any doubtful signatures to be checked against the registration records by the clerk of any political subdivision in which the petitions were circulated, to determine the authenticity of the signatures or to verify the registrations. Upon request, the clerk of any political subdivision shall cooperate fully with the board in determining the validity of doubtful signatures by rechecking the signature against registration records in an expeditious and proper manner.

(2) The board of state canvassers may hold hearings upon any complaints filed or for any purpose considered necessary by the board to conduct investigations of the petitions. To conduct a hearing, the board may issue subpoenas and administer oaths. The board may also adjourn from time to time awaiting receipt of returns from investigations that are being made or for other necessary purposes, but shall complete the canvass at least 2 months before the election at which the proposal is to be submitted.

(3) At least 2 business days before the board of state canvassers meets to make a final determination on challenges to and sufficiency of a petition, the bureau of elections shall make public its staff report concerning disposition of challenges filed against the petition. Beginning with the receipt of any document from local election officials pursuant to subsection (1), the board of state canvassers shall make that document available to petitioners and challengers on a daily basis.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 219, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Eff. Jan. 1, 2007
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.477 Petition; official declaration of sufficiency or insufficiency by board of state canvassers; publication of statement of purpose; expense; effectiveness of law that is subject of referendum.

Sec. 477.

(1) The board of state canvassers shall make an official declaration of the sufficiency or insufficiency of a petition under this chapter at least 2 months before the election at which the proposal is to be submitted. If the board of state canvassers declares that the petition is sufficient, the secretary of state shall send copies of the statement of purpose of the proposal as approved by the board of state canvassers to the several daily and weekly newspapers published in this state, with the request that the newspapers give as wide publicity as possible to the proposed amendment or other question. Publication of any matter by any newspaper under this section shall be without expense or cost to the state of Michigan.

(2) For the purposes of the second paragraph of section 9 of article II of the state constitution of 1963, a law that is the subject of the referendum continues to be effective until the referendum is properly invoked, which occurs when the board of state canvassers makes its official declaration of the sufficiency of the referendum petition. The board of state canvassers shall complete the canvass of a referendum petition within 60 days after the petition is filed with the secretary of state, except that 1 15-day extension may be granted by the secretary of state if necessary to complete the canvass.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 219, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.478 Petitions; notice of approval or rejection by board of state canvassers to persons filing.

Sec. 478.

At the time of filing any such petition, the person or persons filing the same may request a notice of the approval or rejection of said petitions to be forwarded by said board to such person or persons or any other persons so designated at the time of the filing of such petitions. In any case where such a request is made at the time of filing of the petitions, it shall be the duty of the secretary of state, immediately upon the determination thereof, to transmit by registered or certified mail to said person or persons an official notice of the sufficiency or insufficiency of said petitions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.479 Review of determination; mandamus, certiorari or other remedy.

Sec. 479.

Any person or persons, feeling themselves aggrieved by any determination made by said board, may have such determination reviewed by mandamus, certiorari, or other appropriate remedy in the supreme court.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.480 Proposed constitutional amendment or question; certification; copies to voting precincts; posting.

Sec. 480.

If a proposed constitutional amendment or other special question is to be submitted to the electors of this state for popular vote, the secretary of state shall, not less than 60 days before the date of the election at which the proposed constitutional amendment or other special question is to be submitted, certify the statement of the purpose for designation on the ballot to the clerk of each county in this state, together with the form in which the constitutional amendment or other special questions shall be printed on the ballot. The secretary of state shall also furnish the county clerks in this state 2 copies of the text of each constitutional amendment or other special question and 2 copies of each statement for each voting precinct in their respective counties. Each county clerk shall furnish the copies of the statement to the township and city clerks in his or her county at the time other supplies for the election are furnished. Each township or city clerk shall, before the opening of the polls on election day, deliver the copies of the text and statement to which each voting precinct in his or her township or city is entitled to the board of election inspectors of the precinct, who shall post the same in conspicuous places in the room where the election is held.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.481 Proposed constitutional amendment or question; form.

Sec. 481.

Whenever any proposed constitutional amendment or other question is to be submitted to the electors, the board of election commissioners of each county shall cause such proposed constitutional amendment or other special question to be printed in accordance with the form submitted by the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.482 Petitions; size; form; contents.

Sec. 482.

(1) Each petition under this section shall be 8-1/2 inches by 14 inches in size.

(2) If the measure to be submitted proposes a constitutional amendment, initiation of legislation, or referendum of legislation, the heading of each part of the petition shall be prepared in the following form and printed in capital letters in 14-point boldfaced type:

INITIATIVE PETITION
AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION
OR
INITIATION OF LEGISLATION
OR
REFERENDUM OF LEGISLATION
PROPOSED BY INITIATIVE PETITION

(3) The full text of the amendment so proposed shall follow and be printed in 8-point type. If the proposal would alter or abrogate an existing provision of the constitution, the petition shall so state and the provisions to be altered or abrogated shall be inserted, preceded by the words:

"Provisions of existing constitution altered or abrogated by the proposal if adopted."

(4) The following statement shall appear beneath the petition heading:

"We, the undersigned qualified and registered electors,
residents in the
city
township (strike 1) of .......... in the county of ..........,
state of Michigan, respectively petition for (amendment to
constitution) (initiation of legislation) (referendum of
legislation) (other appropriate description).".

(5) The following warning shall be printed in 12-point type immediately above the place for signatures, on each part of the petition:

WARNING

A person who knowingly signs this petition more than once, signs a name other than his or her own, signs when not a qualified and registered elector, or sets opposite his or her signature on a petition, a date other than the actual date the signature was affixed, is violating the provisions of the Michigan election law.

(6) The remainder of the petition form shall be as provided following the warning to electors signing the petition in section 544c(1). In addition, the petition shall comply with the requirements of section 544c(2).


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 312, Eff. Jan. 1, 1966 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 137, Eff. Jan. 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 142, Eff. Mar. 23, 1999
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.483, 168.484 Repealed. 1965, Act 312, Eff. Jan. 1, 1966.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections required circulator of petition to affix address below his signature, prohibited circulation in more than one city or township and prescribed penalty for fictitious signing.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.483a Amendment to constitution or initiation of legislation; filing and circulation of petition; submission of petition language to public on internet; effective date.

Sec. 483a.

(1) The petition sponsor of a petition proposing an amendment to the constitution or to initiate legislation shall file the petition or an amended petition with the secretary of state.

(2) The petition sponsor of a petition proposing an amendment to the constitution or to initiate legislation shall not circulate a petition or an amended petition for signatures until the petition or amended petition is filed with the secretary of state as required in subsection (1).

(3) The secretary of state shall make the most recent submission of the petition language filed under subsection (1) available to the public on an internet website maintained by the department of state.

(4) This section takes effect January 1, 2013.


History: Add. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Jan. 1, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.485 Questions submitted to electors; form.

Sec. 485.

A question submitted to the electors of this state or the electors of a subdivision of this state shall, to the extent that it will not confuse the electorate, be worded so that a “yes” vote will be a vote in favor of the subject matter of the proposal or issue and a “no” vote will be a vote against the subject matter of the proposal or issue. The question shall be worded so as to apprise the voters of the subject matter of the proposal or issue, but need not be legally precise. The question shall be clearly written using words that have a common everyday meaning to the general public. The language used shall not create prejudice for or against the issue or proposal.


History: Add. 1969, Act 152, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 152, Eff. Jan. 1, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.486 Certifying and transmitting language of constitutional amendment or legislation initiated by petition.

Sec. 486.

If the qualified electors of this state approve a constitutional amendment or legislation initiated by petition, the board of state canvassers shall certify to the secretary of state the language of the amendment or legislation. The secretary of state shall transmit the language of the amendment or legislation to the director of the department of management and budget.


History: Add. 1978, Act 482, Imd. Eff. Nov. 30, 1978
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.487 Reimbursement to county, city, and township for cost of conducting special election.

Sec. 487.

(1) If a statewide special election is called to submit a proposed constitutional amendment to the electors of this state, this state shall reimburse each county, city, and township for the cost of conducting the special election as provided in this section. The reimbursement shall not exceed the verified account of actual costs of the special election. This state shall reimburse each county, city, and township under this section notwithstanding that the county, city, or township also holds a local special election in conjunction with the statewide special election.

(2) Payment shall be made upon presentation and approval of a verified account of actual costs to the department of treasury, local government audit division, after the department of treasury and the secretary of state agree as to what constitutes valid costs of conducting an election. Reimbursable costs do not include salaries of permanent local officials, the cost of reusable supplies and equipment, or costs attributable to local special elections held in conjunction with the statewide special election.

(3) The legislature shall appropriate from the general fund of this state an amount necessary to implement this section.

(4) To qualify for reimbursement, a county, city, or township shall submit its verified account of actual costs before the expiration of 90 days after the date of the statewide special election. This state shall pay or disapprove all or a portion of the verified account before the expiration of 90 days after this state receives a verified account of actual costs under this subsection.

(5) If this state disapproves all or a portion of a verified account of actual costs under subsection (4), this state shall send a notice of disapproval along with the reasons for the disapproval to the county, city, or township. Upon request of a county, city, or township whose verified account or portion of a verified account was disapproved under this section, this state shall review the disapproved costs with the county, city, or township.


History: Add. 1994, Act 181, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1994
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.488 Applicability of MCL 168.544c and 168.482(1), (4), (5), and (6).

Sec. 488.

(1) Section 544c applies to a nominating petition for an office in a political subdivision under a statute that refers to this section, and to the circulation and signing of the petition.

(2) Section 482(1), (4), (5), and (6) apply to a petition to place a question on the ballot before the electorate of a political subdivision under a statute that refers to this section, and to the circulation and signing of the petition.

(3) A person who violates a provision of this act applicable to a petition pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) is subject to the penalties prescribed for that violation in this act.


History: Add. 1998, Act 142, Eff. Mar. 23, 1999
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XXIII
REGISTRATION OF ELECTORS


168.491 Inspectors of election; vote of registered electors required.

Sec. 491.

The inspectors of election at an election or primary election in this state, or in a district, county, township, city, or village in this state, shall not receive the vote of a person whose name is not registered in the registration book or listed on the computer voter registration precinct list of the township, ward, or precinct in which he or she offers to vote unless the person has met the requirements of section 507b.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 142, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1989
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.492 Qualifications for registration as elector.

Sec. 492.

Each person who has the following qualifications of an elector, or who will have those qualifications at the next election or primary election, is entitled to register as an elector in the township, city, or village in which he or she resides. The person shall be a citizen of the United States; not less than 18 years of age; a resident of the state for not less than 30 days; and a resident of the township, city, or village on or before the thirtieth day before the next regular or special election or primary election. For purposes of registering to vote and voting at an election or special election for the office of judge of a municipal court that exercises jurisdiction over another city pursuant to section 9928(3) of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.9928, a person who resides in the other city over which municipal court jurisdiction is exercised is considered a resident of the city in which the municipal court is located.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 188, Eff. July 1, 1967 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 17, Imd. Eff. Feb. 19, 1972 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 370, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 180, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1973 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 142, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1989 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 253, Imd. Eff. Dec. 14, 2010
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.492a Registration of persons confined in jail.

Sec. 492a.

A person confined in a jail, who is otherwise a qualified elector, prior to trial or sentence may, upon request, register under section 504. The person shall be deemed a resident of the city, township, and address at which he resided next prior to confinement. A person while confined in a jail after being convicted and sentenced shall not be eligible to register.


History: Add. 1975, Act 178, Imd. Eff. July 25, 1975
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.493 Repealed. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to registration cards.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.494 Registration cards; file; definitions.

Sec. 494.

The term “registration cards”, as used in this chapter, shall be construed as meaning either cards or loose leaf sheets, and either may be used in the discretion of the township, city or village clerk, as the case may be. The term “file”, as used in this chapter, shall be construed as meaning either a file or loose leaf book.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.495 Registration affidavit; contents.

Sec. 495.

The registration affidavit required under section 493 shall contain all of the following:

(a) The name of the elector.

(b) The residence address of the elector, including the street and number or rural route and box number and the apartment number, if any.

(c) The birthplace and date of birth of the elector.

(d) The driver's license or state personal identification card number of the elector, if available.

(e) A statement that the elector is a citizen of the United States.

(f) A statement that the elector is at the time of completing the affidavit, or will be on the date of the next election, not less than 18 years of age.

(g) A statement that the elector has or will have lived in this state not less than 30 days before the next election.

(h) A statement that the elector has or will have established his or her residence in the township, city, or village in which the elector is applying for registration not less than 30 days before the next election.

(i) A statement that the elector is or will be a qualified elector of the township, city, or village on the date of the next election.

(j) A space in which the elector shall state the place of the elector's last registration, if any.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 102, Imd. Eff. June 16, 1966 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 188, Eff. July 1, 1967 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 17, Imd. Eff. Feb. 19, 1972 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 180, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1973 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 87, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.495a Repealed. 2011, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Oct. 4, 2011.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to removal of party preference from precinct and registration file.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.496 Registration of electors; duties of secretary of state.

Sec. 496.

It shall be the duty of the secretary of state to make the proper forms for use in the registration of electors, in recommending the use of the same to the several clerks of the townships, cities and villages of this state, and in instructing the several township, city and village clerks in this state as to the requirements of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.497 Application for registration; validity of registrations; execution; filing; notice; exception.

Sec. 497.

(1) A person who is not registered but possesses the qualifications of an elector as set forth in section 492, may apply for registration to the clerk of the county, township, city, or village in which he or she resides on a day other than Saturday, Sunday, a legal holiday, or the day of a regular, primary, school, or special election. Registrations accepted between the thirtieth day preceding an election and the day of the election, unless the thirtieth day falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event registration shall be accepted during the following day, are not valid for the election but are valid for subsequent regular, primary, school, or special elections that are held so that not less than 30 days intervene between the date the person registered and the date of the election.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in sections 499a to 499c, 500a to 500j, and 504, an application for registration shall not be executed at a place other than the office of the county, township, city, or village clerk or a public place or places designated by the clerk or deputy registrar for receiving registrations, but the clerk or deputy registrar may receive an application wherever he or she may be. If a county, township, city, or village clerk does not regularly keep his or her office open daily during certain hours, the clerk shall not be required to be at his or her office for the purpose of receiving applications for registration on a particular day nor during specific hours of a day, except as provided in section 498. Registrations taken after the time of closing registrations before an election need not be processed until the date immediately following that election. A registration shall not be placed in a precinct registration file until the date immediately following that election. If a person registers at a time that registrations are closed for an election, the person shall be given a notice, signed by the clerk, on a form developed by the secretary of state, informing him or her that he or she is not eligible to vote in the election and indicating the first date on which he or she is eligible to vote. Except as provided in sections 500a to 500j, the provisions of this section relating to registration shall apply.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 10, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 188, Eff. July 1, 1967 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 46, Imd. Eff. May 24, 1968 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 180, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1973 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 28, Eff. July 1, 1975 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 61, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1981 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 142, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1989
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.497a School millage elections to which limitation in MCL 168.497 inapplicable; validity of registration.

Sec. 497a.

The 30-day limitation contained in section 497 shall not apply to a second school millage election allowable under section 36(3) of the general property tax act, Act No. 206 of the Public Acts of 1893, as amended, being section 211.36 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, or to a first school millage election held under section 36(2) during calendar year 1986 if a school district's operating revenue is less than the total operating revenue for the previous school year. For those elections, a registration taken on the days intervening between the tenth day preceding the election and the day of the election shall not be valid for that election but shall be valid for a subsequent regular, primary, or special election of the district.


History: Add. 1977, Act 219, Imd. Eff. Nov. 17, 1977 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 533, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1978 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 127, Imd. Eff. Sept. 29, 1981 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 140, Imd. Eff. Oct. 30, 1981 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 142, Imd. Eff. July 2, 1986 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 220, Imd. Eff. Sept. 23, 1986
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.497c Voter registration; presentation of picture identification card; affidavit.

Sec. 497c.

(1) Beginning on the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section, a person who applies in person to register to vote at a department of state office, a designated voter registration agency, the office of a county clerk, or the office of the clerk of the city or township in which the applicant resides shall identify himself or herself by presenting an official state identification card issued to that person under 1972 PA 222, MCL 28.291 to 28.300, an operator's or chauffeur's license issued to that person under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.1 to 257.923, or other generally recognized picture identification card.

(2) If a person who applies in person to register to vote as provided in subsection (1) does not have an official state identification card, an operator's or chauffeur's license, or other generally recognized picture identification card as required under subsection (1), the person may sign an affidavit to that effect and be allowed to register to vote.


History: Add. 2012, Act 523, Eff. Mar. 28, 2013
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.498 Clerk of township, city, or village; office hours, days, and place for receiving applications for registration; public notice; notice of registration for school millage election; agreement to jointly publish public notice.

Sec. 498.

(1) The governing body of a township, city, or village may provide by resolution that in that township, city, or village the clerk shall be at the clerk's office, or in some other convenient place designated by the clerk, during the hours designated by the governing body on the thirtieth day preceding an election or primary election in the township, city, or village, unless the thirtieth day falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event registration shall be accepted during the same hours on the following day.

(2) In a township, city, or village in which the clerk does not maintain regular daily office hours, the township board or the legislative body of the city or village may require that the clerk of the township, city, or village shall be at the clerk's office or other designated place for the purpose of receiving applications for registration on the days which the board or legislative body designates, but not more than 5 days before the last day for registration.

(3) The clerk of each township, city, and village shall give public notice of the days and hours that the clerk will be at the clerk's office or other designated place for the purpose of receiving registrations before an election or primary election by publication of the notice, except as provided in subsection (4) and section 497(2), in a newspaper published or of general circulation in the township, city, or village and, if considered advisable by the township, city, or village clerk, by posting written or printed notices in at least 2 of the most conspicuous places in each election precinct. Except as provided in subsection (4), the publication or posting shall be made not less than 7 days before the last day for receiving registrations. The notice of registration shall include the offices to be filled that will appear on the ballot. If the notice of registration is for an election that includes a ballot proposal, a caption or brief description of the ballot proposal along with the location where an elector can obtain the full text of the ballot proposal shall be stated in the notice.

(4) Notice of registration for a school millage election that will be held pursuant to section 36 of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.36, shall be required to be published once and shall be made not less than 5 days before the last day for receiving registrations as provided in section 497a.

(5) A county clerk may enter into an agreement with the clerk of 1 or more townships or cities in the county or the clerks of 1 or more cities or townships in a county may enter into an agreement to jointly publish the notice required in subsection (3). The notice shall be published in a newspaper of general circulation in the cities and townships listed in the notice.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 188, Eff. July 1, 1967 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Jan. 5, 1970 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 180, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1973 ;-- Am. 1977, Act 241, Imd. Eff. Nov. 30, 1977 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 171, Eff. Mar. 31, 1981 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 61, Imd. Eff. June 5, 1981 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 127, Imd. Eff. Sept. 29, 1981 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 140, Imd. Eff. Oct. 30, 1981 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 2, Imd. Eff. Jan. 27, 1982 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 89, Imd. Eff. Apr. 19, 1984 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.499 Registration of elector; registration application; oaths; interpreter; false material statement as misdemeanor; accepting fee as misdemeanor; voter identification card; effect of voter identification card returned to post office.

Sec. 499.

(1) An elector entitled to registration in an election precinct may become registered in the precinct by applying in person and signing the registration application before the clerk or assistant clerk of the township, city, or village in which the precinct is located. For the performance of his or her duties under this act, each clerk and assistant clerk has the power to administer oaths and to swear persons as to the truth of statements contained in an application. For a better examination of the applicant, a clerk may employ and swear an interpreter to interpret all questions put to applicants and the answers to those questions. If the applicant, in answer to a question or in the registration application, makes a material statement that is false, the applicant is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(2) A clerk or assistant clerk shall not accept a fee from an elector applying for registration, either for the registering of the elector or for the taking of the acknowledgment on the application. A person who violates this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(3) The clerk, immediately after receiving the registration or change of address of an elector, shall prepare a voter identification card for the elector. The clerk shall also prepare and send a corrected voter identification card to an elector affected by a change in United States representative, state senatorial, state representative, or county commissioner district or precinct. The clerk shall forward by first-class mail the voter identification card to the elector at the elector's registration address. The voter identification card shall contain the name and address of the registrant and the United States representative, state senatorial, state representative, or county commissioner district and precinct in which the registrant is an elector. If the original voter identification card is returned to the clerk by the post office as nondeliverable, the clerk shall reject the registration and send the individual a notice of rejection. If a duplicate voter identification card is returned to the clerk by the post office, the clerk shall accept this as information that the elector has moved and the clerk shall proceed in conformity with section 509aa.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 224, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 171, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 18, Imd. Eff. Apr. 14, 1964 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 28, Eff. July 1, 1975 ;-- Am. 1977, Act 260, Eff. Mar. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 105, Imd. Eff. May 24, 1984 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 213, Imd. Eff. Nov. 29, 1995 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.499a-168.499d Repealed. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to appointment, duties, jurisdiction, and training of deputy registrars.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.500 Voter registration of applicant; procedure for applicant unable to write or sign name because of physical disability.

Sec. 500.

If an applicant for voter registration is unable to write, or sign his or her name on the voter registration application because of a physical disability, then the applicant may execute the registration affidavit either by making his or her mark or by using a signature stamp.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 79, Imd. Eff. Mar. 28, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.500a Registration or change in registration of person applying for renewal of operator's or chauffeur's license; application; contents; signing and stamping application; verification receipt; forwarding application to county clerk or city or township clerk.

Sec. 500a.

(1) The secretary of state or the secretary of state's agent shall afford a person who appears in a department of state branch office or a person who applies for renewal of an operator's or chauffeur's license under section 307 of the Michigan vehicle code, Act No. 300 of the Public Acts of 1949, being section 257.307 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, an opportunity to complete an application to register to vote or to change the person's voting registration name or address, if the applicant possesses the qualifications of an elector on the date of application or will possess the qualifications at the next election. This subsection does not require a registered elector to periodically reregister or to renew his or her registration. The application for registration made under this section shall contain all of the following:

(a) The name of the applicant.

(b) The residence address of the applicant, including the street and number or rural route and box number and apartment number, if any.

(c) The city or township and county of residence of the applicant, and the school district of the applicant, if known.

(d) The date of birth of the applicant.

(e) The birthplace of the applicant.

(f) The driver's license or state personal identification card number of the applicant, if available.

(g) A statement that the applicant has the qualifications of an elector as of the date of applying for registration, or will have the qualifications of an elector at the next election.

(h) A statement that the registration is not effective until processed by the clerk of the city or township in which the applicant resides.

(i) A statement that the applicant, if qualified, may vote at an election occurring not less than 30 days after the date of completing the application.

(j) A space to indicate the applicant's last place of registration, if any.

(k) A statement authorizing the cancellation of registration at the applicant's last place of registration.

(l) A space for the applicant to sign and certify to the truth of the statements on the application.

(2) The applicant shall sign the application. Upon receipt of the application, the agent shall sign the application, stamp the application with a validation stamp, and provide the applicant with a receipt verifying the registration application. The agent shall promptly forward the application to the county clerk of the applicant's residence or to a city or township clerk designated by the secretary of state.


History: Add. 1975, Act 28, Eff. July 1, 1975 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 173, Imd. Eff. May 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 512, Imd. Eff. Jan. 26, 1981 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 4, Imd. Eff. Feb. 18, 1994 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 87, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.500b Forwarding application for registration to clerk of city or township; compensation of county clerks; obtaining additional information; transmitting application to appropriate clerk; electronic transmission of address change.

Sec. 500b.

(1) Not more than 5 business days after receipt of an application for registration, the county clerk shall forward the application for registration to the clerk of the city or township in which the applicant resides.

(2) Compensation to be paid county clerks for transmitting applications shall be appropriated by the legislature to the secretary of state for equitable distribution by the secretary of state to the county clerks. The city or township clerk shall obtain needed additional information on an application that is not completed properly or return to the secretary of state's election division an application needing additional information or not completed properly. An application received by the clerk of a city or township in which the applicant does not reside shall be transmitted promptly to the appropriate county clerk of the county in which the applicant resides. If the city or township clerk knows the city or township in which the applicant resides, the clerk shall inform the county clerk of the county in which the applicant resides and forward the application directly to the clerk of the city or township in which the applicant resides.

(3) The secretary of state may electronically transmit to the qualified voter file voter registration change of address information received from a registered elector who is changing the address on his or her operator's or chauffeur's license issued pursuant to the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.1 to 257.923, or official state personal identification card issued pursuant to 1972 PA 222, MCL 28.291 to 28.300. The secretary of state is not required to transmit a paper copy of an elector's voter registration change of address information if the elector's signature is already captured or reproduced under section 307 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.307, and has been transmitted to the qualified voter file. This subsection applies to address changes made within a city or township and to address changes made from 1 city or township to another city or township.


History: Add. 1975, Act 28, Eff. July 1, 1975 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 142, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1989 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.500c Issuance of voter identification card; effect of returning card as nondeliverable.

Sec. 500c.

The clerk of a city or township, upon receiving an application for registration from an applicant the clerk determines to be qualified as an elector, shall forward to the applicant a voter identification card as provided in section 499. A person to whom the voter identification card is sent shall be registered for all elections, including village elections, upon its receipt. A voter identification card returned by the post office as nondeliverable shall be attached to the application by the clerk, and the person shall be deemed not registered under this act.


History: Add. 1975, Act 28, Eff. July 1, 1975
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.500d Elections in which applicant permitted to vote; determination and notice of nonqualification; presenting validated voter registration application receipt at polls.

Sec. 500d.

A person who has properly completed an application for registration at an office of the secretary of state or his agent shall be permitted to vote in all elections occurring not less than 30 days after making application if the clerk determines the person is qualified and the identification card is not returned by the post office as provided by section 500c. If the clerk determines the person is not qualified, the clerk immediately shall send a notice to the applicant at the address stated in the application stating the determination and the reasons therefor. A person shall be permitted to vote if he presents at the polls a validated voter registration application receipt and the clerk determines the person is qualified.


History: Add. 1975, Act 28, Eff. July 1, 1975
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.500e Preparation of registration forms; notice of cancellation.

Sec. 500e.

The city or township clerk shall prepare the registration forms needed for the city or township from information contained on properly completed and validated applications for persons meeting the requirements of this act. The clerk of a city or township shall forward a notice of cancellation to the clerk of the place of the applicant's previous residence as indicated on the application.


History: Add. 1975, Act 28, Eff. July 1, 1975
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.500f Repealed. 2012, Act 523, Eff. Mar. 28, 2013.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to transmission of registration information to village clerk.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.500g Repealed. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to signing registration card.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.500h Notifying clerks of changes of address, death notices, and names of drivers issued license in another state; evidence of elector's removal from municipality.

Sec. 500h.

The secretary of state, or his or her agent, shall notify local clerks of changes of address. The secretary of state shall notify local clerks of death notices and names of drivers issued a license in another state received by the department of state. Notification to the clerk of a change of address outside of the city or township in which the person is registered or of the issuance of a driver's license in another state shall constitute reliable information that the registered elector has removed from the municipality and the clerk shall proceed in compliance with section 513. If the notifications required under this section are sent to the county clerk, the county clerk shall notify the local clerks of only the notices that affect the voter registration records of their jurisdictions.


History: Add. 1975, Act 28, Eff. July 1, 1975 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 142, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1989
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.500i “Agent” defined.

Sec. 500i.

As used in sections 500a to 500j, “agent” means a person appointed by the secretary of state to act as an examining officer for the purpose of examining applicants for operator's and chauffeur's licenses under section 309 of Act No. 300 of the Public Acts of 1949, as amended, being section 257.309 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: Add. 1975, Act 28, Eff. July 1, 1975
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.500j Rules.

Sec. 500j.

The secretary of state may promulgate rules, including rules governing voter registration application by an illiterate or disabled person, necessary to implement sections 500a to 500j pursuant to Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, as amended, being sections 24.201 to 24.315 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


History: Add. 1975, Act 28, Eff. July 1, 1975
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.501 Registration cards; master file.

Sec. 501.

The original registration cards shall be filed alphabetically and shall be termed the "master file". The master file shall contain the signature of each elector registered in the city, township, or village, unless the clerk of the jurisdiction has access to the qualified voter file and the elector has a digitized signature in the qualified voter file. If an elector is unable to write, or sign his or her name because of a physical disability, the master file shall contain the mark or signature stamp used by that elector when a signature is required.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Eff. Jan. 1, 2007 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 79, Imd. Eff. Mar. 28, 2014
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.501a Repealed. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to creation and arrangement of regitration list.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.502 Registration cards; township, city or village clerk; custody of files.

Sec. 502.

The master file and the precinct files shall at all times remain in the custody of the township, city or village clerk, as the case may be, except that the precinct files shall be delivered on election day to the inspectors of election in the several precincts who shall have custody of the same during any election or primary election and who shall return such files to the clerk immediately thereafter.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.502a Repealed. 1989, Act 142, Eff. Dec. 1, 1990.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to examination of voter registration records and to inactive voter file.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.503 Registration records; loss or destruction of registration card, execution of new registration affidavit; loss or destruction of files, re-registration of electors; noncompliance, correction or re-registration, expense.

Sec. 503.

If either the original or duplicate registration card, or both, of any elector shall be lost, destroyed or mutilated, the clerk of the township, city or village shall require the execution of a new registration affidavit by such elector. If any such elector shall refuse or neglect to execute such affidavit within 60 days after the mailing of a letter to such elector at the last address from which he has registered, then the registration of such elector may be cancelled. If either the original or duplicate registration cards, or both, of any township, city, village, or any ward or precinct thereof, shall be lost or destroyed, the township board or the legislative body of the city or village shall require a re-registration of the electors in such township, city, village, ward or precinct. If upon an examination of the registration records of any city, township or village, the secretary of state determines that the registration records fail to comply with the requirements of this act, the secretary of state may order the clerk of the city, township or village to make the corrections in the records necessary to comply with the provisions of this act or, if he finds that it is impractical to correct the registration records, he may apply to the circuit court of the circuit in which the city, township or village is located for an order for re-registration of the qualified electors in the city, township or village. Upon a proper showing of need, the court shall issue the order. In case the secretary of state directs the corrections to be made or the circuit court orders a re-registration to be taken, the secretary of state shall prescribe in all particulars the time and manner in which the corrections shall be made or the re-registration shall be taken and the disposition of the old registration records. The cost of the corrections or re-registration shall be borne by the city, township or village involved.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 223, Imd. Eff. June 6, 1957
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.504 Repealed. 2006, Act 605, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 2007


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to registration of disabled or absent electors.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.505 Authorization to cancel previous registration; signature; form; notice of cancellation; effect of previous address in another state; duties of clerk; authorization to cancel or notice received from another state.

Sec. 505.

(1) At the time an elector is applying for registration, the registration officer shall ascertain if the elector is already registered as a voter. If the elector is previously registered, the elector shall at the time of applying for registration sign an authorization to cancel a previous registration. The secretary of state shall prescribe forms for this purpose. The form may be a part of the application or a separate form. The clerk of the city or township in which the elector is newly registered shall notify the registration officer of the place of previous registration of the authorization to cancel.

(2) An authorization to cancel that indicates a previous address in a state other than this state shall be forwarded to the secretary of state of that state. Notice may be made by forwarding the separate cancellation form, by forwarding the portion of an application listing a previous place of registration, or by forwarding a list certified by the clerk containing the names of people authorizing cancellation.

(3) Notices of cancellation shall contain the name, birth date, and address at which the elector was previously registered, and the name of the city or township of previous registration of all persons authorizing cancellations. Notices shall be sent within 30 days after receipt, but not later than 5 days after the close of registration.

(4) Upon receipt of the notice, the clerk shall cancel the registration of the persons listed on the notice. The clerk receiving the notice shall also notify the clerk of each village in which a person listed on the notice resides of receipt of an authorization to cancel. An authorization to cancel a voter registration signed by the voter and received from another state or a notice from an election official of another state that an elector has registered in that state has the same force and effect as the notice of authorization to cancel of this state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 52, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1977, Act 234, Imd. Eff. Nov. 30, 1977 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.506 Change of residence within township, city, or village; transfer of registration by clerk.

Sec. 506.

A registered elector may, upon change of residence within the township, city, or village, cause his registration to be transferred to his new address by sending to the clerk a signed request stating his present address, the date he moved thereto and the address from which he was last registered, or by applying in person for a transfer. The clerk shall strike through the last address, ward, and precinct number and record the new address, ward, and precinct number on the original and duplicate registration cards, and shall place the original registration card in the proper precinct file. Transfers shall not be made after the thirtieth day next preceding a regular or special election or primary election, unless the thirtieth day shall fall on a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, in which event registration transfers shall be accepted during the following day.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 188, Eff. July 1, 1967 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 180, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1973
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.506a Repealed. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to declaration or change in party preference, request, failure to identify date of birth, recordation, and voter identification card.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.507 Execution of transfer of registration request; comparison of signatures; certification; filing application for transfer; proper name of street or resident house number; notice; eligibility to vote.

Sec. 507.

(1) A registered elector who has removed from 1 election precinct of a township, city, or village to another election precinct of the same township, city, or village and has not recorded the removal with the local clerk shall execute a transfer of registration request, listing the new residence address over his or her signature, with the election board in the precinct in which he or she is registered at the next ensuing primary or election.

(2) If an elector's signature contained in the qualified voter file is available in the polling place, the inspector of election in charge of the registration records shall compare the digitized signature provided by the qualified voter file with the signature and, if the signatures correspond, then the inspector shall certify the fact by affixing his or her initials upon the request. If an elector's signature is not contained in the qualified voter file, the election official shall process the transfer of registration request in the same manner as transfer of registration requests are processed when a voter registration list is used in the polling place. The applicant for transfer, after having signed an application to vote as provided in section 523, shall then be permitted to vote in the precinct for that primary or election only. The application for transfer shall be filed with the township, city, or village clerk who shall transfer the elector's registration pursuant to the application. If the name of a street or resident house number in a township, city, or village is changed, the township, city, or village clerk shall make the change to show the proper name of the street or resident house number in the registration records and notify the county clerk of the change. It is not necessary for the elector to change his or her registration to reflect the change in order to be eligible to vote.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, Act 235, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 142, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1989 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Eff. Jan. 1, 2007
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.507a Moving to another township or city; voting at place of last registration; affidavit; applicability of subsections (1) and (2); forms; cancellation of registration; voting in person or by absentee ballot.

Sec. 507a.

(1) A registered and qualified elector of this state who has moved from the township or city of a county in which he or she is registered to another township or city of a different county within the state after the sixtieth day before an election or primary election shall be permitted to vote in the election or primary election at the place of last registration upon the signing of a form containing an affidavit stating that the move has taken place. This subsection shall apply if the county in which the elector is registered has implemented the county file as the official file pursuant to section 509e.

(2) A registered and qualified elector of this state who has moved from the city or township in which he or she is registered to another city or township within the state after the sixtieth day before an election or primary election shall be permitted to vote in the election or primary election at the place of last registration upon the signing of a form containing an affidavit stating that the move has taken place. This subsection shall apply if the county in which the elector is registered has not implemented the county file as the official file pursuant to section 509e.

(3) The form or forms required by this section shall be approved by the secretary of state and shall state that the move has taken place and shall authorize the clerk of the city or township to cancel the voter's registration. A voter coming under this section shall be permitted to vote either in person or by absentee ballot.


History: Add. 1956, Act 37, Imd. Eff. Mar. 28, 1956 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 188, Eff. July 1, 1967 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 180, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1973 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 142, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1989
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.507b Moving to another township or city; registration after close of registration and voting; conditions; voting at office of clerk or by absentee ballot; effective date.

Sec. 507b.

(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a registered and qualified elector who has moved from the township or city of a county in which the elector is registered to another township or city within the same county after the sixtieth day before an election and who has not registered in that township or city by the close of registration for an election shall be permitted to register after the close of registration and to vote at the election if all of the following occur:

(a) The elector applies for registration in person and executes the registration affidavit before the clerk or the clerk's agent of the township or city in which the elector resides.

(b) The elector provides proof of identification sufficient to satisfy the township or city clerk as to the identity and residence of the elector.

(c) The township or city clerk determines to his or her satisfaction that the elector is presently registered in another township or city of the same county.

(2) At the discretion of the township or city clerk, an elector meeting the requirements under subsection (1) shall vote at the office of the clerk on or before election day or at the election precinct in which the elector resides on election day. If the elector is required to vote at the office of the clerk, the elector may vote by absentee ballot.

(3) This section shall take effect January 1, 1994 or the date when a county implements the county file as the official file pursuant to section 509e, whichever is later.


History: Add. 1989, Act 142, Eff. Jan. 1, 1994
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.508 Repealed. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to transfer of registration and notice to elector.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509 Repealed. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to examination of voter registration records.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509a Repealed. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to members of armed forces on active duty.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509b-168.509l Repealed. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to definitions, statewide voter registration network, duties of secretary of state and clerks, county and state files, registration lists, and voting histories.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509m Purpose of MCL 168.509m to 168.509hh; definitions.

Sec. 509m.

(1) The purposes of this section and sections 509n to 509hh are all of the following:

(a) To establish a statewide qualified voter file that consists of all qualified electors who wish to be registered to vote in local, state, and federal elections.

(b) To enhance the uniformity of the administration of elections by creating and maintaining a statewide qualified voter file.

(c) To increase the efficiency and decrease the public cost of maintaining voter registration files and implementing the national voter registration act of 1993.

(d) To increase the integrity of the voting process by creating a single qualified voter file that will permit the name of each citizen of this state to appear only once and that is compiled from other state files that require citizens to verify their identity and residence.

(e) To apply technology and information gathered by principal executive departments, state agencies, and county, city, township, and village clerks in a manner that ensures that accurate and current records of qualified voters are maintained.

(2) As used in sections 509n to 509hh:

(a) "Designated voter registration agency" means an office designated under section 509u to perform voter registration activities in this state.

(b) "Qualified voter file" means the statewide qualified voter file established according to section 509o.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509n Secretary of state; duties.

Sec. 509n.

The secretary of state is responsible for the coordination of the requirements imposed under this chapter, the national voter registration act of 1993, and the help America vote act of 2002. The secretary of state shall do all of the following:

(a) Develop a mail registration form and make the form available for distribution through governmental and private entities, with special emphasis on making the form available to voter registration programs established for the purpose of registering citizens of this state to vote.

(b) Instruct designated voter registration agencies and county, city, township, and village clerks about the voter registration procedures and requirements imposed by law.

(c) By June 15 of each odd numbered year, submit to each member of the committees of the senate and house of representatives with primary responsibility for election matters a report on the qualified voter file. The report shall include, but need not be limited to, both of the following:

(i) Information on the efficiency and effectiveness of the qualified voter file as a voter registration system.

(ii) Recommendations of the secretary of state for amendments to this act to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the qualified voter file as a voter registration system.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509o Qualified voter file; establishment and maintenance; persons considered registered voters; signed application.

Sec. 509o.

(1) The secretary of state shall direct and supervise the establishment and maintenance of a statewide qualified voter file. The secretary of state shall establish the technology to implement the qualified voter file on or before January 1, 1997. The qualified voter file shall be the official file for the conduct of all elections held in this state on or after January 1, 1998. The secretary of state may direct that all or any part of the city, township, or village registration files shall be used in conjunction with the qualified voter file at the first state primary and election held after the creation of the qualified voter file.

(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, beginning January 1, 1998, a person who appears to vote in an election and whose name appears in the qualified voter file for that city, township, village, or school district is considered a registered voter of that city, township, village, or school district under this act.

(3) The secretary of state, a designated voter registration agency, or a county, city, township, or village clerk shall not place a name of an individual into the qualified voter file unless that person signs an application as prescribed in section 509r(3). The secretary of state or a designated voter registration agency shall not allow a person to indicate a different address than the address in either the secretary of state's or designated voter registration agency's files to be placed in the qualified voter file.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509p Qualified voter file; components.

Sec. 509p.

The qualified voter file shall consist of all of the following components:

(a) A computer file that has the capacity to maintain a number of records equal to or greater than the voting age population of this state.

(b) An electronic network that allows participating designated executive departments, state agencies, and county, city, township, and village clerks to electronically add, change, or delete records contained in the qualified voter file.

(c) An interactive electronic communication system that allows access to records in the file of qualified voters residing in a county, city, or township for the purpose of receiving copies of the county, city, or township file, transmitting data to the county, city, or township file, or reviewing and printing the county, city, or township file. The interactive electronic communication system shall be designed to permit counties, cities, or townships that are capable of accessing the interactive electronic communication system to add, change, or delete records regarding qualified voters in the qualified voter file.

(d) A statewide street address index in an electronic medium that will accurately identify the city or township of each record and by January 1, 1998, accurately identify the precinct of each record in the qualified voter file.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509q Qualified voter file; information to be contained for each voter.

Sec. 509q.

The qualified voter file shall contain all of the following information for each qualified voter:

(a) The name; residence address including house number and street name or rural route and box number, and the apartment number, if any; city; state; zip code; and date of birth.

(b) The driver's license number or state personal identification card number or similar number issued by a designated voter registration agency.

(c) Jurisdictional information including county and city or township; village, if any; metropolitan district, if any; and school district.

(d) Precinct numbers and ward numbers, if any.

(e) Any other information that the secretary of state determines is necessary to assess the eligibility of qualified electors or to administer voter registration or other aspects of the election process.

(f) Voting history for a 5-year period.

(g) The most recent digitized signature of an elector if captured or reproduced by the secretary of state or a county, city, or township clerk from a voter registration application pursuant to section 509hh, or captured or reproduced by the secretary of state pursuant to section 307 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.307.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509r Qualified voter file; establishment and maintenance of computer system and programs; access; verification of accuracy; compilation of electors; sources; person whose name does not appear in file; requirements; adding, deleting, or changing information; inactive voter file.

Sec. 509r.

(1) The secretary of state shall establish and maintain the computer system and programs necessary to the operation of the qualified voter file. The secretary of state shall allow each county, city, township, or village access to the qualified voter file. The county, city, township, and village clerks shall verify the accuracy of the names and addresses of registered voters in the qualified voter file.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the secretary of state and county, city, township, and village clerks shall compile the qualified voter file that consists of all qualified electors from the following sources and in the following priority:

(a) A driver's license or, if there is no driver's license, a state personal identification card, including renewals and changes of address with the department of state.

(b) An application for benefits or services, including renewals and changes of address, taken by a designated voter registration agency.

(c) An application to register to vote taken by a county, city, township, or village clerk.

(3) A person whose name does not otherwise appear in the qualified voter file shall be placed in the qualified voter file only if the person signs under penalty of perjury an application that contains an attestation that the applicant meets all of the following requirements:

(a) Is 17-1/2 years of age or older.

(b) Is a citizen of the United States and this state.

(c) Is a resident of the city or township where the person's street address is located.

(4) A designated voter registration agency or a county, city, township, or village clerk shall not add to, delete from, or change any information contained in the qualified voter file during the period beginning on the seventh day before an election and ending on the day of the election.

(5) The secretary of state shall create an inactive voter file.

(6) If a voter is sent a notice under section 509aa to confirm the voter's residence information or if a voter does not vote for 6 consecutive years, the secretary of state shall place the registration record of that voter in the inactive voter file. The registration record of that voter shall remain in the inactive voter file until 1 of the following occurs:

(a) The voter votes at an election.

(b) The voter responds to a notice sent under section 509aa.

(c) Another voter registration transaction involving that voter occurs.

(7) While the registration record of a voter is in the inactive voter file, the voter remains eligible to vote and his or her name shall appear on the precinct voter registration list.

(8) If the registration record of a voter is in the inactive voter file because the voter was sent a notice under section 509aa to confirm the voter's residence information and that voter votes at an election by absent voter ballot, that absent voter ballot shall be marked in the same manner as a challenged ballot as provided in section 727.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 270, Eff. Aug. 15, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509s Implementation study of qualified voter file; presentation of results to governor and legislature; creation of system design and cost analysis; creation of design and programming schedule.

Sec. 509s.

(1) The secretary of state shall secure the necessary assistance to have an implementation study of the qualified voter file conducted before July 1, 1995 to do all of the following:

(a) Assess the hardware and software required to establish and maintain the qualified voter file.

(b) Determine the utility of any existing or planned communication networks that will enable electronic communication among designated voter registration agencies that are involved with the qualified voter file.

(c) Survey all available or planned communication networks that will allow the counties, cities, and townships to communicate with the qualified voter file.

(2) The secretary of state shall present the results of the implementation study to the governor, the senate majority leader, and the speaker of the house of representatives on or before October 1, 1995.

(3) The secretary of state shall create a system design and cost analysis for the establishment and maintenance of the qualified voter file on or before October 1, 1995. The secretary of state shall create a design and programming schedule to establish the qualified voter file on or before October 1, 1995.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509t Person considered registered voter; persons required to vote in person; exceptions; prosecution not precluded in state.

Sec. 509t.

(1) Notwithstanding another provision of law to the contrary, a person who is a qualified elector in this state and who registers to vote in a manner consistent with the national voter registration act of 1993 is considered a registered voter under this act.

(2) A person who registers to vote in a jurisdiction in this state by mail shall vote in person and shall provide identification as required under section 303(b) of the help America vote act of 2002, 42 USC 15483, if that person has not previously voted in person in this state. This subsection does not apply to any of the following registered voters:

(a) A person entitled to vote by absentee ballot under the uniformed and overseas citizens absentee voting act.

(b) A person who has a disability as defined in section 103 of the persons with disabilities civil rights act, 1976 PA 220, MCL 37.1103, or, for purposes of voting in person only, a person who is 60 years of age or older.

(c) A person who is entitled to vote other than in person under any other federal law.

(3) This section does not preclude this state from prosecuting a violation of this act that is also a violation of a federal election or voting rights law.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 21, Imd. Eff. Mar. 12, 1998 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509u List designating executive departments, state agencies, or other offices performing voter registration activities; armed forces recruitment office as voter registration agency.

Sec. 509u.

(1) Not later than the thirtieth day after the effective date of this section, the governor shall provide a list to the secretary of state designating the executive departments, state agencies, or other offices that will perform voter registration activities in this state.

(2) Pursuant to the national voter registration act of 1993, a recruitment office of the armed forces of the United States is a designated voter registration agency under this act.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509v Registration to vote at certain locations or by mail.

Sec. 509v.

(1) A person who is not registered to vote at the address where he or she resides may apply to register to vote by submitting an application at any of the following locations:

(a) The office of the clerk of a county or the office of the clerk of the city or township in which the applicant resides, during regular office hours of that clerk.

(b) A department of state office.

(c) A designated voter registration agency when submitting an application, recertification, renewal, or change of address at the voter registration agency.

(2) A person who is not registered to vote at the address where he or she resides may apply for registration by submitting a completed mail registration application. A person may request a mail registration application from and submit the application to any of the following:

(a) The secretary of state.

(b) The clerk of the county, city, or township in which the applicant resides.

(c) A designated voter registration agency.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509w Person processing application; duties; transmitting application; cost of forwarding application.

Sec. 509w.

(1) The person processing an application submitted in person at a department of state office, a designated voter registration agency, or the office of a county clerk shall do all of the following:

(a) Validate the application in the manner prescribed by the secretary of state.

(b) Issue a receipt to the applicant verifying the acceptance of the application.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (3), the department of state office, the designated voter registration agency, or the county clerk shall transmit the application not later than 7 days after receipt of the application to the clerk of the county, city, or township where the applicant resides.

(3) If an application under subsection (1) is made within 7 days before the close of registration for a federal election, the department of state office, the designated voter registration agency, or the county clerk shall transmit the application not later than 1 business day to the clerk of the county, city, or township where the applicant resides.

(4) If a completed application is transmitted by the secretary of state or a designated voter registration agency to a county clerk, the secretary of state, to the extent funds are appropriated, shall compensate the county clerk for the cost of forwarding the application to the proper city or township clerk of the applicant's residence from funds appropriated to the secretary of state for that purpose.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509x Application considered as received; requirements.

Sec. 509x.

An application for registration is considered to be received on or before the close of registration, if 1 of the following requirements is met:

(a) An application is received at a department of state office, a designated voter registration agency, or the office of a county, city, or township clerk on or before the close of registration.

(b) An application is received through the mail that is postmarked on or before the close of registration.

(c) An application is received through the mail on or before the seventh day immediately following the close of registration, if the postmark is missing or is unclear and the application, on its face, is dated by the applicant on or before the close of registration. The clerk shall consider an application received pursuant to this subdivision as received before the close of registration.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509y Repealed. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to failure to register to vote.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509z Notice to clerk of certain information.

Sec. 509z.

The secretary of state shall notify each clerk of the following information regarding residents or former residents of the clerk's city or township:

(a) Driver license or state personal identification card changes of address received by the secretary of state, and whether the person submitted an application for the new address.

(b) The names and addresses in this state of persons who have been issued a driver license in another state.

(c) Death notices received by the secretary of state.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509aa Updating registration upon receipt of certain information; duties of clerk; instruction by clerk to challenge voter; cancellation of registration; notice that registered voter has moved out of state.

Sec. 509aa.

(1) A clerk may use change of address information supplied by the United States postal service or other reliable information received by the clerk that identifies registered voters whose addresses may have changed as provided in this section.

(2) Upon receipt of reliable information that a registered voter has moved his or her residence within the city or township, the clerk shall send by forwardable mail all of the following to the voter:

(a) A notice that the clerk has received information indicating that the voter has moved his or her residence within the city or township.

(b) A postage prepaid and preaddressed return card on which the voter may verify or correct the address information.

(c) A notice explaining that, if the address information is correct and the voter has moved his or her residence within the city or township, the voter should complete and return the card to the clerk with a postmark of 30 days or more before the date of the next election. If the voter has moved his or her residence within the city or township and does not complete and return the card to the clerk with a postmark of 30 days or more before the date of the next election, the voter will be required to vote in his or her former precinct of residence in the city or township. The voter will also be required to submit an address correction before being permitted to vote.

(3) Upon the receipt of reliable information that a registered voter has moved his or her residence to another city or township, the clerk shall send by forwardable mail all of the following to the voter:

(a) A notice that the clerk has received information indicating that the voter has moved his or her residence to another city or township.

(b) A postage prepaid and preaddressed return card on which the voter may verify or correct the address information.

(c) A notice containing all of the following information:

(i) If the address information is incorrect and the voter has not moved to another city or township and wishes to remain registered to vote, the voter should complete and return the card to the clerk with a postmark of 30 days or more before the date of the next election. If the card is not completed and returned with a postmark of 30 days or more before the date of the next election, the voter may be required to affirm his or her current address before being permitted to vote. Further, if the voter does not vote in an election within the period beginning on the date of the notice and ending on the first business day immediately following the second November general election that is held after the date on the notice, the registration of the voter will be canceled and his or her name will be removed from the registration record of that city or township.

(ii) If the voter has moved his or her residence to another city or township, information on how the voter can become registered to vote at the next election in his or her new city or township.

(4) If a notice sent under subsection (2) or (3) is returned to the clerk by the post office as undeliverable, the clerk shall identify the registration record of a voter as challenged as provided in this act. The clerk shall instruct the board of election inspectors to challenge that voter at the first election at which the voter appears to vote. If in response to the challenge the voter indicates that he or she resides at the registration address or has changed addresses within the city or township, the voter shall be permitted to vote a regular ballot rather than a challenged ballot. The voter shall complete a change of address form at the polling place, if applicable. If the person does not appear to vote in an election within the period beginning on the date of the notice and ending on the first business day immediately following the second November general election that is held after the date of the notice, the clerk shall cancel the registration of the voter and remove his or her name from the registration record of the city or township.

(5) If the department of state receives notice that a registered voter has moved out of state by receiving a surrendered Michigan driver license of that registered voter, the secretary of state shall send by forwardable mail all of the following to the voter:

(a) A notice that the secretary of state has received information indicating that the voter has moved his or her residence to another state.

(b) A postage prepaid and preaddressed return card on which the voter may verify or correct the address information.

(c) A notice providing that if the address information is incorrect and the voter has not moved to another state and wishes to remain registered to vote, the voter should complete and return the card to the secretary of state with a postmark of 30 days or more before the date of the next election. If the card is not completed and returned with a postmark of 30 days or more before the date of the next election, the voter may be required to affirm his or her current address before being permitted to vote. Further, if the voter does not vote in an election within the period beginning on the date of the notice and ending on the first business day immediately following the second November general election that is held after the date on the notice, the registration of the voter will be canceled and his or her name will be removed from the qualified voter file.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 270, Eff. Aug. 15, 2012
Compiler's Notes: Act 269 of 2001, which was approved by the Governor and filed with the Secretary of State on January 11, 2002, provided for the amendment of MCL 168.31, 168.73, 168.283, 168.393, 168.509y, 168.509aa, 168.561a, 168.624, 168.624a, 168.686, 168.706, 168.727, 168.737, 168.745, 168.769, 168.782b, 168.795, 168.795c, 168.797a, 168.798c, 168.799a, 168.803, 168.804, 168.842, and 168.931 of, the addition of Sec. 701 to, and the repeal of Sec. 509 of, Act 116 of 1954, known as the Michigan Election Law. A petition seeking a referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was filed with the Secretary of State. The Board of State Canvassers officially declared the sufficiency of the referendum petition on May 14, 2002. Const 1963, art 2, sec 9, provides that no law as to which the power of referendum properly has been invoked shall be effective thereafter unless approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the next general election. A referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was presented to the electors at the November 5, 2002, general election as Proposal 02-1, which read as follows:“A REFERENDUM ON PUBLIC ACT 269 OF 2001--AN ACT TO AMEND CERTAIN SECTIONS OF MICHIGAN ELECTION LAWPublic Act 269 of 2001 would:--Eliminate “straight party” vote option on partisan general election ballots.--Require Secretary of State to obtain training reports from local election officials.--Require registered voters who do not appear on registration list to show picture identification before voting a challenged ballot.--Require expedited canvass if presidential vote differential is under 25,000.--Require ballot counting equipment to screen ballots for voting errors to ensure the accurate tabulation of absentee ballots. Permit voters in polls to correct errors.--Provide penalties for stealing campaign signs or accepting payment for campaign work while being paid as a public employee to perform election duties.Should this law be approved?Yes __________No __________”Act 269 of 2001 was not approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the November 5, 2002, general election.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509bb Failure to vote; cancellation of registration prohibited.

Sec. 509bb.

A clerk shall not cancel or cause the cancellation of the registration of a voter from the registration record of the city or township based solely upon that registered voter's failure to vote.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509cc Challenge of registration; response by voter; duties of clerk.

Sec. 509cc.

(1) If a registration is challenged under this act and the challenged voter does not respond in the manner provided in this act, the registration record of that voter remains challenged and election officials shall not allow the challenged voter to vote until he or she answers the grounds of the challenge in the manner provided in this act. If a registration is challenged under this act and an election official determines, based upon the response of the challenged voter, that the voter is qualified to vote, the election official shall allow the voter to vote and the clerk shall remove the identification as challenged from the registration record of that voter.

(2) If a clerk does not independently determine that a challenged voter is qualified to vote or if the challenged voter does not respond to the challenge or fails to prove in his or her response to the challenge that he or she is qualified to vote during the period beginning on the date of the notice of challenge under this act and ending on the first business day immediately following the second November general election that is held after the date of the notice, the clerk shall cancel the registration of the voter and remove his or her name from the registration record of the city or township.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509dd Program to register voters or remove names.

Sec. 509dd.

(1) A clerk may conduct a program to register qualified electors or to remove names of registered voters who are no longer qualified to vote in the city or township from the registration records of that city or township. A clerk who conducts a program to register voters or to remove names under this section shall administer the program in a uniform manner to the entire city or township. The clerk shall use nondiscriminatory procedures that comply with the requirements of the voting rights act of 1965, Public Law 89-110, 79 Stat. 437.

(2) The clerk shall complete any program to remove names conducted under this section 90 days or more before the date of a federal election. The 90-day deadline under this subsection does not apply to the removal of names from the registration records of a city or township under 1 of the following circumstances:

(a) At the request or authorization of a voter.

(b) Upon the death of a voter.

(c) Upon notice that a voter has moved from the city or township and has completed an application at the new address.

(3) Subject to the requirements of this section, a clerk may use 1 or more of the following to conduct a program to register voters or remove names under this section:

(a) A house-to-house canvass.

(b) A general mailing to voters for address verifications.

(c) Participation in the national change of address program established by the postal service.

(d) Other means the clerk considers appropriate.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509ee Transmission of report by voter registration agency to secretary of state.

Sec. 509ee.

Not later than 90 days after the request of the secretary of state, a designated voter registration agency shall transmit to the secretary of state a report including all of the following:

(a) Information requested by the secretary of state necessary to administer the provisions of sections 509m to 509gg and the national voter registration act of 1993.

(b) Any other information considered necessary by the secretary of state.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509ff Records; purpose; maintenance; availability to public; names and addresses to whom notice sent.

Sec. 509ff.

(1) The secretary of state and each county, city, township, or village clerk shall maintain all records concerning the implementation of programs and activities conducted for the purpose of ensuring the accuracy and currency of registration records under this chapter for 2 years or more. Except to the extent that the records maintained pursuant to this section relate to a declination to register to vote or to the identity of a designated voter registration agency through which any particular voter applied for registration pursuant to section 509gg, the secretary of state or a county, city, township, or village clerk shall make the records available for public inspection under reasonable conditions and, if available, for photocopying at a reasonable cost.

(2) The secretary of state or a county, city, township, or village clerk shall include in the records maintained under this section a list of the names and addresses of all persons to whom a notice under section 509aa is sent and if the person has responded to the notice as of the date the inspection of the records is made.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995
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© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509gg Information exempt from freedom of information act.

Sec. 509gg.

(1) The information described in this subsection that is contained in a registration record is exempt from disclosure under the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246. The secretary of state, a designated voter registration agency, or a county, city, township, or village clerk shall not release a copy of that portion of a registration record that contains any of the following:

(a) The record that a person declined to register to vote.

(b) The office that received a registered voter's application.

(c) A registered voter's driver's license or state personal identification card number.

(d) The month and day of birth of a registered voter.

(e) The telephone number provided by a registered voter.

(f) The digitized signature of an elector that is captured or reproduced and transmitted to the qualified voter file by the secretary of state or a county, city, or township clerk under section 509hh or by the secretary of state under section 307 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.307.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the last 4 digits of a registered voter's social security number contained in a registration record are exempt from disclosure under the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246. The last 4 digits of a registered voter's social security number contained in a registration record may only be used by the secretary of state to verify a registered voter's data as provided by the help America vote act of 2002 and to verify a registered voter's status under this act, and shall not be used or released for any other purpose.


History: Add. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.509hh Capture or reproduction of signature.

Sec. 509hh.

(1) The secretary of state may capture or reproduce the signature of an elector from a voter registration application or pursuant to section 307 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.307, and transmit the signature to the qualified voter file pursuant to section 509q.

(2) The county, city, or township clerk may capture or reproduce the signature of an elector from a voter registration application and transmit the signature to the qualified voter file pursuant to section 509q.


History: Add. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.510 Deceased electors; cancellation of registration.

Sec. 510.

At least once a month, the county clerk shall forward a list of the last known address and birth date of all persons over 18 years of age who have died within the county to the clerk of each city or township within the county. The city or township clerk shall compare this list with the registration records and cancel the registration of all deceased electors.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, Act 224, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 45, Imd. Eff. Feb. 19, 1972
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.511 Cancellation of registration; authorization from elector.

Sec. 511.

Upon the receipt of an authorization of cancellation of registration from the elector, the clerk shall cancel said registration.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.512 Challenge of elector; affidavit, contents; answering affidavit; cancellation of registration; indiscriminate challenge, penalty.

Sec. 512.

Any elector of the municipality may challenge the registration of any registered elector by submitting to the clerk of that municipality a written affidavit that such elector is not qualified to vote, which affidavit shall specify the grounds upon which the challenged elector is disqualified. Upon receipt of such affidavit, the clerk shall forthwith send by registered or certified mail to the challenged elector at his registered or last known address a notification of the challenge, which shall include the grounds for such challenge as stated in the affidavit. The challenged elector may within 30 days appear before the clerk and answer the questions and take the oath required of persons challenged on the same grounds at election, or in lieu of appearing in person the challenged elector, within a like period of time, may elect to file with the clerk an affidavit setting forth specifically his qualifications as an elector of the municipality and answering the grounds of the challenge. If within the 30-day period the person challenged shall fail to appear and be sworn or to file an affidavit, or if his statements do not show him to be a qualified elector of the municipality, the clerk shall forthwith cancel his registration. The 30-day period referred to in this section shall be the 30 days immediately following the date of mailing the notice to the challenged elector.

Any person who shall challenge under the provisions of this section, indiscriminately and without good cause or for the purpose of harassment, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 48, Eff. Mar. 19, 1959
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.513 Repealed. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to cancellation of registration.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.514 Cancellation of registration.

Sec. 514.

If the registration of an elector is canceled, the clerk shall make a proper entry on the original and duplicate registration cards, indicating the date and the cause for cancellation, and shall affix his or her signature to the entries. All copies of the canceled registration cards shall be filed in the office of the clerk. All duplicates of the original registration cards canceled may be destroyed 2 years after the registrations are canceled. The clerk may also destroy the original registration cards of an elector 5 years after the date of cancellation of the elector's registration, if the registration is not reinstated within that period. The clerk may also destroy any canceled original registration cards 2 years after the date of cancellation if the canceled registration cards are reproduced under the records reproduction act, 1992 PA 116, MCL 24.401 to 24.406, and the reproductions are on file in the office of the clerk. The reproductions may be destroyed after the expiration of the statutory retention date of the reproduced records. The registration records, if combustible, shall be destroyed by burning.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 183, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 195, Imd. Eff. Oct. 5, 1992 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 271, Eff. Aug. 15, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.515 Registration records; verification by house-to-house canvass.

Sec. 515.

The several township, city and village clerks may conduct a house-to-house canvass or use such other means of checking the correctness of registration records as may seem expedient.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.516 Registration records; public inspection.

Sec. 516.

The registration record shall be open for public inspection under rules and regulations prescribed by the clerk.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.517 Division of ward or precinct; transfer of registration cards, notations, notice to electors.

Sec. 517.

Whenever any ward or precinct of any township, city or village shall be divided or changed pursuant to law, then the clerk of such township, city or village shall transfer the precinct cards accordingly and shall make the proper notations upon the cards in both the master and precinct files and notify the registrant of such change.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.518 Organization of new township; first registration of electors; records; notice; incorporation of new city; registration records; annexation to city; statement by township clerk.

Sec. 518.

Whenever a new township shall be organized, the persons designated to act as inspectors for the first election to be held therein shall constitute a board of registration for the purpose of making the first registration of qualified electors therein. Said board shall be authorized to procure the necessary books or files and forms to conduct such registration in accordance with the provisions of this act. Subsequent to the election, the records shall be delivered to the persons elected to the office of clerk of the township. At least 10 days' public notice shall be given of the time and place for holding the registration. Such notice shall be given by posting written or printed notices in at least 5 of the most conspicuous places in said township, city or village, or by publication in a newspaper of general circulation therein. Whenever a new city is incorporated from the territory of a township, the registration records of the portion of the township incorporated as a city shall constitute the registration records of the newly incorporated city. Township registration records shall be available and used in connection with the election on the adoption of the charter of any new city or village and for the first election of such city's or village's officers.

Whenever any territory of a township is annexed to a city, the clerk of the township from which the territory was detached shall, not less than 5 days prior to the effective date of the annexation, forward to the clerk of the city to which the territory was annexed all of the current registration records of the registered electors residing in the annexed territory. Such records shall thereafter be a part of the registration records of such city and the electors whose registration records were so transferred shall be registered electors of such city.

All such transfers of registration shall be accompanied by a statement signed by the township clerk certifying that all of the current registrations of persons residing within the annexed or incorporated area according to his records are included therein.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 123, Imd. Eff. Apr. 13, 1956 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 160, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.519 Illegal or fraudulent registration; penalty.

Sec. 519.

No township, city or village clerk or assistant clerk shall register any person whom such clerk shall know or have good reason to believe not to be a resident and so qualified, nor shall any person knowingly or having good reason to believe himself not to be such a resident and so qualified, cause himself to be registered as an elector. Every person so offending, or who shall aid or abet another in so offending, shall upon conviction be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.520 Illegal or fraudulent registration; township, city or village clerk, powers and duties; assistance by police or sheriff; assistant examiners, appointment, expenses.

Sec. 520.

Whenever it shall come to the knowledge of any township, city or village clerk that there is probable illegal or fraudulent registration in his township, city or village, or in any ward or precinct thereof, he shall have power and it shall be his duty to make full investigation of the facts concerning such registration and to ascertain whether any names have been illegally or fraudulently registered. To this end, such clerk is hereby authorized and empowered to call upon the police department of the city or the sheriff of his county, or both, to assist in making such investigation, and said police department and said sheriff are hereby required to render such assistance whenever such clerk shall make request therefor, and to furnish such clerk at his request with all available men to assist in making such investigation. Any such clerk is hereby further authorized and empowered whenever he deems it necessary or advisable to appoint assistant examiners for the purpose of such investigation. Bills for the services of such examiner shall be approved by such clerk and shall be audited and paid by the township board or legislative body of the city or village, as the case may be, in the same manner as the expenses of conducting elections are paid.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.521 Illegal or fraudulent registration; removal of names, notice; reinstatement; review by mandamus; challenge.

Sec. 521.

Whenever any township, city or village clerk shall determine that any name has been illegally or fraudulently entered upon the registration records of any precinct in his township, city or village, he shall remove such name from the registration records and shall notify the person whose name is removed of such removal by registered or certified mail directed to him at the address given on the registration records, and any person representing himself to be the person whose name is so removed shall not be permitted to vote unless he shall show to such clerk that his name was wrongfully removed from the registration records, in which case his name shall be reinstated: Provided, however, That any person aggrieved by such action of any such clerk may review such action and seek the reinstatement of his name by mandamus and the proceedings and judgment of the court in such case shall be subject to review in the supreme court, or if such clerk has good reason to believe that any name has been illegally or fraudulently entered upon said registration records and he shall not remove such name as herein provided, he shall write the word “challenged” upon the registration card of such person and shall lay before the prosecuting attorney of the county all the facts touching such registration. If any person whose registration card has been so marked shall offer to vote at any election, the inspectors of election shall at such time examine him under oath as to his qualifications as an elector in such ward or precinct, the same in all respects and with like effect as though he had been challenged at the election by a challenger thereof.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.522 Making, certifying, and delivering computer tape, disk, or listing of names and addresses of registered electors; year, month, and day of birth of elector; information exempt from disclosure.

Sec. 522.

(1) A clerk of a city, township, or village who maintains a computerized file of registered voters and who does not have direct access to the qualified voter files shall make, certify, and deliver to any person, upon request, a computer tape, disk, or listing, as specified by the person, of the names and addresses of the registered electors of the city, township, village, school district, ward, or precinct upon the payment to the clerk of the cost of making, certifying, and delivering the tape, disk, or listing.

(2) A computer tape, disk, or listing provided under subsection (1) shall include, upon request, the year of birth of an elector but shall not include the month and day of birth of an elector. A computer tape, disk, or listing provided under subsection (1) shall not include a person's driver's license or state personal identification card number or any other information that is exempt from disclosure under section 509gg or other section of this chapter.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 168, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 142, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1989 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.522a Request under freedom of information act; year of elector's birth.

Sec. 522a.

A person making a request under the freedom of information act, Act No. 442 of the Public Acts of 1976, being sections 15.231 to 15.246 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, shall not be entitled to receive a copy of a portion of a voter registration record which contains the birth date of an elector other than the year of the elector's birth.


History: Add. 1986, Act 168, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1986
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.523 Identification of registered elector; presenting official state identification card, operator's or chauffeur's license, or generally recognized picture identification card; execution of application; challenge; affidavit; approval, initial, and notation of application; application as poll list; filing application; notations on cards or lists; record of voting participation.

Sec. 523.

(1) At each election, before being given a ballot, each registered elector offering to vote shall identify himself or herself by presenting an official state identification card issued to that individual under 1972 PA 222, MCL 28.291 to 28.300, an operator's or chauffeur's license issued to that individual under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.1 to 257.923, or other generally recognized picture identification card and by executing an application, on a form prescribed by the secretary of state, in the presence of an election official which includes all of the following:

(a) The name of the elector.

(b) The elector's address of residence.

(c) The elector's date of birth.

(d) An affirmative statement by the elector that is included in the signature statement indicating that he or she is a citizen of the United States.

(e) The elector's signature or mark.

(2) If an elector's signature contained in the qualified voter file is available in the polling place, the election official shall compare the signature upon the application with the digitized signature provided by the qualified voter file. If an elector's signature is not contained in the qualified voter file, the election official shall process the application in the same manner as applications are processed when a voter registration list is used in the polling place. If voter registration lists are used in the precinct, the election inspector shall determine if the name on the application to vote appears on the voter registration list. If the name appears on the voter registration list, the elector shall provide further identification or other information stated upon the voter registration list. If the signature or an item of information does not correspond, the vote of the person shall be challenged, and the same procedure shall be followed as provided in this act for the challenging of an elector. If the elector does not have an official state identification card, operator's or chauffeur's license, or other generally recognized picture identification card as required under this subsection, the individual shall sign an affidavit to that effect before an election inspector and be allowed to vote as otherwise provided in this act. However, an elector being allowed to vote without the identification required under this subsection is subject to challenge as provided in section 727.

(3) If, upon a comparison of the signature or other identification as required in this section, it is found that the applicant is entitled to vote, the election officer having charge of the registration list shall approve the application and write his or her initials on the application, after which the number on the ballot issued shall be noted on the application. The application shall serve as 1 of the 2 poll lists required to be kept as a record of a person who has voted. The application shall be filed with the township, city, or village clerk. If voter registration cards are used in the precinct, the date of the election shall be noted by 1 of the election officials upon the precinct registration card of each elector voting at an election. If voter registration lists are used in the precinct, the election official shall clearly indicate upon the list each elector voting at that election. The clerk of a city, village, or township shall maintain a record of voting participation for each registered elector.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 57, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 10, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 267, Eff. Aug. 28, 1964 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 338, Imd. Eff. July 11, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 87, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1995 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Eff. Jan. 1, 2007 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 523, Eff. Mar. 28, 2013
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.523a Individual not listed on voter registration list; issuance of ballot; procedure.

Sec. 523a.

(1) If an individual who has applied to register to vote on or before the close of registration appears at a polling place on election day and completes an application under section 523 is not listed on the voter registration list, the election inspector shall issue a ballot to the individual as follows:

(a) For an individual who presents a receipt issued by a department of state office, a designated voter registration agency, or the elector's county, city, or township clerk's office verifying the acceptance of a voter registration application before the close of registration and completes a new voter registration application, the election inspector shall allow the individual to vote a ballot in the same manner as an elector whose name is listed on the voter registration list.

(b) For an individual who does not present a receipt verifying the acceptance of a voter registration application under subdivision (a), the election inspector shall determine whether the individual is in the appropriate polling place based on residence information provided by the individual. The election inspector shall review any documents or maps in the polling place or communicate with the city or township clerk to verify the appropriate polling place for the individual. The election inspector shall direct an individual who is not in the appropriate polling place to the appropriate polling place. If the individual refuses to go to the appropriate polling place, the election inspector shall issue the individual a provisional ballot that shall be processed according to subsection (5).

(2) Except for an individual who produces a receipt under subsection (1)(a), the election inspector shall require an individual who is not listed on the voter registration list to execute a sworn statement affirming that the individual submitted a voter registration application before the close of registration and is eligible to vote in the election. An individual who provides false information in a signed sworn statement under this subsection is guilty of perjury. An individual signing a sworn statement shall complete a new voter registration application. The individual shall state the approximate date and in what manner the registration application was submitted:

(a) To a department of state office.

(b) To a designated voter registration agency.

(c) To the office of his or her county, city, or township clerk.

(d) By a mailed application.

(3) The election inspector shall contact the city or township clerk to verify whether the individual who signed the sworn statement is listed in the registration records of the jurisdiction or whether there is any information contrary to the content of the sworn statement.

(4) If the city or township clerk verifies the elector information and finds no information contrary to the information provided by the individual in the sworn statement and the individual presents a Michigan operator's or chauffeur's license, department of state issued personal identification card, other government issued photo identification card, or a photo identification card issued by an institution of higher education in this state described in section 6 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963 or a junior college or community college established under section 7 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963 that contains a current residence address to establish his or her identity and residence address, the individual shall be permitted to vote a provisional ballot on election day. Before the provisional ballot is tabulated on election day, election inspectors shall process the ballot as a challenged ballot under sections 745 and 746.

(5) If the election inspector is not able to contact the city or township clerk, the individual is not in the correct precinct, the individual presents identification other than a Michigan operator's or chauffeur's license, department of state issued personal identification card, other government issued photo identification card, or a photo identification card issued by an institution of higher education in this state described in section 6 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963 or a junior college or community college established under section 7 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963 that contains a current residence address, or the individual is unable to present any identification, the individual shall be issued a provisional ballot that is not tabulated on election day but is secured for verification after the election. A provisional ballot shall also be issued under this subsection to a voter who presents a Michigan operator's license, chauffeur's license, department of state personal identification card, other government issued photo identification card, or a photo identification card issued by an institution of higher education in this state described in section 6 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963 or a junior college or community college established under section 7 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963 that does not bear the voter's current residence address, if the voter also presents a document to establish the voter's current residence address. The election inspector shall accept a document containing the name and current residence address of the voter as sufficient documentation to issue a provisional ballot if it is 1 of the following documents:

(a) A current utility bill.

(b) A current bank statement.

(c) A current paycheck, government check, or other government document.

(6) A provisional ballot shall be placed in a provisional ballot return envelope prescribed by the secretary of state and delivered to the city or township clerk after the polls close in a manner as prescribed by the secretary of state.

(7) For a provisional ballot voted under subsection (4), the election inspector shall provide the voter with a notice that his or her ballot has been tabulated. For a provisional ballot voted under subsection (5), the election inspector shall provide the voter with a notice that the voter's information will be verified by the clerk of the jurisdiction within 6 days after the election to determine whether the ballot will be tabulated and, if the ballot is not tabulated, to determine the reason it was not tabulated. A clerk of a jurisdiction shall provide a free access system for the voter to determine whether the ballot was tabulated. The free access system may include a telephone number that does not require a toll charge, a toll-free telephone number, an internet website, or a mailed notice.

(8) As used in this section and sections 813 and 829, “provisional ballot” means a special ballot utilized for an individual who is not listed on the voter registration list at the polling place that is tabulated only after verification of the individual's eligibility to vote.


History: Add. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.524 Number of eligible voters; reports by township, village and city clerks to county clerks after registration closing.

Sec. 524.

Within 15 days after the close of registration prior to all primary and general elections, each township, village and city clerk shall report to his county clerk the total number of persons eligible to vote in the respective primary or general election.


History: Add. 1967, Act 170, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.530 Repealed. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to review of voter registration system by advisory committee.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XXIV
PRIMARY ELECTIONS


168.531 Primary elections; nomination of candidates by direct vote.

Sec. 531.

Whenever any primary election shall be held in this state or in any city, county or district in this state, the nomination of candidates shall be made by direct vote of the qualified and registered electors of each political party participating therein as hereinafter prescribed.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.532 Nomination by caucus or convention where principal candidate receives less than 5% of vote cast for candidates for secretary of state.

Sec. 532.

A political party whose principal candidate received less than 5% of the total vote cast for all candidates for the office of secretary of state in the last preceding state election, either in the state or in any political subdivision affected, shall not make its nominations by the direct primary method. The nomination of all candidates of such parties shall be made by means of caucuses or conventions which shall be held and the names of the party's nominations filed at the time and manner provided in section 686a of this act. The term “principal candidate” of any party shall be construed to mean the candidate whose name shall appear nearest the top of the party column.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 28, Imd. Eff. June 14, 1973
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.533 Applicability of act.

Sec. 533.

The provisions of this act relative to the conduct of elections shall be applicable as near as may be in all particulars to all regular and special primary elections except as the contrary is indicated.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.534 General primary; time; party candidates to be voted for; condition to nomination.

Sec. 534.

A general primary of all political parties except as provided in sections 532 and 685 shall be held in every election precinct in this state on the Tuesday after the first Monday in August before every general November election, at which time the qualified and registered voters of each political party may vote for party candidates for the office of governor, United States senator, representative in congress, state senator, representative in the legislature, county executive, prosecuting attorney, sheriff, county clerk, county treasurer, register of deeds, county auditor, drain commissioner, public works commissioner, county road commissioner, county mine inspector, surveyor, and candidates for office in townships. A nomination for an office shall be made only if the official is to be elected at the next succeeding general November election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 57, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 260, Imd. Eff. Aug. 12, 1976 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.535 General primary; nomination of nonpartisan candidates.

Sec. 535.

A general primary shall be held in every election precinct in this state on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in August preceding every general November election, at which time the qualified and registered voters may vote for nonpartisan candidates for the office of judge of the court of appeals, judge of the circuit court, judge of probate and for circuit court commissioner in the years in which such officers are to be elected.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 57, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.536, 168.537 Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 57, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections provided for nomination in primary elections for certain local government offices.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.538 Primary election; notice; posting; publication.

Sec. 538.

Primary election notices shall be published and posted as provided in section 653a.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.539 City and county primary elections; not held when no opposition; certification of candidates; notice to city and township clerks, public notice.

Sec. 539.

If, upon the expiration of the time for filing petitions in any primary for city or county, it appears that there is no opposition to any candidate for any office upon any ticket, then the city or county clerk, as the case may be, shall certify to the board of election commissioners the names of all persons whose petitions have been properly filed and the office for which such petitions were filed, and such persons shall be declared by such board of election commissioners nominees for the respective offices, and such county clerk shall forthwith notify the several clerks of the townships and cities interested, if any, and give notice that the primary will not be held as contemplated, giving the reasons therefor, and a public notice shall be given of such determination by a brief notice published by such clerk in a newspaper circulated in such county.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.540 Nonpartisan primary elections; when not held; certification of candidates.

Sec. 540.

If, upon the expiration of the time for filing petitions for any nonpartisan primary election, it shall appear that as to any office on any nonpartisan ticket there are not to exceed twice the number of candidates as there are persons to be elected, then the officer with whom such petitions are filed shall certify to the proper board of election commissioners the names of such candidates whose petitions have been properly filed and such candidates shall be the nominees for such offices and shall be so certified. As to such offices, there shall be no primary election and such offices shall be omitted from the primary ballot.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.541 District primary elections; not held when no opposition; certification of candidates; notice to city and township clerks.

Sec. 541.

If upon the expiration of the time for filing petitions in any primary, the secretary of state shall find within a given district that there is no opposition for any office upon any ticket, he shall forthwith give notice to the clerk of the several counties embraced, at the same time certifying the names of the candidates and the office to which they aspire to the state board of canvassers, who shall declare them the nominees for the respective offices, and shall give notice to the clerk of the several counties embraced in such district, and if the clerk shall find that there is no opposition for any office upon any ticket for a county office, then it shall be the duty of such clerk to forthwith give notice to the several city and township clerks interested that a primary will not be held as contemplated, but in no event shall a primary election be abandoned in any township, city, county or district wherein there shall be opposition for any office upon any ticket.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
PREPARATION AND FILING OF NOMINATING PETITIONS; FEES


168.542 Nominating petitions; provisions governing.

Sec. 542.

The printing of the name of any person as a candidate for nomination by any political party for any office except a city or village under the particular party heading upon the official ballots for any primary election held in this state shall be obtained by following the provisions as set forth in the chapters of this act relative to the respective offices.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.543, 168.544 Repealed. 1965, Act 312, Eff. Jan. 1, 1966.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections prescribed requirements for primary election nominating petitions.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.544a Nonpartisan nominating petitions; size, form, contents.

Sec. 544a.

The form, size and contents of all nonpartisan nominating petitions shall be the same as is provided in section 544c for partisan nominating petitions, except that under the heading “nominating petition” shall be printed in 12-point type the word “nonpartisan”. The petition shall contain no reference to any political party.


History: Add. 1960, Act 23, Eff. Aug. 17, 1960 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 312, Eff. Jan. 1, 1966
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.544b Candidates for judicial office; affidavit of qualifications to be filed with nominating petitions.

Sec. 544b.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2), a person shall not qualify as a candidate for any judicial office of this state unless the person files an affidavit with his or her nominating petitions on a form prescribed by the secretary of state stating that he or she possesses the constitutional qualifications set forth in section 19 of article VI of the state constitution.

(2) In cases where candidates for judicial office are nominated at political party conventions, the chairperson and secretary of the party shall file the affidavit with the secretary of state not more than 1 business day after the conclusion of the convention.


History: Add. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 57, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.544c Nominating petition; type size; form; contents; circulation and signing; validity of elector's signature; irrevocable written stipulation agreeing to jurisdiction; violations; misdemeanor; sanctions; applicability of section.

Sec. 544c.

(1) A nominating petition shall be 8-1/2 inches by 14 inches in size. On a nominating petition, the words "nominating petition" shall be printed in 24-point boldface type. "We, the undersigned," et cetera shall be printed in 8-point type. "Warning" and language in the warning shall be printed in 12-point boldface type. The balance of the petition shall be printed in 8-point type. The name, address, and party affiliation of the candidate and the office for which petitions are signed shall be printed in type not larger than 24-point. Subject to subsection (6), the petition shall be in the following form:

NOMINATING PETITION
(PARTISAN)
We, the undersigned, registered and qualified voters
of the city or township of .................. , in the county
(strike 1)
of ................... and state of Michigan, nominate,
.............................................................. ,
(Name of Candidate)
.............................................................. ,
(Street Address or Rural Route) (City or Township)
as a candidate of the ................... party for the
office of .......................... ,
.............................................................. ,
(District, if any)
to be voted for at the primary election to be held on
the ............ day of ............. , 20 ........ .
WARNING
A person who knowingly signs more petitions for the same
office than there are persons to be elected to the office or
signs a name other than his or her own is violating the
provisions of the Michigan election law.
Printed Street Address
Name and or Date of Signing
Signature Rural Route Zip Code Mo. Day Year
1. ____________________________________________________________
2. ____________________________________________________________
3. ____________________________________________________________
4. ____________________________________________________________
numbered lines as above
CERTIFICATE OF CIRCULATOR

The undersigned circulator of the above petition asserts that he or she is qualified to circulate this petition and that each signature on the petition was signed in his or her presence; and that, to his or her best knowledge and belief, each signature is the genuine signature of the person purporting to sign the petition, the person signing the petition was at the time of signing a qualified registered elector of the city or township listed in the heading of the petition, and the elector was qualified to sign the petition.

Circulator—Do not sign or date certificate until after circulating petition.

__________________________________________________
(Printed Name and Signature of Circulator) (Date)
__________________________________________________
(City or Township Where Registered)
[or, for a petition under section 482, a qualifying
petition for an office named in section 590b(4), or
a petition to form a new political party under
section 685
"(City or Township Where Registered or Qualified to
be Registered, if a resident of this state)"]
__________________________________________________
(Complete Residence Address (Street and Number
or Rural Route))
__________________________________________________
(Zip Code)

Warning-A circulator knowingly making a false statement in the above certificate, a person not a circulator who signs as a circulator, or a person who signs a name other than his or her own as circulator is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(2) The petition shall be in a form providing a space for the circulator and each elector who signs the petition to print his or her name. The secretary of state shall prescribe the location of the space for the printed name. The failure of the circulator or an elector who signs the petition to print his or her name, to print his or her name in the location prescribed by the secretary of state, or to enter a zip code or his or her correct zip code does not affect the validity of the signature of the circulator or the elector who signs the petition. A printed name located in the space prescribed for printed names does not constitute the signature of the circulator or elector. If an elector does not include his or her signature, his or her street address or rural route, or the date of signing on the petition as required under subsection (1), the elector's signature is invalid and shall not be counted by a filing official.

(3) At the time of circulation, the circulator of a petition shall be a registered elector of this state. At the time of executing the certificate of circulator, the circulator shall be registered in the city or township indicated in the certificate of circulator on the petition. However, the circulator of a petition under section 482, a qualifying petition for an office named in section 590b(4), or a petition to form a new political party under section 685 either shall be a registered elector of this state or qualified to be a registered elector of this state at the time of circulation and at the time of executing the certificate of circulator, or, if not a resident of this state, shall be at least 18 years of age, a United States citizen, and shall sign an irrevocable written stipulation concerning legal process as provided in subsection (4).

(4) If the circulator of a petition under section 482, a qualifying petition for an office named in section 590b(4), or a petition to form a new political party under section 685 is not a resident of this state, the circulator shall submit to the sponsor of the petition a signed, irrevocable written stipulation agreeing to accept the jurisdiction of this state for the purpose of any legal proceeding or hearing initiated under section 476, 552, 590f(2), or 685 that concerns a petition sheet executed by the circulator and agreeing that legal process served on the secretary of state or a designated agent of the secretary of state has the same effect as if personally served on the circulator. The irrevocable written stipulation shall also include the circulator's residential address, mailing address, if different than his or her residential address, telephone number, and electronic mail address. The irrevocable written stipulation remains in effect for the pendency of any proceeding concerning the petition sheet signed by the circulator. The irrevocable written stipulation shall be preserved by the sponsor of the petition for 1 year and shall be made available to the secretary of state, a designated agent of the secretary of state, or the board of state canvassers immediately upon request.

(5) If the secretary of state or a designated agent of the secretary of state is served with legal process as described in subsection (4), the secretary of state shall promptly notify the circulator by personal service or certified mail at the circulator's residential address as indicated in the certificate of circulator or the irrevocable written stipulation.

(6) Subject to subsection (7), the following language shall be added to the certificate of circulator of a petition under section 482, a qualifying petition for an office named in section 590b(4), or a petition to form a new political party under section 685:

If at the time of circulating the petition and executing the certificate of circulator the undersigned circulator is not qualified to be a registered elector of this state, he or she agrees that any legal process concerning a petition sheet executed by the circulator served on the secretary of state or a designated agent of the secretary of state has the same effect as if personally served on the circulator.

(7) A petition described in subsection (6) that is approved as to form by the board of state canvassers before the effective date of the 2014 amendatory act that added this subsection and that is in circulation for the 2014 general election is not required to contain the added language to the certificate of circulator provided in subsection (6). However, the circulator of a petition described in subsection (6) who is not a resident of this state shall comply with the requirements under subsection (4).

(8) The circulator of a petition shall sign and date the certificate of circulator before the petition is filed. A circulator shall not obtain electors' signatures after the circulator has signed and dated the certificate of circulator. A filing official shall not count electors' signatures that were obtained after the date the circulator signed the certificate or that are contained in a petition that the circulator did not sign and date.

(9) Except as provided in section 544d, a petition sheet shall not be circulated in more than 1 city or township and each signer of a petition sheet shall be a registered elector of the city or township indicated in the heading of the petition sheet. The invalidity of 1 or more signatures on a petition does not affect the validity of the remainder of the signatures on the petition.

(10) An individual shall not sign more nominating petitions for the same office than there are persons to be elected to the office. An individual who violates this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(11) An individual shall not do any of the following:

(a) Sign a petition with a name other than his or her own.

(b) Make a false statement in a certificate on a petition.

(c) If not a circulator, sign a petition as a circulator.

(d) Sign a name as circulator other than his or her own.

(12) An individual who violates subsection (11) is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than $500.00 or imprisonment for not more than 93 days, or both.

(13) If after a canvass and a hearing on a petition under section 476 or 552 the board of state canvassers determines that an individual has knowingly and intentionally failed to comply with subsection (11), the board of state canvassers may impose 1 or more of the following sanctions:

(a) Disqualify obviously fraudulent signatures on a petition form on which the violation of subsection (11) occurred, without checking the signatures against local registration records.

(b) Disqualify from the ballot a candidate who committed, aided or abetted, or knowingly allowed the violation of subsection (11) on a petition to nominate that candidate.

(14) If an individual violates subsection (11) and the affected petition sheet is filed, each of the following who knew of the violation of subsection (11) before the filing of the affected petition sheet and who failed to report the violation to the secretary of state, the filing official, if different, the attorney general, a law enforcement officer, or the county prosecuting attorney is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not more than $500.00 or imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or both:

(a) The circulator of the petition, if different than the individual who violated subsection (11).

(b) If the petition is a nominating petition, the candidate whose nomination is sought.

(c) If the petition is a petition for a ballot question or recall, the organization or other person sponsoring the petition drive.

(15) If after a canvass and a hearing on a petition under section 476 or 552 the board of state canvassers determines that an individual has violated subsection (14), the board of state canvassers may impose 1 or more of the following sanctions:

(a) Impose on the organization or other person sponsoring the petition drive an administrative fine of not more than $5,000.00.

(b) Charge the organization or other person sponsoring the petition drive for the costs of canvassing a petition form on which a violation of subsection (11) occurred.

(c) Disqualify an organization or other person described in subdivision (a) from collecting signatures on a petition for a period of not more than 4 years.

(d) Disqualify obviously fraudulent signatures on a petition form on which a violation of subsection (11) occurred without checking the signatures against local registration records.

(e) Disqualify from the ballot a candidate who committed, aided or abetted, or knowingly allowed a violation of subsection (11) on a petition to nominate that candidate.

(16) If an individual refuses to comply with a subpoena of the board of state canvassers in an investigation of an alleged violation of subsection (11) or (14), the board may hold the canvass of the petitions in abeyance until the individual complies.

(17) A person who aids or abets another in an act that is prohibited by this section is guilty of that act.

(18) The provisions of this section except as otherwise expressly provided apply to all petitions circulated under authority of the election law.


History: Add. 1965, Act 312, Eff. Jan. 1, 1966 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 22, Imd. Eff. Feb. 19, 1972 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 408, Eff. Mar. 30, 1983 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 142, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1989 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 329, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 1993, Act 137, Eff. Jan. 1, 1994 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 219, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 431, Imd. Eff. June 6, 2002 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.544d Nominating petitions for offices and purposes; circulation; form; identification of city or township; certificate of circulator; other form not prohibited.

Sec. 544d.

Nominating petitions for the offices under this act and petitions for a constitutional amendment, initiation of legislation, or referendum of legislation or a local proposal may be circulated on a countywide form. Petitions circulated countywide shall be on a form prescribed by the secretary of state, which form shall be substantially as provided in sections 482, 544a, or 544c, whichever is applicable. The secretary of state may provide for a petition form larger than 8-1/2 inches by 13 inches and shall provide for identification of the city or township in which the person signing the petition is registered. The certificate of the circulator may be on the reverse side of the petition. This section does not prohibit the circulation of petitions on another form prescribed by this act.


History: Add. 1975, Act 327, Imd. Eff. Jan. 12, 1976 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 114, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides: “If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.544e Canvassing petitions; number designations for months.

Sec. 544e.

When canvassing petitions filed pursuant to this act, the official canvassing the petitions shall accept number designations for the months of the year in lieu of the names of the months.


History: Add. 1975, Act 327, Imd. Eff. Jan. 12, 1976
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.544f Number of signatures required.

Sec. 544f.

The number of signatures of qualified and registered electors necessary for nominating petitions under this act, based upon the population of the district involved according to the most recent federal census, is as follows:

Partisan Non Partisan Qualifying
Petition Petition Petition
Population Min Max Min Max Min Max
0 - 9,999 3 10 6 20 9 30
10,000 - 24,999 20 50 40 100 60 150
25,000 - 49,999 50 100 100 200 150 300
50,000 - 74,999 100 200 200 400 300 600
75,000 - 99,999 200 400 400 800 600 1,200
100,000 - 199,999 300 500 600 1,000 900 1,500
200,000 - 499,999 500 1,000 1,000 2,000 1,500 3,000
500,000 - 999,999 1,000 2,000 2,000 4,000 3,000 6,000
1,000,000 - 1,999,999 2,000 4,000 4,000 8,000 6,000 12,000
2,000,000 - 4,999,999 4,000 8,000 6,200 12,000 12,000 24,000
Over 5 million (statewide) 15,000 30,000 30,000 60,000 30,000 60,000


History: Add. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.545 Nominating petitions; combination of two offices.

Sec. 545.

In those instances in which the duties of 2 offices are combined, all nominating petitions shall include and name the 2 offices.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.546 Nominating petitions; supply by county and city clerks; printing by candidate.

Sec. 546.

The various county clerks and city clerks shall prepare and keep on hand blank forms of nominating petitions for use of the electors and candidates in said city or county. Nothing herein contained shall be construed to prohibit any candidate from having his own nominating petitions printed, but they must comply substantially with the above form.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.547 Repealed. 1965, Act 312, Eff. Jan. 1, 1966.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section made it unlawful for voter to sign more than one nominating petition for the same office.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.547a Nominating petitions; signatures by voters, number, counting.

Sec. 547a.

If a qualified and registered voter signs nominating petitions for a greater number of candidates for public office than the number of persons to be elected thereto, his signatures, if they bear the same date, shall not be counted upon any petition, and if they bear different dates shall be counted in the order of their priority of date for only so many candidates as there are persons to be elected.


History: Add. 1959, Act 44, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.548 Nominating petitions; maximum number of signatures.

Sec. 548.

It shall be unlawful for any candidate to wilfully and intentionally procure more names upon nominating petitions than the maximum number prescribed in this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.549 Nominating petitions; excess signatures, counting.

Sec. 549.

If any nominating petitions contain more than the necessary percentage of names, the excess over 1% shall neither be considered nor counted.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.550 Candidates for nomination; qualification upon compliance with act.

Sec. 550.

No candidate shall have his name printed upon any official primary election ballot of any political party in any voting precinct in this state unless he shall have filed nominating petitions according to the provisions of this act, and all other requirements of this act have been complied within his behalf, except in those counties qualifying candidates upon the payment of fees.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.551 Nominating petitions or filing fees; filing period.

Sec. 551.

Until December 31, 2013, the secretary of state and the various county, township, and city clerks shall receive nominating petitions or filing fees filed under this act up to 4 p.m., eastern standard time, of the twelfth Tuesday before the August primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, the secretary of state and the various county, township, and city clerks shall receive nominating petitions or filing fees filed under this act up to 4 p.m., eastern standard time, of the fifteenth Tuesday before the August primary. The provisions of this section do not apply to a city that does not nominate its officers under the provisions of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 57, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.551a Repealed. 1956, Act 37, Imd. Eff. Mar. 28, 1956.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section provided for contents and filing of nominating petitions at any nonpartisan judicial primary.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.552 Nominating petitions; certification by county or city clerk; sworn complaint; investigation to determine validity of signatures and genuineness of petition; examination of petitions; declaration of sufficiency or insufficiency of petitions; review; filing of nominating petitions with secretary of state; notification; canvass of petitions; hearing; subpoenas; oaths; adjournment; completion of canvass; availability to public; declaration; request for notice of approval or rejection of petition; judicial review; use of qualified voter file; certification to boards of election commissioners.

Sec. 552.

(1) The county or city clerk, after the last day specified in this act for receiving and filing nominating petitions, shall immediately certify to the proper board or boards of election commissioners in the city, county, district, or state the name and post office address of each party candidate whose petitions meet the requirements of this act, together with the name of the political party and the office for which he or she is a candidate.

(2) If the county clerk receives a sworn complaint, in writing, questioning the registration or genuineness of the signature of the circulator or of a person signing a petition filed with the county clerk for an office, the county clerk shall commence an investigation. The county clerk shall cause the petition that he or she considers necessary to be forwarded to the proper city clerk or township clerk to compare the signatures appearing on the petition with the signatures appearing on the registration record as required by subsection (13). The county clerk may conduct the signature comparisons as required by subsection (13) using the digitized signatures in the qualified voter file, in lieu of requesting the local clerk to conduct the signature comparison. If the request has been made by the county clerk, the city clerk or township clerk shall complete the investigation and report his or her findings to the county clerk within 7 days after the request. The investigation shall include the validity of the signatures and the genuineness of a petition as is specified in the sworn complaint and may include any other doubtful signatures or petitions filed on behalf of the candidate against whose petitions the sworn complaint is directed, as the county clerk considers necessary. The county clerk is not required to act on a complaint respecting the validity and genuineness of signatures on a petition unless the complaint sets forth the specific signatures claimed to be invalid and the specific petition for which the complaint questions the validity and genuineness of the signature or registration of the circulator, and unless the complaint is received by the county clerk within 7 days after the deadline for the filing of the nominating petitions.

(3) In addition to the duty specified in subsection (2) for the examination of petitions, the county clerk, on his or her own initiative, on receipt of the nominating petitions, may examine the petitions, and if after examination the county clerk is in doubt as to the validity of the registration or genuineness of the signature of the circulator or persons signing or purported to have signed the petitions, the county clerk shall commence an investigation. Subject to subsection (13), the county clerk shall cause the petitions in question to be forwarded to the proper city clerk or township clerk to compare the signatures appearing on the petitions with the signatures appearing on the registration records. The county clerk may conduct the signature comparisons as required by subsection (13) using the digitized signatures in the qualified voter file, in lieu of requesting the local clerk to conduct the signature comparison.

(4) The clerk of a political subdivision shall cooperate fully with the county clerk in a request made to the clerk by the county clerk in determining the validity of doubtful signatures by checking the signatures against registration records in an expeditious and proper manner.

(5) At least 2 business days before the county clerk makes a final determination on challenges to and sufficiency of a petition, the county clerk shall make public its staff report concerning disposition of challenges filed against the petition. Beginning with the receipt of any document from local election officials under subsection (2) or (3), the county clerk shall make that document available to petitioners and challengers on a daily basis.

(6) Upon the completion of the investigation or examination, the county clerk shall immediately make an official declaration of the sufficiency or insufficiency of nominating petitions for which a sworn complaint has been received or of the sufficiency or insufficiency of nominating petitions that the county clerk has examined or investigated on his or her own initiative. A person feeling aggrieved by a determination made by the county clerk may have the determination reviewed by the secretary of state by filing a written request with the secretary of state within 3 days after the official declaration of the county clerk, unless the third day falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which case the request may be filed not later than 4 p.m. on the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. Alternatively, the aggrieved person may have the determination of the county clerk reviewed by filing a mandamus, certiorari, or other appropriate remedy in the circuit court. A person who filed a nominating petition and feels aggrieved by the determination of the secretary of state may then have that determination reviewed by mandamus, certiorari, or other appropriate remedy in the circuit court.

(7) A city clerk with whom nominating petitions are filed may examine the petitions and investigate the validity and genuineness of signatures appearing on the petitions. Subject to subsection (13), the city clerk may check the signatures against registration records. The city clerk shall make a determination as to the sufficiency or insufficiency of the petitions upon the completion of the examination or investigation, and shall make an official declaration of the findings. A person feeling aggrieved by the determination has the same rights of review as in case of a determination by the county clerk.

(8) Upon the filing of nominating petitions with the secretary of state, the secretary of state shall notify the board of state canvassers within 5 days after the last day for filing the petitions. The notification shall be by first-class mail. Upon the receipt of the nominating petitions, the board of state canvassers shall canvass the petitions to ascertain if the petitions have been signed by the requisite number of qualified and registered electors. Subject to subsection (13), for the purpose of determining the validity of the signatures, the board of state canvassers may cause a doubtful signature to be checked against the qualified voter file or the registration records by the clerk of a political subdivision in which the petitions were circulated. If the board of state canvassers receives a sworn complaint, in writing, questioning the registration of or the genuineness of the signature of the circulator or of a person signing a nominating petition filed with the secretary of state, the board of state canvassers shall commence an investigation. Subject to subsection (13), the board of state canvassers shall verify the registration or the genuineness of a signature as required by subsection (13). If the board is unable to verify the genuineness of a signature on a petition, the board shall cause the petition to be forwarded to the proper city clerk or township clerk to compare the signatures on the petition with the signatures on the registration record, or in some other manner determine whether the signatures on the petition are valid and genuine. The board of state canvassers is not required to act on a complaint respecting the validity and genuineness of signatures on a petition unless the complaint sets forth the specific signatures claimed to be invalid and the specific petition for which the complaint questions the validity and genuineness of the signature or the registration of the circulator, and unless the complaint is received by the board of state canvassers within 7 days after the deadline for filing the nominating petitions. After receiving a request from the board of state canvassers under this subsection, the clerk of a political subdivision shall cooperate fully in determining the validity of doubtful signatures by rechecking the signatures against registration records in an expeditious and proper manner. The board of state canvassers may extend the 7-day challenge period if it finds that the challenger did not receive a copy of each petition sheet that the challenger requested from the secretary of state. The extension of the challenge deadline under this subsection does not extend another deadline under this section.

(9) The board of state canvassers may hold a hearing upon a complaint filed or for a purpose considered necessary by the board of state canvassers to conduct an investigation of the petitions. In conducting a hearing, the board of state canvassers may issue subpoenas and administer oaths. The board of state canvassers may also adjourn periodically awaiting receipt of returns from investigations that are being made or for other necessary purposes, but shall complete the canvass not less than 9 weeks before the primary election at which candidates are to be nominated. Before making a final determination, the board of state canvassers may consider any deficiency found on the face of the petition that does not require verification against data maintained in the qualified voter file or in the voter registration files maintained by a city or township clerk.

(10) At least 2 business days before the board of state canvassers meets to make a final determination on challenges to and sufficiency of a petition, the board shall make public its staff report concerning disposition of challenges filed against the petition. Beginning with the receipt of any document from local election officials under subsection (8), the board of state canvassers shall make that document available to candidates and challengers on a daily basis.

(11) An official declaration of the sufficiency or insufficiency of a nominating petition shall be made by the board of state canvassers not less than 60 days before the primary election at which candidates are to be nominated. At the time of filing a nominating petition with the secretary of state, the person filing the petition may request a notice of the approval or rejection of the petition. If a request is made at the time of filing the petition, the secretary of state, immediately upon the determination of approval or rejection, shall transmit by registered mail to the person making the request an official notice of the sufficiency or insufficiency of the petitions.

(12) A person who filed a nominating petition with the secretary of state and who feels aggrieved by a determination made by the board of state canvassers may have the determination reviewed by mandamus, certiorari, or other appropriate process in the supreme court.

(13) The qualified voter file may be used to determine the validity of petition signatures by verifying the registration of signers. If the qualified voter file indicates that, on the date the elector signed the petition, the elector was not registered to vote, there is a rebuttable presumption that the signature is invalid. If the qualified voter file indicates that, on the date the elector signed the petition, the elector was not registered to vote in the city or township designated on the petition, there is a rebuttable presumption that the signature is invalid. The qualified voter file shall be used to determine the genuineness of a signature on a petition. Signature comparisons shall be made with the digitized signatures in the qualified voter file. The county clerk or the board of state canvassers shall conduct the signature comparison using digitized signatures contained in the qualified voter file for their respective investigations. If the qualified voter file does not contain a digitized signature of an elector, the city or the township clerk shall compare the petition signature to the signature contained on the master card.

(14) Not less than 60 days before the primary election at which candidates are to be nominated, the secretary of state shall certify to the proper boards of election commissioners in the various counties in the state, the name and post office address of each partisan or nonpartisan candidate whose petitions have been filed with the secretary of state and meet the requirements of this act, together with the name of the political party, if any, and the office for which he or she is a candidate.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 125, Imd. Eff. Apr. 13, 1956 ;-- Am. 1958, Act 25, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 1958 ;-- Am. 1963, Act 193, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 338, Imd. Eff. July 11, 1978 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 220, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 188, Imd. Eff. Oct. 31, 2003 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Eff. Jan. 1, 2007
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
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168.552a Validity of petition or signature.

Sec. 552a.

(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this act to the contrary, a petition or a signature is not invalid solely because the designation of city or township has not been made on the petition form if a city and an adjoining township have the same name.

(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of this act to the contrary, if a person who signs a petition uses his or her mailing address on the petition and that mailing address incorporates the political jurisdiction in which the person is registered to vote, that signature shall be counted if the signature is otherwise determined to be genuine and valid under this act.


History: Add. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996
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168.553 Nominating petitions; insufficiency, notice to candidate.

Sec. 553.

In case it is determined that the nominating petitions of any candidate do not comply with the requirements of this act, or if for any other cause such candidate is not entitled to have his name printed upon the official primary ballots, it shall be the duty of the secretary of state or county or city clerk to immediately notify such candidate of such fact, together with a statement of the reasons why his name was not certified to the respective boards of election commissioners.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
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168.554 List of candidates; posting.

Sec. 554.

The secretary of state or county or city clerk shall forthwith prepare and publicly expose in his office a list of the candidates who have filed nominating petitions or filing fees in his office, as near as may be, as they will appear upon the official primary election ballots.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955
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168.554a Repealed. 1971, Act 5, Eff. Mar. 30, 1972.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to time for filing candidate's filing fee.
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168.555 Nominating petitions and filing fees; public record, contents; public inspection.

Sec. 555.

The various officers named herein shall keep a public record of the nominating petitions and filing fees filed in a book for that purpose, which record shall indicate the names of the candidates, the offices sought, and the dates when such nominating petitions or filing fees were filed. All such nominating petitions shall be open to public inspection and subject to examination after being filed in the office of the secretary of state, county clerk or city clerk, in accordance with such reasonable rules and regulations as may be prescribed by such officers.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955
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168.556 Nominating petitions; final disposition, record.

Sec. 556.

All nominating petitions filed under the provisions of this act shall be preserved by the secretary of state, county, city, village or township clerk, as the case may be, until the first day of January following the primary election for which the same were filed. At the expiration of that period, the secretary of state, county, city, village or township clerk may destroy all nominating petitions, the return of which has not been requested. In the record of nominating petitions, the various officers keeping such record shall cause entries to be made, stating the final disposition of each candidate's petition.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
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168.557 Repealed. 2002, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Apr. 9, 2002.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to requirements for nominating petitions.
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168.558 Filing nominating petition, qualifying petition, filing fee, or affidavit of candidacy; affidavit of identity; requirement to indicate name change; exception; statement; noncompliance; selection of office to which candidacy restricted; failure to make selection.

Sec. 558.

(1) When filing a nominating petition, qualifying petition, filing fee, or affidavit of candidacy for a federal, county, state, city, township, village, metropolitan district, or school district office in any election, a candidate shall file with the officer with whom the petitions, fee, or affidavit is filed 2 copies of an affidavit of identity. A candidate nominated for a federal, state, county, city, township, or village office at a political party convention or caucus shall file an affidavit of identity within 1 business day after being nominated with the secretary of state. The affidavit of identity filing requirement does not apply to a candidate nominated for the office of president of the United States or vice president of the United States.

(2) An affidavit of identity shall contain the candidate's name, address, and ward and precinct where registered, if qualified to vote at that election; a statement that the candidate is a citizen of the United States; the candidate's number of years of residence in the state and county; other information that may be required to satisfy the officer as to the identity of the candidate; the manner in which the candidate wishes to have his or her name appear on the ballot; and a statement that the candidate either is or is not using a name, whether a given name, a surname, or otherwise, that is not a name that he or she was given at birth. If a candidate is using a name that is not a name that he or she was given at birth, the candidate shall include on the affidavit of identity the candidate's full former name.

(3) The requirement to indicate a name change on the affidavit of identity does not apply if the name in question is 1 of the following:

(a) A name that was formally changed at least 10 years before filing as a candidate.

(b) A name that was changed in a certificate of naturalization issued by a federal district court at the time the individual became a naturalized citizen at least 10 years before filing as a candidate.

(c) A name that was changed because of marriage.

(d) A name that was changed because of divorce, but only if to a legal name by which the individual was previously known.

(e) A name that constitutes a common law name as provided in section 560b.

(4) An affidavit of identity shall include a statement that as of the date of the affidavit, all statements, reports, late filing fees, and fines required of the candidate or any candidate committee organized to support the candidate's election under the Michigan campaign finance act, 1976 PA 388, MCL 169.201 to 169.282, have been filed or paid; and a statement that the candidate acknowledges that making a false statement in the affidavit is perjury, punishable by a fine up to $1,000.00 or imprisonment for up to 5 years, or both. If a candidate files the affidavit of identity with an officer other than the county clerk or secretary of state, the officer shall immediately forward to the county clerk 1 copy of the affidavit of identity by first-class mail. The county clerk shall immediately forward 1 copy of the affidavit of identity for state and federal candidates to the secretary of state by first-class mail. An officer shall not certify to the board of election commissioners the name of a candidate who fails to comply with this section.

(5) If petitions or filing fees are filed by or in behalf of a candidate for more than 1 office, either federal, state, county, city, village, township, metropolitan district, or school district, the terms of which run concurrently or overlap, the candidate so filing, or in behalf of whom petitions or fees were so filed, shall select the 1 office to which his or her candidacy is restricted within 3 days after the last day for the filing of petitions or filing fees unless the petitions or filing fees are filed for 2 offices that are combined or for offices that are not incompatible. Failure to make the selection disqualifies a candidate with respect to each office for which petitions or fees were so filed and the name of the candidate shall not be printed upon the ballot for those offices. A vote cast for that candidate at the ensuing primary or general election shall not be counted and is void.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 190, Imd. Eff. May 20, 1964 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 394, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1984 ;-- Am. 1992, Act 264, Eff. Jan. 1, 1993 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1997, Act 137, Imd. Eff. Nov. 17, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 217, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Apr. 9, 2002 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 128, Imd. Eff. May 14, 2012 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
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PREPARATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF BALLOTS


168.559 Official primary election ballots; preparation, distribution.

Sec. 559.

It shall be the duty of the board of election commissioners of each county in this state to prepare and furnish the necessary official primary election ballots, except for city offices, which may be required for use by the electors of any political party at the August primary.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
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168.560 Ballots; use; size.

Sec. 560.

Ballots other than those furnished by the board of election commissioners, according to the provisions of this act, shall not be used, cast, or counted in any election precinct at any election. The size of all official ballots shall be as the board of election commissioners prescribes.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 128, Imd. Eff. May 14, 2012
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168.560a General election ballot; qualifying to list name, party vignette, and candidates thereon.

Sec. 560a.

A political party the principal candidate of which received at the last preceding general election a vote equal to or more than 1% of the total number of votes cast for the successful candidate for secretary of state at the last preceding election in which a secretary of state was elected is qualified to have its name, party vignette, and candidates listed on the next general election ballot.


History: Add. 1976, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 22, 1976
Constitutionality: The Michigan supreme court, in Socialist Workers Party v Secretary of State, 412 Mich 571; 317 NW2d 1 (1982), held that 1976 PA 94, which added this section, violates Const 1963, art 1, § 2 and art 2, § 4, and the first and fourteenth amendments to the United States Constitution.
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168.560b Name appearing on ballot; change; appearance of given and middle name; nickname; common law name; married name; violation.

Sec. 560b.

(1) A candidate required to indicate a name change on the affidavit of identity under section 558 shall be listed on the ballot with his or her current name and former name as prescribed by the secretary of state.

(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), both a candidate's given name and surname that he or she was given at birth, and only those names, shall appear on the ballot, except under 1 of the following circumstances:

(a) The name in question, whether a given name, a surname, or otherwise, is a name that was formally changed.

(b) The candidate is subject to subsection (1).

(c) The name in question, whether a given name, a surname, or otherwise, is 1 of the following:

(i) A name that was changed in a certificate of naturalization issued by a federal district court at the time the individual became a naturalized citizen at least 10 years before filing as a candidate.

(ii) A name that was changed because of marriage.

(iii) A name that was changed because of divorce, but only if to a legal name by which the individual was previously known.

(3) A candidate may specify that both his or her given name and middle name, or only a middle name, shall appear on the ballot. A candidate may specify that either an initial or a recognized diminutive for the candidate's given or middle name, or for both, shall appear on the ballot. In addition, a candidate may specify that a common law name used in accordance with Michigan department of state guidelines for use of a common law name on a driver license or state personal identification card shall appear on that ballot.

(4) A candidate is prohibited from specifying that a nickname that is not a recognized diminutive of the candidate's common law name, given name, or middle name appear on the ballot. A married individual is prohibited from specifying that his or her spouse's given name, or an alternative for that given name otherwise permitted under subsection (3), appear on the ballot.

(5) A ballot that would violate this section shall not be produced, printed, or distributed.


History: Add. 2002, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Apr. 9, 2002 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 128, Imd. Eff. May 14, 2012
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.560b, which pertained to primary election ballot and rights of voters, was repealed by Act 116 of 1988, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988.
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168.561 Official primary election ballots; offices for which name of candidate to be included; filing request for clarifying designation of same or similar surnames; notice of determination; appeal; printing occupation, date of birth, or residence of candidate; incumbency designation; guidelines.

Sec. 561.

(1) The ballots prepared by the board of election commissioners in each county for use by the electors of a political party at a primary election shall include the name of each candidate of the political party for the office of governor, United States senator, and district offices; for the county, the name of each candidate of the political party for county offices; and for each township, the name of each candidate of the political party for township offices.

(2) If, in a district that is a county or entirely within 1 county, 2 or more candidates, including candidates for nonpartisan offices, for the same office have the same or similar surnames, a candidate may file a written request with the board of county election commissioners for a clarifying designation. The request shall be filed not later than 3 days after the last date for filing nominating petitions. Not later than 3 days after the filing of the request, the board of county election commissioners shall determine whether a similarity exists and whether a clarifying designation should be granted. In a district located in more than 1 county, the board of state canvassers shall make a determination whether to grant a clarifying designation upon the written request of a candidate who files nominating petitions with the secretary of state. The request shall be filed with the state board of canvassers not later than 5 days after the last date for filing nominating petitions. The board of state canvassers shall make its determination at the same time it makes a declaration of the sufficiency or insufficiency of nominating petitions in compliance with section 552.

(3) In each instance, the determining board shall immediately notify each candidate for the same office as the requester that a request for a clarifying designation has been made and of the date, time, and place of the hearing. The requester and each candidate for the same office shall be notified of the board's determination by first-class mail sent within 24 hours after the final date for the determination. A candidate who is dissatisfied with the determination of the board of county election commissioners may file an appeal in the circuit court of the county where the board is located. A candidate who is dissatisfied with the determination of the board of state canvassers may file an appeal in the Ingham county circuit court. The appeal shall be filed within 14 days after the final date for determination by the board. The court shall hear the matter de novo. Except as provided in subsection (4), in the case of the same surname or of a final determination by the board or by the court before the latest date that the board can arrange the ballot printing of the existence of similarity, the board shall print the occupation, date of birth, or residence of each of the candidates on the ballot or ballot labels under their respective names. The term “occupation” includes a currently held political office, even though it is not the candidate's principal occupation, but does not include reference to a previous position or occupation.

(4) If there are 2 candidates with the same or similar surnames and 1 of the candidates is entitled to an incumbency designation by section 24 of article VI of the state constitution of 1963, no other designation shall be provided for the other candidate with the same or similar surname. If there are more than 2 candidates with the same or similar surname and 1 of the candidates is entitled to an incumbency designation by section 24 of article VI of the state constitution of 1963, a clarifying designation may be given to the other candidates with the same or similar surname. Except for an incumbency designation under section 24 of article VI of the state constitution of 1963, if 2 or more candidates with the same or similar surnames are related, the board shall only print the residence or date of birth of each of the candidates as a clarifying designation. As used in this subsection, “related” means that the candidates with the same or similar surnames are related within the third degree of consanguinity.

(5) The board of state canvassers shall issue guidelines to ensure fairness and uniformity in the granting of designations and may issue guidelines relating to what constitutes the same or similar surnames. The board of state canvassers and the boards of county election commissioners shall follow the guidelines.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 328, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1966 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 36, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 260, Imd. Eff. Aug. 12, 1976 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Apr. 9, 2002
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168.561a Official ballots; designation of candidate with same given and surname as incumbent.

Sec. 561a.

In any primary election whenever any candidate for public office has the same given and surname as the name of the person last elected to such office, when the person last elected is not seeking renomination, below the name of said candidate on the ballot shall appear the words “not the present .................” and in said space shall be printed the title of the office sought. The size of type used in any other designation on the ballot shall not be reduced in size from the size of type normally used.


History: Add. 1960, Act 88, Imd. Eff. Apr. 25, 1960
Compiler's Notes: Act 269 of 2001, which was approved by the Governor and filed with the Secretary of State on January 11, 2002, provided for the amendment of MCL 168.31, 168.73, 168.283, 168.393, 168.509y, 168.509aa, 168.561a, 168.624, 168.624a, 168.686, 168.706, 168.727, 168.737, 168.745, 168.769, 168.782b, 168.795, 168.795c, 168.797a, 168.798c, 168.799a, 168.803, 168.804, 168.842, and 168.931 of, the addition of Sec. 701 to, and the repeal of Sec. 509 of, Act 116 of 1954, known as the Michigan Election Law. A petition seeking a referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was filed with the Secretary of State. The Board of State Canvassers officially declared the sufficiency of the referendum petition on May 14, 2002. Const 1963, art 2, sec 9, provides that no law as to which the power of referendum properly has been invoked shall be effective thereafter unless approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the next general election. A referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was presented to the electors at the November 5, 2002, general election as Proposal 02-1, which read as follows:“A REFERENDUM ON PUBLIC ACT 269 OF 2001—AN ACT TO AMEND CERTAIN SECTIONS OF MICHIGAN ELECTION LAWPublic Act 269 of 2001 would:—Eliminate “straight party” vote option on partisan general election ballots.—Require Secretary of State to obtain training reports from local election officials.—Require registered voters who do not appear on registration list to show picture identification before voting a challenged ballot.—Require expedited canvass if presidential vote differential is under 25,000.—Require ballot counting equipment to screen ballots for voting errors to ensure the accurate tabulation of absentee ballots. Permit voters in polls to correct errors.—Provide penalties for stealing campaign signs or accepting payment for campaign work while being paid as a public employee to perform election duties.Should this law be approved?Yes __________No __________”Act 269 of 2001 was not approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the November 5, 2002, general election.
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168.562 Official ballots; delegates to county convention.

Sec. 562.

The said ballots shall also contain as many lines as there are delegates to be elected to the county convention by the particular political party. Such lines shall be printed under the title “Delegates to county convention”, and no ballot for a delegate to a county convention of any political party shall be counted unless prepared and voted under authority of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
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168.562a Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to delegate ballots.
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168.562b Election as delegate to state convention or national convention; signing affidavit; voting for presidential candidate; filing affidavit.

Sec. 562b.

(1) Before an individual may be elected as a delegate to the state convention or national convention of a political party, that individual shall sign an affidavit including 1 of the following:

(a) The name of a candidate for president of the United States of that individual's political party that he or she is bound to vote for at each stage of the nominating process until the end of the first ballot at the national convention of that political party unless otherwise released from that commitment under subsection (3). The requirements of this subdivision are met only if the designated presidential candidate's name appears on the presidential primary election ballot.

(b) A statement that the individual is uncommitted regarding the candidates for president of the United States.

(2) Except as provided in subsection (3), an individual elected as a delegate to the state convention or national convention of a political party is bound to vote at each stage of the presidential nomination process until the end of the first ballot at the national convention of that political party for the candidate for president of the United States that he or she designated a commitment to by written affidavit as required in subsection (1), if any, before his or her election.

(3) A delegate to the state convention or national convention is bound to vote for the presidential candidate the delegate is committed to under subsection (2) unless the delegate is released from that commitment by written notice to the chairperson of the state central committee by the presidential candidate or the presidential candidate publicly withdraws from contention for that party's nomination.

(4) An individual seeking election as a delegate to the state convention, or his or her designee, shall file the affidavit required under subsection (1) with the county chairperson or the chairperson of the district committee. The county chairperson or the chairperson of the district committee shall file a copy of that affidavit with the chairperson of the state central committee.

(5) An individual who has not filed an affidavit under subsection (4) and who is seeking election as a delegate to the national convention, or his or her designee, shall file the affidavit required under subsection (1) with the chairperson of the state central committee.


History: Add. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988
Compiler's Notes: See Green Party of Michigan, et al v Terri Lynn Land, case no. 08-10149, March 26, 2008.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.563 Primary election ballots; number; weight and color of paper; printing and arrangement.

Sec. 563.

The number of ballots to be printed for the use of the electors at any primary election in any election precinct shall be not less than 25% more than the total number of ballots cast therein at the corresponding primary election held 4 years previously. The ballot at any partisan primary election shall consist of 1 sheet of 70-pound white book paper, machine finished, or the equivalent. The elections commission may provide that 1 of the political party tickets shall be printed on each side thereof or that the party tickets shall appear on 1 side of the ballot only. If 3 or more parties are represented at a partisan primary, the ballots shall be arranged with a foldover extension or the election commission may provide that the parties shall appear on 1 side of the ballot only. If the ballots are printed on 1 side only the order of the parties on the ballot shall be the same as they will appear on the general election ballot. The parties shall be separated by a heavy black line. If ballots are printed on 2 sides or with a foldover extension the various party tickets shall be printed, as near as may be, in the manner herein before set forth and shall be rotated so that each party ticket will appear face up on alternate ballots. The election commission may provide for the printing of the ballots on colored paper as follows: State and county ballots, white paper; nonpartisan ballots, blue tinted paper; constitutional amendments and state propositions, red tinted paper; county propositions, green tinted paper; local propositions, buff paper; local candidates, white paper. If the election commission prints ballots on colored paper, all instruction ballots shall be printed on any color paper not used for official ballots.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1958, Act 192, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 34, Imd. Eff. June 16, 1970 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 198, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1972
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.564 Official ballots; failure of party to file required petitions, party ballot not printed.

Sec. 564.

If in the case of any political party it shall appear that no person has filed the necessary number of nominating petitions, as required by this act, for nomination as a candidate of said party for any office, then no ballot for the use of said political party at the primary shall be printed.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.565 Filing, mailing, and correcting proof copies of ballots; affidavit.

Sec. 565.

Proof copies of the ballots shall be placed on file in the office of the county clerk at least 14 days prior to the primary election, and, at the time of filing, 1 proof copy of the ballot shall be sent in counties with a population of 1,500,000 or more by registered or certified mail with return receipt demanded, and in counties with less than 1,500,000 by first class mail to the secretary of state and 1 to each candidate whose name appears upon the ballots, at his or her last known address. If a candidate desires to correct the ballot, the candidate shall forward the ballot to the county clerk within 2 business days of the receipt of the ballot, with the corrections noted on the ballot. The county clerk shall prepare and sign an affidavit when sending proof ballots which: attests that proof ballots were mailed as required; lists the candidates who were mailed ballots; the address to which the ballots were mailed; and lists the date or dates proof ballots were mailed.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 113, Imd. Eff. May 29, 1984
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.566 Official primary ballots; posting for public inspection.

Sec. 566.

The official primary ballots shall be posted in a conspicuous place at the office of the county, city, village or township clerk, as the case may be, for public inspection at least 3 days prior to distribution for use at the primary election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.567 Official primary ballots; errors, correction by board of election commissioners.

Sec. 567.

The boards of election commissioners shall correct such errors as may be found in said ballots, and a copy of such corrected ballots shall be sent to the secretary of state by the county clerk.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.568 Official primary election ballots; form; order and title of offices.

Sec. 568.

(1) The official primary election ballots shall be prepared in a form prescribed by the secretary of state based upon the voting equipment being used in each county.

(2) The order of the offices on the ballot shall be the same, as near as may be, as is required by law in making up the ballot used at general elections. The title of the office shall be immediately above the names of the candidate or candidates for the nomination of each office, and under the title the words "Vote for not more than," followed by the number "1" or "2" or such other identifier as will designate the number of candidates for the nomination to the office that may be voted for.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 160, Imd. Eff. Nov. 20, 1985 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 128, Imd. Eff. May 14, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.569 Official primary ballots; numbering; separation of columns.

Sec. 569.

The ballots for each election district shall be numbered consecutively in the manner provided for the preparation of ballots for general election. Said ballot may be in 1 or more columns as may be determined by the board of election commissioners preparing the same. If 2 or more columns are used on the ballots, the columns shall be separated by a heavy black line.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.569a Rotation of names; manner; effect of using absent voter counting board; section applicable to nonpartisan general elections and municipal elections.

Sec. 569a.

(1) In all primary elections, if there are more names under the heading of an office than there are candidates to be nominated and the same office appears in more than 1 precinct, the names shall be rotated in the following manner: In printing each set of ballots for the several election precincts, the relative positions of the different names printed in each division shall be changed as many times as there are candidates in that division and as reasonably as possible a candidate's name shall not appear at the top of the ballot more times than any other candidate's name in that division. The names shall first be arranged alphabetically according to surnames on each ballot used in the precinct. In the next precinct the names shall appear in the same order on each ballot, except that the name appearing first under each office in the preceding precinct shall be last. The names shall be changed in that manner in every precinct of the city, village, township, or county.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, an absent voter counting board is a separate precinct for the purposes of this act. If a municipality has 250 or more precincts and absent voter counting boards are used, each ballot form which contains identical offices and names may be considered a separate precinct for the purposes of this section.

(3) Notwithstanding provisions of law or charter to the contrary, this section applies to nonpartisan general elections and to municipal elections.


History: Add. 1985, Act 24, Imd. Eff. May 24, 1985 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 272, Imd. Eff. July 3, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.570 Paper ballots; numbering; identification; function of and requirements for detachable corner stub; distribution of ballots; form.

Sec. 570.

Paper ballots shall be numbered consecutively and identified by use of the words "official primary ballot" on the upper right hand corner upon the front of the ballot with a perforated line across the corner and underneath the number and identification so that the corner with the number and identification may be torn off. The detachable corner stub shall serve for the several party tickets and the ballot number shall be printed upon the stub on 1 side only. A political party designation shall not appear upon a ballot corner so numbered and identified. After the ballots are trimmed and wrapped in sealed packages, they shall be distributed for use at the primary election in the same manner as is now provided by law for the distribution of ballots to be used at general elections. Ballots shall be prepared in substantially the following form:

OFFICIAL PRIMARY BALLOT
No. ............
OFFICIAL PRIMARY ELECTION BALLOT
Primary election to be held ...................... 19......
in the county of .......................................... .
...............party.
(Vignette)
You cannot split your ticket. If you vote for candidates on
more than 1 party ticket, your ballot will be rejected.
Make a cross or a check mark in the square to the left of
not more than the number of names for each office as may be
indicated under the title of each office.
______________________________________________________________
State. Legislative.
______________________________________________________________
Governor. State Senator.
.................District.
Vote for not more than one. Vote for not more than one.
______________________________________________________________
[ ] 1 John Doe [ ] 7 John Doe
______________________________________________________________
[ ] 2 Richard Roe [ ] 8 Richard Roe
______________________________________________________________
[ ] [ ]
______________________________________________________________
Congressional. Representative in State
________________________________ Legislature.
United States Senator..... .................District.
Vote for not more than one. Vote for not more than one.
______________________________________________________________
[ ] 3 John Doe [ ] 9 John Doe
______________________________________________________________
[ ] 4 Richard Roe [ ] 10 Richard Roe
______________________________________________________________
[ ] [ ]
______________________________________________________________
Representative in Congress. County.
.................... District. Prosecuting Attorney.
Vote for not more than one. Vote for not more than one.
______________________________________________________________
[ ] 5 John Doe [ ] 11 John Doe
______________________________________________________________
[ ] 6 Richard Roe [ ] 12 Richard Roe
______________________________________________________________
[ ] [ ]
______________________________________________________________


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 108, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 46, Imd. Eff. May 24, 1968 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 24, Imd. Eff. May 24, 1985 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 160, Imd. Eff. Nov. 20, 1985
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.570a Official primary ballots; candidates for township offices, order of listing, party qualification; references to February primary and April election, definition.

Sec. 570a.

The official primary ballot shall include candidates for township offices. Township offices and candidates shall follow state and county offices and candidates. Parties qualified to appear on the primary ballot for state and county offices and no others are qualified to appear and have the names of their candidates printed on the township portion of the primary ballot. Parties qualified to nominate candidates for state and county offices under the provisions of section 685 and no others are qualified to nominate candidates for township offices at the county caucuses provided in section 686a.

All references in the election law to a February primary shall be deemed to be references to the primary provided by the election law to be held in August prior to the general November election and all references to an April election shall be deemed to be references to the general November election.


History: Add. 1966, Act 58, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1966
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.571 Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 57, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section provided that provisions pertaining to primary election ballots should apply to February primary.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.572 Official primary ballots; provision for write-in votes.

Sec. 572.

The ballots shall be prepared in such manner that the electors of each political party may write, print or paste the name of a candidate thereon.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.573 Official primary ballots; packaging, seal, certification.

Sec. 573.

The ballots of each kind for each election precinct shall be wrapped and secured in 2 separate packages. Each package shall be securely sealed with a red paper seal furnished by the secretary of state and shall bear on its wrapper the name and number of the precinct and a certificate signed by the county clerk or some member of the board of county election commissioners, or his or its duly authorized agent, setting forth the number and kind of ballots in such package and that such ballots were counted, packaged and sealed by himself personally, or by his duly authorized agent.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
CONDUCT OF PRIMARY ELECTIONS


168.574 Primary election; board of primary election inspectors, membership.

Sec. 574.

Each primary election shall be presided over by a board of primary election inspectors, which board shall be composed of the members of the board of election inspectors as provided in section 674 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.575 Primary elections; furnishing ballots to electors.

Sec. 575.

After the polls are opened at a primary election, any elector who is legally registered and qualified shall, before entering the booth or voting compartment, be furnished a party ballot, together with any other ballot or ballots to be voted at that primary election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.576 Marking ballot; voting for person not on ballot; effect of voting more than 1 party ticket; section subject to MCL 168.736a.

Sec. 576.

(1) An elector, after having received a ballot or ballots, shall enter a booth or voting compartment and, while there concealed from view, shall vote the ballot or ballots by making a cross or a check mark in the square at the left of the names of those candidates for whom the elector desires to vote, but in no case for more candidates for any office than is indicated under the title of each office. However, an elector may vote for a person whose name is not printed on the ballot by inserting the name in a manner that will substitute it for any name that is printed on the ballot or where no candidate's name appears upon the ballot.

(2) The elector shall indicate his or her choice of candidate son 1 party ticket only and, after marking the ballot, the elector shall fold it for deposit pursuant to the provisions of this act. A ballot on which more than 1 party ticket has been voted is void.

(3) This section is subject to section 736a.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 160, Imd. Eff. Nov. 20, 1985 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 213, Imd. Eff. May 28, 1996
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.576a Primary elections; electors, number of votes.

Sec. 576a.

In all partisan and nonpartisan primary elections, the voter shall be entitled to vote for a number of candidates for each office equal to the number of persons to be elected for that office.


History: Add. 1969, Act 275, Imd. Eff. Aug. 11, 1969
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.577 Primary elections; electors, folding and delivery of ballots.

Sec. 577.

The elector shall then fold the ballot so that the perforated corner bearing the number and identification shall be on the outside, and shall present it to the proper member of the board of inspectors, who shall tear off the corner bearing the number and shall deposit the ballot in the ballot box.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.578 Primary elections; poll list, comparison of ballot number.

Sec. 578.

When a duly registered and qualified elector shall ask for a ballot as before provided, the inspector shall enter his name upon the poll list, and the number of the ballot given to the elector. The inspector receiving the ballot after the same has been voted shall, before depositing it in the box, ascertain by comparison with such list whether the ballot given to him is the same ballot furnished to the elector, and if it is not the same ballot, he shall reject it and the elector shall not be allowed to vote at such primary election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.579 Primary elections; electors; exposure of ballot; rejection; applicability of section under MCL 168.736a.

Sec. 579.

If an elector, after marking his or her ballot, exposes it to any person in a manner likely to reveal the name of any candidate for whom the elector voted, the board of election inspectors shall reject the ballot and the elector shall forfeit the right to vote at the primary. A note of the occurrence shall be made upon the poll list opposite the name of the elector. This section does not apply to an elector who exposes his or her ballot to a minor child accompanying that elector in the booth or voting compartment under section 736a.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 213, Imd. Eff. May 28, 1996
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.580 Counting ballots; candidates considered to have received votes; rejection of ballot.

Sec. 580.

In counting the ballots after the closing of the polls, only those candidates having crosses or check marks marked in the squares to the left of their names shall be considered to have received votes, and any ballot upon which more votes have been recorded for candidates for any office than may, by law, be elected to that office shall be rejected as to all names appearing on the ballot for that office only.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 160, Imd. Eff. Nov. 20, 1985
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
CANVASSING OF PRIMARY RETURNS


168.581 Primary elections; canvass of returns and declaration of results.

Sec. 581.

The returns of said primary election shall be canvassed and the results declared in the same manner and within the same time after the primary election and by the same officers as provided for general elections, except that in the case of a primary election for the nomination of a candidate for the office of United States senator, or governor or for the nomination of candidates for district offices in districts comprising more than 1 county, the county clerk of each county affected shall transmit to the secretary of state, within 14 days after the primary election, a certified statement of the number of votes received by each person for nomination as a candidate of any political party for any of the said offices. The secretary of state shall call a meeting of the board of state canvassers at his office not later than 20 days after the primary election, which date he shall forthwith certify to the chairman and secretary of the state central committee of each political party, for the purpose of canvassing the returns and declaring the results of the primary election for the nomination of the candidates for such offices. The said board shall proceed in the same manner in canvassing the returns and in certifying, recording and determining results of a primary election for the nomination of candidates for United States senator and governor as is done in canvassing the returns in the case of the election of state officials. In canvassing the returns of a primary election for the nomination of candidates for the offices of representative in congress, state senator and representatives in the legislature, in districts composed of more than 1 county, said board shall proceed in like manner as is done in canvassing the returns in case of the election of representatives in congress.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 173, Eff. Mar. 19, 1960 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 57, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.582 Person voted for on party ballot whose name is not printed on ballot and who has not filed nominating petition; votes required for nomination.

Sec. 582.

A person who is voted for on a party ballot for a state, district, township, county, city, or ward office or for the office of United States senator or representative in Congress whose name is not printed on the ballot and who has not filed a nominating petition for the office voted for, shall not be considered nominated as the candidate of the party for the office, nor be certified as a nominee unless the person receives a total vote equal to not less than .15 of 1% of the total population, as reflected by the last official federal census, of the district for which nomination is sought, but not less than 10 votes for the office, or a total vote equal to 5% of the greatest number of votes cast by the party for any office at the primary in the state, congressional, or other district, township, county, city, or ward, for a candidate or for all candidates for nomination for an office for which only 1 person is to be nominated, whichever is greater. However, for an office to which more than 1 candidate is to be elected, the 5% limitation shall be based upon the greatest number of votes cast at the primary for any candidate for the same office.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 226, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 160, Imd. Eff. June 18, 1980
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.583 Primary election day; service of civil process on electors prohibited.

Sec. 583.

During the day on which any primary election shall be held, pursuant to the provisions of law, no civil process shall be served on any elector entitled to vote at such primary election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
VOTING MACHINES AT PRIMARIES


168.584 Voting machines authorized in primaries.

Sec. 584.

At all state, county, city, village and township primaries, ballots or votes may be cast, registered, recorded or counted by means of voting machines as hereinafter provided.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 386, Eff. Mar. 31, 1966 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 214, Imd. Eff. July 7, 1972
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.585 Primary elections; use of voting machines; supplementary ballots.

Sec. 585.

Any voting machine which is by law authorized to be used at a general election may, by the order of the board of supervisors of any county, the legislative body of any city, the township board of any township, or the village council of any village, be purchased and used therein at primary elections in like manner and to the same extent that such machines may be used at general elections, and in case there are more candidates than can have their names placed on any such machines so to be used, or in case such machine is so constructed that an elector cannot vote for candidates of more than 1 political party, then it shall be the duty of the proper election commission to designate what names shall be voted for on the machines, and to print the remaining names upon proper ballots in such manner as nearly as may be that the political party or parties polling the largest vote in such county for secretary of state at the last preceding election shall be placed upon the machine, and the candidates of smaller parties shall be placed upon ballots, but all the candidates of any party shall either be upon the machine or upon a ballot.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.586 Provisions applicable to use of voting machines; appearance of names of candidates; determination of feasibility.

Sec. 586.

The provisions relative to the use of voting machines at general elections shall apply, as near as may be, to the use of voting machines at primary elections. The names of all candidates of each political party, where feasible, shall appear on a single row of the voting machine assigned to that party. If not feasible because of limitations of space, the names of the candidates may appear on the next succeeding row or rows. Before providing that the names of candidates shall appear on a succeeding row, all available spaces on the row assigned to a party shall be used. The determination of the feasibility shall be made by the election commission of the political entity setting up the arrangement of the face of the machine. In determining feasibility the same consideration shall be given to nonpartisan and local candidates as is given to state and county candidates.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 50, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 46, Imd. Eff. May 24, 1968 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 24, Imd. Eff. May 24, 1985
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.587 Primary elections; voting machines, straight ticket and excess voting prevented.

Sec. 587.

Whenever a voting machine is used in a primary election, the party levers or bars, if any, shall be locked against voting so as to prevent straight ticket voting, and the machine shall be properly arranged so that the elector may vote for as many candidates for each office as there are candidates to be nominated to that office and no more.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.588 Primary elections; voting machines, number in precinct.

Sec. 588.

More than 1 voting machine may be used in a precinct.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XXIVA
CANDIDATES WITHOUT POLITICAL PARTY AFFILIATION


168.590 Qualifying petition; filing; filing fee in lieu of petition prohibited; qualifications.

Sec. 590.

(1) For the purposes of this act, “qualifying petition” means a nominating petition required of and filed by a person to qualify to appear on an election ballot as a candidate for office without political party affiliation.

(2) A person may file a qualifying petition for a partisan office or office of justice of the supreme court. A filing fee shall not be tendered instead of a qualifying petition.

(3) A person filing a qualifying petition shall meet the qualifications prescribed by law to hold the office.


History: Add. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.590a Qualifying petition; form, size, and contents; circulation on countywide basis.

Sec. 590a.

(1) The form, size, and contents of a qualifying petition shall be prescribed by the secretary of state and in substantially the same form as provided in section 590h.

(2) A qualifying petition for the office of president of the United States, United States senator, representative in Congress, governor, secretary of state, attorney general, state senator, state representative, state board of education, board of regents of the university of Michigan, board of trustees of Michigan state university, board of governors of Wayne state university, or justice of the supreme court may be circulated on a countywide basis. The form of a qualifying petition that is circulated countywide shall be prescribed by the secretary of state and in substantially the same form as provided in section 590h.


History: Add. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.590b Qualifying petition; signatures; time.

Sec. 590b.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2) and subject to the requirements prescribed in subsections (3) and (4), a qualifying petition for an office shall be signed by a number of qualified and registered electors of the district that is represented by the office being sought by the candidate equal to not less than 2% of the total number of votes cast for all candidates for governor in the district at the last election in which a governor was elected. In any case, at least 15 signatures shall be submitted.

(2) Subject to the requirements of subsections (3) and (4), if a qualifying petition is for a statewide elective office, the qualifying petition shall be signed by a number of qualified and registered electors of this state equal to not less than 1% of the total number of votes cast for all candidates for governor at the last election in which a governor was elected.

(3) All signatures on a qualifying petition shall be obtained not more than 180 days immediately before the date of filing under section 590c.

(4) As part of the minimum number of required signatures under this section, a qualifying petition for the office of president of the United States, United States senator, governor, attorney general, secretary of state, state board of education, board of regents of the university of Michigan, board of trustees of Michigan state university, board of governors of Wayne state university, or justice of the supreme court shall be signed by at least 100 registered electors in each of at least 1/2 of the congressional districts of the state.


History: Add. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 142, Imd. Eff. June 29, 1989 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 329, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1990
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.590c Qualifying petition; filing; time; filing notice of withdrawal.

Sec. 590c.

(1) A qualifying petition for an office shall be filed with the filing officer authorized to receive a partisan nominating petition or a certificate of nomination for that office.

(2) A qualifying petition for an office elected at the general November election shall be filed not later than 4 p.m. of the one hundred-tenth day before the general election. A qualifying petition for an official elected at an election other than the general November election shall be filed not later than the deadline established by statute or charter for filing a partisan petition or certificate of nomination for the office or at least 90 days before that election, whichever is later.

(3) A candidate who files a qualifying petition shall not be permitted to withdraw his or her candidacy unless a written notice of withdrawal is filed with the filing officer who received the petition. The notice shall be filed not later than 4 p.m. of the third day after the last day for filing a qualifying petition.


History: Add. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.590d Filing name of person to appear on ballot as candidate for lieutenant governor; form; qualification; noncompliance; filing name of person to appear on ballot as candidate for vice-president; qualifications and number of presidential electors; form; noncompliance.

Sec. 590d.

(1) Not later than 66 days before the general November election, a candidate without political party affiliation for the office of governor shall file with the secretary of state the name of the person who shall appear on the ballot as candidate for lieutenant governor under section 706. This filing shall be on a form prescribed by the secretary of state. A candidate for lieutenant governor shall meet the qualifications of section 51. If a candidate for governor fails to comply with this subsection, the secretary of state shall not certify his or her name for printing on the general November election ballot.

(2) Not later than 66 days before the general November election, a candidate without political party affiliation for the office of president of the United States shall file with the secretary of state the names and addresses of persons chosen to be presidential electors and the name of the person who shall appear on the ballot as candidate for vice-president under section 706. Presidential electors certified under this subsection shall meet the qualifications of section 41. The number of electors chosen shall equal the number of electors permitted by law. This filing shall be on a form prescribed by the secretary of state. If a candidate for president fails to comply with this subsection, the secretary of state shall not certify his or her name for printing on the general November election ballot.


History: Add. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.590e Providing blank qualifying petition forms.

Sec. 590e.

Upon request, a county, city, township, or village clerk shall provide blank qualifying petition forms to a person who wishes to appear as a candidate on a ballot in the clerk's jurisdiction as a candidate without political party affiliation. A county clerk is the only officer required to supply qualifying petition forms for countywide circulation.


History: Add. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.590f Applicability of certain provisions; canvass; hearing; certification.

Sec. 590f.

(1) Except as provided in subsections (2) and (3), sections 544c, 545, 552, 553, 555, 556, and 558 are applicable to a qualifying petition, a person filing a qualifying petition, and an officer receiving a qualifying petition.

(2) The board of state canvassers shall canvass a qualifying petition filed with the secretary of state and shall make an official declaration of the sufficiency or insufficiency of the qualifying petition at least 60 days before the election. A hearing under this subsection by the board of state canvassers shall be held as provided in section 552.

(3) A filing officer who receives a qualifying petition from a candidate who has met the requirements of this act shall certify to the proper board or boards of election commissioners the candidate's name, post office address, and office sought. If the election for the office is held at the general election, the filing officer shall make the certification not later than 60 days before the general election.


History: Add. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Apr. 9, 2002
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.590g Person filing qualifying petition; restrictions; selecting single office to which candidacy restricted; failure to make selection.

Sec. 590g.

(1) A person who files a qualifying petition shall not file a partisan nominating petition or filing fee, and shall not be nominated as a candidate by write-in vote or by a political party convention, caucus, or committee, for an office to be elected at the election for which the person has filed a qualifying petition or at an election held during the same calendar year as that election.

(2) A person who files a qualifying petition for more than 1 office, which offices are incompatible and the terms of which offices run concurrently or overlap, shall select the 1 office to which his or her candidacy is restricted not later than 4 p.m. of the third day after the last day for filing a qualifying petition. Failure to make this selection disqualifies the person as a candidate for the offices for which qualifying petitions were filed, and the petitions shall not be canvassed.


History: Add. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.590h Qualifying petition; size; type size; form; reference to political party prohibited; prohibited conduct.

Sec. 590h.

(1) A qualifying petition for a candidate without political party affiliation shall be the same size and printed in the same type sizes as required in section 544c. The petition shall be in the following form:

QUALIFYING PETITION
(CANDIDATE WITHOUT PARTY AFFILIATION)
We, the undersigned, registered and qualified electors of the
city or township of ............, in the county of ..........,
(strike 1)
and state of Michigan, nominate .............................,
(Name of Candidate)
.............................................................,
(Street Address or R.R.) (City or Township)
as a candidate without party affiliation for the office of
........................................................... in
(Title of Office and District)
order that the name of the candidate be placed without party
affiliation on the ballot for the election to be held on
the .............. day of ............ , 20.... .
WARNING

Whoever knowingly signs more petitions for the same office than there are persons to be elected to the office or signs a name other than his or her own is violating the Michigan election law.

(2) The balance of the qualifying petition form shall be substantially as set forth in section 544c. A qualifying petition for a candidate without party affiliation shall not contain a reference to a political party.

(3) A person shall not knowingly sign more petitions for the same office than there are persons to be elected to the office or sign a name other than his or her own on the petition.


History: Add. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 431, Imd. Eff. June 6, 2002
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XXV
DELEGATES, CONVENTIONS AND PARTY COMMITTEES


168.591 Commencement of state convention in even numbered years; date, time, and location; issuance of calls.

Sec. 591.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2) and section 532, the state convention of all political parties for the nomination of candidates for state offices in the even numbered years shall commence not less than 60 days before the general November election. The date, time, and location of the state convention shall be designated by the state central committees of the various political parties in their call for a state convention. The calls shall be issued at least 60 days before the August primaries.

(2) In 2012 only, the state convention of all political parties for the nomination of candidates for state offices shall commence not less than 58 days before the general November election. The date, time, and location of the state convention shall be designated by the state central committees of the various political parties in their call for a state convention. The calls shall be issued at least 60 days before the August primaries.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 28, Imd. Eff. June 14, 1973 ;-- Am. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Eff. Nov. 9, 1988 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 109, Imd. Eff. June 18, 1990 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 128, Imd. Eff. May 14, 2012
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.592 County conventions in even numbered years; purpose; time; designation of date, place, and hour of meeting; issuance of call; number of delegates; counties having 2 or more congressional districts; committee; temporary chairperson; organization; election and certification of delegates.

Sec. 592.

(1) Except as provided in section 532, the county conventions of all political parties for the election of delegates to a state convention for the nomination of state officers in the even numbered years shall be held not less than 8 days nor more than 25 days after the August primaries.

(2) All county conventions of a political party shall be held on the same day throughout the state. The date shall be designated by the state central committee of a political party in its call for the state convention. The place and hour of meeting of a county convention shall be designated in the call issued by the county committee of the political party in the county, which call shall be issued not less than 45 days before the August primaries. The number of delegates to the state convention to which the political party in the county is entitled shall be chosen at the county convention.

(3) In all counties having or which may hereafter have 2 or more congressional districts or parts of congressional districts within the boundaries of the county, the congressional districts or a part of a congressional district within the counties shall each be considered a county within the provisions of this section for the holding of the county conventions provided for in this section, and shall be in place of the county convention. The nominee for congress of the congressional district in the preceding primary election, the county chairperson, and the county secretary of the several political parties shall constitute a committee in each congressional district to name the temporary chairperson of the first district convention held under this act. Thereafter, the district chairperson shall act as temporary chairperson. The convention shall organize the same as county conventions and shall elect delegates to the state convention. The chairperson and secretary of the convention shall certify to the state central committee the names and addresses of the delegates elected, and, when certified, those delegates shall become the delegates from the district to the state convention.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 82, Imd. Eff. Apr. 5, 1956 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 28, Imd. Eff. June 14, 1973 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 261, Imd. Eff. July 30, 1980 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.593 State conventions in odd years; time, issuance of calls; apportionment of delegates among counties.

Sec. 593.

A state convention of all political parties shall be held not less than 37 days before the first Monday of April in every odd numbered year. The state central committee of each political party shall cause to be forwarded by mail to the chairman of the county committee of such political party in each county a copy of the call for said state convention of such political party, showing the number of delegates to which each county shall be entitled in the state convention of such political party; and the said state central committee shall apportion such delegates to the several counties in proportion and according to the number of votes cast for the candidate of such party for secretary of state in each of said counties, respectively, at the last preceding November election. The particular day and the hour and place of meeting shall be designated by the state central committees of the various political parties in the call issued therefor by the respective state central committees of the several political parties. A certified copy of such call shall be immediately filed with the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 11, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.594 County convention in odd years; time and place, issuance of call; election of delegates to state convention; congressional district conventions, committee, temporary chairman, election of delegates, certification.

Sec. 594.

The county conventions of all political parties for the election of delegates to a state convention in the odd numbered years shall be held not less than 7 days before said state convention. All such county conventions of any one political party shall be held on the same day throughout the state, which day shall be designated by the state central committee of such political party in its call for the state convention provided for in section 593 of this act. The place and hour of meeting of any such county convention shall be designated in the call issued therefor by the county committee of such political party in the county, which call shall be issued not less than 15 days before such county convention. The number of delegates to the state convention to which such political party in such county is entitled shall be chosen at such county convention. In all counties having or which may hereafter have 2 or more congressional districts or parts of congressional districts within the boundaries of the county, such congressional districts or a part of any congressional district within said counties shall each be considered a county within the provisions of this section for the holding of county conventions provided for in this section, and shall be in lieu of said county conventions. The nominee for congress of the congressional district in the preceding primary election, the county chairman and the county secretary of the several political parties shall constitute a committee in each congressional district to name the temporary chairman of the first district convention held under this act. Thereafter, the district chairman shall act as temporary chairman. The said convention shall then proceed to organize the same as county conventions and shall proceed to the election of delegates to the state convention. The chairman and secretary of any such convention shall certify to the state central committee the names and addresses of the delegates so elected, and when so certified they shall become the delegates from said district to the state convention.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 11, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.595 Delegates to state conventions; apportionment to wards, precincts, townships or districts; basis.

Sec. 595.

At the time of issuing the call for the county convention of any political party for the election of delegates to a state convention, the county committee of each political party shall apportion to the various wards (or to the precincts, in case delegates to the county convention are elected by precincts) and townships of such county the delegates to the ensuing state convention to which such county is entitled upon the basis provided for in this act for the apportioning of such delegates to the several counties. Any township may be joined with 1 or more other contiguous townships or any ward of a city may be joined with 1 or more other wards of the same city (or, in case delegates to the county convention are elected by precincts, then any precinct may be joined with 1 or more precincts of the same city), in the formation of a district for the choosing of 1 delegate. The delegates to the county convention from each ward, precinct, township or district, as the case may be, shall choose the number of delegates to the state convention that have been apportioned to such ward, precinct, township or district. The number of delegates so apportioned to the several wards, precincts, townships and districts shall approximate, as nearly as may be, the number of delegates to which said county may be entitled. If any ward, precinct, township or district shall be without representation in the county convention, or if such ward, precinct, township or district shall not choose the delegate or delegates to which such ward, precinct, township or district is entitled, or if the apportionment has not been completed or followed in the selection of delegates, the convention shall choose the delegate or delegates to which such ward, precinct, township or district may be entitled.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.595a Delegates to state convention; legislators as delegates at large, alternates, vote.

Sec. 595a.

In addition to the delegates to the state convention of any political party as provided by section 595, all incumbent members of the state legislature shall be entitled to attend the convention of their political party as delegates at large of the county in which they maintain their legal residence. Such delegates shall not have alternates. He may attend the convention of the county, counties, or portions of counties which he represents in the state legislature and may choose to vote in any or all said county or district caucuses, but having only 1 vote on the floor at the state convention.


History: Add. 1967, Act 209, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.596 Fall conventions and spring conventions; definition.

Sec. 596.

The state convention held for the purpose of nominating candidates for state offices to be voted for at the November election shall be known as the “fall” state convention and the county convention held for the purpose of electing delegates to the fall state convention shall be known as the “fall” county convention. The state convention held not less than 37 days before the first Monday of April in every odd numbered year shall be known as the “spring” state convention, and the county convention held for the purpose of electing delegates to the spring state convention shall be known as the “spring” county convention.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 11, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.597 State central committee; members, officers, term of service.

Sec. 597.

At its spring state convention in each odd numbered year, each political party shall select a state central committee as herein provided, which committee shall consist of 2 men and 2 women from each congressional district. The state convention shall select a chairman and 2 vice chairmen of the state central committee and such chairman and vice chairmen shall have the right to vote on all questions arising in the committee. The state central committee so constituted shall appoint a secretary and a treasurer and such other officers as in its judgment may be proper and shall have the power to fill any vacancy that may occur in its membership or any of its offices. The term of service of a state central committee shall continue until the election of its successor.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 369, Imd. Eff. July 23, 1965
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.598 State central committee; forwarding copy of call for fall state convention; apportionment of delegates; allocation of additional delegates.

Sec. 598.

(1) The state central committee of each political party shall, at least 60 days before the August primary, forward by mail to the chairperson of each county committee of the political party a copy of the call for the fall state convention of the political party, showing the number of delegates to which each county is entitled in the state convention of the political party. The state central committee shall apportion the delegates to the several counties in proportion to the number of votes cast for the candidate of the party for secretary of state in each county, respectively, at the last preceding November general election.

(2) In addition to the number of delegates allocated to each county under subsection (1), the state central committees shall allocate an additional number of delegates equal to the number of incumbent legislators nominated by their party and residing in the county.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 209, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.599 Executive committee; selection by delegates to fall county convention in county with population of less than 1,500,000; replacement of former nominee; vacancy; appointment of officers; certification of names and addresses; temporary officers; proxy; county committee; delegates at large; vacancy in district delegation.

Sec. 599.

(1) In the year 1966 and every second year thereafter, the delegates to the fall county convention of each political party in each county in this state having a population of less than 1,500,000, shall convene at the call of the county chairperson within 20 days following the November election to select a number of persons equal to the number of county offices and state legislative offices for which candidates were nominated at the last 2 preceding fall primary elections, who, together with the persons most recently nominated by the party for each of those offices shall constitute the executive committee of their party for that county. When a new nomination is made for an office, the nominee for which is entitled to serve as a member of the executive committee, the new nominee shall replace the former nominee as a member of the executive committee. If a vacancy occurs in the position of delegate-appointed member of the executive committee, the remaining delegate-appointed members shall fill the vacancy. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the executive committee may appoint the officers it considers proper to carry out the purposes of the committee, and may fill a vacancy in any of its offices.

(2) Immediately following the selection of members of the executive committee, including the filling of vacancies, the secretary of the county committee shall certify the names and addresses of the persons chosen to the county clerk who immediately shall notify each person chosen.

(3) Within 30 days following the convening of the fall county convention the executive committee, acting without the officers of the county committee who are not otherwise members of the executive committee, shall meet and select a temporary chairperson and temporary secretary. The temporary officers shall serve only during the selection of the officers of the executive committee who shall also serve as the officers of the county committee for the 2 years commencing on January 1 next. The officers shall be a chairperson, a vice-chairperson who shall be of the opposite sex of the chairperson, a secretary, and a treasurer. Candidates for legislative offices consisting of more than 1 county may give a written proxy to other members of the executive committee.

(4) After the officers of the county committee have taken office, and within 45 days after January 1 of each odd numbered year, the executive committee shall select a county committee for the party, which committee shall consist of not less than 2 members from each township and 2 members from each ward of each city in the county, or shall consist of at least 2 members from each election precinct in the county, as the executive committee may determine. The committee shall have the right to appoint officers which in its judgment are proper to carry out the purposes of the committee, and shall have power to fill a vacancy which may occur in the membership of the committee or in any of its offices. Between meetings of the county committee the executive committee shall have all of the powers and perform all of the duties of the county committee, including the filling of vacancies in nominations as prescribed by law. The term of service of a county committee shall continue for 2 years and until the selection of its successor.

(5) A person nominated as a candidate of a political party for county office shall be a delegate at large to the fall county convention held in the year of the candidate's nomination and to all county conventions held during the term of office for which the candidate was nominated. A person nominated as a candidate of a political party for state legislative office shall be a delegate at large to the fall county convention held in the year of the candidate's nomination in each county or part of a county contained in the legislative district and to all county conventions held during the term of office for which the candidate was nominated. The number of delegates at large shall be in addition to the number of delegates specified in the call for the fall county convention. If a person is elected both a delegate at large and a delegate of an election district, a vacancy shall exist in the district delegation and shall be filled as provided in section 609.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 186, Imd. Eff. Apr. 24, 1956 ;-- Am. 1963, Act 245, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 233, Imd. Eff. July 11, 1966 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 189, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 248, Imd. Eff. Aug. 11, 1969 ;-- Am. 1977, Act 219, Imd. Eff. Nov. 17, 1977
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.600 Congressional district conventions and caucuses; election and terms of officers and committee.

Sec. 600.

At the 1964 fall congressional district convention provided for in this act for congressional districts, the majority of the electors of which, reside in a county having a population of over 1,500,000, and at a caucus of each other congressional district held at the time of the 1964 fall state convention, there shall also be elected for each political party a congressional district chairperson, a vice-chairperson of the opposite sex of the chairperson, a secretary, a treasurer, and a committee of 15 members to serve for 2-year terms or until their successors are duly elected and qualified. Thereafter, beginning in 1967, the elections shall be held at the spring congressional district conventions and the caucuses held at the time of the spring state convention in every odd numbered year.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 279, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1964 ;-- Am. 1977, Act 219, Imd. Eff. Nov. 17, 1977
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.600a Congressional district officers; residence requirement, exception.

Sec. 600a.

No person shall vote or hold any office or position in any congressional district committee or organization unless he is at that time a resident of that congressional district, except members of the state legislature whose districts are located in whole or in part in the congressional district.


History: Add. 1968, Act 35, Imd. Eff. May 21, 1968
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.601 County comprising single congressional or judicial district; county committee.

Sec. 601.

In a county comprising a single representative, senatorial or judicial district, the county committee of each political party of each such county shall constitute the representative, senatorial or judicial committee of said political party for such representative, senatorial or judicial district, as the case may be.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.602 County comprising more than one congressional district; county committee.

Sec. 602.

In a county comprising more than 1 representative or senatorial district, the members of the county committee of each political party residing in each such representative or senatorial district of such county shall constitute a committee of said political party for such representative or senatorial district, as the case may be, and such committee shall elect its chairman and other officers. The chairman shall have the right to vote on all questions arising in said committee.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.603 Repealed. 1967, Act 189, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section provided for district committee membership at party convention.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.603a Counties over 400,000; legislators as members of congressional district committee and delegates at large.

Sec. 603a.

In counties having a population of more than 400,000 persons, all members of the state legislature shall be members of the congressional district committee of their party in each congressional district which encompasses their legislative district in whole or part, and shall serve in addition to the committee of 15 members prescribed in section 600 of this act. Such legislators shall also be seated as delegates-at-large to all congressional district conventions of their party held during their term of office in congressional districts which encompass their legislative district in whole or part. As congressional district committee members and as delegates-at-large, they shall have a voice and vote.


History: Add. 1966, Act 264, Imd. Eff. July 12, 1966
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.604 Repealed. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to call for fall county convention.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.605 Delegates to fall county convention; write-in candidates.

Sec. 605.

The name of the candidate for delegate to the county convention shall not be printed upon the official primary election ballot, but 1 or more such names may be placed on such ballot by printed or written slips pasted thereon by the elector, or the names may be written in by the elector.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.606 Delegates to fall county convention; election, notice.

Sec. 606.

Delegates to the fall county convention shall be elected by townships and in cities by precincts and the county clerk shall notify by mail each person elected as such delegate.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.607 Delegates to fall county convention; election; votes required; tie vote; determination by lot.

Sec. 607.

(1) The required number of electors who receive the highest number of votes for delegates to the fall county convention of a political party shall be declared by the board of primary election inspectors to be elected. If, on the canvass of the votes polled at a primary election for delegates to the fall county convention of a political party, 2 or more candidates for delegate receive an equal number of votes for the same office, and that causes a failure to elect a delegate, the election to the office shall be determined as provided in subsection (2).

(2) The board of canvassers for the county in which the election was held shall appoint a day for the appearance of all the candidates for delegate before the county clerk for the purpose of determining by lot among the candidates the right to the office of delegate. The board of county canvassers shall give notice of the drawing to all interested candidates. The officer before whom the drawing is to take place shall prepare as many slips of paper as there are candidates and write the word “elected” on as many slips of paper as there are offices to be filled, and the words “not elected” on the remaining slips. The officer shall fold the slips of paper so as to conceal the writing and so that they may appear as near alike as possible. The slips of paper shall be placed in a box, and, at the time and place appointed for the drawing of the lots, each candidate may draw 1 of the slips from the box. The candidate drawing a slip on which is written the word “elected” is considered legally elected to the office of delegate. The officer conducting the drawing shall immediately give the elected delegate a certificate of election. If an interested candidate fails to appear at the drawing, the officer conducting the drawing shall designate some person to draw for the absent candidate.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1968, Act 136, Imd. Eff. June 11, 1968 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.608 Certifying and recording names of delegates; filing; notification of delegates; certification of delegates to county conventions; definition.

Sec. 608.

(1) The board of primary election inspectors shall certify to the county clerk the names of the electors elected as delegates, naming the political party upon whose ballot the delegates were elected.

(2) The county clerk shall record the names of the delegates elected in a book kept for that purpose and shall file the book among the records of the clerk's office.

(3) No later than 7 days following the primary election, the clerk shall notify each delegate elected of his or her election as delegate.

(4) The county clerk shall certify the following to the chairperson of the committee of each political party of the county:

(a) The delegates elected by the political party as delegates to the county conventions.

(b) The names of all persons nominated as candidates of a political party for county office and for state legislative office who are delegates at large under section 599(5), when those names become available to the county clerk.

(5) As used in this section, “persons nominated as candidates of a political party for county office and for state legislative office who are delegates at large under section 599(5)” means incumbent county officials, incumbent state legislators, and unsuccessful candidates for county offices and state legislative offices who were candidates at the last prior regular or special election held for the respective office.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 60, Imd. Eff. Feb. 22, 1972 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1976 ;-- Am. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.609 Delegates to city or county convention; proxy prohibited; vacancies in delegation.

Sec. 609.

No delegate elected to any city or county convention shall give a proxy to represent him at such convention. All vacancies occurring in any delegation to any convention shall be filled by a majority vote of such delegation: Provided, That such delegation shall not be permitted to fill any vacancy which may occur in its number by any person not a resident of the ward, district, township or precinct, as the case may be, from which such absent delegate was chosen.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.610 Repealed. 1975, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1976.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to selection of national committeeman and national committeewoman.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.611 Reconvening of delegates in county convention; election of delegates to state convention; day, time, and place of county convention; definitions.

Sec. 611.

(1) In the year 1956, and each fourth year after 1956, delegates of each political party who were elected to the last prior fall county convention shall reconvene in a county convention. The county conventions, when so convened, shall elect delegates to a state convention. The number of delegates elected shall be the same as the number elected to the last prior spring state convention. The county conventions shall be held at least 90 days prior to the time set for the holding of the national convention of its political party. All county conventions shall be held on the same day and time. The time and place shall be fixed by the state central committee. A state convention composed of delegates elected by the respective county conventions shall be held in the year 1956, and each fourth year after 1956, at least 60 days before the holding of the national convention of its political party.

(2) As used in this section:

(a) “Delegates of each political party who were elected to the last prior fall county convention” means precinct delegates elected at the last prior August primary election, persons nominated as candidates for county offices and state legislative offices who are delegates at large to county conventions under section 599(5), and delegates elected under section 622 or 624d to fill a precinct delegate vacancy for the balance of an unexpired term.

(b) “Persons nominated as candidates for county offices and state legislative offices who are delegates at large to county conventions under section 599(5)” means incumbent county officials, incumbent state legislators, and unsuccessful candidates for county offices and state legislative offices who are candidates at the last prior regular or special election held for the respective office.

(3) Delegates to a state convention shall include only those delegates elected at a county convention.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.612 Precinct or convention delegate; age.

Sec. 612.

Any person of the age of 18 years or older shall be eligible to be a candidate for election as a precinct delegate or be selected as a delegate to the state or national convention of any political party.


History: Add. 1970, Act 64, Eff. Apr. 1, 1971
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.613 Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to the presidential primary.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.613a Statewide presidential primary election; time; limitation on participation; conduct.

Sec. 613a.

(1) A statewide presidential primary election shall be conducted under this act on the fourth Tuesday in February in each presidential election year.

(2) A political party that received 5% or less of the total vote cast nationwide for the office of president in the last presidential election shall not participate in the presidential primary election.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in sections 614a to 616a, 624g, 759a, 759c, and 879a, the statewide presidential primary election shall be conducted under the provisions of this act that govern the conduct of general primary elections.


History: Add. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 87, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1995 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 71, Imd. Eff. June 28, 1999 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 72, Imd. Eff. June 28, 1999 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 13, Imd. Eff. May 29, 2003 ;-- Am. 2011, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Oct. 4, 2011
Compiler's Notes: See Green Party of Michigan, et al v Terri Lynn Land, case no. 08-10149, March 26, 2008.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.613c Consolidation of local units as new city; election of officers on March 7, 2000.

Sec. 613c.

Notwithstanding any law or charter provision to the contrary, if 2 cities and a village are to be consolidated as a new city in 2000 and the new city is scheduled to elect officers on March 7, 2000, the governing body of any of the local units that are to be consolidated may, by resolution adopted before January 14, 2000, cancel an election of officers of that local unit. If the election is canceled, terms of office that would have expired after that election are extended until the effective date of the consolidation.


History: Add. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999
Compiler's Notes: See Green Party of Michigan, et al v Terri Lynn Land, case no. 08-10149, March 26, 2008.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.614 Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to the presidential primary.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.614a List of potential presidential candidates; issuance; filing; notice.

Sec. 614a.

(1) Not later than 4 p.m. of the second Friday in November of the year before the presidential election, the secretary of state shall issue a list of the individuals generally advocated by the national news media to be potential presidential candidates for each party's nomination by the political parties for which a presidential primary election will be held under section 613a. The secretary of state shall make the list issued under this subsection available to the public on an internet website maintained by the department of state.

(2) Not later than 4 p.m. of the Tuesday following the second Friday in November of the year before the presidential election, the state chairperson of each political party for which a presidential primary election will be held under section 613a shall file with the secretary of state a list of individuals whom they consider to be potential presidential candidates for that political party. The secretary of state shall make the lists received under this subsection available to the public on an internet website maintained by the department of state.

(3) After the issuance of the list under subsection (1) and after receipt of names from the state chairperson of each political party under subsection (2), the secretary of state shall notify each potential presidential candidate on the lists of the provisions of this act relating to the presidential primary election.


History: Add. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 72, Imd. Eff. June 28, 1999 ;-- Am. 2011, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Oct. 4, 2011
Compiler's Notes: See Green Party of Michigan, et al v Terri Lynn Land, case no. 08-10149, March 26, 2008.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.615 Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to the presidential primary.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.615a Printing name of presidential candidate on ballot; filing affidavit; filing nominating petition; signatures; conformity; rotation of names on ballot; space to vote uncommitted.

Sec. 615a.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the secretary of state shall cause the name of a presidential candidate notified by the secretary of state under section 614a to be printed on the appropriate presidential primary ballot for that political party. A presidential candidate notified by the secretary of state under section 614a may file an affidavit with the secretary of state indicating his or her party preference if different than the party preference contained in the secretary of state notification and the secretary of state shall cause that presidential candidate's name to be printed on the appropriate presidential primary ballot for that political party. If the affidavit of a presidential candidate indicates that the candidate has no political party preference or indicates a political party preference for a political party other than a political party for which a presidential primary election will be held under section 613a, the secretary of state shall not cause that presidential candidate's name to be printed on a ballot for the presidential primary election. A presidential candidate notified by the secretary of state under section 614a may file an affidavit with the secretary of state specifically stating that "(candidate's name) is not a presidential candidate", and the secretary of state shall not have that presidential candidate's name printed on a presidential primary ballot. A presidential candidate shall file an affidavit described in this subsection with the secretary of state no later than 4 p.m. on the second Friday in December of the year before the presidential election year or the affidavit is considered void.

(2) The name of an individual who is not listed as a potential presidential candidate under section 614a shall be printed on the ballot for the appropriate political party for the presidential primary election if he or she files a nominating petition with the secretary of state no later than 4 p.m. on the second Friday in December of the year before the presidential election year. The nominating petition shall contain valid signatures of registered and qualified electors equal to not less than 1/2 of 1% of the total votes cast in the state at the previous presidential election for the presidential candidate of the political party for which the individual is seeking this nomination. However, the total number of signatures required on a nominating petition under this subsection shall not exceed 1,000 times the total number of congressional districts in this state. A signature on a nominating petition is not valid if obtained before October 1 of the year before the presidential election year in which the individual seeks nomination. To be valid, a nominating petition must conform to the requirements of this act regarding nominating petitions, but only to the extent that those requirements do not conflict with the requirements of this subsection.

(3) The names of the presidential candidates on each political party ballot shall be rotated on the ballot by precinct. Each ballot shall contain a space for an elector to vote uncommitted.


History: Add. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 87, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1995 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 72, Imd. Eff. June 28, 1999 ;-- Am. 2011, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Oct. 4, 2011
Compiler's Notes: See Green Party of Michigan, et al v Terri Lynn Land, case no. 08-10149, March 26, 2008.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.615c Selection of political party ballot by elector; separate record; disclosure; record retention.

Sec. 615c.

(1) In order to vote at a presidential primary election, an elector shall indicate in writing, on a form prescribed by the secretary of state, which political party ballot he or she wishes to vote when appearing at a presidential primary election.

(2) The secretary of state shall develop a procedure for city and township clerks to use when keeping a separate record at a presidential primary election that contains the printed name, address, and qualified voter file number of each elector and the political party ballot selected by that elector at the presidential primary election.

(3) The information acquired or in the possession of a public body indicating which political party ballot an elector selected at a presidential primary election is not exempt from disclosure under the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246.

(4) Within 71 days after the presidential primary election, the secretary of state shall make available to the public in an electronic format a file of the records for each political party described under subsection (2). The secretary of state shall set a schedule for county, city, and township clerks to submit data or documents required under subsection (2). The secretary of state and county, city, and township clerks shall destroy the information indicating which political party ballot each elector selected at the presidential primary election as recorded in subsection (2) immediately after the expiration of the 22-month federal election records retention period.


History: Add. 2011, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Oct. 4, 2011
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.616 Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to the presidential primary.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.616a Canvass of returns; certification of results; release of ballots, ballot boxes, voting machines, and equipment.

Sec. 616a.

(1) The board of state canvassers shall canvass the returns received from the boards of county canvassers and certify the statewide and congressional district results of the presidential primary election to the secretary of state.

(2) The secretary of state shall certify the statewide and congressional district results of the presidential primary election to the chairperson of the state central committee of each participating political party.

(3) Notwithstanding sections 831 and 847 or an administrative rule promulgated pursuant to section 794c, after the canvass by the board of state canvassers under subsection (1), the secretary of state may authorize the immediate release of all ballots, ballot boxes, voting machines, and equipment used in each precinct of a city that conducts a city election in the first week of April if both of the following requirements are met:

(a) The county clerk certifies that no defect in or mechanical malfunction of a voting machine, voting device, ballot, or other election equipment or material was discovered or alleged before the date of the completion of the state canvass.

(b) The county clerk certifies that no other election for offices or questions appeared on the same election equipment used in the precinct for the presidential primary election.


History: Add. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988
Compiler's Notes: See Green Party of Michigan, et al v Terri Lynn Land, case no. 08-10149, March 26, 2008.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.617 Repealed. 1975, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1976.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to county conventions.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.618 Allocation of delegates to national convention; qualifications of delegates; selection procedures.

Sec. 618.

The allocation of all delegates and alternates to a national convention shall be made by the state central committee of each party. All delegates shall be registered electors of this state. Delegates elected from congressional districts shall be registered electors of those districts. All national convention delegates shall be chosen according to procedures and any other qualifications as may be established by the state central committee of that political party. The procedures and qualifications may include, but are not necessarily limited to guarantees that discrimination on the basis of race, creed, color, sex, age, national origin, or economic status does not occur.


History: Add. 1972, Act 60, Imd. Eff. Feb. 22, 1972 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1976 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Compiler's Notes: See Green Party of Michigan, et al v Terri Lynn Land, case no. 08-10149, March 26, 2008.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.619 National convention delegates; basis of election; affidavit; certification; duration of commitment; vacancy; legislator prohibited from selecting delegates; participation of legislator in convention business; opportunity of registered elector or public official to be elected as delegate not restricted.

Sec. 619.

(1) National convention delegates elected under this act shall be elected on a basis that insures that the proportion of the total national convention delegation that is uncommitted or is committed to each presidential candidate equals, as near as is practicable, the proportion of the popular vote that was cast as uncommitted or for each respective presidential candidate of the particular political party's total popular vote at the presidential primary election. The determination of these proportions shall only include the votes cast as uncommitted, or for a particular presidential candidate, if the total vote cast as uncommitted, or for that particular presidential candidate, equals at least the percentage determined by state political party rule of the total vote cast for all presidential candidates or as uncommitted for that political party at that presidential primary election.

(2) Before an individual may be elected as a delegate to the national convention of a political party, that individual shall file an affidavit as required under section 562b. If the individual names a presidential candidate in the affidavit under section 562b(1)(a), that individual shall also be certified by the presidential candidate or the presidential candidate's designee as a delegate committed to that presidential candidate. A national convention delegate shall be bound to vote for the presidential candidate for whom he or she designated commitment, if any, under section 562b and as certified by the presidential candidate or the presidential candidate's designee under this section before the delegate is elected as a national delegate until the end of the first ballot at the national convention. However, a national convention delegate is released from that commitment by the withdrawal of that presidential candidate from contention for that party's nomination or by written release of that presidential candidate to the chairperson of the national convention, whichever is earliest.

(3) If a vacancy occurs in the elected delegation, it shall be filled by an alternate selected by the caucus for the candidate to whom the original delegate was committed, and the alternate shall be required to meet the same qualifications of the delegate being replaced.

(4) A person who is a delegate at large to a state convention of his or her political party only by virtue of being a member of the state legislature as provided in section 595a shall not participate in the selecting of delegates to his or her political party's national convention. This subsection does not prohibit that person from participating in other convention business. Neither this provision nor any other provision of law shall be understood to restrict the opportunity of any registered elector in this state, including all public officials, to be elected as a delegate to any county, district, state, or national convention of the elector's political party.


History: Add. 1972, Act 60, Imd. Eff. Feb. 22, 1972 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1976 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 87, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1995
Compiler's Notes: See Green Party of Michigan, et al v Terri Lynn Land, case no. 08-10149, March 26, 2008.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.620 Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to rules, procedures, allocation, and qualification of delegates.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.620a Law applicable to selection of delegates; state or national political party rule.

Sec. 620a.

For purposes of this act, a state political party shall follow state law pertaining to the selection of delegates if required to follow state law by a state or national political party rule. If there is no such state or national political party rule, a requirement of this act pertaining to the selection of delegates applicable after the election of delegates to the county convention shall not apply to a political party if that requirement conflicts with a rule of that political party.


History: Add. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988
Compiler's Notes: See Green Party of Michigan, et al v Terri Lynn Land, case no. 08-10149, March 26, 2008.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XXVI
DELEGATES—REFERENDUM


168.621 Party convention delegates; nomination.

Sec. 621.

In all counties the provisions of this chapter shall be in force and effect and the nomination of all candidates of all political parties for delegates to county conventions shall be conducted as herein provided.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 124, Imd. Eff. Apr. 13, 1956 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 236, Imd. Eff. May 27, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.622 County conventions; time and place; election and duties of chairperson; vacancies; rules and regulations.

Sec. 622.

The county conventions of each political party shall be held at the time and place that the county committee of each political party, through its chairperson, designates. County conventions at which delegates to a state convention are to be selected shall be held only at the times designated by the state central committee of the political party. The convention shall be called to order by the chairperson of the county committee of each political party. The chairperson shall act as temporary chairperson until the delegates elect a permanent chairperson. A permanent chairperson shall be elected before any other business is transacted. The election of a permanent chairperson shall be conducted as provided in this section. The chairperson of the county committee shall cause to be read the list of elected delegates and delegates at large under section 599(5) for the convention furnished to the chairperson by the county clerk under section 608. However, before reading the list, the chairperson of the county committee shall delete from the list the names of delegates that have been certified by the county clerk as disqualified under section 624a and shall add to the list the names of delegates elected to fill a vacancy for the balance of an unexpired term under this section, if any. When the name of each delegate on the list is called, the delegate shall state his or her choice for permanent chairperson. The person receiving a majority of the votes of the delegates present shall become permanent chairperson. The convention may fill any vacancy occurring in any delegation to a county convention by a majority vote of the delegates present. However, a vacancy shall not be filled by any person not a qualified, registered elector residing in the precinct in which the vacancy occurs. The convention shall prescribe the rules and regulations for the conduct of its affairs.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.623 Repealed. 1972, Act 60, Imd. Eff. Feb. 22, 1972.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to the election of delegates to fall county conventions.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.623a Mailing or delivering certificate showing number of delegates to county convention; time; notice; failure to forward certificate; allotment and apportionment of delegates; election of delegates by direct vote.

Sec. 623a.

(1) On or before April 1 in even numbered years, the chairperson of the county committee or district committee of a congressional district or a part of a congressional district considered a county under section 592 of each political party shall forward by mail or otherwise deliver to the board of election commissioners in that county a certificate showing the number of delegates to the county convention to which each precinct of the county is entitled. The chairperson of the state central committee of a political party shall notify the chairperson of the county committee or district committee of a congressional district or a part of a congressional district considered a county under section 592 of that political party no later than March 1 in even numbered years that the certificate required by this subsection is to be delivered to the board of election commissioners on or before April 1 of that year.

(2) If the chairperson fails to forward the certificate required by subsection (1) by the day specified, the board of election commissioners shall immediately determine the number of delegates to the county convention that each precinct should elect for the implementation of this act.

(3) The allotment of delegates to all precincts in the state shall be made to insure, as near as is practicable, equal apportionment based upon the total vote cast for the candidate of each political party for either president of the United States or secretary of state at the last general November election when elections for those offices were held, whichever is later. However, each precinct shall have at least 1 delegate.

(4) The apportionment shall be based on the precincts as they exist 180 days before the August primary election in even numbered years.

(5) As many delegates in each precinct as a political party is entitled to according to the certificate authorized by the chairperson of the county committee or the board of election commissioners shall be elected at the August primary in even numbered years by direct vote of the registered electors of each political party in the county.


History: Add. 1972, Act 60, Imd. Eff. Feb. 22, 1972 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1976 ;-- Am. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.624 Delegate to county or district conventions; qualifications; affidavits of identity; seating of delegates; violation as misdemeanor; complaint; procedure.

Sec. 624.

(1) A person holding a public office in this state or a municipal subdivision of this state may become a candidate for delegate to the county or district conventions.

(2) A candidate for delegate to the county or district conventions of a political party shall be a qualified and registered elector residing within, as well as having his or her actual bona fide residence within, the election precinct for which he or she desires to become a candidate on the filing deadline. Until December 31, 2013, a candidate shall file an affidavit of identity as prescribed in section 558(1) with the county clerk of the county or the clerk of the city or township in which the candidate resides. Beginning January 1, 2014, a candidate shall file an affidavit of identity as prescribed in section 558(1) with the county clerk of the county in which the candidate resides. Until December 31, 2013, a clerk shall receive affidavits of identity under this section up to 4 p.m. on the twelfth Tuesday before the time designated for holding a primary election in the county. Beginning January 1, 2014, a county clerk shall receive affidavits of identity under this section up to 4 p.m. on the thirteenth Tuesday before the time designated for holding a primary election in the county. Until December 31, 2013, within 4 days after the last day for filing affidavits of identity under this section, the city or township clerk shall forward to the county clerk the affidavit of identity of each candidate who has qualified for a position on the primary ballot. All duly elected and certified delegates shall be seated at the county or district county conventions. A person violating this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(3) If a written complaint is made to the county clerk with respect to the registration or bona fide residence, or both, of a candidate, the county clerk shall check with the township or city clerk of the township or city in which the candidate is registered or residing, or both. The township or city clerk shall report back to the county clerk within 48 hours as to the registration or bona fide residence, or both, of the candidate. If the township or city clerk's report shows that the candidate is not a registered elector or a bona fide resident of the election precinct of the township or city for which the petition shows the candidate is a resident, the county clerk shall remove the name of the candidate from the ballot. A complaint received by the county clerk after the ballots have been released for printing and before the primary election shall not be acted upon.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1966, Act 42, Imd. Eff. May 26, 1966 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”Act 269 of 2001, which was approved by the Governor and filed with the Secretary of State on January 11, 2002, provided for the amendment of MCL 168.31, 168.73, 168.283, 168.393, 168.509y, 168.509aa, 168.561a, 168.624, 168.624a, 168.686, 168.706, 168.727, 168.737, 168.745, 168.769, 168.782b, 168.795, 168.795c, 168.797a, 168.798c, 168.799a, 168.803, 168.804, 168.842, and 168.931 of, the addition of Sec. 701 to, and the repeal of Sec. 509 of, Act 116 of 1954, known as the Michigan Election Law. A petition seeking a referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was filed with the Secretary of State. The Board of State Canvassers officially declared the sufficiency of the referendum petition on May 14, 2002. Const 1963, art 2, sec 9, provides that no law as to which the power of referendum properly has been invoked shall be effective thereafter unless approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the next general election. A referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was presented to the electors at the November 5, 2002, general election as Proposal 02-1, which read as follows:“A REFERENDUM ON PUBLIC ACT 269 OF 2001—AN ACT TO AMEND CERTAIN SECTIONS OF MICHIGAN ELECTION LAWPublic Act 269 of 2001 would:—Eliminate “straight party” vote option on partisan general election ballots.—Require Secretary of State to obtain training reports from local election officials.—Require registered voters who do not appear on registration list to show picture identification before voting a challenged ballot.—Require expedited canvass if presidential vote differential is under 25,000.—Require ballot counting equipment to screen ballots for voting errors to ensure the accurate tabulation of absentee ballots. Permit voters in polls to correct errors.—Provide penalties for stealing campaign signs or accepting payment for campaign work while being paid as a public employee to perform election duties.Should this law be approved?Yes __________No __________”Act 269 of 2001 was not approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the November 5, 2002, general election.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.624a Precinct delegate; resignation; notice; withdrawal of name from ballot; qualification of delegate to participate in convention; complaint regarding qualification of delegate; report; certification that delegate not qualified to hold office.

Sec. 624a.

(1) A precinct delegate may resign his or her office upon written notice to the chairperson of the county committee and the county clerk of the county or district in which the delegate resides.

(2) A person who has filed petitions for precinct delegate may withdraw his or her name from the ballot by filing a statement of withdrawal with the county clerk within 72 hours after 4 p.m. of the last day to file for the office of precinct delegate.

(3) A person elected to fill a delegate vacancy or elected as a precinct delegate is not qualified to participate in a convention if, at the time of the convention, that person does not reside in the precinct from which he or she was elected. A delegate is not disqualified if the delegate no longer resides in the precinct as a result of a division or rearrangement of the precinct under section 656, 660, or 661.

(4) If a written complaint is made to the county clerk regarding a delegate's qualification to hold the office, the county clerk shall check with the township or city clerk of the township or city in which the delegate indicated on the nominating petition as his or her place of residence. The township or city clerk shall report back to the county clerk within 48 hours as to the complaint made under this subsection. If the township or city clerk's report shows that the delegate is not qualified to hold the office, the county clerk shall certify to the chairperson of the county committee of the political party the name of the delegate of that political party who is no longer qualified to hold the office of delegate under this subsection.


History: Add. 1971, Act 66, Imd. Eff. July 28, 1971 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 173, Imd. Eff. May 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”Act 269 of 2001, which was approved by the Governor and filed with the Secretary of State on January 11, 2002, provided for the amendment of MCL 168.31, 168.73, 168.283, 168.393, 168.509y, 168.509aa, 168.561a, 168.624, 168.624a, 168.686, 168.706, 168.727, 168.737, 168.745, 168.769, 168.782b, 168.795, 168.795c, 168.797a, 168.798c, 168.799a, 168.803, 168.804, 168.842, and 168.931 of, the addition of Sec. 701 to, and the repeal of Sec. 509 of, Act 116 of 1954, known as the Michigan Election Law. A petition seeking a referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was filed with the Secretary of State. The Board of State Canvassers officially declared the sufficiency of the referendum petition on May 14, 2002. Const 1963, art 2, sec 9, provides that no law as to which the power of referendum properly has been invoked shall be effective thereafter unless approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the next general election. A referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was presented to the electors at the November 5, 2002, general election as Proposal 02-1, which read as follows:“A REFERENDUM ON PUBLIC ACT 269 OF 2001—AN ACT TO AMEND CERTAIN SECTIONS OF MICHIGAN ELECTION LAWPublic Act 269 of 2001 would:—Eliminate “straight party” vote option on partisan general election ballots.—Require Secretary of State to obtain training reports from local election officials.—Require registered voters who do not appear on registration list to show picture identification before voting a challenged ballot.—Require expedited canvass if presidential vote differential is under 25,000.—Require ballot counting equipment to screen ballots for voting errors to ensure the accurate tabulation of absentee ballots. Permit voters in polls to correct errors.—Provide penalties for stealing campaign signs or accepting payment for campaign work while being paid as a public employee to perform election duties.Should this law be approved?Yes __________No __________”Act 269 of 2001 was not approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the November 5, 2002, general election.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.624b, 168.624c Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to including name of presidential candidate in nominating petition and to filing or withdrawal of candidate for delegate.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.624d Filling vacancies in precincts.

Sec. 624d.

Vacancies in precincts resulting from the death of a delegate, the written resignation of a delegate to the chairperson of the county committee, the removal of a delegate's residence from the precinct, or any other reason may be filled for the balance of the unexpired term by a majority vote at the county convention of the delegates elected and serving. A delegate vacancy shall be filled by a registered elector of the precinct in which the vacancy occurs.


History: Add. 1972, Act 60, Imd. Eff. Feb. 22, 1972 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1976 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.624e Expired. 1972, Act 185, Eff. Jan. 1, 1973.


Compiler's Notes: The expired section pertained to reimbursement of costs of presidential primary election.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.624f Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to reimbursement of costs of conducting presidential primary election.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.624g Cost of conducting presidential primary election; reimbursement; payment upon presentation and approval of verified account; excluded costs; compensation for processing voter identification cards; implementation of subsection (3); appropriation; qualification for reimbursement; payment or disapproval of verified account.

Sec. 624g.

(1) The state shall reimburse each county, city, and township for the cost of conducting a presidential primary election. The reimbursement shall not exceed the verified account of actual costs of the election.

(2) Payment shall be made upon presentation and approval of a verified account of actual costs to the department of treasury, local government audit division, after the department of treasury and the secretary of state agree as to what constitutes valid costs of conducting an election. Reimbursable costs do not include salaries of permanent local officials; the cost of reusable supplies and equipment; or costs attributable to local special elections held in conjunction with the presidential primary. The state shall disapprove costs not in compliance with this section.

(3) The state shall also compensate each city and township for the processing of voter identification cards required for the sole purpose of changing or adding an elector's designation of a political party preference or no political party preference. Compensation shall not be paid to a city or township for the processing of voter identification cards required for original voter registration applications or voter registration applications changing an elector's address. The secretary of state shall equitably distribute funds appropriated to implement this subsection upon receipt of an annual verified account of actual costs from each city and township stating the number of voter identification cards processed as specified by this subsection.

(4) The legislature shall appropriate from the general fund of the state an amount necessary to implement this section.

(5) To qualify for reimbursement, a county, city, or township shall submit its verified account of actual costs no later than 90 days after the date of the presidential primary.

(6) Not later than 90 days after the state receives a verified account of actual costs, the state shall pay or disapprove the verified account.


History: Add. 1988, Act 275, Eff. Sept. 1, 1988 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990
Compiler's Notes: See Green Party of Michigan, et al v Terri Lynn Land, case no. 08-10149, March 26, 2008.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.625 Voting and canvassing delegate ballot; returns; notice; furnishing names and addresses of delegates to county convention; tie vote; determination of successful candidate; determining if candidate is registered elector; certification.

Sec. 625.

A delegate ballot shall be voted and canvassed by the precinct inspectors in the same manner as ballots bearing the names of the candidates for other county offices. The returns shall be made direct to the county clerk, who shall immediately notify the successful candidates by registered, certified, or first class mail at the address given in their nominating petitions. The county clerk shall, at the same time, furnish the chairperson of the county committee of each political party with the names and addresses of the delegates to the county convention of the chairperson's political party as required in section 608. However, in case of a tie vote between the candidates for delegate in any precinct, the county clerk shall notify the candidates to appear in his or her office at a specified time, and the successful candidate shall be determined by drawing in a manner similar to that provided in section 851. If a candidate is elected who has not filed a nominating petition and whose name is not printed on the ballots, the chairperson of the board of precinct election inspectors shall determine if the candidate is a registered elector in that precinct. If the candidate is a registered elector in that precinct, the candidate's name and address shall be certified to the county clerk on the return and if not registered, the candidate's name shall not be certified on the return.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.626 Ballots; preparation; consecutive numbering; contents; paper; printing; rotation of names prohibited; delivery; distribution; time; voting machines.

Sec. 626.

The board of county election commissioners shall prepare separate ballots for each of the several political parties for each election precinct in the county. The ballots shall be numbered consecutively and shall set forth the names of the candidates for delegates who have filed affidavits of identity with the county, city, or township clerk under section 624. The ballot shall be prepared in such a manner that the electors of each political party may write, print, or paste the name of a candidate for delegate on the ballot. The delegate ballot at a partisan primary shall consist of 1 sheet of 70-pound white book paper, machine finished or equivalent, with 1 of the political party tickets printed on each side of the ballot. The names on the delegate ballot shall not be rotated. The ballots shall be delivered to the county clerk for distribution to the election precincts at least 10 days before the primary election. However, if there is located within a county, subject to the provisions of this chapter, 1 or more cities or townships, or parts of cities or townships, in which voting machines are used, the board of county election commissioners may, in its discretion, dispense with the preparation of ballots for the election of delegates to the county convention of the several political parties and provide for their election upon the voting machines.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XXVII
SPECIAL PRIMARIES AND ELECTIONS


168.631 Special primary election; time.

Sec. 631.

Whenever a special election shall be called to fill a vacancy in any office, the candidates for which are regularly nominated in accordance with the provisions of this act relating to primary nominations, a special primary for all political parties shall be held in the county, district or city in which the vacancy occurs on such day as may be fixed by the official or legislative body calling the special election, but not less than 20 days prior to the date of such special election, and the authorities calling any such special primary shall, in the call therefor, fix the time within which candidates may file nominating petitions.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.632 Special elections; in absence of choice for representative in congress.

Sec. 632.

The governor shall call a special election in any congressional district of the state in which there has been no choice for a representative in congress at the general November election, or he shall direct that in such case the office shall be filled at the next general election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.633 Special elections; vacancy in office of representative in congress.

Sec. 633.

The governor shall call a special election in any congressional district of the state when the right of office of a person elected representative in congress shall cease before the commencement of the term of service for which he shall have been elected, or whenever a vacancy shall occur in the office of representative in congress after the term of service has begun for which such representative was elected; or the governor shall direct that such vacancy shall be filled at the next general election to be held at least 30 days after such vacancy shall occur.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.634 Vacancy in office of state senator or representative; special or general election; selection and certification of candidate; separate ballot; notice.

Sec. 634.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, when a vacancy occurs in the office of senator or representative in the state legislature, the governor may call a special election in that senatorial or representative district or direct that the vacancy be filled at the next general election.

(2) If the vacancy occurs after the primary election and before the following general election the governor may direct that the vacancy be filled at that election. If the governor directs that the vacancy be filled at the following general election, the executive committee of the county committee of each political party, if the county comprises 1 or more representative districts, or, if the district is comprised of more than 1 county, then the executive committee of the county committee of the respective political parties of each county in the district, may select, by a majority vote, a candidate for that office, and shall certify the name of the candidate to the county board of election commissioners of the county or counties comprising that representative district within 21 days after the vacancy occurs and at least 10 days before the general election. Upon certification, the candidate certified shall be the nominee of that party at that general election to fill the vacancy for the unexpired term with the same force and effect as if the person was nominated at a primary election as otherwise provided in this act. If the ballots for that election have already been printed before the certification, then the board of election commissioners shall cause the names of the candidates to be printed on a separate ballot, which ballot shall be counted, canvassed, and returned as other ballots cast at that election.

(3) If the governor directs that the vacancy be filled at the next general election, the secretary of state shall give notice of that decision similar to the notice provided for in section 651.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 464, Eff. Mar. 30, 1979 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 261, Imd. Eff. July 30, 1980 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.634a Repealed. 1970, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1970.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section provided for calling special election to fill vacancies in any court of record.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.635 Special elections; referendum.

Sec. 635.

A special election for the submission of a proposition may be held on a regular election date.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.636 Applicability of act to special primary elections.

Sec. 636.

The provisions of this act relative to primary election ballots shall be applicable to the ballots prepared for use at a special primary election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.637 Primary elections; provisions governing.

Sec. 637.

All primary elections held in this state shall be governed by and conducted in accordance with the provisions of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.638 Special elections; notice.

Sec. 638.

Whenever a special election shall be ordered by the governor to fill any vacancy, the secretary of state shall immediately notify the county clerk of each of the counties embraced in the election district, or the county clerk of the county the whole or part of which constitutes the election district, of the time of holding such election, the cause of such vacancy, the name of the officer and the time when the term of office will expire.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.639, 168.640 Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to county election scheduling committee and calling special election in city with population of 1,000,000 or more persons.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
Chapter XXVIII
HOLDING OF ELECTIONS


168.641 Regular election date; special election; report; direction and supervision of election consolidation; short title of section.

Sec. 641.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section and sections 642 and 642a, beginning January 1, 2005, an election held under this act shall be held on 1 of the following regular election dates:

(a) The February regular election date, which is the fourth Tuesday in February.

(b) The May regular election date, which is the first Tuesday after the first Monday in May.

(c) The August regular election date, which is the first Tuesday after the first Monday in August.

(d) The November regular election date, which is the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.

(2) If an elective office is listed by name in section 643, requiring the election for that office to be held at the general election, and if candidates for the office are nominated at a primary election, the primary election shall be held on the August regular election date.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection and subsection (4), a special election shall be held on a regular election date. A special election called by the governor under section 145, 178, 632, 633, or 634 to fill a vacancy or called by the legislature to submit a proposed constitutional amendment as authorized in section 1 of article XII of the state constitution of 1963 may, but is not required to be, held on a regular election date.

(4) A school district may call a special election to submit a ballot question to borrow money, increase a millage, or establish a bond if an initiative petition is filed with the county clerk. The petition shall be signed by a number of qualified and registered electors of the district equal to not less than 10% of the electors voting in the last gubernatorial election in that district or 3,000 signatures, whichever number is lesser. Section 488 applies to a petition to call a special election for a school district under this section. In addition to the requirements set forth in section 488, the proposed date of the special election shall appear beneath the petition heading, and the petition shall clearly state the amount of the millage increase or the amount of the loan or bond sought and the purpose for the millage increase or the purpose for the loan or bond. The petition shall be filed with the county clerk by 4 p.m. of the twelfth Tuesday before the proposed date of the special election. The petition signatures shall be obtained within 60 days before the filing of the petition. Any signatures obtained more than 60 days before the filing of the petition are not valid. If the special election called by the school district is not scheduled to be held on a regular election date as provided in subsection (1), the special election shall be held on a Tuesday. A special election called by a school district under this subsection shall not be held within 30 days before or 35 days after a regular election date as provided in subsection (1). A school district may only call 1 special election pursuant to this subsection in each calendar year.

(5) The secretary of state shall make a report to the house and senate committees that consider election issues by December 1, 2006. The secretary of state shall report about the special elections held under this subsection, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

(a) The number of times a special election has been held.

(b) Which school districts have held special elections.

(c) Information about the success rate of the ballot question submitted at the special elections.

(d) Information about voter turnout, including the percentage and number of registered voters who voted in each special election.

(6) The secretary of state shall direct and supervise the consolidation of all elections held under this act.

(7) This section shall be known and may be cited as the “Hammerstrom election consolidation law”.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 298, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."See Green Party of Michigan, et al v Terri Lynn Land, case no. 08-10149, March 26, 2008.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.642 Regular election or regular primary election held by city or village.

Sec. 642.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section and section 642a, on the effective date of this act, a city shall hold its regular election or regular primary election as follows:

(a) A city shall hold its regular election for a city office at the odd year general election.

(b) A city shall hold its regular election primary at the odd year primary election.

(c) A city that holds its regular election for a city office annually or in the even year on the November regular election date shall continue holding elections on that schedule.

(d) A city that holds its regular election primary for a city office annually or in the even year on the August regular primary election date shall continue holding primary elections on that schedule.

(2) If, on September 1, 2004, a city holds its regular election at other than a regular November election date, the city council may choose to hold the regular election on the May regular election date by adopting a resolution in compliance with this section. Except as provided in section 642a, if a city council adopts the resolution in compliance with this section to hold its regular election on the May regular election date, after December 31, 2004, the city's regular election is on the May regular election date. If a city's regular election is held on the May regular election date, the city's regular election primary shall be held on the February regular election date immediately before its regular election.

(3) If, on September 1, 2004, a city holds its regular election annually or in the even year on the November regular election date, the city council may choose to hold the regular election at the odd year general election by adopting a resolution in compliance with this section. Except as provided in section 642a, if a city council adopts the resolution in compliance with this section to hold its regular election at the odd year general election, after December 31, 2004, the city's regular election is at the odd year election. If a city's regular election is held at the odd year general election, the city's regular election primary shall be held at the odd year primary election.

(4) If, on September 1, 2004, a city holds its regular election annually on the November regular election date, the city council may choose to hold the regular election at the even year general election by adopting a resolution in compliance with this section. Except as provided in section 642a, if a city council adopts the resolution in compliance with this section to hold its regular election at the even year general election, after December 31, 2004, the city's regular election is at the even year election. If a city's regular election is held at the even year general election, the city's regular election primary shall be held at the even year primary election.

(5) A village shall hold its regular election as follows:

(a) A village shall hold its regular election for a village office at the general election and the appropriate township clerk shall conduct the election.

(b) A village shall not hold a regular primary election.

(6) If a village's special election is held in conjunction with another election conducted by a township, the village shall pay the township a proportionate share of the election expenses. If a village's special election is not held in conjunction with another election conducted by a township, the village shall pay the township 100% of the actual costs of conducting the village's special election.

(7) A resolution permitted under this section or section 642a is valid only if a city council adopts the resolution in compliance with all of the following:

(a) The resolution is adopted before 1 of the following:

(i) If the resolution is permitted under subsection (2), (3), or (4), January 1, 2005.

(ii) If the resolution is permitted under section 642a(1), (2), or (4), January 1 of the year in which the change in the date of the election takes effect.

(b) Before adopting the resolution, the council holds at least 1 public hearing on the resolution. The public hearing may be held on the same day and immediately before considering the adoption of the resolution.

(c) The council gives notice of each public hearing on the resolution in a manner designed to reach the largest number of the jurisdiction's qualified electors in a timely fashion.

(d) The council votes on the resolution and, on a record roll call vote, a majority of the council's board members, elected or appointed, and serving, adopt the resolution.

(e) The council files the resolution with the secretary of state.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Sept. 1, 2004 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 292, Eff. Sept. 1, 2004 ;-- Am. 2011, Act 233, Eff. Jan. 1, 2012 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 523, Eff. Mar. 28, 2013 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.642, which pertained to biennial spring elections, was repealed by Act 56 of 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Eff. Mar. 24, 1964.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.642a Change of regular election schedule.

Sec. 642a.

(1) After December 31, 2004, a city council that adopted a resolution so that its regular election is held on the May regular election date may change its regular election to the odd year general election by adopting a resolution in compliance with section 642. If a city council adopts the resolution in compliance with section 642 to hold its regular election at the odd year general election, after December 31 of the year in which the resolution is adopted, the city's regular election is at the odd year general election.

(2) After December 31, 2004, a city council that holds its regular election for city offices annually or in the even year on the November regular election date may change its regular election schedule to the odd year general election and the odd year primary election by adopting a resolution in compliance with section 642. If a city council adopts the resolution in compliance with section 642, the city's regular election is at the odd year general election and its primary is at the odd year primary election.

(3) After December 31, 2010, a city that adopted a resolution so that its regular election primary is held at the September election shall hold its regular election primary at the odd year primary election.

(4) After December 31, 2011, a city that holds its regular election for city offices annually or in the odd year on the November regular election date may change its regular election schedule to the even year general election and the even year primary election by adopting a resolution in compliance with section 642. If a city council adopts the resolution in compliance with section 642, after December 31 of the year in which the resolution is adopted, the city's regular election is at the even year general election and its primary is at the even year primary election.

(5) After December 31, 2012, a village that adopted a resolution so that its regular election is held at the September election shall hold its regular election at the general November election.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Sept. 1, 2004 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 294, Eff. Sept. 1, 2004 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 182, Imd. Eff. Sept. 30, 2010 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 222, Imd. Eff. Dec. 10, 2010 ;-- Am. 2011, Act 233, Eff. Jan. 1, 2012 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 523, Eff. Mar. 28, 2013
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.642c Regular election for office of school board member.

Sec. 642c.

Beginning January 1, 2012, a school district shall hold its regular election for the office of school board member at the general November election.


History: Add. 2011, Act 233, Eff. Jan. 1, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.643 General election; officers to be elected.

Sec. 643.

At the general election, the following officers shall be elected when required by law:

(a) Presidential electors.

(b) In the state at large, a governor and a lieutenant governor, a secretary of state, and an attorney general.

(c) A United States senator.

(d) In each congressional district, a representative in congress.

(e) In each state senatorial district, a state senator.

(f) In each state representative district, a representative in the state legislature.

(g) Justices of the supreme court.

(h) Two members of the state board of education.

(i) Two regents of the University of Michigan.

(j) Two trustees of Michigan State University.

(k) Two governors of Wayne State University.

(l) In each county or district, judges of the court of appeals, a judge or judges of the circuit court, a judge or judges of probate, a judge or judges of the district court, a prosecuting attorney, a sheriff, a treasurer, an auditor, a mine inspector, a county road commissioner, a drain commissioner, a surveyor, and, subject to section 200, a clerk and a register of deeds or a clerk register.

(m) Township officers.

(n) Any other officers required by law to be elected at that election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 56, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 364, Imd. Eff. Oct. 20, 1998 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.643a Referendums; questions submitted to electors; form.

Sec. 643a.

A question submitted to the electors of this state or the electors of a subdivision of this state shall, to the extent that it will not confuse the electorate, be worded so that a “yes” vote will be a vote in favor of the subject matter of the proposal or issue and a “no” vote will be a vote against the subject matter of the proposal or issue. The question shall be worded so as to apprise the voters of the subject matter of the proposal or issue, but need not be legally precise. The question shall be clearly written using words that have a common everyday meaning to the general public. The language used shall not create prejudice for or against the issue or proposal.


History: Add. 1969, Act 152, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 152, Eff. Jan. 1, 1995
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.644 Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 56, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section specified officers to be elected at biennial spring elections.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.644a-168.644c Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to odd year general and primary elections and officers to be elected.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.644e Nomination at primary election; candidate filing deadline or certification deadline.

Sec. 644e.

Except as provided in section 642, an officer required to be elected at the odd year general election shall be nominated at the odd year primary election. Until December 31, 2013, if a charter provides for nomination by caucus or by filing a petition or affidavit directly for the general election, the candidate filing deadline or certification deadline shall be 4 p.m. on the twelfth Tuesday before the odd year general election. Beginning January 1, 2014, if a charter provides for nomination by caucus or by filing a petition or affidavit directly for the general election, the candidate filing deadline or certification deadline shall be 4 p.m. on the fifteenth Tuesday before the odd year general election. Until December 31, 2013, if a charter provides for the election at the primary of a candidate who receives more than 50% of the votes cast for that office, the candidate filing deadline or certification deadline shall be 4 p.m. on the twelfth Tuesday before the primary. Beginning January 1, 2014, if a charter provides for the election at the primary of a candidate who receives more than 50% of the votes cast for that office, the candidate filing deadline or certification deadline shall be 4 p.m. on the fifteenth Tuesday before the primary.


History: Add. 1970, Act 239, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1970 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 44, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 2010 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.644f Nominating petitions; filing; signatures; omission of nonpartisan petition requirement.

Sec. 644f.

(1) Until December 31, 2013, and except as provided in section 644e, nominating petitions for offices to be filled at the odd year general election shall be filed by 4 p.m. on the twelfth Tuesday before the odd year primary election. Beginning January 1, 2014, and except as provided in section 644e, nominating petitions for offices to be filled at the odd year general election shall be filed by 4 p.m. on the fifteenth Tuesday before the odd year primary election. The place of filing and the number of signatures shall be the same as is now required by law for such offices.

(2) If a nonpartisan petition requirement is not contained in law or charter, the minimum number of signatures shall be the amount as provided for in section 544f.

(3) If, upon the expiration of the time for filing nonpartisan petitions, not more than twice the number of candidates as there are persons to be elected to that office have filed, the primary for that office shall not be held and those persons filing valid petitions shall be declared the nominees for the offices, unless a city charter provides otherwise for city offices.


History: Add. 1970, Act 239, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1970 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.644g Terms of office; extension.

Sec. 644g.

(1) A term of office shall not be shortened by the provisions of sections 641 to 644i. An officer scheduled by prior law to be elected at a time other than the odd year general election shall not be elected on the date scheduled but shall continue in office until a successor takes office after being elected in the first odd year general election following that date. If the regular election date for holding a jurisdiction's regular election is changed under section 642, 642a, or 642c, the term of an official who was elected before the effective date of the change continues until a successor is elected and qualified at the next regular election.

(2) Notwithstanding a law or charter provision to the contrary, an officer required to be elected at the odd year general election, who by law or charter is elected for a term of an odd number of years shall, after September 1, 2004, be elected for a term of 1 year longer than provided by law or charter.

(3) In home rule cities where the charter provides for the election of city officers at a time other than at the odd year general election and provides that members of the governing body are not all to be elected in the same year, the governing body by ordinance adopted prior to April 1, 1971 may alter the length of terms now provided by charter to provide that the city may continue to elect part of the governing body at each election. A term shall not be extended beyond January 1 following the first odd year general election at which the officer would be elected as provided by charter. A term shall not be for more than 4 years.


History: Add. 1970, Act 239, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1970 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 293, Imd. Eff. July 23, 2004 ;-- Am. 2011, Act 233, Eff. Jan. 1, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.644h Time of taking office.

Sec. 644h.

All persons elected at the odd year general election shall take office at 12 noon on January 1 following the election. In home rule cities, if the charter provides for an earlier date for taking office or if prior to April 1, 1971, the council provides by ordinance for an earlier date for taking office, the earlier date shall prevail.


History: Add. 1970, Act 239, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1970
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.644i Manner of conducting elections.

Sec. 644i.

All odd year primary and general elections shall be conducted in the manner elections for state and county offices are conducted.


History: Add. 1970, Act 239, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1970
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.644j-168.644l Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections pertained to election in home rule city, regular city elections, and school district and community college district elections.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.645 Repealed. 1958, Act 192, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section provided for biennial township elections.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.646 Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to provisions governing city and village regular elections.


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.646a Election of local officers; nomination; certification of ballot wording; applicability of section.

Sec. 646a.

(1) If a local officer is to be elected at a general November election, candidates for the local office shall be nominated in the manner provided by law or charter, subject to sections 641 and 642. If candidates for the local office are to be nominated at caucuses, the caucuses shall be held on a date before the date set for the primary election or on the Saturday before the day of the primary election as determined by the local legislative body at least 20 days before the date of the caucus. If candidates are nominated by filing petitions or affidavits, they shall be filed at a time provided by charter, but not later than the date of the primary. Except as provided in section 642, the local primary election shall be held on the same day as a state or county primary election. If a state or county primary is being held on the same day, the last day for local candidates to file nominating petitions is the same as the last date to file petitions for state and county offices. The names of all local candidates and titles of office shall be certified to the county clerk by the local clerk within 5 days after the last day for filing petitions, and certification of nominees shall be made to that clerk within 5 days after the date on which the primary or caucus was held.

(2) If a local, school district, or county ballot question is to be voted on at a regular election date or special election, the ballot wording of the ballot question shall be certified to the local or county clerk not later than 4 p.m. on the twelfth Tuesday before the election. If the wording is certified to a clerk other than the county clerk, the clerk shall certify the ballot wording to the county clerk at least 82 days before the election. Petitions to place a county or local ballot question on the ballot at the election shall be filed with the clerk at least 14 days before the date the ballot wording must be certified to the local clerk.

(3) The provisions of this section apply notwithstanding any provisions of law or charter to the contrary, unless an earlier date for the filing of affidavits or petitions, including nominating petitions, is provided in a law or charter, in which case the earlier filing date is controlling.


History: Add. 1958, Act 86, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 178, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961 ;-- Am. 1962, Act 109, Eff. Mar. 28, 1963 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 56, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 252, Imd. Eff. May 28, 1964 ;-- Am. 1970, Act 23, Imd. Eff. May 27, 1970 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 431, Imd. Eff. June 6, 2002 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 295, Imd. Eff. July 23, 2004 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 647, Eff. May 14, 2007 ;-- Am. 2013, Act 253, Eff. Apr. 26, 2014
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.646b Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to nomination and election of city or village officers.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.646c Repealed. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to election of judges of common pleas court.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.646d Repealed. 1980, Act 188, Imd. Eff. July 3, 1980.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to effective dates of precinct divisions.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
NOTICES OF ELECTION


168.647 Notice of elections; registered or certified mail.

Sec. 647.

Notices of election required by this act to be given by the secretary of state to county clerks, and by county clerks to city and township clerks, shall be sent by registered or certified mail with return receipt demanded.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.648 Notice of elections to county clerk; time, contents.

Sec. 648.

The secretary of state, at least 60 days and not more than 90 days preceding any regular state or district primary or election, shall send to the county clerk of each county a notice in writing of such primary or election, specifying in such notice the federal, state and district offices for which candidates are to be nominated or elected, as well as any constitutional amendments and questions to be submitted thereat.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.649 Repealed. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to certification of proposed constitutional amendment or special question.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.649a Airport authority referendum; petitions, filing; submission.

Sec. 649a.

Regardless of any other provisions of this act, referendum petitions filed pursuant to the provisions of and within the time limit provided by section 23 of Act No. 73 of the Public Acts of 1970, being section 259.823 of the Compiled Laws of 1948, shall be placed on the ballot at the next general election if the referendum petitions are determined by the secretary of state to be sufficient and valid as required by this act the same as other referendum petitions filed under the provisions of this act. Referendum petitions filed under the provisions of section 23 of Act No. 73 of the Public Acts of 1970 with the secretary of state shall be canvassed by him and if found to be sufficient shall be certified to the county clerks within the authority from which the petitions were filed and he shall at the same time prescribe the form in which the special question shall be submitted. The returns shall be canvassed by the board of county canvassers and the results certified to the secretary of state.


History: Add. 1970, Act 211, Imd. Eff. Sept. 18, 1970
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.650 Subsequent vacancy; additional notice to county clerks.

Sec. 650.

If, after such notices have been sent, a vacancy shall occur in any office which by law is required to be filled at such election, the secretary of state shall send to each county clerk an additional notice specifying the office in which such vacancy exists and that such vacancy will be filled at the next general election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.651 Special election; notice to county clerks, contents.

Sec. 651.

Whenever a special election shall be ordered by the governor to fill any vacancy, the secretary of state shall immediately notify the county clerk of each of the counties embraced in the election district, or the county clerk of the county, the whole or part of which constitutes the election district, of the time of holding such election, the cause of such vacancy, the name of the officer and the time when the term of office will expire.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.652 Special elections; notice to city and township clerks, contents.

Sec. 652.

On receipt of any such notice from the secretary of state, the county clerk shall forthwith send a copy of the notice in writing to the clerk of each city and township in his county, which notice shall contain in substance the notice so received from the secretary of state, and he shall at the same time in such notice designate all county offices to be filled and any questions to be submitted at such election. If such county shall be divided into 2 or more senatorial or representative districts, such notice, so far as it relates to the election of senators and representatives, shall be sent by the county clerk to the clerk of each city and township in each respective district.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.653 Repealed. 1982, Act 2, Imd. Eff. Jan. 27, 1982.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to public notice of election and offices to be filled.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.653a Election notice; publication; form; agreement to jointly publish notice.

Sec. 653a.

(1) On receipt of the notice from the county clerk pursuant to section 652, the clerk of each city and township shall give notice of the time and place at which the election is to be held, the offices to be filled, and the proposals to be submitted to the voters. The notice shall be published in a newspaper published, or of general circulation, in the city or township. A caption or brief description of the proposal or proposals along with the location where an elector can obtain the full text of the proposal or proposals shall be included in the notice. The publication shall be made not less than 7 days before the election. The notice shall be in substantially the following form:

ELECTION NOTICE
To the qualified electors of the city or township
______________________________ notice is hereby given that a
____________________________________________________________
(indicate whether regular, special, or primary)
election will be held in ___________________________________
on __________ from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. for the purpose of
(date)
nominating or electing candidates for the following offices:
____________________________________________________________
(list of offices)
and to vote on the following proposals:
____________________________________________________________
(list all proposals to be submitted to voters)
List of polling place locations: __________________________.
_______________________
(clerk)

(2) A county clerk may enter into an agreement with the clerk of 1 or more townships or cities in the county or the clerks of 1 or more cities or townships in a county may enter into an agreement to jointly publish the notice in subsection (1). The notice shall be published in a newspaper of general circulation in the cities and townships listed in the notice. If certain offices or proposals are to be voted on in less than all of the precincts, the notice shall specify the townships or cities that shall vote on only those offices or proposals.


History: Add. 1982, Act 2, Imd. Eff. Jan. 27, 1982 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 4 of Act 71 of 2005 provides:"Enacting section 4. If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act that can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable."
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
ELECTION PRECINCTS


168.654 Election precincts; definition.

Sec. 654.

The words “election precinct” as used in this act shall mean a political subdivision, the area of which is embraced in its entirety within the confines of a city, ward, township or village, and for which not more than 1 polling place is provided for all qualified and registered electors residing therein. When not divided according to law into 2 or more election precincts, each organized city, ward, township and village shall be an election precinct.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.654a Election precinct; composition; “clearly observable boundaries” defined.

Sec. 654a.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, an election precinct under this act shall be composed as nearly as practicable of compact and contiguous territory and shall have clearly defined and clearly observable boundaries. An election precinct in existence on the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section that does not comply with this section shall be divided, consolidated, or reestablished to comply with this section not later than 210 days before the primary next preceding the 1996 general November election.

(2) As used in this section, “clearly observable boundaries” includes 1 or more of the following:

(a) A named road or street.

(b) A road or highway that is part of the federal, state primary, or state secondary road system.

(c) A river, stream, or drainage feature that is 40 feet or more in width.

(d) A natural or constructed permanent physical feature that is shown on an official county, city, or township map issued by the department of transportation or a United States geological survey topographical map.

(e) An apartment building, a dormitory, or other permanent multiple-unit housing structure.

(f) Any line or demarcation that meets the requirements of and is recognized by the United States bureau of the census.


History: Add. 1994, Act 401, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 1994
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.655 Election precincts; time periods; outer boundaries; division or consolidation.

Sec. 655.

(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this act, the outer boundaries of election precincts as established pursuant to this act for the 1988 general November election and the primary election next preceding the 1988 general November election shall remain as established at that time through the 1992 general November election, except as permitted in subsections (2) and (3).

(2) An election precinct may be divided or 2 or more contiguous election precincts may be consolidated as long as the outer boundaries are not altered during the time period mentioned above.

(3) Election precincts shall be divided, consolidated, or established within 30 days after the effective date of congressional, legislative, or county commissioner reapportionment plans.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1987, Act 226, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1987
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.656 Division of precincts.

Sec. 656.

(1) A city, ward, township, or village using paper ballots, having less than 400 registered voters, which constitutes a single election precinct, in the discretion of the election commission, or other officials charged with the performance of the duty by the charter of the city or village, may be divided into 2 or more election precincts. In a township, upon a petition signed by not less than 25 qualified electors of the township showing the boundaries of the proposed election precincts, the township board shall submit to the electors of the township, at the next election held in the township, the question of the division of the township into election precincts, as set forth in the petition. If, at the referendum, the electors of the township decide in favor of the division of the township into such election precincts, the township board shall thereupon make the division and enter the same of record in the proceedings of the township board. When in a township, city, ward, or village, or in an election precinct therein, using paper ballots, there is 400 or more registered electors, the election commission of the township or city, or other officials charged with the performance of the duty by the charter of the city or village, shall by resolution divide the precincts into 2 or more precincts, or shall again divide the township, city, ward, or village into election precincts, so that there shall not be more than 400 registered electors in any 1 precinct.

(2) Except as provided in subsection (3), city and township election commissions shall divide precincts according to law, not later than 210 days before the primary next preceding the general November election, and shall immediately notify the county clerk of the number of registered voters in each precinct in such city or township. The county clerk shall notify the secretary of state not later than 200 days before the primary of any precincts in his or her county which have not been divided according to law, and the secretary of state shall proceed to make the divisions as are necessary at the expense of the city or township involved, not later than 180 days before the primary next preceding the general November election. The division of precincts shall be made effective not later than 180 days before the primary election next preceding the general November election.

(3) In the second year following each federal census, precincts shall be divided pursuant to this subsection. City and township election commissions shall divide precincts, not later than 120 days before the primary election next preceding the general November election in order that a precinct, as far as is practical, is not split between districts and does not exceed 400 registered voters, and the commissions shall immediately notify the county clerk of the number of registered voters in each precinct in each city or township. The county clerk shall notify the secretary of state not later than 110 days before the primary of any precincts in the county which have not been divided, and the secretary of state shall proceed to make the divisions as are necessary at the expense of the city or township involved, not later than 90 days before the primary election. The division of precincts shall be made effective not later than 90 days before the primary election next preceding the general November election. The secretary of state may authorize, upon written request by a city or township election commission, a later division of a precinct which contains portions of more than 1 elective district. All precinct divisions under this subsection shall be completed not later than 90 days before the primary election next preceding the general November election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 290, Imd. Eff. Aug. 11, 1969 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1976 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 2, Imd. Eff. Jan. 27, 1982
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.657 Election precincts; division, rearrangement.

Sec. 657.

When any city, ward, township or village has been divided into 2 or more election precincts, the election commission, or other officials charged with the performance of such duty by the charter of any city or village, as the case may be, may by resolution divide any precinct thereof into 2 or more precincts, attach a portion of any precinct to an adjoining precinct, or may again rearrange the city, ward, township or village into election precincts as said election commission or other officials charged with the performance of such duty by the charter of any city or village, may deem necessary and convenient for conducting primaries or elections in said city, ward, township or village, in the same manner and under the same restrictions as provided in sections 656 and 661 of this act.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.658 Election precincts; consolidation.

Sec. 658.

When a city, ward, township, or village is divided into 2 or more election precincts, pursuant to law, and it appears from an examination of the precinct registration records that there are not more than 2,999 active registered electors in the city, ward, township, or village using voting machines, the election commission, or other officials charged with the performance of the duty by the charter of a city or village, by resolution, may abolish the division or divisions and after that time the city, ward, township, or village shall constitute a single election precinct as if a division had not been made. A consolidation shall not be made later than the 120 days before a primary or election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 290, Imd. Eff. Aug. 11, 1969 ;-- Am. 1977, Act 236, Imd. Eff. Nov. 30, 1977 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 270, Eff. Aug. 15, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.659 Consolidation of election precincts.

Sec. 659.

(1) If a county, city, ward, township, village, metropolitan district, or school district is divided into 2 or more election precincts, the county, city, ward, township, or village election commissioners may, by resolution, consolidate the election precincts for a particular election that is not a general November election, primary election immediately before a general November election, or other statewide or federal election. In making the determination to consolidate election precincts for a particular election, the election commission shall take into consideration the number of choices the voter must make, the percentage of registered voters who voted at the last similar election in the jurisdiction, and the intensity of the interest of the electors in the jurisdiction concerning the candidates and proposals to be voted upon. Consolidated precincts shall not exceed 5,000 active registered electors.

(2) A consolidation under this section shall be made not less than 60 days before a primary, general, or special election.

(3) Unless the polling places for the election precincts to be consolidated are located in the same building, when a county, city, ward, township, or village consolidates election precincts for a particular election under subsection (1), the election commissioners or other designated election officials shall do both of the following:

(a) Provide notice to the registered electors of the affected election precincts of the consolidation of election precincts for the particular election and the location of the polling place for the election precinct or precincts for that election. Notice may be provided by mail or other method designed to provide actual notice to the registered electors.

(b) Post a written notice at each election precinct polling place stating the location of the consolidated election precinct polling place.

(4) If a county, city, ward, township, or village consolidates election precincts under this section, each affected election precinct shall be treated as a whole unit and shall not be divided during the consolidation.


History: Add. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Mar. 30, 2004 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 296, Imd. Eff. July 23, 2004 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 270, Eff. Aug. 15, 2012 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 7, 2013 ;-- Am. 2014, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 3, 2014
Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 168.659, which pertained to prohibition of change in election precincts within 60 days of primary or election, was repealed by Act 271 of 1955, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955, and by Act 283 of 1955, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1955.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.660 Subdivision, alteration, or rearrangement of precincts; record; numbers of precincts; description of boundaries; notice; abolition of division into precincts.

Sec. 660.

When a city, ward, township, or village is subdivided into election precincts, or the election precincts are altered or rearranged, the city, township, or village election commission, or other officials charged with the performance of the duty by the charter of the city or village, shall enter that action of record in its proceedings, specify the numbers of the precincts altered or rearranged in numerical order, and describe the boundaries of each precinct. Notice of the subdivision, alteration, or rearrangement shall be given immediately by the city, township, or village clerk. The notification shall be effected by mailing to each qualified and registered elector affected by the subdivision, alteration, or rearrangement a notice by first class letter postage advising the location of his new polling place and, if deemed advisable by the city, township, or village election commission, by posting a public notice of the change in 2 places in each precinct affected thereby, advising the boundaries of each of the precincts. A notice shall also be immediately transmitted to the county clerk, and the county clerk shall transmit to the secretary of state, not later than 200 days prior to the primary next preceding the general November election, the number of election precincts in his county. The city, township, or village clerk shall give like notice of the abolition of the division of a city, ward, township, or village into election precincts, and shall, in the notice of abolition, state that the city, ward, township, or village is restored as a single election precinct and indicate the location of the polling place therein. Notice of the abolition shall be immediately transmitted to the county clerk, and by him to the secretary of state, as in the case of the subdivision or alteration of boundaries as herein provided.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1976
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.661 Precincts using voting machines; number of machines; division or rearrangement of precincts; notices; expenses; use of paper ballots; time limitations on division of precincts; division of precincts following federal census; determining number of registered voters.

Sec. 661.

(1) When the voter registration in a precinct using voting machines is 1,000 or less, there shall be not less than 1 voting machine for each 500 active registered electors at the general November election and at the primary immediately preceding that election. When the voter registration in a precinct using voting machines is more than 1,000 and less than 3,000, there shall be at least 1 voting machine for each 600 active registered electors at the general November election and at the primary immediately preceding that election. At other primaries and elections, the number of voting machines shall be at the discretion of the local election commission. In making this determination, the local election commission shall take into consideration the number of choices the voter must make, the percentage of registered voters who voted at the last similar election in the jurisdiction, and the intensity of the interest of the electors in the jurisdiction concerning the candidates and proposals to be voted upon. When the voter registration in a precinct using voting machines exceeds 2,999, the precinct shall be divided or rearranged.

(2) Except as provided in subsection (3), city and township election commissions shall divide precincts according to law, not later than 210 days before the primary next preceding the general November election, and shall immediately notify the county clerk of the number of registered voters in each precinct in the city or township. The county clerk shall notify the secretary of state not later than 200 days before the primary of a precinct in the clerk's county which has not been divided according to law, and the secretary of state shall proceed to make divisions as are necessary at the expense of the city or township involved, not later than 180 days before the primary next preceding the general November election. If the election commission of a city, village, or township using voting machines decides to use paper ballots for a primary or election, the preceding limitations shall continue for that election. A division of precincts shall be made effective not later than 180 days before the primary election next preceding the general November election.

(3) In the second year following each federal census, precincts shall be divided pursuant to this subsection. City and township election commissions shall divide precincts, not later than 120 days before the primary election next preceding the general November election in order that a precinct, as far as is practical, is not split between districts and does not exceed 2,999 registered voters, and shall immediately notify the county clerk of the number of registered voters in each precinct in each city or township. The county clerk shall notify the secretary of state not later than 110 days before the primary of any precincts in the county which have not been divided, and the secretary of state shall proceed to make the divisions as are necessary, at the expense of the city or township involved, not later than 90 days before the primary election next preceding the general November election. The division of precincts shall be made effective not later than 90 days before the primary election. The secretary of state may authorize, upon written request by a city or township election commission, a later division of a precinct which contains portions of more than 1 elective district. All precinct divisions shall be completed not later than 90 days before the primary election next preceding the general November election. In determining the number of registered voters for a precinct under this subsection, a city or township election commission or the secretary of state, as applicable, may use either of the following:

(a) Only the active registered voters for that city or township.

(b) Both the active registered voters for that city or township and the voters in the inactive voter file for that city or township.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 212, Imd. Eff. May 22, 1964 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1976 ;-- Am. 1977, Act 236, Imd. Eff. Nov. 30, 1977 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 2, Imd. Eff. Jan. 27, 1982 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 270, Eff. Aug. 15, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
POLLING PLACES, EQUIPMENT, SUPPLIES


168.662 Designating place of holding election in city, village, or township; polling places; use of publicly owned or controlled buildings; rental or erection of buildings; facilities; central polling places; abolishment; compliance with voting accessibility.

Sec. 662.

(1) The legislative body in each city, village, and township shall designate and prescribe the place or places of holding an election for a city, village, or township election, and shall provide a suitable polling place in or for each precinct located in the city, village, or township for use at each election. Except as otherwise provided in this section, school buildings, fire stations, police stations, and other publicly owned or controlled buildings shall be used as polling places. If it is not possible or convenient to use a publicly owned or controlled building as a polling place, the legislative body of the city, township, or village may use as a polling place a building owned or controlled by an organization that is exempt from federal income tax as provided by section 501(c) other than 501(c)(4), (5), or (6) of the internal revenue code of 1986, or any successor statute. The legislative body of a city, township, or village shall not designate as a polling place a building that is owned by a person who is a sponsor of a political committee or independent committee. A city, township, or village shall not use as a polling place a building that does not meet the requirements of this section. As used in this subsection, “sponsor of a political committee or independent committee” means a person who is described as being a sponsor under section 24(3) of the Michigan campaign finance act, 1976 PA 388, MCL 169.224, and includes a subsidiary of a corporation or a local of a labor organization, if the corporation or labor organization is considered a sponsor under section 24(3) of the Michigan campaign finance act, 1976 PA 388, MCL 169.224.

(2) The legislative body in each city, village, and township shall make arrangements for the rental or erection of suitable buildings for use as polling places if publicly owned or controlled buildings are not available, and shall have the polling places equipped with the necessary facilities for lighting and with adequate facilities for heat and ventilation. The legislative body may establish a central polling place or places for 6 precincts or less if it is possible and convenient for the electors to vote at the central polling place. The legislative body may abolish other polling places not required as a result of the establishment of a central polling place.

(3) The legislative body of a city, village, or township may establish a polling place at a for profit or nonprofit residence or facility in which 150 persons or more aged 62 or older reside or at an apartment building or complex in which 150 persons or more reside. A township board may provide polling places located within the limits of a city that has been incorporated from territory formerly a part of the township, and the electors of the township may cast their ballots at those polling places. If 2 contiguous townships utilize a combined township hall or other publicly owned or controlled building within 1 of the township's boundaries and outside of the other township's boundaries, and there is not another publicly owned or controlled building or a building owned or controlled by an organization that is exempt from federal income tax, as provided by section 501(c), other than 501(c)(4), (5), or (6), of the internal revenue code of 1986, available or suitable for a polling place within the other township, then each township board may provide a polling place in that publicly owned building for 1 or more election precinct.

(4) The legislative body of a city, village, or township shall not establish, move, or abolish a polling place less than 60 days before an election unless necessary because a polling place has been damaged, destroyed, or rendered inaccessible or unusable as a polling place.

(5) The legislative body of a city, village, or township shall ensure that a polling place established under this section is accessible and complies with the voting accessibility for the elderly and handicapped act and the help America vote act of 2002.

(6) As used in this section, “accessible” means the removal or modification of policies, practices, and procedures that deny an individual with a disability the opportunity to vote, including the removal of physical barriers as identified in section 261(b) of the help America vote act of 2002, 42 USC 15421, so as to ensure individuals with disabilities the opportunity to participate in elections in this state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 165, Imd. Eff. June 23, 1974 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 207, Imd. Eff. May 21, 1996 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 13, Imd. Eff. Feb. 26, 2004 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.663 Polling places; erection of barriers.

Sec. 663.

The legislative body of each city, village and township shall provide for and cause to be erected in the room where any election is to be held in each election precinct of such city, village or township, a suitable barrier which shall be so placed as to separate from the rest of the room the area in which the election officials, challengers, voting machines or ballot boxes and voting booths, and persons in the actual process of voting, are located. The barrier shall be of a type approved by the secretary of state.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1962, Act 74, Eff. Mar. 28, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.664 Polling places; booths or temporary rooms, specifications.

Sec. 664.

On the inside of said railing, the said officers shall cause 1 or more booths or temporary rooms to be erected. At least 1 such booth shall be provided at each polling place and not less than 1 for each 100 persons entitled to vote thereat, as shown by the registration book of the precinct. Each such booth shall be built with walls not less than 6 feet high and in such manner that the person preparing his ballot shall be concealed from all other persons. In each booth there shall be provided a shelf of sufficient size with smooth surface on which ballots may be placed to be marked.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.665 Polling places; forms, stationery and supplies; provision, delivery, approval by state bureau of elections.

Sec. 665.

All forms, stationery and supplies required by the several boards of precinct election inspectors for all federal, state, district and county primaries and elections shall be furnished in accordance with sections 666, 667, 668, 669 and 670 of this act. All forms, stationery and supplies to be provided by the secretary of state and the boards of county election commissioners shall be delivered to the county clerks who shall, in turn, deliver them to the several city and township clerks at the time official ballots are delivered, and said ballots, as well as all forms, stationery and supplies referred to in sections 666, 667, 668, 669 and 670 of this act, shall be delivered by said city and township clerks to the several boards of precinct election inspectors in sufficient time for use at any such primary or election. Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, it shall be unlawful for any publisher, printer or supplier to offer for sale to any county, city, village or township clerk or election commission any of the following until such shall have been approved by the state bureau of elections:

1. Statements of returns

2. Tally books and poll books

3. Combined tally and statement books

4. Certificates of electors sworn to disability

5. Envelopes for transmitting tally books, statement books, poll books and election certificates

6. Wrappers for securing voted ballots

7. Applications for ballots

8. Anything which is required by the election law to be approved, prescribed or recommended by the secretary of state or state director of elections.

The provisions of this section shall not apply to forms printed on the direct order of any county, city, village or township clerk or election commission.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 198, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.666 Metal seals; paper seals; blank forms for returns.

Sec. 666.

At each federal, state, district, or county primary or election, the secretary of state shall furnish to each county clerk at state expense the following items:

(a) Before each primary, general, or special election at which state, district, or county officers are to be nominated or elected, a supply of self-sealing metal seals adapted and suitable for sealing the ballot boxes used at the election. The metal seals shall have the words “State of Michigan” and serial numbers stamped on them. The secretary of state shall provide a sufficient number of metal seals for each voting precinct within the county at least 30 days before an election.

(b) A substantial supply of red gummed paper seals for use of the precinct boards of election inspectors in sealing the package of ballots and the envelopes containing the tally sheets or poll books and the statement of returns. Each seal shall have inscribed on it the words “Election Seal--State of Michigan” and the date of the primary or election at which it is to be used. A space shall also be provided on the seal in which 2 members of the board of election inspectors shall write their initials after the seal has been applied.

(c) Suitable blank forms for use by the county boards of canvassers in making returns of the canvass required by this act. Each county board of canvassers shall use the forms furnished by the secretary of state in making returns of the canvass.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 96, Imd. Eff. May 7, 2004
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.666a Sealing devices for ballot boxes or containers.

Sec. 666a.

In addition to the supplies furnished under section 666, the secretary of state shall furnish to each county clerk devices to enable ballot boxes or other ballot containers to be sealed easily and securely with self-sealing metal seals.


History: Add. 1969, Act 127, Eff. Mar. 20, 1970 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 207, Imd. Eff. June 27, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.667 Election supplies to be furnished at county expense.

Sec. 667.

At any federal, state, district or county primary or election, the various boards of county election commissioners shall furnish, at the expense of their respective counties, the following:

(a) The several boards of election commissioners shall furnish suitable forms for use by the precinct inspectors of election in making returns of any such primary or election to the boards of county canvassers. The names of all qualified candidates shall be printed thereon in their proper office divisions and after each name there shall be provided spaces in which to write the number of votes received by that particular candidate in any given precinct in words and figures. Said prescribed forms shall also have printed thereon the title or caption or other designation identifying any amendment or question to be voted on, together with spaces similar to those provided after the names of candidates for recording the affirmative and negative votes cast for each such amendment or question. Said statement of returns form shall also contain a certificate to be subscribed by each member of the precinct election board in the following form:

STATE OF MICHIGAN )
)ss
County of .............)
Ward (or township)............... Precinct.............
CERTIFICATE OF BOARD OF PRECINCT ELECTION INSPECTORS FOR
RETURNS AND FOR SEALING BALLOTS AND BOXES

WE DO HEREBY CERTIFY That the foregoing is a correct statement of returns of the votes cast in the precinct indicated above, at the (primary or election) held on .........., the .......... day of .............., 19...., for the several candidates and for the (amendments or propositions) herein shown.

WE DO HEREBY FURTHER CERTIFY That all ballots cast at the (primary or election) held in the above designated precinct of the (city, ward, township or village) of .........., State of Michigan, on the .......... day of .........., in the year 19...., have been securely tied in packages or rolls and sealed in such manner as to render it impossible to open such packages or rolls or remove any of the contents thereof without breaking the said seals; that there was endorsed on each of said packages or rolls a statement showing the number and kind of ballots included in each such package or roll; that all of said packages or rolls, so endorsed, together with one tally sheet, were placed in the proper ballot box or boxes; that the slots in the ballot boxes were closed, that the ballot boxes were securely sealed with the official metal seals furnished for that purpose; that such seals were affixed in such manner as to render it impossible to open such ballot boxes without breaking such seals.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, We have hereunto set our hands this ....
day of ...................., A.D., 19.... .
.......................
.......................
.......................
Members of the Board of Election Inspectors

(b) The several county boards of election commissioners shall, at the expense of their respective counties, furnish suitable tally sheets or combined tally and return sheets to be used by the inspectors of election in counting the votes for all candidates and for amendments or propositions submitted on ballots prepared by said commissioners and shall deliver the same to the inspectors of election, as provided in this act in the case of ballots;

(c) The various boards of county election commissioners shall furnish self-addressed substantial paper envelopes with gummed flaps to be used by the various boards of precinct election inspectors for sealing the statements of returns, the tally books or combined tally and return sheets, poll lists and a certificate of election inspectors;

(d) The several boards of county election commissioners shall furnish a sufficient number of substantial paper wrappers for use in wrapping the packages or rolls of each kind of ballots cast at any state or county primary or election. Such wrappers shall have printed thereon a form for recording the date of the election, the city, ward or township and precinct, the number and kind of ballots contained in such package or roll and a statement to be signed by the chairman certifying that such ballots have been wrapped, tied and sealed in the required manner. The board of election commissioners of any city or township may supply a bag type container to be used in lieu of the paper wrappers. The minimum specifications of such bag type containers shall be established by the secretary of state. If such bag type containers are to be used in any city or township, the clerk thereof shall notify the county clerk and thereafter paper wrappers shall not be furnished to such city or township. Each specific type of bag type container shall be approved by the secretary of state before being used. Such bag shall have securely attached thereto a tag on which can be written the same information as is required to be placed on the paper wrappers and such bag shall contain a device whereby it can be sealed with a metal seal. Hereafter any references in law to the wrapping and sealing of paper ballots by precinct inspectors shall be deemed to include placing of ballots in bag type containers and sealing of such bags in precincts using bag type containers in lieu of paper wrappers; and

(e) The board of election commissioners of each county shall provide, at the expense of the county, for each state, district or county election in said county, as many black or blue lead pencils as may be necessary to supply each election precinct with at least 3 of such pencils for each booth erected in such precinct. The pencils provided for each precinct shall be enclosed with the official ballots when delivered to the city or township clerk as by law provided. The inspectors of election shall attach such pencils with strings, or in other suitable manner, to the shelf of the booth. The board of election commissioners of each county shall issue a warrant in payment for said pencils, and said warrant shall be paid by the county treasurer out of the general fund of the county.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 222, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.668 Delivery of voter registration list, forms, and other supplies.

Sec. 668.

Before the polls open, the city, township, or village clerk shall deliver to the board of election inspectors of each precinct the voter registration list, the forms for poll lists and returns, and any other supplies necessary to conduct the election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 96, Imd. Eff. May 7, 2004
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.668a Voter information displays.

Sec. 668a.

(1) The secretary of state shall furnish to each county clerk at state expense for each precinct 2 voter information displays that contain in not less than 18-point type the following information:

(a) The hours that the polls will be open.

(b) Voting instructions.

(c) Information on an individual's right to obtain a provisional ballot and instructions on how to vote a provisional ballot.

(d) Information on the identification requirements that apply to voters who register by mail.

(e) Instructions on how to contact the appropriate election official about alleged voting rights violations.

(f) Information on the federal and state laws that prohibit fraud and misrepresentation.

(g) Information on how to challenge another voter as unqualified to vote.

(h) Other information that the secretary of state considers necessary.

(2) Upon receipt of the voter information displays under subsection (1), each county clerk shall provide to each city, township, or village clerk, as designated by the secretary of state, 2 voter information displays for each precinct in the county.

(3) The city, township, or village clerk shall provide to each precinct 2 voter information displays and an instruction ballot for display at each precinct.

(4) Before the polls open on election day, the board of election inspectors in each precinct shall post in conspicuous places in the polling place the voter information displays and instruction ballot required under this section.

(5) If requested by an elector, the city, township, or village clerk shall have available a means to provide the information contained in the voter information displays in an alternative format, as prescribed by the secretary of state.


History: Add. 2004, Act 96, Imd. Eff. May 7, 2004
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.669 Ballot boxes to be provided by city, township, or village.

Sec. 669.

For a federal, state, district, or county primary or election, a city, township, or village board of election commissioners shall provide, at the expense of the respective city, township, or village, each of the following:

(a) For each election precinct, a ballot box with lock and key approved under section 24j. Each ballot box shall have an opening through the inside lid of the proper size to admit a single ballot into the box. Each ballot box shall be provided with a second cover or a metal or wooden device for closing the opening to prevent access without unlocking the ballot box and breaking the seal. The city, township, or village clerk shall provide and keep adequate ballot boxes for each precinct.

(b) For each election precinct, if another ballot container in addition to a ballot box is utilized in the precinct, a ballot container approved under section 24j.

(c) For each polling place, a United States flag and any additional items needed to display the flag. The flag shall measure not less than 3 feet wide and 5 feet long. The election inspectors shall ensure that the flag is displayed at or in each polling place during an election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 207, Imd. Eff. June 27, 2000
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.669a Polling places; ballot containers.

Sec. 669a.

In addition to ballot containers which comply with the requirements of this act, ballot containers for use at the general November election held in the year 1964 and at the primary immediately preceding, may be used if they comply with specifications approved by the secretary of state and shall be secured by sealing as directed by him.


History: Add. 1964, Act 251, Eff. Aug. 28, 1964
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.670 Local primaries and elections; ballots, forms, stationery and supplies.

Sec. 670.

For all local primaries and elections, the election commissioners of the various cities, townships and villages shall furnish, at the expense of their respective cities, villages and townships all ballots, forms, stationery and supplies required for the proper conduct of such primaries and elections. These supplies shall conform generally with the supplies furnished for general primaries and elections.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.671 Blank forms for returns; seals.

Sec. 671.

At the time of delivering the official ballots and other election supplies to the township and city clerks or, for city, village, or township elections, to the wards or precincts, a sufficient number of blank forms for use by the election inspectors in making the statement of returns of the election as required by law shall be delivered. At the same time, a sufficient number of seals for the use of the election inspectors in sealing the ballot boxes after the close of the election shall be delivered. A record of the number of seals delivered to each voting precinct, absent voter counting board, and absent voter counting board precinct shall be recorded and preserved.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 272, Imd. Eff. July 3, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.672 Board of inspectors of elections; presence in precinct polling places.

Sec. 672.

At every election, there shall be a board of at least 3 inspectors of election, constituted as in this chapter provided, in and for each election precinct. Not less than a majority of the inspectors shall be present in the precinct polling place during the time the polls are open.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.673 Repealed. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955;—1955, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1955.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section provided for chairman of board of inspectors of elections.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.673a Election inspector; submission of list of interested individuals.

Sec. 673a.

Not later than May 15 of each year, the county chair of a major political party may submit to the city, township, or village clerks in that county a list of individuals who are interested in serving as an election inspector in that county. The county chair may designate in the list the city, township, or village in which each individual on the list wishes to serve.


History: Add. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.674 Precinct election inspectors; appointment; chairperson; political party membership; challenge; vacancies.

Sec. 674.

(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary and subject to this section, the city and township board of election commissioners and the village board of election commissioners for village elections only, at least 21 days but not more than 40 days before each election, but in no case less than 5 days before the date set for holding schools of instruction, shall appoint for each election precinct at least 3 election inspectors and as many more as in its opinion is required for the efficient, speedy, and proper conduct of the election. The board of election commissioners may appoint as election inspector an individual on the list submitted by a major political party under section 673a who is qualified to serve under section 677. An appointment of an election inspector under this section is void if a properly completed application for that election inspector is not on file in the clerk's office as prescribed in section 677.

(2) The board of election commissioners shall designate 1 appointed election inspector as chairperson. The board of election commissioners shall appoint at least 1 election inspector from each major political party and shall appoint an equal number, as nearly as possible, of election inspectors in each election precinct from each major political party. The board of election commissioners may appoint election inspectors in an election precinct from minor political parties. Not later than 2 business days following the appointment of election inspectors under subsection (1) for elections in which a federal or state office appears, the board of election commissioners shall notify by certified mail, personal service, or electronic transmission capable of determining date of receipt the county chair of each major political party of the names and political party affiliations of appointed election inspectors and the precincts to which those inspectors were appointed. A board of election commissioners shall not appoint a person as an election inspector if that person declares a political party preference for 1 political party but is a known active advocate of another political party. As used in this section, “a known active advocate” means a person who meets 1 or more of the following:

(a) Is a delegate to the convention or an officer of that other party.

(b) Is affiliated with that party through an elected or appointed government position.

(c) Has made documented public statements specifically supporting by name the other political party or its candidates in the same calendar year as the election for which the appointment is being made. As used in this subdivision, “documented public statements” means statements reported by the news media or written statements with a clear and unambiguous attribution to the applicant.

(3) The county chair of a major political party may challenge the appointment of an election inspector based upon the qualifications of the election inspector, the legitimacy of the election inspector's political party affiliation, or whether there is a properly completed declaration of political party affiliation in the application for that election inspector on file in the clerk's office. The challenge shall be in writing, specifically identify the reason for the challenge, and include any available documentation supporting the challenge. The county chair of the political party shall file a challenge under this subsection with the board of election commissioners not later than 4 business days following receipt of the board of election commissioners' notice of appointed election inspectors under subsection (2).

(4) Upon receipt of a challenge under subsection (3), the board of election commissioners shall determine whether the appointee has the necessary qualifications by reviewing the application or any other official records, such as voter registration records, or whether the applicant has a properly completed certification of political party affiliation in the application. If the challenge alleges that the appointee is a known active advocate of a political party other than the one on the appointee's application, the board of election commissioners immediately shall provide the appointee with a copy of the challenge by certified mail, personal service, or electronic transmission capable of determining date of receipt. The appointee may respond to the challenge within 2 business days after receiving a copy of the challenge. A response shall be by affidavit addressing the specific reasons for the challenge. Failure to respond shall result in revocation of the appointment. Within 2 business days after receiving the challenge or a response from the appointee, whichever is later, the board of election commissioners shall make a final determination and notify the appointee and the county chair of the political party of the determination.

(5) If a vacancy occurs in the office of chairperson or in the office of election inspector before election day, the chairperson of the board of election commissioners shall designate some other properly qualified applicant or election inspector as chairperson or some other qualified applicant as election inspector, as applicable, subject to this section. If a vacancy occurs in the office of chairperson on election day, the remaining election inspectors shall designate 1 of the inspectors as chairperson.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1958, Act 192, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 207, Imd. Eff. May 21, 1996
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.675 Precinct election inspectors; vacancies during election.

Sec. 675.

In case 3 inspectors shall not attend at the opening of the polls or shall not remain in attendance during the election, the electors present may choose, viva voce, such number of said electors as, with the inspector or inspectors present, shall constitute a board of 3 in number; and such electors so chosen shall be inspectors of that election during the continuance thereof: Provided, however, That not more than 2 of the members of the board of inspectors of election when constituted shall be of the same political party.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.676 Repealed. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955;—1955, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1955.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section provided for city or village board of election inspectors.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.677 Precinct election inspector; qualifications; application; contents; candidates ineligible; appointment.

Sec. 677.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (4), a precinct election inspector shall be a qualified and registered elector of this state, shall have a good reputation, and shall have sufficient education and clerical ability to perform the duties of the office. A person shall not be appointed to a board of election inspectors unless the person has filed an application with a city, township, or village clerk in that county where the individual wishes to serve as election inspector.

(2) The application shall be in his or her own handwriting and shall contain the applicant's name, home address, ward and precinct registration if any, date of birth, political party affiliation, education, employment, and other experience qualifications. The application shall provide a certification that the applicant is not a member or a known active advocate, as that term is defined in section 674, of a political party other than the one entered on the application. The form of the application under this section shall be approved by the state director of elections. The clerk shall maintain a file of applications filed under this section and make the applications available for public inspection at the clerk's office during normal business hours.

(3) A person shall not be knowingly appointed or permitted to act as a precinct election inspector if the person or any member of his or her immediate family is a candidate for nomination or election to any office at the election or who has been convicted of a felony or election crime. A person shall not be permitted to act as an election inspector if he or she has failed to attend a school of instruction or failed to take an examination as provided in section 683. This section does not prohibit the candidate for or delegate to a political party convention from acting as an election inspector in a precinct other than the precinct in which he or she resides. An election shall not be invalidated merely because of the violation of the provisions of this section.

(4) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection and subject to subsection (5), a person who is 16 or 17 years of age may be appointed to a board of election inspectors. Before a person may be appointed under this subsection, the first 3 members of the board required to be appointed under section 672 must meet the requirements of subsections (1) to (3). A person who is appointed under this subsection must meet the requirements of subsections (1) to (3) other than being a qualified and registered elector of this state. A person who is appointed under this subsection is not eligible to be designated as chairperson of the board under section 674.

(5) If a person seeking appointment to a board of election inspectors under subsection (4) is attending a K-12 school and if an election falls on a school day, the person shall provide to the clerk, along with the application filed under subsections (1) and (2), a written document from his or her school specifically acknowledging that person's application for appointment to the board of election inspectors and specifically excusing that person from school on the date of service, if the appointment is made.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1958, Act 192, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958 ;-- Am. 1962, Act 67, Eff. Mar. 28, 1963 ;-- Am. 1967, Act 35, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997 ;-- Am. 1997, Act 158, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1997 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 157, Imd. Eff. June 5, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.678 Board of election inspectors; authority.

Sec. 678.

Each board of election inspectors shall possess full authority to maintain peace, regularity and order at its polling place, and to enforce obedience to their lawful commands during any primary or election and during the canvass of the votes after the poll is closed.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.679 Counting board; membership; appointment; duties; applicability of MCL 168.662 to place of performance.

Sec. 679.

(1) The legislative body of a city, township, or village, by resolution, may provide that for an election in a precinct of the city, township, or village, there shall be an additional board of election inspectors, known as the counting board. The counting board shall consist of 3 or more election inspectors. Sections 673a and 674 apply to the appointment of election inspectors to counting boards under this section. The counting board shall count the ballots cast in the precinct at an election and make a statement of returns of that count. The provisions of this chapter relative to the appointment, qualifications, privileges, powers, duties, and oaths of office of election inspectors shall apply to the members of a counting board, to the extent that they apply to the counting of the votes cast at and the making of the statement of returns of an election.

(2) In a precinct for which a counting board has been provided, the duties of the election inspectors who have conducted the election during the day shall cease on the closing of the polls and, upon the closing of the polls, the counting board shall assume charge and control of the place of voting, the ballot boxes, the ballots, and all other equipment of the polling place and shall proceed with the counting of votes. The counting board shall perform all duties required by this act to be performed after the closing of the polls at an election by the board of election inspectors in a precinct that does not have a counting board, as provided in this section.

(3) Section 662 applies to the designation and prescribing of the place or places in which the counting board performs its duties under this section.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1995, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 583, Eff. Mar. 31, 1997
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.679a Receiving board; appointment and duties of inspectors; review of poll book and statement of returns; corrective action; delivery.

Sec. 679a.

(1) The election commission of a city, township, or village shall, by resolution, provide that at an election at which the ballots are counted and certified at the precinct, 1 or more additional boards of election inspectors be appointed to serve as receiving boards. For a precinct having receiving boards, the board of election commissioners shall appoint a receiving board consisting of 2 or more election inspectors, with an equal number from each major political party, and shall appoint an equal number of election inspectors from each major political party.

(2) Not less than 2 election inspectors in a precinct, representing each of the major political parties, shall deliver to the receiving board for that precinct a sealed ballot container containing the voted ballots, and, in a separate sealed envelope, the poll book and statement of returns. The poll book and statement of returns may be enclosed in a single sealed envelope.

(3) The receiving board shall open the sealed envelope and review the poll book and statement of returns to determine both of the following:

(a) That the ballot container is properly sealed and the seal number is properly recorded in the poll book and the statement of returns. If the ballot container is not properly sealed or there is a discrepancy with the seal number recorded in the poll book or the statement of returns, the election inspectors who delivered the ballot container and the receiving board shall together take the necessary steps to correct the discrepancy. The election inspectors and the receiving board shall note the discrepancy and the corrective action in the remarks section of the poll book and all shall sign the notation.

(b) That the number of individuals voting recorded in the poll book equals the number of ballots issued to electors, as shown by the statement of returns. If the number of individuals voting as shown by the poll book does not equal the number of ballots counted as shown by the statement of returns, and if an explanation of the discrepancy has not been noted in the poll book, the receiving board shall ask the election inspectors about the discrepancy, note the explanation in the poll book, and all shall sign the notation.

(4) If the poll book or statement of returns has been erroneously sealed in the ballot container, the election inspectors may open the ballot container and remove the poll book or statement of returns. The elections inspectors and receiving board shall note the corrective action in the remarks section of the poll book and all shall sign the notation before placing the poll book or statement of returns in a separate sealed envelope. If the statement of returns was sealed in the ballot container and the poll book was sealed in an envelope, the poll book shall be removed from the sealed envelope for the notation of corrective action to be recorded before placing the poll book and statement of returns in a sealed envelope. The receiving board shall notify the clerk of the board of canvassers responsible for canvassing all or a portion of the election of the corrective action taken.

(5) When the receiving board has completed the review under subsection (3), the receiving board shall place the poll book and statement of returns in the appropriate envelope, sealed with a red paper seal and initialed by the receiving board. If permitted by the clerk of the board of canvassers, the poll books and statement of returns from more than 1 precinct may be included and delivered in a single envelope.


History: Add. 2004, Act 256, Imd. Eff. July 23, 2004 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 271, Eff. Aug. 15, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.680 Precinct election inspectors; oath of office.

Sec. 680.

Each precinct election inspector shall, before entering upon the discharge of his duties, take and subscribe the following constitutional oath of office, which oath any of the inspectors may administer: “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support the constitution of the United States and the constitution of this state, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of the office of inspector of elections according to the best of my ability.”


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.681 Repealed. 1980, Act 188, Imd. Eff. July 3, 1980.


Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to right of precinct election inspectors to vote.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.682 Election officials; compensation.

Sec. 682.

Any person employed as an inspector of election, or in any other official capacity at any election, primary election, or on any board of canvassers or board of registration, shall, except as herein otherwise specifically provided, receive such reasonable compensation as may be allowed by the township board of any township, board of supervisors of any county or the legislative body of any city or village, as the case may be.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.683 Election inspectors; instruction, compensation, vacancies.

Sec. 683.

Each county clerk prior to each primary and election shall, by some reliable means, notify the clerk of each township and city in the county of a training school for election inspectors to be held at a place designated by the county clerk within 20 days prior to each primary, general and special election. The township and city clerks shall notify each election inspector appointed to serve at that election of the time and place of such training school. At such meeting, the county clerk shall instruct and demonstrate the manner in which the duties of election inspectors are required by law to be performed. It shall be the duty of the inspectors, so notified, to attend such meeting unless excused by the county clerk for good cause. Compensation may be paid them therefor by their respective municipalities at such rate as may be determined by the governing bodies. No inspector of election shall serve in any election unless he shall have within the last preceding 2 years either attended an election school or shall have passed satisfactorily an examination given by the election commission of the city, township or village in which appointed. The examination shall be subject to the approval of the secretary of state. This section shall not prevent the appointment of an inspector of election to fill a vacancy. This section shall not prohibit any city or any township having a population of 10,000 or more from conducting its own training school for election inspectors of that city or township in which case election inspectors who have attended such school shall not be required to attend the county training school.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1962, Act 67, Eff. Mar. 28, 1963 ;-- Am. 1963, Act 159, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan
PREPARATION, PRINTING AND DELIVERY OF OFFICIAL BALLOTS


168.684 Vignette; preparation, adoption, size; notice of change; provision of cuts.

Sec. 684.

The state central committee of each political party in this state shall prepare and adopt a vignette, to be printed at the top of the column of the official ballot assigned to such party, as a distinctive and characteristic heading thereto. Such vignette shall not be more than 1 1/2 inches square, and in addition to the device adopted shall set forth legibly the name of such party. The vignette shall remain as the heading for the column of such party on the ballots at all elections until changed by the state central committee of the party. Notice of any change of vignette shall be certified by the secretary of the state central committee to the secretary of state at least 4 months prior to the date of the primary or election at which the change shall be effective.

At least 3 months prior to any general election the secretary of state shall furnish each board of county election commissioners, in care of the county clerk, a true copy of the vignette filed by each political party entitled to a place on the ballots and the order in which the party columns shall appear thereon. The board of election commissioners of each county shall provide, at the expense of the county, a sufficient number of cuts of the several vignettes for use in printing the official ballots for any state, district or county election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 223, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.685 Printing name of candidate of new political party on ballot; certificate; petition to form new political party; disqualification and requalification of party; party subject to MCL 168.686a; prohibited conduct.

Sec. 685.

(1) The name of a candidate of a new political party shall not be printed upon the official ballots of an election unless the chairperson and secretary of the state central committee of the party files with the secretary of state, not later than 4 p.m. of the one hundred-tenth day before the general November election, a certificate signed by the chairperson and secretary of the state central committee bearing the name of the party, together with petitions bearing the signatures of registered and qualified electors equal to not less than 1% of the total number of votes cast for all candidates for governor at the last election in which a governor was elected. The petitions shall be signed by at least 100 registered electors in each of at least 1/2 of the congressional districts of the state. All signatures on the petitions shall be obtained not more than 180 days immediately before the date of filing.

(2) After the date on which a petition is filed, the secretary of state shall not accept additional petition sheets for that petition. The validity and authenticity of the signatures may be determined in the same manner as provided for initiatory and referendary petitions in section 9 of article II of the state constitution of 1963. An official declaration of the sufficiency or insufficiency of a petition filed under this section shall be made by the board of state canvassers not later than 60 days before the general November election.

(3) The petitions shall be in substantially the following form:

PETITION TO FORM NEW POLITICAL PARTY
We, the undersigned, duly registered electors of the
city, township of ................. county of .................
(strike one)
state of Michigan, residing at the places set opposite our
names, respectfully request the secretary of state, in
accordance with section 685 of the Michigan election law,
1954 PA 116, MCL 168.685, to receive the certificate and
vignette accompanying this petition, and place the names of
the candidates of the ........................ party on the
ballot at the .................... election.

Warning: A person who knowingly signs petitions to organize more than 1 new state political party, signs a petition to organize a new state political party more than once, or signs a name other than his or her own is violating the provisions of the Michigan election law.

................................
................................
................................

(4) The balance of the petition form shall be substantially as set forth in section 544c. The size of all organizing petitions shall be 8-1/2 inches by 13 inches and shall be printed in the following type sizes: The words "petition to form new political party" and the name of the proposed political party shall be in 24-point boldface type; the word "warning" and the language contained in the warning shall be in 12-point boldface type.

(5) Petitions circulated under this section may be circulated on a countywide basis. A petition that is circulated countywide shall be on a form prescribed by the secretary of state.

(6) If the principal candidate of a political party receives a vote equal to less than 1% of the total number of votes cast for the successful candidate for the office of secretary of state at the last preceding general November election in which a secretary of state was elected, that political party shall not have the name of any candidate printed on the ballots at the next ensuing general November election, and a column shall not be provided on the ballots for that party. A disqualified party may again qualify and have the names of its candidates printed in a separate party column on each election ballot in the manner set forth in subsection (1) for the qualification of new parties. The term "principal candidate" of a political party means the candidate who receives the greatest number of votes of all candidates of that political party for that election.

(7) A political party that complied with this section is subject to section 686a in order to have the name of that party, its vignette, and its candidates appear on the general election ballot.

(8) A person shall not knowingly sign a petition to organize more than 1 new state political party, sign a petition to organize a new state political party more than once, or sign a name other than his or her own on the petition.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 223, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961 ;-- Am. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 56, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 312, Eff. Jan. 1, 1966 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 28, Imd. Eff. June 14, 1973 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 94, Imd. Eff. Apr. 22, 1976 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Eff. Nov. 9, 1988 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 329, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 399, Imd. Eff. May 30, 2002
Constitutionality: The Michigan supreme court, in Socialist Workers Party v. Secretary of State, 412 Mich. 571, 317 N.W.2d 1 (1982), held that Act No. 94 of the Public Acts of 1976, which amended this section, violates the first and fourteenth amendments and Const. 1963, Art. 1, § 2 and Art. 2, § 4.
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.686 State convention; canvass of returns; certification of nominees; presidential and vice-presidential candidates.

Sec. 686.

Within 24 hours after the conclusion of the state convention before a general election, the state central committee of each political party shall canvass the proceedings of the convention and determine the nominees of the convention. Not more than 1 business day after the state convention, the chairperson and secretary of the state central committee shall forward to the secretary of state, a typewritten or printed list of the names and residence, including the street address if known, of all candidates nominated at the state convention. In each presidential election year, the state central committee of each political party shall, not more than 1 business day after the state convention or the national convention of that party, whichever is later, forward to the secretary of state the typewritten or printed names of the candidates of that party for the offices of president of the United States and vice-president of the United States certified to by the chairperson and secretary of the committees. A party is not required to certify nominations made at an official primary election. The secretary of state shall forward a copy of a list received under this section to the board of election commissioners of each county, in care of the county clerk at the county seat.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 223, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 284, Imd. Eff. Jan. 8, 2004
Compiler's Notes: Act 269 of 2001, which was approved by the Governor and filed with the Secretary of State on January 11, 2002, provided for the amendment of MCL 168.31, 168.73, 168.283, 168.393, 168.509y, 168.509aa, 168.561a, 168.624, 168.624a, 168.686, 168.706, 168.727, 168.737, 168.745, 168.769, 168.782b, 168.795, 168.795c, 168.797a, 168.798c, 168.799a, 168.803, 168.804, 168.842, and 168.931 of, the addition of Sec. 701 to, and the repeal of Sec. 509 of, Act 116 of 1954, known as the Michigan Election Law. A petition seeking a referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was filed with the Secretary of State. The Board of State Canvassers officially declared the sufficiency of the referendum petition on May 14, 2002. Const 1963, art 2, sec 9, provides that no law as to which the power of referendum properly has been invoked shall be effective thereafter unless approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the next general election. A referendum on Act 269 of 2001 was presented to the electors at the November 5, 2002, general election as Proposal 02-1, which read as follows:“A REFERENDUM ON PUBLIC ACT 269 OF 2001—AN ACT TO AMEND CERTAIN SECTIONS OF MICHIGAN ELECTION LAWPublic Act 269 of 2001 would:—Eliminate “straight party” vote option on partisan general election ballots.—Require Secretary of State to obtain training reports from local election officials.—Require registered voters who do not appear on registration list to show picture identification before voting a challenged ballot.—Require expedited canvass if presidential vote differential is under 25,000.—Require ballot counting equipment to screen ballots for voting errors to ensure the accurate tabulation of absentee ballots. Permit voters in polls to correct errors.—Provide penalties for stealing campaign signs or accepting payment for campaign work while being paid as a public employee to perform election duties.Should this law be approved?Yes __________No __________”Act 269 of 2001 was not approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon at the November 5, 2002, general election.
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.686a Nomination by caucus or convention where no candidate polls 5% of vote cast for candidates for secretary of state.

Sec. 686a.

(1) If a political party entitled to a position on the ballot failed to have at least 1 candidate who polled at least 5% of the total vote cast for all candidates for secretary of state at the last preceding election at which a secretary of state was elected, candidates for that political party shall be nominated as provided in section 532. County caucuses and state conventions for such political parties shall be held not later than the August primary.

(2) County caucuses may nominate candidates for the office of representative in congress, state senator, and state representative if the offices represent districts contained wholly within the county, and for all county and township offices. Not more than 1 business day after the conclusion of the caucus, the names and mailing addresses of all candidates so nominated and the offices for which they were nominated shall be certified by the chairperson and secretary of the caucus to the county clerk. The certification shall be accompanied by an affidavit of identity for each candidate named in the certificate as provided in section 558 and a separate written certificate of acceptance of nomination signed by each candidate named on the certificate. The form of the certificate of acceptance shall be prescribed by the secretary of state. If a candidate is so certified with the accompanying affidavit of identity and certificate of acceptance, the name of the candidate shall be printed on the ballot for that election. Candidates nominated and certified shall not be permitted to withdraw.

(3) The county caucus may also select the number of delegates to the state convention to which the county is entitled and shall select its own officers and name its own county committee.

(4) The state convention shall be held at the time and place indicated in the call. The convention shall consist of delegates selected by the county caucuses. The convention may fill vacancies in a delegation from qualified electors of that county present at the convention. The convention may nominate candidates for all state offices. District candidates may be nominated at district caucuses held in conjunction with the state convention attended by qualified delegates of the district. If delegates of a district are not present, a district caucus shall not be held for that district and candidates shall not be nominated for that district. Not more than 1 business day after the conclusion of the convention, the names and mailing addresses of the candidates nominated for state or district offices shall be certified by the chairperson and secretary of the state convention to the secretary of state. The certification shall be accompanied by an affidavit of identity for each candidate named in the certificate as provided in section 558 and a separate written certificate of acceptance of nomination signed by each candidate named on the certificate. The form of the certificate of acceptance shall be prescribed by the secretary of state. The names of candidates so certified with accompanying affidavit of identity and certificate of acceptance shall be printed on the ballot for the forthcoming election. Candidates so nominated and certified shall not be permitted to withdraw.


History: Add. 1961, Act 223, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961 ;-- Am. 1973, Act 28, Imd. Eff. June 14, 1973 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 3, Imd. Eff. Feb. 3, 1976 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 116, Eff. Nov. 9, 1988 ;-- Am. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999
Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 116 of 1988 provides:“If any portion of this amendatory act or the application of this amendatory act to any person or circumstances shall be found to be invalid by a court, the invalidity shall not affect the remaining portions or applications of this amendatory act which can be given effect without the invalid portion or application, if the remaining portions are not determined by the court to be inoperable, and to this end this amendatory act is declared to be severable.”
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.686b Nonmajor political party; notice of county caucus or state convention.

Sec. 686b.

A political party that is not a major political party, as defined in section 16, and that is required to nominate candidates at a county caucus or state convention shall, at least 10 days before holding the county caucus or state convention to nominate candidates, notify in writing the secretary of state and the bureau of elections of the date, time, and location of the county caucus or state convention of that political party.


History: Add. 2012, Act 272, Imd. Eff. July 3, 2012
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.687 Certification of nominations by board of canvassers.

Sec. 687.

The board of canvassers, whose duty it is to determine who are nominated for public office at any official primary election, shall forthwith, upon such determination, certify the nomination as follows:

For an office to be filled by the electors of the state at large, to the board of election commissioners of each county and to the secretary of state;

For a district office, to the board of election commissioners of each county, the whole or part of which county forms a part of the district, or to the board of election commissioners of the county, a part of which forms the district and to the secretary of state;

For a county office, to the board of election commissioners of the county; and

For a city or ward office, to the board of election commissioners of the city.

Each certificate shall set forth the name of the candidate, the office for which and the party on whose ticket he was nominated and, if for a district office, shall designate the district.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 1961, Act 223, Eff. Sept. 8, 1961
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.688 Certificates of nomination; delivery.

Sec. 688.

All certificates of nomination required to be made to the board of election commissioners of any county shall be delivered to the county clerk, or forwarded to him by registered or certified mail with return receipt demanded, and such county clerk shall deliver such certificate to the county board of election commissioners at its first meeting thereafter.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1956, Act 190, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 1956
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.689 Official ballots; preparation, printing.

Sec. 689.

The board of election commissioners of each county shall prepare the official ballots for use at any state, district or county election held therein, and shall have printed a sufficient number of ballots containing the names of all candidates properly certified to said board of election commissioners, and ballots for all proposed constitutional amendments or other questions to be submitted at such election to supply each election precinct in such county with a sufficient number for such precinct, and not less than 25% more than the total number of votes cast therein at the corresponding election held 4 years previous for the office which received the greatest number of votes.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.690 Official ballots; delivery to township, village and city clerks; duties of township and municipal election boards.

Sec. 690.

The township, city, or village board of election commissioners for each jurisdiction conducting the election shall have the ballots required for a regular or special township, village, city, school, or community college election, or official primary election for the nomination of candidates for township, city, ward, or community college offices, to be printed and delivered to the election commission's township, village, or city clerk at least 10 days before the election. The duties imposed upon county boards of election commissioners and upon county, township, and city clerks relative to the printing, counting, packaging, sealing, and delivery of official ballots are imposed upon the township and municipal boards of election commissioners and the township, village, or city clerks relative to the printing, counting, packaging, sealing, and delivery of official ballots for use in each precinct of the township, village, or city at a municipal, township, village, school, or community college election.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.691 Official ballots; names of candidates; identification numeral; compliance.

Sec. 691.

(1) Each board of election commissioners shall have printed on the ballot, or on ballot labels or slips to be placed on a voting machine, when used, the names of the candidates certified to that board under this act. A candidate's name shall not be placed or printed in more than 1 column on the ballot for the same office. A board of election commissioners for a county or city may arrange the ballots with an identification numeral placed in the same space with the name of each of the candidates. That identification numeral shall be rotated with the name of the candidate, and when rotated, shall appear in the same space with the same candidate regardless of where the candidate's name appears on the ballot.

(2) The name of a candidate appearing on a ballot shall comply with sections 560b and 561.


History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Apr. 9, 2002
Popular Name: Election Code


© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan


168.692 Nomination by more than 1 party; choice; nomination for more than 1 office.

Sec. 692.

Any person nominated at a primary election by more than 1 political party, or certified as a nominee by more than 1 political party, or nominate